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Sapont1jcation of Mineral Oils.--Many
attempts have been made to saponify
the oils, but small success has hitherto
attended the endeavor. A new process
has lately boeen patented iII 1"nglaid,
whicb has, It 18 said, proved.satlsfacto
ry. The patent applios not only to
those oils which are ound native, such
as petroleum, but also to those that are
obtained from coal, schist, asphalt an'd
other minerals. li order to render
such oils capable of saponlficli they
are itrst aoldifled by the addUion of con
crete fatty matter, either anlinal or veg
etable, and the mixture is then saponi
lied In the usual way by the addition of
alkaline of lye. The soaps thus pro
duced may be varied in hardness and
solidity according to the naiture of the
fatty matters and lyes employed, but in
all cases they are powerfully detergent
and disinfectant, and baths formed by
them do not putrefy even after use.
Such being tihe general nature of tihe
new and improved process, the manner
in which it oan be prpctically carried
into eifect may be best explailncd by a
particular example: Assuming the oil
to be irreated to be the rectified oil of
Petroleum and the concrete fatty mat
ter stearic aeid, tihe latter Is melted in
a water bath and poured into tihe pe
troleum, which is at ordinary tempera
ture, the stearic acid being added to the
petroleum in tihe praportion of about
fifteen parts of the ormer to 100 parts
of the latterby welht. After thorough
mixturdj by tirrI'in fr.a shorf/6time thle
compound can be saponified in tihe usu
il way. ,leig.however, nf advantage to
combine it, before saponifleation, with
animal or vegetable fatty matter, a good
proportion fQr such combination being
Iwo of th? fkodi petrolaumiito three
of the fatty ..1 . 14t her ;sodij o1
putash nmay be employed to saponilfy tie
compound, producing a beizine soap
which may be made hard or soft accord
lug to the alkali and the proportions
adopted in the sapoulication.
Niagara Falls.-The amount of water
passing over Niagara Falls has been es
timnated at 100 000 000 tons per hour,
and its perpendicular descent may be
taken at 150"feet, withoiut considering
the ra Ids, which repreqent a further
fall of 0 feet. The fo'ce sreprqsented
by the prin'lpal fall alone amounts to
16 800 000 horse power, an amonut
which if it had to be produced by steam
would necessitate an expenditure of not
less than 266 000 000 tons of coal per an
num, taking the consumption of coal at
four potnds per horse per hour. II
other words, all the coal raised th rough
out the world would barely suiflice to
produce the amount of power that an
mnually rins to waste it this wonderful
One of time new industries of Germany
reported by Dr. Stutxer to b- "now in
a llourishing condition, '' s the nmannu
facture of artificial clover-seed. Frag
ments of gravel aire si fted untl particles
of a suitable size are obtained, and the
substitute for the seed is then shMaken up
with some coloritig substance unitil it
acquires the desired hue. An ordinary
pocket mieroscopo is quite suflicient,
however, to expose the cheat.
Nickelizing, which to some extent limis
replaced silvering, may be Itself re
placed silvering, may be itself replaced
for a any articles of small value, partlc
ularly If they contain copper. The ma
mipulation is quite simple. Coarse
rasped or granulated zine is bolled for
soire time in'a mixture of th ree partsby
weight of sal amioniac and tel off wa
ter, the objects iummIersed amnd stirred up
with a zInc rod. The (deposit is silvery
bright, anl~lreIsists m~chmanical action a~s
a coatinig'of unickel.
ii. P7er'roy has inivented an apl,armatums
for distillinig water at sea, which has
received a prize of 3,000 francs front
thme F~renchm academyanid beenadopted
biy time Frenich navy. Th'ie stenrin from
K sea water passes through two cones,
where it is ocrated by boimng, condensed
in an air curmrent. .It is theni purified
t by circulation through animal chmarcoal.
Th'le result ia fresh, wecl-orated, inodor
otis, l impid water.
Riesearchcs on the ultra-violet limit of
heoarspectrum have beeni coniduict
ed M. (Corme. Tihe extent of the spec
trumi varied with time altitude of the sun,
proving that thme limitation is (d1ie to at
I~~ j imiosherie absorption. TIhe utmostea li m
j ~It hie w~as able to roach, an".:thiis.only on
two dlays at nooni, corresponided to thme
wave lenigth 203.
The ever-bloomiing roses arb best fomr
house culture ini pote-because they
thman any of th;tes amnd beside this
bloom qstyle aid atofe growth isor
iii ~ bushy amid better adapted to thme'bur
poo.Teyen ekept nicely with
thrgrowing p ant aid-with proper
attention to thiefr reqUliri'eets wviil
bloom freely. (1) Do not use the large
oforInches. Tihe rule is, one size
lagrthan the plants have been grown
n.The smaller tihe pot-provided~ of
cueit is lareeought oti
th ian t~he (Juicker amid 0stronger
the 1 (1 t It is ver 'diffleult
to ge lli atb live an 1krdhv in
a arepot. A rose will miot bloom
muhtill the pot Is well filled with
rot;therefore small pots facilitate
qikbloonm, ie .~pots arf oki t eiy
nwthey shi d be sonmk ni wvaior,
otherwise they will absorb the moisture
.soil-mellow amnd friable. Tihat made
a fromold decomposed 80(d8 is best, hi
maueis used, itshould b1) ldan
thoroughly composted; fresh manumre
Is njurious, ()Put somebtso
brokn eookrycharcoal, or other
simlarmaterlah, in-the bottomn of each
po ofaclhtate drainage, then enough
fieearth to-raise tho' plant to a proper
hgh.It should not be mucli deeper
taitwas beforse. Noxt put , in the
patand spread out~ -its r'oots as neat
ternatiuiaa position' as possible; theri
flinfine earth and press firmly (low:1
wth 'hland.' When doene, the poi
sholdno be qult& fullt ahittle 4pace
ineeded'fOr water. .
