Newspaper Page Text
The number of orators who In 1878
bogan their speechos with, "Follow
citizens of this glorlom.s country," was
eighty-live; tho number In 1870 was
only eighty-four. Let us be thankful
for small favors and have hopes of the
The kerosene can showed a decided
falling off in activity. Only seventeen
females hurried up the lire.
O the one hundred and fittV-two
householders who borrowed shot-gins
and took dead aim at "that infernal
cat,'' three hilt the cat and the remain
der knocked over small boys and other
live stock, and -are now wondering
how on earth they could possibly have
Eighteen hitundred and seventy-nine
was a good year for deaf persons to go
visiting. Thirty-four of thei took tie
railroad track to save distance. Tle
day express wais on Lime.
The last year was also noticeable for
the number of persons who took at quiet
smoke after going to bed, tell asleep
and passed into a better land at the ex
pen1s of insurance companies, A elay
pipe and a cont's worth of tobacco are
all tho outfit needed.
A number of kind-hearted people
who went out lIhuting, mistook aI
for a wild turkey, fox or grizzly and
pepperel him dead was fourteen, with
Rhode Island to hicar irom. Every
one of them felt bad enough to cry, tut
mistakos w ill happen in all families.
The sea 'serpent was seen only nin.e
ti.cs during 18m9. This ilay ill fluci
Some persons to believe that lie is gra
dually dying out and will soon become
extinct, but there is no uanager of it
not with '.e presenut breed oI sea cap
The number of mothers who let, rat,
poison and other :atial does w here the
children could get at 1hem was twenty
one. T"is is a decrease over the pre
Ylouis year, and in the dim future
womankind may possibly aeali'.e the
fact that clilidreni, cats, rats, cockroach
es and ants are susceptible to the sametie
During 1879 only Iwo hioischolders
mistook the hired girl for a btrgir andI
popped her dead. Tiere is consequacn*
tly nue deanald for a nuational colven
tion of hired girls to diseuss the ques.
tion: "Shall we wear blilet-prool
corsets and demamti more wages?"
Eighiteci liidired anid e -n1 int
prolueed 110 imiprovemnt, inl drawin.
toth no ceolisolationa folr the 11man wh Ia
has to have his halr ent.; no better lme
thod for breaking in new bovots ; to
niew route 'or icnbezzler. to get iIt
Canaohr ; n1o way of getti ng along on I hm
street, ears except to stad uap, and nc
new way ot' getting back simall loans,
Considered as a whole. she wasn't any
tt hing extra of a year, evon for l.
"Do the pevolple of MAanpters., really
practice man-eating at tle preent day'
wais akd ft somie late visitors to that 1.
cality. ''01h, yes," was '1he reply; "'it. in
still v'ery connnaoni amongst themn. Wa
ev'en saw rennaias of one of their horrih
huanqtas in tihe valley of liiaal a.I
thinak the customi wais fathing into disuse a
half cent ury agao, hbut duinmg the pais
t weiity-five or' thir ty years5 the lreuentli
visitsa of w halers aind tuualers upon tha' ishn:aah
havte had ai demioalizinag elleet, upon thle
natives. Tlhe woianrn have betmn dehauchedc
and (lhe nen let into the secret of' distillina
a kind of ruim fromt the cocoan treeis. WhenCi
inatoxicaited they conunmit thle miost revolt in
barbanrities, and baeolne ebroi led ini ron
ilicts between themuselves. While in this
conditioni they baueome nu ~rse than beasts;
the hiereditary maan-eating istinct sents tc
be revived, anld bareaks out, stronger than
ever. A~ny of their number who arc killetl
ini thete drnmken bioils aire sure to be.
eaten. They also eat the baodies of thiei
enemaiesa killed in battle, anmd, if a man has
a deaidly spite against. anoilwro, lie doe'us not
feel thtat his r'evenge huas beeni sd atied un
til lie lana eaten a piiece of his heart, stewed
in its own blood. Inifrmactions of any~ of thle
amocial laws are punishablc with death, and
the tbody of the culprit, after hava~ing beer
cut into) Secttins, is distrib~aued ini the ar
ket place, that tall nintv cat anmd be wvarned
o1 die terribile paunishmnent that awaiits tin
lawv-breaaker. In facet,"' conatinuiedl C.apt~ain
Bllenime, "the worst pnishmuenat that enni
befall a mani it if'arqutesa ie to be killed:
mand eaten by his fel low islandters." Santa
Dlominien is situiatedl in lat itudie 9 de'g. .t
mmn. south, and longitude i35 d'eg. and -10(
mnin. east, and together with the othier is.
lands of (lie Maarquemias groulp lasa ntoimial
ly beena under Flrenach domainiona since 184 1.
The natives are brave, amnd when they haave
reasonl to believe their rights are beina
tamlipered withI are v'ery tindictive. A
inumaber of' sailors aind oilieers of wvhinom
and mecrcanaj shmip). have beeni killed hn.
them at (dilferenit times sinceV the islamdi
were discotvere'd. A year ago a convo.y of
provisions, while en route between two set.
tlements~ of (lie French colony, on the is
land of Caledonia, was captured, andl the
men wh'lo wer*e accompanying it, t welve ini
nuamber, were takent prisoners. Fearia
for their fate, the ,aumnothle Piquet, beini
in the neighborhood, was dispauched alonf
the coast to obtnmina tidings of thtem. TIhet'
effected a lamnding at. (he point where th't
train had becen caiptured, and slmprisaed the
savages while about to feast upon01 the
bodies of the Frenchmen. T1he wouldi-bt
banajiueters lIed at their aupproaeh, but were
p)ursuled and1( fifteen of them killed. Thlc
scene upon01 the beach, Caiptain Itlenaina
says, where they landed wias siekening ar
the extremie. Several lartre blocks, sni
lair to those used by butchers, were stand~
ing a short distance back fronm (lhe shore.
