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'L-WEEkLY EDITION. WINSBRO 8. Cop TT~r
OREIPING UP THE STAIRS.
In the softly-faihing twilibit
Of a weary, weary day,
With a quiet stopt I entered
Whero the chl ron were at play;
I was brooding o't r some trouble,
That had wot me unawares,
When a little voice cute ringing,
'Mu is croepin' up a stairs."
Ah It touched the tenderet heart-atring
With a breath and foroo divine,
And buch mtolodies awakon,odt
As nere.words can never defIin;
And I turned to sco your darling,
All forgetful of my caros,
When I saw the little creature
Slowly creeping up the stairs.
Step by Htep she I ravely clambered
On her hIttle hande and knees,
Keeping Alp a constant oiattering,
Like a inagpo In theoj os
Ti.i at last she reaclt1c Me topmost,
Whien o'er all her world's affairs
She delighted, stood a victor,
Alter crooping up the stairs.
Fainting heart,'bopold an image
Of man's brief and truggling life,
Whose best prIze mustb- ttred a
With a noble earnoSt A
Onward, upward is i
fending to the we lt of cares,
Hoping, fearing, OVi'lexpectilw -
We go creeping .
Ol thb ir j teps may I
By their side may bi
Hands and knees may A o ,ihi
And the heart may almcut fail;
Still above there is the glory
Wt-ich no sinfuluess impairs
With its rest and joy forever.
After eeooping up the stairs.
A Brave Girl.
"What a beautiful face "
I Spoke inyoluntarily, and a lovely old
lady sitting near me, on the broad piazz.a
of the Clarendon, knitting sonic white wool,
smiled as if well pleased at my outspoken
'She Is Indeed beautiful, a'nd as true as
shte Is lovely."
Then we silently watched tile pair on
h1orse-black until they disappeareld e but the
pure, pale, high-bred face, with the dark
eyes llilkd with love-light as they gized
ipon tlie l.r-old, manltih' figure of her e'cort,
remlained lixed inl my memory. I instine
lively felt that I had .seen at woman who
would do an([ dare, and I longed to know
More of that life which I wits sure hand
beent no common one.
"Do yoi know the young lndy ?" I asked
(of the tiny, silver-haired lady by ily Side.
I had arrived in Saratoga but the night
before, and had risen early this lovely June
morning, ad([ had been rewarded by tle
sight of that perfect face.
'Very well.- 4 ler mother was my dear
est friend." And while the pair of whon
I have spoken piurued their waty to the
lake, I sat and listened to as sweet ind
tender a little love slory as it. has ever been
my lot to hear. 6
"Yes, Elaine is very beautiful; very
like her mother when she married lawyer
Foster. lie was a stern husband, and
miou-ned little when his wife died, leaving
the little Elaine to his care. I (10 not thiik
lie ever loved the 6hii, but he was proud
of her beauty. ''ice ionthis of every
year lie allowed her to spend with me, in
accordance with my dying liother's wish.
In my large, breezy house In the coun
try, the little gir!apent. the summer months
in a perfect abandotnent of delight at her
escape from the sombre restraInt's of her.
father's house In the city. Having no
children of our own. iy husband and I
loved her as if she had( been our very owtn.
. "Three years ago, shortly after Elainec's
comling to us, I wats seizedl with a lowv,
nervous fever. My darling hung over my
bed with all the loving anxiety of a daugh
ter. Dr. Ray, a young physiciani, who had
been settled in our village for tabout two
years, caime every day to see me. I might
have known Itat there-could be but one
recsult to unr'estrainecd dally intercotu'so be
tween two young peop~le ho fitted. to each
otker in all respects save that of wvealth;
but my lllneks, I suppose, made mec care
less of anything excep~t my own stifferlng.
"One evening, In tihe latter part of
Auigust, whent I was sufliclently recovered
to satt in my easy chair, I had been watching
the sunset, and mist have fallen into a lit
tle doze, when, I heard my narling come
quickly Into the room, felt her throw her
arms about my watist and- drop) her head
in my lap, mnurnmlr:nmg: 'So happy ! so
''What is it, dear heart?' I said, smooth
lng her golden hair'.
"Then the answer came, which I, In my
llines and blindness, had never suspected.
" 'Anntle, Philip1 loves-inc, and I amn the
happlest, girl In the world!'
"sat a mdment, unmable to speak. llthen,
at -last, I faiteredi
"Tfhe girl shrank back, frightened for the
mnoiment from her happy dIreaming. TIhen
-the divine hopefulness of youth and love
uaserted itself, and site reppled:
"'Dr. Raiy wll go to New York and
speak to father, shortly after I go back ;
and when lie sees Piip and kniows htow
we love ch othter, he can not reftise to
make us happy.'
"The following week my little-girl 'Went,
hack (sihe n~y~r 'cidledl tt 'geings home,',
'tWas .simlply .'$olpg badk.' -8he ains
'home' in Jute she used to' Suty),' add a
few days after D~r. Ray .also left for New
"Thent camle a heart-broken lettei froin
my darling, Ucer father hiad laughed at
* IPhil s love 4or h'sr ;,ridiculedipis poverty,
and m hto mthkCo a forthno- hicforA h
aspIred to Elaine's hnald. At the clogO 'of
the interviewv, the judige htad said:
-".Young mlan, don't let m11 hear from you
- againon this subject for two years, and
seg that you F old, no eqmmniication withi
durdur. that tiaW. . Then, 'if you.
two still. thik foil loff- each dther, 'anid
you havd in enough t u~aydrt ' wit's
respectably, Isi11i iar Wht yowi have 'to
"With thId they were obliged to be, cone,
tent. --. h
"TIhen Philip Ra camne to tee; Hlis
eyes glistetied and ll tn was ~feverish.
ileyeas Altog4die ~ Mhi %Ol~'elft lie
was goIng away g f MJt g~e jp9$geyt
f t enough thee ani Iiohey lao runt
havo ie o ou reit see~ bId Iig
lily littIle girl (om14e lione. I le said ha(I
deceived him. l'erhaph I lacd, but I did
not ImeanI to do so. Eline wte of ten.
