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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, G. C., FEBRUARY 14, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO.20.
Down the long yvstas of the vines,
With tassels laden,
The sluni'brous afternoon in splendor shines
On youth and naiden,
Who seem to drink the spiOy lethoan air
In happy slumber,
And laugh as dreamers laugh.who do not care
The hours to number.
The lazy sun glides gently down the sky,
The nightfall bringing, -
The hollow aisles now bring the clangor nigh
Of crickets singing.
The very Earth scems droweing 'niath a spoll
From-hop blooms shaken,
And waits the night-wind in some upland
To bid it waken.
TI on bring fair Autumn fr(m the waiting
And deck the anaidon,
With drowsy hope, and lead her slowly forth,
With rich fruits laden:
And if she fall as!oep along the way,
Or sports deta'n her,
The tinmer nmo.nths will longer with us stay,
And Earth be gainer.
Aunt and Niece.
"Besse, Bessie, you're a very foolish
child, said her aunt Mary.
"But I can't help it," said Bessie Norton
"hlelp it I nonsenso,'' said her aunt.
Here I am over forty, and I'm not in love;
no, nor likely to be."
"But, Aunt Mary," meekly pleaded the
blue eyed little damsel, "only think of the
dif'erence between forty alnd seventeen I"
Mary hlepworth rubbed her nose vehen
"Upon my word, BIessic," said she. "I
don't know what to do about this ridicu
lois business of yours. Dear, dear, I am
sure 1 don't know what this world is coi
ing to anyway.
"But I am seventeen," argued Bessie,
"and I (lanced at the last Charity ball, and
my dressex are all made with Icng trains.
Besides, George says I am his guardian
"Oh, fiddlesticks I" cried Aunt Mary,
what do you want of a husband ?"
"All the girls have husbands," returned
'Aren't you happy as you are ?"
"'Y-yes." confessed hessie; "but I-I
think I should be happlier If I were married
"And why, in the name of reason?" de
"Because he loves ne !"
And the -deep roses canme Into Bessie's
cheek as he spoke.
"Loves you I" scornfully echoed Mary
loves your money I"
"I have no money," said innocent Bessie;
"'so It can't be that. "
Mary laughed a hard laugh.
"It has never yet occurred to her mind
that she i4 my heiress and that the people
call me ''the rich old maid," thought Mary
to herself. 'Poor little unconscious (love.
And for her, of all people in the world, to
become the prey of a fortune hunter I I
won't have it ; so there."
And she turned once more to Bessie.
"Bessie," said she coaxingly, do oblige
me and give up this foolish notion of a
"'Oh, Aunt,'' cri'dd the girl, ''really I
"il gIve you the diamond cross that you
fancied, last week."
"Oh, Aunt !"
''Or conie-you shall have a summer at
"I don't, want to go to Saratoga."
"Would you prefer going abroad ?"
urged the elder lady. "I don't like sea
voyages, but anythIng would be preferable
to wrecking your future.".
"I--I think I prefer George, Aunt," fal
.tcred Bessio. "That is, if you wvon't be
"You will rush headlong on your fate,
then ?" cried Mary.
"Yea," confessed Bessle. "I think that
If you don't ob)ject, I will."
"Bessle," anid Aunt Mary. "I never
denied you anything yet, andi I don't sup
peo I shall deny you this. Trell George
Dickson to come and see mie. Anid If lie is
really in earnet-4t
"Oh, aunt, Uhere. ppter wa an'o'he hlf:lt
so niuch In earniet as we twvo are," fer
vently interrupted Bessie, clasping her
"Yes, yes, I (daresay," said Mary. "Wery
welhl, as I was remarking, i'll take it Into
And Blessle sat down and wrote a little
pink ,note to her lover :
"DnEAIWr Onoamon :-Aunt Mary has re
lentedl, and you are to come andi see her at
onee. Oh, joy, joy I
Aud sheoncalled -the gardenter's boy, and
gaVe himi Awobtyilfe oents to post the let
Mr. George Dickson, being linde ai' dr
in respondliug to tis rose Bedfledt Auitium'o g
"Frank," he said to his law partnler, gnd
partleulair triendi, "you'll stani y f10y
"Thben. cone lvtht me1 to ftqee Bessi's old
aunt," sai~ I9kke "fo1g t all pnga
upon her-our future I mean. Biesslo i
much a dear, dutiful! little kitten that she
will never marry without her aum's egn.1~
"That's the situation of atlalrg,' eat'l
steid MiN Wfgp4M Adrwhere, Acom>tis
arbitress of your destiny reside ?"
- Ila .the 0DloomingdaloedoaaIg? said (M?,o
Dickabd, H~ilat Iti ibe~ rich or poor, it
makes no difference to me. "Its her niece
I want-not her money."
"Money is a convenience, for all that,''
thoughtfully remarked Wright. "Yes,
I'll help you to face the music. At what
hour am I to present myself?"
"At ten to-iorrow morning," said Dick
"Isn't that rather early "
'The sooner I know my fate the better it
will for me," said Dickson. "Either I
enter into the gates of paradise, or I drown
"What a thing it is to be in love,'' said
Mary was in the garden prining roses
the next morning when the two gentlemen
"Go away," said Mary, without turning
her head, as she heard the creaking of the
garden gate. 'You are the boy that broke
downi my lovely blue iris yesterday. Go
away I say."
