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Tfil-WEEKLY EDITION. W INNSBORtO, S. C., JANUARY 27, 180.OLP1-.12
.1 como from the haunts of coot and fern,
I make a sudden sally,
And sparkle out among the fern,
To bicker down a valley.
I chatter, ohatter, as I flow
To join the brimming river.
For men may como and men may go,
But I go on forever:
I wind about, and in and out.
With hero a blossom sailing,
And here and there a lusty trout,
And hero and there a grayling.
And hero and there a foamy flake
Upon me, as I travel,
With many a silvery water break
Above the golden gravel.
And draw them all along, and flow
To join the brimming riv r,
For men may com and men may go,
But I go on forever.
I steal by lawns and grassy plots,
I slide by haspl covers;
I move the sweet forget-me-nots
That grow fqr happy lovers.
I slip, I slide, I glow, I glance
Among my skimming swallows;
I make tho netted sunbeam dance
Agal -st my sandy shallows,
I murmur under moon and stars;
In blanbly wildernosses;
I linger by my shingly bard;
I inter by my ore so.
And out again I ourve and flow
To join the brimming river,
For men n.ay como and men may go.
But I go on forever.
Two Red Roses.
The golden sun was sinking to rest amid
clouds of purple and red, and its last rayr
lingered on the clustering nutbrown hair of
Eunice Dalton, as she leaned against the
rustic gate that led to the old farmhouse
where her childhood had been spent.
She was very pretty, this slender girlisl
Eunice, withe her deep gray eyes, her clas
sical features, creainy complexion an<
curving, crimson lips.
And beside her, his face pale and gravi
dark' eyes drinking on every chance of he
lovely face, Guy Winters stood and pleade<
for her love.
"Eunice," he said, laying his hand or
hers, "must you leave us? Are you no
happy hero I Have we failed to make yot
rhe gray eyes were raised to his face,
the pretty white hand clasped his.
"Oh, Guy I not lappy-not content
flow could I be otherwise with the love
you all lavished on me-nc who had n<
claim on you, save that our mothers were
friends in c%!,';ihood. But, Guy, I want t<
earn my ow:i living---"
He interrmpted her with a low passionate
"Eunice, Eunice, darling, do not leave
us. Oh! my love I cannot let you go.
Stay with me and be my wife. Eunice 1"
They had been like brother and sister so
long, that Eunice never dreamed of the
possibility of Guy loving her, save as a
"Guy, you cannot mean this," she said,
"Tell me you don't mean it." .
"Mean it I Oh my darling 1 I have loved
you for years, but I was afraid to speak.]
know I am not wvorthiy of -you but I will
iearn to be. Give me some hope, Eunice,
and I will wait."
The girl's face grew pale at the thiough1
of the pain she must give his loyal heart,
but -he knew It was kind to speak plainl)
"Guy; dear,'' she said, "I thank for the
love you offer me, but--but-Oh, Guy I]
"Yd3u love Wilson Audrey ?" he said,
A searlet flush swept over her face, an<
her gray eyes dropped till their long lashes
rested on her rounded cheeks.
"I might hlave known It," lie said, "foi
ho Is all a girl could wish for a lover, but,
Eunice I have loved you as a woman isaol,
Near to them bloomed a bush of aweel
red roses, and the girl put out her slendei
hand and broke off one brilliant flower.
"Keep this, Guy, in memory of me,'
"Give me thme rose at tour brcast,'' h<
said, "and I wvQl;keb) it Whild life lasts."
She loosened9h' tlooNe, atfd s ashogavi
it to him he bent and kissed her.
"We have been as brother and sister ir
the past, Eunice," lie said "and in (theofu.
ture we will be the same," and theri h<
t\mrned away, and Eunice looked after hur
with tender, wistful eyes.
Looked giftt linOtill ;Wldon .Ajigreym
voice fell'on' her oars, and she turned t<
nieet him with glad, welcoming eyes anm
throbbing heart, -coipletely forgetting Gu)
Winters and his love,
WIlson Andrey hmad won Eunfee Dalton'i
heart and ,lo iir jtiatice, hie believed hi
loved he,r )wben . .h\e . wooed -her
for her rAre caffy bleased his senses ; 'he
shy, girlish mamlietinp'pale4 po'h~is heujrt,;
*He was handsome; with Ils gracefnl, iri.
girl whose fist lovo lie hmatt won idealize&
him Into 'a her'o, and albhoot' Whsippec
him, novgmr 1doubt;ig his, love,; en.!l.er
she saw the cYlan~ge that passed 'over hii
face when she told him she was going t<
earn herown lipng,'
"I don't see why ott need do so," hi
hadsad i"th #t love you~as thi
Her face flushed slightly ; sas he replied
'Noutio s y forget, that 1 have n<
eclaim on WleInters,Mve the claim o
ference it would make to my family, when
they hear you are an underpaid music
teacher of the Winters,and not co-heir with
A little gasp of pain camne from her hps
-her lips that had suddenly grown white.