Soietines the letters Were hopetfld ; maeore
often they were sad With the wearinless of
hope-deferred. Occasional ieitione wts
mti.de or it crtain Dilkes tmisey, a gent le.
man whom] her father had taken into pa-t
ier8lip. Mr. iitisey, she wrot(', wts v'ey
polite to her, but she i d ntot 10 untey him.
She didn't want to drive with him; she
din't Care to see his H beautiful home. But
her tather seemeu to wish her to accept
these attent ions, and then it would not
last so long, for the two years 'Were nealrly
"September cane, and with it t wild,
piteous letter from jay darling. She had
heard nothing from Philip. 'Perhaps lie
was dead; certainly lie loved her nto longer,
or lie would come an( claim her. I ler
father had waited utitl the two years w( -
up, then told her. it was his will sw should
marry one who loved her, and not wasic
her life, sighing over tie unfaith fulness of
one Who eared nothing for her. She told
me she had written Mr. iamsev a note
begging himli to cease persecuting Ier witi
his attentions, but that lie caine next daiY
as smiling aid determined aS ever.
"Thon she wrote agaiin. Sie had ceasel
to rebel agaeinst fate. The narriage hadl
tjeeni arrnged for the third week in De
cember. All si had stipuhtled was that
I should e-ce to her and spentd the last.
week before the wetdinlg ii tier father's
"I went. Though my poor girl's face
lighte' upI) with joy at seeing ice, she Soon
fell Into a listless, despondent way, sadder
to Bee thant any tears or repoahelics. Once
I mentioned Philip's name. Sie started,
as though sIe htad been stung.
. 'Do not speak of hin,' she said wiidly,
'ie does not love me-no one does Vl'lTen
more calmly : 'Forgive me, auntie, dear, I
an not strong, I think,' and she subsided
into lher usual downcast state.
"'The evening before the day set for the
wedding, a servent entered the room where
we were sitting, and han(led Elaine a cas
ket. As she slowly opened It, even I gave
a cry of surprise at the ' sight of the rare
jewels it wis Dilkes lIamnse"s Wish1 lets
bride should 4e adorned with. She pushed
'Streange that any otte should maetrry for
sctehc things,' wets till she stid.
"The next iortii as, with my old eyes
blinded Witlh tears, I had fjntishted fisteneing
tite white veil over the still whiter brow, I t
attempted to C11asp the' hecklace of hrd
liants alout hcer nceck. shee .ushed them i
aside with i flash of' Ier old spii, aid I
"'Doi't atitty. For 1ncother half-hoiur I
at least I am my owtn propertv.t.'
"1 said no more, anlt we 'destcen'dedl to
"As Judlge Foster's eyes fell ott his
daughter, he said, sternly:
"'Where are the groom's jewels "
"Ordering them brought, le clasped t
tem himtsetlf about his datghter's eCk and
"We had entered the church. 'We had
taken out pla'ces before the altar. The last I
strains of the wedding march had died
upon our cars, The brilliant assembly wts
hushed is the minister began to speak.
"'Dilkes Ramsey's answ'r, '1 will,'
sounded clear and firm. I raised my eves;
who was it that I saw leaning against at
pillar, his sombre eyes filled with a conl
temptiuous scorn of tihe woman wiho was
selling her soul before his very eyes?
:Elaine raised her eyes to tmy agitated face,
11er glance followed mine. Tlhen site did
wlatj thought no woman but a brave as
well asloving one could do. The coi'gre
gation was still waiting for her answer.
As slte caught Philip itay's glance a burn- 1
ing blush suffused her face, then (lied, ande
left, her cheek as pale as marble._ Her
cyes lighted with a sudlden resolufion, I
Turning from the altar she paissedl the
wondering groutp of bridesmaeids, and in
the face of tirat gay cr'owd, weem antd stood I
"''Pillip, said, sh'e, in ai low sulppressed i
tone, 'wvhy did you not conie for mec ?'
"Dsegardieng the strangeness of the
priOCeedngs in thte wild hcope thait had
spe'ung up withint him, he answered 'hur- I
."'1 did( go to you; 1 wrote to you; I
wenit to your house every (lay foe' a week,
butt was refused admiace. ' T1htis is what
you sent mue.'
"As he sp'oke lie took from his breast
pocket a note worn with many readings.
"There in the presenice of that wonder
ing erowvd, Elamne retad the note. It ran
'If you hrv~e any -pity for tme, ceaise to
annioy me witht your I~resence. Do you
not see thtat I can never love you, that my
heart Is another's ? EcAeIN Forst.'
"Thtere is somne mistake,' she faltered;
'I did' not know you camec; I sent tis ntote
to Dilkes Ramsey.'
"A light flashed over his face. ils eyes
shione wi.t lQo m1id( triumph. .
" 'Come,' he said, tenderly ; 'you are of
age ; let us not risk another separation?'
