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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S.C., DECEMBER
A pen-to registor, a key
That win is through so rot wards.
Aro well aesigned to Xvmory
By allegorio Datds.
As aptly, also, might be given
A peno I to her hand;,
That, -oftening ohj ete, sometimes even
Outati ilia the hearts demand.
That smooths foregone distresa, the lines
Of ,ingering easo subdue*.
Long-vanishod happiness relines,
And clothce in bribhter hues.
Yet. like a to 1 of Fancy. worki
Those 8pecres to dilate
That startles Consolence, as ho luriks
Wi.hin her lowly seat.
0 that our lives, which fleo so fast,
In purl y woro such.,
That not an image of the palst
Should fear that poncil's touoh!
Itetirement Ihen might hourly look
Upon a tothAling soo0e,
Age steal to h.s allotted iook
Cunl ented ami sor ne.
With heart as calm as lakes that sleep.
In frosty moonliaht glisteniug;
Or mountain iliver, wher, ahioy creep
Along a channel smooth an I det p.
Tj their own far-off muranirs htoning.
THE SISTER'S BEURET.
Please don't, H arry, you hurt me."
The dark, handsome face softened sudden
ly, and Harry he:l' swl kissed the soft little
fingers, crimsoi from his angery pressure.
"Forgive me, Aetate. I did not know.
How fierce I must seem to you. Tho truth
s, I was beside myself. And you see that
I have reason. Think of it. An arm that
was mine cneircling that blender waist. It
was enough to drive one frantic. I must
have an explanation, or our engago
mont Is at an end."
"I cannot say moro than I have. Harry.
I tell you again that your suspicions are
cruel and unjus'-further than that I can
notr If you do not trust me, it is best that
we should part."
"It Is as I thought. You are only too
glad to be rid of the old love before you re
ceive the now."
le caught her fade between lia two hands
and held it while he studied it, half angrily,
half tenderly. -
The girl bore his scrutiny for a moment
Then the red lips began to quiver, and
the eyes to fill with tears. -
He suddenly kissed her.
"That is ny farewell to love and Jaith.
Good by to both."
Then with long stridesho hastened away,
as tkough afraid to trust himself to look
Nettle watched him until out of sight;
antithen, with n'long, sobbing sigh, she
"It Is bettor thus. I could not keep my
secret safe with that listrustf ul, passlonate
nature ever on the watch. Oh, Charlie,
Charlie, what am I suffering for you I"
Harry, as he said went away from the
place, not intending to return until lie had
covercomo his great love. But nature
proved too strong for his resolution. le
was drawn back as though by i1 -isibl
lie wvas a young physician, and had been
taken Into partnership wvith the oldest, and
mfost skillful practitioner i the town.
When he reached his house, after a few
days absence, Dr. Liddell met him at the
"You are just in time Harry. I have been
called in haste to old Mrs. Steinburg's dying
bed, and that poor girl at the hail is in too
critIcal a state to be neglected. I will trust
her to you."
Harry's lips turned ashen pole.
"Whom did you say ?"
"Poor little Nettle Webster. It seems
weeks instead of days that I've been attend
lug her. She wae stricken dowvn suddenly
with such a fearful type of brain fever that
i've been there three or, four tines a day
trying to keep lher from dying. It's near
the crisis now."
Harry waited to her no more.- He took
his case of medicInes, and hastened to the
Au old servant mno% him at the door. She
had evidently been watching for the doc
"How isMiss Webster to-day?"4 was H~ar
ro's whispered question.
"Quiet; She's stiil sleepiug lIke for the
first time since she's been took, Sihe's al-.
ways been a sayin' to herself, 'Innocent
innocent I Oh, Harry, trust me 1' Then
she'll ramble off about Charlie. I can't for
the life of me toil who they is she means.
It's.nmoet -likely soniO of themn stories she
read* 1has got. into her head, and in her fever
she thinks she's acting in 'em."
Poor Hlarry I Well he knew what it
meant. As lhe went tqhler bedside he felt
as though he had killed her.
There she lay, quietly.. But it was the
- calm of exhaustion.
-One short week only sInce lhe had seen
her-but the rounded outlines had grown
strangely sharp, and the luxuriant hair
whioh msd clustered about her, temples in
tendtiflikoenurs, had l7oon cut close to her
~1' fHe bent ove' ten' and listened. to hei
breathing, eritIcally. Then he turned to the
a'Do not let her be disturbed en any .ac
4" count. I will be in Ageln in the morning.
with Nettie-his arm about her 'raist, and
her -;es looking up with an expression on
intense ipterest into his face.
It was in i secluded nook in the rear of
the Webster estate where few ever went.
Harry not finding Nettle at the house had
thought to find her there. and had gone in
search of lier only to be torn by jealous rage
at her supposed duplieity.
lie said now :
"Perhaps it will be well for-you to defer
your visit, Miss Webster is now at the
point of death.''
Aggrieved as Harry felt himself, he could
not but feel sorry for the stranger. Ieatoo
a ioment a though benumbed. Then ha
said, huskily :
"Miss Webster-Nettle (lying I I must
see her. What I have to say in of great im
portance. It will almost bring her loving
spirit back to earth to hear it."
The answer came cold and decisive:
"To all appearances Miss Webster is be
yo.id help- At any rate, all dependson ab
solute quir t."
