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THE NEWS AND HERALD.
-WIN NSBOR?O, S. C.
B.Tut1>AY, Auguset '7, 1 1 j : s18
I. N-..11NN-.DA. VIS, Rmt.
I-Y0. . l YNODIR&I. APSOOCATR EDITOV.
.11 .V OCII.PrIC T.ICKTr.
WINFI-AL) 8,Orr hANCOCK.
m,iAM If. ENOLIbZI.
J. D. ENNrY.
J. C. Corr.
For Secretary of Stato.
R. M. Sims.
Luitoy l. YOUMANS.
Vor Supt,erintendent of EdIucatjon.
Iliaal S. Tlom,smoN.
For Adljutnit andvi Insorctor-Goneral.
A111UR Al. AIANICAULT. F
F'Pr Atnte Trensuarer,
JOIIN ['ITEL lICiIARDSON.
G' . o1N B. EitwIN, oF LANCA sTEFRI
has dletrlaed himself a candbtidatto folr
t"ongrpe-esq. This inlaugiates a triangu
1.ar -lght inl I he loulith District.
.Jl'iT AS IT HAD BIAN SET'CD defl
milely h1ALt Justicc Willard will contest
for his full termI, the intbriatiol Co1mS
that Justice Willard will not contost,
but will leave the bench so soon as lie
shall have Wrten opinions in the cases
entIl rusted to lis chargo. It is very
diillcdt to learn the state of Justice
Willar's* ii inl '%he preomises.
'rill. c-1:.CoFul, WECAVERt NEED) NO
longer ctim Aa baima for (he Green
backers, a.s his party i the Slate elec
litn on Monday wis siowed inl by
atbouL sixLy thousand majority. Tle
G recilback Si volighold, which lal st year.
cleeed 1aongressmab, has beenI re
cap.iitued by the Demjoerats, and
Wveavel, ralidall, Do lia Ait(yr and
tlie oier apostles who went down
theire to acquiint the 1eople with the
rap-baby, will wed their weary way
hoiew:1rd11, and there weep overl hopes
haid low. A little opposition acts liko
ia tonic, and solidifles tlie palrty. The
l1'elublicanl National Comm11itteo may1)
41-s well take Wiiarnin1g by Alabamllia an1d
1111,e t.ho South to g'o by defalllt. A
lively lieptblican calnlvass dowi here
will he Succeeded by phen1Iomld
vock'si two letters, th~e miore they don't
like thiem. 10s letter of acceptance
grownVSstrotiger every time it is ox
iamined, while the letter to Shecrman,
in the suunth(iess8 of its views and the
jorce o m i ns :x pession, has inot, been
equal led by any deliverance I recent.
piolit ical history. Raidial newspapers
little knew what they wer*e doing~
when they so inlsultinigly and1( vehue
niient.v ly demandedt the lpublicat.ion of' his
letter; anud nowY they have the ciI'ronite
ry to say it was garbled. There is not a
weak sentence ini the whlole letter; and*i
it so clal ttes the situa*tioni andt
lie mlanneitr of settling a Presidential
dispu11te, tha lone(1 wonders wheni Gen
ccral llancocAk found1( time1 to master thie
lwinciples of governmenit so c'learly.
A liepubhlicanl remarIlked, in referenice
to thle publdicatloln otf the letter: ''We
culled his hiaund because we thboughIt he
hadn'ut iinu-y pair, andl lie held four alces
anud s.cooped in thle pile." This just.
about expresses it.. It IHanlcock has
any1~ m1ore0 such: letters behind let him11
get, them ouIt alt on1ce.
The Fourth District.
Th'ie Conigressional Nomiinat ing Con
vent ion in this dlist rict will be held in
less than11 aI monithl, and( thie result is as
yet miucertainI. Sparlainburgr is, of
couirse, for Coloniel Evinus. Unioni
elected a set. (of delegates in May, long
before thie canuvass openied, anid pledged
them to Colonel Evins. Greeuville
has aIlso) declaredl for Colonel Evinis,
thus seemu'ing himu al solid( voto, four
votes are sent froml this sidle of the
river, andlu of these Coloniel Evins ust
securle four to obtain a1 maijority of thleI
conivention. F'airtleld's fouri delegates
nIre lor' Major Woodlwalrd and L41aca
ter's three will be east1 for Genieral
ECrwinu. Rershmaw, York and Chester
have ntot. yet selected delegates. Their
.ias it e'ver occulrredI to the Decmo
craits of York, Liuacster, Chester anId
FaIrfld thatl they have been motst reO
mariikably overlooked ill the dlivIsionl ot
(PilleCs, and1( thatt their lifteeon votes have
beenl catst for canldida1tes from other
sectionls. without seCurIig a return for
t.hemuselves? They have men01 just. as
inltelligent, ju1sf as patrIctile, just as
worthy ot recognitonl as anly in. the
St ate, anld yet the eilicos go every
where else. Ti ; is because (1hese
counties, whichl are practically 0110
people, huave never' acted as 0110. They
have' frittered away :their strength,
while all other parts1 are' organizbIig to
secu111 liberal slices of patr1onalge.
