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TRIOMWEEKLY EDJTIQN WINNSBORO, S. C., AVOL. IV.-NO. 39.
BY THK STREAM. h
Sweet tangled banks, whore ox-oyed dais ies
And scarlet poppies gleam;
Sweet changing lights that over come and go 0
Upon the quiet stream!
Once more I see the flash of splendid wings,
As dragon flies flit by; f
Once more for me the small so lge warbler V
Beneath a sapphiro sky. t
Once more I fool the simple fresh contout a
I found in stream and soil f
When golden summers slowly came and wont i
And mine was all their spoil.
I find amid the loheysuoklo flowers.,
And shy forget-me-not, r
Old boyish memories of lonely hours, r
Passed in this silent spot.
Oh, God of nature, how thy kindness keeps
Some changeless things on earthl -
And he who roams far ofr and toils and weeps, t
Comes home W learn their worth. r
Gay visions vanish, worldly schemes may tail;
Hope proves an idle dream, c
But still the blossoms flourish rod and pale, r
Beside my native stream.
A Municipal Nosegay. ^
A royal visit was promised to Mistbo
rough, and when the notification to that
effect reached the mayor, he summoned the
town council to deliberate in the usual way
on the sort of festivities that should be pro
vided. The occasion of the royal visit was
to be the unveiling of a statue erected to
Alderman Nobuddy, a departed worthy of
the town, and the council soon agreed to
furnish a banquet, a procession with Volun
teer bands, an adress on Illuninated vel
lum, -id some speeches. Then came the
questIu of gifts. A large album full of
photographic views of Mistborough seemed
the most appropriate present; and, of 0
course, there would have to be a bouquet. 1
But who should tender' this last offering?
Mr. Mayor Wheeker happened to be the 1
only unmarried member of the corporation, c
wherefore Alderman Gabbs, who was a v
facetious fellow and the father of three
buxom daughters, said jestingly: "I vote t
that Wheeker be appointed to . select the
prettiest girl in Mlstbo.rough, and she shall
give the bookey."
"I don't see what prettiest has to do with
such a matter," remonstrated Alderman
Scruffle, a virtuous but morose person, who
was the father of four plain virgins.
"Well, Wheeker shall select the ugliest
girl in-the town then," said the funny a
Alderman Gabbs, and he winked, laughing
at alL his brother councilors, one of whomy
suggted, however, that his worship's
chqice be not limited to damsels. "Let
. us give Wheeker carte blanche," said he;
"if he pitches upon q pretty or an ugly
married woman, rather than upon a girl let
him have his own way. He Is a fine judge p
of the sex, Is Wheeker."
"What makes you think that, Puttison?"
asked the Mayor mildly, for he was a pla- a
cid sort of a man, who had no very keen t
eye for jokes.
"Why, because you've remained single,"
responded Puttisou, amid general merri- y
"Oh, but they say, WJieeker is a- bit C
sweet on the young woman who sits behind
the counter at Jamme's the pastry cook's,"
replied Aldermian Gabba- with a new wink. 3
''What's her name, Wheeker? Out with I
It ? she's too pretty to be ashamed of." 8
"I really don't know what you mean " t
said poor Wheeker, reddening up to the d
ridge of his ears. N
"Ok, we mean Daisy Belfast, who nods
to you every time you pass up High street " t
said Puttison greatly enjoying the mayor's h
discomfiture.. "Why Wheeker, P've seen
you eating bath-buns at Jamme's shop at h
least three times witin the past week, and h
*we kn'ow you cant bear pastry, for you '
never eat any when you dine with oneef tE
Unfortunately for Mr. Wheeker, it soon
*got to be known in tire town that he had I
been deputed to act, as an arbiter pulchora- I
rum; and many ladies, both single and '
married, began to pay their courts to him li
with a 'view to being selected for preoenting
the bouquet. Mr. Wheoker soon began to C
think that -it would he more prudent to r
- offer twenty nosegays to thme lloyal Princess ~
Instead of one, in order that nobody might tI
be offended ; hut his opinion was not
shared- by the town council. .The mayor.
was exhorted with- a- pertinacity, half-se- I
rious, half..comical, to do his duty in choos- I
*ilg the fittest;. and lie failed to get any as
sistance from his brother coujpollors, for
each of them, being married, felt some de- t
licacy- m -recogwmending a lady fromi inside ti
his family circle or outside,of it. ti
There was another tour at this, and Mr.'
* Wheeker looked ps guilty as a tom-eat who a
had been caught near a cream jug. But, ~
in a sum, this mayor was such a good fel- t~
low. that hmis'bhrothren were loth to press ,c
their jokes too tird on him. . Every 1an, V
except the mnoroke Serufile, slapped hit-on
the baek In. passing out, and bade him do b
his best in selecting a young lady who h
should do honor to -Mistborough. Mr.
