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THE NEWS AND HERALD.
W IN N&A0OR, 8. 0.
RATURDAY . January S, , , "Do.
Pt. D7 ' R"AsS nArI, Xnrrow.
.rQ. 8. 1IrOLZDS. assOcIAT R"SRn
Tim WINNSBOnO MROHANTs are not
the only ones who conaplain of the Ox
ceesivo and diserliinafing freight
charges made by the Charlotte, Coo
lumbia and Augusta Railroad Compa
ny. The Augusta Neuws of the 31st
ult. says: "At a meeting of Augusta
narchants, held this morning at the
office of Gco. T. Jackson & Co.,
strong resolutions were drawn up,
which will be presented to Council to
night, requesting that body to take
some action looking toward the C. C.
& A. Road reducing f'eight rates at
least so far that Augusta merchants
may not lose all their busiiuess over
the road, and be allowed to compete
fairly with other cities. We learn
that, instead of reducing rates, as re
cently petitioned by Augusta mer
chants, the C. C. & A. authorities
increascd them. This looks very much
like discrimination in reality." From
this it seems that the Railroad authori
ties are attellpting the same -game
Upon. the Augusta merchants that,
yersisteutly carried on for a series of
years, forced those of Winnsboro to
seek protection in the courts. If the
policy heretoi're pursued by the man
agers of the Road is to continue, the
Augusta merchants will find that they
can get their rights only by enforcing
them in the courts. The Augusta city
council has appolinted a committee to
investigate the matter.
TnE A-PanOrMATION DU. recently
passed by the Legislature is a good
sample of hurried legislation. The
levy for State purposes was fixed by
the House at 46 mills. The Senate
rarsed this levy to 41 mills, but subse
quently receded frot its amendment,
leaving the bill as it originally stood.
These facts are said to have been prop
erly entered upon the margin of the en
grossed bill, but the enrolling clerk,
by a mistake in copyiig, inserted the
Senate aiendment, in the Act. In the
haste incident to the last days of the
bession, the mistake was not observed,
and the Act, as enrolled, was duly
ratified and approved. Two other
errors have also been discovered. The
levy of $3000 in Charleston county,
for the Fourth Brigade, was improp
erly inserted, and the levy of a special
tax in Marion county was inadvertent
ly omitted. These mistakes give rise
to some apprehensions as to the validi
ty of the Act. Tile engrossed bill has
iever been ratified, or approved by
the Governor; while the enrolled bill
has not been read three times In each
house. Some think that the entire
levy of 41 mills can be made, and the
amount in excess of the appropriations
carried forward to the next fiscal year.
We trust this view may prove correct.
it would be very bad to have no legall
supp)ly bill--thus necessitating either|
an extra session of the Legislature, ori
the post ponemnent of tax-collecting tilli
late next winter.
The Hired Convicts.
The letters which we publish in this
issue, concerning the cond(l~on of the
penitentiary convicts hired to the
Greenwood and Augusta Rail road
Company, sp~eak fbr themisolves. A
great deal has been written, and much
mnore said, about the treatment of
these convicts. The first publication
on the subject was, we believe, the
letters of the staff correspondent of the
2.1wsy and CJouarier. Previous to this
there had been some grav'e charges
mnade, and these letters went far to
confirm the impression that (thie con
victs had really been very badly treat
ed. Then came a lengthy document,
termed a defense, f'om the Directors
of the ('reenwood and Augusta Rail
road-a document which rather evad
ed the kssue, and endeavored to throwv
blame omn others thani the railroad
maanagers. We now have the letter
of Colonel Lipscomb the superintend
emit, and of Dra. Trezevanit the surgeon,
of the penitentiary. These documents
do not conasist either of argument or
of the statements Qf convicts. They
describe things as actually seen by the
writers. The st atements of those gen
tlemen, made under the sanction of
solemna official obligations, more than
*confirm all the rumors and newspaper
accounts. Col. Lipscomb says that
"In one end of the stockade he found
imhe sick mIOn chatined on what was
intended to be a straw bed, but the
-straw was too thin to do much good."
He "could not stand the awful
stench." Tl e convicts "had no change
of clothiug, no shoes, no covering of
siny description" that he could see.
lHe says that out of 286 convIcts sent
* to the Railroad Company from Sep
tember 24, 1877, to A pril 7, 1879, in
elusive, 114 died--.a mortality of just
forty per cent. in less than two years.!
