Newspaper Page Text
___WEELY ___N ____anb S8Le
TRI-WEEKLY E DIT ION.- WINNSBORO, S. C., JULY 15, 1879. VOL. 111.-NO. 71.
Once more the liberal year laughs out
0 or richer stores han gems or gold ;
Once more with harvest song an-i shout
Is nature's blood ese triumpu tolj.
Our common mother rests and sings
Like Ruth among her garnered shtaves;
Her lap is full of goodly things,
Her brow is bright with Autumn leaves.
O favors old, yet ever new !
0 blessings %ith the sunshine sent l
The b .unty overruns our due,
The fullness shames our discontent.
We shut our eyes, the flowera bloom on
We tut mur, but the o ,rn ears Bill
We choose the shadow, but the sun
That c5sts it sbinesbehiud us still.
Ood giv. s us with ou- rugged soil
The power to make it Eden fair,
And richer fruit to crown our toil
Than Bummer-wedded islands bear.
Who murmurs at his lot to-day?
Who scorns his native fru t and bloom,
Or sighs for dainties far away,
Besides the bounteous board of home I
Thank Heaven. Instead, that freedom's arm
Can change a iooky soil to gold ;
That bravo and generous live,s cau warm
A of me with Northern ices cold.
And by these altars wreathed with flewers,
And fields of fru to, awake again
Thaukrgiving for the golden houts,
Ti.e earlj and the latter ra.n.
"John, Come Here i"
Pretty, plump Mrs. Archibald Steele
wrote the following paragraph in one of her
letters to her husband the other day:
"John must come down here at once,
whether, you can spare him or not. Our
dear little Laura is greatly taken with a tall,
thin young man with a hooked nose and
thin lips,called Stuyvesant. It is whispered
about the hotel that he is a very good
match, and has the veritable blood of the
old Dutch governor in his veins. I must
say that it has a queer way of showing it
self, for the young man is as pale as a
spectre; and dressed in that white duck,
with his sunken eyes and bilious skin, is
enough to frighten one. I have grown to
hate him, while Laura is growing to be
quite the contrary I am afraid. All the
evening he. leans up against the wall, never
~ dancing or opening his mouth, save to give
vent to some hateful, sarcastic criticism
upon the scenes around hin, and yet dear
little Laura's eyes-as, indeed, all the other
pretty eyes about-are perpetually beseech
ing him for attention. Ini daytime he is al
ways with a long, black horse, that covers
more ground with its legs while it is going
than any other animal I ever saw. When
Laura goes out to drive behind it. and va
nishes out of sight'wig the bony creature,
I t.romble to think how areadful it would be
if our dear little girl would ever be part
and parcel of this wretched man and his
beast. So I think John had, better come
down at one. I quite long to see his hand
some face and hear his honest voice, and I
think it is about time that John should tell
his little story to Laura, and have things
Mr. Archibald bteele smiled when lie put
the letter of his wife in his waist coat
pocket, and, picking up the morning paper,
scaned through his gold-rimmed spectacles
the news of the day. Finding nothing
therein to refine the exceedingly satisfactory
condition of his affairs, he put it down,
smiling as only a prosperous, contented,
down=town merchant can smile. He was
one of those happy exceptions to the ordi
nary rule of morail with whom everything
went, well. His whole experience was an
exclamation-point to that effect. If he. ven
tured a little hazardouuly in trade, fortune
trimmed her sails to favor him. If ho set'
his heart upon anything relating to domes
tic felicity, all- the elements of art and na
ture conspired to bring it about. So when
he stepped to the door of his o111ce and bec
koned to a yonng man with a strip of coni.
mercial paper in his hand and a pencil be,
hind lisa ear, with ths general air of brisk
ness and shrewdness about hinm that be
tokened a successful down-town merchant
embryo, Mr. Steele smiled the third time
with the air of one who was not, at all
afraid of any bilious, blue-blooded obstacle
that might be thrown in the path of a..do
mestic happiness wich 1h9 firmly agreed
had been arranged by an Omnipotent hand.
"John," said Mr. 8teele, closing the door
of his private office, and looking uipon his
young clerk benevolently, "I've got an or
der from Mrs. Steele whicfi I wish .you to
"Oertainly', sir," said John; "shall I go
out and get the articles myself?9"
"Why-the fact Is, John," said the mer
chant, enjoying his joke more and more,
"it's only one alttil a rather' bulky one.
It was bargained f*l a lozgg time ago., I
think .you~will haVe to go down with it,
"Down t$ the sea-shorelI" said John,
getting a little hot anci fiustered. "Is it -a
verf 4aluable parcel,lsir?"