-Whieeker groaned inwardly, for he much tr'
disliked this task, which laid upo;1m1m a y
larger responsibility than lie everigared
to assume spontaneously i s .pi1lic or
-privete relations.' If lie :hltd otide ~
tively vQted as to who was thi lveiesi ~
presentative of girlhood -in Mist roughj'~
would certainl have gIe~h~ suffrag6
- ;MistDai B fast.. utao f unscoe j
- tin $~ ~t dare.
sils Mr'. Wjik)d t etimade~j
marry MIs iss * Ij'a A b'
means eure l' eililt
- futhe mitf
heker w a(I~I ,
* Msscoming out of ch i61 r
borr the conmoly wife of oloel Bulborry, t4
a rO r4 uiitar Tarfar, This/ 'Iv as' a
ptthespr no of .life-say th e
*'4aut v6~va~ s,and th~ nidte~f"V
'tos%rt atons as her lookin 'gah e
i tim ih anoe TitIng '4
tbo I thejprb whero MNr. Wheeker ii
a tOlfdand preceU.c d
a~ayiiO~i~tl' forthe rayor used o
or smart attire, pink cheeks, and sparkling
yes, looking undeniably pretty.
"You're joking, I suppose," retorted the
idy. "It you want me to give the bou
uet twrie pilncess it muot be a very nice
"Oh, it shall be !" protested the Mayor.
"And you must lot me play a chief part
i all the festivities-receive your guests
>r you, and all that - otierwige there
rould be no fun In the thing, Y9u' know.
, you're a bachelor,you must have- a lady
act for you."
'I should feel mudh obliled if you would
at- for me, Mrs. Bilberry, said the mayor,
3eling as if a weight had; been taken off
"Well, we will see about it. I don't sMy
es or no, for the -present," replied the
olonel'i wife, noddjing pleasantly, and she
ashed off, feaving Miatborough's Mayor
ither overwhelmed by a sense of her con
As 4 matter of fact Mrs. Bulberry had
or own reasons for acting as adroitly as
Lo-had done. Independently of her amnbi.
on to be the prettiesi person in Mistbo
)ugh, she much desired to obtain a post
ndor government for her husband, and
lought this object might be attained if she
ould lean for a whole day'on the arm of a
oyal prince and enlist his Interest in her
ehalf by her sweet and plausible chatter.
'here was not a better talker in all Mistbo
)ugh and the whole country around than
ire. Bulberry, who, according to her ad
irers, could have charmed a bird out of a
*ee, or who, as. her detractors avouched,
ras equal to fooling a pig out of a potato.
So while Mr. Whecker was blessing hin
3lf at having been extricated from a di
immla, Mrs. Bulberry went home in tri
mph; but there she met her husband, who
ras not pleased to regard her achievement
rith favor. CVolonel Bqlb was one of
lose mei w1o:can never bp ftught to see
i at. once what is go99rg . .lHe al
rays allowed himself be led In tlhi end*; but,
efore submitting to the guidance.he jibbed.
tiied and brayed like the most obtinate of
mur-footed animals. In the p -esent in
ance he declared, with a sinIn'ling. of
aths which he was inuch given to employ.
ig in domestic conversation, that he would
ot, by George, allow his wife to make a
lanked guy of herself in the company of
e esemiongering aldermen, blanked if lie
uld. Mrs. Bulberry, who was elated by
ie results of her diplomacy, answered im
atiently by requesting her lord and master
ot to make a fool of hlimspf, But this
ras a false move, for it sent off the Colonel
i a towering passion to blow up Mr.
[ayor Wheeker, whose blank nose, 'he
wld, lie would tweak in the public stteets.
"I say, sir," cried he, accosting this in
irensive dignitary, whon he met taking
a afternoon walk in the. sunshine. "I
ry, I'm not going to. let it be said that
ou're spoony on my wife."
"I Colonel ?" replied the mayor, aston
lied and uneasy.
"Yes sir, you're a bachelor, and a gay
og by all .accounts;. don't deny it, for
our goings on with the sex are matters of
ablic notoriety. But I won't have you
angling after Mrs. Bulberry, mind that."
"Really, Colonel, I don't- understand.
[rs. Bulberry- was good enough to say that
ie would not mind presenting the bouquet
her Royal Highness, and I thought- "
"You thought she was setting her cap at
oU ; is that what you was going to say?
(ellk I admire your cheek, I do,' bluste'r
I the. Colonel, retreating a step or two, as
to take a better survey of the mayor,
,ho certainly looked no Adonis. "Well,
[r. Saucebox, remember that my name'
ulberry, and I stand no blanked n6hi
m=o from anybody. Just get-your pas
y-cook girl, to give your bouquet; shb'll'
D very well for: such work, but my wife
'oi't. . Go)d day to you." .
