Newspaper Page Text
WIH1F NEWS AND HERALD.
WlNN830W0, S. C.
T H U RaDAY, Febrnuarr 19, ta : 1880.
to 4 -.Y DA r.s, RaToa.
8l-o . furrXOLijo. AssoIATc : ETOd7R.
Senator Gary's Position in State
Senator Gary. inl response to a
serenade tendered to him ii Charles
tonl one eveniig last week, made a
lengthy speech on the Issues of the
day and upon his record. Ilie had
nothing to say ilabout his Conltroversy
Withi Senator flampton, while Som'e
one In the crowd was guilty of the
bad taste of proposing three chleers
for Wade 1llampton, Iin tle midst of
Senator Gary's peeclh. Sen'ator Garv
reviewed his past course in the
straighitout m1oveme'nt, and since( (then
in the Legillture, covering substani
tially the sume ground as that taken in
a lecemitly Ipl)blii;he( interview. 1Il
then uilseutssed the is.mues of the day.
In his opinion it is needless to draw
the line onl Ohe const iiti ion. It is
sate, and the Demoleracy must seek
other live issie's. In (his Senator
Garv Is iuich iore a-nguinie thani we
Are. Nothilg has behl he 11 emo.
Cratic party together So lonlg but its
unswerving adherence to great eon
titutional principles. Its recent at
toiuil)ts to do battle Oil (heIinrli
issties have well-nigh ruinted it, and,
diffiering Ntith Senator (ary, we be
lieve our oay iope of success is in
gobig betre tle country with the Con
stittioll B our plat formii, and Ignorinag
santller iatters. Senator Gary. be
lieves in imaking National Banks an
issue. U nort unately Demnocriats are
divided oi this question, and if we go
back to (lhe constitution, General
Gary's alternative of soft-mnoniey is
utterly opposed to 1te letter an)d spirit
of that inst rumtiient. IH uld imoniey was
the Democrat ic slogin t hat brought
unfailing victovy before the war.
Thrice have (te Dentoerats thrown
down thilat Standard land thrice It. has
beeni picked u1tp by the lI'ptiblicanls to
cncillpass Democratic defeat. If we
are to have a (l1nanciia issue itt all, let
it be Senator latvard's and not Senator
Gary's. Senator (Garv flvors low
taxation. In (his le stiids oi CoMin
111011 gromil with all ta.nyers. The
State requires a certain amount of
mnoniey every y eatr atnd the tax mu11st
he levied to meet it. Whuei (he State
grows richer (le levy will diminish.'
not before. Sellator Gary also phunies
hImselt' 111)011 (li0 reduction of the State
debt by tle Suipreme (our. This was
quite a relief. Still it would have
been much better for the State to pay
a 11f'audilent debt thaln to repuldiate alt
honest one, its was advocated by those
who wished to sweep off tle iladical
bonds and thien scale the aic-//lWu it
claiims to hoot. The credit of the
State is badly enoutgh trun downt itt thie
heels now. It wotuld have been no
where had the ultra r'epudiation wing
succeeded. See (he -spectacele thiat
Wie all believe in white supIremiaev.
But. there are dliflerenet ways of secur
ing this. To say that every manui is
equal betore the law, is by no mieans
to establish socchti, initellect tul or
moral equaiility. Give (lie two racees
civil equality, and if the C'aucasiaun
cannot keep aheadii, white suplreiinaev
is a deluisiont. As (the constitutiont
no0w Rtandis, everyl'body is bounid to
have lisa political rights secuiredi to
himt. South Carolina, itf it. wished,
could no0 more~( defy (lie world niow, otr
even (lie Federal governmltent, than it
could in the (days of its pride. Genier
aliles sotund well enoutgh, but. comting
down to (lie tult imate amnlysis, Senator
Gatry is not thilrly iand sqtuarely uiponi
the Decmocrat ic ptlat foirm.
Senator Gariy speaks B very kind
word for (lie public schools, but att the
samte timte tells how st renuouzsly he
oppiosed the adoption of the constitui
tionial amiieinenut. le'vying a two-miill
tax to support thien. Th'e defea. of
that amletiunent wouild have baeen
eternal dleathi to the schools,. for, if not
Senttor Gary himiself., eer'tainh O>thers
wvho descant upon01 lw Ia t ion ali
kindred topies, woul, ini the' Le(Islat
ture, have fought wi dcspeuiion
everyr ptrooii lookinig to thet ex
penlditture of at siigle red cent f'or
schools. The~ adopt ion of this anieid.
ment was the crownhtlig featuire of the
*Democratic admiinistration, and it
wvill be so acknowleded1 by all ere
long. Opposition to this t wo-mill tax
* is iiot a card that will win wtith (lie
bone and( sliew of (the country.
We regret exceedingly to read Sena
- eo Gary's aspersions of the South
Carolina College, which ho stigmatIzes
as a burden on the poor z'.an for (lie
benefit of the rich. Senator' Gary
himself' was at stutdent of' that lnstitut
tin. If he was a poor boy lie himself
Is a praetleal refhtation of his argut
m ent ; if a rich one he should be prle
*eluded fromi dochtrinig himself to have
beeni an infringemnent on the pootr
*man's r'ights. how was this college
* burden on the poor? Thle property
of the State wvas assessed at five hun
dred milliona dollaris before the war,
aind was worth mtuch more. Of this
priniehly fortune. a pitiflil twenty or
thirty Itousand dollars, or even less,
was doled out of the treasur'y to the
college. We have not the data at
)and1, but ventutre to ray that the ap
propriatlin was even loss thanm this.
