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'RI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. CJULY 27, 1880. VOL. VYN0O 90
- ONGS Of THR 8OUL.
Oh I the wonderful songs t- at never are sung
With words of an outward token;
But go sing ug themselves for aye In the soul
In a langdago that never is spoken.
Songs that are sweeter than poets o'er penned
All their power and beauty excelling;
With a melody purer and tenderer far
Than the notes that their numbers aid swell.
Songs every true love sings to hisi love,
B,rn of his deep-hidden feeling;
duah as sing themselves low In the pure
For fear ot an outward- revqaling.
Songs that the mother-heart siugs to tle babe
In peaos on her bosom reolining ;
That give opir t voice to her hopes and ies
Tender beyond al deffiig.
Wild, thrilling songs, hat awake every chord
When thi soul is exub aut with glhess ;
'Ihat sigh through its chambers like voices of
When they utter its burden and sadness;
That br athe throngh the spirit with soft whis
Like winds over June roses sighing.
When passion Is -stilled and peace reigns
And the heart hushed and tranqual to lying.
Suoh songs are sung through all the wide
And never once known are the singers,
But their mu -to is eobo. d from heart into
And its sueetnes* and power ever 1-ngers;
And but for the singing of suoh voiceless
In souls filled with hoping and longing,
Oh I dreary indeed would be the dark road
Earth's children are huraied:y thronginv.
Po many the poets whose number are f6rmed
'a the unwritten language of spirit,
Whilo few are the ones who in words the lips
The power to exp-ese them inherit;
And rare bf the voice that is perfectly tuned
When we Xds are the outward token,
But never a soul but can sweet music ipako
in the language that never is spoken.
At The Last Moment.
It was a fine old room, and fitted up
with all the luxury wealth could command.
Its two occupants, a lovely girl and an
eledrly man, noble In form, but dark and
sinister in face,'stood together under the
full blaze of the great antique lamp, swing.
Ing above their heads.
. They were discussing a long-disputed
Mr. Oriell, flaming with passion at the
girl's last words, burst out vehemently:
"You are not bound to marry at my con
mand, forsooth I Nevertheless, my indepen
dent miss, yout are mine by a heavy in
debtednesw. But tell me what you are, and
who? You are called Veronica Vache; but
what do you know of yourself beyond that?
Answer me, if you can I *Have I not Leen
the making of you? Did I not take you
from the kennel, and transform you into
what you are? You are accomplished
whose money rendered you so? Miae, un
grateful girl I You are beautiful in your
silks, jewels and laces-whose money makes
you that? Mine, and mine only I I did all
this? Because the son I idolize set his boy
Isli heart upon your baby loveliness, and In
riper years crownel you with ho,ior by
' choosing you for his wife. Think you,
then, I can be wheedled out of thie reward
I claim? If so, think it no longer. If you
have not already learned the truth, learn it
now. My eon's will Is in; law. . Do you
understand that I me!an you shall withi 01
without your consent, beomne hip wife ? 1i
not, understand it r,ow, and drive froin yom
silly head that beggarly secretary I dirove
from my doors. [ shall choose your hus
band, mid not you, who would to-clay be a
beggar but for my generous protection.
Herbert loves you--therefore Herbert's you
shall be 1 To-morr'ow . ho comes to claim
his bride; be ready for your bridal1I"
'There was a siniste- threat in thme oki
man's eyes, as lie conclu:ledi, that sent am1
involuntary shIver through the girl's slendez
But a determination equal ta his owr
marked both words and tone as she enlied,
"It is true that I am Indebted to you i
all I possess of worldly good, and I am, Gou
knows, truly and deeply thankful. My
daily life stands witness to the sincerity of
my words. You bade me cnll you father ;
and I have striven to give you all a daugh'
ter's duty ; but, as I have already deo
clared, I will never become Herbert Or.
rell's wife!i Dote on hin as you will, youi
handsome, gifted son is naught but
p)olished villain 1 I would rather die thai
link my fate with his. Cast me off-let
ine go out Into the world, and battle witI
the poverty from which you have k'escuot
"Enough " thundered the old mahn; ")
have made you mine, and mine you shiall
remain, and my will do I M1y son shal
have the bride of his choice!i Now go I "
And striding to the door, ho flung .t wld~
open, adding, In deep, threatening toense, a~
Veronica passed into the hall:
"Gol and remember'that for the insub
o;dinate there are means. Our now homn
here was chosen for its wildness.and lono,l
ness. Remember that-and likewise, tha
my eon and I are masters hero! i ow go'
A swift change passed over the girli
calm face as the door closed upon her, and
It was with fleet foot and panting breati
that she sped up the stairs and to heorcham
"What can he mean ? What will h<
do ?" she gasped, shudderingly, as she
dropped Into a chair before the blaZing fire
''He Is deep and unscrupulous, I know
Haeaven pnotect and help me!"4
Her head sunk despondinglyon her Ianud
and the silent minutes dropped into houre
before she stirred.
At last she arose.
"I will do It," she whispered, "and thia
very night, or it will be too late. They al
sleep by this tOne, and I have no minutem
to waste," she hastily added, as the little
mantle clock softly tolled twelve. "If. I
would escape, 1 must do so to-night."
