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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., NOVEMBER 20, 1879. VOL. 111.-NO. 126.
ON THE BLY.
How oft at twilight hour
We two went floating off upon tho'wavol
The west resplendent with its sunset dower,
The east all luminous, yet softly grave
The ocean spread around,
Just ruffled, yet reflecting every hue,
Marking with foam each emerald islet's bound
And gliding back its billows to renew.
Then the lone sea bird sped
Ito trackless way with many a plaintivocry;
The winds swept slowly, and from ocean's bed
Rose perfumes that e'en now seem gath
Loaning on idle oars,
We gazed on hills whose feet were on the
Their crowns rose grandly where the sunlight
Its last rich flood on rippling sea and land.
In all the long. bright past
When ocean,earth and sky,in blest accord,
Their spell of light, song, motion, round us
There are no dearer hours in memory's ward
The cup our lips did press
In'that glad time was trembling to the brim
With its swift draft of mortal happiness
Not wasted, lost, but grown far-off and dim.
The Lost Ring.
Had I been my own mistress I should
never have served Marie Rosis. But pov
erty, the need of food and raiment, the
hungry mouths that must be filled, were
too strong for me, and I engaged myself to
her. True, she asked no reference; but
why need she?
"You are poor, Louise," she said, with a
slight French accent. "Money is of no ac
count to ic-I only ask you to be faithful.
I said that I should travel; so you must
supply your brother's and your sister's
wants before we go. I shall be liberal with
you. Take this." As she spoke she
reached out six or eight half-eagles. I
dr3w back my hand.
"It Is too much," I said.
"Allow me to be the judge of that. I
know what will be required of you."
A little chill ran over me. What would
he required of me f I looked up to see, if
possible, what meaning lay hidden beneath
"I shall travel as fancy pleases," she con
tinued. "One spot i8 as pleasant to me as
another. I go in search of something which
I have lost. It may be here, it may be
there. I have nothing to guide ne in my
search. It Is all blind chance.'
At first I was not happy in my migra
tory. I used to long for home-or what
had been home-and for the caresses of
those i loved. But this did not last long.
Marie Rosis soon grew to be the world to
me, and I her bond-slave.
Sometmes we rested for two or three
weeks from our travels, and then went for
ward, day after day and week after week,
without stopping. I do not know how long
I had been with her, when I discovered
that we were not traveling alone-that we
had a follower, who pursued us from place
to place with unwavering persistence. lie
did not seem to be conscience of us. le
never addressed us-lhe only followed us
like a shadow. I do not know why I did
not speak of hihn to Kadame, nor why she
did not mention hihn to me. I used to think
sometimes that she did not see him. And
yet, why noti Her eyes were too sharp to
* allow anything to escape them. Perhaps
she was afraid that she might alarm me by
speaking. We were two women journey
ing alone, with no one to protect us.. and
I was naturally. timid. Still, about this
man with his gentle mouth and clear blue
eyes, there was little to alarm any woman.
Ordinary people Madame Mario did not
notice; and this gentleman's presence was
not marked. So I tried to think no more
it wa/ Qftcr this stranger came that 1
learned what miads~m ws searching for.
_A ring that had mysteriously disappeared
from her finger one night while she was
sleeping. A strionge ring, with a garnet
heart for its pentre, all that she hiqd left of
Minieur Rosls. I glanced at her in sur
- "Was it your wedlding ring."
"Better than that-Monsleir-Rosis .gate:
.It to mep while lie was dying. ie came
brck to life to givp it to me-j~ust as we
turn 1 bapk when we have forgotiten some
- I looked at her keenly. Was the woman
"Hie gave it to me, and said that a eurse
* would follow me if I lost it. I did not lose
it-It went away from mep; but I aimnot
happy. Monsieur Ros was very hard."
"But you are not to blame for what you
could not help."
"Ahm I but if a-lover took it I" she said,
shaking her head slowly. "I hid falleri to
sleep in the drawing room-the day was
warm. When I awoke Monsieur's heart
was gone, and the air full of shadows. Ilve
been searching ever since for It."
She began pacing1 up and down the room.
We were stopping for a week'at a'hote- in
a large inland town. This conversation
had been carried on In the parlr-a long
wide room, .ookidig. westward. As maid.
ame walked I thought I had never seen pieg
* half so beautitpl. SIge wore ,a dress of
some soft black stuff, 'which trailed on the
* bright hued carpet. This was relieved by
a gauzy scarlet- mantle,- sa'delicatel and
flmy a the wings of a buttergy, While
she-Wety to ad fro ' oy ths strangor
pam. ioIselessly inla 15edl4ohb,
'hie did not iotio6-i 'bit 16 Ed Afglit.
out-of th'e window to the green tr~e ar md
lhyofd thaem to tqrtide sunset. <
p~r aypef, I grew angry and h at
sistently ? At least I would tell madame.
