Newspaper Page Text
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JUNE 12, 1880- VOL. IV.-NO.71.
Along the vale and o'er the 1111
ess lpe iand smoky hazeI
The 010269noare warm and still.
P. longerwarmer dayp,
on thOtmawh bougib,
The p' cebt-bird arouses now
The IoUing heait with trembling throat.
The hilli ara peeping through tl;o snow.
And buried fenoes greet the vioI'w
On bare, brown knolls squaw-berries glow,
Or tiny snow-flower flaunt in blue,
14T ', lnw earth notc- Uts thle gale.
AsM ing from'the sepu'ohro
She cas s ailde her snowy veil,
And groets the:train who walt4 ft r her.
Tie gathered odorm of the flowerd
I hat lurk within the maplo'n v.iua.
'lhe gold 'n light of -sumer houri.
r e hoarded wealth of bumm, r ra ns.
'IVe garere.l swo tuoss of tho yea;
t he pulsees through the mighty troep.
Await a wound to flow in tears
Swett as t e hoard of shining bies.
Now stands the dr ,way team asleep
leftre the bucket-'alon -sleigh,
White i:nks the ornel stoel full deo>
To draiv the crystal asp away.
The steady drip from wooden 1ip1
MAkem music lu. tho soft spring air.
Anl soon'the lpdo buokots tip
And Waste the nectar rich and rare.
Anon the pungent smoke-wreaths rise
Around the kuttle's toss.ng surge;
Ha e ouths attond the acriOeo,
And high t e flames with faggots urge.
Ah. transmutat.on woqdrous sweet I
Tuat steals the blo,dof bare, brown tr es,
And in the craokling flames and ht-at
Has powe: thoke golden gra:ms to iio',e I
0 apt. Todd's Horse.
"You see, Dr. Bragg," observed Capt.
Todd, "I want a re'lar clipperbuilt hoss.
I don't want stiffness and breadth of beam
so much as I want a good, clean run. 1
want a hoss to show oty with, ye see."
'Well, sir," said the doctor, patting
on the neck a vicious-looking animal
which he held by the bridle, "if you want
a smart horse, I can't reconnend a better
alImal than thiq. Just look at thos - heols.
WilI don't go near 'em. As I told you. I've
three horses that I want t:) sell; but, If you
want a horse that will go, this mare is just
the beast for you."
"You see," said the captain confiden
tially, "I don't know much about hosses.
Pim a seafaring man. Followed the sea,
man an' boy, nigh thirty-five years. Now
I'm going to settle down oi shore, an' I'm
looking around for a wife. I don't mind
telling you that I'm sorter courtin' the
Widow Bunn. Now, the widow is mighty
fond of a good fast hoss, and there's
nother feller, Sam Bliss-shimn' round
the widow too. Sai's got a first rate horse
and takes the widow to ride a good deal.
Now If I don't get domething better than
Sam's got I won't stand any show, for the
widow will be sure to ride most with the
man that's got the fastest horse, don't you
The doctor nodded affirmatively. "1 see."
he said, "I see." Well, I think the mare
will suit you. She's a knowing beast. Just
see how her cars are laid back listening.
If you find her getting lazy, just touch her
up with the whip, and she'll climb, I can
"Well." said the captain, "if she's all
you say she is, bring her around to-night,
and turn her into my paster, and to-mor
row I'll fitch her up in my new buggy,
and give her a trial."
The next afternoon Capt. Todd ran his
bright new wagon out of the barn, and
throwmng a halter over his arm,. summoned
13111 Tyke ,and proceeded to the pasture,
whore the doctor had left timw miare the pre
B13 Tyke waes the captaIn's rlghthand
man., lie had sailed with the captain alt
his life, and now that the former had re
tired from active duty, Bill had retired
with li.em, and unert.akeni to learn tihe art
of farmning. I.n ap)pearance he was much
like what the immortal Blunsby might have
been, andt he was not much the inferior of
that worthy in taeituirnmty and oracular wis
The captain -and( hIs factotrm circuni
navigated thme paisture and " bore down"
upon the mare persuasively from the wind
wardl. But -the Iatelligent ,animal saw
them coiming and flattened her cars. The
captain wash almost within reach when she
threw up her head, changed ends and
cantered1 away to the father end of the
The cap)taln swore a round oath and
divided his forces. 13111 Tyke wvas sent to
coast cautiously around the fence while
the captain lay."off and on" in tihe ofling.
But It w'as a game the mare understood beat.
She trotted leisurely around the pasture,
keeping tantalizilngly out of reach and
resisting all thme blanidishm'ents offered her
in the shape of wheedling wordesiand ears
Tlhe captain aind Bill Tyke both fell to
swearing, andl followed the beast around
for an hour. At last, with consunmmate
generalship, they suicceded in cornering
her, and a she triedt to rush bet ween themit
beth sprang at her mnane.
