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1THE NE-W& AND HERAL.
WINif8BORO. 8.' 0.
bATURDAT, Deomber 13, 1t , 18.9
31. ar A 7 DAVira, tIM'O.
eIN@. 8. ItErNOLD8. ASSOOiATU g0i53.
The Phosphate Interests.
We call attention to the report of
tho Phosphate Commission. It is
signed by General Bratton and Col.
Zimmerman Davis, of Charleston, who
with J. D. Pope, Esq., of Columbia,
were appointed by Governor Sip
son. Mr. Pope presented a niinority
report. The report states concisely
and clearly the points in issue, and
shows conclusive that as far as the
State 18 concerned the granting of
exclustAe rights to thoroughly equip
ped companies alone secures the pay
ment of royalty and the exhaustive
mining of the beds. The State cannot
afford to lose much of her valuable
deposits in order to allow individuals
to make a little money. Indeed, it is
claimed that the thorough system of
mining by the large companies has
given employment to hundreds of la
borers, and allowed thorn to realize
more money than they could possibly
have done under general rights.
The only argument used against
these exclusive rights is that they give
a monopoly, and all persons unin
formed are deceived by this. In fact,
there is no monopoly about It. The
State owns only those beds that lie in
the navigable streams and marshes ad
joining. All deposits in the land or in
streams not navigable belong to pri
vate individuals, and it Is easy to see
that these may be fifty or a hundred
times as m9ch as the rivei' deposits,
and perml. any desired amount of
Another mistake Is that the fertiliz
era used by the farmers of South Caro
lima are made from this river rock.
This Is not true. Heretofore, the
river rock has been exclusively ship
ped to other ports, all the home phos
phates being furnished by the land
companies. The land phosphates are
solter and more easily reduced than
the river deposits, and the latter do
not come In competition with them.
A gret. deal of political capital has
been made out of these phosphate
beds. Front being a firm believer in
the system of general rights, we have
been induced by a careful study of
the questi!on to believe in the policy of
granting these exclusive rights. Such,
we believe, will be the conclusion of
every candid niind on reading the re
port of ex-Attorney General Conner
and the more recent report of the
The Charleston Election.
Charleston hqs not disappointed ex
pectation. On Tuesday the Democ
Uft 1'^ &9ir^1e l ndepen'dt;
ente, Sorehteads and Ratdicals in one
promiscuous grave. When the Sale
primary convinced us that there would
be three candidates in the field, we
were satisfied of the election of Cap
tain Courtenay, but the result could
not be more iatisfactory. Thte
straight Democrats carried every ward
and elected the mayor by a handsome
majority over both his opponente.
Tlhe aldermen, thmough nominated from
the different wards, are elected by the
total vote of the elty, so that the blec
tion of Captain Courtenay carried
with it a nanimous Democratto coun-.
ell. The peopl)1 of Charleston have
reason to be proud of the splendid
camtpaignm and the glorious results of
the election. Additional proof is
given of the power of tha Democratic
government to preserve peace. and
order under the most exciting circum
stances. Under the Radical regime, at
almost every election, humnan blood
besprhmkled the streets of Charleston.
On Tuesday ntot a drop was spilled.
Much credit is due to the managers of
election and to the peace offieials for
tis happy result.
The mtunicipal election in Charles
tont was not a local affair. In almost
every eounty of the 8tate were Inde
watchting with intense interest the
outcome of the contest in the metropo
lis of thte State. The success of either
Sale or Gayer would have been hailed
mis an omeni of the dislntegration of thte
Democratic party, and in thme early
spring every county would have been
harassed by schemers and plotters
against the Democracy and good gov
ernment-. But the decisive triumph
for good government in Charleston,
despite all the elements there pro
pitions for a Radical-Indepenmdent sue
eess, proves how strong is still the tie
that binds the Democracy together,
and how the people are not ready yet
to ask Mr. lHowen, or Mr. Corbini or
any other Radical to take a- hand . In
managing our affhira. The horrors of
the night of Reconstruction are still
remembered in the broad daylight of
k Democratic, honest, home rule. As
Tiu Naws AND1I HERAL.D contributed
4! its mite to the triumph of principle
-. over self-aggrandizement~ and office
seeking, it now claims tihe privilege of
e~ xtenmding the warmest congratula-.
sitions to Charleston In her triumph. A
-great mistake was made two 4'ears
a 'o whent the Democrat. tnominated a
1.Senatorial candidate in Charleston to
~pravenit him from running'as an JIn
4ependent% A iotory thon uld
a < Me' Anade the ,epent attempted re
t. Ival f ltadicaiguiu * npoasuibility.
