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'fRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORQ, S. C., AUGUST 28, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO. 104.
WHERE SNALL I RET?
**My feet are wearied and my hands are tired
. My soul oppressed
And with desire have I longed, desired,
"'Ti hard to toil, when toil is almost vain.
In barren ways ;
'Tie hard to sow and never garner grain
in harvest days.
"The burden of my days is hard to bear
But God knows best ;
And I have prayed, but vain has been m3
For rest-sweet r st.
"'Tie hard to plant in spring and never reap
The autumn yield ;
'Tie hard to till-and when 'tie tilled to weep
er fruitLeas field.
"And so I cry, a weak and human cry,
So heart-oppressed ;
And so I sigh, a weak and human sigh,
For rest-sweet rest.
"My way has wound across the deaert years,
And cares infest
My path ; and through the flowing of hot tear
I pine for rest.
"'Twas alwa3a so ; when still a child, I laid
On mother's breast
My wearied little head ; e'en then I prayed,
As now, for rest.
"And I am restless still; 'twill soon be o'er
For down the west
Life's sun Is setting, and I see the shore
Where I shall rest." -
Mrs. Gorham put down a letter she ha(
been reading, and looking around th(
table on her blooming daughters and tw<
tall, handsome sons, said in a dolefu
"Your Aunt Zablna is coming to the
clty, and has invited herself here."
"When?" asked Arabella, with an in
tonation of disgust.
"She will come In the train that arriveE
at 4 o'clock this afternoon. Will, you wil,
have to meet her."
"Sorry, ma, but I've promised to driv<
Miss Caldwell in the park. Fred cat
"C'ertainly, I will go," Fred said,
bravely, though there was a hot Itush or
his forehead. "I am very fond of Auni
"Nonsensel" said his mother, "you hav
not seen her for fourteen years. I nevei
went near the detestable farm after you
"Nevertheless, I have a vivid recollqc
tionof Aunt Zabina's kindness when w(
were there, of her doughnuts and cookies,
and bowls of milk with red strawberries it
"Dear me, Fred," drawled Lucille,
"dom't be sentimental. I wish the old
thing would stay at home and fry dough
nuts. I can't imagine what she is cominj
"ihe is our father's sister," said Fred,
"and is there anything surprising in he
looking for a welcome among her brother'i
Mrs. Gorham shrugged her shoulders
It she had spoken hei thought it woul
"Fred is so very odd, just exactly Ilk(
But she only said:
"I may depend upon you, then, to meel
your aunt, Fred? I will see about he
It was a source of great satislaction t(
Mrs. Gorham that her children weie all
like herself, "true Greers every one ol
them excepting Fred," she would say, con
gratulating herself that the plebeian blood
of Gorham pere was not transmitted it
the blood of her elder son, Wilbur, or any
of the three girls.
That Greer pride meant intense selfish.
nleas; that Greer beauty was of a cold, hard
type, that Greer disposition was tyranni
cal and narrow-minded, did not troubl<
Mrs. Gorhamn. That the son was "all Gor.
ham" was proud to the core with the trut
pride that knows no false shame, that h<
was noble mi, disposition, handsome, in;a
frank, manly type, generous and self
sacrificing she could not appreciate. His
hands and feet were not so small as darn.
ing Will's; he had no fashionable affecta
tions, and no "Greer" look. So his mother
thought him rough and coarse, and his as
ters declared that he had no style at all.
.But outsido of the home, where greal
shows of wealth were made by private
economies, Fred was more appreciated.
When ho became a man, and knew thal
his father's estate, though sufficient -t<
give him every comfort, was not larg
enough for the extravagance his mother in.
dulged in, he fitted himself for business
and took a position in a counting-house at
book-keeper, thus becomIng self-support
lug, although his mother declared that ni
Greer had ever been In trade. That th
money she lived upon was made in soaj
boiling, the fashionable lady Ignored en
tirely. Darling Will had studied law, but
hise first client has not yet appeared, an<
Mrs. Gorham supported himn, trustinig tha
his fascination would touch the heart o:
some moneyedi belle.
,Miss Caldweli was the present hope
Shte was her own mistress, an orphanet
heiress, and very handsome. 'That she wai
proud and rather cold in manner, was onij
rather an additional charm to Mrs. Gor
ham. Lucille, Arabella and Corhinne wer<
enthusiastic in her admiration of Cornelli
Caldwell's queenly manner.
Nobody suspected that F9red, blunt an;
straightforward Fred, hid one secret in hii
heart, confessed to no living being. An<
the secret was a love pure and true to:
Cornolia Caldwell-a love that would shui
Itself closely away, from any suspicIon o:
fortune hunting; that only drooped an;
mourned, thinking of the heiress. At i
o'clock Fred was at the depot in a carrnage
waiting for Aunt Zabina. What a hlttl<
old-fashioncd figure shie was, In her quaint
black slk bonnet and large-figured shawl
But Fred knew her kindly old face at one
though he had not seen It since he was tel
"You are Aunt Zabinal" lie said, golnj
qmickly to meet her.
