Newspaper Page Text
Many-toed Horses.-Professor 0. C.
Marsh has a brief but interesting article
on " Polydactyle Horses, recent and ex
tinct," in the Juno number of The
American Journal of Science and Arts, In
which he cites several curious lustances
of extra digits in tie foot of the modern
horse, anid shows that these revorsions
to an older type are far more numerous
than is commonly supposed. As to the
ancestors of Lhese animals, says the
Professor, there can be no doubt. Amer
ica is the original home of the horse,
and during the wlhote of Tertiary time
this continent was ocoupied withicqulne
mammials of many and( various forms.
Although all thiese became oxtmect be..
- fore thle discovery of tIs country, thecir
abundant remains mark out the geneal
ogy of the horse In all almost unbroken
successi oil of' forms. If we examine the
remains of the oldest revresentatives of
the norse in his country we shall ind
that these ailmals 'vere polydactyle,
and of small size. As the line was eon
timued toward the present era, there
was agradual inclreae in size, and a dim
nution in the number of' toes, until the
present type of 'orso was produced.
The original ancestor of the horse, not
its yet discovered, un iadoubtedly had live
toes oil each foot. The oldest meniber
of the group now known Is the Eoilp
pus, which ihad four well developed toes
and te rudiment of another ioneach
for(-foot, anld Lthree toes behind. This
animal was about as large as a fox, an(]
Its remains aire froml thle Coryphiodon
beds near tile base of tile Eocene. in
the next higher division o the Eocene
another equi)c geius, Orohippus,makes
its appearance. It resembled its prede
cessor in size, bul liad only four toes in
front and three behind. At the top of'
tile Eocceoa third allietI genus has been
found (Epthippus), M,hat closely rescm
bled Orohippus in its digits, bu, differed
lit its teeth. Near the base of the next
formation, the Miocene, another equine
mamianal, Mesoliippus, occurs. Tlli
animal was about as Mrgo as a sheep,
and lad thrac usable toes and tile splint.
of another oil each fore-foot, with but
three toes behind. Atasomewhatihigi
or horizon a nearly allied gentus, 11tio
hippus, has becin found, wilich has the
splint bone of the outer or fiftih digit re
duced to a short remnait. In the P1Iio
cone above a three-toAl horse (Protohip
pus) about its large as it donlkey wits
abundant, and still higher up it nicar al
ly of the modern horse, wlith only a
single toe on each foot (1liohippus),
makes lils appearaice. A true ]quus,
as large as the existing horse, alippeArs
Just above this horizon, and tile series
Iron in the Atnospherc.-Ohservatlons
of stiow colleuted oil Ulountitin tops and
witiln the Arct.le cireles aid far beyond
the influence of factories and smoke,
confirm111 the sui ppositlon that minu111te
particles of Iron flont. in the atmosphere,
and in tilo fall to the earlh. 18ome
physleists believe that these loat.iUng
pfarticles of iron aro converned lit the
striking plhenomenitt ofh u mirora. lit
his recent, voyages, Nordenskjold examn
ned snow for inl the north beyond Spitz
bergen and fomid therein sAmall par.
ces of metallic fron, phosphorus and
Cemeni for Gass, etc -For a reelpe f'or
a cenent to be used for repairing glass,
leatlier, etc. Soften fine glue or Isin
glass by soaking in cold water and dis
solve It, in the 8111111 lest possible (uatliti
ty or proof spirits by aid of gentle heat
over a water bath I in two ouneos of this
mixture dissolve 10 grains of gain am
mloia1icum-, and wile still liqtiid add
onie-hailf dritch m of mast81 l issolved in
three drIachmns of' rectitiled sp)irit., and1(
stir the ixtieC. Keep) inl stoppered
bottle. For use melt by standdiug thle
bottle in warmu water.
Scientjijl 1temls.-Jlck lIqphus ts satid
to have bien initroduced it UJlster, Zu
rich, by tropieal birds senit alive to 11ha.
placo in a cage from iBudat-I'esthl.
"lIedutced In circumistan,con."
The front door of a business ollice in (Gris
w'.old street stood open~ and1 seeiined to invite
* strangers to enlter, and1( the ownecr wias
therefore not surprised when a man11 (If di.
hlpidlatedI looks walkedl 11n and1 took a sent.
When aisked to state hlis errand hie hfitched
hie chair a little nea'irer and aisked:
''Are y'ou wihlig to1 give mei a lilt, of iad
"Well, I guess so, " was the rep)ly.
Y'oul see, tihe casla hIs1,"' continueiid
tile imani, hittchinig still neatrer. ''Up to) six
mloniths ago I was rich. Bly a series of mis
fortunes J hlave lost, every dollar. WVhat
wouldi you term suicht a ease ? I[ow would
you refer to it ?"
"'Yell, if it wits 11e, I shtould refer to it
a'My late misfortune.' '"
Thait's good, but very comimon. Ev..
erybody hIas misfortunes, and plenty of
people have hiad late misfortuncs. I wanit
ed to strike something original."
A ''~You might say you were dlown tile
banks," suggested the citizen.
"That's 01(1, too, and( biesidles my wife
couldn't make use of the term. Whlen it
book agent called at myl door she couldnt't
say sheo was unlable to purchlaso his work lbe
cause we were 'dowvn the baniks.' No, no.
