Newspaper Page Text
TOWN AND COUNTY.
TIURSDAY, October 30, t : I .1870.
TEnMs oF TiH nTh4ws A'ND H-ilhALI).
-Tri-weekly edition, four dollars per
annum, in advance; weekly edition,
two dollars and fifty cents peranum,
in advance. Liberux discouiitto clUbs
of five and upwards.
RUvris OF AnvE1rIsiNo.-Ono dollar
)or Inch for the first insertion, 'u ad
fifty cents per Inch for each subseo .ent
insertion. These rates apply to ill ad
vertisements, of whatever natu ae, and
are payable strictly in advaieo. Con
tracts for three, six or twelve months
mnade on very liberal torms. Tian
sient local notices, fifteen conts per
line for the flrst insertion and seven
and one-half cents per - line for each
subsequentinsertlon. Obituaries and
tributes of respect charged as adver
tisements. Simple announceciments of
marriages and deaths published free ot
charge, and solicited.
All coimnunications, of whatsoever
nature, should be addressed to the
Winnsboro Publishing Company"
Winnsboro, S. C.
RAILROAD SCI1)EUL.-The follow
ing is the present schedule of arrivals
on the C. C. & A. Railroad, upon the
basis of Washington time, which is
sixteen minutes faster than Winnsboro
DAY VASSENGER-GOING NOnTII.
Columbia, 10.48, a. m.; Blythewood,
11.38; Rtidgeway, 11.57; simpson's,
12.12, p.'n.; Wi'nisboro, 12.28; Ad
gor's, 12.42; White Oak, 12.50; Wood
ward's, 1.02; Blackstock, 1.08; Ches
ter, 1.38; Charlotte, 4, p. m.
NImrr PASSENGIER--GOING SOUTII.
Chester, 2.41, a. m.; Cornwall's,
3.05; Blackstock, 3.16; Woodward's,
3.22; White Oak, 3.35; Adger's 3.44;
'Winsboro, 3.57; -Simpson's, 4.13;
Itidgeway, 4.30; Blythewood, 4.48;
Columnbii, 5.37; Augusta, 9.45, a. m.
-These trains stop only at the 11
lowing stations between Charlotte and
Columbia: Fort Mills, Rock 1ll, Ches
ter, Winsboro, Ridgeway, Blythe
wood. (her stations are recognized
11s "flag stations."
- FnIEhIGIT TRAIN--GOING NORTH.
Columbia, 5.30, a. i.; Blythewood,
6.4.5; ldgeway, 7.20; Winnsboro,
8.30; Woodward's, 9.50; Cornwall's
10.25; 'Jhester, 11.05; Charlotte, 3.45,
iiEIGiir RAIN--GOING SoUTII.
Cliesier, 9.05, a. m.; Cornwall's
10.25; lBlackstock. 10.45; Woodward's,
11; Wimnsboro, 12.15, p. in.; Ridge
way, 1.30; Blythewood, 2.15; Colum
--These freight trains have a coach
attached and run daily, Sundays cx
Crockery and Glassware-W. H.
Cotton sold yesterday at 10k.
Post Master Oxuer, in accordance
with instructions received from Post
Master General Key, will make ain in
ventory of all lettei s, packaxges, pnicrs
and other mailable matter that will
pass through the postoillce in the Iirst
seven days of November. Of course
the order likewise applies to all other
postmnasters in the county.
The treasurer's ofilee is thronged
daily, and yet a large nmumbcr of peo
ple have ixot yet paid. The time ex
pires on Friday, and as fifteen extra
d (ays were puLt oix at thxe beginning~of
the timxe-thxe oflce being open from
the 15th of September instead of the
1st of October, as heretofore-it is not
likely that thxe time will be extended.
Profe~ssor Willonghby Reade the
Loiidon elocutionist, who will visit
Winnxsboro early in November, brinugs
tastimonmials of the most flattering
character. Seniator Hill says: "Pro
fessor Read's entertainxmentls are the
best of the kind I ever attended."