Theyd have it ini their power', with
teadof Keorshaw, w'hich isalso
closely identifIed~ with them, of decid.
hang thle Congressional on~1test, and1( al
thboughl we (10 1101 counsel sectionahlism
as* a genertal rule, we crta'ily thinuk
they bhlul d showv enuugh- occasIonally
to scure their just duels. In 1876
(Greenuville, Spartanuburg and( (JnIon
8MoodI solidly togother in tho Clongres.
Blonatl racee. In 1878 they weeUlid,i
anin 1880 awi ie fn the ginua
Rho river. We do not ilame' thein if)
they s fit to do so, but as they ire in,
vi, minority they are establishing a
precedent dangerous to themselves.
Dn the other hand, Kershaw, it 1870,
?kipped ove. her adjollinig counties
md joined hands with Sparfanburg,
thus deflting the Fairfleld man. In t
1878, though there was no netiveo con
et, the counties oi this side went
ver to the othor. Will they do so
igain, when a candidate capable and
mergetic Is prosented to thein for their
sonsilderation? Let them consider this
-irefully. We say also to Kershiaw
lnt turn about is fiir play, and as she
ils helped Spar-tanlburg once let her
-ive Fairflleid a lift this titte. Major '
WVoodward, if nominated, will make a I
attling canvass, esp)ecially Iin the for
ner itadical strongholds in his dis
riot, and, if elected, will capably and I
vorthily represent this district in 1
Dongress. Give 1im a chance.
Prepiraitions for iho Moeting at Yorkvlllo.
A I'leassmt Tiao to 1,o Anticlipated.
(From tho Yorkvillo Enquirer.]
The executive committees of the
,out.y 8iiivivors' and of Cithe Twelftih
tegimient Surt-vivors' Association, mot
in Yor-kvIlle on the 28th ultimno, Pgree
ibly to the call of Col. Cad. Jones,
3resident. of Uie Associations, for the
io purpose of k maing arrangemolnts
br the joint celebiation of the Asso
intions, to take place inl Yorkville, I
m the third Thurmlaty, 19th1ofAugust, j
Col. W. H1. MeCorkle was requested I
o not as seeretary, after which the I
'resident annotineed that the nmeeting <
vas fully organized for the transactio.:l <
On Iuotion, the following plani of I
trirangements wits adopted:
ld. Tiho preparation of a stand it
;omle suitable grove for the public
:peakiig and the procuring of t 1oin i
it which to spread the dinner.
2nd. That it committee or two su1r- 1
ivo's be appointed iII each towinshilp I
.0 solicit subscrintions in moiev or. I
p'ovisiols inl thei'r respectivo town I
ihips; said committee to report the re- c
mit of* the eflorts to the committee, on I
iaturday the 14th of August. Each I
11eier o' the township l olhiittee I
dall have power to appoiit others to I
Issist him in the cuivass of his ton it- I
diip. All moneys collected must be I
paid ill oi (It 14th of Aupuist, and all r
-onitr-ibilions of un1cooked woisionsl
1ust be delivered on the 18th, and sill
,ooked provisions oi the 19th of Au
3rd. That a commit(cen of arrange
inonts be ippointed by n t 'resident, I
Yho, together with the lownslip Com- I
ni(ee and such othcrs as they may 6
;elect, shall mlake all atiranigem11en(s
tees,sary Ior the banqjupt, and thec cere-i
iomies of' Ilie day ofcelebra*.ion.
41ilh. it a coimittee of three
nembeir of thTwelfth .egiment-be 1
Ippoiited it' a commilittee of receptiol,F
io receive visiting Incilbers, as Foi
ows: Col. C110. Jonle.4, ("apt. 1. D).
WVitherspoon, Lieut. J. A. Watson.
th. That the 1ock 11111 and the I
Yorkville Cornet .Bands be specially l
invite to attend the celebration.