The captain was successful, and held onm
like grim death, b)ut Bill Tyke failed to
secure a satisfactory grIp, and was kicked
head over heels into a blackberry bush,
whence he emerged tern, bleeding, and
swearimg worse thani ever. As for the
captain, lhe was dragged a hundred yards
before he managed to "board" the beast,
but at last he fount himself on her back,
tearinug heroes the pasture and bounding a
toot in the air at every jump. The mare
made straight for theo bars, wont over them
and finally camne to a halt in the captain's
dbooryard. The captai slipped off in an
exhausted condhition. andl drove his now
purchase Into the barn.*
The operation of harniessing was onie
requirIng all the seamanshIp ot' both the
captain and Bill1 Tyke to successfully per
form. The uses of thme various strapa,
buckles, and "behaymngpins" were the
subject of several animated dhiscussionis be
for-e the harness was finally adjusted.
When all was complete, Bill1 Tyke cruIsed
round the wagon several times, and ob
served that the "darned thing was all rIght,
anyhen," saidi the captain, "jest put
that Qld boat anchor Into the buggy, with
about three fathoms of si,out line, an' you
itin behind - 1Mm en, no oo-,t...mod
addrosIng the rnare, "if ye play a trick
like'thit agali. I'll fix ye."
Bil marched off to the tool-h'ouse and
returned, carrying an iron keelock and a
oiq of Inch manilla rope. Tie one end. of
his line he fastened the anchor. The other,
by the daptain's direction, he tied by a dou
ble hitch to the rear axle of the wagon.
"Now," said the captak), "jump in,
Bill. I'll make the old vixin hum when we
,it the widow in.
To the captain a great delight the widow
was at home, and surveyed: his new turn
mt with admiration. The harness, she
looked somewhat peculiar, but she
ildn't know nielLabout such things. Of
Dourse she.would >v to ride. How kind of
the captain! What a beautiful horsel
She was not long In getting ready, for ex
pedition at such tiues was one of the
widow's many virtnes. The captain helped
lier In, and the mare trotted placidly oil,
while Bill Tyke sat behind, with his legs
hanging over the "stern" of the wagon.
It was a delightful drive. The mare's
head was turned away from home, and she
4ehaved much better than the captain had
xpected. The sun was setting as they
Lurned about to go home, and as the even
ing shadows began to fall the captain began
to grow't'ender. Gradually his arm Plipped
about the widow's waist. Promptly she re
"Capt. Todd," she exclaiied, "you must
not; I cannot allow it. '
She glanced backward at Bill Tyke, who
still sat dangling his heels over the tall
board, In blisqful unconsclousiess.
'Oh, don't mind lim," sul tle captain.
"le don't see n1othin1r."
9It isn't that," said the widow, blushing,
"but-I Suppose 1 ought to tell you--in fact
I dcn't know that I ought to have come to
ride with you at all--blcause-because--"
"Cause what?" asked the captain.
"Because I am engaged to be married.''
"Engaged I" roared the captain. "Blast
my top-lightst Who to ?"
"To Mr. Samuel Blias.'
"Heavens and yearth I" yelled the cap
Lain, giving the mare a savage cut with the
whip; but I had no opportunity to add
more, for the mare made a boit as though
about to jump out of her skin, and tore
along the road liKe mad.
The widow shricked and grasped the
Daptaim by the arm.
"Oh, don't, don't I" she cried.
"Let her elp I" exclaimed the captain,
inore forcibly than politely. "I want to
get hum. Engaged to Sam Bliss. (Jood
The captain gave the niare another slash
with the whip, and Bill Tyke rose up on
lils knees and held on for dlear life. It was
getting dark rapidly. The road was full of
leep holes, and the side of the road was
bordered with clumps of bushes and large
rocks, over some of which the carriage
bounced like a rubber ball. The mare had
t all her own way now, for she had the bit
ct w cen her teeth, and was on a dead run.
"Hol her up, Cap'n, hold her up," ex
,lainied 11111 Tyke, in evident alarm.
"Port your hellum an' lay to."
"Hlolit up your grandmother," replied
'le captain, savagely. "I can't hold her
my more than I could hold a three-masted
ichooner in a hurricane."
The widow relieved herself of a series of
piercing screams, and threw her arms
round the captain's neck.
"I shall be killed ?" she cried. "Oh,
aptain, dear captain I For Heaven's sake,
stop tihe horse and let me get out.'
Capt. Todd gave a quick jerk to the
reins. The bridle gave way, and both lie
md the widow went over backward in the
btottom of the wagon. The mare increased
ier speed, if that was possible, and the
)ccupants of the vehicle devoted all their
ittention to keeping on board the craft,
which touched the ground apl'arently about
)nc.3 in fifty feet.
The captain surmised that the mare
would make straight for Dr. Blragz's corn
:rib, and if the wagon held together long
mnough they might hope to come to a hln
,here, though as for stopping right side up,
.t was scarcely to be hiopedl for. The
:nare was evidently not that kind of a
"'We're almost to the long hill," shouted
Trhe road thius far had beeni straight ; but'
it. the foot of the long hill was the lane that
Led to thme doctor's barn, and the captaini
mrnised that at their present rate of speed
lie entire party would get out about the
ine the mare turned the corneor.
The captain extricated himself from the
wvidow's embrace and threw his arms
uround the wagon seat.
"All hands on deck ?" shouted the cap
"Ay, ay, sir," rcspondedi Bill Tyke.
"'Let go the anchor," screamied tihe cap.
