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IN; I Mw RI'I
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., JULY 6, 1880. VOL. IV-NO81
All the strong spolls of passion slowly breali
Its ohains undone,
A troubled sloop that dreams Io peaceful wak
A haven won.
A fire burnt out to the last dead ember,
Left black and cold;
A flory August unto still September
Yielding her gold.
4 dawn serene, the windy midnight over,
The darkness past,
Now, with no olouds or mists the day to cover,
The day at last.
Thou hast thy prayed-for peao. 0 soul, and
From noleo and strife.
Now yearn for over for the noise and riot
That made thy life.
"Mamma, listen 1 1 heard a groan I" and
little Helen .awthorne sprang from her low
seat by the warm fireside, the rich glow
deepening on her fair check, and a sudden
excitement leaping Into the dark gray
"Nonsense, dear," answered the mother,
after a moment's silence. "It was your
imagination. My little girl is fanoiful to
night," and she bent to stroke back the
thickly clustering curls from the low,
white brow, as she impressed a fond, lov
ing kiss upon it.
It was a pretty picture on which the fire
light danced and flickered-the warm, lux
urious room, with the tall, elegant woman
in its midst, and the little, daintily-dressed
child by her side.
Without the wind swept by, hurling
great chunks of snow on its wilngs, and
dashing through the bare, leafless branches
of the trees.
The child shuddered as she listened to
"I am quite sure I heard it, mamma
Suppose any one were out on such a night.
It would be dreadful. Let me open the
door a moment-just a moment."
And, without waiting for the refusal
trembling on her mother's lips, she darted
forward and threw open the great outside
In another instant, the bell sent a sharp
peal through the house, for on the very
threshold lay a prostrate body, already half
buried in the snow.
Five minutes later, and the lad had been
carried to a sofa, and restoratives and
stimulants passed down his throat.
"Will he live, manmma? Do you think
he will live?"
But, in answer to her question, the lids
slowly lifted themselves, and the great
black eyes rested wonderingly on the child's
face, bending so anxiously over him.
Had the death he thought so near indeed
overtaken him, and was this heaven lie had
reached ? lie feared to waken from his
dream, and find himself again homeless and
starving and cold.
With a long-drawn sigh lie closed is
eyes, only to find the fascinatiou of' the
present overcome him, and impel hini to
atgain gaze upon his marvelous surround
But his wonder only deepened whenthe
reality was brought home to hlmv-when lie
discovergd that It was life, not death, and
earth, not heaven, and that he was not to
be driven out again into the cold and bitter
Through its long, silent hours lie lay mo
tionless in this warm resting-place, pictur
ing, in the darkness, the child's face, until
it became stereotyped both on heart and
The next day lie told lia story. fle was a
poor lad, orphaned and friendless.
"They discharged inc from my last
place," ho said, "because I carried a book
about with me, and the boss said it would
teach me to dream Instead of work. I was
only trying to learn something mn my idle
imutes, though I couldn't find much time,
andl I didn't take my employer's. How
ever, lie was a hard man to dheal with, and
I had to go. I started West. Tme little
money I had gave out. The storm over
took me. .1 struggled on as best I could, un
til I grew faiint, and sick. Somewhere in
the distance I saw a light. I1 struggled
towardl it. You know the rest. Now I am
strong and wvell again, the storm is over,
and I can only thank you In a few poor
words for your generous kindness, and( go
"Papa will be home this afternoon," an
swvered thie child. "Hie is the owner of
all the mills here. If you would like, I
will ask him to give you a place ; and there
is a school at night for the hands, where you
can study, too."
"If I would like I"
It was all lie said, but little- iIclen Ilaw
thorne needled no other words. She knew
that a great, lump In his throat hiad choked
his further uuctranice, and that lie had
tuirnedi away ashamed, to hide the tears.
The next week saw her promise fulfilled,
and Alex Vernon stood once more a man
among min. Hie found ai place In the night
school, too. Nor diii his young patroness
forget hhn, In somec way shme discovered
the books lie neded, anid heen them to biam,
until he grew to associate her wvith every
good thing of his new life. One morning
thie sent, for hIm.
"I am going to Europe with nmamnma,
Alex," she said, "to be gone for a great
mmany years. Whenm 1 conic back, I hope to
fInd you a ma)n-i-perhaps papa's overseer,
I wantedl to tell you that If you wished my
books from the library I would leave this
key with you, and you might, come up and
Tme sun was streaming lull on her face
and thme gold of hicr-hair, as she spoke, but
to the boy, listemiig, a dark mist sc.emed to
roll between I hem. She was going away for
years-she who had savcdI hinm fronm death,
or worse thanm death.
Tfhe next minute she felt just a little
hurt, as, without a single word of thanks,
lie abruptly took thie key and hastened froni
She could unot know that lie wvent ouit to
throw hhnaself, face dlownwardl, oni the
iround(, and sob out.llke a very child in lis
Seven long years passed swiftly by, and
Alex Vernion had re.achied lisa twenty-fifth
winter. 11ehen J.awthiorne's last woi(1ds hd
been to .im a prophesy, for she was now
on lie" homeward way, and lie had attaincd
the rosition of head overseer of the Works,
"My little girl made the beat seleetion,
aftez all." Mr. IlawthornnwanMd atn- say
on receiving congratulations on the oflici
ency of his young aid.
