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Queer Habits of Gul#.
Cl1thed with a mass of close feathers,
the gulls appear larger than they are in
reality) as seen when, on ample, slowly-flap
ping pinlons, they sail along in a circling
course, intent on-the waves beneath. Rapid
though their flight undoubtedly is, their
powers are rather calculated for endurance
and. the ease with which they make their
way. Opposing the head in a direct line
to the wind, they ride out the severest ton
pest; and the higher and rougher the waves,
the more abundantly is their prey brought
within reach. All gulls prefer a fish diet,
but.gulls cannot dive to get below the sur
face. The gull must rise on the wing and
drive herself Into the water by main' force.
She is thus denied the power of selection
which the diver posseses, and nutst take
hold where she can, provided the fish Is
not too large to swallow. Jn the season
when her brood Is growing this would prove
a serious drawback on the parent's eiliciency
but for an Internal provision. Fish do not
always rise to the surface. At certain sea
sons of the year and in severe weather at
any season, fish generally swim (ldp in the
water and give thesurface fishers no chance.
At such times, the gull must depend on
shell-fish exposed along the shores by the
ebbing tide; and here, too, the gull seems
placed at a disadvantage. The crow, if
fortunate enough to find a shell-fish, rises
with it into the air, letting it fall on a stone,
whereby the shell is broken and the fish
easily obtained; but the gull either does not
know of this plan or considers it a waste of
means as she invariably swallows the shell
fish whole. But shells are indigestible
even for a 1rull. The gull, if so fortunate
as:to catch , small bird (at a pinch, any
thing that can go down, is acceptable), (oes
not pick its bones like a crow, but swallows
it entire, and feathers are as indigestible in
their way as shells. Further. the gull, if
very hungry, will feed on grain for a time
and seem none the worse, while a bird with
a stomach adapted to iasticatc-aninal foo(i
only could derive no benefit from grain, but
,positive harm. The gull way be said to
hqve three stomachs. The first stomach
begins at the mouth, or mandibles, extend
ing to the entrance ait the breast, where the
second or stomach proper, begins, and
which terminates in the third, or gizzard.
The entrance at the mouth is more than
twice the size of the entrance to the other,
so that a fish or other object too large to en
ter the second stomach is safely swallowed
and retained in the first, either till reduced
so as to pass easily, or to be vomited when
required to feed young ones. Shell-lIsh are
retained In the first stomach until the 11sk
is wasted out of the shells, which are then
vouilted. A small bird is retained in the
sane way, till only the feathers and harder
honL-s remain, and these are thrown upi in
like mantier. And so with every other in
digestible substance taken along with food;
it never goes into the second stomnch, ex
cept grain. These, after a time in the first
itomach, pass on through the second to the
gizzard, there to be pounded into nourish
nent for the bird. The advantages of this
remarkable provision in the gull are no
doubt many, but the following is instinctive
and clear. I have seen a gull come to her.
nest and vomit a big fish for her young gulls.
In less than a minute she swallowed the
fish, flew to a projecting crag inl sight of
her nest, and Pat down for half an hour,
after which she flew back and volited the
fish to her hungry family. Now this strange
proceeding was simply a necessity. A
fresh fish will not pick easily ofit tile boIes,
-and the beak of the young gulls is soft.
ihe fish in the case before us had been too
short a time in the parent's stomach to be
easily devoured by the young guils. Be
aides, herring is the common fish obtained
and herring have more or les oil below the
skini and about the tins. TIhis oil is very
hlurtful for.yong birds--mtakes thenm sick
andt miserable; but a short time in the first
satomach of the old gull extracts this o,il,
sending it on to the second stomach to feed
the parent, while the fish is not, only ren
dered more wholesome for her family, but
she can afford to give Il''nm the whole of
it, being herself sustained b~y the extract,
In feeding tame gulls I had to avoid her
ring, although I knew it was much valued
by parent gulls; and 1 failed, as 1 at last
discove~red, because I could not extract the
sickening oil without spoiling the fish.
TFhe process of mastication in the first
stomach of the gull is not a little remuarka
bIe. Take, for examipie, a small bird.
The secondl day after the gull has swallowed
it, she vomits an object :ound( ijs a bqbbin,
. .about an inch a'nd a half long, or it niay be
two inches, andl tapiering to one endl like a
neatly-formed plug. When this is drly, as
it is soon, examine it. It, is a compilound
of feathers, with the legs, feet, bill, anad a
bit or two of the harder wving hones of the
bird, carefully folded in the center. D)ur
lng the time since the bird was swallowed
a ceaseless process 11am been goinag on to
convert tile bird into pulp and send it on to
the second stomach. But the entrance to
the second stomach is small, hence a pro
cess like whlittling a plug-only the reduac
tion goes on in1 tIle center of the plug, n(,t
on the surface--until everything nutritious
is extraicted, and then the refuse is alt once
rejected. This process is evidently enijoyedi
by thle bird all the time. Nowv suppose you
give a gull fish1 wile theC bird is inexhauasted
in her maw. Bhe taikes thle fish reaidily,
and apparently~the bird lies in hecr stomnalb
neglected, until thle fish is disposed of, andi
then the bird is put luto tIle miii afresh and
funishled, the only difference being a (lay
later erc tile feathery stoppher is throwna up.
If a gull is in dlfficullties 51he alt once throws
out the contents of haer first stomlach-never
whlat has passed into her second. Does
nature anticipate suchl ditliculties by a p'ress
of work inl tIle first stomachl with the object
of hlaving its contents stowedl away in the
second am soon as possible?