J?oor Mr. Wheeker gasped In wonder as
ie truculent swashbuckler swung n his
eel, HIe doubted whether the Colonel
ran sober. As for the valiant Bulberry,
a strode home ; but, as often happened to
kin, Iris valor began to ooze away as lie
eared the conjugal dwelling, Hie ,felt
rat he had put Iris foot into it. Swagger
ho would, he was no match for his wife
tongue warfare ; and, presently, ien
a had to confess what he had done, Madam
ow into one of those fine rages which
iake a man wish that he could strike a
ole through , the floor with his heel and
anish through it. In the upshot the
ylonel might have been seen on tihe mor
w looking very sheepish as he wended
is way toward the town hail, to seek out
me mayor and offei' Ihii kifrd apology.
e was quite alive now, poor wreich, to
me service which Iris wife wished to rep(er
Efilfit sI'nting flowers to the princess oZ
But, to Colonel. Bulberry's mort1iation~
[r. Wheeker had} already informed; the~
>wn council 1>f his previous day's advep
ire; and it was unapL'o, ly decided that
ic mayor had'received "ah's aflibt. whiehi
luSt preehnds tire Bailti6kies' fMi taling
ny part in the municipal feptivities, everj
I guests at tIre banquet. (ht'iflfayor, eit
ng in his official room at:tho. town:hall,
muveydth ho the colonel as delieately ag
issib do a edpropitIatory assuiWinee
hlsi hib (d1( not feel offended;
mt upon this the colonel, as usual; made
sate to lose his temper.
"By George, sir," cried hre, . "am I lieing
ifli th ? You first ask my wife t6/do
d ~,and now you tell me that
oput us both in disgrace.
your disgusting dinner. I
ot mean to. say anyting of
"'said the meek payor,
you to say gesterday
y r iffIever sawasuch aJm
tof. I Auppose you' tell
wif snot pretty eq~
deal Iam sure everybd
- . Bulberry will admit-"
~r bl'anked compinme ~'n
thrc nel. "You've a great. d 1
o imica soft patter about you to please
ne, My last word to you is that- if
ife 1eyou tile ihonor to accept the prd
Madee,ti&fT d"VMture to put
her you ad yorfellow
e the reason why, ot 'm blatmkd fI
n h 0 a'Yo nd hdtrn
but he could n3t find them, and so lie
turned into-the shop of Jaime, the pastry
cook, under the pretext of taking luncheon,
but really to comfort himself a little in the
society of Miss Daisy Belfast, whose bright
eyes had flashed through the window.
Said Miss Daisy coldly to the mayor, -a
she helped him to a glass of sherry and a
sandwich; "What's this I hear, Mr.
Wheeker? You think old Mrs. Btilberry
the prettiest womni in MiRtborongh ?"
"Not old Alrs. Bulberry; young Mrs.
Bulberry," answered the mayor naively.
faucying there 'as a confusion of persons.
"But I don't think her so pretty as you,
"I judge by acts, not by words. Mr.
Wheeker," said Daisy, with a toss of her
comely head. "And, indeed, if you think
that old colonel's wife pretty, you're no
Mr. Wheeker sighed as lie munched his
sandwich, for lie did not know how to utter
what he should have liked to say next.
But just at this moment the door opened,
and Gabbs, Puttison,and some of the others
of the town councif walked in laughing..
"Sherry. all around, miss, if you please,'
said the cheery voice of Alderman Gabbs.
"What's the mayor been telling you, eh ?"
"Mr. Wheeker seems to have lost the
use of his voice," answered Daisy, with a
shrug and a reproachful look at Mistbo
rough's chief magistrate, who, having fin
Ished his first sandwich, was dolefully
"Well, we shall have to speak for him
thon." proceeded Gabbs, with a wink that
made the girl blush. "We are going to elect
you our Queen of Beauty, Miss Daisy."
"Oh I" exclaimed Daisy, turning scarlet
red this time. "And when Is the royal
visit to be, Mr. Gabbs I"
"Not till three months from now, so
there'll be plenty of time for you and
Wheeker to get talking together about the
"And my opinion is that when you pre
sent the bookey' you had better be intro
duced to the Princess as Mrs. Wheeker,"
"It would sound more proper, certain
ly," was all that the bashful mayor could
find to say.
''Ai, you are all making fun of me, I
suspect," said Daisy: but her hand trem
bled just a little as she poured out the sher
ry with which the gallant town councilors
proceded to drink her health.
One has only to add that it was Mrs.
Whecker who presented the bouquet, but
that Mrs. Bulberry, not to be outdone, pre
sented another on her own pccoint, got an
hour's talk with the Prince, and obtained
his interest on behalf of her husband, who
was soon afterward sent off to the antipodes
as a colonial governor, while his clever
wife stayed at home.. Thus pacified, the
colonel did not cut off the ears of all the
tqwn councilors and thread them on a string,
but lie remained unshakable in his opinion
that Mr. Wheceker was a gay dog, too much
forward with the sex, and lie told Mrs.
Wheeker so at the corporation dinner,
where, by-the-by, lie got tipsy.
Unre of Ashes.