Occasionally he would read him a scrap
or kind message from his daughter's letters,
but Alex received them all in silence. le
had lost the little golden-haired child for
ever. She would return a woman, grown
cold, haughty and proud, perhaps, refusing
to. cast even a smile across the vast social
gulf yawning between them.
One morning-lie had boon absent a few
days on business- he returned to find a
difficult piece of machinery about to be ad
justed in one of the mills which required
his superintendence. Directing the inca,
-he saw that not only his eye but his hand
could do better work than the others,
and so, seizIng a workman's blouse hanging
near, he slipped it on, and in another mo
mont had his shoulder to the wheel.
A half-hour later, soiled and begrimed,
ho heard the rustle of a silken dress, and
the silvery ripple of a woman's laugh.
He glanced up quickly. A gay party
were passing through the works, with one
among them seeming a princess surrounded
by her followers The gold still flecked her j
hair, and the dark lashes swept the cheek
of purest ivory. Time had but' made her
She glanced idly, indifferently, among
the little groupe of men, of which lie
"I see no one here I recognize," she said
in the old, sweet, soft voice, and passed
She had come home, then, during his ab
sence. le had seen her. The seven years'
waiting *ere over. What had they brought?
The machinc y slipped into its place, but
Alex Vernon, with a stranire palor upon
his face, went out silently from the mills.
Not, as once before, to find relief in tt-ars.
:Ie was a man now. le only knew that
something was bursting within him-a bit
ter disappointment, to which he could give
no name, but could only bring out into the
air and sunshine, lest it stifle him.
.bar out into the open country lie walked,
with great strides, knowing neither fatigue
nor consciousness that it was unnatural that
le should not tire. ,
Suddenly, on the road behind him, caie
a horse's quick hoofs. He stepped aside
for it to pass, but the rider drew reign at
"It is Alex," said a sweet voice, close in
his car; "I know that I am not mistaken."
And, as in a dream, lie saw held out to
him a tiny gauntleted hand. He looked at
his own. Not even had he washed away
the traces of his recent toil. le would soil
by his touch even her glove, although the
fair whiteness of her skin was thereby pro
She saw the hesitation, and drew back. t
"Am I wrongl" she questioned In a c
little hurt surprise. "I thought you would I
be glad to see ine." C
"Pardon me!" he answered; "my hands
"Oh l" she said. Then, after a mo
nent's pause, she said: "When you haLve
washed them clean, come and see me."
A nd, cutting her horse with her silver
handled whip, she dashed past him out of
The next week he was invited to (line at t
her father's table. Mr. Hawthorne would t
accept no excuse.I
"It is in our country an honor to be a t
self-made man. I have no guest of whom 1
I shall be more proud."
But when lie entered the elegantly-ap- I
pointed drawing-roonis, Miss Hawthorne
gave him simply a courteous bow of recog- I
nition, and made no effort to approach him.
Once or twice during the meal lie found
her eyes fastened on his face, as he was
drawn on to speak on this or that topic, as
it was presented, while one and another
mingled in the discussion, deferring in his
opinions as to those of a man who under
stood himself. t
The ice once broken, he met her often,
but never once had their hands touched.
le was admitted even into her circle now.
lie went onily that lie might see her, listen
to her voice.
With her, lie never forgot the cold1 night,
the diriving snow, thme senseless, inani
niate form she had brought back to life, and
light, and( consciousness, iIe gave 110 name
either to his pain or his exquisite happi
ness of being near her. Hie was in the
maelstrom ; let it toss him where it would.
'I he summer came, and on its wvings it
brought the whisper that Miss IIawthornie
.vas to be married in the autumn.
The (day he heard It lie went out, as once
before, to walk (ff the shari) pang that
made his former pain seem nothing. Was i
it fate that, as he turned Into a p)ath loading i
through the woods, lie dlescriedl adiead the
slight, willowy, graceful form he knew but s
too wvelI ?(
She was coming toward him. In another
umute they must meet ; but even in that t
minute something caine between them.
'here was a sudldeni rustling in the bushes.
lIe heard a low cry from her lips, as a hirge
dog sp)rang inito the path, his blood-shot t
eyes and frothing lips betraying his mad- r
11ess. The creature sprang toward her but
the man was quicker. IIe had thrown him
self betweeni them anmd grasp)ed the (log
hlrmly by the throat.
"Run for your life!I" lie samidi, feelinig hiis
strength could( not hold out long against
such 0od(s ; but, to his uitter ,anmazemnent
she stood still.(
''You shall not (lie for me," she said.
Then lie remembered that in his pocket
.was a pistol, lie had carriedi fom p)rotectiOii,c
.vnen at night lie had beeni intrusted with
noney by the firm. He told her where to
"'Hold hihn a mhmflte longer 1'' she said.
The next, a sharp shot rang out on the1
air, his hands relaxedl, and the brute fell
bleeding at his foot.
iIe turnied towardi her. She was verg t
m)ae, and1( the pistol had1( fallenu from her f
hold, but her eyes were fixed on his hands. 1]
le looked downi. For the first time lie t
saw that they were bleeding.t
"Are they wasihed( cleani ?" shie said(. 1:
lie held thenm towardl her.
