Newspaper Page Text
1RI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., SEPTEMBER 30, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO.118
Tbey say if our beloved dead
lKould seek the old familiar place.
Some stranger would be there instead,
And they would fnd no welcome face.
I cannot tell how it might be
In other homes, but this I know
Oould my loot darling oome to me.
That she would never And it so.
Oftilme the fowers have come and gonn,
Ofttimes the winter winds have blown,
The while her peaceful rest went on,
And I have learned to live alone ;
Have slowly learned from day to day,
In all life's tasks to bear. my part;
But whether grave or whether gay,
I hide her memory iti my heart.
Fond, faithful love has blessed my way,
And friends are round me true and tried;
They have their place, but herii to-day
Is empty as the day she died.
How would I spring with bated breath,
And joy too deep for.word or sign,
To take my darling home from death
And once again to call her mine.
I dare not dream the blissful dregm;
It ils my heart with wild unrest;
Where yonder cold, white marbles glenm
She still must slumber. God knowi best.
The Way To Win.
Edward Stone stood impatiently upon
the top step of Uncle Dan's btately real
donce. There was not the faintest sign of
life anywhere around-the whole front
part of the house was cloqed and darkened;
and having rung several times without
eliciting any response, he was about to
conclude there was no one witbin hearng,
when a head was thrust out of the upper
"Young man, go round to the side
Considerably startled by this unexpected
address, the young man obeyed. Upon
the porch, brushing away the leaves that
covered it, was a young girl of fifteen.
She looked very pretty as she stood there,
the bright autumnal sunshine falling on
her round white arms and uncovered
Setting down her broom, she ushered
him Into a medium-sized, plainly-furnish
ed room which gave no indication of
the reputed wealth of its owner.
The young man took a seat,'brushed a
few flakes of dust from the lapel of his
coat, ran his fingers through his carefully
arranged locks, and thus delivered him
"Tell your master that his nephew Ed
ward Stone is here.,'
A faint smile touched the iosy lips, and
with a demure "yes, air" the girl vanish
A fe .v minutes later an elderly gentle
Vman en.ered, with inteligent, strong iark
ed fetaures, and a shrewd look in the eyes,
which seemed to take the mental measure
of his visitor at aglance.
"Well sir what is your bu.iness with
"I am your nephew."
"So my daughter told me. What do
"I was thinking of going into business,
and thought I would come and talk It over
with you, and ask you to give me a lift."
"What better capital uo you want than
you already havel A strong able-bodied
young man wanting a liftl You ought to
be ashampd-ef yrsv'" What have you
- been-doigli" "4~ - _, . ..
Edwards face flushed with anger at this
unceremonious language, but feeling that
he could not afford to quarrel with his
wealthy relative, he gave no other indica
tion of it.
"Saved nothing from your salary, I sup
No, it's only five hundred; niot more
than enough for my expebses. '
"Hlumphl You are able to dress your
self out of it, I perceive. 1 have known
men to rear and educate a family on five
hundred a year; and if you have been
unable to save anything, you certainly are
not able to go into business on your own
accourat. When I was at your age my in
come was less than three hundrea dollars,
and I saved half of it. What is the business
you wish to engage in?"
"Stationery and books, Six hundred
dollars will buy it, as the owner is obliged
to sell; a rare chance. I don't ask you to
give me the amount, only lend it; I will
give you my note with interest."
"Young*man. I have several such pa
pers already. You can have all of them for
flve dollars; and I warn you that it will
proNe a p-'opr investment at that. I can
give you some'1good advice, though, which
It yom follow wii' bo worth a good many
times the amount yo'-. asked. But you
won't dolit." '
"flow do you know that," said' iar
with a smile, who began to feel
more at home with his eccentric relative.
"I'd like to hear it any way"
"Well, here it Is. Go hack to your place
In the store, save three dollars a week
from your salary, which you cari casIly do;
learning the meantime all you possibly can
In regard to the business you wish to pursue.
At the end of four years you will have
the capital you seek, with suflent
experience and judgement to know how to
use it. And, better still, It will be yours,
earned by your own industry and self
denial, andc worth more to you that ton
times that amount got in any other way.
'Ihen come and see me again."
**You'd rather have my nioney than ad
vice, I dare say," added Mir. Stonre, as
Edward arose to go; but we'll b)e better
friends four years hence than if I let you
have It . Bit down, nephew, the train you
have to take won't leave.untIl six in the
evening. You must stay to tea, I want
you to see what a complete little house
keeper I have, and make you acqu1ainted
"Pollyt" he called out, openmng the door
into the lI)
In p it obedience to this summons a
rosy che kd, bright eyed girl tripped in.
Thoneat prinit dress had been changed for a
pretty muerino, but our hecro did not fail to
recognize her, and his face flushed pain
fully as lie did so,
"Pol,yi" continued her father, "this is
your cousin Edward. He leaves on the
six o'clock train, and I want his short stay
short stay as pleasant as possible."
