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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JUNE 10, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO.
. THE LARK'8F08TER-MOTHER.
A partridge, roaming o'er a field,
E0pled a nest but half o nooaled
By grassea overgrown,
And from within the moss-rimmed out
A pretty speckled egg peeped up,
Looking forlorn, alone.
The tinid creature, fearing ill
Might harm the egg, already chill.
By generous impulse atirred,
Slipped quietly upon the nest,
And folded close against her breast
The cradle of a bird. '
She watched and fed the now'ling small,
And blithely answered to its call,
As if it wore her own I
From many of her ways beauiled
Because of this peculiar child
Upon ber bounty thrown.
Whon she believed 'twould tiptoo out,
And roam the harve-t filds ,bout,
Or join the partrilge throa.(,
Behold, it poised its wings, and flew
Up towards the hcavens so bright and bluo
In ecstasy of song.
The fostar-mother looked. and heard
The carol of enfranchised bird,
And felt a blissful thrill,
That she, so humble and so plami,
Had helped another one to gain
The niche 'twas meant to fill.
And often may the lowly heart,
Performing well a noble part
To one amid life's throng,
Awaken with a glad surprise.
When, liko a lark, the birdling flies,
And floods the world with song I
"Dot," they call no--my real name is
Dorothea, but that-being such a mouthful
I am generally known as "Dot."
I am the youngest of three, and having
had my own way from my cradle, it was
not refused me last November when my sls
ter and her husband offered to take m
abroad with them for the winter months.
I have heard some people say there is no
thing to see at Biarritz, id France. Ah,
blind and miserable creatures! where ar<
your senses-where your eyes? Did yor
ever look elsewhere upon such a sea-such
But I am getting romantic, and that h
not my style, not mine certainly, littk
"Dot's." No, indeed, the idea makes m<
die with laughing.
My sister Geraline (or "Jerry, " as I per
slat in calling ner, which makes her very
mad) goes in for being delicate, so Jack and
I used to take long walks and rides together;
Ie is a dear, good old fellow, and we arc
tremendous friends; but somehow notwith
standing, after I had been a couple of weeks
or so at Biarritz, I began to feel time hans
heavily on my hands.
Being hard put to it for amusement, I
would sometunes take a book and saunter
down upon the rocks, there remaining fot
hours at a time.
I am a desperate tom-bof, and can clim
and scramble splendidly, much to the an
noyance of Geraldine, who declares that I
get as brown as a berry, and my hands arc
not fit to be seen.
However that may be true, scramble I
do, and one auspicious day (never to be for
gotten) I had got a good way out auona
some dear old craggy pits of rock, and find
ing a snug little corner in which I just fit.
ted, I settled myself down easily and began
Suddenly, however, the pangs of hunger
seized me (I may add, my appetite never
fails me), and, glancing at my watch, I
discovered it was long past 1m1y luncheom
I seized my shawl, and procceded to make
my way back with expedition, when lo I tc
my intense dismay, I p)erceived that th<d
tide had risen, and entirely divided the rock
upon which 1 was standing from the shore.
Btill worse, the horrid waves were creep
Ing nearer and nearer, and not a soul could
I see to help m in i my distress.
Imagine my feelings; me, poor little mis
erable "Dot," alone m the middle of thi
I shouted, but the noise of the waves
drowned my feeble cries, like they would
soon drown me. Oh I would any one bc
.sorry?i Oh I why had I ever conie to thu
hateful Blarritz to be drowvnedt all alone line
this ; I wvonder, wvould they put it in tha
All those thoughts crowded uponi me as
the waves approached, and I had begun te
lose all hope, when, oh, joy ! I saw a figure
in the distance.
* Once again I shouted, and waved my
'rie figure stopped, waited one instant,
and then I could see it plunge into the
water and approach mec gradually. Oh, the
intense relief of that moment I
By the tim'e the figure (which was that
of a man) reached me, I was nearly sur
rounded by water, and five minutes more
would have decided my fate.
Before that lIve minutes passed I was
caught by a pair of strong arms, and was
being supported through the water safely
and surely to the beach, where shortly af
-terwards 1 was deposited, a dripping, blue
little "Dot,''" feeling very much smialler
My dleliverer I had scarcely looked at; I
only felt that lhe was big and strong, and
that I was like a doll in his arms.
Notwithstanding my remionstrance, he
persisted in carrying nie on to the hotel, at
the entrance of which lie gently put mie
I turned, and gave him miy too little blue
-hands, with what few expressions of thanks
I could muster.
lie took them, (the hands, I mean,) In
his warm, big brown ones, and saidi, In al
deep sweet voice :
"riow thankful I am that I was in time!
A few inutes later, and--"
I shuddered ; he left tile sentence unfin.
hled, and was taking his leave, when I
murmered something about my sister and
brother and how pleased they would be If
he would call, but lie interrupted me with:
"1 should have been delighted, but, nn
I ortuinately, I leave Biarritz early to-morrow
And so ho left me-left me with a little
gagat, my3 heart, such as I had never felt
Ikegave my sister and brother a slight
sehof the whole affair, and Jack, dear,
good-hearted Jack, flies all over town to
discover and thank my deliverer, but all to
January and February wore very agree
able tnogths at Biarits, and I.becamo more
reconciled to the lack of amusements in
consequence of the arrival at our hotel of a
most charming family, Colonel and hirs.
