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Within the era of civlization in America
hio one was able to successfully pierce
through the fierce and terrible under cur
rent at Niagara to the bottom until re
cently the government itself thought it ne
cessary in behalf of science to undertake the
task. All the great scheies Imagined to
be strictly scien. 1i1c were p it in operation
by bunglers to obtain the depth of water
beneath the falls. Bars of railroad iion,
pails of stones and all uireasonable bulky
and awkward instruments were attached to
long lines and cast off from the railway
bridge and elsewhere, but positively refused
to sink. The very bulk of the instrumen's
was sulliclent, no matter what their weight,
to give the powerful under-current a way
to buoy then up upon the surface or near
it. The United States Corps of Engineers,
however, with a small lead of only twelve
pounds weight attached to a slender rope,
or sounding cord, easily obtained the depths
from the falls to the lower bridge. As your
correspondent assisted i the Iydrographi
cal operations the facts may be given as
they present themselvep. One day we
launched in a small boat not far below the
falls and entered oil a m1iost exciting and
perilons exploration of the canon. The old
guide, long in charge of the minature ferry
- situated here, accompanied the party. With
great difilculty we approached within a
short distance of the American falls, which
(11 ted great Jets of water on us and far out
into the stream. The roar was so terrible
that no voice or human sound, however
near we were to one another, could be
heard. The leadsman cast the line which
paItssed rapidly down and told us 83 feet..
This wiis quite near tle shores. Passing
out of the friendly eidy which had assisted
Us upl) so near t li falls N e sh< t I apidly down
the stream. The next cast of the lead told
off 100 feet, deepening to 192 :et at, the
incined railway. The average depth to
the Swift. Drift, where the river suddenly
becomes narrow with a velod ity too great
to be measured, wis 153 feet. Just, uideir
the lower bridge the whirlpool rapids sel in
land so violently are the waters moved thbat
they rise like ocean waves to the h elit of
twenty feet. At this point your cori elponi
dent, at the time of tlie slrvey coan'puted
the depth at. 210 feet which is acie *ed as
The ter ors of the gorge - low Ithis point
ate known to but few. Inieed the foot of
man scarcely ever trends this inferial re
gion wh4O'e almost pIrl)enldiVIlaIir will Is rise
onl each side of the verge of the river from
270 to :0til feet in height. lere Itlie coin
tiniial erlnmblin.g of the rocks have fornied a
lr'eeimlluS Ipa thway1 illaces on the ive Vr's
Sdve; elewhiere onie must cling to crevices
inl the rock, to jult ing crags or otherwise to
g0 ailong. A party of 'our2 of ns allde a1
survey of Ihe interior of this (1non from
ILewistown to Suspension llridge, wit h1 great
dilileity Ve clambeihcre( along. It wa a
fec rful, Net exciting exploration. At 1imes
tilie river wouild rise suddeitly some tenl anl
even fifteen feet its if a great dam12 alove
i:ul broken, causing a hasty retreat of the
parly lip the sides of tlte callon. lromi
points abiove, rocks and stones freqieiit13
fell, cauismng lively apprehensions land to
add to ile eatalogtie of embarrasiments, an
o '1sioinal rattlesniike attempted to ret11d
our progress ainld Olle of tIhIi was kilIl
aid his rattles preserved ill commemonra
tioll of the event. (eting into Ilthe Canlon
at lewistown was comll i atatively easy. but
.iakilg one's wly ou is 111other thing.
Nearly it mile below Deveaux college,
which is situ1at4ed hli f a mite no0rtlh of Sn.'
pensionllBridige, the possibility of mking
our - way id g tiho riv r's udge eae Cu(
Night. was just approarlching land it was a
town.A ,the rokstowet naty
miin~llig ini this abod2e( ofh terrors2 over ni'iht
and1( returning to Lewistown ithle following
dlay, or of lIghting anl almoihst imipolssible
paissaige to the steps leading downi fromt the'
eollenge. We dieterineiud toI accept the it
1er. Alter ani hour's el imb wve inade our
wayii3 to withlllin 10 feet oh the top where
just1. ai nairrow r'idge formed by3 the crumitbled
1 debris sceee to exteind. We followed this
plerhapsl a hialf mtile whent it caiie to ani ab1
rupilt termination. heveraul rods b1eyond~
was a1 broati pathtway leading iup to1 thle col
lege, but mi the interval only the bare walls
of rocks, iihniost pteendiCu at frott (lie top
to the ruising wter , 270) feet. below, met
tile despalirintg gaize (of 0our 1party. .Just
ablove our head was a1 crevice ill 1he rocks
which seemtedl toa cross t he initervenling space.
With ailimost certaiin doomi staring us di
reetly3 in the face w~e detenuined to) try fto
(10ss by staiiding tipitoe in thie crevice andi~
climbing to the jiittiing of thie roeks. Trhe
various imlemlnents of the palrty' were dII
vidled up, a hieavy' theodolite falliing to y'ouri
corresp~ondent, wvhichi wtas strapped on his
back. T1hec tallest clanmbered upl to thie
crevice first, the others assIsting anid fol
lowinig andl the writer gettinig up last. Tiheni
began a terrible struggle to reachl the piath
wiay becyond. All arrived there saifely
wh'len y'our corresponldent wvithI the heavy
buirdlen oit his back w~as but idway- across.
hlere a sharprh rock just lit (lie hieig'ht of the
breast imlpeded (lie wayi3. In atteimptinig to)
get aironndt( this (lie boot failed to find( a
restmiig pla1ce TIhe heavy instrument wa~s
pl~lhiing tme off 21y3 balance. The lingers
wvere looshig their slender 1hold( one hundred
feet above was the calm, safe world, one
huindred and1( seven feet bielow (lie roaring
of (lie wauter. Onte foot slipped off land was
going d'ownt, (down ; a1 mist camite over (lie
eyes whten my13 loot caught on a slender
goosehierry buish and1 ai handI suddeinly grasp
ed213 mylback tand (hewl mei aroundii to a safe
staninig p)!ace. lin ai mtomen~t miore (lhe
paltihwaly was reachled and( (lie safety (If all
enured, b~ut never will (lie fright ful scene
leaive (lie senses. Onte of the party saw
the participant or else the goosebierry bush
was (lie sav'ing mteans--1 have itever (quite
I was traveliing in a depiarttmeit (If (lie
south, after the revohuitioni of Februairy in
France. I met one day13 (lhe nmayor of ai
village, proprietor of a imetairic.