"Oh, Wilson-Wiklon i can It be? -.'
"Sweet," he said, "I love you for your
self aione. You believe this, Eunice,
She was so true- and loyal herself, that
she could not withstand his tender, caress
ing words, and wlhen lhe drew her near him
and kissed her she was content, even happy
again, believing he meant nothing by his
The red rose she had first offered to Guy
Winter was still In her hard.
"I will take this ae a love token," Wilson
said, taking it from her, "and if ever the
time comes when I love you less, I will
send it to you, and you will understand.
le spoke jestingly, but her face grew
"Wilson," she said, "it might be that In
the future you would love me less, and long
for your freedom ; if that time comes, pro
mise me you will send me this red rose ;
write inc no word, or line, simply send me
"I promise," he said, "but as my love
will never grow less, you have seen this
red rose for the last time.
He drew her to him and kissed her.
"Goodby, my darling," he said, and then
lie left her standing in the falling shadows
* What will you wear to-night, Miss
The graceful woman standing at the
window turned slowly around, and ans
wered in a tone of intence oweetness:
"I will wear black silk and lace, Meta,
with red roses in my breast and hair."
"But your white silk and pearls?"
"I prefer black this eveniug, Meta,"
the lady answered, gently, and then turned
around to the window again.
After some time she went over to an in
laid desk, and drew out a letter, written In
a clear bold hand, and signed "Wilson
It was a passionate declaratian of love to
the beautiful woman holding it in her
hand. She read it slowly over, then from
beside she lifted an envolope, (tirected in
the same dashing hand to "Miss Eunice
Opening the envelope, she looked at
what she bad looked a hundred times be
fore, a faded June rose, withered and
scentless ; and now you know that Miss
Leigh, whose wondrous voice made her
famous, whose rare beauty and grace had
turned men's heads wherever she went, was
Eunice Dalton who had bidden her lovers
farewell at the rustic gate, eight years be
The change in her life had come suddenly
an eccentrle old lady had heard her sing, and
charmed by the depth and power as well as
the sweetness of her voice, had taken her
under her patronage, and placed her under
the best malters, and two years after had
the satisfaction of knowing that her fair
young protege was fated to be one of the
greatest singers in the world.
But before all this had come the falsity
of her lover and the anish that nearly
killed her, and t ten the news that the old
folks at the farm w~ere dead, and that Guy
had sold everything and gone abroad, thien
her new life began, and( the people0 were
thrilled by her beautiful voice, and men
Infatuated with her beautiful tnce, and
when she returned to her owvn land, fore
most among her lovers was Wilson Audrey,
who never dreamed of her identity.
There was to be a reception that evening,
given In honor of her, the creme do la
creme of society would be there, and Wil-J
son. Audrey, would be among them waitIng
to receive his answner froni the womnan he
There were many fair women present ;
buteMiss Leigh reigned queen, by right of
her real beauty, and Wilson Audrey
watched her with thrilling pullses, and
wondered he ever believed lie loved women
Hie was talking to a grave, handsomer
man, whose earnest eyes, had wandered
more than nce0 to Miss Leigh's proud p)ale
.Thiey' were standing In the shadow of a
bay window, and neither of them noticed
that a slender, stately woman In sweeping
robes of silk and lace was leaning against
a flower-wreathed column a little distance
"It Is good to see you again W'Inters,
after all these years," Wilson sai, "and y o.m
havd come back heat-whole as well."
Guy Winters faco grew grave.
"I caine as I went, Audrey, lhe said,
slowly. "Surely you remember I loved
Wilson Audrey laughed lightly'
"Ah, yes, sure enough I Well, Eunice
was a pretty little thing. She was
"Eiunico Dalton was the one woman on
Ohrtib to me,' Gty~ interrup)ted stei'nly.
'Had I kpown she was not your wife-"
"Not my wifel 14o, thank goodness.
Winters, 1 don't mind telling you, but I
have inet at last the woman before whmomli
my 'very soul bows down. if wealthland
energy cain accomplish it,I wIll marry Miss
Leigh, the beautiful:prima donna."
"I 4o not understand," Guy said, "how
once caring for Eunice, you can love an
other; as for me, this is more precious than
the love of thie fairest woman .on earth,"
anid he drew'% 'ltle saudal box from, his
pocket, and opniug it displayed a fadedai
red Juno rose.
Wilson Andrey's to 1uhd~
"I'erlhaps were you to search for your lost
love you might find her."
"God would be kinder to me than I dare
hope, but if I should find my darling
A sweet, low voice interrupted him, and
Miss Leigh stood before him, her eyes glow.
iug, her lips apart, the red roses clustering
it her breast.
"Guy-Guy 1 I am here. God has taken
care of me for you-far better than I de
And then, shelterei by the silken cur
tains, lie took her in his arms and pressed
passionate kisses on her low, white brow,
and smiling lips.