"Oh, my little sister I I fear her tender
heart has been overburdened with my trou
Harry caught his arm convulsively.
"Did I hear aright? Is Miss Webster
"Yes, my darling, only sister. Though
no one knows of it. I have been in trouble
and all because I was taken for someone
else. F->r the past four years I have been
under a cloud of disgrace, though an inno.
cent man. That is why my father bought
this place. and removed from his old home.
ie couldn't stand having the name con
nected with a criminal, and he wasn't quito
sure of my gtilt, neither was lie Confident
of the truth of my denial ; so lie asked me
to keep at a respectful distance from his
new residence. Nettle, thank God, saved
my faith In humanity. She never doubted
me. To-day I came hither with a light
heart, for all is cleared up. 1 have the dy
ing deposition of the rascal who had kept
out of the hands of justice, leaving me to
suffer for his actions. Ti'st is why I said
that my news might hasten Nettie's re
covery. If she dies, the light will go out of
my life. Dear, unselfish little sister."
Harry's heart absolutely sang for joy at
the thought that Nettie had been true and
loyal to him as she had ~said, though
through it all surged a wave of sorrow and
remorse at his own cruelty.
Ile caught the young man's hand and
wrung it warmly.
"You are the Charlie then about whomi
she has been raving in her delirium ? You
are right. As soon as she awakens her
mind shall be put at rest about you, and,"
he thought to himself, "about one other
fitstn,' unjust heing who does not deserve
hat she should live to bless him with her
The next morning he went again to her
She had not come out of her heavy sluim
her. so lie stationed himself by her to
watch the turn of the disease.
For several hours there was no cbange.
Then she moved and opened her eyes,
After a timle she seemed to comprehend
that it was Harry. Then, with a look of
intense pleading, she whispered:
He stayed the words upon her lips with a
"It is all rIght, darlliig. I knew all. Your
brother Charles is here--not only. innocentt,
b~ut proven so. Now you need worry nto
more. All you have to do is to get well
and make us happy."
With a sight of content the heavy eyes
closed. The opiate had taken effect, and
otnce more slumber had shut out the scenes
ol the outer world.
After this her recovery was rapid, and
when, a few montihs after, the foad old fa
titer gave hecr away at the alter to be loved
and cherished at the hearthstone of anlother
lie was not lef t alone-his son, restored on1ce
mor0 e to lisa proper place among men, stood
Chaarlie Webster says that lis sister's un
doubting conindence int his innocence at the
time whien all others turned against him,
was his salvation.
lie mightt have lost all 1hope, and, in his
hot anger at human Injustice, have really
sunk into the ranks of crimitnal life.
Hie did not know until long years after
how near Nettle came to wrecking her ownt
happiness. Then lie said:
"ft .was just like you, Nettle. When we
were both little children you always man
agedl to bear the brunt of my isidoings.I
roeember drubbing several boys among my
schoolmates for nick naming you 'Nettle,
Harry, who was also a listener to Char
lie's speeh, thtought how nearly that last
trial had won for his darling the martyr's
crown, and conslgned hinm to perpetual
mourning for his unreesoning htarshiness and
cruelty to her whom he loved better than
The Colorada Desert.
The Colorado Desort may be properly
termed the Sahara of the Pacific coast.
Upon a clear, full moonlight night tile tray
eller may form seime idea of the sterility
and lonoliness of tis Pacific Bahara. You
are in the midst of ani ocean of finne, white
sandc; not an elevation, hardly, nor a de
cline of tefeeblest nuatute, resents itself;
the mosquito, the theschal and the cacti,
have einti rely disappeared, and not a bush
nor a blade, of grass remains; no living
thing, not cvn a bird nor an Insect 10 to be
seen. A death-like stillness seems. to per.,
vade the scene, and an awful unbroken qtiL
et prevalls. In) this: Tar4onars locality, it
is spid, rain povet (lashend4; no dew eveor
falls; no dollolous exhalations of the even
itl over totlch the fey'ered face of nature,
3Qdwull 4nu ' g#s r the so rh
What to (o with sink water and the s1op
of the house in those hot days when fer
ientation progresses at a two-forty pice
is a puzzling question for farmers. Citie
and hrge villages are provided wit soim
JuIliC system of sewerage, but In the couti
try every mau is expected to look out fo
his own refuse, and those who do It intel
ligently are few and far het ween. Mos
farmers' wives throw their slops out o
the (toor, where they lie and ferment, fill.
ing the air with miatsma, anud satuntinl
the earth with poison that slowly 1hi(s it
way to the well and thence to the table
1rom1 many at kitchen sink at lead nipe con
U Icts the (11811 water through the siding o
n muse, whenice it lalls to the ground wit ill
a foot or foot or two of the celhar will
through which it percolates, a1.1 thus con.