The Venmpis prath oVR aaarja
IIe ntr inf et thqsy eoio t iosoedh utso
against it. Nor is it loss ti'ofal:i at. a resp m3
here. intermittent aid remittent fever sat
- ozysudwith: slosii qi4~,~
eradicates til'e of disase even I i
imoot inveterate om. This mediolnie is,am
is) boon to the emigrant population of
thfar West, where fever. of a m alal p
are eariclarly prevalent, but tihe rocogntom
of ismerits is so far from being limite, thai
hokm waup at ljtp vm
and are its meal constant purchasers. an&
fpu Mi ie it # ir
EtHT POINTS IN BnAD MAKING.
Ve sum up brietly eightessential points
inbread-naking. 1. Good wheat flour.
Some varieties of wheat, such as are
deflelent in gluten, will not make good
flour. 2. A good miller to grind the
iheat. The bread-maker should be
sure to find (1th good miller. 3. The
wheat shiould not be ground when very
dry. Choose a "wet s)ell" for the
griiding. 4. Theilo ur should be sifted
before using, to separate the particles.
5. Good yeast. This Is made froiti now
hops, Stale hops will not, with cer
taInty, 1111O lively yeast. 6. Tho
rough kneading. After it has had
enough, knead it awhile longer. 7
Do not lot the dough rIse too tucli.
Nine out of every ten broad-makers in
this cotutitry let their bread "rise'' 'n
til its sweetness lias bcen destroyed.
S. The oven canl be too hot 11s wcll a1s
too cool. The "lhappy Iledimlill'' must
be determind upo( ani) iidti selected. lere
are three kinds of bread ; sweet bread,
bread, 11 sour bread, ia greait maty
muake bread, but few make sweet bread.
"Sweetness'' ii bread IS a positive
quality that not many brema makers
PAPER Lr.owVan.-First get the wire
for stein, and plit a little wax (Onl the
end where tie flower is to be; then
from yellow paper cut a ci rcle not illore
thanl onle-fourt11h of an incih inl d11imeter -
fringe - tile edge and pit the 1 wire
through the contre; stick it. to the wax,
so it will Stand pit) for stamens. For
the corolla take paper the color of the
llower wanted, and cut in squares
the first ahout an Inch ; double straigh t
through the centro, then double again,
(jutarLering it; then (loible diagonally;
* rut, at rouid point and slit each fold
haif way to the centre; take aeah peta
separately between thumb and scissors,
draw the scissors over it to make it
curl, then put the wire through ; con
tinue iII like imanner, cittinig each
succeeding one anl eighth of an inch
larger than the proceeding one, uniitil
the desired size is reached. The above
is for a rose. China asters are simply
cut aroind and fringed to the centre.
-III finishinig all flowers a little waX
should be, placed around the stem to
hold the flower in its place.
To KErP BEEF-STEAK.-Have the
steaks cut, about. the usual thickness.
Mix together some salt, sugar and
some finely-powdered saltpetre; put in
an earthenjar, lay a steak and sprinkle it
with this mixturb; put on another, and
sprinkle the same as before, and over
all turn a plate with a heavy weight
on it. This willt form a brine of its
own, and the meat will keep sweet in
this way for a long time. You canl
take it out to broil in the usual way.
This Is a very good recipe for people
who live away from cities. Do not let
ENG sH CnRUMPES .--Three eups of
warlml inilk, halta cip yeast, two table
spoonsf li melted butter, one saltspoon
salt, the salme of sota, dissolved inl
Warm water, flour to make a good bat
ter. Set these ingredients, leaving out
the butter and(soda, as a spoige ; when
very light beat in the ielted butter
with a very little flour to prevent the
butter from thinlilg the hatten too
inich ; stir in the soda hard; fill
patty-pans or inuflin-rilgs with the
mixtire and let them stand fifteen mini
utes before baking.
Badc .on BUTrTo.N.-These deticate
little cakes are prepared by rubbing
two ounces of butter into ive ounces of
white sugar; beat an egg withL half the
sugar; theni p~ut in the ingredients;
Ahl almiond flavoring according to
taste ; roll the1m in the hand about the
size of a walnut; sprinkle them with
wh iite sugar* anid place them Oin tInls
withI buttered papler. They should be0
slightly baked. Do not flatten thlem
l ox ny lFaure' CA Kx.-Fouri eggs, five
cup)s of flour, two cup)s of hoiney, one
teacup of butter, one cupI of sw cet milk,
two teaspoonfuls ceam tarter, 01ne tea
spoonfuItl soda, 01ne pound1( raisinls, 0on0
pound~ currants, 0one haif plound citron,
one ?*~)Ol eapoful each cloves, ciiinnon
and nliumeg. Bake In a large loaf in
a slow oven. This will be nire mon'hs11
after baking, as wvell as when fresh.
BAzAR TiONGUE T'OA5T.-Min1ce very
flue col1(1 boiled tonlgue, mnix wilh creamli,
and to every half pint ofnmixture allow
tihe well-beaten yolks of two eggs.
Place on the stove and let it, simmler a
.minute or two. Ifave ready some1
nicely-buttered teast, flour over the
mixture and1( serve hot.
