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A New Varnish,--Some few years ago
it was discovered in Natal, South Africa
that knives used for cutting down
plants belonging to the natural order
Euphorblacee were protected from
rusting by the gui which adhered to
them. 'T'luis led to further experiments
being made with a view of utilizing
the gum as a preservative material.
Iron plates were coated with It, and
subjected to immersion in the waters of
South Africa, which are stated to be
proverbial for their foulness, and for
the rapidity of the growth of vegetation.
The euphorbia in Natal grows in close
contiguity to the sea shore, so that
there was ample opportunity for severe
ly testing its value as a protecting cov
ering for Iron against corrosion and
marine growth. The experiments
proving successful..it, was then sought
to put the discovery into practical form.
To this end the gum was dissolved in a
preparation of spirits, and this was
found to be a ready means of applying
it as a coating for ships' bottoms, and
for iron-work generally requiring such
protection, the spirits evaporating, and
the gum being left on the surface of
the metal. A sheet of iron coated with
,this preparation was placed in the wa
ters in the Naval Dockyard at Chatham,
where anything immersed becon es
rapidly fouled. At the end of two
years, the plate was taken out and
ioand to be quite clean and free from
fouling and corrosion. The composi
tion has also been suwessfuly tested in
Africa against the ravages of the white
unt. Theso successes have led to its
adoption in practice for various pur
poses, and it Is now being introduced in
California Salmon In Europe.-About
100,000 California saimsn ova, the gift
of Profesaor Spencer F. Baird, United
States !ish Commissioner, to the Ger
aman Fishery Club, have safely arrived
at Bremen with a loss or less than 2 per
- ,nt. The greater portion of the ova
have been immediately dIspatched for
hatching purposes to the various artill
eal fish-hatehing establishments at.
Radalizell, Bosneuchen, Libinehen,
Cracow, Prague and other ilacos. The
ova had been packed in three eases pro
vided with ice, the invention of Mr.
Mather, who per.sonally superintended
and arrauged the packing. The ger
Man Fiebery Society is making arrange
mnents for transmit.ting 100,000 young
char-fish to New-Yorl, as a return
present to Professor Baird. At the last,
meeting of the society, It was stated
that the young California salmon, now
nearly two yeara old, the result of a
previous consignment of ova, were de
veloping themselves rapidly, having
reachedl a length of 25 centimetres (10
inches) already, and presenting a firm
and fleshy formation of the body. The
efforts to send shad to Germany have
hitherto proved ,rttitless, in this di
reetioh. Protessot Baird is doithg good
work but it is hoped success will yet
crown future experiments lit this spe
cial fIeld, and has already been instru
mental in immensely developing the
supply of native fishes, as well as In
introdoing several European members
of the family which promise to be val
uable additions to our food resources.
Welding Cast Iron.-The Chinese pro
cess of welding cracked east iron-wares
with molten iron, is thus described in
the Iron Age : The operator cotmen
ces by slightly breaking the edges of
the Iracture with a harnmer In order to
enlarge the fissures, i ter which the
fractured p)ieces are p 1aced . a-l held in
propier position by means of wvooden
braces. Th'le p)lan being ready, a ca
erucible, charged with pkeesC of Ironm
Is hlid on igmal Led charcoal In a smmalhI
portable furna.ce of sheet iron, p)rovl
died with a horizontal bml lows. As
soon as (lie i ron in thme crucible is melt..
ed, It Is pountred on a layer of pa1r.LIy
charred husks of rough ice, spread onm
a pad of f,olded cloth to pirevenut, time
sudden coolinig of time metl. While
yet, liqutid, the metal is forcedl with a
jerk lnto the fissures, anid a paper rub
ber is pressetd over the obtruding nmetal
inal e the vessel, makinmg a st.ronag and
* thorough Job.
11ardlening Steel..-Thea hardening of
* steel is effecctedi by heating tihe steel to
a cherry red, or until the scnles of ox..
ide are loosened on thme surface, anmd
l)lunlging it inito a liquid, or phlmcintg it in
contact with somie cooling stibstanice.
The degree ot' hardntess depentds 1)0on
the heat and rapidit,y of cooling. steel
is thmums renidered so hard as to resist the
hardest files, and it becomes at (lie samne
time extremely britt.le. TIhme degree of
heat and tihe temiperaiture and1( nature
of the mtedlnm must be chosen with
referenee to the qualit-y of the steel,
and the purpose for n blehm it is intend
ed. Cold water gives a greater hard..
niess than oils, or other fauttv substan
ces, sand, wet iron scales or citaders,
but an inferior degree of hardness to
that given by acids, Oil, tallow, ete,
prevent the cracks whieh are eaused by
too rapid cooling. TIhe lower the heat
at whieh the steel becomes hard thme
A newv antisepticeI leseribedl by the
Journal of' Chemistry. .It Is a dlouble
salt of borate of potassium of soda, and
is made by dissolving in water equtal
portions of chloride of' potassium, nii
irate of sodiu m andi boracic acid, filter
ing and evaporating to dryness. It
- doss not give a bad taste to food. But
ter may be kept sweet by it tat ordlinary
temperatures for a week. Meat, game,
etc., dippod in a weak solution remain
- pure for a long time. A piece of meat
well rubbed with the salt and laid away
two years ago Is now in perfectly good
* condition. Eggs dipped in a solut.Ion
of this antiseptie- remain good for a
Ie is recomended that the manufaot
irera of ammonia soda calolne it very
.thoroughly so that is will not contract
further on ignition. -Vurstenau says
that the groat and eqtual shrinkage
which this soda sometimes undergoes at
a red heat Is the cause of the uncertain
'and unsatisfactory results when it is
used in the manufaoture of ultrama
4glaes manufactory in Hanover, Ger
many, makes glass which is a close
imitation of marble, and tables and floor
tiles whieh are pronounced preferable
to marble oni account of their extreme
A Itevelation 2Burst
Upon the publico ross and medioal pofession,
we,over twenly-Sve years ago, thIat grand
suto medleal research and synthetic skill,
0esteea Stomach DItters, was given to the
Wlrd. Soon after it hiad been started on its
reative mission It was discovered that its
btaaji, pr rties far surpassed thoe of this
gjrvdmineral remedies of the day. Not'
least among the good eonsequences or its
( nerah use lhas been to disabuse men's minds
man absurd medical faliaeies, and ti dom
v 4ImtsMethe supeirty of vegetable remedies.