In the disposition of ashes, at - least two
points should be kept in mind, safety and
coleanlinems. If the ashes are from wood,
.o sifting is necessary. They should, if
possible, be remoVed from the stove only
when cold, that no live coals may be In
them. In case this can not be done, great
care should be taken that no fire is dropped
pn the floor, and in all cases a deep iron
pall, hould be used; with a closely fitting
over. Wood ashes sh'ould never be put in
a bar;el, or in any other wooden receptacle;
the number of destructive fires that have
resulted from a disregard of this caution Is
a fearful warning. Even when no fire is
visible, there is still danger. The length
of time for which a fragient of live coal,
no larger than a pea, will keep alive, when
coveredi witb warm, light ashes, Is some
thing .astonishing; It hass been known to
last thus for .days. A pit of stone or brick,
and fire-proof, should be provided for keep
ing ashes in a convenient, secluded place a
short distance froin the house. With these
precautions there is little (hanger of these
fires which, when left unheeded, are not
rare in town and countm'y. Besides, ashes
are worth twentyAlve cents -a bushel, and
are far too valuable to be thrown asway.
Coal ashes, though not so valuable, should
be properly provied for, on the ground of
neatness, if for no other reason. Nothing
Is mnore'tlistressing than to see, as Is too of
ten thme ease, a pan of coal ashes in on:
place andl a box, or barrel, running over In
t&otbcr. sThese wvill bg sown broadcast by
'wd s 'Ic . ho.snow.. or ground, to be
tiIed ihto t'he ,hou*e at every step. Coal,
thid hard-coal, Is rarely bhuricd so.com
pletely.ths,t it will not.pay to sift the ashes
to save the 'nburned coal contained In
them. When the clink'ers are picked out
of thb sifted, portion It is qutite as valuable
as fresh coal. Trhere are various- aifters,
which allowv the sifting to be done without
:dtfat, and If the ashosraro sited daily, the
task 1apasy.. Coal ashes are of: almiost no
value as manure, . but they are useful on
heavy soils, just as sand would be to lighten
thoem; ..they. make excellent paths and reads
yrken mixed with.earth whmile for the earth
clodet they are as useful as dried earth.
, W.hen toStike in Fi.-Fishing.
Jiuch of ,the finesse, of sportsmnanship
dannot be~aught the.novlce by 'written. in..
Atrudtion's There-are cett'ain indispensable
pQlnts i lle.pcOessifti praetice of othe art
#,f, fly-dshi ng.which must come to the ox
potol fterexei-efe nd- discipline.
We may talk'o b.tho. twist -of the'wrlst,"
but to ma~ke that twist- so neatly and ef
fetthat e hrepetition- of it. means a
ked nn~methi * peiiustbe
quite m~ppnd tefitl'if1f books.1
of the bestto,t Ayqms of the land and
dMi6gh dahthb sam1oz in the an
streams, hold and maintain #er difefent
thcote.on this point. - One wiltell yodt
.tisaMtrikes ad sbon ge liAedees theTfisli
move and before he feels .the touch. An
other claims that .the only- proper method
is to wait until you feel .the touch "of the
fish, and then, by a movement as quick as
~1m ,fsonhim... ptr wn roo
1 974Vw a nlta hrb
A Pennsylvania avel
A wonderful cave hai been 'discovered
in Pennsylvania, about kree-founths of a
mile to the left, toward Ilercer, of the old
Franklin and Mercer road and ,l about one
mile andi a quarter from the line of the
Lake Shore and Michigan Southern Itail
road, Franklhi division, near the beautiful
little hamlet of Waterloo. on a ttact of land
'owned by Mr. Saimuel It. McKenzie, who
lives on a farm in the vicinity.
On Christmas a party of coal iners from
the minics at Stoneboro, ho gre having I
a jolly time In the village, lie 1d of- this I
wonderful place, and one of th 1 W-ho -had I
worked In soie of the (lep miles in I
England, laughed at thb fears 0 the rustics I
and proposed to go and explo it. ihcy i
procured ropes atn. ladders, ild, with A F
few tools and their miners' lat*s, set out k
for the spot. Arriving Oil the ,round two I
of the miners, Jack llenderson and David E
Davis, niadc one end of a suck r-rod line,
about five 'hundred feet. long fast about
their waists, leaving a'space o a few feet t
between them, and with thei ~tools and i
lamps and a supply of oil, st rted down t
the Incline. They proceeded nt this way i
for about two hundred feet I a southerly
direction and downward, at n angle of v
forty-five degrees, through a -ooked and (
very rough passage, when they caine to an r
obstruction caused by the great number of t
boulders which had been thrown in from e
above, and were about to give up and re- t
turn when they discovered that tiel.- gentle v
current of air still pressed the flame of their r
lamps in the direction of the surface and s
concluded to make anl effort to remove the I
obstruction, After considerable delay aiid 1
labor, they found that a passage still con- t
tinued, but raised abruptly for about sixteen a
feet, and which "had made the barrier to t
the progress of the boulders thrown in from o