WVe are all educated family, hilt awful hard1(
u1p just at present.''
'You mighlt statec thlat 'oing to recent
unsuccessful speculations,' andl so forthI."
* ~ "Yes, but that's dlreadful ok(1. We all
specuilate, and we all lose. Now, suppose
thait a big gun was coming to myl hlouse to
dinner ? 1 make the beat spread I can.I
have bread and water and pickled beets
and knives and forks and water and nap
kmns and so On, but yet I foel a bilt east
dIowa, and as we sit diown I rise and1( make
a sort of apology to my friend. I don t
want to tell 11111 thle exact trthi, and( yet I
want to account for so much water and so
little butter. Now, whlat wouild( you say
unuder these circumstances ?"
rThe citizen leaned back, knit hlis browvs,
and after a mInute replied:
"Weli, I think I should say :~ 'Mr. Fi
c kins, you wIll please pardon the meager
ness of this spread, but our being reduced
-In circumlistances has necesitatd-1"
"'IReduced inl circulmstance'--thtat's
/ ~~ what I want.-thlat's the terma I was lookinig
for I" ,shouted tile stranger as lie jutmp)ed
from his chlair. "Never mind Filkins
never mind theo rest of the speech I ileduc
ed in circumstances Is what ails me and
what I want to get off at grocers and hook
agents. Good-day--good-bye l''
In Disuticl rmiely liavaged
iy fever and agno, immunity from the dreaded
nenrgo iis enjoyed be those who have rendered
itelr systems malaria proof with llostetter's
toahDtters, the best preventive and rem
4- -edy, Quinine cannot compare with i6 in efil
eao, and is hnything but safe. Physiolans
- commend the Blitbers for its remedial and ro
uusclta'ing flroperties and the closest analyi
reveals nloting in the eompositlon of a de
terteus niatre. It does not deteriorate, isan
agreeable cp'llas well as a potent medicine
and whesnhi4d with brackish or unawholsome
water, neutralize its hurtful propertise. The
4" donizene of ulaartous localitiee, not only in
the Unite ~ t, but the tropics, regard it as
so inv?aiubtprteotlon and in hosti, of famn
. ie. it is ket cos antliy on hand. As the
e ,4 eminuato preade farther weetward.
'-: tld fFo'among those compelled to
~ ~piMt3t*.the vicispitpde of olisate, con
WATER AND FOOD FOR IOllsiC.
IIorses and cattle normally reqitIre, iII
round numbers, four potimds of water
for each pound of dry substance in the
food, while sheep require about two
pounds, or about half as much. This
estimate, the result of mally careful ex
perlimients, includes the water contain
ed in the food as well as that in the
drink. Tho amount ,of water needed
by pigs has not, I think, been accurate
ly determined. 1 ith horses we find a
different digestive arrangement-one
that changes the conditions which were
suitable for ruminants to a very Inpor
tant extent. Horses have but one
stomach, and that relatively small; It
contains, wien fully distended, but fif
teen to sixteen quarts, and in tis con
dit,ion Is too full for tho performance of
its functions. U1sually when digest
ing the food tihe horse's stoinach does
not contain more thanl tol quarts, and
is more food is eaten some of the con
Wiets pass onward ilIto tile in1testMIes to
make rooml) for .. I n eat.linga fll feed
of liay tile Stoimall is filled two or
three t.imes, So tile part flirst viaten ei
remain but, a isort time for digestion.
Now, here Is a polin of great impor
tance. The allminlijolds of the food
are digested in the stomach and a stom
achful of graan coz1ntanus four to six
timea as amuch of these a1s a stoallItchllI
of hay, consequently for a sufliclent
quantity of gastric Juice to be mixed
with tihe grain, and produee Its full ef
feet requires a much longer (ime thanl
with hay. If, then, we feed oats or
corn, and Immediately afterward hay,
we maity be very nertain that tile grain
will be forced from the stomach ibefore
it IS perfectly digested, but ifA we feed
thie hay fi-st auid then ti grain, it Is
not d1illcult, to niderstund that the Ilt
ter can remain in the stomachi a suill
Clent, time. 'I'lere is One advantage InI
mixing oats or ground fee-l of any kind
with cut 1y or straw, and that Is tie
more perfect mastication wi ich tle ani
mal gives in tlls case, but it Is doubt
fill if this advantage hiolds good with
Cattle, as Ihey (o not chew tiheir food
perfectly when eating, but rely on the
rumination which follows. III nAxihig
feed for horses we should not put a
great amount of coMIrse food with the
grain, or we will give Ilore thanl the
stomach will hold, amid the last portions
eaten will force the first ones into the
intestines before they are thoroughly
imPregnated with the gast.-ic juice.
