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TIRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., 31ARCII 9, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO. 30.
THE GOLD THAT WEARS.
We parted one eve at the garden gate.
When the dew was on the heather,
And I promised my love to com back to her
Ere the pleasant autumn weati er
That we twain might wed
When the leaves were rod,
And live and love together.
She cut me a tress from her nut-brown hair,
And I kissed her lips of cherry,
And gavo her a ring of the old-time gold,
With a stone like the mountain berry
As clear and blue
An ljor eyes wore truo
Sweet eyes so bright and morry!
"The wealth of my love is all I have
To give you," heo said in turning;
"0The gold that wears-liko the radiant stars
In yonder blue vaults burningl"
And I took the trust
As a lover must
Whose soul for love is yearning.
Fate kept us apart for many years,
And the blue sea rollet. between us;
Though I kissed each day the nut-brown tress
And made fresh vows to Venus
Till I sought my bride,
And fate defied,
That failed from love to wean us.
I found my love at the garden gate
When the dew was on the heather,
Atid we twain were wed at the little kirk
In the pleasant autumn weather;
And the gold that wears
Now soutboi my cares,
And we live and love together.
"Never saw so many va.ses in my life
before?" observed Harry Einer, staring
arouud at the shelves. "Did not know it
was possible to make 'em into so many dif
And, in truth; the exclamation was not
Ittogether uncalled for. Great Pompeian
vases of red clay stood in rows on the floor
-high-shouldered Etruscai vases, with
slender necks and picturesque twisted han
dlep, were arrayed on shelves-severe
Greek outlined vases crowded the windows,
and dragon-shaped jars elbowed one
another in every nook and corner. And
our hero, looking confusedly around, with
his hands in his pockets, began almost to
feel as if lie were changing into pottery
"Is it for a lady?" said the brisk little
"It is for my sister," said Harry Elmer.
"A pair of vases for her boudoir."
"'Ah'" said the sho)pmnijn, diving into a
wilderness of red clay moulds; 'here is the
very thing-slim-necked and tall. Equally
suitable for a bracket, a table, or a draped
Harry Elmer stared helplesiv at, the
"I want pictures on them," said lie.
"Birds, flowers, beetles, or something!"
'I'he shopinan shook his head at this.
'We only keep plain ware," said lie.
"But I can give you the address of a young
person who paints them to order."
And lie handed a card across the counter.
"'All right," said Harry Elmer. "Give
me the vases." ,
And In less than five minutes lie was in
search of the place designated on his card.
"Oh, yes," the baker's wife on the first
floor assented, cheerily; ''the young woman
wvho painted vases did live there. She
r'entedi the third story back room, and
worked very hard, p)oor thing. If the geni
tieman would walk up stairs, andl knock at
the first door on the left, at the tel) of the
secondl flight of stairs, it would be all
And Harry Elner stumbled upl the (lark
Anid wvith a fimnal stumble, our~ hero found
himself In a little room where the sunshine
streamed through ivy and wax-plants, and
a table In the middle was heaped wi'th half
dlecorated chIna, tubes of color, sheaves of
brushes, and poitfolios of sketches. Of
course it was the modest little ateclier, of an
unplretendinig artist--one could have pi'o
nounced that at a glance. And, working
away at a sketch of a scarlet-winged bird,
as if her very life dlependedc( on It, sat a
slender~ young girl, with a scarf falling
away from her shouilders, andl a veil of
flaxen hair drooping over her face.
She laid down her hair brush at this ap
parition of the stranger.
"I beg yoni- pardon," stammeredi Harry,
with an unaccountable sensation of emnbar
rassmsent; "'but-are y'ou the young woman
that paints vases?"
"Of course 1 am?" said the goldeni-haired
little artIst. "Don't you see me p)ainting
."I want these diecorate(l," said Harry.
hCan I get themi done Jhero?"
"Of course you can," said the girl, stir
veying themi critically. "A nice shape
pretty warel Suitpble for blue irds, or1
oles, I should think.''
"And what shall you cha~rge?"
"Five dollars each."
"Isn't that a good deal?" said H arry.
"Not for a piece of artistic work," said
the girl. "Of course If 4ou don't like the
price, you catn go elsewheye."
"You are very indepot dont for an art
ist;" said Harry, smlilinag in spite of hint
"Why shouldn't an etrtist be as indepen
dent as anyone else?" said the young girl.
"Well," said Harry, "I'll leave them,
and P'I) call for them In sa week."
"Very well," said the young lady.
"They shlmsl be ready."
So our hero took his departure, with the
deep, bhtue eye of the tuig artigt hatunt
ig hiin as h Went..
"I mut ea hard )ay of earning one's,
living," said he to hiMself. "And artists
are always poor. I suppose there's a
mIotler it home, and perhaps a rheumatic
old father, and a swarm of helpless little
brothers and sisters. After all I don't
know 1s live dollars it vase is too much to
pay- and she is very pretty!"
At the end of a week he called for his
vasem. They were ready and packed, but
the golden linlred-girl was not there.
"'Where's the artist?" demanded IHarry,
"Site ain't here to-day," said a lad, who
was drumning with his fingers on the win
dtow. "I'm 'tending to the business."
And Ilarry Elmer paid his money and
went away inl disgust.
* * *
I'Dear Harry, it's so lucky that you
camo up here just now," said1 his sister ra
She was sitting at her window, and
Harry Elner sat. opposite her, sunburned,
liandsom- and stalwart.
"Didn't know wih,at else to (10," yaiwned
IIarry. "Everybody was out of town, and
there wasn't a soul to speak to."
'MlMss Mayne is to bel here next week,"
interrupted Mary Eliner, breathlessly.