Her few prepaartions were hastily made,
and she crept stealthily from the room.
She paused a moment to listen, but pro.
found silence reigned over the house, and
her muflied boots gave no sound as she can
tiously groped her way down stairs.
At the bottom she stumbled over th<
mat, catching her breath sharply in her ef.
foi:t to preserve herself tront a fall.
The noise was trilling, but, shiverinl
with alarm, she paused a minute to listen.
Thb silence continued unbroken, and she
again groped'her way through the dense
Once she paused again, confinedt that
she heard a cat-like tread in the darknes,
Then she wentstealthily on, asured thal
it was only the product of her own excited
She directed her steps to the back door,
remembering that that fastened with a bolt,
and consequently offered the possibility of
a more quiet egress.
Her nibling hand had just tarted the
bolt, when there was a sudden quick rust
in the darkness, and before she could move
a fIlerce hand fell upon her outstretched
"So I" hissed Mr. O'rrell's voice.
And the next instant, speechless with
terror, she was caught in his strong arms,
and borne back to her chamber.
White as death she stood before him, as
he released her.
Ifis deep set eyes flashed angrily upon
her beneath his gray eyebrows. But i
said nothing--oly took her by the shoul
der and hurried her rudely to the window.
Throwing tack the heavy silken hang
igs he opened the casement, and pointed
It was a brilliant moonlight night; and
there, pacing the lawn with sentinel, alert.
ness, was one of the men-servants.
~Mr. Orrell closed the window in the same
Then lie turned to her.
"Four men have been detailed for that
duty to.night," he said, signiffeantly. "Al:
the doors will be left unlocked; try it agai:
if you like."
And with the worda, lie strode from the
How.the night passed; Veronica nevei
But it did pass.
The marriage was to take place at clever
o'clock the next day.
Herbert could not reach there till ten, and
between ten and eleven there wonid be ain
ple Lime for his preparation.
A little before eleven Veronica was in her
spotless bridal robes in the great drawing
Mr. Orrell eyed her critically.
"You look well-very well," lie said;
"quite worthy your handsome bridegroom.
But why he should be such a laggard, Is a
mystery," he- concluded, a little uneally.
And his pitiless eye left Veronica's beau
tiful but dead-like face, and turned towari
a dlistant wmndow.
Almost at the same moment there was
faint sound of distant wheels.
"liia, at last, I" he cried. "And he comeci
at a mad pace."
Nearer and nearer the wheels came, uinti
they stopped at the grand entrance.
Trhere was a sound of hurrying feet anc
subdued voices; and leaving the white-face<
bi ide, the impatient father hurried to tin
*There lie met a ghastly spectacle.
The dead body of his son, borne by th<
worthy clergyman (who had accompanlet
him) and several of the awed servants.
"A terrible accident I" faltered th4
clergyman, in answver to the anguished gaze
of the bereaved father.
And without a word or gest.ure, the fathoi
fell prone before them.
When they raised him lie was dead.
A year later, Veronica becan.e the happ3
wife of the beggarly secretary.
Poisonous Water Colors.
The singular statement appears in th<
U/Ceker' Zdllung that, in searching int<
the causes of the death of a young engineer,
there were found in the corpse remarkabh
quantities of arsenic, attributed to th<
colors which the deceased had beeni ia th<
habit of using,-for, on analysi, it waa
found that a specimen of sepia containo&
2.08 poe cent of arsenlous acid, one ci
terra di sienna 8.14 per cent, anu one oi
red brown 8. 1 per cent. The dieceased
engineer having been in the habit ot draw.
lng his brush, charged with colors, through
hih lips, it Is thought not impossible tha
the arsenidal colors were absorbed by de
greesin the saliva. Further investigatio,
of thirk colors of FrenQh mqke shiowec
thie following quantitios oftarsenic: Cohore<
sepia 1.10 per cent, natural sepla- 0.98 dei
cent, burnt 'ennra 1.76~ and 2.28, Va.,
Dyke brown 0.81, brown ochre 0.52, a
greent 0.82, bister 0.87.
Voices o Animas.
Even in animals, there is marked char
actor of Voices. I have observed that thi
bravest and largest wild animals alway
have deep voices;, and that they are gener
alymeoius, full of *iusio, as it were
rwhile the small fry, which would'tun fr6n
a common our, have high, sharp voices
The bravest hunt'o f of thie W*est have heavj
tones as a rule, and I deduce from thi
that the highest order of animals, thos<
that wore brave and darmng, wore, also deej
m voice, and that their Intonations neve
jarred on the oar. Deep-toned men ar<
Igenerally braver than those possessing 1igh
A man has a sharper eye Ihan a dog, o
a fox, or than any of the wild creatures
but not so sharp an ear or - nose. But i
the birds he finds his mat ch. How quickli
the old turkey discovers the hawk, a neri
speck against the sky, and how quickly th
hawk discovers you if you happen to be se
creted In the bushes, or behind the feic
near which he alights. I f.nd, I see almos
without effort, nearly every bird withii
sight in the field or wood I pass through (
flit of the wing, a flirt of the tali ar,
enough, though the flickering leaves d4
ull conspire to hide them), and that wit]
like ease the birds see me, though unques
tionally the chances are immensely in thet
favor. The eye sees what it has the mean
of seeing, truly. You must have the bir<
in your heart before you can find it in th<
bush. The eye must have purpose an
alin. No one ever yet found the walkini
fern Who did not have the walking fern h
his nind. Nevertheless, the habit of oli
servation Is the habit of clear and decisiva
gazing; not by a first casual glance, bu
by a steady, deliberate aim of the eye ar
the rare and characteristic things di8rover
ed. You must look intently and hold youi
eye firmly to the spot,, to see uore than d<
the rank and file of mankind. The sharp
shooter picks out his man and knows hin
with fatal certainty from a stump, or i
rock, or a cap on a pole. The phrenolog
ists do well to locate not only form, color,
weight, etc., in the region of the eye, bul
a faculty which they call individuality
that which separates, discriminates, at
sees in every object its essential character,
This Is just as necessary to the naturalist a.