The R1ev. Dr. Curry, of Rlichmonxd,
says, "I would give a thoxusanid dollars
If I could read 'Karl the Martyr' as
.Professor Rleade does." Professor.
James HI. Carlisle and Mr. Charles
Petty, of Spartanbunrg, say, "His
RIavenx' we have nxever heard excelled.
is pronounciation and articulationx
wvill serve as models for any readers
or students." The Rev. T. HT. Law
pronounces him "a true artist," and
Col. T. Stobo Farrow says "his read
ings are Inimitable." From ali this
we int'er that lie Is anx elocutionist of
THE BUsINEss BOOM.-After a series
of years of depression, Winnsboro is.
rejoicing In a real old business revival.
It was feared that the drought and the
rains had greatly injured the cotton
crop. But the dry warm spell devel
-.oped a laxrge number of thxe late bolls
-and brought up the general average
* considerably. The crop will be small,
but it is much better thxan was expect
ed, and the firmness in thxe market has
wreathed many a farmer's face in
smiles. -The price has ranged steadily
above ten cents for some time, and cot
ton has been pouring In. The sales
in town foxr the week ending Saturday
25th wvoro hxeavier than weroeover be
* ore known, and at one time over
eight hundred bales wvere piled at the
depot awyaiting shiipmept. The mer
chants were kept on a rushx the whole
week, selling goods and taking In
money not only on current accounts,
but also on old debts. Trade wich
had been run oft' by railroad diserimi
nations Is coming back. This Is due
largely to the exertionsof the mer
chants who have'been more than over
wlde awake this year. Thxe farmers
hihav ld hoapyfand attended close
gelves -now. with a surplus in tholk
poakets, to inest In othier things thmaul
the mere nxecessaries of' life.
Business. has been brisk this wveek~
also, ,.On Tuoyday tho transactions 01
tho d3ank i'eached oter twentyafive
thousand 4ollars, orta t iya belugas
single draft for overi' furtoon thottsand
-dollars, the proeede 6N lfo ett~
p~uvoiaeed by Mfr. Millett to
h idi hsrewat
0 a h
part of the county was injured by tho
drought. The crops on Wateree Rivei
are above the average. From all partf
of the county come the same reports.
Although nobody has made a fortune
still we feel warranted in saying that
the tido has taken a turn and we are
once more on the way to prosperity.
. The Bank paid out in actual cash
across its counter $44,000 for cotton in
six days, of which $25,000 was paid the
first three days of this week. This
does not include tile oexhango.
TAX RETURNS.-An erroneous im
pression prevalis that in returning
property the owner has to swear to
the valne of his land. This is a mis
take. lie returns the nuinber of acres,
aind the equalization board fixes the
price. As a matter of convenience
the owner is requested to estimate the
value of the land as a guide to the
Board, and in very rare Instances are
any changes made. Tihe changes come
from a diflbrenne ofjudginent, not from
an intention to charge the person mnak
ing the return with fraud. Instances
have occurred where two persons hold
ig adjoining tracts of land of the same
kind have returned them at a very dif
forent valuation, because different men
have different ideas of value. In such
a case the equalizing board, rtualizing
the spirit of the law to be that the
similar lands must pay the same tax,
either raise the first one's return or
lower the other's. It makes no dif
ferhnce to the State, for the simple
purpose of taxation, whether alI its
lands average one dollar an acre or
ten, provided that similar lands are not
valuedl at one dollar in one county and
at tell dollars in another. The duty of
the State Board is to reconcile these
discrepancies and make tihe valuation
proportional over the whole State, and
the act of tile State Board does not fix
tile actual value of time property, but
mlerely the relative value of property.
In soine States real estate is assessed
at one-third its value, so that ll -1
worth thirty dollars all acre is returned
at ten dollars, and land worth twenty
dollars is assessed at six and two
thirds dollars. So ifa man In Fairfield
returns his land at five dollars, and
the Board raises It to six, this does not
meanthat the land is really worth six,
but that if somebody else has similar
lands returned at six, this land must
be put at six dollars too, the questioll
whether one shall be raised to six or
the other reduced to five depending
entirely on whether the general aver
age of the saine kind of land is live
dollars or six. This is all the Board
does. When land is below tIle aver
age, it is put up; whei above, it is
lowiered. This secures a uniform
valuation. Some people raise an out
cry about land being over-assessed.