IRich inen's sons went there, butt they
paid their own way and( paid the way
of poor men's sons too. The State
had beneficiary echolatrships, a the
- Literary Societies maintained students
out of their finids, while by the
sounifdeence of priv ate individuals
other poort boysa were allowed an op
por-tuidty of aitting At the feet of the
"a ablest prot'essors i the land, and thtem
1vp ichieving fortune 14n* t'enown.
Glanee down the long roll of gradu
Wes, and see the namuie.s of those who,
loogeand unknown, entered t.h:s col
tege, carrid Off the h ighes.t hioiior of'.
the1r uhnu mater, andt( hatve sinlc,
carved their names hi high places.
Then isk If Seiator Gory is coi-reet i
holding that the college was a fi aud
onl Ohe poor mrian. liairper aid Thorn
well iad others 1110 dead, but thelir
ramle is ani ev'elasting m1omeilnlit to
benieflilt Spirit. of lie South
Carolina College. It had an aiisocra
cy, perhaps---a aristocracy of iiteflleet
aind of' honlor. Malmmlonl had nto alitar
inl those e1iples. But we ill say no
oe onl this Subject'. WO could not
halve said less.
A6 to Ie separiat ion of the races
inl schools anld colleges, and the pre
velntioll of misegenation. no one will
disaigr-eewith Senlator. Gary. Some
have opposed he paFissage of' a law
prolhibiting inter-marriage, on lie
gri'oiuind that pimilic opinion should
regullate Such maltters. ]lilt,. we see nto
objection to the law, and, indeed, be
lieve it to be eminently proper. These
issues are out of' hth wav.
We biae reviewed Senator Gary's i
positionl at IlngthIi, as Ie is one of' two
proiiilt Candidates fo. thle giherna
iorial cliir, aid his Charlestii speech
lorevhadows his policy. We do not
h lieve this policy to be suheli as8 will
redunid to (he best, interests of the
SlIate, and we haive theretore briefly
an iupt-'eectlv stiated our reasons for
this belief. Amoreover, we do not be
lieve Ithat tlls policy ileets the views
of( it 11111ioity of tle lDemocrats of'I
South Carolina. Time will decide.
It ''ll1 E P*E PLE SAY1.
Comnit-e-1 or the I'E-144 onl the Ilsaalstont
Oary-linsi i ont otroviersy.
Ficiti (he l tinenste itvview.
'h'lire fus 1hel elitire'ly too inueli
writteln oi eachI side of' this oitrover
sy. Ti-lilt! ivle aedivitdeti in opi n
ion as 14o its ierils, alid the nIore ihat
is said (le 1iTore pr1oblyiv will the I rt 1
he eniveloped inl niy4t'ry. 'T Iio
crati( party aiid the State of' South
Cai'iaiu is 1ior1e iliportant lii nI either
ofthsegetlmelit we thinlk tha":
ltvv Shoultd bothI keep their persoinal
dtificuil ies to theinselves, an:id . quit
buridenin- (lie pmblic with them.
From the News a rl Courli r.
''0111r cor1respiolidellt lilmlerstattlld, I
that there is Ito higer ot'f persilnal
en icoutit a1 1, le result of tle lI n'kel I
let teIr. ThI s m ileans1), Ive sippose. Ifiat N
(Gen. ( hairy does not int eid to challenge t
Col. If a'kt'll, a sensible roittlusitoi to
conl to. Dm1es, in tOse davs. ire I
iisui:i ly more t' i'i'al t li t'ragical.
The Stalte I tw lfixe" tho perin- ofI
disf' Icvlthise t-1 and di.-qiudifteniionl "
for holdiig illee to the oflei-ee of L
tigh'iii a duel r' 'iiding a ebalitI ehige.
itwillI not settle. this 'ontroversv (o: I
laVe (4en. (ary ald ('ol. laskell
dodging t le constables on ihe ( eorgia
or Northl Carolina linle. This will Ito[
chaingflie the i'hets. Tlhe davs tof duel
ing are' fast nissing 11'aa., miid there is
no betiller sign of' the i improving- coil'U
tioln of' Southi Carolina.
Faeim the oriange'lui'g Demeriat.