to the artist or the poet. The sharp ey4
notes specific points and differences-il
seizes upon and preserves the individualit3
of the thing. Persons frequently describ
to me some bird they have seen or hear
and ask me to name it, but in most casei
the bird might be any one of a dozen, oi
else it Is totally unlike any bird found Ir
this continient. They have either seCi
falsely or else vaguely. Not so the farn
youth who wrote me one Winter day thal
he huad seed a single pair of strange birds
which lie discribes as follows: "rhe3
were about the size of the 'chip pie,' th<
tops of their heads were red, and the breas
of the male was of the same color, whilh
that of the female was much lighter; theij
rumps were also faintly tinged with red
If I have described them so that you woulk
known them, please write me their names.
There can be little doubt but the young ob
server had seen a pair of red-polls,-a bir<
related to the goldfinch, and that occasion
ally comes down to us in the Winter fron
the far north. Ano her time, the sami
youth wrote that he had seen a strang4
bird, the color of a sparrow, that alighte<
on fences and buildings aswell as upon thi
ground, and that walked. This last fac
showed the youth's discriminating eye an<
settled the case. I knew it to be a specie
of lark, and from the time, size, color, etc,
the tit-lark. But how many persons woul
have observed that the bird walked lnwteai
Leopold and Loulve.
Their Royal Highnesses, Princess Louis
and Prince Leopold, when recently in De
troit en route for Chicago, a reporter say
the most noticeable feature about the part
was the entire absence of elaborate dresi
Ing or any indication of royalty. The Prin
cess was dressed in black, with a whit
ruching about the neck. Her dess wa
rather short, and so far as the casuai-obser
ver could determine, her jewelry was con
spicuous solely for its absence. She wore
dark hat with a red facing in front, and oi
her hands were what a woman in the Thir
street depot characterized as "nothing bu
cotton, as sure as you're born." The Prin
cess Louise is not beau iful, butt apparenti;
she is a woman with a happy dispositioi
that shines out in what would be called b
many a "real good face." Good she coi
tainly looks, and when she smiles she conme
near to passing for handsome, which alh
undoubtedly is not. Of all the conspicuou
ones in the party she seemed least affecte<
by her position. Prince Leopoldl, who ha
a less intelligent face than his sister, isi
fair-skinned young man, who looks younge
than he is--twenmy seven. ihe wau dresse<
in a light suit, with the except.ion of hi
small, round, bhoca hat. His dark hair ha
a t,endcency to curl and is partedl very nea
the middle. A light moustache and goate
serve to relieve an extremely fair face
which would be handsomeo but for a certal
heaviness that robs it of any intcelc
ual look it might have. Generally hi
strikes one as belonging to that great rani
of "extra harmissa,0' though he is crettitel
with being studious. Ils walk is some
thing terrible; It reminds one of t.he oli
"'Urecmiin bend" gait, but is, if anything
more nuncing, and, theriefore, more coical
The Prince appears like an extremely aum
able young main, however, and this hi
A South Africanm Diamond Mino.