"irm," sid lie to mte, '"what (10 they'
mean downt here at Paris by (liat wvord
'communisnm ?' it is sonme sluggish bush
ness, 1s It not ? So, alt leiast, ourW curiaite
"'It is a sy'stemu of partitionm," replied I,
''invented once on a time by a dreamer."
"WVhat did he direatm 1"
"Thlat the mian who had a niillion should
share~ it with the cotmmunte."
H11s ,eyes brightened. "Not a bad droani
either,"' said lie.
"But furthibr," I resutmed, "(liat (lie man
who has 100,000 frane~ should abanidoni the
half tolhis neighbor."
'"Well. lie would still have enough with
(lie othier half."
"Trheni, the man wvho lias 50,000 frances
should comno dlown to 25,000 francs,
through a spirit of fraternity."
The face of the may'or assutmed a
* Listly, that thie mfin who possesses
* "Twehty.;fIve thousand) franc,'' lhe In
terrumpted, sprhiging up with a bound,
"that.'s the value of my farm; let hihou who
Would have a vIne' stock belongIng to It,
t. comidMd seek it. ie will see howl I ll
S ecoeiv hlim at tho end of my munsket."
lx n'itious INsEC'8r.-It 18 now th(
season when the Insects which prey oil
fruit trees are most destructive, aind re,
quire tle eI''sest aftention. "'Eternal
vigilance" will be the "prileo" of sue
cessfll contention with these tiny foes.
Tie tent caterpillar and the canker
worm prey on the foliage of apple aml
cherry trees. The apple-worm motl1
lays its eggs in the ealyx of the younlgi
frtilt, and the grub, as soon as it I hatch.
od, cuts its way to the core, cauising th
fruit to ripen prematurely. III sonic
instances the Worm coitintues in ti
fruit withbout(111 auigt ainy atppa~rent dam-i
age, and it is only when the apple is bc
Ing eaten or cut up that the tenanit
makes its appearance. The Spif zenburg
seems to lie a paritiular favorite with
this destructive insect, for we filnd 11
great dal of this fruit wormy. A
great 1my of' the moths matty be got rid
of' by building fires in the orchard at
night. They Will be attracted by the
light, fly Into the blaze and be destroy'
ed. Some peirsonis plce ia lamp in
th centre of a tub of water; tile hight
at tracts the moths, they fly against the
h1:pil, fail .into the water and are
(1row ned. 'ihe gooseberry and etul'ariant
caterpill ars begin tlir work of destriue.
tioln 1as soon 11 the leaves are fully de
veloped. The gooseberry caterpillar is
the'larva of a species of' saw-fly which
lays its eggs on the ribs on the back of
the leaves, 111( Its soon as the young
Worms ire ilatceled they comlllene prey
hig oi the leaves, eating their way In
to them. 'Their 10 presence may be de
tected by the appearance of numItilerous
sniitl holes, like pin-holes in the leaf,
and, as a whole brood itre, inl tils early
stage, Confined to one leaf, they Caln be
easily -destroyed by piukinig ofi' the
leaf' and I ranpi in g on it. Bark lice are
very Ijur ious to lr it trees, as they
ind shelter iutader (lhe bark, through
the crevices of which they prey oil the
sap, and I njtire tlhe vigor of the trees.
Thiey may be destroyed by i wash of
w hale-oil soapillds, or t asolution of' plot
asiih. columlaon1 soaps1ds have beeni
used agaiist t hem w ith sucCss. The
Stems of a11l fri t trees cannot he too
firl11inl3y wasled, as by tis mueans
ol dead bark, whiclh alords a 11Idiig
place to mainy noxious insects, will le
reinoved, as well ats m11oS4 and funugi
which absorb tlie jlices anud consequen11t
ly hasten the decay of' tile tre. The
Ilea-beetle, better known i as the black
hug or turiip)-fly, is Very desttructive to
the seed leaves of turnips, calIbbges,
valillower, radlishes, Invlons, v.neum111
bers, etc. It. it idenleal, or narly so,
with 1he turlnip-11ly, (//1/tira wmmrum1)
of' Elurope, winchi colmmils such tidepre
dationls on the tirnip fields of Gre: t
liritainl and Irehlnd, Ferance and GJer
m .ty. Thee il(a-bnt.les lie torpid
duriig (lie willter ill heips of ruibbish,
(liderio oe.3, amd clefts of' the bark of
trees, 3an1l ill chilks of walls. 'hey
lay their eyrgs in the Sprning, Onl the
loaves of the tills on which1 they Need,
and as SOO(0 as they are liatehed the
youtineg griibs hurrow into the leaves,
feling ()I 11em, mtil folinlig inl thelil
little cells, ill which 1-hey unuitergo
their t.raisformation s. 'Several broods
.Lr.( produciled dutring the sumnierim, 80
there is a conlslitant. steessioln of these
po4ets all1 thirough thie season. A sol utioni
of, lime has been found ve-ry itseful inl
preveniting- the ravages of' these insects,
oluL it better plan is the ptiverizatIin
of the soil, inI order toclose tp all chiiks
wheiec they cann hide, an1(d tle appliel
lion of aluildanice of well rotted 11111
utre, to force the plants into the rough
lIves, as, when they renteli tlIs stage
of, growtLI, the bugs leave them to seek
tenderer foo1d, 1h ic.ketis are ver'y fIll
eLen dIestI'royers o)' these insects.