She looked at tihe bright, handsome
manly face, and then caught a quick gasp
"You inust be one of John's boys," shi
said. "Why, how like you be to your des
"I sam Fred," he answered.
"Dear heart! How you've grown? I
wane ma here?"
"She is waiting for you at iome."
The good old country woman had never
had the least doubt of a warm welcome at
her brother's house, and Fred surely con
firmed her expectations. He found the
old black leather trunk, the bag, the band
box, the "picter" paper bought on the cars,
the great bungling umbrella, and put them
all into the carriage, without one smile of
ridicule. He made his aunt go to the
restaurant and refresh herself with hot cof
fee and oysters before starting for the long
drive home. He listened with respectful
interest to all the mishaps of the long,
tiresome journey, and fully sympathized
"Ruination of every mortal stitch that
I've got on, dear, In the horrid dust and
And he chattered pleasantly of his child
ish recollections of the tiny house and wide
farm in the far west, where Aunt Zabina
"You see," she told him, "I made up my
mind if the ten-acre lot done well this
year, I .vould come to New York once be
fore I died. I've lotted to come 'fore now,
dear, but something or nuther allus hin
dered. Dear! Deal You've all growed
up, I s'pose, and you was but a lot of ba
bies last time poor John brought you to see
"Cormne is the youngest, and she is
eighteen. Wilbur .is the only one older
than I am-" -
"Yes, I rememberl Well, deary, I'm
glad John's wife raised such a flue family.
I'm only an old maid, but I do like chil
dren and young folks."
But a chill fell on the kindly old heart
when home was reached at -last, and four
fashionably dressed young ladies gave her
a strictly courteous greeting. But for the
warm clasp of Fred's hand I think she
I would have returned to the depot by the
same carriage she came in, she felt so
wounded and sore.
"Got one kiss," she thought, "and Fred
kissed me at the train, right afore all the
Fred slipped a silver dollar into the hand
of the servant girl who was to wait upon
his aunt, promising another if she was
very attentive, and himself escorted the old
lady to her room.
It was not often the young man's indig
nation found voice, though it grew hot
over many shams and acts of hard selfish
ness in the house of his mother, but he
said some words on that day that called a
blush to the cheeks of even these worldly
It was not a very busy season, and find
ing that Aunt Zabina was likely to have a
sorry time it left to the members of the
family, Fred asked for a week's holiday,
appointing himself the old lady's escort.
lie was too proud to care for the fact that
the quaint little figure on his arm attracted
many an amused glance, but gravely stood
by, while a new dress for Dolly, the dairy
maid, and "city necktie" for Bob, the
plowman, were purchased, gave undivided
attention to the more important selection
of a new black silk for aunty herself; and
pleasantly accepted a blue silk scarf, with
large red spots that was presented to him,
appreciating the gift, and mentally resolv
ing to wear it when he paid a promised
visit to the western farm.
He drove Aunt Zabina to Central Park,
and enjoyed her delight over the then new
enterprise of the city fathers. le took her
to see all the sights. Once or twice, meet
ing some of his gentlemen friends, they had
thought the "queer old lady is some rich
relation Gorham is very attentive," and
had delighted Aunt Zabina by their defer
ential attention. Once-Fred, had not
counted on that-in a picture gallery,
Cornelia Caldwell sauntered in alone.
She had heard of Aunt Zabina, through
the disgusted comments of Lucille, and
knew she had no property but a "miserable
farm out west, with a house on it as big as
a bird cage," but she greeted Fred with a
smile far more cordial than she usually
gave her admirers.
.A little lump came into Fred's throat;
i then he gravely introduced the stately
beauty in her rustling silk and heavy velvet
to the little countrified, old-fashioned figure
on his arm.
"My aunt, Miss Gorham, Miss Cald
They admired the pictures together, and
the young lady was jovial and very talka
tive. As they came down the steps Miss
"You must let your aunt drive an hour
or two with me, Mr. Gorham. Ilam going
to do some shopping, so I will not tax
your patience by inviting you to join us;
but I shall be pleased if Miss Gorham will
dine with me, and you will call for her
Then she smiled again, made Aunt
Zabina comfortable in her carriage, and
drove off, .leaving Fred forty times deeper
-In love than ever,' as'she intended that lie
"He is the very best, of men," she
thought, "and I'll give him one day of
rest. Bless the dear old soul, she has just
such blue eyes as my poor dear old grand
Then she won Aunt Zabina's confidence,
and found that she was worrying about the
I purchase of certain household matters that
would not go into the black leather trunk.
and that she did not like to worry Fred
about. She told her of the express con
venience, and drove to the places where
I the best goods were to be had, keeping
guard over the slender purse against all im
position, till the last towel was satisfactorily
chosen and directed.