I'hevietory, hough late, is. tno .the
~a ecisev . Wq prediet that asabia
C 9i ~QtI0W#ih the future ill
dueto the skill and integrity be has
shown fit private life. We believe
that lie will make an admirable officer.
The aldermen ana school commission
ore are among the staunchest oitizens
In Charleston. During the next four
years the city will make -vast stride-l
in material prosperity. Tuesday's
work was a good thing for Charleston.
Its result is 'smple -reward for all the
work done during the past summer
,and autumn. The Democracy has
girded its loins afresh for the cam
paign of 1880.
URE PuoMfI4Ta nanIs8.
Pepet of the Phosphate Comnniueuion-Ex
hanstive Mining. and Payanont of Itoyal.
fleat Obtained by Exeluegve Itights.
The Legislature at its last session
provided for the appointment of a
commission to examine into the rights
and interests of the State in the phos
phatic deposits in the waters and
marshes of the State, and to report
upon the best system for the protection
of the State's rights in these beds.
Governor Simpson appointed on this
commission General John Bratton, of
Fairfield, J. D. Pope. Esq., of Colum
bia, and Col. Zimmerman Davis, of
Charleston. The commission made
an examination of the phosphate beds
as directed. A report has been made
to the Legislature by General Bratton
and Colonel Davis, Mr. Pope sub
mitted a minority report which we
have not yet seen.
The report of the majority refers to
the information contained in the re
ports of State officials, and also to a
niap of the phosphate region, now on
file in the Comptroller-General's office.
By this it will be seen that the river
deposits, belonging to the State, con
stitute but a very siall portion of the
great phosphate beds. The and de
posits arC all in the hands of private
Individuals or companies, and the
State has nothing to do with them.
The committee recommends a re
tentiont of the royalty plant of deriving
revenue from the phosphates. No
accurate knowledge of the quantity
and quality of the deposits has been
gained. Such a survey would he too
expensive. Large deposits are founiad
in Beaufort River, but they are not.
rich enough to pmay fr working. To
filnd how rich and how extensive the
deposits ire 1a not important so long
as revenue is drawn by the royalty
The term "plant" means the equip
ment of compaues for tho work. A
fully equi1ped plantt conslists of tongs,
faoalighaters, waishboats, dredges,
tugboats, wharves, crushers, screens
and drying sheds. The parties er)L
ating tnder prigleges granted wer
variously equipped, some having Only
Hate and tongs.
sYSTEMS OF MINING.
Three systems are practised. Some
who hold'privileges and have given
security, do to work themselves but
grant permits to outside persons and
exercise no supervision wtatever over
thtem. This system gives io security
whatever to the State and would re
qirae a thorough and expensive de
tective system. Some grant pernilts
This is better, but thtere isaten fixed
place fo~r brhaging thec roek and par
mag thie royalty. Others have thteir
thorough e quipmaents and a fixed place
of business. These are equally inter
ested with the State in securing ex
htaustive mnininag to realize full returns
flrom their investments; while the
amount of capital invested in f1xtures,
ad theo severe bonds under whicha thec
compianaies are placed, make it to their
interest to pay theo royali y htonesty,
rather than run the risk of losi no their
echarter anad having their bond forfeilt
ed if detected in fraudi.
On tis subject the report sava:
The rock is takein fronm the wvater 'hy
two modes-by "hand picking" (unader
whtich is intchuded that takena with
tons) ndby machinery. All of the
ntecessary to a thtorougha and systemat
ic workinag of the river maines. "JIaad
picking" can only obtain loose rocks
and deposits lying on thte bottom and
can avail nothlug with the rock that is
cemeinted by satnd anad maal in fitm
sheets or masses, called "strata roek,"
whaich requires poweai dredges to
break through anad tear it up. Anad
thais "strata rock" is fennad in nearly
all of the river phosphate beds, th at o'r
thte Ashley Rliver being, perhaps, thte
only exception. Ther'e the loose
nodules lie on a bed of pure miarl and
no dredge has as yet beota adap>ted to
work int this tough putty-lik-e sub
But, though thte returns and pa
menat and royalty may be failthful v
made and theo security for the same
may be satisihetory to the authorities
of the State for all rook "dug minted
and removed," your Commissioners
htave failed to discover ha those sys
tems and modes of cotnduotling opeaa
tions, without a fixed place of b usi
ness, the faintest shadow of a security
for the State's interest in the thorough,
systematic and exhtaustive working of
her n~ines. They are not organized
oequped for it anad are incapable
ofmeetinag tis demanad of the inter
ests of thte State, and, more, they
militate agaitnst it. They skim of its
fatness the whole territory to whiech
they have access, leaving that whticha
is difficult ad expenisive to mine.