"'I-1 beg your pardon," said Mr. Dick
son, in soic dismay, "I am not the boy
that broke it."
"'Oh I" Mary turned around, and drew
off i portentous pair of gloves which
shielded her hands. ;I see. You are the
young man that Wiants Bessie. "
"Yes," said Dickson, "1 am the young
man that wants Bessie, and this is my
friend, Mr. Wright."
Mary bowed stfilly to the stranger, and
then turned abruptly to Dickson.
"1 suppose you think you aec going to
marry money?" said she.
'I haven't thought about it in that light,"
said Mr. Dickson, reddening.
"Don't tell tue," mid Mary, "feeling in
her pocket for an oflicial letter with a big
red seal. "Up to yesterday my niece Bes
sic was looked upon as an heiress."
"I assure you, ma'amn-" broke in
"Don't waste your breath in assuring
nie," said Mary. "Its time and trouble
thrown away. Just hear me out, if you
please. Yesterday I received this 'etter
from lmiy lawyer, announcing the failure of
the Ithuriel Insurance Company I have
been foolish enough to invest in it. And
whoever take Bessle now must take
her for herself alone."
"I desire nothing better," said Dickson,
'Are you prepared for love in a cottage?"
satirically demanded IlsS Basil.
'"My income is not large," said the
young lawyer, inodestly, "but it is quite
suflicient to maintain a wife in comfort.
I love Bessie, and there are not many
hardships which love will not sweeten."
"'That sounds well in books," said Miss
'"You shall see that we will reduce it to
practice," said Dickson cheerfully. "And
Miss Basil "
"You have beeni a second mother to Iles
sic; she loves you dearly. Need I say how
delighted we both would be if you would
consent to make your home with us?"
Mary dropprd her gloves into a bunch
of blue larksours.
'"Eli?" she said. "Do you mean that
you would actually burden yourself with-n
poverty stricken old maid, like mc ?"
"George held out both hands to Miss
''Aunt Mary," said lhe. "I may call
you so, mnayn't Il-pray believe that it
will be doing as both a favor to come and
live with us. We cannot, perhaps, give
you thme luxuries to which you have been
accustomedl, but of one thing you may be
certain-a welcome fronm the heart."
Mary stoppled for her gardening gloves
and turned away.
''Young man," said she, ''there Is more
in you than I thought. 'rake Beasie if you
want her. Yonader she .is, watching us
from the oriel casement.. Go to her. 'Tell
her the stony-hearted old aunt has relcnted
at last. And-stop a mninutc,' she added,
as lhe was eagerly turnmng awvay; "I told
you that 1 had property invested in the
"It was only a thousand dollars. Thme
rest is all safe, and will one (lay be yours
and Bessie's. And you will not need to
sup~port 'the old maidlen aunt out of your
kmndly charity, though I shall continue to
give you plenty ot my company.. how go
to; Bessie. 'As fori you, :Mr, Wright," to
the astonished Georgt-, "youi can help me
with the weeds and watering put, whIle
those two young turtle-cloves are billn
andl cooing inside."
And so ended Mr..Dickson's wooing, and
little Bessie was the happiest of b~rides, .in
wvhite sills and orange blossoms.
''But If it had been me,'' said Frank
Wright, "I should have proposed to the old1
maiden aunt. To mny mind she's thie pret.
ties ;woman of the two.''"
The Bank of England hits no end of val
unbles commhiltted to its keeping. Th'fe
vaults of this establishament holds nmolderng
.chest*, deposited there for safety's isake,
and, apparently forgottee lyy ther. ,owners.
In IW98 one fell to pieces from sheer. rota
teness, exposing to alght a <quantity of
massiveplate andi a bi ndhe o~yellowpa'pcrs.
The letter proved to be a colleeltkoi't love
letters of thme period of thme Rlestoration,
which thia Directors were enabled to rdtf
to., the~ lineal descendants of :the original
owner, In 1875 a tin Vox was, fished out
~didii'dii, ' biieox set'a'foht pier.
above Paris.khd beant'fibMill.ll spahed,
'Adwas futiniled with lititle smdtAl Saihls
that-telgbht eich the current bf. thie mlver at
evnq~yp,Q~ i Ant t1 jfpiled toimulke ft
~p1,QYiga3< ai(,t thp.r er's
for the beaeiged arisiamjomioo of i
them five y"ears after date. -. "
Signs nid Posrtnots.
When the crescent of the young. moon
rests supinely, Its homis in air, it is a sign
of dry weather; becaume in this position It
holds all the water, thus preventing its fall
to the curth This Is also a sign of wet
weather, the explanationt in this case being
that a waterful moon is emblematic of a
water-soaked earth. Don't forget this sign
of the new moon. It is rarely you will find
one so impartially accommodating.
Whoever finds a four-leaved clover is
generally a liar. It is so much easier to de
tach one leaf from a five-leafed stalk tlian
to hunt for one with four tfIt the tempta
tion to mendacity is too much for average
When a mouse gnaws a hole in a gown
some misfortune may be apprelended. The
misfortune has already happened to the
gown, ind may be apprehended to happen
to the mouse,
An old sign is that a child grows proud
if suffered to look into a mirror while less
than twelve months old. But what the aver
age infant can see in the mirror to make
it proud it is dillicult for anly but tihe pa
rents to understaid.