"W~i ~p ps your natural modesty
may ite NWorth, John. Mrs.
Ste4and I tika good deai of it, and
Lautoo, I am sure, does. The commo
dIty I otrlf, ohn' Mrs. Steele wants
you to go dowgand tAke a little hplklay
We of Lauw m ne d
the e W b tered
and Q tabe. -1
Steee 11 a a
d hat," in
top r b the phrase
"IAt -ls a ahnle manese prusued
Johh1fM't dreamo, he ppnsthan~
your ~ $St6fht dl' are,
I 'y An,iore. Oh, Mr.
cant'tlf'aa''ustoryr She would
heir fr om usa i.
Tendohtlsofaooge pa 1 h'fr
tuously. "You will go down with me this
All the way to the sea-shore John's face
were to look of one who had resolved to
storm a deadly breach, but who did not
hope to survive the attempt.
Even the ocean, when it confronted
them, wore a threatening look. Upon
the horizon a pile of. clouds formed a back
ground wan and gloomy, a great black
mist lay in the zenith, and a dense red va
por almost touched the water.
"A very nasty sea," said Mr. Steele.
John snuffed it in, his eyes dilating, and
his head high in the sea-scented air.
A tramp on the hard, wet sand, and like
a metc r a long black horse shot by, disap
pearing in the mist, leaving for John the
memory of a charming head, crowned with
blonde curling hair, two kind eyes bent
upon his own, and a white waving hand
extended in salutation.
"John," said Mr. Steele, "did you see
the face of that man ? I count upon your
saving Laura. Did yon see his thin,
cruel lips, and treacherous eyes?"
"I ouily saw Laura, sir," said John,
Later on Mr. Archibald Steele and his
plump, pretty wife were alone together in
their front parlor. Her dimpled hand lay
loving in his, and her shapely head, fresh
from the hands of the coiffeur, all unrun
pled by the audacious hands of mortal,'
peeped in at the door. Laura was pale;
her little white hands were clasped together,
and her musical voice trembled.
"Oh, papa, mamma, come directly I
Mr. Stuyvesant ventured too far, and
"Was drowned?" said Mr. Steele, with
a qu.ee combination in his voice of pity and
"No, no; how can you suppose so dread
ful a thing; le was rescued, but is very
weak and ill. He has asked for me, and
may I go? Will you not come with me,
mauta? Oh, do, I beg of you. Can't
Her blue eyes filled with tears; her little
feet seemed wanting to fly through the cor
"Certainly not," said Mr. Steele; "let
him wait till he is able to come to you or
me. Either the man is drowned or he
isn't. Because he was imbecile enough to
risk his life is no reason for your being the
talk of the hotel."
Laura raised her eyes proudly.
"No danger of that, papa; and besides,
every one is occupied now with the one
that rescued him."
"And what madman was that?" said
poor Mr. Steele, who could not recconcile
himself to the present condition of affairs.
"I don't know-a stranger, I believe. I
was so Interested In Mr. Stuyvesant I forgot
"Bahl" said Mr. Steele, getting upon
his feet and walking to the door. "I'll go
and find out' all "about it. Do you stay
here till I return."
Before ha had gone far. Mr Rtle eard
from the excited guests several differont
versions of the affair; but one and all agreed
that the rescuer could be nothing less than
a champion swimmer.
"A regular water-dog I" said one gentle
man to Mr. Steele; and as the merchant
had, heard this epithet but once before lit
his life, and that on an occaclon of vital in
terst to himself, he sought out the hero of
the houf, and found, to his unbounded as
tonishment, it was John Waters himself I
le was quite enveloped in the flounces and
furbelows of pretty and sympathetic wo
men, who insisted upon. knowing every
half-second if he was sure he felt strong
and well, and how in the world could he
buffet those dreadful waves in that grand,
heroic way, and how did he manage to drag
poor Mr. Stuyvesent In to the shore ?
Jolih, like any other hero of the hour,
enjoyed his adulation, but looked anxious
ly at Mr. Steele when he approached.
"Hum," growled that worthy merchant,
"a pretty fellow, you, to interfere with
other people's plans. Hlow do you know
he wanted to be rescued?"
"'Ie appeared anxious that way, sir,"
said John. "He wrapped himself v.13mit
me like a devil-fish. I thought at o.n' us
we'd both go dow:n N'g-t There ought
to be a school for teaching Vnople how to
be saved. It's the easiest thing in the
world ; the water itself is an accessory, if
you manage It ight."
."Oh, do tell us how, Mr. Watei's, please,"
chorused the pretty and sympathetic wo
men ; and as John began his lesson Mr.
Steele slipped away.
"Oh, papa" began Laura, "how is Mr.
