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TI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JANUARY , 1880. V
Oh sadness of decay!
The autumn flelds are gray.
And long forgotten is the hedge row tuno;
How alek the shattered fern,
How harsh the woods and stern.
How palo and palsied is the afternoon!
Oh gladno a of decoay!
The wild buds storo the May,
The hushed.lanos liston for the blackbird's
The dumb trees hoard their strongth,
The shy fern pops, at length
Old Death is quickened and the days are
How Phil Gained His Foint.
Phil Copoly visited the Southern family.
Nothing strange in that, perhaps, except
that Phil was the most irresponsible, clever,
graceless, good-for-nothing Bohemian in
the world, and the Southerns .were the
most aristocratic and wealthy people within
a hundred miles.
The dear old world, who never could,
can, or will let other folks' bnsiness alone,
shrugged her mighty shoulders, and whis
pered to her lady's maid, the moon, that
It wasn't proper. The moon turned pale,
winked, and said something must be done.
But Phil Copely kept on visiting the
Such a charming voice-such perfect lips
-as pronounced those simple words one
fine afternoon, while my scapegrace was
taking a look at the conservatory with Alice
Southern What delicious little suggestions
of bon-bons, of honey, of cream dates, of
rahdatee-locoomb-or whatever It is called
-of nectar and ambrosla-in a word, as
Keats so toothsomely has it:
"Jellies smother than the creamy curb
And iuco..t sirops Linot with ci nanon"
-there were in that voice!
Did you ever observe, 0 gentle and eflul
gent reader, how differently your name
sounds when uttered by different persons?
Why, I have heard my plain cognomen
made more mellifluously musical than
Weber's last wtxltz played by two French
horns, which I consider the most mnellifin
ously musical performance I ever heard,
save in/,t.he instance mentioned. But you
know, 0mnot susceptiblel
To r drn, to Phil Copely; when he heard
Alice Southern say, "0, Phil!" as above,
he experienced various extraordinary emo
tions in the left thoracie region, and looked
upon the young lady in a peculiar way,
much av at dyspeptic patient might look
upon a perigord pati aux truffes.
tWell, I don't carol It is trute. I am a
right to say so."
"I've a good mind to go and drown my
"Phil Copely, If you don't stop talking
so, i'll never speak to you again!"
She had about as much idea of executing
her threat as he had of executing his.
"Well, just look at the case. Don't you
sce that I arm a villain and a scotindrel to
keep coming here every day or two, wheon
I have no business here at allt Don't you
know that I haven't a cent-exel)t the
miserable pittance my aunt left m--I wish
she had taken it with her when she diedl
And your father would as soon see you
marry a coal-heaver as me? Am I not a
yiper in the bosom of the family? Oughtn't
I to be thoroughly ashamed of myself? Yes,
by George, I am, tool"
Imploringly this thne, and with a certain
hazy humidity in the clear (let me steal
a charming epithet from one of Aldrich's
poems), "bronze-brown" eyes, that was no
(detrimenrt to their beauty, but which
wounded Phil Copely like a twvo-edged
"I will go away, somewhere," lie said;
- I will join the navy, or the army. I will
"go to Hong Kong, before the mast-turn
missionary, or sonmethitug. ,What shtall I
Theore was real, earnest suffering in til
last question; for Alice's eyes were full up
on him, and lie felt thrat while they could
look thus, lie was not only incapable of go
luig to Hong Kong, but aniy other distance
of more than ten feet was equrally unsur
So Iho stayed just where ho was, and the
effect, artistically considered, was much
the better for lis presen&e.
SThe two were sitting on a rustic scat, cu
riously fashioned of fantastic arnd misshapen
branches. Tropical cacti; looking like
vegetable sausages, stdod stiffly around,
with thteir ragged blossoms of scarlet and
yellow hanging from theni, as if they did
not belong there at all. Orange trees per
fumed the: atmosphere with their creamy
floers an cat asoft, greenish shadow
through the conservatory, wvhere camelias,
red and white, bloomed all about contrasted
Iwith water-lilies of rare'kinds; passion
-lowers; rosea of endless variety and beau
ty; fucesas as large as the end of my fin
ger; air plants, daintily trailing their deli
date tracery down from pretty little wire
baskets, hung high aloft; and, in short, all
tho curious and beautiful flowers and plants
thtat gardeners and poets love.
Next to the body of the Academy of hfu
sIe, on a grand opera night, I like the green
IjThete sat the lovers, looking very sad,
very affectionate, andi very hrandsomeo;-as
manry another douplo have sat before-and
considering themselves the miost unfortu
nato yottng people in "the world-also as
many another couple have done, "and,
- more betoken, will (10, to the end of time."
Ils hand hasl f'ound hers in some mys
terious way ((do08 anybody ever know htow
hands got .together' tider Bach circumn
stances?), and thteir fingers were lopsely in
terlaced. [Leanktg against the back of thre
gitPaint seat, theoir henids somehow rested
very close to cacti othrr so that Phil a lips
touched ege- of Alice's r nglete--a groat
showery sploztdor of geld lAnd mlkhoaty.