Bill Tyke raised the keelock in his nrmns
mod kiting it overboard. It bounded aloneu
~he road from skie to side for a few yards,
and thea caught unider a large rock ammong
hle bushes. Trhe mare dashed headlong on
ward ; the stout rope straightened in a see
ndl; there was a crash like the report of a
aannon ; thme mare went forward on her
knees, tearing up the grounid as she went,
while the widow, the captain and Bill Tyke
shot up into thme air about six feet and
slighted in a semi-conmseous condition
imid time wreck and debris of what had
It was thme end of Capt. TIodd's courtship.
I'he wagoni was an undistinguishable mauss
f kindling-wood; the mare had brok'en
both fore legs aiid requIred to be shot, and
.he'widow kept her bed for three weeks af
ecrward. The captain still follows the sea,
or, as lie often remarks to his first mate:
"The sea, Bill, is our proper sphere. We
noow iore about sailin' vessels than we do
bout drivin' horses."
"Speak for yourself, cap'ii," Bill always
~eplies. "At nmy end of the wagon I did
-Tihere are 2,000 inIafns still living
-A ease Involving a $150,000 estate
is on trIal in Rtochester.
-Richmond, Va., is about to Invest
I00,000 in water works.
--Real estafe in Boston costs less now
hman it has in several years.
---The apple orchards were not in
ured by the frosts of' april.
-Bran don, MIss., hiss organ'zed a
Roys' Chiristian Associ atlon.
-Captain Reid, or Palatka, Fla.,
f aised a lemon which weighed l3g
-Alimond trees flourish in South Car
slina, and are said to be as hardy .as
It Will Never b,e I'layed.
"By gum I"
Mr. and Mrs. Defoe sat before a cheerfu
Dre in their home the other evening. Ther
iad been a long period of silence, when
Mr. Defoe suddenly exclaimed as above.
"What is it, dear ?" she responded.
."Say, We've got tired playing gamef
nd what do you say to private theatri
"Why, we'll get th-ree or four of th
neighbors to join In 4nd we'll meet at eacb
lter's houses and have regular plays.'"
"That will be splendid I" she gasped.
"Ianged if it won't ! Wonder we nevei
thought of it before. Twenty dollars wil
get us all the scenery we want, and eac
ie can furnish his own wardrobe. By
gum! we've got the Idea now I"
'What sort of a play could we play?'
she asked as he marched up and dowi
with tragic step.
"1 have it-aha I" he exclaftned as li
stopped short. Don't you reniember I
started to write a play about five years ago?
I'll tnish it and we'll bring it out-! Now
let's see how the characters run. There
iB the Count Dunidoff, who Is in love witi
Oeraldine -the Fair. I'll be the Count, of
course, as he Is the hero. He kills four
m1n, rescues Geraldine from several dang.
ers, and there Is a good deal of kissitig
a(d love-iihking and a happy marriagel'
"And i'll be Geraldine."
"You I Oh, you couldn't play that. part.
3he must b) young and vivacious. Let'i
;ce ? I think PIl cast you for Hannah wh
keeps a bakery near a park in Paris."
"411d like to see myself playing Iannal
ln a bakery, I would," she deflantly ans
wered. "If you can play Dunidoff I know
1 ean play Geraldine."
"Oh, no you can't, my love. You are a
it1Je stiff in the knees, and how you'd loo
throwing yourself into my arms as the vil.
lains pursue. I shall cast that littl
widow D. for Geraldine."
"Then there'i be two Geraldines of us
If you oan play )uiidolf with your lan
back and catarrb, I know I can play Geral
dine with this little lameness in my lefi
"Now you listen to reason, Mrs. Defoe,
You aren't built for a Geraldine; you arc
too fat; your feet are too large; you haven't
got the voice for it."
"And you'd make a pretty Count Dum
doff, you would !" she tired back. "You
want to get the crook out of your back,
that bald head shingled over, your mouth
repaired and your eyes touched up with a
aiint-brush I I think I see you killing four
villains-ha I ha I ha I"
I"I Woman! do not anger ine I" lie said
In a deep-toned voice, as lie rose up.
"And don't you anger your Geraldine.
"Geraltine ! Why, yout don't know a
Aky-border from a flat I"
"IDumdoff I and you don't know a skye.
terrier from tthe big tiddle in the orchestrd"
"Tis well I We'll have no playing
"Then you needn't I When I play Han.
nah in a bakery to let you hug and kis:
he widow D. or any other woman all over
lhe stage you'll ie three or four Count
"I'li burn the play, jealous woman I"
"If you don't I will, vain man I"
Then they sat down and resumed their
rormer occupation of looking into the fire
ud the disturbed cat went back to her rug
wri her dreams.
'o many who have - pa&sed through the
Vinter regimeu, the coming of the salad
S the great event. Your hot-house salad,
wen your Southern salad, both quite edi
le, ire wanting in that. pleasant crispness,
hat delicate savor which a natural salad,
me grown in the open air, possesses. It is
1y 110 means necessary that in this brief
irticle receipts for dIressing salads should
)e prceented. Such methlods have been
liven from time to time im these columns.