Whether this mode(1 ot'anlisweing the
11azskell let ter' will mnieet lie demiands1
ofIIeni. G arv. 'emnai ns f'or timelt to dfe
t'iineli.. So (iir as we can g-hier' ft'
is un lsli ati-:'toiry. becauflhse te issues art'
not meot as5 it was believed the wtv~ould
'lTe natue of' (Gen. I laiiptoni is de'ar to
every Solubt Ii(aroliniiani, and anv t
tark 111ipl hireputationi without tdirect
andl posi(tive proof' will i nevitabh- re
ikt'ke without, in 'any wise,inui
Admiifing for' the sake of arigiument, t
wh1at ( olone'l Illaskell says' abou~it G arv's
advotinlg te piaymenit' of thie hotuiiet
debt of' the Staite whethter honest or
tfraudulenit, it is not possiblte t hat he I
ean t' steemi that to be wrongr in anoth- li
er; whichl lhe and thio~e who thtink like Ij
hiun hiave claiimed to be r'ighit in (lhe re
een pat. f i wa wrng or arvt I
to adv'ocate the paymienit otl'the bonids
in 187 I hiow muneh more to be contdemn-i
edl ar'e t hioe who unlderi D~emocratic 1
ruale, as5 (lie repretsenitat ives of' (te po- t
ple, ti'ied to accomplish the same result 1
andit went eveon nmneh fuirther' thani him
w homu t hey now dlenonunce. '"Let himi h
w1hot is without sin east thet first stoiie" i'
In regardt to (lie chiarge thiat Genieral
Gii'v aidvocate'd (te substitution of!i
W hittemnore f'or Geuneral llutler as
Liimted Sfates Senator, it is a matteri of' I
publie noutoriety tln.t during his lonlg- I
st rug~gle' 'or his seat ini the Senate Gein- I
rg'l Ilutler had no better nor dhevoted i
f'ie'nd thain Generoal Gai'y. A~s a pro'O ~ 0
ol' lhts we' have heard that Gary went 1
so' far as to telegraph to Bluther 'to draw
on hinu ('or any amloumnt of' money lie I
wanted to stustai n the contest aund'(ta I
his drti'' w~otiuhe ii~honoed. This was<
inaterial symnpat hy anti certainly did I
not look likehiostilitv. '
We p~ublish Genels'aLl Garris answer'
to C'olontel luaskell's leter' miade to a 1
recpor'ter of (lie Kews' and Ciourier'. it
is a most. admirable paper and does
General Gary gr'eat credit. It cannot
fal to have a good ef'ect with the pee- 1
F~romn the Sumter WIatci hmni.
We hiave been a little suripi'ised to
see the positioni aissumedC by some of
the Iounrnails in discuissinig Col. fias
kehlls attack upon Goiu. Gai'y. They1
claim that It is unif'ortunate' that ti
should have occurred at this time
they reg~ret that tw~o good 1men1 should
have'o comec to that poiint, ini a dispuite
Ibt'tein them, wvhlen bl oodshed muist r'e
suilt-(liey' say that Southt Cai'olina cani
not allrd to lose hier' Gary, 0or her
Unaskell, &c., &e.
As to (lie time of imakinig thIs attaek
we regard It rs mlost 01loppotutne, fm.i
thr whv beeni afloat in the air for
y ears inow veryv grave chai'ges against
Gen. Gary', and it Is eminentlivlin poit
for those 'charges to be broug'ht before
thet people in) defluiite anitt tangible
shape, that thcy may s'.ow them~ to be
false, before lie asks to be made Gov
ernor' ot South Carolina. As to Gary~
and liaskell both being "good) men,3'
weO sayl this Is simpl' Impossible, Fo~r
if Hlaskell's chiarges be true, Gary is aa
unmitigated villin and his departure a
loss to no State; and if'thiey be not
true, Hiaskell Is a shameless libeller, and
the sooner we getirid of him the bet ter' for
the coutntry. These are lno0 odiary
oham' es he brings aga Inst Gen. Gary,
adehas staked his own reputation
thir veraclty upon theim. If they be
*lotsustained, HaskelI Is undone;- If
they bo sustalined Gary m1ust go down
to -Iso n1o Imiore thbrever.
8ince the above was writteni (ener'al
Gary has m1ade11 801110 StatC.neUts to a
corren.s ondlenlt of' Whe ewsand Gou
rier coicerning Col. Haskell's letter.
We will examie lis^ reply at length
in our next issne, but we can say to
"enl. Gar.' li advalve, tleat 110 such
Irely as his.tIlk wVith a1 reporter is go
11' I o prove antisfittory to 11le people.
COL. vilskell IluviteI 't r, %Il over*
Nenl. Gar1y's own sign..ueI ild prom
i,(d to lmlakel good every Carge, if
[1ry would I this deny1 tfiem1. These
Iw(' phiin word-I, and ii'(eni. (41arv del
Aine, to accept these cond(ita1', so
r-easonlable anld propper, it is at tantal
1onillt to ii, admi1ss4in (thaIt htlie Io,'r
hie proof that ,Col. liaskell has inl i
From the antirensvIle It Erald.
We intist coni'ess omr Surpriso that
ien. G4ary would resort to tin inter
ewwilita newspaper corresponldent
,orthie Iuirpose of replvinge to and re
Intiig the charges itiado against h11im
>y Col. I Inskell, especially aftlt beicing
isked to colie out. over his owl Sign1a
itre. We thought that G en (Ilrv had
uid(llile eniougli of niewspaper 'inter
*iews betre the last one. He0 had
ween (oo iuch intes'viewed alreatd.