From whatever direction one comes from
the surrounding plain, the most prominer
sight is the lofty range of sand mounds
rising up from out the centre of the towi
and overtopping everything. These ar
composed of earth from the original thirteel
surface acres of the Kinberly mine, an<
thrown up from around the edge of th
gradually deepened pit, just as the ant on
smaller scaie piles up a circular rldg
arounid its hole. By diamiond "mine" I
Africa is meant a pipe of several acres su
perficial area and unknown depth, runnini
straight down through stratified layerrs c
shuale. Each pipe, and there are 01)ly four
is filled in to tihe level of the general sui
face of the plain withi sand, tufa, and
diamond-bearing breccia or soft rock. Th
Kimberly pipe or nilne has now been ex
caae oa depth of about two hundre<
and fifty feet. Mlost of the streets of tb
town converge to It. We wailk to the edlg
of rocks which surrounds it, called th
"reefs," and before and beneath us extend
an abyss--a huge oval-shaped caldron
open full to the skies. Over Its edge lies
slhcer descent of two hundred and it;
feet ; across it, from side to side, a stretel
of a thousand feet, or a fifth of a ii(
Comning even as one does fromi the life an:
stir of time town, the first look into the mini
Is a fascinating and bewildering one. Lit
tIe biy little the facts unfold and steal upo
the attention. One talks to his neighbora
to a deaf man, for a stead hum or roar Ill
the air, chiefly made up of human voice
and the whir of buckets ascendIng and de
scending on their wire ropes. Ten thout
and mnen are working below and around ui
in the pit and around its edge. . All lasI
nlalad sight, for t.here lano hurrowing ndi
ground. Far below, little black pigni
r mon-so they seem In the distance-ar
moving about, but not singl ,r at random
for closer observation shows .at they ar,
working in groups, each gr94j upon a cer
tain well-defined square " ch of sol
earth, at which it is picki n nd delvilg
or walking to and fro over Iii, rying litti
- buckets of loosened soilt their mid
sits or stands a white over- I or the mas
I ter himself. Spreading ove 1he whole ex
cavation or pit, caldron, pot or basin
whichever conveys the cleare4t idea, like i
spider's web on a dewy motning, run In
numerable little white thr ds, so thej
seem ts they glisten In the un. Follov
r one such thread to our feet, nd it will bi
found to be a shining wir rope, wori
white with constant use. A.d here on thi
edge or brim, called, as we know, thi
I"reef," we find a scene of life and labo
even more aninated than below. Al
around, but chieily on two o poslte sides
is erected a strong framew k of timbe
called the "staging," estima to have cos
$250,000. It is built in thr tiers, like i
three-story house, and each tier is floore<
to afford standing rooin for laborers. Firm
ly set all along each tier of this staging ar
hundreds of wooden wheels, about foui
feet in diameter, with crank on each side
to be turned by four Kaffirs. The iroi
ropes run from every part of the circumfer
ence, but d iffer greatly in length,--son
extending vertically down the reef. somi
far out into the centre of the mine, 11M
others to varying intermediate distances
but each to its own claim. Such a rope ii
stretched from the bearings of each whee
on the staging to its corresponding clain
below, where it is made fast to a post fount
firmly in the ground. Thus, a wheel, i
wire rope and a "claim," be it only a six
teenth, are inseparable, and equal in nium
ber. On these wire ropes the "blue stuffI
Is hauled in buckets by aid of the whidliass
up out of the mine.
Lawn Tennis Laws.
The lovers of lawn tennis have for thli
season made some new modifications of th<
laws of the game which will not fail to adc
to its interest. The revision of the- oh
code has been made by direction of th(
famous Engfish clubs, the Marylebone an(
All England, and their sanction will go fai
to secure a general adoption. Uniformity
of practice, if it can be secured, is, o1
I course, desirable. The disposition of ama.
teurs thus far seems decidedly favorable t(
the innovations. The rule that excites thi
I most discussion, perhaps, is this: "Eithei
- player loses a stroke * * * if lie touch th<
k net, or any of Its supports, while the ball
) is in play; or if he volley the ball before ii
3 has passed the net." Some objections ar
I made to the aeverity of depriving the strikei
3 of his stroke when he has to pick up t
t "short" ball on the reboundi and toucii
I the net, either by the impetus with winc
a lie has to run or by the proximity of th(
, ball to the net. But ii cases of touchin1
I the net by body or racket in volleying th4
I penalty is by all considered just. The rul
raises a new dilliculty for the umpire, whi
will have to decide the nice questioi
whether the ball has actually passed th,
not at the moment of contact of the racke
a with the ball. By further rules the heigh
- of the net has been reduced to four feet a
the posts, and the service line has beei
r brought in one foot. The reason for low
- ering the net at the posts (the hpliht o
- three feet at the center being maintained)
0 Is that it gives the striker out more oppor
8 tunity of return to the side of the court, re
mote from the server. To further equaliz
- the game the power is given to the umpir
I to direct the players to change sides at.. t,
end of every game instead of set, if, in hi
i opinion, "either side have a distinct ad
t vantage, owing to sun, wind, or any othe
- accidental cause." The position to be takei
r by the server when delivering the servic
I Is nmore accurately defined than In the tLrm
L er code, and it is made a fault if he doe
not stand as directed. Also it is statce
s directly, in the former code on-y inferen
Li tiaily, that it is a fault if theC bail is served
5 from the wvrong court. A fault dlelivere<
before the striker-out is ready, coiimts fo
a nothing;- but it does not cure a prevaou
Ifault, as formerly. Anot her. amendmein
iis inade in t.he case of a service whic)
Itouches the net and dirop)s in the prope
5 court. This was previously a good ser vie
a andl many were the heairtburnings whici
r resulted in consequence of the delivery o
a' services impossible of return owing to tli
accident of the bails touiching the net e.
Li passant. It is now ruled that such a set
vice, If otherwise good, counts for nothingi
0 A notablo point in the code is the omissio:
k of the alternative mode of scoring, via
1 racket scoring is entirely dismissed. Tonnl
scoring lias been found to give so muce
variety andl interest to the game, andl is not
'so generally adopted that very few wil
-protest aginist tIs droppi'ig of the alterna
tive nmethiod. Another p)oint that may bi
0 noted is in the plan of the serviLe-court Ia
the three and four handed gaines. Ser
vice-side-hines are drawn parallel to th
side lies of the four-handed-court, ani
four and a half feet from them, and this
ii the area of the servlce.court is made th
Ssame In the four handed as in the singi
game. T1huis is by many considered an im
a portant gain. Th'ie interest In this game i
e increasing year by year in this country, an,
a although the pastime may never take th
:samne rank here that, it dioes in England,
is doubtless destined to hold an imuportarl
place in our round of recreations.