&ll that can be (tone is to p)oint out certain
lcresies which are sometimes commnitted
with an early salad. There are Ignorant
ceople, to be pitied, who, fortunate In them
eossession of the first salad of the season,
ibsolutely destroy its tender delicacy by
lutting mustard on it I A taste must, be
ingularly depraved that dares do a thing
f this kind, It is an EnglIsh abandina
ion, andi should be dcCriedl. Youl will find
mastardl regularly prescribed in many Eng
ish books which are in vogue. There is
to method of dressing a lettumce salad save
;ith oil, vinegar, salt, and pepper; even
he Spring onmon, tile ciboukc, Is to be dis
~ardled, and not, an egng, either hard-boiled
r soft, should be0 used. The true Frencih
nethiod, in its manner of progression, is as
ollows: The lettuce leaves should be dry.
.ou will see at certain hours in the Paris
treets salade placed in wired baskets, to
hich a gentle centrifugal motioni is um=
-arted by hand by seine careful mcnagoro.
suother way is to use a nap)kin, and after
hiaking out the salad carefully, to dry it
eaf by leaf. But both of these processes
equire rapidity of motion, for a wilted
malad is a miserable thing. For dIressing,
he smled should be p)ulIced leaf by leaf
-rom its central core, leaving, however, tile
~entre. First, In a wooden spoon, mix
alt and pepper, which scatter over the
usiad, and lastly con.es the vinegar. TIhere
s a philosophlicat p)rogressien In all tils.
r'le leaves beuinmg first imbrued withl the ol
a a measure p)rotects tihe green, tendler tis
ucs from the corrosive effects of tile acetic
cid. A first salad should not be peno
rated with the dressing, it is only the out
ide w,4hilch 8110uld( recive a vairnishi of the
il and v inegaIr. As to the final process,
hat tile Frenchl call to fatigqucz the salad,
uhe exact transelation of tis verb, which
neans to "tire out" tihe salad, leads to many
ad errors. If tile green leaves are tossed
blout and the tender white vessels con
aiming the juices of thte salad are broken,
oeu have a liat and insipid thting; you taste
he dr-essieg and n'ot the salad. It require
light hand with a thioughtfuli mind to do
t. "A lettuce, when it is panachee,"
ays Enist Savarm, "is trulIy a salad of
listinction." T'here is in lettuce salad a
umbtle juice, slightly soporific, the gentlest
if anodlynes, well known to Ccmist.,
hich, as a leading authority says, "brings
~ep>se of temper and philosophic thought."
riere are t,wo entirely distinct classes whco
reed, the gourmand, the stuffer or the
levourer, and tIle gourmet, who eats
isely and with discrimination. The first,
mecauso he does net know how to prepare
11s food, takes hIs nourishment like an
animal; thec latter like an intelligent human
being. How many discussions have there
aet arisen In regard to the' cucumber! Ia
It wholesome or unwholesomo I To some
It is a delight, to others It Is a poilmon. The
general trouble, In a digestive point of
view, arises from the fact that the cucuin
ber Is not generally cut thin enough. Some
dehcate organisms cannot wrestle with
what is rather anl indigestible substance,
when it is absorbed in chunks. The art
is, then, purely a mechanical one as to
cucumbers. They should he cut in slices
so thin as to be diaphonous. There are
many people who believe that if there be
anything Injurious in the cucumber it exists
in the juices. Therefore, certain precau
tions are taken of cutting the cucumbers a
long time before they are used, and by
means of a weight. expressing their juices.
This Is nonsense of the lmost absurd charac
ter. It even tends to make the cuconber
more unwholesome takng away the nat
ural Ilulds which aid in the digestion, and
leaving behind the pitl'' substances. Get
your cucumber cool, slice it very thin, and
eat it at once, is the law. Endive and
celery both enter into thle category of salads
proper, as In distinction with saladv of
lobsters, ehickens, herrings, &c., which
should be rather classed as among the
Mayonnaises. There are many vegtables
which make excellent salads. Asparagus
bolled not too much, allowed to get cold,
and dressed with oil and vinegar, is the
best way of eating this vegetable. String
beans, even green peas, are admirable as a
salad. If, as Voltaire said of England,
(not of America, as it is generally sup
posed,) that it was a country where they
had invented cinquante religoins et pas
une acule sauce," let it be said, to our
own credit that we first showed the amira
ble qualities of a tomato salad. 8alads
must be as old as the world, and possibly
show that atavism in taste which must have
belonged to prehistoile man. Does not
Oliver Wendell Holmes tell us, somewhere,
how the English groom, with a stalk of
hay between his lips, recalls the hivorois
like horses? A to its derivation, the word
salad may or may not come from saladu,
recalling sal or salt, something salted 11am
let, in his speech to the players, says, '1
remember one sald, there were no xallct-v
in the lines to make them savory."
Voluptuous Cleopatra talks of her "salad
days," and in Henry IV., Jack Cido, when
seeking Iden's garden, declares lie went
there after a salad "to cool a man's stomach
in the hot weather." Be sure of it,
Shakespeare knew all about salids, and
The Abuse of Palu.
The little nerve of feeling which runs
through all parts of the human body car
ry to the brain intelligence of disaster and
of pleasure. The evil messages they bring
are called pains. A pain admonishes us
that some Injury Is done to a part of the
body-a finger jammed, a toe cut, an arm
burued-or that som'e part Is overworked
or wearied and nust have rest. The
verves but do their duty, when they report
faithfully these things, and our duty is to
repair the mischief wiich caused the nerves
to report in the way of pain. But many
persons are annoyed by these evil messages,
and only seek to silence the messenger.