~eounersantiprovente malarial fevers, dye.
3Aeb bronl constipation, a tendonov to
A~~i bladder allee and rheumatism,
seiofte gfreatest value In oases -of bodily
.~ 4~e lung fromn weakness. Old Peple
Ae aly 4e by it, ad It is hibl ser
~ ~euI,e OnvaeeoeDta and ladies dltoate
V \~3~i. Itq p~mepea,a usefnl medIi(o to
- 4 oate.
SALTING IIAY.-ls it any advantagi
to prit salt on hay when It is packe(
down in the barn ? This is a questiot
in which all farmers are Interested
and to which different men return dif
1'eront answers. Some assert that saill
which is thus applied is worse than use
loss; others claim that it does neithci
good nor harm to any marked degree
while still another class believe that It:
use confers a positive benefit. 1pot
general priolples I am not in favor o
eIsing salt for this purpose, as I do no
believe It is best to get hay into the barl
until it is dry enough to keep of Itsel
in good condition. Stiili, a great nan
farmers get in ha1y when it is qluitt
green and think that by the use of
little salt they can, avoid the evil con
sequences which would otherwise re
sitt. Whether, under these circum
stances, salt will have very much ell'eei
s a I preservative I casnniot say. My
own experience with it las beetn quitc
limited, and (1he results attained were,
to say the least, rather u nsatisiactory,
J udging from appearances I shottld tol
si8ppo5 that salt., a1s It is i1su:ally ap
plied, would be of any great beneilt t,
the hay. On the contrary, I should
thiik that micitL the larger ptirt of it
wotild gravitate to the bott"m of the
lnow, aid that wlitle miost of the hay
received but a very little salt, a little of'
it, which was close to Lite lloor, would
be salted altogether too ltuch. If this
is tria, applying salt to a hay mow canl
do but, very little good ; for in order to
be useful and to exert any preservative
inliuence the salt should be applied
and retained just whore it is neceded.
If it is wanted at, the middle or top of
the mow, and iniue-tenths of it settles
at onlce to the bottomn, it is plain to see
that, a large part of It remiatitts useless.
I am aware that some 1'armers claim
that, In some way, the salt Is drawn up
through the hay until it. Is all salted.
Although I doubt the correct.ness of
this theory I should be more than ever
opposed to salting hay if' it were proved
to he true; for if t.his principle is cor
rect, the mlan who puts salt on one load
of his hity really salts the whole mow,
anld the cattle are obliged to eat salted
hay or none at all. While I belle've in
giving cattle all the salt they want, I
(10 not approve of reqtirinm Ihemu to
eat it whether they like it or not. It
is not at good plai to compel cattle to
eat salt in order to get htay. There is
no i.ecessity for salting hay that is pro
perly curel, as it well enough without,
and I wo:ld rather dry may 111y in the
field than try to cure It under cover by
the addition of salt.
CU LTIVATIoN OF LocusrT 'I'REs.-It
will soon be a great object with Aimer
lean farners to cultivate locust trees,
in all locations where they are adapted.
I4ven in this new world, we shall soon
be dependont fins cultivated trees for our
enices, i1lr-oad ties and building pur
poses. Our native forests, which one
bundred years ago covered nearly the
entire part of eastern North America,
are last disappearing, while the demand
for timber, for all puriotes, is as rapid
'ly inerenising. Probably no other tree
is so profitable for cultivation in this
country sas the locust. It Is of rapid
growthi, hard and durable, and adapted
to mantty t uses. Tile second growth lo
cust Is not so durable as the native for
est tree, as f'ound in htar"ts of Ohio; but,
cut at at suitable ago and at the right
season of the year, it Is as dtrable as
white cedar, and much more valuable.
Tie prollts of the culture wold be imt
tense. An acre of locist trees, fifteen
or twenty years old, would b)e worth
ll teeni hitindred to two thsotsaind dci
Ilirs. Th'le expentse oh growinmg them,
aside f rom the use of thse land, would
1)0 Irillinsg. TIhec grove wonuld safford a
goodl pla5ce for fowls, while t.he blos
51)t15 wvosud be nsear'ly equal to white
LellOer lor' htoney. TIhe i ls wouild
inzak: sp'len:did wood, and1( the ground
wvoul d need iso planiting for a second5(
llow 'ro Iutb A bMosKEd'UsE.--A
goodi smsokehsotse fori the iariieris pur1
pose5 can be built, fotr $50,) If' the matier
ial used in Its constructlion is sttotne, of
whitichs most, fsartiers haive plensty and to
spare42; siad there w ill be no I'ear of its
bui:nsig upl andit spo(ll the mseat.. A
builinsg (cen by twelve feet would be0
stufliciet, 1or ai lairge fai'm, an:d it' it Ia
t,mor'ough ly itnmderds'ainied the aishses ill
nsot do any:3 h1arms. Not long sisice I
sawv a simokehsouse, lie floor of' whlichl
was a sinigle large stone anid therie wats
bu:t little msoistulre thierein. In tbis
house the mnt, was liunsg ar'oun d thle
sides itad the lire smade in the mniddlec.
