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TR I-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., APRIL 1, 1880.
Not all of living lies
In tihe swift ebb and flow that mei call breatth!
Honto lives t row mightier from the touch of
And scale immoital ikes.
Most truly do thoso livo
Whose deeds above the clinging mitt or titno
Shine like a star from cloud!ons height sub
And such dEep yearnins givo,
That the ptihe throbs atid thrills,
To gain tihe sunmmits whenco tihe radiance
A nobler ttrain has cohoed thiougih our
And all our being fills.
Wo jist with eager ears.
Wo trace the path whiol seales tho mountain
We know they linger not for rest or sleep,
Those men whose hopes and fears
Still pointed upward, where
Truth's niountain stream glermns whto be
neath the sky:
Thoy could not slako their thii t iin fountH
Beneath that upper a r.
For them there isno dledath,
In mortal giew they in iunortal Iuest.
And to their goal, a nobl band abreast.
Strive on with bated bn th.
Nay. living Is not life;
You cannot win it in a selfish dreaim,
in sheltered vales besides a lotus stream;
But in a ceasless strife
A strike like this of yore
Who, to save other-. dared the drat,on's foll!
And Ltill the ravening wrong, though strong
Mon coitiner as boforo
It was more than a hundred yeas ago,
oin a bitter December night in the dark year
of 1776, -that three persons were earnestly
engaged in conversation, in a room of ia
house on Second street, opposite Christ
Church, in the city of Phillelphia. The
dimly flaring light of a wax candle re
vealed the group as they sat by the table
an old man, a beautiful young woman and
a youth attired in the Continental uniform.
The topic upon which they conversed
seemed to agitate them greatly. The od
ina was especially nervous, and while -ie
was speaking there suddenly caie a great
dash of sleet against the window, and the
startling crash of a banging shutter, that
caused hin to start with a look of alarm,
and lose the thread of speech. When lie
resumed, lie said tremulously:
"God be merciful to us all I These are
evil times I Methought I heard the rattle
of drunis and musketryl - May the good
God defend us I"
"Amen," said the young soldier rev
''Go on, daughter!" continued the old
man, addressing the girl. "Tell ius what
this son of Belial hiath said to thee 'I
".1 will tell thee till," answered the young
wonan, with tears in her eyes.
"This man, Robert Esteleck hath been
my cross for years H le hath tortured ine
with his attentions-clained my heart and
hand, although I spurned and despised
himi, and dogg<d my steps everywhere.
Have I not tolkl him that I was thy be
trothed ?" laying her hand softly on the
soldier. "The wife of thee, the brave
Joseph Stamford I Ile knoweth no honor.
Bnt to-day, lie telleth me unless I beconie
his wife lie will bring disgrace and riln
upon me and mine. lie taunted me-said
to me, 'beware of ine if thou rousethi me 1'
Heaven p)ity ime I What can I (10 to) avert
hisa pursuit, his calumny ? To-day lhe hath
even spoken to me the evIl-"
"bt o more I4 ejatculated the soldier,
grindhing lisa chair back upon01 the polishned
floor, andl smitmng htis sword hilt wvith the
pnalmt of htis hand. "Pieauce, Alice, peace
in God's name I I have henurd enough !-I
know all I Thist madd(ens mte ! This man,
this monster of a Robert Esteleck shall not
escape me iIe shall not'e*scape me ! ie
shall not live. No, by heavens !"
"W hat Is this ?" broke ini the old man,
with ait exp)ression of aniger. "Mlad wvordls
and malice I Man against man I Is this
thy talk ? Prithece, let me have no more of
it I Leave the wicked to God. 'Ven
geance is mine, saith the Lord.'"
This rebuke brought a spell of silence
upon01 the place for a moment. lin an ini
stant afterwards there was a great, knock at,
"It's the wind," cried the 01(1 man, with
a face of terror.
The knocking continued louder and
Alice and the young soldlier, running
with oneo Impulse to open the door, there
enteredi twvo dripping figures.
''A bad nuighit, said one of them as he
entered the roonh.
"Yea, verily, friend 1" answered the
man, peering at the newcomers, then coin
tinuIng, ''Art thou ntot Captain 'Tamper ?"
"Trhat is my name, and I present to you
Corporal Best, at your service."
"Anid your namne is Abraham Shtippen,
if I mistake not ?'' said the ofilcer.
"True, truie," said the old man ; "and
Captain Tramper and Corporal Best are
welcome to shelter, God knows. Draw
near the fire, friends."
"I am sorry to'say its a bad itight, and~
bad busintess biings us,"' said the officer.
"There was a large meeting to day at the
Indian Queen Hotel, on Fourth Street, re
speeting iniplediatte action against spies,
'1Iories, ad~d friends of thte King. Sleveral
were implicated.. Among others, the Comn
mtittee of Safety givsuthnaeooe
Robert Esteleek." t h aeo n
"Alh?" broke In the young soldier.
"And oiie Joseph Stamtfordl"
A scream from Alice. A sudden out
burst from the others of, "Joseph Staim
The young soldier rose up, anid bowling
teethe officer, said excitedly: "At your ser
vice, Captain Tamper? Joseph Statmford
is present. Hie salutes his superior ofi1.
