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Tll-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MAY 25, 1880. VOL. I
THE FOOL PRAYER.
Tho royal feast was dono ; tho King
liought some nqw siort to banisk care,
And to this jester crled, "ir Fool,
Kneel now, and make for us a prayor I"
The jester dofred his cap and bells,
And stood the mocking court beforo;
They could not soo the bitter smilo
B3ohiud the painted grin he wore.
H1e bowed his head, and bont his knoo
Upon the monarch's silken sto ;
Iil pleading voice arose : "0 Lord,
13e merciful to me, a fool !
"No pity, Lord, could'ehango the hoart
From red with wrong j0 white as wool
The rod must heal the ein ; but, Lord,
Bo moroiful to me, a fool I
"'Tis not by guilt the onward swoop
Of truth and right, 0 Lord, we stay
'Ti by our follies that so long
We hold the earth from heaven away.
"Those clumsy feet, still in the miro,
Go crushing blossoms without end
Theso hard, well-moanmng hands we thrust
Among the iert-strinigs of a filond.
"The ill-timed truth we might have kept
Who knows how sharp it,piE :od and stu
The word we had not sense to say
Who knows how gran-!ly it had rung?
"Our faults nd tendernees should ask.
The cha'tenlng stripos must cleaso them a
But for our blunders-oh, in shame
Before the eyes of hoavon we fall
"Earth bears no balsam f,.r mistakes
Men crown the knave, and scourgo the-t
That did his will ; but Thou, 0 Lord,
De meroiful to me, a fool I"
The room was hushed ; in silence rose
The King, and sought bis gardens cool,
And walked apait, and'nurmurcd low,
"Do merciful to ne, a fool I"
Jei Blake was shot dead in his oi
di orway by Antonio Gueldo, and the t
was to conie off directly.
The extraordinary interest in the aff
was less due to the murder and Its pecul
circuistancs, than to the fact that t
was the first case tried at San Saba in a
more formal court than the tine honor
.institution of Jtudge Lynch. Jen had be
a quiet man and a good neighbor, wit]
hand always ready to help one who i
%ut of luck, so public sentiment rani pret
high against Antonio. -If the general inc
nation had been followed-as, up to tli
time it always had-the last-named gent
man would have found very scant opp<
tunity to make any remarks in his own I
However, thing were advancing at S
Sabu as well as elsewhere, and it wouldi
do to hang Antonio without a regular tri
no matter how agreeable such a proceedi
might be to the people at large.
So ran the opinilon expressed brJud
Pitblado whose ideas on such subje(
were usually accepted witiout comme1
Nevertheless there was more than oi
dissenter in the present Instance, to wh<c
It was by no mecans clear that there coli
be any sense or profit !in thus beating abc
''EF Antonio's goin ter be hung, why
- don't we hang him?"
This was the pertinent query of Ja
Smith, the leader of the opposing factic
and1( lis view of the, question put it In
clear a light that the Judge had great dii
culty In impressing plell with his cc
viction. Hie said that things had gone
in an irregular wvay long enough; and he
was a way to start the law in p~rop~erl
and give it a lair show. Be3ides, it didh
iiake any kind of dhihferencee; Antonio hi
Alhot Jemu, hadn't lhe ? W~eil, then, whl
was the use of talkinug ? All the jtt
would have to do now was to returnit thi<
verdict of guilty In the' flr'st degree, a:
theme you were all comfortable.
It was just the sam thin in the end
"I tell ycr," said thme judge, who felt t
weight of his title, albeit '~he samne was
.together one of courtesy; "I tell yer ther<
nothiin' like doini' a thing rea'lar; part1 ikt
lally when yer know just how it's coi
80 the judge's) argunent, supported 1
his influence, and Inereasing bias at 8
Sabain favor of more civilized views, s(
tied the i at a~ n1 It awt decided thm
Antonio uel shild b tA d before j,
wvas liatg&d. , s. ir. .A
for hero wits no place spCcially arrangi
frsuch ceremonies, Judge Pitblado he
pitably offered the use of his shed.
Here a rough table and-chair were:paci
for the judge, the other necessary fur:1
ture, intenuded to rep~rcsent the dock, tl
stand, etc.,~ being eked out with box
-from Silas Baggett's gi ocery store.
Jake SmIth looked on at these prepar
.tions for a tine withI frowning 'dIsconten
and then strolled dowa the road, turnn
Into the lane that led to Blake's.
When lie reathedl te door of the shiani
he learned against the. jemnb and pok1ed( b
naked head InsIde, fanning himself in r
embarrassed way with limsgreasy fragmei
of a hat. He had comto there, with the i1
tintlon of saying something, but the sigi
withIn made him forget It.
Blake's widow sat there, as she had si
pretty mueoi all the tinie slice the imurde:
staying straight before her, with her cli
In her paln. fl'he smynight struck throng
the foliage of tiii red oik, trees that gre'
before the door, amid checkered with ide
ering.bright ese thge floor and cradle I
Swlihi Jiat1s-beibf was'sleeping.