Dr. Trezevant confirms the statements
of Col. Lipscomb. Speaking of tile
hospital (?) ho says: "The English
huaguage do008 not possess words
suffieintly strong to express the
stonch that arose from the plae." Of
the ordinary. quarters he says: "The
stenoh arising from those quarters was
sickening totheouttermost extent." As
to the large number of deaths among
the convicts ho says that ti snortality
"Is sueleclent to prove what their treat.
mebit hm ben.".-It is no exaggera
tIos to Aaf that the reports. of these
o# etfr l confirm thoe wors6 fer
~~t~tqb~d 7 the pu leoon this sube
But this committee can only make a
report-and this about a year henee.
It cannot try, convict and punish the
parties guilty of the inhumanities that
seem clearly to have been committed.
This can only be done by a court. and
jury. But courts and juries cannot
act of'their own motion. Some one
must take steps to have the thets
brought before a judicial tribunal.
This Is surely 'ot the duty of the
Goxernor, and still less can it be ex
pected of the Attorney General or the
Circuit Solicitor. It is peculiarly the
duty of the Directors of the peniten- I
tiary to take the matter ii hand. Let
them make atlidavits against Captain
Cahill and others suspected of cruelty
to the coivict-including if necossa
ry to a full investigation, all the
guardls and overseerr. If the parties
are innocent, they cannot suffer. A
judicial inquiry can only vindicate
their Innocence and their characters.
The Directors need certainly feel no
hesitation In this matter. If, how
ever, they retise to act, then let Col.
Lipscomb, the officer in charge of the
penitentiary, make the necessary
Enough has surely been shown to
call for a thorough judicial inquiry
into the treat ment of the convicts. If
no such step be taken, there will cer
tainly be ground for soine people to
say that the proper authorities connive
at conduct which, from the evidence
given to the public, seeus to have been
worse thanl inhuman.
-In the Socialistconvention at Pitts
burg, Pa.. on Saturday, a report was
adopted recommendin g that the Social
Democracy put a candidate in the field
for President, in opposition to the can
lidates (if the Democratic and RIepub
-Mr. Blaino says that in fifty-nine
years during which annual elections
have been held in Maine, there have
not been as many fatal defects in the
returns as this one -car. The Atlanta
Constitution remar s that this shows
at what a lively rate the Republicans
went about their frauds in 18711.
-Tho Democratic members of the
Senate Committee of Privileges and
Elections have privately decided to re
)ort in favor of unseating Senator
Kellogg. As, yet there has been no for
ial actioni in 111l1 committee, but a
pronminent, Democratic member of the
commnittee Is authority for the state
ment that Mr. Kellogg would undoubt
e:11y be out of the Senate before t -e
en1d of' February.
-A Bayard club was organized in
8t. Louis last week, already numbers
several hundred Democrats, includiung
proi inent merchants, attorneys ani
politicians. The preamble of the con
stitution of tbis club urtges upon the
Democrats of the Nation the policy of
nomuinating Senator Bayard for the
Presidency, and, when nominated, of
-Sherman's friends claim that he
will have several of the State delega
tions fr'om the South in the Republi
can Convention, despite anything that
the fiends of Grant and other candi
dates can do. Mr. Sherman has put
into office nearly all of the RepuibIb
canis in (lhe South, black and white, who
aire most noted for working the politi
cal wires. Three, if~ not four, of the
ox-colored Congressmon from South
Carolina are now in office, and (hey
are hard workers for himi.
-The latest exp~ressionis of ox-Gov
ernor Seymour contained in the Newv
Yorik JTmes' interview in regard to his
possible nomination for the presidency
by the Democrats nlext year, idicate a
willingness to accept the nomination, if
tendl~eredI to himi with unanhnity. le
avoided any declaration to thie effect
that lie would not accept (lie noina
tion, though heo did say lhe would not
be a candidate. This is the positin
Gen. Granit is sold to occupy mn irela
tion to (lie lRepublican party, anid t his
we are presenited with tile possibility
that the imim wtho made thie presiden
tial race in 1868 wIll once more con
front each other, next year.