SThen she drove to her own home and
brought her to the room where grand
mother was queen, knowing the stately
I old lady would make the country woman
I In the evening that followed Fred'sheart
'was touched and warmed, till scarcely
conscious of his own words, he told his
Slong cherished secret, and knew that lie
I had won love for love.
I Aunt, Zabina stayed two week, and then
,left for home, to the Immense relief of the
3 Gorhams, and carrying no regret at leaving
any but Fred and Cornella.
It was not even suspected In fashionable
circles that Cornelia spent four weeks In
the height of the summer season listening
to the praises of Fred at Aunt Zabi na's
tlny farm-house, and even Fred didn't
know it tiil he came too, after she -was
gone, and had his share of the pleasure of
- hearing such loving commendations of one
3 "lie wore the neck-tie, and made him
r self so much at home that Aunt Zabina
wept some of the bitterest tears of her life
when he left.
. "To have you both hero, and then lose
you," she sobbed.
Mattie had a fiery temper, but that wa
her worst fault. When she married Marel
Hunter, Ipe said :
"She'll make his life a warm businesi
But Mattie thought differently.
"I'll show them what a triumph lov
will work. I'll teach them I'm not th<
mixen I seem."
And so she married hin. The weddine
was a very pleasant affair-something tc
look back to as long as they lived. Matti
looked very sweet in her new white Swiss.
Her long, jetty curls trembled and sihn
in the brilliant light, her eys sparkled Iik(
twin stars, and her soft cheeks wer(
mantled in softer blushes -as she leaned
trustingly on the strong arm of the stal,
wart man who was to be her guard and
i guide through life.
The honeymoon was rich with pleasurc
of new-married life to the humble pair; bul
the time soon came when the bride musi
leave the old roof-tree for the untried reali
ties of a home of her own. This was the
first sorrow-the trial of leaving home and
mother-but it was fleeting, for in the ex
citement of "setting up" housekeeping in
the white cottage on 'Squire Blackburn'
farm, the little sorrow was drowned.
It was very funny, and Marsh laughed
and Mattie laughed when they two sal
down to the little new table and ate the
viands prepared by Mattle's own hands.
Everything was new and'strangely sweet.
Everything went on nicely, and Mattle wai
triumphant. But all things earthly musl
change. The weather grow warm and the
kitchen hot, and one of the hottest days of
the se%son Mattle had the headache, and
the supper must be ready at five o'clock.
Mattie tried to got it ready, but burned her
wrist ; then she burned the bread. Then
she looked at the clock, and saw that it
had stopped, and looking out at the door
she saw Marsh.
"Is supper ready?" he asked, and she
blurted out something, and then they had
their first quarrel.
Oh, dear me. the first quarrel. How
sorry it made the poor little woman.
But Marsh looked sullen, and went off
without kissing her. They never talked
that quarrel over, simply because they were
both too proud to broach the subject.
After that quarrels came oftener and easier.
They did not mean to quarrel, but some
how angry words would come up.
After awhile a little boy came to their
household, and it seemed for a month or
two a good deal like the well-remembered
honeymoon; but Mattle's wretched temper
would fly to pieces again, and the happi.
ness was spoiled.
"It's curious we can't get along without
so much quarreling,'" said Marsh, one
winter day. Mattie felt the tears in her
eyes in a moment, and her heart softened
towards Marsh, and she was about to con
fess her failings and ask forgiveness, when
"It's all your hateful temper, Mattle
you know it is."
That was enough, and what was mear.
to be a reconciliation was simply another
"Oh, dear me, it is my wretched tempej
-I know it Is," sobbed Mattie after Marsli
went out, "but he needn't have said so."
"If I only wasn't so blind," said Marsli
to himself with a sigh.
So things went from bad to worse.
Little mistakes were imagined into terribk
The neighbors had their fill of gossl
about the matter, and, finally, one day
when Marsh was away, Mattie thought thc
"I am a wretched little nuisance," she
said mentally. "I don't know why I am
so, either, but I couldn't help iti'' she said
desparingly, her eyes filling with tears.
"I've a great mind to take Neddie and g
home, and stay there. My shame couldn't
be any greater than it is."
She clasped the baby close in her arms
and the tears fell fast on his curly head.
Her heart seemed bursting within her
but she wrapped the child in her shawl and
with a quickening step she fled from thei
place and hurried across the snow-covered
fields to her mother's
"What's the matter child?9" asked he
mother, as Mattle, pale and shivering
appeared at the door.
"Don't ask me, mother," sobbed the
wretched little woman.
"You ain't left home?"
"Yes, mother, forever."
"Don't say that to me. You shall g<
I back this instant," said her mother, think.
Ing of the scandal that was sure to follov
a such a proceeding by her miserable
3 "Oh, don't mother," and Mattie looke4
1 the picture of despair.