Trher9 it ws' Ju st~ ag t rha~I bee ,tltrt
.ays agd; (cmihd U driIf be thuee days'
just a. it had been when she went mit th
cradle, (how fond he was of the baby?)
jtist as it was when she heard the crack of
the pistol, and ran in with an awful sense
of suffocating fright; Just the same as she
had found hhn lying upon the cradle, dab
bling jts white Ilnen with his blood, and
the baby playing with his hair. She
screamed once, the first and last complaint
anyone had heard her make, then she was
(luiet and helpful through it till; when the
inen came and lifted him up; when they
laid him on the rough bed in the other
room; wicn they carried him to the grave,
site following with the baby in her arms
Jake Smith was trying to find the link
missing in his thoughts; he snifTed with
perplexity-or somtething-and Blake's
widow looked up without speaking.
.Jake nolded pleasantly four or live
"Poorty chipper ?"
"Blake's widow smiled sadly, bent ove
the sleeping child and smoothed the clothes
with a tender touch.
"'Teicy'rc agoin' ter try him il a court,"
Jakce went onl, "an' I don't believe-"
"'Try who-Antonio?" she turned to
ward the burly figure in the door with a
flash of interest In her black eyes.
11; "Yes. The judge is making a court
out of his sied. I hope It'll turn out all
right, but it soems like giving thut Mexi
cal devil a chance he oughtn't ter have.'"
:>I "Ile can't get clear, can lie?" she asked,
rocking the cradle gently and patting the
"I don't see how, but he's got some
kind of a law cuss to speak for him-a fel
ler that stopped here a day or two ago on
his way to Ulveston, and it makes Me
kind o' nervolus."
Blake's widow did not appear to notice
the last remark, for the child, disturbedby
the talking, laid awakened and sat up in
vn his cradle with a wondering look.
ial "Pooty, aint lie ?" said Jake, regarding
the small figure with interest. "Looks
iir Just like-ahem!.--you. Poor little-----a
iar -" lie stamtn red and treated his hat like
lis i mortal enemy. "Of course ihea' had
Iy you've got-there aint nothin' I oould do
ed fur yer, maybe ?"
S Site answered with a grateful look, but
a it wts' accompanied by a shake of the
ty .Jake bent down, and, with his big fore
hi. finger, softly rumbled the hair of the baby's
at head: then ie went out and left them,
c- Blake's widow sitting as lie had found her,
.and the baby atring (own the path after
lie walked on until lie reached the top
of the- little hill, where he could look (own
upon the roof which covered the piteous
scenei he had just left. Here lie seemed to
ig have half a mind to turn back, for lie
hesitated and stoppled, but lie changedhis
ge partial intentibn af ter lingering a moment,
:Is and walked meditatively onward, with the 1
it. exclamation, "Wall, some women do beat
ne the d--I amazin'.'t
mn * * * * * * *
Id Of course everybody catte to the trial. i
tit The arrangements were soon found to be
altogether too meager. Pitblado's sted
hi was filled to overflowing, and Baggett
made a clean sweep of every empty box in
ke his store.
t., Antoni's lawyer, a sharp-eyed, sharp
so) featured fellow from (Galveston, had bus
I1- tled1 about with surprising agility on the
n- dlay previous, holding my3st etious con'fer
mt etnce wvith 11-conditioned fellowvs of
re Gueldo's kidney.
v, Jake Smith was highly dissatisfied, and
Seven the judg~e wvas' heaird to utter som1:
d misgivings, hiowever; by the time the pro
it ceedinugs had really cottmenced he gainied
ir. The court was assembled, the jury had
id1 been chosen, and the witnesses were adl
ptesent save one---Blake's widow.
- Pretty soon there was, a stir at,- the door
then a mnurnur of surprise ran through the
to crowdedl 100om.
I- "May I be di-di," Said Jake Smith,
a' aiudibly '"if she han't brought, her baby!'
r. What retason shte may htave had for not
aleaving the little thing in charge of some
symnpathtizing wvomani-anid there are plenity
>y wvho wouild have been glad of thme' trust
in waIs not aipparent; htowever that mtighit be,
t- there it was clasped firmly in her aims, its .
4t brightt - red cheel ctirs I ng fYth her1
iO wliiteness5,4gdl; him fha(8j~ y hia~r<
unmingling withieiIr k loeW i
ad With some dilliculty way wats madie
8- through the throng to her scat, which had j
been placed on the side of the judge, dl
id rectly opposite' the candhle-box on the 0.hecr,
I- where Antonio sat. Shte took hier place
10 and never moved during the whole trial,
as exceptinig as site was required to testify,
and once whoa the baby tugged at some 0
:- glistening thing that lay hiidden ~in the ~
g to distract Its attention with a chip from
*y As'for the ba~by it satthero with its big, C
is blue eyes open to their fullest extent, en
n ttrely absorbed in time novel scene, save
It when that irresistible glitter caught its a
'r eye: - s
it Every one being now present, the trial b
went on in good earnest. A number of
it witnesses w'ere examined, whose testimony t
', showed'that Gueoldo's had had trouble with a
a Blake, and more titan one threatented his c
hi lIfe; ghiat RuQgido pietol was one charge ti
y empty 'ont tfie evening of the clay of the ~
- nurder, whereas in the muormnag it had
n been full; that ho was seen that morning ii
around Blake's house, and ngre thian thtat b
e Blake's widow htad heard Gueldo's voice e
2) just before the fatal shot, andljImad neefhi, bl
ut retreating formt as she ran out.