above. Davis then returned and procured c
a ladder, and was accompanied by several 8
more of the liarty, who had now become a
bolder. . With the assistance of the ladder, a
they passed up over a bank or wall of rock t
some sixteen or eighteen feet highi, and I
found themselves hI a long, Irregular- t
shaped room or space, fifty feet wide at the
widestpomt and at places less than t.wenty
five feet wide, and upwards of 150 feet
long, in which hung and glidtened count
less stalagmitic formations of every imagi- 0
nable shape and size. The roof and sides 1
are linestone. The most wonderful thing
about the whole matter was the ilding of
a quantity of bituminous coal on one side
of this large, irregular-shaped room, and I
which evidently had been conveyed there d
frot)n soniid other place, as no coal cropped
out anywhere in the cave. Digging up
the debris at a certain spot coal ashes or b
burnt clay several inches thick was found, r
so solid that a pick was required to move
the deposit. At the extremity of this room,
and running away from it at right agles '
was found another passage or fissure in the
lime rock. down the sides of which water t
trickled, and extending about fifty or sixty
feet to the right hand with a gradual 1
downward slope, whlien - tliey/ante to an- 1
other stopping placd. This time it proved I
to ble only a dozen feet downward, and the
ladder soon helped them to safe footing
again. This proved to be another immensa
room, somewhat in the forn of a huge let
ter S, very irregular, with one end longer
and higher tian the other. Here more
coal was again found. All were impressed
with the idea that this coal hiad not been
brought from the surface, but were of the
opinion that it had been brought there fron I
some place in the cave--perhaps further
down. So they proceeded to prosecute the
search and at length discovered another
passage or split In the rock, near the taper
end of the 8, which led downward, much
like the opening at the surface, only muoh
larger. After pursultig this, which led
through a small- room, about forty yards,
they came Sudenly to a ha at tie edge of
a precipice, down wichl they clambered
for ab)out twenty feet, ando found themselves
in a long, narrow tunnImel, apparantly withl
out end, either way. Tile bottom of tis
tunniel or enltry was covered with a soft,
sticky mud, almost like p)utty. Tile end
to the left, it was thought, would lead to
the surface or side of tihe hill, evidently not
very far above the level of the stream in
the valley. The other end led in the oppo
site, direction and across the line of and
nearly below the (lrat roboin exp)lored, ,
underneath the body-of tile mountain. A
furthler investigation showed that coal
cropped out all along the line of tile canal
or sides of the cavern. and after a careful
examination and imeasuremlent. the whole
space appeared to Ihave been'hlled with
coal, whichl had been removed, and the
perpendicular sides, which were gray with
age, left standing. Masses of the lime
stone rock had fallen in several places, ,
over which .the party strulggled with dii
cu. ty. After proceeding about one hlun- *
dred yards fronm the point .where tile coal
drift was struck, a measurement showed
the vein of coal. -to' 1be eight feet thmree ~
inches in thickness, and tile walls more
clearly defined and-regular,.
At. this point remains of masonry wore
fo1mnd, and the tunnel or drift divided and e
ran in different directions. . To the right si
hand -seemed the most desirable route and
it wAs e*plored first.' This room or chi- a
bor:is pleaitifuilly huqy with stalagmite, of
the moat beautiful descriptionv.hmaginnb,le,
which have boon formed by the,gteady drip
through tlie lintestone for unknwn ages
piaSt. 'fleautiful formationsj as. 'fOlz~eated- -a
into the walls, ii1 many places ap,ar; It oe
would be imlposi.ble to describe the various hi
turnings and directions in which the ftinue, l1
fot.mine it Is, 1'as been worked; but all of M
which radiate in all directio'nsfoi- upwalrds e
of two thousand feet into the body of .tho n
lspountain frorg 'the ni&in. entry, as the. b
mniners style-It,d .This roof of:; the entry is f<
solid lim tone; *dth.lere add the!re 'ret i
dark rifts overhead, which~ awe' roJiblf Bi
the entranes ooter unexo e oMeftn v
As intedotip As tho alredeti pd'gd ne
descrilled , ;TheaiI6es an4.dt,o th'e~ be
potedne agreed ainong''theln1 to lidy rId
the matter secret, and' did so fot' a short' it
,tinme, in order taqe Il1 brhaethe o1
trabit6f landin abap 't~ f et qf the '
'valuable coail soAn bkt d t ti*
Out th(rough the ,anl o 'td 6the-yr
tiesM Th1eys ~ bddhH,i tdin
ing a mineral o(f nd l 4 % bliI it
three .hundred acres,- and it .once ed'"
me~nced opi atione- AftWr Ma u stVyp
4i~tb, oUd 11e eolO% t'. Atr i
niadimentadhnaA e .a,o
)pd off and slid or suuk downward, and li
iat way- effectually sealed up and oblitera
ed the whole existence of the mine ant
merhaps left the fissure or crack In thi
ocks first fouud higher up.'