During a village school inspection the ex
aminer is trying to. explamn to the fat
hleaded listeners the character of a miracle.
lie asks a schlolar:
"What is a miracle?"
"I don't know, sir."
"If-all at once-the sun ap)peared in
the heavens at night, what .would you say
"But if you were told it wvas the sun,
what would you say?"
"I'd say it was a lie."
"Now, I never lie. Suppose I told you
* t was th ansn."
* The tholar, after ht moment's deep re
flection, bobbed lia head.
"lease, sIr, I'd say you wvere drunk.''
CREAM SAUOx.-IIalf pound sugar,
one tablespoon butter, and haivor to
suit the taste..
* . fel,p in Time,
* O to eefeetive, should be mely. Whoa
i is a16 ble and he b 1iil
e addudibEtmed(bMi'aid in' erformin
6noi ver important fnttons. Tao requg
Ait4~tte~i la into their oparation,
- nqlBitters as a diurete,
Fd~d'fd t*iuln~sare rather .ealeulated to
injure thana benefit the klda7e -Andi,Iadde
Sbust this reliable. -oso of eaerg fhpar~
LEVEL 1QLTURtE9.-At the beginning
of farm life,*in order to learn the most
'improved methods, I employed a, first
class farmer and gardener, fresh "from
England. lie poisisted In a mode of
culti vation precisely the reverse of
what I had been used to see-allowing
the mangels and sugar beets, the corn,
potatoes, peap, beans, cucumbers, mel
onw, tomatoes, cabbages, etc., to go
without hilling up. Mangles and sugar
beets stood high above the ground, 'the
bulbous parts exiposed to the sun, iany
of the mangles failing over and grow
ig crooked. The part of the cucum
bert,above ground which I insisted
was rather'a root than a stem, and
should be surrounded by earth was left
entirely exposed to the sun. I thought
the still would parch the roots and they
would breatc or be inJured whe the
stem should fall from the upright to a
horizontal position. The. P1nglishmall
would have his way, but agreed I
should treat somo of each sort of plants
in my own way. ,So a few of all sorts
Were hilled up, and fully as well
worked in other respects as his, during
the season. For a few weeks minie
grow as well as his and the cucumbers,
peas, etc., bloomed as early. After one
gathering of cucumbers, pleas, etc., the
dry season set in, miic perished, while
his continuQd to bloom and bear; and
so of the melons.. My potatoes made
about half a crop of small tubers, dug
from dry hills; his yielded bouiteous
ly of large ones, dug from moist earth,
at the s%me thr.o and lin the same fi4ld.
So. with the mangels, sugar beets, etc.
they fired early in the season aId suc
cumbed to the drought. Without this
experience, if one had said that hilling
up growing pliantks would have killed
them, I should have joined in the re
sPonse of a million farm ers, denouncing
it as false and contrary to experience,
because they (lid not perish on tie day
they were hilled ul). Ever suce I have
avoided hilling and ridging About grow
ing plants, and cultivated the soll as
level as possible.
Txm osler willow will grow in almost
any sollor situation but to produce long
switches the ground must be good.
They are very easily Propagated from
cuttings of last season's growth.
Make them ten or twelve Inches long
and plant very early In the spring; as
soon as the ground is settled. If they
are to make trees, plant them from 6 to
1" feet apart. If planted about ten or
twelve inches apart oA the ban of a
ditch and kept trimmed they will make
an excellent hedge in a few years, and
the roots will provet the l)anks from
washing awity or beng broken down.
The young growth nmakes excellent
withes for tying bundles and many
things for willch strings are usually
emlploye(. Nrrserymen appreciate
their value for this purpose and use
them amOUost excldsively for tvhng bunl
dIles of trees. We would particillarly
call the attention of fa11rmers to this
cheap tymng material for binding corn
fodder. For this purpose they slhould
be cut down every year anil allow
you ig suckers to start from the root;
these will grow from four to eight feet
long (uring the sumer. We cannot
give any inforn-mation as to the value or
prolit of theimi as an article of Juerchan
dise, exep1t that seome ipersonms tried it a
few years ago, said they had no (11111.
culty In raising or preparing the wil
lows.for market, but they did not find
ready sale for them. There are several
varieties of osier willow in cultivation,
but Salix Viminalis Is the best.
W 'A RTiS ON 11 oniaza.--A correspond
ent of'an Eniglish agricultural journal
gives the following simplhe remedy for
cutring warts of dlifferent kind(s on
horses, mules, and i*attle: Ammoinut the
wart thiree times with clean, fresh
hog's lard, about two days between
tines. I have hamd warts on my
horses-bleeding warts of large size,
rattim.g w%arts, and1( seed warts, to
the niumnber of more thani cne huiindredl
on one horse's head. I have never
been able to (ind the warms after the
thmirdl aplicationm of thme lard. All (11s
appear after the secondi application.
For cuts, bruises, galls, &c,, the appil
cation of fresh lard--either for man or~
beast--is worthi more thanm any patenit
liniments In use. .it will remove pamn
instantly, and doces not irritate raw
Ileshm, as all liniments (10.