"aPolly i. my little housekeeper'" he
added, "turning to his bephew. "I hire a
woulanfor therough work,hnd she does all
- die r'est, When ahe's eighteen she willhave
all the servants she" want% but she amt
serve her apprenticeship first. It may
stand her In good stead; she may take 11
into her head to marry a poor man, as her
mother did before her. Ehl my girl?"
Mary's only reply to this was a smile
and blush. Our hero was considerably
embarassed by the recollection of the mis
take he made, but the quietly cordial greet.
log of his young hostess soon put him
comparatively at rest.
At her father's request-who was very
fond of his daughter's accomplishmenti
-Mary sang and played for her cousin,
and his visit ended in singular contrast to
the stormy way it commenced. Edward
refused the five dollar note tendered to hIn
at parting for his traveling expenses.
The old man smiled as lie returned th(
note to his pocketbook.
"He's a sensible chap, after all," he re.
marked to his daughter, as the door closed
after the guest. "It's In him, if it only
can be l'rought out. We shall see, we
"A good deal for father to say," wa
Mary's inward comment, who thought hez
cousin the most agreeable young man she
had ever met.
Three years later Mr. Stone and hie
daughter paused In front of a small but
neat, pleasant-looking shop, on the plate
glass door of which were the wordtt:
"Edward Stone, Stationery and Book
It t3oing to early in the day for custom
ers, ti'ey found the proprietor alone, whose
face flushed with pride and pleasure as he
"I got your card, nephew, said the old
man with a cordial grasp of the hand,
"and called around to see how you were
getting on. I thought it was about time I
gave you that little lift you asked me for
three years ago. You don't look much as
if you needed it though."
."Not At present, thank you, uncle,'
was the cheerful response. Curiously
enough it is the same business that I
wanted to buy then. The man who took
it had to borrow money to purchase it
with, getting so much involved that he had
to sell it at a sacrifice."
"Just what you wanted to do."
Edward smiled at the point made by his
"It isn't what I have done, though I've
saved four dollars a week from my salary
for the last three years, and so, was not
only able to pay the money down, but had
fifty dollars besides."
"Bravol my boy," cried the delighted
old man, with another grasp of the hand
that made our hero wince. I am proud of
youl You're bound to succeed, I see, and
without anybody's help. I told your cousin
Polly that when she was eighteen I'd buy
her a house in the city. and that she should
-furnish it to suit herself, and have all the
servants she wanted, and I've kept my
word. Come around and see us whenever
you can. You'll always find the latch
Edward did not fail to accept the invita
tion so frankly extended-a. very pleasant
intimacy growing up between the three
during the twelve months that followed.
Our hero's business graw and prospered
until he began to think of removing to a
larger place. His uncle had given him
several liberal orders, as well as sent him a
number of customers, but said nothing
more about assisting him in any other way
until Christmas eve. Entering the rooni
where Edward and his daughter were sit.
ting, he said:
"I musn't delay any longer the little lift
I promised you, nepliew, and which you
have well earned."
Edward glanced from the five thousand
dollar check to the lovely face at his side,
and then to that of the speaker.
"You are very kind uncle-far kindej
than I deserve-but-"
"But what, lad? Speak out! would you
prefer it in some other form?"
Edward's fingers closed tenderly an
strongly over the hand lie had taken i
"Yes, uncle-in this."
The old man looked keenly ii em one t<
"You are asking a good deal, nephew,
Polly, have you been encouraging thii
young man in his presumption."
"I'm afraid I have, father," was the
"Then go. my. daughter. I give yoi
into worthy ketping, at d if you make
your husband's heart as happy as youn
miother did mine during the few sheri
years that she tarried by my side, he wil
be blest indeed."
Eitt In Regard to Lightning.
It is never too soon to go In the hous
when a storm is rising, When the cloud
are fully charged with electricity they ar
most dangerous, and the fluid obeys
subtle attraction which acts at a great
distance and in all directions. A womam
told me of a bolt which .came down hel
when the sun was shining over head. 1T.
P. Willis writes of a young girl who was
killed while passing under a telegraph
wire, on the brow of a hill, while she was
hurrying home before a storm. The sad
accident at Morrisania, when two children
were killed, should warn every mother that
It is not safe to let children stay out of
dooers the last minute before the storm
falls. People should not be foolhardy
about sitting on porches or by open win
dows whether the storm is hard or not.
Mild showers often carry a single charge,
which falls with deadly effect. It may ori
may not be safe to stay out : it is safe to
be in the house with the windows and
doors closed. The dry air in a house is a
readier eondiuotor than the damp air out
side, and any draught of air invites it. A
hot fire in a chimney attracts it, so to
speak, and it is prudent for those who
would be sure of saifety to useO kerosene or
gas stoves in summer, and avoid heating
the chimneys of houses. People are very
ignorant or reckless about liahtnliig. I
have seen a girl of eighteen crying'-with
tear of lightning, and running eveiy other
moment to the window to see jf the storm
was Dot abating, unconsciouAthat she was
putting herself in dangey' If every one
would hurry to shelterAs noon as a; storm
cloud was coming, anddff they would shut
the doors and wmid(iwe, and keep away
from them afterwaijd, and from wires,
stove pipes, mantfs heaters and mirrors,
with their slivere backs, which carry
electricity, and kdiep away from lightning
rods and their vicinity, and from metal
water -spouts, With godrods 'on their
houses they milght dsmiss the fear of
hightning from %helr minds, so far as it is a
thing of reason and not imprsson.