An hdur later, when Miss Leigh thrilled
the hearts of her listeners, as her voice
rang out in the old song, "My darling is
tender and true," only two in the room
know how her heart throbbed at the
thought, for none save themselves dreamed
of the story of the two red roses.
A battered old tramp. up in Judge K nox's
Court for the theft of a coat, facing the
"What's your full name ?" demanded the
"liey?" shouted the prisoner, )uttinig
one hand to his ear and scratching his back
with the other.
"Ask the gentleman his name, he's deaf,
I see," said the Court to the Constable.
"Jim Sanders 1" roared the prisoner ;
when Constable Metcalf iat bawled the
inquiry into the unclean ear of the vagrant,
"Do yu know this gentleman ?" asked
the District Attorney, when the arresting
officer took lie stand.
"I've saw the gentleman afore. him
an' anotI er gentleman wias hanging 'around
Mulligan's grocery a Sunday night.. They
were fired out for stealing oif the barkeeper,
I see 'em sneakin' round the door of the
shebang, and pretty soon this gentleman
dashes in, an' nails the coat that was a
layin' on a barrel. I runs up an' makes a
grab fur both of 'em. I ketched this one,
but the other gentleman runs away "
"What's that?" howled the prisoner,
and when the statement of the otlicer were
shrieked out to him, he yelled :
"It's all a lie!
"You musn't talk like that," screamed
the Court. Ask the witness any question
you like, but make no comments."
"Hley ?" halloed the prisoner.
"1'ell the gentleman what I said." scream
ed the Court.
''I ain't deaf !" howled Constable Met
"Order in the Court I" thundered Deputy
"His Honor's two dogs barked furiously,
a crowd began to gather on the sidewalk,
am several windows in the International
Hotel, on the opposite side of the stteet,
were thrown open.
Several other witnesses were examincd,
all of whom identitied the prisoner as the
person who stole the coat.
"Ask the gentleman if he desires to tes
tify in his own behalf," said the Court.
The gentleman declined to testify and
The use of the word gentleman in our
Justices' courts is not at all ironical. The
Court, lawyers and witnesses, all with the
greatest gravity, apply the title to the most
villainous-looking ruflians that ever de
servedly went to jail.
Ferocity of tho Leopard.
An instance of the ferocity of the leopard
occurred in the case of the missionary
Schmidt. This worthy man had gone out
with a party of Hottentots to an other Mor
avian station to hunt seome hyenas which
had been very (destructive to their hooks,
and, in company with one of the men, en
tered the thicket ini pursuit of a beast they
hiadt wounded. Inisteadi of a hyena, how.
ever, the (togs started a leopard, which in
stantly sprang on the Hlottentot and bore
him to the ground. Mr. Schmidt Inetantly
ran forward to the aid of fhle man, with his
gun cocked; but before he could get an op
portunity of firing the animal left the Hot
tentot and flew with fury at himself. In
the scuftle lie dropped the gun, but luckily
fell above the leopard, with his knee on its
stomach. Tme animial seized hn by the
arm with its jaws, and kept striki.ng him
with its pa~ws and tearing his clothes In tat
ters from his breast. Schmidt, however,
being a powerful man, succeedied after re
ceiving another severe bite or two, in seiz
lng the leopard by the throat with lisa right
hand, and held It dowvn, in spite of its dIes
p)erate struggles, for a few minutes, and un
til his strength was on the poInt of giving
way when a Hlottentot on the outside of the
jungle, Who heard hIs cries, came to the
rescue and shot time ferocious beast through
the heart, so that its death was Instanta
neous. [lad any life been heft, Its dying
struggles would have proven fatal to Mr.
Schmidt. As it was he was so lacerated
that for several weeks his life was In the
greatest danger. The Hlottentot who was
first attacked was less severely wounided,
but his face was so munch torn by the enemy's
clawvs that his eyes were filled with blood,
and lie,was unable to render any aid to the
missionary who had so generously come to
There is a young man in San Francisco,
who is not a Blriton,.though tis name might
Indicate suchi to be the case, and who pos
sesses the unenvialte distinction of being
the most, inconceivably ugly man on the
Pacific slope. For unadutemated homeli
ness lhe Is entitled to thme entire cake. One
evening during the recent carnival he got
into a Mission street car attired in a loudly
striped uleter that added emnphiaes, If poss
ible, to hiis unattractiveness. Immediately,
upon tie entrance a little girl began to cry
vigorously, and apparently'in a paroxysm
of terror. Thlis continued until Its mother
leaned forward and said to the person refer
red to: "I beg your Vardon, sir, but won't
you take off your face?"
"My face?" Inquired thme individual ad.
dressed, "what do you mean I"
"Why, 1 see by your costume that you
are gaing to the carnival. Your make-up
is very Inenious, but my little girl ws
once badly frIghtened by a false-face, and
has never quite recovered from the efcfet.