This makes no dif'erence, provided the
increase of valuation produces a pro
portionate decreitse ill the tax levy.
The money necessary to run the gov
erment is a fixed sum year'ly, which
has to be raised by taxation. If ten
mlills is enmoughl oni a vatluationl of one
hundrecd and thirty millions, it would
take tw~omnty mills if the assessment be
reduced one-hmalf. Were the assess
ment doubled, the levy wvould be but
five muiills, but the sum realized would
be the same, and each man's tax would
be the same under either assessment.
Wre the levy a fixed sum, it would
make a difference aliout the assessment,
but since the levy is inver'sely bropor
tional to the assessment, thle product
or the tax paid will remnainl a constant
quantity. If people will reflect they
will see thlat this is the proper view to
take of this matter..
A PEEP AT NEWBERAtY.
Evidences of Activity and Prosperity
JACC8ON's CRtEEK, Oct. 25.-A few
days ago we received notice to attend
a court of refer~enco at Newboerry.
Being of a lawv-abiding nature we
went. 'We cr'ossed Broad River at
Ashford's Ferry, and traveled through
a portion of the county that once
teemed with wealth, and from the
excellent looking crops and cheerful
appearance of the people, we would
infer thiat most of itwas still in a pros
perous condition. 'We arrived at the
town of Newberryin due time, and
after finishing with the court we saunt
ered out to see the aights, if any there
wore. All around could be hoard the
sound of thle hammer, saw and trowel,
Rebuilding tile burnit portion of the
town seemed to be tile special order of
the day, and to make the buildings or
nlamental as well as useful the ambi
tion of tihe owners5. Among these re
Mower & Lane, Cash & Langford,
Crotwell, and Pool &Schumport. Th<
last named are rebuilding the. olc
Newberry Hotel with a view to ti<
comfort of the traveling public. Wher
finished it will have all the moderi
Improvements, and will be a first-clasi
hotel. Among the business men w<
met L. M. Speers, who formerly has
a marble yard in Winnsboro, and il
now of the firm of Loavell and Spoors
dealers In all kinds marble, and un
dertakers. They have the contrae
for building time monument to th<
Confederate dead of Newberry county
The Fair grounds are beautifully lak(
off in the eastern suburbs of the town
and extensive preparations ai'e making
for the accommodation of all the citi
zons of the county who may wish t<
exhibit. -Uion the whole, Newberra
at this tizme presonts the appearance o
a live place. Yet wre think Qid Fair
field, notwithstanding her war record
~ie keeping paeo with the boat of them
It is a nuch saf'ei' place for the labor
lng classes than Kansasoahany otmet
of the homes for the poo'r tati wo i
on' paper with fortunes to ), ndv ii
The people of Jackon#Oni Nd
c opand are busy4$ 'in &l
arogood. Wo are very much pleased
with our ne w location, and will lot
you hear m<.ro of it in the future.
DEATH OF UOL. L1). UiILys.-Telo
graphic information was received in
this city yesterday afternoon of the
death of Col. L. D. Childs, of Coluir
bia, S. C. Col. Childs wasa native of
Lincoluton, N. C., and moved to Co
lumnbla about the first year of the war.
He has been a prominout and wealthy
citizen of that place, having been
Lirgoly interested in the Saluda cotton
factoiy, and until a year or two ago
president of the Carolina National
Bank, of that city. His remains will
be brought by the Charlotte, Columbia
& Augusta Railroad, probably this
afternoon, and carried to Lincointon
for interment by the side of those of
his wife, who died suddenly of
heart disease a few years ago. Col.