Palisser and their two daughters.
The latter were most acdomplished girls
and exceedingly graceful and pretty ; and
before many days, Kathleen, the eldest, and
myself, formed an attachment, which, con
sidering how very opposite we were in tem
petament and disposition, was the more sur
She painted In oils, and I always accom
panied her on her sketching expeditions, I
sitting beside her with my book, whilst she
produced on her canvas sweet effects in
color, combined with a truthfulness of out
line remarkable Iu a girl who had studied so
little as Kathleen.
Eventually, as our friendship increased
anl ripened, I poured into her sympathetic
ear the small romance of my life, and, as I
found she (lid not laugh at me or think me
ridiculous, I frequently recurred to the sub
jdct, and unconsciously It became the cen
tre of my thoughts by day and my dreams
8o the next three months glided peace
fully away, and the time came that we
should return home, the Palissors being our
Jack hid rented 4 snug little place called
"'The Orange," and there I was to stay with
them for a couple ot weeks before returning
to the parental roof.
It was a pretty place, separated only by a
low railing frino the grounds of our, or I
should say, Jack's young landlord, the
V quire of the place.
At four o'clock one afterioon after our ar
-rival, Jack came in brimful of news. First
item, there was splendid shooting to be had
La the neighborhood, and fishing, too, was
good; then he had visited the young Squire
who was "a thundering good follow," and
"game for anything," as Jack expressed it.
He had only just returned troni a tour of
the Continent, and had not long come Into
"Ai, Miss Dot," said Jack, with a very
knowing look, which he always puts on
when he means chaff ; "now, there's a
chance for you I You would make I ebarm
ing little lady of the manor, and we would
tow-tow to you most delightfully. le is
"Don't be silly, Jack," said I, in a huffy
tone, trying to look serious. a
. left the roonj with a strong determina
tida not to look my best that evening. What
did I care about fascinating men, when a
certain pair of brown eyes ware ever haunt
"Ah, me I" thought I, "how I have
changed! A few short months ago, and the
idea of a flirtation would have made me
perk up, and jump for joy, and I would
have done all in my power to make the
country girls green with jealousy; but now
I don't seem to care one little bit to become
acquainted with this maguificent Squire."
At first I thought I would make some
Pittle excuse and not appear at dinner; but
then Geraldine would think it unkind, per
haps; and, after all, what did It matter?
Six o'clock struck, and I went to dress
for dinner. I hesitated a little as to what
garment I should wear, and finally selected
a pale blue gauze trimmed with plush roses.
Yes, that would do-anything wouid do. I
did care, though, a wee bit as to- how I
looked. I had been thinking of Blarritz
again, and my eyes were veri bright when
I looked in the glass.
''Shall I ever see hin again ?" I said to
myself ; and as 1 said it, somet hing seemed
to say "Yes," and I felt the blood rush to
I was dressed before Geraldine, and de
murely took my work clown to the drawing
room, and seated my little self on the amber
As I stitched away at my embroidery,
mythoughts once more reverted to the time
I had spent at Biarritz, and more especially
to a certain never-to-be-forgotten day, and
to a certaini tall figure with broad shoulders
and kind eyes.' I was just recalling every
incidlent of my adventure, when the door
was suddenly thrown open, anwl the servant
alnnounced "Mr. Wigram.
I rose to meet our guest. I glanced for
one instant at his face, and my hecart stood
still. I miovedi forward in a sort of mist,
anid dreamily exiended my handa.
Was It Indeed he, my hero! Were these
the eyes 1 remembered so well-th,is the
same deep, sweet voice? He looked at me
steadily for a moment. and then a troubled
exp)ression, half of surprise and half of dis
appoilnt.ment, caime oyer his face.
"Miss Temperly, I presume l' were the
formal words which rose to his lips ; and lhe
took my offered hand.
I murmnuredl something incoherently to
set hin right.
Happily lie caught the meaning of my
words.' His face suddenly lighted up, and
coming nearer to me, lhe took my hand once
miore, and raised It to his lips.
"I am so very glad we hlave met again.
I never thought to be so fortunate."
And then Geraldine entered, withi many
apologies for being late, and other guests
Later on in the evening, I confided in
Jack, who only remarked laconically :
"Then, why the deuce didn't thme fellow
come to see us at larritz?"
"Never mind., Jack," said I; "lie is here
now. And p)lease, dear, don't chaff any
more about him."
"All right," said Jack. "But I thought
you hanted rich young men."
This was Jack's last bit of sarcasm, and
when, day after (lay, thme Squire joined us in
our -rldes anid drives, and spent evening
after evening at The Grange, no one seemed
astonished ; but when ho actually proposed
to me, the one who sympathized most warm
ly with mue in my happiness was my dear
est triend, Kathleen Pilasser, to whom I
had confided all my small bit of romance.
Yes, our remembrance and love for each
other was mutual.
Hie had endeavored to find me out aftor
leaving Biarritz, and all lisa efforts had been
fruitless, TIo make a long story short, we
were married very soon, and the Pilasser
girls were myl bridesmaids.