As I started forward to speak the strange
gentleman raised his (and to his forehead
and I saw something on it that glowed
blood red in the sunlight.' 1 looked at it
eagerly and saw the shape of a heart out
lined on the slender white finger. My
heart bounded. Here was the lover who
had stolen madam's ring. It should be re
stored to her, and once more she should
know happiness. Ai, how frightened I
got, though I While my lips were parted
to speak, and my hand reached forth to
touch lia arm, he was gone, and ' I stood
quite aloup with Madame Rosis.
"What makes you so white ?" she asked,
stopping short in her walk.
"Why, lie has gone I"
"Who has gone ?"
"The gentleman who walked beside
"Indeed, who so honored me?" she said,
increduously, "I was busy with my
'A'strange gentlenian walked with you
-near you-and as I started towards hiim
Ie disappeni ed.
Matame laughed a low, musical laugh,
but I saw that the white hand that clasped
her scarlet mantle over her heart was shak
Ing. Her lips grow white and dry.
"I hope lie was handsome."
"Very ; and a mouth like a girl's."
Her forehead grew puckered into scowls.
"And wh'at else?" *
"le wore a ring with a blood--red
I pray that I may never oil earth see a
face so fearful as was madame's at that
moment. I put ip a quick prayer, for I
thought she was about to kill me. Sile
clutched both hands about lmy arm and
held me closely to her.
"How dare you, girl?"
"I could not help seeing lim," I said.
'There lie is now outside, looking in at the
She cowered down at my feet, and cov
evered her eyes with her mantle. I do not
know how long I stood there, or how Idng
she knelt without moving. I know the
figure stood motionless at the window, look
ing at uts with steady, unwavering eyes.
Would lie never goV Would lie hold us
forever with that quiet, unflinching gaze?
At that moment I shrieked, and madame
sprang to her feet. A crowd came to see
us. and I fell back faiting.
In the morning we started. It was sum
mer time, and our way led through the
richest of earth's grounds. All was beauti
ful from the sky downward--birds, flowers,
fruit and velvety greensward. It spite of
everything I was happy.
''We will soon have a long rest," mad
amne said, as we whirled along. "You
shall hear from the brother and sister at
I was looking out of the window as sile
spoke. As I turned my face towards her I
felt soei one touch my shoulder. I turned,
around quickly. The stranger was sitting
near us in the train.
Iia presence seemed so real to me that I
spoke out angrily:
"If you please, sir- "
Madame looked around.
"To whom are you speaking, Louise?"
I know, then, that whatever I saw,
whether man or evil one, Madame Rosis
was conscious of nothing. I looked over
the face-at the blue eyes and gentle mouth,
downm at the white handy anld red rIng,
withlout a word.
"Monsieur Rease," I thought. "But why
does he follow madame ?"
We redo the day through withI thle fair,
Immovable figure beside us, and the dloctor
in the next carriage. The one seemed to
counteract the influence of the other. Nothl
lng could harm mnc.
At night we came to our resting place.
"Here we shall find the ring I" said Ma
dame, as we hurried out of the train. "It
is like an inspiration. I feel it throughl and
We did not go to a hlotel, but to a houspi
near tihe outskirts of thp towni. I hiow the
coachmnan of the fly stared at Madame
when sheo told him where to drnive us. The
night wa very dark. Locking around for
mly friphd, I oild nqt see him, mand I
thoeught that I was lot
.Warm, as4waS, th9 night, the place to
which we w~nt was chilly. Madame hatd
firps mnado in thme grntes and ordered wvine
to be brought.
'Where are we I" I asked.
'Pardon me for not saying. This ms my
home. No one dare intrude here."
No 0110? Was Madame surei As she0
spoke the pleasant-faced stranger, ghnost, or
nmn, camne nolselessly~n, .and sat down by
the flire. He wore thn~ame expression as
when I, first .seen hin. (3lanelig at lisa
hand, I saw the blood-red rIng glowing
upon his finger.
"You do not drink," Madame said, as I
sat holdIng the wino-glass. "What is it ?"
-I put down the 's *ith a' shtidder.
"Madame Rosis, I want to go home."
"This ls your hlome, By day it is .beau
tiful. To-nIght I know there are shladows
--and it is cold. We can have more tire."
"That Is not it--I want my sister.: i
seem W e tiflipg erp.". - wl
"ellwllIwi)plytoy g wl
8,he threw open thle'plap~nood Idavens,
what a wail came from it as hier .delicate
fingers ran up and down the keys! iWild
unrest, agong, despair found voice in the
melody whicb 'shme awakened. Theit hot
little handcs p~y4 f~,pftly; doin,
An'd tgr Vof1p imi weId
adedin itt1g.l- t al I u ould
hear thle falling of gh~ostly foet; the "whI*&
pre, igoslp*,Qj I9 ,9 'stig6
JMatnpI o4; q1 4a taq
was like that of a tomb I Wats I among
flesh and blood realities, or had I been
drawn into the charnel-house to expiate
sonic sin which 1 had committed? Sin, in
deed I what did I know of sin I
" Don't madame-don't I" I cried. 'You
are nervous. You shall go to your room
and have supper there."
