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:rRI-WEEKLY EDITION- WINNSBORO, S. C., AUGUST 31, 1880. VOL IV.-NO
GUST- -1 .10.
Up rose the moon o'er the towering mountain,
Sparkled, and danced, in the silvery rill,
While forth from the elm-tree, hard by the
Floated the notes of a lone whip-poor-will.
Softly the breath of the evening allured me
Away from my couch; and I leaned on the
As the calm of the hour again reassured me,
I heard in the distance the lone whip-poor
Sharp as the swirl of a willow it sounded
Sharp on the balm of the ev'niug still ;
Back from the mountain the clear echoes
Bounded the wall of the lone whip-poor
Back to my cooh, as the evening star faded;
Back as the breeze, from the meadows blew
While the moon from my viion by clouds was
Again broke the plaint of the lone whip
"Forgive him I" said Mrs. Stains, "Ol1h,
William, forgive him I"
- The speaker was an aged woman and a
whaow. Her head was white with the frost
of years, and her mild features were deeply
marked by the hand of time. There was at
tear in her eye, and her face was clouded
with sorrow. She spoke to her son, a mid
dIe-aged, strong-featured person, whose
countenance betrayed a firm-willed, unbend
Ing heart, but yet who appeared an upright,
"Forgive him I" repeated the white
haIred widow, as she raised ier trembling
hands towards her son. "He is your bro
ther-your only brother. Oh, if you know
your own heart, you will forgive him."
"Never I" spoke William Stains, in a
firm, deep tone. "John has wronged me
deeply wronged me-and I should lie to my
soul were I to forgive him now."
"And have not you wronged him ?"
asked the widow, nmpressively.
"I wronged him? How ?"
"By withholding from him your love
by treating him harshly, and causing him
to sin," answered his mother, kindly.
"Cease, mother. When you say that I
have caused him to sin, yott are mistaken.
He has chosen his own path, and now lie
must travel in it."
"Wilham, you are the oldest, and from
you should come the love that can alone
heal the wound between yourself and
"Listen to me, mother," said the stub
born man, with a iece of bitterness in his
. tone. "John has been unjust to me--he
has been unmaniy and unkind. ie has in
j ured me beyond reparation."
"No, no, William," interrupted his mo
ther, "not beyond reparation."
"Yes, lie has injured my feelings by the
most fatal darts of malice and ill-will. He
has told falsehoods about me to my friends,
and even assailed my private character."
"And can you not forgive all this?" sine
"Perhaps I might," returned Wiliham
Stains, "but," he added, in a hoarse tone,
while his frame quivered with deep feeling,
"he has done more than that. lie has
spoken of my wife, and- But I will not
tell it all. 1 car.not forgive hinm this"'
"ForgIve hum, and be happy, Ills heart
Is as kind as yours, and he is all generosity
and love to his friends. More than fe"Y
years have passed over John's he"", and
during all that time lie never- sfeO one uni
kind word to his poor mothie'
"And did I ever speal' unkindly to you,
my mother ?" asked Walhaam Stains, in a
half hushed vole.
"No, -no; .youn and John have both kind
hearts, and it grieves me scirely to see you
as you are now. Ah, Williamn, I fear that
you do not perceive how noble a thing it is
to forgive those who have injured you."
The man made no reply to his amother.
He saw that shne was unhappy, and hec knew
that lie wase himself unhappy also. In for
mer yeans hec had loved his brother, nd lie
knew that hec had been faithfully loved in
return. TIne trouble which had so ufor
tunately separated them, had been trivial in
its beganning; but WillIam's sternness of
will and Johmn's hastiness of temper had
kept the fire on tine increase. The first
fault had belonged to thne younger brother,
but a word of explanation at thne time mnighnt
have healed it without any trouble ; now,
hnowever, the affair had become deep aind
dlangorous, and there was but one way for
remedy. That way tile aged mother would
"William," continued Mrs. Stains, speak
ing in a trembling tone, "I can spend but a
few short days longer on earth. *I feel that
the sands in my glass have most all run out;
but before [ depart I hope r may meet my
two boys together in love-I hope I may
see them once more bound together in tine
sweet bonds of friendship. When you
were babies, I nursed you and cared for
you, and I tried to do a mother's duty. I
t.ried to make you both fit for the grea,
world. As you grew older I promised mny
self a full shaire of happiness in your comt
panionsip, and naught has come to dim
thne joy of my widowed heart, till tIs sad
cloud lowered upon me, I love my child
ren-I love them both alike-and yet they
* ove not each other. William, my son, one
thing weighs heaviy upon me. Should this
thing last till I am dead, then how will
you'aed John meet by tihe side of my
corpse I [low wl lyou feel when you come
"ilush, my mother I" uttered the stout
man, trembling like a reed. "Say no more
now. [This evening I will speak to you my
John Stains sat in his easy chair in his
>wn cozy parlor, and about him were his
wife and children. Everything that money pet
could procure toward real comfort was his; lux
yet he was not happy. Amid all his comu- PIC
forts there was one dark' cloud to trouble wa
him. The spot where for long years lie wi
had nurtured a brother's love was now va- he
cant. No, not vacant, for it was filled with bo
bitterness. lie knew that he was in the th
fault, but he tried to excuse himself by n
bilnking that his brother hated him. Thi, e
however, did not ease his conscience, for ask
e know that he was lying to himself. - ce
While he sat thus lie heard a rap at the of
front door, and in a few minutes one of the "'
children told him that "Uncle William"
wanted to see hin. tie
"Tell him to come in," said John ; and
after this lie made a motion for his wife and til
children to leave the room. "I shan't th
budge an inch," lie muttered to himself.