WHEcN a man in a Vermont groery
store was sitting upon tihe edge of t.he
counter, and his feet slIpped anid lie
raked the whole length of lisa back on
the counter's edge and sat rquare down
in a .bushel basket of eggs which stood
right where he couldnt'tI miss it. Th'e
grocer was horried, and exclaimed :
'W.is it ati aocidend"' and the Victim
replied: "Bty erimits,.sir, if You ini
sinuwte that I skuni my back and got
myself into this mess on purpose, i'll
tam your head into the romaine of those
For many centuries, various method:
have been in use for hatching eggs by arti
fieial heat. The Chinese and Egyptian
used large ovens. The Arabs made use o
fermenting horse manure, and upon' thi
latter method a patent was given in Eng
land a hundred years ago, and in thli
country a few years since. Coinmodor
Perry, in his report of his voyage to Japan
gives a carefully detailed account of thi
plan he saw practiced there, which, in brief
consisted in having large rooms with shelve
covered with thick, spongy paper, upol
which the eggs were placed, and then cov
ered with the same kind of paper, the wholi
kept at a high temperature, this room bemi
only used during the last days of incubation
the earlier stages being conducted In a sepa
rate room, the eggs being but Into barrel
proteeted from changes of temperature b,
layers of heavy paper, the heat given b;
cuarcoal furnaces. But to American inven
tion within the past ten years has been duw
the perfection bf the incubator. There ar
now half a dozen or more egg-hatching ma
chines, which, with care and proper use
give as good results as we can obtain fron
hens. These will be more clearly under
stood, by remembering that we are makinj
a machine which is to take the place of na
ture in the hatching of eggs. A hen tha
steals away to some quiet fence corner an(
makes her nest on the ground, as a genera
rule comes off with a larger and healthie
brood of chickens than under any othe
conditions. Fourteen or fifteen days wil
be required by her to lay the nine or te
eggs she proposes to set upon. Every da:
when she adds an egg to her nest she turn
those that she lins already laid, and by thi
warmth of the body revives the germ of thi
eggs. Now, with our artificial hen, wher<
we follow nature the closest, we obtain th<
best results. To begin at the beginning, thi
hen that stole her nest probably had her lib
erty and unlimited range, therefore was h
a good condition of body, and her eggs wer
well formed and healthy. So with our egg
to be used in the Incubator, they must bi
obtained from strong, healthy stock, whid
have been properly mated. Where threi
or four hundred eggs are to be set, it wouh
be necessary perhaps to keep them for som<
tinie in order to obtain the number wanted
Fifteen days after an egg is laid is as lonj
as it should be kept. This is the time givei
by our hen. These eggs should be turne(
every day, thus preventing the yolk fron
settling to the shell, for if It does, when hea
is applied, and the chicken begins to form
the yolk remains on one side of the egg, anl
when turned, receives one day too much,
the next too little heat, and the result is
failure. The eggs, before setting, shouk
be stored in some place where the tempera
ture is even and not too dry. So much foi
the eggs that we are to set ; now to returt
to the incubator itself. To furnish a clost
imitation of nature is the secret of th<
machine. 'lhie heat given by the hen is ot
top of the eggs; so the heat, by whatevej
moans furnished, must be applied to the tol
of the eggs, and not, as in sonic of th<
cai-ier machines, to the hottom and sides,
This heat must be regulated so as to remnah
at a uniform temperature of 104 degrees
and during the last days of the incubation,
when the chicks begin to breathe througi
the lungs, may be reduced two degrees oj
three degrees. Our lien, by miking hec
nest on the ground, shows us that a certair
amount of moisture is necessary, so thu
nust be provided for in the incubator,
which is usually done by having slhallowN
trays of water under the eggs. The last re
quisite is pure air, for upon the third da3
of incubation the blood of the chicken be
gins to be aerated by passing through a res.
piratory membrane, which is attached t(
the shell of the egg, ahd pure air become
the life of the chicken. Thus heat on to1
of the eggs, pure air, and a certai. aniouni
of moisture, are the essentials for success.
In our best Americqu incubators the heat ii
supp)lied by a lamp) on the outsidle, which:
keeps a system of pipes or a fhat-covered
pan of water placed a few inches above th<
eggs, at the required temperature. Thu
beat Is controlled by self-acting machinery,
which opens a ventilator when the ther.
momet.cr, lying at the tel) of the eggs,
marks 104 degrees. T1hie moisture is sup
plied, as we have stated, by trays of watei
under the eggs. Sometines water is sp)rink
led over the eggs, especially during the his'
days of Incubation, the elfect being to add
to the sup)ply of air for the chicks. TIh<
egg (luring incubtion should be turned
once or twice each day ; otherwise, the in
bilical veins are over-stimulated on once sidle
and the chicken grows to the shell andl dies,
or if it succeeds in gettingout it will proba
biy be def'ormned, generally being uuable tc
use its legs. Thue hen gives no asistanc<
in picking the shell when the chicken ii
born, and none is required, as a hecalthy
chick wvill do all that as requifedi to extri.
cate Itself fromi the shell ; and assistance ii
often att,endedi wit,h loss of blood, and mort
damage than good is done. A chicken tIat
is not, able to get, out, of the shell withoa.i
assistance is not worth saving. After thn
seventh or eighth day of incubation the umn.
bilical -veins have so spreadh out and at
tached themselves to the shell that the egg,
wheu enclosedl in the hand and held to a
strong light is opaque, andl the clear or in
fertile eggs are easily picked out, as they
are still transiucant-thie light passing~
through them the same as a fresh-laid egg.