'9 tils last point thle Galveston lawye or
i tho witness a few question reg
ing how she knew it was Gueldo's and how
she had recognilzed the voice for his. She
did not know how exactly, but was none
the less sure for that.
There had been i rumor about that some
one had heard Antoio make a boast of
having "done for Blake this thne," but if
there were a witness for this lie could not
be found now.
And so the prosecution olosed.
The Galveston lawyer began by involv
ing in a wdripool of hopeless contradic.
tion, the witness who had sworn to having
seen Useldo near Blake's house. Then lie
expatiated on the ecse with which one per
son may be mistaken for an'other, and
brought a witness to show how (tteldo
had already been said to resemble someone
In the village. Finally, Ie produced three
of the ill-conditioned fellows before referred
to, who swore that Antonio was with them
on a hunting expedition (uring the wholo
of Lhe day on which the murder was com
It was a clear case of alibi. Jako
Smith's astonishment at the case with.
which the thing had been accomplished
was unbounded. Ile threw a disgusted
look towards Pitblado, but the judge was
nonplussed, tid didn't seem to be inter
ested with things in Jake's vicinity.
(entlemen of the jury," said lie, "things
has took a turn I didn't altogether expec'.
I don't know as there's much to be said. I
suppose you've got to go by the evidence,
an' that don't need any explainin'. Ef
you kin make out accordin' ter that, that
Altonio Gieldo killed Jen Blake, why,
just recollect, that'swhat yer here fair."
Trho jury filed out, and the expectant
audience occupied itself with tobacco and
Jake Snuth fidgeted about on his box,
and cast anxious glances through the open
door towards the clumlp of nopals where
the jury were deliberating.
Antonio talked awd laughed in an under
tone with his counsel, and Blake's widow
sat staring at theni with compressed lipe,
and a strong expression of determination
coaing Into her face.
It wasn't long before the jury filed in
igain, all seating themselves by the spokss.
1an, and Juago Pitblado rose wiping his
forehead with his shirt sleeve.
"Straightened it out, have yer?" asked
ie, nodding to the Spokesman.
The man nodded slowly in return.
"Wal, Ic's have it thel."
"Yor see," said the spokesman, with a
tesitating and disappointed air, "cf yer
ladn't a corralled us with stickin' ter the
.vidence, we might a done better, but ac
,ordin' ter that, Antonio wasn't thar when
,he murder was. done, ain' of lie warn't
liar, he couldn't a done It, an' of lie didn't
io it, why-then-of course he's-not
Pitblado didn't dare to look at any
)ody; he stared up at the raiters-down
Lt the table-nowhere in particular; auid
lien tMrned half-way towards Antonio.
"You kin go," said lie, speaking with
great leliberation, "but I wouidn't stay
-ouind here too long."
There wias a dead pause for a moment,
Lad nobody moved.
Jake Smith exploded a single expressive
vord, which lie had held in for some time
>ast, and Blake's widow stood up.
"11ave you got through, judge?" she
"And there is nothing more to be0
"I'm afraid thier aint."
"And lie's free to go ?"
Antoio Gueldo rose with an insolent
;rin, and picked up his hat.
Th'le baby crowvedi, for It sawv the glitter
ng thing again.
There wvas a sharp report-Autonio
>ltchied forward in a heap upon the floor,
md1( Blake's widow stood with the plstul
)rcased to her breast.
A line of clear blue smoke curled up
romn the muzzle of the weapon, amid
ormed a halo around the child's flaxen
tead. The glittering ting was quite
wear the little hanuds now, and they took it
rom the yielding grasp of the mother..
Blake's ividow looked steadily at the
igure on the loor--it was quite mnotioniless
-then she turned, and went through the
vide passage openedl for her by the silent
rowd,, holding tihe baby very tenderly,
nd the baby carrying die pistol.
Thle child laughed with delight; it had
ot Its shining plaything at last.
We have often witnessed( a pheniomemonon
a the sanady plains of Central Asia, which
ccounts in sonic measure for the innum
rable Randly mnoundis that are found in
ome regions. When seen at a distance
or tie first time, it madie a strong imipres
ion upon my mind. A bout tweaty pil
irs were in view, wheeling round and lick
sg up the sand. As they pssed along a
loud( of dust, was raised on the groundh,
pparently eight or ten yards In diameter.
'hIs gradIually rsusimed the form of a
olunmn, that eontinuied'to grow in height
nd diameter as It moved ov r the plain,
bpoathzig like a 'mighity sc WAt ren'ring
is head aloft, aind, twisting his huge body
ito contortions in his efforts to ascend.