--A Washington dispatch to the
Newv York Herald, says twvo gentle
men of that city, both 1'epublicans, one
a strong friend of Gen. Grant and the
other by no means averse t~o his nomi
nailim, wvenit over to Philadelphia early
'ast week for the special purpose of as
certaining (lie real feeling of' the prom
intent Rlepublicans who were to be
thmeie, regardling the nonmination of the
General. They replort thiat thley were
surprised to find a strong utut(1er-cur
rent against his nlomination, even
among many who are supposed by the
country to be uncondItionally for it.
Of' these, seome were privately oppos
ing (lie idea of bringing Gen. Grant
out, on the grounad that It involved
real risk to (lhe party on account of (lie
uncertaliity of the old Liberal vote,
which onice deserted the par'ty because
of'Grant. It was found that serious
fear's wvere entertained of Ohio by the
General's M~ends, based upon (lhe
known feeling among tihe Germans and
(lie strong opposition among (lie large
body of Indtep~endent Rtepublicans of
that State agaist a third term.
A GERMtAN DZs00VERY.-A German
physician who has recently given
much attention to the subjects
has come to the conclusion that (lie
onuly way to preserve peace among the
wvomen of a hiousedod when, as in
weather like the p resent, they are kept
in doors, Is to oblige them to absolute
silcec. When womnen are much
thrown together their tongues, Ihe says,
should remain in a state of perfect qui
escence. They may converse with
each other, if necessary by means of
signs or symbols, but 'sliould on no ac
count utter a word. lie has found by
experience that this regimen, when
strly adhered to, produces the hap -
p lest results. In onme or two eases lie
la8s actually known feelings of-mutual
regard and esteem to arise between
women who could not open their
mouths previously without disagree
able conscquences. Their appetites
also Improved In so marked a degree I
that they could go on eating lunceon
,Aan You SICK?-If so, go to your
nearest drug aIt or store, and buy* a
box of Dr'. ilder's Liver Pills. 'They
will cure you. You cgn find them in
an st1re. o sale by Dr.W.1.
00,it. st or;}Am not iite
the rest who, wyhen they oWe you mon-!
e neverthemselvos any mere;
a'nahr ynnI.Gly's 'noth
Tom miRED CON rxIra.
Testimony of Colonel Lipscoinb and D
Trezevant an to What they Saw Last Suam
mner In the Stockades of the Greenwoo
and Augusta Ranilroad--Tho 1orribI
Cateas Wlhich Account for the rMortat,
of Forty Per Cent.
The following are the reports of th
superintendent and the surgeon of th
State Penitentiary as to the treatme1
of the contvicts leased to the Greet
wood and Aigust a Railroad Company
which were called for by the Sonat
at its recent session, and by that bod
ordered to be printed:
Report of Superintendent Lipscmonb.
Corun1A, S. C., Sept. 2, 1879.
To the Chairman and Board of Dj
-rectors, S. G. P.:
G0E'Nri.i-*mEN-H1aving received a let
ter foim Gen. P. 11. Bradle, prCsiden
of the Greenwood and Augusta Rail
road, statinK that, a great deal of mo
tality and ickness existed among th
convicts leased to that company,
conferred with the chairman of th
board, showing him the letter. 11
instructedti me to go over there an
make an inspection of -their condition
and at my suggestion he instructe
me to take Dr. Trezevant, the surgeo:
of the institution, with mc, to see wih
could be done to ameliorate their coi
Dr. Trezovnlut and myself appointe<
the morning of the 21st of August t
go on the inspection. On the night e
the 20th I rcceived the attached not
from Dr. Trezevait, saviig he coul
not go, and I proccededI by myself oj
the morning of the 21st.
I met the lIon. A. P. Butler, one o
the board of directors, in Augusts
(,a., about 11 o'clock the same morn
ing. We left immediately for th
camp on the South Carolina side, i
Edgefleld county, about nineteen o
twenty miles distant, which we reach
ed about 6 p). m.