tamna'les the- iair both I mide aid outside o
the honse. The privy (if the farm hous
ia wont to be neglecied auo, so that, In
stead of being a reservoir of fertility to the
land, it is a n1 ance1, and more than ti ii
a frui til so1.c3 of disease. 8o great i:
the neglect of these thinags among the rutra
population that citizens are beginning t(
think that tie air and water of the cit~y an
purer than in the country. There is n
necessity for this state of thliigt. At a tri
(iing expense--if the farm house is sitatet
on some cle atilon, as It sh,>uld be-thl
sink watter and all the refuse of tiae cham
bers can be conveyed in an undergrnun<
tile to a field and thus made to do service
as a fertilizer. Iron is so cheap nowalayi
thadt a three or four inch pipe i8 probahil
ia economical a conduit for the refuse a
can be had. Glazed eart' en pipe, howeva
answers a good purpose. Ceiet pip
and commnon clty tile are so rontgh tha
they are liable to clog. There is nore o1
less grease in dihl-water, aid this is de
posited as the water cools on the side of th
dtU;D, t> dtii a iaall pipe will not allswe
for a sink outlet. The drain can lie ma(
of stone, but in this place it saould hN
large, and cemented near tle house to pre
vent the carth from becoming saturaite
with poison. When the (train has reachle(
a field which it is desired to fertilize, n(
e6ment is required, and open ditches oi
porous tile may convey the refuso lin differ
entc directionis. In aill cases there shouk
be a valve in the sink to prevent tile tnox
ious gases from returning to pollie ti
house. It is also a good plain to let th<
overflow of tile cisternis rn into the sini
drin. This will aid in keeping the drait
clear, atd distributing the fertilizing ma.
terbl in the fields.
If any farnmnr tins located ills house S(
low that the refuse cannot be carried to th<
neighboring fields, he is to te pitied; still,
if the soil is a dry, Sany(13' loam, I ho situtatiol
is not desperate. A large siuk hole-sia
or cghlt feet in diameter, according to th<
size of the familly-cana be (lug at a sita.
ble distanec from the house, wailed up or
the sides and planked over on top, int(
which the refuse can be conducted, whene
it will be gradually absorbed by iho soil.
If at any time the hole becomes filled witil
solid matter, it can be sloveled out ab(
composted with dry muck or earth ama
Iado Into a valtaft,lo fortilir.cr. If ony on
Is so nifortunate as to have built, inheritet
or, purchased a house in a low, swampl
spot where drainage is impossible, our aid
vice is, that he should move it to a higher
site, and if it is not worth iovi ng to buil<
a new house and make firewood of the oh
Grammntar ti ithyme.
The annexed effusiot has been publishei
from tiie to time during the past. twent;
years, but the namie of tle author shouh
not have bedn allowed to sink into oblivio.1
on the contrary, lie deserves immortality
and the gratitude of generations yet ui
born, for we have never met, with so comi
plete a granmmar of thte English lanlgunig
in so small a space. Old as well as younta
shlould commit these 11ines to mem'tiory, fo
b)y their aid it wiil tbe dlinicult, if not im
possible, for thema to fall into eriois con
cerninag parts of speech :
Three lIttle wordis yen often .ioo
Are artilels a, an. atnd th~a.
A non is tha amo of any thing,
As school or gardein, ho p or sw.n..
.Anject'ves show the kin I of nn.
As great, small, pretty, white or brown.
Instead of nonus t' o proinouns andll
Her head, his face, your arm, my hand.
Verbs tell us somnetinag to b)a doneo.
To read, count, laugh. ung, juaip or ralm.
How thuais are dono1 tihe advt rbs tell,
As slowtly, quick'y, ill or well.
Coanjuantions j .in the words together,
As men and worn n. nina I or weattaa
The proposItion stands beforo
A noumn, as ina,'or thronlgh, tthe door.
Th~e Interjection sho1w 4 surprise,
As 01.1 how pretuy I all! how wIse l
Thle whlole are cal od nih o part'- of sporoh,
WVhich readIng, wr tin.-, spnkidng, teaob.
yitant, a l'ttnt, a Nice Pot.
An ingenious expedlienat was devIsedt
save a p~ris( ner charged with robbery Inl thl
Criminal Court at DublIn. The prinacipe
thing thtat appeared in evidence againm
hhn was a confession, alleged to hlave bee
made by him1) at the police onlece, atnd tske
downt in writing by a police officer. Tha
documaent purportling to contain thd6 sell
sacrificIng acknowletlgment was produce<
by the olicer, and -tho following passag
was reiad from1 it:
"M angan said he never robbed bu
"Said it was Crawford."
This it wvill be observed, lias no mark c
puncttilon, but the mepinng attached t,
It was, that
"Manlgan said ho never robbed bu
Said it was Crawfor'd."
Mr. O'Gormnan the. counsmel for tho prig
oner, begged to look at theo paper. II
perused it, and rather astonished the pene
officer by asserting that so far from prov
ing the msn's guIlt, it clearly establishe
the nyain's inn eonce.
"This," said the leafned gentlemnan, "I
the fair andi obvous reading of the sen
"Mangfan aid ho tieoer robbedl
Bu twice said /twas Crawford.