''lhe shoulder, or bench, around the sldi
)f the mountain that this iminense slidi
would cause is plainly visible. It wai
hrough the just-fluished opening, whi1l
lad been diven from both ends, that you
,orrespondent entered. I reached the spo
nI a Monday morning about 10.80, ac
ompanedt by a Mr. James 11. Raymond
iis po, a lad of fifteen, two ladies and twi
;entlemen, residents of Waterloo. W4
)rocceded through the outer opening to tim
nain artery and along it to the point wher
t was first entered. 1Iere Isone of the most in
creating things I saw. The mud and loosi
tones having been removed, a flight o:
iteps are. found to have been cut in th4
ock, with a raise of about ten Inches to ti<
tep, connecting with the passage above,
l'hese steps are worn in the centre to I
lepth of at least three Inclies-assuminj
hat they were originally rtraight. Thit
vouhi indicate their long use, and suggesti
he idea that this may have been used foi
tigress and egress after the mouth wam
,losed up. On either side of this stairway,
nd eight feet four inches apart, are tw(
olumnns of stone neatly dressed, and fron:
ippearances placed there as supports t(
he roof. They are each about four b3
ix feet. All the supports or pillars I sam
here were of hown stone-nowhere hat
my evidence of timbers been found. Nu.
aerous blocks of hown stone cati be seer
cattered through tle various parts of th<
ine, some of them half burled In t<
>aste-like bottom. At "the Intersection ol
lie main portions these walls pr pillais- art
cen in all tWe parts I visited. The only
ools or implements of any kind found ar<
number of curious-shaped wedges madh
f a metal which, If it is not, closely re
embles copper and Is very, hard. . They
,re eighteen inches in length and two and
-half Inches in diameter and rounded al
lie head, flattened toward the centre tc
early four inches in width, and tapering
o a wedge about one-and-a-half Inchef
road at the small end. Four of theac
vedges have been found in all, one in the
lebris at the foot of the stairway and three
t the fall of the coal at the extremity of
no of the chambers, driven half thch
3ngth into the coal near the top of the
cin. Two of these have been picked out
ly the miners and the other still remainE
vhiere the mysterious hands that drove it
aft off their labors. No other tools of any
escription have so far been discovered,
ut further investigation may bring many
aore curiosities to lighlt. Everything vial
'le goes to show the great antiquity of the
lace. As to who the miners were, or the
Ipso of time since the work was done, it
simply conjecture. The surface of the
iountain and the country on that side of
lig Sandy for several miles would indicate
i the most casual observer thate it had
ever been occupied since the country has
een known to Europeans, the surface
iing rough and rocky. What is now sup.
osed to be tle same coal veln, about six
ailes west of there, has been worked foi
everal years. Several oil wells, wilthbut
uccess, have been drilled along the stream
,bove and below, but they were all shrted
Mow the level of the coal. - Limestonc
ias been quarried in several places, but tc
to great depth.
One eminit. gentleman, Prof. Rugby, of
Llleglieny College, has already visited the
>lace and carried away interesting speci
nios. Specimens of the stalagmite havc
teen carried all over the neighborhood, and
fine collection are on exhibition In the
Keep your nails pared, and keel) paired
,ourself. Single blessedness Is am empty
Toe out, not ini. Especially if you arc
n emlhoyer, you would better turn out
our feet than your hands.
Keep your face cleanly shaved, ahd. stop
here. Don't shave your custoiners.
Don't talk'with your mouth filled with
nod. And there Is no call for your talking
inch under normal conditions.
Keep your clothing well brushed. If
on have no brush, tell your wife how you
ang for your mother's cookery, and you
vill have one instanter.
See that your collar'button Is secure be
ore you leave home in the mornIng. Else
ou will find your chooher rIsing before
When talking, don't keep fumbling your
Fce as though you were fingering a miusi
Don't walk the streets with your cano
r umbrella thrust under your arm at right
ngles with your body. The policeman
miy take you for a cross Tnd take you up.
Don't interrupt a pdrson in his talk. Trhe
atural limit of a man'& life Is threcacore
ears and ten, and lie can't go on forever.
Never put your knife in your mouth.
'he Anouthi is p very poor place to keep
Knife in. Apt to miike i't rusty.
Don't tuick yotai napkin under your shirt
ollar. The waiEer may think f*ou would
Never say N' won't," even if it. be your
ront to feet hat way. ..
A Bea'Vstt. .
The White Stat steahlp p3Celtie, .which
rrived at New4 York, from JA,'eipool, re
inthy, brought a s ttange pitalir whfo
ad boarded thmat vesole n' In id.6ean A
irge whiteQgyl droppaI ont doe of thd for..
ard spars ha an exhpufsted oouidItion one
rening *hen' the 'ves*ol was albout 800
ils off the cgast obefoudland. Whlen
ought to the- deck by A sallorfthe owi was
und to be nearly dod fromn oold and hun.
W, and almbet' too wEek to eat. It had
ecomeo gt'atly rexiulated, and "trenmbjed
loentfin edoavoring to swalldw thid Brst
lorSel'Of EVea64Wt h:h ;was pMOa .i~
fak. t'he.6tfl *lt 3-' ootbri%d 6d
atW ~ierfebt17' d11~ is~1 aliaid bird, n
Moliad' for sonle days peviois pr
Lor*' Ahidiug Ite6)f ends out Maea th4
obatflys ceaaeds f#klng bffotte to r~
m6laUd and haA rlfted bfor -tt
hofr ruln UHtt , 'BAMMwafi.N :1
The Medical Ant.