She led me like a child. What could I
Up stairs It was more cheerful. The
fire was fresh, and the lamps gave out a
clear, steady lightr I drew a sigh of relief.
"You like it ?" said madame.
"How can I help it 1''
"I am glad. My room is opposite. In
the night, If you are wakeful, you can
come to me. But I think you will sleep.
I will send your supper up in a moment."
I did not wait for supper. Thoroughly
exhausted, bodily and mentally, I sank
upon the bed. I do not know how long I
slept. I started up suddenly from my pil
low, a fearful shriek echoing through my
brain. It was madame's voice that aroused
me. Ini a moment there was a sound of
hurried feet In the hall, a murmur of strange
voices. and some one threw open the door
opposite mine. I stole soft out, and crossed
the hall'to mnadame's room. There was a
group of strange people standing by her
A voice said, 'She is dead I"
"What is it-what killed her ?" I asked.
"I do not know. Probably her heart
was diseased. Some sudden fright did it.
The detectives have beei on her track for
"The detectives? Why ?"
'She poisoned Monsieur lRosis, her hus.
band. That is his portrait yonder," said
I gave one glance towards it. I had lit
tie need to look at it, since the face was
so terrible familiar to me.
"She has escaped justice," some one
"You are mistaken, she has gone to meet
"See I" cried another, in a startled voice,
"She wore his ring again."
I looked down at the little waxen hand,
now clay cold. On the white forefinger
the heart of Monsieur Rosis glowed and
burned. It was plain to me, no matter
what others taught. Maadame had died of
fright when the ring was plachd upon her
1Her impression had been true. She had
that night found her ring.
Water Supply of Venico.
Entering a little square shut in by high
houses, and, like most Venetian squares,
dominated by the unfinished facade of a
time-stained church, I noticed a singular
activity among the people. They were
scurrying in from every alley, and hasten
ing from every house door, with odd-shaped
copper buckets on hooked-ended wooden
bows, and with little coils of rope. Old
men and women, boys and girls, all gathered
closely about a covered well curb in the
middle of the square: and still they hur
ried on, until they stood a dozen deep
around it, Presently the church tower
slowly struck eight, and a little old imani
forced his way through the crowd, passed
his ponderous iron key through the lid, and
unlocked the well. The kettles went
Jangling into it, and came slopping out at
an amazing rate, and. the people trudged
off home, each with a pair of them swung
from the shoulder. The wells are deep
cisterns, which are filled during the night,
and it Is out of amiable consideration for
those who love their morning nap that they
are given as good a chance as their neigh
bors of getting an unsolled supply. It is
the first Instance that has come to my no
tice of a commendable municipal restraint
upon tihe reprehensible practice of early
rising. Few, very few, of those who came
for water had had time for their toilets.
Their day evidently begins with this ex
cursion to the public reservoir. Later In
my walk I saw a cistern being rcplenishied.
A barge filled witha fresh water lay In a
canal near by, and a steam ptump forceti
the supply tiirongli a hmose to tho square,
where pi gutter caied it to the well, The
water is of excellent quality. It is brought
through conduits from the E~uganean Hills,
near Padua, but Its distribution through
the city is carried on in thle original manner
indicated. F~or a city where the salt sea Is
thme scavenger, where ablutions are not do
rigqueur, and where water Is not a bever
age, the cost of laying distrlbu.ting mains
has wIsely been spared.
Draping Forest; Trees with Vines.
When we read descriptions of tropical
forests we are always struck with the
amount of climbers, creepers, lianas, grow
ing on the trees and dropping fantiastically
from branch to branch. The nearest ap
proach that I have seen to these fascinating
descriptions wag In the virgin forests of the
Sardinia. There the ciematla, wild vine,
blackb'erry, ivy, all but realize these de
scriptions of tropical scenery, and add mch
to tihe beauty Qf the forests. On my return
home I determined to imitate this feature
of the Sardinian forests, and planted a num
bor of climbers at the roots of many of my
trees, making soil for them. I had, how
ever, no success ; the roots of the trees ate
upI tihe soil, and the creepers dwindled
away. Eighteen months ago I hit upon a
plan which promises to be a complete suic
cess., I had some casks, large and entail,
cut in two, and holes made at the bottom
for drainage. Theni I had holes as larges
the half casks maderat tile foot of trees,
cutting awity roots to make room. Tile
trees no douabt suffer, but they soon recover
themselves. Them casks were filled withm
good soil, anad the creepers planted~thereig,
Vrinian ceepers, Boursault roses, . vlep~s
and( ivy. They are all doing verywe,
and are run:nin p the trees vigorously.IJy
the imetheWoo ofthe .eesk 5 ots the~
plants wil have established themsefves and
will, I trust1 be able~ to hold their owp, I
expect ia two or thtee years to have, my
tteos covered with garlands, fosto of
niitthe lianas ofthe topu
.eteeei ofild o d 46
qutrt, ato as B IEuMa e~~s
Quicklime may be used to absorb mols
ture and putrid fluids. 8prinkle it freely,
in powdered form, In all places to be purl
led. Gypsum can be mused for the same
purpose. Neither should be used in closed
drains, catch-basins or sewers, as they de
compose soapwater and form a new com
pound which obstructs the flow of fluids in
those places. Charcoal powder slhouhl( be
used to absorb putrid gases. The coal
should be fresh, and recently heated, and
mixed with lime or gypsun. Peat char
coal is equally good, and cheaper. Chol-.
