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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MARCH 2, 1880- VOL.
Diuly fdlia the suninor even,
Over forests and green meadows,
Golden mnoon, through misty shadows.
Beams down'from the azure hoavon.
By the brooksido, with a shrillnoes,
Chirps te oricket, and a Ilas mg
Of the wat-r , and a plashing,
Oroots the wandorer through the stillness.
Yonder where the watere shimmer.
bathes alone the elf-queon nightlyi
Arm and should( r, shining whitely,
In the mooni ght softly glimmer.
In a room in a humble street near one of
the large hospitals sat Bertrand Ferinoy.
Though scarcely over thirty, his chestntit,
hair disijlayed niany threads of gray, while
his handsome face, with its high, broad,
intellectual forehead, was haggard and pale
froni over study, too small care for the
body's nourishment, . and the canker of
a great trouble hidden deep in the recesses
of his heart.
One of the walls was covered with rows
of books, ancient and miodelrn, chiefly on
the subjects of chemistry, psychology, path
ology and anatomy.
Close to another had been constructed a
small furnace, vhile under the window was
a large deal table, on which stood retorts,
crucibles and the usual paraphernalia of
The only bright spot in the place was in
one corner, where stood a clean, low bed,
containing I. pale handsome boy of about
two years, asleep.
His golden hair streamed in bright curls
over the pillow, and one tiny hand was
pressed to his rosebud mouth.
It was the only child of Bertrand Fer
amoy, who sat at the table poring over a
large volume, often making notes, and oc
casionally watching with much anxiety a
crucible in the furnace.
le was on tile eve of a great discovery;
a discovery that had been the dream of his
life; a discovery that would make him the
benefactor of his race, and honored aniong
his fellow-men. For the former lie toiled.
He heeded not the latter.
For thirty-six hours lie had not slept.
"Oh ilheaven I" lie mnurmiured, abruptly,
like the bitter moan made by mental pain,
as lie passed his hand over his eyes. "What
i moniient of delight, of unspeakable joy,
this at one time would have been to mcl
Now I work as a creature of habits, even
as the blind iill-horse tre ads his monoton
ous round. Ambition ! I no longer pos
sess it. Wealth I it has no charms. I toil
because this has been the drean of my life
because I must-because a stronger power
than my own comnpols me onward. Ia !"
lie added, irritably; "why do I give way
to such thoughts at i time when I need iy
Rising lie bent over the crucible.
Its contents appeared progressing to his
satisfaction, for lie again returned to his
lardly had lie done so, when a moaning
cry from the child aroused him.
"What is it, Bertle, m1y man ?" ho asked,
kindly, though the habitual sadness of his
tones was still apparent.
The child did not reply. He latt uttered
the sounds in his slumber; but after that
one glance, Bertrand Pernoy, taking the
lanp, knelt eagerly down by the bed.
Tle little fellow's cheeks were flushed,
hIs lips crimson, his infant forehead con
tracted with suffering, while his tiny
hands were flung restlessly over the cover
The practicei eye of the do'ftor under
stood those signs at once.
The fever which had been raging in the
neighborhood had attacked his boy.
"Ill-Ill, perhaps unto death I" lie cried,
rising erect and~ throwing up his arms, "Ill,
and nio mother to soothe--to nurse lim! Oh,
lio stopped. The fierce light faded from
his eyes. Is arms fell to hisi aide,
Notwithstanding all lie had to beair, lie
had1( never cursed her, lie could not even
Dropping on his knees by the chi1ld's
couch, lie sob)Lyed bitt erly.
As lie did so, like a vision the past caime
vivily back to him.
Heo sawv himself again the country doc
tor's assistant, with thait dIscovery (1 imly,
hut a floating possibility In his brain, lie
saw it the one0 purpose of lis life; his sole
ambition to be the discoverer.
Again lie saw himself at the risk of life,
staying the runaway horse of Alice Ken
dal, the squire's daughiter; rescuinmg her
from certain injury, perhaps death. For
Ihis the squire, wriigling his haand, had call
ed him frienid, giving hin praIse and thanks.
But Alice had been more generous; she
hadi~ bestowed her love upon thme good-look
ing, studoious doctor, though all the world
lad said It was Captain Lascelles's.
lie saw once more in thit mental vision
theIr clandestine meetings, and beheld the
loving prideo in her eyes as she heard and
entered into his hopes and ambitions.
Once md~re lhe saw her standing with him
unde~lr the elns one miidnighat; he confess
ing hiow dear she was to him, yet for lien
snkp bidding her 'reflect before she cast her
lot with his; that she was renouinruhig fami
ily, luxury, and comfort, perhaps for pen
muny. He still felt the pressure of her hand,
as5, placing it mn hals she had said, "I would
stiffer that and mnore for. you, Bertrand."
Then, with a smile, "Come, love, am I to
eloevithiyou, or you with mne ?"
Herecalled their home, at first so hap
py; then the barth of their boy ; then the
Alhce irritable-somctimnes in hier frettui
mioodis, mocking his (discovery ; saying
money and ease were better than wasting
one's (days chasing a wiil-o'-thie-wisp.
H1cr repining for the comforts she hand
renounced-the appearance of Captain Las
cellcs on1ce or twice in the neighborhood
I hen Alice's tlighut. Whlithaeri
Bertrand Fermoy had~ madie no effort to
discover, much less to bring her back.