"If he thinks to frighten me, he'll find his
mistake." - thi
Before he could say more, his brother
entered the room. glk
"0ood evening, John," said William, in an
a kindly tone, at the same time laying his n
hat on the table, hel
John. Stains was taken all aback by this shi
address, and he could hardly believe his
ears; but he responded hesitatingly to the
salutation. For an instant he looked up
Into his brother's face, and during that in
stant there flashed across his mind a wish
that he had never offended. n
"John," continued William, still stand- hir
-ng, "you know well what has pased to
make us both unhappy." tht
"Yes, I know," answered John, hardly Pe
knowing what tone to assume. ho
"Well, my brother," continued William,' on
while a tear glistened in his eye, and at the ni
same time extending his hand, "I have pil
come to bury the evil that has risen up be- Al
tween us. If you have wronged me, I as
freely forgive you; if. I have been harsh
and unbrotherly towards you, I ask that
you will forget it. Come, let us be friends ca
Like an electric shook catme this speech tat
upon the ears of John Stains. A moment
he stood half bewildered, and then the tears
broke forth from his eyes. He reached forth ho
[is hand, but his words were broken and tlh
indistinct. He had not expected this from
his stern brother; but It came like a heaven
sent beam of light to his soul, and in a mo- go
nent more the brothers were folded in a
warm embrace. When they were aroused. to
it was by feeling a trembling hand laid up
on their heads; and when they looked up
they found their aged mother standing by U
"Bless you, my children, bless you P a
murmured the white-haired parent, as she atr
raised her hands towards heaven; "and ol,
I pray our Maker that you may never be tI
unhappy more." let
John Stains knew that his mother had to
been the angel who had touched the heart pa
of his brother, and it did not alter his for- 1a1
"O)h," ie murmured, "I have bp" very ci
wrong-1 have abused you, 'Ly brother; gir
but if you can forgive ,.10, I will try to litt
make it all up." hila
"Your love wil repay it all, John. Let su
ne have your kve, and I will try never to th
lose it Imor'
"N<vd I am truly hiapp)y," said the need lie
3,ither, as Bike gazed withk pride upon hiergi
.ans. "liow I can die in peace. Oh, my
joys, If you wvould have your children sure jut
f happiness in after life, teach thkem that no
oriens will heal social wounds wvhich
an be healed in no other way. Many a su
keart has been broken prom the simple want
f that talismanic power." n
ilothi these brothers tried to bless their Tj'm
nother for the healthful lesson she had
~aughit them, and they failed not to teach
t to their ehildren as one of thre boat boone
Lhat could be given thiem for life.
A Modest Brot.her.
A certain genthenian requiring legal assist- mm
ince had been recommiendied to onie of
two brothkers, but had forgotteni the Chris- p)a
tan name of him lie sought, so-he called at
the oilce of the one first found and asked an
for Mr. Podger. P
"That is my name, sir." ~ na
"But there are two of you of that name lce
here in town?"
"Well, I wIsh to consult the Mr. Podlger so
-excuse me for the allusion-who wears a m
"We both wear wigs, sir.'' of
"Well, the man I seek was divorced from ch
lisa wife iiot long ago." th
"There, you hit us both again, sIr." wi
"The man to whom I was reconmended
has recently been accused of forgery, though
"There we are again, my dear sir. We ta
have both had that gentle Iinmuation laid da
at our dora."
"Well, upon my word, you two brothers s
bear a striking resemblance. But 1 guess I w;
have it now. The one I am after is In the at,
habit of occasIonally drinking to excess- PC
sometimes to intoxtication."
"My dear man, that little vice Is unfortu
nately characteristic of the pair of us and I ema
doubt if our best friends could tell you
which was the worst."
"Well, ynu are a matched pair certainly.
But tell me," continued the vIsitor, "which be
of the twain it was that took the poor debt
or's oath a few months ago?"
"Hla, hia, we were both in that muddle.
I was on Bob's paper and he was on mine,"
"In mercy's name I" cried the appli. yr
cant, desperately. ''Will youk tell me which
of the two is the most sensible man ?" hm
"Ah, there you touch bottom, my friend.