The great difliculty' In sm:okinig tent, Is
to get a suzileleit amlsotint of' smoke
ithout too much heat. In ma:ny cases
too inuich fuel Is u:sed, siakinsg thetu ian
tlty of smoke too greait, as well as pro
d ucing too much heait f'or' thse perf~ct
curIng of the meat. No blsaze should
evei' be allowed, nsor should the smoke
be kept up too tong-an hour sit, a ,inme,
twice sa dsay, is suillelnt. Th'Ie ad(vanI
Cage of' this 1)1an will be fully srealized
whleni once triecd. I do snot believe any1
bettet' matuerlial can be used for pr'oduc
issg smoke thain cortn cobs, as they imi
partt a good ilavosr to the meat,
REMinER: that horses and1 catt,le,
younzg andI old, kept In stables assd slot
allowed full liberty durilng the day,
should be regulsarly cleaned. In this
the brush must be t.he p)r icipal clean
Isng iustrumesnt. TIhe curtryeomb Is o1
no0 value, excep)t to loosen the soturf
snd dust. Itn using, it should be laid
flat and1( wt s ked lightly in circles, rsath
er' thsin foi'ward santd back. Th'le seurf'I
(hnce loosoened, br'ushs wilth a quic:k
stroke, cleaings the brIst.les by pauss ig
them lightly over the teeth of1 the cur..
r'yeomnb between strokes. Tro clean ain
animal quickly, perfectly, and wIihout
gIving its paIn, Is a flue art that should
be studied more thanm it Is.
THEt presenice of too much water in
the soil keeps it con statntly cold. TheIs
heat of the sun's ray's, whslehs Is intes..
ded by naiture to warni the land, is ex..
panded in evap)orating time water froms
Its surface; and tisis the plants never
exp)elence that getsial war'mth about
their roots, which so much favors their
rapild growth. IIence, the adlvsantages
that result from systemsatic (dram iage,
THE price of soap Is rapidly ad.
Vanicing. A year's supply of 1DoB.
BINS' ELEHCTRI bought now at
old price will be a very Judieious pur
HE thought ho heard "the angels
sing" bitt It proved to be a chorus
of yells from the next door chIldren.
He grow desperate, procured a bottle
Dr. Bull's Baby syrup and sent it to
Mrs. S. wIth his compilments. lie was
Thie Froof of the Puidding isa in the EatIng.
Grocerymens and storekeepers pay 2
to 5 cents a pound extra for butter
made with Gilt-edge Butter maker. It
increases production 0 to 10 per cent.
reduces labor of churnsing one-half;
giyes a rich golden color the yeas
round. Sold by druggists, grocers and
general storekeepers. Send stamp for
"lilnts to Butter-mnakers." Address1
Butter Improvernent Co., Buffalo, New
ToMATO SOuP.-Crack a good-sized
knuckle of veal into small pieces and
put it tocook in a gallon cold of water.
When done, take the meat from he
bones, cover It with a little of the broth
and return the bones to tho kettle,
which should be of porcelain. The
meat will need seasoning-salt, pepper,
lemon juice, and a little c.ilckening.
Served oni slices of buttered toast, it
will make a nice breakfast dish. Put
two cans of tomatoes, an onion, half a
carrot, the sane of turnip, two heads
of celery, two stalks of parsley. two
bay leaves, four cloves, six pepper
corns, a stIck of cinnamon, a teaspoon
of suitar, and salt and pepper into the
broth. Cut the vegetables In piecoes,
att bruise the spice. Boil for an hour;
then straii through a sieve, pressing so
as to obtail the tomiato pulp without
the seed. Wash the kettle, and put
back the soup to simmer until it is like
thick cream. Add cntsip or any sea
soning that may be neeelea, and i'f nec
essary, a luuip of butter rolled in 1lour.
Good tomatoes will not require this
thickening, but some are -o thin and
watery that they do. Use only a
wooden or silver spoon, and a porce
laii kettle, in making tomato soup.
Tin or iron will ruin it.- Fry sonic
tiny (iatnondis of stale bread ; drain oil'
tle fat and put then in the tiureen.
Both these and t.he soupshould be made
ready the (lily before. Then the soup
has only to be warmed and turned over
the croutons that. are already in the tu
UsEs of lit:TT" El"iRM1.c.--Bathe the
face in buttermilk, sour of course; it Is
not quite agti6eable we know. Take a
soft rag and dip it into a cupof the but
tersmilk and wash every part ofthe face
neck, and hands. It there has been a
greater exposure to the sun than usual,
after washing the face well, squeeze
out the cloth and just wipe the skin
(st1', and let it remainl on without wash
ing till iorning. You will be astonish
e( how soon Ihe freckles and tan will
(Iisappear. For keeping the hands and
skin s->t there is nothing equal to but
termillk'. When one gets burnedi with
the hot sun, one or two bath ings in but
ter:nillk will cause the smnarting to
cease, take out the Iilamation, and
render it comfortable quicker than any
other remedy ever trie'l. There is
sonme1thing in the acid contained In the
buttermilk that does the work. When
one has stained lingers, either with
berries, apples or nuts, it will remove
the staii almost immediately. It Is
partieularly cooling to the skin. You
will never try any other lotion for
heautifying the complexion atter using
buttermilk, if you can obtain it.
A PL'.E JO\A'Tn1A.--Line the sidesonly
of a puddina; dish with some nice paste
and fill It fitlli of juicy, tender apples,
peeledh and sliced, wit ai little water to
keep them moist. Cover the top of the
dish with paste and bake until the ap
ples are soft, then remove the crust
a11(1 muaish the appips while hot, adding
sugar, butter, grated nutmeg and a
little flavoring, if desired. When cool,
serve with rich cream, sweetened, flav
ored ail whipped to a , still froth, or
the cream may be used without whli
CORN IIRaAD.-Scald one cup corn
neal with one pit boiling water;
when cold add ore-half cup cold water.