One exceptiona was found to til
state of things which shtould be men
tioned. The Marine and River Plaos
phtate Company is operatling its dredge
in 8tonto River . and more rook is
loosened titan is brought up in the
buokets of the dredge. Promiscuous
"hand-pickers" swarm in and take up
the rock that is loosened but not
brought up by the buokets of the
dredge. W~hile this mninitng ,cannaot
well be claimed as systematic, it is
robably very thorough and exhaust
vo,but tie obstacle in te way of
eutablishiung a systeni .based on this
model lies iu the difficulty of procum
hng dredges for the swarming hanad
pickers. Neither companties nor indli
viduals are willing to ivest ina these
expensive machines Unless the full
benenit of their operations is seured
to them, unless thtey have the privilege
of hand pickin the rook.loosenedl but
not takc0~jfp the buckets of the
dre ..The ~g~ of tia Marine
and ~ tri.a~~t or iue
In this work. Thre are oihfi two
other classes of Imilning operations,
both of which arc estatblishe(lIn fixed
localities, and In both of which thoso
to whomt rights of the State were
granted suporvise and control - the
business, and iI both of which the
State is Itisfiat.or'ily Secured aIt to
proper retirns anild 11aymnltt of royalty
on il rock "dug, milned amd re'mov
ed." The only difterence is ats to their
capacity or adaptationl for meeting tle
demiialds of the linterests of the State
fr systeratittc and exhaustive ninihig.
Those of them to whom exhaustivo
rights to limited territory were grant
ed have interests identical with I
those of the Stato so far a1s exhaust
ivCe minng is concerned; the difter
ene0e is onl the outfit and equipnent
provided t!r thin IsiIless.
Those who aro onlv provided with
hand-pickig inplenients and tppli
aices are unequal to the full deiand
of their own) interests or those of, the
State. Over almost the entire extent
of the river phosphate beds It is Im
practlcable, if not impossible, to raise
all the rock without the aid of power
The last elass of operators-those
who have provided full and complete
outfits for the busiies-are certainly
able to meet. the demniids of the inter
ets of the State "iI the present condi
tion Of the suibject," and are, in the
opinion of your Commissioi, the only
class who (all. If they do not do it,
it is, and can be, attiributable to mtis
inanigement or fraud, either of which
would be alike detrimental to their
own Interests and to those of the State.
They employ machinery whose adapt
ability to its peculiar works is simply
wonderfil, aid it is a pleasure to b
able to say that its adjustment and fit
ness for the purpose was achieved in a
great measure by the energy, skill and
ability of a South Carol~inian. But
your ittention will simply be called to
their thellities for taking all of the
rock from their territory for exhaust
lve mining. This control over the
powerful. dredges used for breaking
through, tearingnp and raising phos
phatlc deposits il the bottom of the
waters is as complete as that of the
ploughman over his plough, and they
can break up the bottoms of their
water territory within certain liniits
as to depth, furrow by t'urrow, field by
field, with as m1uc1h0 precision Is the
farmer can the lands o' his farm. The
rock left by the dredge is in a loose
condition, suitahe for hand-pickiig.
If' the dredginig Is thoroughly (lone,
Followed I hand-picking thoroughly
done, systeinatic and exhaustive il
ing is prucatilly accomplished. It is
entirely withitn the reach of those
operating under the coinplete outfit.
system to (10 tihis, it is their interest to
do It, aid it'their Iiterest is not deem
ed sufficient security to the State a law
requiring them to do it would not be
deemed dotri mental to the interests of
any of the parties conceried. Under
this full equipment system only is
found protection or oven regard for
the State's interests in thorough and
exhaustive ininIg. Again, establish
ment in Ia fixed Iocalit y and a sys
temiatic or'gaiuiization of the business is
a necessity to successfii operation
under this system.