Why, when shio hatedi hIS presence i
Why, when her love hand gone to anoth
Only ouit of his owni life all sunshine lad
Ambition was dead. Th le feeling merely
remained that lie must perform hais destiny'
Ile must make that discovery,
"T1hank Heaven," lhe. had thought ''she
has left me my boy,"
Fearful, however, that 'bas unfaithful
wife might.after a whleo seek; to obtain -hir
chiil, heo- had sold his practice, and, with
Mortio, hid hidden away in this poor neIgh
borhood, wherel he had toiled on, until sue
cess and fever had entered his home togeth
er. Then all the above passed rai)Idly
through his brain. Then the child's neces.
sity occurred to him; cooling medicines
lie rose, and after a careful examination
of the crucible, taking Ils hat, ran, down
In the next street was a druggist, and to
that lie directed his steps.
Tie night was (ark, railn was falling, but
I Bertrand Fermoy wias too engrossed by his
new sorrow to heed it. or that lie was being
followed by a woman who glided over the
pavement after him. 8ie was thickly
veiled, and dressed in rich but (ark attire.
When lie entered the shop she watched
him eagerly, almost nervously, through the
When lie came forth she shruiik quickly
back into at (lark doorway. Yet, as lie hur
ried past, she half extended her hand, as if
she would have arrested his progress.
But ler arm foil down to her side agaim;
she sighed, waited, then flitted away on his
track. Reaching his room, Bertrand For
moy, pouring the medicine it a glass, and
knelt down by the little couch. The child
wis moaning softly. Tenderly the father,
placing his arm around the t iny form, raised
"'Come, Bertie, my man, 'Ih t, said, quiet
ly, '"drink this for papa. Bertie will then
The boy opened his large blue eyes with
but partial recognition, swallowed the drug,
and dropped back upqn his pillow.
The doctor had been too occupied to note
the sound of a light step ascending, had ho,
lie would not have connected it with him
But now, as, rising, lie turned, lie start
ed back with a great cry ; for there, on the
threshold of the door lie had left ajar, was
the woman who had followed him.
Even while he gazed as one who regards
a spirit, she entered swiftly, and dropping
on her knees, threw back her heavy veil.
The face disclosed was -beautiful, but
pale, and the large gray eyes were full of a
Extending her hands, she pleaded in
musical tQies, "Oh,.Bertrand, look not on
ie thus I I am no spirit, but your foolish
erring wife, who at your feet prays for par
The words aroused him Indignation
blended with scorn in his expression. Step
ping back lie exclaimed, "Pardon! Icnce,
woman. Since you left my roof it. has been
honest. I will keep it so."
"lonestI" she repeated her large blue
eyes opening wide. "Bertrand, I may
nay, Heaven knows I have acted foolishly,
wrongfully toward you I But never have I
been unfaithful in my love ; never have 1
brought disgrace oil your name or mny
Ile burst into a low, har1 laugh.
"Your witness, madam?" he retorted,
bitterly. "Would you bring Captain Las
celles as one? Pray have you t.ire(l of. hiiim
or he of you, that you are lee ?"
She had sprung to ter- feet, as if lie had
struck her. Her pale cheek was Hushed, her
eyes brightened; then, i trembling accents,
she added, 'Oh, Heaven! truly am I pun
Ished more than I cau bearl Bertrand,
Bertrand I" and eagerly she stretched forth
her clasped hands-"you surely never be
lieved, have never been living alh this while
under-that cruel belief of the wife you once
loved. Foolish, sclfish I have been; never
Ile laughed again but his glance waver
ed. The recollection of his passion for the
woman before him began to surge about
his heart and brain.
Could she who had lain on his breast
could that pure face, those clear eyes, iect
ing his in pain, not fear, really belong to
such a being as lie had Imagined her ?
Findinig lie dkl( not answer, Alice Fer
nmoy proceedled more fIrmly :'"Bertrand,
not out of your love, for that p~robably is
dead, lbut out of your justice, I asked, 1(de
mandi of you1 to hear me. It is not ini your
nature to judge me unheard."
"I would4 shut my ears, for women havo
serpent tongues as wvell as hearts," lie an
sweredl, with a cruel bitterness, that struck
pain into himself. "But you are here, so
speak--i must listen."
"'Oh, Bertrand!" she murmured piteous
ly, "I have deser'ved nmuchi, b~ut nlot quito
He did not answer, only bowing his head,
for lie began to fear his own weakness, andl
dared not look at her.
She wvent on:
"Bertrand, as you are aware. I renounlcedl
faumily andt home for your love, which
wVouild have satisfledl me, had I not been of
a jealous disp>osition."
He~ threw his head up surprisedI,
"Yes; I was jealous of your studying,
your discovery, which took you so much
from mec. I got fretful in my solitude.
mistrusted this (discovery. I saw how
much better you might have made our po
sition hand you acted as other doctors.I
believed I held( but a second place in your
heart. The poverty I could have borne
with y~u by my side became hateful.I
b~roodedl until trifles grew to Aerce griev
ainces. I began to think you were mad In
wasting your time; that something should
be done to save you. At thIs period, when
Irritation at your suipposed neglect posessed
me, I met Captrin I aseclies,"
ilertranmd Fermnoy leaned quickly for
"ie noted the chainge in my appearance.
Heo offered sympathy. Blindly L accepted
It. I made hIm my confidant. I foumd
comfort In having an old friend near me,
who could talk of my late home aid family.
One dlay, however, Captain Liaccelles threw
oli the mask, it was the last straw on the
camel's back. I felt alone,-helpless. To
avoid this iman~ I fled from you to my fath
er, for p~rotection,. 1 was wrong; but,
Bertrand, were you wholly without blame?"