oride of lime is good to absorb pultrid eNlu
via and to stop putrefaction. Use as lime
Is used. Black oxide miaganese may be
used for purifying collars and rooms, with
out disconmmoding patients. It may be
made of forty parts black oxide of magan
ese and sixty parts of common salt, and
may be distributed on plates. Copperas
may be used to disinfect the discharges
from patients affected with dangerous dis
cases. Ten pounds of copperas in a pail
ful of water, and a 'qpart or tN o poure -1
into places needing pirifleation will be ef
fectual. Chloride of sine, chloride of man
ganese, or proto-chloride of iron, may be
used in place of copperas. Permuagnate of
potash may be used in, disinfecting clothing
and towels. Throw the articles into a tub
of water with an oimce of the drug, to
every three gallons of water. The per
magnate of potash should be used in suill.
cient quantities to give a purple tinre to
the water. "Lahaquels solution" imay be
uscd for the same purpose. Neither of
these should be used for the disinfection of
colored fabrics is they will bleach Ilhem.
Chloride of zinc is equally ats good, and if
pure and neutral will neither bleach nor
stain. Carbolic acid and the coal tar dis
infectants are the most eflicient, and per
manent, antiseptics, but are generally too
offensive for indoor use. A gill of carbolic
acid in a pail of water. is one of the best
disinfectants for soeers, drains, catch
basins, water-closets, urinals, privies, etc.
It should he used in the same manner as
copperas. Carbolic acid is often mixed with
lime, forming carbolate of lime, to be used
for the same purposes. A mixture of ten
parts of quicklime and one part of the
cheap refuse oils from the distilation of
coal tar, is one of the most eflicient, prepa
rations for deodorizing foul places in the
open air. Bromine, either alone or in so
lution, or slbsorbed by quicklime or gypsum
is the most prompt and efllcient disinfect
ant for unoccupied and infected apartments.
The solution should be made in the propor
tion of one drachm to a pint of water, and
should be shaken until the bromine is dis
solved. Then distribute it In earthen
plates, or by suspending sheets saturated
with the solution. In forty-eight hours at
most, the most infectious rooms are diin
fected. For use fin occupied rooms one
drachm of bromine to a quart of water,
placed on plates beneath the bed, may be
used. Ncither bromine, chloride, or the
parmagnate of potassir should be used In
connection with the carbolic acid, as these
substances mutually neutralize each other's
Gaseous Gunpowder in Our Hooms.
Gas is essentially a mixture of compounds
of carbon and hydrogen, and by itself can
not explode, But if it be mixed with from
five to ten or twelve times its volume of
air we then have a gaseous gunpowder, in
which the gas represents the carbon aid
sulphur and the air represents the nitre. If
a light be Introduced into the mixture the
oxygen of the air combines with the carbon
and hydrogen of the gas, causing a very
sudden evolution of heat, a consequent sud.
den increase of volume and ar. explosion.
When a leak occurs in gas pipes in a house
the escaping gas rises to the ceiling of the
room, on its way thither mixing to a certain
extent with air. This mixing process is
continued after it reaches the ceIling, but
the continual supp~ly of gas protects that
which has first escaped, so that the state of
affairs after a good (deal of gas has escaped~
will be about as followvs:--At the ceiling of
the room there will be a layer of nearly
pure gas, lower down mere and more air
Is mIxed with it, until near the floor pure
aIr Is found. If any one finds himself In a
room, therefore, In wvhich their is a strong
smell of gas, lie may count upon there
being In some part of the room an explosive
mixture and should on no account adlmit
any light, not even a pipe or cigar, much
less a candle or match, Thme gas should be
shut off from the house at the meter, where
there Is a cock for the purpose. The win
dows of the room should be thrown down
at the top and the door opened, p~rovidedi
the draught is from the door to the wiln
dows, otherwise the door had better be left
closed. The cocks on the gas fixtures
should be examiiined to see if any of them
are turned on. If no such obvious source
pf leakage can be found, a gasfitter should
bo sent for and Informed that If lie cannot
find the leak without a lIghted candle or
miatchi his services will not be made use of.