What 1rains Bring.
Our best authors have, as a rule, ii
very little money. Some of thein,
Longfellow, Lowell and Holmes, have
independence without work. Emerson
Whittier live very simply and plainly,
this fact explains why their earnings
port them. Hawthorne was very p.or
til lie had been appointed Consul at Ll
pool; Poe was always in pecuniary disti
and would have been pressed by circum
ces had his habits been provident. ]
Stowe made by "Uncle Tom's Cab
which, in the same time, has had a Ia
sale than any other work since the inver
of printing, not much over $10,000,
though her publishers got rich by the w
renowned anti-slavery novel.
The most capable and industrious litt
teur can seldom earn more than $4,0(
$5,000 a year at the extreme, while
questionably clever, energetic fellowe
obliged to content themselves with f
$1,500 to $2.000. A glance at some of
best known and most popular authors,
dent in or near New York, will show
the ink they use is far from golden. The
ran William Cullen Bryant was moderc
wealthy; but he had not grown so
his poetry or by any of the works to w
lie had lent his name, but which he had
written. He owed his fortune to his pa
ownership of the Evening Po8t for the
85 or 40 years. Worth probably $500,
or $600,000 at the lowest, andgetting $
000 to $60,000 per annum from all sout
it may be doubted if his entire literary v
would have yielded him $20,000. Bryt
love of dollars is wholly disproportione
his professional capacity to earn them.
has been writing in his slow, dellbei
painstaking and painagiving way foi
years-ho did the "Thanatopsls" at 18,
has never quite equalled it since-and
at no time could he have got $4,00(
or even $3,000 per annum by the dir. et
of his pen. While the publisher has 1:
pered the poet might have starved.
Parke Godwin, Bryant's son-in-laI
a brilliant littmratem' as well as journe
and is pecuniarily independent. lie
his independence, however, to his lnt(
in the Evening Po8t-he has had no i
nection with it, editorially or otherv
for several years-not to his literary tal
The books he has published have retui
him a few thousands of dollars, and his
tures in the past have helped out his luco
but he would have been poor deprive
what the Post has brought him.
Bay ard Taylor was one of our most pop
authors-his books of travel have ha
very wide sale-and he has been roni
ably diligent with his pen from early yoi
As a lecturer he had been extremely pc
lar-he cleared $10,000 year before lasi
the lyceum-having made more as a le
rer than as author. Ils reputation
traveler and a describer of travels did
please him, notwithstanding it has t
profitable. His high anibition was poi
and lie was a poet; but the great public
garded him as a traveler. We doubt il
"Life of Goethe," on which he was engi
for years, and which is excellent,
him for any part of Ilia great labor.
a liberal astimate, if the times were v
they have been, Taylor miglit Lave I
worth $70,000 to $80,000, much 2f wl
he obtained from dividends on his five sh
of Tribune stock. Taylor drew a j
nalistic salary of $5,000. -
Richard Grant White may be consid
a successful author. He has been be
the public over a quarter of a century,
his t3hakespeare has gained him the titi
scholar on both sides of the sea. It is
deniably the ablest work on the dram
that has been produced by any Ameri
and lie is a man of large and varied cult
He studied law, and medicine after gri
ating, not with a view to practicing, bul
the sake of Increasing, his kuowlei
Now, beyond fifty, lie literally win
bread by contributing to the daily l
and the magazines; he frequently w
editorials for the T imes and JEveninag I
notwithstanding lie holds a position u
Custom House at $2,500 a year.
George Wilihm Curtis, one of the da
est and most polished writers in the Rec
ic, and yet a strong and positive inteli
has been for years engag~ed on the per
cal publications of the Harper's.
writes the political editorials of the We<
the Editor's Easy Chair of the Mtont
I and until recently wrote the discursive,
gant essays which appeared in the Ba
over the signature of "Old Bachelor."
salary iroum the Harpers is $10,000 a 3
whichi is one of the largest paid in tihe<
He had but $4,000 until 1869, when
death of Henry J. Raymond, and the d
of the TIimes to supply his place, lad
its publishers to oiler Curtis $10,000.
ti. declined to become editor of the 'It
preferring to remain with the old firm.