Poor Bob, I can't stretch the trukthi, even t11
to serve a brother. If you want the more w
sensible one of the two I suppose I must ".
acknowledge the corn. I'm the man."
--The orange treed In Florida are sc
not growing $s rapidly as usual this
a5SOn,- . . 51
Changed by years.
he was a pretty girl, was Jemina
Ite-that's what I like-bright eyes,
urant locks-a white and pink coi
xion, plump and compact. Bhe was al
ye in good humor, and we on,i became
very best of friends-nay, mwre--for
o could help being affectionate toward
? Everybody loved her. When the
itmen called her "a sweet little craft,"
y expressed though vulgarly, the senti
nt of my own heatt. I was in love with
nima, and Jemima- well, Jeumima was
indifferent to me. I had not nerve to
her, in so many words, would she a
it my hand and name. I spoilt a quire
paper in the effort to utter ily thoughts
a letter; so at last, on her birthday, the
h of May, -1 ventured to present her
h an elegant bound book, and on a lit
slip of paper inside I wrote:
4DICAR JR5u1MA-By the acceptance of
3 trilling gift let me know you accept
ALFREI) BAWNTAiPLE Douorry."
flattered myself it was rather a plucky
ng to do, and it answered admirably.
'qext time L saw her she was all of a
,w, and when we were alone together,
I I was standing rather near her, and
dI: "You receivedi my humble offer
," she burst into a flood of tears, put
arms round my neck, and spoilt my
'hen, when she recovered a little (do
,i believe in Niobe ? I don't) she
"Have you asked pa ?"
f course I responded I had not.
"Then do at once," she said; "for, good.
is gracious me, if he was to find us out
anything sly, and trying to keep it from
n, it would be awf ull"
Lt is a good'deal worse asking the governor
mu asking the girl, especially such a pep
-y old party as Captain Wattleborough;
wever I screwed myself up, and when
nima was down about the place, playing
our piano, and I knew he wowld be
king his evening toilet by putting on a
ot coat, I ventured to look in upon him.
ter a few words on ordinary topics, such
how were we both, how was the
athr, I hemmed and began, "Captain,
"Right boy-climb as high as you
"Don't encourage me too much, Cap
n; I'm ambitious in your direction."
"Boy, you're not going to sea ?"
"'No, Captain; I-1-I-I aspire to the
nor of being your son-in-law!"
The Captain looked ine full in the face,
"Have you money I"
"Of course I hadn't, and he told me to
and get it before venturing to aspire to3
- hand of Jeinima.
"But, my dear Captain--" I ventured
"Get off my doorstep!"
''Let me speak for a moment to Jemi
"Get off my doorstep!'
He accompanied this last instruction by
hrust which sent me staggering into the
My affair with Jemima was -1 an end.
ic Captain would not list,. to reason
tt is, he would not in to me. All the
ters I awrote to -.7jllla were sent back
me I . weary, packed up aiA
eed , i a letter of introduction to
I- n China. Well, the fortune was
so easy to make, but at the expiration
Lwenty years I began to think it sufil
utly large to warrant iy return to "the
1 1 left behind me." I had heard very
le from home. Father and mother were
I alive, but the Captain was dead. They
I carried him through the cornfields one
nicr's day to the little churchyard, and
re they buried him.
leniima, I understood, lived in the old
iso and was still single. 80-full of
otion, all the tenderness for the dear
I I had left behind ine rapidly reviving
>ff I went, carp)et bag and everything,
it as I was, to have the old vows re
.ved and sealed in the usual mannier.
A. maiden with a freckled face, much
iburnt, opened the door. Could I see
as Wattleborough ? The11 maiden did
reply, but leaviing me where I was,
ired to the remote back settlement.
ore I heard the followving dlialogue:
"'Well, what is it ?
"Somebody wants you."
"Who is it ?"
'A fat old man with a bag."
[ could have shaken the girl into jelly.
Thiere was further talk in a smothered
iisper aiid then the girl returned, and
>tioning me with her finger, saId:
''Conme in here," and showed me into the
1T1e old parlor, just an I had left it, neat
d trim, the old hiarpsIchordl, the old
nchbowl; but sonic new things-a ca
ry In a cage at the window, a black, long
eged cat ensconced upon a oh aIr.
The next minute a lady enteredl. Could
be? No, impossible-this palo-faced,
bear visaged lady with stiff curls, and n'
)re figure than a clock case-could this
my Jomina ? Whore was the old lustre
the eyes-where the old bloom upon the
eeka-where the lips that were ruddier
in the cherry ? She lifted up both hands
ion she saw inc.
We shook hands; after a moment's hesl.
,lon we wont further-more ha accor
ace wvith old times.
My heart sank within me, however, as I
(Idowa opiposite to her, and thought of
ist she was. She looked at me ver~y
sadily, and I thought I detected disap
lntment in her glance.
"We are both changed, Jlemlma."