"And who Is Miss Mayne!"
"(Don't you know? The heiress-the
beauty-the girl who owns half of a
"I don't see how that concerns me,"
"Oh, Harry! why shouldn't you be the
mc to marry her?"
Harry Ehner 'made no answer; but he
bhought of the golden haired young ariist,
with the sea blue eyes and the skin like
"I wonder what has become of her?"
p)ondrCed lie. And all Mary's chatter ibout
he heiress "who owned half it town" was
Lhrown away on his inattentive ears.
But, early the next morning wheii lie
wandered out to smoke his cigar on the
ihore of the lovely lak-e, when the mists
were just beginning to lie tinted with rose
ind gold, lie perceived a light figure whose
loating white robes seemed almost at part of
.he rolling vapors-a girl with both hands
ulI of roses.
"By Jove!" ie exclaimed, involuntarily;
'It's the artist!"
And at, the same time she recognized him
with it smile.
"I don't know your name," said she;
"but I believe you are the gentleman who
wVanited the vases paitted."1
"My name is Eimer," said ie advancing
with a glad face. "And yours?"
"They call me May," said the girl, with
"Isn't it strange that we should chance
.o meet here, Miss May?" said Elmer, hold
ng the slim little hand longer than was
"Things do 'happen Strangely In this
world," said she, laughing. "Talke care,
gou will make me (ro) my roses."
1I suppose you're getting studies,
iketches, and thlings for your painting?'"
And so they wandered off into the woods,
vhere the level rays ,of the sunrise were
ighting up the leafy aisles with kaleidos
,opic glitter and the birds were warbling
"'She'll be0 here att the hall to-night,' 'said
Aliss Elmer, with the St,. Michels."
"Do you mecan----"
"I1 inkan thte heiress, of course."
''Oh, hang the heiress!'' excliimed
[larry Elmer, impatiently. "Look hieie,
['ve something to tell you; l'm enigagedl to
"To Miss May, the sweetest litt,le angel
you ever saw."
"'Is sIhe rich?"
"'Well, nio--not in a money point of
view, btut 1 love her.
"WVho is sIhe?"
''She is an a"tist, I believe."
"'Ilamrry, are( y'ou mad(?'' shrieked Miss
"Not it thte least.'
"'To throw -yoursalf away on a mere ito
mody-a girl without a penny-a creature
bvitht no social connections whatever."
"'I lovelher," said Harry, pufling serenely
uway at lis segar, "and that's enough."
And lisa sister's tears affected hum no
nore than If lie hail been a figuro of stone.
"'I will Introduce him at all eventts,"
Milss Elner dleclaredl to herself, "whether
:te likes It or ntot."
And shte brought her brother, reluectantly
mnough, Into the magIci circle which suir
rountded the heiress in the great saloon.
Muss Mayne stood there In a dress of pale
Iltiue tIssue, looped uip with bluebells, with
:liamontds enelrcling hiet throat and spark
ing it her dars--a bleatutiful blonde with
mnir like coiled suinsine, atd large wlst
ul eyes. .
"Yout need not introduce us, 1I1a.
hner" said sIte with a smile. "Yotir brothtei.
mad I are 01(d triends, In fact"-colodylg,
ike a rose-'"we are engaged lovdrs. Don't
tools so suirprised, Harry; you' lave only
known me as Alice May: my last name is
"But," statnneredl Iarry, "You are an
lirtist-a decorator of vases!"
"No, I am not,'' said the aiiess. "I
was waiting in thte st'udio that day for Miss
Vestry, the genuine.artist, to ebine ant give
no my lesson. You supposed mn to be the
tiecorator. I only.htinted your! mistake.
You're not vexed with me Ilarry?''
And the captain afiawOed wi.th a loviag
glance, .which yas perfectly hatisfacetory.
lie was enda~ed to the heiress in spite of
rate-td theon ht~tl wakind t al~ golden..
haired lIttle Alice May!
*And Miss Mary Eluer found herself comn
polled to behey rn Jve aftsplL
Lord Lorne has been having a skatiml
aind tobogganing party at Ottawa. First
there was the ice, in splendid condition, I
big sheet elough a small bush covered is
land in the tipper part, while cleverly ar
ranged on a tramework, ut, the end then
gleamed out in gigantic letters of light Ito
kinldly words: 'A liappy New Year." 01
the margin of this frozen lake there hat
spiui ip a real backwoods shanty, witI
timbers sqtuated (m two sides so as to i
closely, and showing the honest rough barl
of the tree on the outside. The inside wil
prettily wainscoted anll' comlfortabI3
warmed, it being intendett for the use 0
skaters. Nothing prettier can be imagiine
that the sight of the skaters as they wen1
through ev,olultions of the most complicalet(
nat11ure tinAer the soft, warm light of thi
laitern1s and to the sharp, chieerflil ring o0
their own skates. Quadrllles and figure
cutting were the order of lhe night, anid il
there is one pastime more than niother it
which a pretty costume and graceful shap
can be shown to advantge, it is Ithe last,
where, as tile centre of a circle of admirini
and jealous eyes, a young lady can twir
and pirouette. Blaniket coats, with bortleri
of regular blanket red, were very much th<
fashion, and dainty, coquettish litth
"'toques" if red and blue, or still mor
clarimling Caps of scalskin, set oil th<
charms of our beauties. But the tobog.
gaving was the real fun of tile eveninr
and a pretty sight the great towering slidt
made with its rows of Chinese lanterns ex
tendiig down, down a quarters of a mil
Into the trees, with the red glare of tih
bonfire to light up the bierry cargoes oi
much compressed but laughing hmnanity,
as one after the other they dashed wit
thirtlhy-mile-an-hour speed down the s!op<
with a wish and a crunchl and a growl,
which is the peculiar and most jolly ]an
guage of the most captivating of wintei
sporis. Now and again, but rarely, a lon
would sway willy from side to side for r
moment in its course, the steersman behin
would give an unfortunate touch too nmiel
to right or left, and presto ! all the king'i
horses and all the king's men could nol
prevent a plunge into the snow or a free
and-easy roll down the slippery path. ul
nm oe was hurt, and if there is one thiiq1
moro than another which tends .to mak(
things pleasant on these occasions it is th
bon camaradeship engendered I>y a guood
Runl Down at the 11eol.