"I don't know-I didn't ask," he replied;
"I was interested in the fellow that dragged
him ashore. He's an old friend of ours.
The way we made his acquaintance was on
such an occasion ; he saved a lady from
"Why, papa," said Laura, "lhe must be
a splendid fellow."
"Magnimdcent I" said M:: -Steele. "You
see, we had traveled over- considerable of
the world together, your7 bother and I
while you were yet a baby V.and we founA
it rather. odd dne morning to discover that,
having crossed the ocean and $ho Alps, loi
tered in the Highlands, traveled thence
down th9:MississippiV'alley,3 across the
American desert to California, and back
again by another route, your mother had
never been up the East river as far as Mor
risania. -It seemed so qbsund to have tieter
mided upon it at once. The nidrning was
wet, but we didn't mind It. Your mother
looked pre tie,r in a waterproof and rubbers,
with a sho El-hat ted down under her chin,
than most women would In a ball dross.
lyhe,wqen't a bit afraid of rpin or mud. She
was a littletoo reckless; for, getting ashore
to see the institution for vagrant boys, her
foot all d,doff the plank, andi she disap
Mr/8tdel stopped a- in(nute ; his voice
faltered ; te.plum,p little hand of his wife~
sllppoditvto )dsoatn; ho clutched it and
went on again. '
"One minute I saw lier As neat and tri
"Gone 1" cried Laura ; ,"gone whefe#Z
"Into the water, hlid--int, the hunr
green waves thit btrg up to take her
aay from the fonde* hart in the universe;
foA aign Oda9 ritlte island you
wouldihave lost us' bth,. my' dear ; for I
made an agonized plunge after hot, thou~
like a Lummet 'dt l e but an ofRiia
other s'do of the boat, and the oficer cried
out, "He's a regular water-dog, that John
ny Waters I" and these were the very
words a gu st here used in relation to John rl
a minute or so ago." ial
"John I" cried poor bewildered Laura. p
"our John? Manma? Was John the boy? s
And is it John, our John, that saved poor I
"The very same darling John, our John; 01
he is always on hand when there is any 1
trouble or danger." )
"Oh, mamma! mamma I" cried Laura, t
forgetting all the years that had passed I
since the accident, and crumbling both the et
coiffeured heads in the most reckless man- bi
"Papa," she then said, "we must go and 94
find John; I want to tell him how much- c
"Yes, dear," said Mr. Archibald Steele; hl
and all the way through the corridor and t1:
into the parlors of the hotel, with his o
plump and pretty wife on one arm and his w
beautiful daughter on the other, he sailed. i
But John was still surrounted by the
pretty and sympathetic women, who had
cruelly deserted the blue-blooded descend- 1l
ant of the old Dutch governor, lying in his tt1
most graceful and languid of attitudes on a i
neighboring lounge-the descendant,not the se
Governor-and had flocked, one and all, d(
to the handsome and heroic founder of the
new school for teaching people the way to
be rescued from drowning. at
These charming cr a' ures spend so much C(
of their time at the sea-shore, and it was pN
nice to be wise. M
John was almost hidden in flounces and in
laces; but when his eyes met Laura's he ti,
plunged out of those costly billows with
his usual ease and trepidity. There was a
something in Laura's eyes that had never ti
seen there before; a tempting languor; a
bewitching shyness; a bewildering splendor ed
that steeped his soul in a mad sweet hope. bi
Laura stopped one mo.nent to whisper to
her mamma, and John gasped out to Mr.
"If I dared-if I only dared to tell her at
"I have told her myself 1" said the mer- Se
"That was I a pauper without home or ra
"I told the story in my own way, John,"
continued Mr. Steele, "and I flatter myself a
I told It successfully; do not spoil It if you s
please. I have managed the past and the th
present; do you look out for the future, t1i
And John did. Laura walk through the
parlor that night, envied of 'ill the pretty
and sympathetic women and brave and ap
preciaivte men that congregated there. an
Curious Coins. OS
London appears to be a rich hunting dc
ground for persons of numismatic i
tastes. A private collector has recent- ta
ly added to his stores four curious ne
coins, all discovereu wILa,,, Ou.e
Paul's Cathedral. The first is a small th
bronze seal, about the size of a shilling, ha
representing the martyrdom of St. th
Stephen, with the legend t "Eece, video,
celos opertoe." It was discovered in the tri
mud of the Thames, near Westminster an
bridge, and is In excellent condition, yc
the figures, and even the stones thrown
at the martyr, being quite sharp and
distinct, though it id clear, from a ref
erence to A'phonse Chassant's "Paleo
graphic des chartes." that the seal is of m
the J3Sh or 14th century. It- Is cn- at
jactured that It was the seal of a guild th
or confraternit.y of St. S:ephen, proba. te
bly meeting in St. btephen's Chapel at m
Westminster. Next in order comes a ed
leaden seal attached to a bull of Pope V.