Committees were' ap~pohiitedl to imike
rirnngementms f'or thle reunion, and to
Col. Andrew~ Jackson was appoint
1)d to) aut s chlief ma ihal n the day~ otf
lie celebrautioni, with authorisy to'aip
)oint 11s ma~ny assistanits as5 he imay
Cc>l. A. Coward, Principal of the
Kingj.'s M~ounitaiin M~iilli ary School,
endered (lie services oi' the Cor'ps of'
Dadets as an escor't for' the JccatSs i
msd the otfler was unanlnously accept- 1
Th'le President read a conmmnincti<mi
r'omI Capt. J1. Robleirt Laindsay, of (lie I
Jenkins Rifles, otfferini the 's'ort, of~ 1
he command on the &ay of the re-cI
mien. Tihe oilier w'as unansimmously'
It wast stated that arrangemenCitCis
iaive beent made with the Chester anudi
rGenoir' lallroad for' anm extrat t rain,
,vbihil l~h eave Chester ait 6.30 a. mi.,
mid return fr'omX York'i lIe in the afte 'ir
1(o0n ini timie to connecP(t with do 1(wni
rain on the C. C. & A. Itailroad.
Ulembors attending the reunion willI
>c piassedl over tihe Checster and Lenoir
-ondt at hal' rates.
No fmurthier bnsiness being p)resented,
he meeting adjourned.
murs aigo wtle ann tliounied( p)ositively
brng tecoilumn s of (lhe I?egi'/cr
hat Chief .Justice W i'lr wonuId not
vield the Chief Justico's chair without
contest, and1(, as8 our stattemnent lias
>eeni 'onitradzuict.ed, we arie now pr'e
mred, for the benefit of (lhe pubm)lic, to
'eiterate thant statement~, which we
iniade so late ini the day for' thme simplle
'esosn that we supplhosed evervh1odv'
vh( knew any'thiing kniew that th'e
2hief Justice intenided fr'omi the be
inning to contest the election of Glov
3rnior Simpson to be his successor. 1
i'hiese faics hiave beent kinown to near
ly sill thle proiminent( imeiubers of' (lie
Ldiumbia bar' for moniths pa5st and to
all the parties iinterested, anid nione ot'
them have hand any otheri opinioni ftom
he begnhmng. Ourm r'enders thr'ough
imt the State may, thecrefor'e, r'ely u.poni
is for this much, viz: That, uni]ess
Judge Willar'd has chainged1 his mind
11ince Ouri aricle published ini the Reyf
ister ' 1Aiiuiust 4I h, lie meanIUs to per'm
mit Governor' Siiiipsoni to quaIlify and1(
theii present his ease to the Smupreme
Court. It is dume to the Chief .Instice
(o say thant lie claimns to lie moved by no
paritisam sphi'it. In the pr'emises,'bt
simpiily byv at desire to hasve thie ques
tion a's to whether or not lhe was elect
ed for six ,verrs settled by the highest
author. ty mn the State--t.he Sulpremec
Couti'-of' which couIrt lie conisider's
himiseltf a meiber luntil r'emoved1 by a
liecree of that court.-Columsbia leg
SOME 01. MISS Conisox's Tix ueJ'm5a.
-Potatoes, at anly time of' the year
can lhe miade meal'y if boiled In sal't ami
wateri amid draienlC' aind then covered
wh a thick towel iand left in hack of'
the ranige five minutes.
T1o i'etain (lie color' of any vegetable
plunge It ifo cold water af0er boilinig.
Cooks make the it ake ot' boiling
thinigs too much. After' reacihig (lie
boilhng point meats should sliamneri.I
The toughest meats catn be umade tend
er by so doinig.
It is always best to unmder-seaison
rathei thanui to overi-season food1.
WVhen amnythin g is accidentally nmde
too salt ft qut be counteiracted by add
ing a fablesp'o ful of Venegar and a
tabespoontml of stin'.
IMeats of' anmy k nm should -not bec
washed, but wiped w' a (ogvei to
preserve thle juics anid qmua ty.