PEPPER is a preyenitiye of dhecay in
meat in a. great degree;i it is wvell,
therefore, to pepper huni g join)ts. 'Pow
de~red charcoal is still more remiarkable
in its effect. It wIll not only keep the
mneat over wichl it is sprInkled good,
but wvill remove the taint from already
ELDE~iInRRY WINi.--Two quarts of
juice, two quarts of wvater, four pounds
of wvhite sugar, puit in a jar, cover
wvith a thin cloth to protect from files,
and, skim every (lay until wvell fer
mented. T[henl turn into cask and cork
TOMATO PIE.--Stew green tomatoes
wIth very little wvater until tender, aind
for each 1)10 allow one tablespoonful of
butter, three of.sugar and a little nut
pieg. Ti'ke quantity, of' butter' and su
?gay g~ven is fqr a nmedum-sized pie.
AN un.pleasanit passenger on a street
car Is a crying Baby. In such eases
Dr. Bull's Baby syrupl should be given
to tile little sufferer to ease Its troubles.
25 cenlts a bottle.
TH'IERE ls greennless in onions anid
potatoes that renders them hard to di.
gest. For health's sake put them in
warm -water for an hour before cook
Tonmake iglacearoni tender put It ini
cold water and biring it to a boil. It
wilhl then be much mero tender than if
put into hot water or stewed milk.
'To beat the whites of eggs quickl~
put in a pinch of salt, Tihe cooler the
6ggs the qjuleker they will froth, Sail
cools and ais6 freshens them.
.BoaUs CERTI~FICATEs.-..It is no ylle
drge tf,.eedn~ob made of
aitid d dur by lon g bogna~ certifl:aites
of pretended mliraculou e01 ures, bult a
sifnpio '!puroegelqc yte iedicineO, made
946w9l~ j~i9wJp ,aluabl~e reimedhie,, tha't
furnishles its owii certficmits j'y, its
cures. 'We refer to Lop) Blitters' th.
puirest and best of mnedicinies.--Edx
chanyo. See another column,.,
A DRY, IIAsPING CoUG . I rrh ats and e dsng.
ers thle Lum nd graty doblutat~es and aa<
-noys the nattenlt. Dr. Jayno's Expector ut to
moves ..bostrictbten or theo brunehal tubes, pro.
mof4y e Xp~oration. %eas all i nflam~ed
ast aai borneabou euro ot tJ
BRAIN FAIRMIN.- moe )Co)lO iMa
gline that farming requires but little
outlay of' brain-power to mako it suc
cessful. lut as some one has truth
fully said, 'Brains make the best Ier
tilizer a firarmor can use.' Take two
anon, one of them with half the physi
cal strength of the other, the weaker
mantill of the two will accomplish m1ore
thah the other if lie excoeds the latter
In brain-power. We have known
large, stoitt, healthy mo, who ivere
hard-workers, and yet always on a
*terLn chase' with their work; they
were always ill hot water, always poor,
from the simple fact that their bodies
were better than their brains. Such a
m)an, if he is doing as 81111)10 work as
pilking up Stole s on a sido hill, will
get his stoe boat oi the uipper side of
a largo bowlder, iand thtm, by stress of
mnind and Imiuscle, roll it oi to the drag,
W1hile tile woker, but wiser IIaII, would
plaeC tile boat on the lower side of tile
stone, unbi hitch his team, place) tile chailn
about it, and iII a twiniklinig have It,
loaded, and save his own streigth for
Some more importanit occasion. Aiid
so it goes to tihe end of the chapter.
with tile m1an1 who does not 'think;'
and this law applies to lIudoor as well as
to-outdoor work. It' 1.enf and womnieln
would take time to phlnO1 their work,
they would seuro e ,uch ho.ter resulits
than to hurry and scirry about witih
out thought or system. Wo honestly
helleye if every fa ner would have a
study and li brary, like any professi ' o-Ial
mah, wit a few ao:,l( agricultuti pal
pers, and sind all houri1 or two ',ell
(lly ill reading and plan in 1ag Ils wori,
he wouhl secure better restilts thian to
spelld twice that 1111011ut of aic ive labor
oi his farm. This is the tIme and the
hour .for labor-savinlg' inventions inl
every direction, and no flamer Canl el
til'oly ignore this Iucreased knowledge,
and compete with those who keep their
eyes and ears opon.
Wuor.c WHErr FR Fowr.s.-We lii d
by experiment that it pays to buy
wheat for laying hlens, even at two
dollars a bushel. Never buy wheat
screenings, 1111less tihe wheat inl them
1a of superior quality. Sometimes a
very excellent quality can be bought
for $1.25 per bushel. Damaged or mil[
dowed whet is not good for chickens.
The Poultry World says there is more
solid nutriient in whole wicat as at
feed for poultiry than in any of the
cereals, weight for weight. It is an ex
cellent kitnd of grain for this iuse,
though solewIlat Imore expensive than
other sorts, but too much of this hearty
reed is detrimental, partieularly when
earelesply led to Cochins, Brabmuas, &c.
Fowls alre very partial to wheat. It
helps tile laying capacity of hens, but
It Should not be used except with dis
eretion 1as to tile quantity allowed theiml
daily. A In excess of this rawv grainl
will indurc a looseness in the bowels
very frequientltly. It is easy of diges
thon, ami should .8e fi-1101hed in imoder
ationl, asa a ieetiul and most desirable
variety, In conCjunaaction 'with other dry
graIns, such ats cracked corn, oats, bar
ley, buckwheat, &c. If not more than
one-lird or one-fourth of wheat is ail
lowed with the otheir cerieals mnctioned,
for ordinary puitrposes in the layilg sea
son, 11en1s will do quite as voll, faid they
can ths be kept iII better average con
ditiorn thani by aI greater allowance,
We have h Proved this by frequent prac
tical experliments Ila feeding.