ITfound in one end of the stockad
nine sick men chained on what wa
intended to be a straw bed; but th
straw was too thin to do much good
I could not stand the awful stench an
had to direct the guard to unchai
them and bring them out in front o
the stockade. I found them in a d<
p)orable condition, all of them con
plaining of venereal diseases, swolle
limbs, &c. I then went to the so
called hospital, where I found thre
sick-two white men and one blac
man. They had some straw to li
upon and were all chained. Tile
were all covered with vermin. anm
fleas-so much so that I was forced t
leave the room. I don't see howI
wits possible for a well man to exist I
these places well treated, much loss
sick mian with no treatment, or s
little that I regarded it as none. The
had no change of clothing, no ahoei
no covering of iny description that
could see. The y reported that the
had had no medIcine and no medica
treatuient except one dose of paregot
Ic In the three days preceding, all
their nourishment was fat bacon an
bread. I left the camp and proceede
to where they were at work on tIl
road, about a mile or a mile and a ha
distant. I found about seventy-fly
men at work on the road, clothed. I
the Penitentiary stripe that I had ser
to General Bradley about five week
before. It was so late that I coul
only look at their condition generall
an~d postponiethe linspectli until no,
I went next morning to where the
were at work, called the r-oll and Ii
SpeCcted them. 1 fo)und( a great matl
of them comnplaining of v'enereal di
eases anld swollen limbs, and almo
all with scurvy. They were yer
dirty in person and clothing-hiavi1
no chanmge; some of them said the
had nlot washed for weeks. I saw :)
blankets or bed clothaing for them i
lie upon or cover with.
I heard great anid loud comiplam
about the cruel treatmenmt of convic
by Capt. J. J1. Cahill and his guard
One of them, W. II. McGarvey, N<
3,125, showed Col. Butler and myse5
scars upon his hlead which he 'sai
wvere caused by blows from a eth
im the hlands of Capt. Cahill, and pe
sons5 outside gave the same inform;
tion. Capt. Cill11 1 hmsef, in repor
inig thiose that were dead, informed mr
that thle guard had shot one while I
shackles and(1fastened to the gati
chain, claiming that h~e was in revol
We heard that Cahill had ordered ti
guard to shoot him.
Tile convicts were generally' in'su<
a bad condition that I deeme'di t i
imperative duty to send the surgec
of this institution to see them.
Tihe sIckness and mortality being
great, I hecard that some of 'the dire
tors of tihe road had resigned and D
TI. J. Mcie, their surgeon, 11ad( ca
ed to visit the convicts professionall:
I was informued that lie had refuse
to contimnue to treat the convicts b
cause his prescriptions were not fille
noer his ordeirs as to treatment all
nourishment carried out.
I return~ed to Columbia on Saturda:
the 213d, an~d sent Dr. Trezovant i
make a similar inspection on ti
mornling of the 25th as wvill be see
by time following order, approved b
the chairman of the board, a copy
which .1 appenid. His detailed repoi
wvill accompany this paper.
On 24th September, 1877 they I
coived 100 convicts; oni 18th Octobe
1877, they received 8 convicts; on 31:
October, 1877, they received 2 cot
victs; onl 2d May, 1878, they receive
66 conviets; on 6thl Decem'ber, 1871
they received 40 convicts; on 71
Apr1l, 1879, they received 76 convicth
making, in all, 286 convicts. Of th
number 18 were returned to the Poen
tenltiar'y before I took charge, 88 a
caped, 17 were discharged, 7 pardom
ed, and up to August let accordin
to repor1ts submitted by dapt. Cahli
there were 98 deaths. I found wvho
I went there thmat 21 had died wh
were Iiet reported, the most of thei
ini August, making a total of 11
All of whIch is respectfulily sul
T. J LRPsCOarn
Rteply of Doeter Tresevant.
Col~UMIInA 8. C., Aug. 80, 1879.
Col. T. J. Lipscomb, i5utperintenden
8. 0. Penitentiarg,
DnA R SIR-In o edience to you
and Director ShIelds' instructions,
proceeded to Edgetleld counlty to iii
spect the condition~ of the convicts a
wo)rk on the Grominwood and August
I reached the stockade on Monda
afternoon, the 26th, and immediatel
roceeded to the said inspectIon.