"You are very much altered," she
"You are different," I responded.
"Do you think so ?"
"Think so? Why, Jemima, there can't
two opinions about It."
"It Is generally observed; biut you
"Well, my dear?"
'-You have grown ridiculously stout, and
>n are bald-headed."
"You are not stout, my (tear; but your
hir is not quite what It was."
"People say they see no change in me-.
at I preserve my childIsh appearaip
Our Interview was not altogether agreea
e. When we parted we contented our
Ives with shaking hands.
That afternoon I wrote a not6 to her,
Lggestirg that wo did not renew our en
That afternoon she wroto, a note to me,
suggesting the very same idea to me. Our
cross letters crossed.
We are to be friends-nothing more.
But that could not last.. I was the first
to give in. I called upon her, and said a
good deal, and she cried, and then we said
why not I and then she put her head upon
my breast and spoiled my shirt front as she
had done before.
"You are not so very fat," she said,
"You are not so very lean," I sitid,
"You can wear a scalp," she said.
"You can dye," I responled.
So we both laughed again, and it was
all settled. We were settled. and here
we are out of the fog, and very much at
your service-the happles4 couple in our
The forest of Fontalnbleau covers 42,
000 acres and is sixty miles In circuinfer
ence. Most of the trees are very old, and
to the most remarkable 'ones are affixed
small plaques giving the particulars of
their histury. Originally the demesne was
named the Foret do Biero and became
known as Fontainebleau from the fact that
King Louis IX., while hunting in one of
its wildest parts, lost one of his favorite
hounds, whose name was Bleau. The dog
was found quietly drinking from a spring
of cool water, which the king named Fon
taine Bleau, or Blcau's fountain. Struck
with the beauty of the spot, the king or
dered a hunting mansion to be built near
the spring, and this hunting box has in
successive reigns been enlarged and beau
titled till it became the stately palace
which all visitors to the environs of Paris
know so well.
In Francis I. 's time, tradition says, the
forest was infested by an enormous serpent,
which gobbled up men, women and chii
dIren in large numbers. As there were no
snakecharmers sufilciently courageous to
attack the monster, King Francis deter
mined to try his hand on it, and caused a
suit of armor to be made of razors, with
the edges pointing outwards, and tWe ser
Pont met his'death.
The library of the palace contains many
of the first books seen in France. In
Charles VII's reign the 853 books therein
contained were worth the present sun of
$48,100. The English carried off the
books when they were rulers in France,
but they were bought back at the cost of
In the Hotel d'Albret, in the Cour du
Cheval Blanc, Cardinal Richelieu dwelt
when attending on the court. Here lie
was taken il and was removed to Paris on
a litter. The litter was too wide to pass
through the door of the hotel and was
lifted out through a window. In 1657,
Christina, Queen of Sweden,, while visit
ing at the palace, caused Monaldeschi, one
of her favorites, to be assassinated. Cardi
nal Mazarin, by order of the king, wrote
to her to leave the palace. fh6 replied by
odeif Alazari nV
as a quuop, wits alwaysm a qjuee Wer
she happened to be. Fontainebleau was
the scene of many of the triumphs of Rous
seau and Voltaire. The latter, however,
was requested to leave the palace, an tin
complimentary remark he had made hav
ing come to the cars of royalty. The abdi
cation of Napoleon I. was signed at Fon
tainebleau and here the petit corporal kept
Pope Pius VII..prisoner for the space of
two years, on account of some slight dif
ference of opinion between himself and the
successor of 8t. Peter. In the Cour Cu
Cheval Blanc, Napoleon took his leave of
the Old Guard when lie started on his trip
of exile to Elba.
A Summer Voyage on the Pepacton.
This branch of the Delaware, so far as I
could lenin, had never be'ore been
dlescended by a white man In a boat. Rafts
of pine andl hemlock timber are run down
on the spr- ing andI fall freshets, but of plea
sure seek era In boats 1 appeared to be the
first, IIence my adivent was a surprise to
most creatures in the water and out. I stir
p)rised the cattle in the field, and those
ruminating leg-deep in the water turned
their hea a at my approach, swallowed
their unfinished cuds, and scampered off so
It they had seen a spectre, I surprised the
fish on their spawning beds and feeding
grounds; they scattered, as my shadow
glidled down upon01 them, like chick
ens when a hawk appears. I aur
prisedi an ancient fisherman seated on a
spot of gravelly beach, with lis back up
stream, and leisurely angling in a deep,
still etddy, and mull)ing to hmselt. As I
slip)pedl int.o the circle of his vision, his
under jaw dropped and he was too bewild
eredh to reply to my salutation for some
moments. As I turnedi a bead in the river
I looked back, iind saw him hastening
away with great precipitation. I presume
lie had angled there for forty years withiout
having his privacy thus intruded upon, I
surprised hawks and herons and kingfish
era I came suddeinly upon musk-rats, andI
raced with thenm down the rifts, they hay
ing no time to take to their holes. At one
point, as I roundled an elbow in tho stream,
a black eagle sprang fromi the top of a dead
tree, and flapped hurr.edly away. A king
bird gave chase, ant disappeared for some
moments between the groat wings of the
eagle, and I imaginedi hhn seated upon his
back delivering his puny blows upon the
the ,oyal birdl. I interrupted two or three
minks fishing and hunting along the shore.