Thi i tpro i n bsiIs iuo
-4 ' ;
Biairam wits colebratieil in C ngtantinople
oil the 17th of Septonber' On the previotis
afternoon a merry peal o iitillery aniounc.
i ed that the tweutly-eiglht Ilaya or feast were
over. The ships in the hirbor were instant
13 decked with ilais, an Smiles playEd onl
tit fles of the true believer4, who, for
getfutl for a while of the ladness of the
times, deternineu on spending a nerry daiy
on the morrow, and conu(Itently laid it a
stock of shekers(sweet is) and various other
en ables and gewgaw fineries. At early
dawn the Sltni left his pailce at Yitiz
aind went to the iiosI1ti tint lie ihiktash, and
lot, asg is the wont otn this ocen;iioni, to the
Old Sertiglio. After the 1h4ltan iad per
formed hit devotieis 'ho returned to the
Aeshikalns, Laiace to hold a reception. lie
accordiingly took Is seat, on a spucis
throne of gold in the apartment known as
the "Throne Cbamber. 'liscihanberlains
- and other houisehold otflcers stood in their
gaudiest attire hehind him, while to the
right andI(I left, in front, tuad at rigit mltttrles
to the tlotne were rItnged tihe palace Iides
de-cllps. To ile right of Ihe t hrone Stood
Osa l ba, of Ptevait renoWni, hold(linig
it alken cord proceeding frot the throne,
which Ilie visitors kissed and put litp re
verently to their forieals. Mutnir Efilendi,
the Master of Ceremonies, stood in front of
ithe Sultan, and its the Visitors ipproneled
-ie vollid beld toward the ground and IHil
thei wilh a graceful satlim. As soon as
the Suiltan had oceuipied the throm, tile
visitors enteled otie by one by a door to the I
right of the Sultan, and, 4dvaning slowly,
st~oicd fo) kiss the itkent eord, and then
crossing their huntds to t heir breast, with
dowlenst eyes, they withildrew, without
turning their backs, and ,ook a position to
the right of the lhronio. As visiteor after
visitor did the same t sI-: tier ite was form
ed, which, oil approchilng the end of tlie
room, took a curve and swept round to the
left. The first to be admiltled was Aridt'
Pashia, the Grand Vizier: then cante Mathi
motd Nedim, famous in the annals of
Turkisi btankruptcy ; then Satet, Ninister
of Finance; thien Khaireddin, late Grand
Vizier; and then the other ftiiiionarisi of
lthe Etmpire, and those who had the title of
Bahh (Excellence), the Sulan standing to
receive those wiose title wavsthat, of Miushir.
The reception of the civil body over, his
Majesty left the room, but retutrned shory 13,
after to receive the ceclesitnsieal body. 'IThe
ceremony wits in ai reszpeets the samne, ex
cept that the hem of the Sultan's garment
was kissed instead of the cord. The Suit an
received hi& visittr3 withont uttering a word
except two to the Grand \'izier, who ap
peared not t0) have beard them. The silence
of the reception was only broken by the
I]mperial blind, which played lively nutsic
all the while. By noon all wis over, the
Sultan withdrew to his kio-k at Yildiz, I le
Mtiftis responded to the InhTezzin's ell t
prity r, and the Pashas sought the stillh.Cs
of their country residences.
Hlotel Clerts VindictedCl.
"When I was your 'age," said Grand
rather ito) m - --a I,-& the
ullreliability of the newspape.s, "when I
was at your age I iao the saime fault to
find with the papers. I couldn't believe a
word that was in 'em. For instance every
day I read some screed about hotel clerks
stickin' up their noses at poor but respect
able people who were forced to stop with
thetm. At that, time I was proprietor of the
Fifth Avenue Ihotel, an' was runnil' it on
the European plan-if you don't see whtat
you want ask for it, no trouble to show
good.', an' that sort of thing I didn't be
lieve a word of what the papers writ about
hotel clerks, all' was mighty mrye mine
wa'nt that way. To satisfy lyself, how
ever, all' windicate hotel cleiks every
w-here, I put up a job on the newspapers.
A smile lit up grand.itlicr's contenance
at this stirring of tmemtory's embers, but it,
quickly vanIshed, andl he went on:
"I allus dressed in the height of fashion;
.lbut I bjotrowedl a suit of clothes of John
Jacob Astor, ain' disguished myself as a
poor but honest person fromn the interior.
-'"I hiad let some friends into the scret,
an' thtey were present, to se0 hotel clerks
vindicated an' a stingin' rebuke admiis
tered to a scurrilous press."1
At this p~oint gratndfather chuckled
"When all was ready I walked Into thei
Fifth Avenue, carryin' an ordinary hookin'
grip-sack, an' registered as John Crab
applle, from Srined~unk.
"'Nice day,' I salIa, as5 1 ornamented the
register with liy stage naltnle.
"~ 'Glad to hear It,' said the clar~k, as hie
flxed his necktie at a lookin' glass in the
"'What time kin I got a train to Ilunck
ensack ?' I asked, for 1 knowecd that par
ticular clerk was strong on time tables, and
I wantedl to fetch him out ofore the invIted
guests, who were sittint' aroundi takin' it,
all In. lils reply knocked me cleat oiln
lily pins, lie snidl, nevei' once takin' him
self away fro:n tihe lookin' glass;
"'See here-, imy bldl-hteadedl patriarch,
you don't see no peCoplo sleepin' arounad
-here on benches whth their valises between
thielr'feet, do you? You don't see no man11
shovin' trunks around loaded wit h trunks,
do youi You don't observe any little girls
ruinnln' aroundlt with apples to sell, do you ?
No, I reckon nlot? iThs Is no depot, dedt
sir. if you tatke mec for a ticket-agent, a
y baggagre-smasher or a brakeman you get
a let. I rull a hotel, not tatmere railroad."