Boniface IX.; this was found near the of
Cannon Street StatIon. The others, ti
which are the most curiouis of all, are f
two gold coins of All Ibn Josef', third di
IIng of the Almoravi, one of the c3
Mlussulman dynasty iti Spain, who re-g
alo;ned atOCordova In the 12th century.b
The InscriptIon in Cuflo characters on CI
each side may be rendered, "Non est di
Eeus nisi Deus; Muhilmmed (est) i
Apostolus Del; Princeps(Ameer) Mus- ~
elmorum, All Ibn Josef."~ Onm the re- kI
'verse Is "lmnam '(Chalif) A bdaillah, c
Palace (Ameer) of the Faithful."~ a
Round the edges of each runs thme
l.egend. "in the paine of God ; thIs
denar was struck at Almerias in the V
year 525'' (dating from the HegIra). '
Tihe crescent on these coins is very
clearly marked; and Is curious as
proving that the crescent had been as-R
sunmed as the MusPulman's symbol at
long before the capture of Constanti-W
nople by the Turks. These coins were
offered as Chinese, and bought as pos-tI
sibly Persian; and It was only where in
cleaned and decIphered that their I.ull i
value was discovered.
Two Oda Pes. .at
MorrIs Ash has a pet a sturdy young c(
wilcat. HIe Is very tame, and between ti
hiirn amnd Mr. Ash's big'dog a warms
fr ndshlp exists, the two frequently ci
p ying and rolling over one another |
ith -theeir livellest good nature arnd
>Joyment. The cat, however, is kept ni
e of deference to f he prejudIee of elv- t~
Izto,at the end of a long chain. a
Harry Fogg, of the People's Market, Is ~
the owner of a sttil more intere(ting P
pet-a black eagle. The bird 'was ~
caught by a Plute Indian, about two n
years ago, while yet a mere chicken. ~
Now he is a tremendous follow with a
six foot spread of wing. He is kept in s
the back yard, in a stout wooden cage. P
The bird is a beautiful one,hls plumage *
einag as smooth and shiny as new satin, P)
pe.Je ree toward every body but hIs ti
master, fdiag.hotn'he has a great regard St
fe0dilg from lysJh lnd andI taking pleas.' n
1*ieIhhavidgis f4ajhers stroked and h
hie hegd sorate 4.~ *s elitetpleasnro 3
is. to bathe, '9it. li k anutry, in a
mamsK(tif l1AnditA w~ ch he sends el
11$ .hg in malidito6tQi a~~ wings. h
throws him a iveQ#o N %\n4,
A New Way of O4troti Huntitng.
When I first went out to South
ea, my great ambition was to sl
i ostrich; but although they v
lentiful enough where we were, (
emed very wild and shy and w<
At come within shot. At last, e
e morning, I came upon half a d<
them feeding together in an o
aln. Unluckily they were too fai
r an easy shot from the bushes wi
stood, and I knew that the nomei
me out Into the open they we
off. While I was wondering ho
t at them, I spied a single osti
ming up from the opposite side,
opping now and then to look at
in, I thought at first tiat he
eir sentinel, and had seen me;
i e came, and soon jained the i
ho scarcely seemed to notice hin
I was just thinking of laying my
t on the ground, and trying to ci
within range, when, all at once,
arest ostrich rolled over like a
emingly dead. 'The next moni
wn toppled another, and then a th
lien the rest appeared to take fri1
id scu'rried away as fast as their
uld cary them. In their flight t
seed within easy range of me, b1
as too much aston!shed to lire. Ti
g round again, however, I saw
e one which had come up last
il in the same place, and I was
inking of trying to .et a shot at i,
hen all In a moment, the bird van
, and in its stead appeared the sh
ick, shining body of a bushman I
For a moment I really thought I
td, or else in a dream; and ther
uck me that perhaps this might
.o of their hunting tricks I had he
much about; so I stepped forw
d gave a halloa. The man tur
und, and I recognised a famous
re hunter of our district, who
id to have been -out 'with Dr. Livi
)ne, and whom we used to call a
ow as the nearest approach to his
re name of Maheetu.
"ialloa, Matthew I" cried I, "li
u turned bird for once?"
"It's the best way. baas" (mast
swered, grinning. "If you wan
tch ostriches, you must become
trich yourself I"
An'l then he showed mie how it
no. He had fitted an ostrich skit
shoulders, with the head still
.hed, and a small rod thrust up
ck to keep it straight; and now I
in- th llmbs to in
t look like tle le;g 49024-..
d gone In among the herd and e
em one by one.