A man clad in the habiliments of ti
tramp knocked briskly on the back of ;
Cincinnati residence on New Year's day,
and, bowing low to the gl who made hei
appearance, said :
"The compliments of the season, .fail
maid, and may each recurring New Year-'
"Oh, go 'long !" said the girl, interrupting
"I am not the only man who hAis run
down at the heel." ,
"No, there were seven ahead of you thhi.
"Seeing vott keep open house, I presunu
they were admitted at the front door. Bll
the back toor is good enough for ie. I an
not proud. You will observe I did not como:
in a carriage; but no matter.' I am hningry.
I would like a bite to cat."
"We haven't anything for you."
"Don't, 1e too sure of that uitil you know
who I am. You probably never hcard ol
people entertainIg angels unawares."
"Yes I have; but I don't believe it."
"l1oner was a beggar." .
'le never got anything here, my goo(l
"Cervantes died of hunger."
"Ile ought to have gone to work.
"Diffenbacker had nineteei trades, and
starved to death with all of them. lowever,
that Is neither here nor there."
''Try the boarding house over the way.'
"'Spencer died in want."
''I know it. HIe depended on this shieang
for his victuals."
"Tlasso, Italy's celebrated poet-"
"Oh, I suppose lie wvas shot."
''iIe was nlot.; but lie was often hard
pushed for a nickle. I mention these facts
to prepare you for wvhat Is coming. I amn
the individual whlo first mentioned Grant
for a third term.''
''We are all solid for John Sherman,'
said the girl.
Tlhe man walked slowly to the gate,
pItused, scratched his head, and tur'ning
once more to the female, said:
"'Wouldn't y'ou give a future cabinet
ollicer a cold potato ?"
'Couldn't think of it.."
"WVhat if the next Minister to the ('ourt
of ::4.. James should ask for one ?"
"IIe couldn't get It.''
"Very well. I will not wilthdraw my
good wishes for th'e new'yeatr. I presiume
yout are acting accordling to Instructions. A
man who is just entering tup)on thi -primlrosc
paths of polities can afford to be magnani.
And, kissig his hand to the haurd hearted
houseu,al, lie took lis leave.
Hlow Iitesemer,u Learnedi.
It will be of interest of the reader to learn
that, according to Bessemer's statement hh
knowledge of Iron hmetallurgy wvas at that
tune very limited, so that he had to get ul:
the whole of the subject. lie Is now, how
ever, of time op)inion, that his lggnoranet
proved of great advantage to him, as ha
had very little to unlearn and could t.huu
app)roanh the subject free from the bias in
sep)arable from those who have followed
beaten track and vainly endeavored to gei
out of the rut. These words of Becsseme:
reqluire, however, to be carefully consIder.
ed,l lie does not Imply that a state of 1g.
'hoinance' #~6uid enable hun to invent, ni
nmany aschemQrs imnagihe, wvho put fortl:
crutie igdeas, yhuich are cefuslhed by practical
men, lie sat to work to learnm the wvhoku
businesftiordihly, first" from books ant
ttheinu the fqnndries. Still it will be seer
th'at'hecre is a man well on In tIme world,
who set himself to harti learning whihi
many of us think we can do very wvel
without learning at all, or without learning
any more. To the public who thius get do
tails at first hand, It is also of interest t<
know that having builIt a small experhmenta
Iron works In St. Panocras, and begtun hii
preliminary trials, mionthis rolled on, ani
lhe spared neither labor nior nioney, bul
madec failure after failure. To the wisi
mnant however, failure Is a way of learning,
and failures arc carefully recorded: 1. lie
cause they shuow us, through narrowing th<
fiel, In what way we must try, and, 2.
Because theoy, in themselves, often stuggesi
80ome furtbier 9xperimecnt. Bessemer in
deed,' says that during his long tIne o? fail
w he wa accunmulatIng many hmportant
(a0ts wltgi coul dnot p3ut ult)mmaely be oj
advaud to hi t
At the head of the IairIor, seven m11iles
vast of the town of' Nwttaket, is a pla(e
called Wauwinlet 'ompoMsed of' two r.114de
sunun1111er hotels, where splentlid sish diite.rs
are served. 6everal stean and sail vachta
lily betweeti NaItuCkeVt 1I11I W'atlwint,
maikin t.wo rotil I rips itch day. Tiie
iare is 20 cents each wly, Iaid tie tr1p is a
aelrIhig one. At Watiwinet olly a bant
of sand an eighth of a mlile wide separates
1us front the main eastern shore of thlie island.
elre we id at party of stirly ilslhermeni
reatly to take us oil a shw.-kin-g expedi(ion.
We ebarbilk iII "dories" and rile carrie<d out
to hirger wltale boats anehoredt a short dis
t aice frOM 1101r. Siil is thenl hoisted, 1111d
having reached half or tIuce-tin!tW4 ofi a
mile troml shore, allcholAr are dropped amd
work beginas. 1Large fisir books a toot lon11g
coliteeld by i yard of chinll to lines i1s
thick as your little hger tn blaIite(l w%itl a
dozen sill perch are thrown into the wa
ter, Which is here live or ix faitlioti deep.