(GA 11(1ET.-Al iini1t411irir aslgs attentlin
to thie case of1 a Jersey hielfrci, which,
I)rev~iusly lai excellenit health, was
found one 01( ev'ening wvit ti iddei' badly
swollen and uIllite leverish ; refuised hiei
(eel of mealil, and1( gave 0on13 three or
forl r glls of' nil k instead ot' the tisital
libera1 niess. Several day13s treatmient,
wIth salts, 1)1tlitull., 1)01411 ies, etc., ire
duced swelling, btit (the imilk in the
thre a'1tIflec'ted (quter (1s of the udder01
cotinu iles thick an1(1d ca'my, that from
the other teat is as gtod as ever. She
Oil the wily to and1( frtomi paisture, wh' icho
was good~ aiid shadled. Shiould she be
rcgtilarly3 m1111ked fromi atll teats, or druIed
oil, and whlat is thit prospect, f'oir hier
cleair case of garget., aind wa'is 11ndulcedl
i3roling withot, wvater'1 iduring thie (day.
1114d ihe meail beetn omnittetd, or water
been plenitIfully suliled, the garIget
wvould pro0)1bbly not, htave Occurred4(l. It
was the 1pa114 occasionled by the conges
thon and1( swellinig whleh~ stopped the
(low of' milk, that occasioned~ the 10ss
of' aplpet~Ito. As each01 quar'ter of the
tuddei' is d isconn lectedl with the othiere
It, is not stranluge thiat. 0one 01' more' quar1
(cers should be afl'eted and( anio.hetr not.
Thie treatiimenit, was well adapted43( to the
('ase, the efl'eets of which will not be
likely to last beyond thte next par'tui'i
tioni, though sutch cases(1 someltimets (10
TIheire will be no advantage 1in1mi1lking
the [he i'30(ualrter's aniy ofteiier thain re
(l<i'ire to preven'0It aniy inicreaise of swel-I
iiig and1( iniflammlation, wvhleh musnt, be
ing of' the sounid tenit, had better' be con
tilluted tt(.11 near' [lie iiext. [tile of' coim
Inhg in. TIhie meali 11a1( butter' be omultted
anti( som11 latxat.ive f'oodl like brain 01
r'oots uisedin 1Its phice0, atnd at till supply
of wa'lter willI he ofl the fir st Iimportancllle,
Salt should14 also be4 suppl1)ied 1ad libitumi
'lo 10our pats of' salt add11 01ne of' sulphmli
and1( 0one of' uleached wioodi iashes, ii
putlveizedi81 slt etr in -their placee. Th'l
diet. antd tr'eatmient should be such11 in
to.0ountracet anly tenldenicy to intfiatnma
tloei or swelling, othber'wise su~ppurlatiol
mayl3 reslt, whleh, whenl it occurs ii
suchl cases, Is 0o tell limpossi ble to 11ea1
l'(ooi'rIO Or j]ltIr'rtal ANn CuIa
-L ,Is well lot' ihe diry man~lli to rememl~
her theseO pr1opiortions:1 A <j iuart of' nvei'
aige mdlk which 1has a spieelfie graivity
of' 10.20) il, 40 dlegrees Fahrlenthilt
weighs 2.J )15 01pounds. One htunldred
of butteir, or' 21 1-2 poumtiis of cheese.
lonsa anti4 cow stalbies mauy he keop
sweet, ecar of veortui, and11( f'ree fron:
noious4t1 od1ors, by dutsti ng wvith plstoe
each day3 alfter they ar'0eclnd. It isa
goodl plan, also, to1 whitewash tile coil
ing, walls and1( piartltlon, several time.
thriotugh th~e seaison, l'lster' iitd 11m
canl not, be pit to ai be(tt ei use.
Who Rlgan Not iloen Ilious ?
Probiably no 0on0. Dou~btless we havo al
suf1rrd to some10extotut thie dIsagroeable een1
i'ationsl whioli a disordlorod or langid liver ca~
iflit, hallownless of thio skIn, (constipation
Ilnaca, vertigo, aeoess in the viciity of th1
organi affectod, a senisatlin as of con estioni ia
thle heoad. positive headacho,a loss of a petito
extremei thIrst, a high color or the urIne, ar<
a nong th10 symptomsl which annonnoh10 a per.
vorsion or utlation of the bile. The remed~
of remedIes for the abo Is Hoeatottor'4
Stomaoh DItters, admitistored by medIcal
inob; pronbounced pulro and wholesome b1
them, and p~lar as a comprehensive famil3
mdned : o i1 s a .spociflo proventIve an1i
uomud for o ihls and fever anld bilious remIt,
tonta througheit Amerlca, and to a wide ox,
tobt in to e.ohan o matfrie&. Disorders in the
stomach and 'bowels, as wveil as liver, .a
Ppeod'hy remediable with this popular an<)
iLs han )'m iI mtuir..