It was my first experience of
ok, though 1 saw it often afterwa
d a pretty smart one it was. D
u think so?
Gambling iu Different Ages.
If Horace is to be trusted, the
ins in the time of Augustus un(
od the art of loading dice as wel
e accomplished blackleg of this n
3nth century civilization. It I
Atter of history that Caligula conv
his house Into a gambling hell,
lh he fleeced the "young bloc
the great Roman Empire'in in
e sanme manner in which the yoi
I nobility of Europe are fleeced
y in the gamning halls of tihe var
ntinental oities. The Chinese
eat card-players. They have a ni
r of different kindls of cards. In
ing-tsze-tung, a Chinese encycli
ii, It Is stated that dotted cards y
vented in 1120 A. D. Ca, ds in Ci
e dubbed "paper tickets," and
lid in general use called Tseen-vq
e-pae-"'a thousand times ten tI
Wherever gambling was introdi
met immediately with the popula'
ir. In England, In the time of I
lihu, throwing the dice was one of
incipal diversions of the pee
arles II. called out to his favo
achiester : "I'll bet my soul to art
go on the game." "ir your mali
til bet odds I will take them," co
sponided the earl. As an' instant
e deep hold which the gainblhig
a has had upon the public minad, tl
a story current that in Paris, e
ie in tile year 1825. a man while
I at a crowded gamlblinig table deli
ely placed a pistol to his mouth
scharged it, and his fellow-pla
>ntinued the game withoutt inter
n as the Pervanits cleared away
attered brahi of the desperate
(10, A still more remarkable sto:
Id of a man named Shelton, a so
w prize fighter, who staked firs
oney on a game of cards, lost it,
en wagered his clothes, which,
so won by his opponent, who
eded to strip his adversary and
ropriate the property. -The hnai
d Wretoh then put up all th it
alned to him to dispose of-his
gain was lie unfortunate, and'
mpanlon, aided by himself, had
iccoeded in hanging bind. to a bs
st wheni the arrival of a watchy
hO out him down, prevented
iying his rash wager in full., In
mrn, he threatened to chastise his
irver for what he termed. hie ofil
ses in pre?enting his pa$yink s~del
ahoi'. dn6 f the oldest barone!
pgland, having lost every.,ent 0
itune at faro, was obliged to dri
age coach for the mnoans 'of li'
lOd. At a certain trial in one of
aglish courts of justice, in 1887, it
ro'ed git lo'rd d% 4 N e of
a hai tiob
e of #oitin i194,
did not long survive the ditgrace of ti
Af- public disclosure of tils guilt, and afte
oot his death Theodoro hook suggested it
rere an epitaph : '"IIere lies England's pre
hey iner baron, patiently awaiting the lau
mild trump!'' said a young man to the witt
irly Sheridan, "I know a man who cheata
zen but I do not like to expose him; wha
pelf' shall 1 do?" "Back him," was th
otr quiet reply. Innumerable stories ar
iere told of the Mississippl gamblers wh
t I reaped such rich harvests in the "goo
suld old times," before the iron horse ha,
v to interfered so seriously with the rive
ilh traille of this great valley. A good on
and Is told by Joe Cowell in "Recollection
out of the Stage.'' lie was sitting in th
was cabin of a steau,boat watching a qule
but game cf euchre, when he observed tha
erd another spectator, standing behind on
1a of the players, was comunticating witi
the opposite partner and informing hin
self of the number of trumps held by hi
cup opponent by laying on the table ii
the trout of him, the same number of fin
log. gers. This continued for some time
cut the player thus ''posted"' winning al
ird, the games. Finally the inforner placei
lht, one fiuger on the table, and quick is ,
legs flash the beaten gambler chopppeat I
hey oil with a bowle-knifo. "What do yoi
it I mean ?-vou have cut off my finger,'
rn- cried ''e wounded man. "Yes, and i
hat I had had more trumps you would hav
was lost more fingers," was the cool reply
lust it has been discovered by those wih
im, have taken the trouble to give the sub
isli- Ject a careful stuly that there can bi
ort, no fair play at gambling. At rouge t
noir the play is so arranged that a cur
was tain advantage of l, per cent must ac
it crue to the bank against the player o
be all the in-iney staked on one event
ard And no amount of calculation or man
ard agement can vary these oddsagainstth<
ned gamester. Every gane indeed admit
na- of cheating, and in almost all eases it 1:
was practiced. Dice are so "secured" tha
ng- a game of hazzard Is nothing iore no
[at- less than robbery. Car is are marke
na- shuffled, packed, pricked or skinned
and "professionals" fre,quently ust
ave cards with conclave or convex edge, s<
that their success depends upon thi
ur), delicacy of their sense of touch and the
to steadiness or immobility of their coun
The European Plan.