A red sky in the west at evening indicates
that, the next (lay will be pleasant, barrimg
accidents of rain, snow and hail.
If you take down your shingle, Iprepa-a
tory to putting it up in a new location, it
is ia sign you are moving.
If a lien runs across tie street directly in
front of you, it is a sign Ihat a hen will
soon be on the other side. If she cross
over just behind you-Phaw! who ever
knew a hen that wouldn't die right in her
tracks rather than cross one's pathway in
is rear ?
When you see a cat running around furi
ously, It is a sign that tile crockery or glass
ware is in danger.
When you drop a knife and it sticks in
tbe fioor, it Is a sign that some one is com
ing. If you are a small boy, that some one
may be your mother, and her cominm is to
remonstrate with you with her slipper.
To diream of a wedding is a sign of Iia
To dream of a funeral betokens too much
pork and cabbage.
To dream of findinr money betokens that
it is easier to dreani of findIng money than
to work for it
To dream that it Is Sunday morning is
To be suddenly awakened from your
sweetest sleep to find that it is not Sunday
is-that is to say, very disagreeable. It is
a sign that you will be unhappy.
A great many more equally ifallible
signs might tie given, but the reader has
probably had enough for one (lay. The man
who believes in signs is sifliciently cedi
lous to believe that our knowledge in that
line, as well as in every other line, is inex
A Ilacer of The Platins.
Jack Christy was the drover's name and
he recently arrived at St.. Louis, from
Texas. Jack got behind a beer or two a
few night's ago and then and there related
a marvelous story of a remarkable horse.
for the truth of which Jack saidi he was
ready to vouch. The susbstance of Jack's
narrative was abont as follows: Not a very
great dIstance from Fort Concho, In Texas,
for the last seven years, a wild stallion of
wonderful speed and endurance has been
seen but during all this period the endeav
ors of the rancheros to capture him have
proved unsuccessful. Jack has seen the
horse himself, and says he only stands
about 14 hands high, and is coal-black in
color. Ilis body is covered with very long
hair, so that in appearance the horse is
rather shaggy. lie has a long flowing tail
which trails on tihe ground, while his iane
.is at least two or three feet in length. His
hoofs have grown very long. The animal's
eyes are exceedingly briighit and fiery, and
when galloping with dlilated nostrils over
the openi muskcect prairie, Jack said: 'It
was enoughl to make your heart glad to see
such a noble animal.' As stated above,
this horse has now haunted the vicinity of
Fort Concho for seven years and~ it is supl
p~osedl that lhe Is about 9 years old. He wais
seein to gallop a dislance of three miles on
openI prairic in less than four minutes and a
half. lie dashed out of ravine in the WVic
hita Mauntains, and going at headlong speed
lie disappeared beinbd a log hut, which
stood at exactly three miles from the en
trance to the gully. One of the rancheros
with the party, who wvas watching the stal
lion fr-om a rocky eminence, timed him, es
timating that the animal made three miles
in 4:50. ThIs would make him'the fastest
horse on record, andl boats all the racetimo.
Some four years a company wvas organmaed
to capture 'Black Boes,' which was the s(ob
iqu1let by which the animal wvas known in
thle region. About 25 rancher-s and her-ders,
miounite~d oni tile fleetest of Tekxan horses andl
nmstangs, deternminedl to give chase to the
hitherto uncaptured and untamed steedl.
One of the p~arty was the celcbrated Mex
ican vaquero Jiani Glonzalez, who bears thme
.eputation of being thme gr-eatest expert
withl the lasso livinig. For flyve (lays (11(
they pursue 'Black Boss' on the:r fleet
footed steedse. Siimetimes they would
chase 1h1im for hours, when he would gradu
Ially dist ance thiem and (disappear from sight.
'Black Boss' actually seemed to enjoy the
sport. lie wvould occasionally stand still
untIl the pursning party approached hIm,
then, with a loud neigh and toss of hIs
powerful head he would at onice show them
his heels. The rancheros, however, contin
uedl to stick to his. trail, and after a few
hours againi came upon01 hIm, when ho sp)ed
away from them like wInd. Four (lays
longer they kept up thme chase, but In vain.
Gonzlcz, who on account of his skill and In
trepidky had beCen chosen Captain, on the
fifthl day organized the company Into squads
anwd told them the only hope of suc ess was
to d v0 him to Hermnosa Gtuljy, wh ich Is a
smal rtviine In the Wichita Mlourn ains, the
jaggedl precipices forming a veritable cud
do sue. O If thiey could succeed In driving
him Into th~e ratino lhe believed they could
secure hini. Three bands were accordigly
formed, and they began to scouirthe prairIe
f61"llck Boss.' Gonzalez' company, after
a fewv hours' riding, came upon thme stal
lIon, who himmediately began his antics of
playing wIth his ptursuers. 1t was on this
ocO~Bioin that Gonzalez made a most miary,
elous throw with the lasso. ie maaaged
to approai pretty close, to 'Black Boss,'
!who at'bnc snorted and bounded away.