PURE WArEn.-Th1e waIter Supl)ply Oil
every fari should be a1 convenient, 118
amn1ple, ats accessible and ats trustworthy
as thespply of food, Not only vater of
good quality and1( suilcienlt muitst be in
asured to the household,but to cattle, hog
and1( hpoultry yai'd. Whien the wvater' is
suppIlied by wvellis the ground for' a dhis
tanice around shoutld be kept scrupu)1
iously clean and11 so draiued thait no r'e
fiase by alny p)ossibilIty cai Iid its way
to the wvater' lf eaceh wvell is prlovided
with a good pumllp mnuclh labor' lia rais
lng the water will be saved,. In hiily
anad rolliing couantr'ies wher'e the sup~ply
of water is priocuredC( frioml adjacenit
spr'ings, p)IPes laid so as to bring the
wvater' to the ver'y spots wher'e it ia to be
consume w101 ill pay for the expense andl
tinme eliployed in time and labor' gained,
especially if' the pipes are' laidl at sea
sons5 whena farm wior'k is not pi'ossing.
Pipes of borledl salings or other' wvood
wv ill ser'lve wiell whien tile is not to be ob.
tainied without, too gr'eat expenise. Rauin
water fr'om tuhe r'oofs of butildings miay
be utIlized by ar'ranginag for it to run
through covered ta'oughs 01' leaders to
the clster'n built either above or' below
gr'outl~d. Waiter p~aseinlg tihrough filters.
placed0( alt the entrace of thec cisterni wvill
inasurec the purity of' water so desiralble.
Caulses of impurityl .3 of wiater. whether
in well or' cistern should be searchued4
cult 111an'emoved before disease is geni
LARGEi ANIMALS.-'Thle desire for
lar'ge ianiimals is nlot always juic~hiouas.
itth cowse it Is quiestionaable if the lair
gest are the best, whecn the cost of feed
ingi s coalsldered. 'i'here are cases in
wivchel a dairyman's fancy for large,
showy 'animala maiy be juistifled, and it
may be granted that a stable wvell filled
wvith lar'ge, sihowvy D~utcht or Shorthorn
cows is a ver'y pleasing exhilbition.
Bunt when we comne to figure upi tile
cost of the priodu~ct, itnmay be a question
if the same amaount of food were ex
pended upon01 an equally good looking
herd of Ayrshires the mihlk might nlot
be more cheaply produced. Where tho
final end-of the cow Is considered and
thae amount of beef is an object, that,
of course, alters the beaiings of the
qatestioni. But bigness in cows is not
always best, either' for' beauty or profit
to the owvner.
CIIANGING COL~oR IN PLANTS .-We cali
change tihe colors of many flowers, by
adiding different almiple, or even biniary
stubstances, either in the soil or water
used for plants. Sulphur, iron, lody ne,
or limie in their many combjinations
will materially aff'et the oolors of' flew
01ra and it is not ani infrequenit thing to
findl planits thlat have one uniiform timnt
or color in the state of nature, to change
to another color, while all the same spe
cies of p~llant around them have the re
gular color. A simple method of ch ang
ing the colors of purple and red flowvers
is to take a common smlphutr match
lIght 1t, and( hold over it a p~urp~le flow
er, so as not to buirn it; yon can anake
a f'usch ia dahili and other flowers, most
Cumuato Ar, analysis fails to find 'the
least trace of adulteration In Dobblis'
Electric Soap, (made by Cragin & Co.,
Phila~delphia, Pa). For sale every
where. ILt is for y our Interest to try it.
.A Came of Pies of 80 Yaews' Staniding
M Bsus os'roN, MABSs, Au ast 8, 1877.
Gentlemon:-Enolo~ed please find 9100 tot
, box9etDr. E8, 8ilsbee'8 'Anakceaje." I have
~ontroublhed wlth'the 11il , since 1849, and
a~ ldalmost eer tlng that I could fnd,
,.lrn bare derived-'more nofit frm 1
annyhat I have ever t 05ea0 for.
wardtme a boxat ono.
Sa~eso "taas t set ,fr r
A MAN OF 1h1'oITANC.-rwo0 boys,
each employed lin a different oilce (it
Griswold street, were licking a lot of
onc-cent stamps oil ia pile of circulars
at the Postellice, when one of them
"llas your boss got back Irom his
summer trip yet?"
;Yes, ha* your'n ?")
"Yes. las anybody ben around to
the ofilceo to welcome your boss homeo?"
"No; he's been home three days and
hasn't hadt a caller.''
" Well, I guess lie's kind o' second
class," continued the other as h1e
whacked on ia stamp. "Over twenty
tolks were waiting lin tile olilee when
my boss got home, and they said If lie
d In 't straghhten Ip them accoulnts
they 'd make himi1 troible right along !
lie hadn't hardly landed on the depot
before most everybody ksaewl he was
1118 IDEFNSE.-iTh0 J Idg0 (severely)
--'P.risoner you aire accused of attempt
ing to murder your motwr-in-law.
Wlt* have yolt to say for yoursel Cf?'
15l Isonler (:IpologeticalIy) -'Yes, sir-;
but, imy failui-r todo so Is to be deseribed
to causes entirely beyond my coutrol.
The Judgo (blandly)--'Olh, that alters
the CasC. I shll s 8uspen0d sCnteice,
bIt, yout will not got olfmo easily it you
are brot'ght here agaii Iider iiiiar
c11'ircistanlces. Genidarie, show LW.t
IIInTOiRICA.-"NoW ladies and gen
tlemlien,'' shouted the book-agent' "be
fore tile picnic concludes I want to sell
every one of you a copy of the 'Life of
Pocohontas.' She was anl Indian girl,
Poky was-they called her Poky for
short-but site wasn't the kind that
went around peddling baskets and blow
guns. Not frequently. She stayed at
h1ome0 playing croquet in tile front
yard, Nt to the ladles' aid socloty,
and did h't take no cov eras offl 0' 0
body. She celebrated Jolh Smith
came traveling through them parts as
agent for a family paper, but Poky
wouldn't let her father raise a clib.