Thus, two poiunids of hay and four
pounds of oats are about as much as
should be fed at once, when mixe(f,and
If imure oaits are given the hay should
be decreised ; for imsta.nce, 1ly,e pouinds
of lity may be given. Now these facts
will give us a better understanding of
the cirect. of water onl digestion. 1f, af
Ler feeding lhaty anld then oats, we it.
lowa horse to take a large drink of wa
ter, a Considerable portilon of the outs
will be carried by the water Into the InI
testinles, anld we get little of the advan
tage of feeding ti oats after ti hay
I f sucih i drink Is tikkenl soon after cat
Ing hay alone, the effect; will not be So
lijiioi, hevatise hay does iot need so
long at time for digestion a5 graini. If
O'ly One or two quarts of Wiater ire al
lowed it will pass4 the fooI iII tiestoi
itch withiout chimging its position to any
great extent. Whein the stomach hlas
got rid oft a considerable part of its .on
tets it seems a ilicult matter for it to
force out tile remainder, and fermenta
tion and colie sometimes result; a drink
of wattjr at such at time, by carrying on
tile stbstance which has remained long
elough, relieves tile condition. This
probably explains why some lorse-ear
compl)ianies hlave fouid it advisable to
have their horses watered ait mhinighit.
Beecxwnx AT maliy be made(1( profitable
upon01a pie1(ce of rough or nlewuly-elared
groumd. No othier cr'op Is so efrectIve
i nc ellowlig rouigh cloddy13 land. Th'ie
seed 1n nlorthiern localhties should b~e
sowna before J1uly 1 2th ; othlerwise ear
13' fail frosts may catch tihe crops.
Grass and1( clover may somnetimes be
sownl successfully wvithi buckwhelat tis
Tiua best wayi3 to raise goodl fodder
cornl IS to put1 IL ini dIrills thiirty'-two ini
ches aparit. and1( give It two cuiltivatings.
Th'iis will giv'e Sun and aIr, anid pIroduce
ia vigorous growth w~lih deep1 gr-een
foliage, growIng-some ears, whlichl willI
malike thme feed all tile better. Corn1 and(
milllet may13 110 cut at the samec time11,
and( will make better- food for cows if
mlixeid In thle 1man lger.
l'mUi- drikinlg water is of thie first
imnpor'tiance. More dangerous plolsonis
atre talken lnto tile System ith the wa1
teir used, thanti in alny other way. That
f rom brooks Is dant gerous, as wa'1sh from
mlatuired fields and1( soakage from tile
rLil flows 11uto then). Water I romh clear
wells and1( springs only' should( boegiven
to cattle, and1( if such1 p)r3ciaution) is
ineedied for them, it is equitlly so for the
owners. Mutch mvoldable disease Is duie
to impure water.
Th'le smaiill, round1(, hatrd-shiell clam is
by nIO means drive VoOut of the market,
or away from the table, by thlat big,
bloated memlber of the family, the oy.
ster. Clams whIch are good inSi smmer,
are evetn better thiroughl the fall anid
winter, TIhere is a commhon) prejudie
against clamls (lint they are indigestible.
If thecy are so, ft is becaiuse they are hn1
p)roperly cooked; thecy are stewedl
whmole Iito totugh leathier-; time cook fitn
eying she must servye soles, or othler
mlonstrosities, instead of clams. Or
they are baked to cinders, as mat some of
tile poputlar clanm bakes, where they
are only digested by suchm mnechanical
means as by pourimng inito tile stomachm
whole pints of strictly prime Bourbon
benzine, as thme ostrich swallows rail
roadl sphikes and( bites of Junk bottles to
assist In cuttIng upi its tough 100(d.
Clams 81hou1ld never be stewed, but cut
tip finely and gently slnmmeredl. BuIt
tile royal way of servinIg tile clam is to
roast It on bars of a gridiron over a
bright grate fire--the quicker the bet
ter-anId thle mInute lt "sizzles,"' open
It, pamn It, amnd let It almumer a little In
its own saved Juice and a bmt of butter.
The clam thus cooked Is a grateful
creature that will repay all the atten
tioun shIown it. Amnd so served, far from
being digestible, it is tender as time
swan song In "Lohiengrin. '
A O)nui or Visae or 30 Tears' StandIng
Ios-ToN, MiAss., Augulst 8.1877.
- 3ixSgn. P. )iauanamrra & Co,wYok
G Centlem1en:-Enoiosedphease fin r00f
aboxm tobD wit thelpbli's inke 's. I hn
ru ithu everSS hav n t bo using
yours, and hlave derived more benefit from it
thn anyth atI have Over tried. Please for.
17 Traverse street, Doston.
Samlpe of "Anakee" are sen6 f*ee to all
P les o to P. kNeuta.dtr 4
KEEP TrHE BODY EREc'r.-Ailorecet
bodily attitudo Is of vastly more Impor
tance to health than People generally
Imagine. Cro%ked bodily positions,
minItaLine1d for any lenIgth of Lim0, are
always Injurious, whether ill the sit
ting, standing, or lying posture, whieth
er sleeping or waking. To sit with
the body leaning forward on the atom
aeli or to one SWte, with the heels ele
vated on a level wIth tih head, Is not
only in bad taste, but exceedingly det
rimental to lea1l. It cramps t,he
stomach, presses the vital organs, in
terrupts the free Iotiols of the chest,
and onfeebles the functions of the ab
doininal and thoraclo organs, aId, in
fact, unbaltiances tlhe whole muscular
system. Many children becom Slight
ly himip-hacked, or severely rotnd
shouldered, by sleeping with their head
raised on a high pillow. When anly
person fi nds it eas,er to sit, or stanid, or
walk,or sleep, in at croi)ked position
thaln,it straight one, such )erston0 may
be stre that his mu.-ciflar system i
badly deralnged, and the More C ..eful
he Is to prcserve a straight or i, 'righI
piS1tion, anid get. b1ack to nat.re aigain,
Mock OvirEs.--Take half a dozen
good-sized cars of corn ; put them in
cold water, aid when it begins to boil
set It on the back ot the range, :an(d let,
it 8immer for half an hour; then put
the corn In cold water; when cool,
wipe the ears with at dry towel, and
grate them ; then put then through a
hair sclve to rid them of tite shells of
the corn1! have two eggs Weil beatOni,
two tablespoonfuls of cream, two of
grated crackers, one teastvonful of
salt, onle-fourth teaspoonifitl Ippper;
beat (his all well toget.her ; haLVe a lup
of good bitter about the sizc of half an
egg; put inI a frying-pan ; when hot
put the corn Iixture in, in tablespoon
tuls, allowhig Space MI,ar, they (10 not
rtun together; when they are a nice
brown turn them over and fry the
other side; It requilres about 1liv min
utes to cook then ; this will mnake about
two dozen oysters; servo them hot..