The bait rests on the botmom and tie fisher
man holds his line sullih-nitly taut to enl
able liin to feel a bite. t0le dous iot have
to wait long. A viioletCi-uginig llls him
he taIs a shtrk oil his otook. His comi
panlions assist him. and. the 1uiied el'orts
of two or three are re(uired to draw the
animal's nose to tle u1tinwaile of the boat.
The'l while some holi h1im there others be
gin a fierce assauit witlulib- as thick as
your wrist. Blow after+Ibow on the iose
is kept up t 1il tie 'anilil is CoMpletely
stIunned, his tail nicanwfl keeping up a
fearfid lashing, which, i lot well prolected
witi oilskin oversuits, wets every one on
the boat tlroutgl ilind tlhrutt1gh with stilt
water. Finally his lashings cease, and by
]the iunited elforts of thewhole party lie is
battled over the side into the bout. Though
now pei fectly quiescett, it is si ill dangerous
to place one's hands in too Close proximity
to his triple row of sharp leeh. These
sharks are uagly thiligs, six or sevenl feet
long, aind pIIerhaps b00 pRundMIS in Veiglt,
without. scales, with sharp-pointed tails,
I white hellies, small eyes aund greatt caver
I nous mouthls. Their teeth pointing inward,
tire not used so much for dividing teir
food as for holding on to it whei seized,
their teeth nctitg as barbs. The food is
swallowed whole. They ate very numer
ous and bite freely, insomuch that a party
can any (aly Catch one apiece withinl an
hour or two. Brought to l1and, the hoIest
fisherman first cut out their livers from
which cod liver oil is extracted. Their
carctses are then buried for a few itinths
util mostly decomposed, when they are
(Iu.; up fot use as fertillizers.
Ominibuses were Introtived mi L,ondon
from Paris ai half a cenitury ago, and the
iorse railroad from the United States about
ten ypars ago. . The first iack ney coaches
were introduced it 1625, and for a couple
of centuries were regardedi as a monopoly.
Acts of parliament were passed limiting the
number to ply for hire ini the whole of Lonl
don. This limitation lasted till the date of
the great Reform Act. The old lackney
coach was a t wO-horse vehicle, and the fire
wats a shilling a mile. It was not till 182:1
that the one-horse eabriolet., the familiar
four-wheeler of the London streets, Wis in
troduced, and Made way but slawly. The
lilansom, the g0IlaIft the streets, as it is
called itn "Lothair," was a few years lnter,
anld is gradually superseding tlte old four
wheeler, 118 tlat superseded the htackney
coach. The actual number of cabs now
licensed mi London is 4014 four-whecled
and 4817 two-wheeled. Railways ats at
means of inter-communication in London
are still ncw, and aire still itn course of de
velopment. At the time of the Great Ex
hibition no railway camte farther into Cen
tral London than Drummond street, Eu
Rtn Square ont the orth, ad Bishopsgate
and1( F'enchturchi street otn thte Eaist. he
fIorth Londhon 11ine hadl 0only beent open)ed
in the previouts yearu, and1( it, was somel yearus
aifter thtat the secme of the Innm r Circle,
to conntect the great termini of Itie tmaint
lines, was sanctioned by a Commtittee of
of the IIouse of Lords. '1The Met
rOp)olitant Railway' got its act 11n 1853h,
bitt the works wvere not begnun till 18110, and
the opening took plaice in 1803. It, was
then a btoad gauge line frotm thte (buat.
Western to Farington street; It was alteredl
to a unrrowv gutage hate before Londonters
haul founad out thme wondlerful facilities1 It
prtovidedI fot them.
Tho WVomnantatIrber of at. ('toud.
I enlteredl thte blarber shop1 fnat, t,he foot
of- the little htill ait St. Ciloutd, F?rance, andl
founad the atsststanat enlgagedl in shaving a
capltn of the 1 3thtl. Trhis was enaty aip
p)arenlt, becauise the ntutmbet "'130'' was on
his capi, hisu collar-, his sword-belt, anud sev
cral other p)rominent p)laces. T1hec htead(
barber wais aibsentt. IHis wife entered froam
atn itnner ap)artmienlt, andl inlvited me to takhe
a seat in the batber's chair. I did so, not
app)lrehtendling anything extraordIinary. A
F"renicthbairber's chailr Is stralght-backedl
without cuishtion. and behaind1 is a hard
woodeni crutch to lay your hecad ini. It anug
gests a comabintion of guillotine aunid gal.
rot,te. 'Te womantu then tutcked a towel una
decr my chin. 'IThis arouseed me1. I woni
(lered if it coutld ho hpossible. I begatn to
suaspect, thatt she meant butsiness. I saw
comtinag possibilitics. Becaiuse in France
wvomen are, to a great extet, real hlcp
imates of their hnusbanids. If grocer, thte
grocer's wife keeps the books, and takes thte
change; If buitcher, the butcher's wIfe Cain
slice off a cuttlet as quIckly as hier htusband;
if batker, t,hat womnan Is alwvays at the couin
ter; If ta almost say dlescrhption of retail
Itradec, the'wife is as conversant with the
business as haer hutsbaind. Sometimes they
Ialto onu fete (lays conduactots of extra omi
bttsscs. Yet, thuns fara, I had never secn' a
Iwomanti barbea. Butt she lost no tiume. HIer
handl( wais ont the lather brush, and the lather
brush was on amy face, and1 site lathered mec.
SItSe lathtered me wIth neatness, taste atnd
dlispatchi. She strapped tier razor wIth trite
prolfesshional dexterity, gave it a wIpe or
t wo 01n the p)alml of her hand atnd the regualar
b arber floturishi preparatory to the shuave.