''he Concentration of a localized and
well-organlized business shnplifies thle
duty duvolvinig upon the State of
watching her interests in it and ficilli
ftes tro eonical collection of her
revenutes fromi this service. Your
fQ'illwi o'iihe m9ritl.. the
the exercise of ebartered r'ights andl
privileges lby amieit(nent, alteraition
or' repeal of any or tall of' thiem,-as~ her
Interests may demanuiid,-report , as the
result of thteir Inquiry and1( investiga
tions, that thleyights of' tihe Stale "in
the present condition of the subject"
ar'e confbned to the singl~e oneo of' royal
ty--to the righit of' otne (1011ar for each
ton ''dug, ine and01 1( remitoved fr'om
the beds of her navigaible streams anad
That under the '"permit system,"
whore mining operations are conduct
ed and controlled by irr'esponlsible or
ulnbondled parlltles, tis right is least
protected, and1( req'uire5, On tihe partL of
the State. the heaviest; outlay for' its
That under01 all other promiscuous
systems of mining, whore the business
is condullcted anid ionitriolledl by bonded
partlies, it 18is ore fully priotected1, and
canl be renhizedi at less cost to the State.
That under the locaulized1 atnd fully
equipped system It is mlost fully pro
teceed,9tud' realized1 at least cost to f he
St ate. But there IS an impor'tant in
terest of the State embraced in and(
covered by this right of royalty, tfor the
protect Ion of whlich your11 commitission
ers fil to lind any iprovisiont by lain
any of these systdms. No' regard
seems to have b~eenh paid( to it in anyt~ of'
the legIslation on the suhecet, viz.:'her
Interest ill tihe systematIc' anid exhaus
tive'orkinlg of'thme mines.
In none of the systems of grantitng
rights is this Interest directly
or expr1essly provided for. In none1 Of'
the modes of exercisin hs ihsi
It regarded. ~ teeiihsI
Under the localliz'ed, complete outfit
system, the pr'otectionI of this interest
of the State Is der'I ved from no0 direct
or express act of legislation recqu Irng
exhaustive mtining, butL from comnpait i
bility anid identity of Interest of grant
or and grantee, inherent In the system.
Unfortunately, no such comnpatibli ty
exists in the promiscuous mlinin g
THlE DEST SYSTEM.
Your' CommissIoners desIre ont en
tering upon tis duty, to state distinlet
ly, that- they have failed to dIscover
anty politlcal rights and Interests in tis
business to be protected; bult only
rIghts and linterests of the State-then
associatedl people-in prop.3ry, whtich
should be prtotectedl by such securities
as would be acceptable to cautious and
judicious nmen in the transaciont of'their
p~rivate business. Antil int the adop
tion of' any system of gr'antling .iights
to use this property, the same care and1(
consideration should be observed for
theo iterests of the State-thte associat
ed people-itch Is exercised by a ju
d~licuslnd ividual for his, own inter
ests In the manargement of his private
business. Under thiis rule of action,
your Commnissioners cannot entertain
any radical change inI the conduct of
tis business; any novol scheme for
Its more profitable mantageont how
ever promising of results; as "in the
present conldition of the. subject" such
d lstur'bance and dlsarratngement would
be invoived as might be detrimental
to the interests of all concerned. They
deem it the part of wisdom and run
deuce to: use tile exporienco obtained
f'om the operation'of prevalliptg, s.
tems, and, by altering and amiendhtng
them, bwid up and perf'ect a Bystem
hieh will p ra ti a l m' e et all of the
afui oft itere1s of he tate,
i~o~t ton~ te Mtdull corctiaproI
9 eiot i p atd-#olmtWea co
,% ohof n h is ret
*ovecie ivnf ititho beds of her nayvl
gable streams aid wa'ers.
InI a word, thbe proto Lion of t! o.
rights and lin'trests of the State reguitfre
the repeal of the system granting
"tenerail rights." Thie most cautious
btsiness "In could demand, in hist
plivito t raisaction1s, 110 more unle
secnrity, in bonds and collaterails, thanl
Is allorded by (it system indicated for
the intyment of the royalty ; while the
fiil developmient of ti. Iiportant
source of revenuie is ecutred bv ideniiti
ty of iiterests of all concerned, backed
by express legal eciltilment.
In Conclusion, tle ComilIllssioners
re0c(1m1fenlid flint one Iinspector he ap
pointed at i Stated slary to protect the
interests of the State. In case genler'al
rights are periitted, a sum not leiss
1i3an live liindreld dollatrs should be
given to the phiosphate agent to be ex
penided ill protecdig thle interests of
the State. Tile evasioni of royalty
siould be made a m1 isdelimeinor.' am'1
the lav- otllcers oftle 81a10 should be
called o to protect the St ito in tihis as
lin olier iatters. Tle iispection of'
fertilizers his nothing to do With tile
pliosphate- interest. As the present!
mode of inspection is practically worth
loss, the Conmmissioners r'ecomntsiid its
abolition, believing that competition
is the best scuritvy.