Childs' brother, Mr. Eben. Childs,
of Columbia, was at his bedside at the
time of his death.-Charlotic Obscrv
As COTTON IS KING.--In cominmerce,
so the liver is king in the human sys
em. We cannot live in any peace with
his great organ diseased. *To keep it
in collditioln to perform its functions,
use Dr. Gilder's Liver Pills. They are
sold by all druggists and country ier
chants. For sale by Dr. W. E. Aiken.
In TrE NEWS AND HERALD of No
vember and December, 1877, and oth
erwise, I gave "Fair Notice" to pur
chasers of property then advertised for
sale, which the holders, or their repre
sentatives, claimed under title obtained
at the mock auction of my property in
1875, that I still claimed the property.
Several pieces of the same are now ad
vertised for sale by W. 11. Kerr, Clerk
C. C. P. F. C., on the first Monday in
November next, viz:
1. W. II. Kerr, Clerk, vs. ilas W.
Rufl', Sliff., and A. W. Ladd, Defend
ants-400 acres of land, represented by
letter C, as part of the Belton Place.
2. The same vs. R. J. McCarley and
others-two lots of i acre each, ad
joining each other in the town of|
Winnsboro, lying north of and adjoin
ing my Brick Store, now occupied by
Beaty & Bro., designated in advertise
rient as lots nos. 148 and 149.
8. The same vs. J. C. Mackorell and
others-two lots adjoining the railroad,
designated in advertisement as the
eastern end of lots nos. 67 and 68, in
tihe town of Winnsboro.
All of which property I claim as
mine, and deny that the present hold
ers havo any equitable right, title or
interest in it. Any purchaser ventmp
ing to invest in it now will buy nilaw
suit with it.
JOHN H. CATHCART.
Winnsboro, S. C., Oct. 28, 1879.
oct 29-t Ix1
6 ~E?7O CEr~ED 2E? -
J UST opened, two large crates of the
e above goods of the iinest quality.
One large ease of American Mirrors, of
various sizes. A ll of thene goods will be
sold for lecs money than you can buy
themn anywvhpro in town. Give me a call
and be convinced. W.' H. DON .Y,
ot 30On the corn er.
PURE RyoWhiskey, Ale, Porter and
SoaWater for sale by
WhOLEsALE AND RETAIL
GROCERS AND ,COMMISSION
No 174 Main St. (White Fr
We have Mr. 3. S. Gladney with us. He
will be glad to st e all of his old friends.
Give us a call before purehasinig else
where. AUGHTRY & MARTIN.
SMOKING and Chewing Tobacco, ad
Olcgars o( the fluest trands. can be
had at J. D. McCARLEY'S.
FISH AIWD OYSTERS.
TO THE CITIZENS OF WINNS
BORO AND FAIRFIELD:
I WOULD respectfully announce to
the public thot 1 have made ample ar
rangements with the best Houses af
Norfolk, Sufrolk and Charleston to
sup>ly me with FRESH SA LT *A
T ' FISH and the very best
for this season. I will keep them I
store FRE8H ON ICE every day, a
tha mycutomrscan supply them
All my Oysters and Fish are guar
anteed to be fresh and of the
VERY BEST QUA LITY.
. F. W. HABlENIoH23
SWashinmgton street, Uear~ of Town
HE lundaersigned have formed apart
ne~i undgrtho style of LYIgE
& BA1 ,O fo 4 raotie~ fo la*' in' Al
Ithe court ek of ai61 comnt
et W.JTfa s
Soon my stock of furnituro, which
newest, and cheapest, according to q
new supply of Chronos, 'icture Fra
Shades, Mirrors, &c. Furnitunro nen
Lumber and Laths for salo. I am
Factory. All ordor promptly attend
Wilson New Improved 8ewing Mach
IHE undersigned wouli call especin
attention to their newly-recoived
FALL AND WINTER GOODS.
Thoso goods havo boon solected with
special reference to the wants of this
market, and will be sold at
LOWEST LIVING PRICES.
rhe stock consists of too many artiolos to
be enumerated in anadvertisenient. An
examination can alonosatisfy purehaserm.