Favrumr mN UmI.Ain.--Fru*it in cellairs
is likely to suffer' from heat ratheri than
cold. In time slow operation of ripen
ing, heat and carbonic acid are given
oil. Whenever the temnperature ap
proaches 401. degrees, the outer air, if
colder, should be let in to reduce it.
in the house cellar the accumulation of
carbonic acid would be injurious to the
health of tie family, and it is highly
imp)lortant that this be recmovedl by von
tilattion. In fruit cellars ap)art from
the house, this Is not necessar'y, as the.
p)res9ence of this gas, so injurious to anii
umlals, isa neutr'alizedl by the atlnospheic
T.l'mm use of dynmate for slaughtering
purposes is meietmug with mnuch opposi
tioni in Europe, since such a muethmod'
damages the heads of animals valuable
for sale as food, besides the time' oceu
p)ied in arranging its aplienation and
tile risk of injury to persons and p)rop)
erty rendler the system less exp)edhtions
thamn that of killing by tihe old method.
Quite a Useful Engine.-A young grad
unto ini mechanical engineering of the
Polytechnic College, In PIlapelphia,
has recently desi gnedh a steam fire en
gine, esp)eclally adapted to small towns,
wvhere power can be profitably used for
driving a grist miil, or saw amnd sash
mill. The nmaechine is without orna
ments; it has all the essentials of- tihe
best steam fire engines, and it is sb ar
1;anged that when run into thme enagine
house it can be blocked uy, thme weight
taken off the springs, the 1)ump)1 discou..
neted, and by a band on tihe flow-heel
it can be made to run a set of atone, a
planer, or other mills, according to the
size of time engine, If ani alarmn of fire
is sounded in thme day time, the belt can
be thrown off, the blocks knocked out
and pump connected in less time than
it takes to tell it, aind the engine, with
a fire burning and steam up, Is rea ly
upon arriving at the seeo of conflagra
tion to go at once into service. If thme
alarm be at nigiht, the engine Is rdady to
run out, for thme fires weore "banked"
when the miller quit'work, the belt
thrown off, tihe boiler filled, and every
cause of delay removed. The engine
being ini daily use is always kept in
order and ready for service. The etol
page of time mill wvhile thme engine is at
the fire can.occasion but little unusual
inconvenienice, for in suoh towns, Im3
ease of fire, everybody, even the niiller,
leaves his womrk andl turns out to assist
his unfortunate neighbors.
ON. DoL.tAA EJXPaxiinu NOW i 1 r nfl
bottle of J ano' EuJxseotorant by those troubl
tubes, the usual ymtms ot oh are lore
men f sufferlW
WuY SOMN' PEOPLaG Aic Poon.
Brooms are nicvti hung up and are soon
Nice-handled knives are thrown into
Cloths are left, on the line to whip to
pieces In the wind.
Tubs and barrels are left in the sun
to (ry and fall aipal t.
Dried fruits are not taken care of in
season. and bec6me ivormy.
lags,strings and paper are thrown
into the fire.
Pork spolls for want of salt, and beef
becatise tie brine wants scaldin'g.
Coffee, tea, pepper and spices are
left to stand open and lose their
Potatoes in the cellar grow, and
sprouts are not .ernioved .until the pota
toes become worthless.
The four Is sifted iII a wasteful mai
ner amnd tihe pani Is left with tihe dough
sticking to It.
Bits of meat, vegetablesi broad and
cold puddings aro thiown away, when
they might be warmed, stpamned and
servedi as good as new.
THR CHANBERUY AS A HlOUsE PLANT.
.-Trlle common oranberry is a most at
tractive plant when properly cu tivated
In pots, and canl endure a good deal of
neglect which would be fatal to other
plants. A compost of muck and sand
is the proper material for p9tting it in.
Althdugh usually regarded"as 'aquatic
in its nature, it will not do to have the
soil saturated with water. IV hat it re
quires Is that watqr, be within reaci of
its roots, and that the soil shall be one
through which water canl rise readily
by capillary attraction. Let the pot
staid in about an inch of water and it
will thrive better than at any greater
depth. - Tie cranberry roots readily
from cuttings, or it can be propagated
by bending down tihe spraysand cover
ing them with moist compost. It Is
beautiful at all times of the year and
especially so after time fruit commences
to ripen. Its red berries will remain
o01 the vine for a long time, and are
CLEANINO TIN WAm.--Aclid1 should
never be employed to clean tin ware,
because they attack the nietal, and re
move fromn the iron of which It forms
a thin coat. We refer to articles made
of tin plate, which consists of Iron
covered witi timl. Rub the article first
with rotten-stone anid sweet oil, then
finish with whitening and a piece of
soilt leather. Articles made wholly of tin
siiuuk bot oLieied in the same mannor.
In a dry atmosphere, plamnishel. tin
ware will remain bright for a long
period; but they soon become tarr.ish
ed in mmist air.
DRINKING WATi'.-Water can be
kept cool for drinkinsc iI warm weather
by the followilig method: Get fresh
water, let it be kept in an unglazed
earthenware pitlier wrapt around
with two or three folds of coarse cotton
cloth kept constantly wet. The theomy
of cooling water iI this manner is tihe
absorption of heat from it by time e% ap
oration of the moisture in the cotton
cloth. Expansion produces cold ; com
CREAM FRUIT Pix.-Make a pic of
fresh, canned or Jam strawberries,
ras betries or peaches. One cup new
mI or ~cieam; one-half teaspoonful
corn starch, dissolved in a little cold
milk; opQ tablespoonful of sugar,
whites of two eggs, boaten to a stiff
froth. Boll three minutes. Whemi
quite cold take top crust from pie,
pour on time mixture, replace crurt,
sp)rinlkle'with powdered sugar, and set
away to cool. Vory nice.