members heard of the offer, though
through Curtis, and immediately adval
his salary to the figure named--as mnuch
doubt, from fear of losing himn as fro
sense of generosity. Curtis is a natil
Providence, 11. 1., well bred and well
Though the Gorman admirality has
elded that every German man-of-war si
in the future carry at. least one machi
gun, emainly for use against attacking
Pedo boats, though, of course, such
weapon would be also well suited it
multitude of other purposes for which lig
guns are generally used in navy warfa
the particular pattern or machine-gun to
adopted has apparently not yet been d
nitely selected. At Jeast two Gen
establishment have designed and constru
edi mna-hine-g~uns which have passed s
aessfully through a series of prelininary tra
and which, it is reported, will now be ti
in competition with one atnothecr and w~
several foreign pieces, suchi -s the Nord
felt and Hlotchkiss guns, the latter of wh
has now boon adopted by thq navies
France, Hiollanid, Greece, theo United 8tat
Chili, the Argentine Republic, Russiaa
D~emnark. Th'Ie machine..guns of Gern
manufacture are some of them Krup
and others from the Witteiier steel foi
dry. The Krupp weapon is in form of
revolving cannon, consisting of four barn
twenty-seven~ inches long, with a calibre
one inch. The projectile weighs half
pound, while the charge consists of tij
grammes, or very nearly two ounces
powder, the whole cartridge, including
case, weighing 855 gramimes, or tweo
one-half ounces, while the total weight
the gun itself is 889 pounds. The Witte,
naval nitralleuse has also four barre
anid, like the Krupp revolving cann<
thirows a bullet weighing a trifle over eli
ounces, while the charge consists of bevei
grammes, er two and onae-hAlf ouances,
id SkIns with hair on were frequently a
ae in the Middle Ages, as according to
and passage of M useonians quoted by Casaub
and they had been by the ancients. They
-frequently month ed as having been w
Oun- by husbaudeon u England. Casaul
uer notes the circumstance that the rustics
ver- our day made use of gloves. There
res, nothing In that passagu to show that
tan- ~ gnta as
was speaking of this country: he may v
in,', possibly have seen it in ]'rance. In E
er land, at any rate, "the monastery of Bi
r c allowed its servants 2 pence apiece
glovo silver In autunm," (Peggo MiI
orld Carr.,) and at a later date, in Lanohian
account of the entertainment of Qu
. Elizabeth at Kenilworth Castle, 1575,
0 to rural bridegroom had "a pair of harv
un. gloves as a sign of good husbandry," U1
I r the coronration of Petrarch at Rome
re the "prince of poets," gloves of otter-a
our were put on his hands, the satirical
real- planation being given that the poet, I
that the otter, lives byrapine. The modern lad
vote glove of four-and-twenty buttons has had
6tely prototype, for in the fourteenth centuryi
nobihty of France began to wear glo
h1ch reaching to the elbow. These gloves wo
not at times, like the more familiar stockin
rtial which they must have much resembl
last used as purses. Notwithstanding t:
000 length, It was always looked upon as dec
50 ous for the laity to take off their gloves
ce church,where ecclesiastics alone might w
rork them. The custom still obtains in I
,nrk Church of England at the Sacrame
d to though it Is plain that it had not arisen
He this connection in the frat instance, eli
-ite In the Roman ritual the communicant d<
05 not handle the consecrated wafer. It w
and perhaps, regarded as a proof and ey
yet bol of clean hands, for to this day perso
or sworn in our law courts are compelled
use remove their glove. There is probab
oros. too, some relation between this feelli
and a curious 8axon law, which forbai
Is the Judges to wear gloves while sitting
st the bench. The gloves of the Judges we
lis like those of the Bishops, a mark of th
rest rank. The portraits of the Judges, paint
rest by order of the Corporation of London,
10 the reign of Charles II, and hanging
the courts of Guildhall, represent thi
Ont. with friged and ev ' roidered gloves.
lec- was probably not in reference to the Judi
me- that a cant term for a bribe was a "pair
Sgloves." When Sir Thomas More m
Chancellor he happened to determine
ular cause in favor of a lady named Croak
d a who displayed her gratitude by sendi
ark- Jlim a Now Year's gift of a pair of glov<
ith- with forty angels in them. Sir Thon
' returned the money, with the following 1
p ter: "Mistress:--Since it were against go
tu- inners to refuse your New Year's gift
tu a am content to take your gloves, but as
the lining, I utterly refuse it.
tie The Alammocu.
hIs Merely the sight of a hammock hung
ged a cool and shady place Is ,efreshing, it
mid pears so comfortable aud Inviting.