They would dart undler the bank when they
saw me, then presently . thrust out their
sharp, weasel-like noses, to see If the danx
ger was Imminent. At one point, In a lit
t,ie cove behind the willows, I surprised
some scool-girls, with skirts amazingly
abureviated, wading andi plaving in the
water. And as much surprise as any, I
am sure, was that hard-worked looking
housewife, when I caine up from under the
bank in front, of her house, and with pll
in hand app)earedi at her door andi askedI for
milk, taking the precaution to intimame that
I had no objection to the yellow scum that
Is supplosed to rise on a fresh article of that
"What kind of milk doe you want?"n
"The best you-have. Give me two quarts
of it," I replied.
"What do yon want to do with it ?" with
an anxious tone, as If I might want to blow
up something or burn her barns with it.
"Oh, drink it," I answered, as if I fre
qhuently put milk to that use.
"Well, I suppose I can get you s0me;"
and she presently reappeared with swim
ming pail, with those little yellow flakes
floatingr about upon It that one likes to sne.
On the Michigan Central train the othe
day wis a passenger who had lost his right
arm. Soon after the train pulled out of
Detroit, he began talking with those around
him in regard to the political candidates,
clahning to have served under both. This
led some one to ask how he lost his arin,
and he replied:
"It was down in the Wilderness. We
were charging the enemy's line. A bullet
struck my arm, crushed the bone, and I
fell un onscious. When I was restored to
consciousness, I was in the hands of the
Confederates. Indeed a soldier was going
through my pockets. When he discoveretI
that I was alive he was about to bayonet
me, but a corporal sprang forward, knocked
the wretch down, and saved my life."
While he was telling this. a man with
his left aria gone had risen from his seat
aid came nearer, andt as the other finished
lie bent forward and said:
"I am that very corporal I I remember
the incident as if it happened only yester
day. I had you conveyed to an old log
barn over on the right."
"Yes, yes-let us shake hands, let us emi
bracel Thank Reaven that I have found
you out. How came you here?"
"I have been to Detroit to be treated for
cancer, but there Is no longer any hope. I
am going home to go to the poorhouse and
there end my days. I haven't d shilling or
"And I am going to the poorhouse as
well," replied the other. "I have consump
tion, and I amt plinilems. I must go and
die among paupers."
Then they embraced some more and
seemed to weep. One passenger fished up
half a dollar and passed his hat, and in fiv
minutes a collection amounting to $3.50
was divided between them. Everybody
said it was a shame ; an old man seemed
willing to adopt them both if they wouhl
go to Illinois. But they didn't ; ihey gol
off at Dearborn, and it was a quarter of a
hour after before a commercial drummer
dared to make the statement that both
chaps lived in Detroit, both lost their arm
by accident, and that they had played the
same game over and over on every railroad
in the State.
Just as I Expected,
A day or two since a traveler from the
East walked into the Cass House, Detroit,
with his grip sack in one hand and the
other pressed to his jaw, and he wasn't
long in permitting lifteen or twenty people
to know that lie had been atilicted with the
toothache every minute since '7 o'clock, the
previous evening. le couldn't eat drinlk
nor star.d still, and when some one asked
him why lie didn't go to a dentist, li
"Because I haven't got the pluckl Here
I am, a great big six-footer, able to knock
down an ox, and yet I haven't got the grit
to stand one yank on this tooth I've beer
down on the battle-line, in free fights anti
out among the red skins, but I'm a cow
ark11mei laughed and some encouraged tim
and lie fluafly atui
"Well, I believe I'll try It, but I know
what I am, and I want something to push
me on. I'll bet this five-dolla' bill against
ten cents that I'll have the tooth pulled."
One of the guests made the wager, and
a small crowd went along to see the full
The stranger walked up as bold as a lion,
took a seat in the dental chair, and evincet
no signs of crawilshing until the dentis
picked up ihe forceps and told him to get a
good grip on the chair. Then lie grow
whit6 in an instant, slid out of the chair.
and scized:his hat and said:
"It's just as I expectedf i'm a great bil
calf on wheels, and the worst flunker in
America, but I can't help it! I've lost thit
five dollars, and will probably have the
toothache ighit along for a week, but I'T
have to stand it and hope to be struck bj
lightning or mashed up on the ears."
Faintingr FIt andn Their Casean.