Ttheiv as biusines. I dId not wish Jo aip
pearIt amalzedl or surprised. 8tIll, I desired
to know if tIs wvas really the custom in St.
(loud. 8o I kept the corner of one~ eye
diligenitly up~on hter. But everyt.hing went
on as ustual In the little town. VTe red
legged capthln of the 180th barely looked
at mec. 'The soap-suds flowed with a noisy
murmur down the steep narrow street, peo.
p)1e tramtpedl by iadifferently and no crowd
gathered at the door. "It is well," 1
thought, "at least I am no spectacle for the
curious." Site applIed the. razot' with a
fIrm. delicate mninpuintlan. It w,a a sarp
rtzor. A sharp lazm-r4 isot nill every dlly
occrrence !it France. Often hatve
en.erged Irom tile Galli ) bIarber's dor,
bloody tud hattle-scatired. SoinetIing ovei
at lint of blood have I in tiis anner already
left on Prenelt soil. What the Fre-nch har
6er's blade lacks in keeninss of edge, li
t1akes il) itn musele. Site shaved tme well.
ier excetutionl was'i m11ore agireeable tian
that of thtie mattle barIler. St ill the senlsat iont
atul experience were ciirionts. I regretted
that she d id not finish me. This wts he
caulse tlie barber's issistanlt haid polished oil
the capitain of the 10:th, Pomtuumttiled his
I soap-lock iuti. waxed his vur-like mo+ti
tacihe. At'l et r which ie spranlg oln Ile.
Compared with hers, his touch wats Ithat hi4
a chmsy brute, lie laid ot wvith the wh l
weight of his arm, swept oie side of ly
fice with ai oibilhned Sweep lit scratei,
which witere it (idl tiot tike oil altir fill
skin, left a few faint, scratehes behind anid
ciut iy chin. Then ie drove mle to the
wash hl) as8 th151e' 1Ai-ways do inl Fraiice, to
cleanlse my owl ctiuntenaue of the lather,
which he had managed to shove into my
ritus ild 111ir. I believe it to be a part, of'
it WOti's iission ot (Ilt ito1-0 shave. The
French harhlitl.er shop with till its draiwbacks
of excetin has some att,ractive novelties.
Nice-looking t.rils often enter and ovetipy
tile chair next you, to ive their ha1ir ar
raiged. It is always the depot for s wit ches,
cuils andt atil soris of itilse htair. I think
the women send their old false hitir to the
barber's to be regenerated illd refrizzed,
becalse tile Alssistant is alwtys, when nlot
shaviniiip, occupied ill bruslihing ticse tliigs
lip), estrdinug thie:ll out or curlintg ihemt ate w.
lhere probably Osn't a woman i North
isn't t cow inl North Americat which would
harmi one hatir of' any woninn's hiead if' it
had tihe least chinlice ill ile wo.ii itud it')
othetr job oi lhand. Recentlyi a stray cow,
peritatis from I le votst ry or at taste (
baled hay found i gite open andl([ entered a
yard oi Second street, Detroit. The woailn
came to tite front door dressed to go) oult,
but seeing the cow she uttered ascreail and
hurried'back. 'lhere wasn't a tiling in tle
yard for tile cow to damage or eatt, Anild be
ing tired she rtised her euid, Ilay down aid
beganl to chew away as if she hald got home
from i long visit to Europe. The womi
ntext appeared it at side wintdw and called
Upon the cow to "git out." A dog might
have "got,'' ut the cow din't. Then tile
women threw a rag it the cow and called
for the (og. 'I ie (log didn't collIe and the1
rag did not scire. Then the womtiani shlook
i )illo(w at. the cow and per-riptorily or
(lere( ier off the premises, but the bovine
half closed her eyes and let her thoughts
runl ahead to fly timle. As the cow didn't
go, aind 11 t lie woman couln't go till the
cow did, sterner measures were resorted to.
A tinl pain wits beld Otit of the wind(low antd
beaten with i spoon, but that, cow couldn't
be fooled into believiig that Pouirth of J ily
had collie. Then the womtian wCnt Into tte
back yard to throw clubs over the fence
and knock a couple of horis off. The
first one hit the window anld the next, on1e
hanged the blinds on the next house, and
the cow's lorn stuck tigItCr than ever.
Cries of ''git out' " were tagain resiorted to
wit,hou1t effect an11d thei the WOMInL watched
it t lie front door till she saw it boy comle
along and ale opened it atid cried ot,
"Oi! boy! there's a horrid cow in our yardtl
Prop tile gate open and get till the boys anld
pohice You canl and drive hier out and I'll
give you it whole quarter of a dollar. Ilurry
i) for sh1e looks as if she wits getting reildy
to comlie right itt herel' Thite boy "itimnped"
the daingerous animal out il alou,t thirty
seconds, received his pay and ilthe wom
gave upl) going down town for fear she
would iiave i "nervous spell."
Cotisartl ive Vnalui of Wood,s1.
It is a great- contvenlince to) kntow the
compl;arative vatlue of diifferenlt kinds of
woods for fuel. Shecllbark hickory is re
gardedcl as the highest standl(ardl of 01ur forest
tr'ees; and callintg that 100)1, othter tr..es will
comparel~ with it f'or use as. fuel for house
purp~loses as follows: ShlIlbark hiickory,
1011; plignlut hickory, 912; white oak, 84;
wh~lite alsh, 77; dogwood;, 75; scruib oak, 73;
white thazel, 72; apple tree, 70; red1 oatk, (P7;
witte beauch, (i5; black birchl, l;5; yellow
I iak, til; hatrd mallple, 56; w~ild cherry, 55:
yellow pitnc, 54 ihett, 52; yellow pop
lar, 51: buitternut. and white birch, 43;
wihite pinte, 40. It is worthl bearitng in
tiintd that,t in w%oodls of tihe sameU4 speces
thtere is a great differenice accor'dintg to the
soil on which they grow. A tree tht
grows on a wet, low, irich ground will be
iess solid( and less duirale fotr fuel, tandu
therefore of a less vahlte than11 a tee of the
sameU kind( thait grows on1 dIry andi( poor soil.