ORANt JULLY.-Grate t,he peel of
live line oranges anti two lemons Into
a bowl ; squeeze tie jilce of them into
it; boll one pouind of sugar in a quart
of water, aid when ( quite bolling, pour
il over two ounces of of irliglass; stir
until it is dissolved ; add the juice to
It, strain throtgh coar.-c muslin, and
let it stand until half 'cold, thm . pour
gently into imolds which have been
wet with cold waLcr. Before turning
out put tihe molds into warm wiuter;
loosult tie edges with a spoon.
I)a YiNo A PiPLE.-Dry ill tie oven
of e l coking-atove as quickly as i
iiosible to do without cooking thein
whei suifficiently dry put them Into
"hi k paper bags, tie tieumi up so that,
Ito I n1sects can gainll itet'ce3 to them, and
hang them away in a store-room.
Fruit dii-led it this way Is never wormy,
as the insect moths never get a chanco
to deposit their eggs.
LEANINo Sl.i.nt SrooNs.- he dis
agreeable dis-olorationl of egg can be
readily taken froim silver spoois by
washing them in lpotato water--water
li which potatoes lave been bollod. It
is much better than salt, as it does not
scratch the metal. The taste of 1ish
may be removed very eflectlvel3 from
steel knIves and forks by rubbing them
with fresh orange or lomon pecl.
Ai.aE 8Now.-Pare, slice andi quar
te.t ten good sized tart apples; steam
thoremutil tender. and( rub thema
through a colander, and set them where
they will get lce cold. When cold, add
the grated riand, th e juiice of two lem
ons, oue cup of sugar anid the whites
of six eggs. Boat. Za1 to a froth, anid
serve imnmiediately in a decp glasrs dish1.
E~NA IELED llEi.Ts.--To )Ol!sh en)fam
elled leather, tiake half a pint of the
best cream, a quarter of a pint of lini
seed oil, make them each lukewarm,
an)d then miix wvell together. IInving
previously cleanaed the leather rub at
over wvith a sponge (lipped in the mix
ture; then aub It with a soft (dry cloth
unatil a brilliant polish1 lI produced.
l't'F ra UDD)IaNo.-Tlaike six eggs and
diropi them into as8 mainy spoonfu1 tls of
amilk, and six spoonfuls of sifted flour;
beat well up lnto a hattear; butter some1
cupi~s amnd put thae batter in them ; baike
in a fairly hot oven: turn them out
and11 eat them) with a sweet sauce.
RrIcE CAK ES.-Boil a cupI of rice very
soft; mash finme; add a plit of milk and(
3 eggs; stir in a little flour, buttea the
grl(ddle, and turn on the batter in small
cakes, Serve with a little nutmeg and
-A -rAnLEsP'ooNFUL. of salt will we;gh
ab)oumt one onace.
Changin,g tho Color of WVoods.
A German technIcal jouranal states
that oak may be reindered a beautiful
orange yellow, by melting togethier,
with continued stirrinag, one punt oil
of turpenitinec, about 1,200 grains of
tallow, and( 300 of wax. With this~ miix
tre the wood Is rubbed it a wa'rm
room, until a (lead lustre is prodluced
andl coated an hour aft.erward with a
French p)olih--an addlitionial coat of
the latter giving greater brilliancy and
a deeper tone, Tio prod uce a very per
foot as wvell as inexp)ensiye brown sur
face, *r coating-one which Is very adt.
horont even when exposed to the
weather-the wvood is brushed with a
solution of persulphate of iron of about
two degrees Baume, or a solution of
protosutlate of iron will answer as well
as that of the persutlphiate; the bluaish
gray tint the wood acquires, on drying,
changes to an agreeable light brown
shade, with the ap)plicaLlon of linseed
oil varnish;i a dark browin shade may
also be imparted to the niaterial, by
stubsequaently coating It with a half per
cent solutIon of permangenate of pot
asi, and then with linseed oil.
N~o one who has tried Dobbins' Elee
trio Soap, (made by Cragin & Co., Phil
adelphia, Pa.,) fails to see its wonder
ful economy. Ask your grocer to get
it, and give it a trial.
PARENTs cannot be too earetng ini
gurigthe health of their Babies.