1 "1 was mad ats a wvet hen, but I waited
t a spell. When he'got his neck-tie to rumn
parallel with hits moustache lie turnied
taround an' asked mel what I was after, an'
a if I wvould niind removin' my carpet-sack
.from the counter an' carryin' It out to the
I stable, where it evidotitly balonged.
a "ThIs w~as rubblin' your grandfather the
wvrong way of the hia'r, but as I had gone
t Into the chieme for the good of clet ks in
genelal, .t naturally thonghtt I could standi
it if they could.
t "I said I would lIke to hatve a room, If
) it was all the same to hIm.
"fle said lie would gIto me a room In
I the cellar, only ihe was afeard I might
"'Vpunlg man,' saId I, flarin' UP, 'I 'hey
monoey to paty my way an' sleep In thme
3 bridaf chamiber, an' I don't propose to take
no lip from any stack-up hotel clerk.'
"'Whose a stuck-up hotel clerkt' ho
I yelled, dancin' OUt of his litten der', an'
puttum' up'his hands, Who's a stuck-up
si hotel cletk B'
I"I told bhim I wtas only jokin' an' was
IwhIli' an' anxioils to take it'allback; but
110 Woitint ha~ve it. H-e danced 'roun' an'
bobbcei an' dowh an' final lti4 a19 a
a tord1b l~o on thE nos T oe that
?~a*k A 9 4 Ab WS ~ &Z .AL. %A W -_____V A
that I an' that, ' an' I did as he recom
mended. When I was beginnin' to get
hiaAk it him hie struck tihe! bell, -m' seven
porters sei.zed me an' litiled ime out oil the
s reelt the clerk bringi' ip the rear, Im It
were, with his box toed shoes. On the
sidewalk a policemia collared lme, at)' I
wats locked u) for thirly-six hours afore I
could git at Chaince to explain things."
Then it can hardly be said tat you sue
ceeded in viidicating htliel clerks ag'ainst
tite stlader of the press."
"1%N indient'i' replied gi andfaher, moved
:o prof.anity; Ian h11e ab(tililed off, itabbing
tile loor spiteftilly with his cane.
'1110 1 it h tot En1:g1i d.
A low steps further on was the powerful
instittilton Whose in iflience is felt inl flinat
and( trade ill nyer the worbl-the Bank of
Eiigtii. Bounded on ail i four sides by the
street, all its windows prudentially open
Into at ceit ral Court, and siince tite riots of
1781) it ha been occupied every night by
at detachient of soldiers. Its busiiss ie
quires a workitg force of tw'elve hundred
men. Its hank not.es ire printed within
the buildiing. The satinte i('ie is never
paid out over its counter twice. The new
bill tine, is issued this morning is retired as
soonl its it retur,110, no matter if thle sante
unit lr-s it in aigainm this afterno'na without
it wrinkle, in it. it. is allowed to issue notes
to th iamionniit. or fifteen millions pounis,
on the secnrity of its standing loan of it
much larger anutint to the governmett,
which constittites a part, of the public debt.
For every note issued above iiat-tit it
hails a circuIatt ion of Over fory million
pouilds-Lnmlliont of al e(lual ami1outint miust
ne paid into it-., treasury, and must be kept.
there tm' tie redemption of the note w tenl
it. retutrins. T traveler on the Cn:itinent
often finds its notest at prentim in gold.
No note is issued of at ters ienoint) ati ion
hian live pounds. Every note is numbered,
and the naime of tile -t y to whoimi it is
paiti out is carefully recordted. Tile prac
tice of kteping a memoaiialum whIch will
show from whomn Ie receives every bank
i.>ic thlt, passes through his hands is com-.
1noin, also, with the painstaking Lonlon
tratdes.inana. It proved at fortuiate thing for
at f iend of iniiit oil Otne occasion. He hiad
given Iis wife a ten pound note. Their
little child got hold o1 tle porte-monnaie
inid destro) d tie note, ats ily supposed,
by throwiig it oil Ith open llr. There
would have been n11 hope of realizing on a
greetiback uiner such cireiustances. Buti.
t'ily doll..rs wits w'ortl trying for. -The
number of the note wits ascertained from
the parties through whose hands it c tine to
miy iiend, a sworn stUtement of the facts
was tiltd it the bauk, and after a yei' or
so had )aiSWA withiot, its having been prie
sented 'or redemption the bauk paid over
the money. The bank takes in an pays
out, its goid coin by weigilt. ho0etiIes it
sends out at setatled package and receives it
angain hefore tie seat is broken, and yet de
aucts quite it sum from the amotml it,
which It paid it, out, to make good the loss,
deteced uy tihe unerrin , scales, which oc
curiled by the abrasion of the coins in trais
Wnenta 8 tiens tit Latnue.
Tihe matnufacttre of wooden shoes in
France is largely carried onl il the Depart
ment of Lozere, atiel is concentratted around
the cities of Mlende and Villefort. They
were originally worn there only excepion
ailly, but their us8 ias now beeome general
in nearly tall the departments of France.
They are worn by the country people in the
Il.ik and forest, oil the road by atll laborers,
ill tanneries, dye houses, fulling mills,
chemical works, aid ill the mines, making
an economical and iealthy foot covering.