Oil Recently a stranger, clad in a dustet
at- and carrying a carpet-sadk, entered t
the hotel on Delaware avenue. He marche(
av- straight up to the counter, where th<
ake amiable landlord stood picking bli
,"^ h, unn1 thep t>nrhsn3 lie set his. bat
hot down the anti a an lora ab
off and set it down with the pile o
the other bagp age in the rear of the bar.
rds, "Please register your name," said th
)n't landlord, passing him a pen.
"How much Is it, mister ?"
"'lhat depends on what you get.
We keep a hotel here on the Europeat
ler- 'I say, mister," said the countryman
l as all in a tremble, "please aive me tha
ne- bag, and I'll get right out and not sa+
a a a word."
ert- The landlord gazed at him, but madi
in no movement toward the bag.
da" "Please, mister, give me my bag.
.h There is nothing in it but a few shirts
*th.. indeed there isn't. Here's the key. I')
to- let you search It," continued thi
ous stranger, trembling still more violently
are TIhe landlord passed him [he bag, ani
Ifm- as the stranger inatantly shot.for thi
the door the.former exclaimed :
pe- "WVeli, blame me if I ain't puzzled t<
'ere know what kind of a fool yon are."
mia M. the stranger paused to hear ni
the compliments, and he was a good half
an- mile away before he took courage t<
LOU- lean against an awning-post and mnut
iced "Gr acious I Whata an escape I Keep
fa- a hotel on the you rope in plan, doe
Ing he? 1 suppose he wanted to rope mi
the In and iperhaps kill me. Lord!I wha
ple. wicked places these cities are. 1*11 g<
rito, hiome immediately." And lhe kept hi
ol ry He Met Her At The Fair.
e rAt the Ch.idrens' Home fair,
m-nice young man, sauntering around il
meethe vicinity of the floral department
eat- wvas suddenly accosted by a fair youn,
rgirl, who held out apretty nosegay t
be- him and said:
and "Allow me to offer youi this buttori
eshole bouquet sir," and she presented
U-with bow itchinig grace.
he "A thousand thanks," said the youn
y ii man bowing quite low, and taking t
y sflowers from her pretty fingers.
of "Now who the deuce is this fal
and Flora, that she shotld give me a bul
vere ton hole bottquetvl" was-a question th
r. young man asked himself, as he 'cor
tu-the goranihum leaf, and the jasm ii
re- "The, rose-that's for love," mused thm
life. youn~g man as lie reluctantly turiled I
his go, "but blessed if I can tell what th
just heliotrope, the geranium and jasmii
mp- stand for, but I'll finad out beforel a lec
san if I have to ransack every book in thi
'his public library."
re- "Fifteen cents,' -plehse," said thm
pr-young ladly, calling gently after him,
pro- The young man grewv white, red an
~ fspotted by turns, handed her ? dolla
a i ,n9pte, and without waiting for ohang4
is rushed out on the sidewalk, and abu:
ye a ted his head forty orffitm
nel against the side of the building Whl
~the he called uipon all the geklth di
was the blue empyre,am to 14ok ao~ p
the ,the, oggonclet fool that eye' jive
nIt? , tbeh world began, .;
? American Anchuvles and Chinese
E h:ugene 0. Blackford, of Fulton Market
' New York, who found recently that white
t bait may be caught in the neighborhood o
V Now York, has just made another discoveri
or revival. This Is, that the anchovy, thu
t delightful fish which in the form of past
or sauce is so familiar to epicures, may bi
had without going to Europe for it. Mr
Blackford's discovery was the result of in
telligent observation. When "whitebait'
1 fishing was at its height here a few monthi
I ago he noticcd that a great many of thi
r fish brought to market were not of the gen
uine whitebait type. lie carefully declinec
to put these fish on the market, although,
as he says, other dealers are not so conscien
tious; and in order that the American work
t might not be deceived, Mr. Blackford for
t warded to I)r. Bean, of the Smithsoniar
o Institute, and to Professor Fred. Mather, f
well known pisciculturist, specimens of the
alleged whitebait. Then It was found that
these fish were nearly allied to the anchovici
' of the Mediterranean Sea, the cngraulu
cn rasicholu8, the American fish being the
- Viatus. The American fish have beer
know for a long time in these waters ai
"spearing," and when the question of
whitebait came up, were sold largely foi
those fish at 75 cents per pound. The, -ir<
fonnd abundantly near Gravesend Bay, L,
t I., and In the little Inlets and bays on the
I Long Island coast. The whitebait, lr.