"You are suspected of being a friend of
"That for Gea the lIT I" snapping hit
fingers. "George Washiingtoin for mel"
"You are accused of singing'God dave
the King,' in this house."
"TIhat is strange," broke In Alice.
"We. are true patriot, all, Hesven bq 0ur
"D)oes this look like loving the Kin;?'
said the young soldier touching his military
coat gnd sword. "la! hal It's a good
Joke, Captaini A good joke!"
"Friends," exclaimed the old man; "I'm
a man, of peace, a Quaker. a foe of foes, an
enemy of blood shedding, yet I am faithful
to God and the American Union, and let no
one dare insift the flag of our rights hi my
house. I will fight for my hearth, my
country and my God! We aro fricds of
liberty here, not spies."
"One can't tell friend from foe, these
tinles, master,'' said Corporal Best.
"We but do our duty," said Captain
Tramper. "We have orders to hold our
men until the Council of Safety decides!'"
"But I am a friend of independence. I
go to join Washington to-morrow," said
"So might tile gallant Robert Esteleck
allege,"answered the captain.
"Captain," said Joseph, "know you
this man Esteleck?"
"Not 1, comrade."
"Then," returned Joseh, "let me tell
you what he is like. Ile is like any other
sneakhig, smiling, smooth-faced little vil
lain you ever saw; wears his own red hai r
tied up with black ribbon and powdered.
Only lhe limps a little. A bullet wound
they say. Oh I know hii!"
"Where is lie?" asked the captain.
"Every where;" answered Joseph, "aind
In all disguises-but captain, on my parole
of honor as a sol,lier, I promise to appear
to-morrow before the Council and t:%ke
oath of allegiance If need be. Leave ie
alone for this night."
"So be it," said the captain, "but we
must find Esteleck. The town is Incensed
against traitors and spies, and will mob
your house if you harbor him. Can you
point him out?"
" (Good, sir." said Alice, "the man you
seek hath often visited this house, but will
doso 110 more. Though I hate him, I will
not .0ander hhnuu1, lie is a true patriot and no
"Tut, lilt!" blurted Joseph, "a patriot
forsooth-a Tory scamp! a renegade! Art
thou mad, Alice?"
"We have 110 time to lose," said tihe of
fleer brusquely. "Lady. farewell. Sol
dier, reicemiber to-imerrow. Good nihrlit,
masler." So saying, Captain Tamper and
the corporal left the room abruptly, -fol
lowed by Joseph, who opened the street
door for them.
"la, lia!" exclalneid the captain ats he
looked across the street. "Did you mark
A muffled flture sank into the shadow of
the great churich opposite. "We nilst keep
Our eyes open."
"So, so!" cried Joseph. "There is some
ilischlief afoot to-night. Captain, stay in
tile neighborhood, for God's sake. That
looks suspicious. Good-night to ye"-and
Jose)h slammiied the door and rana shivering
into the room.
'I'aste thee, while I hide myself behind
these folding doors of the room."
Alice opened the door to a tall man wrap
ped in a wet cloth and wearing long horse
man's boots-with a faint cry she recog
nized him and strove to keep him out. He
pulshed her aside gently and entered the
parlor. Abraham Shippen glared at tie
intruder a moment and then cried, "Evil
o0 evil I Ilath the wicked night brought
thee to punish us? Away wretch, or old
as I am I will myself drag thee forth I
Away Robert Esleleck; I will not harbor
Robert Esteleck smiled. Ile was always
smiling, always simootI-voiced. lie threw
off his cloak, and said
"Peace, good sir. Listen to we, I am
your friend, and you will find it out. Do
you know the danger you are in? The
British are even now at the threshold of the
city. They will slay all! revenge and death
await us! But 1 see a way to escape, I
come to rescue you andl your (laughter--"
"Stop !" inlterrufltedi Alice with a (de
fiant goal urie. "Robert Esteleck, thou hiast,
soulght to dlishionor Ime-do not insult me
further. I forgive thee all. Yet I beg of
thieo leave us inIstanItly. Thy life is lii (dan
gelr. Already have t,he oflicers been here
in search of thee. Stay not a moment.
Forget thy wicd dlesignls and( save thyself.
lUe quick! Tlhe town is alarmed against
Robert Esteleek smiiled at her, but his
smile was tile smile of anger now
I"0, mny beauty, I care not1 for mfysef
nor care I for your devoted father there. I
want you ! I will have you-('ome I"
iIe seized0( her handl. She withdrew withI
a scream, andl the old father clasping his
hlands, cried, ''00( (lohver us from this
At thlat instant thle folding do(ors flew
openl. There stood Josep)h Stamford.
The villain did( not forget his smile I He
drew a pistol from his inner waistcoat and
annued it at the solier. Piortunately the
flintlock missedl fire. .Inl an instant more
the 01(1 man wrenched thle weapon from the
"I al-rest you as a traitor and( a spy,"
crIed Joseph, drawing his sword and rush.
lug on Esteleok. "Give me your sword "
TIho coward y'ielded( the wea pon without
a wordl. ils face became lividl.