The locality of a leak can be found by time
odor of the gas when it is turned on at the
moter again. Sometimes gas will leak
around the base of the fixtures where they
are screwed on the house pipes. In any
suchx case, where it is necessary to stop a
leak on short notice, a little common soap,
not too, dry, may be plastered over the
aperture. In many eases a piece of news
paper, several folds8 in thickness, and wet
so as to form a soft wad, may be put over
the leak and tied on so as to temporarIly
stop it. These are only expedlents for uise
m an emergency. No one should tolerate
a leak, as it may prove a very expenslyc
Ferrets are of two colors white and brin
dle. The white ones have pink eyes look
ing ,nineh like the glass beads seen in the
heads of artificIal mice. The brindle ones
have black eyes. Hecre is another point on
which the neutral character of the ferret
man is apparent. Nobody can get him to
say which color Is best. Heo will say they
are both as 'good as they can bqi and that
one is no better than theo other., If pressed
hard, ho may. tfter long'perseverance and
the expcrylltuare of a great. amount of pa
tience,. be brougt to adinut. that "the brin
dIe are prb~ya more 'arty anImal than
the whites, but .the whiites are, ekally as
gameoy as th .brindles." . b~ lucid, ex
patild isapod to set~y tijn most
ingn soextanco )jwvr is o. hoy. more
wape u phqtre.t his 8cotch
tor qp\ieto 'work bi hand. :A
It. (oes not always have where they are
not 8o trained. This is one of the draw
backs in a ferrets life. Often, when work
ing with dogs not used to them, the latter
mistake themt for rats and put an end to
their existance with a vim that would ,be
commendable were It employed on the
legitimate prey. There are other little in
conviences in the life and business of a
ferret which show that it has clouds as well
as sunshine. Sometimes they get Into
sewers, where the slippy surface affords
them no foothold, and the result is they
never get out again. As for the scratches
and bites they get in their encounters with
rats, they are as natural as the scars o i a
veteran or bruises on it prize lighter. A
well known ferret man of Philadelphia,
John Gregory, of Beach street, Kensington,
has about thirty ferrets, many of which
show marks of their conflict with their nat
ural enemy. On a recent occasion the fer
rets were employed to rid the house of a
gentleman down town, when onc of the
largest rats over killed probably was laid
out after a desperate tight by one of the
ferrets. The latter had its throat pierced
by the rat's fangs to such an extent that
daylight slone through, and the owner
sgarcely thought, it worth while to carry it
back home. Despite the rough usage the
ferret, with proper care is recovering. A
rat bite is not necessarily fatal to a ferret
if the rat is not diseased. Many ferrets are
lost, however, through being poisoned by
the bite of a rat that is suffering front some
distemper. Then too, the old plan of
poisoning a rat with arsenic and other poi
sonous compounds often works disaster to
the ferrets, who are poisonied in return.
lerret men are chary of places where poi
son has bep:i used, and if they know it will
not let their ferrets work under the circum
stances. "I have lost over *700 worth of
ferrets one way or another in one year,"
said the Kensington ferret the other oay.
I've lost a fortune in ferrets in my time.
Some were poisoned and some got lost in
sewers, I haven't nothin' like the stock of
ferrets I used to have. 'Ave 'ad as 'igh as
sixty and seventy at a lick in my time."
During the war lie took his ferrets (own to
Fort Delaware to clear the prisoner's pens
ani(d warehouses of rats. It was the largest
Job he ever had. "I killed over sixteen
thousand rats in three montis (own there.
The time when I am busiest is when peo
ple go away from their houses for the sum
mer or when they return In September.
'l'hat's a montl when I am busy. Keep
my dogs aii' ferrets goin' ill the time.
Get a great deal to do in the country
among farmers. Like to work in the coun
try better'n in the city. Ferrets and (logs
like it better, too. It's cleaner every way,
and the (logs get a better chance at t lie rats.
Ferrets arc not so likely to be lost either.
The advantage of ridding a place of rats
with ferrets over ridding It of them with
poison is that after the ferrets have killed
or driven 'in out, thait's the ed(( of 'em.