She married Smilth afterward, and the
last act ot' her life w.as to die of con
sumption." Jist here Oflicer Uncle
Samilmy Jones approached with a shot
ginli, an1d the meeting adjourned.
IN an eating house oil Jel'ersoni ave
11u1e were four or flive men it a table,
andi a single 111111 leaning against the
wall and islee). The pa.ity were dis
cussing the sibiect of horse rItciing, aml
o011 0 thoeill 1tinally declared:
"I do not believe there hias been ono
lionest race for monCy for tell yeai-s
A second was rather neutral in his
opilons, but the third brought his fist
down oil the table and roared out:
"I tell you this corruption must be
stopped, but what is the remedy?"
The stranger opened Iis eyes as the
dishes jarred, and, slowly rising and
walkinig over to the last speaker, he
poIntedl his ilnger at hih and softly
iAln. SenLIEVE~NVEmyr was hurrying
down the street, beariig uldel' his arm
a cat with at big stone tied to Its nieck,
"'ilallo1" slhouted a man lin a linen
duster, goin' h. drowil her ?" "'Yaw,
1 vas,"' rejoined Mr. Sehillevenveldt
stopping to mop his face. "NoI use,'
said the man, "vouI cain't do it. Do you
know how many lives she's got?"
"Ne1in,'" repliod 3Ir. Suilievenveldt
Candidly. The ia iln the linern duster
took this as a puin and passed on1.
TIHE z Ciengo InIter-Ocean~ woniders
why a manui w.'ill b)e htlahred anid shamved1
it halfW unidreas in a barber shop1,
whereinI 1111 wvho pass thrtough the
st':eet, may see hiimi, whuile itf hie goes In
to a saloon for a little eider lhe looks to
see whlethler the pla1ce Is hidden by ever
Will some one0 who is versed iln tile
solence of Soilind p)1ease get iup anld ox
pli* why a hotel waiter', wvho can't
hear the cal11 of a hungry manlt two feet
and1( aI half away, cant hear tihe jingle of
a quarter clear across a dinIng-room ?
''LANnr.AnY," salid lie "the co11cc Is
not settled.'' "No,'' said she but it
comeis as 110111 it as your last mionthi's
board bill (lees;'' and1( that man11 never
81)o1e againi during the mleal.
"SAMAUEI. Spri'ggs, the 0only lalce iia
town whiere you call get eleven p)ounds(
of sugar for one( dol1lari, five dlolls,''
wvas the way a we'll to do grocer' sign~ed
a silscription list toward the creection
lIF yon watnt a bow legged son to coin.
sole your old1 age anld hamve a good gait
for plowIng 01n1a side lull ,let himit rubh
his feet together when a baby. That's
what (100s It,
WIIEN the dlentists of this~ counitry
cain dIscover a way to pull teeth wIth
ouit a making a ma11 ~l wsh lie had beenm
born a lien, life wIll have twice as much
"HIOMtEwAnnD boui," sIghed Willliamtl
Goat, as lie tugged at the stinlg that
he1( l im to the back doorstepls.
WIIEiN a man makes up his minud that
the wvorld owes hlim a living, lie has1 ar
rived1 at a p)oInt whenl tihe w~or'ld can
spare is services.
CArT your bread upon01 the water anld
before many days it wIll be fIsh bait.
"A ttend tho primaies---blast you
attend the primaries I"
SE'r BACK 42 YEAms.-"I was troutbled1
foir imany years wlin KIdney Coniplaint,
Gravel, &c. ; my blood became thin ; I
was (dul1 and inlactive' coutld h~arlly
crawl iaboumt; was an oid worn out man
all over; couild get inolhing to help me,
until 1 got 110op Bitter's, an~d 1now I anm
a boy again. Mly blood and kIdneys
ate all rIght, and [ anm as active as a.
mant~ of 30, althloughi i am 72,- and L have'
nto doubt It will do aus well for others
of my ago. It Is woi~th pi Arial.-.
PE~nsoNs of sedentary habits, and
Overwlorked, find in Dr. lMull's 'flalti
more Pills a sp)eeflof for wvant of Appe
tIte, Palpitation,' Debility, Constipa
tlin, andl many other ailments. At all
drulgglsts, Jprice 25 cents.
~1w w dmeU Wouald Vote.
Where the question admitted to ,the
ballot, and' wohnen were allowed to
vote, every woman in the land whto 1ha1
ased D)r. Pieroio's Favoite Priescriptii
would vote it to be an unfailing remedy
for the diseases peculIar to her sex,
Dr. Pierce has received hundrede of
g rateful testImonIals -of 'Its curative
IowA Crrr. Iotoa Ma'Oh& Ath 18'78.
Dm. II. v. ranca iiato, N. Y.:
Dear Sfe :-1<or thany months I[ was a
great suf'erer. P'hysicians could a rrd
me .no- relief. sIn .my despaIr I al-.
mnced the Age 6f 76~n1' Fatorite Pe.
soription. *Z IOodIly effeocd my on-.
tire atd fs~~~t u4
HIlzsREI8s TEI'ER OINTMENT Will curo soro
Eyolids, Sore None, Barbor's Ith on the face,
or Orocors' Itoh on the hands. It nover falks.
50 oekiU a box, sont by mail for 60 conts.
lohnson, 11ollowAy & o.,
602 Atch St.. Phila., Pa.
Pianos and Organs.
Pricos of Pianos arid Organs havo reached
tho lowest point, and aro now going up again.
Pco >lo who desiro to buy at fiWory prices,
shoul. writo to the Mondolsobun Piano Co. 21
East 15th Street, N. Y., f9r their cataloguo
at once, before prices are advancod.
hRi01scoinpany is selling the inest instrutnonts
for tho least monoy, and their testianonials aro
of tho very liighee, order.