- color; notred, nund you, not. 'eddish ~ut
unst the leAst- i of, a suggestiori of. reddlsh~
~rowmn In eertainu half llgl.ts; all thread
ad shtining with pale goid, so as'to liipt'>
feetly I don't knowv what.
Phil's breath stirred ti ringlet, chang
Ing-the play of its 11 ~ndshadow. Phil's
hand clasped the delct ditsa oe closely.
Ph 'siout the
until it teste l~soQidr
strain of melody. Did you ever hear a
skillful violinist play Do Berlots's sixth air?
That was the sound that completed this
little episode picture.
Mr. Southern, Alice's father was rather
an odd specimen of that odd animal, man.
A rake in his youth, he expected to (Ind all
young men rakes; quite contrary to the no
tions of old gentlenen, who -expect young
men to be radically different in habits, prin
cIples and practices fromt the young fellows
of thirty or forty years ago.
Mr. Southern liked Phil Copely immense
ly, because he was accomiplished, intelligent
courteous, good-looking, unsolfish and
proud. Phil played a splendid violoncello
accomnpaninent to the old gentleman's vio
liii. Phil could ride the old gentleman 's
own black mare. Phil could shoot with the
old gentleman's ebony-stocked pistols as
well as the old gentleman himself. Phil could
leave as imany empty bottles by his plate as
anybody. Phil could talk metaphysics and
thleology so well that he sometnnes got a
little the best -of the parson in a doctrinal
discussion after dinner, to the old g-ntle
man's intense delight.
But-ah. what a pity that word was ever
invented; but Mr. Southern knew that Phil
had only a trifling income, no pr<.fession, no
expectations worth mentioning. and was of
that peculiar, easy, lazy, good-natured
stamp that would preclude the possibility
of brilliant distinction or great wealth ac
cruing to him.
Then again, he thought that Phil, being
a good fellow and an excellent companion,
nmust be what lie himself had been at five
and-twenty-a roue. le took great pains,
therefore, never to permit cither of his
daughters to meet the younggentlenmaii, save
at evening parties, receptions, etc., and
would have had a "conniption lit" if lie had
known that Alice and Phil met privately,
on an average, seven times, weekly.
"Demino, sir," lie once said, to an an
cient friend, '"my girls are not unprotected.
I am too old-my hali- is too white-to go
out on the field myself, but my nephews
are plucky boys, sir, plucky boys; and they
would stanti up for Alice and Oracie, sir,
as long as they could hold a pistolI"
Mr. Southern, after playing, very softly
and sweetly, the Sixth Air of De Beriot,
was seized with a desire. to smoke a cigar.
In the Southern mansion, the conserva
tory was the smoking-room also, and thither
the old gentleman repaired. It struck him
as very singular that the glass door between
the dining-room and conservatory shculd be
locked, and its curtain drawn, on the other
side; so lie went around another way,
through the garden, and entered by the out
side door-an ingress but little used.
I have already described the picture that
was presented by tile interior of the green
house. Let it sutilce for the reader to know
that Phil Copely for the flrst, last, and only
time in his life, fled ignominiouly from a
quarrel. White hairs and a pretty daughter
ought to insure any old gentleman the re
spect of all us young fry.
The next morning Phil was awakened at
eight or nine o'clock-early, for him-by a
violent rapping at his chamber door. He
bade the visitor enter and in strode a stal
wart and comely main, with ani immense
black mustache, and a 'ood deal of the
Satanic in his eyes.
"Mr. Philip Copely?" demanded lie.
"That is my name, sir; and you are-?"
"Mr. Rufus Dawes, at your service."
"I am glad to see you, ir. I have leard
of you often, through your cousins, the
Misses Southern, I think. Excuse my re
ceiving you in this manner, but I rise late,
"Nevei mind, sir. My business is very
brief. It concerns one the young ladies
you have just named. 1Her father has told
me all, and has sent me to offer you two
alternatives, marry the younglady immedi
ately, sir, or else meet me according to the
Code of Honor!"
"Marry her. You ai-e crazy!"
"Very wvell, sir. Ydu refuse, then!"
"N-o-o-o! That Is just what I most wish
to do, but was afrakltthat her father would
not hear of it."
"Whati Have you, then, been perfectly
honorable in your Intentions?"
P'hil colored and his eyes flashed.
"I should like to see the man who insinu
ates that Alice would drem of anything
else. Tell Mr. Southern that I will mar-ry
his daughter- this afternoon, if she Is will
"I atuspect that my uncle has judged you
a little hastily. I know lie was very gay
when lie w as young, and 1 sulipose he
thinks you one of the same sort. I am glad
It has turned out differently, and--"
"And If you will wait till I am dressed,
we will have a drop of something cool over
"if you please."
Alice did not wilsh to be married that af
ternoon-It was rather too sudden-so her
father wvas persuaded to allow them a month
f or preparations. ie was too shrewvd to
show his mortIfication, when ho had dis
covered how he had deceived himself, but
apologized fairly and squarely to Phil, in
"Cousin Rufus" and thme bridegroom-elect
became great friend;, and time black mu~s
tache captivated ever so many hearts at thme
A tioh Diseovory of Coin.