IGonzalez stuck .hIs spurs deep Into the
flans of his'seed,:whichi gallantljranswerd,
and ih fio* fnoinente- cai-ried his rIder
bearer the flyIng at Ion. Tme two horses
were now seperdte's about 225 feet, when
"quick as lighting, Qpnzalqt eheltedhis lasso,
and, ylth user nga ithrow It. 'Black
Boss dy etdi al hefata0ls nd
thrown, but his strug'gles were tearfill. The
shock was too mutch fo'r Gonzalez antd his
horse, steed and rider, roliled over onl the
ground. The noble bhrlek writhled terribly
in his bouds1', which suddenly snapped,
til(n the horse, once :nore on his feet (Itick
ly disappeared, dragging the trailing laniat
itter h1im1. Gonzalelt however, was not
discourged, and he anld his band Col
tinued the chtse. They where overjoyed
to 1l0 that 'J3IhiCk( P4*s' WIs gallopinig in
the direction of Ilerimsa Gully, andl([ this ei
(otragreI t iei to keep on. As night ill)
prochiled they saw t horse Canter il I te
ravinte, wherZetIponl thv resolved to block
ade it and wait until lorning and the ar
rival of the other t.w& bands before seizing
their prey. During ,the night, the whole
company were reuntdlt, anid early at day
break begat catutiously to enter the gully.
Presently they espied 'llack Boss' who
ieighied,' threw up his head, and started
for tihe endof the gnll terminating it the
cul A sue. (bizalez id his pat ty follow
ed clo!e behind. At at the powerful heast
was brouight to bay. The lasso was once
m rore brought into reqyisition, and '3lack
Iloss' was a prisoner. 4 1 laving. as they
deemed, secirly fasteied him, ie was freed
from the coils of the lariat. With Iim ense
fury eI li horse turned tipon tire man Who
helk the improvised lialter, bit him severly
in I te shoulder. atnd with his heels tittd teeth
soon scattered the whole party. Not one
of thei would shoot himl, as they prized
him too highly. Thriee meun were badly
hit tn, and several injured by his savage
kicks. Suddenly the horse darted at
Gonzalez, whom lie sepmed to recogitnizelas
the chtief of those attacking him seized hint
by the shoulder with his teeth, ati set off
with him at full gallop down the gully,
dropping him only after he had dragged
hi a distance of 50 yards. Gonzalez'
shoulder was terribly hurt,- and it was long
before he recovered. . The 'hoys' were
thoroughly disheartened, and gave up the
pursit. 13'iek 13oss'was not. seen in that
neigltborhood for 12 montis atu r. when ie
again reappeared. Time uand time again
have expedlitions been formed to capture
him, but le alwsys manages to clude all
purstiers. Ilis experience with Gonzalez
also sLetis tt have tau11htt hitt somtething;
lie no longer waits for his entemies and never
allows thei to get near enough to have a
chance of lassoing hii. None of the
rancheros li the vicinity will shoot him.
.Jack addeid that, six weeks ago Ite saw the
wild stallion careering ltir all his strength
across the open prairic near Concho.
Whmt wvo Smnoke.
To the world in general a cigar is merely
a tightly-rolled packet having little frag
iments of dry letives within, and a smooth,
silky leaf for its outer wrapper. When it
is hturtit and the pleasant flavored smoke is
inhaled, the hab'itutal smoker claitms for it
a soothing luxury that quiets the irritable
nervous organism, relieves weariness, at
ent ices repose. Science, scouting so super
ficial a desicription, -examies tlrsi the
smokes, second.thqlIeaf,- third the ash. In
tle smoke is 'discovered water i vaporous
st ate, soot (free carbon), carbonic acid and
carbonic oxide, acd a vaporous substance
condensable into oily nicotinc. These tire
tire genieral divisions, which chemists have
further split itp, and in so doing have fotud
acetic, formic, butyric, valeric, and propi
onic acids, prussic acid, creosote, carholic
tacid, atmimottia, sl philuretted hydrogen, py
ridine, viriditte, picolinte. litiidine, colloditte,
parvoline, corodine and rubtidene. Theso
last are a series of oily buses belonging to
tite Iotimologues of tiataline, first discovered
it cold tar. Applltying chemical tests to the
leaves, other chemists have found nicotia,
tobacco Camphor or nicotianie (about
which not much is known), a bitter attract
ive matter, gum, chloropltyil, malate of
lime, sundry albtmioids, italic lcid,
woody fibre, 1111d Various salts. Tbc fetih
erly wh'ite ash, which in Its cohesion tnd
whuitentess is ittdictalive of the good cigar-,
yields potasht, souta, mtagnesia, Ihne, phios
p~horic actd, sulphturic acid, silicai and~ chlo
rine. Th'le ingredients extract ible frott a
poor and cheap cigar wvoutld be fearful and
wonderful to contemtplate. H ere is a list
from ut patrlitametary0 report on adult era
tions in tobacco. Sugar', alum, lime, ilour
or menaI, rhubarb leav es, staltpetre, I uller's
cartht, st atrch, matli connnitngs' chromate of
lead, pecat moss, mtohasses, b)urdock letaves,
comimotn salt, cindive leaves, lamtpblack,
gumit, red dye, a black (13- compllosedh of
vegetable red and licotrice, scrapls of news
paprler, cinnamon stick, cabbage leaves, andl
Starting a iraiveyard.