"Alice, let in tihe oflcors!" cried Joseph,
and( shIortly after-ward Capitain Taintpor and
the Corporal, who hlad been1 wailing in anu
"Hlere's your .man," continued Joseph,
breathlessly.- "A spy, a villain keeping up
communication vyith1 thle enemy-carryIng
on illicit tr'ate Murdering, thieovihg, dis
guising imIself. 'rake him off, I have all the
p)roofs. Toe-morrow tihe Council shal11 hear
me1. Strip off his umuformn, lie disgraces
the hloly catise .of Libert.y I Away with
And thley t'ook hhn well-guarded to thie
old Walput street prison..
"I (did not toll thee for fear of jrking
thee0,1 said Joseph, pressing tihe he'autlful
Alice to his bosom, andl kissing her fair
forehlead, "that this man fired twice at me
on High street.".
"Did lie lilt thee?" she asked wIth a
face of fear,
"Noe, beloved. '[hank %God, I escaped his
shot. I have known him long as a spy.
Hie wilt meet htis desserts now, lHe has
been designing great evil hlere. I have all
the p)apers, all tile evidence necessary to
send him swiftly to the gallows. There,
are n'lore like him hereabouts, Let his fate
be a warning tot all traitors I"
"Wish him no6 evil save Is own bitter
thoughts," imiurnmi'ed Alhe.,
"For thly sake I forgive hIm, love," said
the patriot, ;itut he ml1at meet his punish-1
nment. The times are hard and need herd
Not mny days afto his event, a horse
galloped furiously up r 90' Street, ,t
lowed by a crowd shouting, "A prisor
escapedI A Tory prisoner I Death to t
Some friends of the prisoner had actual
procured hn a horse to accelerate his
A soldier In the mob happened to flre
the horseman, the steed made a spring a
threw the rider over his head. They r
to pick up the man. It was Robert jst
leek. The bullet had not touched hi
The fall had broken his neck, and lie w
Joseph Stamford caine back from t
campaign with the title of Captain w
earned, and withi a sabre cut in t
shoulder, but Ie lived to see pence a
union, not only in the country, but in 1
own home. With his own beloved Alice, t
happy queen, id t lie three merry ci ldre
life was to him anl) epoch of lappiness a
How lig Is .11an!
Somiehow when a ni's llind becoil
really enlarged-say, like that of Bar
Humboldt, and lie is able to place in foc
more and more of the cosmos of which
forms a part, the things ie at the outset
his lire regarded as fihe largest get small
Iud smaller, till at last that first inimen
und ovel whelmilingly importalnt thing, hii
self, becomnes so insignificant that it is on
through a process of mental microscopy
can discern his little identity among t
imiinalcllm that float, swim, or wrigg
[cross the field of view. Ilow big is a im
11yway? Well, lie is smaller than an e:
p)haiit, and nll elephant is smaller than
mountain, and a mountain is smaller thi
the world, and the world is a mustard se
Compared with tLhesuit, and the sin itself i;
mlere mote in the dust cloud of spheres th1
stretchesout through tlie universe beyondI
reach of .hought. Suppose we.could ma
uIn exact model of the earth eighty feet
diameter. Eighty feet in diameter wou
be a pretty large ball as balls go on the fit
of this planet. Assune, for the sake
easy calculal ion, the diameter of the ear
to he exactly 8,010 miles, and let us pr
ceed to build our model to scale. A niou
Lain five mniles high should represent on o
modei 5-80,000th of 80 feet or 6.10 af
inch. An elephant built in proporti
should be 1-4,400th of an inch in heigl
and an average man 7-52,800th of an in
all. An army of 26,400 such men stanl
Ing shoulder to shoulder in single straiu
rank would require their general to gall
.>ver the space of one inch to 1)ass thenI
Lmnder review. With a smart horse of pi
portionate size, ridden at a brisk gallop,
nuld accomplhsh this (listaice in about
liour. Viewe;l in this way a man is a me
mite crawling over the face of the glol:
yet lie has had tle arrogance to think t
Lti-erse was formed for h-m more than f
Alter insects, and that the Ruling Intel
gence had him pre-eminently in view
ringing order out of chaos.
Seceig Through Wator. -
Currents In the very bed of a river, or b
icath the surface of the sea, may
watched, as Mr. CampbuR informs us, 1
mi arrangement that smugglers used in ti
)ld days. They sank their contraband ca
ro when there was an alarm, and ti
earched for it again by means of a so-call
narinO telescope. It was nothing m
han a cask, with a plate of strong glass
;he bottom. The man plunged the clost
lad a few Inches below the surface, at
mt Ih' head into the other end, and ti
to saw clearly Into the water. 'I he gla
mnd confused reflections and refractio
Irom and through the rippling surface
ie sea were entirely shut out by this co
rivance. Seal hunters still use it. Wi
his simlple apparatus the stirring life
he seai bottomc can be watched at leisu
mad with great distinctness. 8o far as tI
o0ntrivanice enables mina to- see the lam
inmder the waves, movements under wat
lo0sely resenmble movementa under al
deawveeds, like plant, bend before the gal
lish, like birds, keep theoir heads to LI
irream, and hang polsed on their fins; it
alouds5 take the shape of wvater clouds
tir, impede light, cast shadows acid tal
shcapes which point out tho direction
which currents flowv. It Is strange, at finm
to htacA over a boat's side, peering into
cow world, and the interest grows. The
is excitement In watching big fish swo<
iike hawks out of their seaweed forest aft
t white fly suink to the tree-tops to -tem
them; and Lice flight which follows is bett
fun when plaInly seen. Mr. Campbell sum
resti plate glass windows in the bottom
t boat; it would bring mn andl flsh face
race, acid the habits of thce latter could
How he'd do It.