tonilte log pen, which is calle1
the hospItal, three couniete l in~ on
shlelt phade of poles uand 0 a:-moar'd
andleevered about two 2nches wit
str'aw. ,Two of said eenvIotq wer
colored And one white. One 'of 4h
conviets, Jno. 1ras in thnl at
stagspf' exh 9I~i~ad had Oi nomtt
Ing but his shackles and a oir ,
ered with flies. The o'ther colored
convict had general dropsy. * *
01 M(Garvey, the white convict, was so
y weak and emaclated that lie was una
ble to leave the shelf, and the straw
was so fill of vermin that I could not
D make a satisthtory examination of'
13 him. Tle English language does not
t possess words sufficiently strong to
express the stench that arose n'omn the
* The quarters in which the laboring
' convicts are consist of two lo pells,
twenty by thirty feet, separated by an
alloy way of eight or tenl teet. In this
space I found eighteen other convicts
lying on the inked earth, their diseases
being principally exhaustion and
Tle same style of sleeping accom
miodations prevails in these pens as do
mIn the hospital, with the excotUn
that oi some of the shelves there is no
straw at all, and' from the polished
appearance of the clapboards, there
has been none since they have been
I saw neither trace nor sign of cov
I ering of aiy kind-blanket or aught
else. Thle stench arising from theso
quarters was sickening to the utter
The cooking is done in six or eight
round iron ovens in the open air, the
bread which I examined being burnt
on top and raw throughout the bil
anc. I saw no arrangement for boil
fIing, &c. C
From the stockade I went to where
the convicts were at work, and in
Sspected each convict separately. With
the exception ofnine, I fouind them all,
more or less, infected witl scurvy,
and with an eruption which was evi
dently caused by the vermin on their
persons. There were two who were
rso swollen with dropsy of the ex
r tremities that I remarked that they
' should have been In the hospital, and
was told that they were there on light
N work, just to do what they pleased.
None of them possessed a change of
clothing, and their persons, thou h
evidently having beei washed th
preceding Sunday, were ofrensive o
account of the stench from the filth"1
IIn conversation with Dr. T. J. Mc
Kie, an excellent gentleian as well as
a physician, I found that lie had refus
ed to attend further on these convicts,
as he could be of no possible service
0 under such a condition of things as
p 1)rcvailcd; and Mr. Twiggs, the asso
c elate en luee of the railroad, with the
Geogia ranch, informs me that lie
remonstrated thme and again, but to no
effeict, and that out of one hundred and
ninety-one convicts, on the Georgia
side that since the 22d day of May lie
0 has had no sickness whatever.
The mortality above is sufficient to
prove what their treatment has been.
As the cool weather comes on, with
the system of the convicts so nnfeebled
by their scurvied condition, I am
afraid there will be a still greater mor
I fiave the honor to be, with much
respect, your obedient servant,
G. S. TnEZvANT, M. D,
0 P. 8.-I would respect fully report
a sice your inspection that 'Spencer
It Bradford had died. Of all the cases
1 Inspected I did not see but one case of
1well :marked-. syphilis. They were
Y he ters thijt Iid not see.
AUGUSTA, December 30.--Governor
~'Garcelon is engaged at a late hour to
night with f'aming a reply to Merrill.
He states it will cover all the points
~suggested. When the guns anm an -
mniltioni from the arsenal at Bangor
arrived to-ni ht there w~as quite a
o crowd at the ecpot, but no disturbance.
They were taken to the State House.
P'ORTL AND, December 3.-The Ad
verhaser .says a conference of leading
Democrats of Portlanid has agreed that
*the Governor and Couneil must be cor'
dially sustained; that the first business
of the Legislature must be to admit
k those elected who have not receive cer
.tificates, and tl at these views will be
. urgd upon the Democratic State Coin
mittee which meets here to-night after
the mass meeting.
SBANGOR, December 80.-C. B. Mor
Ston, of Aunrusta, a member of the Gov
ernor's sta , came on the eveninftrauin
*with a special order, signed by teAd
j utant General, or oerng Lieutenant
hColonel White, commnanding the First
y Recfinent Mdaine Volunteer Militia,
ian Major Melville M. Folsom of the
same regiment to rep~ort at the A dju
otant General's office In Augusta at 10
o'clock for'enoon of Wednesday, Dc
comber 31, by order of the Governor
Reports are current that agents of
*the Governor are secretlye enlisting
.men In various p~arts of thle State to
d form a military force at Augusta at the
dl openilng of the Legislature.