"'Yes," he answered ; '"though I have 1,
saved your life for another man. I, who a
have dIaredl to love you."c
She sp)oke 110 word, but lookinig a mo- r
mnt in his eyes, she stooped and raised e
first one then thme other to her lips.
"There Is but 0110 man," then she said,
"to whomi I will belong, and he It, is who c
for liy sake washed lis hands in blood. e
lex, it needed-thims to lay bare our souls
one to the other."
Then she burst Into bitter weeopinig, but 1
er tears fell on his breast.'
-Trer is only one gradluate of Yale r
College among the twenty-live carndi- r~
atea for' this year'g degree of B. D. ini fl
the Yale diVinity school,
Bummer Exeursions via Pennsylvania
Summer excursions, long or short, are
ow necessities of American life. All
lasses indulge in these relaxations from
iusiiess during the Suuner months. The
Ieh extend the time to months the
ioor content themselves with a much
liorter withdrawal from the store, the
nanufactury or the workshop. To foster
md encourage this feeling, the various
ailroads of the country have Inaugurated
iuninor excursions to the sea coast, the
nountain top, the shady valley. and the
julet rural sections of this great country.
?oremost among the Summer excursions
)oth for variety of location, the cleapness
)f fare, and abundance of natural scenery,
ire those gotten up and managed by the
Pennsylvania Railroad. All tastes can be
;ratifled by these trips over the stein line
>f the Pennsylvania Road and its numer
)us branches. Eight honrs ride from
Philadelphia brings the traveler to Altoona
ind Cresson Springs, in the Allegheny
Iountains, and the famous Bedford
springs are reached by the Pennsylvania
Lallroad to Huntingdon, and thence by the
IIuntingdon and Broad Top Railroad to
B3edford. Leaving the niain line at Har
isburg the route of the traveler leads nortli
ward over the Northern Central and Erio
Railroads to the mountain resorts of Renoro
md Kane, to Watkins' Glen, and the many
pictursque localities in the vicinity of
3eneca Lake, all reached from Philadel
[jhia by express trains with luxurious Pull
inan palace cars. Delaware Water Gap,
% most pictursque and delightful retreat
rrum the heat of Summer is reached via
'Prenton and the Belvidere Division of the
Pennsylvania loaO, which runs along the
Delaware river, and presents a constantly
,hanging panorama of enjoyable views by
land and water. By leaving the main line,
%. hundred other points can be reached,
where repose, comfort and health can be
%btalned by all classes. At the same time
ill the most popular and attractive sea-sido
resorts on the Jersey Coast can be readily
md pleasantly reached by cars on the
Pennsylvamna Railroad. At the depot of
he company, in West Philaddiphia tour
sts from inland localities will find cars
n waiting to transfer them-at a cost of
iix cents-to the depot at the foot of Mar
ce Street, f om which point Cape May,
Atlantic City, feach Haven, and Seaside
Park may all be reached within two hours
ind without change of cars: The traveler
.ontinues his journey from the West Phila
lelphia depot to Sea Girt, Spring Lake,
)cean Grove, and Long Branch, all of
vhich points are also reached in about the
nine tine and without change of cars. In
his way a vast extent of country, richly
indowcd -with all natural charms and
kcalth giving properties, is opened to the
Injoyment of persons of even moderate
neans. The excursion rates are most
noderate, and cover such a period of time
a5 will satisfy even the most exacung, and
iving accommodations, at all points, can
)e obtained in such shapes as to fit all pir..
es. The Summer excursion prograinio
>f the Pennsylvania Railroad was never so
xtended, encircling and complete as for
lie summer of 1880, and no doubt the
ravel will be correspondingly enlarged.
Vhen a person can enjoy a Summer vaca
ion on the mountaim or by the ocean side,
imiost as cheap as living in the City, or in
he inland town, it is folly to tread the
>earls of comfort and health under foot.
['his blessing the Pennsylvania Railroad
mts within the reach of all by theireater.
>rise and liberality.
Ice in the Track of Xhips.
Ice and icebergs appeared on the banks
f Newfoundland earlier this season than
sua. They are most commonly met in
lie early part of the summer, after the ces
ition of northerly gales, which drive them
roi their location in the latter part of
larch or April. The icebergs come chiefly
romn Greenland, being formed by rivulets,
tc. The vast ieodlelds seen upoin the banks
ic brought thlere by the currentsof the sea
ndi the wind. They com ae mostly from the
oast of Labrador, and( are parts of the
dids which arc tormed (luring the long
ninter in the great bays and inlets of the
labrador coast. Icebergs are continually
hanging their line of floating, owing ill
art to the breaking off of pileces of the up
er mass and the melting away of the sub
cerged portion. Tlhieir motion is always
low, andl accidents can rarely happen from
liem to prudent, mariners. At tis season
f tile year they are brought, down by the
orthern windls. They float along the
anks of Newfoundland, andl finally, strik
mg the warmer waters of the Gulf Stream,
Donl disappear. The0 movemenlt of a field
f ice is accomipanied by nmchi crashing,
ud( is often obscured by a dlense fog,
brough which rise the tops5 of the bergs.