AIrCOQK .TO 81EnMrj N,
nuO of Him Letters to Geaeral Sheranan- di
What He Thought ofthe Politital Fitu.
tion In 11870-II Opinion of 111ttigurati1g
Presidents.-TIe Peaco and Prooqa-iLy of stal
the Couantry ills Solo Ala. bei
(By Telegrapih to talf ChronIcio.j peC
NEW YORK, July 31.-'lhe jV , (c
O-llorrow, % III publish the following. otli
Vlis letter was written in reply to two wi
otters on the situation received from thii
iceneral Sherman: po3
CARHONDmUvr, P. O., 8r. Louis, Do- det
eiiber 28, 187.-My Dear G0n0eal.
cottr favor of the 4th instant reachied ev
no in New York on (lie 5th, the day by
leforo I left for the West. I Intended oul"
o reply to it before leaving, but cares dell
ncident to my dopl-arttire lilterfered. Vor
Vhen, again, since Iny arrival here I CaII
Iave bcen so occupied with person1al had
ifailrs of a business nature that I have adh
leferred writing from day to day un
1 this Iulloniit, and niow I find myself hin
n debt to you another letter. In' a. we'
nIowledginent of your fIavor of the Lm
7th, received a few days siice, I have b
oichded to leave here oin the 29th (ie
to-mor-row veling), so that I nliay in
10 expected in New York on the 31st f'or
ust. It has been cold and drcarv the
lice my arrival here. I have workeil tile
'like a Turk" (I presune fhit. mean I"g
lard work) in the country in nmakiig tihe
encos, cutting down trees, repairing Seel
mildings, &c., &C., ald 11111 at lefut acti
Ible to say that St. Louis Is the coldest Fet
>Aace In the winter and it is the hottest. ove
n1 summer ofauny I have cnconilter- cou
d li a temperate zone. I havc known crt
t. Louis in December to have g1ia0 ind t
veather throughout the month. This or <
)eceinber has been frigid aid the lies
ivor 1111 been frozen more ld011 than
have ever knowil it-. W1rhlen, . heard 1i I
lie rumllor that I was ordered to the sl
1acifle coast I thought it probably It t(
r-uc; considering the past discussion o"e
mil that subject, tio possibilities seem- d1t
d to tie to point. that way. Ilad it a(dv
>ell true .1 should, of course. have of
>.esenited no0 complainit nor1 lnmde rc- :,At
istance of' any kind. I would have haIv
eoic (,uiicki * if not preparled to go s'h0
womlptl,v. ICMrtailyh would have1,01
Jwel reheved from the respolnsil) lity Ge
Ind anxietics Concerning Presidenthil and
nafltters, which may fill to those wner fat.
he throne, or Il litliorit%., within the be
text four 0months, as well as from 1"Y
ither incidents or mattrs which I
ould not control and action coicern- I "
ig which I might fot applove. I was lt
,ot. exactly prepared to go to the "(",
neitic, lowever, and 1, theriefore, 11-1 ,
clieved wheni I receved y-ou1r note inl- ge
'b111in1g c1110 11hat theren was no truth inl th
lie rm'11nors. Then .1 did not wish to
tIpellr to be escnping from i any re- P1
polsibiliGes aInd tihe possible d'gels in.
vilich Illay cluste arI1ound military i
olninanlders i tle last. especiully in b
he cr-itiill period fast apploachinc>. call
ll's well thitt ends well. The who' bei1
natter of the Presideit seems to n:a "w,
o be siiple aud to IldI1nit of peaceful the
ollition. The m11achilery For suchl aI
,olitingency ats threatens to present lie
Isci hllas been all carefully preplared. 1y
t only reqluires Itibricatiol owillg to to I
lisuse. TbeIl ariyl sholl hai ve 1'ioth- hi
Ig to (10 With the election or the in.- Ow.
mg'ruratioln of l'resid[ents. The people 1y
.le(t the PIresident and Congress de- l'
lares ill joint sesoio who he is. We tell
>f the army have Only to Obey his :"
llaldiates, and are protected ill so do- nlot
ing only so far as they maty he lawful. Ciu.
:)t1r Colntnissmiers t'1exrss that, I Ic0
ike Jetlferson's wa.v ol' liniugunmttion. 11"1
It, suits our systemiu. Ilie rode alonme on'at
orseback to (lie (Capitol (1 fear it w~as w
he old Capitol), tied his horse to a bec
'ail fenice, enteired anud was (luly sti
Iwornl; lie then roide to the Executtive tia
tIisi and( took possess8ion. lie in.. w'
tulguralted himiiself' simp1)y b>y taikinig 'P.i
he oath of' ofilce. The:'e is no0 other 111
egal illigura':tion1 inl 011r systeml. s
.ate parade(1(s in honor01 of thme event and1( sel
)hlblic oftlcials ay add t.o the pageant res
>y -isseiiimihg I roops andt banners, but Po'
IIt i ht on1ly comeis' priopely afIter the suI
nauiiguria.ionI, not befori'. A nid it ilh
lot a nl)t of' it. Omtr systen does niot il1
)n'ovide t hat one P'residlent. shoul d in- 111 1
imtuguate( 1 another0. There inh4ht hie thle
Ianuger ill that and it w'as studIotsy te
eit, out oft'holcharteor. But vonu ar'ew
>laiced ini an1 exceputionllly iliuportant lng
)osit.ioim ill colniectioni with conmin"' it
v'ents. The capital is my jumrisdict ion mile.