A call from purchasers is respectfully
P. LNDECKER & RO.,
Jongress street, one door south of Morris'
liotel, Winnsboro, S. C.
M. L.KINAR D,
DPPOSITE the WIEELER IIOUSE,
COLUMBIA, S. C.,
HAS received the largest stock of
Clothing that has over been in Columbia,
%nd is solli
Elegant Cheviot and tEhlish Casaimere
Suits made iltho lt:dAt-stvlhA.' Also, a
fine hno of Soft xrl ,tifat, and a weill
soleot~od Jize pf OverOoat4, of Fur~ Beav
ers, Ulsters, Keorsoys, ax.il Meltons.
Call and Examine my stock before pur
chasing olsowliore. . .
MR1. JAMES R: 1'ENNEDY
is with tho'above establishment, and
would be pleased to sea his friends when
in the city.
M. L. KINARD,
eet 4-3m _ Columbia, S. C.
A FRESH SUPXPLY OF
With new additions arriving daily,
Choice New Orleans Molasses, fino Syrups,
Sugars of all grades, Rio and Java Coffee.
'green or roasted, Choice Family Flour,
AlIso, agent for the best-Flour in the mar
ket-Piedmnont "Patent Flour"-it has no
equal. Cream Chiooso and Macaroni,
Crackers and Cakes of all kinds, Hoap,
Soda and Starch, Well Buckets, Water
Buokets, Brooms, Well Riopo-and Cotton
Rope, Bacon, Bagging and Ties, Lard in
Barrels, Cans and Buckets, best Sugar
Cured Hams, Ried Rust-Proof Oats, s00(1
Rye and Barley, Nails, Axes, Horse and
Mule Shoes, Axle Grease, White Wilne and
Cider Vinegar, Smoking and Chewing To
bucco, Raisins, Currants and Citron,
'Canned Goods of all kinds-Salmon,
Hardines, Tomatoes, Peaches, Pino Apple,
Mixed Ifickles, Chow-Chew, Popper
Sauce and M1ustard.
A fine selection of Boots anil Shoei
CHEAP FOR C ASH.
CALL AND BE CONVINCED.
CmOr & Ohaidli
HAVE ENLARGED THEIR STOCK 01
- STERLING SILVER,
* 3ANOY GOODS
Making it cOztirely ludnocessiryv for thei:
customers to go outside of Winnsboro f'o:
Any aricle in their line, They plcdg<
themeelves to give advantages in rogard t<
VARIE'!Y, QUALIT~Y ANTg PRLICE
~zriiie ricedwhc t e a
is one of the largest, handsomest,
uility. to bo found in Vinnsboro. A
m1104, Wall Pockets, 3raok ots, Window
tly repairod itt modorato prices.
agent for a Door, Sash and Blind
od to. Also, agont for the Wheolor &
ino, and two ot-hors.
-1. W. PHILLIPS.
TR A D E
GE0JIAE A. OILARKI
4100 BROADWAY, NEW YORK.
The distinctive features of this spool
cotton arc that it is mado from the very
SEA ISLAND COTTON.
It is finished soft as the cotton from
Which it is made; it has no waxing or
artifiial finish to deceivo the eyes; it is
the strongest, smoothest and most elastic
sowi ng thread in the market; for machine
sowing it has no equal; it is wound on
The Black is the most perfee
ever produced in spool cotton, being
dyed by a system patented by ourselves.
T1lo clors ire dyed by the
NEW ANILINE PROCESS
rendering them so perfect and brilliant
that dress-makers overywhero use them
instead of sowing silks.
A Gold Media was awarded this spool
cot-ton at. Paris, 1878, for "great strength"
And "geera01,l1 excellecoe" being the high
est award givei for spool cotten.
Wo invito comparison and respectfully
ask ladies to give it a fair trial and con
vinco thewselves of its superiority over
To be had at wholesale and retailof
J. 0. BOAG.
aug 1I :
1879. FALL 1879.
WE WILL NOT BE UNDERSOLD I
WE have just received a large
and weoll assorted stock of Dry
Goods of all kinds, Notions, Ho..
siery, Fancy Goods, etc., Cassi
mores, Jeans, Kerseys, Tweeds and
Satinets. Boots and Shoes of all
kinds and at bottom prices.