A New Puzzio with Words.
'Students at the Boston Insititute of 'recl
f nology have diesigned a rival to the Get
puzzle, which is beginntng to excite cor
- siderable interest about town. Given t,w
a words of an equal number of let,ters, th~
B problem is to change one to the other b
-altering one letter at a tine o1 the first a
I as to mtake a legitimate English word, cotl
B tinuing the alterations until the desited rt
cs suit is attained. The conditions are Uhai
B only one letter shall be altered to form c
s novw word, arid that none but words whic
.. can be found in English dictionaries sha
a be used. Here are some examples of th
Ii East to West-East, vast, vest, West.
.IBoot to Shtoe-Boot, soot, shot, Shoe.
di Dog to Cat1-Dog, dig. fig, fit, fat, Cat.
e Mfilk to Hash-Milk, mile, male, mfate
- hate, hath, Hash.
a Road to rail-Road; rood, root, cool
a coat, copl, coil, toil, tail, Rail.
s Soup *to Fish-8onp, soul, soil, foi
8 fowl, fool, foot, coot, cost, cast, fast, hIs
-The game is becoming quito popular I
m, offices as well a8 in family circles and
n fireside., and seems to furnishi instructic
ir wihh amusemenc.
CurIoUG Va*s of Sleop-WalkIng.
One bright moonlight night I was on
(leck, as was frequently my wotit, chatting
with the lieutenant of the middle watch. It
was nearly calm, the ship making little
way through the water, and the moon's
3 light nearly as bright as day. We were
t together leaning over the capstan, chatting
away, when W-'suddenly exclaimed:
"Looki ki-, at that sentry," and point
ing to the quarter-dock marine who was
i pacing slowly backward and forward on
the lee-side of the deck.
"Well, ' I replied, after watching him
soinewhat inattentively as he passed once
or twice on his regular beat, "what of
" Wny, don't you see lie is fast asleep f
Take a good look at hlir, when he next
I did so, and found W-was right.
The man, although pacing and turning
r regularly, at the usual distance, was fast
asleep, with his eyes closed.
When next the iman passed, W-stepped
quickly and noisely to his side, and pacing
with hun, gently disengaged the bunch ot
keys which was his special charge-being
the keys of the spirit room, shell rooms,
store rooms, etc.-fron the fingers of his
left hand, to which they were suspended
by a small chain; he then removed the
bayonet, from ila other hand, and laid it
and the keys on the capstan head. After
letting him take another turn or two, W
."-Siri" replied the man, instantly stop
ping and facing around as lie camile to the
"Why, you were fast asleep, sentry."
"No, sir. '
"But, I say you were."
"2o, sir; I assure you 1 was not."
"You were not, eh ? Well, where are
the keys I"
Tihe nian instantly brought up his hand
to show them, as lie suipposed, but to his
groat confusion his hand was empty.
"Where is your bayonet?" continued
'rhe poor fellow brought forward his
other hand, but that was empty also. But
the puzzled look of astonishment he put on
was more than we could stand; both burst
out laughing, and when the keys and
bayonet, was pointed out to him, lying on
the capstan. the poor fellow was perfectly
dumbfounded. W-was too merry over
the Joke. however, to punish the man, and
he escaped wit) a warning not to fall asleep
8entries and lookouts must be very lia
ble to fall asleep fron the very nature of
their monotonous pacing, and this may in
sonic degree account for the facility with
which sentries have at times been suiprised
and secured befre they could give an
alarm. In this instance, tihe most curious
fact, I think, was the regularity with
which the man continues to pace is dis
tances and turn at tie right moment. 1
have known other histances of sentries and
others walking in their steep, though the
end line not always ueen so picasant to the
victims. In one case, fthe quarter.deck
3 sentry, in the middle of the night, crashed
down the wardroom hatchway with nns
ket and fixed I>ayonet, with a rattling that
t started us all out of our cabins. Tihe fel
low fell on his back upon-top of the mess
table, but, not much the worse for his ex
fploit. On another occasion a messenger
boy paid us a visit in the night; lie fell
- upon a chair, which lie smashed to pieces,
~ >ut the sleeper e.,caped unhurt.
These can hardly be considered true
cases of Bomniunbuhism, but show how mn1u
may. comtin'v their occupations when over
come by tileud. Nothing but seeing this
~ bayonet and the keys lying on the capstan
r could have ever convinced the marine that
lie had been sleeping; no mere assertion
to that effect would ever had convinced
Pernoverance and fleaith.