Hie did not answer; only a sharp spasm
contracted his faice.
"I found the hall closed1 ; miy father was
onthie continent. I followed, and arrIved
there to fall Ill of fever. On recovery I
tokd my tale. MIy father wrote to you.
The letter was returned. Yelu had gone.
"I believed you were glad to have been
rid of a dtiscontentedl wife. My father, de
lighited to surrotind. imc with every kindness,
fostered the belief, and, belevjng miy love
,was dead, I accepted my new life.
.u,'and Alice Ferinoy's tones now
trembled slightly-"again 1' had misread
my heart. I soon found the poverty and
solitude Iliad with you were never sohiate
ful as the luxurious ease I no0W enjoyed.
I craved, Bertrand, 'as a wrecked soldier
craves for rescuie, for a toneh of your hand
to see your eyes gaze 111)011 me as once they
(lid. To-night I have succeeded. Ber
trand, do you believe what I have said'
Will you pardon-will yon Iake ,me back
ThM struggle within the man was fierce
and long, but his sense of wrong conquer
"ionel" he ejaculated with a harsh
laugh, ats he glanced roum. "'lTruly, this
looks a suitable one for 'S(qulre Kendall's
heiress 1 "
"Bertrand, it Is not 'Squire Kendall's
heiress, but your wife, who pl)eads. Oil,
have you no pity?"
Unnoticed by either, the child had risen
in the bed. Now, extending ils tiiiy liands,
I'anilla--dear inanma I"
"Bertle, my boy !" ejaculated Alice For
moy, In tones that thrilled the husband.
Swiftly she had darted to tile bed.
Kneeling there, she had clasped the child
to her breast, pressing a shower of kisses
oil his fevered face.
"Great heaven!" cried Bertrand Fermoy,
his whole love rekindled for his wife in]
presence of her danger. "Woman, you
know not what you (1o! A virulent fever
ha1ls been raging in this neighborhood, and
and-thO boy has U I"
A startled glance lenedl into the gray
eyes raised to tile speaker, but the child
was clasped closer yet.
"Our Bertie ill, and you would have lid
den him for me? Oh, Bertrand I" she ex
claimed, "Heaven has beeai kinder in
bringing 1me here it this time ! A mother's
place is ny her sick child I
''Alice I'' cried Bertrand Fermoy, hoar'se
ly, "this fever is fearfully contagious! Put
down the boy P"
"Not, Bertrand, luntil I am forgiven. I
have no dread of death till then," she re
plied, cahnly, and firmly.
He trembled with a violent emotion.
"Alice, if what you have said be true,
'tis I, not you, to blame," lie clied. 'For
give me, my wife!"
She fled to him, and, with t burst of joy
ous tears, fell on his neck.
"Bertrand," she cried, 'hold ile to you;
let ine not go! I have learned a severe
lesson. Henceforth, poverty with you,
dear, is better than wealth to ie alone."
"Oh, my Alice I" hie smiled, fondly car
essing her-. "But it is not poverty I offer
you. No-riches, fame, prosperity; for
this night, whlieh lls restored a wife to her
husban'l, and a mother to her child, has
also brought success to my discovery!"
A Slectral Air-ship.
The Flying Dutchman it the name ugiven
by sailors to a spectral ship, imagined to
cruise off the Cape of Good llope under
full sail, when all honest vessels are fain to
try bare -poles. What the faet was from
which this strange fancy has been distilled
is a matter of ('ispute; but out of someli ac
tual incident it 11ats likely grown, and
"when the dark scud comes driving hard,
and lowered is every topsail yarti, and can
vas, wove in early looms, no imore to brave
the storm presumes, then 'mid the war of
sea and sky, top and tol gallant hoisted
high, full spread illd crowded every sail,
the deion frigate braves tile gale." In
like manner a wierd air-ship is in process
of construction out of ai mournful calamity
in our lay. Her name is the Pathfinder
none better for the legend to grow i). lit
miany parts of the West people have been
peering into the skies, looking for Wise's
lost baloon, days and weeks after it. was
iilpsible that any mortal could direct its
course. At hitlf a dozen places men and
Woman have imagined that tiy Saw this
ballon. No end to these extravagant fan
cies has been reached-they stretch more
and more into the preposterous. Only tihe
other days some dwellers In Owingsville
thought they saw tile iIssilg wronauit dang
ling from tie en of a rope, and then rising
out of sight, thie theory being that they
were toe stalrtledl to discover the balloon
above. When 8such stories are life, it is
plainly only a step) to the super-natural;
ando shlould thle WVise mystery remini un1
solved, ouit Of it wouild be likely to comec a
wiki legend of a specctral air-aship, dIrifting
forever in the skies, and portending
Calnnibal P'rac(tices of F'ish.