Phlat's just wvhat. , the mat"10r. In1tei
iewe.rs and printer's ink have wvell
ighiruined him. Eilher o lthese agen
iesila otent. ftor good or evil, Just as
Il ma be ued-properly or imnproper
y. I ("en. Giar's cie thev have
Weln combllined and resulted, it'seeLi.
o his in jury. If ever a man1111 was coi
)l(leV iIiinolated by the itehilng de
ire ofi so-called friends to scribble inl
iis interest, aIid write him into.) higher
>oweWtr and positioni, that. man is M. W.
ullry. And weregret that it is so, foir
le is a 1una11 of' ittelleet, andi deserved
:otiethng for past serv ices5, both inl
ield and fortuin. lie once exerted an
ni1lue-ce liar beyonld (lhe limlits of his
>wn colilNty, but julst n~ow het will siand
it fulture, unleoss he canl refte the(
-1h1rt;ges alle('ged againlst himi in a more
1is01ctory 1nr than Inerev(he
',iera tion of daltuaginI g' asseri ions1,
vithowut otheri' prooof than Chal with
ii erviewers, we lve no means oi'
lwn;but uleiss he I,is tore fortul
Ilte th an (it Imajority of' nmankinid he
.iII go to flt wall, at least politically,
und be com1plled to stand atside.
T'llN E II'JORC lIE 11,LD.
Phi Re-11markahnble Story of a Remarikablo
Frouithe Iilva' Observer.
In Ay11%i, I8.15. there, appeared in the
'ity ol'New York the first. nliiber of!
iuinuill ole-celt th ily paper called the
Wra/1wd, oil w Ih-1ichiJaes ( Gordon Dll-n.
et e was ai nio e lved as editor and pro
wietor. Ilie was a 6eotchmian hv
iiiIih, and was twelty-three ears oldi
vlell Ibe e sought a homie on thi's side of:1
he Atlamiti. lie was bornl at Keith,
.aniil'.shire. Scothland. oin the Ist of'ep
emnber, 1 75. Ile was educa ted at the
%'oianl Catliic Seiniiiary, at Abe -
heen , and wais desigit'd Co' the i eost
iiod of that Chirlch. Blut lie (l'ind
>efore le had takena or ders that his vo
ation was not in that direction, and
i' reolvet to seek his fortune ils in lie
(ew World. lie laidt'd at llahtax
oi poor to continue his journer to
lostoni, wlere he iitended to settle.
le (aluit school duuing tle suilmuier,
lot ronchoice, but, frtonl .necessity,
>u inl the eat l aututii le made his
ray to Bolston where lie got a job as a
%t this period of' hisIf~ lit' e wr'ote
iir, of' the Ledger,. iniduced (lie leodimeg
diaors ot' New York, G reelev', lBennett
id lhiymiiond atanoig thle n'umuber to
ou11traite eaeh a piece to his patpe'
nue week. WithI his old-time fond
ess for telisaitions, 3Mr. Bemiett
ubmiit(tld a poetienl et'uisioni in pr'ai-e
>fa recal or imnag'inairy girl with '-' l
aw hiri.'' 1e didi not exph:.in that it
r'as w rittemn when lhe was twventyv
our. In 1$2~ i. Benniett w1ent to
few Yotrk antd subsequenitly to Chlar
'ston, S. (2., whlere he made tranisla
ions1 roin thle Cubani, Mex icani aai
ouithI Atnerican exchanges for' the
'wurier ot' that city, lie soon returnt
d New Yturk and( underwenit a var'iet y
t' adventuires. le issuied thle pr'ospee
us of' a connniemrcial school, which he
Lid niot establish, deliver'ed lectures oni
oit ial 'coniomiy, which 'idt not. take,
ndi became prophrietor' of a Sunmday'
apert'i, wh'ichi quic.kly toiled, lie be
rew Jackson, an w1( ~rote W ashiington
'tters to the New York Ent'uiruer,
rhiichi jouirnial lie helped to ed'tit aftei'
fs consolidat ion w ith th IC ourier. Ini
832 he e'stablishied a tdaily lpt'er called
lhe New York (Glolie, whi'ih lived one
ionith and theii died of insolvenier.
tier that lie got a plaIce oin a P'hiladite
hia palper', but reCturn'ied to New York
It wvit be seemn that Mi'. Bennett was
orty years old when lie founilded the
Iera/dd, and that all his prieviouis cai
eer liatd been a seri"es ot' f'ailues and
ot otf sucesses. 1lut lie had learned
aluble lessonsII in thie school ot' expe
ieince. I [is cash capital in 1835 was
iyh $:00, but his eniterpsrise w~as
iouiidless. Mr. lienineit was iiot only
dtitor' aiit propriiebor of' t he .lie'rald at
lest, but. he wa'ms its political wi'iteir, its
epor'toial stall;, it'ore ign correcsponi
lent, its WVashingtoni spe'ciah, its adver
isimg agent, its (distributor and collec
or. lIn its dingy' e.illee ini Wall street,
there its business wvas catrried on, he
aidi a board over two barrels anid sold1
'opies of the sheet to those who would
hvor hin with a cent. It must not be
upposetd, howecver, that lie was a sup
>.hanit f'or favors at that peiod1( of' is
il'e, or' at any other' ime, lie discuss
3d mien amid unirs with a freedom anid
mdacmity wvhich compelled attention
umd provoked criticismi. lie was the
lrst mami i the Unitetd States, perhapils
lhe 1irst hn the world, to realize the faict
1mMa the people wamit thmw news. WVhen
us modest establismecnt wias burned
t aind lhe lost all lie p~ossessed, ho
>orrowed the facilities to issue a fer
yild contaiinig a full and glowig ac
:ounit of' the ti'e.'- Hie wasbmurnedi out
ingain and robbed once, al' wvithini fit'
een mioniths; but i're could not destrov,
nor thiieves steal his umidving enter
prise. In 1836 th'e ihelemn iewett. muri
ier made a senmt a Ion which is . still re
nietmbered. Th'le 11er'ald prited the
fullest r'eports of theo tragedy, wvith idiai
editormii ('oilmits, which wei'e de
lghittfully' nconsistent with each other
Il'om dlay to (day, but wvhich fair'ly re
flected the shintiig chainges of publIc
Iloini. The Jierald wvas ile first
Iaper'topublish daily Btock reports.