At. hammock is not a sign of Indolence,
rhat some who think that they have no tme
seen res', except in the night, may regard it;
Hich is rather an index of good sense upon
ares part of the owner who is aware #hat in
:ur- busiest life there are minutes that can
best spent in comnfortab e repose. Even
3red the farm in midsummer theqe are half ho
fore and quarter hours at noonday, or in
and evening after the heat and work of the <
0 of is over, when the rest which an easy fiti
un- hammock affords is just so much cl
itist gain. Nothing that will give rest to
can, weary body and at the same time dnv
ure. the mind Is out of place lor the farm(
idu- household. If there are children in
for family, there Is nothing that can give th
Ige. more amusement and comfort than a hr
$ his mock. and the guests, whether of an h
rss or a day, will not object to the pleas
rites which it affords. Hammocks are not
oat, pensive, at least they do not now cost
the price that they once (lid, when they a
imported and their use was less gene
inti- Two or three dol,ars will now buy a v
)ub- serviceable plain one ; those that are ela
let, rately nmad< of course co'sting much me
lodi- In hanging the hammock it should
lie placed in the shade, either between i
ekly trees up>n a lawn or up)on the piazza hi
hig, by hooks or screw-eyes placed in
,ole- colums or posts. If more particularly
zar, children It shoiuld be somewhat, lower t]
His usual. For grown persong tl~e hook wil
rear, supports the head end ihould be six I
Dity. high at d that for the foot four feet ;1
the w:ll afford the most desirable position
osire the occupant. The body of tne hamrn
uiced should be nearer a he higher hook than 1
Cur- to the other, and this may be secured
'fee, using a thoater piece of rope on the h
its end. Tihere has been iatroduced recca
not a hammock hung to a portable frame ;1
iced frame holds up and occupies but very 1i
a, no space wi:en not in use, Of cour e,:
ua a most good things, the hammock may
ro of abused-the comfortable re.st which it gi
odu- may induce persons to remain too late
of d ors, thus exposing them to the ch
or damp air of the night, but thislIsnot
fault of the hammock, andi no argurr
ge. against Its more general Introduct,ion as
---of the wholesome comforts of the farn1
all dringthe hot months of summe
or- I - aS a camipmeieting.
a The a'n
r a - Detroit are negotmal
ght Two actors fro. white necktie.
.rc, with a person in t.inger?"4 said the loat
be "Who's the ma'
efl, man. Gas charge of thearram
man "A committee
et- ments." i t the front of the hou
Lie- "Weli, who's a >flie? We'd like to
ala who's in the box ''
led him." 'n mpreheond exal
ith "I don't think 1 .,
Dn- what-' 4ts in the left
ick "We're after two s ?
in parquet circle, D. H. ca'
es, "Really, gentlemen 10' hv e
ad "Oh), it's all right; e Vicker's
an passes with Booth, and Mc l,evels
p's --, you knowv John Ellsier, of t
in- of coursec9" gno
a "We want to get in D. H., you k i~
ole said the ether actor impatiently. sf
. of "What may D). H. mean t" h ea
a "Why, dead haeadh, of course; w/
rty pay to get in any show." 6u may t
of "On, if you mean to go in, y/We che
he seats where you please, free. .J
of The actors looked amnr.zed. lpany ?" as
ecr "How do you pay your con/
Is, the low comedian. 9term it lal
n "Qar %opany, as you,'
h 'tet fer r reward." H,and the lead
y Urnd awa%:
Into the Darkness.
ied The ghost of a millionaire appears night
1he ly unto a widow and her daughter In the
o sacredness of their own apartment in Ban
are Francisco. When the spirit made its first
yrn cull it attacked the furniture, tore down
on the picture and groaned tor an hour, while
of the mother's hair stood on end and the
is daughter buried her face in the bedclothes.
he After waiting during what seind an eter
ry. nity for an interval of the disturbance, the
lg. widow in fear and trembling struck a
try match. Her amazement was unbounded.
for Everything was as she had seen it at retir
c, ing. The table that had apparently been
118 turning flip-flaps for several hours, was
n standing in the middle of the *room with
he the innocent expression it had worn when
est she last saw it. Every chair wore its tidy
on with the stiff dignity of a recruit on dress
as parade, and seemed to resent the suspicion
dn that it had been assisting in a supernatural
Dx- high.jinks. Not a vase or picture was
ke broken, notwithstanding the fact that the
cB air had apparently been filled with frag
its meants of pottery and tatters of canvas.
;he There was no slep for ' the family that
Fes night, though the day broke without any
r repetition of the strange disturbance. Pre
g, cisely at 9 o'clock the next night the mys
d, terious knock was heard again at the back
olr door, and again the mysterious visitor in
or- bare feet walked through the house. His
in misery had apparently grown more acute,
Dar for at every step he heaved a sigh and
lie occasionally groaned so wofully that the
2t, widow, in the fulness of her womanly
in commiseration was tempted to ask, "What
ice is the matter with you?" The reply, it Is
Ms alleged, came in the unmistakable voice of
the departed millionaire, "Oh my soul
M-' Oh! my soul!" The widow went to her
ns Bishop and asked him to pray for her, but
to he insinuated that she might be out of her
ly head. When she wont hoie a fresh sur
a prise awaited her. Her rosary beads, which
de she had left hanging on her bed were gone.