In the morning sca'.d one cup of corn
meal with a scant cup of water; add
one-half cup white sugar, one teaspoon
ful s dt. When cool etottgh add one
hat fCupI of good yeast dissolved. Let It
rise iuntil very lightr, then addl enough
flour t.o get it into the tins quite soft.
(Th'le.tinis shotid be deep)). Let rise in
thle tins unltil ligh t. Bake in a moderate
MUSTA RD IiLT.- By iising syr'up
01' mlolaseS forn in istard phister's, thiey
wvillI keep soft, atid flexible, and not driy
upi and1( becotme ina rd, as when mixed
wi hi water. A tin i pitper or ilne clot,h
shoul d come bet weeni the las5ter' anid
thte skini. Thei stremigtlm (if the laster
may be varied b)y the addition of' more
or less llour'.
.IPEA SuUi.-Soak a pint of split peas
in water' f'or twelve hou rs, drain off' the
water, putt Lihe pens into a saiicepani
w iih th pin )1ts of cold water, a piece
of bacon (about half a pound), two
spr'iga of diried mint, a bay leaf, some
part sley, ani oion~ st,uck wlthn two or
thriee cl(oves, seime whole pepper, and
salt to taste. Let .hle,whol0e boil three
hoes's, thlen pass thle p)ur'ce thirougn a
hair sieve, nmake it lies again, and serve
wv ith dlIce of' bread f'ied in butter.
NI UIA LOIA REMICDY.-Prepare hiorse
i'adish, by gratIng amid mixing in vine
gia' the sane ats for table p)urp'oses, anid
apply to the temp)le whlen the face or
head Ia aff'ecd, or the wr'ist, wvh3n the
pain is in tihe arma or Shiouldter.
Fnurr STrAIxs IN ILsNEN.-TO remove
them irub the par't on each . s(de with
yellowv soap, thien tie upI a p)ieceoflpearl
ash ini the cloth, and soak wveIl in hot
wvateri, eor boil ; afterwards expose the
stainied part to the sun anid air
T1o R EMovE FiRi.CKLE.-It is said. the
following wiash will remove freckles:
Muriaitic acid, two dachims; spring
water, 011e pL; lavender water, two
dracms. Mix for a lotion, to be ap
l)iIld on a piece or linen 01' sponge two
or three times a d1ay.
KESNT UCK Y POT ATOEs.-Raw potatoes,
peeledl sliced very thin ; put In pudding
dhishi and cover wvith ilk ; a(dd pepper
anduu salt ani1 teasp)oonIfuli of flotur, wet;
baike till-nic4ly brownued; (do not puit
them in water after they are sliced.
%TroMATo BUT TERl.-Seven pounds ripe
tomatoes, thi'ee p)ounds( brown sugatr,
One cup) vliegar', one0 Oiunlc innamon;
boil together' slowly five or sIx hours;
do not strialn ; bottle or can air-tIght.
- ..3HE'T VF A LONG DJig'UTi ...
1'i ilcans have sit last comse to the con
eltusion that the best medieine for
teethinag childreni is Dri. !1'll's Baby
PROFITABL IE P'ATIENTs .-The most
wVonderful'l and imar'vehous success, in
causes wvhere personis are sick or wvast
ing away from a 'oitdition of miser
ableness, that no one kiows whait alils
them, (prolltable patients for doctors,)
is obtalied by the 11se or flop liitters'.
T'hey begin to eurie fr'om the irst (lose
itnd keep) it up unlt i perfecCt health asnd
strenigth is restor'ed. Whoever ia af
flicted in this wvay need tnt srttler wvhen
they can get IIop Bitters. See other
Jw 1850 THE "BRIONCHIAL TRoCHItS"
wvere introduced, and from that time
tip to the present their success in Colds,
Coughs, Asthma and Bronchitis has
been un paralleled. No household should
be without "Broton's Bronuoal Trce*
as by their early use miost troubles of
the Throat induecd by oold Oan be
Tlaa LaUNGS ARS STR AINSD AND R AOt20 by arDe?.
Stat at' cough, the general smrengih wasted
and an iacurable comnplaiat ofteta established
thereb. Dr. J. ne's Expectoraat is a effee.
Live remed 'o oughs antd 001as. andi exerts ft
eeiIleet onuae Pulmoary aat Bron.
SWEARING FOR A DOLLAnR.-A farm(
named Johnson was on trial before
Detroit Justice thq other day for al
sault and battery, and when the prosi
cution had finisned he put a little of
man about sixty-five on the stand i
his witness. The lawyer began:
"What Is your name?"
"If you'll tell me your name I'll to
you mine I" was the prompt answer.
"Whore do you r:.,ido?''
"I won't answer no such foolls
question I I've paid taxes in this count
for fifty years, and I won't be talked I
as if I was a child I''
"Well, Mr. Blank, you saw this difl
culty, did you?''
"If I hadn't seen it would I be here
Do you 'spose I want to be arrested fc
forgery ?" "Ilow did it begin ?"
"1ow does anything begin!" sna
ped the old man.
"Well, now, will you tell the jury a
"No, sir, I won't 1 If the jury was
to know anything about it they mui
ask ime !"
"Yotn must answer the questions,
remarked his Honor.
"I will it I want to, but they haven
asked any questions yet."
"Did the plaintift and defendant hav
:ny hard words?" asked tha lawyer.
"I 'spose they did, but I wouldn'
swear to it.''
"iad either one call the other a liar?