Neither mlanIfest olean liness, helulthIfl
exercise, nocr cooling evlronmnent enni keel)
fish from cannibalistic practices. Jlilmanl
lbeings sometimles love their fellow so 111ch01
that thley wvant to cat thlem; to tile fish tisi
wIsh Is father of tile not. A hungry cod
or mackerel that finds 110 othler food conive
nient has no0 scruplles against dining off:
some of the the tendler darlings of Is ownil
failly. The same lack of squeaisha senl
thnelntalIty saves hiir. from any care upon01
the burial or scavenger quiestion. A (ieadl
fIsh, or tile useless plortlins of the catchl
whlichl are thrown overboard from flshling
vessels, are promptly app)lhied to theO sus-1
tenanco of tile living, to lobsters and( oth~er
occupants of the lower zones gettinlg bult:
tile jackal's share of such prey. This ha-i
bit of swallowing dead fish somieties leads 1
to unidesIrable results, particularly for tile
miackerel.- In attacking any choice miorseli
he always beginls at the larger end; but
when the object happens to conltain a spinal
column with rib~s attached, which has been
thlrownl overboard by a cleaner, alny sublse.,
quenit attemipt to dislodge the useless por)
titons shows the incomp1~atibihlty which exists1
between two sets of similar bones in the 1
same fishl, for the newer set beconmes undu
ly reachIng, and( exhlibits a painful reluc
tance to dleparting. Offal thlat is not put to
faimily uses goes to lobsters, stair-flsh, alnd
other residents of the bottom; hiut many a1
sea-flea lunches on it cn r'outo,' and If these
tiny creatures are alloewed their ownl way,
thmey leave nothing but bones, which in
turn are entirely absorbed by aa-rhins.
,M ariboroughl Walks 1103me, -
TIhie great duke of Marlborough some1
years before his death retiredl occasionally~
to Bath. and often almused himriself with
cards, though he seldoml venltured to play
hligh. One night lhe was engaged at piquet
with Dean Jones, from whom he-won tid,j
and exacted the payment. Tile dean de
clared lie had1( no silver, tmuhorrowed tile
money, as the duke said ho wanted it to
pay for is sedan chair. 'Phe dean, know
ing the duke's avarice, watched limn, andl
saw Aim actually walking home In order
to save the Gd. Pope speaks of him as one
who would "Now save a kingdom, and
now save a, groat."
-Bishop Potter, of New York, has
confirmed 72,000 persons.
-Virginia hias 075 oolorgdI schools
and 416 colored teach'rs.
A s Animqairlan's Ghost Story.
The Rev. Dr. Augustus Jessopp, who Is
known in England as ani inent antiqua- 1
ran, publishes an account of an extraordi
nary apparition of which he afirms that he
was the witness in Lord Orford's library, at
Mannington Hall, Norfolk, last October.
Ie had dined at Mannington Hall on a cor
tain day in that month, mid when the party (
broke tip at half-past ten he went Into the
library to take notes of some of the rare
books which it contained. His experience I
while there is related as follows: By 11 1
o'clock I was the only person down stairs,
and 1. was very soon busily at work and :
absorbed in iy occupation. The room in
which I was writing is a large one,. witi a
huge fireplace and a grand old chimncy; I
and it is needless to say that it is furnished
with every comfort and luxury. ihe lib
rary opens into this rooin, and I had to pass
out front where I was sitling into this lib
rary and get upon a chair to reach the vol
uies I wanted to examine. There were
six small volumes in all. I took then (lowIi,
and placed then at my right hand in a lit- 1
tle pile, and set to work-sometinmes read- I
ing, sonetimes writing. 'As I finished with
a book I placed it in front of me. There
were four silver candlesticks upon the table,
the candles all burning, mid, as I an ia clil
ly person, I sat myself at one corner of the 1
table with the fire it my left, and at inter
vals, its I had finished with a book, I rose,
knocked the fire together, and stood up to 1
witat my feet. I continued in this way
at my task till nearly 1 oclock. I had got
on better than I expected, and I had only
one more book to occupy tue. I rose, I
wound up ily watch, and opened a bottle
of selzer water, and I remeinber thinking
to myself that I should get to bed by 2 after
all. I set to work at the last little book. t
I had been engaged upon it about half an
hiour, and was just begmining to think that I
my work was drawing to a close, when, as
I was actually writing, I saw a large white
liand within a foot of mtly elbow. Turning
1mly head there sat a figure of a somewhat
large man, with his back to the fire, bend
ing slightly over the table, and apparently
exainining the pile of books Ihat I had been
at work upon. The nin's face was turned
away from me, 1-t I saw Ins closely cut
re(dislh brown hair, his ear and shaved
-heek, the eye brow, the corner of the right C
Dye, the side of the forehead, and the large
high cheek-bone. lie was dressed in what
I can only describe as a kind of ecclesiasti.
al habit of thick corded silk t)r sonic such
material, close up to the throat, and a nar- r
row rim of edging, of aboutit an inch broad, j
)f satin or velvet, serviiig as i stand-up t
Lollar, and fliting close to the chin. The t
right hand, which had first attracted my at
:ention, was clasping, without any great
pressure, the left hand; both hands were in t
)erfect reposc, and the large blue veins of t
he right hand were conspicuops. I re- I
neiber thinking that the hand was like the
:iand of Velasquezs iagnifleent "Dead 1
Knight" in the National Gallery. I looked t
it my visitor for sone seconds, and wais I
>erfectly sure that he was not a reality. A I
Iousantd thoughts Came crowding upon me, <
>ut not the least, feeling of alarm, or even t
ineasiness; curiosity and a strong interest t
vere uppermost. For nit mstant I felt eager t
:o tmake a sketch of nmy friend, and I look- i
I at i tray on nmy right for a pencil; then
I thought, "Up stairs I have a sketch-book.