'The immediate call is for something to
"still the pain." Fortunately, the means
employed are sometimes such as correct the
evil at once, and so put an end to the
trouble reported by the nerves. Especially
is this the case when cool water is applied
to cuts and burns-the relief and the cure
begin and go on simultaneously. The mie
result Is usually attained when hot water
applications (or fomentations) are made
to bruises and sharp pains of various kinds.
Pain, which results from overdoing of any
kind, is most reasonably "stilled ' by rest
-general rest of the whole body, and
especial rest. cof the overworked part. Any
thing that tends equalize the circulation of
the blood, or to make all parts of the body
confortably warm, and no warmer, helps
to set, the nerves at rest, or to stop pain
and disease. Not long ago we saw a man
who was sufferlag with a violent headache
(a neuralgic general toothache) furiously
kicking. first with one foot, and then with
the other, working to get the blood from
his head to his heels, because lie had found
that the most effectual way~ to cure his
Western iMorac Thiieveg.
The favorite mode of running off horses
Is thus described: Tiwo of the gang entcer a
settlement where there are good horses and
hire themselves out as farm hands and go
to work. After working a while they
leave the neighborhood or go to work for
p)arties owning good horses. By thIs means
they learn the habits of the owners and the
location of the covetedi horses. Witihin a
few days after they leave the place or
neighborhood a ralid isi mnade upon the sta
ble, and the coveted horses dlisappear.
thieves seldom run their stock to towns or
stations where railroad or telegraph lines
can reach themi. They run their stock
over lines seldom traveled, and as the gang
is very large the same mna seldom go more
than one or two stages before changing
horses, and return to the neighborhood of
the theft to take notea andl spread false re
ports to mislead pursmut. Lawrence relates
one Instance of a horse stolen in Fremont
county, Iowa, passing through nineteen
hands, all of them members of the gang,
before It was sold in Sherman, Texas. In
some places In Westerni Missouri, Arkansas
and Iowa and in Eastern liansas there arc
farms kept open for tIhe special benefit, of
the gang. These are generally In remote
districts, far from the mamn road,and where
horses cani be fed, doctored and disguised
for safe sale.
For the Creit of the Family.
A young gentlemian was passing a little
girl on Sevenith street recently who was
sitting on the dloomsteps humming over a
tune. lie was interested by the sweet and
intellIgent appearance of the child, and ac
costing her, the following dialogue took
"issy, what's your pa's name 1"
This was politely answered by the litt-le
"How many brothers have you ?''
- "Four or five."
"Hlow many sisters ?"
"Four or lve."'
The young man's curiosity being satis
fled lie passed on. The mother of the lit
the four-year-old (who had neither brother
or sister) overhecard the conversatIon, and
calling her in asked her why she had
storied to the man and received the follow
ing cute reply:
"Wellj mamma, I didn't want the gen
tleman to think we were so poor as to have
P'oisnous L.eguiminous Pliant.
Legununous plants, on account of the
great abundance of albunltoui material, in
addition to star.ch, found in their seeds,have
always been considered the equals of the
Most nutriltious cereals- uch as wheat, etc.
-as articles of food. Of such plants the
common bean has probably been largest
known and Is most widely distributed. It
was cultivated by the Jews, and considered
as sacred by the Greeks and Itomans. A
te.ple to- the od of Beans, KyInCeS.
stood upon the sacred road to Eleusis; and
the Kyanepgia, or bean feast, which the
Athenians celebrated in honor of Apollo
was characterized by the use of these le
guines. To the Egyptians the bean was
an impure fruit, and they did not venture
to touch it. The black speck on the white
wings of the flowets wts formerly looked
upon as the written character of death; for
which reason the bean in ancent times
passed am the symbol of death. It has been
reserved for modern times to learn that
"gdeath" may indeed "lurk In the pot"
with at least some of these hOit'-.erto unsus
pected pod-fruited plants. Attention has
been called to the 1a't by Dr. lothroch that
certain leguminous plants growing in otir
Southwestern Territories poswes poison
ous properties. In the vicinity of Fort
Garland, in Colorado, cattle have quite
often given evitence of poisoning, which an
investigation haks lieen traced to 0xiftroph
amberti. The effiects that follow the
eating of this plant appear to be long on.
during, tihe aninmal becoming deniented and
wasting away as its fondness increases to
something like ith ophm habit in man.
Dr. Hothroch detected at New Camp Grant,
Arizona, another plant, lomckia push i
ana, the effects of which are similar to the
prece<ing. According to the Acadcm.y,
Professor Colni has recently reported a ease
of the poisoning of hundreds of sheep, at
Nanslau, from eating Lupinn . Two
circuistanices were spokei of as probable
causes. Professor Cohn had, a year previ
ously, demonstrated the existence in Lu
p/nu, of ai active bitter principle, of which
the poisonons properties, closely allied to
the poisonous alkaloid of the water Iem
lock, are established. The other possible
cause was found to be the occurrence. in
most of the specimens submitted, of scle
rotia, which burst out In the form of small
black warts cloeely arranged in parallel se
riea. Professor Cohn remarked that the
quest Ion as to whether the poisoning should
be attributed to the lupine or the fungus
must be settlerl by chemical investigation.