"I 'spose they (lid, and that's wha
brung on the fuss. I'm over sixty, bu
if any man calls mne a liar I'm going t
knock his durned head of!"
"Well, when the pilal,tift called th
defendant a liar, what was the result!
"WV hy, how do I know ?"
"l)idn't you see a blow struck?"
"Not there, but next day after thi
fuss 1 saw the purtiest fight in th
world I One of the Jones boys was-.
')id you see any part of this fuss?
'No! lHow could I when I was tire
miles away ; you ought to know bette
than to ask such fooish questions 1"
"liow did you hear of this difliculty ?
"Mr. Johnson told me.'
"''hat will do-you can go."
"But I agreed to come here for a dol
lar and swear, and I'm going to do it
You needn't think you can doze-bul
ie around because 1'm old I"
A constable had to haul him out o
the box and put him out doors, but h
wouldn't go away until he had put hi
head into the window and said:
"h f you think I'm scart come ou
here and put a chip on your shoulder I'
So GLAD.-You were in the war, thei
Captain McKillen ?"
"Oh, yes, ua'am, yes, ma'am ; fough
all through it."
"Iv there not," she said, hesitatingly
"a great deal of danger in a battle?"
''Well, yes, yes," the Captain replici
reflectively, "there is, there is. Si
iuany men standing around you, yoi
know, and so careless handling of fire
arms, as is almost sure to occur durinf
a battle, makes it really unsafe."
Miss Lollipop shuddered, and thei
"Are not some people severely in
jured at times?"
"Yes," the Captain said, "they are
I once had a frientlwho was hurt s'
badly that lie couldn't leave his roon
for several days."
And then she said she thought ther
ought to De a law against them, and hn
said lie believed the Leglislature o
Iowa contemplated passing such law a
its next, sessioni.
And she said that she was so glad.
"Now, Mr. Robinson," said a fal:
youing city vismtor to the kind-hecarte
farmecr, "won't yout show us you
waltermlelo'i orchaurd !'' "'I haven't
watermelon tree in the place this yea
ma'ama, they were all winter killed,'
anlti his qulestioner wVonde'red why hI
smiled so pleasantly as lhe aiswveied.
Lono Cockb)urni was s,ated one da,
on the hillside of Bionally with
Scotch shiephlerd, and observing th
sheep repo.ing said to him: "'John, 1f
were a sheep) I wvoid lie on the othe
side of the hillI." Thie shepherd an
swered(: "Ay, miy lordl, but if ye hal
lheen a sheep ye wvad ha' had mal
As rr SnoUI.D BE.-A youthful ein
thtusiast, whlo a eceent,y took to himisel
a wif'e because lie had hieardl that wha
would keep one would keep two, an
consequently thiat wedleek was as chena
as single blessedness, has at last ex
pressed his opi1nioni. Ile says that hi
titids a wife jInst a little dear.
IN Spain the man who shuts his eye
andi chooses a wife is stl)pposed to ge
the best one the lot. In thuis countr
sonic chap) with his eyes wide opel
wotuld gobble hear up while the othe
follow was fooling arounad..
WHEnN an Indiana shefl' wants t,
cap)ture a hlard ease he has his wif
write a ii te to the' fellow -telling hin
how much she adored him in secret
Hie comies skualkinig around to see lie.
and( meets a man with a pair of shack
A PHYSICIAN has discovered yellow
fever germis in ice. The safest way I
to bol your Ice before usimng it. Thi
kills the germs.
WHY~ Is paper more valuable thai
gold ? When you put it in your pocke
yeu double)1 it, and when you take itou
yell find it still in creases.
WuAT chasm is thlat which often sep
arates friends ? Sarcasm.
YEGETINms is now acknowledged b;
our best physicians to be the only sur
and saf'e remedy for all diseases 'arls
Ing from impure blood, such as scrof
ula and scroftulous humors.
NOT A BEuVERAE.--'.Thley are not
beverage but a muedicine, with eurativ
prop)erties of the highest degree, con
tamning lie poor whiskey or poisonou
drugs. They do net tear down an al
ready debilitated system, but build I
up. One bottle contains mere hops
that Is, more real hop strength, than
barrel of ordinmary beer. Every drug
gint iii Rochester sells them, and thi
phlysicianus prescribe thiem."-E,enfn
Expreas on Hop 'Bitters.
A Benefactor of Mankind.
P. M4agnus M.L Mayr. 0. S. D., Oath. priest
Now '.Ier, Dacota Co., Minn., writes to 1
Neustaedlter & 0o., solo manufacturers o
Anakesis, Dr: Bilebeo's INFALIDBm. OURE 10
PILiu: I used only four of the Anakesi
beans; the first two withons observation of tm
prescript.. therefore without sucessi My oas
waq very dIiiult, lasting many years. I wrot
for other 9eiC(amenits to support the tire
doses; mean.while I took the second and thir,
globulus atcts(Jdinig to ordinance, anid sine
four w<.eks and two days after using the mois
toned pills, 1 amn cured. Dr. Bilebee us reall
a benefactor of mankind. I suppose I wil
have uio need of thei second biox and oven moc
of thie first oueh 1 am cured, but I will keep
for my fellow-eitisoens suffering undler uk
pain, and send ilereby the two dollars,* an ut
speakable sma.I amount for so groat a bonefi:
lep:ot fully, your obedient servant,
P. Maosus M. M1an. 0. 8. IA, Oath, priest
*Samples of AnakeeWs the Groas Ex ra
Pile Itemerly, are mailed free to all sn eera
en application to P'. Neuasaedler & Go, Do
8946. Now York
AN old physician, retired from prao
ir iee, having had placed in his han s by
a aun East India missionar:, the formula
i- of a simple vegetable remedy for the
i- speedy and permanent cure for Con
d sumption, Bronchitis, Catarrh, Asthma.