3ihall I fetch It? There lie sat, and I wits
rascinated; afraid, not of his staying, but i
est lie should go. Stopping in miy writ- r
ng, I lilted nmy left hand from the paper, i
;tretched it out to the pile of books and 1
noved the top one. I cannot explain why I
I did this-ny arm passed it front of the <
lure and it vanished. I was simply dis- t
ippointed and nothliug more. I went on 1
vith my writing, as if nothing had happen- I
!d, perhaps for another five miiutes, and I
ind actually got to the last few words of
wvhat I had determined to extract, when the
iguire appeared agini exactly it the samie
)litce and attittude as before. I saw the
lnds close to nmy own ; I turn3d my head
igain to examinie himn no closely, and I <
wvas frambiig a sentence to address to him
when I discovered that I did not dare to
ipeak. I as afraid of the souind of may 1
awn voice. TIhierc ho sat, and~ there sat I.
t turned myi head again to nmy wvork, and I
hnished writing the two or three words I
itill had to wvrito. The paper and my notes
ire at tthis moment before me, and exhibit
iuot the slightest tremor or nervousness. I
yotul point out the words I was writing I
svhien the phtantom came and whlen ho dIs
llppeared. Having finished nmy task, I shift I
,he book and threw it on thle table; it made<
slightt noise as it, fell--the figure vanished. I
l'hrowing myself back in nmy chtair, I sat
or sonme seconds looking at the flre with'
e uuiousg.ixturo of feeling, and 1 remtem- 1
)er wondereing whether my friend would
romae itgain, and if hte (11d whether lie would I
11ide the fire from mie. Th len first there
itole upont me a dlreadl aiid a suispiio that;
L wits beginning to lose my nerve. I ro- 1
naemiber yawvning; then I rose, lit may bed- I
'oom~f candle, took my books Into the inner I
ibrary, mounted , the chair as before, and
epiaced five of the volumes; the sixth I 1
>rouightt back and laid upon the table whore i
hiad been writing wvhen the phiaintonm did(1
no the honor to appear to me. By this
ime I hiad lost all nay sense of uneasIness. I
Lblew out the four candles and marched 1
>lf to bed, whetre I slept the s'leep of the I
inst or the guilty--I know not which- but'
L lept very soutndly. Tihis Is a simple anid
nmvarnished narrative of facts. Explana- I
ion, theory or mnferoence I leave to otheris,.
An Old IRoadi.
Biesidles boing theanost lamous and prin
alpal thoroughfare of Rome, the Via Sacral1
s also supposed to have been tho most an
~lent, and~ the stones lying along It are
)redited with htaving beeni there for abdut
2, 000 years. They are flagetones of an in
regular polygonal shape, composed of ba
ialtic lava, anda are desefibed' as being for
Ghe most part in a very bad condition; from
wvhich it may besupposed, as mightt indeed
save been anticipated, that they are a good
cal cracked and displaced. Here and
there, however, they have escaped ahntost
tiraculouely from the ravages of time and
the rudeness of barbarians of all sorts, who
have made their way across them with
more or less bellicose intentions during the
last fourteen centuries. Tis Is notably the
case in thte part close to the base ,of the col
umn of Phocas. These historic stones the
"administration" has, according to Its own
protession, been "desirous of respeting,"
and it nas accordipgly refused to. allow
themi to be coarried a~af ei used ,for
nlending the roads h'ilis Very creditable
to tho miunloipailty, Iftd Wi colnmand the
praise of antiqarlasf a* it goes.
A Boy Moro citsom, Ilijim? *
Jabez Cunmmings, a young uian of twln- t
!y, not only (lid not get anything in his 0
)hristnas stocking, but on Christmas iorn
ng his landlady told1 him to git Up and git, f
is he was four weeks behind on his board.
Ie went out into the cold world iossessed b
>f an extra pair of cotton socks and fifteen
Weuts in cash, and when yet the night was
oung lihe was found drunk i an alley il n
)ctroit, his head and shoulders in a barrel
md his feet out to the piping breezes and
he teeih of Jack Frost.
"It seems that you had 110 one to love
rou," remarked the cour.
"Not a one, Jedge."
"Didn't get nothing in your little stock
'Not a blamed thing!"
"And you became downhearted and dis
"I did. You have lilt me exa'ctly.
''And then you sought the flowing c
"I did. I sold my stockings for beer C
md spent my fifteen cents for gin, and I A
ad a good time. Do you blame ime, 0
"'Oh I no, but it's thirty days for you all 8
he sameI" t
"'Jedge, how can you bear to seidil m N
"Well, I've got used to it, I suppose.
"'I sha nll ppeal to the Supreme Court, a
nd if I get a decision in my favor i shall t
nio you for daiages."
"III that case I make the sentence sixty
lays, and now you may retire and get your l
iaggage ready. for the Maria. Any norei
ases. Bijah? -
"Then this mill stands adjourned until
o-morrow, and the next boy who eats pea- 0
Its in here will get elevated-where's mily c
HilalhaL'S Widow Carries on il11110.sa,
Southern Italy has not as yet succeeded e
a radically curing the chronic disease of t
rigandage under which it has suffered C
rom time immemorial. It seems that the c
Listrict of Saranzaro has recently been tor- a
acuted by an unconunonly severe attack of 0
lie bandit epidemic, spread over its vine- O
lad hills avid smiling vajleys by an armed c
orde of sanguinary rufflans uider the lead- ti
rship of a lovely and romantic damsel, 1
laria Croci by nime. This amiable ad- tI
'enturess, whose personal attractions are P
eported to be little short of soul-subduing Il
y those who have been fortunate enough 1
ni escape from her clutches, was formerly 0
lie bride of a gallant mountaineer who oc- ti
upied'a distinguished position in the band ti
.t present commanded by her. This brave N
ellow unfortunately met with his death by f
lie rifle of a carabiniere whilst diligently ti
>racticing his professional avocations, 0
viercupon his afflicted betrothed picked up g
Is gun, raised it towards heaven and vowed
r> avenge his cruel fate. She has fulfilled
er pledge with touching conscientiousness.