Won't yu, please, tsike oft yours till we.
And thme child almost went into fits as the
gentlenian wltlhdaew td.the troyt platform,
.with what lhe flattered himelf;wA smile,
A Tiger Tannor.
Scarcely three month* have elapsed since
we recorded the horrible fate of Karoly,
the renowned Hlungarian wild beast taner.
during one of his sensational perfOrmances
with a huge boa-constrletor, by which he
was crushcd to death while enveloped in
in Its coils. We now learn that another
tragedy of this class has just been enacted
at Berlin. William Rice, the "Tiger Ning"
a brother-in-law of Ilagenbeck, who is
well-known throughout Europe as the im
pressario. of Nubian caravans and Zulu
"troupes," opened a "zoological anthropo
logical museum" in the Thiergarten, just
outside the Braudenburger Thor. This
"museum" as its title denotes, contained a
collection of rare animals and a variety of
more or less savage men and women, who
had been traincd by Riv-e to go through
elaborate performance wih disciplined car
nivora. Among others was an extraordi
narily handsome young negress, who was
aiiounc,td to appear in a "'thrilling scene
of action" with three full-grown Bengal
tigers. On the opening night, the "imu
seum" being crowded with an eage:ly' cx-.
lant audience, the curtain rose upon a
huge cage, into which Rice proceeded to
lead the tigers preparatory to "Black
llelen's" performance. Seareely had he
made his obesiauce to the public when one
of the ferocious animals sprang upon him.
struck him on the right chcek with its left
forepaw, and fastened with its tremendous
fangs upon the muscles of his left arm. One
of the attendants, also an Englishman,
rushed to his assistance, armed with a
heavy iron bar and beat the tiger off. 1tice
walked steadily off the stage, but fell in a
swoon as he had reached tlie wing. Profs.
Von Langenbeck, the Emperor's body sur
geon, and Virchow, the eminent anatomist
were summoned, and dressed the unfor
tunate mnan's wounds. lie was removed
to Langenbeck's private infirmary, where he
received the personal and unremitting at
tention of Germany's first living surgeon;
but the shock to his system was so terrible
that at last lie died in great agony. The
immediate cause of death is ofilcially stated
to he blood-poisoning. "BIlack 1lelen,"
whose real name is Helen Johnson, a nat ive
of New Jersey, was also bitten by a lion
during the performance that took place on
the evening after Rice's mishap, and lies
in a precarious condition. The Berlin Po
lice authoritics have closed tihe ''Museum''
and prohibited any further exhibition of
wild beast taming within the preciucts of
the German capital.
An Extraordinary Diver.
A good (teal of curiosity has t)een excited
in London by tie extraordinary exhibition
of a new diving process at the Royal Poly
technic institution. The inventor is a young
Englishiman named Fleuss, twenty-eight
years of age, who was formerly an officer
in the Peninsular and Oriental Steamship
company's service. Ile is a short, slight
man, of fair complexion and pleasant ap
pearance. The peculiarity of his process is
that the (liver takes down with him a good
supply of air, and is quite independent of
any supply from above, so that there is no
pmping required, and no help needed ex
cept a signal man and a cord. The dress
in which Mr. Fleuss descends is like an or
dinary diver's dress, and consists of a hel
met, breastplate and the common water
tight armings and leggings. He bears on
his shoulders a weight of ninety-six pounds.
At the depth of twelve feet lie -moves com
fortably in the water under this pressure.
From the helmet there proceeds a light cord
for signalling to the ian above. Before
the helmet is fixed and the mask closed, it
is seen that the inventor wears firmly tied
over is mouth and nose an ordinary mouth.
piece from which a breathing tube of an
inch bore proceeds downward. When lie
is on the floor of the tank in which the ex
hibition takes place, Mr. Fleuss moves
about as lie pleases apparently, without
any impedhient. lie can pick up coins,
can sit down, and cani even lie dIown. lie
breathes, lie says, just as easily as when lie
is in the air andl quite as freely. The pro.
cess by which the breathing Is effected re
mains a secret, but Is, according to the in
venter, extremely simp)le. Dr. Benjamin
WVard Richiardscam, a wvell-known London
physician, whoi send1s to Nature a long ne
count of his observations of this experi
meats, says that in wvhiatcver way Mr.
Fl~euss gets breathing room under the water,
lie has without a dloubt achieved a great
hpractical sucess. iIe has sonic method of
getting zid of the produrc of respiration,
whmiQh would otherwise suffocate him, and
lie is able to live a long time shut off coin
pletely from all externmal access to the air.
[mn seine of the exhibitions, Mr. Flcuss has
remained under water a full hour, and has
shown no signs of asp)hyxia on conung out
of the tank, andh but little change from his
normal condition. Dr. Richardson sug
gests that a man who can carry his air- eup.
ply.lin lis p)ockets could go Into fIre as wveli
as tinder water, provided hie had on a proper
fire- proof dress, and that the new invention
will be found specially valuable in wells
chargedl wvith foul air, or In mines filled
with fire-damp or choke-damp.