EaGs FOiR BREAKFAST-Take four or
five eggs, boil themn three and a half
nmites, then take them out of the
suhl anid beat themn up in a basin with
pieces of beitter the size of a quarter;
salt and pepper to taste. After wveli
beating, spread the mixture on hot but
tered toast; place In ml hot ovemn for
about five minutes, and serve hot.
PoxsoK ANvTXgoT.-Po1ions of most
an etd-&ereo wr taken
into thQ stomach may be neutralized by
swallowing instantly nearly two gills
of sweet oiil-a strong, healthy person
may take twice that qumantity. It is
alleged that time oil will destroy the ef
fects of any form of amuimal, vegetable,
or mineral po01son.
IcE'D CHOcOLATEm.-Set four ounces of
grated chocolate over a slow fire with
tw o tablespoon fuls of wvater. When
dissolved, remove from the lire, acid a
cup full of warm wvater ; mix wvith cold
syrup, freeze and serve,
PUDDINO.-A bread pudding should
be tied loose, if batter, It must be tied
tigh t over, anid a batter pudding should
be strainied through a coarse sieve when
all is mixed ; in others, the eggs only.
If you bo011 the pud4ing.in, a .basin'.. or
pan take carp It is always well buttered.
DaRK CAEE.-Three eggs, tV cuips
'of sugar, ohenyu of butter, one cuip of
milk. If the milk Is 4our, leave out
oreamn of' tartar ;one teaspoonful diff'er
ent spIces, two cuiss of rasins, one of time
two cups chopped fino..
Tu'IosE COMPIcAININO of Sore Throat,
hioairsenessor '"taking cold,'' should use
"BDrotn's .Bronchid~ T1rochea.'? 'TUhe
effect is ,extr;aord inaryF. particularl y
wihen used biy simngers amid spealkers for
The price o1 soap is raipidly advanc
hng. A year's supply of DonIBINS'
EI,EcTR1IO bou lit now at t,he old price
will be a very )diolous'purchiase
ANswuR THIs.-Didl you ever know
any pesm .e iii, withiout inactioml of
the S8ttc, Li r or KiCdneys, or did
you ev' -kmi'w dhuo.whofas well when
either was obstrueted or inactive; amId
did you ever know or hear of any ease
of the kind-that M.ofb Bt, r, would mnot'
e1nre,. *h,. yo1t r1elglb 0,ihs same
que onA.Jcoynii8~ ~ oo
pains ini the Lungs were depressed,
weak'zrWhfifr.o( Offh$inptoms tend
ing W bat-'dleasq ,jyot there was no
structural nomtuqq the Lungs,
all theM8 ~y~o~6 caused by tM.
Liver being si uggish, and time st-oma h.
e dhe ddsoas o
Liver Rlo u ator, and the patient is ~
variably brought back to hlth.
d own ten aears
pain insm <eft sidea
bech iu seo
agflna d1.ers i
7 ~ toimyb sent
ear me~dJ ein,. sL
WHAT MAICICs THI TowiEn LEAN?
They were deeply interested in anclei
history and were discussing the pecul
arl,ties of 6- piture of prominen
places, wholf he suddenly exclaimed
as lie polited to a building which al
peared rather weak in the knees:
"What a funiy-looklug house ! Wha
is it called I"
She looked at him as if pitying hl
ignorance, and said:
"Why, that's the celebrated leanin,
tower of Plea."
He studied the picture intently fo
saveral moments, and than asked.
"What do you supposo made it lean?
"Well," said she, "I Suppose the Iac
of ple, sir, caused a great famine in th
land. and miust necessarily have mad
And now, whenever lie Is called upoi
to address a Sunday school, he alway
works this pungent point for tihe bene
fit of the children.
A MAnYLAND farmer, the other day
vent to Baltimore and permitted him
self to indulge overmuch in the flow
Ing. As a propitiatory offering to hi
wife he bought four pounds of sausag4
meat, and, as a handy place to carry it
he placed It in the crown of his hat
On reaching his station and atteiptinl
to alight from the care, the overloade<
granger stumbled and went headlirs
to the ground, bursting the high ha
and scattering the sausage meat. Thi
conductor horrified the passengers b3
singing out for "llelp In Ileaven'i
namie--the mai has dashed out i
brains !" And so it semned in tihe dark
until a light was brought and an inques
held--the Jury rondering a verdict o:
"whiskey and sausage."
LEAP year Ims various effeets on var
lous girls, A young lady at Sand13
11111, N. Y., ran Into the oflice of a stait
old lawyer, hugged and kissed hin
and said that she accepted h is offer oi
marriage, though lie hadn't made any
She was crazy. The fact that she ram
into a lawyer's ofllco instead of an ed.
Itor's proves that.
THEX following story illusttates thi
disadvantage~of having an article im
comimon use called after one's name,
The chief of the clean MlcIntosh one
had a dispute with a cabman about tho
fare. "Do you know who I amn?" n1m.
dignantly exclaimed the Highlander,
"I am the'lintosh." "I don't carc
if you are an umbrella," replied tho:
cabby; "I will bave my rights."
A REL[GIOus body haying resolved to
build a new church, tihe pastor wei
about begging very zealously, accept
Ing not only the widow's but the child'm
mite. In the school one Sabbath, whilf
instructing the children lie comnpared
himself to a shepherd, and then Iin
quired wima the latter did wieth his
flock. Ont bright-eyed little fellovv
promptlyreplied, "lie she ars them.'