AU&IusTA, December 31.--The mill
tary officers summoned from Bangor
had an Interview wvith the Governor
0to-day In reference to an inquiry con
cerning the calling out of the militia
companies promuld toe obey teded.
jThe officershoulsd to ey he eeed
ders of tegovernor as long as lie Is in
office. The Goveinor spok in strong
lan uage in regard to calling out the
In accordance with the su sationa
made in the letter of Mr. Moi'u Gov
('rnor Garcelon prepared and sent t
ithe Supreme Court this sfenonr
tabin qnestions of lawv aovernoo ther
sential points of Mr. Morrill's commu
nication. No correspondence will be
had with Mr. Morr) I, and the ques
-tions are not to be made public until
received by the Court. Mr. Gould,
the Governor's legal adviser, say the
constitution authorizes the subm ission
only) of qestious of law and not of
facts to the Supreme Court.
B.A on MN., Jan. 1.-Chief Justice
4Appleton mis summoned all the asso
*ate justices of the Supreme Court to
assemble in this city: to-morrow to
consider the questions propounded by
Gov. Garcelon, which were received
by this morning's mail.
*BosToN, Jan. 1.-.A special from Au
gusta to thme UHerald says it nppears
tat not a single mnember of the execu-;
ttivo councoil ared with the Governor
i n his dctarmintlon to-ask the opihdon
r Iof the Supreme court on questioiis
[ growing out of the recent eleotion.
A Agent I will offer for sale on the
firs Mdday n Jnua next, be
fore the court-I s door In Winsboro,
for eash, the following personal properly,
On. bay mare and one bay hors about
e arson rniirbillo Iegfvon
in fvor fAW lhifford.
* 'J011N1 Ait8,
IN 250T8. AND $1 BOTTLES.
Its properties are Demuloont ,Nutr.
t vo Ialaamio, uoiothing and Healing.
Combining thesqualitii ts
most effective LUN B4 AN ever
offered to suferers mfr ionar
DR. J. F. HAYWOOD,
of New York, voluntarily inderses It. p
-READ WHAT HE SAYS -
Dr. TUTT: Now Yo. k. mept.. 19,187?.
Dear ir-3During this year I wished n:a'e hundre4
mae of lung dseasey. in the lower w %rds of the
elty the catses ioeof a very severe t 0o. It was
there my attendun was calledtoTutt' apqotorant,
udIc nte y surprise at li woner ti power.
urg a act of twenty years. i hav never
fnown a cedicio to sot as pronptly and with much
bAppy efeti ntatly subduedt em snt violenk
aL1 oeughingarf ud se a ihh st
5taef ouehln~and Ivarhably cured thu diagase in
toedays.e I everf sed tudorse It an the beot lung
snois X ever used.
J. FRANOIS HAYWOOD, M. D.
A NEWSPAPER PUB. WRITES.
Uofie '1venin News, Atigusta, Oa.
Dr.TUTT: Dear ll-Sy ilt-t son. woe attacked
with pneumnoniai last winter, V. (olh left latin with a
violent cough that artd til1.. thin a naonth since,
for tme ouro of which an Indebted toyour valuable
Rpeoterat 1 hanod tried moat eory thing recomn.
mnod, but none did any 00 untl I Iused your 15:.
pectorant, one bottle of w oh removed the cough
entirely. M~t many thanksI lam your* ruy
Had terrible NICHT SWEATS.
Memphis. Feb.. It. 1871.
Dr. TUTT: Sir-I have beeufferla for atearly two
years with a severe cough. Whost I commenced ta.
tIll your Espectorait wasreduod to one hundred
andaixtoen polnds in weight. I had tried almost
everyth Ingmadter ribl onght seoats. Ihave taken
half donen bttles. The nigistswoats have loft mue.
the cough has disappeared and Ihavehfained lertoen
pmondain fleb. I recommeindita oy friend.
WIhgreat reapect, OLEVJ IF.IUL
Reader, havo you caught a cold? Are yonun
able to raise the phlegm ? Have you an lRrla.
tion in the throat? A sonse of opprlesoln on
the lungs, with short breath 7 Do you have a
it-of coughing on lying down I A sharp pain
now and then In the regIon of the heart, shoul
ore and back? If so, our AdvIce In take at
once a doso of Tutt's Expectorant; yot'wlll soon
be able to raise the phlegm. In m hour repeat
the Expectorant, place a hot Iron to the feel,take
two of Tutt' Pills. You wili soon fall Into a
pleasant sloop and wake up In the morning,
cough gone, lung, working freely; easy breath
fag, and thebhowels niovIng In a natural imnner.