-"Tell me about it, my child," said the
i mother, melted into tenderness by the
I Then Mattie, t hrough her tears, told liei
o mother all, and ended with thiese pmtifu
a "But, oh, mother, I (10 love him, thic
t father of my child. I love him, but hi
doesn't understand me. If he could bu
f understand mel" and she fell sobbing be
side her mother's knee.
a "Let me advise you, my child," said the
- mother, softly stroking her daughter's
y glossy hair. "I've passed through It all,
I and I'll tell you a seeret. There is almost
r certain to be mistakes come up betweci
t husband and wife, and often words art
i spoken that are regretted a moment after
r ward. But my child, such a word can d<
a no harm, if repented of and a confessioz
i made. If you have said anything to wount
-your husband's feelings, no matter what hi
may have said to you go tell him you are
-sorry, and I know that lie will not onll
a forgive you, but will beg you to forgiv
s him. The hour that follows will be mjori
a delightful than the hour of your wedding
r Let me tell you a little instance in my own
r And her mother told of one of those hittl
I familly differences that come up between s
a many worthy couples. The story ended s
a pleasantly that it soothed the tempest 1I
- the breast of the heart-sIck daughter.
After the story was done, Mattle stil
-kneeled, resting her tired head on hel
a mother's knee. Her mother stroked hel
glossy hair in silence for a quarter of ai
v hour, but Mattie's thoughts were busy
a Suddenly she arose, took her child into he
e arms and wrapped it 'close in her shawl
a she prepared to go.
o "Where are you going, my child?" aske
e "To make my confession," answere
I Mattie, through her tears.
"lieaven bless you I" said her mother.
When Marsh Hunt came home that
night, a pretty scene met his view. The
fire was burning brightly on the hearth,
and before it stood Mattie, dressed in a neat
calico wrapper, with snowy collar and cuffs,
and a scarlet bow of ribbon at her throat.
Baby sat on his pallet before the fire, crow
ing lustily, and beating the floor with a tin
Supper was on the table and the tea was
steaming on the hearth. Marsh was cold,
but such a scene warmed him. lie went
straight to the pallet and commenced a
romp with the baby. Mattie went and
knelt there, too, determined to make her
confession, but she did not know how to
commence. It was very easy to think of
beforehand, but when the time came she
was lost. There was an awkward pause;
then both spoke at o:ca:
"Mattle, I've been-"
"Marsh, I'm sorry-"
Their eyes met, and each saw the tender
ness in those of the other; all was now
told ii an instant. Both made their con
Marsh opened his arms and Mattle fell
sobbing on his breast, while baby looked
on in amazement. From that hour they
were the happiest of couples.
Uinderella In ItAntan.
Once there was a man who had two
daughters, one named Catharine and the
other Cindreusette, and their mother was
not over-fond of Ciudreusette. One day
she sent her to mind a cow, and gave her a
kilo of cotton to spin, which she did not in
the least know how to do. She began to
cry, and then the cow said to her: "Tie
the distaff on my horns and the spindle on
my tail, and put me where there is good
grass and water, and I will spin it." When
she went home her mother was content with
what she had done. The sister asked leave
to go with the cow the next day, and her
mother gave her also thread to spin. When
she was on the road she began to cry; then
said the cow : "Put the distaff on my horns
and the spfidie on my tail, and I will spin
it." The girl led her where other cows bad
already refused the gra&, and so, instead of
spinning, the cow gathered cabbages for
her. The mother being angry, then said to
them to kill and eat the cow. Cindicusette
went to warn her, when she told her:
"'l ake care to eat some of it, and you must
then keep the bones and put them in a box;
whenever you wish a fine gown, take a
bone and it will turn into one."
Once her mother was going to high mass
with. her sister; they left (indreusette in
the kitchen. When they had gone she took
a bone and said: "I w.sh this to turn into
a fine gown and on it a sun shinlAig, and a
slipper which walks by itself." She put
them on and went to church, and seated
herself on a bench near her mother, who
did not know her, but took her for some
fine lady. She had a fan, and on it was
pictured a sea ; she let it fall, and her
mother took it, and she said to her, "You
may keep it; I do not wish it any more."
She hurried home after mass to undress, so
that her mother should not know. The
next (lay she went again to mass, now
dressed in a gown on which was the sea,
and fishes swiumn:ng about in it. She put
herself again on the bench ncar her mother.
She had a handkerchief with the moon upon
it, she let it fall, her mother took it, and
she would not take it back. After the high
mass she ran away, losing in her hurry a
s:ipper. The king's son found it, and had
it cried everywhere that she who had lost
it should come and claim it, and he would
make her his wife. All the young women
tried it, but it would not fit. He bade Cia
drousette's mother bring her daughters.