.Ice in theo arctic Sea.
A simple smooth sheet of sea water ls.ne
sooner formed than It begins to be subject
ed to a varlcety of Intiuences, which speedily
converts its smooth expanse Into a comrpli
cated rugged surface, covtered wIth rIdges,
valleys and irregularlties of all kh9ds, ren
ders its thickness everywhere unlike, and
split up with Innumerable fissures. Most
Important among the causes of these
changes are the variations of telnperature
to which the Ice is exposed from the varIa
tion of that of the water below and the
water above, and which are more or less
local,.and affect the ice differently whenever
Its thickness varies. From these differences
of temperature ensue comnplcated strains
In all directions, due to the unequal expan
sion andi c9ntraction of the mass, and the
Ice Is rent by the tension; to these forces is
added the pressure of surrounding ice fields,
driven by the action of the winds or currents;
long fissures are formed, the edges of which
grind together with mighty force. All
these changes are accompanied by a noise.
The uinlucky prisoner in the field ice duiring
thme imposing unbroken loneliness of the
long Arctic night, when the wind Is calm,
can hear the crackle of the snow under the
stealthy tread of the polar~ bear, at an as
tonIshing distance, andi heat' what a man
sp)eaking loud, says at 1,000 meters distance,
It can, therefore, be well understood how
the sound of the Ice pressures must travel
to his ear from efmormnous distances, '"Some
times the noise of - the Ice'movements was
scarcely to be hicand-t-a mere miurmu--and
eame to *ur ears .as does the play of .the
wave omva steep coast -frds~ theofar dii
tance. S0mQin it hummed And1 r6ared
closer to us, as if a whole column of heav
ily laden wagons were being drawn over
the uneven ice simface. In the sound were
combined all nmanner of noises, caused by
cracking, grinding, falling of blocks, crush
ing, and many other phenomena of ice life.
It is astonishing how far and how clearly
every noise is conducted over the Ice. The
noise at the very margin of the field on
which we were seemed to occur immediate
ly at our feet. If we placed our ears to
the ice the sound was heard so loudly that
we might have expected the ice to open
under our feet the next moment. The
whole dry ice covering was a vast sound
ing board. Wh; never. as I lay (town to
sleep, I placed my car against the dry wood
en ship's side, I heard a hullming and buz
zing noise which was nothing else than the
sum of all the noises which occurred In the
ice at a great distance from the ship. Ice
bergs are subject to disintegration after
somewhat .he same manner as rocks so
commonly are. They are full of crevices,
into which the water, formed by melting,
penetrates; in winter this water freezes,
and by its expansion all through the glacier
a rupture of the mass ensues. It Is highly
probable that most of the icebergs afloat in
winter are in such a condition that a very
slight cause is sutlicient to make them burst
because of their state of internal tension.
Every polar traveler can tell how a slot,
the driving in of an ice anchor, or any sud
den violation, has brought about the catas
trophe; cases have even occurred in which
the sound of the voice was alone sullicient
An iceberg is always an unpleasant neigh
bor. So many are the causes which tend
to destroy icebergs that no berg exists
which could withstand them more than ten
years, an( that, generally, the life of a
berg is nmch shorter. " However this may
be, doubtless the much larger Antarctic
bergs last very much longer, as must neces
sarily occur because of the clhuate to
which they are exposed.
Hootchenoo is the root of all evil in
Alaska. When Lo gets crazed with this
vile (rink ha is far from being a good citi
zen and desirable neighbor. It behooves
the merchants of Sitka and all those who
ask for protection to consider well if it is a
wise policy to arm their enemy with such
at dangerous weapon. Ilootclleeno is
made from the poorest quality of molases
or cleat) sugar and the process of distilling
the liquor is so simple as to hardly need a
description. All Ihe machinery required is
an oil can, clothes boiler or other covered
vessel for holding and boiling the mash and
a few feet of the pipe. A mixture of mo
lasses, a little barley and a few vegetables
constitutes the mash, which after being al
lowed to ferment, is boiled. Tihe nectar is
caught, after winding through a few feet
of letter V pipe, for the delectation of the
"honest Injun;'' the progeny of his aunt
and uncle, his parents, daughters, and the
sisters of his dear father and mother. A
"potlash'' or maudlin spree, ending in a free
fight to all, follows, and it is at such tines,
and then only, I believe, that there is any
good cause to apprehend any violence on
the part of the Indians. hlootchenoo
making is not confined to Indiantown. Sev
eral stills haye been recently captured
from white men engaged In the profitable
but disreptlable business. The question
of forbidding the importation of molasses
into the territory was discussed in cabinet
meeting lately, I am told, and it was de
cided that the Government could not act
In the ,matttr, I should have stated
before that the sloop of war Jamestown,
Commander Beardsleee, came here last
June, relieving the Alaska. This officer
has adopted the plan of making three of
the most inlluential chiefs sponsors for the
peace and order of the Indian village.