'lie pillars were of various sizer, some
wventy or thirty feet high, other fifty,
Ixty, and one hundred feet, and some as
ended to nearly two hundred feet. As
lie wiiurlwinds began gathering up the
uast one ighit have fancied that antedilu
Ian monsters were rising into life and
etivity. Theii smaller ones seemed to trip
,ligh'.ly over the plain,, bending their
0od1e8 in graceful curves as they passed
rebi other; WillIe those of lar'gei dimienslozls
ivolved with gravity, swelling out their
-'unks. *s .they moved .onwar'di till the
mndy fabrIc suddenly dissolved, for~t
fiat. was swept over the dei'$.,~
A Mile In Mid-Air.
Barrington Brown, during his meminorable
survey of Guiana, reached the foot of Hora
ima a111nd ascended Its sloping portion to i
height of 6, 100 feet above the level of tie
sea. Between the highest point lie reached
and the foot of the highest perpendicular
portion which towered above is a band of
thick forest. Looking up at the great wall
of rock 2,000 feet in height, he could see
that a forest covered its top, and that in
places on its sides where small trees or
shrubs could gain a hold, there they clung.
The gigantic cliff Itself is composed of
beds of white, pmnk and red sandstone,
interbeddedI with layers of red shale, the
whole resting on at great bed of red diorite.
The length of Roraima Is about 'ight or ten
miles ; Kukenam Is perhaps larger; and the
area of Illebeapeus is certainly more exten
sive. It Is impossible to view this wonder
ful group of mountains without realizing
that far back in the youth of the world they
formed pairt of an archipelago in tropical
seas. That they are well wooded and
watered Is made certain by visible trees and
the enormous waterfall which pours at least
frot Roraima. A grand view of this cata
ract was obtained by Barrington Brown
from the mouth of a cave, inhabited by
guacharo birds, and situated 1,882 feet
above the level of the sea. 'Through the
clear atmosphere was distinctly visible at a
distance of thirty iles the white thread of
the wvaterfall. The Indians said it was the
head of a branch'of the Cotliiga river, but
it is more probably the head of the Caroni,
a branch of of the Orinoko. TIiis tropical
Staubbach is probably the highest fall in
the world, and is at the same time of con
siderable bulk. Tho cliff of Roraima is 2,
000 feet in height, "over the upper half of
which it fell like a plunb-line and then de
scended with a slight slope outward. The
remaining 3,000 feet to the valley below
slopes at an angle of forty-five degrees, a. I
being tree-covered, the rest of the fall is
hidden by foliage. The invisible attraction
of the curious range of Savanna island
mountains to naturalists arise from the in
accessibility. This should dtot be under
stood as the mere desire to egcel others in
a feat of climbing, but as the hope that
soei relies of the mammillian life of the so
called "inocene" period may have survived
on these isolated altitudes, cut off from all
communication with the living, moving
worlh. If any of the 'miocene" mammals
lived upon them when the sea washed over.
their bases. the descendants of those ani
mals may exist there still, as the leniurs ex
ist lin Madagascar, and a whole family of
narsupials, such as the kangaroo, in Austra
lia.. Perhaps a balloon may one day solve
te mystery which londs a charm to these
island mountains, and the happy naturalist
who lands-as one will. of course, and In
time-on the summit of Roraima, may find
himself among the descendants of the races
long since blotted from the lower world in
which the evidence of their existence is re
corded in the great stone books alone.
Amid the forest depths, on which rests a
huge cloud, lie may find not, the gigantic
saurians of the youthiful world, grim mon
sters of the ish-lizard and bird-lizard
form, but the great progenitors of existing
mammahia. Leaving the tapir, one of the
most ancient of extant creaLures, at the bot
tom of the Roraima cascade, he may find at
its ummit its gigantic cogeners-liuge her.
bivorous animals fifteen and eighteen feet
in length; the dinotherium, a tapir-like
creature, larger than the elephant ; antique
analogues of the mastodon ; ancestors of
the horse, the hog and the greater'cats,
which in the known parts of the continent
are represented by the jaguar, the puia,
and the ocelot. A prosi-ect of the dino
therium alone would be sufflicient to cam
pensate an enthusiastic naturalist for the
labor of years. It is the largest of the ter
restrial mammals which have inhabited our
globe. and1( deservedly stands at the head of
the thick-skinned animals, as the nmegathe
riunm or gigantic sloth at that of thle tandi
grades. Probably the dilnothierium would
be found, if found at all, pursulig a life
like that of the hippopotamus, its great
hlead ,and tusks are fitted for grubbing up
aquatic plants, andit like those of the walrus,
for hielping tihe animal out of tile water.
lBnt tile dinotherium Is but one of tile start
ling forms whicil, might be looked for on
lloraima if its clff be really as diflicul as
p~aintedl. Lizardis in' the seml-ophladian
stage might be encountered, and other ani
mals whlich, as5 the little boy sale who had
been taken into a lecture of Prof. Owen's,
"had not quite niade up their minds what
they wvere going to be."