Cindreusette % ent dressed in her gown on
which were the fishes, and wearing the
other slipper, and the Prince took her for
Mr. Bouie, of Wayne county, has invent
ed a pair of shoes with which he walks
upon the water. ils invention consists of
two zinc shoes, five feet long and five Inches
deep. They are air-tight and pointed at
each end. In the centre is a space large
enough to hold a man's foot. Underneath
the shoes are two sets .of five blades, very
much resembling a Venctian window -blind
hung on end, but firmly fastened in posi
tion. As the walker pushes his foot for
ward the blades or slats open, and the e ater
rushes through without opp)osition and the
shoes move easily along; but pushing
backward closes the slats and makes a solid
sheet, like a closed blind. In this way he
gets his purchase on the water. In maotlon
the walker resembles a man on snow-shioes
or skates mo: e than a pedesirlan, for he
cannot lift his feet, but glides along easily
and gracefully. Mr. Boulc weighs about
125 pounds and lhe sank the shoes only
about three and a half inches in the water.
During a recent exhibition lhe walked in a
pair of these shoes appa:ently without ef
fort ; "squatted" as hiuntsmen are frequent
ly obliged to do; fell overboard and
climbed into his shores again, and resumed
his rambles up and down the middle of the
river and along the shoes, iIe does not
claim that the shoes would be serviceable
in rougn weather or in short chopping seas,
but on comparatively smooth water lie says
he can walk along almost as rapidly an(i
certainly as comfortably as lhe could on
I Items of interest.
Weigh and measure all purchases when
they are brought home.
- Raisins should not be bought in
large quantities, as they are injured by
I A few dIrops of ammonia in water will
i thoroughly cleanse the dirtiest brush or
r Candleo, Improve by being kept three or
m i u montus, and are better, therefore, if
3 bought by th'o jox.
. To tsi nutnrega prick them with a pin;
i if they r.re goodi, the oil will at once spread
round the puneture.
e Rloaches are fond of flour paste, and if
ten cents' worth of phosphorhns is stirred
Sinto it with a stick, they will die while
i eating it.
Molasses should be kept in a cellar.
Never keep pickles in glazed ware, as the
vinegar forms a poisonous compound with
a Cheese soft between the fingers Is richest
.and best, and should be kept in a box in a
r cool dry place. Wipe off the mould wIth
,a dry cloth.
Common house flies may be destroyed
1l by feeding them with ground black pepper
and sugar, as much as will lie on a dime,
d moistened with two teaspoonfuls of cream
or rich milk. They eat it, seek the atr,
and die out of doors.
short Notes on Aw.
At the freezing point, water Is 770 times
heavier than air; but heat expands air,
making it lighter, so that at a temperature
of sixty deg. It is 8-15 times lighter than
water. At a medium temperature of sixty
deg., with a barometric pressure of thirty,
every 100 cubic inches of air weigh about
thirty-one grains, and every thirteen cubic
feet of it weigh a pound. The air i:r a
room twenty feet square and ten high
welihs 806 pounds of avoirdupois, and a
thirty-one gallon barrel full weighs just
about five ounces. From the freezing point
(thirty-two dog.) air expand 1-498 of its
bulk for every degree of added heat shown
by the thermometer. At the surface of the
earth the pressure of all the air above Is
equal to 14 8-5 pounds upon every square
Inch, or .2,105 pounds upon every square
foot (over a ton 1) Higher up there is less
pressure of Its own weight, and it becomes
expanded or rarefied, so that at the height
of about 2 8-4 miles (2.7) it is only half as
dense as at the earth's surface, and it takes
twenty-seven cubic feet to weigh one
pound. At the height of 5 2-5 miles it
has only one-fourth of its density at the
earth's surface, and fifty-two cubic feet
weigh only a pound. The pressure of the
air upon water at the earth's surface is so
great that it only boils when heated up to
212 deg. But as the pressure higher up :a
less, water boils at one deg. less of heat for
about every 550 feet we ascend. At half
a ile higha, water boils at 207 deg.; two
miles high at 193 dog. ; three miles high at
188 dog , and at this temperature the boil
ing water is hardly hot enough to cook
potatoes. The air grows less and less dense
until at about forty-five miles high there
ceases to be any air at all, it I@ supposed
only vacant space. An important property
of air Is that as it becomes warmer, it ab
sorbs water or vapor of water, and hides it
within itself so as to speak; as it cools it
gives out this water again. 'rho air In a
rooi twenty feet square and ten feet high,
when heated from thirty-two dog. to only
the temperate heat of seventy deg., secrete
within itself 8 1-4 plats of water. A cur
rent of warm air whea co,led by any
means, as by meeting a current of cold air,
gives oul its secreted moisture; the little
water atoms given out become visible in
the form of clouds, and when there is much
water thus let loose the little drops keep
uniting so heavy as to fall down as rain.