rn No one had entered the house during her
re absence but her daughter, and the young
re' lady denied all knowledge of the missing
ad article. That night, however, mother and
in daughter, as they lay in bed with quivering
in nerves heard their supernatural visitor tell
m Ing the beads as if in prayer. This was too
It much for the widow's patience, and hastily
e striking a match and lighting the gas, she
of searched for the missing treasure. There
,as was no trace of the beads or the mysterious
a devotee, however, though the ladies could
Dr, still hear the beads and the sound of bare
ag feet moving slowly through the door and
into the darkness.
at- Snow at Great Attitudes DMes Not Melt,
o The reason why snow at great elevations
or does not melt but remains permanent, is
owing to the fact that the lie-at received
from the sun Is thrown off into the stellar
space so rapidly by radiation and reflection
that the sun fails to raise the temperature
of the snow to the melting point; the snow
in evaporates, but it does not melt. The
ip- summits of the Himalayas, for example,
A must receive more than ten times the
as amount of heat necessary to melt all the
for snow that falls on them notwitfstanding
it which, the snow is not melted. And in
hie spite of the strength of the sun and the dry
;he ness of the air at those altitudes, evapora
be tion is sufticient to remove the snow. At
on low elevations, where the snow-fall is
urs probably greater and the aiount of heat
,h? even less than at the summits, the snow
lay melts and disappears. This, I believe we
ing must attribute to the influence of aqueous
Dar vapor. At high elevations the air is dry
'he and allows the heat radiated from the snow
'Irt to pass into space; but at low elavations a
r's very considerable portion of the heat radi
Lhe ated from the snow is absorbed in passing
em through the atmosphere. A considerable
in- portion of the heat thus absorbed by the
)ur vapor is radiated back on the snow, but
ure the heat thus radiated, being of the same
ex- quality as that which the snow itself radi
the ates, is on this account absorbed by the
crc snow. Little or non11 0r it is reflected like
rah. that received from the sun. The conse.
iry quence is that the heat thus absorbed acen
bo- mulates in the snow till melting takes
>re place. Were the aqueous vajyor possessed
be by the atmosphere sufficiently diminished,
.wo perpetual snow would cover our globe
img down to the sea shore. It is true that the
the air is warmer at the lower level than at the
f.'r higher level and by contract with the snow
ian must tend to melt it more at the former
Ieh than at the latter position. But we must
'cot remember that the air is wanner mainly in
his consequence of the inilumence of aquieous
for vapor, and that were the quantity of vapor
ck reduced to the amount in question the dif
t ms ference of teniperature at theo two positions
by would not be great.
tyNo Bumsinesse ytreet
ttle Mogador, a Moorish town of Morocco,
ike presents few "tourist sights.'' But an Eng
be hali writer describes a negative one, the
ves nzon-appearance of business in the streets.
out The windowless streets are all narrow,
lily somne long and straight. P'rivate houses,
the merchants' warehouses, hostelies, all are
ent of one generic type, save those found in
one blind alleys and slums. In buimess quarters
er's there is little or no appearance of business.
.A caravan of camels is seen b;ringing
nmerchondiso from Timbuctoo; the proces
sion, which moves slowly, gravely, with
silent foot, heighteuing our sense of mys
Ing tery, suddenly turns down a gateway
scarcely widie enough to admit it, Into the
lug central court of a warehouse, and Is otit of
sight. We follow through the archway, to
ge- find these ships of the deserted moored to
the quay with freights of almonds, gums
so ; ivory, gold dumst and ostrich feathers, which
see might be of little value, for they are tied
much as we tie up bundles of waste paper,
~tly letting the paper be its own covering. The
outer feathers of the b)ales are broken and
ide dirty. Imagine London with all its drays
out of sight in invisible warehouse squarest
F'uch is the condition of commerce in Mo
son gador. These camel trains are the poetry
mid of trade, a living link to patriarchal and
ndl, miodern times. They have a look of imi
monso sadness, as though willing to close,
y,"' their long-enduring history.
vern It is reported from Sheffield, England,
that heavy orders are daily coining in from
ake Scotch and East Coast ship-builders for
rge light steel plates. The introduction of steel
into ship-building is causing an Important
and growing trade, to meet the requirements
ke of which Sheffield manufacturers are intro
ducing improved machinery in the large
Ing -The estimated pppulation of Ohio by
the newr constus is about 8 200,000-a
gin of abou, %000O sinoe 1070.
Money by Telephone.
"Say, miss," said a rather hard looking
customer to the young lady in charge of the
central telephone office, one day last week,
"say, miss, I'd like to talk with Mr. Joseph
Snooks a moment.'
The lady called Snooks and turned the
Instrument over to the guest.
"I1ello, hello I Mr. bnooks W
Snooks answered, and in the ensuing col
loquy the lady could- of course only hear
the hard looking customer.
"Snooks, old boy, I can't come up for
that money to-day; I'm too busy."
"No, can't get away."
"I know, but I'm sorry; I've got to
meet Brace about your affair."
"But I'd jeopardize all your Interests. L
positively can't come. Can you send the
money down ?"