Several men were gathered at the (10
>f a blacksmith shiop on Cass avenue, IJ
~roit, the other morning, when'a school-bi
mot over nine years of age came along wi
etears inhcis eyes, and one of the group'aske
"WYhat's the matter, boy-fall down?"
"N-ico, but I've got a hard 'rithmetle k
con and 1 expeOct to get l.lickedh" was t:
"Let me see, I used to be kIug-bee 4
The man took the book, turned to t
page, and read:
"Rule 1-Find the least common nmli
pie of the dlenominators of the fractions I
the least commuon denominator. Diyl
this least common denominntor by paci
nominator and multiply both terms of t
fratInabthe. quotle'nt obtained by ea4
Hie read the rule aloud acnd asked if am
one could understand it. All shook thi
heads, and then- continued.
"Well, now, I thInk I should go to we
anid discover the least uncommon agitat<
I would then evolve a parallel accordi
to the intrimsic dleviator andi punctuate t
"So would 11" answered every man
chorus, atnd one of them added; "I'
worked 'em out that way ~a thiouusa
No one of the men, all of whom were
business and had made money,- could ev
understand the working of te rule, mu
less work examples by. It, and yet it 'i
expected that a nine-year old boy should
to the blackboard and do .every aunm a
--The' valu.e of lAnd Is so(depressed
Ireland thaf, on No'w, 7, 1879*wh(
Boe Satawr fered~ tQe ala_ b
or Old Fushloned Ulardening.
A learned writer under this head makes a
ly plea for the old fashioned flowers and
!s- modes of planting that have gone out in the
prevailing new taste for carpet - beds, of
at uniform color, leaf plants and masses of
id smooth scarlet, Purple and white, of solid
In ly planted flowers all of a kind. It cou
o- trasts these with the old walled garden,
ni. with its crooked peach an([ plum trees,
as with here and there a bhady corner for liies
of the valley, and the sunny exposure
lie where the autunin violets were the first to
l bloom. There was a wbalth and variety of
lie pot-hcrbs: one wali was crowned with a
id l>athli of yellow sedum; another wais fringed
,is with wall flowers, antid the old bricks
he were often covered by a network of tjhe
n, delicate and beautiful creeper, 'the niotlier
id of millions." There ws the delightful
smell of newly turned iould to mingle
with the fragrance of a hedge of swe't peas,
or of a bed of clove-gilly flowers. Sweet
\Villianm and mignonette filled the vacant
spaces, and the been from a row of straw
hives were hunining over all. The lark
a spur and t he lady slippe,- the double l>op
py, double daisies, Pl.roiech lltalrirol(,
le "with their strong headyjecent and glorIous
of show for color," in sh4* the whole suc
cession -of flowering pih in the same bed,
dthese me till the (lif nce between the
I0 old flower bed and the i (tern "aundscape"
planting. An old Eg) 'h1 author, Parkin
e son, who writes himse : "Apothecary of
e Lond-mh, 1621)."' sets forg i this succession
Ie of plants, "that doe so ive their flowers
oIIne after antother that a their bravery is
i not spent." In Parkinsi 's day It was too
a early for the umense vitriety of roses; the
i dainask and the briar ro4e and a few single
A roses were till that found a place in his list,
but not the eabbtage and most roses which
at sem old-fashioned to-diay. There were
e almost a hundred sorts of dalfodils, which
L the "A pot hecary" intists shall all be called
by their Shakespearian name and not soeie
of them "Narcisses, when as all know that
ce know any Latin e, that "Narcisses, is the La
of tine, and Daffodil the English of one and the
t same thing. I would willingly, therefore,
that all would grow judicious and call
[- everthing by his proper English natme in
tr speaking English, or else by such Latine
namec as everthing hath that hiath not at
proper English name, that thereby they'
't may distinguish the s-vural varieties of
things and not confound them." It is often
I- asserted that vegetables formed a small
hit part of the (liet of Englishmen in preceding
centuries-but it appears that they had till
il the vegetables now in ordinary (E nglish)
use, and more variety of salads. They used
e sorrel for sauce, and imade tarts of spinach
as well as of rhubarb aid gooseberries.
Red lettuce, red onions were grown in the
re garden, and a Spanish onion, which is
el "very sweete and eaten by -nany like an
ie apple, " wts (esciibed. There is a curious
r nixture in the old book of fragrant scents
from the garden, tAnd the ''vertues" of
plants and herbs and the apothecary of
liarles the First's time believed that "the
flowers of the white kind (lily of the val
ley) are often used with those things that
hel) to strengthen the meinory and to pro
cure case to apoplectic persons." A.t
hose great houses, "where head gardeners
are kept at a salary which would support
) two curates," the modern carpet beds of
- flowers are as nuch *an appendage of style
as the liveried footmen or the stables of
T sleek horses. But the home-care of flowers.
in the windows or in the yards of cities, as
re voll as inl the country Plots, can gain much
A by a study of these old varieties In their
id blooming tangle among the grass-grown
m alleys, and whose very names bring back
re their fragrance to people who know th-in
in their youth.