The Sund lJust.-Among the wonder
ful and usg(ul intvoitionis of tihe time
is tile common sand blast. Supposo yot
desire to letter a piece of marble for I
grave stone; yoi: cover tle Stolle With a
sheet of wax no thicker than a wiafer
then cut iII the wax the name, date, etc.
leaving the marble exposed. Now pas
it under tlie blast, and the wax will no
be injured at all, but the sand will cu
letters deep into te stone. Or, if yor
desire raised letters, a flower or otheli
emblem, cut the letters, lowers, etc.
li wax and stick themt u ipoI the stone
then pass the stone under the blast, am
the wax will cut it away. Remove til
Wax and you have the raised letters
Take ia piece of F'renclh plate glass, sa'.
two feet by six, anid cover Willi lm Iclc
pass it tinder the blast and not a threm
of the lace will be iujtirod, but thi
sand will cut (e) lito the glas
wherever It Is not covered by lace
Now remove tie lace, ainl 3011 lav
every delicate and beautiful figur
ralsed upon the glass. In this way
beautiful figures of all kinds are cut it
glass Auldl at a small expense. Thi
workmen can hold their hands undel
the blast wit hout harm, even when It 11
rapidly cutting away the hardest glass
iron or stone, but they must look out ro
linger nills, for they Will be whittle
oil' right hastily. if they puit on stee
thulibles to proteet tle naills, it will d1
little good, lor the sand will 80011 wlilt
le thei away, but If they wrap i piec
of soft cot ton around them they are sale
You will nt once see tihe philosophy o
It. The sand wh itt les away and destroy:
any hard substance, eV0 glass, )ut (oe
not affect substances that are soft am
yielding like Wax, cotton or 11110 lace o1
even the himaun hand.
Thc I V "iung 11chine.-The metalo
grlaphl is tie name of ain ustrlument jus
invented by a hostoiiai, and is likel3
to be of service to writers. It canl d<
things that the electric pen cannot ac
comIlplish. Its motive power Is comn
pressed air iistead o1' electricity. Th
instrument Is th its described '"It con
sists o it hardened steel point. which
When iII use, Is moved up 1111d down
with it a muetal tuho, very rapidly bj
meants Of a cam and1( sltpriig. The can
is oi a little miuetal shalt, which IS re.
volved by a wheel, Which is coninecte
by a rubber tube with a pait' of bellow
under a table, and can be w,!orked b
hand or foot. Resting the instruiei
lier'pendileularly upon a thini sheet 0
metal, aild settinug the bellows In motion
a pm.Ison may Write with it upo, tl
imetul, iaiakiig what appoars to be a col
tiuous ine, but really it dotted line
The letters matie are embossed u1pon thl
met-1l. The shet of metal is then to bq
placed in a siall press and covered b3
a suitable piece of carbon paper., amilt
over that. aIrainl the paper to lbe writtel
upon is placed. Tho press Is then so
inI motion and Copies of the Writing o0
composition can be produlced very rap
Idly. No li:quid ink, acId or electricity
Is Ised. The litle machu1ole can b uset
in manifold writing. The imetalograpi
will also be of service in .signing bani,
cheek's and othber Important dlocutuients
for It will be Impossible to alter or erasi
sigiiatires made With it.
Sp'.ci Uravil ti alnce.-M. Ga1nna1
has recent.ly devised a Simple means o
deltermining the specille gravity o
liquids. With hiis de1sinlimtre hyh ro
statiqu11e all calculation is obviated, at
the specIfe grav'it-y is 1scertainiied bj
simnply readling thbe weight on the bil.
11Ce. This aIparatutts is matde In ti
form of an olive, so that bubbles of al:
shall not attach themnselves to its sides
'Tle olive of glass or nmetal has a volum<n
exactly equal to one dlecimial sulbdlvlsoi
of' a cuble1 metre. T1heore ar'e twvo dhIl'oer
ont iniethiods emp11loyed ill the practicat
use of the aplpatt's. (1) We0 imay suts
peind it onl the latform't of the balanice
anid hiavingm pr1oduledl an equllibium
we pit11nge '. Into the lIquid ; the eqtil
1libriutm Is then destr'oyed by the loss o
weIght of' tihl. olIve, and the number' o
grams whIch It is necessary to add t<
the scale-p~an to restoreo the equillbrin
is the exact speciie graity of' the liquid
(2)Or' the lIquId whiose speclfie gravity
wet desire to asceritiinmaty be pu1t, In
glass vessel oin one pant of the balatne
balance the scale-p~ans, and then sus
1)end( the olive in the liquid by mean(1
of' a fine thread. Th~e equilibriumn is de
stroyed, and1( the scale descends oni th
s1ide on which the olive Is susp~endedl
and1( the weightt, wlehcl It is necessar"
to place in thle otheri pan to restore th<
etiilibiium, is cquial to the~ specilli
gr'avity 01' thle liquid.
A remarkable wvolf' story is that tol<
by Mr. Christ. Pahl, of Buffalo towun
shIp, lowa. ie brought a wvolfl's sk uh
inito the counlty audItor's oflice, an<
said lie had pr1epared it for the zioolo~
Ical cabinet at the tacdemy. lie states
that the wolf wvas caturied when a cub
lhad been ranised at his house with
dog and1( eat, and trhat those three wer
as friendly ias could be. In fatct, thb
wolf seemed as tame as though lie be
longed to a trIbe of domestic ani11malt
excep1t ml 0on0 patleu1lari. lie would (de
your' chickens, atnd no0 anmou nt of' pun1
ishmnent that wiould leave him allv
could cure himu of his love of live poul1
try. Mlr. Pahil had a soni ten years e
alge, betwveen whom and the wolf thier
wvais almost constant Intimacy ani
wai'm friendship. TJhiey wvould wan
(der all about the fainm together atn
f'rolie every day ; but love for the bo
hiad 110 effect on the wolf's taste f'o
fowls. When the beatst's food wa
br'ought to hiim lie wvould scatter I
atbout him, anud then lie downa with hi
face resting oil Ils fore-paws felgnlin
sloop. A comtpany of lions would sur
round him to eat hiie food ; and woe t
thte biddy that came within reach c
his pawi. Shte was devou red in a thtriec
Th'lere was nto help1 for It. The wtol
mtust be killed, or poultr'y-raising mus
end on the farm. So Mr. Pahl fired
chtarge of lago shot at the wolf, btu
did( no miore than wound him ini th
ttiek hildo of hits neck, and he0 put 01
for the wvoods. TIhie farmer and( hi
men01 followed him twvo miles befor
gettIng aniothier popi at himta; then hi
wats shot In a hind1 leg, lie cratwle<
inito a thicket, and the hiunters thilnk
ing hte was done for', wvent home. Th
very next mioinig the wolf came t
the kitchen door of the farm-htouse
whten the family were at breakfast an
scratohed for admnission. The boy de
lighted r'an out, and boy and wolf ha
the hiappiest kind of a time all da3
Mr, Pahl resolved to spare the wvolf fo
his boy's sake; but the .Very nex
mlorninug the wvolf was at is old Ira
'for the chickens, and doyotured tw
roosters, and lie was killed instanter
lHe hnd grownt to nearly the sivze of
T.'uu knobblest part of the house I
-imi TiE Housi[OLD.-There is a green
ness it onions and potatoes that ren
i ders them hard to digest For health's
sake put them in warm water for an
hour before cooking.