)n two occasions during tile Arctic cruise
f the .Juniata in tile Polish Search Expe
lition, that, vessel barely escaped dlestruc
ion by icebergs. One of these was in thme
.'iddlle of July, 18713. D)urig a dense fog
t mididay, of! Cape Farewell, Greenland,
a immense berg wvas suddenly seen to 100om
p out of the fog not more than a shipl's
mngth directly ahead. Fortunately the
easel was running at slow speed, and her
ourse was quickly changed, andu she clearedl
lie ice mountain by about oneC hiund(red feel..
In anlothier occasion, off Fiskernacs, in a
ense fog, another very large berg wvas seen
little on the port bow, and a ledlge of rocks
a the starboard bow, not more than 600
act dlistant. Thme engines were stoppedc(
nd( revers6d,and the vessel escapedl dlestruc
ton by only a few feet. An oillcer of one
i the vessels which encountered the great
so fieldd and( bergs on tile Banks, and whose
easel was closedl in for several hours, gave
me following statement of lis observations
> a reporter: "To the windward of us,
>rming a lee shore, we saw a vast plain of
ndulating-ice, in no wilse dlifferent from
mat which we sometimes see in winter On
lIc North River when the Hludson Is break
ig up, except, in its extent. There was
me same crackling andu grinding andl splash
ig, but the Indefinite extent multiplied the
>uds to a tremendous din, and with it
ime a stranlge undertone acomplanitnent.
'he hummocks piled themselves up on tile
mige of the floes in a set of rugged walls
averal feet, in height. A great number of
orgs, of shapes the most, simple ana mest
ompllicatedl, of colors blue, white and
arth-stained, were ent angled in this great
eating field of ice. They ranged froml 50
, 150 feet in hleighit, and wvere of various
mngthis. We could not hlelp being im
ressed by time majesty of these ice imoun
ulns. With bergs, floes and humumoek
Iges the great mass ,looked like an ice
ouind coast, on whlich we were soon firmly
xed. These ice mountains frequently
avolcd in onnosite diectioans from the
wind and the surface ice,' which gave us a
good index of a deep-sea current. Next
was an ice bill at least 200 feet in height,
Its face being 300 feet in length and irregu- fo
Jar i shape. No one is capable of appreci. el
ating the glorious variety of iceberg scen- ih
-cry, unless he be an eye-witness. The gen- S
eral color of a berg may be compared to it
frosted silver, and when its fractures are hIl
very extensive the exposed faces have a w
very brilliant lustre. But the enjoyment ti
of the glory of such scenery Is somewhat -nc
modified when we consider its dangers. As ov
the berg reaches warmer walers its sub- T
merged mass is acted upon, anq as it grad- ar
ually melts the berg becomes tob)-heavy and ar
rolls over and breaks into a hundred pieces. Od
First the Inclined face rises, then you hear TI
a grinding noise, and then Its base has pe
cracked with a sound like thunder. A gi
rises and throws the wator up as from a us
submarine explosion, and you next observe se
a hundred smaller bergs form d from this at
great mass After remaining fist for seve- ar
ral hours we saw an open canarand headed po
our ship toward it. As we moved on, con- It
gratulating ourselves that we would soon nc
be out, our canal suddenly grew narrower, or
and we were jammed between two great fei
Ice-fields. After being delayed in this way 1t
for nearly forty-eight hours, we finally ox- H
tricated our ship from its ice-bound po- jt
sition, and in a few houre were in clear wi
open water." Dr. Hayes mentions an ex- Pa
perience in the ship United tates in 180, bc
which nearly ended the expedition. ile yc
weather was calm and the vessel making "
very little headway in the ice. Being
caught by the current the vessel was ed
jammed ag-tiust an iceberg, the equilibriui w
of which was disturbed, and it began to
lean over toward the ship. The motion cn
was slow and very alarming. A boat was
lowered and a line taken to another ice- as
perg, and the ship was hauled from her at
dangerous position. Just as the stern was hia
clear the ice-mountain toppled over, and
great imasses of ice, loosened by the shock, rel
fell into the sea, throwing up inunense it.
volumes of water.
A Foul Deed. dc
His Honor hung up his coat on its usual H1
peg, after first removing from one of the to
tail pockets a parcel, containing a banana a (
and four figs, but, as lie reached to place his fy
hat on the hook a startled expression came fl
to his eyes. Retreating a step, and sur- te:
veying his old armchair from several sides ac
at once, his hair gradually worked up on M
end, his eyes took on a glassy look, and he cc
hoarsely whispered : "Who has done this an
foul deed ?" Thereby hangs a tale. Bijah hi
had been at work on that'chair for twelve H
hours. In the goodness of his heart he had fri
purchased 194 fancy pictures, a bottle of AIi
mucilaige, and lie had gone into cerainics.