A marked improvement Is noticeable.
These Indian policeman are shipped as
landlsm.en. on board the Jamestown. Th'ey
rep)resenlt three different tribes, anid have
shown their zeal by smashling up a dozen
or more stills. Many or the merchaets
have agrecdh not to Imp)ort anly more molass
es anid the temp)erance question is settled.
"Take anmaetinlg Fine?"
As tihe audience of the Bush Street
Theater, San Francisco, was admiring the
fidelity with which tile hIghly polIshed bald
heads In the front rows reflected back theo
symmetrical tights on the stage, the other
er~eninig, an usher 811(1 down tile aisle, and(
slippled a scrap of paper ilto tihe handt of a
genitlenman, onl which he read thle following
genlial message, ostensibly from one of the
rear seats, "Comne out and take somethIng.
Jim." It was a hot evening, anld so,
without pausing to decide which of the
nmberless Jims of is acqulaintanmce theO
note was fromn, lie carefully crowded past
the usulal number of knobby kpees and big
cornms, andt repaired to thle sideowalk. A re
spectable looking man hnmlaediately stepped
up anid said:
"hIow are you Jim? Awful hlot, Isn't it,
"You mean your name is Jim,'' lie re
turnled, smniling blandly.
Amid whlile theoy stood staring at each
othler, still another party crowd(edi his way
out, and( advanced to the first two, saying:
And as the trio blinked at eachl other, a
succession of gentlemen emerged, all hold
mng small notes in thleir hands, looking
anxiously a ound for somneb)dy.
It wams evidently a fraud of tIhe meanest
deseribtion; andi, after thle party had symi
pathlized wIth and "set 'em up" for each
other, thley returned to the theater, only to
fin.d thleir seats, whlich were not reserved
ones, occupied by as many Pacific Board
brokers, wile sat absorbedhy sucking theIr
canes and gazIng at tile play with expres
51011s of childlike innocenice touchling to
Tile victims of treachery stood up tile
rest of tile eveninIg and swore.
The Istory of Velvet.
Velvet was origInally an Asiatic p)roduc
tion, introduced Into Itome at the time of
the emperors. It teems that the ancient
Greeks were not acquaInted with It. In the
middle ages some mlanufactories of velvet
were establIshed at Constaninophe and in
somne other towns of the eastern empire. At
a later time the fabrication of velvet. pros
pored at Venice, at Genoa and at other towns
of Italy before they were known in France.
Two Genoese imlported this braczh of In
dustry into Lyons, wherethey estmlblshed a
manufactory under the auspices of Francis
I. In 1580. Velvet, by tIle richness of Its
texturO, at once took the priority on the
conminent of all issues. It benthe the chief
material of :the. costutnes- of thes middle
cleuaes, the ornament of oerotnonlals, a'td
was employed to-set oft sum'piuous apaft
One of the novel features of San Fran
cisco which attracts Immediate attention, is
that horse car witbout horses, which, loaded
with passengers, rapidly ascend the steepest
gradcs of the streets, and descend as quick
ly, with no perceptible propelling power.
'1lhe secret of propulsion is reveal led by a
little investigation. At a central point is
a stationary engine, which causes a wire
rope to move with rapidity up one side of
the street and down the other, the entire
length of the road, a distance over these
hills of one or two miles. This wire Is
sunk through a narrow opening about a
foot beneath the surface of the ground.
Through the management of a man at tie
brake the car is made to attach itself to the
wire in a second, and them moves as fast as
tie wire runs up hill or down. When a
halt is desired, the car Is unfastened from
the rope, and the brake stops the car Im
nediately, while the wire runs on indepen
dently, carrying other cars on the line at
other points up an1d down the hills These
caple roads have made the high elevations
very desirable places of residence and some
of the most charming homes in the city are
located along these lines. The authorities
have recently granted franchises for the
putting in of wire caple on several lines of
railways where cars have hitherto been
drawn by horses, demonstrating the su
perioty of this means of street car propul
mon on steep grades. The Sutter Creek
line, which had been running in debt
while using horses, through the introduc
tion of this means of propelling the cars is
paying handsome dividends to the stock
The Idea of making a train lay down
and take up its own rails as it inoves along
is not a new one, but an interesting realiza
tion of it is now to be witnessed, we learn
from La Vature, in the Jardin des Tuile
rice, Paris. The system is that of Clement
Ader. The rails on either side of the car
ringes consist of a series of jointed pieces of
rails witi Hilat supporting pieces; they in
close the system of wheels, passilg down
over the front and up over the end wheels,
and all the wietls have t.vo tlan.ee3 to pre
vent any derailnent. In front, the chains
of rails are guided by two distribut
ing wheels, which are governed by
(lie tractions, so that, on pulling
obliquely, right or left, the endless
way automaticaly follows the same
direction. At the end of the train, again,
are two taking-up wheels, provided with a
difrerential motion, to meet the litliculty of
going in curves, which involves an extend
ing of the rail on one side and contraction
of that oil the other, so that, whatever the
curve, (to six or seven inetres' radius) the
way is regularly put (own and lifted. From
the iachanical point of view, one is struck
witti the smallness of the force required to
move a train thus arranged. In the Jardin
des ''uileries, the train consists of three
carriages, capable of containing in all thirty
children, and often full. These are drawn
by two goats, which work thus for seven
hours. The total load is about 1,000 kilo
grammes. To draw a like weight in three
carriages on ordinary roads would require
i dozen goats, four for each vehicle, (lnis is
the number harnessed to the small carriages
for children in the Champs Elysees.) The
economy of cart iages then, Is incontestable.