The only kind of 3tove with which
yott can preserve a uniform heat is a
gas stove; with it you can simmer a
pot for an hour, or boil It at the same
rate for twenty minutes,
(Uood flour Is not tested by its color.
White flour may not be the best. The
test of good flour is by the amount of
water it absorbs.
In cooking a fowl, to ascertain whon
it is done, put a skewer into its breast
and if the breast is tender the fowl Is
A few dried or preserved cherries
I with stones out, are the very best
things possible to garnish sweet dishes.
I To beat the whites of eggs quiefkly
put In a pinch of salt. The cooler the
eggs the quicker they will froth. Salt
cools and freshens them.
In boilling eggs hard, put them in
i boiling water ten minutes and then put
them in cold water. It will prevent
the yolk from coloring black.
To make miaccaront tender, put it in
cold water and bring it to a boil. It
will then be much more tender than if
I put in hot water or stewed in milk.
The yolk of eggs binds the crust
> much better than the whites. Apply
it to the edges with a brush.
(Old potatoes may he freshened up by
plulnging them into cold water before
i Never put a pudding which Is to be
S steatned ilto anything else than a dry
Never wash raising that are to be used
In sweet dishes. It will make the pud
ding heavy. To clean then wipe oin a
To brown sugar for sauces or pud
ding, put tihe sugar in a perfectly dry
sauce pan. If the pan is the least bit
wet, the sugar will burn and you will
-spoil your sauce pan.
BinowNED ToMATORs.-Take large,
round tomlatoes and halve thml pliace
them, the" skin down, in a frying-pan
in which a small quantity of butter has
been previously melted; sprinkle them
with 8a0t and ppper, dredge them) well
with flour ; plaee th1e pan on a hot part
of the fire and let them brown aigain
and so on until they are quite done.
They lose their acidity and the flavor
is superior to stewed tomatoes.
cAr~wEDTOMATos.-Peel s18 malny
ripe tomatoes as are required ; cut into
slices and place in a pudding-dish
first a layer of tomatoes, seasoned with
' butter, pepp-r and salt. then a thick
layer of bread crumbs, also seasoned
with bltter, pepper umid sait. Thus
alteteil thle layersl un1il the dis11
nearly 11111, having tomatoes last; cover
tightly and bake hal* an hour, or long
or, if the oven be not hot.
FntIE) BREAD CAKs.-Take bits of
bread you may have left after meals,
soak them in milk, or milk and water,
until perfectly soft; mash iie; add
two eggs, pinch of sola, salt to taste,
and enough flour to make them fry
I nicely; d-op the spoonfuls in-to hot
r butter or lard. They ire Inexpensive
r and good, and a better way to use dry
bread than in puddhings.
Ki.issts oft Dinor' CAx -:s.-One cup of
butter, two cups of sugar, three-fourths
Culps of water, one-half teaspoonful
soda, two eggs, four and a half or five
cups flour ; (drop them) on a tin, and
p~ut a lump11 of sugar in the cenitre of
LaEMON BUTTmn.--Une and[ a half cup
fuls white sugar, whItes of three eggs,
yolk of one, gratedi rind an~d juice of a
. lemon andit a half, or two smal 0ones;
r cook over a slow fire 20 minutes ,stirring~
g' al1 the while. Very nlice for tarts, or
to be caIten) as preserves.
-NEW KErT r.Es.-TIo remove Iron taste
from newv kettles, boil a handful of hay
I In thiem, and rep~eat thle pr~Ooess if nec
essary. Hay walter is a great sweetner
of tini, wodena anid iron wvare. In) Irish
1 dairies everything used( for milk Is
- scaldled with hay water.
POTATO PIE.-Yolks of 0 eggs;t I cup
sugar, 1 cup butter; 1 pint of sweet
creamil; 1 cup fresh milk ; 1 cup1 mashied
plotatoes, mlix potato an~d butter wvell;
add other In~gredienits; bake with only
an underO-crust; frost with tile whites
of' 0 eggs and (i tabiespoons sugar ;
I lavor to suit.
F"urED CUcuumnns.-Pare anid laty in
er~ waiter half' an hour ; cut lengthwise
imito slices niearly half an inch1 thick,
and lay in) ice water ten) minlutes longer.
WIpe 0each p)ece (dry with a soft cloth,
sprinkle with pepper and salt, and
d (redlge with flour. Fry to a delicate
brown In sweet, lard or butter.
VI'oUrAnIJE SoL'l.-Peel and slice
twvo p~otatoes andl two turnips ; chop
11i)e a small piece of cabbage ; use a
- latrge spoonful of butter; iput it all into
- thr'ee pints of cold water, boll slowly
SonoruM CA KE.--Thraee cups of flour,
one of butter, one and a half of sorghum
molasses, one tablespoonful of ginger,
.1 one tealspoon fl or soda, one cu p of sour
- muilk amt1( two eggs. Bake In a modler
PUFF CAKc E.-Thuree en pfulis of flour,
three eggs, two ciips of w hite sugar,
one cup of milk, on)0 CUP of butter, two
tteaspoonifuls of cream of tartar and one
s spoonful of soda.