"He-I took her hand in~ his, and together
they stepped before th'c asL'nbhted mini
later.' .Raising her hand witht a swift ges
tttre, thte dIamonds fell to the floor. There
was nothing theatrical in ths; site had
been, to outsIde appearances, sitngutlarly
calnm through the ettire scetic. 'I felt as
though they wore choking me, site said to
"I looked about for Juedge Foster. lie
hcadjeft, the church.a: Ero I could recover
fi'om' the fright into whIch this offense
a~nst all'tho cony'gtialitida of Iife had
thrown m,~ Vhililp Ray atnd Elatni I 'oster
were man acid wife.
" Just as the mInIster was eloslig htis
benediction, inc rushed whilte and breath
less, a servatit fr~om Judge Foster's. We
followedl ,the eman quielsly. 'Even Dlkes
Ramisoy recovered enough from hisa bhagrlin
to accompany us. As we enter'dd the- door
we behold, lying on the' floor dead, Elaine's
father.~ He had fallen dead with hacart dis
ease, as he reached lis owtn door.
.l~laine ad.I'hilipa never speak of lis
treachery ; heo was ,ler father, and heQ Is
"Of EhIthitreinained, )laie'e ceve4l
ho.' f.ay hitd*edd&1 l j~ofriori
less hr de, but I do not think either of them
a9Aygqr realed It, or, 'indeed, given. a~
t cbugiht-to the matter. Hlouse, furniture,
htorss plate-everyhcg was Imort gaged
mie Mid L$' W.l .itLoWhilako dctor.
They eamel with me' hate for a lot dy
beamts a poof, folishabi ~d oniahn ea
anud see my (ig i i her trailing white
robes, Wit i those huniridruds of curious eyes
bent 1upon her, I amr tempted to exclaiii:
'Dear heart. how Could you fae those
"41ler aniswer is: 'Saty ilather, auntie, how
could I hesitate wit L two lives art stake.'
"'l1it 1e11ar,' I urgo, 'suppose l'hilip had
ceased to love you V'
"'lenI,' she answers, ' should have
b-ell free from that odious marriage, for
Mr. lSimsey would never have married me
alftel that. lut I did not run So great a
risk after all'; the moment his eyes met
inin' Imly heart told Ire that he still loved
liisi'is -ltisitia g iti 're'xas.
Ou(rof the mIst prolile sources of wealth
throughout. entire Texars, Is the raising of
horses, As the blue-grass region of Ken
teky affords such delightful food for
lionses, a more ext eisive and greater crop
of isquittgrarss, peculiar to Texas Only,
iurnishes to I lie stock-raiser 'a far better ir
lice of food, amt aihniost Witliout limit.
Everywhere west <f tie Trinity river It. is
1abunldiit, and east of that river it is found
in many localities. Until very recently,
stock itei ani([ horse-raisers encountered
4evere trials from the Indianls, Who would
frequent ly make raids and rob them of
much of their property; taking on these
r)casions, tI e very best, st eck on the ranche.
nlie of tie peculiarities of ll Ilie Indian
tribes is t heir knowledge of and extraIo-di
mary fondness for tire horse. rey seemi to
rave ani intuitive iirnderstininiirg of all tie
t ro: g poiitsabhout the anil, and generally
iteal I ie best of the hor'ses.on the raiche or
in tIhe corral, or wherevereisc these govern
mental thieve make their predatory incur
d0on.s. Keeping or raisnig'horses is imuil
asier than cattle or sheep. After securing
ie ranrche, which is similar to selecting
ie proper location for cattle, as giycn in a
revious letter, the owner divides his stock
rito "bands," or 'biricles,' or "caval- I
ards," of 20 to 25 mams and their colts,
md asmany yearlings, and placs i stal
Ion wit Wi thei, which acts inl tie capacity
if herder. The'hunclies are placed about
L mile apart. The stallion guards his Cav
ilhird with a jealous eye, and allows no ii
erferenee from other lorses, often hattling
o ferocioulsly with any and all iiLtruders I
hat When tire owner or herdsann ap-I
w)oadics, ie is compelled to use stones or
it her missles before the gaurdian allows him 8
o enter tihe range over which ie holds sir- I
>reme juristliction. When lie iorsesgo t
o Water, his e<quine majesly drives them to
ie creek, sirids over them while they
Irink, quenches his own thirst, and then
erds the b\d back to their accustomed
ceding grounds. le also brings tie bunch
i) to the saltinig place, keeps tire closest
vatel over those entrusted to his guerditi
hip and, when all have received their quo
a )f salt, tire chief circles and leads them
oack as before. ierding or driving by
ie cavallard exhibits the sagactity of the t
mnial. Ili crises of' cith11r
r runniing off, tire attendant promptly fol
ows circles, or promptly runs around thees
ray, and witi cars well set, puts his head
rear tire ground on the side opposite to the
lirection in which lie desires then to go;
md, understanding his nIod, they1 1 usually
ield willing obedience, and start back to
lie ranche, or whenever the cavallard may
oe. Shoutld the mares become rebellious, the I
tallion picks and bites them until they be- '
om obedient and placed under complete
ubjection. ''lie supreme connnand of
his horse, and the autocratical manner in.
viieli lie shows his authority, is delight
'ul to behold. Ile is a very severe discip
inariin, a most careful and competent
iurdian, and is kind to those under him
is a mother can be to a babe. When, by
:hance, two cavallards happen to meet, the
lin stallion r'epr'esentirigcrach will advance
mdu commence to battle. it is generally
heir leaders begin to Ilghit, mnove off to the
'ight and left every step widening tihe die.