These are boiled and used as food for the
young chickens. An expert can distin.
guiish on the fourth or fifth dany the egge
that will hatch and those that, are dead1(.
No means as yet have boeen discovered tc
determine the sex of the eggs, although a
goori many rules have been given, such at
selecting the eggs by iheir shiape aund pece.
liar appearance o)f the shell.
Ueadache and its Cause.
Bilious headache, or such as arise from a
diisorderedi condition of the stomach, usual
ly affects one side of the head only, most
commonly over one eye, and increases tc
an acute and often throbbing p)ain.- it la
often accompanied with a feeling of sickness
sad ' aiting, producing languor and (Ie
dhressk(.n of spirits. Riheumnat,ic hieadache
Is coma onhy caused by exposure to cold,
and the pain is of a shifting raature, shoot
ing from poInt to point, and is felt most al
night. All kinds of remedies have been
used for headache. Fo.r headache arising
from a weak stomach, a bitter tonic is us
ually proscribed. Among the favorite med
icines and one that very frequently provea
effective if persevered in a mionth or twu
or three, is "quassia," the wood and bark
of a plant that grows in somns parts oi
South America, and was prescribed by
negro as a specfi. The chips are soake<
in water, and a few slip, of the bitter wate
are taen three or four tlhnos a day.
"Could I have been Intoxicated ?" muse
the man as he stroked the bridge of li
nose. "If I was -it was wonderful-won
"flow often do you hold th9se Fourth o
July parades ?" qsked the court.
"Once in a thousand'," was the lonesR
answer. "I can't e-magine what put mi
up to it yesterday. It Ws positively won
"'I hate to send you up." said his Ilonor
after a long pause.
"Wiaal, I kinder hate to have you," wa
"If I should let you go what would Vol
"I would go."
"Yes, bat could you keep straight ?"
"I could. It is wonderful how straigh
I could keep-perfectly wonderful."
"Ii lookiing for at corn-cultivator yot
would keep out of saloons, would you?"
"I wotld. I'm perfectly wonderful a
keeping out of saloons,"
"6Well, I guess yolt caln go, bit. if yol
will likely come back here, aid then yot
.will get "
"Sh l" interrupted the farmer-'1
not be back. I'm going right home
wonderful how I'm going P"
ills face was wonderful as lie left tIh
"he worl is inot so bald, after aill,'
said Bijah as court closed and he reie<l
for his bro . "Some of its have the leg
ielic, solie have boils, some stand bo-sldi
(lying hed-s, somtef are wronged out of prop.
erty, and all have more or less vexations,
yet, I like the world-I have more am
more faith in hunta nature- I _ !"
lie stopped there. Some one had cut
the broom handle through the imiddle.
Trragic scciie frequently occur at th(
gaming table. But perhaps the most tragi(
that ever took place a a g,milg table tran
spiredl at a public housme inl Port ai Princ<
soie years ago. Severil pariles were wait
ing about the room for the game to com
mence. Among the crowd of loiterers wat
a Capt. St. Every, a noted gamester. (m1d.
ly duelist and well known man of pick.
Sone onle spoke up, , "Who'll playl
"1I will play,'' said the captain of th<
French frigate, which had just arrived in
the harbor, and seizig a aice-box threw t,
win or lose the amiount of a small mil 01
money that then lay upon the table. IIk
was Ignorant, of the sta4ke to he played.
"'Monsieur Commandant yoi have won,'
said Capt. St. Every, pushimg toward lin
several piles of gold.
Astonished it the sight of so mulc
wealth the captain drew back saying:
"Gentlemen, I should be wanting not only
in comuon honiesty, but even in good man
iers, were I to appropriate the sims tht
winning of which I never expected in tl
least degree, for I thought I was playing
for the trilling stake laying on tbe table.
I cannot, therefore, take the enoriouiR u
as my own by right."
"Sir," said Capt. Si. Every, "you imist
take it, for if you had lost you would hav(
been obliged to pay the same mm1."
"You are mstaken, sir, if you t hink so.
I do not conceive mjiy hionor endangered in
reference to payinig a1 debt of lonor whicli
I never coniracted, nor lin ref using to accept
of so large a sumu1 which I never expected
"Monsieuir le Comnuandant," shrieked
Captain St. I.very, ra'li.sing his voice to th
highest pitch, "If you had lost you should
have pmid. Im w'oud hue'm ynude|ou do
This was tIre to the gimpowder, intended
to provoke a challenge, and it accomplished
its purpose. "'ir," said Captain St.
Every, "I don't wish to take any advan
tage of you, which my acknowledged abil
ity in the use of the sword and pistol gives
me, so I offer you telrms of ctuality."
"'Bring ai pistol here at onice, 10oad it, and1(
the chance of the dice shall detiermilne
whichl shall blow each other's brains out..''
"Agreedl," said the nothling daunlitedI fri
A shIock of horror ran through thle vemts
of the assembled crowd at the barbarity ofl
the blood curldinig affair. Sonme sluank
from thle roomi, others1 miore halrdened in
sights of hlorror, crowded near the gamning
tab le, perfectly cogn izaint of t he dlesperaite
chlaracter of St. Every, andi inwardly lauud
ing the bravery of the unknown.