Blackford salys, are the young of the her.
f ring, while the "spearing" are spearing
and nothing else. Within a week there la
been no catch of these fish, the large catch
of bluefish keeping them away. Formerly
when they were caught they were throwni
away as woithless, although the encyclope
dias recommend them as anchovies. White
t bait and spearin; s may be readily distinl.
guished. The lat,ter are marked by a bright
silver stripe, on"-sixteenth of an inch widt
on the lateral line. The remainder of ti:(
body Is semi-transparent, and through the
skin may be seen the stomach and intestines.
Whitebait has no mark along the lateral linc
and is covered completely with fine silver
scales. Whitebait are caught mostly oi
Bay Ridge, L. I.
Like so many peculiar things in the
Celestial Empire, the system of breeding
the Chinese oyster differs widely from
I that pursued in Europe and America.
In the southern parts of China "collectors"
of bamboo are placed in the oyster beds,
much after the same fashion as the elabor
ate tiles and "hives" employed in France.
Those oyster-catchers are, however, pre
pared in a curious manner. The cans are
- exposed for about two months to the rays
of the sun, and then placed for a similar
period in salt water, after which they are
again dried for several days, the object be
ing to preserve them from decay aw pre
vent the twisting or warping of the bamboo.
Notches are then cut in the canes, into
which. empty oyster shells are fixed, like so
many cups, and thus prepared they are
driven into the seashore between high and
low water mark. hosaf ta n er eon
--Oy . I"_ . -...n...t a te ria and fall of
the tide Is the greatest, so that the bivalves
may be alternately covered by the flood and
exposed to air on the ebb. There the young
oysters thrive well and develop rapidly,and
are quite ready for the market when they
are two years old. A large trade is carried
- on by ti , p.rsons who pursue the calling,
and who . tav many thousands, of these
collectors planted in favorable situations,
and some successful breeders have been
known to realize large fortunes. In China
large quantities of the oysters are dried in.
stead of being eaten in a fresh state. For
that purpose they are taken from the shells,
simply plunged into boiling water, and then
removed at once, after which process they
are exposed to the rays of the sun until
every particle of- moisture has evaporated.
in that state they will keep for a length of
time, and are said to preserve all the deli.
e acy of their flavor. The finest and fattest
bivalves, bred and fed on the leaves and
cuttings of the bamboo, are selected for
preparation by that method, those taken
from the natural beds being inferior in
quality, and not sufficiently p)lumip to stand
A Steam WeanItng.
Recently the eastward bound train
da.3w up to thme little station of Rich
mond, on the Stonington (Con.) Ril
road, and a man of' some sevent,y win.
ters and a maiden of some twemfty-tive
sum mers stepped to the platform. Rev,
Mr. -.-was In waiting wIth his car
riage to take the couple to his residlenci
whore tihe ceremony, was to be per.
formed which should make them mar
and wire. But instead of the youthful
pair entering tile carriage the bride
groom-expectant hurriedly i nquiirem
when the next westward bound trair
was due. On being told that only fivi
mInutes Would elapse before that Im.
portsnt event, he ejaculated, "I am in
Shurry I We must return by the neol
train!i It's going to rain!i We uls
-be married I" They entered the hum.
Sble waiting room of the depot, there t<
take upon themselves the bonds tha
none but God ein put asunder. TIm4
3moved slowly, but they moved exceed
r Ing sure. Considerable of the lhalte~
time was consumed in filling out the
cert,ileate, &o., until the statIon agen
esuggested that the time was "only twn
-minutes now." Just then the West
* ward bound train rounded the cnrve
e approachlng the station just as if theri
enerwere such things In all the orke
0 -as weddings and perplexed y'out anc
Smaidens. .But the reverend sort vlt o
e H ymen was equal to the ocession amt
P brought the aff air to a speedy oris a
"JoIn hand.. Ton take thIS unad t~
d. "a t $alt this eta to lo gu
prwife?ts" d ifl
. nSoeslvOri MQiIaradingled uneiril
and the conddt*oialled "All Aboatd
1i in 4 o ol i
NEWS IN BitEF.
-There is not an Idle furnace in the
Lebanon or Lehigh Valleys, Pa.
-Foreign dolls alone paid Uncle
Sam $110,000 in duties In 1877.
-Gov. Robinson, of New York, Is 81,
t and the oldest Governor In the land.
-A Bristol It. 1. man has made 100
pairs of rubber boots in 100 hours.
-Atlanta, Ga., has fifty-eight tele
-The area of Pennsylvania is about
43,000 square millee.
-fi'Ifty different species of tobacco
are described by botanists.