ance bet ween thiemi. Th~e stallions nrns iup
md1( down their resp1ective columns. with
nore uanxiety arid exercising even g'rater
urrvilance, than a faithful colonel at tihe
iead1 of his regimrent. When tire engage
nenit teiriates5, and~ qjuiet is frully restored
niong tire entiie ine, tire stallion taikes iris
recustomlied plosition in thre rearr. Whelin
m the muove for better gr'as, rand it is found
md it is necessary'~ for thre bunch to stop,
ho stallion selects thre gr'ound, and r'uning
~or'ty oi' fifty yrd(s ahlead, 1puts is erirs
>ack, his head down, and~ comes to a halt,
~acing those under his char'ge. Thie bunich
will imminhatehy obey this sIgnal, rand go to
Carve Ilwvellers in Ameirics.
Th'ie 'rmarkablo dilscoveries thart have
bieen made wvithin thre p~ast fewv years, conr
nected with thre ago and~ orign of thre cave
or cliff dIwehers of Armerican, hiave been theo
conitirnal sour'ce of miuchi speculation.j
Southwiestern Colorado has seemed to he.
the location of the most comiplete discover
les, partrcularly along the Ri~o Las Anmimas
Find Sarn Juanir. Thre Varllcy of the Marncos
Is filled wIth mround's wvhiich appear' to deml
aurstrate thre existaince of numericous villarges
from the St. Louis valley ini Coloraido In
ii continual chain to Mexico. The ruina of
these airrent peophe are fouind mn such var
ious staiges of p)er'fectionr, fr'om the email
rock-cut chamber to thre miassivo and hnrpos
ingt structur'es, inic~ating tire wvork of dif
ferent ages, as to afford Senor Altamiranro
piroofs that the Aztecs orIgInated in undsaub
merged parts of America' and were asg old
as the Aslatics thremelves, and that Asia
may. even have beenr peopled from tis
coumntry. Alajor Powell, hiowever, sees'inr
theseWrrlonus formns of structure only evi-'
dences of thie same race builing under' tire
different conditions of peace or wvar. E. T.
Elliot discovered and exitminedl In . Deconm
ber 187711, about twelve or' fifteen of tire
houses or cafes near Del Norte. Afany of
threm, especially those amrong tire ta'ce of
tire cllffs, hiave nerly dlrsppeared fron [he'
oitects of thre dlimtegratlori of the rocks.
A[r. Elliot says thiat as n, hrumanr remaltus
nave beenr found, nor atny semblance of
graves, It Is probable. [lhat ereination was 1
pr'acticed, it is evident from . appearances .
trnd'iurrourndirtgs, that thres caves were Inn
h~bited durring tire period-whenr tire 'San
L~uls valley was anjimmense hake or sea.
'e valley-is 7 000 feet above' the obtoan,.
and ie bnatural inferenzce .ls that enciet of
the cohitInent at that time' '*e nuder
water, whiichi hypothiesis WoUI Drechrtle
tire i lea of 'thelf reftehin' Cohoraao froin
Asia 7 a'4
'lho Old Pain.
It wits tt tils sealsont of the year, jist
seveni years ago, that till extraordinary
scene occurred in Danbury. It wits in thte
evening, and a couple were bringing in sev
ertl pots of plants front the yard to stave
them from the frost which the temperature
of outloors threatened. While thus en
gaged she spoke, referring to a geraihumt
alh(e had in her hand:
"I wouldn't lose tisonm'e for a greait deal,
as mtother gave It to me "
lie looked at it.
"Your mother gave 1it you? 'uess not,
I bought that plant Imiyse.
"Why, it's 110 811neh1 thiig.''
'I tell you I did," he 'aduted, speaking
''And I tell you you din't." she assever
ated. 'Do you supposO I don't know
what wts givent to te?"
"Do you suppose I don't know what I
bought with mlly own moley?"
"If you say 'you bought that ger nium,'
she said, speaking very *Alowly, and with
White lips, "you say wlt you know to be
'Do you mean to-say r lie ?" he hissed.
''If yoni say that, I do.1
"You shall be sorry for this'." lie threat
"Never,'' she retorted.
IlIc put on his ht. and coat and left, the
That wits seven years ago this fall. She
lever saw him again or heard. frot hint in
11 t,1t ,Seven years. What iust have
ieen the thoughts, the agony of mind
nidured by that wretched wife in that time
to one onl eart h knows. She kept her
hoights to herself, aind patiently, as far as
mtward appearatince went, bore the burden
mt upon her,
.i-cently her door opened and a lman
valked into. tier presence. There was a
0ok, a cry, and she was in the atrmts of her
msbard. Wkat a happy home was that.
Mll the agony of seven long years was for
.ottenl inl tlat hour of reconciliation and
eunion. A happy supper wits spread, and
vith tears and smiles she hovered about
tim. ministering to hit every want. A fter
iupper there was a long talk of the past.
"It is so singular," she said, se)akim in
tme of the pauses, '"that it should have
lapped its it did. Ican scarcely comprehend
t all. It senms like an awful dream. We
ooth lost our tempers, and we have both
uttered for It. The miserable geranium I
)o you know I can't bear to see one of
hose plants? I told mother to come atili
ake it back, for I would not have it in
"What I" he ejaculated, do you still per
ist inl saying that she gave it to you ?"
"Why, John, of course sie did. HaV
tt't you got over that Idea yet ?"