When you poison 'em they crawl into their
holes and (lie, and then you have to tear
the house (Iown to get 'em out111 and remove
Fainting is so comnion with some per
sons, particularly womneil, and the cause of
It so little understood by non-professional
people, that some knowledge on the sub
ject often proves valuable. Faintness con
gists in a temporary failure of the activity
of tie heart, the blood not buing properly
circulated in consequence. Al though it
(oes not reach the head, the sufferer loses
all clearness of vision, and if not prevented
may fall, the fall, not unfrequently restoring
the normal condition. There is no convul
Sion, and though lie-more probably sie
caii hardly be call conscious, lie Is not so
profundly unconscious as to be incapable of
arousal, as happens in epilepsy. There
arc all degrees of faintness, from merely
feeling faint and looking somewhat pale to
posItive and comp~lete swooning. Ini somte
cases, one faint is no sooner ece thiain
another amnd another succeedl, hour after
htour, even (lay atter (lay. If is scarcely
necessary to say that such cases arc seriotus
and need( promp~t. treatment. The causes
are various. Some personsi are so easily
affcctedl that they swoon If they cut their
lingers os see any ono bleed. Their de
fence Is oversensitive nerves and~ weak muts .
cular fibre. 'rho heart is essentially a mas
cle, whiicht Is feeble in some, strong In
others-feoble generally In womeni and
strong In meni. Whatever weakens the
heart and imuscles commonly produes
faintness, close, foul air being an active
cause. Whatever'grcathy affects the nerves
sucht as bad ntews or the sight of the (lisa
grccablo or horrible may indiuce a swoon;
and loss of blood Is another and a serIous
Incitement. Sound health naturally ac
compaied by firm nerves and( muscles, is
the best preventive of fauintness. The ma
jorIty of vigorous men go through all kinde
of severe and painful experIences without
faintinig, whitlo delicate ment and woiment
swoon at trithes. American womten, who
used to faint contintually-In crowds, at
bad news, at scenes of dtistres-now faint
comparattively seldom; and thle fact Is as
cribed to their relinquishment, for the most
part, of thte habit of lacing, to their Iucreats
ed exorcise In the open air, and their bet
ter physical condition. Not one American
woman faints to-day where, thirty years
ago, twenty-five women fainted, andl time
diminution of thto dIsorder, always the re
stilt of direct causes, is an untmistakable
evIdence which other things corroborate, of
the marked amlelioration of tho. health of
the highly organized, extremely sensltive,
but flexible and enduring women of our
A Itoeto of Mary Queen of Soors.
When Mary Quteen of .Scots was a pris
oner In tho castle of Lochiburn In the win
ter and early spring of 1508, site drew
young George Douglas, the stripliing bro
thter of William Douglas, the governor .of
Lochhiurn, into her favor for the purpose of
effecting her escapo. The youth was won
comnpletelf. On the evening 6f the second
of May, 1568, the keeper aund lis family
being at table, George seizedl the keys and
fled across the lake witht thte royal prisoner
For this romahtic allegiance Queen Miary
presented to George Douglag a lock of v her
hair. Now 4t so came about that as time
rolled on, this loek--of a silken texture
and beautiful pale auburn-was found
amuong some old papers at. 'Wishaw,' one of
*thte estates of the Douglas family. .And as
ti4io again passed, when the late John Car
roll Brent visited th9 lateo Mrs. Cathiarine
P e Douglae,. of Rose Hall, Scotland, a
alie1 shte phoW~d Ihin the l'ok and
og eeven years later, Iu 137,b t~
Parlshan Fasih Market.
Over the paving-stones thunder the heavy
railway vans that bring the "tide"-the
sole that you shall eat (iu 'in /lne at
your dejiuner, the turbot which shall 11g
utre (1, 1'hollanduisc oil the chibi) (' Crle at
dinner this evening. The "thie" is pinie
tual this morning. To day, at all events,
no modern Vatel will be dishonored or
need to run him8elf through, like the Prince
do Conde's celebrate(I cook, when, as Mne.
De 4evigne tells us in one of her most
sprightly letters, the "tide" was not forth
coming diring t he Grand Monarque's's st ay
at Chantilly. lut observe (lhe craimmined
railway vans drawn up ii front, of the pa
vilion. See how a hundred are stretched
out to assist in remov!ng the heavy basket,
fuls of fish. The grated gates are thrown
widely open by a score of subaltern func
tionaries. In the twinkling of an eye the
fish is transferred into the market, and
soon will be unpacked and laid out on
large flat baskets, in which it will be offered
for public auction. The noisy, animated
scene offers a striking contrast to the aspect
precented by the llalles in the days when
Paris was blockaded, and when three little
gold-lisli or a solitary gurdgeon front the
Seine-the only specimens of the piscine
species offered for auction-offered the oc
casion of it lively competition. The sale
does not ordinarily begin till 6 or 7 in the
morning, bt we may now step (own into
the lale cellars, where all the uisold edi
bles are stored ; where all the fresh water
fish, coming not merely from he home
rivers and lakts, bit also front those of
Iolland, Prussia, 'hwitzerlanld aid Italv,
is preserved In grated tanks provided witI
running witer ; where poultry is killed and
live rabbits and ducks are kept till wanted
in large wire cages; where butter, cheese
and eggs are piled up1) in so-called "pigec.1
holes" thai hold their tons, and placed its
fiar- as posstble out of the reach of the giant
rats who stalk abroad at deaid of night.