-The International Exhibition in
Mexico in 1880 io likely to be given up.
-The banks of York, Pa., have re
solved to neither take nor pay trade
-The New Haven, Conn., public
school teachers are to have their salar
-During the twelve months ending
the flrst of last March, Chicago packed
nearly 5,000,000 hogs,
-A larger quantity of tobacco will
he cultivated in Cumberland county,
'a., this year than ever before.
-lit the Mississippi penitentiary
there are over 200 cottvicts who are Im
prisonod for life.
-h'le principal of the Titusville, Pa.,
schbols has been arrested for cruelly
beating a pupil.
-'he tomb of Napoleot iI, is cover
ed with fresh flowers every day by or
der of Euge:,ie.
-It costs, so says a current iteq the
farmers of the United States $20,000,000
annually to do their plowing.
-The Jefferson Medical College,
Phiiadelnhia, has sent out upon the
land 7,205 doctors.
-The population of Spain Is now es
itated at about 17,0s0,000, an increase
of nearly one million since 1800.
--Tho Five Cent Savings Bank of
Lowell, Mass., has been closed by the
-Captain Paul Boynton is going to
swlin tile Connecticut River from Itart
ford to Sayhrook.
-Mr. 11. 1). Parker, of the Parker
House, Boston, Mass., is worth 2,500,
-Mora snow on Mount Washington
the past winter than for forty years be
-Each day in April the pipe lines
took 50 883 barrels of oil frot the wells
in the Venango region.
-Seventy vessels from five to seven
ty tons burthen, with 350 men, are now
engaged in the Key West sponge trade.
-A Nebraska man, with the aid of
sixteen maen, has planted 52,000 trees
on his claim in eight days, tals spring.
-A farmer on. the shores of Lake
Ontario has had nine acres washed
away in twenty years. lie is evident
ly losing ground.
nia EksutfoI Illti'ioi'fothd/0 Foo
and a najority of. 0,600 for the New
-Enough cloth can be woven in
Massachusetts in sixty days to sitpply
all the people in the United States with
-The yield of '-etroleunm in the
United States last year was 616,007,004
gallons. Th,e qaatity exported was
valued at $40.574,074.
-William Jay, a lad of Penn town
ship, Chester county, Pia.,daed recently
from lockjaw. He stuck a thorn Into
hla foot and the wound festered.
-Colonel King, a Texas cattle man,
has a fence seventy-five miles long, en
closing about 337 square miles, on which
range 110,000 oeasts.
-Among tihe twenty-three new con
verts wilich BIshop Whlpple recenthy
uiontlirmedu at St. Paul, Min, sore
t -velvo Indians.
-1ime Ho-inaess the Pope has con
ferred the Grand Cress of the Orderof
St,. Gregory the Great on Mr.baiel
l'homas Murphy, of Caliifor.ta.
-Wiliit.m Gale, of Cardifr, has just
comnpleteid, at Bradfoa-d,- Englanm, the
unexpected feat of. walking 2,500 miles
In 1000 consecutIve hours.
-,Mr. William B. Cushin)g, of Matta
poisett, lie,, has dug his , grave, .poard
ed it up inside, covered it up ini good
shape, and is only waiting for the 11inal
dlssolut,ton of all things.
-Amiong the Seminaole Indians there
is a tradition that Florida was once in
hiabited by a hlfi-olvilized race, who
were artisans and great in wealtfihand
-The flowers used for decorating
Queen Victoria's apartments arg the
liritish Embassy, in Paris, on ,the 00
easlons of her two recent visits there,
cost $J000.. '''
-There are* 50,000,000 acres of land
in California fit for out ivatlon,.andl not
over 5,000,000 are In actual use for that
purpose, and not over' 8,000,000 are, en
--The salary of WhitelAw fh, of
the New York THIbide,<1s$l$200.
iluriburt, of tihe Worl4, roeeye $8i000
a year. Chaarles, A. 4han..Qf the 4iun,
gets a salary of $12,
-An Engisti company has lbeen
formed with a capItal of'$1,250,000 to
establish a lhte of steamers'.to /ut be
tween Baltimore' and '.arrQw.-ind~Iur
ness, for the tranUpprtacQof.att 4
-Tile land In ireland l i.u4Lted
by 800,000' tenants, who - 0b~fan
averag~e of thirty-tMo acres .tiI 'tore
ar 6.00) haaidords. .o( wilogswcE,042
-Th'le largea~ latytI yhea rm
I n1 the'*ioba is 'ad, jtp r,din
f arm, nottffkt theiWo,
Dakota.m It, embriac4aesonfe 4O0O oi e
du ig.A WAt ie