Even while the Norwegian onions on his tef
farm wanted water, and his two strawberry W
plaits were calling on him to conic and rest ku
their backs for an hour, he was pasting tb
lions' heads on the legs of that chair and ed
decorating each spindle with a paper zebra of
or an alLator Whou ni aneialan lx- -
stood back and said: "I've struck glory and re
gorgeousness right between the eyes. His Di
Honor will looK upon me with renewed th
love, and the boys will come to me to get cil
their theatrical poses." He had skulked i
behind the door to give His I [onor a chance so
to applaud and exclaim: "Who has done ra
this foul deed r What mahlcious-minded, ag
stoop-shouldered, bald-headed caitiff has th
spoiled a chair which cost me $5 1 Where pr
is that person named Bijah ?" The old in
janitor came out of his seclusion. His face i
was pale, his eyes looked over the desk in to
the direction of Now Mexico, and lie shiam- hi
bled along, instead of stepping out, like a
horse. "Mr. Joy," said lis lHonor, as lie Fi
looked down upon the shining pate, "take
that comie almanac-that hideousness- "<
that sample of double-dyed villainy, out of
my sight and bring ie a wood-seated chairl to
You are fixing your physical constitution re
for the gallows, sir I" Bijahi made the ni
change without a word or reply. Some te<
folks can keep their jaws still and let their th
hearts explode, iIe is one of tho sort, iIe sp
was seen wiinig his eyes on time stovepipe SI
in thme corridor, buit that was the only sign. ge
During the summer, wheni thunder.
stornis arc most comnion, sp)ecial attention
shiouhi be paid, particularly in exposed n"
situations in the country places, to the con-.
dition of the lightning rods. The main ba
stem of a copper lightning conductor should ye
never be less than one fourtenth of an inch .l
diameter; this dimension is niot suflcient
for a building more than eight feet high. ut
Galvanized Iron. may be used Instead of
copper, but then the diameter should be
at least, double that of a copper rod. A
galvanized iron rope conductor should never
be less than eIght-tenths of an inch in di- eel
ameter, a galvanizedt Iron strip should ho as
four inches widie and onceeghthi of an ineh mi
tAmdck. A lightning-rod must be continuous of
and unbroken from end( to end. A rod pC
nleed not be attached to a building by im
insulated fastenings; metal clamps may be to
safely employed, p)rovided thme rod be of by
good conductIng cap)acity andh otherwIse ea:
eflcient. Above, thme rod must terminate ak
in muetal points, well projectedl inito the air; til
there should be several of these points and fr<
all perfectly sharp. The bottom of the eri
condluctor must be carried (Iown into the a i
moIst earth and bo connected with it by a cl.l
surface-contact of large extent. All large da
masses of metal in a bilding should he ut
metalically conanectedl with the lightning- Sn
rodi, except when they are liable to be oc- gi'
cupiedl by people d4ring a thunder storm to
--an iron balcony, for Instance. In such ii
cases It is b)etter not to have the iron con. ro
nectedi with the conductor, for there is some sic
risk of persons standing on the balcony be
fuarnis.hing a p)ath for the lIghtning to the ab
rod. 'rTe rod ought to be tested every ca
year to make sure that the continuity Is arI
perfect, and the grotund connection satisfac- gil
a a aif
Origin of nged Hamir.
The fashion of wearing the hair "banged" ba
Is munch more of English than of French Ci
origini. A great many fashIons are set in m1
England now-a-days which are afterwar d thm
adopted In Paris and there Iiproved; as, to
for Instance, the "Dihrectolro" style of in
bonnet now so popuilar here, and which ke
was Introduced into Paris by the EnglIsh olh
ladles during the summer of the exhibition, on
two years ago. It has been an almost uni- an
versal custom for years for EnglIsh chil. fu
dren of both sexes to wear the hair'"banged" tu
over the forehead, and the style is called m<
by F"runch barbers "aux onfante WEldou- he
ar.". nglish girls also wore the hair in kai
this way, and it is spoken of in English thl
novels-by Oulda, for instance-some time
before it was adopted in Paris and became
anm established fashion
Fight or Flunk.
During Justice Field's days in the Call
ris Legislature the members, were littl(
ic than walking arsenals. Two-thirds ol
em carried either bowie-knives or pistols
)ne flourished both weapons. When a
ember entered the House he unstrapped
a revolvers and laid them on his desk. I
,is done with as little concern as hanging
a hat, and it excited neither surpris<
ir comment. Thero was a hot debatc
'er the proposed impeachment of Judg
irner. At the coclusion of Mr. Field'i
gunient, B. F. Moore, of Tuolumne
m80 to reply. Ileopened his drawer, cock
his revolvers, and laid them on his desk.
ion he launtefied himself on a sea of vitu.
ration. Mr. Field was handled withoul
>ves. The nost offensive epithets were
ed, and the speaker openly declared him
f responsible for his language at any time
d place. Mr. Field answeredMr. Moore's
guments, but made no allusion to his
rsonal remarks. After the adjournment,
wever, lie asked 8. A. Merritt to bear a
to to Mr. Moore, demanding an apology
satisfaction. Mr. Merritt refused, through
ir of being disqualified for ofico. Mr.
chardson, anothet member, also declined.
%ppening Into the Senato Chamber, th<
rist saw a stonecutter seated at a desk,
Iting. le was David C. Broderick,
esident of the State Senate. They were
wing acquaintances. "Why, Judge,
it don't look well,' said Broderick.
fhat's the matter ?"
"Well, I don't feel well." Field respond.
"I don't scom to have a friend in the
"What worr*es you?" inquired the stone.
The jurist gave the particulars of Moore's
wault upon his character, and said that,
all hazards, lie was determined to call
n1 to account.