IA man who inherits wealth may begin
Iand wvorry through threescore and ten years
r without any dlefinite ob)ject. In driving.
s in fo,reIgn travel, in hunt.ng and fishing, in
I club houses, and societ,y, hew may mnanage
.i to pass away lisa time; but lie will hardly
r be happy. It seems t,o be necessary to
,health thmat the powers of man may lbe
Li trained uipon somie object and steadily 1held
f there (lay after (day, year after year, while
a vitalit.y lasts. Tihere may comae a time in
'old age wvhena the fund of vitalit,y wvill hiave
-sunk so low that he can follow no consecu
-tive labor without such a draught uiponm his
a forces that slcep cannot restore them.
>rTheni, and not before, lie should stop work.
5 But so long as a man hats a vitality to spare
a upon work it must lie used, or it will be
v' come a source of grievous, harassing is
I content. Thle man will not know what to
- do with himself; and( whmen lie has reached
0 such a p)oiat as that, lhe is uinconseiously
3 digging a grave for himself, and fashiofling
- his own coilln. Life needls a steady chian
B inel to run in-regular habits of work and
*iof sleep. It, needs a steady, silmulating
a aim-a tend toward something. An aim
0 less life can never be happy, or, for a long
0 period, healthy. Said a rich lady to a
- gentleman st,ill haba. ing beyond his needs,
a "Djn't stop;gkceep at it." Tlhec words that
were in hieFheart, were: "If my husband
a hadl not st.opp)ed, lie would he alive to-dlay."
.t And what she thought was doubtless true.
tA greater shock can hardly befall a mnan
who hais been active than that which hie
experiences when, hiavi ng relingished lis
pursuits, hie finds unuisedl time and( unuisedl
. vit ality hanging upon his idle haniids andi
iimind. Thue current of his life is thus
thoninto edidlies, or EettledI into a slug
gish pool, and lie begins t> die.
V Futngoid Origin of Whan~iping cougm.
It Is worthy of note that the funguid
origin of whooping congh, asserted some
years since by hi. $vetzerichu, seems to be
t confirmed by the researches of bl. Yachimar,
iwho states that lie has founid certain lower
orgarisms in time spittle of whooping cough
patients--organIsms not met with in any
0other disease acc:>mpanied by cough and
expectoration, Hie asserts, further, that
the organisms in question are identical with
those whIch, by their agglomeration, form
the black pohunts on the skins of oranges and
~'the paring of certamn fruits, especially ap
p)les. Thulis, b. Yschmar, by inoculating
rabbits with this dlark matter, or even caus
ing it to be inhaled by men, prodnced fits
of coughing several dlays in duration, and
~'presenting In every respect the peculiar
characterIstics of the convulsive whooping
a -The present British Parliament
cnant,n ahnnt 180 haOn. Enls.mnalians.
A Handy Man to Have Around.
There was a looked of bowed care about
the man, as though he had at some time
sat down to meditate under a pile-driver.
and had been suddenly disturbed by somne
one starting up the machine. He walked
into the counting-room of a morning paper,
leaned his elbows on the counter, rested hie
chin in his hands, looked soleinly at the
clerk, and saild:
"I understand the care of horse!-, young
man; and when it comes t) landscape
gardening, I can tell, you I ain't no
"I can't see as that Interests me any,"
said the clerk, with a yawn that endanger
ed his ear. "I don't run a livery-*table,
nor I ain't a Park Commissioner."
"i'm a handy man to have around the
house," proceeded the intruder, with a
snule that seemed painful. '1 can turn my
hand to most anything, from building a I
fence to keepIng the baby quiet." 4
"Nobody disputes you," remarked the 1
young man, drily.
"I also understand prunning, and a
good many people think I'm surer than I
certainty Itself when it comes to graft- I
"4Well, this ain't a nursery, old man i
Antd we don't pay for the gas we don't
burn. 8o you might as well close the con- I
cert and meandor.1
"It might be mentioned that I know how <
to milk, and for keeping a churn-dasher t
busy Pin right on deck every tIme. Now
you can just charge yodr mind with that. I
I never dodge hard work, no matter what i
shape it comes at ine in. All I ask is plenty I
of it, and ncals regular.
'rTe clerk was growing fidgety and red
in the face. lie pointed to the door andi
nodded sideways with the air of a man who I
had about, made up his mind to stand no
imore foolishness. The man reclining on i
the counter continued calin and undisturb
"In house-cleaning time I'm the handiest (
man you ever saw. I can beat a carpet "
till you wouldn't know it, and at washing I
windows and scouring up generally I won't I
take a back seat f,.r anybody. In shoving I
around heavy furniture and taiing down I
stoves, I'm right at home ; and I also know i
all about whitewashing, and can go over ai
carpet without spilling a drop.11
"'Well, who said you couldn't ?" denand- I
ed the clerk. "Olear out I We don't <
want any more of your lingo, and we don't
want, none of youri help. We never clean 1
"I'm the most willing man you ever saw.
Just put down that I'm always ready to t
make myself useful, and that a good, steady
job. with plcnty to do, is the one I want *
to tie to. It dou't matter about the wages I
-we'll never fall out on that head." t
'But, I tell you we don't want you I I
We've got nothing in the world for you to I
(10 here. "
"Well-Lord bless you mian 1-who said 4
you had? I never asked you 'to give me 1
no job-did I?"
"Well, that seems to be about the drift I
of your gab, if I can understand plain I
English," said the clerk, petulantly.