"No, I haven't," he, persisted, his face
larkening. "I boug 4t that geranium as
ure as I am a living f n."
She thought of his years of cruel deser
ion, of all lie had caused her to suffer be
ause of his obstinacy, and her heart hard
"Vou'n ! A eushed.
:now it is false." " #- l. -that when
"It isn't false. It's heaven's truth."
"It's no such thing; It's a mean contemp
Ile jumped up from the chair, seized his
tat and coat and shot out of the house .Ike
flash, and site never uttered t word in
orotest. She sat there wIth clenched liids
id white face, and let him1 go.
And so lie is gone. And to-day site Is
lone again with tle old burden and the
Coral is the production of gelantitnous
nollusks belonging to the family of "'poly
i,'' They form aubmarine forestsof leaf
eBs branchles in mnany parts of the globe,
ndl in theo southtern hemnisphero increase 0c
tasionally to such an extent as to formi isa
amils andi to seriously obstruct navigation.
Cotral is found of several colors--all
htades of red and pink, green, brown, aind
ellow, as well as white and black. Its
tecular plant,-like form formerly cautsed
he belief that it wvas of the vegetable ori
in m; the researches of- distnguished natur
alists have, howev'er, Identfed the forms
>f thte isects wvhich produce this wonuder
ui p~hentomlenon of nature. Although, as
aid above, coral is founid in the seas of
unny paurts of the globie, y'et the coral
daptlted for pur'poses of ornamuent comes al
nlost entirely ;from the Mediterraneain and
s fouind p~rincip)ally on the African coast.
Fhe beds lie at considerable depth, some
,ines 700 or 800 feet -beneatht the sulrface
>f the sea, which deptn causes the opera
ition of fishing for It to be a dItflilt and
edious one, it is obtained by means of nets
mfld Iron drags. Although at present the
soral fishing Is carried on p~rincip~ally by
,he Italians anid Maltese, tile industry is of
1rench origIn. TI.he amnount of business
sarried 01n111 this substance, is surprismtg.
[mmnense quantities are yearly exported to
Jhlina, India and Persia, whtere coral is
'anked as .ono of the.most precious prodcie
iohs of natutre. Inl somne parts of India
vorm-eateni coral Is In great demand, andi
,housanlds of lpotuds, worth of this comn
nodity, which in European estimation
,vould be.worthless, Is yearly sent there.
)ne house In Naples alone exports $40,000
worth to Calcutta, and tihe total value
rearly imported by India is said to amount
;o $1,000,'000. Coral is principally cit
ate beads, (drops for earrings; also, in
etlves and Ilowvers and~ various other'shapes'
'or taking the earvjd ornaments seen In
Raples andl G~enoa; into charms, woin I
nmcheies, whicht are supposed -to avert the
nfluence of the evil eye; occasslonally Into
asmeos, and mito stick and whIp Inountings,
~ombs, parasol mounting, eto. Thte cutting
tad working of coral occupies a conisider
ible muiimber of persons, the thtree most hm
portant Afatorles being at (Inoa, Leghorn
mad Marseilles. rTe red coral, once the
mtosV valuable, Is now wortlh far rle5s'thantt
~he color' which fornberl. *as nearly wvorth
ess--lito pale,. delica'to pipk, similar to
ht of the inside of a pate rose leaf. Corahl
f'thia tint is ver'y:..valuable. n the cast
d&al is mtu1~h wofn in tufbauds and on (he
ticls 'ofidagget's and swords. .The heads
tt'( used by theo Brahmins And Faklrs for
coaaries and the Min t~~qup tly agorn
id with goral ar'9a #n~t 1Av'ht etil,
tfrts fi'omta king -o 104 i#f theair'
itidl with ce '6wl~ r
di r e rp
hoe, ion u dand Ivory, s tained with cina
bar.; 111so by a composition of gyp).stimi1, cini
nabar ald gum. Celluloid, a recently in
vented Composition, is mlanufactured to
closely resemible conal. The Greeks hnad a
tradition that the blood droppine fromt the
head of eiedusa, which 'ersous hati depos
ited oil some branclie.s near the seat shore,
becoining hard, was taken by the sea
nyiphs and planted in the sea Pliny calls
it "denl(ritem" and "coralhun," and it was
dedicjateI by I lie Riomans to .J ipiter and
ApolIo. In the midIdle ages it wIs use1i in
medicine as ian astringent, an1d givten to
newly-blornl infants; it was also thought to
1eepen i color when worin by a uan, and
to become pitler when - worn by a womaa.
Both Bortius and Dioscovides sagely ro
port it as ellicacions against delusions of
the devil when worn in the form of an am
111Im Shot Ia mialttll.
I hadt a diin e lea that. lead wits inelted
below; that this nioulten situil was hauied
to the t) of the tower th lhimpedl down
ito tihe tower below, and then this made
shot.- The real process is this: As pure
lead will not make perfect globules. it is
necessaril,-y "tempered,'' This "temper'.
is prepared by the addition of ingredients,
of which irsenic is the main property. be
low ; run into bars conivenient for ne, and,
with th pig-leni, hoisted to the very top of
tihe tower, where both are melted in proper
proposilioll togethbel. Mr. Gates and lly
self, back to back, and very much humpedt,
entered the s:all, but powerful, elevator,
not ovelr three and one ha1lf feet by Iwenty
imches in size, and weit up, u1p, up, with
a horrible din roaring all about. its. At the
ve: y top are two little circular rooms, not.