Subsequent experiments, however, in culti
vating the fungus from the selerotium have
not its yet led to the production of any spe
cift form that. could have produced the
poisoning. Tie li)iines grow wild through
out the whole of Europe and in ditia and
Arabia, and are mostly used n food for
cattle, although the seeds are sometimes
used by file poorer classes of people.
America has also its lupine, and its bitter
seeds are eaten from Canada to Florida.
Another poisonous leguminous plan proves
to be Sop)hora siccio <, from Texas.
From the seeds of this Dr. ii. C. Wood,
Jr., has extracted an alkaloid which lie
cils Sophoria. The efftcts of this are
stated,to resemble those of the calahbar bean.
The seeds are used by t lie Indians of Texas
to induce an intoxicatlon which lasts from
two to three days. Ialt a bean iwill, it is
said, cause intoxication, and a whole one
may be productive of dangeros mymptois.
As to the alkaloid, Dr. Wood states that
three grains of it hypodermically failed to
very seriously affect a dog, but killed a cat
In a short time.
Watut to Kt.ow, You Sinow.
The following questios are propounded
for the benefit of debating societies:
Does the journalist take precedence over
tie prefessioual writer of books?
Are American homes Ioe happy than
those of other countrIes
Is farmi life more condtuctive to intellec
tual development anid haippiness than life
in our great cities?
Are wve, as a native, adtvancilg i moral
Ity, or retrogressing ?
If husband and wife should have a
misunderstanding, both belilevinmg themi
selves to be0 right, which should yijeld
Is drunkness mnore debasing itn a woman
thani in a man ?
Is the pursuit of great, though unattain
able, objects more ennob)ling to the chairac
ter than the successful pursuit of objects
which, though attainable, hardly awaken
is crime justifiable when the ultimate
endl Is the benefit of society ?
Will science and theology ever Join
hands andl meet upon a common lait
-IDoes the practice of little charities In se
cret entitle a person to more hlonor
than the practice of great charities a pub.
Can New England 1be conaIdered as the
brains of the United states?
Is life in the mountainous regions of the
frigid zone preferable to the mlonotony of
fiat Northern Louisina?
The process of p)rodiuclng natural chanm
pagne, that is to say, chamlpagne Into which
carbonic acid gas has been infused by ani
artificial process, in Caliiorni, is precisely
the same as that followed by all well-regu
lated houses in the champagne (district ini
France. Tlhe choicest varieties of vines
are Imported directly from the champagne
(district in France, and planted In California
soil, and by this means the French grape
Is growvn in thaut-state, and a good founda
tioin laid for the reproduction of F"rench
wine. Onie firm in California, durinig the
last year, produced more than twelve
thousand cases of chamlpagne by this
Frcnch process, and( tile WmeI is considered
by many person. to compare favorably
with the imported article. The true dis
tinction to be madie between champagnes is
that which classifles them as the natural
and the artiilcal wine. It requires at least
two years to p)rodulce the natural chain
p)agne, because natuire Is the agent which
clarifies and perfects it; while the artificial
or gas wino caii be manufactured In as
many dlays. Of this article thero are two
kinds, that which consists of of real wine,
charged with cavbonic acid gas, and that
which consists of some other fluid, similarly
charged. This fluid Is a mixture of water,
fruit esences, alum and various other In
gredIents, It Is impossible to estimate the
injury which this suipurlous article has done
to the legitimate trado, for people become
didguated with all champagne after drink
ing the sunnroulh sino.
The French have a vast amount of troub
le withli their political and religious affairs,
but they continue, so far as one may judgo
I roma outside appearances, to be the most
miraculously happy and peaceful people on
the earth. It was a Sunday such as Is
usually vouchsafed to Paris in June, but
not once In ten years at other seasons. The
al was soft and bliny, the delicious green
of the fresh buds and the springing grasses t
filled the Champs Elysees and the Bois do
Boulogne with delicate aromaa, and hund
reds of thousands of people were on p?ron.
miade. Thousands were seated on either
end of the Chanips Elysees, and they look
ed as if they were all of one mind, although
such was not the case. There were but
very few poor or ragged Deople visible.
We shouhl think one in ten thousand would t
he a liberal allowance, and nearly every
person of the lower classes appeared to
have a comfortable career aliead, with no c
Rpeeial care for anything except the pres- 1
(it. For miles on miles a sextuple row of
carriages, ranging in style from the most
elegant to the most humble, stretched along
the principal roadways. There was a
brilliant display of handsome equipages.
We saw a goodly number of Amerloan car.
ringes and buggies, and was not a little
amused to notice Dr. Carver, the "marks
man,' driving a natty pair of horses to a
small trap, and exciting much curiosity by f
lie colossal size of lils gray sombrero and '
the length of his locks. Around the lake
Lvery nation under the sun was represent- l
Ld. Fat Chinamen, in purple silk gowns, o
rolled pafle:d Anonymas in yellow-wheeled 0
:ihai ots. itusasian noblemen, German shop
keepers, English snobs and nobs, Ameri
eans of every kind and color, and French a
from every province was there. At the
nuseade where it is the fashion to "des
end" and take refreshments, there was
iuch a line of carriages as one sees on "re
view days," and the uniformed flunkeys r
ihouted themselves hoarse in crying out
"The carriage of Lord So-and-So!" "M..
ic Marqui's (log cart!'' "Mr. liggiubot- V
Loim's 1manI" etc. Ponderous coaches, t
rron the top of which swells from beyond
the Channel conducted their fiery four-in
hands, rolled along the macadam. Here
ind there an incautious driver came to q
4rief, and lis conveyance was inexorably I
relegated to the roadside until the crash e
was over. From the lake to the triumphal
irch, on the return, an hour and a half was
ionsumned, so enormous were the crowds. (
Lu the evening all the main avenues were e
io encumbered that it was not pleasant to f
w alk on them.