iso, biut 1 am a subord'(inalto anid not11 ani
>i thie spot( anmd it' 1 were'(, so, also, h'ee
voul be my13 superior imi authority, Ont
i' thiere is tIme station of' genleral-inl- "n11
hief. 0mn thle prminci pie that, a regu- to
ar'ly elected( Pre'Csiit?s ter'm of1' ic 11C I
IXpires with the thliird of' Marchl (of at
whichi I have not the slightest doubt) fr'o
nd1( which (lie law's bearing onl the sa
tidiet un miformnly r'ecognuize, anid in 1lie
he lawi filliv e,lec'te oP residlent uv nmot.u
I'>p10111 unItil the 5th ot' March a 'reat the
'all upon youvo. Youi hold'overi. Toi sp
v'ill have power' mind prIest ige to C)sill- 111
or't y'ou. Thme See''tar'y of' Wam', too, 811
w'obably, holds over, bu'1 it' no0 Presi- tie
lemnt appear's lie nitty inot be able to ex fuli
ro'eiden't , for his proper' acts are those 8
>f a known superior. A lawfuml Presi- b1)i
lent, you act oni your1 ownl respons1i- w.hi
>Ility amnd by iritue of' a conmniussioni v1e
mIly restriicted by (lie law. The Si'c- in
'ctu'y 01' War' is the niouth-pioce of a it. I
Lresidenit. You am'e nmot. If1 neiher ar
anidate hias a constitutionial miiaor'i- of1
.of thei Eetoral C.ollege, 01' the 'Son- ri10
oe amid lioumse, on the occasion 01' the h.e'
oumn, do not unmiite iln dee!ar1inIg som1e r
)ersoni legally elected by' time people, !'g~
here' is laiwfuil machhlicry' already13 pro- ils
'ideCd to mieet, thIat conit ingencey amnd a
IeC'ideC te qulest ion peac'efulIlly. It. has w
ot bein re.'cmntly use'd , 1no occas1iion 1p0
)lresenitingt itse-I, bult 0our foretalthers w"
)m'ovided it. It. hans been exer'cisedl p0
md1( has beemn recognized and submith- 7C)
ed'C to 11s hiwf'ul on every hamnd. Th'iat [
mnachinery woumlid proba'bly' elect Mr'. TIo
Vice-Presidenit. Tlhiat, wou)ldC be r'ight
'lnough, f'or the law priov'ides that, imi I
I'uilure'o to eet dly~ by' thle peole, the
I louse shall inmmneiat'elv' elect a Pr4~esi-. 3
demit amnd the Senate a Vice-P'residont. .~
Somie tr'ibunal m1 ust decideO whet bor I lie
people1 hmave (duly3 elected a P'resident.
I presu5Ime, oft courlise, that it is ini a
joint aflrmat ive action ot' (lie Semnate ~
and 11011s0, or whyii ar'e they pre'sent to'
witness the counlt t' nmot to sce that it is
fauir andl just ? It'a thhlnure to agree
ar'ises betwei'en thle Iwo bodies, t here 0
('all b no hawf'ul afirnmative decision #
that tho people haivo electetd a Pruesi- 9
denmt and (lie llouse muast then proeedl poi
to 1101, not the Senate. Thle Senate
elects tile Vic-Presidents, not the
Presidents. Doubtless in case of feil- jiW
ur'e by (lie Ihouso to elect a Prosident Wi1
by the fourth of' Mar'eb, time Prctesiet,
of'the Seimafe (f there be 0110) woldd1t -
he (lie le'.ithlnato ler1soni to execisel~
the pri'denlthdl aut horit y for' the time IFh
being, 01' unmithie appeaance of a law- Se
fui 1residet, or' foir tle time laid (down
in 'the constIt ution. Such comrses
wvould be licacef'ul and(, ! hlave a ir th,
belief', lmawful. I hntIv 1n4 douibt . n T
yes would make an excellent Pres!
t. I have imet hi1 and know of
. or a brief period he servod
.or my command, but as the matter.
ils 1 can'tseo an likefilhood of his
n1 duly- declared elected by tle
>p iuless the Senato and House
to to b l in accord as. to that fact
I the House would, of course, not
crwise elect him. What the people
'it Is a peaceful determination of
I matter; as fair a determllation as
sibA atd a lawfil oneo. No other
ormination coui1 stain the test.