.. Not to be Fooled.
f A young man of about twventy-thiree
re years of age, with neither money inor the
is I,rosp)ect of getting any, canmo to the coni
ui elusion that the best thing lie could (10
or 'would be to marry a "rieh 'wife" and live
r. on her motney. Among his many acquaint
e; ances was a widow lady of about twic his
ue age, with three chil :rei, but 'with a steadly
1(d income of twvo thousand a year. . Her hie
Li resolved to marry, and, In ordler to culti
me vat her friendship, lhe took her presents of
In flowers and fruit, and gave the children
.t, books and1( rIdes oni his horses. TIh,e lady
a kindly received his attentions, gave himt
re the liberty of her house, and .treated him
p like a younger brother in every respect.
or The young fellowv, interpreting lier kind
pt ness to suilt himself, and believing lie hadl
or nothing to do buit ask her, ventnred one
p- evenling on the subject in the followinig
of manner: Ie
to "I 'wonder very muchi 'why you don'tre
>e marry, Mrs. L-."
"Simply beeause no one wants a 'widow
with three children."
"I know one who 'would 1)0 proud to
have you andl your (lear children;" saidl the
wooer, fceling the worst was wvell over.
or "Indeed, you are miost flatteintg this
'"No, I am not flattering. I love you,
andwould be prould to be your hiusband.''
She looked coldiy on him; then replied;
"You mean you would be proud to own
B- my money, sir. 1 have been vastly deC
1C celved in you." Then p)ointlg to the door,
site conitinued: "Leave my house, and(
mn while 1 lIve, never (lare to reetnter it."
Whlere the Apostles Rest.
rChurch authorIties state, that the remains
leof the Apostles of Christ are now In the
~-following p)laces: . Seven are in Rome2
namely, Peter, PhilIp, James the Lesser,
hJude, Bartholomew, Matthias and Simon.
iThree are in the Kingdom of Naples, Mat
thow at Salerno, Andrew at Amalfl, and'
YThomas at Ortona. One Is In Spain, Jtimes
ri the Greater, whose remains are at St. Jago
k <do Compostella. Of the body of St. John
the Evangelist, the remaining one of the
*twelve, there is no knowledge. The Evan
A gelists Mark and Luke are also in Italy
Sthe former at Venice and the latter at
Padua. St. Paul's remains are also be
in leved to b)0 in italy. Peter's are, of course,
Cin the chui-ch at Rome, whicli Is called
after him, as are also those of Simon and
Jude. Those of James the Lesser and 'of
InPhilip are In the Church of the Hoily
on Apostles; Bartholomew's in tl e church on
oh the Island in the Tiber ealled after him;
as Matthias' are in the Santa Maria Mia*ggiore,
~o undler the great altar of the renowned Basi
JE LLY CAuKE.-Take one cup ofrsugar,
in four eggs;one cup of flour a hair tea
n spoonful of sweet hnlk, uiR teasp)oonl
it tol of creAh of tartir mis# d in four.
re 24 e in 4iVn tin, thiefrpracIw4d
roH et liegg
Lost in the Sno1W.
Amonig the dangers of the winter in th
Pass of St. Uothard Is the fearful snow
storm called the "guxeten" by the German
and the tourmente or "tormenta" by th
Swiss. The mountain snow differs in forr
as well as in thickness and specific gravity
froni the star-shaped snow-flakes on th,
lowtr heights and in the valleys. It I
quite floury, dry and sandy, and therefor
very light. When viewed through a micro
scope it assumes at times the form of littli
prismatic needles, at other times that of in
numerable small six-sided pyramids, fron
which, as from the morning star, littl
points Jut out on all sides, and which drivel
by the wind, cut through the air witi
great speed. With this fine ice-dust of thi
mountain snow, the wind drives its wilt
game through the clefts of the high Alp
tluid over the passes, particularly that of St
Uotlhard. Suddenly it tears up a few hui
lIred thousand cubic feet of this snow, am
whirls it up high into the air leaving it t<
lie mercy of the upper current, to fall t<
1ho ground again in the form of the thickes
imow storm, or to be dispersed at will Ilk
glittering ice crystals. At times the win
weeps up large tracts of the dry.ice dust.,
mid pours them d[Own ipon at deep-lyinj
valley amid the mountains, or on the sum
mit of the passes, obliterating in a lem
ieconds the laboriously excavated miountait
road, at which a whole company of rutner:
have toiled for days. All these appear
inces resemble the avalanches of other Alp.
bIt, cannot be regarded in the saie light a
tlie true snow storm, the tormenta or guxe
Lon. This is ncomilamrably more severe,
1ild hundred( on hundreds of lives hav<
fallen sacrifices to its fury. These hav<
iiiostly been traveling strangers, who eithei
Aid not distin1guish the signs of the comii
3torm, or in proud reliance on their owi
power, iefused to listen to well-meani
warnings, and continued their route. Al
most every year adds a large number oi
Victims to the list of those who have fullen
: prey to the snow-storm. History at
Ohe oral tradition of the mountains recort
inanly incidents of accidenis which hav<
b)een oceasioned by the fall of avalanches,
During the Bellinzona, war, in 1478, as ti
,onlfed(erates, with a force of 10,0o miei
were crossing the St. Gothard, the Inel 01
gurich were preceding tile army as van.