So the warm air gathers up from the earth's
surface myriada of watery particles, car
ries them heavenward hidden unseen In its
vast storehouse, until it chances to be
cooled, and then it drops the particles back
in ra!n-or snow, if cold enough to freeze
The tomb of Edward I., who died. In
1301, was opened Jan. 2, 1770, atter 469
years had elapsed. His body was almost
perfect. Canute, the Dane, who crossed
over to England in 1017, was found in 1879,
by the workmen who repaired Winchester
cathedral, where his body had reposed
nearly 750 years, perfectly fresh. In 1569,
three Romia soldiers, fully equipped *Ith
warlike implements,were dug out of peat
lu Ireland, where they had probably lain
1500 years. Their bodies were perfectly
fresh and plump. In the reign of James
II. of England, after the fall of the
church at Astley, in Warwickshire, there
was taken up the corpse of Thomas Gray,
Marquis of Dorset,who was buried the 10th
of October, 1530, in the twenty-second
year of Henry VII.; and although it had
lain there seventy-eight year., the eyes,
hair flesh, nails and joints remained as
though it had been but newly burled.
Robert Braybrook, who was consecrated
B1sqop of London in 1881, and who died
in 1494, and was buried in St. Paul's was
taken out of his tomb after the great fire in
1606, during the repair. of the cathedral
and,althiough lie had lain there no less than
262 years, the body was found to be firm as
to skin, hair, joints and nails. The Convent
do St. Domingo was lately demolished in
search of treasure supposed to be concealed
there, and the body of Prince Rodrignez
taken out who had been buried alive in
1565, exactly as when placed 250 years
before. Mis daughter, two and a half years
of age, was lying at her ither's feet and as
perfectly preserved as himself.
The Veteran Main Carier.
Every day, as regular as the hour comes
around, any person who may take the trou
ble can see John W. Leedy, the veteran
mail carrier of the world, arrive in Hiarri
sonburg, Virginia, on his return from Port
lei,ublic, with the mail. To look at him
one would not suppose that he was capable
of any great endsrance, but when you look
up his "re-cord'' you will find that he has
gone through with what would kill most
men. Hie has been carryingc the United
States mail for the past twenty-five years,
and during that time he has ridden the
enormous aggregate of 828,588 miles, or an
average of about forty miles a day for six
(lays of each week of the whole period. If
ho had gone In a straight line he would
have ridden around the world about thirteen
times. He was born in Charlestown, Jef
ferson county, (now West Virginia), and
was raised there, and came to Rockiugham
during the John Birown raid. prior to the
war, and has been there ever since. He Is
only 47 years of ago, and bids fair to put in
soother twenty-five years of service. -if he
had been paid for every mile.he has ridden
the price usually charged for passengers on
the railroad, four cents per mile, he would
have made the handsome sum, in round
numbers, of $18,000. Congress should
give him a pension and put him on the re
Ages of Betsh Soverelgns.
Queen Victoria has attained her sixty
first year, an age exceeded .by eleven only
of the sovereigns of England, dating from
the Norman Conquest--namely, Henry I.,
who lived to the age of 67; Henry III.,
who lived to be 65; Edward I., who lived
to be 67; Edward Il., who attained 65
ytars; Queen Elizabeth who reached 69
years ; James HI., who lived 68 year.;
George I., 67 year.; George H., 77 year. ;
George IV., 08 years, and William IV4,
lived to be 72 year.. On the 20th of June
she had reigned over Engla'ng 48 years, a
period which has not been exceeded but by
four English sovereigs tis:-Henry Hf.,
who reigned 56 years; dward III.; who
reigned 80 yters; Queen Elisabeth, who
reigned 45 years, land George III., who
remnued for the lone period of G0 yam
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-The new federal Blue Book of this
Country contains the names of 97,500
-The present population of Ireland
is just about 5,00,000. There are more
Irish in America than in Ireland.
-American residents in London pro
pose erecting a protestant Episcopal
Church In that City at a cost of $75,000.
-A cubic foot of water weighs 1,000
ounces; a cubic foot of milk weighs 847
Dunces; and a toot of cream 780 ounces.
-A man in Blossburg, Pa., had the
Jlelirium tremens, which the doctors
iaid was produced by inveterate smo
-Hans Makhrt has completed his
pictureof( "Dianaat the hunt," and has
iold it to a firm of picture dealers for
-This year's yield of tea in India is
satimated at 70,000,000 pounds, ne-irly
louble that of 1878. 'TeVn years ago it
was under 14,000,000.
-The Empress Eugenie, at the end
>f this month, will visit the Queen at
Dsborne, and then go and spend the
4utumn in Switzerland.
-The actual diocese of London eon
:alns 2,500,000 people. The parochial
3lergy In the east end have an average
)f 4,000 souls to minister to.
-Natural caverns of large size, one
it least being 600 feet long, have been
liscovered at West Hlarptree, near
Wells, Somersetshire, England.
-Colonel Tuomas A. Soott is yaeht
ng about the New England and Cana
Ban shores, and will shortly go to the
White Mountains. He is much better
-The Soldiers' Daughters' Home In
@nglaud has, in the twenty-five years
)f its existence, educatel 800 soldiers'
laughters and placed 350 In schools as
eachers or in families.
-The total imports of all kinds of
)offee for the nine months ending last
Karch 31 foot up $48,723,047, in money
ralue, against $35,742,038 for the cor
,esponding months of 1878-9.