It has just been learned that early on a
certain morning last summer a lad engaged
In repairing the drain of a house In Rome
caine upon a quantity of buried coins dating
from the fifteenth and sixteenth centuries,
and very rich in value, beIng gold. The
lad at first found only a single p iece. This
ho put into his pocket, and when occasion
offered lie show It to a goldsmith across thme
way and agreed to sell It for $4. As the
bargain was about to close the head mason
and the owner of the hmowso happened to see
tihe transaction, and going across the street
pitt an end to it. Furthmet search was ade
for coin in the same spot and 142 gold pieces
were unearthed between the drain and the
wall of the house. A quantity of dirt which
had b~een taken away from the draini and
wts on the roaui in carts to a p'blmi outside
the walls was sent for, anid forty-two more
pieces- were talien out -of it, making 184
gold coinsof the largest so~ and As fresh as
if they hp4 jpst. boon taken~ from the mint.
As works of art the pieceshavospeclahn-erit,
atnd well they may, for the greatest, part of
themn were coined by Alexander VI., Julius
II., Lob X. Cleme~nt VII. and Paul III.,
aind hmonenm belonged to the great art age.
ara hem saii~t beo~ pquisite
a no~ d~~yAtt 'who sdemn
brhrto tnd the 60e f Ionatello and
Co--.ll librt~e dihog'i t
Nn,i,lon and~ St. Helena.
Napoleon arrived at St. Ilelena. October
I, 1 81 5, in the sip11) Northumberland, com
ma1tlided by Sir (eorge Cockburn, and wias
atteided by General and Mle. Bertrand,
General and tme. Montholon, Count Las
Cases,, General Gougaud and suite. I'hie
next day lie went ashore, and stopped over
night in Jaimestown, an1(d On the following
day the Emlperor, in company with Adni
rl Cockburn and Count Bertrand, visited
Longwood, the place which had been sc
lected for his future residence, the house
intended for hi being then occupied by
the Lieutenant-Governor of the Island. The
Emperor requested permia4ion to stop in a
building called the "Briars," which iequest
was granted, and he remained there a little
over two months. From the "Briars" he
was removed to Longwood and there occu
pied what Is known a1s the "Old House."
In 1819 the British Government commen
ced the erection of a large, commodious
residence for his reception, but. before it
was finished Napoleon I. was no more. On
the 5th of May, 1821, the conqueror of a
hundredbatt les, creator of kings and princes,
the legislator and hero of the age, died at
Longwood, age( ilfty-two years. The dis
ease which caused his death is alleged by
some to have been hereditary ulceration of
the stomach, and by otlhers, gastro-hepatitis.
On the 8th of May he wits buried in Saue
Valley, Longwood. The Governor, Adii
ral and staff, all the garrison and about one
half the p,) pulition of the 1sland attended
tile funeral. The pall-bearers were Count
Bertrand and Moitholon, Mershand (the
faithful valet, of the Emperor), and young
Napoleon [iertratnd. The iousehold of the
late Emperor sailed for England May 21st,
1821, on the storeship Camel. On the 8th
of October, 1840, Prinec do Joinville and
suite, including General Bertrand, Montho
lon. Baron Las Casas, former companion of
Napoleon's exile, arrived at, St. Hlelena in
tile frigate La Bello Poule, accompaui'ed by
tile corvette, Favorite, for tile purpose of
conveying the remains of the Emperor to
France; and oil the 15th of Octcber, at
midnight, just twenty-five years from the
day ie landed, the exhumation took place,
the coliln was lifted, and conveyed to a
tent, where it wis opened and the remains
fully identified, being but a little changed
in appearance from what some of the
mourners had 'gazed upon nearly twenty
years before. The cofln was thou closed,
and the remains were deposited, with fune
ral huno.is, in the La Belle Poule, which
sailed fo': France on the 18th of- October.
Upon their arrival in Paris, the mortal re
mains of the First Napoleon were deposited
under the (1ome1 of the luvalides, where
they still remain. From all accounts, his
life here was most dreary. Among tile ar
chives of ilc island are tile original papers
that were to have been sent to France, giv
ing plans of easy landing places and the
manner in whichi he was to have been re8
cu1ed; but through the inquisitiveness of
his valet's parents, the papers fell Into the
hands of the Governor, Sir Hudson Lowe.
After that, the strict surveillance and in
dignities that were ieaped upon hhn1 broke
the spirit and heart of the man that had
defied the world. The original paper from
tile King of England, ordering that Napo
leon should be addressed as General and
not Empero.a, is still here. 13y ordinance
of Sir Edward Drummond fay, Governor
of St. llelena, dated March 18, 1858. rati
fled and conilrned by order of the Queen,
My 7, 1858, the lands in the Itland of St.
lie na forming the site of the tomb of the
Emperor Nanoleon, also the lands forming
the site of the tenement of Longwood and
its appurtenances, formerly the residence
of Napoleon, was vested in his Majesty the
late Napoleon 111. and his heirs forever, as
absolute owners thereof in fee'simple. In
1859 the French Government sent an Offl.
cer of the Legion of Honor to St. Helena
to look after and take( care of tile house anid
grounds. The present oflicer, Major Mare
chal, whlo is an- Ollicer of tile Legion of
Honoer, also, is a mlost obliging anld couirte
0118 genltlemlan ; he8 has very little to do,
for all thlat hle does not like livIng so far
awvay from Paris, and proposes to leave for,
France soon on a leave of abseuco for one
year. There are at good mlany remlinis
cnCes of Napoleon's exile thlat neither re
fleet credlit On hhnmself nor tile represenlta
tive of tile Englih G.avernmlent, Sir Hudcson
Tile Big Lakel Unlder Micnigan.