Onlyagood and relIable medicino
should be given to thorm. Dr. B3ull's
Baby Syrua is knowin not to contain
A CottuEoE PRmOEsson on 'o saId that
hle whio expects to rate hIgh in his class,
must n)ot expectorate oni the floor,"
Much of the hawking and spitting was,
nto dtoubt, caused by catarrh, whIch the
professor know cotldd be readily cured
the ise of a few bot4les 9f Dr. Sage'a
- tarrh Reey..
OF CoullsE iE KNEw.-At the east
end of the City Hall Market recently, a
boy suddenly seized a barrel stave and
began pounding a dog which was
tied to a wagon-wheol. Tho animal's
yelps and yells at once attracted th e
attention of a man who called out:
"liold on there ! What's that (log
"Snatched a lig piece of' bologny
outer illy hand and swallowed it!"
replied the boy as lie gave the dog
"See here",' contined the Iniani as he
caeto nearer, "don't you know that
that dog feels those blows?"
"Don't I of course I know itl Do
you think I'm doing all this hard work
and rasin' all this row just for the
sake of' workin' the rhouimatiz outer
"BANOS."-A man in his shiri, sleeves
was sit6lig before the door of* a rook
ery on Atwater streoc tihe other eve
ning whenl an acqliuintance cain
along and asked :
"ili, was that, your wife I met; on
the corner ?"
"I guess it was-she Just started
"I see she bangs her hair," continued
"Yes, she does, durn her I" growled
Bill ; but I've got the advalitage over
her thoug1h. While she can only bang
her ha.Lir -canl bang her whole body."
Miss Colino goes for the 11rst time to
vlew the sea at Dieppe. At her de
parture for home rlio sister recom
nlids her to carry back sone seawater
in a bottle. She goes down to the
shore and 1lls her vial with water.
"Bolter not fill it up like that, missy,"
said a sallor, "bekase, it'being low wa
ter now, when the tide rises it'll burst
your bottle." Miss Colino, quite eon
vinced, poiqrs out lalf the water and
A snmall boy was hoci ig corn in it
sterile field by the roadside, wihen a
passer by stop ped and said, "Pears to
ic your corn is rather small?" "Cer
tluluny, sir," said the boy, 'it Is d%warf
eorn1." "But it looks yellow," "Cor
tainly," replied he bov, "we planted
the yellow kind." "But it looks as if
you wouldn't get more than ialf a
crop." "Of course not," said the boy,
"we planted her on the shares."
AT a recent wedding the bridegroom,
being an oficer, wore his sidearms at
the Inuptials. A little wideawake
brother of the bride was attracted by
the display of weapons, and as lie had
another sister, whose true love is a car
penter, lie boldly inquired: "May,
when Jenikim.s comes to marry Mffly.
will lie wear his saw by his side?"
A N [ndianapolis barber, who aban
doned his business and went ir.to
lie ministry, was suddenly called up
oil onle Sunday to baptizo three candl
tha.les, lie got along very well, but
altel' baptizing the first, he astonishied
hii congregatlonl by lustily- Ishoutinfr
IT Is said that a Bostonl man broke o0
his miarrilage with a young lady be
cause she spelt hugging wit;i one "g."
'Tihe provocation wa great, to be sure,
but as long as she practiced hugging
with two arins, we-that is, some young
men-would not care if she spelled the
word without any g's at all.
A LITTIE boy, whose sisters stroll in
the woods for the bright-hued leaves
of Auitunmn time, saw them coming
home the other' day witLh a red-whis
kered gentlenman, whlom lhe greeted
with the reinar'k; My ! von got Au
tumin-leave wvhiskors, alntt you?''
''AN aiiXiotus i nqu irer" is informed
that the founder oi the .A ryan r'ace was
not hung. lIIe was not a llungarian.
'To anothor we reply that Leander,
when lhe wvent to see Hero, did not
swimn the Po, and therefore he' is not a
"BLEss me, Emiy, you don't look as
well as usual--indeed, I do not think I
ever saw you looking as old as you look
te-day.', "Mly dear, I never was as
old as I am to-dlay."
"WOMAN is a delusion, madam,"' ex
claimed a crusy old bachelor to a witty
young lady. "And man is alwvays
hugging sonme delusion or other,'' wais
the quick retort. -
"Hbow dare you swear befor'e me ?"
asked a mnan of' his so.n recently. "IIow
did I knowv you wanted to cuss first?"
said the spoiled ur'chin.
TH'IEvINo in the outskirts-Picking
THEn country is the place for rabbit
A Toothpiek Agiation.
'The toothpick market is agitated.
Th'iose chiefly In use are of white wood
and pointed at both ends, A patent
for fourteen years was obtained for
them in 1860, and the fa~etory of the
Bos ton owniers at, Bucksfild, Me., used
fronm 3,000 to 5,000 cords of wood year
ly and turned out inealculable quanti
ties. A box of 2,500 sold for twenty
five cents, and the profit wvas large. A
log six feet long and about eighteen in
ches in diameter was placed in a ma
chine where bevel knives cut it in each
direction and turned out the toothpIeks
ready for market. About eighteen
months ago another Boston firm started
a factor.y in the woods of Ohio and used
similar machinery. T1he price then be..
gani tumbling, and fell to 20 cents at re
tail, then to 18, 14, and 12. Of late the
originmal manu facturer's have reduced
the figure to 10 cents, or 8 cents at
wholesale, and report their antagonists
to be on the verge of stoppage,
IF you want to feel well and lively.
use Dr. Bull's Baltimore Pills. ~All
druggists keep them, Price 25 c.
flOGUs CERIFIcAEzs.-It is no vile
dlruggedlstufl', pretending to be made of
wonmderfui foreign roots, barks, &c.,
and pufl'od up by7 long bogus cortilleatos
of pretended miraculous Oures, but a
pimnple, pure, effective medielne, made
of well kown valuable remedies, that
fiurnishes Its own certificates by its
eures. We refer to Hop Bitters, the
puirest and best of miedicines.-Ex
chuanye. See another column.