To prevent a reiturn of the symptom uso tie
Expectoranit neaveral dlays.___________
Offcoe, 35 Murray Street, N. Y.
OUlitE TOltPID fLIVE1t.
CURE- DVSPEPSIA .
OU1.410, IK IEEADAOKAE.
OURLtE BILIOUS 000A0.
PUREIFI TV. V Rflm IOOID.
OltAY RA1 lt 'Vuxsaa..ns ohnzd to a GLo?8r
lAOn a s en oapplication of thsDiF. It am.
parts a INatural ioolur, acts Instantaneously, and is
as Harmlos as spring water. Sold by Druggistaor
sent by express on receipt of 1.
Offioe, 35 Murray St., New York.
Dianos land Oriall
DIRECT TO PUICHASERS!
Every Man His Own Agent
LUDD)EN & BATES'
GRAND INTRODUCTION SALE.
Five thousand super 3 Instrumoents from ten
leadIng manufactuarers to bo placed in repre
scettativye Southern homes at factory rates for
in troduct Ion a nd advertisemien t. Sale lnaugu
rated Nov. 1, 1818. and~ proving such an m
menso success, will be continucd untIl Nov. i,
1880. The only sale of the kind cver sulccesfull.y
carried out in A merica. Don't miss t,hls chance
to joIn a gigantlo club of five thtousand pur
clasmers, each of whomn securcs an Inistrumeont
at anrufactu. cr's wholesale rates.
INFORMATION TO PURCHASERS.
Don't iv. ke thu mIstake of supposIng us to be
merely "local agents, selling~ on commission."
Underatande and don't forqet it, that EN of the
largest manu~tfacturers In America includilng
Chiebering & Sons. Mason & Hamilin.
Hlallet & Davis. Guild & Church.
Mathushek Piano Co. Peloubet & Pelton,
Southern Gem Co. storling Organ Co.
have appointed us their Southern Wholesale
Agents and given us8 exclusIve control of their
Instruments for the South. T1haeso mfanufactur
era sulpply us, uander special contract, wIth thol's
ands of Instruments yearly at only it small per
cent, over prime cost of inaanufacture. All advan
tnges, gained by our dIrect connectIon with
manufacturers and our immense purchases we
give directly to purchasers uinder our
NE W PLAN OF SELLING.
No Agents I No CommissIons!I Instruments
'.s.1pc from factory direct to puarchasiers, and
all mddle men's profits saved. Every man his
own agent and entitled to agont/s rates. Tihe
only house South sellIng onl tis new plan.
fluyn from us Is practically buyIng from the
maanu faturers, and our prices are as low as
luauuaoturers over give. See these specIal
S125 7 Oct. Rlosewood 9 Stops. . Landsome
Carved legs. Catta- Walnut case, wIth field
logue price, *528. ornamentatIon, 8157.
S155 7%~ Oct. Rose- 18 Stops. TFhree sets
wood, large size. Carv- of reeds Irgo slze, ox..
edl Legs, Serpent ine tended tp Etagereocase
Pilth. Cat. rirce $600. of rich design, 871.
8227 7% Oct. Square 113 Stops. Three sets
Oland, extra I a r g e reeds, superb MIrror
alize and magnIfIcent. Top French Wal'iut.
ly ornamented ease. Hurl InlaId and Goeld
Catalogue price, $1000 Ornamented Case, S86,
All guaranteed Instruments from reliable
makers. Sold under six yecare guarantee. Shipped
direct from factory or from savannaha, If pre
ferred. For ton dolla'rs extra on a piano or tour
dollars run an organ, we assihmmo frelight, to any
It. It. depot or steamer land-ng South. Senteon
15 days test trial, we pay freight both witys If
not satisfattry. Or~for anld tet in your own
home. Seyereit tente of competent muslcins
Invited, Purchasers choice from ton loading
leakers and two hundred different styles. .'pe.
clat rates to Teachere, &hioole, Churches andi 74a
fore. Send for Introduction Sale Clrculargivinag
full InformatIon. Address
Laudden a Bates,
Wholesale Piano anid Organ Dealers.