These were reeking wit h blood, and neal
themn were miassedc thie trunks of their coun
tryinen, dlenud~edl of their heads and limbs
andI their bowels torn open to get at thi
heart, which is esteemedl a delhicacy,
Piled up near by were the skutlls, mind bonel
of the tams and~ legs, scraped cleani of th<
flesh. The flesh from the liane was cut in
to streaks or roasts, and( broiling and siz,
zling over the coaha of huge fires kinleti
for the putrpose, sending forthI a ome~ll tha
was fairly sickeinig. 'rTe flesh of tli
head, togethera wilth the briaina, they la<
placed in a large kettle taken froma th<
stove In the train, wvhich was b.oilinag eve
the fire. The provisions, wines, etc., wer,
scaittered about ini the greatest confusion
Qno othe' mnep who accompanied th
wrench crew' recognized amion thec'iqte~
by portions of the clothain-g etth 1lefLtaupo
-thenm, twvo Qf lats own 4ons, nnd sinch wa
the impress.on made tipon1 his mind1( thei
heo never fully reocred from tie' shock.
Ira r)t sietgM'Ard said tihav
provej .Nt i' .Th Indlia and fngland
much cteaper than wooden ones. i'heh
S gradual adoptona Is predieted.
EG-EArrNU BY 'ULL re.-As a gen
oral thing, this habit 1i Intrpducel by
the aciodental breaking of an egg. It
may be induced by throwing egg-shells
from the kitchen into the poultry yard ;
they should be broken into small pileces
before giving then to rowls. Some
times eggs crack by Ireezing in cold
weather, and thus expose a portion of
their contents. Eggs are very deliciots
morseil to lenls. If one fowl acquires
this habit, all the others in the sime
flock will soon learni it, too, It' conlinevd
whero they see what Is going on; and
they always make a rush at whatever
one of their fellow Is eating. The habit
is one v. ry hard to kreak; killing the
whole flock scoms to be a desperate
resort,; but if the brood Is not espeeially
valuable, and the flock a small one(, is
is really the best poslible nmethod saving
time anid ilmonley iII tie end. The fol
lowing muethodi may be tried first, how,
ever: Let the fowls have free range III
stui imier, or t rav them oil' to a locality
at soie 1i tic distance from the nests
in winter, an([ let the nests be so cov
ered as to be ipiite (lark, and prevent
the liying l mhens troli seeing the eggs.
ilenis will iiot s 'ay Ili a dark nook to
seritc1i and peek, although they prefer
a rather dark plae to lay in. Scatter
wheat screenings nid pounded chiand
ler .-craps, or other attractive food
aliong tra, or soime such light 4uft',
to induce tiell to spend their timlie
seratching for It. Their visIts to the
iests will then be only oi, tibe legiti
mate btusiness of laying. if fon Is have
an unri'estricted range, the insot :mid
other attractions of the fcids will
:iswer the )tupOSC of an artificial
scrittclhing-plact) Inl sulilmier; but In
rough,wet weather, or inl winter, the
fowls imts2L be employed in-doors to
prevent forming bad habis, or to cure
them if already formed. All the grain
remnaliin Ug at the scra:tch2ing-laZce at
night ve y likely ..'; be devotred by
rats and mice. Ilowever, by ex
creising a modea. degree of caltcu
latioi., one will eout rive to throw down
j0At eimunigh ;I th mrn in ig 'o last till
the itiddle of, I he after'noo n, and the
remainder of' the day's allowvaice canl
be given betore dark.
The harvesting of the carrot crops
ean be faciitated by running a plow
On one side of the rows, when the
roots are easily removed by land.
The tops are then cuit oti, anid sur-face
moisture from the. roots dried by ox
posure to the suni1 a day ot two, wheii
they may be stored in a ecllar, out ol'
doors, or in pits like turinips and](] po
taLtoi's. (artU''t ha vintg a greater ten
detcy to decay thai many roots,
should never b stored inl great, bulk,
but plIclr 8insmall heaps onll , 2111d
k'pt; at as low at teiperiature as possi
ble above tle freezii g point. Ol tle
. ap ach of warmi weather they inl ine
t) sprotit, it' left in hiIlk ; lielare, when
it is (ek rel to reserve themt longer,
tlie crow ":~;ht to be cut oir and the
roots spread il a cool dry pla'e,
1lor'ses thrive on carrots givon jnu
itelouisly with other feed; tlhey are
also excelleit. for worki:ig Iattle.
Stlr'FAct- Un1Ns.-- If 11o tli'ilv
m1ade. ampledrains shott l b" proceIdc
to fru the liells from stirl'ie wate r.
Drains tat have been pion id out, 1111y
need Ce aring- iln places with spade or
loe, that tie tater m1ay pIi'a oil rel
i . in laying oit opin (rains, tile
tle slopes sIouh Il bet so made, that thw
wa'ter will mot flov oi' too rapidl.v,
with a gentle inclination oliy ; in this
case in uch 1)1' the wat~er wviil soak inito
the soll ; anti will not wash away
ei thert the soil, or any mianutre that is
oni the slopes,'5
IIltR1owIN( i Wil'i'.-- liarriowing~
wheawt, In thle sprinug wi ii Inuease thes
yield( at. Jleas't l ye buishels to an acere;
it. wont hurt the timnot by, atnd the
clover se(d enn h'lle sewn iift(1er thle har -
r'(wIig is done11. it is ahi easy Inuatter
I'or ialy farmi11ir to pi'ove thie traith or'
lalslty of' such a1 statenlienut. Tr'iy it
Onl on1e acrei itt the spin~g if y'ou do0 not
wanuiit to r'is tue whole hield, and1( wtatch
the resutlt. It is only by exper'imnent
inog that, thu farmer atdvanices.
lIRntrszi ol (FOR oon IIihrrTin. First:
Good cows, Setonii: Goodt feeil. Uoot
sweet haiv~ and1. corni tmeatl will dn it it'
you cannilot priov'ide any1 better'. T1hiird:
Thle ittimiost carie anti neatness~5 lia e'vory'
maiIpulitiolt t'rontm lie milking 'o I le
unier1keti ng ; skill to putt uip an attractive
pacikatge. It' t he prodeerici is nolt able
to at telldi to these miat-ters, the huintess
of butter-.making 11ay3 its well be giv~en
iti) 1or It will iiot piay.
lie was tall, )leani and1 a st ranger'. i~e
d idni't seem to care a enit whet her his rela
tions saw'. himi orl 111, but1 wheni h1e faced
Ju. tstice ilul~ att thle har of thle ,Jleiersoni
MarkeI P'olice' Court he soug..ht to dlislodge
It he' mudn thait hiad anith ered inl inseparauble
iuasses thle etula of' his tlowinig leeks anid
maiude iniectuanl efforts to stri'ghilten ouit
thle tails of his ('oait, wichl tile n'ovs ht'd
cut off while lhe liay in the iishblox' couch
at mgtu, it sigh escaped his lips, his jaiw
"I iti y ar t ongMier.
