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TR,' ,I-WEI EIIN - WINNSBORO, S. C., OCTOBIER 2, 18.VOL. IV.-NO.17
- Whatmatter, friend, though you and I
May sow, and bthrs gather ?
We build, and othersoeotipy,
Each laboring for the other.
What though .'tou fr4 'nun (6 stni
And men' fostget to flater k E -
The noblest work our hands have done
it God appie- e, what matte'r ?
What-vn'atter ihouh we now in leari,
And crops fail a the reaping ;
What though the fruit oftpattem years
Fast perish in our keeping ;
- Upon our hoarded treasre, floode
Arise and tempesta gather
If faith beholds beyond tho olonils
A gleart r sky, what matter ?
What maittr thoumh 'out oastle- fall,
And disappear whi'e building;
Though strange handwriting on the wall
Fame out amid the gilding;
ThonL h very idol of the heart
The lind of death may sba'tor;
Thongh bores decay and friends depart
If heaven I a curs, what matter P
Mr. Russet at Saratoga.
When the doctors recomeuded six weeks
at Saratoga to Reuben Russet, they possi
bly didn't think of Peinie Joyce. Doc
tor's are apt to be men of one idea Mr. Rus
set's digestive apparatus was certainly out.
of order; but little MissJoyce's heart-that
was quite another thing.
Mr. Russet was a young theoligical stu
dent, with pale brown hair, an intellectual
face, and a slight stoop in the shoulders.
Pennie Joyce was a fariner's rosy-checked
daughter, the eldest of a large family of
children, and one of those thrifty girls who
understand the whole theory and practice
of housekeeping from Alpha to Omega. To
become a minister's wife was a visible
promotion to her, and she exulted in it, in
her quiet way. But to be separated from
him for six ,whole weeks -that was a
"The time will soon pass, my love,"
said Reuben, in the slightly patronizing
manner which he affected toward Pennie.
"Yes, I know it will dear,'' said Pennie,
valiantly tring to smile.
"And 1 shall write-every day."
"That will- be so good of youl" said Pen
"And really, you know, Pennie. a man
whose mission is to reach the soul ought to
have a little knowledge of human nature."
"Yes, of course," assented the girl,
"And where can one obtain it so well as
at. one of these great human hives where
the fashionable'world congregates?"
"To be surel'" said Pennie.
"I only wish you were going," lie
Pennie sighed softly,
'iOf course that Is out of the question,"
Farmer Joyce shook his head when he
heard the dictum of the medical mal.
"Saratogy, indeedl" said he. "I don't
believe Saratogy is a bit better than our
spring down by the Maple grove. I'd von
ture Reub Russet'd be well enough if he'd
go out and weed onions half an hour every
morning; and besides, I've lecrd there's a
lot of temptation at a place like Saratogy."
"I dare say," said Ponnie, with mild
superiority, "for some people. But Reuben
la above that sort of thing."
"Humphl" said Farmer Joyce. "I ain't
so sure of that."
"Father how can you" crie4 the indig
nant girl, bristling up 111c a hen-canat y.
"Human natur' is human natur',whether
Its at Saratogy or any other place,'' stoutly
iantained the farmer.
Mr. Russet went to saratoga and took
rooms at a fashionable boarding-house,
near the Hathborn spring. He walked lip and
down the elm-shaded paths withl twojlittle,
devotional books, of a morning, listened to
the band, and studied out telling sentences
I ru possible sermons, in the afjernoon, and
edged himself modestly late the glhttering
halooms of the monster hotels at night,
when the Glermnan was in fuil tardbr.
"Merely to study mny fellow-creatures!"
said Mr Russet, as lhe adjusted his eye
"Such a delightful studyt" said Miss
(-usliington Gordon, who blazed with
jewels, and wore long-trained Akirts, such
as Mr. Russet never had beheld at 1(asp.
MISS Giushington Gordon had the best
room at the house, the largest wardrobe,
and the most brilliant necklaces. Rumor
called her a great heIress, and Mr. Russet
found her very agreeable.
She had big, purple-blue eyes, hair of
the real Romaucgold, a complexion which
was undeniable a work of art, and a soft,
languid voice, whose syllables dropped
ti-om her lips like globules of silver.
"Life is such a vacuumi" said Miss Glush
"My experience exactly?" said the young
theological stucient, who was fast losing
"At least," cerrected .the beauty. "I
have always foundi it,so until now. But
your grand grasp of sub~jects, your reiad
ing of the book of existence has somehow
awakened me to a new gense of things? "
Mr, Rasnet grew red to thme very roots of
his hair,with a pleasurable tingling.
"I am but too proud," ho stammered, "If
I have succeedecd In unraveling any pro
"Ohii" cried Miss GIushington Gordon,
"have 1 said too much?' Pray, ipmy for
give mny impulsIveness! I an the creature
She put out a little, sparkling hand with
bewitching frankness to the apectacied atui
dent. Mr. Russet gave it .a'gentle presure,
nd forgot to drop it again.