in 1837 it set uip a ship noe agenevy
rwisistig ofa row boat mannled by
three meni, wvhose duty It was to inter
eept shups as they arr'ived, amnd eot
their news. To-day the .Heraul's
ne--achts, form a great fleet of themn
iketched the Ne ~~~kR~~ n
iortyfive yearshba grown to th
Ereatest -nonspnanl th e wo.
Whren M. Beineltt died, inl 1872, tl-o
incomeiq ofth.e paper was estimated tat
$7o0,00. lie left. them J/crad to his
sot', the preent James Gordon B nt
Iett. This voting man was r-eare(d to
luxury, and ithe seemed to lack the Yun
ke cilter ise, as well as 1th Scotch
thrilof iis athiier. 1e wis tnt a
writer, andinobody suspected him of
m1tch manalliging capaeity. The wise
acres believed that ill tell veir'S he
would ruin th i/erid. About. four
ibls of It he allot ted t lie hails pa&se1,
atd to-day tho ilacontle of tI 1/eraldt
iS 1not, leas than11 14 million dollars it vear.
Its cireutlationt is paob.ibly twice as
lrge as it was in 1872. Its'aivi rtising
paitrollage hits uearly doubled. Its
growth is o1e f it' ( wo ners of the
Ige. Tie present Mr. Beannett's Cash
imaeolmie is albout three thousan(d dollars
a lay-six timhes ats tuelh is was inl
vcste3d inl the //raild inl 183. Its pro
p~ieto' possesse" by inlerittineo, intui
to1111 0 acquireaInenlt tIhe factilty of (o
ing the riglt. tiling at (ho rigtlit time.
Whle Parnell d11111 Dillon Camlie to the
United States, te /erald (1 0 ,tionted
the wisd mn of agitating Irish polities
in the United Sta(C. Straig(htway the
ositorq, with true Irish spirit, devoted
themselves to answearing fthe nIwspat
per, thus advertising it anew far and
Nvide. Then, as the horrors of the lfam
ine inereased, the I/erald devoted
whole coluainns of special cable dis
ptlielaes, describing t leiact ial situation,
an.d yetenlady it c.rowttlct its achieve
maenats, by openintg at subscription list
for lie Ieiet of the suierers. James
Gordon Bennatett lealds tle l'st with file
prianely sumt of one hutdred thou-an1d
5oUT'r CA ROLINA VEWS,
-The Greenville and Columbia
Road is reported to have (lonte a heavier
business this season than during any
on1e iaa its history.
-Commissionter A. P. Butler has
beenl appointed ly tle conmIt)issioner'
of agt'itrictllture of the United Staites
algent. for (te distribution of seeds
inl South Carolia. tt) co-operato with
the department. at. WashinIlg aton.
-The Augusta cwso SattMyav savs
that ar. lowers, who kiihll a 'vouig>'
11mn atnatme1d Sillivan at Ba rnt vwei . vit
Inge oi the ithI of last October, was
captured inl AMonticello. Ga.. On Thulrs
dtay last, nllid passed lthron't2h A utI-q! a
nex t tulortung onl hI: wary . l Brnwell,
il chargew of* the .sherill o' h Vie ouni
IN, aad the two brothers of thie murI11'
der'ed yountg mt:mt.
-TIe Oaitgeitr Correspondent. of
tle Charlestont A eies mnd Cotrier
says: Ml-rs. lIerrv, aged sixtv, an11d
Bri. livrd. aged tht o t bt-hive, bth
widlows, live neat branchvi, both
Filies of high tet.j etilliiI v. Onl
Tu'll night. l.ast. whel (ie younttg
muena 01' tle town were awav at a 'artv,
tlie house was viidted I 'stvi al n'a..
's, wh'o dVeta:n ntled. iision.
T1he wrches suTceeded int in in,
tAid took Mrs. Bvi.d whotler 'ied,
u itttt.'-iully beat anid Atraed. T y
Ahn dle ml'attndei nitda . threat'.enin 1Zo
x.:uther straw and bIu)11ra (le o1.-e.