About, 1'700 hands are occupied in this de
partment in the mantifacture of wooden
*-hoes. A thousand of these are working
only part of their timle ;abuout 500 atre oc
cupliedl not moreC tan 100 dhays duarinlg the
year, anld only 200 wvoik on wooden shoes
as5 nmchl its 200 days annulally. Theli frst
class mtake, durtting the winter' months,
the commlnon wooden 81h0es, while the
better ciarved and imore expeni~ve oneCs are*
mauctredi' by priofessionlal woirkmen,
sett led itt the small cities iabove named.
the anial producetion of wooden 811008
amouints to taboutt 546,000) pairs, 276,000
being used( by the poputlationt of Lozere,
anid 288,000 pairs areo made to soll else
where. Th'le largest store: anad markets for
thtese goods are in the cities of Satnt
Ambhoise and1( Nimes. 'I heo expottion of
wooden shioos reipresenited in 1877 a vathue
of 2613,700 fi'ancis. Th'le tottal value of alli
the maniufatciuread woodeit shaoes reaches
r'ttrly the sum of one million frantes anmt
Hut cw s a lass 7
The oldest specimen of puire glass bear
ingr any thting like a date, is a little monlIed
lion's heaid, beatrinig the ntame of an Egvp
than kitng of the eleventth dynasty, In the
SladIo eollectiona at the Britisha mluseuml
'That Is to say, at a periodI whlich mtay be
moderately laced as mloro thani 2001) years
BI. (1., glass was not only made(1, btut mnade
with a skdill whichi shows that the art was
nothing new. 'The inventIon of glatzlng
p)ottery whht a filmn or varnish of glass Is
so Oht that among tho fragments whicha
bear iscriptions of thte early Egyptian
monarchy are beads, possibly of the first
dynasty. Of thle later glass thtere are
antiterous examples, such as a bead foundI
at Tihiebes, wvhich las the namo6 of Queen
ilatasoo or liashep, of thie eighteentia dyl
nasty. Of theo samte period, are vases and
goblets and many faig'nent'. It canniet be
doubted thtat the story preserved by Pliny,
whiceh~assigns the eaedit, of the inventon
to the Plhonicians, is so far true, that these
adventurous maerchants brought specimens
to othier couinbics fronm Egypt. Dr. Schle
mann found disks of glass In the excava.
tiotns at Mycea, though Homer does not
mention It as a substance known to hlm.
hat the mtodern art of the glass blower
was known long .before is certaIn fronm re.
presentations among the pictures on the
walls of a tomb at, Beni Hlassan, of the
twelfth Egyptian dynasty ; but a mutch
older picture, whIch probably represented
,thle sameo mtanufacture, Is among thec hnalf
obliterated scenes In a chamber of the tomb
of 'Thy, at Eakkars, and dates from the
tIme of tho fith dyanasty, a time so remote
that It is not possible, in spIte of the assid.
uous researches of many Egyptologers, to
gIve It date in years.
Mlchnigani hats reni anid personial
pr oper ty vailued att $030,00)0,000.
-Thoro are nlo lwer than 800 young
Atieeleans now #tudying I ariiin'uarls.
M~iraynahet'has tied tup 00 hoay~
on te sefikit snalboveRad
Tiho King atil the I'll'eliuifgtit.
Who," s*aid King Freuerick of Prussia,
at a fete at Potada.n, which had attracted
an tinusually brilliant assemblage, "who Is
that tall, b)Ony Old 111nan with a head so full
"'Sire, it is Dr. Gall, the famous pire
"Ah, the phirenologist, eh? (onmnand
him to dinie wih us to-morrow evening.''
Next evcving the King receivedI the doe
tor affably, and they sat down to dinner
with ai dozet other eoivives, till blazimg
wIth d Icorattions and ilnifoims, but awk
ward and constrained inl mainer and con
"IDoctor," Said the King at the
concstiion of the repast, "prity let us se'
omething of your wonderful skill. Exai.
ine these gmItlemen's lieads and tell me
fratnky what you think of Iheir cIaracteOr
and dispoitions from teil ilidicatiolis af
forded by their cranial developlents."
Gal rose 1111d felt thle head of his leigh
bor on the right, a stout powerful 1111111 in a
respletent uniform, who had been il
dressed a "Gencal."
"Speak frankly," said the King, sceing
tha the phlrell0nologist seemed ('bIITrassd.
'llis Excellency," Said (.)all, "'must. he
pa11siatly add.cled to tield Sports8 an1d
exciting pleastires; lie has a decided fancy
for-for the battle battle field and-"
The King smiled and pointii. tile phre
nologist to his ot her neightbor, a 8:11111. aler
keen-eyed man in diplomiattic costume.
"-This gentlemaon," said thw doctor, "is
-hum11--an expert inl gymnasll.tic exercISes,
all accomplished pedestriani; very neat in(]
iraceful in aill operiat ion1s requiring manual
"Elnoigh," said the King, rapping on I he
table, and ats a score o so'diers enter d lie
contiinued, to the Stupefaction of Dr. U ill.
"Remove hese gentiemini to their cells.
Allow tme to put in plain ljianguatiege what
Youk were reluctant to say: The Gten'eral
is a murderer uider sentenc2, and your
neighbor is the most expert pickpocket and
ou1t- . urse in all Prussia, who has eluded
capt ure on innit:erable occasions. Exam
ine your pockets."
The doctor did s0 and found that lils
handkerchief, purse, mtch aid snull'-box
hIa disappeared. They were all returned
to him next da1y, witli a complimentary
letter from the King, and a Costly Aniull'-box
bearing Frederick's portrait set in brill
Clay . am'l.