A CMrAIN Scotch gillie, it is said, If
not often ill; but once lie had time tooth
ache. "And what did you do for it?'
sal(l one to him. "Weel, I just broughl
sax penn'orth o' laudanumn and mixed
it wi' a pint o' whisky, and drink it
but it wAs nit good." Here there wau
a paus6, after which the sp aker re
Bumnied: "So then I got anothe-r sax.
pen n'orth o' laudanumn and pit it Ito v
quart o' whisky." "Well?" "Weel,
when I woke two days alter there wai
LrTLn henry returns fmoni cate
chismn. He wears an air of mnelmancholy,
"'Whmat's the matter, dear?'' asks Aun
Augusta. "Mfomsieur lo Cure is alwvayi
seolding mec. To-dmay lhe asked me how
many Godls'there were." "Well, yom
told him onme, I suppose ?" "Oh, aunty
I told him live, amid even that nman.)
hdui't satisfy hiim "
(OvERHEnh at a restaurant.)--,o.
quacious lady-"'And you Oinimese act.
umally Cat rice with chiopsticks? Hlowi
funny I" Chinaman-"You tinkee so?'
Loquacious lady -"Ofcoumrse. "Why,
we use a spoon."' Chinamany-'dide(
we, miadam, long 'go when Cinmci
muchmee barbarian too I"'
AnlTEMAS WAn1D once said gravely,
almost sadly,-"I have done too muel
foolimng; too much trilling; ( am goingj
to write sommething that will live.'
"WVell, what, for instance ?'' In the
same grave way be said, "A lie."
"DoN'T I make a pretty picture?'
exclaimed Jones, rathmer ruefully, as hi
stopped upon the river bank after ii
baptism through the ice. "A picture ?'
repled is rien Sndgrss."I shmoult
EFFxIE (sitting on the mantelpieCe)
"N~ow I'm the clook. I'll tick, arid you
tell me whemi to strike, anty. Tick.
tick-tick-tick," etc. Anty: "o
strike I" (E fie boxes her Aunty's ears.
WHEImN you see four or flve chilidreri
who ned combimng, washing and patch
ing, holding a convention on a fromi
door-step, you have come to a houms
where the mother,'paints pottery.
V EoETI'NE has never failed to efYee
a cuire, givig tone amid strenmgth to thi
system dlebilitated by disease.
WE CAN insuire any person having
bald head or troubled with danidrufi
that Carbmoine, a deodorized extract o
peti-oleum, will (10 all that is claime<
for it. It will not stain the most deli
cate fabric and is del jgh tfully perftumed
Free Shade, Middilesex Co., Va.
Havimg used Dr. Bull's Baby Syruj
in my family with the greatest degrei
of satisfaction, I unhestatingly recomn
mend it as the best remedy that I knov
of for children. Tuomas Y. L&wsoui
The Ladd' Favoite.
Among thme many thmousands ot ladie
wvho hYave -used Dx'. Pierce's Favoriti
Preriptmon anld propouilced: It thuc)
favorite remedy, because so effihlent.im
the .d mseages and C weaknesses peculiar t4
womdft,' at'e tany who are welhl an<
favorably known in the iworld of let
te, as well as artistS, miusicians, anm
a whole host of namnes from the. bil
hiant ranks of wealth .and fashion. I
prstidfy e l14dies Favorit<
riyion' .gs 'hIe being fa'
ill ~ sfQ '~11~ome, expnptinj
tl)qm~iJJ~~ ~ al'odustle opera
4ip ~14~oT~~iifl#.of-.thob6 me
oih~cop h4es mnade like Pete,
,,i~r S a2% ller'g ragors-.40J sell
e tila , a
1LLMRM(Igl.Miaroh 2fh 1S78
P ur Rv6rite P'rescriptior
t pe oqt hqath.
~vo lZ~illY~O~ red h rFa
Thankfu lly yotirs, II T, rbY
Piotography Under Water.--Mr. W1i
liam Morris, of Greenock, has made a
- discovery by which he can photograph
.t underneath the water at a depth of ten
- fathoms. Two of the negatives he has
t secured are remarkable distinct, but
the others are rither dim owing to de
fects in the apparatus,whichi he hopes
to renedy. The camera is enclosed in
t a water-tight glass case, suspended by
the centre and encloset in a cover,
s that is drawi off after the canuera
which Is fixed on a tripod-has reactied
C its position. One of the views, taken
in the bay, shows a sandy bottom, with
r a number of large boulders covered
with sea-weed, and an old anchor; and,
in the shade, three mooring cables be
k longing to small yachts close at hand.
o When the weather calms down and the
e light becomes stronger Mr. Morris in
tends to carry out his investigations
1 with improved apparatus, when lie ex
s poets to achieve still greater results.
A Novel L/ght.-Tjrake an oblong phial
of the whitest and clearest glass and
put IntA it a piece of phosphorus about
- the size of a pea. Pour some olive oil,
- heated to the boiling point, upon tWe
a phosphorus; 1111 the phial about one
third full, and cork it tightly. To use
this novel light, remove the cork. allow
the air to enter the phial, and then re
cork it. The empyt space in the phia
al beomes luininous, and the light od
L tained will be equal to that of a lamp.
t When the ligh t grows dlin ts power can
be Increased by taking out the cork and
allowing a fresh supply of air to enter
the phial. In winter it is sometimes
necessary to'heat the phial botween the
hands in order to increase the fluidity
of the oil. The apparatus thus pre
pared may be used for six months.
A Neto Use for the Electric Lwnp.-A
correspondent of the London Nature
suggests a novel way of g6tting at the
nature of an ailing person's complaiut.