Ii a word, the' commissioners be
lieve after full investigation; that it is
best for the State to grailt exclusive
territory to well eqiuipped comtipanies
aid to r'eqtulre thiemi to practise ex
liaustive miin'. As the phlosphales
belong to the wnole State, U interest
of the whole State aid not of a few in
dividuls is to be considered.
L EGSLAn ATIR PR2 O E Eb}IN3.
WEDNESDAY, December 10, 1879.
A number of bills were passed to a
third reading-among thema a bill to
regplate the Classification of cottonl for
shipmemt bly c)Imiommon carriers, the full
text of, which is as follows:
SEC. 1. That on and after the pas
sage of this act all cotton pac'ked in
hales tamisported by common ctr-riers
within tie limits of this State shall be
classed as ''heavy goods," ' that is to
say, an article to be weighed and
charged for and treated accordingly.
SKC. 2. T'hat any act on the part of
suc common carrier or carriers, or
his or their agent or agents, in viola
tionm of the provisions or spirit. of this
aict shall render said carim'mer or carriers
liable to a penalty of fifty dollars on
each bale of' cottoa. oilbred for ship
ment, said penalty to be collected for
the benefit, of the shipper by Suit to be
brought. by Said shipper in any court
of competent jurisdiction within this
A large number of bills, of local -.or
libni ted interest, were passed to a third
The Senate, having cleared the cal
endar, then adjourned.
-fOUSE OF REPIRESENTATIVES.
A number of bills were read a sec
ond time, and passed to a third read
The bill to enable hIenry S. Elliott,
(if Beaufort, to apply for atdmissioi to
the bar camub uji. Mi. Simiioniton said
that this bill wais one of a dozem, and
oilered ain amenent. making the bill
it general one so as to allow any citi
zenl of good iiiorp ,y1hariaceter who cal
pass ntill examnlinit ilon before tle Su
prcne Court, to lractise at te ,A '.
,llQG~. " A.L891lo r a two years
readinilg of the law.
The ill to better protect those who i
make advances for agricult ural pumr
poses was takent up1. The bil11 gives I
pers.~ons who mafke -advances in) pro-:
visions, sulpplies and1( other articles for
agricultural Plmrposes a prior lien on t
such articles unstil they are consumned,
anid forbids persons obtainming such
art~icles disposing of themi for other<
punrposes thatn those for which thevy
arne advanced, unde~ir severeo penalties.
Afilir somie dhiusioni the bill was
pas'ed to a third readling.
T1he bill to aid( the dlevelopumnt of
the Columbia canmal wvas passed to a
third reatdinig. The bill to r'egulate the
sale of patenmt mnedicine w18ias dlefeated.
THusDAY, December 11, 1879. .
The buineiss done inl tihe Senate was
T1hie following Acts were dulv' ratifi
ed: Act to pirevent anid lfnniish the
iItermarrmgiae of the races. Act to
nlhoreiize shieriffs to appo~uinut depiuties
without the approval of' a Circuit
Jludge. Act to-enforce uniiformity i
the uisc of' text books iln schools. Act
to putunsh perso~ns for tihe secretineg or
remlovalI of' personmal pro0perty' levied
onl by shlerifts.
HOUsE OF RIEPnRsENTATIVEs.
The bil1l to provide for two nlew
school districts In thie county of F'air-i
field, and to authorize the levy and
collection of a special tax thlerein, was
pa1ssed to a third reading.
The Senate came into the hall of the
House. President Jeter took tihe chair
mand called tihe joint asnmbly to order. *
.The joint assembly thon proceeded to t
elect an Associate Jnstice to 1111 the
vacanicy causedl by thme . resignation -of
Judge Hiaskell. Mr.j Man'igault, of'
Georgetown, noinauted G en. Samuel
McGowanm. Tme nomrinationl was see
Donded by i~Mr. ltson, of Barmnwell.
Mr. Meetze, of Lexington, nominatedi
Tmmndge W. 11. Wallace. Tihis niomina-.