"'Let's look 'rouin' a mdiit', mnister, wi.~ll
ye. l)urned ef this dion't beait mall i've ever
seed. Say, muister, how much do)es a couirt
like t his yar Cost ?'"
Thea (Court wa'is gr'owmvg aingry' an~d spoko
"'What is y our hulsmness, sn' ?"
'"isherimatn, muister', ani' I comie--.
"D~on't. mister the C.ourit, sir," ordered
"YVes, sir, but I war abiout to say I come
fronm llover, Me., of y'ou hain't no objec
tions. Now. wthmar you fromii?"
"'Whiat arc y'ou doing herie t hen?'' iasked
the Coturt hieculess of his clutestionl.
"Colme yarw to isht imn (lie litudson for
shad, halibut, hidlock and1 --."
"They doin't abloiud in t he lludson, si'."'
"Teni ketch rike', pickerel, pmolly'
wlu, erchi or Silhin1'. Ple'ase hld ime go,
mlist(er, i'm all alone In this~ world an' --"
"'Ahi, a 'lone lIhherman. " '
'"That's watr yet' right, utnister."'
"'Yoiula go,''"1( Isad hi Ioner.
The str'anger left to try his luck ini tihe
wtetrs of the I ludson.
lighut ianat Left
Paralyzing blowb are beatg dealt at diseoaso by
the gm'oat tomnio and regulator, Ilostetter's
Stomach flitters. Fever anid a rio. general
debility, rheumatism, nervous all ients, con
stipationi and dyspopsia, are among the mala
3dies for whteh expteie has5 proved It a spo
call. Its wrork me thorough. Its offects are
a prompt, It is not, however, advertisend to pro
dc mumedlate otires, though It alfords speedy
relief, and will. tf given a leasoniablo trial,
I uch as any standard remedy deserves, root
5 out, the mial adies to which It Is adapted. In
t omnorgenceies arIsing ln families it is partieou
larly serviceable, and It is esteemed thirotughi
out the land as? anmglicine. ef convpreohonelyo
uses, whtoleoome vegetable comsposition amnd
un~mojeti abio fayr.; "it has 'risen to pbpu
,laity by d~ardf I'ogitifnato means, anid only
r well substautiated faeta are alleged in regard
to it nUs u...omria..
TO PREPARE Fisu.-Fish Is a dellelo'
dish for the dnner-f able, and of itst!
often sillices for a good du.n r. lit
Iist be nicely cooked autil serve<
What ean be iore inappetizi ni thant
1i8h brought to the table all broken
pieces, or not half done-salmon rn
With bloo:l, cod nearly raw, or maue
orel not properyI cletaned Let gre:
care be taked to cleatn the llsh weil b
fore it IS cooked. Sit, It low enlouig
so as not Lt leave any blood on ti
backbone. lit al no0t all kiids of jL
tihe portions to be removedi are ti
gills, th alinentiary organs tand ti
settlemntm of slime amt other impti
ties Iiside anti outside tle lisi. Clean
the Inl-side thorouhgily, wIihout makiI
too large an incision, hv 1 teh:d isligar
tih#) li1ih whenk.it is brougitt to time tabl
alld may make It, if it is for boilitn
wiatery. Tie sound, whicli adheres
the boine, inu11st. be left um t(listuried, b
cleaised ; the hiard and soft roe imit
a lso he left In their t)laket:; and ca
must be taenl not to injure tihe live
Especial enro mutist bo takei not
brealk the gall, a tha:t, rentders the I.
BLACzK PonDzxN.-J"or black puddih
thme Imetiloti inI Ulenit, -lelgrunt, is
take one pound of fat of pork to ot
quart of blood, (wiht m uniist be ratpidl
Stirred while pMIin1g OUt Of the ain
ma1 to roveI congeal i1g,) aMit It t nur
her of onions, tob t olOt it) a pull
as well as the i'at; put inl pepper, sal
slit'nner savory, anditt sweet Imtaijorar
tilixed all togetthter, with as mat uen Ilot
as w% lit maike II thin hat Ir; Lteni put
in ll cleansel skins, tied eveiry fic
inch1es 1 apart, witl string; ist the mi
a well-Iilled boller of' cold water, at
let it como. near' to boiling; I lien tal
them out and put, ilk iresh coltd wate
aid they inaly be sull'ered to boll 1
hour, unales.s the skins show signts
buitinlgr; then cool of1Y the water a lI
tLie before they are domne. Thiy are
feast for an epieure. 'The Engli:
method for black pmddintg is simp
the fat. pork chopped Into smittli 1amp
with a very small quantity of On1io
and groats fo1 consistentcy. I suppo
thte'v should be botled previous to 'il:
Ing with the blood. add a little sal
and boil as directed.
DiUtNKuN water excesaively in war
weather weakens and debilltates t]
Cc, t ilen i taken when th iirst first aiproae
proaches wi'I'll often allay it tiinl the di
ner or supper hour. Tea, Vinegar am
'iater, or lemonade, atre excellei
ginige'r, molasses antd vinegar, with w;v
ter, is ref'reshing, ais is also cool swe
iilk or buttermilk. Frequent batl
allay thirst. I often r'efresi Myself
the heat of the tiy by bathing1 le"
netct'k anI IIIs in ai ooll spring brook
not by flouislitg the members suddei
butl by laying thea w ith the moi
hand t Dut. fluring tie hev.ted term
is prolitalile to take longer' noon re-;
vorkinlig more in ti cool of the mitor
ings and eveingsat.
TlautJI.eiv 4 s.-Ta"blecioths are oft'
a source of (ispites between tiistire
:uid in1iid, bit ittlh of this may 1
obviated it' the servattms will wash o
eaqi vniit':trully with at dalmip CIO
imimediatly af tt m 1ea. A piece
.Stone4 or 01* .4ome hetavy ma1"terial,, t0
exact, i.c of the taleelot hi wbetn foi
oil, shtoulIl te ket in tle diinig- roc
closet, and the cloth should be ke
un1der11 It whe ntl inl Ilse. TuiS keeVpS
A L AusT n OzA~u ENTS.-T1hei'e
inotin g priettier thain tgractfu la itt
vas1es atii casket~s o1 alabaster, anid fe
htisehtold~ ortamelit'i s tore tr'y ct og
one's temlper', bientise of thme d alliul
ini keepinug I tet eca n . T1licy tttnay
t horoughily and1( ea',il reno'Ctvated1
eletinin tg them wi th a wiieak sto lioi)n
agtliaflor'tls pretparied tin lie proportit
etf two ounces to a pdit of illtereti rr
wa''mtetr. A PI'ly wtt h2 a)0 poin brushlt, wa:
toro ughlIy andl drty ini thle suni.