Eachl party e'xamineI1d the pistols. Thea
naval captaIn first threw tile fatail dfice,
lie threw eleven.
"'A good throw,''said( St. Every, hlolding
for a mlomlent his own; '1The chanices are0
niow in your favor, but listen, if it turns
out 1as it appears to me1( it will, thian fortune
favors y'ou and( lnot me1, 1I wiS' IneitherI
mercy~ nmor pity, as 1 should( thIim. uthmer ai
cowa1rd who would spare thie other."'
'"Sir, I ned( not1 3our impalert iiment reP
monstrances to baick mec neither no0w norl at
any thnme," r-eplitd tIhe Conmmandant.
St. Every took tIhe bo.x and( Ithrewf*if
Th'le comipany wvere pairal ized withb hmor
-Monsieur le Comnmandant atrose. ''Your
life belongs to mie, sir," saId St. Every,
thlrowing dlown thle (lie oil the table.
"'Fire, nir, " said the Coimmadant, lplac
lng hIs hand1( b)n his heart, ''an hlonest man(1
18siiever afraidI to---"'
St. Every's ball scattere(d tile brains and
blood of the unlucky Commlanldant, over
the clothes aindt persons of the bys'tandersl',
mis his lifeless body fell to tile 8auoo floor.
St. Every (deserted to the English, and1(
soon1 after fell mnortally wounded at the bat
tie o'f Ir(is as thle English were carrying the
duacationa Iin thei K Itchin.
Education bsat last becginnling to leach the
k itchen. CookIng schools atre sp)ringinlg up
hii manyfl3 places in this country, and tile
Scotch and English are taking the lead in
organizing thleml as a part of their niational
and1( common school system. We ablxun
ii femiale seminiaries and1( lemnale colleges,
Imnghi schools and normal SChools, In which
(-veryl hing undter heaven Is stud(ied except
tha,t. practical art which is ai daily and vitail
liecessity' in all the householdls of the land.
Our kitchens are the fortifled erntrenchmnents
or ignorance, p)rejudcic, irratIonal habits,
lie rule of thumb and mental vacuity,
and1( the result Is that Americeans suffer be
yond( any other people from wasteful, un
h ealt.hf ul, unpalatable and monotonous
cooking. -We hiave long p)rofessedl to be
lieve In the potency of educlationI, andl have
not bieen slow to apply It to all other later
cRts and Industries excep)ting only thle fun
damlIentail art of preparation, of food to
suistamn life, whIi Iinvolves more of econ
olmy, enjoyment, health, spIrIt, and power
of effective labor than any suIbJeet taulght
ini our schonia.
A Gentleman in the South has discpvered
a niethod of making waterproof any kind
of fabrics, from the finest silk to the
coarsest canvas, by icans of a substance
called "vulcatine," repured from the
liquid of milk weed. The Inventor made
the discovery while trying to utilize the
3 gum of the milk wood for the manufacture
of plates for artificial teeth. Tiho
inventor of vulcatine gave a test of
it in New York recently. The fabrics
shown were delicate colored silks, broad
cloth, leather, silk velvet, cotton and
woolen goods, aud cloths of various kinds,
and then articles such as kid gloves, fine
ostrich plumes, ladies' boots, etc. Of the
fabrics experimented oi, two lieces were
exhibited, one that had been treated to a
bath i a solution )rel)arcd from this
vulcatine, and one that had not. It was
inilosible to distinguish them front each
other in any waly, excel)t by plunging
them into water. Then the difference was
startling in the extreme. Pitcher after
pitcher of water was poured over a
piece of pimk silk, that had been in the
bath, said the inventor, two years ago, and
k yet the fibres were untouched by the
moisture, the water ran off as from the
back of a duck, and a flap o0 two in tho
air was sufficient to remove even the few
d drops that rested upon (lie surface. The
ostrich plumes were dragged through the
water and withdrawn without a curl having
r been disturbed, and lair frizzes treated in
rthe same manner came out without the
least change lit their appearance. The
action of the solution seoms to be sure
to encase every fibre of the material in a
filn Impervious to water, yet this filin is
invisible. The pores of the texture are
not filled up, as is the case with the water
proof goods known heretofore. Cassinere
cloth that has been treated with vulcatino
and saturated with water can be dried by
simply pressing it with a piece of goods
that reLtins its tqulitiles as an absorhent.
The pores of the cloth being left open,
clothing made frem it permits just as free
a ciiculation of air ia does other cloth,
and the healthfulness of the material is
unimpaired, rather uiproved, as the
The Froni k,m:tipr
It was upon a 8outh Carolina plantat ion
up m Fairfield county. The baby was
taken with the croup and Dr. Trochee. the
great French physician, was called lit.
"Bad-a-case, bada-a-aaue I" said Dr. Tro
chee, slinking his head ; "but me tink me
kin kore lum; fech a me one new ackissee,
6 quick I"
Mrs. E., the mother of the child, whis
pered to a servant who departed, utid in a
few moments cato running in with the
newest pole-ax on the plantation and pre
sented it to the doctor.
"Me no want a dat," said the doctor;
"take a hint bac, and fecha ine ote new
ackissee, quick ?"