;uard. They had just refrd'shed thiemselvei
with some wine, and were marching up lit
wild gorge, shouting and singing, in spit<
>f the warning of their guides. Then it
he heights above, an avalanche was sudden.
y loosened, which rushed down )ipon the
road, and in its iipetuous terrent buriet
dxty warriors far below in the Reuss, it
rull sight of those following.
On the 12th of March, 1848, in the so.
'alled Plauggen, above the tent of sheltel
it the Mlatelli, thirteen men who were con.
veying the post, were thrown by a violenl
tvalanche into the bed of the Reuss, witL
heir horses and sledges. Three men,
'athers of families, awl nine horses wer<
tilled; the others were saved by hastiI3
uinmoned help. But one of their deliver.
,rs, Joseph Muller, of Hospenthal, met f
lcro's death while engaged 'in the reScue,
lie had hastened to help his neighbors
mt in the district called the "Harness'
to and two others were over.
ovieined by a second violent avalanche,
ind lost their lives. In the same year th<
)ost going ill) the mountain froni Airoh
was overtaken by an avalanche near th<
touse of the shelter at Ponte Tremola. A
raveler from Bergamo was killed; the resi
scaped. History tells of a most strikinf
escne from an avalanche on the St. Gothard,
In the year 1028, Landammen Kasper, ol
Brandienburg, the newly chosen Governoi
)f llelonz, was riding over the St. Gothard,
'rom Zug, accompanied by his servant ain
faithful dog. At the top of the pass tht
)arty was overtaken by an avalanche whici
lescended from the Lucendro. The dof
done Shook himself free. His first car<
was to extricate his master. But when lh<
inw lie could not succeed in doing tis, h<
iastened back to the hosp1ice, aiid there, by
p)itiful. howling and whining, announilce
hat an accident had happened. Tin
andlord and his servant set out lhnmediatch~
withi shovels and1( pickaxes, and followei
lhe dog, which ran qjuIckly before them,
rhiey soon reached the place where th<
ivalanchie had fallen. Here the faithfu
log stop)ped suddenly, plunged his face in,
.o the snow, and began to scratch it up,
arking and whining. The nien set t(
work at once, and after a long and dhilcull
albor succeeded Iln reselling the Landam.
nani, soon afterwards his servant; they wer<
othi alive, after spending thirty-six fcarfu
riours beneath the siOwv, Opp)ressed by th(
nost painful thoughts. They had hearo
lie howlinir anad barking of the dog quit<
)lainly; ando had noticed his sudden de.
)lirtulre, and the arrival of their dleliverers;
lhey had he~ardo thema talking and working,
without being able to movo or utter a sound,.
l'hie Landammnan's willl ordained that at:
mage of the faithful dlog should1( be scalp
uredl at hIs feet on his tomb. '['his mon
nent was seen till lately in St. Oswald'u
.huirchl at Zuig..
One Ilurglair's Consolence.
Reginald was a p)leasant old gentleman
with a fine sense of humor. He had con
ilderable property, and lived on Wimbie
Hie had one beautiful daughter-but tha
is not to the point.
One afternooni, as Old Reginald, wa
mailng books in his drawing room It wa
lnnouncedi to him that a Common SIan do
ired to speak with -hm.
HIe gave orders that the Common Mat
ihould be adimittedl. And admitted til<
Dolfmmonl Man was.
Hie was a very common -man, indeed,
1'all, shambling, ill-looking fellow, with ai
irresolute manner and shrinking eye. HIe
was dressed as costermongers are dresse<
when foilowing their calling.
"What is your pleasure, good air ?" sak
"Beg pardon, guv'nor," said1 the Conm
mon Man "'I hope you won't be hard oi
"Not at all," replied Old RegInald.
"1'mYi-.i'm a burglar," said the Commot
"Indeed i"' saId Reginald. "Take
"Thank-you, kindly, guv'nor, " said he
"but I'd rather stand."
And lie did stand.
So far there is nothIng very incredlible ii
nmy story.- But it gets more remarkable a
it goes Ori.
"How do yvot like your profession I" salt
*"Well,igv'nor,1' said the tCommon Man
"Idon't )i. eIt noways, andi thet1. 1
a a 60 6 0
gang of twelve wot's working these parts
just now. We cracks cribs by turns. It's
-it's my turn to-night."
s And the burglar wept like a,child.
"This, I presume, is remorse," said old
"No, Guv'nor, it ain't remorso," said the
burglar. "It's funk."
'"[lie sain6 thing, " said Reginald.
"It ain't the being a burglar that I object
to. It's the having to connit burglaries.
I like the credit of it, sir; its the danger I
"Now, by the laws of our gang, we're
bound to crack cribs in turn. That Is to
say, one of us crackR the cribs while the
other eleven steps outside and gives the
"I thought burglars always worked in
twos or threes ?" said Old Reginald.