Michigan p~eople are beginning' to thlink
that State is a vast floating peninsula, as
some1 of thlem~ have been asserting for a long
tIme. There ara'~ in tile State dozens of
little lakes wihoult outlets, and yet ne0ver
stagnant, and apparently fathlomless.
Species of fishl and amphtibious animals are
found In thleso ponds(1, wihel exist only in
thle larger bodies of fresh water. The
Battle Creek corresp~ondent says thlat
several years ago, on lake Gognac, near
tile former city, some summer-resorters
tried several times to build a kind of log
causeway across the edge between two of
thoese small lakes, but it sunk out of sight
every time. St. Mary's lake is four miles
north of Battle Creek. Its water-level* is
muchl higher thlan thlat of thle othler lakes
In tl'e surrouinding counltry, and there ex
lets at present nleither a source from whichl
Its body Is derived nor a stream emanatinig
from it. Several years ago an effort was
made to stock it with eels, and sp~clmens
were precured. and deposited In thle lake.
Some time after an eel was caught at the
Verona mill1 dam, in thle Battle Crock river,
five miles dIstant. altho~ugh none hlad ever
been placed In thlat river, and 110 connection)
exists above gfroundl. Thie descrIption of
thoseo eels correspond~ to the Identical ones
placdd in the lake, and~ as nlone of tile eels,
nor any of theIr progeny, were over after
ward seen in tile bike, tile conclusion ar
ived at Is that an underground chanlnel
exists betweenr them. Tile lake, wilch Is
about - three miles In circumferene,. h11s
decreased In depth between five and sfrx
feet In as mniy years, tile former water'
umarks being distinctly visible. Tile amount
of water contained in a foot I deptl), and
o1- thle area of the lake Is simply enormous,
and when) taken inte consideration wIth thle
small amonunt of raid and snow whichl goes
Into it, rend~ers the evaporation thleory al
most absurd, Theo fayorlte theory ,ul the
neighborhood is that the bottonU has-fallen
out In the dleepest poirtion, and that the,
lake Is slowly but surelys leaking- out and
will eventually ank to 1h0 common' NJatgr
level, or dry up and be known only amiong
the traditional history of the pan. thit
althoughl the result m be d,'t' is
belle od bv, nye6
Jasper Throckmorton, who lives out oi
Sunnier street, Boston, is the father of
ten children. Recently, Mr. Throckmor
ton was just oi the point uf putting on his
hat to start for the oflice, when M1rs.
Throcknorton called after him from the
"'Stop at Sodders, and tell him to come
up and ilx the water pipe and get a big~tin
dipper and bring It with you this noon.
Don't tell them to send it, they'll forget
Mr. Throckmorton said lie would. and
then he put on his hat and started. As lie
reached the front door his eldest daughter
shouted from up stairs:
"Pa! pa! pal Go to Greenbaum &
Schroders and ask Mr. Scott to give you
two yards and a-half of brown satin, cut
oi the bias, to the dress I gotl'last week;
he'll know the kind. I don't wan't to wait
And Mr Throckniorton, pausing with his
hand on the door said lie would got it,
and then sighed and opened - the door.
Just then his oldest son shouted from the
"Father! the man was up here twice yes
terday for the money for my new boat,
and I just gave him a note t9 you, and
he'll call at the'office to day for his money,
and will give au a pair of patent oar
locks and a dip net. Bring them np with
you when you come to dinner."
Mr. Throckmorton kind of stilled a groan
like, and saying lie would attend to it,
went out. As he passed down the porch
step his second daughter leaned out of the
front window and cried:
"Oh, pa; do stop at Parson's as you
come to dinner, and tell them to send a
man to lay the new hall carpet when they
send it up, and you get ten pounds of cot
ton batting and bring it up with you, for
we wan't it right away and can't wait."
The parent paused with his hand on the
gate latch, and with a visable effort prom
ised to remember and bring up the cotton
batting, amd opened the gate. But the
voice of his younger son from the side
yard, caught his car and held lnim a mo
"Pa)p, oh pap Wan't ten .cents for a
winder I broke in the school house, and I
can't go to Sunday school till I get a new
hat and some shoes, and please can't I have
a quarter to go to the picnic?"
Air. Throckmorton silently registered a
flogging for the broken glass, a negative
for the picnic, and said he would get the
boots and hat. Then lie turned to go, but
as lie passed down the street his six younger
children came running after him.
"Oh, pa, don't forget to stop and see if
the old umbrella's fixed, ma says."
"Stop at the dentist's and see when lie
can fill my teeth."
"Bring my shoe home from the shoe
"Aa says be sure - to tell the doctor to
come up to-day and vaccinate the baby!"
"Pap Kin I go swininig in Hawkeye
"Pa, oh, pal glinne me five cents to ride
on the street cars?"