Again the mother whispered to bring tire
broad-ax, thinking that would do as it was
bright and new, bought only a few days
picT6us and never, as yet, used in any
way, and the servant disappeared and sooner
than it takes to tell it, returned, pre4entiug
the glittering blade, full front, to Dr. Tro
"Take car, sar I Wanted to cut a me
troat, ha ? De debble I What fool, ha I ie
no want a dat ; run fech a me new ackis
Away went the servant and realpeared
this time with the hatchet.
"Le diable, what a fool I Can you no
tnderstani ? Ca you no fech a le ackis
"Doctor," said Mrs. E., "Them's all tire
kind of axes we have, and we have brought
you the newest on the plantation."
"Me no want dem, Mrs. E.; tink me
want ackissee to cut baby's troat ? Me no
want a broad ackissee, nor do narrow ackis
see, nor de pole( ackissee ; mte want a now
ackissce ; federy aekissee ; new feder-y
"Spell it, dhoctor ; spell what you mntr
we can't understand you," said Mrs. E.
"Me want a ackissee, federy ackissee,
new federy aickissen; me nto spell you ; Ia
dliab)le ; himself no spell1 a ime dat, by gar I
Go way jack nt ggiur? Go way--fech a ime
broad ackissee an niariow ackissee--wot a
fool, hra I Go way, jack ntiggur ; mue go fech
a im myself." Aitd, leaving the famIly
in great amusement, out went Dr. Trochee
In hrigh dudgeon, and after riumimaging
about a whlilot retuirnted with what he
wanted-a ntew -laid egg.
Lester Smiithi (!amet from the iterior to
see ab)out, buying a cornt cultivattor. When
ire rencehed the city he at oice began guilti
vatintg the jitice of the aforesaid cereal.
Three or four driniks dildn't, tangle his legs,
buit they made(1 his headl swell until lie
found his hat too small, lie therefore re
moved it amut placed It on the walk. Then,
clutching a lamippost, ire remarked:
"Won'ful what shighs feller sliees in
town. It's per 'fly splend(id'-per' fly' mraz
A 1)oy cameu along with a p)arcel, arid
halting him with a gestutre, Mr. Smirth
''Bub, i itn't zhis p)er'fly wo''ful-per '.
fly won'fu it"
A woman carrying a basket was next
halted, and( Mr. Smith reitarked:
"Bii'ful anigel-pecr'lly bu'ful-per'fly
She scorned hin and( passed on, antd a
policeman happened that way. Mr. Smith
crooked his finger at the oilecr and said:1
"I jus' shecn free stree' cars at, once.
WYon'ful town-per'fly won'fu iii
iIe wais willing to walk to the station,
amid whent shown Iris cclilihe folded iris
arms, looked around, anid whispered in a
voice full of awe:
"Ju ever sliee likes er zhbis I Why, itsh
'Whien b)rouight out for trial Mr. Smith's
h leadl was quite clear, but as the court asked
him to plead( to the chairge of dIrunikennies
lhe looked all around and slowly rep!ied.
"1 dielare I but I'm in jail--right In
jail! Why, it's perfectly wonderful!"
Jie htad a fatherly looki Fumrthecr, onie
could see that he was a man who iiever
camne to towni without taking htoite 'lasses
canidy for the childreni and spruce guim for
his wife, and( that he wouln't cheat a
neighbor ha a horse trade unless actually
forced Into it to get means to found an
orphan asylusm. Ills honor studied tire
prisoner's face fer a moment and their lhe
"Yon were taking your Fourth of July
rat ~ry, weren't yo?"
Don't tell me that the "hard times" have
not proved socially beneficial In many re
spects, for I know better, and am prepared
to prove it.
For instance, the young man who used
to send a tablespoonful or so of froth in a
small glass, flying down a beery slide on a
highly polished counter, in respone to my
ieek request for a lager, and who grabbed
at my five cents and rushed it Into the till
as If the very contract of so trilling an
amount might take the shine out of Ids
California diamonis, now weekly whisks
an atom of (lust from the bar and thanks
mie for my small investment, humbly di
recting my attention to a dish which cou
tains uppnrently minute portions of Egyp.
tian nimmy, which, my olfactories suggest,
may have been once in the fish business.
Again, at tho barber's, I am permitted to
forego bay rum without any fear of subse
quent rough handling, or (when my hair
has beon cut) of having small particles vie
iously blown down between the shoulder
The waiter who was wont to hurl two
square Iliches of holled alligator, accom
panied by a distase with ia circle of potato
pal ig around it, li reponse to my request
for a sirloin, now places the aforesaid be
fore me in an apologetic manner, as if lie
regretted that real turlee had not been
thrown in as aii extra. All this is pleas
ing; is it, not?