over eight feet. in diameter, one about
twelve feet below the other, an4 each con
tainiig Jwo huge kettles inl which the pig
lead and the "temper" are melted. In the
busy season these are ri at. niaeht, and the
fline away il) there in thc darkness, re
minds one of sigmial torches upon towers in
the feuda i days. F 0om1 oie or tile other of
the two kettles in both rooms-as each
rooni has a separate shaft--streanis of shot
ar'c ifoimOttiLitlytIlowing. At.thebottonof each
kettle the ioiulten stftilT pours into sqtnare
pans perforated at, one side. These perfo
rations ar1e large or small iaecordingto tie sizo
of shot. desired, and separate the mass into
distinet, delicate, gleaming streams, which
in turn, as they collie in contact with thle
utmoiplhlere, separate into )e'rfe:, globules.
or shot, which are cooled in their 200 feet
journey and the water into which they fall
But now come what, to 1m1e, were still
more interesting processes. Out of the
shot pit, lp through the water, anil endless
belt, -with cups attached, carries the wet
shiot, depositing It in a huge revolving beat
ed cylinder, where the globules are thoro
ughly dried From this they pass out upon
a descending series of slightly inclined ta
bles, tile lower edge of each one being a few
Inches above and distant from the succeed
IWmgepA n111y,"'gts"'tfidtdllg" frl Jte'[W4e
spaces'; but tile imerfect shot are forced
along until they reach them, whoen they fall
into receptacles, and being reioulten, go
over the samec journey again. From these
sortIog tabl 's the shot ire carried to a series
of sizing sieves, with perforated sheet-brass
bottoms. Moved back and forth by macli
nery, the shot. of a smaller size pass through
these perforations, larger shot of different
sizes, get tle motion of the sieves, and from
their w ight, gradually sorting themselves
with absolute perfection. Froni the sorting
sieves tile shot pass into polishing barrels,
containing a preparation, the main constit
uent of which is I)lumbago, and emerging
from these, burnished like silver, find their
way into repositories in tile story below, to
the mouth11 of each of which Is a (delcately
adjusted automatic scale, which will dis
charge precisely twenty-live poun1ds of shot
iinto the bags beneath. Each bag is tested,
however, and, after being sewedl up, these
shiot, wl.lch have arrivedl at their absolute
p~erfectionl of form and finish, seemingly,
though muc of their own act and1( volition,
are ready to be sent, forth to the hunter and
sport smani on their death-dealinug mission.
A maffralo Fight.
Th'le Cape Buffalo has short horns, ex
pandied at their basis, so that they almost
meat im thle middle line of the forehead. Jt
is found all over Central and South AfrIca,
and us a formidable ammnyl when woimdedi,
as, qjuite r'egirdless of the cloud of smoke
which follows tihe shot, aimed at hin, it
chasrges right through it, and so does fre
quent injuiry to the experinced hunter.
Its general color is blue-black, but in some
eases it has a reddish jingo. Aln eye-wi
nes8s gives the following jiccount of a fight
between two bulls. After havIng his at.
tention attractedj by a loud clattering no01se,
he remarks that, '"or looking, through the
edge of the last, thicket which had cgn
coaled them, I sawv two buffalo bulls stand..
lug facig each other wIth lowered heads,
and, as I sat downa to watch, they rushled
together with all their fore,:.produilng the
loud crash I had before hleard. Once the
lorns were interlocked .titey kept them so,
their straininig qjuarters tellIng that each was
dloinig his best to force tihe other backwards,
Several long, white marks on tihair necks
showed where they had received seratches,
and blooti dripp'ng over the withers of one'
nlext 1o mc proved to m~e that lhe had re
coivedi a muororevere wound. It was a
imagnificent 'sight to see the enormous- anl
mnals, every muscle at its fullest tension,
striving for the mastery. Soononey a very
large and old bull, began to' yIeld a little,
going back ward step by step ; but at last,
as If determinedi to conquer or-dle, it drop'
p)ed on to its knees. Tile other, disengagIng
its hofns for a second, so as to give an im
petuse, agaIn rushed at him; but whether
puirposely or not I could not tell, it did not
sttIke him11 on the fot-chead, but on the neck, '
utider thle hump,' and I could see that witji~
a twist 6f hits horn lhe flieted a severe wound.I
IHowever, instead of followIng up his seem
ing advantage, he'At once recoiled andi stood
hnalf-facing hisa antagonest, who' getting on
his'legs again, 'remained mn the, same' pasie
lion for several minutes, and, then, withl 9
low grunt of 'rage, rashed. at -hIm, This'
thuelhe was note met," aid' his'sbroad foret
head' trudk 'full on his rival's- shloulder,&alJ
niet ligocking him; over/ -The ould bull'
then nwent afow ytds off,and'Atood watcht
ing'the other for iplly A-quarter of an. h6ur,
hwlen.he.walksedI slowly away in the 0ppo4it0
dit'ection. ': -" 'o., p
Thuo Wift CfttlA of Gredi ifrltan.
The Chilliigham herd ire the conneeting
link between the wild cattle of Enland
and those of ScOt.'and-beautiful creatures,
witi black ears and muzzles; "'their herm
ite, with a bold and elegant bend,,' wio
hido their yougU and feed in the night, and
whose calves lay in the form like hares. It
has had many chroniclers, and Ilewick and
Landseer took port rail t. aong its meinhers.