"Well, I'll be your friend," Broderick,
lied, "Write your note; I will deliver
The jurist wrote the note at an adjoining
sk, and Broderick placed it in Mooro's
nids. The latter gentleman crawfished.
said that he expected to be a candidate
Congress, and that lie could not accept
.hallenge, because that act would disquali
him. "I have no objection to a street
lit, however," he added. The stonecut.
' replied that a street fight was not ex.
Lly the thing among gentlemen, but If
)ore would do no better lie should be ac.
minoiated. IHe iorthwith named tim<
d place, and Moore promised to be oil
id. le informed Broderick that th<
m. Drury Baldwin would act as li
end, and deliver a reply to the note of
On the next morning the stonecuttei
ited the jurist's skill in the use of a pistol.
ith a navy revolver Fild plumped a
ot on a tree at, a distance ot thirty yards
ree times out of five. Broderick express
his satisfaction, and urged the necessity
bringing the matter to a speedy issue,
N Ing it Lu uil sue at once." Mr. Fleli
4ponded. Broderick (Imickly called npor
rury Baldwin, and asked for a reply to
a note. Baldwiln, replied that his prin
>ll had made up his mind to drop th<
itter. "''Then," said the atonoeitter, '"ea
iin as the House meets, Mr. Field will
C in his seat and repeat Moore's langu.
C as to lia responsibility. H1e will state
At respect for the dignity of the House
ovonted him from replying to the attack
the ternis that it deserved when it was
ide, and, after detailing Moore's - refusal
give him satisfaction, he will denouncc
ii as liar and a cowai d."
"Then,"said Drury Baldwin, "Judge
old will be shot in his seat.
"Inl that case," rejoined Broderick,
Ithiers will be shot in their seats.''
At the opening of the House, Mr. Field
>k his seat at. hi-s (lesk as usual. Brod
'ick was seated near hun, with eight or
le piersonal friendus, all armed to the
~th and ready for any emergency. When
3 journal was readl both Field and Moore
rang to their feet, and shouted, ''Mr.
eaker I" ThIat ofilcer recognized "the
ntlen-.an from Th'imei." and Mr. Field
umed( his seat. Moore readl a written
ology, full, amle and stisfactory.
Broderick afterwardl befriended Mr.
01(d on miany oeccasions. Tlhey were stand.
f at the bar of a hotel in San Francisco
18152, wheni lroderick saw a man throw
ek his Spanish cloak andl level a revol
r at his friend, In a twinkling lie fling
nself between the twvo men, and puslhed
01(1 out of the room. TIhe~ prompt action
dioubtledly saved his life.
In a Coal Mtie.
All about, Scranton, Pennsylvania, arc
ittered coal-breakers, Immiense structures
high as church steeples. Each coal
nie has its breaker. There are twvo mlodes
reaching the coal; one, by means of a
rpend(iculair (descent, called a shaft, reach
sometimes, through dlifferent coal strata
a dlepthi of '300 feet or more; the, other,
means of a slope, wvhichi by gradual and
my gradie, reaches to the coal vein. The
'pa is supplied with means for raising
coal cars filled with ilack (diamnond,
)m the lowest vein to the machinery for
ishing it, in one-half minute or less. At
lope, the coal cars are drawn ump the in
ned p)lanc. T1housandls of men are
ihy toiling in these mmnes, awvay (down,
dler the streets and filds and( swaps,
all tin lamps worn upon01 their their caps,
re the flickering light by which they see
pick and and( brake the coal andi load It
o the cars. It is first bhastedh 11ke a solid
,k, and theni biroken with p)ick--axO and
dges for loading. The coal stratum is
twceen two strata of thick rock, usually
rmt five feet apart, so that the workmen
mot stand( erect. Thick pillars of coal
Sleft at proper intervals by mining en
mcers to keep the roof from falling, and
cets are regularly laid out, These streets,
oontinuous, would enable one to go by
~se subterranean passages from Wilkes
rre to Scranton andl from Scranton to
rbondalel Th'le laden caris are drawn by
mIes over a railroad track to Uhe mouth of
mine to be0 lifted by immedbo engines
the crusher. There are regular stables
the mines for the mules where thley are
pt sometimes until they are wora out and
i. Tlhie mining of coal is very dbanger
s, andl men are often killed by blasting
d by the falling of the roof. A beauti
sight it Is, to see a group of miners re
-ning home after dusk, or early in the
wrning with their burning lamps on thleir
ads. But one accident has ever been
own to happen to visitors, so careful are
>se who have charge of the works.
---onoma county, Cal.,md 9,0
lions of wino in 1879,'m e80,0
The Overcoat Pocket.
"My dear," said Ar. Spoopendyke, feel
Iug up the chimney, "have you seen my
gold collar button P"
"I saw it the day you bought it," an
swered hire. bpoopendyke, cheerily, "and
I thought it very pretty. Why do you
"'Cause I've lost the measly thing," re
sponded Air. Spoopendyke, running the
broom handle up into the cornice and
shaking it as if it was a carpet.
"You don't suppose It is up there, do
you?" asked Mrs. Spoopendyke. " Where
did you leave It?"
"Left it in my shirt. Where do you
suppose I leave it, in the hash ?" and Air.