The normal speed is four to six kilometres
per hour. The system is, of course, not
designed for passenger tratlic, but for
goods, and in many places with bad roads
or none, might be very serviceable.
Umeappoarance of Fishes.
Disappearance of sea fish from their
longtie home occurs frequently, and for
reasons unknown to nian. The herring
left thle coast of Sweden. whlere once thley
were nunmerous, and( tile big-eyed or chlub
mackerel, whlichl thlirty years ago was com
mon Onl our coast, Is now so rare that Pro
fessor Baird has been unable to obtain it for
is collection, althoughl he had offered $25
for a single specimen. Whether theo merits
of tIs fish have suddenly become known
to marinefl eiciure,, or whlethIer tile chub
mackerel has found a deep sea larder wich
is better stored thanll his old oIne was, must
for tile presenit be matter for conjecture.
Perihaps tunany-fishl, sharIks, porp)oises, dog
hlshi, anld othler lordly fellows wih discrimi
niating aplpetites, mighlt throw 8011e lighIt
uponI the sub)ject If they couldi be Iiter
viewed. At 0110 tinme tile tunnly haid driven
tile cod enitireiy away from tile vicinity of
Block Island, but tIle tunnly himllself hlaving
b)ecomie attractive to oil men, anid purve
yors to mnanuifacturers of fish guano, tile
cod hurried back to time family homestead.
Professor Bairs believes thlat tile demand
for tunniiies, dogthlh, sharks, etc., by tile
factories which will turn thlem into oils and
malinures, will have tihe effect of Increasing
thle mnmber of food fishes by lessening that
of Iheir enemy. "Grand, gloomy, and
peculiar," like othler great slaughterers,
these predlaceous fish also resemlble their
human prototypes In being comparatively
fewv ini numIrber, and( In keeping themselves
promlinuently before tile eyes of thlose who
are eager to destroy them.
DIfs,appance Oif Fishmes.
Disappearances of sea fish from their
longtime homes occur frequently, and for
reasons unknown to man. The hlermg
have left the coast of Sweden, -where once
thmey were numerous, and tile big-oyed or
chlub.imackeral, whlichl thirty years ago was
common on our coastP, is now so rare that
Professor BaIrd has been unable to obtain it
for his collection, althlough lie has offered
$25 for a single specimen. Whether tihe mer
It of tis fish have suddenly become known
to marine epicures, or whetheor the chub
mackeral has found a deep-sea larder which
Is better stored than hIs old one was, must
for the present be matter for conjecture.
Perhaps tumnnyfish, sharks, porpoises, dog
fish, and other lordly follo'4's with discrim
inating appetites, mighIt throw some lighmt
upon' the subject if they could be Interview
ed. At one tIme the tunny had driven the
cod entlrly away from time vicinty of Block
Island, butt the tunny himself having ,be
come airractive to oil men and punveyors
to manufacturers fish guano, time cod
hurried back to the family homestpad,
Professor Baird believes that the demand
for tupnies, dogfish, sharks, &c.., by thme
fattari a which will turn them into oli and
manures, will have the effbot of increasing
th,enumby, of food fishes by' leasetm ,tr6
of their enemies. "'Grand,, gloy
peculiar,' like other agtest slaUt.r
thesepMtypes ini belig comnpatl- ow
in plunber, nd in keehing tim*o
Burned to Death on fiorsebaok.
Adam Roche, a fifteen-year-old son of
Frederick Roehe, a blacksmith at the Con
tinental shaft in Scranton, Pa., was burned
todeath recently on the road betweenScran
ton and Taylorville. Ile was employed
round the blacksmith shop as an assistant.
Some of the live stock at the mines be
came sick and young Roche was sent to
Taylorville to procure some vitriol. He
went on horseback. le purchased a bot
tle containing a pint and started back,
bringing two mules along. Half way be
tween Taylorville and the mine, the cork
came out of the bottle. and the jolting
caused the vitriol to spatter into his coat
pocket. Then it slowly worked through
to his pantaloons, and went streaming
along his limbs. The first touch of the
vitriol caused the boy to shout with pain
and the last of the contents of the bottle
was spilled into his clothing. His cries of
agony spurred the horse into a run, and the
snffering boy endeavored to throw the bot
tie from his pocket. This action burned
his hands severely, and he clasped them to
his face which added greatly to his agony.