Dlected captain of the association by her ti
Lear departed's comrades, shie has become c
lie terror of the whole district above men- n
LOnei1, where she has earned a dread repu- 11
tion for ubiquitousness by the rapidity of c
ier movements. Here, there and every it
rhiere by turn, she burns down a farmlhoule u
ne day, plunders a church the same night, A
'lifts" a hord or two of cattle next morning ti
md carries a nunnery by assault before she h
etires to her well earned repose. Troops e
re out after her In half-a-dozen directions, ir
ut she has hitherto managed to evade their ni
mpertinuent interference with her "wild g
areer.' It is to be apprieheided, however, si
hat a termi will shortly be put by the royal t(
uthorities to the sportive vagaries of this b
utter day Helen McOregor. it
Stigo Conohling Seventy Yearti Ago.
The mall-coach system was brought, to pj
iuchi wonderful perfection that elements of fi
rror were hardly ever allowed. While v
raveling long distances at great speed the h
'oach's punctuality was a thing to swear p
>y. De Quincy tells us: "One ease wvas g
amiliar to mail-coach travelers, where two -
niails In opposite directions, north and~ d
ouith, starting at the same imiutte from ri
>oints six hundred miles apart, met almost p
onstantly at a particular bridge which bi- t<
ected tihe total distance." It is evident hi
rom what we read that this perfection a
Iceply moved the feeling of the country, n
nad was keenly enjoyed. It was so total a a
hange from all that hiad gone before g
hat most travelers appreciated this "glory a
if motion," and felt that they themselves f,
vere conquerors. Dc Quincey says: "For f,
ny owvn feeling, this post-oilice 'service n
poke as by sonme mighty orchestra, where v
thousand Instruments, all disregarding h
achi other, and so far In danger of discord, hi
ret all obedient as slaves to the supreme p
>aton of some great leader, terminate In a sa
erfectlon of harmony like that of heart, tI
>raln and lungs in a healthy animal organi- c
ation.'' There were some, however, who o
rophosied sad disasters when the coaches tI
ittained a speed of toin miles an -hour, and fi
t was whispered that passengers had died n
>f apoplexy from the rapidity of the mo- o
Ion. The usual speed attainedl by the ej
nai)-coachies was about ten or eleven mIles si
a hour, ineludimg stoppages; and when ']
ve take into account the Inequality of the tj
~round traveled over in a long journey, we e
hall find that they must have flowni over d
omie part of the way at a prodigious rate. y
rho Manchester mail did Its 1871 miles In t1
.9 hours, the Liverpool mall did Its 208 1,
nices In 20 hours 50 mInutes, the Devon- i
>ort mall its 227 mIles In 20 hoors, the jb
lolyhead mall its 261 mIles In 20 hours 55 p
ninutos; but the most remarkable instance nm
>f sustained speed was the E~dnburghi mail, n
which traveled over Its 400 mIles In 40 p
mours. Somne of the light coaches almost ma
'ivaled the swiftness of tho malls; thus the a
'Herald," E~xeter day coach, did Its 171 t,
niles ln'20 hours; and the Shrewsbury and p
Ilanchester coaches journeyed from Len- 11
ion to theIr respective designations In a u]
lingle day. On all these roads little time
uras wastedl in stoppages,, and the changes
>f horses was a very rapidproceeding.
E'verything was ready prepared, and
what had often, under the old system, a
akon half an hour to perfohn, now oceu- g
Aed bardly three minutes. Tro obtain this a
peed, no expense was sparcel, and the out- s
ay on a single coach was enormous. The r
iorses requIred were at the rate of one to a
ivory mile; thus, as it is one hundred and f
ifty-four miles to Shrewsbury from Len- c
ion, one hundred and fifty! hiorses -we re -ro- f
muired for the ''Wondqer'' coachb. By tis a
unple supply the horses were. kepit In gooda
~ondition, for- thougly ;thm woric they per- u
ormed was hard, It occupidd' but a short I
[lie. The horses were line anim1als and
hey rested for twenty-three hours out of
lie twenty four, besides remaining quiet
very fourth day. They were well treated
ud fed with as nuch as they could eat,
Dr each horse's stomach was alene the
leasure of his corn. Tie coaches were
uilt so as to combine great strength with
reat lightness. Tile malls were especiully
ght, us they carried no luggage on the
oof, and they wore frequently called
'paper carts'' by rival coachmen. Early
:t the present century the post-ofice au
hiorities thought it desirable that all tie
tail-coaches should be built and furnished
n one plan. The mall coach guards were
most respectable body of men, and they
rere trusted by the public. There Is am
le evidence to prove that they were do
rving of the trust reposed in them; and
Ir. Lewins gives an interesting anecdote
rhich illustrates this i one inistance, aad
tanly more of a similar character might be
ited. "A mail-coach having traveled
uring a driving snowstorm as far as it
ould advance, the guard, as the custom
ras in such cases, took the bags with him
n horseback for some miles farther; then
,Ie horse, sinking deeper at every step, was
Mit back to the coach, while he, essaying
> carrying the bags on foot, was found
rit theim round his neck next morning
uite dead." The coachman did not wear
scarlet coat by right, as did the guard,
ut It was given to him by way of distiic
on after long (or, if not long, trying and
Soon after the introduction of mail
:aches an act was passed, declaring that
i carriages and stage-coaches employed to
arry his Majesty's mails should henceforth
e exempt from the payment of toll both
n post an( cross-roads. In consequence
f this act, inn-keepers, who were the prin
ipal owners of stage coaches, bargained
'r the carriage of mails frequently at mere
r nominal prices, in order to obtain the
rivilege of running their coaches free df
>11. The turnpike-keepers naturally look
Ii upon the mails and all connected with
ict as moving in a sphere beyond their
mntrol. At the approach of the mail
ach, turnpike gates flow open, and all
round was deference and obedience to the
mnnipotent will of the driver. The feeling
f importance thus engendered communi
ited itself to the passengers and they felt
iemselves, in consequence, to be formed
r superior clay. Even here, however,
icre was a divided opinion, for tbe inside
assengers considered that they were porce
Lini, while the outsiders were merely delf.