MuA TnIMONEs. -Three eggs, well
beaten, a little salt, flour 01noutgh to
a mix hard; roil thIn as paper, cuit into
f flngers and give them a twist. Fry in
,hot lard-hotter than for cotamon fried
I fow 'ro Ger! Sick.--Expo.'e youurselt
Sday andI night, eat too much withuout
exercise: work too hard withlout rest;
0 (looter all the time; take all the vlie
i nostrums advertised; and ther you,
s will WantI to know
HIOw To GETIWELL.
e Which Is answered ini three words
1 'aeHop Bitters! *t#eo oilier column
~ALtways keel) them on hand, as delay
0 Inoreases sufifering; and if you feel
o sickness coninug upon you take a dose
of Dr. Bull's hialtlmore i'll1s. They
can (10 you no0 harm and may save you
from the slck room. EPrice only 215 cents
WEi. ri not pult1 up everythIng, but~
*.fhen an article has as mutch merIt a
rDIobbins' Eeetr'ic Soap, (made by Cra,
Slmin & Co., Phailadlelphia, Pa.,) weoglad
P y praise It, as (does every 0)n0 who eve'
a rled it. Trriy it one
Ta stonent constItution is raeked and
often rutaed ayW statbborai ttaek of Fever and
A_ errtau er oay ded, and the
S int promil enu e~tnyt Dr.
P. Jayne's Aenao mhIetnr. awa,.eerwh.s.
Tu other evening, at a little dinner
party, one ofethe guests, the younger
brother of ain English nobleman, Ox
r essed with commendable freedom
tis opinion of America and its people.
"I like the country," said the young
gentleman-"for one rearon, because
there are ino gentry there.'" "What do
you mean by gentry?" asked one of
the company. "Oh, those who never
do any work, and whose fathers before
thoi never did any.'' "Ah," ex
claimed his Interlocutor, who was an
American, "then we have plenty of
gentry I:n the btates; but we don't call
them gentry. We call them tramps I"
" Loox at the little creature l" the
friend said. "By Jove, that's the
smallest man F over saw in my life I"
"Reall v !" .. companion carelessly
rejoinedl. "Yes, really and truly, too.
Do you mean to say you have ever seen
a smaller ?" said the friend: and lie
soon hal his answer. "My dear fel
low, I know a mnafso small that if lie
has a pain lie can't tell whether he has
a sore throat or a stomachache.''
SAlHon, bathing oil' the shore near
Cherbourg and with the water up to
his chinl: "What are these tiiig.s I feel
at the bottom with my feet?" A
inarine from the shore; ''Nothing
serious! An Inventor is only trying
SOnie experiments with torpedoes.''
The feelings of the aquatic can b,!tter
be imagined than described.
Ar a London book sale a copy of
Dre w's'Essay on the Soul's was knocked
down to a shoemaker, who, to the great
amusement, of the assetbly, innocently
asked the auctioneer If he had "any
more books on shoemaking to sell.'
i Rs. Partington again. "Poor man !"
said the old lady ; "and so lie's really
gone at last! Ninety-eight, was lie?
Dear, dear ! to think bow that If he'd
lived two years more he'd have been a
CHAnIMY--"What girl was that you
had iI tow, last evening, Harry ?'
Harry (on his dignity)- "What you
please to call tow, sir, 's what people
of culture generally speak of as blonde
tresses, sir." Goes oil' in a huff.
Tux weather is very bad in Eturope.
The following Is front the Parisitn:
"Georgel'' "A ifred !" '"Why, when
did we meet last?" "Let me think;
ala, yes, I renember; it was one ine
day.' ' What I so long ago as that?"
A CERAIN young lady wio waIs a
little behindland in her sumNIer Ot ilt
surprisei her parents the other day by
asking why she was unlike George
Washington, When they gave It ip,
site told them because she had no little
A )ocT on to his son : "john ny,
wouldn't you like to be a doctor?"
''No, father." "Why not, mny soi?''
"Why, father, I could not even kill a
FATun (to sleepy boy): "Come,
James, you ought to be'up with the
lurk on such a beautiful morning."
Matter-of-fact boy: "All right, but
how'm I going to get ip there."
PnxMi (to tou rist who has takeni
shelter lit a leaky rhebeen)-" 'Dad,
and it's soaked to the bone you'll be
gettin' wid the sthranies through the
roof. Comie outside, sorr-it's dryer
In the wet!"
EMILY-Although you p~romised to
take me to the Oakks, I lind you have
beeni without me. Chiarles-Well, my
dear, I onily wvent to see whether yous
would like It some other year.
WH AT a feeling ot rollef comes over
a woman as e enters a church and
discovers that iter neighbor's wilfe has
the saime feather on her Spring hat
that site wore last season.
"SwanIM weather thtis, '" as the pun
ster said when ho struck out over a ten
acre lot, followed by a secret soc iety of
hornets that lie had tired inito with a
A BosfoN e bild remarked, after gaz
ing earnestly at a man whto wvas bald,
but had heavy whiskers, "Ils head was
put on upside down, wasn't it?"'
DENTmsTRlY Is itot new. A four thlou
santd year 01ld mummy hias been discov
ered with a filled tooth and tihe unp~aid
bill it his pocket.
WArran (to flabby-faced man):
"Which are you(, sIr, boiled calves'
head or codfish and oyster sauce ?''
THEi spanked child( sooi flids who
has the uipper hiand in domestic gov
WHxN does a man smoke a cigar to
long? When heo smokes it too short.