Adolph Suttro tells the followving title in
reltiioni to Iris starting a gi aveyanrd In Suitro.
"One labors uinder all sorts of dilfliculties
(dealinig with tmen. It seems ridiculous,
but the mtost ditlicult thting we had to (10
wvas to start a graveyard. It -took sotme
three years to start It. Whenever a tmant
got killed, or died, the men wotild get up a
btig funeral and1( go off to Virginita City,
or some other place, to bury the man. All
work had to be stoppe~d for one or two
shifts. Thecy would~ each lose their $4 for
wages: would pay $300 or $400 more for
teams, antd some would drink 80 freely as
to be unafit for work the following daiy.I
was dleterminted to pitt a stop to that. So
I said to thte men : 'Why can we not, have
a graveyard of our own, and bury oitr metn
here ?' I htad a grave dug for thre next mant
thtat dlied. . The dead man's friends camne
and said they would not have the nman
burled there. I asked them whty. Trhey
saidh 'thtat It would be too lonely for the
poor fellow.' That seems ridiculous, but
it is a fact. I did not wvish to have any
trouble over the matter, andh so I let them
bury the man where they chose. Every
timet a man dIted we had just the same trou
ble again. At last two mIners got killed
who htad not paid their fees to the Miner's
Union, and had been dicarded. They had
no frietnds there to object, and so we hur
ried thtem there, atnd titus weret able1 ut last
to start own graveyard."
About theo Thming.
A near-sighted friend, wont to, an op
tlclan the other (lay to change the glasses
of his spectacles, which had becomte too
weak. He was given the nekt' lumnber
"After this number, what will I take?"9
"AndI after thtat?"
"And, then?" asked the mhyope, yvlth as
"Then, n' aid the dealer, "I think A smnall
and sagaeious dog, with a strfing attacheid,
*willk be abi'ut tihe thing.
14tmidIning For Fun,.
I landed my first pielterel the first even
ing we were on Lake Minnetonka. I an
not a skillful fishermni . I told the bOyS
tIIt I could do1 a little pl)aint fis1hing, b.t I
didn't wan't to be set dowi for anything
with any kind of fluting, embroidery, knife
plaiting or anything of that kind about it.
I fished front the shore by the side of a
veteran fisher, Mr. A. K. Dunlap, of
Titusville. lie knows every fish in the
lake by name. Ile can tell by the move
mient of the line what kind of a fish is at
your hook. Soiething ran away with my
"It's a pickerel," shouted Mr. )unlap,
in intenise excitement. "A big fellow.
Take out your lines," he yelled to the rest
of them. '"Give hun plent of roam! Play
him!" he shrieked at me, "Let him run!
Keep your line tight I I)on't give an Inch
of slack Look out! l)on't let him (to
that again! Let him run! Now bring him
in this-Look out! Don't let him do tint
By this time I was so excited I was on
the lomt of throwing down the pole and
rushing out in the lake, intending to run
the fish down and kick it to deali. I
screamed to Mr. Duni):
"You take the pole and land him, I
never can. ':
lie refused. le turned and hauled his
own pole, lance fashion into the woods.
"4Ilere!" he shouted, rushing down the
bank aout twenty feet lielow ne, stoo)inr
down and spreading out his arms. "I lerei
Now! Bring him in here through the shoal
water! I'll get him, Carefull Steady!
And flip, flap, I had him on the shore.
le was a beauty. A little sunfish, about
three and ai half inches long.
It was a long time before we saild any
thing. Mr. DI)unlp climbed a big birch
tree in the top of which his pole had
lodged, and we reumedu om fishing. Pres
ently Charley Armknecht coughed, and I
"How funny the frogs sound over in the
Add then we laughed along time at the
frogs. A long, long time and very hiear
tily. They were very funny frogs.
But Mr. Dunlap fished on very silently,
and by and by lie said the fish wouldn't
bite when there was very much noise. So we
held our hush and the fish bit. But they
didn't bite iny of us very badly.
The fishing is excellent almost anywhere
in tle lake. That eveniig onl the upper
lake one of the bovs caught. nine large
pickerel. When we camne to count fish,
however, it appeareil that lie had caught,
one pickerel. When we eanme to count
fish, however, it appeared that he had
caught one p'ckerel tine timea. It was a
very large fish, an(d they tre going to have
its skin dried whole for a spectacle case. I
caught more fIsh than one else in the party,
but they were all, with one exception, cat
fisl, and I learned, to miy amnazement, that
I had disgraced myself and the lake. Why
isn't a fish a fish, I'd like to know?
low Fast Will Treen Grow.