A Puzzled P'arson.
An old1 gentleman from the East, of a
clerical aspect, took the stage from Deniven
Southi in ante-railroad daiys. The journey
wais not altogether a saf'e one, and lie was
not re-assured by the sight of a number . of
rufles deposited in the coach, and nervously
asked for what they were.
"Perhaps you'll find out before you git
to the Divide," was the cheering reply.
Among the passengers was a particularly
(it seemed to him11) fierce-looking an,
girded with a belt full of revolvers and
cartridges, andl clearly a road agent or 'as
sassin. Some miles ou~t, this person, taking
out a large flask, take~d, "Stranger, do you
"If you mean drinik, sir, I-do not."
"[Do you object, stranger, to our irrigat
"No, Si:." And they drank according
After a further distance had been traver
sed, the supposed brIgand asked, "Stiranger,
do you fiunigato?"
"If you mean smoke, sir, I do not."
"Do you object, stranger, to our fumi
"No, sir." And they proceeded to
At tie dlining-p~lace, when our friend
came to tend(er ils money, the proprietor
saidh, "Your bill's >aId."
"Who paid it?"
"Thiat ma"-pointimr to the supposedl
hilghwaymian, who, 'on being asked if lie
had1( not made a mnistake,- replied, 9fNot at
all. You see, when we saw that you didn't
irrigate anid dIdn't fumigate, we knew that
you was a parson. And your bills are all
rilght as long as you travel wIth tils crowd.
We've got a respect for the Chiurch-ybu
bet I" It was no highwayman, but a re
spectable resident of Defavor,
TIhe nimid builds its own house,.
alggisnaus-'sgar b ofpul hi.
he gra fault Is to be conscioute
A New SwIing for Ladles.
A smart Illinois boy, namied Sloane in.
vented a trap on the principle of those used
in Africa for trapping game-tant is to say,
lie constructed a slip-noose of thongs, and
attached it to the top of a stout Sapiilng,
which he bent down by the aid of a hoist
ing-tackle, and faster.ed it to the ground.
Now Master Sloane had a sister, a young
lady of great worth and of very decided
character. Other girls, who were envious
of her beauty, said ile was an ill-tempered,
red-haired thing, but this was probably
mere calumny. At all events, so thought
the young minister who wis settled over
the Seventeenth Cougregational Church,
and who was generally believed to be Miss
Sloane's accepted lover. . That lie went to
see Miiss Sloane on the very evening when
the reckless boy Met his Central Africa trap
was not strange, for he usually spent three
or four ovemngs every week at the Sloane
mansion, but is was a coincidence that oil
that precise evening lie proposed a walk,
and led Miss Sloane toward the Identical
lane wh(re the trap was waiting for victims.
How It happened that neither tle young
minister nor Sliss Sloane noticed the beat
sapling or the rope, no one can understand,
unless they were so deeply engaged in the
(iscussion of theological questions that they
were oblivious to all earthly things. Still
more dillicult is it to comprehend how they
could both have stepped within the noose,
not ioie than a tfoot in diameter. It is
)lain, however, that the lady was reading
a hymnbook and that her companion had
approached extremely close to her in order
to see if the hymn was correctly printed.
lowever this may be, the fact remahis
that Mis Sloane and the minister were
just within the nocas when tle
trap sprung, and the elastic sapling
suddenly lifted them twenty feet in the
Mir, wh( re they remained hanging like two
cherries on a single stemn, adl expressing In
lively tones their suspicion that something
unusual had happenx. I lalf an hour later
the Clinton and IIohnesillie stage passed
that way, and the driver and his I)ssen
gers were astonished beyond measure.
For some timtie it was supposed that some
new and curiously complicated animal
was swinging fron the top of Ltie saphng;
but just as one of the passengers was about
to fire at it, the driver recognized the iin
ister, though lie was not able to recognize
his fellow-prisoner. The latter's voice was
somewhat nuflied, but she was distinctly
heard to revile the minister, and to assert
that she never would forgive him, no mat
ter how lie might try to excuse himself.
Six strong men finally bent down the sap
ling, released the victims. Fortunately,
neitier of blaster Sloane's victims were ser
iously Injured, and were both able to walk
home on opposite sides of the street. The
result of this affair were iumerous. Miss
Sloane left town the next day on a visit to the
East, and has not since returned. The
minister was tried for indiscrectly hanging
from the tops of trees with young ladies,
aud thereby .bringing reproach upon his
profession, but was acquitted by a close
vote. As for Master Sloane, Is Is bel:eved
and hoped that his father has killed him.