Iats. iyard gav e up I wenit-tive
ent1 a11 slit had. Ena:ged by 'thir
1:ilure, the. - ran0latts )ul1 led Mirs. It.
y yd. a, nil odi lady and sick. oilt ol' her
LIed and dr4.1d'gg'N o hrover the floor, a!
he saite timet deamildinag mttoner and
bItreateiatg to burn't (Ite house ilowna.
ln fh aticas been. caplt ured.
-It is staterdlbat Mr'. W. G. R aoutl,
auperitendean t"toh Sou4.thlweOnernI
ltaIlroad, htas purchai~sed a veloeit.ipeile
!ontstt'ucted to run a otn lailr'oad t racks,
u11d IS no0w te'sting the pra:cticabilit.v of'
1s being usedi by) super'visor's intsp'et
ttgthe iroad isteaud of' the eratnk 11ow i
at use. 'They~ n're. coanstrted..( siilar
.o. the or'dinaryu' reloe'iped4.e, except (iwo
tif the whec.els t'ata ott 3ne sidle and4. what
cucalled I the gide t wheel Is oan the rear'
ntsteaid 0f the front. T[hey weigh sey
nhty-tiv'e to oneo huntdred piomlIds, anud
3an be hantdled. by 0110 man11 and1 pitt oti'
md3( on1 lhe Itrac.k wvithI (toh'eueaest Case'.
ii'ti' cost1 ablout forty <lolhar's, carry'i
meo mtan and are capab:itle ofI bing tfore
3 Ild up t ahigh1 r'ate of speed04.. It is an
ieilpted3 thait it wvill av zth le e'xpense11
>f two hanttds wh~o wt~rk tihe ordianat'v
A G~oon Livi--,--s alwaynis kanowt
vby~ tis ppeaance. A manit wh~o lives
comftat~tbly' at hotme, hats goodl din..
tntrs, e. t., wiill ualwas shtow it int his
per3tson. Biut there' is anthert43 liver'
maor'e Iimp~or'tant to luan-it is the had(
liver'-t he livea' thait should regu'ilate
ho whlole sy'stemn. WI' that is out of
lix, matt is good for nothiing-enn
311jor i:othmig. To restore it to htealthl,
use hir. Gilder's Liver P'ills. A fewv
:ioses will relieve you. For sale by
D~r. W. E. Aikoi.' 1Sf*
-Max Stl'akosch Aars Ithat his prte
nlierie artIist is "(lie greatest living dra't
tad'' "the enttire( sway of the dramatic
'epertIoir'e int Europe fort the last live
rear's," whatever' that mtav mean, andl
:bat "sheu is now In theo zenith of' htetr
luWver, and uniltes withi the mtost maig
Itleent voie thte talent of' a superb
-Thte rcasont we object to woman
mtl'age is btecause they would vote
indiscrimtittately. They woutld joitn
neithier party; till they would waant is
plenty of candidates.
-When a 1pi10t (1108 ont a New Yor'k
erry''~-boait every other ptilot drops his
steer' f'or himi.
NOTICE TO TEA0CHERS.
THE~r law passed at the last sitting of
.L ofthe General Assomly, requir's
that tall t4.achlers emtpI yed' in1 theo public
schlools shallh use1 thie ooks prIescribe~t by
the State Ikhard of Examiners, to wit:
lteynioldl' deries of lReaders.
App.loton's Series of Readers.
Daviasion's liistory of b'ou h Carolina.
Swinton's Primary History of the Uni-.
Swinton's Condensed Ilistory of the
Unitt d States.
Swinton's Outlines of Univ'ersal II Istory.
Hiolmes' History of the United States.
Cornell's First Steps in Geography.
('orald's Prhnaryr Geo'gmtphy.
Cornell's Intermedijate (tograp'hy.
Maury's Manual oft Get.ogr'aph.y.
Maury's l.yical Geography.
. tobinsioni's Aritet les. Enis
Qutackenbos' p'rat Loesson's.inEgls
Quanl.enb'os' .Eng~lishi Grammar.
Qutackenibos' Illustrate d L reons In Our
Quackenbos' Firt Lessons in Conmposi-.
Quackenbaos', C'ourse of Composition
Reynolds' 8evies of Witing Blooks.
.Appleton's 8et'ies of Writing Boot..
Sinton's WVord Primer.
Swinton's Wor' ookr,
' iwinton's Word Anal1ysis.
W estlake'us8,00lj ac en Wordsa.
feb11..z1t1u.: . ~ '
IN 20CTS. AND Of BOTTLES.
Its propertios are Demuloent, Nutri.
tivo Balfatnic, Soothingr and Healingf.
Combining all theno quailities it~isthe,
most effective LUNG 3ALBAM ever
offerod to -sufforors Mrm pulmionary
DR. J. F. HAYWOOD,
of New York, voluntarily idorses It. g
-READ WHAT HE SAYS:
Dr. TU rT - New Yo-k. Sept., 19, 1877.
Dear bir-During this year I v.. i-ed n no hundred
aeses of lung d euses. In the io.wur w .rds of the
lrity the c sea er of a very soero type. It wa r
tilere any: tteu.im wVacahiodteTutta LExioctorart,
and I conioss toy sur,,riso at its won4 r e povir.