A faIing fit arises from sudden failur<
of the heart's action. It is met with mnosi
frequently in young adults, especially bi
females. Its occurrence is favored by gen
eral debility or Ill health, anti more p)artic.
ularly by anwmia, or poorness of the blood
it is very common in young ladies who t ak<
very little otdoor exercise and spend mos
of their time on the sofa reading novels
Want of active occupation powerfully pre
disposes to fainting. People who are no
very strong are most likely to faint afte:
some unusual fatigue, or aftet long abstl
nence from food. A liability to faint m
seems most to be hereditary, so commor
is it in some familicms. Sometimes it Is ase
sociatetd with heart diseases, bitt in the vas
majtority of cases it is purely functional
antI there is nothing wrong with that organ
The tdetermnimng causes of a faint are va
riable in character. The , susceptible sub
jects it may be brought, on by any sudder
impressIon on the nervous system. Thiu
needi not of necessity be painful or unpleas
a.nt, for p)eople may faint from excitemen
or excess of joy. For instance, the suddem
announcement of the return of some loni
lost relative, or of the unfavorable termi
nation of a protracted law suit, may be thn
excIting cause. The sight of certain ani
male, such as a frog, or a black beetle, o
even a mouse, is quite enough to send som<
peop)le off, while others faint immzediatel:
at the sight of blood, and even feel aici
and faint If they read of an accident, in th'
papers. We have all heard the story a
t,he young preacher who fainted on hiavinj
to read the account of one of the sangulnar;
battles in the Oltd Tesrament. Medical stt
dents sometimes faInt, at their first opera
tion. Such a trivial accident as prickin
the flnger- will make some people sick an
Ma&n as a Vomnpouind.
The eminent Prof. Jager regards man ri
a threefold being, made up of hodly; (
purely hysical matter ; spirit, or thn
which is absolutely Iminaterial anti tranmi
cenidant ; the soul, or connecting link bn
tween the hotly and spirit. The soul, a<
cording to him, is the scat of the will, thi
passions and the emotions, and it may L
isolated by exp)erinent. 1t Is also casil
perceived tby the sense of smell, Hie er
deavors to trace the phenomena of syMn
thy and antipathy as between different ir
dividuals, whether brute or humian, 1o tI
nature of the "soul emanation." The war
of harmony in their specifc emanation wn
thme cause of the social chasm between Jew
and ChristIans, between Aryas arnd nt
groes, &e. It would appear, then, that
is but a univQrsal colognewhich Is neede
to b)ring peane unpnn eart.h.
The town has little in itself to attract at
tention. Though founded about the year
1000, it bs so often been destroyed by tire
that few traces of its antiquity remain.
The streets are wide and regular, and the
houses for the most part built of brick or
stone; thus, the wooden aspect, so char
acteristic of Norway and so quaint, is here
found wanting. So far one is a little dis
appointed in 'hrondhjem. It has held an
important place In early Norwegian his
tory. One's ideas of it havi been formed
in imagination at the impressionable age
when "Andersen's Tales" are devoured in
Implicit faith. The mind, in connection
with it, Is imbued with a vision of all that
is old and mucli that is miraculous-from
a fairy-tale point of view. Therefore,
awakening to the discovery that the ancient
town, with its rich, grand, rolling name,
its tradition of wise men-the most north
ern of the large towns of Europe-would
not be out of place in any nearer, even the
most southern towns of that quarter of the
globe, gives rather a rude shock to the feel
ings, bewilders the imagination, disturbs
the boundary mark between fact and fancy,
and causes a little of the romance attending
this wonderful and beautiful country to
melt away, just as everything is at present
melting away under the influence of the
fierce midday sun. We found ourselves
in the market-place, a large, wide square,
from which the four leading thoroughfares
of Throndhjem open out. It was as modern
as anything you could wish to see. This
morning It was half covered with booths
and stalls, the buyers and sellers not even
clad in any special costune to render thein
distinctive and picturesque. At the end of
one of these thoroughfares stood the ca
thedral, the great and special attraction of
Throndhijem-its glory, as it is that of
Norway itself, the one solitary piece of
architecture that it possesses. 1But only in
its first impression is Throndijem disap
pointing. The cathedral makes up for a
great deal, and once visited, memory fast
ens upon this piece of antiquity for its as
sociution with the ancient capital. And
again, though the actual situation of the
town is not so picturesque and quaint as
that of Bergen, yet the neighborhood of
Throndhjem is full of beauty, more luxurl
ant and fertile than anthing we had yet
seen in Norway. It is situated at the
mouth of the Nid, and during the first four
centuries of its existence was called Nid
aros. Throndhjem Signif "es "The Throne's
I1ome." It is here that all the Kings are
crowned. lut at the union of Sweden
with Norway it ceased to be the capital,
the seat of 0ov.ernment, and the royal rel
dence. So far its glory has departed.
---- -------- 0
Che10mien11s iII Philadelphia.