) cdtilf.iv, if 1iot plunged Into a
olittionl, would become poorer day
(lay, bilsiness vould languish and
bonds would come home to find a
reciated liarket. I was not in Ia
of the tmilitary iction in South
olina receitly, and if Genl. Riger
telegraied to me, or 'ttsked for
ice, r woull.d have advised him not,
[or any circumstanlcos, to allow
iself or his troops to determine who
'e the liftil members of a Staite
rislature. I cotild not have given
i beur advice than to refr lbhm to
spechil llessigc of tho President
hl-case of LIousiana son time be
. ut in South Carolina lie had
qustion setlvd by a decision of
Sup'rcme Court of the Stite-the
best tribunial which had acted on
question-so that his line of duty
:ned even to be clearer thimi in the
o0 In the Louisiana case. 'If the
leral court had Interiered and
rruled the decision of the Stato
rt, there might, have been a doubt
laiily, .but the Federal court only
arferedto complicate, not to decide
>verrale. Any how, it ls no busi
s of the al my to enter upoln such
stions, anl eve if it might he so
my ovClt, if the civil auithorltv is
reme, as the Constitition dechires
be, the South Carolina case was
ill which the arny 11ad a plain
y. IBud O'en. Ituger'asked me for
ice und if . had given It, I should,
course, have notiled vou of my
oil ilmnediately, so that if it could
0 been promptly overruled if it
uld hiuve been dceined advisable bN
or iyill% other superior in authority.
liuger did not ask for ny advice,
1. inferred fron that 11d other
I that lie (lid not desire it, or that
iginl direct coliitilicationl with
ifflitarv Superiors -It, ile seat, of
er1111eilt, wvIho vere ieamrer to him
imlc atild distanlce 0than Ivwas, he0
med it, unnecessairy. As Glen. Rtu
hild tlie ultimati responsibility of
on, and had really theggreatur Ilu
to conlfrolt inl tile 11inal act ion in
ina11tter, I did not. venture to 01m1
ra1fss Iby si-luggestionls. lie was a
aiii ient commander, and the law
head or (he militiry .<inillistration
hin Oh limits of the idepalrfnueit,
, besides, I knw that lie hadl been
ed to Washinmgton for consuiltation
Mr takig coniinmand, aind was
blyv amwamre of the views of
adminaistrionl to the civ
fIlirs in his oniirnand:)l. I knew that.
vas in dircut coliuillnicationl vith
siueriors in autithorily in reflerenlce
he delic110l subjects presented fir
Considerationl, or ld ideas of Iis
ri which he believed to be sumilcient
u1 11Ccord% with tie views ofrouir coi
11 superiors to vinible himl to act inl
igeitly. according to his jud1g0met
N%witho(ut suggeItions fron those
Ol the spot aind not as Fully ac
inted with afl the facts as himself.
.d'esired, tpo,'to be free to act, as lhe
so the msiit ter was governied as be
eni him. and myself. As I have
in writomg thus frceIlv to vou1, I mayu
I further unblosomn invselflby stat~
t J lave not thiought, it lawful or
C to uise Fede'ral trCops in such
Ltcrs as5 have tranllspired( east of' the
sissippij withlin the last few months,
C so far as8 they may be brought
>action1 unider 'an artIcle of' hie Con
Ut ion which couiteinphltts armied
stanice or inivasion of a State more
verf iii than1 thie Staite authorites cani
(diie by ordiinary' pr~cesses, and1(
.u only when requiestedl by thie Lei.