A large manufactory or clay pipes is
loctiled in Delroit, till the clay used is pur
chased at B3altimore and costs from $410 to
$100 per car load. It arrives at a factory in
hard, dry imps. and must, ie thorougbly
Soakedli it a big tub or tank before it is
ready for use. I lie sift clay is then rolled
an1d kneaded, and mixed together uitil it.
forms a solid mass without ally lumps. Six
men sit around at table witlh i lot of damp
clay within eatsy reach. Grasping a lamp
itm each hand the iworktman rolls it back atn,
for.h oni the table, shaplig it with his hand
until it resembles it pipe, tid thii ayiing
it o1 Side untit il a t rty Iill of wet, embryo
ipes hals been aecu:nuliated. The trav is
tieln placeu out noorn in tile Sun to ( ry,
and after an hour or two is brought inside
by the Same worktiani, shoved iito till iron
m(ould and pressed into Shape witli it (ick
11111 lit a level. 'I lie hole through the pipe
is ma11de by hand with a piece of wire, well
greased. Two wirls at an adjoining table
receive the 1)ipes it this stage of their mn11
ufacture and scrap3 off the ridges and other
imperfections left by the nmould. 'I he wet
pipes are then- takull out of the shop tind
pltced itn larre crocks or tubs of fire cly,
called stguers. As fast ae the sag.;ers are
filled they are pied o11 above ano:.her u.
s.dc a bl-ek kin, and two or thc time? a
week tle kiln is fired and stubjected to ii.
tense h.. t, for several hou1rs until the pIs
arec baked thoroughly u hute. -Ih Ite n i of
cach pipe is thieii coated with a yellow
mixture ot shellac, umicric and 01ther sub.
stanmces to prevenat it fromt stickinig to the
lips, tand thie pi pes are ready for shipmenut
int boxes partilly filled with satwdlust,. A
Stead~y wiorkmantil can1 roll anid mould Light
grcas of 1)ip)s a (lay, andC is capable of mnak
ing $1~0 or $I2 per' week, if lie attlends to
lisa business. TIhe factory has a capaicity
(If turning out 150) to 180 boxes pecr week,
each box conttaming two gross of pipe)0.
Every four or five weeks a Lonl car load o f
claty is r'eceivedl from lBaltimtrA- Almost
all clay pipes are stamplled with the letters
TI. D)., bein~g the Initlis of Thlomats fDon.
nel1l3, a famous mnanuftacturer of clay pipes8
in Scortmd, matny years ago, liis iamte is
still plerpetuated by mainufactturcra of clay
pip~es in Europo and Atnmrica.
Mr. esmus 5*sa'M Cockatoo,
Mr. Slawson is the possessor of a cocka
too which is more ronmarkabie for the noise0
It makes than for anythling else. it's voice
Is not exactly i ke a foghorn or a tugboat
whistle; It Is worse. Everybody in thte
neighuborhood Is threatening to fle legal
papers for its inunediate detruction. Thlis
Is alarrminlg M~r. Slawson very much, as Ito
hats owned~ the Ird a long while, hiavinmg
made(1 its aicquatantce several years aniterior
o ineeting hIs wife. Consequentiy, lie re
gard~s the bird with a sort of sentimiental
vetieration, and1( evenl pretendls to regartd its
vocal lucubrations with critical satis~tac
i10 was warned by a lawyo' for the
seventh time that the uoird would have to
be brought to ati 0:1( uless hisa voice could
be miodilled. This, of coures, would be a
diflcult thing to do, as the voice wvas full
of dIabolical weirdness, esp~ecIally when
dlirectedi against a stonowvall on a clear, cold
dasy. Mrlt. Slawson is of the opinion that
If thiat cocka eo's voIce could only be ma
terializiedi it would certainly revolutIonIze
the rat tall file market. About a week ago
Mr. blawsotn thought Ito woutld expetrtnenlt
with the cockatoo and1( ascartin if 1(8 saw
edlge couldn't be abated In some way. At
first lhe was at a loss wvhat to do, but foutid
his way out of the dIlemma by surr'ounding
thte cage by ARolian harps. As soon as the
harps were fixed and the cyckatoo Jet off a
broadsIe, Mr. Blawson was of the 4pinhon
that Paradise was loose on the premises.'
But the cockatoo dropped and felt sore at
not hearing its voleo reverberate on the
soul of the average mortal with its ous~o
niary weirdness , consequent y- ,it reached
out wilhm ts bill and bit off. stringseonough
to make an aperture Auilcee69lly largefp9d s
hecad to protrude through and leot9a
shriek that br~ke a panoeof glass an' ut
rn t waiggeragi - l at wvas repedfng od'
the wlviCIW4'- sl ., ~
Thdi olau lhp ai~- X fr~
8 a J~CSb'ti
have the sameo effect; but it did no good.
In the middle of the knight, when the
Slawsons were wrapped in happy dreams,
the cockatoo set u) a long, unearthly yell,
which passed up the pip-s and filled all the
rooms with a discord that awakened all
hands and iet thei to believe the houqe had
been entered by birglars. The CaUsd Of
the noise :eing ascertained, the registers
vere iimediately turned off and the cock
atoo's notes went out of the chimney in
such volume that the neighbors were all out
with guns to quell the supposed riot.