Bringing the electric lamp to his aid,
lie would so construct an instrument as
to have a series of persons arranged in
the form of a semi-circle. These would
each be so refractive as to secure achro
iatism, while the rays of 11ht being
bent, would enable the obrerver to peer
Into almost any part of the human
frame he might please. Always sup
posing the savant's idea to be practica
ble, a wide field of thought opens up on
such a subject.
Benzol and benzine have been gener
ally regarded as synonymous, but cer
tain pharmaceutical works now apply
the termn benzine to a light petroleum
procluct. True bevzole is soluble in
half to three quarters of its weight of
alcohol, while the petroleutu spirit re
duires six limes its weig'it.
ToM, Vick and Harry are now appear.
Ing with their Grandfather's recipes
for Coughs, etc., and seeking a fortune
through advertising, but the people
know the value of Dr. Bull's Cough
Syrup and will take no othjr. Price,
25 cents a bottle.
FArER . is GETTING WELL.-by
daughters say, "Iow much b6tter
father is since he used Hop Bitters."
He is getting well after his long suffer
Ing from a disease declared incurable,
and we are so glad that he used your
Bitters.-A lady of Rochester, N. Y.
Farming for Proit.
A now and comprehensivo agricultural book
with the above title has just been published
by J. 0. MoCordy & Co., of Philadelphia. Pd.
Written in a clear and vigoroos style, by John
E. Read, a praotical farmer, who h,as also been
editorially connected wvith the agricultural
press for many years. thIs book will exert a
strong influence forgood. It will show men
how to make mere money and load happier
lives. Farm life is touched at all points ; gen
oral agriculture, live stock, 1'ruit growing,
business ->rinciples and home life are all care
folly and itaborately treated, and the work is
adapted b> meet the wants of farmers in all
sections of the country. It contains 860 pages,
with 140 ilhl .ations (manyvof them very fine)
a full index, is nicely printed and handsomelv
b>und. A full description of thIs splendid
volume may~ be had by addressing the pub
VEG ET INE.
For all Ladies
WHlO ARE SUFFERERS.
Mit. H. R. CTENcINNATI, ohIo, March 28, 1877.
De ar Sir.--I have taken several b0tiles of your
Vegotino for Female Weakness and in justice
to the medicine, and to all ladies who are suf
fers from suoh complaints, I will recommend
the Vegouino. I must say It has helped mec very
much; indeed; It Is av.luable for such comi
plants. MARY Ef. MER EDI 11H,
180 Eastern Avenue.
FEMAL.s WRAKN$S.-vegetine acts directly
up m the causes or these compi.u;nts. It f avig
orates and strengthens the whole system, acts
upo th seretvo rgas,allays inilammation,
[censancu-sucration, cures const i a'
lion, regulates thne bowels; hoadache and pa ns
in the back cease; In fact, there ms no diseaseo or
complaint where thme VoteLino gives so quick
relief, and is so effective in it i cure, ats in what
all teme onen neWakness. It has n9ver.
It is What .is Needed,
H. R.STE s M omNEs, Iowa, sept. 8, 1978,
Dear Sir-- orcm a long time I hive been troubl 'd
wvith Female wVeakness amid a wveik. sinkc.ng
feeling at the stomach, and through the adivice
of a friend, I tried your Vetgotine, and hlnn: it
just what is needed. I eani recommend it to all
sufftir1n.erom those comp.aimnts.
3 rs ANALA IIARWOOD,
812 Fourth Stfreet.
See-ofala, liver Coanplagnt, Dyspepsia,
i tlaeumatimno, WeaSkeess.
II. IR. STEvENs, Bloston:
l' Ibhave been practising medicine for 25 years,
and as aremedy for sorofulpa Liver ComplaInt,
I Iyspepsia, Rtheumati m, Weoakness, and all dis.
- oases of the blood I hi Iwo never found its equal,
.I have sold Vegitine for 1 years, an'dl have never
had one bottle returned. I .would heartily re
comnmendit to tin )so in need of a blood purifier.
Dr. Wv. RO08s, Drum1gist,
Sept. 18, 1878. Wi ton Iowa.
P ~ PREPAREDBY
El- R. STtEVs, Boestenu, Mass.
Vegotine s Sold by All Druggists
AOENTB WANTED to Seil the NSW ROOK
-e sa a d anr Fr thOR nnag
i HoHapWkluse os e..a n
e mloinsn a)JP
p~NuNs LVANlA MI l iTAIRY AOADm0MY,cOhes
ch tr,s JAIir74 ilealerm
- he Ro4ItlIable concen'trate<i Lye for 3'ARIYIr
~uPMA RIsa. Direotions aceomIpanr oeh dan
ijn'ta eEfbro'.f einnd 'fonetsoapqutckty,
ASIK DOR SAPONIFI33gg
*AlID 'lA1E1 NQ OTfiUER. -
N11N'A MAi* 3k1|Et#O CO., PEILAD'A.
4h 2'H3 aBat.
D.ILAbIDRRTR A-seWO, $$g g ze...
NOVELLO'S MUSIC PRIMERS.
1. udfiments of Iusle. Cumnings. 300.
. Art of lassolorto Playug. Patter. 8.00
3. Tie torga. Stiah.or. 1.0V
-. NInglug. ltandeggcr.' 2.00
5. D111aVAil Foraus. Pauer. 1.00
0. llalurnsony. Stainer. 1.00
7. -IlassrusnestatIon. Prout. 1.00
N. Violia. Tourd. 1.00
Very popular books In Xtglatd. and rapidly be
0011ing so in tbis comitry. They are uot properly
Prinmers, but Insruotion flooks, witlh practical trea
tises on the inetrumnts. nd a bufidat picture end
musieal Iiustrationo, a blotory of the organ, @to
Valuabie books for any one aterestod in Lnt,io.