The late Lord Tankerville observed their
tuannerS and customs attentively, no easy
task, as he would somet imes, in sumnper, be
for several weeks at a time without sight of
them, At that. season, on the slightest ap
pearance or any one, the wvild cattle retire
into their forest sanctuary ; but in winter
they cone down for food hi the inner park,
mid will let one come alnost ationg them,
especially if on horseback. Here is a ipretty
picture of these strange creatures, remnants
of an old werld, which have hitherto be'en
preserved inder extraordinary difllCtties,
but caniot, we should think, long continue
to exist:--"When they come down into the
lower part of the park, which they do at
stated hours, they move like it -,,i.nent of
cavalry in single ille, the bulls leading tihe
vi ; andi when they are in retreat, the
bulls bring up the rear. Lord Osiultan was
witness to-n curious way ill which they took
possession, as it were, of some new pasture,
recently laid open to them. It was evonin,,
about -smnset. -They began by 'Ang the
front of a simall wood, which seemei
quite alive with them, when all of a sudden
they made a dash forward altogether in line,
and, charging close by him across the plain,
they then spaead out, ani after a little
time began feeding." The wikt white cattle
atre ferocious anitimals, valiant tighters, capa
ble of domestication when taken very young
but once partially or wholly grown ill, (uitto
untanable. Mr. Storer says that they hate
and fear man, scenting him, as related by
Botelius, and lie adds:-"1 am convinced
that if any of them were placed in captivity
his description would be' verilled ; they
would be 'so inipatient that, after their ta
king, they diet for Iiportable dolours.'
What. Hoya Do Inl Japanii.
A bright lat from Japan says that on his
father's place-NWhich Is on a large plateau
surrounded by high hills-is nll artificial
fish pond. it it are a great many fish of
species Ie has not seen here, that are about
a foot long, and Very beautiful In color and
form, They are as playful and as tanie as
the kittens on our hearths. One of his fa
vorite amusements was going to this pond
and knocking on the edge of the tank with
some hard substance to make. a nolse, when
every head would be turned Iin the direction
of tie sound, and every fin employed in
making for him, the fish etpecting soine
treat from his hand. If, t tease them, lie
threw nothing In at first, but Put his empty
hand into the water with his finge's till
spread out, they would all gather round It
and seize his thumb and fhigers in their
mouths, till lie had as ninny fish as Ie had
thumbs and fingers. playfully snapping and
do. But this paradise of tU Japanesd-fish
was often rudely broken In up6n, for It was
not kept expressly as a plaything for boys,
but was the source which supplied the fish
for the table. Whenever fish is wanted for
the dinner, the cook goes to the tank and
knocks, and when the poor unsuspiecting
things swim up to her, she catches sanchu of'
theni as please her, and before they know
where they re'g'oing, she has them in the,
pot or pan on tihe fre.
This young 'Japainese expressed much sur
prise at seeing cranberries cated at* thble,
and said that in tpe in oilmtaIns 6 Japan
they grow very large and' 0ica1utift1 bht aro
never coQked. - Ai).ld mnanjoccasionally
g9es up to the mountain and plclj a largo
basket of them, which lhe br 1 '6n is
shoulders dlowni to the tows,. ".11~ dfhe b vs
gather aboutlimn, and for a small agimi tir
chase the right to crowd' thir pockiets Wit,1a
them. And what use 'do you' think they
make of this otherwise useful fruit? TPhe
boys blow thie glowing lierries thrputigh rat:'
tan tubes, as our boys blow whie 'beans
through tin once. That's "uhiat crnaber~lee
are used for in Japan. whe(ri'they rJkW in
great pierfection, .
Wine connoisseurs wtil soon~ be reckoded
amnongst bygone wvohders. TicIF oecupdtlon
will ek goiio for thef will, lhve rio $'iies,
worth tastidg. H~erinit'ae and Cofe Rtotie'
inay abnmost .54 piced .amon'g wh~ie of the
past; vhilhe'thi Beanjoiil'add hii' ondals:
growths dlegrease' in quintity,at cA i '"shc.
ceedilng vintage. Tlfe fammus Ibirgndian
"Golden' Slop~p," yielding. ,Iomaage 'Contl
and .Chhmnbertln, Moqirachet and tClos
Vougeot, is also hsdalcot ;" aid In the de
pai-tmont of' t~ pChareite, the viste ards are
beig re'pihl dllethedte'd.' Not 'mi from,
Franco, bu Germany "alid S'8 laid '
froin Italy 'diid" /\ibt-a-JIinks~ roi' ho
surm~ slopes'arohiidM Miu d'Ah ti' terra
ced.' l'ihth'of' thi'eAta-oDbwro fibin'Madei-.
rte dn eveil froin 'eino'iitrahr, thlidi
cry is h f 'Up to the6 cie of 9lat feat;
the rihvageA'o th'e phiyl xdid MastetrlX' In'.