A bout D4ogs.
Few persons are aware of the value, var
riety and weight of (logs, varying as they 1
lo from 180 pounds to less than one pound.
We often hear them valued at from
i;500 to less than nothing, A description 0
Af different kindsof dogs may be interest- 2
ng. The Siberiau blood-hound weIghs 2
about 100 ponnds, measures forty inches
in girt, and is worth nearly $500, The St.
lernard dog, which is a buff or light lead 1
:olor, is very large a.nd valuable. The New- l
Foundland dog, when pure, Is entirely black, F
id its pups are worth from ten to twenty
:lllar". Tle shepherd dog, or Scotch
-ooly, is wonderful for its patience, ilelity v
nd bravery. It is worth from fifty to $100 v
lhe Enlglish mastiff, a good watch dog, is n
wvorth froni fifteen to twenty-five dollars. t,
f terriers, the black-and-tan is most ad
ii.Led. They varly in weight from one pound 1)
o twenty-flive pounds, and increase in b
value as it decreases in weight. e
l'erriers are of tell crossed with the k
[talian greyhound, producing a very dell- u
nate but extrenely useless dog. The Scotch
errier is Ilhe hardiest (logs, Is very coura
4eot18, and is worth from ten to thirty
lollars. icoteh deer-hounds are the rarest
Imld 1most valuable of hunting dlogs. Th1ey74
are owned p)rinlcipally by the nobility of
lEnglimd, amnd arc worth $100 each.
l'he b)eagle is ulhe smallest of the hound
dnd, has superior scent andI enduirance,
mud, ini short, Is the best sort, of rabbit
ilnte)r. English greyhiounlds, tihe fleetest a
>f dogi', aire wiorth fronm twenty-five to a
#i100 each. Tlho Italian greyhound is mere
y a parilor dlog. Thie pure breed(l ir are
mud valuable, a tine one being worth $1510. i
Piht re is a great variety of pointers, settlers
iudiypaflel5. Th'le Prince Charles vamriety Ci
s the most valuable ofj spanlels. Hie is c
iuiIpposed to haveYf originaltedl in) .lpan, U
'hiere a simiillar breed exists, iIe has a
arge, full eye, black-and-tan color, and
iever wveighis over tenm poundas. They have d
men sold at auction in England at $j2,000 y
achel. Thle coach (log is from Denmark, J
iiid not oft milchi Vailue,
A CoMtIy Toy.
I must not forget to mention a curious
mud really exqiuisite model on exhibition
iit the Paris Expostion. It is a model- u
ihout 2 1-2 feet in length and sonic eight tg
nches in width--of a Pullman drawing-'
0'1om car amid is made enut irely or goldi andl h
>xyd(izedi silver. It is fIIshed p)erfcCtly, tl
0 the most minute (detalls ; the raIls upon
sleh It stands are silver andi the wheels
~old. The phat formi at either end is of gold, t
:haisedl with crossed lines to represent tihe
mneven surface of the common p)latform, t
i'hue body of thme car is of oxydize silver, y
ixqumsitely chased and the doors of the k
ame, while the knobs and hlinges areC of a
~old. Windows of plate glass, shadecd by
ilik curtains alternate withi mirrors in rich
ramifes. Tlhe revolving easy.chairs and P
oot-stools are of silver covered with sil|j
,elvet, and even the inevitab)le sp)ittoon, no 0
arger than a porcelaIn button, ia perfectly 0
nade in silver. On the floor lies a hand.a
iomie velvet carpet, andi at each door the a
tecuHtomed mat. The ceiling Ia tastefully t
'rescoedl, and tiny but perfect lamps of
:rystal are suspendled thereupon, while the
,entilaters around thle top of the car are r
ninute doors of g yld. Looking in at one 0
>f the windtows you see, looked securely In i
ts closet, the stove of silver whlich suIp
)lies warmth, and in another witndow you
ice that the diressinig-room withi all its ap.
>Ointmients is not forg(otten. Tihe owner1
mad maker who has been exhibiting this
s'ith pardionable pride, says that tihe roof
:onslsts of seventy plates of gold; that it
sost him between $4,000 andi $5,000 to
nake tils model, and its worth $13,000,V
1lik statemnt is that it weighs 108 pounds.t
t is certainly a most complete and beautiful
>iece of worhemanship, although a some
vhaut expensive toy.
-Tnere are 123 nogro men ins Lex. J
ng ton, Kentucky. Who1 aro diiquatlitltd B
~rom voting by reason of havinig sery. o
~d terma in the yonlitenl~ty.. ti
-Ono of tihe constables-in the town of
Uonkey Wrench, Kansas, Is named
-R. A. Pennell, an athlete of New
Irtnswick, N. J., for a wager, lifted
-The Nfethodists claim to have 40
olleges and 3 theological siminarles in
-The ecclesiastical property in New
rork exempt from taxation Is valued
-Mr. Jay Uould, now controls 7,864
alles of railroad, and will soon control
04 miles more.