At any rate, he has not been seen, and the
rumor that lie has been sent to the House
of Reluge in Chicago is not generally be
Besides being the most. prolific of food
fishes, he is large, easily taken and quickly
prepared for market, while his dilferent
parts are utilized as generally as those of
iis land rival hog. Professor Baird says
that besides the nmuscular parts, the o:mnds
and moes ar-e used as food, the oil is vii 1able
for medical and mechanical ptirp e , Ltie
olal is converted into a valuable manure,
the bones make good fuel, while the skins
serve many nations for leather and lkth
lug. ThIs fish, like the more prominient of
his relatives, ss at home omily in coh(1 watr
(lie hatitude of Cape May being is extiea no
southern boundary, while he lives ase close
to the pole as lie cani without risk of being
frozeni in. He probably exists farther south
than the line indicated above, but, if so, .it
is mi cool depths too retireid to adit of
successful intervie wing. At certain poin's
off the Massachusetts coast lie fhids a sulil
cienitly low tenmperatuire im a llow water,
aiid at these places lie Is frequently seeni
and caught by fisherman, but his favorite
American haunts are thie semi-Iincloie.h
waters of the coast of Canada and adjac.nt
islands. Fond, however, as lie Is of very
cold water.. there are teimperatures which
lie will uder no0 circumstances endlure,
erven though they be but two or three do
grae removed from thie normal. Among
thiese is the water that comes from melting
salt ice, and slowly sinks to thielevel to whichi
its specifdc gravity entitles it. Ini such
water thie cod Will not remain; lie will not
go throughi it, even though lis dinner be
on Uie opposite side, (lie dilstance very
short, anti the cod very hungry. lie pre'
fers to circunavigate such an inhospia'>le
regio:i f ho has business on the ether side,
as fahiermani have learned to their own ex
eeding prof It.
Trie are different atirieves of the e->d,
amnd thie entire lack of evidence of miixed
blood, and the rarity with which more than
ones variety Is found lai any giving locality,
prove either that the cod Is a non-migra
tory fIsh, or that h~e regards the preserva
tion of easte as a paramount duly. LIke
arlstocralte every where, lie is an omnivo~ous
feeder. Trhe "dd" is considered by
naturalists to be the best implement wIth
wliech to obtaIn information ut~o. deep-sea
life; but Professor Baird says that (lie
stomuachi of the cod ma thes best of all dredges,
for it generally contuans niorseis of every
sort ot iiarmne resident witIn reach. With
a high-borni contempt of the requniremints
of trade, the cod feeds largely upon hesring
anid maokerel, but, ho Is partial .to crabs,
lobsters, and most other lieu. Asise diges
tion is not equal to the task of assinia.i ag
these last-.nameid Items of (lie ocean nmenu,
lie stews themi away in the side of his
stomach, and when the quantity bec.>mee
burdenssome, he disposes of themi according
to thie methiod to which Jonah owed his es
081)0 from submarine lodgings. Whime not
migratory by Inclination, any faIlure or de
terluratton of hIs habitual larder will cause
himn to remove to thie nearest resoht of good
livers. Years ago cod-fish were qtuite
plentifuil off New bury p6rt, Massae,'
but disappeared as (lie Merlmack Ittker
was depleted of fish; sInce thle rdstockihig
of the rIver, however, .willh shad an'd ale
wIves, the cod hias reaipeafsd' st'hits ol
dining-place, gladdening the hmeam'W of the
Oehermda, and gracing the 8mdiay break
fast table of the degooecdents of the 1't1.
i e ood resortls to thq shoNvo fe ug
smTu'on cares always to be In the vicilit
of the dining-room? Naturally he is at
off-shore, deep water fish, for at a distanc
from the land he is always sure of findini
those stratti of cold water Ili whici he do
lights. There are timeas when lie will no
leave these, even for food; but the season
i whicih fresh-water fish revisit the scenek
of their cildhood aire also the seasons whoi
the water is cool inshore. While ho
weather remains, with sea-water warm en
ough to lurehuiman beings into the surf
the cod abh(ars the beach, and takes wha
food is nearest at hand, preferding, ikt
summer lodgers elsewhere, to endure tit
plainest fare for the sake of cool quarter.
Whlen, however, tihe temperature of til
water allows him to I 'Iw the shad ant
fish to the shore, he n ;v" traveli aloni; it
lie is not accompanied u- . family, he take
so much company witl 1ilm that those wh<
extend hospitable selties to receive him
take somnethines as ilany as thirty thousant
fishI at a single haul.
The cod is wonterfully prolific, deposit.
big frot three to seven millions of eggs i
a thie. It not only prefers to spawn it
the winter mouths, but in the coldest watel
it can find, and yet avoid an icy coverlet;
a temperature of thirty-two degrees is til
favorite, while nothing above forty dogree
is tolerated. The largest spawning grounds
of the cod are lin the vicinity of the Lof,
foden Islands, though thu Aniicnmi mm.
bers of the fihuly put up with such accoi
mtodations as they can find no.tr home.
The domestie arrangements of thh filsh aril
so informal that thle eggs have no special
ab.ding-place, ,nor any protect ion what -
evCI-. Of the illioIs of eggs that are de
)osited by a single female, not more than
a hundred thousaid, prob.tbly not ioro
thani tenl thou sand, result in full-grown fish.