To the ordlinary puIIchaIser, (oak is oak, anid
phite Is p)ie, bult for hanse54 use4 the 1tree
grownvt on1 dry' uplanld, ai d stanth(lng aparl1
f romi alt oL.hers, is woth a great deail miore.
li t ille PI'inese of Walteu 14,stt lait Sl,1,i-'.
At. a ball given recently in htonor (If the
Prince of WVales a smuali table in ain alcove
wais reser-vedI at supperC for his lioyal Hi1gh
ntes atid his inthniates. Thie ball wits at its
height ; the Prince led1 one (If his patnters
to the taible, foliowed by some( (If tile most
distiingtuished gulests. Two chairs, ho0w
(.ver, remtainedi unloccupliedl. A heated parh
son1, stupportling a still miore hteatedl pari1tner,
diescried1 the vacanitt places and hnmtiedilate
ly swooped dlown upon01 themi, In vail the
couirtiers nioddled, winlkedl and( tIekoned;
lis reverenice meant supper, and was nog
to be denIed. At last Lord CJharlcs Heres
ford, alwaiys fertile in1 resources, dropped otn
his knees, and crawvling tinder thle table
plullied thle parson by the leg. It was of no
avail ; the reveredl gent.lemtan tmerely kickedl
out, and1( continuedc( his aittiick ont the good
Itings itended for royalty.
Wt hile a bootblack wvas the othier dlay
giving a stranger a shilne at the corneor of
(Griswotd and( Congress streets, he was
takedl the nature of the soil arounid De
"You jist waite a minit and PI'l toll
ye,'.' replied theo boy, anid he shouted
"'Jhn i" "Junm1" to a smiall boy down the
Jim came upon tho scene with two of
tile dirtiest feet a youngster over slo4hed
around with, and the other said:.
"Helre, Jfim, stock yer ho~ofs -o. here.
Tils 'er0 gent wants to know trha' kind
of a sIle we've got aroutid'h,ere,' #
hold still and. let hInm count: f,he d(fel
ent layers while I'mi blacking' his' othte
The12 he if ilg, tholigh asillall s1141, is com1
imrcially at tractive eloligh to often id its
w I >ts of peace and lolgevity S-sr
olisly vilditidgered. Its diminutiv size
iniases it to stiffer more fron tIiimY enemies
thall? vither tihe- cod or. the .11tckrel, aind'
itys iklg capaC11% i -om paral ively fee
ble---a ing-re Irille of thily thousnid eggs,
which the mackerel exceeds hy tifteen or
t iventy limlies, and tle cod by i't hundred or.
m1ore. And yet t here seems n4 i limit to the
tpuntiffly of erriiing. Were the demadi
mnany times its grealtIas it is, it votild easily
tie stipplied from this side dw te tcl.
This is dou1htless die inl great mneasure to
Ihe pecliarl securitilhy enjoyed by the spawi
and the ymung. liteatdof I'oatjing.r or-ilice
diownward, like I lie eggs of mlost olier .i,
herrinlg spawn siiiks 10 ti he bottom, tihie 4'i
iees 1 1 lhe egg being ll)1'(, anild as it is
deposited in devp water, ther ae illk but few
lih thait inlterfere withI it. Tlhe young,
fliing 1q) loviig ririet ner to gtid!e ItieW
ylithill steps, setnsibly remain close to
t heir bim ibplace, Ieeding uponi diatoils ai
siniller crustacen, umlil ti-hey grow old
enioighi to vc-nltire abroad. Migratory (lily
to at finlited extent, it is probable that the
leiriig cIntlges itS Ia lse oly on a(Count (f
n111nloilla - 1ce ) Irom I rger II,b. T Iy a re
('auight inishr by13 iany varieti of siles
il pounds, andI lie hi lo(k Ias occasionally I
been tried upon tmin by self-suillicient city 1
yotlus, llged theietO by lie 84.1k aho(re
boys, who wishcd to reimfve the comichI
from their Visitors. To attempt to lure
with hook and line a fish whichllianillnot bit,
but lives wholly by sution, 111(1 14) spelld
long hours lit tile Itteiplt, kuider the SMu111111
Ils of some woide-ftil story tabotlt how
many some other city yout It caught in lie
sme w111Wy, is very 4timultive of oie's I
niemory of the impreeatory psalmus and of
other Script ure Is niis<quoted by the wicked. I
'lhe rring, like the other lish named, in- I
habils Cold waiter, the line of L,ong Island I
sound bein)g tihe stmtherni bonirn , whilui'
it. is lar to tle north that it must be sough <
in <Iitityit. 'Ile (e'cret of tile .4(lection of
pati)jCtbi' loCatiitiC( fO' 11.11 homies Seem <
explainl by anlt exanination of tle( course
If tie great. atr'tic current. This body of
cold WatI, s1ar't-it Ig from Ihe Spilzbergen I
sels, Ilows westerly imtil it Ririkes the I
.venflaild coast, Whoe it cliiiges its course I
to the southward, Ind Carries great. ma11t.scs I
of cold water into localities the latitude of I
which leads oile to look for a Iligh (emiper- I
litture in I he wiler. It is i bralieh of this (
currelt that enables the Codl to live and i
multiply abhout Bilock 1,sland andNuatuicket I
Shoals, in water at -1) (leg., wlile fiur'ther I
north buthers luxuiria(e ill water att 70 (leg.