le Quincey makes some amusing remarks
a this feeling, anjd tells us that for some
ie the insides would not sit at the saine
ible with tile outsides; and if' the latter
,ere so presuming as to push into the cof
e-roomi, the waiter would beckon and en
cc them Into the kitchen. At last the
atside passenigers rebelled, and after a
reat struggle, obtained recognition.
Al though indigenous to Asia and Barbary,
to fig has been so long and so extensively
iltivated In Italy that it may be considered
tive, on the ground of the Irishman's re
tark that lie had beea a native of it certain
uinty for ten yearsl The season, just at
a heittht, joins -hands in October with the
cndommia, or vintage; but It begins In
.ugust, owing to a curious system of cul
ire. Early in tHat mouth as you sit gasp
ig under the noonday sun you hear a wild,
3rie strain of minor-key which goes ccho
ig up and down the Alopes with intense
kournfulness. It is the song of the flg
atherers, tossing back and forth fron hill
de to hillside, and from treetop to tree
>p, as they squirm through the twisted
ranchies and "oil the fruit." The tribe is
oiadic, and'appears and disappears like
to wandering harvesters In France, nb one
nows whence they come or whither they
o. Late in July the mnassaric are rented
thiem,' they p~aying a given sumk to thme
roprietor, and takimg possession of all thme
'uit, beginning with the figs and ending
ith the last wvaxen~ cluster of grapes. Rlude
uits thatched with straw are built by the
roprictor in all lisa orchards, and there the
ypsy-iike creatures live with thleir families
-staiwart, fierce looking men, swarthy,
sirk-eyed women and active, lithe young
iscals of children. Sometimes they sup
ilement their narrowv quarters with a ragged
mnt-three sticks crosswise and t he kettle
the crotch constitute the kitchen. Bedcs
eo an unknlown luxury. Indeed, they seem
ever to lay asIde their clothing and day
'1( night they patrol thle orchards withl long
tmns anmd a fierce dog, the very sight of
'hich is enough to destroy one's appetite
>r those particular figs. The process of
>rcing the fruit is at once begun, and for
any clays that wildh, sweet song, Into
hose weired melody the spirit of their
amneless life seems to hlave entered, Is
ard from tree to tree, In call and res
Dnse, as far as the faintest adumbration of
u id can reach. The methods of forcing
1e ilpening are curious. In one a wad of
>ttonl Is dlipped in oil and gently rubbed
ri the lower end of the flg. Fig by fig -is
ims treated, and eight clays, thereafter the
'uit Is ready for the market, wvhen It com
Lands a high price as a primo~ur. An
ther mnethlod- consists in gathering in tile
>rilng the half-formed fruIt, whlichi Is
rung on ropes as we string dried fruits.
'hose ropes of garlands are. thrown over
10 branches of the tree and allowed to de
my unlder the burning sun. Life out of
oath. An Insect ma born froin ti decay
'hich pierces the growing fig and Induces
ie rapid maturity-er, shall we call It, ear
decay? maturity being only that precious
3Inth of existence whic~h niust Inevitably
B followed by declhne. . Leavung such
rpmature sweetness to the epicure, one
iay well be content to wait the result of
ature's unhiurried prmocess. The fig, when
erfectly ripe, exudes a slow drop df ho
ey-sweet juice at the nether end, whIch
ever fails, but~ hangs there, a standing
imuptation to bees and men. When fresh
icked, at thmis stage, the fig Is indescribably
iscious, with a rich flavor entirely lost'in
me drIed fruit.
The walls suirrounding the capital cltics
re from fifty to sixty feet high, and fre
ucntly have a, width .allow;~n two earrn
ges to tr~vel abreast. They .m~castellated,
ad provided with wat'ch wes. ad lr.
rk the onnodat6Io fopsa
oldin of QItie
ured ~nass e Th dntd
oumr sides of the tal.o~6'M in th'e
o~ath wall I id*lhespecial,hopor,
NEWS IN BRCIEFe.
-Wost Virginaa has, out of 142,0i
t)ogulation, 81,400 "Illiterlaes.")
-Thle first piano was invente(l by
Crestoloro, a Florentine, in 1714.
-The publioidebt was. reduced dur
ing the montlih of Deicmber, ',251,217.
--W. 11. Vanderbilt is the reputed
holder of $20,000,000 of United State..
-There are 500 vacant housos ii
Memphis, Tonii., the retinlt of the late
-There are 160,000 houses in 'hila
deiphia. Of these 1-10,000 are under
-The anti-rent dilliculty occurred III
New York State in 181-1. It was sup
pressed in 1810.