I3oONeIORO. Yil:. Co., Md,
March 16th, 1879.
MFNDnFssOIrN Piano CO.:I
Jearkirs : Tho Piano shipped io, Stylo 4,
gives perfect satisfaction. Wo aro exceedingly
well pleased with tho instrunont, ant tho
tuller from ilaltimoro, Mr. Bhoroy. wio ox
aminod it tioroughly, pronounced it as fino a
piano as -o ever saw. Tlo tono is unsur-'ams
able botlk ii capaciti an ! beauty, and, liadoed,
111 muhg(6 instrinmoilt. both'*ext real and in
trnal, wtiAld bear U~io closoet sCrutinly and
c11i'iiism. A1H who1 havo sOon it pronounco it
a supoib piano, and I am suro you bill havo
nmore orders front hero, who thoso w to desiro
to pulrciaso are ready to do to. Mr. Shoroy
aid my inmstruniont was worth *450. Wo are
t .ankful for tho caro ou nianifestod in hay
ing us g.t a.good Instrunnt. I considor the
Mathuslielk ealo am a "sine qua non" to a
good piano. Tlio tuoitoy depoiited nwalta your
8. 3. DAvra, M. D.
IRALIout. North Coro-ina,
February, 14th, 1878.
MrExt:,?r.rsonN Pianlo Co.
My DJ w ir: In rogard to the piano pur
chamid fro1n you, and which we ivo been
using for some 'imo now in our fauily, I nust
ronounce it a most excellent instrument,, and
wo do Ihis uir servvedly, becauso we havo had
it triod. tested, atnl ot mpared with pianos bf
othtr inako, by criticad Judges of muci, instru
monta, professors of musio and others, whose
high obaraotor ind prcmninenco as musicians
In this comuuuty cannot be questionod ; and
they all attest, am to its morits, the puro rich
tonis ,wlch it gives are porfect.ly exquisite,
and its Mathiulick's scalo give it an attraction
and value winch is not pousessod by iub ru
nionats of obhor mako.
Wo can hat, congratulate you on te hgl
standard which your moit excellent platios
hAve attainoied, ant muit bompalt for thon a
f.ntuirc which will place them in'high favor
with tho Iuical' world. I shall always bo
Iloa.cod to recommnond your pianos to thoso of
my friens wirn nay desiro to purchno, and
to bting thon to iotico ii our comununity.
(Judge) CHAt. 1). UicHU:Cn.
We take great plealiuro in again call.ig the
attotutiono1 our frind, and readers to tho
Ilendelaeoln Company's Jitbilou Organs, a
110t.co of wilich appearedl it) theso columns
Route timo ago.
llav jg had occision to purchaso organs of
this Company for our own pm sonal frionls,
auth havtng found theim to be all that ua
cla mied for tiem afttr years of tho.rongth trial,
ani Iving repeatediy visited thor factory it
New York eity, wo aro preparod to assert, frofg
our own kiowle go of teo mnanufatctioror and
crgitlis, that titir work in not excelled by any
mianufactire now ini the market.--N. Y. lurdo
So titrough ismthe lispection 0 the various
pa ta, and of the whole, that whe: an inetru
unait goes out of the housto a guaranteo for
fivo yoarA-long enouih to break down and
wear out two common organs-is give:: the
purchasAr. Ti1o Jutileo Organs is emnl1iuinntly
fil (rgon for th: peo. Louisille K1u., Com
Wo would recommend any of our readers
who have any ide a of ever buying a piato or
organ. iot to fa1 t8 writo at onceo for their
Illustrated anld Descriptive Cataloguo, which
will be niallod free.
IF YOU ARE NERVOUS AND DEPRESBLBD take
HoOFLAND'8 GERMAN UIrrTmEs.
HIESKELLS 'ETER OiNTarT will cure all
seabb.y or scaly diseasoo of the skin.
Those answoripg an Adverttsemeft wil
confer a favor upon the Advertiser and the
Publisher by mtating that they saw the advor
tseanteut in this jovenal (namning fla,o passeu
Woe wilt pay Agetsa la' of 5100 perlmonath
and oxpe'nsw. or alIlow a targe. coammiat,,m, to seil om1
now andl woatnd fulhaentonas, We maean ,rhat wesy
Samisle free. Address Bysaxam & Ce.. Marshal. Mich
M ICROSCOPES, ""lso
Thiormomela'ors, t~rO G1lasses, ..iectaclas, IBar
oome~ers, at Greally Roedi P'racs.
]2l. & ,j, B3ECK,
Manuifacturing O pt'icians., Phi'adelphia. Sjd 3
stampsa) fur ilueirated Uataqlogtto of 141 pagos and
montioen this paper.
Are the Cienpsuet ftrst-cla Pianos in thi
imarket. On1l anid get-treea. or send for
llustrated Cat alogue and Ptlco List.
.A LBR EC HT & CO.,
Warerooas 0 10 Archa Ntreet,
E I'ttii-12n stut, s Philaepia.a
a Solect Clastleal iloardini School, wilt reopen Se t,
tomnbor 22. lionorasaf '719 latin ultatory, at La
fayette Colloe; linnorary Oralteonat P'rincoton.
Ce.1GETSWANT ED H FOR TIE
N Rk. JULIA'NioNA IR WR'JIGJr P JR.NEW OK.
The Morals. Ilealth, 1B0auty, WVork, Amausements
Members, Money, Savinigs andl Spondhuag are atl
clearly dalt witn ni~ faseinating. sty Ie.in11 to
anecdote and w it. With beautifnt colored hlus
trationsa,now type, tonedt panear, r eico, bidtuin il
andi tow seriee tas ork is 1101U N TO lEAV
AN llM1MENN~ MALE0. Ne book lke It has evo:
beun puli tioda.