The sanme current, forces its waty into the (
Gulf of St. Lawri'nce, which is the most 4
prIotItablje 1ish1ing gr-oIl(I in tile world. and N
probaibly as sol.iethiiglr to (10 with I lie pIle
inomenal tides of the lIlay of Fundy. This
current biigs not mnly cold witer, but food
for the Ish. This food consists of' diatoms
and otier mintile forims or vegetable and
animal life. Coming into existence in a
Ilaitude high' th1an th1at, of the fish that
devour it, this rood is swept southward by
tle great arctic current, an(d wherever it is
fou)nd the waters are almost alive wit i fish.
Professor Iind says that although the sea
off Canada and the Uiited States appears
abidant, in fife, it is nevertheless nlmost. a
degurt compared with the north seas, par- I
ticularly on tht(e Labrador andt([ U'reenland
coasts. There the ocean.1 1t times*eems to
be thick with fiss1 and to stu1ch anlt extent
that (Iring a single night the temperatire
of the Wiater will be materially ihnlitenwed
by anlimal life.
11ow lil Owi'm flenad It,-volvem.4
A contributer to Ihe American NAluralist c
who had read t fiuily story3' Abotit anlt owl's
Iwrinuging I us (own neck by lookinig at a man
fine specimieni and1 pilced himn 0?n tolp of a
post1. "It was,ntlf diflicult," says13 the wr'iter5,t
"to secureC hlis iattetiri on r h'le 11ieer d
Veiled2( his gaze fr'om) me1 while I was in lis
pre'senice. I tbegani wailkiing rapa)illy ar1omid1(
thle post at few1 (2 felifroii it, k(eepin)g my13'
eves fixed uponli himl atli the while. I [is
body13 remained 1(2( mot ioinless, bult his 1head( I
turn'Ied exaly3 wiIh my113 miovemSents. Whmen
I was l11alf wayi3 r'ounld his htead wa:is dhirectlyr
behind. TIhreeOX-(J1uarter'IS (of a1 circ'le were l'(
comleted21'( ad still 1the same1( t wist of' thle e
neck and the same11 si'e followed ime. One
circle anLd no c'hange. Oni I w%enit, t wice
r'ounld, and10 still taa. watchful Stll'r' aind
steadhy tuirn of thle head. (Oni I went11, tilte ..'2
times(2 round1, and1( 1 be4gan rea25lly to wonIder
on1ce 1 d1is'over'ed whlat I hailed tIl noti:e be2
fore. When I reach(2led haslf'-way romad1(
fr'om) the( front, which was as8 far as8 1he
could1( turn his head1( to follow~ my13 m)ovements
witht comlfort, hie wvhiske,d it hack thirough
the( wh1ole2 circle2 so ins11tantaneously3 and1(
brought it, facing me( aigalin with such pr'e
cisioni thait I fld'l to de(tec(t the miovenmenit
ilithiough I wals looking 1in4tet ll the0 time1(.
I re(peaStedt thleCxperSimetnt, many13 thimes alfterl
waird to) watchi care'Ofully toodetect the miov'e
mendit 0f the( r'eadjusstmnent of his gaze.''
A 15an4 Fitght,,
WVhile Wm. l'. Neeld, of IHihlsboro cou~n
ty, Florida, wats walkling In the woods re-,
cntly, lie heardh the roar of an alligator and t
the scream of a lady. lie ran oult to the ~
hlighIway, anid sawv a uuine-foot saurlan,
raIsed on its legs, mnuttering at a lad(y and( 1
her ChiIlren1. The reptile stood where thle
road'-crossted a smnall drain whheh rani from
a hake Into the Gulf of Mexico. IIaving 5
110 weapon0 but a pocket-knife. Mr. Nei
providecd lhmself with .a stick three feet I
long, andl as thick as his wrist. On his 5
approatch the alligator .lhowed fight. Hie
flanked It., so as to avolid a blow from its 1
taih, and struck It a bhowv over tlie eyes. I
The reptIle closed its eyes, and Mr. Neeld
(drove tile blade of hIs knife just behtud its 1
fore leg. It was a tender place. Thue at. 5
ligator L,ogan to thrash with its tall. The
man gave it aniothmer hick over the bead, and t
followed the licks with hiatf a dtozen stabs. f
'The reptihe was then 89 far gone thiat It,e I
had no dificeulty in cuttIng it~s th roat. Mr.
Nceld theOn'afccompanied the lady home.
He returned within half an hotur, and
found the sattrian In nearly as good trim as
giver, ils fornier treatment wase repeated i
untIl theo reptIle gave up the guost.' Mr. a
'Neeld out off the~ head as a trophy. In a
severing thte mitscles'of the neck, cortvnt- 1
~ionsfl8 Othe mustcles of the whole body y
w'. d take plee#~ Thuis made the allgator a
a ~Jte. Io wiould mnove off threw t
:lj~W,and tMll oyer a9(d over ;'yotd
tIY d'abso udanad'.
About - mile to the west of tihe
Cathedral of Durhai is a spot close
ly coiected with Its history, and
memorable in the annals of Eng.