-The value of the whole export of
wheat from the United States for the
;en months ending April30, aggregatea
$157,382,000, against $108,918,000 for
;he same period of last year, showing
in increase of $48,464,000.
-The total number of paupers in
London, exclusive of lunatics in asy
uins and 886 vagrants, on the last day
Af the second week of June was 85,049,
)f whom 46,793 were in workhouses
tad 38,256 receiving outdoor relief.
-The Mormons are still pegging
away at their new temple. It Is now
twenty years since the building was
Dommenced, $4,000,000 has been ex
pended, it is about one-fourth comple
ted, and it is said $28,000,000 will be
required to finish it.
-Two hundred and twenty five acres
were devoted to the cuttivation of
strawberries In South Carolina this
this year, yielding 4000 quarts per acre.
sad aggregating 900.000 q tarts which
at 12 cents per quart wouid give an In
some of a trifle over $108,000.
-The acreage under cotton at the
South is 10 per cent larger than last
year, or 13,886,947 acres in 1880 against
12,679,962 in 1879, and the yield per
Rcre is expected to average 200 pounds
instead of 182 pounds as last year, and
179 pounds the year before.
-The population of Pennsylvania,
according to the new census, is about
1,226,000, an increase of twenty per
aentum in ten years. There Is but one
mnunty, Venango, which does not show
an increase of population, but there are
t dozen or more in which the increase
-In 1869 London had thirteen gas
30mpanies, employing an aggregate
3apital of ?7,828$,844. Now there are
taut four companies, but their capital is
$12,681.818, The gas sold per ton of
seal car bonized was in 1870 8,438 cubic
reet, but is now 9,431. Moreover, imn
proved methods have also largely re
Liuced the loss of gas.
-It is stated in a French Journal
that the average yearly expense of
maintenance of roadls in France is
about 31,000,000 francs for 37,000 kilo
metres of national roads, 20,000,000
francs for 41,000 kilometres ci depart
mental roads, and 75,000,000 francs for
260,000 kilometres of parochial roalJs,
without counting bridges or large rec
-The erown of William Penn's hat,
which is to adorn nise thirty-six foot
itatue surmounting the lofty tower of
the new Philadelphia pu blic buildings,
will be just five hundred and thirty
Ave feet from the pavement. The high
sat towers which have yet been eon
strueted are those of the Colonge .ca
thedral, which have at present a height
of five hundred and twenty-four feet
-Returns collected under the capita
tion tax of 1877 shoew that there were
not then in England more than thirty
towns containing above 2,000 Inhabi
tants. London had about356,000; York.
11,000; Bristol, 9,5000 ; Plymouth and
Coventry, 730each ; Nor wich, 6,000
Lincoln, s,oo Lnn, 4,700; Newcastle
4,000; Rull, ~,30. The entire town
population did not exceed 170,000,
about one-ffeenth of the total popu
lation of the kingdom.
-There are about 15,000 factories in
the Russian emp:re, reducing geeod to
the value of 600,000,0, roubles ($625,
000,000) a year. At;Moscow the whole
sale trade is almost in German hands
that is, either Russian subjects of Ger
man origin, or subjects of the German
empire. Among the manufacturers,
on the other hand, the Russian element
predominates. imported goods, which
formerly came chiefly from France,
are now almost entirely of German
production; year by year the Frenih
rmports are diminishing, while the
German imports are increasing.
-An English blue book lately issued
shows that the higheat duties levied on
Bitish goods in British goods in Bit
ish colonies are levied in Canada,-20 to
30 per cent. ad valorem being frequent.
Victoria (Australia) and Now Zealand
in many cases levy duties of 1.5 to 20
per cent., and in the Austtalian colo'
nies (with thle exception of Now South
Wales and Queensland), the Cape of
Good Hope,194ewfounoland,and Jamai
ca, the rates are mostly from 10 to 15
per cent. ad valorem, in ew S3outh
Wales few duties are levied, and in the
other colonies the duty seilom 0ced
5 per oent,
"Next time we will come together,'
Lred whispered to her, which consoled hei
"But, alast the next time Fred came wa
o superintend the funeral of the gentle ok
lady, and though Cornelia came too, hit
iappy wife, there was no welcome in the
blue eyes and pale lips closed forever. Bu
he will the old lady left gave all he
worldly possessions to her "dear nephew
Prederck Gorham," the forty-acre farm
%nd the tiny farm-house. It was appar
.ntly no very great legacy, and Corinne
3miled at the many old-fashioned treasures
she found hoarded away, though she
touched all with the tender reverence deatt
Ten years ago Aunt Zabina was laid t
rest in her narrow coffin, and there is
busy, flourishing city around the site of th(
Mr. Frederick Gorham lives on Fiftb
&venue, and handles immense sums o
money, the rents af stately buildings i:
the western city.
"Made his money, sir, by western spec
ulations," you will be told if you are In
quiring as to his source of income. "A
fortunate purchaser of ground before the
city was thought of."'