"Glracious me-no4 I I never thought of
such a thing. What i'm trying to come at I
is, that I want you to write 'it down, and I
to print what sort of goalin' I am in your
"Oi I I see I" said the clerk. "You
want to advertise for a situation ?"
"Yes; that's it, exactly. There's lots of
folks, I s'pohe, worrying and fretting be.
cause they can't get hold of just such a
sort of man is I am. 11indy men are
mighty scarce these times, sure's you live I c
I s'po8s that had better go at the top, in j
g,reat big letters; and where you say that I
I in wlling, put it its loud as you have h
room for. They'll always find me willing,
whoever finds me-specially at. about, meal I
times. You might, throw in that I have
seven characters, and somc 01 '0mi as much
as four years long. Horses is my prefer.
en1ce ; but I'm nmot above dIriyin' a pair of
mules, or shovelin'gmavel, iftnoting betteri'
oll'ers. Fix it, all up se's someubody'll have
to hire me, and I'll (divide the first mtonth's
wages with you. P'ile it aill oni just, as
strong as y'ou want to, andi ll b)ack it, up
whien I get tihe job-ever'y word of it, I I
ought to know how to work, I shocuid think
-'m just out of the work houise from a
twelve inOnthl's tiip. Hut I suppose that
hadni't better' go in. If I had the chink to
spare I'd pay13 extia, and have you slain it
in l.o4try-bhumned if I wvouldn'i . But
then, hold ! that nmigtht fetch me up in a
place where they live oil style' and tooth
icks, andl that, wouldn't, hartdly suit me
now, just at first. I'd rather hiave t, chanice
to fatten up a little. ~Make it plain and
blunt, amid thiat'il strike the liversaI"
Modeorn lrst taih l(gloeides.
D)uring Louti Philippe's reign andl the
four following years, attemplts were ir.ade
upon the life of Queen Victoria by Oxford
in 1840, and( by a workman named Francis
in 1842 ; upon thme King of Prussia, Fro.
de-riCk Willliam lV , in 1814, and again in
18b0 ; upon thme present Eumperor of' Gecr
imany,thien military commanrder of Coblen,,
in 1849); andl upon0 Isablelm, Queen of
Spain, hii 1 852. None of these at teimpts
suc.ceeded. Oxford, wilo shot at, Queein
Victoria while she was passing on Gon
stitution 11111, was cleadly a lutnatic, and
consignmed t.o Bleulami as such. I-fe remained
there about twenty-five years, and1( whilst
In confinement showed himself lnvaiabuly
rationmal, wvorking industriously as a1 car!
penter, and expressing lia (deep re'morse
whieneveir lie wuas questionedi ablout what
termed hia "wicked piece of foolciry" O0
ford is still alive, but lie is residing ouit of
England. Not so Francis, the carpenter,
who assaulted the Queen in 1842,and made
a large wale on her face. Th'Iis man died
shlortly after lie had b)eeni lodlgedi in St.
Luke's,Bethlehlem. lie was unq(uestionably
muad. Nevertheless, after his offence, Par
liament passed a bil1l enacting that, floggIng
should be inflicted In future upon any one
seeking to Inflict bodily harm upon the <
Queen, or to threaten her. It was by vir- I
tume of this act that the young fool O'Con
nor, who leveled a p)istol at the Queen in
1869, was sentenced to be imprIsoned for
a year, andi to receive twenty strokes with
a birch. The Queen kindly remitted the
whole punishmnent, and caused the boy to
be supplied with funds thant lie might, emi-i
grate to Australia. But withui less than a
ye:ar after bie had been shipped oil to Bouth,
amipton, O'Connor returned to E~ngIaQ(,and ;
was found prowlng within tito pxecincts
of Buckingham P1alaice at night, evidently
with emvt, intent. Tis time he idas certifled
to bei out of his mind, and was sent to an
asylum,where hie remained under treatment
four years. Ho is helleved now in h~e i~n:
Bait Lake City.
Valt Lake City, the Mormon capitol I
Let us look at it. It lies deep in the valley
-in a valley which Is 6000 feet above the
evel of the sea. To the right, to the left,
o the north, the south, the east, and the
west-mountains! Lying in the midst of
hem, the city. America has no other like
t. Surveyed from the distance, it wears a
listinctly Oriental appearance. So we of
he far West, who have only dreamed of
he East,inagine how Damascus may look.
White houses shining anud rich masses of
;rcen foliage. A dome, a tower, a spire
,hat may answer for a minaret, deep gar
lens, buildings with flat roofs, a faint mist
f dust marking the line of a traveled
itreet, a sky of more than Oriental softness
Verhead, and an atmosphere so pure that
o breathe it is a luxury,and to look through
t is to gain such power of vision that the
waks of the Wasatch Range, twenty miles
tway, seem within the reach of the pedes
rian who has five minutes to spare. In
he city there are broad streets, covered
with gravel. Upon each side, where the
putter should be, there Is a stream of pure
ind delicious water hurling fiercely along
vith the Ipetus gained at. the top of the
'win Peaks. The dwellings of stone, of
vood, of adobe or sunburnt bricks, are far
ipart, and enshrined among mighty trees.