MUSnu! a P~tM lt'nriNoi. -Cleanse
q hart of fresha mishr oomns, eut, them
simatllIpleces, milx thmem 'i itlh halIf a potui
of' imiced hin or beonm, season iti I
teasptoon fuli of' salt anid half1 a saltspoo0
f'ul of' pepp~er'; spr'ead' t hemt oni a r'ol
pol' el 1st., inadet by imxing~ one pour1
ol shiortennug , amndat'tspoonuittl
salt., with a.ibouit 1 pmit of wiater, t
up thme crnst, ie it, lightly la a iloii
elothi, or' salted water; setrve howi'i
breLadl or vegetaubles.
TIo PU nItFI W A'i~-r'a.-Pmveizedc a)lu
po851s~se the~ protper'ty of puriif'ylI
wiater'. A lam ge spoontzI! stirr'edi ini
a hotgshteaid of' wiiater ill so puify i
t hat imi a few hioturs tLme dlrt will1 sih
to) tihe bottoint, andmiti w 'ill be fresh ai
cleat' as sprinig wiiater. F~our gai lo
miay be purtided by a ti'tspoonifulI.
Fan'tmim.Y VtNEG.i.--A eceap vinteg
cotnsists of I wietty-five. gailons of wiiar
r'ain wvater wiith f'our gallonms of. trenet
and1( 0ne galloni of' yeast. L et this ft
mont freely anid it, is then ilt for use.
C'OPEE~ C~'xx.-Onie 0cup strOng coike
onme enp imolasses one cupI 0of sugar, oi
Cupl chopped rais is, rour' cup ~s Ilon
one0 cupI but ter', oneo teaspoonJl t'ul sod
St'r up tho soda mn time molasses.
Ilour', one of sweet, intilk, two eg
beaten, onec tetaponfll of sodau, one
et'cam of tartar. Mix till into a b~at~t
and1( putt Into a buttered tin, flake f
EGG llIl:AD.-Onie qutart of' butte
milk, three eggs, three tablespooi
flour, lump)1 of buitter size of' an og
half teaspoon soda, cornt mteal entoughl
nmake a thick batter.
P'OUND CAREum.-Fouriteeii e'ggs, 01
atii a htalf pounds~ each ol' eugag ai
floutr, one-foturth p)oitnd of bumttt r a'
(one teaispoont baking po0wder ; bake o:
and one-half' hiou rs.
A N A itn Ie.m: ot .":-.a. -----.-' ' lrTe''i'
Brion:taIwa TrI'dw"'' ar'e ite tint- popij
lar airticle in tihls counitry or Eurito;
for Thiroat Diseases atnd Coughs, hi
this popularity 18 based upon re
merit. Imnitations are offered for Bal
many of which tire injiurious. TI
geniino "Brh'otn's Br'onchfai Troche
are sold onig/ in boxes.;. t.
S-rOP coutghinlg at onice by thme immi
dlate utse of' Dr. Bull's Cough Syrut
25 eenits a bottle
The price of soap la rapidly adivari
lag. A year's supp)Ily ot Donnts
Em.vc'rnro b~ought hnow at old prl
wvIl bo avery jutdielous purchiasd.
Amra war, Postleonce and intemporani
Col1ds leadi to the greatest detruction of I
mn'gt lufe, maInly In conseque~nco -.Lt~ bel
Systtematlealty neglci-"left to as Ill
e . its bett er,,o f ar ra
od tronsini om yYUEI*pr ~ ty
atdaptE no -o loe comtplaints. a
e6ua0J'r0etiv In the arlmary stages Of C
:s "CurA.vI PnotOUN.''-TIe pro
ni rietOr of tl oyster houise, In l'rovi
It deuce I. 1. was astouttlded diuring the
L. latt railli by Owh einaiuc lInto his estah..
a I shnenit of a plucki , resolta 0 little f( A.
to I low, who was ingginig aid tugging at
d a three-hushel basket, filled hetaping
k- ill of long clams. Ito sat the baskot
%t at the feet of Lte ' proprietor with a
c- slant, shook iis lists fulously and
shoti ted : Th4is iust. iever i ppen
We again ; nover sir !'' Wh'it ?'' denanid
th ed the bow ildered proprietor. "Why,
ic these claims have stood out for more
te th1an a hall' hou r in theI drtenching rain.
I- 1 held ati umbreit*llIa over their heids
se until I could statid it n3o loutigr. Look
i a lit them, heaids oit, and I ldies anotig
01 thiel at that., wearintig low-neck dress
e, es! lave you the first instilcts of i
-,* gentleman about you ? Put your ear
to dowit to the basket and16 listet1 to tile
it wild wail o)f maiittclIless sorrow that
t proceeds theretrom, their inconsolable
1% claiinor for relivf, it' I miay be pIrdonetd
r. the ipptrent jocoseness of tie expres
h "But it dol't hurt clamis to be out in
the wet," argiurtied tie llealer.
"I declare it does." said .the fiery
mIan "I know the niatilre of a clam,
to 'I1am conselois thit there are
echords in tleir make-up hat, vibrate
exqItisitely to violenLteimotions. I know
the I-merer.sorrow of a elai's existence.
What 'itit the poet: Tamuriprofundo.'
Thakit mea1S cls nli n IS ii hg for ilei from
tihe mi1hty deen. Claiis wee, Woop,
weep. Their fi' "S getL at a low ebb,
ain , lat-ba tter am-baii k
it goe'S Lit), and there Is n;othling left for
% Lite L,!;am11 to dol, but to fritter away
1 their exIstence. Ai I weep, poor thlligs.
I mingl mily ter'l-s with yours. Both of
S ii have grit, but. fate is too hard upon
r, uS. 1 sl11l .ow restimle ily station
alross tihe street andiiu watch, that your
,.I neediss inilletioni of Cruelty 11pon in
- Ilocent clams be not repeated."