And Mr. Throckmorton went down
town and amazed Fred. Scott by telling
him to cut off thirteen feet of water pipe,
on the bias, and lie asked Mr. Parsons to
let him have eleven dozen skeins of cot
ton batting and send him up a man with a
tin dipper; he told Dr. Cochran, the den
tist, to come right up and fill the baby's
teeth, and begged the doctor to hurry right
away and put a half-sole on the school
house window, and then ran to to the shoe
maker's and asked him if he had vaccin
ated his little girl's shoe and amazed a
street-car driver by asking him for a bath
ticket, and when the man came around
with the oar-locks and dipper lie told him
to take them up and lay them in the front
hall-the girls would show him where.
And by three in thme afternoon It had got
all around that old Throckmnorton was
drinking as hard as ever again and hadn't
drawn a sober breath all day.
Riow To Make Musinfias.
.Many of the wants which create a de
mand for articles of merchandise are artI
ficial. Our ancestors felt no need of tea
and coffee, yet they are now used by every
family in the hardest times, and forty years
ago there was no domandl for photograph
pictures, but now they are seen In the
humblest dwellings, and the living of many
persons Is made by preparlng them. It many
be said that when Wtages' are small inost
people cannot afford to buy anythIng beyond
what subsistence and ordinary comforts re
quire; but whein there was the most coift
plaint of a lack of employment, a Fourth of
July did not pass without a large business
being done in fireworks and crackers.
"Where there is a will there Is a way,'' and
if new things of a desirab~le character
be introduced they wvill find purchasers.
It Is, therefore, the true policy of a conm
munity to Invent or prepare new articles,
which will gratify seome persons, in order
that they may be induced to buy them. A
portion of the time9 of boys and gIrls, and of
many adults, isnotemnployed, and experience
has shown thmat when they have been so In
structed as to, acquIre skill in some art, they
will willingly work when there is a prospect
of pay. An important part of their home
training should be to lead them to exercise
their powers in efforts to make something
which will have value, and'to (d0 this they
should be provided with somie inexpensive
imystruments and mnaterlals with which they
may begin work. When they can tashion
a toy whIch will amse a child, their work
beglns to have value, arid in this ,branch of
industry there Is a scope for a large amount
of work adapted to learners, In every de
partmnent of labor the ability to .draw is of
great value, and children should be sppplied
with the things needed at an early ago.
The use of wter colors affords much inno
cent amusement, and whenever a gori of
talent for drawing. or coloring appears, It
should be developed. The instruments for
muechianical dr ing should also be provided,
andi thme habit ofobserving and 4Qllneathmig
the'forms of thfngs shogli he encoeuraged.
T~p ihduce 'fantile to poujs the thi'ngs de
aired for 'the. begiining ,of mannaI wtork,
voild considerabhl Iacrease. some 'kids of
Diiness, and wherevor' sufficiently sktil
may be deyeloped ,to produce fiew doolgns
aid things of ornamogt, fje resources 'of
learners-would foorease, and their ability to
pnrehaso betteor %strutnpnt., neohip ry,
la6tajort of d ellngiter a at
things needed for recreation Is ihcreased.
In the rural (istricts and in suburban parts
of large cities, much more productive work
for young persons is practicable than can be
done inl tile smnall houses in which many of
the people of the city live. With a little
<lirection, boys and girls can nake a little
ground produce things of value which
would enable them to procure the many de
8irable articles which the juvenile inechanics
and artists of the city could make for them.
The question will naturally be asked,
"How can the youth of the cities and the
country be induced to begin productive
work ?" The beginning is the chief difil
culty, and this should be undertaken by or
ganization. We have many associations of
minors, but they do not suliciently inculeate
the idea that skill in useful arts is honorable,
and entitles the possessor to the respcct of
all worthy people. Men who are prominent
in the community should give countenance
to all who can be induced to associate for
the purpose of elevating themselves In the
social scale by productive work; and a sys
ten of degrees, orders and decorations, to
indicate the acquirements of every one,
should be prepared and conferred upon t hose
entitled to them. More decorous conduct,
as well as business improvements, would re
sult fron the establishment of such an in
We gathered' hi tl-e cosiest corner of the
room. We clapped our hands; a servant
who was nodding in the hall entered and at
once began preparing the pipes. le placed
a crystal vase before each of us; It was
moulnted with fretted silver, and was topped
with an elaborately gilden carthern bowl;
from its neck the snake-life stem, a fathom
long, wound with threads of gold and silver,
stretchd to the lips, upon which rested a
moutlhpiece of clouded amber. The vase
was half-filled with rose water, and in each
vase a handful of fresh rose leaves was sop
ped in this water. The pipe-bearer then
took a handful of tumpak. a mild, sweet,
Persian weed; plunged it into a basin of
water an([ wrung it out like a sponge. We
regarded willi curi->us eyes the preparation
so would you. Tile tumbak is still damp;
he presses it. into the pipe-bowl and heaps
it up, making a little nest in the centre of it.