Some years ago we were on a farm i
Southern Iowa where thnber culture had
been carried on to a greater extent than we
have ever seen it elsewhere, and in order to
test the rapidity of the growth of the differ
Ct varieties planted we took the
measurement and height of a large
nuniber, with the following result: Two
Norway spriecs set twenty years, were five
and a half feet in circumference, forty feet
in height and had I a spread of iabont twen
ty six feet each in diameter. A black
spruce set fifteen feet Was twenty-five feet
in height and proportionately large. Two
balsam firs. set sixteen years were thirty
feet high. A European larch, set seven
teen years, wts four feet in circunmference,
at the base. A Scotchi pine, set eighteen
years, was twventy-six feet high. A hardt
pine, set seventeen yearn. wats three feet
and1( eight inchtes in circumferencec and
twenty-flye feet high. A Russian spriuice,
fifteen years, was about fIfteen feet int
height. 'lThe redl cedars and arboi vitues
set fourteen years, averaged twenty feet
in height, while a hedge or wvind break set
entirely around an eighty acre farm, was
com posed first, of a row of cedars, Bet
about fifteen years, which averaged fifteen
feet, text a row of $cotehi pine1 twenty
five feet high, outside of this a row of soft
niaple rangig g from twvety-fiye to thirty
feet In height. These formed a perfect se
curit~y against high winds and redIucedl the
temperature in the enclosure several
(degrees. Hard maples, set twventy
years taveraged over thirty feet, in
height. One coft, mnaple, set eighteen
years, was fifty feet, in height and six feet
in circumference at the body. A blacek
wvalnut, set sixteen years, w'as four feet,
three iches in ellamneter, whikl a sycamore,
tratnsplanted t wenty years before f rom the
timber, was seven feet itt circunference at,
the base and forty- eight feet in height.
A silver leauf pop~lar, set twenty years,
was seven feet, two inches In circumferene
and thirty-flye feet In height, andl a golden
willow that years before had been stuck
lnto the ground a switch wtas eleven feet
eight, inchtes in circumference and over
forty feet high. There are mautny other
varieties, some of them rare specimens
but enough has been shiownt to prove that
even our slow growintg varleties, if care
fully cultivated, will, in a few years, be
come great trees. Bunt they must, he taken
care of and the ciuttle kept away from titem
just as though they were orchard trees, If
the best results tire to lbe secured.
A man stepped io a Reading, Pa., drug.
store and stid to the clerk, with the confi
dent aIr of one who knew exactly what he
"Got, any roach powder ?" "Oh, yes,"
was the bland reply. The apothecaury threw
open a glass case and Iimediately placed
ulpon the couniter in front of his customer a
bofthle of '8ure Death to Cockroaches."
"TIell tme how It works?" "CertaInly ;
you take o pinch of the powder between
thumb and finger, hold It dlown near the
crevice and give It, a puflf-so; it'll be sure
"KIll 'em I Hleavensi The powder's fotr
my old1 woman. Kill 'ema Not much I"
and the tman shook his head.
Inquiry developed the fact that it was
Rlochelle, not roach powder, that had been
reegmmetnded for thec "old woman," and
the correct article..ws bootl sunbited. -3
A reporter, .hearinge of this adventure,
asked the druggist if many such cases, re
spliing from ignot-ance or carelessness;.cameo
under his noQtice, -
I hley occur almostdlaiy," waq the reply;
"inld ire not only (lalngerbIg. )lt superla
lively ridiculous. What woli'l you say to
tlis for instance ?" I-re was disphiyed a
number of the orders that had been reeived
fromi viriouis eustomners, amig thei file
following: "Pleas giv the harmr 5 seats
worth of onika ?' (arnica) "Send me to
poildesof Lickerich. "I wilit a . lb. Or'lmi
itat ar" (creall of tartar). "Send ie some
iMaganiesha, for a lisig." Tenl elts of hole
Minimon."' "T'wenty-five sendis of hei1r C2cas
imr." "'Pleas Pend mie Some sai penit er-'"
'1 lie spelling of Some of these halts ieeni some
what i mproved and I he pIunct uation attended
'ie writers generally seem to Ithink they
ilust carefilly state the purpose to which
they propose applying tile articles senlt for.
One writes for "Ten cents' worth of cologne
to smell a t runk with ; " another for "two
coughing sticks of candy." One wants
"stinkin-lster." hailiving chianiiged the
fourth letter of the first word fron2 e to n.
Ilere is it horrible case: "Send me epicack
for my little girl."
Iell(liig (ruiggists formerly (id a large
business in decn coianies, or transfer pic
tures'5. One asks. "(live me fifty eets an1d
dogs and ten tigers;" another. "I want. a
lit I le girl."
Customers generally imitate tile articles
they desire. There is cal led for: "i Iope and
delldock (opedeldoe), "Paint killer," "Tit
terrint nient, " "'ilm iare back," and 'I sad
A ieH I130 (021ihit.
Charles Sanger with his family arrived at
Cleveland, Ohio, a few days aigo, having
crOssed the Continent i a two Iorse wiagon.
Mr. Sanger was a former resident of Cleve
laud. lie left abioit six years ago for Los
Angelos, Cal., where he lived over four
years. While in Californin, Sanger' (lid a
good business as an architect and contractor;
blt building being a trille dull, and his wife
andI family beig homesick, he (eterminid
to return to Ohio. IHe proeused it strong
spring wagon, into which lie packed the
little personal propcrty the fami,y would
need on the trip, and at tihe same time
leaving room for himself, wife and four
chiidren, the eldest being a boy of 15 years.
The party traveled very leisurely at first.,
wintering at. Yreka, Cii]. Thc t sart from
Yreka was made last May, the party haviing
spent most of their timne at this point fish
ing and hunting, laying in provisions for
their long trip. From Yreka t.o Fort, Steel
it was found tiecssairy to use four horses in
drawing the wagon and its load, owing to
the rough anid mountainous roads. From
the latter point to Cleaveland the trip, with
only two horses, was co.ixparatively pleas
ant, and easy. Occasional stops were made
for hlunting, etc., but the journey was
puslied to inl end its rapidly a1s possible.