IF evil be said( of thee, and it is true,
correct it; If it be a lie, laugh at It.
A sPIRING opening-Th'le keyhole of a
Is IT POSSIBLE that a remedy made ot
ouch common, simtple plaats as Hops,
B uchu, Mandrlake, Dandelion, &c.
miake so many and snch nmarvelous and
wonderful cures as Hop Bitters do? It
must be, for whean old and young, rich
and poor, Pastor and Doctor, Lawyer
and Editor, all testify to having been
cured by them, we must believe and
Uloubt no longer. See other column.
1McTons are to gumard human life and
bring reief to the sick. So does Dru.
luill's Baby Syarup; it cantalans ntothing
anjurhous and is always reliable, T.io be
lad at all drug stores it our city Price
Since theo creation, it Is esumated
dhat 27,000,000,000,000,000 have lived
on the earth. Th'lis sum divided by
27,804,000, the number of square amies
gives 1,314,512,086 to a square rod, and
5 to a square foot. Suppose a square
rod be divided Into 11 graves, each
graave would contaIn 100 persons. But
this is sl>eculation, and of n'o benefit to
the 1,000,000,000 people that now exist,
500,000,000 of whom are Invalids, 33,
000,000 -dyIng each year. What they
most want are the facts concerning Dr.
PIerce's Family Medicines, For years
his Golden Medical Discovery has been
the standard remedy for the cure of all
scrofulons, throat, and lung diseases.
Whtile for over a quarter of a century,
Dr. Sage's Catarrh Remedy has been
unrlvaled as a positive cure for' catarrh.
The testimnon y of thousands of ladies
hias been p ubishedeertifylng that Dr.
Fierce's Favorite Prescription posi
tively cures the diseases and weaknesses
peculiar to women. :For full informa
tion, see the People's Common 8ense
Medical Adviser, an Illustrated work
of .over 000 pages, prIce (post-paid),
$1.50. Over ,00000 cop~ies sold. Ad..
dr'ess the author, 11. V, Pierce, M. D.
Dnffalo. W., Y.
Give It a Trial
and you will be astonished. "AnakesiS." Dr
8. Silsboo's Extornal Pile Romedy, gives in,
stant roliof and Is an infallible euro for thq
most obstinato casos of piles. It has mado
the most wonderful cures of this terrible dis
order. 20,000 grateful peop!o that have used
It can testify to tho same. Samples with full
directions sent free to all sufforors on appli.
fatlon to -Anakesis" Dopot,, Box 3916, Now
ork. H3old by all first-class druggists.
A young lady, well known in fath
lonablo clrcles of Edinburgh, was ae
oustoimed to use her oye-glass In the
street in a way that often bordered o:
lIpertinence. One day she received a
stinging rebuke, whiul siade her drop
tle impudent habit. While walking
in the street with several other fash
lonable ladies, she net a country cler
gyman of eminene and keei wit, but
ungainly In appearance and rough In
attire. Putting her glass to- tle eye,
she watched hkii very intently.
The clergytInti was quIte equal to
the emergency. Walking directly to
her, lie took her hand and said:
"My dear Marie, how (1o you do?
How are your worthy lather and von
erable mother? and, when did you cone
to town ?"
Overwhblned with surprise, she said
with soine alarm, "You are mnistaken,
"Whatl Is it possible," lie replied
"that you do not know me?"
"Indeed, I do not. Pir?"
".Nei tier do I you,'' Said the minis
ter. "Good miorning, madain."'
Making a cereionious bow, lie walk
ed away, while Ier conipanions laugh
ed at the bold girl for Cho rebuif she
had received. Her eye-glass was never
used again to quiz strangers.
HIsTKELe,'s T mrrn OINTMENT wil oure soro
Eyelids, S3oro N" se, Barber's Itoh on the face,
or Grocers' Itoh Ln the hands. It never fail.
50 cento a box, sent by mail for 60 conts.
Johnson, Holloway & Co.,
02 Arch 8t.. Phila., Pa.
IF YOU AnE NEIROUS AND DEPRESSED take
HoOrLAND's GERMAN iIxTTExs.
HIEsxELL's 'rr.R OzNTuRNT will ouro all
scabby or scalW diseases of the skin.
Oakland Female Institute,
WTNT.R T(ERM wiliL 0Ma.It ENUE SEPTEM
BER 9, 1879. For circuinis aidress
J. oR(L ER RALSTON, Principal.
00 NOT IEGIN YOUR SINGING CLASSES
BEFORE EXAMINING L. 0. EMERSON'S
THE VOICE OF WORSHIP
WVhile contain ing a large and valuable collection
of Church Music ink in rm of Tmes and Aithoims,
It in p-rictiv littedI for tle Singing Scihool and Con
veition by tie larg niumber or song-4 Duts, olvec,
&c., and its well mado Elmentary Couren,.
Price $9.00 per dozen. -Specinml copies mailed
Send for circuilar nnil cat logues, with full list of
stanidard 25immelug School Hooks.
Tihe now m-cent edilon or Piinafore (complete) seli
finely, and Fatilliitza 42.00). Sorcerer (I U0), Tria
by Jury (5t ct.), are In coistani deoand.
EMERSON'S VOCAL METHOD,
by L. 0. Eimeron,(1.50) is a valuablo new book for
Voice Traiin g, contatiing all the essenmtial-n of
study, plenty of lxirels's, antd pin exirnawork h
subscribe nowv for the Musical. RecordI.andI receive
,ookly all tihe nes amnt pleinty of good mueic, for
2.ts0 per year.
cl. ooress-tm 110RonKs, a charmilng new Bunday
Oliver Dltson & Co., Boston.