"I don't believe she'll do it, will she?"
"No, I don't know her. She's a hand
some girl with blue eyes and light hair..
"I'll ask her about it. Wait, keep your
car there, miss, Mr. Snooks wants to pay
me four dollars, and says for you to let me
have the money. I'll ask him again to
make sure. Snooks, did you mean for this
fine young lady to pay me and charge it to
"Don't hear you."
"Yes, yes, all right. He says, miss, for
you to take my receipt and let me have the
cash. ^ You afe to put it i this telephone
bill. All rifht, Snooks, good bye, see you
to-nerrow,' and he hung the mouth piece
on the hook.
"Fine fellow, Snooks, he continued,"
looking pleabant at the inanageross. "I
never heard of sending money by telephone,
"No," responded the lady.
"Perhaps you haven't the change
"T es," said she.
"You'll trust Snooks, I presume." Ie
went on in a faltering manner.
"Certainly," she replied, "if he says to
let you have it."
"You don't think the telephone would
"Assuredly not. I'll just ask Mr.
"Ne, no. He's a sensitive lnu; lie
wouldn't like to have so much fuss over a
small amount. Make it two dollars and
I'll give a receipt on account."
"I'll pay anything Mr. Snooks says. I'll
"6i(ather than bother hin-again, I'll make
it a dollar. Give me a dollar-"
"But I prefer to call hit."
"Aiss," said the man, "don't go near the
wire now. There's a cloud coming up.
You're going to be struck with lightning.
Iather than that, I'd take fifty cents, a
"Ohl I'm not afraid," and she ap
proached the instrument.
' Keep away from that wire I " he howled,
"don't call Snooks. IIe miglt be struck.
If you don't care for yourself, have mercy
on his family." l ou needn't pay the
amount at all. I wouldn't risk Snooks for
all the money in Brooklyn."
"1 shall either call biooks or a police
man,"' salid the girl firmly.
"Make It a policeman and I'll go for him
wnysolf," shouted the tramp. as lie jumped
over the rail.
And then she called Snooks, who had
been swearing at his end of the wire In the
hope of making some one hear him, and
told him It was all right, she hadn't paid
Only One srink.
A good-nature Orinswold street lawyer,
in Detroit, left his office unoccupied for an
hour about two o'clock the other afternoon,
and some of the jokers in the block went
in and bilt up a reusing hot lIre in his coal
stove. Ho came back with his hat in lis
hand and almost dead with the heat, and
was met on the stairs by a lawyer, who
said : "This is the hottest yet. The ther
nmometer in my room marks 120 dlegrees."
''Don't scomn possible though IL's a scorch
er,'' .led the~ other, as lie went to lia
room. He threw down his hat, took off
his coat and began fanning himself tbut
the harder he fanned the hotter he grew.
Two or three lawyers came in and spoke
about how cool his room was comnpared to
theirs, and were greatly puzzled to account
for it. Several offers were made him to
change rooms, and pretty so>n lie grew
ashamed of appearing so overheated, and
sat down to his table. In five minutes lis
shirt collar feil fiat, and in ten ho hiadn't
any starch In his shirt. Trho perspiration
ran albout in oveiy direction, and he scoemed
to be boiling, when one of his friends
looked in and reimarkedl: "Ah! old1( boy,
1 envy you You've got the coolest
roomi in the block." "Say," said the law
yer as lie staggeredl over to the door, "I'm
going home. I never felt so queer in all
my life. 'While I know that the room is
cool and airy, I'm so soaked and boiled that
I can't lift a hand. One drink of brandy
wouldn't act that way on a man, would
'it ?" "Th'lat's just it," whispered the other.
"Brandy always acts that way, especially
if you drink alone. You ought to have
known better." "So I had--so I had. Don't
say a word to tIme boys-I'll make it all
right. I thought something must ail me.
and I was a little afraid I was going to be
sent for. I'm glad it's nothing serious
I'll be back in about two hours."
The Hutory "r tU,e Tomato.
It Is a popular faluacy unit the luscious
and health preserving tomato has its orIgin
as an article of food in this country. But
while there is some reraon to believe it
was first found in Sout ii America, it was
evidently cultivated centuries ago in
Mexico and Peru. Dodoens the. Netherland
herbalist, mentions the tomato as early as
1588 as a vegetable to be eaten with pep
per, saht,and oil. It belongs to the night
shade family and was used in cooking by
the Malaya more thana a century and a half
since, it is extensively raised in South
ernm italy, and employed there asan acomn
pament to niearly every dish, particularly
to macaroni. IBut neither there nor any
where else in Europe, is it commonly
eaten, as it is here, separately and in quan
titles. In England:it isasparingly produced,
requiring a hot bed in the spring, and in
consequence is high priced. T[he italians
formtrly called it golden apple, and now
call it love apple as it was once designated
in this country. The appearance of the
tomato on the table has greatly increased
in Europe withm a few years, but in no
land is it a regular dish--much as it is used
for a sauce abroad-as in the United States,
where it is also pickled, preserved and
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
There is a great deal of unmapped
country within us which would have to
be taken into account in an explaia..
tion of our gusts and storms.