"1P'raps I ought to know best," sug
I gested the burglar.
'Perhaps you are right. Indeed, I am
sure you ought. What crib do you pro
pose to crack to-night ?"
'"This here one."
And Old Reginald prepared to ring t,he
"Please (lon't do that, guv'nor. You
ain't never agoin' to give ine into custody ?" I
"I think I had better."
"No, no, guv'nor ; don't do that. Listen
to ie llrst. I ain't agoin' to hurt you. It's
iuy turn to crack your crib to-night. Now,
will you help ie ?'"
"1 hardly see my way," said old Regi
nold, thoughtfully. "Still, if I can be of
illy ulse- -"
"GLook here, guv'nor, each member of
our gang is bound to get fifty pounds worth
of swag away from each crib Ie cracks. If
he don't, lie's shot. Now, I see a handsome
silver salver and coffeepot and cream jug as
I came iln here. Wot might. be the value
of that handsoime silver salver and colfee
l'hie cream-jug is electro. The coffee
pot, with sugar basin and salver may be
worth live and forty pounds."
"That's near enough. I'll take em.
Here's a 1liinsy for fifty quid."
And Ie handed Old Reginald a baik
note for the amount.
"Still I don't quite understand
"I wan't you; guv'nor, to be so good as t
to leave your bedroom window open to- I
night, and place that silver and them silver
traps where I can get 'eim. I shall have I
cracked my crib, bagged ily swag and I
made myself safe until iy turn cane roun<d
",Certainly." said Old Reginald, holding
up the note to the light. ''But, let ic ask,
how can you afford to paty so handsomely
for your depredatiou ?"
"There was a dozen on us, sir. Each
on us cracks a crib once in four months,
and each swag's at least fifty pounds worth
-often more, but at least that. After
each plant the profits are divided. Last
quarter th6 twelve cribs cracked brought
us in eleven hundred pounds-that's ninety
odd pounds upicce. When my turn comes
I pay a fair price for the fifty pounds worth
of swag (for I have been honorably brought
up), ind f get'.s forty pound to the good.
And forty pounds a quarter Is a hundred
an( sixty pounds a year. And I lives on
it. Sometimes it's more,-now and then
it's less, but whatever it Is, I lives on it."
And the honest fellow took a receipt for
the note and departed.
Ok( Reginald was as good as his word.
IIe left his bedroom window open and 1
placed the salver where the honest burglar
wts as good as lis; word, and at 2 o'cdck
In the morning lie came and found it.
So far all was simple and straightforward
enough. But now comes the curious and
incredible part of my story.
The fifty-pound note was part of the pro
ceeds of a p)revious burglary. The nmber
of the note was known, and traced to Old
Reginald, who had to account for its being
in hIs possession.
Now the twelve burglars had in the<
meantime been. arrested by the police (this<
also Is incredible), and were condemned to
penal servitude for life.
So Old Reginald had no hesitat.ion in
stating the facts as I have stated them.
No one believed hm, as no one will me.
So lie app)ealed to the honest burglar to
corroborate his story.
But the honest burglar, having discovered
the whole thing, coffee-pot, salver and all,
was the comtnonest clectro, was so shocked
at Old1 Reginald's dishonesty, that not only
did1(1 le declite to corroborate his story, but
actually, and I thmnk very properly, identi
fied him as an accomplice.
Aiid 01(1 Reginald was also sentenced to
penal servitude, and lie and the honest
burglar worked for years together on the
samte works, and had many opportunities
of talking the nmatter over from its moral,
sociial and polItical point of viewv.
flow to be Miserable.
Sit by the winidow andI look over the way
to your neighbor's excellent manision'which
lie has recently built, and1 paid for, and
fitted out, saying: "Oh that I was a rich
eet angry with y'ouri neighbor, and think
you have not a fricnid In t,he world. Shed a
tear oi- two, and take a walk In the burial
giund, continually saying to yourself:
"'When shall I be burIed'liere in"
Sign a note for a friend, andl never forget
your kindness, and every hour in the day
whisper to yourself : "I wonder If lie will
ever pay that niote ?"
Think everybody means to cheat you.
Closely examine every bill you take, and
dhoubt its being genuine until you have p)ut
the owner to a great (heal of trouble, Put1
confidence in nobody. and believe every one
you trade with to be a rogue.
Never accomimodate if you can possibl1
help it. Never vIsit the sick or afflicte(,
and never give a farthintg to assist tIhe poor.
Buy as cheap as .30ou can, and screw down
ho the lowest cent. GrInd the faces and
hearts of the Unfortunate.
Brood over your misfortunes, your lack of
talents, and believe that at no distant day
you wvIll come to want. Let the workhouse
be ever in ydur mind, with all the horrors
of distress and poverty.
-Follow these recipes strictly, and you will
be miserable to your heart's content-itf*&
'may so speak-sIek at heart and at tariailos
a wi4h the world. Nothing will cheer or. en
courage you-sQtdng throw a gleam of sun.~
shine or a ray of warpmth itrtyour heart..