Besides the necessary organs for preserv
ing all the functions of the body in healthy
exercise, we find the ant providcd with a
bag of irritant spirituous liquor, which at
pleasure it can eject, to the great annoy
ance of intruders upon its privacy. This
spirit, elaborated in the secret distillery of
the little people, i8 called their formic aeld.
Its subtle presence may readily be detected
by Its peculiar though agreeable perfumte.
It the head be held over a nest of F)orm ica
rufa which has been disturbed, it will be
immediately appreciated, though it will be
found exceedingly difficult to maintain the
same position long with any comfort, so
powerful is the emanation. This formic
acid has been utilized for the purpose of
alleviating human pain in #,he prepatration
of chloroform, as the name would tell us,
and it is also used in photography. The
fornuc acid is sometimes most annoying to
the human family, as was the experience
of a modern Udiliver while on his journey
through Norway with a knapsack. Being
overtaken by the shades of night, and wa
ried with his da's exertions, lie stroved to
find respose within the precincts'of a hay
barn. Ile tried to sleep, and thus refresh
himself for the morrow's labors. In vain
his effort. The little people, among other
tribes of animated creatures, made his body
the object of their attention,. which their
enterpriRing disposition led them to explore,
by crawling under his clothes and a!l about
his skin. lie adds: "If I had ever doubted
the theory of their irritant acid perspiration,
this night's experience must have convinced
me." Tke acid perspiration, instead of
being annoying, is sometimes most benefi
cial to the lords of the creation, for in some
cases of sickness its irritant properties act
as a restorative. I have been told by a
friend of a well authenticated instance. A
missionary in the tropics was interrupted in
his dauntless labors for his Master by a
dangerous illness, which prostrated him
with countless boils. He was lying help
lefs and alone in lile hammock, when, be
hold, myriads of ants of ferocious aspect
approached him, as he thought and feared,
with deadly intent. They came nearer and
nearer, surrounding him, and swarmed all
over his body ; but instead of keeping him
down, as the inhabitants of Lilliput did
Leinuel Gulliver, they assisted him to rise,
for, after anointing the prostrate sufferer
with a prof use supply of their irritant acid,
whith proved to be a remedy suited to his
peculiar malady, they left him.speedily to
recover and assume his happy work with
gratitude to his God, who had- used this. lit
tle people as his effectual preservers.
We Americans drink so much champagne
-it is said that they consume nearly half
of the whole vintage, inlot to speak of thQ
many imitation which go by the name
that it may almost be called the national
drink, at least of the well-to do classes.
As not a few of us may never have tasted
the gbnuine wine, it may be of intereqt .to
know something about it -historically.. -Is.
early as the end of the fifth century t.
Remil, reputed to be the first Christian ICig
of France, owned large vineyards at Rheims
and Laon. Toward the middle of the ninth
century Bishop Pardulus, of Laon, is men
tioned as alvising Archbishop Hinemar. to
take the wine of Epernay for digestion.
Nobles and princes quaffed the juice of the
grape raised in the Proylnce of Champagne
for generations, but it was more like Bur
gundy, having no sparkle, than the chain
pagne of to-day. Indeed, this wine proper
was not created until the latter part of the
seventeenth century. Dom Perignon was
the first persom who is identified-it was in
1688-with champagne of our kind. He
was a jolly monk, and the abbey over which
lie presided depended for revenue upon the
tithes awarded by the vine-growers of the
dlistrict. Ho made the earliest experiments,
and finally discovered the offer vescing liq
uid, which he relished greatly. Marquis
de 81l1eri improved upon the monk's achieve
mients, and introdluced thme delicious wine at
many feasts, where it was poured out by
handsome young women attired as baccha
nals. At Rheim, near where Donm Perignon
was inspired to make the delicious drink,
Is the largest champagne establishment in
France. In one vast sub cellar are depos
ited 1,000,000 lbottles of the raw wine, and
in an other part of the town are some 8,
000,000 bottles. The wine is treated most
delicately, and thousands of men, women
and children, very carefully trained, are
employed in the process, to complAete whieh
requires three years. 'The F~reach and
English think that champagne grows better
with ago, even though it may lose its sparkie
and brilliancy; but we Americans have
another opinion-that the fresher it Ja, 'the
more delicious. The cellars in wvhich the
wine is stored are cut out of the calcarous'
rock. Any quantity of spurious wine is
sold in France by charging other light wines
with carbonic acid gas, and thme Germans
have recently succeeded so well In prepar
lag Rheishi, Malm, Neckar,, Meissner and
Naumburg after the manner of champagne
that it may deceive even connoiseurs.
-Old Churches in New England,
Ii is a curious fat-a fact which differ
ent readers wi.ll be disposed to. aceiount for
i1i different ways, but still a fact-that- th6
old, original, Calvinietic churelies in - tits
old historleal portion of New England ee
almost all now in the hands of that dpnomi
nation whiclh is furthest removed, in faith,
from the early Calvinistic Congregatioha1.
lsm of New EInglandsl'i ot only is the,fIrst
church In Flynmouth Unitarian, andlathe
fIrst church In barchester, Uitarlan,,n
the fiest ?hrh in flostoh, Viain u
*hea w come to to nq6f oot ty
of ~ Wo' n~ ho tJl**~igoldest
i~rhe n t6'lowtagrldot bt1e'
niita now gtiotnUitran oahin,
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-We sent last year to Europe 1,500,.