IIe lost his control of the horse, and just
at the foot of a steep declivity
in the road he was hurled violently into a
ditch, where he lay writhing in anguish.
IIe recovered sufliciently to tie the mules to
a tree. The horse went back to the mines,
and the boy's father and several others sent
out to find the ad. When he was discov
ered lie was dead. 'rhe oil had eaten into
his limbs and lie presented a frightful spec
tacle. His hands were badly blistered, his
cheeks were burned, and the vitriol. had
sunk to the bones of his legs. The boy
had torn away nearly all of his clothing,
except what had been saturated with the
oil. A large wound on his head showed
that he had been thrown head forward
gron the horse.
Tiho Tower of Lidon.
The Tower of London seems to have run
considerable risk of being destroyed by fire
recently. Fortunately, however, owing to
the exertions of the Fire Brigade, the
flames, which . severely damaged the
ollicers' quarters, were subdued before
further mischief was done, and London
was spared the misfortune of losing, at
least for the present, its celebrated fortress.
The Tower has enjoyed a long Inmiunity
from danger of this description. Thirty
eight years have elapsed since, on October
130, 1841, the great armory or storehouse
to the cast of St. Peter's Chapel was
burned to the ground by a firo caused by
the overheating of the ilue of a stove in the
tound or Bowyer Tower immediately ad
joining. On this occasion, 150,000 stand
of small arms were destroyed by the
flamers and the Great or White Towers as
well as the Jewel 'rower, narrowly escaped
destruction. The Regalia were saved
mainly by the agility and courage of a Su
perintendent of the Metropolitan Police, Mr.
Pierse, who, squeezing himself through a
small aperture hastily made by crowbars
in the iron grating of the room in which
tihe jewels were kept handing out the various
articles of the Regalia, remaining at his post
at the risk of his life until they were all
rescued. This meritorious oficer's brave
deeds deserve to be remembered, more es
pecially as lie received no reward for them.
The recent fire was caused, it is stated by
a "spark." Great events often arise from
little causes; and unless "sparks" are kept
under more effectual control, we shall
probably some day hear of the loss of the
Tower of London after all.
A Cuning Creature.
Gurdon Saltonstall resigned his functions
as a preacher for office of Governor of Con
necticut. A religious sect arose professing
allegiance to Christ only, and acknowleded
ging no authority in the civil law Among
other peculiarities of their creed was the
right to contract marriage without the
sanction of the civil authorities. A man
named Gortoii was their leader, lie ap
pearedl before Governor Saltonstall one day,
as his Excellency wvas peacefully smoking
his long pipe, and am\ounced that lie was
married to a woman whom he had brought
with him, and that without the sauiction of
the law. The Governor serenely removed
isa pipe, and asked, "And thou art deter
mined to have this woman to be thy wife?"
"I am," repliedl Gorton.
"And you, madlam, have taken this man
for your husband?"
"'hat I have, Sir,' was the prompt reply.
"Then," exclaimed the Governor, "by.
the authority and in accordance with the
law of the State of Connecticut, I pronounce
you legally man and wife."
"Gurdon, thou art a cunning~ creature,"
replied the discomfited Gorton.
Lightning quickiness of deeison is worth
millions sometimes. Recently Samuel
Bradford, said to be one of the best engi
neers in the country, was bringing a.n ex
press train over the Kanakee line from In
dianapolis, Indiana. As the engine shot
out from a deep cut and struck a short
piece of straight track leading to a bridge,
a herd of Oolts were discovered running full
tilt down the road. The distance to the
river was only one hundred feet. Samuel
knew lie couldn't stop the train, and also
knew that if the colts beat thme locomotive
to the bridge, they would fall between. the
timbers, and the obstrue$on would throw
the train off and probably result in a fright
ful loss of life. It took hhn only
half a second to think of all this. .Tho
other half of the second was second was *
utilized in gihing his engine a quentity of
steam thait covered that one hundred ifoot
of track in about the same thu6e that a
bolt of lightning would travel froni the top
of a lightning rod to the 'groimd. The .
colts were struck and hurled down the em- '
bankmont just as they were entering the
Recently an old farm wagon rattle
through Paterson, NT. J., dentining agrp
of all-kompt boye *ho had come from thi
home in the mountains for a frolie. ih '
most illterte looking of the wak
into a inusic store, and, picking~~
cordeoon, nmade delghtful- iul,St*ad
at such a perforihiance, the ~ci~
h'in, half in a joke,t to a a~~1h
boy said he knew bei fg tout~E
iusical Ipar mne bt6
auoceafttl it the lilAA W31
cordeo6 X'mu ie
a clatIite~ O*e n