Each fish basket bears the name of its son
ter and of the factfcur, or salesman, who
is to dispose of it. An(l here be it men
tioned that the Belgian and English waters
supply by far the largest proportion of the
Balt water fish which comes to the Paris
llallles; half the mussels, too, are sent by
Belgiun ; while, as for oysters, now that
those of Essex and Ostend ate bought i)
for Vienna, St. Petersburg anidl Berlin,
Paris mainly relies oi Courseulles and St.
WNaast for her upp1ly--the Marennes beds
sending now-a-daiys but a few of their
small, green bivalves, and the "Portugo"
and tie "American,'" though pletlifuil,
being at a discount. You have heard tmuch
of the Paris tishwives, no doubt-insolent
women of the Angot type, ias their reputa
tion goes-and, in truth, they are not it
all reined females. In the old days, as
now, their language was distinguished by
rather too much force of expression, and
it special edict Wias enacted a hundred and
forty years ago, making all ladies of the
I [idle convicted of insulting purchasers or
passers-by liable to a fin of live hundred
livres. I lere, where the fish mart stands,
once stood the King's pillory, a sign of his
jurisdiction over the mnarket folks. Often
ders sentenced to public exposire were
shown to the crowd on a platform revolving
roiund a coiical-Capped tower, Iigh to-whicl
was the residence of "M. De Paris," th,
lIed-handed Man of tlie Axe, who, imore
over, derivedl his maintenance from a tax
levied on the good peonle ot the Ilalles.
When Jacques D'Armagnae was beheaded
on the market-place, in 1477, before motint
ing tihe scaffold he prayed for the last tine
in t le lilsIr, whieh, out of honor for his
rank, was washed and perfunied with vine
gar. Still, the aspersions, however liberal,
failed to rob the spot of its piseatory odor,
inhaling which, the noble miscreant passed
out of the world There is an old, but er
roneotis legend to the effect that his children
wereC stationedi undoernteathi the scaffol
duirinig the executIon, so that, by a refine
menit of cruelty, they might lhe baptized
wilth his blood.
igUiistto u leitter.
lit spite of ofllciail warntings and notices
alnost without ntumbtler, pe(ople still con
tinute to sendt to the Post-oflice articles which
cannot, be hiandled or delIvered. Ini the
New York ofilce, within the past month,
the searcher department, has founad in the
miail bags and bel as unmailabhle matter
llaccei.ed .4livc. -Rattlesnakes, black
snakes, coppethead snakes, moccaslin
snakes, eats, grasshoppers, b~ees, horntets,
wansps, alligattors, cantary bird, pototo bugs,
horned frogs, tortoise, turtles.
Jtecciued Dead, -Mice,. buitterfilies,
humming birds, rats, Insects, squirr, Is,
quail, buigs, phieasanit.
C'ooked .Articles.-Plumn puddling, boil
ed quail, hian', sandwviches, bread an'l but
ter, cake, crackers, bread pudding, jolly,
custard, cheese, sausages.
Miscellaneous. -Pistols, loaded cdrt..
ridlges, torp~edoes, mtedlicines, glassware,
clothinag, sol led u ndergarmentts, ahy
clothes, hosiery, haIr brushtes, combs, car
penter tools, pieces of machinery, fence
wire, anid silver watches, jewvelry, novelties
andlnationls of all kinds, shrubs, roots,
sclons, herbs, fresht and dlriedl ; fruits and
flowers, six cases of dlynamnite, whleh wore
thrown into the East river to prevent seri
Boston -in 1780.
Boston, town contiaining about 18,000
inhabitats, is buIlt ont a semni-island, which
is greater in lengthi than breadth. Ithink
that it is larger than Genova; there arc
gardlens, meadows and orchards in the cen
tre of the town, anid each famIly has gen
orally a house to itself. The houses are
seldom higher thtan pno . or two stories.
'They are of brick or wood, s. covered with
boards and slates, having flat roofs, and in
many places lightning conductors, nearly
all of which are three-pointed. There are
one or two straight streets; there are nio re-.
markablo public buildigs ; there Is a very
spacious harbor, protected by islands
which leave only tiwo narrow' abannels, a
state of things rendering the town impreg1t'
abio if fortifid this Is 1 tiltat . have :to
tell yot about loton. The inbAb1iants are
deol~od of defliay, idtahd knowledgo,
.ttnd there is notsiuch to ber sad Mbout tlfei
uprlgh(ness, 160rto0a4 regterd hW
whofn the n a~on~il~sd~ot~~*
ten i uqm r
"Does the tail precede or follow the
"That depends on which way the comet
"Would the absolute good of any num
her of oysters ever counterbalance the good
of the individual eating them?"
"Well, I don't know. I doubt if you
would be JustifIed in eating all the oysters
on the globe at one iieal."
"I read in the paver, Professor, that
there is a woman in New York who has
been unconscious for twenty years, and in
that time has eaten nothing. Do you think
that is trile?"