For full dtescri tion andl extra terms, addireas
.y. (I. McCUII Y & CO., Phiiadelpala, Pa.
WOI,. BUCfl, MANDRLAKZ,
Asnier o raPDaisT A In B &sT M rorQu~ar
oW Ar., orna Brias.
",E" im" Ot".1ste
Diseasoe f thue Stomach, Bleoelm..Blood, Liver
dueys, and Urinary Organs, Nervousnehs.ep
acmneus e#4 espoally F male Oomplaints,
S1000 IN GOLD.
ll be paid for aoeae they~Will not our rhetp.o
or anything impure or injuious. feound in them.
Ahak yourdruggiat foriHop Bitters ad trte
ore you sleep. 'jake no othe.
Ceoe Cunsite the swestet, sals and bes
the !eP Pi, for Stomach Ltver and Eidaeis
,saperior to llothpri. AlDruggtsta,
,1.0. to en absolute andt irraeste aeg
. keness tie of opium%, tobaceo narc
, L end .for iclay.
All above eid bydntggit. Ho luesmM.s jhser,,
BW'W will *tuhaish an aaplioatlon,
estnates for' Adveettsung Ins ho beast
and iairiet elrettleted NewVspapers is
tile'tisystedt States and Ceauneas. Ot
dnewlussAr sasurpausedl. We snlakt
oun atonsers' IttrestO'oir own, and
sttpntp piesqe and naako thend Ad
vertlegaug prontiable to thern, as t,1apu
asideB wilo hand4 f rdd us can tetiy
0ail r aldteuss U'I.
P. M. PETTINOI3IIL N
* ~81 PAhtI~ 10 ,IEI Yoei,
0 FET 'fSrgP:1aolI
S ' KS
Oakland Female Institute.
WITICIITFi~iM WILL, 00UHNINOIC 1iCPTkEM.
DER 9, 1679. For lroular. addareNs
J. GRIE R RA liSTON, Prlictipal.
The Singing Class Season,
jus . The Temple. I ..por dozen).
Cwoir Hook, by D r. W. 0. cookis. At a Ohoir
*lo iajoai ton ny or timeltigotaf oanes. As a sInglielg
Scl l hook . i't ier tla n tl i a r nmal tialit1 r
onome., .1 taco It li1114 ii.itch ti.0 o Iittal: tlt Is, 3 1~
cage (i now itng natatl l s , tortld t pa 4ie ot I Ito
eust"MllETl(l0AI TUNIH:8 ai ANTElls. Sp-ci
mon copies naaild, post-froo, fork $.I.U.
Remember also Til: VO'CY OF' WOiSiIP
9S.0 otatr aoaqzuet), ret~am l iverlseal J olnsu'
l te l for Xits lt te usit excel.
it boak.(35 15 per alazoea). Snid for speci o ons.
Jastaloglits, oar Cllrcular,,.
Jutont. STIJIENTN' U.VI~ N MONtJ.
6 l4:h il It ail ie. tootly t :ias m 1ta lu toy WYitt-t0r.
r o sa. of Colleg Songs. A cital I r
for suol ital ltilg.
juttt. ont. THE, VOICE~ AN4 A 1111MICAT,
ENMTqU)MjEN'x. by u. It. s. ihevia, a1. 1). two.)
Aui inoa Iuable tVoetlo n o 1114) cottruactiol atnd man
agetiout or 1114 Vucual Organ iat. w ith latesd.
Just out. Thnitlast nuter of TIlI BUJSIOATs
It KOOi 1). 8elnil c,-,~ rot. uamt a iter, S2.00 for
life yel~r. ILotlluat bae Witlutit It aor ur0 tilo4 1,he
Oliver Ditson & Co, Boston.
J. E. DITMON & CO..
922 Chestaut, Mt.. Plalia.
ELOCUTION. 'SAT1 IDAY,A8
NMt ionl NeliooI of Eloc-s ion amid Oratory.
A Special attirtay for Teachers boglins Oct. -ith.
Ileg tiatr FitalI'Ttrama, o emi 8ept. 2JthIt
.I. W. 81101S i 11;i la~ ros t, 1416 it 1418 OilFST.NUT
SI ta-t, Plails ils ia Ukt.ttlogtao Ott Appllcatilot
GENTS'9 SEND POSTAL FOR P11103
List and Instructiotas for
FINE Solf-MAsstirettiont, to
HOESW. F. BARTET
29 Wouth X I N T It Street,
SHOES Philladelphia, Pa%.
Tothe ituatt laonds, n h beat climate. wIth the best
marktr. and on t'he bust terms, along the line of Iy.
Mainly in the Famous
RED RIVER VALLEY OFTHE NORTH.
On long time, low prices and easy payments.
P-imphlot with full information mailed free. Apply 4
D. A. McKINLAY, Land Com'r,
e.P. .t . ft 1. 111,14t . 31 so 1.
When Trade is Dull, Judicious
Advertising Sharpens It.
HOW TO ADVERTISE.
so- seo PETTENUILL
WHEN TO ADVERTISE.
*fr See PFETTENGIL.
WHERE, TO ADVERTISE.
1W' Heo PETTEN IL.
W HOlV TO ADVERTISE THROUGH.
W' See PETTENGILL.
GO TO 37 PA K "W, NEW YOUR, and
Aw- See PE'EgE NGIL L.
MORGAN & HEADLY,
Importers if iamonds
IMlifacIlr'rS of S98ta18o18.
ela SANson street, Phsiadolplala.
Illustraited Prico List sont to thle trade
NEW AND BEST BOOK ON BUILDING.