-The first gold mine discovered iu
he United States waA struck in South
Warolina In 1790.
-Over 1200 miles of railroad, it Is
laimed, are under contract or actually
tiliding In Texas.
-Each employe of Lauer's brewery,
n Reading, Pa., is allowed eighteen
lasses of beer a day.
-An effort is being made to raise
25,030 for a scientific building for
)lckinson College, Carlisle, Pen'n.
-Alabama furnished to the Confed
rate service 122,000 soldiers, one
:mrth of whom lost their lives li the
-In 1840 the'debts of the New Eng
md States were $4,840,000. The debts
r the samet Sates nlow amount to $51,
-Last year twelve perso ns in the
iited Stales and Europe gave an
ggregate of $3,000,000 to the cause of
-From 200 to 400 new coke ovens
rill be in operation along the south
rest branch of th1e Pennsylvania Rail
oad by the 1st of June.
-The property of the city ot Paris,
rhich comprises all buildings devoted
)public use, is estimated atone millard
tid fifty-mililons of francs ($210,400,
-Covert D. Bennett, who was a
ultied of a charge of killing Richard
I. Smith, will lecture In Jersey City
I his mental experience while under
Dntence of death.
-'Ilhe Baltimore and Ohio Railroad
'ompany plarvne(l a rehiefrsoelety for its
mployees, contributed $100,000 to its
und, and oflered to conduct its bust
ess without charge.
-At a late sale ira Paris a book by a
iodern binder, Tratz Bauzonnent, a
inater of the art of Inlayine, sold for
3,200, of ihih at least $2,200 was paid
A re1spect of the binding.
-Tie Nunnery at. Ebstorf, Province
f Hanover, Prussia, celebrated the
0ilenlim of its foundation on March
2. The chureh connected with it was
ullt in the twelilth century.
-A benevolent Detroit dentist an
ounced that on a certain day lie would
ull teeth freo for poor persons and
rovide laughing gas. lie used 700
allons of gas and extracted 271 teeth.
-not a drop of water remains of
iat was once Ruby lake in Nevada,
bhlch waS, some years ago, twenty
ilIes long, varrying f riom half a mile
> t,i ree miles in breadth and very deep.
-K rupp, of Essen, has lately bought
5,000 tons of Swedish iron, whioh will
o conveyed in thirty steamers to Pom.
ranian harbors for conversion into
Miling machines,Germany's main man
--Templo Bar Is to lie replaced by a
andsome memorial, to be erected In
ie middle of the roadway, and adorned
ith the statues of her Majesty and the
rlncei of' Wales. Thelm monument is to
r've as a refuge.
-Th'le reqlulred capilati stock (500,000
arks) for the "German Petroleum
oring Association" hias been secured.
lie principal oflce wvill be at Breme'n,
ad thme field of operation necar Lane
urg, Province of' Ilam,ver.
-Louis Watso, the Indian chief', who
over 100 years old, andi who lIves at
ake George, has just receivedi a long
K pcted pension from the British Goev
'ninent for wvarlike services rendered
ci ee of the Abenquis In the can
nst of 1812.
-The Island of Jersey has been un
ar thme dloinion of England for 600
sars, andl yet a petition was lately re
eted by the insular Parliament, called
io "States," because It was couched
r the English lar.guage, so strong is
re love of the peop)le for the French
-It is reported that the great Mini
esota farmer, Oliver Dairymple, in
mnds to cultIvate 30,000 acres of wheat
uls year. lie wIll have twenty steam
areliers in operation with 1365reapirg
achines. Lust year lie employedl C6u
aborers, and this year wvili increase
ie number to 700.
-Beyond the fact that Queen Vie
>rla receives $1,925,000 a year from
me British nation, and $200,000 a year
oin tie dluchy of L-ncaster, and that
me fortune left to her by the miser
*el(d aimunted to $2,500,000. no one
nows except herseif and secretary
'hat her income ia.
-T1he largest nuamber ot loga over
utt about on the uipper Mississippi ini
[innesota is that of last winter. The
Lit of thc season amounted to 248,000,
)0 feet, to whicn Is to be added 30,200,
30 old logs in the booms, which makes
total of 270,000,000 feet to be manu
ststredl at and above MinneappolIs
-British imports since 1809 have
son In value from $1,457,000 to $1,81C
),000, or about 23 per cent, whIle the
uports of the Uu4ted States have ad
mnced but 10 per cent. In the same
oriod, however, the exports from the
nited btatos have doubled, while
rltish exports have advanicedl hardly
prcnt, or from $949,760,000 to $957,
-The college book of Harvard gives
~atistics showing that out of 043 Hiar
ard students who graduated between
369 and 1875, Inclusive, 360 were Uni
rlans or liberals, 217 Episcopalians,
.8 Orthodox Congregational ista, 413
aptists, 25 Presbyterians, 18 Meth
Lists, 12 Swedenborglans, 8 other
initarians, 2 Quakers, 15 Catholics, 2
ews, 1 Mormon, aud .1l, unddoided.
e its are furnished the -students at the
rnense of the oolee at anyehurch o