"Ol, yes, sir; the graveyards are full of
"Do you think that I have written
enough oin this question ?'
"Really, sir, I don't know. We are not
accustomed to measure these papers by the
"'W'hat will my rank be this term?"
"That is not so easily determined, as it
is less than any assignable quantity."
"%I haven't the the slightest idea on that
"I've noticed that you have been in that
painful state of mind for some time."
"I can't recite that lesson, Professor, ai
"Really, sir, I didn't suppose you would
let a little thing like that bother you."
"Can I translate 'ezto cquo temere,' 'A
horse acting at random '?
"Your horse hais certainly acted it ran
d1om1, Mr. Blank."
"What is the trouble with the lesson to
"Too long, Professor."
"I am afraid that, in your case any lesson
would he too long. "
'llow was the velocity of light con
"By caleulations on the satellites of
'Very well, but how ?"
'11y astronomical observation-T mean,
that is, oh, I see, by eclipses."
"That will do, sir; the eclipse seens to
"(live mie a dtescription of the stomach
of a horse, Mr. L."
''Can't do it, Peofessor."
'llow does the stomtch of the horso
differ from that of-the next man-the
"Will you give the difference between a
state and ia condition ?"
"I don't think I cta state it, doctor."
''I am sorry yqu are not in a condition
to (o so.."
"Do you think it Is right to argue on a
question against your own convictions ?"
"I am not prepared on this lesson."
''Consult your common sense, then. A re
you prepared on that ?"
''Why does a cloud stay ti) in the air if
the particles of water are heavier Iian those
"I give it up."
"The explanation is that it does not stay
up; it falls."
The Vineyard State,
The first vinies planted by the hands ot
men in the Golden State were set out by
tIhe Spanish priests in 1771, at the Mission
Sant Gabriello. Soon following, every Jes
uit post in California was supplied with
vines from Spain, and the "monks of old"
qualfed the sweet wine therefrom an( on
joyed the clusters of flaming Tokay many
years before the province passed into our
hands. One of these old vines is still living
at a ruined monastery in Southerin Califor
nia, where its roots feed in the warmn moist.
soil of a tepid spring. It is trained upon a
framework of trellis and its laterals actual
ly cover more than an acre of ground. It
is not as thrifty now as it has been hn its
ye mtger days, wvhen the recordls showv that
as uch as two tons of fruit have been
gathleredi in a single season from the wrint
kied arms of this grand 01(1 Nestor of thte
i'aeific vineyards. In 1856 a careful cout
of thme planting in Califoraia 'disclosed the
fact that there wvere thten .1,500,000 vines
growintg under cultivation in thte State, and
to-dlay the best authority-thc Prtesident of
the Vinieumltural Society of California-es
timates from the data in lis h~andls that
there are forty and1( forty-five millions of
be.iring vines it that Comnnnwealthm. Tils
hnuicates very plalily the enormous plant
ing of about three thourand acres of vine.
yari every year since 1850. Thtis extraor
dinary rate of Increase sets the mind to
calculation, and in mild astonishment the
resutlt of such progress for the coming fifty
years will enable the vine-growers of Cali
fornia to produtce annually one hundred
million gallons .of pure grap wine. Ini
Califoriuia to-clay there are 60, 00 acres in
vineyards, andi the capital employed in the
culture of grapes and tho making of
wino is $30,00,000o. rThe annual product
amounts to $2,80,000, not raking Into ac
couint the surplus stock. .It is also signifi
cant that California ,in 187~ produced,
exportedl and conspuxed he),s f twice as
mutch wine as the v1l eVnited States
imported from' France. The Cahifornia
wlines are not adulterated; indeed, grapes
are so sweet and so cheap thait It would not
pay to (10 so. fThey are mna~e fromt the
juice of the grape alone, wlthgut thte addi
tion of water, sugar, alcohol, coloring mat
ter or fiavoring essenced of any kind,.
They are often sold howeidr; under 'fa4,
guise, with the spurious labeli of Frenoh
and Uerman wines iflixed,. Tiie machinet
and apparatus a~enerally employed in Cai
fornia are vastly s'uperior'to tose used ~
other countrW,' and it' (egd to geml'K "
cheapcp the cost of manufgtre
A Camp-Meet ng 2IIpispe,
Last fall John Baket,g Youudg man of
high standing, was inlicte& by the GrndY
Jury of G.uadaloupoe ounty -or the um
of a~young-man ntjmd a14tt 1I~t11f4'<'
After exami~natin,ti'aher was N
bail, and hiaselin 'henA M .ibL' E
murder being exciiedlaglfattgous h1t'
release on;biond. arp~Used ,tl) p1,vI<
talked of lynchinghw~tl ~~eq~
w te diyision of,1oib uIyt
in whiclA Balkert 1 4l~
botic s(len~ Iec~t7' .
while th4o' ii ~