I A, old farmer out in .Indilana says
ly tit tor his pairt lie don't know where
S, tiie present rage for triminilig bonnets
n, with birds is goiing to endti. Only four
se or live years ago be botIglt his dangh
K terahumming bird: next year she
t wanited a robin, tile next a pheasant,
amd this seatson lie declares lie had to
in 111 up his Thiianksgiving turkey or
she'd ti have ha1d that perched on Lop of
m her head.
Oi.) X. lectiures his nephew, a con
firmed ganibler. "Then you never
plIyted, did You, uncle ?'' "yes, once,
in 18-7, at Biden. A gentleain Whom
etI didnt kIow 1)')osed agame1 curte
s it ten fraties. I was veak enough to
In aree; h1C lost ten gamlles." "Then youi
m111St have wvon at hundred frane s?"
_' Yes I won them, that, is so; but I
Y, might have lost; theml, tind i. have never
touched. a Card silce; it was a lesson1.''
AN old lady weatring a pair of green
In- goggles Stepllil oi tile icrameiito
itrair, rt South Vallejo an1d knowcked It.
the car door, andl actually waited till it,
1 was Olle ned on the inside by at pasS-eng
er. For conuiiumate politeness this
I ha'US no0 parallel.
LiE "You are my treatsure, after all,
3 said an old reprobite striving to pl
.e cate ils wife after abusing her for an
1I- hour or two. "Oh, yes.'' she sarcastic
im ally anIiswere(, 'Itiat's the reason, I
p)t Sippose, yol wis h1 me deld so often ;
n yon are seeking to lay your treasure
cup li liheaven."
S Buortrans and Sisters on the lee:
Grown-tup Sister-"Oii, Chalrley,1ityou
tomust go away, can't you introduce mec
to one of y-our schiool-fellhowvs, to look
L'tcr me1 till you comeO back?'" Charley
-" 'Oh, no ! it wotult ni't (10! it would
be so roug~h on a fellow to fag l .n out
dh Tuxii manh wit aI 1 headlachie has a-faint
recollection that she atsked himi to call
atgain-niext Newv Years Day. lie
shotibl h arvOC ilI comecd sending his
, card ini as soonh as he became unfit to
Li comipliiinent tihe ladties with his actual
y.'I itAv'a a theory about the tdtadl lan..
iti guages,''saijd a1 new student. "W~hat
o1 is it?'' said the prol'cssor. '"T'hat thley
dll aire killed lby being studiled too hard.''
th G UAnn-"Now miss, jumpll in, train
goIng on.'' Child-"'But I entn't go be
l'ore I have kissed mamilma." GI u:ard
m '"Jump in, mi-s, I'll see to t.hat.''
to MEDICAL. MAN-A ..dl then, WiIthi re
t, gardl to the swelling at tho back of'
1k your head, I dion 't a ppreheitnd a ny thi ng
10 seirions, hut you must keep you r eye
Ic oin it.''
Goor> TirIIxts.--'Now, boys, I (cafnnot
ar have you phryi' 1ng crIcket on Sun daty ?'
mn Boys-'Oh granidinammna, we are not
Ie plait'ng cricket, btt uly showling cous
rin Charles how we bowl on weekdays.'
"'Wry, Willie, you Can't p)o5sbly
I", eatanotheor plaite of putdding.'' --e
lc I can ; one more plato ill juist ili this
Tfux aterlal quichkstep is what they
call hangIng in Kansas.
of Wno can toll the raiue of a smile ?
or Thue bartender.
'JTHERE wa-i a yotiung111 ruan o'iel bre.,
That thec hair wonti not10 stay oin his head,
r- nt the Car boline oil
is l'iit newv hlar on the soil,
g, And now with an heiress lhe's wed.
NiEVER defer until to-morrow what
shIouldi be aittendled to to--day. A slight
ie cough ought never to be neglected
itd when a 25 cent bottle of Dr. Bull's
1(d Cough Syrup) will prevent it from be
le C oning chiron~Ic.
500.000 Persons Cutred.
,is tho glorIons rocord of "Anakosls," and none
bu.,t thoso aflIcted with pilds, thatmnost painful
- and persistont of all diseases1 will fully un
Pe derstuad or appreciate the signihhcauco of snob
itd ap agnounceoment O rIy ttoso who havk
alwstdtme, man~y a daitjl h iutmeonts,
.0, lotions, olectnaios antd tho innumnorablo worseo
'than usolosti nostii atd atchil>Onies put)
, forth to deceive oh ,igno orat is oven
moro iue~tsfaptd9 au ir dfbm the om..
piricai n zd itu tn 4 at'o foelous or Ig
norant doctors, can realize how groat a boomP
e- an Infallible reinl y for plies .must, o or'
p.hwgetabniorto th1 humhah ra o th ~
' disovrerr, Dr. Sih boo 'Is. 'AnakosIs Is n4
the chanos blunder of inoxperienco, but th
rodult of 40 ye'ars practice and study of Pilo .
a- by aii accomphiahod and stoientiflo physleiaf.
8g' It ls now ondorsed by thio niost intoliigon'.
t pyalolans or all scol o and a Imittoed to b -
he ileaotroatto an htfallibleirathedyiknown. 1t
-' inimple, iato and oasy of applIcation, rollovee
pain at ofido, hips~ \up the sensibive tumors,
s ~obhee,-.eomproeseQ and medicates the die
in' eased parts and ulimatoly eurt s the worst
ng oases, and any one who wIll follow the adviud
0oy of D~r. 1illabeo Its 1110'printo:l ciroular noed
is- pyiOtiary medicirt, 4e;~ tiat n0
or cured bflt tofl.1t4 Otomore how to provent
Mytho diseuse. Bufforol ~l! ~ -shbould
ndO write to P. Neuistaodtor 8O., 916O~ Now
,n- York, for a sample of "Anakoals," which wilt
be nat free,
P'eamnylvania Coa Fields.-the feariil
loss of good material involved in min
Ing Iad preparing anthracite, thougih
greatly to be deplored, seems to be al
most inevitable. Thie diaposition of
the coal In large, solid beds and hilghiy
inclined positlons involves strong stip
ports to keep the superinetembent mass
from crushing and closing the avenues
of.tho min, aiad these supports must
consist of heavy pillars wrought out In
the solid coal itself. Some of this p11
lar coal is ultimiately, removed, but
much of It is inevitably lost, espeelally
inl the larger beds, which are freqient
ly foutid frui twenty to sixty feet in
tihekness, and often inciijild it a an
glo of from forty to :seventy degrees
It Is estinated that no more than six
per vent of coal Is ever taken out of
the niines. That 'which is brought to
the surface is run through very prop
erly called a "breaker," ingeniously
devised for the destruction of coal.