,..Tihe Diselules of Christ, or Camp
bollites, claim a membership in Anier
lea of nearly 750,000.
-A Springfield. Mass., horse railroad
company iIade a dividend of lifty
eight per cent. last year.
-Kansas City, 31o., gained about ten
per cent. In population and erected
some 1,500 buildings in 1879.
-Canada has a Roman Catholic pop
Lilation of 1,846,800, with 23 bishops, I,
599 priests, and 1,017 churches.
-Caleb Cushng negotiated a treaty
with China in the year 18144, which wais
ratifled 'at Washington, July 16, 1845.
-The Indianapolis clearlin' house
tid a business of $2,500,000 te other
Lay, the largest ever done In one day.
-The money expended in railroad.'
sinice the invention of the locomotive
reaches the vast sum of $15,000,000,000.
-It is proposed to convert Manches
ter,- England, into a seaport for the
largest steamers, at A cost .,f $16,000,000.
-Rutland, Vt., has a new marble
working machine which chips t.he'stone
it'the rate of 60,000 strokes per min..
-Wild tea grows in abundance In
Arkansas county, Ark., and it Is said
that the'people will discard the Chlinee
--The French sell the monopoly on
rriction matches In Paris to a company
ror 15,000,000 francs per annum, or $3,
-Of the 37,000,000 inhabitants iII
France there are 2,613 men between 95
ind 100 years of age, and 194 over 100
years of age.
-The total vote cast in Nebraska at.
the last election was 71,681, which
Indicates a population for the State of'
-New Jersey oysters are now being
shipped to England, France, JJollano
nd other points of Eurojie. The de
and is'constantly increasing.
San Francisco taxpayers pay $1,000,
)00 a year to educate the 30,000 children
in the public schools, and the school
property Is valued at $-1,000,000.
-Professor Darwin hits received
rrom the Turin Academy of Science a
prize of 12,000 lire ($2315) -for his di,.
'overies in the vhysiology of plants.
-A billion sheets Of newspaper, laid
iI a )i10 on above the other and press
3d hard, would be 47,318 miles high.
A billion, therefore, is a gopt many.
-When, in 1474, Columbus believed
the earth to be round, it was a novel
idea. It was thius that he concluded by
miling west lie could reach the East
-The Secretary of the Treasury has
tecepted $3,055,000 of Governmen t sixes
)f 1881, at from 104 20-100 to 104 25-100;
ind $1,945,000 fives of 1881 at 103 35-100
;o 103 37,1-100.
-Gen. Scott_ captured Vera Cruz
ifarch 20, 1847, landing an army of 12,
)00 men. TIhe city wvithstood a siege of
nly four days, wvheni the city and eas
-Statistics show that near'ly $80,000,
)00 wor'th of proper-ty was destroyedl
y fire in this count.my during 1879.
Kecrose no was the cause of a lar'ge por1
~lon of this appalling destruction.
-Thue daily evaporation by the sun's
rays in tihe bay of Bengal is two inchea
-an amount of' heat equivalent to the
idntinuous working powoer of 890,001)
iteamn engines of 1,000 hor'se-power'
-The cost to the corporation of' Lon
lon of rescuing Epping For'est,'h tr'act
>f several thousand acres from en
roacher's and pr'eserving it for tige pub
ic was about $190,000. Cotinsel fees
vere over $50,000. .
-TIhe'site of tle present St. Paul's
Jathedral, London, was occupied by a
Jhristian ohurch more than. twelve
iundred years ago. It is, the largest
Protestant church in the 'world, and
)nly second to St. Peter's at Rome.
-The City of P'arid will receive in
1880 $958,734 for the righti of cab-stands
mid omnibus stat~tons on the. public
way. The omnibus and tranmlway bur'
iauix aro 85 in ntumber' ; here are 7000
,abs, 080 omnibuses atid 2ii W~afnways.
-The nutmber of Italianc in Fr'ance
las iste~l17 indleasell from 63,397 in
1821 to 105,000 to-day. The Italian
)olonfvlat Marseilles includea a dozeni
Camilies ecupylngm a high rank in tihe
;own. Marselles ijs the Frano-Italian
-According to'Prdfessor Sotbeer the
iverage value of the.'gold found in Ruts
mia has risen to $23,250,009 a year. Th'lis
3eing about half the s urn reqq.'ired f~
payment 'df in'tai'qat abi'badi it is be
lieved that Itimustein tim'e improve the
financilal position of the country.
-America contains 18,000,009 milch
30ws;.Germar.y7 i,000,0C0,- France, 5,
)00,006;,Great Blr~ain and Ireland, 4,
)00,000; and Switzerldtid,-600 000. In
1878 there wore 'mauf'acturod in this
leuntr~y 9603000,000 pounda ..of butter'
vi 40,0,Q peqpids of 91peese.
-Since~0 .~ j It, is etimated.
-h'ince60 ,0' pdb1l have
lived on- thi e th. 1 il st1ti divided 7
by 27,804,000 the tturmber iof square
miles, gi.yee 1,3i5,20986, to i square
rod, And to! e ar ft, . tpposeoa
quire td Uli diidbdi to[ graves, '$
each giMe eould acdntaih 10 -persons. ~
--Thee EmipOoIe of Atistitia- has coni- >
frreodthe gold medalifor .aolnce and
tiAr ',W4 i tllaldJY'g ladel
tierfsfof the Tuvkio'e R~t omahi'
Ohargetpms.., M~qv,~i~ al&y
til guishedJoe fdtrtmon
1~t*Af ftdl mer