8 aid all Throat and Lung Affections,
also a p,)sitive and radical cure for Ner
vous Debility and all Nervous Com
1l plaints, after having tested its wonder
ful curative powers in thousands of
cases, has felt it his duty to make it
It know to his suf'ering fellows. Actu
y ated by this motive and a desire to re
o lieve human suffering. I will send free
of charge to all who desire it, this re
I- cipe, in German, French, or English,
with full directions for preparing and
? using. Sent by mail by addressing
r with stamp, naming this paper, W. W.
SuERAn, 149 Powe a' Block, JteeSer,
t immediately north of Au itralia, and
t separated from it at Trorres Straits by
, less than a hundred miles of sea, is the
largest island on the globe, New Guinea
t a country of surpassing interest,
whether as regards its natural produc
e tiens or Its human inhabitants, but
which remains to this day less known
than any accessible portiotis of the
earth's surface. Within the last few
t years considerable attention has beon.
t attracted toward it by surveys which
have completed our knowledge of its
outline and dinieisions, by the sett!e
ment of English missionaries on its
soithern cOasts, by the exploratiOns
s of several European naturalists, and
by the visits of Australian miners at
tracted by the alleged discovery of gold
in the sands of its rivers. From these
fl various sources there has resulted a
r somewhat sudden increase in our still
scanty knowledge of this hitherto un
known land ; and we therefore propose
to give a general sketch of the island.
- It has 'hitherto been the custom
of geographers to give the palm to
Borneo as the largest island in
the world, but thl is decided
a ly an error. A careful estimate,
s fouEded on the most recent maps, show
that New Guinea Is considerably the
, larger, and must for the future be ac
corded the first place. In shape, this
i island differs greatly from Borneo, be
ing irregular, and much extended in a
t north-northwest and south-southeast
direction, so that its greatest length is
a little short of fifteen hundred miles:
I a distance as great us the whole width
) of Australia from Adelaide to Port
Darwin, or of Europe from London to
Constitinople. Its greatest width is
four hundred and ten miles; and,
omitting the great peninsulas which
form its two extremities, the central
mass is about seven hundred mniles
long, with an average width of three
hundred and twenty miles; a country
i about the size of the Austrian Empire,
and, with the exception of the course
of one large river, an absolute blank
upon our maps.
'hae adulteration of olive oil and the
various substitutes fbr it have in.re is
ed to such an extent In late years that,
L' the French Academy of Sciences in its
I last sittings hand under its consideration
rthe best p)racticle means of detecting
Sthe nefarious traflie. Th'ie celebrated
r ch,emist, Dunmas, indicated sonie of
'the nmethods tihe cooks employed. rme
Schemnlcai tests are nuimerouis enough,
but cooka, as a rule, amre wanting in the
nuecessasry knowledge to enabic them to
I app)ly them. A very simple method ia
to wvatch the variety of shapes taken by
S diff'erent oils on the sutrface of water
I poured into a saucer. If the oil is gen
r nine olive oil the drop will take an ir'
regula shae like an islet wveli inden
IPed and marked with bay sind i;romiol
r tories. If there ar-e one or more spu
rt.us~ (ills mixed upi wV th the true Olive
-Juice the forms of tihe drmops5 wvi vary,
more or less, according to the greater
tor lesser proporbion of the various adiui
teratlng substances, Oil which, when
shakeni ini the bott,le, assumes a per
manent chaple of air-bubbles, is not
pure olive oil, for' yn the latter air-bumb
.bles are only transitory. It may, there
fore, be set down as a mixture In which
Srampe oil predominates, Finally, there
is a new adltlerative extracted from
cotton cakes, which is being largely
employed by dishonest "manu factutr
r ers,'' ands which is about to .en5.age the
special attention of. the Academy.
TIhis oil can be rendered colorless, and
a as it p)ossesses neithor taste nor smell,
e affoi'ds great facility in falsifying olive
To drill holes in glass take a comm on
- driil, run a lIttle fast; do not press on,
the weight of the drill-press is enough.
Drill from both sides keeping the glass
- anid drill wet with turpentine. Be very
s careful, when the two holes meet, not
S to let the drill catch. After a hole is
made large enough for a small round
fle, file to the desired size, keeping the
tfile and glass wet with turpentine.
C'ement or blistersteel Is obtained by p!
ling bars of wrought iron interstratifiedl
- with charcoal in a brick compartment,
which is cemented tightly to prevent
access of air, and sub ectod insidle the
r walls of the comlpartmelnt toea high tem
a p)erature for several (lays, Carbon is
- absorbed in conalderable quant,ity.
-RAVES fUN MILLS, Baltimore co., Md.
MEcssnms. K(ENNEDY & Co.: -The
G arbolne is making young hair come
a on my bald head.
- q!I5i a air POTER F. SHEARER.
s Wii arsample of the certifi
. cates which are received daily at the
t Pittsburg office.
i Brusgacr's Tetter Ointment will enro Sore
.. Eyelids, Sore Nose, Barbers Itch on the face,
B or Grocer's itch on the hand.. It never fails.
50 cents per box, lent by mall for 60'osnte
Johnsto Hollowa & o.
002 Aroh St., Phia, .
ftrasanr.u.s Trra OrnTrusr will cure all'
seabby or sely diseases of the skin.
Jr rov Ann Nuavgus Amo DNPREsD takte
HOOrrAND's Ganvx BmvwsRs.
Johnson's Anmodynme r.lnlment will post.
tivey prevent thims terrible d se'ase. amnd wtil
l',stIVClY cure nine case's tu t'n. it,nfrat t
t hat will save miany lives sent free by mail
lmion't d'.lay ai momneat. Preveniti ni Is be' ter
than cure S Id overywhere.