During a practice of twenty ycas. L ptave ntever
knoymu a nsrdicin to etcL as lrimnpty and with nuch
happy elits. it instantly subdudt taomost violent
Ilt of 'oug htg and invtriably utred tho disease in
a tmy days. I cheerfully iitdorso it an tho beet lung
mlediciue I ever used.
J. FItANOIS ITAYWOOD, M. D.
A NEWSPAPER PUB. WRITES.
Offlo,"jogig NwsAugusta, OIa.
Dr. TUTT: Dour ,r .y 'ott was attacked
with pnouuenonia last, winter v lch left bin with a
violent cough, that, lasted till - thin a menth since,
for tno euro of which I aan indebted toyour valuable
idpectoran. 1 had tried most every tOi rcoin.
mended, but none did any good until I ursoifyour Itz
pecturaat, onto bottle of which removed the cough
entirely. With nanyan thaks l your L tru .
Had terrible NIGHT SWEATS.
Memphis, Feb., 11, 1871.
Dr. TUV:8 ir-I have eon ulering fort early two
ears with a severe cough. When I commenced a.
kInIy our l'spuciorant I was reduced tooneo hundred
at sixteen pount un weight. I load tried ainmost
everyt hing; lied terriblo night aweats. ihave taken
alt dozent bottles. The onight sweats have loft me.
the cough has disappeared, and I havogained fifteen
pounds In flesh. I recommend It to all my friends.
Withgreat rospet. OLIVERIIlI1.
Ronder, have you caught a cold ? Are you utn.
ablo to ritiso the phlegi? 7 Have you an irrita
tion in tht tiroat? A scnso of oppression on
the lungs, with short breath ? Do you have a
ft of couinllig onilyiigdowin? A'itirp pain
now attd then in th region of the heart, shoti
ders and back? It' so, our Advice Is take at
nce a doseo of T'utt'sExpoctorani; you will soon
bo able to raiso the phlegut. In An hour repoat
the Exectonatit, place a hot iron to te feet,take I
twoofTtIt's Pills. You will eoon fail into a
phasint sleep al wake up i ile t.orniiig
cough gonte, lungs workiisi irowly ; nasy breath.
aiuid 1Iti.t howels nmoving in a tititral insainr.
To prevent a return of these sytuptots use the
Offloe,-35 Murray Stret N. Y.I
UTT %ICS E PILLA.
UIEI FEVEI AND AGUE.
CUICt- NICK AREADAOAAE.
OUT Ei DElIOUS COLIC.
TUTTS HAIR Dy
t;AAY tAIl o t VHstr.ts changed to a 0r.o0sa
hts a by a binglo application of this DYr. It ion.
parts a Natural Color, ats lustantaneously, and is
ns Iydasas sawig rotr. 8Sold by Druggiste, or
otont by oersa wta re.ooipt of V1.4
effioo, 35 Murray St., New York.
DIECT 710 PUYRCHASERS3!
Yer'y Mani 1is Own AgenI
LUD1EN & BATES'
GRAND INTRODUCTION SALE.
Five thiouisad super ) Instrmets frota ten
lentlng mnanttfactutrers to be ltreed in! repre
sesttative' 8roitehorn homcs tat. fat'tory rat es for
introdiuct iatt ott! allvert isemnet. Sale ifntigus
ratd Nov. 1, Js;S. atnd prioving such an aitm
mense!5i suiccIe, will he~ conltinuedO until Nov. 1,
ISS). The ontly sale of the kind ever suicessfuilly
itrriet 0out In A'uea len. D~on't miss this chance
to jOsi glicatntic club of fiye thtousand ptur
Chtasers, eachb of whom se'ceres an Instrumecnt
at manmtritctui er's wholesale rates.
INF'ORMATION TO PURJCHIASERS.
Doni't make tht mistaike of sutpposing us to be
mer ely * loeni agents, seliling on commission."
Understand. antd ~oun't forget ft. titat EN of the
largest mtaiufactturers it America Iicludting
Chichering & Sons. Mason & Hamlin.
lhalt & Davis. Guild& Church.
Southtern Oem Co. ISterling Organ Co.
have appointed uts their Southtern Wholesale
Agents and given us execlusive control of thteir
lnst rumfent s for thte Solitit. Thiese manufactur
er% suiply us, undter aperinf rontract, with thtna
atnds of inistrume.nts yearly at Only a n""'pe
cent. orer p'rime er st of ?ia swifactutre. A ll adv in
t ages gained 13y our dlirect, conuneeitn W Lit
manufacturers an I otur Immense purt blmLaVGw
give directly to puarcheb~rs lander otir
NE W PLAN O.F SELLLI G.
No Agents I No Comnmisslons! Instruments
shipped from faictor-y direct to purchitars, and
tall middle men's profits' saveti. Ev'ery man his
own agent- and entitlsd to agent.'s rates. Thi,
only hotise Sou th selling onl this new plan.
Bhuying from us is practicatlly huyIng from the
maanufactuarers, and our prices are its low as
manutfaoturers ever give. See these specIal
8125 T Oct. Nosewood 9 Stops. I andsome
ICarved legs. Cata- Walnutenase. wI i hGold
logue price, $323. ornlamenatation, 857.