Then a live coal is placed In the nest, where
it. sends up a thin, fragrant steam. You
throw yourself back upon the cushi'ons of
the divan; you place upon your lips the
sluperb amber mouthpiece, three or four
inches In length, and carved or girdled with
hoops of gold. You exhaust your lings,
and draw in, through the glittering coils of
the stem, volumes of cool, deodorized smoke.
If this smoke has any lavor it Is not that of
tobacco; it Is infinitely finer, sweeter, more
delicate. Is it the rose water through which
the smoke has passed by means of a tube
that extends from tho base of tile bowl
nearly to th'j bottom of the vase and then
rises in bubbles like snowballs and enters
the Jlexible stem near (he throat of the vase?
Or it is the moist tumbak, exuding some
subtile essence under the hot breath of
the glowing coals? Or It is only a fancy
that possesses one when the narglloh Is well
lighted and the pipp bearer sits by, watch
Ing it as if life hung upon the consumma
tion of this solitary smoke? Occasionally
lie probes the bowl oi places fresh coal with.
In it, and then lie smiles as the white clouds
pour forth In immense volumes and fill the
chamber with the Incense of the Orient.
The Inhalation is complete; one breaths the
smoke of tumbak as lie breaths the very air;
the bosom.hcaves like the rise and fall of
a great wave at sea; you imagine you are
doubling your Inches across the chest; a
pleasurable thrill Is communicated to every
nerve in the body. You floon your whole
interior with smoke. A happy thought
strikes you, you laugh, and the cloud that
is dlischiargedl from your mouth Is like smoke
blelched fromn a cannon. There is something
suggestive of intoxication In all this. The
water bubbles In the cIstern of the pipe ; the
rose loaves tumble about and delight the
eyes; the gurgle soothes the ear; the palate is
enchanted with long draughts of Impalpable
essence from a source that seems absolutely
inexhaustible. "Drinking smoke," the
Arabs call it It is the only term they use
to express the act. And pray why should
they not drinmk It, when It hass been tried by
fire, filtered in a bath of roses, chilled In its
flight through that writhing steim and slid
at last through a handful of glowing am
A Relic of WVateorloo.
George 8haw, a brave Englishman, when
surrounded on time field of Waterloo, by a
nuamber of the enemy, made a gallant
struggle for existence, and fought his way
back to his comrades over the dead bodies
of a (dozen Frenchmnan whiom lie had slain.
As a reward for his bravery, Wellington
sent for the soldier, and in thea course of
his conversation with him, gave him per
misesion to take with him whatever relic he
chose from the battle-fild. Shaw's choice
was the skeletonm of a French general, killed
In the action. The ghastly trop~hy-was safe
ly transported to England and hung in the
soldier's closet at Hlanley in Staflordshire,
England, till he came to regard It as a nul
snce aund disposed of It to 8amnuel Bullock,
a mnanufacturer of china. As bones form a
proportion of tihe ingredients from which
English china are made, it ocecured to the
manufacturer thlat the remains of the poor
general would look much better made up
into some hiandsonme ornament than dang.
llng from a peg inl an obscure closet; and
in accordance wvith this InspIration, the
Frenchi general was ground down, and, in
dt time, was metamorphosed into teacups
and saucemd; in which condition lie adorns
to -this dlay the museum at Hawley, ap
propriately inscribed wlnh the history of his
transformation. It happened one day that
Miarshal Boult visited the museum, and his
attention was attracted by the china, which
hans a bright pink tint and is ornamented
with flowers. But1 when lisa eye rested
upon the label, which enabled hhh to re-'
cognizo in the collection the remains of one
of hIs former' generals, thme marshial was
deeply shocked, and wrapping "his martial
cloak around him," walked indignantly
away Hie did not forget to inform Na.
poleon, then at Ste Helena, of the indignity'
whioh had been offered tatthe themory of
their departed cottntrytnan. "It is ne in.
dignity1", quoth' Napoleion; "what nore
pleasing dispositien Can- there be of one's
bones after death, than tot bos e~ ihto
cups ,to Je constantly; in tmo~~pao'ed
between the rgsyjll s of 1adi si.tlo ght
je delightful.Ea. . ististhe
marshal; butbeo, fp U l.t eo a hi
qelf with It. ~
(,ol. Pollock of India, says that Asiatic
elephants should be divided into two clas
ses, the goonius, those that have large tusks,
and the nuchnas, or those that have none,
Dr only rudinentary ones; the two kinds
seldom herding together, and having pecti
larities of formation which render them
very distinct, although they do not seem to
have been noticed by other writers. The
muchna is usually taller and more bulky
than the tuskor, and has a longer and very
ponderous trunk. While some animals of
this kind are absolutely without tusks, most
of them have short, sharp ones, growing
downwards, like those of the walrus, with
which they can inflict most formidable
blows. Col. Pollock seems to have been
greatly impressed with the sagacity of the
elephant in its wild state, particularly that
displayed in its choice of camping and feed
ing grounds, which are often surrounded on
three sides by a tortuous river hpassable
to ordinary mortals, the fourth being pro
tected by a tangled thicket or a quag mire.