England. I lere, on October 17, in the year
1346, was fought the battle of Neville's
Cross. The victory of Cressy had been
won a t few months previously, blut as Ed.
ward anm the llower of tie English army
were yet in France, the King of Scotland
[Ieleied that his opportunity wla8!com.e,
1111d that the iorthelrn provinces Were de
Fenseless. (,atlhering together an army of
Somle -in,0 01 men he swept over the borders,
d1evastating all the land before him. Tlte
chief among his nobles accompanied him ;
the most slcrVd relic iii Scotlanid was pres
unt in thw liost to encouragre tle troops oil
le lbat t lefield. This was tle "'lack
Hlood," i crucifix of blackenled silver, de
livertd s0 m1(ysterioisly to I)avid I., on tihat
apot het ween the town of Edinburgh and
IrlaiLs of Arthillrs Seai, Where ftterwards
Ilhe Abbey of 1lolyrood was reared to Its
honor. Itt though the King Pf JEngland
Was over tlie sea, his Queen Philippa was
in Enghlnl, aind did not shrink front the
thingcr. Al i iriy wa asseailed, to which
Ilie pailatilitte sent its contiigent, and was
plalced under the command of Earl Neville.
1lhe invaders drew near to the walls of
IYlnrhami; the n'gl,lish troops, considerably
heir inferiors inl number, awaited
heirl approach. The lilhlop of 1)1urham1
was present at lie head of his men, and
here was 111o an "Ark of Ood" in the
n'lglislm l for the Prior, in obedience
o a vision, had bronght from (he cathedral
ne of its ehoicest treasures, "tle holy
:orporaX cloth W'v'Nerewith St. Cuthbert
'Overed (he challee when he used to say
ass." This was attacheI to the point of
I spear lind displayed ol the lied Ilills in
,ight of the army. From tile cathedral
ower (lie monks beheld the battlefield, al
riyed for the victory of the defenders of
heir saint. Fromi nine till noon the con
liet histed; Ilhe iglish irichers with their
,1olh-Varld shafts, the Scotchmllen with their
Lociber axes, simote down many a ia
t either side; but at last lithe watchers oi
lie tower turned fr<om prayer to praise, for
lie Sc6ttisl host wavered and broke, aid
he Black Rood proved less potent than the
miner of St. Cuthbert. It was it dark day
'or Scot land. The slain numbered 15,00,
lie king %wa%s wounded and It prisoner,
niiany of his nobles killed or taken, and the
1tick (ood wias the prize of the coiquer
>rs. Once before It iad been for a whIle
n1 English hands, bit this titne It was lost
o Scotland forever. lenceforth it was
imbf1lered 11amongst the trCasures whlIh
vere collected together In the Nine Altart
Impel. After tle battle the "1corporax
lotht" was attached to a velvet banner, and
vas afte wards present with the king's host
m 11many1.11 OcCasionls.
"(41vo Me That."
"'IDriver," I cried, "he so kind ts to stop
intil these ladles get on board."
lie was kind enough to do so. On
narched the enraged three. The faeo of
wo showed indignation, the face of the
nllbrella one showed vengeance.
"'You think you're start, don't you?''
lie snapped out it ime as soon as she got
I modestly confessed that such was tle
"Do you think I'm going to run all over
own after a car and then pay for It?"
"I wouldn't if I were you-It's too hot,"
"I won't have any of your Impudence,
ir. I'll report you to the company, my
1an, see If I don't."
"Maditiu," Buld I, "It won't cost you .a
ent more to sit Inside the car than to stand
in the platform, and you must adhnit it
vould be mo1(re dignifiled."
"T1here's youri fifteen cents," she' crIed,
'and1( don1't you tialk back to mie."
Willinig to appleaise the woman I walked
he lenigthi of the catr and puit the fare ini
"Let me off at Lincoln avenue," she
aIled out to the dIriver.
"'This carii don't go to Lincoln aveniue.
'his is a WoodwardI avenue car.''
'"What I" she cried, "'isni't this a Girand
''No mia'aim," said1 the driver. "'Any
neit can tcll a (Grand River car from ar
Vroothv~ardc carlI, and1( the other ears haiv
TFint coinuctor took my money and I
vant1 it back--stop this cair."'
''Give me that flfteeni Cents."
"'(ive me t hat. fifteen cents."
"G( ive mne thait.-" and here her' tumbrella
ame11 so violently in contact with muy liat
hat1 1 missed thle rest of the sentencet.
'"(ive ime that---'
"'Certainly, ma'idamu, hiere is twenty-flvo;
ever inmid the chainge. Yotu might miss5
lie nexL cari."
WVe niever met agalii. s
A few (lays ago a boy about eiglit years -
k(1 wais slowly walking downi Cass avenue.
)etroit. A boy about, toid was hiding at
lie cornier of Bagg street to dat'ch and
limpu hlim. A third boy, two yents older,
~as goig upj the street.
"levenige Is sweeti" muttered t be boy
elhind the fenced as he peered otut.
"3reedl is a great detsderaturh!" 'observ
A the small boy as he saw tao (irap ai
tarted on a run.
"To the victor belongs the spojlst "chucek
3d the third as lie picked tip an bitt and
football anti made for an alley.
"Nothing succeeds like success," re
marked the small boy as' lie gailned his
tick door yard.
"Put off 't111 to-miorrpw what yotn can
ot (10 to-day," rellected the second' as lie
lowly sauntered back.
"No path can lead straight. on." slghe d
lie bIg boy as ho dropped the pltu aer.
nid crawled through a fence at *git, of A
olicemian comimng up phe alloy.
Fareher stud(es'on the asserted valtue
f -glyceHlh& ds & 'rood have bon
ro.secuted a~t Jiellin by Dr. Ernanueit
inn, IIe nqs tp~glycerine posess.
s no' nut:1&0v lue, un elr thu udpfili -
loon ofodfad ordinarIl ace
(I ;ose&ohes, bOWOVii4'erI )