110o1 was'seconldedI by Mr. D~argan, of
Sumtefr. The vote was thlen taken
viva tvoce, anid resulted as follows:
(General MeGowvan, 77; Judge Wal.
lace, 73. The former was ' therefore
The joint assembly neXt proceeded s
10 elect a Oblief Justice. Judo Henry
Melvor was bnomiated by hr. Mc
Qneen, seconded by* Gen. Rutledge. t
i'here beIng no0 othmer .nominationsB, tihe
tatire vote was cast for Justice Mc-e
Iver', and he was declared elected ac
--As CoTT-oN Is KING In commerce,
so the lIver is king In the human syss.
tern. We caninot live in any~ Iteace
with this great organ diseased. To
keep It in conidit Ion to perform its
flmeitions, use Dr. Gilder's Liver Pills.
They are sold .by all druggists and
founitry merchanite. For salo by' Dr.
W. E. Alken. f tr '
Tn zrGovlcrton.--.ome of thme
newspaperg of the State are beginning
thus early to .express their' choice for r
Qovermnor at the next oleotlpn. We
tinmk they are too "provions,'There
Is something 9*f a Gery boom nt a -fy
localitIes in the Stato. We take no
~O;at to same tim~e We have hes.
LUtJ~at ah oerlir jyrgt
11W tht(eer1QIy id exit
IN 200TS. AND Of BOTTLES.
Its properties are 'Demulcent, Nutri
Nye Bklfaiai, Xoothing and Healing.
in irnsianEglslthse qallitis, it is the
most effeCtive LUNL+ iALsAM evet
oftfredto suiserersfrom pulmonar
DR. J. F. HAYWOOD,
of Now York, voluntarily indorses it. 0
-READ WHAT HE SAYS:
Dr.TU'[T: New Yo k, Hept., 19.1877.
Dear eir-During this year I v. i ed n no hundre4
or.ses of lung d osesa. In the I.lweir w. rde of the
t ttheoromaore of a vory aevoro tys, . It. was
there any rtten-ion wt malldto'r uit 9 Ixe)Octoran
said I cantsu ny surnriso at its wodertuil power.
J.)tanig I practice 0i twenty yomrm. I h-ve stover4
nown a oedkinc to acto i orontly and ivina such
lnpt'eic. It, instan~tl autx~dt, tho wuust violet6
Atl o1 h~ng, and invatialAy cued tho disoaie in
a low ""ym I coirlly Indurve it. as We. beil lung
mtuil~o i ever nased.
J. FRANOIS H AYWOOD, 1. D.
A NEWSPAPER PUB. WRITES.
0111-:0 *venitnt Nows, Augusl.1.Oil.
Dr. TUTY: Dear lr=bly ittl e s'oau t a ttaked
with ptumonia last winter 1 ''0c lol him with a
violent cough, thul. lastil l - thin a motit since,
for taeurto, of wh.ch I nn indebted toyour valuiblo
Expectoranut. I hail triot ul1st every tc.arg rec'.m.
meaided, tul. none did any good until I usei your Xx.
pectorart. mws bottlo of wihich removed the cough
entUrely. With manay tbatks. I ,lL your E .
Had terriblo NICHT SWEATS.
boeanphim. Feb., 11, 1871.
Dr. TUI'T: Sir-I havo beon sutioriuz ir uoary two
eare with. a out eongb. Whoe I cmntmd War
kiyour FEzpoctorant I %Yn. roduaed to urto hlundlred
ndixteen oundte u wei ht. I lod trind Alaqost
halt dozen hotties. The nlht evnta hate lotl.
the oou n has disappored, and I hwivo gi -ed liftoen
pounds nu iab. I n 1 .ondito li my f-iond&
With gru.4t rapoet, OLIVERIH.
Iteader, hav you caught a cold 7 'Arc you tin
Sto raise tio plilegm ? _Have you au irrila
tion athe thlroat? A sus0 of oppression orn
the lungs, with shiort Ibith 7 Do you have a
it of coughing on lying clown 7 A sharp pains
bOW unctl 1Fla(n Iti region of the heart, uioiif
dors ainti back i 15O 0etr Advice iv t;akieat
once a dutl ot uttlisei-orniutisyou will noun
be ab trai thplngm. Inan alour repeat
the Rxpectorauut, pl ict aiot iron to Ihe [ee,tatko
two of Tlaitt's PillA. You will Enoll fill io a
plenumt 1lai.-p iad waik- up in the Iorning,
cqpght xg1no, lng4 working freely; ettly breath
Flig.4 oi th u bowels luoving It ai nitural iaaior.
To prevent a return of lliese symptloms use the
Offlse, 35 Murray Street, N. Y.