t Liri, of11f it. could not be conivcnecd
issioni, by the GAovernior, and1( when
Priesidenit of thie Uited Staites in
enues in t hat iuaneri it is au state of'
noit peace. The armyIi is labor
imider dhisadvan~iltges, nliid! has been
cunlawfully ait time, in the judi(g
i of the people (ini iic cer'tainhv)
we haive lost a great deal of kind'It
o1g whichi the comimiiiiity at larig'e
e' flit for us8. It is .imc to stop and(
oad. Officers in coiimmandt of'
>ps often findl it dithliult to net wise
sutsaely whien thenir spier'ior's in
hority have dillerenit views of' law
n theirs, and whben legislation has
ctionecd the action seemningly In con
with the tiumdaimeintal law, and
generally defer' to the known
m;ient oif their supierior officers of
armiiy, who are' so retrard( ini such at
iisibility, esp,ecially those at or neanr
headi( of it, that it is necessarv, Onl
ih miomentous occasions, to dire to
"rinei for thiemrsclves what is hawv
andI what is not hawfutl, under our1
feml, it' the iihtary authorities
Lte casO ini such excepltionafl times
en there existed such divergenit
wsq as to the correct result. The
iy willI suffer f'om its p)ast action if
as8acted w ro ngtfully. Onur regular
my lhas litt le hold( up~on the affctions
he people 0t' to-dayu, and1( its supe1
oiersi' should cer tainily, as fhr as
ini their power*, legally and with
hfeous intent, aid to defend the
it, which, to us, is the laws and the
Litultioni which they rep)reselnt. It is
wieh llmeainii inistiintioni and it
n1( id e wvell, it' it should have ani op
t inity, to lbe recognized as a bul
rk ini .supp)ort of thie rights of the
plo and( of (lie lawv. 1 am, truly
Signed] Wuimo 8. IIlaxcoca.
(Gen. WV. TI. Shermnan, Comnmand
all (Uniecd ,States Army/, Wtashhing
!on, J). U.
~Ik0 rw rId.
XILL KINDS of Garden and
wor Seeds,.Clover and Grass
eds at Donly's.
A. LARGE~ lot of fresh Canned
ods1 and Fancy Groceries at
TORRE G BOT TOM AGEN.
Thorofore we take pleasure in an.
nouncing to our friends and cus,
tomers that we have made a great
reduction in prices of our stock. We
are determined never to be
We vvill give our customers a spj
cial benofit by offering great and
Calicos, Muslins, Swiss, and all
kinds of White Goods for summer
GREATLY REDUCED PPICES.
Suitings, Linen Buntings at great,
ly reduced Prices.
Cottonades. Jeans and Cassimelos
at greatly reduced prices.
Just received a new lot of Ladies'
Misses' and Children's Slippers.
A new invoice of Gents' Scarfs
Neckties and Summer Underwear
which will be sold cheap.
WHITE AND COLORED SHIRTS.
MOSQUITO NETTING 1
GREATER BARGA1NS j
Than Ever in Embroideries, Ho
siery, Notions, ote.
Wo now havo on hand a full stock
>f Clothing, Boots, Shoes, Hats and
aonis' Furnishing Goods Give us
x call before buying elsewhere and
P. LANIE(KER & BRQ.
LUDD)IEN & BATES'
TllJE MUSiC hOUSE OF? T1IJR SOUTH!
E~EMOVAL TO OUR
N~ew DouLbl.e StQo
An lInuese Music Temple.
Two large stores, each 30 foot front and
four stories high, fronting on three streets
andl fil!ed from collar to loft with musical
supplies. Nothing to comparo with it in
the Southern States.
A BIG~ STORE,
A BIGJ STOCK,
A BIG TR ADE,
AN MOR TO COME,
During the ten years since our estatb
lishmnent of our house we havo developed
the music trado of the South to a won
derful degree, but as yet we haivo only be
gun. We see, not manny years ahead, a
b)usiness of a million a 3 car, and to take
care of this enortuous trade we have pro
vi dod our present inamnmoth wauroroomse.
Fall trade 188(' will be immense. We are
ready for it. For months our senior part
ner has bcen at thme North contracting
tvith Piano and Organ manufacturers for
instrunments. iJo has concluded most
adlvantageous contracts, and thme Planes
and1 Organs aro "coming, comning" 100,000
mo~re, by every steamer. Non Styles, Now
P'ricon, Newv T1erms, Now Store, New De
SPECIAL OFFER, FALL 1880,
Cash prices with three Months credit..
.During months of Aug. Sept. and Oct.
wve will sell Pianos and Organs at LowEsT
CAsuc Pmon's, payable $25 (lash on a Pi
ano or $10 Cash on an Organ, with thne
balance in three months, wInnoUT iNTEn
WHIAT DO YOU SAY TO TIIIS OFFER?
WVrite for Illustrated Catalogues and
New Iieo Lists for Fall 1880, and pre
pare to be astonished.
LUD.DEN & BATES'
WVholesale Piano and Organ Dealers.
DR. WV. E. AIK EN,
Drugs, Medicine-, Toilet Goods, etc.
GREAT REDUCTION rN DRESS GOODS AND NOTIONS IN
ORDER TO MAKRE ROOM FOR FALL STOCK.