J. E. D1T5oN & (10. 922 (iheint St.. Phila.
(A Medicine, not a Drink,)
3OPS, BUCHU, MANDRAKE,
A YDTU PnURST AND BusT MieI. Qwaa~a
or ALLr ornina BDrs.
Allsases of the Stomach, Bowels, Blood, Ltver
Kdneyu, and Urinary organs. Noryoneness. Sleep
lessness and especially Female complaints.
.1000 IN GOLD.
ill be paid fer a case they win not cure or help,01
for anything impure or injnrious found ithem
Ask your.druggist for Hop Ditters and try tttm
bore you1 sleep. Take no othew.
How Coueu Cm is the swentoeg, sfest ad best
the Bor PAD f or Stomach. Ltwer and Kidneys i
superior to all others. Aak Drugglsta,
rmkns, ss of opiu tobacc an nale~
.lend for circular.
aaboeseid bydnta Hosp BiUtr Mt5. m. Roweh,H,.Y.
lw' We will ftaursh ons applicat Ion,
eutliaaes for Advertisang lam .he beat
sand largest clsreulated Newspapes ins
thme United States and Cansadass. Ours
rsacilities are susubtrpsassed. We. snsake
ourn Unsstomrnss' interests or own, tandi
tumdy to pleatse and~ sasako 5lpir Ad
vertistasg profiable to thsen, a,. thsou.
sands wlao have tied urn ocan testIfy.
CaslE or address,
5. 31. PEITTINU LLJ & C0.,
B7 PA 11K li0w. New York,
H. PETTENGILL, & CO0. Advertisin~
a~j Agents, It7 Park Ro0w, Now 3ork, and 70
(hestnut Strcet, Philadelphia, receive atdver
tlsements for publication in any part of the
world at lowest rates.
ADVICE as to the most judloious advortising
and the beet mediums and the manner of d'lng
it.--ESTIMATE8 for one or mire insertions o1
an advertisement, in any number of papers,
forwarded on applcation.
S1 SI Aenusis II M. Ph tadelrshta
Those answertng an Advertisement wil
eonfer a tavor upon the Advertiser and the
Publisher b tting that the sw the adver
tisement in tis Jowwrnpl (niasnng tha eper
" ".2nsl H L
SEND FOR A SAMPLE OF
At 40 Cts. perl1b.,
Thiompsonl Blck's Son & Co.)
No. 1613 OIEBTNUT St., Philadolphia, Pa.,
Choice Family Groceries
Of Every Description.
IIELt M I praOl as rs
te edPic es It. 't. J. ilsqJ K AMkeammtict'i
g eticlln, Palitadelphia. Send 3 stain
for i lustratel Untaloguo of 144 pages, at.
imentionl this papur.
If~5~ roto soil to a
P E TEAS. idlargecosuii
en; largest stock in thu country; quality and teris
te best. Coutr sokepshouldcalor weito
201 Fultoi Street, N. Y. P.0. Box46
Ttho best lands, In the beat climate, with the "
markets, and on the best terms, along the line oft
Mainly in the Famous
RED RIVER VALLEY OFTHE NORTH.
On long time, low prilces and easy paymente.
P amphlet with full information mailed fret. Apply t.
D. A. McKINLAY, Land Com'r,
ot. P. w. A ".. fl'v. Mt. nul. M1isr.
MORGAN & HLEADLY,
Manufactuers of Spectaclos.
613 SANSORI Street, Pllatdelptius.
Illustrated Price List sent to tho trade
A IIAME JUANUE0 FOB A&NTS.
THE COMPLETE HOME!
By Mrs. JULIA McNAIII WRIGuIT.
The theme ist oe upon which time author brinsa
to bear ilia freits of years of research, observatiou
and travel, both ind this coentry asid the old. world.
The fuil-paged colored plates, illuistratinig Ancient
and Allodarn Housis a~ri imarvills ef ele)gamee aud
ood tos No work treating this subject in detail
as heretofore been offered, and hence Agents will
leave a cle tr filmi. Oonpetenit critic. pronuounce it
ltho great bok of the year.
For full dusmptiou and Ceiu, address the Pub
Ilihersl J. 0. M tOUitDY & C0.,
h 6 8. BsTEVETH St., Philadelphia, Pa.
Wewiill pay, egcmmst Salatry of 1$100 per nt.
and x r a lo a it lar coin ion, lom- r
ew amid wo 0.r01m in Temutlo1im. Wre mean udm,,i wea
Sampvle free. Add ress il 81111MA X& CO.. Atarshall1. 8bile
When Trade is Dull, Judicious
Advertising Sharpens It.
HOW TO ADVERTISE.
*7- See IETTENGILL
WHEN TO ADVERTISE.
WHERE TO ADVERTISE.
-BW" See P'ETTENELL.
WHO m TO ADVERTISE THROUH,
"W' See PETTENUI LL.
GO TO 37 PARtKIROIW,NEW YORK, and
GE~NTS' SFND nOSTA F~con
FINE Melf-Measureunont, to
SHOE 298uthm N INFil tireet,
C '150Dnew.gu, f"v
a Dr tene.srt hend aUl
A E UR ES tch'm.d'.t
Ou eat up i e -barro e.
c es r d y a rea tmnients a
p e i uL3 e aINGII J tw
712 Marke cS. hld. a
munat oc up i on n -ha Dre, loine sf
mu p bianse a w ioech-dng (or g reliHnes aour
nin. All riofping nponets ami ati
JO. PETTGRBB & CO0.
72 Marke Row, Phllew . Pa.k
Or,1 0 CTwihhetut wt il a.erns
Adont. yii dOne i uli nspaer ne u
ornix sin~aes nd Canadas ort.e lies fra.
$20 A~h EL ilAS T10 tI TR SS0
Adrsset W -
Or g71 llest rut St go 11
LXlebtathnt -uaa t ielws.rts