CUriE T'S'P LLS
O1111,111E D VP ESA.
CUEEE EVGt ANID AGUE*
OU111s9 1411K AREADAOMIE.
TUTT'S -PIL LS
GI VE A asemET E.
FUtil-Y T11E BILOOD.s
oRAY 1111A On WrrSitiEnS changed to a Gross
r.PacICby a single appliation of tIl Dxg. It, im.
parts a Natural Onior, acts Intastaneously, and iA
as Harmiss as spring water, ho b Druggiats, or
senl. by express onl recelipt of 1.
Omoe, 35 Murray St., New York.
!IE FIRIENIb OF ALL I
lii1'a t431gg: Hlolloway's 1'ills
"Youir Pilis are marvelous."
"I sondl for another box, and knep them
n the hiouse."
"Dr. H-olloway has eurod my headao
hat wats chronic.
.1 gave one of your Pills to my babo
or cholera morbusa. The dear little
hing got wecll in a day."
" sly nausca of a morning is now
"Your box of Holloway's Ointment
mtred mo of noises in 'the headl. I
'ubbed some of your Oinhneunt behind
he ears and tihe noise0 has left."
"S'end me two boxes; I want one for a
"'I enclose a'dollar; your price is 25
ents, but the medicine to me is worth a
"Send me flye boxes of your Pills,"
"'Let me have threc boxes of your
ai ,by return mail, for ehills and
I have over 200f uc testimonials as c
huese, but want of space comp~els me1 to
Foni CUTNE~OUS DISORDERlS, ]
knd all eruptions of the rIkin, this Oint
nlent is mnoat intvailuable. It tio(S it
1(1 al xternnity3 ien., but li"ndrortes
vih tifhe mo1(St searchling ef~ects to the
'ery reeot of evil.
1ROLLO WA Y'S OINTMENT.
l'ohnessed of thtia remedy, every men
lay be own docetor. It may be rubbed
nlto the system. so as to realch any in
ernal complaint; by these moans, euircs
ores or uilcers ini ihe throat atomacha,
iver, spine or other pi'rts, It is an in
eallible remedy for bad legs, bad breasts,
ontracotedi or stiff joints, gout, rheounma
m. na all skin diseases.
IMIl'OR(T INT? TIN-'.'n arl genuiino 11n
's lthe signalt.tlu of J. liIt veociK. as llgeti for
tice Unit((8tates5 Sulirnrm each box of' Pills
ld (tlmenat,. IBoxes at 2'.cenlti, 02 cents, and
tW There is conalderablo saving by taking
li0 large: sizes. IhOLLO WAY & CO.,
feb 16-ly -ok
FIRE INSURANCE AGENCY
JAMIEs W. LAW.
1o the P'ulic.
Why not insure yot# properly? See
ho cost of a per dien: expense:
Daily coat of insuring $1,000 at 3 per,
cnt e'u annum is only 8) eents.
At :1 per cent, per annum is only 7o.
At 1 per cent, per annum is only 4 o.
A L 1 per cent. per annum Is only 2( o.
A pr cent. p or annum is only 2 c,
At2per cent for 3 years Is only 1.88 e.
At 14 per cent. for 3 years is only 1.85 o.
At 14 percent., for 5years is only .88 c.
At'2 peor cent. for 5 years is only 1.1o.
DwlnsIn town or country, detach
adinsul'able at the following rates, viz.:
oone year $ per cent,.t
For three years 14~ per cent-.
For five yearn 91 per cent.
iarns and contents, gin honses, baled
elton, store houses, merchandise, zniills'
ud ohurohos insurable at adequate rates..
represent only the very best compa.
dos of lon8 experience and well estabish.
CLOTHING, CLOTIKING, CLOTHING,
IMPORiTAnT NOTCE TO ALL
WIHO WANT TO SAVE MONEY !
, E will dispose of our IMMENSE C STOCK OF CLOTHING, fortu..
iautely l)ougllt before advancing L of prices, at our former LOW
?'RICES. We chtim that we have the ) largest stock and best asortment
n all sizes of Men's, Youths' and boys T Clothing, and Gents' Furnishing
soods, ever brought to this market. It All we ask fr< m you is to call and
ook at our stock and examine our I prices before buying elsewhere.
iVo guarantee you a bargain in 'any N thing in our line that you may
lesire t6 purchase. Call and be G.convinced that we me. n business.
SUGENHEIMER & GROESCHEL,
AT S. WOLP E'S OLD STAND.