I despise boasting, but I really know an
alderman. lie used to nod to iue, or, at
tile most, allow me to take a finger. Of
late lie would deposit his entire hand in iiy
palm, w re it physically possible; and slice
Ie lost '"that contract," ol account of "re
trenchiment,"1 Iain solicitous for my collar
bone, so energetically does he s1ap Rile oil
Then, there's my rich cousin. A brief
call was t lie most that ever paused between
our families, and there was that formality
between us which usually exists between
men of $1o,000 an(d I00 per ainllum re
spectively. Since his lroperty has been
mortgaged, alost uip to the handle, I am
"dear boy" and "'oh( fellow," wile his
wife, who mmrcely knew that I was at father,
now almost weeps fora fight of thosesweet
children,'' and declares that it is "really too
bad we do not cai 1round." The way in
which she asked ny wife -. second time to
early pens, when we daed with t)loan last
6tundaty, was enough to draw tears
When we mo-,ed, time before last, a
family portrait was reiorsely piled oil the
carpet broom, and 1he parlor stove was
landed in a isket of crockery. This year,
how n1.idly did the expressmialn Clllb two
pairs of a airs with the furr iture, and upolo.
gize for having SCratChed the clothes- baS
The exiiliste at the dry goods "empor
im,11 " who t lougilt it Conde..ensioln t (tro)
t wenty pounds of sheeting on the counter,
bringing it within an ace of your nose, or
who sneered at the parsniony which re
fused to pay mere than $1 per yard for
Maria's new dress, now follows to the door,
and looks huirt if- he be not permitted to
send two cents' worti of phus 110111 for
"Thank you!" is becoming "laamilar in
ioui." Even 131ddy is beginning to feel
that it would be wise to spend an hour or
so daily o1 lioueech-old diuties in return for
$10 per month and lier bourd.
Ile "corner grocer" is beginning to
charge less than two hundred per cent for
somec of his supplies, and there is really no
knowing but what the fashionably attired
may in the iear future look upon the honest
toiler in last year's garb as one who iay
passibly be worthy of salvation.
lt rs. Parth1gton1 at t-he Soclable.
There was no mlist aking the costunie, and
the fact tha11t th veneirable dame led a
smiall boy3 by thle hand, conifirmled the 11m
pressionl thait Mrs. PalrtIngln waIs inideed
Il the asseml)age. There was a miomen -
tarv lull in thle bulzz of conversation, andil
the party gathIeredl around tile new corner,
eager to shlake her by the hand. ''Bless
me1!'' said( she, with a beaming smile,
which pliayed over her face like sulnshinle
over aL hake: ''Bless mle! how sialutary you l
all arch-just 11s youI ought to lbe at a timie
like this, wihen nothlug halrmIonliosA shiold I
he allowed to dlistuIrb your hostilities. YouR
are very kind, i'lm sureC, iand I am glad to
5ee you tryinlg to enljoy youlrselves. We I
had 110 church sociables inl my1 y'oung clays,
but we hadc hiuskin' lbee, and1( quliltinl' bees, I
and1( apple bees, and-"' "'IubIe-bees,"''
said Ike, breakinig in like a boy 01n th11i ee
-"'and t,houlgh we had1( goodh times(~, and1(1
sociable enou01gh, goodn1essq knows, whenll I
tihe red cars wete found, they were nothl- I
inIg to the sup~erfluilt.y of this," T1'aere was
a slight disturbanee mR tihe circle, as ike mun
restlessness placed hlis heel 011 circumaja- I
cent toes but it wvas stilled as the maste1r oft
cremionies camie upi to introdiuce tile min
ater, "'I hop you1 maiy fdtile hiot i
spenlt, withl us a happ)y one." "'I know 1 1
shall, sir,"' repliedi shue, "'for hlalppiess deC- t
p)ends1 very much01 011 howv we enijoy our
selves, and( enloughI of anlythling al1ways sat
isfies me). IIow could( I help enjoylingi
mlyself in a scene of such life andr hnIosity
as this ?" ''Very trule madam." '"And
thlen the lights, bliazing like a consterna
t101n, and1( thes mlusic and( flowers make1( itj
seem like l'haraoh land." TilOhe imaSter U
was called( aIway, and the master of cere
mnonies asked Mrs. Partington if shle would
like ''an ice," which she faintly hleard.
"A nic--?" she replied, looking at him1 1
and hanging on) to the 10ong----, as if it .
were tIhe top bar of a gate; "oh, very." A
rush, by tIhe conitestanlents in a gamne, here
broke ill betweenl themil, tie baind gave a
crashm which seemled to start tile roof, tihe
mass of' people waved to and fro, Ike
stantedl off with a new crony inI quest of
somne suIggestedh peanuts, anId Mrs. Par
tlngton backed into a seat. She hooked
pleasantly upon the mioving spectacle
thiroulgh her own parabolas, lier fingers beat1
time to tIme music, land her oil-factories in
haiedh the breath of flowers andc the smell
of coffee fromi an adjacent room1, till she
wans becomning ''lost," when she realized
that a fIgure was standing befoi-e hier, and I
a cold spoon was bein1g thrumst into her
rigAht hand. It was the attentive mianIager-,1
agaim, wvith an ice-cream which he iavited .
her to take. "You are very sulrprising
sir," sa1(1 shle, smiling. "I was uncon
seionable at the momnent, ThaInk you; I I
will. 1 01m very partially fond of Ice
cream, and thiis'ls manihla, too, which Is
my favor.lte." She ate with a sense of en- r
joyment caught with the scene and went m
away soon after, when .Ike hadl joined her,
withl plethioric pockets, biddIng thle miana- I
ger convey a good night from her to the I
party, saying she had enjoyed a real socia- I
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
In all the guilty train of human
vices there is no orlime of deeper dye
than that of ingratitude.