AT/r'rTououg MANY Ann PsaDisPOSbn TO TAING
Troubles nrom Birth, yet even such may essOan
Consumption, or ether Pulmonary or Bronchial
disease, If due care and watchrulness be ob
served, and all ezeitini causes are pr0mptirP
treated as thOy arise. 'I 8i hs oa*sDf.
Jayn's fptorant exercises its mest ene
fic1a eiffe0 ad has Dr0duc0d the larerp
Drrtiono cures Besides Drem trenlo
in 00 and 00Ide, which, V0left to
t4selves, are the I!m'ediate causes of tuber
emoudevelpment, this standard remedy
a ly any finfiammation which ma ~s,and
tng0% whncOg tat he
h rai fo who to
SHR BACK 42 YAItS.---"I was 0roubled
for in1aly years with Kidney Complaint,
Gravel, &U.; ily blood becane thin - I
w,s (itll aild ilaiutivo; could harAly
crawl about; w is tn old worn out nfli
all over; cotld get not.hing to holp file,
until I got 1101) litters, and now I amn
a boy agalit. IY blood antil kidneys
are ill right, and I anitas ivlelive ats a
iuati of 30 althotigl I ani 72, and I havo
tin dollht. It will do as well for others
ofl 13 lige. It -is wortit a trial.
Neto belting, sitch as Is generally used
for Lie drawing-belts on polished iron
ptlleys, will only transuitt fron one
third to one-liftit tho power, without
IlIpJ)ilg, that, tho sainle belt will after It,
hals ben In Itse from one to two 1nonths.
Rochles.. in llouses.--To rId a hiotise of
cockiroacltes, inake a nixtire, composed
of one part of p>owlorvil borax and two
aarts of powdered sugar lud Sl>rinkle
tipoi the floor w1jere they frequent.
This will soon eratlleate thein.
Fon PIll'it,x oii the Face, use lieskell's Tel
IF You Would Enjoy Mod 11oalth Take
loolland's German Billera.
Ueresin, a nilxtnri of refIned earth
and earal ba-wax, Is frequently emplo)
od to the extent of tbirty-tlhree to lifty
per cent. to adilitelrato bees-wax. As
pure bees-wiax Ia lighter that the sptt
rious article, detection is easy. 11 the
wax does iot float iII dilitte alcohol
haviig a spceille gravity of 0.91-5, It Is
safe to reject, it as sptiriotts.
7ieskell's Telter Ointment Will ouro every
orm of Tottor.
If Troubled with Constipation, take loof
land's German Billers.
A Naltural Boaromcte.-Cick wod is
an excollent barometer. When the
flower expanlds fully, we are not to ex
pot railti for several flours; shiould it
continue in that state no rain will fail].
IV You are Dyspoptio 110oflald's German
Billers will ouro vou.
IF Your Liver is Disordorod HIoofland's Ger
itan Billers will sot it aright.
Oakland Female Instiute.
WITTRjt TNIIM WILtL COMME2NUM 8141I1THM.
BI R, 1879. For circtNlars addires
J. GIER RALSTON, Principal.
S. M. PETTENGILL & CO.,
87 Park Row, New York 701 Chest.
nluft street, Abh1ladelphta, Pa.
Carmen. opera by, ,izet.............2.....200
Varmen i un Opera that ha. gradua ly and murely
Avll its way to at rah popularity Althiog t0h
book 1: largo1 in fact whlat one psighit cull it- four
olla h r is ot li l ogalit stye, itil fill%
vic and all t1w wotty4l Eu:glisha aud foreilgn. forJ2.U0.
Fatinitza. Op.>ra h tpp...........2.00
F plonilid new opera tha i a iilded buccoss. A
large, fine book, with ilKiglish1 aRd foreign wordi,
nul ti opera iii every way conplete, fora low prico.
Doctor of Alcantara. ..Eic.b IM
A famous opilra. now lirougit, byWii" popular
price, wittin the reach rcust ra lpars 215.
Bells of Corneville. B, in..,
(tikoarly ready) ..............................1.. ...........$ '
A groit uccesi. This, with Iho "Doctor" and the
"sSorcererl (61.00) are w(ll w orth ado'pttin by coini
%Tle i avo 11siished 11l111fore, (still 1o i 1q voll
lot 1W0 cets) and who ari looking out for ite v and
Itemonili-r our first class Siioivi sIcimpoi anti clioir
A' i -900r doen or 41.0 ah. aom frcpiot
1pub sthedl weekly. It ka-ps you w-lii posto.t as to
nmala ntiatIer-, give 8 or 7 pages oir musal'o r
Oliver Dltson & Co., Boston.