Spoopendyke tossed over the things in his
wife's writing desk and looked out of the
window after it.
" Where did you leave your shirt?" asked
" Where did I leave my shirt I Where do
you suppose I left it I Where does a man
generally leave his shirt? Mrs. Spoopen
dyke. Think I left it in the ferry boat ?
Got an idea I left it at prayer meeting,
haven't you? Well, I didn't. I left it off,
Mrs. Spooyendyke, there's where I left it.
I left it off. Hear me?" And h1r. Spoo
pendyke pulled the winter clothing out of
the cedar chest that hadn't been unlocked
for a month.
" Where Is the shirt now ?" pe-sisted
" Where do you suppose It is? Where do
you imagine it is? I'll tell you where it is,
Mrs. Spoopendyke, it's gone to Bridgeport
as a witness in a land suit. Idea I Ask a
man where his shirt is I You know I
haven't been out of the room since I came
home last night and took it off," and Mr.
Spoopendyko sailed down stairs and raked
the fire out of the kitchen range, but didn't
find the button.
"lay be you lost it on the way home,"
suggested Mrs. Spoopendyke, as her hus
band came up, hot and angry, and began
to pull a stuffed canary to pleces, to see if
the button had got inside.
"Oh, yes ! Very likely! I stood up
against a tree and lost it. Then I hid be
hind a fence so I wouldn't see it. That's
the way it was. If I only had your head,
irs. Spoopendyke, I'd turn loose as a
razor strop. I don't know anything
sharper than you are," and Mr. Spoopen
dyke got up in a chair and clut0bed a
hand full of (lust off the top of the ward
"It must have fallen out," mused Mrs.
" Oh I It must, ch I It must have fallen
out I Well, I declare, I never thought of
that, My impression was that it took a
buggy and drove out, or a balloon and
hoisted out," afil Mr. Spoopendyke
crawled behind a bureau and commenced
tearing up the carpet.
"And if it fell out, it must be some
where near where he loft his shirt. Now
lie always throws his shirt on the lounge
and the button is under that."
A moment's search established the in
fallibility of Airs. Spoopendyke's logic.
"Oh, yesl Found it, didn't you?" panted
Mr. Spoopendyke, as he bumped his head
against the bureau and finally climbed to a
perpendicular. "Perhaps you'll fix iy
shirts so it won't fall out any more, and
may be you'll have sense enough to mend
that lounge, now it has made so much
trouble.. If you only 'tended to the house
as I do to my business, there'd never
be any difficulty about losing a collar but
"It wasn't my fault- " began Airs.
" Wasn't, eh i flave yo' found that coal
bill you've been looking for since March?"
"Have, eh ! Now, where (iid you put itl
Where did you find it ?"
" In your overcoat vocket."
Sonae School Hlints.
In the first place always treat a boy as if
he was a prisoner under sentence. This
wvill make him all the more anxious to go
A school teacher can be an 'old maid or
an old bachelor, or any other person who
knows nothing whatever of child nature.
Tact Is never~ required in managing cil
Never attempt to teach a pupil anything
not (lown in the books. It is a great deal
better for a boy to understand that Redl
Taye Creek rises in the northeastern p)art
of nowhere and flows in a westerly direc
tion until It empties into old Brown's mill
pond that it ia for him to know how cotton
is woven into cloth or how sugar is made.
If a child infringes any of the red tape
rules laid down for his government always
go on the principle that lie is malicious and
obstinate. A child can never (d0 anything
The six hundred rules In force in the
p)ublic schools need overhauling and( amend
I ng to readl about as follows:
Rule 1. If a child drops Is or her
p)enedh on the floor cut off his or her right
Rule 2. If they happen to look off their
books, cut off their ears and nail them on
the wall as a solemn warning to other
Rule 3. If a pupil whispers during
school hours make hun hold a piece of red
lint iron in his mouth while lie sings:
Oh, yes, I love the teacher dear,
Who is so good to me."
Rule 4. If a pupil mi'sses two words in a
spelling lesson too long for any man to
commit to mnemory, ho must be punished.
Either unjoint his arm or scalp him.
Rule 5. If a pupil falls to give the exact
length and breadth of the Fiji Islands send
him up stairs to the Principal to be0
Rule 6. When a pupil fails to accom
plish a certain number of examples in
mathematics cut off his fingers with a
hatchet. Hatchets for this purpose can be
purchased at wholesale for about sixty cents
Rule 7. Never let up on a pupil on ac
count of any ailment. School children
have no business to have headache, tooth
ache, sore throat, chills, hoarseness or other
complaints which grown people succumb
to. If any of the family are ill and a p)upil
is late, hold him responsible for the illness,
and pound him accordingly.
Rule 8. Open the school with prayer,
and close it by sawing in two someo lad
who could not toll the exports of the Canary
With these few rules strictly enforced,
and backed by teachers noted for, crabbed
dispositions and ill-temper, there is no rea
son why every ichool in the land should
not be made to turn out intelligent, educa.
ted men and1 women by the earload.
NEWS IN BRIEF.
--The collection of Chinese works in
the Britishl Museum includes. 20,000
-Nine-tenths of the emigrants from
Canada to the United States go to man
-There are 31,031 blind persons in
France, and provision Is made for the
care of only 0,000.