30 o(s.) Unoxcolled as a Sunday School Song Book
TEMPEIRANCE J JW1L,S7.
(30 eta.) uoxcelled as a Toin peranco Soug Book.
AMERICAN ANTHEM BOOK.
(11.25, or 912.00 por dozen.)
Contains onough easy Anthems, of Iluo quitlv to
provide one per Suntay for two vears. Comnpiled by
A. N, Johnson, J. LI. enuoy and A. J. Abbey.
Any book mailed, post-freo, for the retail price.
Tb, 'g eokly BiIUMd""AIj itV.RlD " ,l>es noarly
goi pagej Q! *oVd luus;o per moth. 62.00 per year.
Oliver DItson & Co., Boston.
J. N. D1TSON & 00. 12280hestnut St., Phila.
R TAINTHrlE HEAT LONG R.
DO NOT BURN THE HAND.
IRON BOTH WAYS.
u.ig, S0Vto. MA" aa
Ir A CI o 73E 41uan
Disse Se tee11 a,9905 JowsJZe)0.,A
and Urfmary Organa, N
' MAn sa lU eill Fenas CONVIaatL
S10 IN SOLD.
er athing impure .'/ a$arisessto,a la ea
Asay oerdressiss9e Rep BNtare and tye
3w P.. k SeOteae, geasasatb
umuuan en LI ht.Ankd tiS
m me eie cern
t:to aci ii
complooand uthon i ) it fthreatatorlo
nt desribs lo.tl Palace uireOriosities, Wealth
fowant it. Til s rte beat ebance of
an ttont ie onl d63.00. Send for ciorr
en Aem ToAeLg ULSHNG Co., Philadolishia.
CHASE G. BLATCHLEY,
Occupies Jan.5 Isi,
TIlE SPACIOUS WVAltOOMS,
308 MIARKET Street,
pltoto la rgoRt, assortmen te host cno
mn et towan ti fouratomners for Cli epths
umps plain Galvaized Iron Porcain or
per i ned. ijils, Graiton, W.Vn. Oi
correspond sutdot potco,apyo
DR.N. C. GRAY. 1tln.
1 Johnsoh's Anodyne riniment Will post.
0ivel prven thi terile disease, and Will
has il sve nany lives Bent free by mall.
nt nddar 0a nont.. Prevention Is better
I. B..J03%NSON & CO., flangor, Mie.
- in Uoerated
of lohg staniding in1wek
r. pice'a, Gdet edia ebiscovery ce
and lSlkit:ecot~ ors am e
oplce 9) Wdy fotenSahe rd
ha e f6kiAs~ et*
to a o tair
HEALTH IS WEALTH.
&081t% of Body t Wealth of ItI.
Rdway's Sarmprillian Resolvent.
Pure blood makes sound fosh, strong bone and
a otear k. If you wouldhave you nesh ran,
your bones souud, without carlos, and your 0?11
texon fair, us Radways s areaparillan
A GRATEFUL RECOGNITION.
" TO OUrO a (NRONIO or LONG STANDING DISNASU
is truly a victory in the healing-art; that realpn.
l0n power that clearly disoarns DRrXor and sup.
' ( a remedy; that restores step by step-by
egrees-the body which has been slowly at,
tacked and weakened by tn insidious fiseae'o,
not only commands our respect but deserves
our gratitude. Dr. Radway has furnishoI man
kind wi ithat wonderful remedy, iadWay's
Sarsaparil-ltsa eSolvent. which accom
plishes this result, and suffering humanity,
who drag out an existence of pain and disease.
through long days and long nights, ow6 him
their gratitudo."-Afddew .Mescngr.
FALSE AND TIRUE.
We extract from Dr. Radway's "Troaatli6 on
disease and Its Cure," as follows:
Iiet of Diseases oured by l
Railways Srsaarillian Resolvelit.
Chronic Skin Diseases, Carles of the Bone,
Humors in the Blood, Scrofulous Dise ises. Bad
or unnat ural Habit of Body, Syphilis and Vene
real, Fever Sores, Chronic or Old Ulbors, Shet
theum, Rickets, White Swelligg, Soal i lleid,
Uterine ATect,ions. Cankers Glanduil'I Jwell
ings, Nodes, Wasting and Decay of th6 Body,
Pimples a ad Blotches. Tumorb, Dysvepsia. Kid
noy and Bladder DIseases Chronic Ih- umatism
and Uout, Uonsumption. bravel and Calculoiu
Deposits, and varieties of the above complaints
to which sometimes are given speclqui names.
we assert, that there is no known remedy that
possesses the curative power over these dis
eases thAt HADWAY'S HEsOLVENT furnishes. It
cures, step by step, surely, from the founda
tion, and restorgs the injured parts to their
sound condition. The wasten of the body
are stopped and healthy blood to sup
plied to the system, from which new ma
torial i4 formed. This is the 11.st corrective
power of RADWAT's REsoLVENT. In oases where
the system has been salivated. and Mercury,
Quicksilver, Corrosive Sublimate have acoumu
lAted and become deposited in the bones, joints
etc., causing caries of t1he bones, rickets. spinal
curvatures, contortions, white swellings, vArl
cose veins. etc., the SARSAARILLIAN will resolve
away those deposits tin i citerminato the,virus
Of the disease from the system.