On the following (ay tie bird was taken
from the 8 ove and replaced in his cage, his
head being inserted ,nto a tin pipe forty
feet long and running along tihe side of the
house, it be ng supposed, as the other end
of tihe pipe was closed, that the din would
exhaust itself wittiout making its influence
felt on the community ; but time cockatoo
blew the end out with a preliminary yell,
mni ent succeeding ones through the pipe
wi.lt ucl force that when Mr. Slawson, in
walking before it, had his liat taken off.
Alter thi a pipe was secured which was
all hill of crooks and elbows, Mr. Slawson
believing that. as time bird's voice reached
a shari) turn it would be smashed to atoms;
but this also failed, as the pipes only started
tie horrible it a serpentine course, froin
which it started from tihe end of the pipe
like a whirlwind, and worked its way
spirilly until it si)ent its force.
Then the cage was rapped with a poker,
and the solemn occupatnt threatened with
all sorts of disaster, such as being drowned,
shot, and taken to church; bui nothing
seemett to produce the deilred effect. One
day lost week onte of tihe girls by accident
repealed t lite trom one of Dr. Holland's
poeis and the bird turned sigularly pale.
Tnis hamp)y (iscovery caused them to hang
(he "Alarble Prophecy" where the bird
could see it, to penterate With proper awe.
On tlic following dity h6 died.
"From lAtti to Cottar."p
"A woma chooses for her profession the
head of a iouschold. Let her not enter on
it lightly. Properly viewed, it Is the most
elevated of all professions. She has in her
hands the welfare and direction of a few or
imany people, but it is a work which cannot
he neglected. It il her duty to see that her
home is clean, airy, cheerful, happy, and
its various econoinies attended to."
''A mistress snould go throtighher house
every morning, praise where praiso is due,
and ( .elly 11tnd fault with any carelessness
or omission, thinking nothing beneath her
notie, but with agentle authority which
ittnits of tno quest iot. "
-Do not live with a flue house over your
licad and subsist it the baseient. Few peo
bIle, out of your family, know or care how
you live. Let your house, large or small,
be kept for the benellt of those who live in
it.. W artht atnd light are better than fline
furi'tdture, and good beds better than fine
'Live in your drawing roons; have books
work, music, lire, all to make it the pleas
antest place for the members ot tile family;
a place for rest, comfort, conversation,
with nothing too lnne to sit upon."
"Curlahis are not for ornament, but use;
open fire. It ia tihe best of luxuries, an or
nament, and a cheerful compani6n."
'Early rising is desirable. I do not mean
getting peopIle u) before dayllghtt, It is use
less to begin the day by making every inem
ber of the family uncomfortable. '
"The motler should set an example of
bcinltg ieatutly and appropriately dressed.
She will see no one during the day before
whom she shiould desire to appear so well,
or to be so attractive."
" i'reat youtr servants wilth confidenco and
consi:leratioin, and do not suspect them of
l'hey nmust have tine to do their wash
lg ad keel their clothes in order, or they
cant.t be clean anid tidy.
"Withotit whlolesome intervals of amuse
mnent, untinterrttptedi work becomtes intoler
able. Tihere are aid must be dlifferenesg in
thme modes of enjoyment, hut there is a coam
A Turtlo and~ sturgeoni Fghtt.
C. S. S. Ihore, while fishinig recently in
Flint River, Ga., was disturbed by thme coni
tiualt failing of some heavy .blody in the
water. After listening for so titn hto con
clatded that so:ncthing tuntustual was going
on, apd, seizing is gan, wvent forward to
latvestigate. On the opposite sidle of the
river heo saw a wvhlte object with a large
datrk one at racekinig it. A boat beinghandy,
lie bailed it, and expeditiously andi quietly
pasmsed over. HeI strttck the bank about
twelve feet above the cause of disturbance,
seized his gun, and~ as thme boat swung around
with thte stream fired at the. bead of tho
datrk object. ie then dropped theo gun, and
as thte boat dirif ted he lifted an Immense
logger-heatd tutrtle Into it, after which he
pulled in the othter object, which proved t
be a large sturgeon. .Before ho could re.
cross the river, the turtle, which- was only
stttnned by the bird enot, recovered and
showed fight. 'Ithe stlumtion was lively and
iterosting. The boat was leaky, tihe -wa.
ter' deep and swift, the turtle large, Strong,
and determbited otn a fight. It adv'anced .'
with open mouth, andi Cul's gun wvas empt,
lie gave the boat all the impetus possible,
stuck the paddle in the boast s moubh, drew
a little penknlfc from his poeket and tried
to cut Its throat. As theo tturtlo kept Its hol
on the paddle, ho succeededi in this after
several ef'orts. H~e then carried his prlse
home, and fottnd that It weighed fifty dr '
sixty ponds. Thte sturgeon, hie .suppoed~
weighted thirty or forty.
Never point at another.
Never betray a confidence.
Never wantonly frighten others.
Never leave home with mtnknd words,
Never neglect, to call upon yogr friende.
Never laugh at the misfortune of otheres
Never give a promise thai yug o not ful.
Never send a presont hop1igi' fou& fr
Never speak muchi your oWttox 4
Noyer fail to be piln4 o ~itli
Never make your4tf thtn '~:~