Tlis; process involves a loss of gold coal
egnal to twenty or twenty-five per cent
of the quanity mined. For the amount
of coal wasted in mining (say forty per
cent) and preparing (say twent-Ilve per
cent) no one is paid ; it is a dead loss to
tie landowner, miner and shipper.
Plans for utilizing the waste coal dust
or cuim of atnlracite coilerles have
been frequently suggested, but nonle
have come into general use. ime An
thracite Fuel Compa ny at Port Eweii,
Oil the Hudson, ink 1877, useul ninety per
cent of coal dust aid ten per cent. of
pitch, and made 300 tons of fuel ner
day, conisuming 50,000 tolls of ctilm
imnually. 'Tle Delaware and Hudson
Company also use, at their mines, 60,
000 tois per annum. Th'iey now slipi
all their coal down to pea sizes, and
consume the culm for generating steam.
If all companies would follow this ex
cellent examllple it would enable them
to sell over half a million tons more
coal ald burn the same amount of re
fuse, thus earning or saving one half
million dolars per annum, The Pliil
adelpHia l and Roadiig Itdlroad Coma
pany lils recontly introduced it Iethod
of burning coal clust li the furnaces
of its engines, and the plan appears to
meet wiLi entire success.
Concenriated Food for 1orses.-It Is
known that the Russian and PrIssian
Covurments havo adopted a kind of
biscuit for horses containing munch nu
tritive matter in small volume. Ac
cording to La Nature, the biscuits are
formed of the meal of oats, peas, and
1inseed. he various combinations
have been studied with care, and a
mixture has been obtained such that
one kilogramme of it is equivalent to
live kilogranmnes of oats. It has been
found that horses bear fatigue better
and are more vigorous when fed with
these biscuit thaniwhen fed with oats.
The biscuits can be th readed together by
meanis of an trois wire; thus at horse
may carry his own food for four or five
days. During the late war with Tur
key, itussia, used 20,000,000 of these
biscuits, and the resuits were so good
that the authorities have continued
their use In cime of peace.
A foreign apparatus, shaped like a
gun and about as long, has recently
been devised for nailing down flooring
hoards. The contrivance can do, It is
said, the work of six men, and the In
ventor expects ultimately to render it
self-feeding. It Is kept in position by
the foot and knee, and the nail Is placed,
poilit down, In an aperture at the top
of' tihe device. It slides down to the
bottom, and then the operator draws up
a rod, and, by one downward stroke of
this, the nail Is cleanly driven into the
GUILTY OF WnoNG.-Some people
have at fashion of confusing excellent
remedies with the large mass of "pat
ent mediines,'' and in this they a-e
gulty of a wrong. 'There are sonme ad-.
vertised remedies fully worth all that
Is asked for them, and one- at least we
know of-llop Bitters. The writer has
1had( occasion to use the Bitters in Just
stuch a climate as we have most of the
year in Bay City, and has always found
them to be f1rst-class andI reliable doing
all that Is claimed for them.
IIausen of Stockholm, has patented. a
process by which biseuilt wvar" can be
coated. with so thick and adherent ai
layer of metal-copper, gold or silver
that the articles have every appearance
or massive metalie ones, and can, lIke
them, be engraved and chased. Prof,
Schimidt suggests that the prtocess i
neairly related to the gal vano-plastic.
AN old physicIan, retired from prao
ti-ce, having had placed in hIs hands by
an East Imtla missionary the formula
of a simple vegetable remedy for the
speedy and p~ermanent cure for Con
sum ption, B ronchiitis, Catarrh, Asthma
anid all Tihroat and Lting Atlections,
also a positive and radical cure for Ner
vous D)ebility and all Nervous Comn
plaints, after having tested its wonder
fuil curatiye p~owers in thmousanids of
cases, has felt it his dutty to make it
know to his suffering fellows. Actu
atedl by this motive and a dlesire to re
lieve human suliering, I will senid free
of charge to all who dlesire it this re
cllpe, in (German, Frenichi, or I~nglish
with full (directions for preparing and
usmng. Sent by mail by addressing
with stamp, naming tis paper, W. W.
SIIRnAR, 149 Potwers' Elock, Rochser,
WII Y w I.L YOU wiio A Im sUFFmntixo
HIiTATC tONoin? 'Thle dhavs Of heailth
iui llfe ar'e goldien, an'd they' are cease
icssly silpping from you. You cannot
aflord to dioubt. It, is folly to dlelay
loi~ger to accep~t these facts and profit
by them. Simmons' Liver Regulator is
so simple and harmless and yet it has
proven itself a soverecign remedy for
Dyspepsia, Costiveness, Sleck Iheadache,
Biliouis, Colic, Sour Stomach, Diar
rhoea, Biousness, and other' like evils
of a disordered Liver and1( Stomach.
Ihow can wve find words adequate to
embody these facts. They cannot be
too of ten reiteratdd uqtil they have ear
ried convictior' td 9Very hiousehold in
the limi .V' t.. 13e f#st trial will
"1 ctt~y.J Javg used, Sitmmons'
iL ver Aeuuter in miy .family for .a
Ii i~o'of years for Siel4 leadache,
o~iu4)hese and Livet Compaints with
C Kof,i-0, 1870.
E01xarmNE.--Th~e great gucce of the
VEKGETINE3Rs woleanser adpuirifier of
tib ood is shoyn beyvongi a dpubt by
the r~a'nunbers who have taken - it,
And reeived Immediate relief, with
a~~ remarkable otures.
pay ai to 5 cents a pound extra for but
ter rnade with Glt-Edge Butter Maker.
10 Inerpasos 1,he. productIon 0 to 1,0 per
cent. .Seducmeelaher or ehurnlde one
af.Giyes a ich: goiden color the~
yesr rou~db Sol~ by :dtuggIsts, gro
cers and ageneral istorekedpersn .Bnd
stamttP 10M~hltts to Butter-Makers.'
Address, Butter Improyement Uo.
Busfalo, N. Y.