J. E. D1TsoII & Co. 9220hestnut Bt., Phila,
NEW AND BEST BOOK ON BUIL.DING.
P'AI.1.IUEER'5 MODEEL 11051 b-Pro Imfuey
illnttrateid. prett plassme. fu.l inito:im tio-i on Iaiiild
l' A iiS R (0t.. * re iterts. lrt igeoat, 't ii.R
For sate bay all Dooksollers.
BLAT CH LEY'S-PUMPS
THE VEKRY B1EST GOOD)S
AT VKIRY LOW PRICES.
P'UMPlS frona Lineod.
PUMPS IPorcelainu Lined.
PUJMPS Copper Lined.
Chain Putmp fixtures and tubing.
Rtubber Bluck.its, Stcol ChaIn, &e.
"""C. G. BLA TOHLEY
440 MARKET Street, P'hilada.
tW" WVe will furnish on application,
estimnates for AdvertisinR in the beat
and largest circnlated Newspapers ini
the United States and Canadas. Our
facilities are un rpassedl. We mnake
our Unstosners' interests our ownm, and
study to please and mnake their Ad
ertising proiliable to themn, as thou
andis who have fted us ean testify.
Cail or address,
S. M. PETTIN GILL & CO.,
S7 PARK ROW. New York,
701 CHESTNUT Street, Philadelphia.
(A Medleime, uat a Drat)
3O1S ?UonU, MANbNasta
ein teame All 3aer Manreas uan
or A. ormor Barwaa.
Dimawor She stomach,sooel.alood, RAer
73,65 est rlary Orgma, liirvousnea.Jes
as49qpe.signy enale Compaa
*1O00 IN GOLD..
15beEpatform a.e hewt notwre ehap, a
or anythiau impar.egMajroms founca aShs.
Ask vea.dagist for Hop tteS .nd byme
.f07. se . .aet.. .ehm
C AGENTSWANTED FOR THE
AUR3 JULIA MeNfAJR WVRIO S WBO00X
Thb Aoralg Health, Duanty, work, Amnugem-nis
clearl dt ea wi. i thacin tIn sly i. fle
;unecdote arid wNf. Witm beannsful colored iin.
trandis nIIe t,pt tne~ a p e loice bIr dlnJ
AS NM ENIhI MAIsL. No beok i ke it hs *wv
been put huleed
a.c'. MneU ?"*e'r * p'a"i.ia.Pea.
Planos an rgn g, 40*t
a ' js ln M t 8tpor
arei lgef aa sa p
e Ntasi 4o o t,N
ARE LINED WITH NON:CONDUCTING CEMENT
* RETAIN THE HEAT LON R..
DO OTBURNTH .
C H AR
When Trade is Dull Judicious
Advertising Sharpens It.
HOW YO ADVERTISE.
4% goo PETTENUILL
WHEN TO ADVERTISE.
4V- See PETTENGILL
WHERE TO ADVERTISE.
9w- Se PETTENUILL.
WHOM TO ADERTISE TIRo1101.
9P/ See PETTENGIL-L.
GO TO 37 'A It K RO W, NEW YOUK, and
4fi- qee PETTENOIIA.
COMP QOIj SW
EDq9~qn 060. A_
E~ XCU S
Tb the Leet lands. In the beat c11lae,iti the beet
inarkota, and on tho boat terms, alone QMOlin of It'j.
Mainly in the Famous
RED RIVER VALLEY OFTH E WOWTH.
On long time, low prioes and easy paymentiL
Pamphlet with fall information mailed free. Apply to
D. A. MoKINLAY, Land Com?r
St. P. M. 4m. R'y, St. Paul. Msin.
$10 CAsh, wit.heorrm nti
or si ines tw Ulno.es; or three lilies fou
$20 CAsh,In"adva"c, leenert iaT"dlr
8. DI. PETTENGILL- & 00.,
37 Park Row, New York.
Or, 701 Ohiestnut St. Phila.
Untied Staes lind Oanadas at t.he lowest rates.
erns celbte Sigl Broech-loadin Shot
anO up i tzo amotnd Brevo nladtn Guns Rife
make.. Au knds of sprtin i mlmot s and arti
GUNSat 8 p-te h a gns ye mad. for lmo
JOS. C. GRUBB & CO.,
712 Market St., Philada., Pa.
.PETT E I dr CO. erdi
tisemonts for publito de n ay rt oa th
world at lowest rates,
it ESTJMATES for one or inare lnse Lions ol
for warded on application.
GENTS' SEND POST A L FOR PRIO03
PINE eLfs mInstti stoo
T ade rit: asta e Phrildelha , PEA .aa"q i
A-nTreanerat i te oni-tmi ostona
phrity"- e s-York f eOr npnyInd.le
Trae o lstar reas ro theecorrwspteddentryn
Ftor eLoo, the OfVese adthe.P ounig-Roo.
F rThe bal mm ookhseriers. en r (le t rtiuara
ft to Honoraile Thnflow WeeK
1NDORSING DR. RADWAYS R. X. RREDIES
Ara SWO TNXM oa 91%b VKAX.
NZw YOX, Jan. do1871.