'I have ;)een an hour or more,' he says,
"trying to penetrate into one of their fast
neeses, where 20 or 80 elephants were con
gregated within a space nowhere more than
400 yards square; but so well were the ap
proaches protected that, at last, when I did
succeed in crossing over, at the risk of
either being swept away by the force of the
current or drowned in its deep bed or boged in
the quagmires, the noise we made was suf
fleicnt to awaken the seven sleepers, to say
nothing of disturbing a herd of elephants,
and I had the pleasure of seeing them make
their exit one way as I entered on the op
posite side, and more 1 he animals were on
the move, such was the intricate nature of
the county it was useless, indeed inipos
ible, to follow them." The Burmese and
Assamese, it seems, laugh at the European
for firing only for the brain of an elephant,
as they aim with considerable success at
Lhe point of the shoulder, which it one of
its five vulnerable points. It is as amusing
to find that there is as much rascality prac
tised about the sale of a tame elephant as
about that of a horse, the vicious one being
drugged and sold as docile, the sleepy one
brightened by the use of ginger or brandy,
and the useless brute, that never carries
flesh, fed up for the time with inassalays
and sugar cane. The person accustomed to
Dleplhants is perfectly able to judge of their
state of mind by the peculiar noise they
Litter; the sort of whistling from the drunk
[enotes satisfaction, trumpeting Is a sign of
rage, the striking the trunk on the ground
with a pitiful cry shows alarm, and a kind
,f grunt is used to express Impatience or
dissatisfaction. Col. Pollock gives a good
deal of information as to the various ways
f catching and training them, and he rather
defends the nmhouts from the many sins
alleged against tliem, saying they are, as a
rule, a plucky and not a bad class of men,
anally managed if treated with kindness and
firmness. The trip up the Irriwaddie to
Pagau Myo, Ava, Umrapoorah and Man
Jaly is one of the most interesting portions
:f Col. Pollock's book. On this occasion
lie saw the white elephant, although he was
not clad In his state trappings, covered with
magniflecnt precious stones, "any one of
which if worth a fortune." h''aninal
stood about 10J feet high, was handsomely
(ade and had tusks seven feet long, which,
is they all but touch the ground, required
o he slightly shortenc4 each year.
A Colossal Work.
The expanse of water now lying between
)akland Point and the termination of the
)ridge at San Francisco is to be crossed by
L broad and solid roadway of rock and
arth. Upon this roadway will be laid four
ieparate tracks, one each for the incoming
md~ outgoing overland and local trains.
ro the north of these, and divided from
hem by railing, will be a road for the pas
mage of wagons andi for passengers. When
his large embankment Ia completed, a sub
itantial and commodious depot is to be1
3rected at its end, similar In plan and con
itruction to the magnificent p~assenger
lepots of some of the Eastern cities. The
hay, on both sides of the roadbed, is to be
Iredged to a uniform depth, sufficient for
alle anchorage of ships, of the greatest
:iraught. In the brief period which has
Ilapsed since the beginning of this work It
lias progressed with surprising rapidity,
and the trestle-work has already been suir
rounded, for several hundred yards, with a
Irm support of earth and stone. In addi
dlon to the vast quantities of filling which
ire being dumped from the old bridge, a
aew line of piles, surmounted by a railway,
is being pushed out some distance to the (
mouth, from which the construction trains
laity dlump many carloads of materials.
some 45 or 50 mon are constantly em
uloyed at the wharf, unloading the trains
med leveling and distributing the earth.
rhe filling-in material, such large quanti
les of which are required for the forward
ng of the work, is taken from two differ-.
nt sources. The rock is excavated from n
i new quarry dug In the side of a mountain
it Niles, located 25 miles from the scene of a
>peratione. TJie laborers employed at the i
luarries, 9f whom there are betgreen 200
nd 800, are nearly all- Chinese. Two<
rains of construction cars are kept con
tantly busy traifsporting the rock from the 1
inarries to the wharf. Each traIn conslsts
>f 45 cars, carrying 10 y'ardi of rock- each,
md, as two (falns run from the quarries to
)akland every 24 hours, 900 yardds of roul~
ire daily dumped into the bay.
An old chap called Uncle Ben has boen
Iinving a dray or express wagon in Detroit
iver since the oldest Inhabitant can reinem
>er, and ho Is still at it. Some twenty-f~
ears ago he purchased a p ,g hat and
rom the day he put'it on titl recentl no
me over saw him outside the gate *it ot
I. Snow and rain and sun and frost and
lust and mud have all had a .whaolc a t it,
>ut yet it is ahat.. : 1%f long ago .some, of
hAe id m'anis friend. gtt~~er and p a
58 for a-pretty good "piu aledo j
[Jnele -Bed to present 4 ohm ,Ie 'rk
ip from hi.s nap on theo,wpgon segV aite
freup gathered aroundr listeno at 3nfl
oithe speech and then ,ho~tha d
"My friemds I ennot acooc the~ iM 4
[t's too dilee for my Wife to use bl
;stoe from do'w cellaE o
ronimy ~hhhe w birIW1n
lng, an thy oIdhs . eo'u~
als oatets ,&hiahht *t Oflt ,
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-The aggregate vote in Penn sylvan.
Ia is nearly 200,OC0short of what it was
-The deficit in the French sugar
beet crop will be between 25 and 50
per cent. less than list year.
-The rico crop of South Carolina
for the year is estimated at44,000tierces,
and that of Georgia at 26,000 tlierces.