We also call attention to our li.ago stock of Dry Goods, Boots, Shoes,
Iats, Trunks, &c.. which we are now selling the same as before the ad
manee in glices. Call and seo for yourself.
A&- REMEMBER OUR STANDS-IN T lE GERIG BUILDING AND
)PPOSITE THE NEW S1'ABLE.
lANb DISPLAY OF NfEEGOODS!
E4ECOND -new arrival this season in Dry Goods, Notions, Boots, Shoes,
lothiing, Crockery, Glassware, &c., &c., which I have bought cheaper thai
Dress Goods in all the new and desirable shades, Cashmneres, Crepe Cloths
Ad a big drive in Basket Dress Goods at 12c.
Ali elegant line of Cassimeres Jeans, Red and White Flannels, Plankets,
-4 and 10-4 Sheet ings, and P. C. ( 'ton.
I amilt still sellinig the Peidimomm Factory* Goods at the old price, notwith
tandig the P'econt advance.
CALICOES! CALICOES I I CALICOES!!! CALICOES I !! .
Best bfands In fancies at 7c.
-A very nice line of Cloaks, Shawls, Sacques, &c.
Bed 'ITickings commencing as low as 8c. up to A. C. A. at 20 to 25c.
NOTIONS! NOTIONS!! NOTIONS!!! NOTIONS! !!
An elegant line at prices beyond competition.
My Shoe Dc)partmeit is complete, and purchased at rock bottom prices, and
vill be sold very low for Cash.
somuethinlg very cheap in Glassware and Lamps.
I relspecttilly invite the ladies to inspect my stock before purchasing else.
ihere, and com1pare. prices.
Something new in Vases-a bi drive.
I invite an inspection of the aovo goods, which I will sell at.live and lot
J. L. WINmmAUGH
iE hvs now open, and will sell'as low as any reliable house in to n
our second supply of Fall and Winter Goods.
1 case Fruit of the Loom Long Cloth..
25 pieces other brands of Long Cloth.
1 case Besshrook Jeans.
pieces assorted Jeans and Cassineres.
ple''es nW1v style Prints.
Dress Goods, Alpacas, Mohairs, Cash meres.
- Blanket!-, white and colored, Flannels, Linsays, Ginghams, Broi,
iotiapuns, Plaid Hoespuns, Drillings, Osnaburgs, Bed Ticking, Hick
'ry Shirtinwr Cotton Fla~nnels.
Comforts, Shawls, (Voaks, Boulevard Skirts.
A full supply of white and colored Dress Shirts, Undershirts and
)rawers, Bleached, Brown and Colored Half lose.
Clothing and Hats.
Overcoats I Overcoats ! 1 Overcoats! !
For the ladies we have a nice stock of Undervests, Hosiery, Gloves,
luffling, Collars and Cuffs, Edgings ank Insertions, Ribbons, &c.
'Ihe "Pmlafore," "Juna," "Pride" and "Beatrice" Corsets.
White Goodssuch as Nainsooks, Jaconets, Catmbrics and Lawns.
- or house-lceepers, we ha4vo a full line of Table Damask, Doylies,
'owels. Bleached and Brown Sheetings.
Notions in great variety.
Ladies' Misses' and Children's Shoes.
Men's, Youths' i-nd Boys' Boots and Shoes.
Trunks, Valises, Satachiels, and Umbrellas.
In our Grocery Department can bo found everything needful at low
We cordially invite an inspection of our stoek, fooling assured that we
n please. F. ELDER & CO.
TJIE ELEPHANT HAS COME,
, -WITH A FRESH STOCK OF
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,.
VINNSBORO DRY GOODS, FANOY GOODS, AND. MILLI4EA
We take pleasure in announcing to our friends and the publc gpnerall
bat we are now opening the finest and most cognrpleteaslsortleutofar,
nd Winter Goods, including Fanc and Staple t Good e all th latea
Lyles of Millbiery, Ladies'-Dress Good, Fany Good , and Trimmings
ROCERWIE, CONFEoTIONERIE,, SHOES, HATS9 CLOTHING,
OROOKERY, TIN. and WOODENWARE, LUMBBt, TO. N
Phloh Wifl N'6#drdd at'very lo* 40881s as we are deterrkdzlod Iosl oe~
v1 thnTeoeet n ~dai* nvlt0 all'to o1 afd f40 for thoeves,
gii lo AnfiI*el4ow31 DAVISW!99a ~ ~ l~l4 ,"i'
W MA PXn $4 0, JO .too