* Any father who -would go ouit and
r pa aa top oV, his (rfl nga, after
I d ~ pi~e lot to aUsense of hu
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
The actor Is the only artist whose
work dies with him.
Dro.wing Is the masculine side of art,
color the feminine.
le is a good mai indeed who does
all the good he talks of.
We are all apt to believe what the
world believes about uY.
'T1ne only real bitter tears are those
which are shod in solitude.
During the autumn gales the volume
of nature is full of Ily-leaves.
' It takes longer to get a little out of a
wise Uan than to empty a fool.
Sweetening one's coffee is generally
Lhe first stirring event of the day.
'The rays of happiness, like those of
light. are colorless when unbroken.
It Is possible for a ian to know his
:wn mind and yet know very little.
The man who does not help us at the
right moment does not ielp us at all.
Soap-boilers and hide-workers have
proved to be exempt froi yellow fever.
We imust not look-around on the uni.
verse with awe, and on man with scorn.
As live trees bring forth new fruit
;o do live nen bring forth new ideas.
The bachelor has to look ou t for i in
Jor one-the married inan for numbur
Thy friend has a frricnd, and thy
riend's friend hats a friend: be dis
A practical Joke Is poor fun, because
Ihe laugh doesn't reach all the way
Boys under sixteen years of age are
loL permitted to smoke in certain cities
The right thingi the wrong place i8
love-letter .written on a tkiourning
iheet of paper.
it, Is traver to keep your griefs to
'ourseula than to maike others miser
Lble with them.
Men regret more what they say than
,vhat they do. Mora--Keep your so
.rets to .ourself.
In the march of life, don't hold the
>rder of "right about" when you know
eou are about right.
Some persons have such natures that
hey cannot be bad, as some are, so that
hey cannot be good.
It does not follow that a blacksmith
tas no virtues because he la always to
)e found at his vice.
By taking revenge, a man Is but
ven with his enemy; but in passing
>ver it, lie is superior.
It is easier to neglect the debts you
)% e to others than to forget those
vhich others owe to you.
He that runs must read-a good many
hings concerning his character, es-.
>ectally If lie runs for ofilee.
The wise man stands firm in all ex
remities, and bear' the lot of his hu
nanity with a divine temper.
One of the most important rules of
he science of manners is an absolute
llence In regard to yourself,
In Shakespeare's time there was "a
ide in the aflIrg of mien;" nowtI
Ide Is in the affairs of wornen
Love and enmity, avertion and
Lra nottible whetters and quickeners of
he spirit of life in all aninals.
Slander soaks luto the mind as water
uto low and marshy places, where it
ecomes stagnant and offensive.
No man is called on to lose his own
mlance for the advancement of the
w'orld In aniy p)artieular direction.
The best foundation on which to
)uild your hopes of preferment is the
:onselousness that yoru-deserve it.
Th'ere is a hell t believe It so that you
nay a-void it. Thtere is a heaven ; be
ieve it so that you may obtain it.
True liberty conisists ini the privilege
>f enjoying our own rights--not in the
lestruction of tihe rights of others.
The worst thing about a m'bsquito is
r.s long soliloquy as to whe'n and where
t had better settle down and bite.
It would tire the hands of an angel to
s'rite down all the pardons that God be
tows up)on the true, penitent believers.
Slander is a voice thazt strikes a dou
aie blow, woundIng both him that comn
nlits and againist whomi it Is committed.
Love, like fire, cannot exist wIthout
ontinual movement; as soon as iit
~eases to hope and fear it ce'ases tu
The'law of food is that mamn should
sat what Is good for him, ait such timnes
mdic in such quatitles as nature re
T.lhere ame some persons On whbm
heir. faults sit wvell, and dhers who
ire made ungraceful by ioir good
There is a great deal of unnapped
ountry which would have to be taketn
into account in an explanation of gusts
Th'ie diamond fallen into the dirt ia
not the least p)recious, and the dust
r'aised by high winds to heaveni is not
the less vle.
HEave patience awhile; slandeirs arc
not long lived. Truth is the chilhd of
r'ime; ere long she shall appear to vin
H-ugging sorrow is not the way to
lessen it, though like time nettle, trou
ble stings less when It is firmly grasped
and not feared.
When bad men combine' thme good
must associate, else they will fall, one
by one, an unpitied sacrifice in a con..
HEave nothing to do with any man In
a passion, for mena are not Jike iron to
be wrought out Wheon hot, or mouldod
into any given form.
The worthiest people are the mostin.
lured by slander, as .we.usus)y find that
to be the finest frui.6 wlich thme birds,
have been pecking at.
If we could reNci thie seerst history oIf '
ur- enefnleA, *e slibuld fi'nd in each
man's life sorrow and'suffdring enoug
to isaVtm all hostg$tg,. g
Many WW %nn ts reRebed4 he summit
)f4lfme and t.et lop9ried d(0 n into the
istiible Val .j' he Oamhe <from, andi
Every persmon'd natttra Weight of af.
Iietion is ' frequentlyi matie more un
*hIdA , treachery
The ebAs tIn the ora- '
torio, bits ifi&he i when It,
speaks frothuIts tetait -Jife tones of'
to ldern9R9, ArtA aj~ yl9