~OfA month guaranteed. $19 a day '
~Flome made by the industriou8,
atal not requhired' we WIll start youM'
women, bo ad grls nakco money fasnter al
wokfru than et anythig else. Tiho Work
Isll8~ n pleasant and s~has &ntb~ can
Ibhtlewill snd us their a8dresse an one
sa seXo temsee eiot n d
Stra s h ie. Tnoe lodyaw k
Sides greater than over, which shows the INTRINSIC VALUE and GREAT
CIEAPNESS of our goods.
SUGENHEIMER & GROESCHEL,
bf n 11 witi elo ave money by buying your goods, como and see us beforo
bui n elsewhere.
FOR THlE OHISMTAS HOLIDAYS!
[WILL offer my entire stock at bottom prices, as you will se0 by-"my
. nolist Thlis is a r-are oppot iuiity to parties8 in nood of goods.
100 pieces Standard Prints @ 7 eents. All domestic goods at factory
prices. Dress Goods commencing at 8 to 10 cents. Something stylish @~
12 cents. Crepe Cloths reduced to 20 cen1ts. Black Cashmeros to Closo
out at cost. Kentucky Jeains at 15, 20. 253, 30, and 33 cents. Something
extra im Canton Flannels at 12 cents. L~ook at our $6 and $7 Blankets.
100 Boxes paper Collars at 2} cents. Nutions ini grcat ; ariety.
SHOES ! SHOES ! SHLOES !
Three Cases of MIens' Boota @ $2, $2.25 $2.40 nd~ $4. Something fine
ini a Standard Screw Boot at $1.00 Ladies and Misses Slhoes in great va
riety. Misses' Fine Shoes a specialty. An elegant line of Glass nnd
Crockery ware-A big drive.
3. L. MIMNAUGH,
de -0 LEADER OF LOW PRICES.
. E have now open, and will sell as low as any reliable house in town
our second supply of Fall and Winter Goods.
1 case Fruit of the Loom Long Cloth..
25 pieces other brands of Long Cloth.
1 case Bersbrook Jeans.
pieces assorted Jeans and Caesiineres.
pieeces now style Prints.
Dress Goods, Alpacas, Mohairs, Cashimeres.
Blankets, white and colored, Flannels, Linsays, Ginghams, Brown
Homespuns, Plaid Homespuns, Drillings, Osnaburgs, Bed Ticking, Hick
ory Shirting, Cotton Flannels.
Comforts, Shawls, Cloaks, Boulevard Skirts.
A full supply of white and colored Dress Shirts, Undershirts and
Drawers, Bleached, Brown and Colored Half Hose.
Clothing and Hats.
Overcoats I Overcoats ! I Overcoats 111
For the ladies we have a nice stock of Undervests, Hosiery, Gloves,
Ru'ing, Collars and Cuffs, Edgings ank Insertions, Ribbons, &c.
The "Pinafore," "Juna," "Pride" and "Beatrice" Corsets.
White Goods, such as Nainsooks, Jaconets, Cambrics and Lawns.
For house-keepers, we have a full line of Table Damask, Doylieo,
Towels, Bleached and Brown Sheetings.
Notions in great variety.
Ladies' Misses' and Children's Shoes.
Men's, Youths' &nd Boys' Boots and Shoes.
Trunks, Valises, Satachols, and Umbrellas.
In our Grocery Department can be found everything needful at low
We cordially invite an inspection of our stook, feeling assured that we
a n please. F. ELDER & CO.
THE ELEPHANT HAS COME'
-WITH A FRESH STOCK OF
FALL ANtD WJINTER GOODS
WINNSBORO DRY GOODS, FANCY GOODS, AND MILLINEY
We take pleasure in announcing to our friends and the publlo generall
that we re now opening the finestand most com plete assortment of Fa
and WhA-r G ',odn, including F:;ncy and Staple Dr Goods, all the latest
styles of Millinery, Ladiep' Dress Goods, Fancy Woods and Trimmings
GROCERIE , CONFECTIONERIES, SHOES, HATS, OLOTING,
CROCKERY, TIN and-WOODENVARE, LUMBEB, ETO
which will I offered atyeay Io inos asiv~oo we 0 0fl~d to hop
Vi 0son fo '0,1411~d ~qfi, ole