The fire-fly only shines when on thq
wing. So it is with the mind; when
once we rest we darken.
As the pearl ripens in the obscurlt
of the shell, so ripens in the tomb all
the fame that is truly preolous.
Every man endeavors with his utmost
care to hide his poverty from others,
and his idleness from hi Insejf.
Pursue what you know to be attaina
blt, make truth your object, and your
studies will make you a wise man.
Whoever lq honerable- and candid,
honest and cotrteous, is a true gentle
man, whether learned or unlearned,
rich or poor.
We bear within us the seeds of great
ness; but suffer them to spring up, and
they overshadow both our sense and
He who tells a lie is not sensible how
great a task -he undertakes; for he
must be forced to Invent twenty more
to maintain that one.
Character is power; it makes friends,
creates funds, draws patronage and
support, and opens a sure and easy way
to honor, wealth and happiness.
Can there be any greater 'dotage lit
the world than for one to guide and d:
rect his courses by the sound of a bell
and not by his o wn Judgement and dis
Men are like an old-fasitioned coun
try wagon. When loaded, everything
works well and smoothly; with noth
Ing ln it, it rattles so it can be heard
Woalth may minister to the best part
of man, but only minister-not master.
When it usurps the throne and becomes
monarch, it Is of all things most pitliul
The wiay to acquire latting esteem
is not by the fewness of a writer's
faults, but the greatness of his beauties
and oor noblest works are generally
most i eplete w ith both.
)eath removes the shutters from the
windows of the soul. Why should we
dread his coming, since his work is to
let light and air into rooms which are
now dark and suffocating?
To do an evil action is base; to (10 a
good one without Incurring danger i'
Uom1mon enough; but it is the part of a
good man to do great and noble deeds,
0houghi he risks everything.
-As the finest wines have often. the
[aste of tile aol, so even the most relig
ious thoughts often draw something
tIut Is particular from the constitutiou
)1 the mnind in which they arise.
We should not despair of the good
iess of tic world If we do not happen
o see it imniedlately around us. The
itmosphere is still blue, though so Much
f it is enclosed in our apartment Is
Few seem to liave any opinions of
Lheir own, or to think for themselves.
l,ike dead fish, they go with tue strean
mnd tie ; what others think right they
think right, and what others call'wrong
shey call wrong too.
1I' we would bogin at the right end,
Lnd look with as miuch compassion on
he idversitieg of somte as We do with
nivy at tite prosperity of others, every
1an would find cause to alt down con
entedly with his own burden.
Ir any man Is rich and powerful, lie
3oumes under the law of God by which
-.he higher branches must take the
Surning of the sun and shade those that
kre lower ; by which the 'tall trees must
p)rotect the week plants beneath them,
Tlhais world of ours Ia fll of trouble.
Its fair face is scarred all over with
graves. liut the more he studies It, the
norc one marvels to find how full the
Bible is of consolation. That is the best
3Vidlebce of Its anathenticity that should f
When a man misses anyth ing, his
lrst idea is that somebody has stolen it;i
Lmd although he~ ascertains, ninety-nino
hmes in a htuandred, that the loss is
romn hils owm carelessness, 'still, whean
he hundlredlth time cotnes he will lay
t to a thief.
Nature seems to exist for the excel
ent. The world is upheld by the ye
acity of good nmen, they make the
arth wvholesome. Life is sweet and
olerabie in our belief in such society;
,nd actually or ideally we manage to
Iwe without superiors.
The foundation of content must
primng upl in a man's mindi ; and lhe who
las so little knowledge of human na
ure as to seek happiness by chanaging
nything but his own disposition, wvill
vaiste his life in fruitless efforts, and
aultiJ)ly the grIefs which lhe purposes
Nothting caua be more 1lajuriouts to
our peace0 of mind than to have too
atny confidents. You live in abject ~
iavery every day, as you are cooistant
y fearing that some o:ae of your nlu
nerous confidents illh reveal a secret
ou would not have anybody know for '
ii the world.
Thtere was bitt one man t3 whom the
Cgyptianas could go to in time of f amine
v hen they wanted food. They must go
o Joseph. It wyas a waste of time to-go
o any one else. So also is there buy>
meo to whom hungerinag souls must go
f t,hey would not perish forever. Th1ekA
naust go t,o ChrIst.
Healthy body, healthy appetite, heal'
hy feelings, though accompaniedl wita
nedlocrity of talent, unadorned wit '
vit and imagination, and unpolslwd
y learning and science, will dutstrip
n the race for happiness the spleniid
rregularlties of gentius, and the ianost
lazzling success o1f ambItion.
Do aot flatter; Iin doIng so you ein.
tarrass those upon whom you bestow
>raise, as they may not wvish to ofendi
ron by repelling it, and yet they ream
ize that if they accept it they mnerit
our oontempt. You niay, however,
ommend their work wvheniever, it OSh
ruthfully be (lone; but do not bestow -
raise whore it is not deserved.
Hearts, more or less, I suppose. most
I us have, but we keep them so close,
ased and padlocked--we wear en out~ j
ide so hard and dry-that lhttle or, none~
'f the love that atiay be within cop
o gladden those aroaudd us. Anc~
lie passes without any of the swe
ng to soolety that come's. Whqm
ion is not only felt but expre*4.