One of the great industries which die
tinguish the city and constitute the basis of
its prosperity is the manufacture of cheimi
cals, or of articles tor the production of
which chemical processes are necessary.
lany of these take the forn of drugs and
niedicines for the wholesale trade, not in.
c ludinst smcifie., Others are aiteds, al Ialies
facturers. White lead and chemical paints
are aisb includ(le. The line of distinction
is not easy to define to the general reader,
though well rccognized in the trade, and it
(oes not include the body of the products
known ats dyes, paints and imediciies, al
though closely related to them. As so de
filed, the chemical, manufacture in Phila
dolphin includes about thirty establish
ments, whose animual product has risen
from $0,152,380 in 1870 to $10,060,000 in
1875 and $12,000,000 in 1877, and, as near
ly as now may be calculatad, about $12,000
000 in value for the yearjust closed .They
give employment to about 2000 persons-a
relatively small number for the values pro
duced-and have attained a position o an
premacy ia their respiectivye departments
which renders them reasonably secure, Th'le
drug and medinal products are the
largest, eight or ten establishments l)roduc
lng $8,000,000 in value of quinine, mnor
phlia, p)reparaLtionis of Iodine, bromuine, etc.,
wit.h other standard pharmaceutIcal pre
paLrations. These are now the basis and
body of applied pharmacy in this country,
andl are likely to increase even more rap)id
ly in the future. On the side of standard
med(icines 1used as speelfics alnmost as much
more wouldI be added, and the classifica
tions woumld be entirely app)ropriate as a
manufacture. The dIruig and chemical
works iinsist on the (distinction, however,
andl In a calculation of a tolal of $12,000,
000 productioni they are not inclided.
TIhiey would reach $6,000,000 at least, and
uder the genieral name of prop)rietairy
mee'ticlnes, footed a total of $6,490,105 in
The Cuc,umber M~an,
"Enios Trurner, what's all this about?"'
inquiredl lis honor of a man of sixty who
camne out with his coat oni his arim and( the
sweat running down lia neck.
"I won't answer one dlarnedl question?"
squeaked the old nmn as lie humped upi
"Phew! What's the matter with you?
That's no way to answer a civil quecs
I thina of it the madder I git."
"'You are chiargedi with disturbing the
"'I 'sp)osedl there was some infernal
charge or other, but I'm going to fight it if
it costs me my hull farm. You see, 1
brought a few early cucumnbers to town to
sell. I was in a grocery up hierq sonmc
-where to ask the price, when an 01(1 crow
b hait of a hose hiitched( to, a rag wagon
moved up and reached into my wagon
and chawed six dozen01 cowcuumbers into
mootal mush in about ten seconds. If tihe
owner o1 the hess had bin1 whIli' to settle
like a man, there would't have bin, a word,
5 but lie declared up and dlownl that lie
f wouiid'nt pay one dasrned cent. Thelin I
t got mad, and the fust thing I know I had
-that rag-uman in the ditch and was playing
-on him like a landrohler. I own right up,
-Judge, and I'm sorry thiere wasn't one or
0 two more of them."
e "If I could overlook this on the ground
y of your general good character you would
hi- beiore careful in the future I take It?"
,-'It's may first fight for forty years."
-"Well dlon't have any more trouble."
o "I'll try not to, but cowcunibers are
t iM~vud high jest now, and Pim feeling mad
8 (lear down to my heels. Giood day 'Squar';
a I wish i'd brouWi ye in t wo quarts of
A stirring dwarf we do allowaice
give before a sleepy giant.
Itellued By A Dog.
Recently a number of soldiers went from
ort ragt the Rio Gra nde for a bath.
Among thet was Captain Jack Crawford.
After being in the water about three-quar
ters of an hour Captain Jack started to
.ross toward the other side over a sand-bar,
)n which the water was only from six
inches to a foot deep. Sevbral of the others
lad followed Jack, and they had consider
'ible fun tripping each other and rolling
:ver In the water, while two of the boys
;ot Jack down in the shallow water and
Lickled him in the ribs until he was nearly
axhausted with laughter, he being very
ticklish. In order to get away from his
>rnentors Jack rolled over towards the
dcep water on the lower edge of the bar,
and when lie got up on his feet lie kept.
backing (own stream, and although there
was not over two feet of water where he
stood, yet the current was so strong that it
would carry him down should lie lose his
footing. lie kept splashing water on those
who had been tickling him and bantering
Jtem to conic on after him, when suddenly
ie made two or three desperate efforts to
get back, but failed. Yet lie said not a
wvord or the others might have joitied hands
md reached for him. No one dreamed for
% molnent that lie was trying to extricate
iltiself from tie quicksand. All at once
lie went down like a piece of lead. Even
,hen we thought lie had taken a dive until
ae was under water longer than a man
would willingly stay, and, indeed. no one
would have noticed this particularly had we
met heard a peculiar sound, more like the
roar of a lion than anything else, and the
next instant Jack's dog, "Itero," a beauti
rul St. Bernard, was seen swinuning
Lowards his master, while lie set up a howl
that seemed to say, "I'm coming," Jack
ane up about twenty-five yards below
where he went down and right in the centre
of a terribly swift curient, near where the
river w toutl make a (Iick, sharp turn. Ile
was nearly exh:austed when the sand broke
from under him, and, striking a whirlpool,
lie could make little or no headway and
lian to use all Ilia strength to keep from be
ing caught in the suction. Hill, a 8)ldler,
arderly for General Hatch, soon R lie saw
the dog go for Jack also sprang In the cur
rent, but Hero got to Jack first, just as he
was going down the second thim, and tak
ing him by the hair of the head brought.