I'ALI.IMER'M MODEL HOH~ FiM-Prof..sely
hag Pri I 1p tsh isl li oa. P A n 1511
PA1 iA ~it (,( rch : a ee, liridgoport, Connt.
20Agetr tis Ya atta ever)
PlHR ~i~l'~ 8Hsi t umila
AAN RETHE' 81111D
SR *380 Sot SX THm. Plalaelphta
foolings.rnatter dropping into thn throa6, disgusting odo3
satartb Brno it,
ment so pleasiing, thort
/~kMAi DE VONE'Sl
headand inton a i
rtatonphjloinawasaiaehayr. Acvc frt onall s
casn hli nye Immite ansi ef atul fr
Vale paper. Address H loMZ E ICNW .. a *
Inetdin ANY Olt All. of tho
tory for ONE TIflE, or foi
positions, which are cal
* kOWEwT P11KO!
S. M. PETTEI
at either of tl
New Yorl1, Ph'tila<
3'or Advertisors wfthout cibarge, fe:
TION -of Newspapers, or fc
ANY City, Town,
Advertisements in tihe liest Posti
*S. M. PETT]
70 L OMae~atn. s
Of eo of Dr. M. W. CASE
t ~ ~ i iairt5 oatI t in
ereta neeese i anti p1os
-t eat ald th1.oObot , t
at i rn
TIECII EAPESTDAI V I NIEPENDENT
NEWNPAPEII IN TIRE
UNITED T EM.
32 COLUMNS FOR ONE CENT.
Thu hsuo of BATURIDAY contains di coltimtis.
ASSOCIATED PRESS NEWS
F1103 ALL PAltTS OF TIlE WORLD.
Complete and Accurate Market Reports.
ITS fKNERAL NEWS AND ENTERIPIS NG
SP'ECIALITIE MAKE IT A VALUA
PAI'Elt FOR ANY LOCALITY.
Price, 03.00 a Yeaa., Free of Postage.
SENT ON TitIALs ONE MONTM FOIlt
T1141 IN)lol he ih-lao audynme
will lot% 5011 ri-t. fir postitu to l Ilky addriusR for 41 00 at
flII iiiliiltaiSN. IJOS' 01 it , niu'A (of tho ality,
hit, i teandi'g mutattor of an <rtorsting char
Pit ESENT C111CULATION "AVEIIAOAEM
Speciini Copies BENT FICE to any Athdress.
. PHI LADELPrIIA.
WEND FOR A SAMPN1Lliu Oi0
At 0 Cts per 1b.,
Thoi son Black's Son & Col,
No. 1613 OREBTNUT St., Philadelphia, Pa.,
Choice Family Groceries
Of Every I3eserlptlon.
$10 CASH with tMe order, will Insertin 141
$10 village newspapersi an advertise
ment occupying one Inch. ace, one time;
or six ines two Lilnes; or three lines four
$20 C1s adiiance, will Insert In 850
820CAS11 village newspapers all (dver
tieent of one inch ispae on otime; or ix
ies two Lilncs; or three lines tour times
S. Z, PETTENGILL & 00.,
37 Park Row, New York,
Or, 701 Chestnut St. Phila.
Advertising don Il. all newspapers in
Jni. States atod Canaoas tt, the lowest rates.
Ritpertnm' clobrated Single Breech-londin Piat
ittit it 5 t p. ioidnt e-barrl B reel easAte r at
.2iup. Mr tt.,1i' nl Prtwoh-limag Gwis, ifl.s
iiel Ilaiois nd nin08 approved English anl Aerican
utake". All kits o.r sportin Implements mid arti.
l. m r-qtl 1 by is nti i i a
(101I"N~ KiW III X.t, *-GO01 MOUDGE
p r;NS at &.4 tip-tie best gitni; yet 0i0c a l for the
pricr. Prico on appic i ota.
JOS. C. GRUJBB & CO.,2
Pnos a Orgas res
ail,,n- Enp-ct 'in* URE0 t 4'slop or
a ron , ic uic api uiar' wrt,su
8EN E " ,....27.
eures. n . apes.and A2H
K R. PETTENGILL & CO. Advertit
SAgents, ST Park Rtow, Now 'rik, and 1
letstnt Street, Philadelphia. receive adver
tselncns for pu1lication in any part of the
ADVICE na to the most udieious advertising
and the best mediumns and the malmer of doing
it.-RSTIMATES for one or moure Insertitons of
ra dertiont DcInfy number of papeors,
~* U If noleood* maly rapidly devolop
tis efota ar ereonswaknom
asof~ th~e ir-sae nd lwmgs ther Dsneat.
mugh, and certain to euro and give intn relie a
ost healil balsams known to medical sceni h
PIfd TREE TAjiA*r
porittn'd ire to hedaod caite o h
ran sand tho luns where i6 acts a oa
I b~yiwhicluhnt i inasce oni~ bermanently otired.
REAMEN taypr of
li.todses. Slatusymptms plainly an you
W mtdv"i a3l~fndu rcht.hil adepi.
Newspapers named in their Dire
e ONE YEA in the best -
eefully watohed, at the
2!, on application to .
MOIL L & CO.,
heir' offices In
lelphia or Boston.
e' insertioe in a OROWCE sEykm~
r the BE1ST Neowspapers In
County or Seotion,
Iens, at Very llehonable Rtaes.
)33 Arch Street, Philadelphia.
K. a Tenveiblo bileege.' Its ifuotr .
e o-~ dionstni downm 'throa uk eyed
deforapi, d- ly tonsum~t c.. i At to
liary treatments are worte thsanolsftgecd
y i ev~enoit qtilok 1obuetddh 1
tahelisg v~w t 41*1 srat'