Riops, here and there, thrust themselves
mt to the edge of the footway, and offer
heir wares to the passars-by. It is a queer
rowd that is thus tempted. Such a one
Ls on no other street in this broad earth can
aither. Here is a Mormon saint, a patri.
Lrch with twelve wives, and so many chil
Iren that he is compelled to rcfer to lis
nemorandum-book for a list of them.
stout, rugged, coarse in nature and in-fea
ures, lie is of the' kind that found this
ralley a wilderness,and transformed it into
luscious garden. There is a Utah Indian,
4ad, perhaps in a stovepipe hat, a blanket
ad buckskin breeches. He wears huge
arrings, long straight hair,thick and black
is midnight. Here is a Mexican, dashing
long at break-neck speed upon a shagged
>ony. lie wears a (rees as picturesque as
hat of a Greek, and he Is as fine a horse
nan as the Arabian Desert knows. There
;o two army ollicers, wearing blue coats,
ad-looking as if they were in authority.
PICey Iiie to the camp upon the hillside,
roin whence the guns that they control
tan level the city in a day. Gentile nminers,
vith whiskers, broad hats, trowsers tucked
n boots, and plistols thrust in belts, sang
,ering about in search of firewater. Mlor
nion policemni, quiet, reserved, but keen
a hounds, stand upon the corners. Huge
vagons, drawn by six, eight and ten meles
one lumbering down the street, bringing
rom outlying settleients of the,suints the
Ithes for the Prophet's storehouse. lur
ying past them, dash graceful and elegant
oleasuro carriages,such as Hyde Park ight
w0 proud of. But where are the women ?
)f mien there are enough. Now and then
Gentile woman passes, but not often ;
ad the Mornion women appear still less
requently. It Is Orientalism in the ex
renm Occident. There is the polygamy
>f Turkey,with an approach to the custom
vhich keeps the women under a vell. It Is
strange city, a new city, born within th
ast half century; a city of its own kiud
city that is as striking as novel, as inter
faing, as unprecedented to the view of the
0nerican who lives east of the Rocky
iountains, as it Is to that of the citizen of
Ailus Iteovem, the Tenor.
The famous Englsh tenor, Sims Reeves,
ontemplates retiring from his profession.
Ls lie r'ttmt be nearly sixty years old, and
u very rich, the wisdom of such a course
Colis undeiiiable, though lie Is still with
ut a rival in oratorio singing. About
ifteen years ago his voice deteriorated
onsidora-ly, but soon regained its power.
t is an opn secret, amongst the profession
liat lie is obliged to have all itis songs
ransposedi a coup)le of tones lower than lie
ised to sing them. Sinms Reeves was,
uriously eiiough, both idlohized and hated
y the English public. TIo accounit for
hiis,it, inist be borne in minud that he never
iould be depended on to fulili his engage
nenta. Th'lis gave a atari to all sorts of
tories sbout, lis bieig a coiifirmed dhrunk-~
ird. But. they were utterly untrue, as the
act that, lie has retainedl lia voice to his
)reisent, age coicl usi velyv i prca. The
ruth is thaut his throat, was al wauys miost.
lelicate ; a simple journey by rail was ofteni
,iullleent to make lham ''as hoarse as a~
3rowv." In the height of sumnmer lie didi not
hare Ito walkc across IHyde PariC wthout as
niny wvraps aroundt his neck as au ordina.r v
n'in would wear withi the therliioumeter lie
tow zero. Reeves was a native of Woo!
wich, and as a boy attracted the attention
:>f the ohlicers of thig garrison by hisa musical
talent. lie began his career as a baritone,
und the reabregister of his voice was niot
hiscoveredl for some tiume. Even in those
early (lays lis throat was most susceptible
to cold and fatigue, andi after any severe
3xert Ion lie waus liable to spit blood(. Much
>f lis suibsequenit success was (lue to the
3aire taken of him by lisa wife, wvho saon
heed( her own musical career for the sake
)f looking aifter that of iier husband. She
ook as much care of himt as a trainer does
>f the favorite of the Derby, and (luring
tears and1( years waited for himi behind tihe
cenes wvith heef tea, gargles and other
estoratives. The report about11 Reeves'
iabits of intoxicat,ion arose fromt lis lena
toss for beef tea. lie was accustoJmed to
arry about with himii a pocketiflask of that
mitIous but, Insi pid b)everage,aindi persons
eeing him constantly interviewIng the
lIttle bottle, jumped at the conclusion that
t contained branidy.
Would you keep your rosy compIlexiont,
vear thick soled shoes.
Would you enjoy quiet content, do awvay
vithi airs and pretences.
Would yen have others respect your
>pinions, hold and never disown them your.
Would you have good health, go out in
lie sunshine. Sickness is worse than
Would y:u respect yourself, keep your
ieart and body oleaiu.
Would you retain the love of a friend, do
tot he seilshly exacting.
Would you gain the confidence of busi
less men, do not try to support the style of
Would you never be told a 14lO Ao 'no
tak personal questis.
Would you sleep well - andi have a good
tppottte attend to your business.
Wouid you have -the respect '& nen,
sover pernilt yourself to indulge ia vulgar