the 'ineyards of Fraico htd ditbfiabl 6tei
more than 1,640,O0' ifes~e, -111d ilibeain
70DjbO0) of Avhlch hald been otallyfdestto ed
Thme appe'araried of this Inscht le no~'b )bri,
ed from~'the centka of thie'moet fatinous~ of,
all uthe 'viticultural .distrlete 'of Frande
haynoly the Medbe.- In certaIn borzWupoes,'
includi g thiose of'St. Estopho - d umia
miore thih 'a hundred' herbe of" 'ib1 . iAk e
beerf1 attaicked' Theipidoic h6f il thnrect
has been jiolidled i he~'ya'rdi"'Wf'Oh'i
tcadi Lalande and Cal kB f; lbthn
state at Coe d'Estourkt an Uat Ollda6etti' Li
flio-tat~ah~tisChatea~t hhch', *lthi Ite
I80 Weres 'o viney41'd,was'*old ribotit ty
easgoto B~aroni'Janles llothidebild' ~p
$165,'O00."' The 'fg'gregt'e' vilu&16ft "a
Medo'vinieyfrdgte whtole ot Whidhihair6
conilprised.witlmn i na'rroW Atriji bf limd:
sdh~iih~ety"YnIil lndt ,ahidutits to
mmfny 'ThilHdne'stdring; id t 3116 fatE of
whhh' tlo" yhhyllf~' tm'diels( t t'ig "q49o
osibhe for' tlfeww 14- didtrit to'b9'ifestpd
bofoto il e end of '$he next 2&l- '
At o' f h i~t~
the enhi' 'rca ~&11th 8 'ftvI
V up.'~D. .I.L..J2 J. 13)
B J. I E F S.
-The Mlssissippi State University at
Oxford hais this year 315 students. -
-The English ditty oil tobacco
amotunts to some $45,000,000 a year.
-Obicago killN six hogs for overy
minute of every hour of every day it
-it i said that Wim. Astor propol'es
to build i $250,000 hotel in Jacksoniylle,
-Pork-pakecrs of Chicago require
25,000,00 feet of lumber this year In
tho shape of- boxes.
-Last year's wheat crop in Califdr
n la yielded *17,070,044, And the wool
-The not Income from teli Engilsh
Crown lands last year was ?400,000, br
--Kansas has now a school popula
tion of 300,000; the licrease since last,
year Is 15,532.
-The Island ,of' Manhattan, uponl
whlah New York is built, was discdv.
ered by the Dutch in 1609.
---Tero are 30,000 deaf mutes iII the
Umted States. and. lifty places of wor
ship where services are..conducted In
the sign language.
-At Iolyoke, Mass,, a factory nkes
between three and four tolls of paper
pul1p daily froi seven and a half cords
of poplar wood.
-M me. Uhristine Nilsson will take
part ill ti l musical festivitIes at. Uati
rii tii honor of the Iing pf Spain's
-Miss Isabel Waldo has received sit
tIngs from Chief Jastlce Waite, and
has Inilshed a portrait which-is highly
praised by good judges.
-In thd postal savings bank of Italy"
$5,000,000 have been depogited so far
this year in very smnall euns. These
batiks give great saLisfaction.
-The 30th of September was observ
e I by the itoyal failly of Austria as
the 600th anniversary of the foundation
of the kiigly power of their house.
-The Sch'ol Board of'Covington,
Ky., Is tryirg to stop draw poker
among the pupils; but the public lot
tery dra wings continue Without oppo
-Tihel latest estimate of the wheat
Yield of the United States for 1876,'is
441.00,000. bushels. -It is estimated
that 283.000,0P0 bushels vill be Kequired
-The Reading* Railroad Comp iny
are building tW6 new pea-coal- bnglues
for the Bound Brook Railroad which
are O'ipable of running seventy niles
-Mr. Tholnas Ball Is report(q, to
have Just recelved a commission t6'ebe
cute a statue of thb late Rear, Admiral
Alden fortthe olty of' Portland, which
was the Admiral's native place.
-In the old Botanical Gaindli at
Rene iA now buildhig a new edidie,'to
,h)e called the Musco iberiio, intorder
'I 'thO'river ai4 oi0its baie.
-jrhe actly m olan ideMV-0 of
ParIs is Qornphsed of "00'dichosen
front -the- ranks' of t d'a1ni. Th'eir
qualilleations are 'tdated. during -dne
year prior to.being p90qna the for.ee
Up to date,44,5',8@:sgudargil
ver dollars have bpent cded,: 12A21,
010 are si b i l ciX 'ol a
tih,- belnd o italds thb Tresri iy'OtIts;
while 32,232,840 remain in' thos6 vaults.
-The ereition of buildingsunidortak
etp in New ,York, City diglin 0p1a.
tint for tii haiie'priod In 18I'h ore
Ill r''labbing Ib70) :Againk~t . (13n
\vhoth' th e hAf 'fately delettI' to
exeCute .n aa-ble thd statuo of 'Muhlen-'
-n la rin~ f9w1l p ong, ~he
i log i 1ag '8 00O'qur
mils o ebl- iel~itijd UitudJ itlts,
500,000; IVhinl 400,000, andd Australia,
naly fiied in I,00.nsg.
tntio'fi att 'i~hi'enV 0
d epoits ae now ' iii "he i
mnonthsf or mnore;thatn 8osper cento.The
depsit ae lon$IQ0,QQO, eo ht~an
ever lgo yo~'. 'Thiisla regiard6 nater- -
dt'sa -ild' o f ig
'Conventy i"Flrkle,) ard - -aiso' 'ilk '
-wdrnal and are very sutccessfuldi:I er .
*projet tie slk conmp lyl~v
dohhd Mlf4854," A~' til3~ Uli ve
sliearried,'rff: Aeveralfgoli d as
.)--ThotmStalntiard OlikCompanyi he
~optr'geteA f.th 90 eqt~ t
run plOiotoOlkdiand' to 6 e~nin1~ l
tIby1 i,1eriaryriIaw The lfidps
papoe age -sityposed Co.bd seo
'yeM thewovrpumtbrtant. d~s
ooliett , & hp off '
Juhd(du WJtL ~JQ u~AIaJ
W.0}MMMMPR AM 9M M