-it Is estimated that the little phyl
loxera has destroyed about $6,000,000
worth of' vintago in France this year.
--Three hundred choice sheep have
beena taken from Washington county,
Pa., to Texas, to improve flocks in that
--France had 21,992 vessels, with a
tonnage of 164,000 tons, and manned
by 82,431 sailors, engaged In the i1ls
erles last year.
-It Is thought that George Wright,
the famous base-ball player, will not
I)lay next year, but will go Into busi
-Out of every 2,000 persons there is
one born deaf, There are In the United
States between 25,000 and 30,000 deaf
-Piladelphia has already expended
14,105,370.42 on her new Post-oflfe
building, of which amount $1,250,000
was for the site.
-Thomias Jackson, an Albany,N. Y.,
itone cutter, has just recovered $26,000
ror injnries received in the Ashtabula
-Sarah Hardy, a colored woman,
who had reichied tile age of 104 years,
lied recently, in the Berks county, Pa.
-There have died of Yellow fever
it Mempliis this year 40.1 persons. Last
year, 3,007 persons (tied of the disease
luring the same time.
-Within tile past five years the
tcreage ot cereals iII the Unleed States
Ilas increased from 74,000,000 to 05,
-President Robinson, of Brown Uni
versity, and his wife, have signed a pe
tition to allow women to vote for oill
,ers of Providence school boards.
-Delaware county (Pa.) School Di
rectors have decided that the public
rehool children shall make exhibits of
tleir progress at the next annual fair.
-There has been imported Into New
York by sea from California since the
beglining of this year 1,156.712 gallons
)f wine, and 114,717 gallons of brandy.
-Prof, Alexander Agassiz of Hiar
vard College has given one hundred
lollars toward canceling the debt of
he Redwood Library at Newport, R. 1.
-The model of tile equestrian statue
)f Napoleon II1 , a grand work by the
Dhevalier Barzagalla, to be erected at
Allan, will sho.rtly. be cast In bronze.
-Mr. Dwight Whiting, a citizen of
Boston, has gone to South Africa to
purchase one hundred ostriches for his
farm in the San Joaquin Valley in Cal
-Recent Income-tax retuntis al1ow
that ninety persons in Great Britain,
. xercising trades and professions, have
Incomes over $253,000, and 994 between
P50,000 and $250,000.
-Illinois is a tolerably well cultiva
led State, but, with 20,00,000 acres
lider cultivation, it has 8,000,000 acres
luimproved, an area as large as Massa
.husetts and Connecticut put together.
-Montana, during the past siteen
cars, hasproduced 153,000,000 of gold
md silver. This makes Montana rank
text to California as a producer of gold.
'here are already 20,000 quartz mines
it the territory.
--Dr. J. J. Hayes, the Arctie explor
.r, at a recen.t meeting of the American
)eographicai Society, said that he was
;horoughly coinvviced the Jean nette
vould reach the Notth Poie succogsful
y and re~turn lin satfety.
-One, lihindired and. seventy-9ight
ngs of wool ,omch avoragi ng 600 pounds,
v'ere received hI Reading, Pa., recent
y to be used in the manufacture of hats.
Lbhis Is the largest amount of wool ever
ecelved iln that city in one day.
-The artesian well at the Paterson
N. J.) Rolling Mill has reaehed a
lepth of more thian 1,000 feet without
ineetinig water. .Sandstone has been
ound all the w ay do wn, except one bed
>f potter's chy.
-TVhe amount of clover-seed annu
illy harvested In the United States is
iot far from 700,000 bushels, about one
Itaif of whlioh Is used at home, the re
nainder goes to Eurpemotyo
lreat Britain. . p7mstyt
--Diphtheria has become a terribi
pidemnic in Rlussla,'50 to 75 per cent.
if the children being carried offy be
ides a large number of. grown pprpons,
nd in some districts th9 death of chit
iren are far in excesi of the bIrths.
--An old custom has been revived in
dains county, Pa., of demanding toll
rom wedding parties. .Ropes or oi sIns
Lre stretched across a road tr'aved by
wedding party in carriages ana toll
ni money Is asked fromn the -groom.
-.In 1630 the royal' library of Paris
ontained 890,000 volumes anid obdets
f every description. In 1@9 the num..
wr was 1,200,000. Durinag the, last
wenty years te einereade hasbeeni more
ensible, and the .aetuals fiumber-Is os
inaated at 2,000,000,
-Hier Britannio Majesty's sh0 at
ias beeni.on a cruIse to the Pa Ir'n
[slands, and tilaced in the Olhtro an
american orgah, the gift of fthe teen.
LUhe first tune plyed on . it was-f'God
5 ve the Queen, an wh4$eisad
uruuJoined neartl y. hp~$~ sad
The3bann ednity W1a.) Agrul
ural Sdclety havinigaband tied the fair
grounds ' at 'Avonp hve purchased
won-yfive.aeres of the Ka farm
n o~ Lebe w Q ,0. hiree
luldred shareA li took hae ~nIs
dted'at *80 per W de,'-to raise sum ~
f $15,00 for, tenoes and building~ "4'
ii tawhit o 6vt4