TN order to make room for our Fall Stock, we offer the remainder of out
Spring and Summer Goods at COST to CASH BUYERS.
Perthshiro Lawns at 71 -ents.
Pacific Lawns at 12 cents.
Lace Yauntings at 221 cents.
Linen Suitings of different grades.
Dress Goods of various styles and prices.
Cypress Cloths at 17J cents.
White Piques, all pricer.
Centennial Stripes from 7} cents up.
A Lot of Edgings from 2j cents up.
A Lot of Ribbons to be sold for what they will bring, as we desire to
close out tbis part of our stock.
Best Unlaundried Shirt in the World at 87J cents each.
Another grade at 724 cents, and all other goods in proportion.
Renember the above prices are for cash on the spot. They will not be
charged to any one without an advance. No exceptions made.
july 10 E
GREAT BARGAINS IN SHOES AT
]AVING purchased a nice line during the recent decline I will offer
. groat inducements to the trado for the next thlrty days before taking
A good 12 Thread Serge Gaiter at $1.00
Somothing nice in a Half Cloth at $1.25.
103 pairs Grain Shoes at $1.45
Something nice in Half Cloth and Kid Buttoned, very low for cash.
1 Case Brogans at $1.25.
1 Case Plough Shoes at $1.25
THE BEST G OODS IN WINNSBORO FOR TiE PRICE.
j Cases Woman's Polkas at 85c, 95c, and $1.05-far below their actual
value. 100 Pairs Ladies Cloth Gaiters at 95c, $1,1r and $1.25, to reduco
stock. 100 Pairs Pebble Grain Shoes at $1.45, $1.65 and, $1.88. 150
Buff and Calf Shoes at $1.45, $1.65 and $2.00. The best Misses Grain
Buttoned Shoe in the State for $1.25
Tin, Glass and Crockery Ware. These Goods I have marked down to
such prices that will defy competition.
Just received fifty Patent Fly Traps. Give me a call before buying,
J. L. MIEMNAUGH,
july 1 Leader of Low Prices.
The Best Ver Prodilced!
TH-E DAVI S VERTICAL FEED
CHALL,ENGES TIHE WORLD TO PROD UCR ITS RQUALf
$1,000- REWARD !
r~ Onie thousand doellar's reward oflfered to any person that will dp as great
a r.ange of work, andt do it as~ well, on any other maclhine as na cani be done on
the "DAVIS VEWtICAL FIED SE"W1?G MACH1IE." Arran ments for
the contest will be made with any one desiring to coente for the a eve-named
reward, withini a reasonable time after written applcation is received.
DAVIS SWING MACH INE. CO.,
cc c thehr large lot of the above Machines and the Improved Weed just re
ccc.J. 0. BoAu, Agen~t.
White and Colored Piques, Dress Goods in variety, Illusion, Silks, Satins
Ribbons, Corsets, Gloves, Notions, Hosiery, Lace Bonnets, Ruching,
Belts, Linen and Lace Collars, Fichus, Ties and everything generally
found in a first-class Dry Goods, Fancy Goods and Millinery Establish.
ment. You can get all you want as reasonably as same goods can be bough6
anywvhere. .J. 0. BOAG.
Fresh Arrivals Every Week
--AT TIIE~ NEW STORE.-.
A. i:nc a oe~VI a Dr n in, lAe Dninga, rinU alin ne'w
TIESN# ' alLYNR C IUBNM, a cheI n Tw2~NT E CENTS, WORTH THRIEE
Osi111 nhfl"" hiit cenIfnado BIEFORE THE TIDAL wVAVE IN PRIIoES9 -AD A)PrERi ITg
Thel blXNes andrtmnt cof Anseec ca' A~v oo aetoor customers for their patronage.
WYE SELL STRICTLY .FOR CASH I
Smay11 DESPORTES &s EDA. JNDS.
BARGAIN I BARGAlIN!N tie
25 P.AIRs -----
L A D I E 'S 'WE BEG LEAVEi to inform our
customers and the public generally,
BL ACK 0 00 LORl ED that'wehaveoprcheasedfrom Messr,.
MOMASTER BRICE & C0. their
KID1 GLOVES entlre stock of
And that we will always keop on
~Y5 E12~W S. hand a FULL AND SELECTED
F~R~ I~RPRIE $150. STOCK. All wo ask is a trial, and
dlIUsj'BE SOou will find our stock-and prices to
MOMATEflDUIC~I &CO..J. F. MoMASTER & 00~
juy17 - -