SPECIAL ATTENTION !
We ask an inspection of our el1-.
gant assortment of Clothing. You
you will be repaid for the trouble.
SHAWLS! SHAWLS I!
Our stock of Shawls is complete in
IIATS! IIATS!! IIATS!!!
from 25 cents to $5.00.
Flannels, White and Colored. We
can't begin to enumerate all. Call
and be convinced. You .will save
money by giving us a call before
J. F. McMASTER & CO.
ATHEP.aRGOA., December 9, 189.8
the Wrmla ad the next lay he asd4
largo worms. At thle same tinme I gave one
passed 8 worm f roA 4 to nctes lnd
WORlM OI1L for sale by MlasPHI ~ i
rpare my Dr. E. U. LYNDON, Ahas, Ga.
s Au v ~4
W E desire to call spcial attent
which has been opened at 8
friends and the public generally a
nd finest Clothing for Men, Youl
this market, which we guaranteo
BLY with that kept in first-class
WE MAKE A
Of Clothing and Gentlemen's Furi
even the most fastidious both as t<
result from inspecting our stock,
buch bargains as will astonish ever
price." Very respect
P. S.-Odir Dry Goods advertisem
-WITH A FRESH
FALL AND WiI
WINNSBORO DRY GOODS, FANC
We take pleasure in announcing to on
that we are now opening the finest and
and Winter Goods, including Fancy at
styles of Millinery, Ladies' Dress Good
CROCKERY, TIN and WOODII
which will be offered at very low prices;
er than the cheapest, and cordially invi
I am also agent for the well-known
T il nndersigned desire to Infrm emil
aL cornplete stock of Dry Goods, Notions, 4
and respectiully invite an examination of
"bity no Goods for cash," have not an "ul
below cost," get no "discounts" In buying
hire, rents, etc. are paid; but hope, by ad
"QUICK SALES AND
and by giving close attention to the wants
an "assignment," and make both ends me
THE CELEBRATED "JUN
T HE AUG US'
HAVING knocked the bottom out of
last fall, I now take pleasure in sti
adljoining counties that I am ncw preor
PRICES, which my rice-lish will sh~o
from long-winded h..hpriced houses,
tore can sell at LIV and LEIT LIVE
thad judge for yourself
Good Calicos 80
Piedmont Shirtlng e
Drillin 8 c
Good Kentucky Jeatis 10 @ 150.
0W" I will use pennies from this 65v
artieles. at one, two and thrt n
on to our New Clothing Store
. Wolfe's old stand. We offer to
great variety of the cheapest
hs and Boys, ever brought to
to compete MOST FAVORA.
ilshing Goods, and can satisfy
style and price. No harm can
and we bEolive we can offer
those who want goods at "half
AR & GROESCH EL.
ent will appear next week.
T HAS COME,
Y GOODS, AND MILLINERY
r friends and the publeo generally
most complete assortment of Fall
d Staple Dry Goods, all the latest
g, Fancy Goods and Trimmings
SHOES, HATS, CLOTHING,
NWARE, LUMBEB, ETC.,
as we are determined to sell cheap
to all to call and see for themselves
DAVIS, WEED and AMERICAN
J. 0. iOAG.
.friends and the public that they have
lroceries,Boots, Shoes, Crockery, etc.,
the same, before purchasing, as they
ilimited capital," do not sell "at and
by which freights, insurance, clerk
sering to the old adage,
of their patrons, to be able to avoid
EL=DER a CO.
0" CORSET FOR SALE.
the old credit and high price system
iting to the people of Fairfield and
ared to offer goods at MATCHLESS
r. Ido not buy goods on. longtime
like some of my competitors,' there.
PRICES. Oomnpare mny prico4lisb
40o. dila$ 0@q'l and %
sometigali t8. *4o,,
Shoeus Shos1~ elIo~
to somethin h ie~' i W