Like the small boy who, If lie could not
whip a larger boy, could at least make
faces at his sister, the small fish upon which
the cod preys fiind delicloas revenge in cat
ing the eggs of the latter, wilile the mias
ut -Jow down'' intiabitants of thu ocean are
true to the inistiict of low-downer every
where to prey up.ni ar s oracy, pa. taclar
ly upon time younger scions threof. It is
prouabie, too, that miany of the eggs which
esCap' tme keen eyes (if seareners after
dulicacies do not become fertilized.
Purni'out Peciuiarit It-n.
About forty yeis ago I had a lad in ily
employ who had the habit when unexpect
odly spoken to of pricking up his c'ars in st
decisive a nmanner as to remind one of til
cars of P1uss or of Tray when suddenly
called. AMarie Lomise, the second wife 01
the great Napoleon, was hi the habit of
amusing the ladies ofl her court at their pri
vate soirees by turning her ears almost com
pletely round, and In a manner closing
themii up. She did this by a peculiar mo
tioll of the jaw, and she is said to have
prided herself oi the exploit not a little.
A man I knew well wore an enormous
shock of iaven hair, and would allow him
sell to be lifted by the hair from the ground
by ainy one atrong enough to do it, and to
be swung to and fro like a pendulum, or to
be dragged along the floor.
The faculty of sleeping it will was one of
the endowments of the first Napoleon, who
it is said could sleep any length of. tie,
long or short, and awaike at tihe time, al
most to the IminIte,.he had eCsolved IplOn.
Amnomig time muscular uiovemnenIs not
common, I have noticed several instances
of pesonms who could throw back the four
ftigers of either hand until they stood per
peIdicIuar to the back of the hand and
w.ist. (At er instances I have seei, though
but a etw, of persons who can project tihe
lower' joint o' tihe thumb almost io the
hollow of the palm. Ii neither of these
persons is the ordinnry use or the symmiietry
of tihe hand at, all alfected. Of left-handed
people we have all seen many, and they
aibounid amnong the working classes ; but of
the artlihandist, or' both handed,-'that Is, of
per'sons who could do evei'ythiing with either
hand, as wvell with onie as thme other, I have
knowni but one ini the whole courlse of my
life. TIhis was an orph~lan boy, who had1(
haud no pmarentmal care, but had1( been left, ali
miost to himiiself fronm Infmancy. Quick, ac
tive, and sharp-witted, lie lal tmhit him
self many things tolerably well, could draw
fmairly, could play the fiddle andi the flute,
andi wrote atdiilrably iad with unriivalledi
riilty with ii her hanmd.
Thlero mare mnany persons who, from cannies
they can miever' explain, have a repugmiance,
alnost amiounting to horror In somie c'ises,
for certeaIn aimals. TIhie French (lemneral
Jumnot, who was as cool as a cuemuber
amidust a perfect storm of bullets, and1(
would face time cmnoni's mouth un.iioved,
would take to his heels at the sight, of a live
frog, amnd would not recover his equalmity
I have known amian who would not touch
mnutton, hiowever cooked, while lie would
eat hecaitily of any other mecat. Somq there
are in whomil the thought of eating hare or
rabbit excites loathing ; some who.: would
stmarve rather' thant eat shell-fish of any kinid
and there are not a few to whiom butter and
cheese etre aboiiinateons. Othiers are equal
*ly prejudiced against certain vegetables, but
why or wherefore they can never toil you.
At ma recent mengof thie scientfic comn
nmittee of the Royal B~rhtish lHorticultural
Society some begutiful specimens of skele
ton leaves wereshown, the cxi bitor staut
lng thiit'they were prepared In accordlance
with these general priciples: For the dis
section of lipaves macoration1lp too long mand
tedIious, to hy-nothinug of the uncertainty
as to the rqs alts. , VTe uise of alkali ini sat
uratedi solution is preferable, the spe imens
ton be Introdiuced while the liquid is sieated
to boin~g poinit. The ime of limnterslon
le to be regulmated by'19 chapiactor' of the
Varlous leaves, and the '14ture of the epi -
dermis to be renibved. Whon the''speel
pi en Is freed from epidermis and cellular
tIssue, it imst 1be subjected to .the action o'f
chilotime to destroy the coloring matter.
Tlhie introduction of remoxaiJle of hydrogen
nerves not ongytoke ~er th6 lace like speel
mens piurei' in qohor,' btf reservde it also.
Ini destroyIng tI',e 'colodfig mattet In ferns
this ls also habaluable; added to the chlo
rine it gives a solidity to the bleach'ed
fronds, amid appears to equalize th~ action
of the ciorine. For skeletonizi hg cap
sules, the sjowv lrocess of macerition by
steeping inrahii water Is alone avaithble-a
niodorate lie t may be applied to Jiaten
tyepu o ss, i, alkalis useles. .' Tifeofily
knon ik r vich danlb4 Idedef Is the
hymXmkingdyponice. 6' pt'oieida ure q
14betalh rendtys It toa $ sk14106iz 'p.
the pertef thist lb frbof It g-Ws. 0kel9
tosIv d 1 arid caiu~ et tOIK
A High-Toned Cook.