-The Katahdin iron -works have
never been so busy as now.
-Stelm and horee railroads in this
country require 100,000 men to labor on
-Ohio has a school f)opulation of
1,043,320, of whom 734,657 are enrolled
-A factory in Oshkosh, Wis., cut up
2,000,000 feet of lumber into Matches
-'here has been no Issue of silver
five cent and copper two cent pieces
-Brocton, Mass., slhoe shipments are
almost four thes as great as they were
a year ago.
-The combined length of the new
railroads projected for 1880 'will be
-The militia forces of the United
States are put at 117,000 men with
- Largo quantities of land have been
leased in Potter county Pa., to put
down test oil wells.
-Th6 Penobscot lumbermen antici
pate a better business in the spring
than for many years past.
--Mrs. Chisholm has been promoted
to a clerkship in the Treasury Depart
ment, with a salary .of $1200. .
-Adelina Patti Is reported to have
been paid $1,000 a night during her en
gagement at Pesthl; Nicolini, $000.
-The total coluage of the mints dur
ing January . reached $9,570,500, of
which $2,450,000 were silver dollars.
-The late Mr. Buckle determined
never to marry until he had an Income
of $15,000 a year. lie never married.
-The returns by cfinties where the
chief distress exists in Ireland show thq
number of the sufforers to be 312,370.
-Over 1,500 persons are employed in
chair making in Gardner, Mass., turn
ing out over $2,000,000 worth annually.
-The sea Is to the land, in round
millions of square miles, as one hun
dred and sixty to forty, or as four to
--The firstgas ever exhibited in New
York was from a lamp erected by the
old gas company in 1823, In Franklin
-In the Pennsylvania oil region the
past month ther'e were 320 wells com
pleted, giving a produotign ~of 4,800
-Gov. Holliday, of Virginia, has re
fused the petition to commit the sen
tonce of John E. Pomdexter to one
year in jail.
-Everybody who ascends BuAiker
Hill monument countts the steps-295.
The ascensions yielded -$2,880 in fees
during the past year.
-A sale by auction of a tract of land
fifty-one by. thirty eight miles in area,
in Kansas, Is to be made to satisfy a
mortgage of $4,000,000.
-Mrs. Zachailah Chandler has been
very ill since the death of her.husband,
but is now recovering.o Her daughtAr,
Mrs. Hale, Is still with her.
-Thie rolling' stock of the Union O.a
cite railroad consists of 170 locono
tives, 100 passenger baggage and sleep
ing cars, and 3,216 reight cars.
-'Tho Comnmissioners of Allegheny
county, Pa., have called for the pay
mnt of the money subscribed to pay
the Pennsylvania Raillhd claims.
-There were five Sundays in Febru
ary, 1824, in February, 1852, and in
February, 1830. The 'next Avp Sunday
February will not occur until 1920.
-The annual blessing of Lhe Nova
took place at St. Petersburg oIi the 18th
of January, the ECniperor and his
household attending th'e cei'emony.
-Anson D. Stephenson, a clerk in
Boston, on several ocQasi9ns.befriended
a young lady who hias just died leaving
0o%Stepheonson property valued at $50,..
-One hiumidred and tiii'ti Indlians
were confirmed by bishop Hare, of the
Protest,ant Episcopal Ciumrch9 during
the last year, and 'seventy 1 .ee Indian
adults were baptised.
-Geital Robert Eleo has' a pew in
the old Chris$ Church in Aletandria,
Va., where. Washington .. once wor
shipped; and .every button has been.
taken from the Oushions lhy curiosity.
-The ox-Empress Eugenid's party
to Natal, Africa, will cbnslet 9! one or
two ladies oft her hepsplW,Sir Evelyn
and Lady Wood, Mrs .Rorpld Camp
bell, the Duo do Bassa:;o, and surgeon
-in 1807 42,000000 head' of shee
produced 1470 00pounds of wool;
in 1877 35,00,h0ead produced 208,
000,000 pounds, This showsa,.wonder
ful improvement fin the scferad of sheep
--T~'Ihe Speaker of the Br itish House
of' Commons has-$20,000 a .year, a house
rent Cree, $4,000 of equimnt moniey,
2,000 outnces.of silr t l ,hik elec-.
t(on, $500 for statihryeAch ~'ear, and
fees amounting to 415, a fir.
---Chicago'lias eigiit Reformed Epis- '
copal churches' and:tet -cle'rymen of
that denominatiop. Chis Qurch and
St. Paul's, the slio proiap,lh
--T here, ard tomgtrtded $6Jntei
Ponnsyl1vania free. ffomldebt.. These
manna, *ashi d usquond
hould hot mnake over'416