-. -. *01 SOf & CO., ifana'or, 31.
$.DR4lmB 6. 432TB Oh,
This dis"ase in+y be said to procoe' almost
Invariably from the stomaCh being out or order
In the tirat place. B.y tho tOlaoh be-ng out of
order, the blool also gets ot, of order; and
why ? All the btooti in the human body passes
through tihe liver every fow minites to have the
billous nuattor separated from it. If there be
any sorolulous taift or other impurity in the
1'ood. ". will surely be deposited in the liver
ong i ;th the Ile. By anid by, however, these
impurities increasing, will render the blood
watery, and render its motion torpid ; then it
will co:tse to porrorm its dtity of straining out
the 1,110. On y pots nt wli he left in the liver'
and the result will be' an obstructed, inilained
and swollen ilver, ending in dlisoaso. -uceis tho
theory, and such the climax, as proven by lacts.
The symptoms crowd Iapidly upon one another
-a cont.linued ptin or I enderness hi the s ighl.
side, in-lucing emaciation anti "oak no a ; c" ,uh
with expectoration. dyspepsla. high-colired
irlue, ye'luowntss of the eye's lever, a d n quttek
)11180. It Is irntossible to mistake :he di aso
by these sympltomis. There is only one way of
curing Liver Co lat, ; and t,hat . to A.rike
at, the root. 'I'o do this, .vou must, a"'t O' the
stomach, the blood. Ihe liver. ani the general
health at t,he same time. VEoriNR aloro will
do this, and will effeet a speedy cure. See tes
Rochester Policeman "Gained Eight
Pounds in Threo Weeks "
MR. Ii. 11. TIVRs.
Dear Sir-Ilaving used but three hottles of
your VECETINS in a very hau ease of lAver Con.
plainb I find myself itnprov ieny rapidly. Am
weigning vig ht. pounds more at >rest nt, than I
did whon I began iaking It, and belleve, with a
con' inuano of a sniall quant it y muore. I shall be
entir-ly cured. Beforo I began taking the
VEOaT,NR I was under the doctors cae. Was
sick a tong time. Mr. Smith, who hai received
great. benellt from taking the VEOSTINK, advised
me to uty it. I uan cheorluliy rtcoinmeni it t"
every one as a good nedIcine, as the -V(roerINS
has done nior for ne than the docturs can do.
JAM ES A. JOINSON.
Police Officer, No. 523 Brown at , Iochester N. Y.
ou'rI 'oLASD, Me., OuL. 11, 1876.
MR. 1I. IZ. STKVRNS:
Dear Sir-I have been sick two years with the
Liver ' ompii'tnt., anti during that. time have
taken a great many differelt medicines, but,
none of them did me any good. I "t as restless
nIgh1 s, and had no appetito. Since taking the
Vxtiiris 1 rest well. and relish my food. Can
recomnenl the VEoriNa for what it has done
for me. Your- rospect'ful:y,
Witness of the ahbvo, lUMS. AlBBR' IICKIIR.
hIM. UEOICGE M. \ AUGIlAN,
II. R. STEVENS, Boston Mass.,
Vegetine Is Fold by All Truggists
ALBRECIT & CO.'S PIANOS,
LEADING GIAND, SQUAlIt
PHILA. MAKE. ARD UPRIGiOT.
AWARDED LOWEST P1I10ES.
CENTENNIAL FULL UUARANTEl
PlIZE MEDAL. BARIGAINS NOW.
.O-Send for our New Cataloguo and Prico List.-f
ALBEOlT & 00, 610 Arch St., Philadelphia, Pa.
H O I o(A Medicino, sot a Drink.)
no., itUCnHU, MANDR.AKRJ&
Lab l ntalt aara Bser Mrnojt Q. Qv
Or ALL Orsxa B11ras.
AB Dieeasee of the Stomach, BOwels.BIood, Live.
dneye, and Urinary Organs, Nervousnessa,
eDme and especially Female Compainta.
61@00 IN GOLD.
iD be ped for a ease theyawll nt ee re or hetp, o
or anything impart or injurious found in them.
At Iour druggist for Hop Bitters and *sh
ore you sleep. Take n etben
0o4ea oax 1t the sweetew eafn.d a
BoP PA* for Sttmach, liver and 1ndne-w
euperior to all others. Ask Drgitssa.
L C. is an absolute and lrrestetbie eure
nkeues, use of opium, tobacco and ParwotJ g1
Send for circutar.
Microscopea, Thermnometeru, Eye Glasses, Ipso.
aclos, Baromoutors, as Great iv Redetted Puic.
R, & .J. BE CK,
Kanufacturing Opticians, Philadeilia. Sand a
Stip or il.r Huated Uiatualogue of 141 pages, and
AGENTS WANTED J3?CR THE
$2& JULIA McNMIR WRIHTJ.PJW80OOJ
'h.- Moral,. II ealth Beauty, WVork, Aminaane-uts
slearly dealt wih to fvaninaton stnden a~io
sneetet. and wit. Wit:, beautiful 'oliried ilu..
irations,nmew type toned pa r. eknice bindia
,s work I. NIOUNDT k EA V
been pnubisnet.ULi l ok iei ae
For tull desription and extra terme a'dress
g. C. RIeJStInsb V CO(., .Philadelphia, P.
SIX CHIRISTMlAS CA ROLS.
(25 et...) New. fly H1. N. Bartlett. Also many
other line Carola,. end for lidt
Nothing is better thani an eleranit volume of hound
Phoet Music. such as ('en of Engis~h Sexng,
CIlustem' or Geonas. Sunshine of M,eng, or
non ol- eho thiriy "Ohrs ot' si,i'ilaer style, co.ting
fron d3 Ii o &4 each, .lid inclulding each from one to
two hundredl popular songs or pIeces.