8155 7%~ Oct. Rose- 1s Stops. Three sets
wood, large size. Carv- of reeds, lar e size, ex
edl Iegs, Serpentine tended top Ittagere ease
Plintht. Cat. prIce 4600. of rIch design, 871.
8227 TX~ Oct. Square 13 Stops. Thtree sets
Garand, extra I a r g o reeds, suoerb 'Mirror!
size and nmagnitteent- Top Frericht Wal-mt.
ly ornamented case. hurl Inlaid and Goldl
Catalogue price, siooo Ornamented Case, 686.
All guaranteedl Instruments from reliable
makers. Sold tinder sf* years gemra ntee. Shipped
direct fro~m factory or from Savantnah, if rie-.
ferred. For ten dtollars extIra on apinno or tour
dollars on an organ, we assumet' frtht to any
It. It. deiot "r stenmer lid ng 80u 1. Sent oni
I15 days test, trial, wet paty freight both ways It
Inot satistactury. Ordter and teat in 30our own
I home. 8t'-er.st testa of competent muslicans
invitedl. P'ureihabers choIce irom ten leading
maker., and two hundred dhifferent Rtvies. .'pe.
cit es ecrs, Sc-hooes, C'hurches' ani Pa .
for. Sen it ior Inatroductioni Sale.CIrculargiing
Wholesale Piano anld Organ Dealers.
SA month guarhtnteed., ? 9 a day ta
S.home mode by the flnttustrious,
'itfal not reqtaired' we will start YOU. hien
women, boys and girls make money fuscter af
work for 'ti titan at anything else. The wdrk
Ia light and pleasant, and such as atnjone can
~rightnat Those why are wiae who can eenm
tre Nor ta.Totle a t0
are I~rinB su ey, Ad4.
S I expect to leavo soon for New York to pur
chase my SPRING STOCK, and having still on
hand a great many desirable goods which I do
not wish to carry over, I will offer them cheap
or than ever. Also four new Buggies, very
JOHN L. MIMNAUGH,
UNTiL YOU HAvE
Seen my stock of furniture, which is one of the larget, handsomest
iowest, and elinpest, accordin.; to quality, to be found in Winnsboro. A
ew supply of Chroimos, icinrc Frames, Wall Pockets, Brackets, Window
*hwades, Mirrors, &c. Furnitm e neatly ropiired at molerate prices.
Lumber andjLiths for sale. I am agont- for a Door, Saih and 13iua
Factory.' All order promptly ottenItI to. Also, agent for the Wh-.-ek
Wilson New Improved Sewing Lwtiine. taid two others.
o. t 18 W. PHILLI3.m
'IHE FLEPHANT HAS COME,
- WITH A FRESH STOCK OF
FALL AND WINTER GOODS,
WINNSBORO DRY GOODS, FANCY GOODS, AND MILLINERY
We take pleasure in announcing to our friends and the public generally
;bat we are now opening the finest tind most complete assortment of Fall
ind Winti r Goods, including Fancy and Staple Dry Goods, all the latest
ityles of Millinery, Ladies' Dress Goods, Fancy Goods and Trimmings
3ROCERIES, CONFECTIONERIES, SHOES, HATS, CLOTHING,
CROCKERY, TIN and WOODENWARE, LUMBEB, ETC.,
vhich will be offered at very low prices; as we are determined to sell heap
)r than the cheapest, and cordially invite all to call and see for themselves
I am ilso agent for the well-known DAVIS, WEED and AMERICAN
SEWING MACHINES. J. 0. Z6OAQ.
W E havs now open, and will Bell as low as -any reliable house in town
our second supply of Fall and Winter Goods.
1 case Fruit of the Loom Long Cloth..
25 pieces other brands of Long Cloth.
1 case Bessbrook Jeans.
pieces assorted Jeans and Cassimeres.
pieces new style Prints.
Dress Goods, Alpacas, Mohnirs, Cashmeres.
Blankets, white and colored, Flannels, Linabny Gingim, roik
1lornespuns, Plaid Homespuns, Drillings, Osnaburgo, Bedl icking, Hick
)ry Shirting, Cotton Flannels.
Comforts, Shawls, Cloaks, Boulevard Skirts.
A full supply of white and colored Dress Shirts, Undershirts and
Drawers, Bleached, Brown and Colored Half Hlose.
Clothing and Hats.
Overcoats 1. Overcoats! I Overcoats I !lI
Frfn, the laies we he a n e stock of U'ndervests, Hosiery, Gloves,
Thelng "Pinar e," "Junfa "F-dPing ank Insertions, Ribbons, &o.
Thie GPnuood "Jn, *P-ide" and "Beatrice" Corsets.
Forhose-- Guo, h s Nanooks, Jaconets, Cambrics and Lawns.
F'ower Blueneed an Brwn hv e infull hioe of Table Damask, Doylies,
Notions i1 great variety.
*Ladies' Misse,:' and Children's Shes
M en's, 8 t ni o s' Lo t a n S ho es
rIn our Grocery Depar tment can be found everything needful at low
Wecordially invite an inspet on of our stock, feelin aevdta e~