The violet grows low, and covers
itself with its own leaves, and yet of
all flowers yields the most delicious
smell. Such Is humility.
We spend half. our lives in making
mistakes, and waste the poor remain
der In reflecting how easily we might
have avoided them.
It is not the height to which men are
advanced that makes them giddy ; it is
the looking down with contempt upon
those below them.
A white garment- appears worse , ith
slight soiling than do coloredgarments
much soiled; so a little fault in a good
man attracts more attention than great
olences in a bad man.
Let every youth set out with a fixed
determination to engage in business for
himself, and let him put his determin
ation into practice as early in life as
The truest help we can render to an
iffluted mnan is, not to take his burden
froml him, but to call out his best
strength, that he may be able to bear
Life must be m asured by action, not
by time; for a man may die old at thir
ty, and young at eighty; nay, the one
lives after death and the other perished
belore lie died.
11; is difficult, I own, to blend and
unite tranquility in accepting, and en- 4
ergy in using, the facts of life-but it
is itot impossible; If it be, it is Impos
si Ale to be happy.
When we speak of obedience we
r-hould always speak of faith first.
Atith is the first and fundamental act
of obedience. Faith Is the mainspring
Tho wor: that Is to tell in Heaven
must be that which is done on purpose
fur Heaven. The work that is done for
earth goes down with us to our graves.
Faith, like light, should over be sim
pie and unbending; while love, like
warmth, should beam forth on every
Mde and bend to every necessity of our
31oudy preached two hundred and
seventy-five times in Baltimore and
thon gave it up. The Marylanders
thought themselves sufficiently recon
Mr. Spurgeon asserts that an old
minister once said to him: "When L
see a young man want to preach, I al
ways feel a wish to take him by the
throat and try to choke him off."
We are persuaded that all men wunt
the best thing there Is for them. I re
Ilgion is the best thing, as we believe it
is, as soon as they can use made to see
and feel that fact they will live religi
"What is eternity T" was a question
once asked at the Daaf and Dumb Insti
tuIton at PAris, and this beautiful and
striking answer was given by one of
the pupils: "The lifetime of the Al
The heart will commonly govern the
head; and It is certuin that any strong
passion, set the wrong way, will soon
infatuate even the wisest of men; there
fore, the first part of wisdom is to watch
' he greatest mistake Moses ever o mr
mitted, in the opinion of the Rooheste
Denocrat, was in not being present
when the light went out. A little fore
thought on his part in this respect
would have saved thousands of ques
It isa great and glorious thing to be a
self-made man, and partly because in
very many cases it takes a vast respon
sibility from the Lord(. The chief diffi
culty with such people, however, is
that they are ver y apt to worsbip their
Men or women who turn to Christ4
must bear in mind that they are break
ing with their old master and enlistingd
under a new leader. Conversion is ,;tj
a revolutionary process.
The noblest spirits are those which
turn to heaven, not in the hour .f sor
row, but in that of joy; like thi lark,
they wait for the clouds to disperse
that they may soar into their native
Love may be likened to the sun un
decr whose influence one plant elabora
tes nutriment for man, and ainothor
poison; and which while it draws up
pestilence from the marsh and jungle,
and sets the simnoom In motion over the
desert, diffutses iight,life anid happiness
over the healthy and cultivated regions
of the earth.
Tihey wito are wise unto salvation
know feelingly when they have done
best that their best works are worth
nothing; but they who are conselius
that they have lived i-tofiensively ndy
have in that consciousness a reasonable
ground of comfort. .:)
You meet ian tnis world with false7
mi-th as often as with false gr'avity;*
the grinning hypocrite is not a, mo d'
uncommon character than, the.'a
lag one. As much lignt d:ro
comes from a heavy heart as f ~~
hollow cine, and from a full min4~
from ain empty head. 0
The farmer likes a field that %is
with corn, not one that grows wtr'
splondent pnppies; lihe likes grape
Is pure grass, fit for the service f
boast upon tihe hilhs, not that Whio~~
mixed with buttercups. 80 wher ''
go to the sanotuary it Is not flowotBwEg .
want, to be a bouquet of beau -V
food to sustain our souls and atregi~4'
us ior the toils and trIals of thew
The Sabbath was nmade for'w
made it for men in a certaint~ij~j
state, beause they needed. t~1~
need, therefore, is daeply.14~4
hunan nature. Hie *ho ee
withn it must be holy and a
deed(iAnd he who, still unii--W'
unspificuah, would ylet dispense -
is a in n that would fain be
his MaKen -
After all, the coinmon
huaai character wilL be toxid ~*r
buted In muoh tho *amd jpU6I
every wher-e, and in inoit p144 -h ~
wilt bo a spelnkling oif ta -l
ones. .Evprywhere -~
'ite An e d4et --