him above water. Jack, who iever lost
his presence of inind, caught the dog by
the back jukt above the hip, and the faith
ful I lero brought iln safe to shore, nearly
a uile below where lie first went down.
This was really a narrow escape, as an
officer and five soldiers went down nearly
Iml the saitic place ia few years ago aind were
never seen. A wagon and team of mules
disappeared In the river two years ago and
have not turned pl) yet. An old Mexican
brought Jack over from the opposite shore
in a boat, while Hero never cesed 'licking
his hands and face until lie caine out of the
boat, In about an hour Jack was all right
again, except that lie had a headache and
could not hear good, his ears being full of
water. Ile told his experience as follows:
"When I got away from the boys I felt
ticlefc'1 ohI c ii(;&kkck then when
I got near the lower end of the bar I felt
the sand getting softer and my feet seined
to stick as if they were being drawn down,
and I had to keep pulling them out otie
after another, when, all at once, the whole
bottom seemed to drop right out of the
river, and down it went, and that under
current just held my nose on the ground;
for a little while, by Jove, I thought I
never would get up, and in those few see
onds under.that current of muddy water I
saw more strange sights, in my mind, than
ever Jules Verne pictured fifty leagues
under the sea. When I did come tip the
first thing I heard was Hero, then turning
round I saw the dear old boy coming for
me wit,h all his might. I believe I'd lost
my senses if 1 hmadin't seen that dog, but just
then that old Spott'sylvania hip wvound(
stoppled my right leg froms dloing any serviee,
and I felt that I had struck a whirlpool. I
kept on time outer edge as much as p)ossible,
ati believe I must have made abotut a turn
anid a half ; wvhen I felt I had to go I took
a long breath, shut my mouth, andl thme
next thing I knew IIero had me by the
hair, it was the first time I ever felt like
having may scalp lted, at least above
water. As soon as I got a mnouthful of air
liero left go, iund .1Il.aught hold of binm by
the hips, whlen lie towed mec ashore. I tell
you Ihe hot sand was a good layout for me.
L was ntever so much exhausted, and.if I
had been dlrownled I suppose the Coroner
would have said it was accilental drowning,
lusteaid of being tickled to death." Captain
Jack's dlog is without doubt the finest speci
men of the St. Bernard that I ever saw.
lie is eleven months old, weighs 1'25
p)ound(s. and is white as snow, hazel eyes,
ad a very broad forehead and most, lu
P'aris in Wi,nter,
So ecnomical are the poorest classes, that
they are obliged to imake shift with as little
lire as possible. The poor seamstress has
generally, roiled up in flannel, a hot flat
Iron which she warms on a portable
petroleum cooking apparatuis ailci uses ai
footstool during time long hours when sihe
is engaged with her needle and thread.
On the san.e stove, her soup sinuners the
whole day long, to provide in .the evening
a succulent and seasonable meal. Bhe pro
tects, In gomng out, her feet from the snow -
and frost by woolen stocking, coarse flan
ael boots and wooden shoes, Into which
hbefore putting them on she lia slipped a
pair of cork soles. The pofites bo urge,ois
fortify'thiemnelves in thieirdomniciles against
cold, as the garrison of a beleagured fort$
would take precatutions against an insidious,
cruel and ever-watchful enemy. Every
door andi window are catilked up with -->
bourrciet, 1 o. a tube of calico stnlied
with tow and nailed along orifices above ;
below, down straight, and, in short, wher'
ever the wind Is In thehabit of penetratIng.
Ilnt ashes are piled up at the backs of fire
places. Closed stoves are never used ini
Paris unless in omnibus oflices, the atnte
rooms of private houses and in the lodginigs
of poor people, who do all their cooking
and Ironing in time single sittimg-room. A
closed stove ls a confession of p)oVerby. ,
open fIre lathe rule with the respectable
middle classes, who use the oldfashioned
hearth, wIth two lro9 bars i-unning from
back to front, and fa'e with dog'e heads,
across which blocks of wood are laid :liu
brushwood ia placed underneath, and on ..
the application of a 11 hted match theiro Is
ins a moment a blazi ,.tykhlng e'sotheo
warmth ofs whlh time as) hjp be ll4ru. ii
longs. ' ~