Nothing lee better Ihan a Violin, Guitar, CorneOt,
or any DRild or Or heral lnstruent, a Music
flax uile o s.ah) a nd r, or any Toy Inistru
OrganIsts will do well to present themselves with
Dltnon & Co.'s Organ s.elections,L(61 W0.) c',ntalning
ythe best composers. Mday be uised as Vo r
The sweet SBnmlay Sehool Song flook, White
Roes ( 20c.,)wll be amost acceptable present or.
The bright Trem peranco Song Book, Tesnpe.
rance Jewels, (10.,) juest n ut, will give ae *in
terost to Losi e and ierorm meetings.
Any book mailed for reti priee.
Oliver Dltson & Co., Boston.
J. R. D1TSON A 010. 9220(hiestnnt St,, Phila.
Te the best lands ia the beet climate wIth the be
markets, and oa lbs best terms, along lh. line of ,
Mainly in the lamor.
ISED RIVER VALLEY OF THE NORTH.
On long tims, low pricee and easy payments,
Pamphlet with fali infermato. mailed free. Apply to
D. A. MoKINLAY Land Com'r
St. F. NE. & M. l&y, St, Pant fnt
Those answerang an AGyorteemnens will
00 afavor upon the Adv4rtiser. and the
Pu herbystatigshatshoavgw the f !.
Weemment In tis iournai fnar.lat the oss
This powdot i
best Juno Py
quality at lea
talus 8 to5 et
- Of Imitatiom
mark of da'
BlrTm ) 4
- by Oroorss
- ftor It. SUItI
ETAIN THE HEAT LONGE
DO NOT BURN HE H ND.
IRON BOTH WAYS.
PiMio , r 1iolls, liC
Itchlin> . unl all GktDteon. o+ally cured; pt1e
tli t nce inIr ly r' ,vod, y eaving the ac o
and smooth. Ad.c:rosi
l. 11. Mtoss, 120 Liberty St., Now York.
rho Gift Book of the8 ag.ol,
THE "AVON" EDITION.
'O,plcte Works of William Shakespari
The Publishers claim for the " AVON" ve'
frent superiority over any Octavo Edition her
ofor. publshed; and for tho lolluwing reasou
urity -nd Accuracy of the Text,
The Large and ( Cl "at Trypo,
Thu l' of the Play,
Eleginco o: Illustrntion ,
A urrtphle L te of Sirikspenre,
Alphetiet cil Index of the Characters,
Index ,o Fauiliar Passut +'s,
A Glossarial Index of 'lerms.
9I6 pages. Bound in fifteen different stiyles,
ut pricu rang ng from $8.00 (flne cloth) to $9.50
Por sale by Booksellers everywhere.
CLAXTON, RREMSIRN & 1A FIFELFINGER,
Books for the Holidays.
lIdrolll's Book of I'oolry,
Oonpile-tby f1FNIRY T. COATE$.
ju,trto,cloth extra, full gilt tido and edges. 3.00,
Thna b'.k contains over fiu preta. and i b far
ie nnat bo.ntuiu anid colsete woenk of the kilad
Po+R l"R & COATE also publilh the f"llowl,ec:"
ea. Irown' :.:lee. : l r e et
ry amsi or .ors.
P'O IT En & (0OA T E have now on hand
'he Largest and Best Selected Stock of Books
IN PIllLADEl'LPHJIA I
Plaecall when in the cIty. Catalogute. sent ape.
POR TER & COATES,
I. WV. cor. NINTu & CH E:sST' Streets,
P:lItLAD rI)I .PI IA
CHAS. G. BLATCH LEY
.Occupies Jan. lst,
''THE SPACIOUS WVAREROOMS.
. 308 MARRET atreet,
21 11a; Ite.f n sort: ent tie most cor.
munt.ry. Puepa edl at the shorto t notI 0 tO
n0ee.llhe Wantta of "lur cut1tflOr-4 for all dej, ais
umwet anto gi' comps'i atlara tbOn.
ierl ned Mills, (Gralton W. Va.
Ann ti,u ce ert. oaingha relreoeheadln Pho
an ato m1 up D 9bssrreiBeh a d r ats
nackes. All kInds of spirtinag lmgDlomante andI arti
r1ic. Era c0 nm tea beetgun. yet made fer the
JOS. C. GRUBB & CO.,
712 Market St., Philda., Pa.
IHadn Iad diretn. ften all other,, Is
S"- gleston Tris Co. dhlago, l.,
THE PENN MUJTUAL
Life Insurance Company,
n.owpor.atedu.Ia 3847. Assets, @6750,0O0.
iaorto inrease In anranco o, loen orfei.
tes leat a1ife Aates. genIWne
lakes "'OltEdge' Butter the e doun~.(.~
I the &elece e of Centbstry applied to lIuttol.
r, Augwst and Winter Butter made equal to the
dlact. Inereases product,8 per de,t I:npre,e
it dO per cent. Reoduces tNbor of.h rning osme.
in Buitter becomiig alitd. Impiroy6s utalee
nts a pound. 'Guaranteed free frote all lInjrlens
Gises a. ufee Golden Coor,the year !ond. 26
wmil prone '$.o0 i fneress.o r eut aid
Can fois make a bete invesaset Beware
a Genlline ho014^0b1 it P.xdg 1 ttado.
r'ymaid, togothier *U d ~jji"O t--EDGE
Xan'? printed o.oh piio .. Powder sold
14 denerhb stor e-k9ees. Ask yor dealert oW
Inty to Ditter'Mnedt, ot deen Atiat to va
I Cie,X .bet ~t'da; Ladrgo sed. .,
t savlng by buylhig ,Ihe lAIAfe.r p r,e