-In the height of the season aqueen
bee lays from 2 000 to 3,000 eggs In
-Louisiana was settled by the
French and was purchased by the
United States in 1803.
-Two thousand coal ears, or nine
thousand tons of coal, are received at
Ilonesdale, Pa.,, daily.
-The total product of precious
metals on the Pacific coast since 1848 Is
stated at $2,138,001,180.
-Of the Chinese slaves in California
148,400 are owned by six companies
living il San Francisco.
-A Berlin inventor has produced a
new kind of cloth, consisting princi
pally or entirely of sponge.
-It is estimated that the money paid
for Texas cattle during the past five
years amounts to $180,000,000.
-Dromier has discoverd that bronze
is rendered malleable by adding to it
from t so 2 per cent., of mercury.
-Magellan sailed round South Amer
Ica, discovered the southwest passage,
and circumnavigated the globe, In 1520.
-Tie wheat crop of Australia har
vested in January, 1880, was at first
estimated at 500,000 tons, then at 400,
-Te living inenbers of the English
royal family, exclusive of the Queen,
received down to 1877 $62,790,000 from
the British treasury.
-Florida gardeners get $500,000 this
year from the early vegetables they
have sent north, and next year will see
the business increase.
-Under the anspices of the King of
the Belgians an establishment is to be
formed in Eastern Africa lor the cul
ure and training of elephants.
-Vasco de Gama was a sort of sec
ond Columbus. le sailed round the
Cape of Good Hope and discovered a
passage to India in tke year 1498.
-No fewer than 87,000 officers and
men of the French army, with 11,000,
horses, sought refuge In Switzerland
during the late Franco-German war.
-Londeners who, six years ago,
looked upon ice water as an unhealthy
beverage, and stared when Americans
ordered it, now find it Indispensible.
-Andrew Stetson, of Dunbury,
Mass., Is ninety- two years old, and
steadily works at shoemaking In the
shop he hasoccupied for seventy years.
-Mrs. James Bradner, an eminent
English teacher, has been appointed by
the British Government to the high po
sition of Inspectress of Schools for
-Trhe report of the librarian of Con
gress for last year shows that in 1870
only 5,600 copy-rights were issued In
the Unired btates, while in 1879 over
19,000 were issued.
-Nearly 1,000,000 cwt. of palm oil,
valued at $7,500,000, is yearly exported
from tho west coast of Africa to Eng
land. It isl chielly used in candle-iak
Ing and soap manufacture.
-Colorado has 100,000 acres under
Irrigation, and 50,000 more of hay land,
much of which is irrigated. ,In 1879
the irrigated land produced $3,150,000
worth of cereals and other products.
-The capacity of the largest Euro
pean churclies is stated as follows: St.
1etcr's 54,000; Milan cathedral, 37,000;
St. Paul's, 25,000; St. Sophia, 23,000'
Notre Dame, 21,000 ; aind St. Mark's,
-The products of the gold mines of.
California last year, aggregated only
$17,000,000 wvhIlst the agricultural
atales p)roduced in that state during
the same period, aggregated over $90,
-A Bishop of the Methiotist Episco
pal Church receives $3,000 as salary,
and $1,000 or $1,500 to pay the rental of
a house, according to whether rents are
moderate or high in the place where ho
-The Patterson Mills of New Jersey
employ ten thousand hands, besides
about three thousand who work at
their own homes. The annual pro
duction of these mills reaches the total
-The United States had but 83,770
enlisted men engaged in the Mexican
war, of whom 10,000 died in Mexico,
11,000-have been pensioned and 7,225
deserted, leaving 49,551 who came out
of the war whole.
-Earl Cowper, the new Viceroy of
Irelandi, Is thme lineal descendant and
heir-general of one of the ablest Lord
Lieutenants Ireland ever had-James
D)uke of Ormonde, thme cavalier states
man and commander.
-In France in the twelfth century,
noblemen alone were permitted to have
vanes on their houses; and at one time
this privilege was only accorded to
those who first planted their standard
on thme walls of a town when stormed.
-There will probably be no statue
erected in \Vestminster Abbey to the
memory of Napoleon IV. Dean Stan
ley has admitted that lhe mistook a
temporary outburst of sympathy In
England for a permanent and settled
state of feeling.
-Breadstuff's to the valuse of $21,070,
115 were exported from this country in
April, against $14i,168,030 for April,
1878. For tihe ten months ending
A pril 30, last, time value of exported
broadstuffs was $207,300,015, against
$149,080,206 for the same period a year
-California averages higher rates
for farm labor than any other State in
the Union, viz.: $41 a month without
board, and $2.75 a day for tranienmt.
help in harvest time. South Carolina
is said to pay the least, or on sn aver..
age of $0.83 peor month without board.
Transient help is p aid for at the rate of
80 cents a day with~out board.
-In 1877 Minnesota produced 30,093,.
90 bushels of wheat, and the yield per
acre was 10.78 bushels. In 1878 -the
product, with anicesdacreage,
elto2,84,503 bushels, and the yied
per acre to 12.50. The rettarns ror 1879
are not yet printed, but the total will.
not be much more than 5400,0 00
bpebels, and the yield per a6re aQ~'
miore thanI nn bushels.,