No MoRK HARD TIMm.-If you will
stOp spending so much il ne clothes,
rich food And style, buy good, healthy
food, cheaper and better clothing; get
more real and substantial things of life
every way, and especially stop the fool
Ish h..'lt of employing expensive, quiack
doctors or tiig so itich of tie vile
liiumbug meelcino that does you only
lharm, but put your trust in that simple
pure remedy, Hop Bitters; that cures
always at a trilling cost, and yott will
see good times and havo good health.
See iother coltimi.
FOR SK.[N DISEASES.
A11.11t. It. STEVENS 'yoioNTo, July 25, 1869.
Dear Sir-Laving beon troubled with a bad
skinl disease. br*..klng out 111to little sores over
Illy face, eGt., I wai recoimtnontIlt1 to111(to kVege
tine. I ain happy to Inform yott that It,11 8
completely curett nso after taIIng thice bot te.
I clt illyilly recomilleild it to any ono who Is
troubled witI 8skin di.sease.
Youts. fattittiilly, C1AS. R. DUTT.
We horobhy certify that tile atiove test linonial
Is true. tho nian belug in our'emiploy at the
(imn0 he was Sick. VsTMAN & ISAK HR,
119 Day st., Totolato.
FIVE DOCTORiS DID NOT CURE.
TORtONTO, On1t., Sept. 18,'1879.
Alt. it. it. STIMVMS:
Diar Sr.-l hereby ecrlify that I have been
blek for three years, utablo to got any relit
whatever. I hIave been utider tic care of live
of tile best. physitelsais, cate onec giving lly Ill
n.ss a diff erent, hatino. The irst sal General
ielbility; th1 ZeconIIl, Feinalo Debility land 111.
puvei lhed blood; the ilid, lver colmpalant
attd Dy.ipcpsla ; the fourth saId I was in U.oi.
buit lolt; th lifl it said Neuralgia on the ,Uigs
ltild was cei tain I w,.u it never otijoy gooti itealtit,
so I Conlelitt0 10 give 111) doctors 111141 Coil
IIetICOl tlki--, ':tenlt MdleiIes. At 1,hIs til
1 was very waxt. I had pala In luy stile, back
anid ee, slop' very little, and tile food I ate
cAinseti ll p1ati. I wii i buirden Io myself and
Iriotiuls. I was narsuaded to try Vegethiio. A
frIetid yvo tue a iotto to try not, 1 hitiking it
would i1o 11uO ally good, as I iaAt no hope of ever
gottlig any better. After using tiae first bottle
ily head was better and I could sloep boLl er.
Tile Iext, two, mly appetit-e cane, ail I was ablo
to teloy ny to tt. I have now taken IlvO bot
tles. I have a good appetito and sleep well,
have 11o pin, ant an able to do most of miy own
work. 1 pronounce your mnedleino far alhead of
ally other, and ctn checeralily reco'uinend It to
aUnY 0o In need of such a mleduicine.
Yours respectIully, Micti. E. ALLEN.
TORONTO, March29iP, 1879.
M It.Ht. STRYKNIS:
4Dear Sir-I was trotubled with Rheumnatisin In
any kneo and 1i) joints for nearly i. year. I
tried a numuber of ine(cdinos to elfect a euro,
hat, noni gave in0 any rollef. A friend recom
Inonded nie to try your Vogetino. which I did.
and ater I akingi two bottles of It I found relief.
I 'ook to:r mor bottles, andI the tile pains com
pletely left me. I feel satislied it is a curo for
Ithelinlatism. Yuurs restectfulv.
6 Rossill House Blocs, Toronto, Ont.
Vv1k:G Urri IB
U. R. WITEM1 EINS, Bozton, Mass.
Vegetine is Sold by all Druggists.
AiNTS WANTED FOR THE
It conians 072 fino historlcal engravings and
1260 large d u slo co:min pages, and Ia t- e most
compllilete i1 .tory of Itho World ever published.
It sls at sgh. Send for specimen pages anti
extra tomins to Agnis, an11d .ee wily It 4011s
faster than any otler boo.. Add esi,
NA aIONAL 'Uilt.tSING Co., Philadelphia, Pa.
The Newest Music Books.
AMERICAN ANTHEM BOOK.
Wii 110 easy anid good Anthem1,( 12 per loz.). 11)
.1. II. Teimoa and A. J. Abbey. Edited by A. N,
Johitilt . 'Ih..( aai1, e iaro except ionally gond. ll.
saiilienitly mnerous to pro% ida two for overy San
day in the year.
Dow's Sacred Quartets
FORl MALE voICES. By HlowarIl M. Dow.
This is a line. collection, wih -ch ranishes 'xcohlent
mateorial for bringing outl the tainnt ofr th.. Male
Quasrlets that canl now ho formed ian almiost overy
NE W CANT A TA. By7 St. saena.
PrIce ala hoards $1.C0. Paper 80 cis.
Ti bl just tho tizna to nidopt a Catata far Ohoru
practice.atani the 1) 1h~loE has the advianitageo e
~~ni anal e triking ranstlo, auag itnprtessive words. Noi
Parlor Organ Instruc-tion Book
fly A. N. JTohnson. Price S1.50.
A comapile tasy Imustructor for RteN organsu
aidateda .-xaactly lto the wants of thiose who wilsh t<
learn both easy light musIc anal eay sacred musaic.
Oliver Ditson & Co., Boston.
J. E3. DITsoN & CO. 1228 Chestnut St.. Philla.
Johnson's Anodyne Liniment will posi
tively prevent this terrible disease. and wil
potslt lvely cure nine casaes in ten, infromator
Lhit will save mnany lives sent free by mall
D'xn't delay a moment,. Prevention is betteo
thani cure. s'alti everywhere.
I. S. JORNMON & CO., Bangor, Mt,.
Miicrecoeia Thermiomtors, Ifyc olasses, Op
era (olasasos, lhaaromaetor.,,a i reaelliI Neduced Praces.
R. & J. B3E0K,
Mtannislcturitg Opt icianas, l'hiladielphila. send
aStip tar ilu~trated Untalogau of 141 pages, and~
m I, i lt s pa ptr.
Ta the Old Rtia Concentratwel Lye for FAMlbA
SOA P MI A il I N It. Directions ancomnapiy ench cari
for mnating IlEnrd, 8oft tand Toilet oapuickly,
itla fault ulght utal stlrenagth.
AND) TAKE NO OTIIHER.