If those who are taking these medicines for
the cure of Chronic. Scrofulous or Syphilipto dis
eases, however slow may bt the cure, ieel bot
ter," and ftnd their general health improving,
their flesh and weight increosing, or even keep
ing its own is a sure sirn that the curo is pro
gr Ing.0fn these dise,o,s CiA6or
get better or worse-the rus otho disease
not inactive; if not arrested and driven from
the blood It will spread and continue to under
mine the constitution. As soon as the SARsA
PARILLIAN makes the patient "feel bet ter," every
hour you will grow better and increase in health,
strength and Besh.
The removal of these tumors by RADwAY's
1SOLVXNT is now so certainly established that
what wits once co.sidered aliuo5t tulractilutis s
now a common recognized fact by all parties.
Witness the cases of Hannah P. Knipp, Mrs. 40.
Krapf. Mrs. J. H. Jolly and Mrs. 'P. D. ldhdrix
ptublishet In our Almanac for 1819; also that of
Kra. (. 8. Bibbins. in the present edition of our
"alse and True." -
One Dollar per Bottle.
Only requires minutes, not hours, to relieve
pain and cure acute disease.
Radway's Ready Relief,
In from one to twenty minutes, never falls to
relieve PAIN with one thorough applic tion.
No matter how violent or excruclating the rain
the RLIEUMATI, Bod-ridden, In(Irm. Crippled,
Lervous, Neura to, or prostr ited with disease
may sulIer, RAWAY'd READY RELIIF will
afford instant ease.
Inflammation of the Kidneys, Inflamiua
tion of the llalder. InilaAnination of the
Bowels, Congestion of the Lungs, Sore
Throat, tDificult Breathing, Palpimition of
the Heart, _ysteris, Croup, Dipltherlia,
Catarr-h, Influenza, ileaduachie, T.,oth,ache,
Neuralgia, Rhleumnatismn, Cold Oliills,
Ague Chills, Chtiblains, Frost Bits,
Bruise.. Summer Complaints, Cough.,
Cold, taprains. Pains in the Chest, Baok or
L,imbs, are instantly relieved,
FEVER AND AGUEs
lever and Ague cured for Fifty Cents. There
is not a remedial agent In the world that wilL
cure Fever anad gue, and all other Malarious,
Bilious, Scarlet, 'lyphold, Yellow and other
fevers (aid by IIA AY's PILL.) so quick as
It will In a iow moments, when tisken accord
Lug to directions, cure Cramps, Spasms, Sour
Stomach, Heartburn, sick Headache, Diarrhrsi
nYeftiy 110,iO Wind in the Bowels, and all
Travelers should always carry a bottle of R AD
WAY 5 READY RELIEIF with them. A few drops
in water will provent sickness or pains from
change of water. It is better than French
brandy or bitters as a stimulant.
be rsad immbranen should always
All remnedial agents capable of destreying life
by an overdose should be avoided. Morphine
opium, strychnine, arnica, hiyosciamus, and
other powerful remedies, does at certain times,
in very small doses, relieve the patient during
their acU,on in the system, But perhaps the
second dose, If repeated, 'may aggr*avate and iii
crease the attfrerilag, and arnother dose catuse
death.}l'here is no necessity for using these
.uncertain agents when a positive remedy like
RADWAY's BEADY Riii.iEP will stop t.he mots) ex
erucatn pain quicker, ithmt entaiing the
TEIE TRUE RELIEF,
RADwAY's IIIEADY hmB.rsE is the only remedja.
.igent in vogute that will Instantly atop pain.
- , Fifty Cent. per Bottle,
Radwayfs Regulating Pills.
Perfect Psurgatiyes, Bootiang Apert.
ents, Act Without Pain, Always Rella
ble and Natural in tlaeir Operation,
A VHGENTABLE BUBSTITUTE FOR'CALOMEli.
Perfectly taeteless, elegantly costeti wi,,
"awae*surn hpurge, regu,ate, purify, cleans
RADWA PI,S for the cure of all disorders
of the Stomach iver; Bowels Kidneys IBiad
der, Nervous D?seases Heada io, ConstIpat.ion,
rsa, Fever I fla mmat ofoo li iPowo ls Plies,
and:anll derElngenmeas 6f the 1nternat '/scra.
Warranted to effect a perfect, cure. Pure veg
*Lbi6 containing no mercu fy, milierais or del
F*Oberfdthefollovwing syitaptots result.
in from Diseases of the Ja geetive Organs; Con
attion, nw-ard i'ies, Vullness of "h 'Blood
n ea,Aidit,y 'of the Stomach, ausoa
Heart,burn, Disgust, of Focod, Fullnesa or Weiklil
in the Stomach,e tior Ertn0th iona; Slhking or
Fltertig at thinar lynho 0n or 8 ifrng
Vision, Dots or Webs before the 'Sight, Fever
and Dull Pain In th9 Head, Defleioncv pf Per.
piration YellowneSs or the Skin atnd Ifyes, Pain
Df Heat Bu'rning in thOFle Bddeiiluhe
Afow'doses ot IRAuwAT's P'tuW Vil free the.
mystemn from All t4e Above-namdd diser.dOrs,
RUiAD /* ALpE A!4,ggyB..
No. a WAl , . R 11 Il, New yorI
informat10n' orth tlIQu(an'will be lent yoth
fisapwern'g h Ad?ertisentoe i wal
d a o q I~s poWerUttl,
3t1fg,tr,Bs ah Bol,tr
SwiIg,4f# 8 8