But 1, who know, tell you that the onl;
speculation he made was in the kindnew
of his heart, extending loving at tentioni
to his father's sister, and that the only
western land he owned was Aunt Zabinall
The Rev. Mr. Sanford of Sheboygan
Invented a code of handkerchiefs. On
wave of the handkerchief meant that h(
wanted water. Holding one end of th
handkerchief in his teeth and the other in
his right hand meant "shake a boy on th
right side of the church: and waving th
handkerchief three times around his head
was an order to the sexton to poke the fire
The system was ingenious, but it did no
work for the sexton constantly misunder
stood the signals, and the congregation as
sumed that the minister was engaged in -
flirtation with the soprano of the choir
and that the signals were made for her
benefit. The result was a scandal and
an ecclesiastical trial, the remembrance o
which is doubtless still fresh in the reader'i
Then there was the Methodist minister ol
Osbkosh, who agreed with his sexton that
whenever lie exclaimed, "Oh, my, breth
rea &" a glass of wat r shou'd be brought tc
IiIm. This was for a time quite successful
but one day theminister exchanged pulpili
with a Bal.tist friend without warning t.
sexton that the Baptist knew nothing of
the signal code. It so happened that the
Baptist preacher began seventy-three sen
tOnces by actual count with the exclama.
Lion, "oh, my brethren I" and every time
the sexton brought him a glass of water.
)f course, this attracted attention, and ex.
cited the minister's indignation, who ro
garded it -as a sarcasm on his denomina
tional fondness for water. Still, it it
dbubtful if he was e o isable for Iro ving
the seventy-third glass with its contents a
the head of the sexton, and certainly hi
conduct in kicking the latter down the pu.
pit stairs admits of no justification. The
sexton, of course, felt himself outraged,
and ever afterwards refused to answer an,
signal that was made to him from the pul
The Rev. Mr. Carn, a popular Presby.
terian minister, invented a system of sig
naling his sexton which had very marked
merits. He caused a wire to be run fron
the pulpit to the sexton's pew, where i
coantcted with a pair of leather-coated
Iron clamps so constructed that when th
wire was pulled the clamps would gentl:
pinch the sextone's leg. The wire ran UL
derneath the flooring.of the meeting house
and the clamps were concealed under th
exton's seat, so that no one except ti
mnister and the sexton was aware of ths
existence of the sacred telegraph. It wa
found to work beautifully. When the mmn
ster wanted water, lie pulled the win
once. Two pulls, meant that he wanter
o speah to the sexton, and three puhll
meant "turn up the gas." The congrega
Lion *wondered how it happened that Lii
service went so smoothly, aind that the sex
ton always did the right thing at the righ
time, but they were destined to make
painful discovery of the true stateof affairs
On the last B3unday in June of this yea
the sexton brought with him to the morninj
service his middle-aged maiden aunt, wh
was paying him, a brief visit, and whos
heir he hoped to be. By some unexplainei
ccident lie forgot all about the signal wire
ad showed the aunt Into thme scat which Ii
ordimarily occupied, and was obliged V
take another seat on the opposite side of th
aisle. Directly behind the aunt sat Deaco
Brown, one of the pillars of the congregs
ion-an aged man of the miost unblemishe
The minister had begun his sermon, ar.
had just finished the exordium, when h
felt thirsty and signaled for a glass of watei
To his surprise, there wr.s no answer mad
to the signal. . Probably the maiden aut
.was more surprised than was the ministes
for as soon as she felt the soft pressure c
the clamps, she started in great alarm, and
turning her head, gave time innecent Deaco
a look of indignant virtue. The latter ox
trayed no sign of guilt, but continued t
gaze steadily at time pulpit with a peacert
and happy expression of face. Presenti
te minister, thinking that the sexton mum
have failed to understand the signal, pulle
the wire again. Thie maiden aunt, with h:
cheeks glowing with rage, turne,l once mcr
to the placid and unsuspecting Deacon an
whispered fiercely to him that "he had bet
ter behave himself o1- she'd let him know.
The good man, thinking that a poor lune
tic was In front of him, paid no attentio
to her remark, and In a few moments we
once more wrapped in thme sermon. By thi
time the minister, becoming extremei~
thirsty, gave the signal to the sexton t
come to the pulpit. What was his horre
to see, instead of the sexton, an lnf unito
maiden aunt rise to her feet and fail no
Deacon Brown, with her umbrella .and ai
evident purpose of exterminating that ih
Of course, the sexton rushed to the re-i
cue and dragged lis aunt away. Thong
the mystery of the clamps was subsequent
ly explained to her, the explanation oni
turned her indignation fromi the Deacc
to the minister, who, she said, ought to L
ashamed of himself, and deserved to b
tarred and feathered. Tme upshot of t1
affair was that the sacred telegraph was ri
moved, and, the minister now preach.
-:ithout water, and is completely cut o
from his sexton during service.