Mrs. Vandewater has lately exptrknce(d
a great deal of trouble In securing a go d
servant girl. Ilo last one she had was
told to boll an egg hi the coffee, and she
put it in whole. On another occasion,
when instructed to stuff'the ducks with
onions and potatoes, she put them In whole.
Site also made apple pies in a similar man
ier. Her predecessors were equally neg
ligent and ignorant, and Mrs. Vandewater
determined to have a better girl at all
hazards. It was with the Intention of se
curing one that she went to the city. She
went to an intelligence oflice and asked to
be shown some of the best specimens In
A burly girl of thirty-two stepped for
ward, and the following dialogue took
"'Can you cook in the French style?"
'an you get up German dishes?"
"I shppose you are a church member ?"
"You have no objection to splitting
"What time do you wake up in the morn
r"Five o'clock; and I can play the gui
"You never kindle fires with kerosene?"
"Never, missus, never; and I aint strong
mimded. I ain't In favor of women vot
She suited first-rate; but before sho con
sented to be engaged, she wanted to asic
''low many folks in the family?"
"'husband drink any ?''
"IDo your daughters whistle 'Pinafore'
"llaivo you any oil platings in the house,
and Aximinister tapestriei, and pots of hya
einth on the shelf?"
''Have I got to hunt off book agents?"
"I'm never troubled that Wk."
"Do you expect me to wish the dog?"
"I have none."
"Do your boys go out crabbing and come
home covvredI with mud, and ha'ye four
shirts apiece In the wash every week?"
"'My children are all girls.''
"What part of the city do you live In?"
'"I live in Paterson, N. J.'"
"Then you can't hire me. I don't
go to the country If I knows myself. My
beau don't get through work till seven
o'clock, and by the time he'd get shaved
and put on his swallow.tall coat and get
out to Paterson, it would be breakfast time.
I don't wan't country In mine. I'm a city
'lhen she took her place on the bench,
and waiting for tin eligible employer to
"Usually," said Mr. Carter,, "young men
who are in a position to handle much
chaiige begin to notice the old American
cents and to lay them aside. They soon
become interested i making a complete
series of them and the that then-devolops.
Soon they begin wxith half-dimes and then
ditmes. Then the qppetite gr-w and they
undertale a collectibn .of quarters, and so
they go through halves and (ollara. Though
in the American minteserlea'there is n6th
ing of interest but the date, still curiously
enough the few rare dates in lmhio condition
will comniand higher prices than the rare
coins of almost any other spries. In war
timues, when .mioney was higii, I have known
an American dollar of 1804 to sell for $700,
andi siiuce then dlollars of that date have
several times brought as much a $300.
Americani cents of 1798, 1799 and'1504l are
very rare and brIng high prices. Of course
nauchm of their dlerived value depehde on
their conditioif-apd cplor.., A coin that
does not~show thliithatks of circulation and
still bears the m'int lustre Is mnuel esteem
edl. Some'collectors take greait pride in
matching their selles in color, and' while
one has a taste for purple cents another
p~refers the olive. 's
"Is not this a costly diversiol??"
"The American coins can be eolected,
with a few ekeeptions of very rare coins,
at a slight cost. But frequently when
fathers are called upon to pay the bill for
the collection which their Sons have made
they begln to. take an interest lui. tire sub
ject. In my own ease I of course wanted
to do something a little better than my son
luul done, and I1 began collecting ancient
Rloman and Greek coins,'in which I took
much interest. In these 01(d coins I found
a link to the dead past, and when I read of
Greek and Rioman wars and hold Ia my
hand a coin of the 'dates in question, or
conmmemorative of *8nme battle'ooi- some
fighting emperor, I feel that 1 have some
tangible connection witiy the pvents which
otherwise must seem too,)ong past to be of
much lntereht in thuis age. 1'he Roman
4ebin are Interesing for the po~a which
they bear of the einpdrors? Au1dIthms one
beconmes interested in theo -historysof the
people who bougut, and1. Sold witju these
antique andl misahappen pIeces of. t;umnped
"What, Mr. Carter, l's the sum'Auce of
thme genuineness of thesd old coins, and how
can opo trace the coinQ frqua the coffers of
Commodus tipronglt the aggs t9,t,1.q collecl.
tor's "cabinet, "for instance, in modern
"It is dlifficult to exphlii how We know
a genumne antique. But there are. no two
anin niaalkmnsaa and appear
ance. andl an expert wyill sort out the coun
terfeits-vhhmdro foihmhon, and, as I un
dierstand are manufacturo'I in q ntities lin
Birmingham-as'readlily' as a b uIk teller
will detect the bad bills wh'lch~ mndy pass
through hiW hianda.. The appearance of a
4puutte old Ainh t is ui$stakaWje tend ha
Rleedmtly at thie Plifolo matitnIe~ o
gatint .individualjiwith legs as Itte bI
tigd m t~q, siam 4IJte b0xtIn %O
th Laisltht he in