While in the mountains sevurail intel eating
though bloodless alfrays were had with
grizzly bears and oILTer )layfli animals.
Bands of Indians were freiiently seen, but
the little party wits left uniolsted. The
trip from Los Angelos to Cleveland was
made In four iont his. including all stops ot
the road. When on the move the party
averaged about 25 miles a (liy.
A Uat .btory.
An aLfed gentleman and his housekeeper
constitute ai household in Yarmouth, aiine,
and their old cat finds the liles are fallen
to her it pleasanit, places. Family prayers
are lie rule each evening in the
liouisehlold, an1d the cat fell ito the
habit of regular and punctuil attendailee.
No other of the cares thit proverbially
crowd a cat's life was ever allowed to crowd
this religious (ity. At the signal for pray
ers she would even leave i iioise half
caught, or give a dooned Ibird a longer
lease of existence, and decorously compose
herself in the hlipi of the housekeeper, with
an air of attention to the service th1t. was
highly edifyinig. At the finial "ameni'' she
wvent friskly) about her business. But, 1inan
evil dayi) thIere canme a kitten1 that was deem
edI suplertlious, andl~ senltenice oif dealhI was
passedC~ upon)1 it. Th'e hiead of the family
undI~ertook t he exection of the sentence,
anid, unknown to limn, the cat was a wit
niess of the secene. From that daiy the cat
refused to attend~ tihe mning servi ce, and
cannot now he induced to listen to the
praiyers of one who had so rlhocked her sen
sibilities. She faithfully performns iill other
dluties as before, andl sociially purrs for thec
family on aili secular occasions, buit seemis
to say '"Let, my religious htonrs alfone."
This is a name appflied to many Varieties
of aqulatic birds belonging to the sub-fami
ly, Anscrhucw. The genius unser( nr wild
goose-the former being thle I ,atmn name
fhr goose, is common1i thiroiughout the~ old1
world, and this with theo bean goose, an
Arctic bird, which spends its winters in
temperate regions, Is suphposed to be the
ancestor froml which ouir (different varieties
of dlomlestie geese originated. Ini large
flocks, It Ir seen going south at the ap
proach of cold weather, and returnuing
nlorthwardl in the spring. It is large and(
somewhat swan-like in its appearance alnd
lian a sinilar patch of white on the thiroat.
In taking thecir long journeys northwvard
and~ southward, they fly in two fles with
their chosen leader In advance. If the
leadle. Is shiot, thle flock becomles at once
demoralized and slight in the first openi
water they chance to find, where they
generally fail violtims to the sportsman.
T1hte dlomlestic goose Is a valtuable bird and
pirofilable to raise both for its feathers and1(
ilesh, and at the prices of a few years past.,
will pny as well as anything. Wec will re
mfemaber when the standlard price for the
carcass of a well-fattened goose was twen
ty-five cents, and1( they were much more
generally raIsed then now, when they are
wortli more than four tImes that sunm.
Conoealinlg his Ohnnlpt.
When "Thad" Stevens wvas a young law
yer In the Pennsylvania Courts, lhe once
lost lis case by what he conaldered a wreng
rxIlng of the Judge. plagusted, he0 banged
hIs law book on the table, p)icked tip his
hat, and startced for the dloor with somne vig
orous words in his. month. The Judge
fpelng thmt e dignity was' essaied, roed
Iipresly nd said: "Mr. Stevens '' Mr4
8tovens stojgped, turned and bowed defer
entially. '"Mr. Stevenp" saId the Judge,
"%lo you intend by such conduct, to express
your contempt for this court ?" And $tev
ensg w th mock seriousne' tipswered ;
"lJsxpressa my contetipt for this couirt I
No, parh, I was tryimng .to concord y1u
Lot muwdorer )iat g th~etuse v4
The Indtin Queition.
Not long ago( a weazened old Piute was
painfully sawing wood in the street of a
town in Nebraska. CoUl. as the wheather
was, the nature of the work forced the In
Mhan to lay aside his blanket and toil in his
shirt sleeves. As the old man labored a
sturdy tramp, with a florid face and a very
high forehead, approached. H1e stood for
some (tite idly watching the Indian, and
growing cold inl contemplating the interestv
ing sight; the tramp picked up the blanket
1ind walked ol wi It it, despite the expostu
hary cries of tihe Indian, who followed in
great distress. A deputy constable was at.
Iracte d by the noise, and whenil the poor old
Indiai had, In broken English, explained
the cause of his woe the I ramp was taken
into custody and the blanket turned over to
its owner, wh-> hobbled back to his work.
The next, morning the tramp, who gave
his name its James Belford, was brought
before .1 11st io K nox.
"h'lmat's your plea ?" asked the Court.
"What's your charge?" demanded the
"Great. heavens!" cried Mr. Belford,
staring back, "do my ears deceive me ?"
'No, your ears are all right,'' said his
lbonor. What'rc you making a noise
for? Didn't you steal the blanket?"