PENN'A SALT DIANiFO CO.. PIILlAD'A,
Jas.'aPad difining from all other,,i
ciup-hape, will self-A djoaeg 1h l
S EN S IB L ln ce n ter ? a dp is Itself to a ll s tro n
the HernIa is held saour~78 Sadaght. an a raditcal crre eer
9 Those answerang nu aavorcisement wIln
*onfer a favor upon the Advertiser~ and tiue
Publsher bstating that they saw theo adarer.
ltaamant in tis Innenal (naminar the paoai
- r ook book
THIRTY-SECOND -ANNUAL REPORT
Life Insurance Co.,
Not Assets, January 1. 1879................ 6,309,10.46
Premium receipts............. $1,068.861 1i
luturost rou ypte, oet ........... 373,37d.68 1,428,249.79
Total...................................... . 6 ,7 3 .28
Loqns and endowments..... ...8443,691.79
lilvidonds to pollcy-holders.... 231,619.23
LI d psd uanl surrondered poll
c etc ............. ......... 187,357.41
Cozumii-iotms.sal arias. mod).
cal fees, agoticy oxp's, etc.. 163,053 42
Taxes, legal ex penses, advor
tisling, ote..................61,431.16 1.095,3.0I1
Not assets, January 1, .80.... 6j62.42.24
U. S. 5 and 6 por cent. bolds Philadel
phiia amid ity ins, It. t.b'ndls, bank
anid other stocks. worth 62,W05,176.50, 82.413,901.7t
Morvenge'm. ierst lions on properties
wor h) -,3.200........................... -2,442,1 51
P'riiturr. I. ,sii, smcured by policioes.... 672. 16S5 1
Loans on collatorals, (1te.... .............23.760.05
i-at est-ato. Ihought t , a cure loans, and
Ilomo Illice..................... ... 54.990.0d
Cash on hant amid in Trust Comopanies... 275.03 .3
Net led ger aisel as O abovo........ ............ S6,62,U2.24
Nit deferimed and unreported
prelliuni i........................... 8.,110.4I
Interest itlo and accruedi.... 13,472.8)
Aiarket value of stocks, etc.,
over cost................... 191.273.A) S3,.87-10
gross assets, January 1, 18"0 7.7,031,39.34
Losses reported. but not duo.$122,133.00
Iteosorvo, at 4 por cent., to re
Divids otn unroported poll
cies, c... . ......... 5,819.8
Surplus 4 per cent. basis .... I,126,505.93 $7.031.319.34
Surplus at 4X per cent., Ponusylvania
anud Now York stindaird,..................... S1,502 371.33
No. of policies In forco.......... ............. 11.18'
Amount at risk......... .........S2),G8,03S.U0
SA M UE L C. 11U EY. President.
EDWARD Mt. NE.1bDI,ES, Vice-President.
11. S. ST E Il ENS, 2d'Vice- President.
HENRY AUSTIH, Secretary.
J. J. BlAlRKER, Actuary.
IENiRY C. BIROWN, Ass't Secretary.
ARE LINED WIN NGN:CONDUCTING CEMENT
RETAIN THE HEAT LONGER
DO NOT BURN THE HAND.
7 IRON BOTH WAYS.
C H E -A R
(A R1edicine, not m. Drials.
- EOPO, SUCRU, MANDR.AKZr
Vv PEaT~ AND BUST MzlsroAIt Qe~~r
OP Ar~t. OTnZa BrrI-raS.
Dis.eaos of the Stomach, Bowels,..Blood, Lffer
dinejs, ad Urinary Organs, Nervouunesa,.Sloep
eeenessand especially Female Complalate,
*100 INI GOLD.
lB be paid fer a cas they WiB 30oure er hetp,et
or anything impart er Iajurious found lit thera.
Ask yewr druggist for Hop Bitters and tr ten
04r. you sloop. Take no them.
Coveir Cwunatathe sweotest, afest and best
WoP Pi~m for Btomnach, Ltver and Etone
sunperier to all others. Ask Druggissa,
. L. 0. t1 aa absolute and Irrestttie entefo
runkenes, use of opium, tobncco and natre~~c
lend for Oircular. gg g
flaboe soldi by drggss.HoIteM.On arew.T
To thebes ad La the beet climate, with the bs
market., and on te best terms, aiore the line of l'p.
3,000,000 A CR EB
Maihty in the Fames'.
RED RIVER VALLEY OF TH E NORTH.
du long te, 1ow prtm and easy paymesta.
Pamphlet with fall infermaton mailed free. Ajppar te
ID. A. MoKIN LAY Land Com'r,
,St. P. M. & 31. dE'y, fMt. Paul, MIfnn.
THE SOLE QUESTION
Is, whmat shall we do to preserve health P Our~
answer Is: lteep your feet warm, dip and free fromn
l.uaheiatismn, by wearing a pair of
JOHiNKO N'S Si LK INSOLES.
Being th',are easily wormn in the shmoes of any
person, whhl great cornifort. A sent. wanted every
where. Informiatlon i~y writling for it. Samptes by
maill for 28 couts. Staste size of shoe worn,
D. W., JOHINSION,
823 A scut .t., Phmiladietphia, Pa.
~~ IF YOU WOULD 11E PRIOPERILY
oorrspon to suitedi with 8pctaolos, apply or
DRI.N. 0. GRAY, Optioian,
28 N TWELFil treet
~ARE THE DIIST,
D8. LANDitBTB & SONS, S1 & 38 8. SIXTh see
PH ILAD~rOPH A
m' ake. "Oilt-Edge' Butter the yearremna. C.
and the Science of Chtiktry sjipfl64 to Batter.
Ju1y, Angast and Wilnter Butter snade equal to the.
produet. Incresses product 6 per cent. Improves
least 20 per gent. Reduces labor of churning one.
Itenta Butter becosting rancid. basproves to~I
& cents a pound. (duarahtecd free fronta 411 oe
le. Sites a ,ico Coldefa Color th'errt U 9
'lh will prddce $8.00 -in iercalt of pr'oduot and
time.' Ch you iaake's NItr injiestmaAn tiBware
ions. Gonuillo gold Only in boxes with trade.
dair'yutialde toget'hotr 'with lWord's '" OLT4/r-En
AUnm" prliteA on each paokago. Powdet'sold.
m andi Geueral Store.keepe (;Ask your dealer for
"lts tio Dnttor~.atnerb,' or sopd stapap to us -
maal size, 3X lb., at t&ouione; Large eise, 934 the,
reat saving ly ui ngthie largoy oijs .
'BUTTE IEPROVEMit4 CO. Prt,