DNA% SM n-Having for several years ueyowI
nedioins. doubtingly at first but ator exper
aenn theoir efficacy, with I~ confidence, It Is
o a easure than a duty to thankIl
acknowledge the advantage we have derly:
from them. The villa are resorted to asotten
as occasion reuird, and Rwy wt the de
slred effect. Th Ready Reifcnot be bfit,
ter described than it is by its name. We ap
s inimyendt freently and frel,0 10
Drul yours, (sInd4URLW WEED,
R. Ra R.
RAD WAY'S READY RELIEF
OURRS THE WORST PAINS
In from One to X0 Kinutes.
now oNx noun
ater reading this advertIsoment need any one
SUFFBR WITH PAIN.
Madway's Ready RelIei tos obVre fen
EVERY PAIN. It was the first and is
The Only Pain Remedy
bbat Instantly stope the most excruciating
gains. allys Inflammations and cures Conge*
io:tk3 whether of the Lungs, 8tomach, Bo%v@14
or other gland, or oigans y one appllcation.
in FROM ONE TO TWzNTY MINUT-,
no matter how violent or excruciating th
Whe RHEUMATIC, Bed-rliden, IqAfrm, oripld
Nor% ous, Neuralglo, or prostra6d with E
RAIWAY'S READY RELEr
WLL AFFORD IRSTA-NT EAS.
IFLMMATION OF TUEB IIDNBYS
INFLAMMATION 01 THE BLADDER,
INFLAMMATION OF TH BOWELS
CONOBST~ION OF ThlE LUNQWN
BORE THROAT DIFFICUL BRHATHING;
H1LPITATION OF THIC MURT,
HYSTERIC, OROUP, DANIJTJRIA
COLD crL NEURALGIA, RHEUMATISM,
UOD HILW%AGUE OBILIM,
ORLBLAINS and FROST-BITAL.
-The application of the Ready 1eler to the
p or parts where the p or dLMouty existe
n,l aff Ord ease and comWrt
Thirty to sixty drops In halt a tumbler *f
ar wina few moments cau Cramps,
Spasms sour Stomach, Heartburn, sick HeA
koo,Tiarrhea;Dyifntery, Colic, WOnd In the
Dowbs, and all nternal Pains.
TravlArs should alw&A carry a bottle ot
Radwy'sReay Relief with thorn. A fe.w
drops I Water will prevent siakn6e or paM
rrr hneof water. it is botterthan Prt"o
Irandy or Bitters as a stimulant.
FEVER and AGUE.
Fever and Agnie ourod for Fifty Cents. There
Is not a remedlial agent In'the world that will
cure Fover and Ague- an al - Ue - E kal arioux,
i"1'", Scarlet, Ty,hoid '"llor and -ther
o a ided w Pills so ulal as
RADWA YSI sW botU&e
M'E GREAT BLOOD PURIFIER,
FOR THE UIRE OF0ERONI DISMASE,
11ROFULA OR BYPHIiTIO, RERUDITARY OR
De it seated in the Vungs or Stomach, BLle ot
Bones Flesh or Nerves, corrutlair the
Scuds and vitiating the AuLdjis
Chronic_RheuMatisM, 80rofula, Glandular
Swell1g Hacking Dr Cugh, Cnerous AlTc.
tions BYhlii Crpatsh flinu of th
Nat ibumn Bronchis Cnmptin.
Liver Complaint, &c.
Scrofuil od Cstuoa a 4 iess
but it is tb.e only positive ours lor
Kidney & Eadder Complaints,
Urinary and Womb Diseases, Gravel, Diabetes
Urne, irlgh t 5lsease Aluanun ia and I l
watr is1$ thck coudy, mixd withsubstar ce
ike the white of an egg, or threads like white
ance and white bone-ustdeposits an whe
passng water, an a i n tesal of the ba$
and along the loins.
Sold by druggists, PRIOR ONE DOL.rA n,
OP TEN YEAS GOWTH E12D BT DR,
Dr. BADWAY & 00., 82 Warren Street,
DR RAD WAY'S
Perfectly tasteless, elegaatly coated with sweet
5. apre, rua uify, ceanse and
disorders of tihe 8tomach, Piver, Bowels Eid
nos 3)~ Nervous Disases eadache,
sa. BiliUsness, Fever, inflammation of the
toelsr Pi an l derangements of te In
eur. urey e etbl eohtalnng oar
in Obsere the folowing symptoms resul.
e tpalngInward Pies, Fuliess of the.
18ngs or Flutterings in the Pit of the Stomach
Breathing, Flutterin at te Heda Chokigo
uliertIesatI wnshen in aligps
Pain in Head, Deflac o Pesiation 1.
lowness of Skin -and Ee,Pan Ia the'4
nhe ud ashe, of Heat, Burninga
te syst mo allo th abv amed disord
s. Price 16 cents per box. Sold by Druggiats,
Read "False and True,"
Ino Wto w ort sOans wllbe sentma
Are thie 1Cenpest flrst-eoan P'ruin tifee
saarket. CallI asad get priocs, or mnsd for
I Haussratedi Catnlogste used Paic,e Llit
ALORECHT & CO.,
Wareroomxss.: 010 Arch Rtreeit,
MORGAN & HEADLY
iffpader of Dam onds
Isa ct1 er of Spectaclet
nin..na Price Lies nas tehe sud
Th s setn~ ap ioAde . mo