"Steal it, sir? No sir; I took it. It was
mine becams I wanted it. 'Te irrepres
sible antagonism of race justilled the trans
Eer of ownership. Sad, sir, as the fate of
the Indian unodoubtly is, It is yet intevitlble.
'Ih geni us of Anglo-Saxon civilization in
its onward march acros.s this broad and
gloriois contiuent crushes the red man be
ieath its progress. It is as a nighty tor
rent, irresistible in its force, sweeping all
before it. That which l'ut. maintains the
Indnia in savage and ill-fed idleness under
the peaceful arts of the white men blos
so5:ms and blooms and teems with plenty.
Where tle red man ronamed following the
iihaste are now busy cities aid bIlds of
goldei corn. Who shall say the cruelty
which expelled him from his hunting
gromius was not a work of mercy after all l
For every savage who drew his bow in the
solitudes a thousand civilized men atid
women itow toil, sow. reap and are happy.
Standing onl the peak1 of time. and taking
the contiment for the field of observation,"
"Yes, but what. about the blanket ?"
interripted the court.
"Well,'' replied ir. Belford, "I can't
see but I had its much right to nab that old
buck's blanket as Congrss has to fire the
LUtes oft their reservation just, because
11re's been some good ledges struck on
"I agree with you, Mr. Belford," said
"Thank you, your Hornor," ieturned
,Ir. lelford reaching for his hat.
"But poritit nie to add," continued the
Dourt, "that the moral ideas of Congress
lon't always jibe with my notions of what's
iquare. In the opinion of this court, Mr.
Belford, you're about the meanest thief
I've had before me for a long time. Be.
cause tie ludian was poor and helpless you
thought ie had no rights you need respect.
I'll give you six months in the county jail
to study up on the Indian question."
"This could not have occurred In a
ivilmied community," muttered the dazed
air. telford as ie wits led off to the bastile.
A Long Time Without Food.
A wooden house was recently built near
I Copuer mine at Littly Bay, Wisconsin, so
hat there was a vacent spae beneath the
loor. Before this spac was boarded In a
mLr crept in, coiled itself in a quantity of
ihavings, and fell asleep. Tho ofice Wis
lot immediately occupied, ant the noIse
niade by the pig when it discovered its di
enuna wits not heard. Like i true philo.
i1lpher, the pig accommodated itsetf to its
oircumnstamnces. It wraipped itself i the
ihtavings, turnied its back to the coldl worlId,
mnd went to sleep for the winter. This
NaR ont the '22d of November, 187G. The
>ig was remarkable and1( a ciredil to ita
>w ner, whIo sincerely mourned his loss
ib~out Christmas timie. TVhe pIg found a
iiaticumi in Its fat that kept up animail
ieat and sustined life. The oflice was
>eeipicat, but the tramp of feet (11( not dis
ur-b the sleeper. For four months the pig
ilept as sounid as a Phareah In a sarcogha
;us. With t'ie warmtht of April Its vital
mergies retuirned. its fat was exhauisted.
[t opened0( its eyes, tuirnted over, andu begant
.o grunt. The occupants of the ollIce wvere
niystilled. 'The animal grunted with a
usto, and1( began to knock Lfor a release. A
oard or two was removed, and thme pIg
'as brouigt to light, Its appearance was
nost pauthletic. T1he ribs on eacht side
Ieitmed to have miet. Trhe hams htad van
shed, and only the hip jointts stood up,
~auntt andl angular. TIhe vertebrie could
Io coiuted, and1( the ears drooped from the
aige skull. Thme eyes looked out of deep
)oiny sockets with a profoundly tmelancholy
txprtessiont, as though their owner htad beeim
n the other wori' and bad found theore
phecially htard times. For a timo no one
ecogniizedI the pilg, butt at length the wo
nan who ownted it, declared, with tears In
ier eyes, thait she kinew it by a pheulIar
utrn in its tail. It, hadl a singulirly grage- *
ith curl In its appendaige-theonily mestbeheo
>omit about It-and this had survivdd the
lestruction of all tissues. The poor wo
nian's joy over the r'ecovery of her lost pet
vas qjuite touching. Thie news spread ra
>lidly. 'The miners gathered f'rom all
tnarters to view thme woaderftul pig who' K
md lived for 142 days wlthottt food or
Hlow Ils Itoad swenedc.
Tom went, out o' th' shops anid a lot on
is agreed to hav' a lark wP' 'hn; we iowvt
we would freiten him loIke.' 86 wvhen Ite
hame on Ned says; 'Art tha httdty lad?' lie
ays, '.oa, whol?' .'Cause tha; looks
vlhoite.', Thlen conmes up Jack; Iho go' iAs a
jump, and says, 'Tom, liyhet's ths 1,u tr
sri' tho' ladi but thma does look baii, y hoI, >
ha head's swelled,' asys lhe, 'Git ont, or
l'll swell thmf head fo' tha'. P'1l gP titigt a,
>uzz at ear-hollo.' 19ext - opnes up Bil -
.nd two or three more, and thwy 41
11s heafl's swelledl.' 'Not 1t,' s g hqe. e ' i
Innin to' b'o'alArnied. 'But It It;ry the
iat on ian' thm~'i see.' The ban'dot tils
atht protiqualy been tightened;:zo wen 2'
le tr to p ut en o oe
sedownr1 iteneA rt \
tu'iokt, . t