That was the first dlay that lie omitted
to write to little Penelope .Joyce, at the red
farmhouse in Raspberry Vale.
"Hhe won't be so foolish as to expect a
letter every mail," ho said, a little tnn
At the end of six weeks he came home.
Pennie met hum at the railroad, with her
dimpled lika put up for a kiss.
"I may as well tell you, at once, Pen
ule--" lhe began.
But just then Deacon Oberne camne up,
withithiat-vise-hiko hand-grip of lia, and
tiere was no chance to say more until they
parted at the croesstoeds, by the mill.
"Perhaps It is just as well," saidi tihe
theological student,to himself. ' PIll write to
her that I haye changed kny muind' and en
gaged myself to . Antoineite ;Gushington
Goldon. 1 ought to have *wrjtten from
lBaratoga, but omie dreads to send ,euch, a
MU. Ru86et felt as if he had behaied
verylnuch like a scouiidtel, now that he
was -remove'd ftom the magnetic influence
of, the. heiress and her jewels. tiq
IBut ot course," he pleaded before the is
tribunal of his own conscience, "a man de
voted jto my professfon should select the o
@phere 16 wlbe he cAn do the most good. t
And with Antoinette's wealth and poeltion, ra
I am morally certain of rapid advance in th
thq world. 1 .
But, somehow, the letter would not get to
Itself written., To do a contemptible oa
tio,^, h6e thiing to. confess 'It boldly to e
one's tellow creatures, Is another.
Two or three days passed, and still Reu- tn
ben slinset could not bring himself to tell. or
Pennie Joyce about the Saratoga heiress, i
with the puvple-blue, eyes s1 d the low, te
silve1-syllabled voltej, . of
Pennie watched him, wistfully, no
"He Is changed," she admitted to- her- fo
qelf; "but of course I could hardly expect
him always to he just the same. Only- PC
And the tears came Into Pennie's eyes, a
she scarcely knew why, and she blamed til
herself for being "such a foolish little goose. ri
But one -sultry 1sismmer 'evening, Mr th
Russet did forde-hinself to write the letter
-a vague, mysterious sort of missive, con- tin
taining only one plain fact-that he was be
engaged to Miss Gushington Gordon. th
And. as lie wrote it, he felt more and be
more what a fatal mistake he had made Ia So
givigig up Pennie Joyce's true, womanly al<
heart for the artithcial smiles of the Sara- to
toga, elle. tu
- As he folded and sealed it, the land- tk
lady's little boy handed in the evening in
mail--two papers and a letter. rig
A letter from one Ernest Valdez. whose hit
acquaintance he had made at Saratoga- se
an idle, gobd-humored young fellow, with th
no harm in him, and a deal of latent It
Mr. Valdez wrote:
"We are progrssing much the same as tli
ever. We drink the waters, we criticise Di
the music, we watch for the incoming ro
trains. By the way, you surely haven't tal
forgotten that tall girl at your house, with ov
the curious pansy-colored eyes and the ov
ipagnificently-dyed heir? Miss Gushington W
Gordon, you know? 'Well she has turned Tr
out a humbug-an imposition-a stupen- TI
dous fraud. It seems she is only a lady's- tir
maid, the whole time, and she has been ab
skillfully masquerading in her mistress' ws
wardrobe, during the lady's absence at the Col
sick-bed of a dying relation. ho
"Mrs. Montague has come back; the
'daw in borrowed feathers' has been
stripped of her gay plumage, and Miss wa
Gushington Gordon, with her imitation coi
diamonds, and second hand airs and graces
has disappeared entirely from the arena. qu
"Some say she his been arresi ed; others an
declare that Mrs. Miontagde hae forgiven co
her, on condition of her retirement to her ke
native place, in an obscure English town. thi
At all events. she has vanished from the far
stage of action, and the places that knew of
ber once now know her no more." ha
Three or four closely-written pages of m<'
gossip and clever satire followed, but Reul cal
ben Russet never paused to glance at these In
He sprang from his chair with an excla- fee
nation of relitt. m<
"That Providencel" lie exclaimed, "that
I am no longer bound to false-hearted, col
hollow pretenderl Little Pennie is worth 1101
ten thousand of her."
lie tore up the letter of confession, and wa
went straight to spend the evening at the Pu
Joyce farmhouse, and innocent little Pen- lut
nie never knew how nearly that season at "
Saratoga had eost iir'her love'. - . on
As for Reuben Russet, lie is a wiser if
n014 sadder inai. And he wants no more sh<
lessons in human nature.
Early History of Minnesota. see
The name Minnesota is an Indian name, Ion
signifymng ."cloudy water." Minnesota is scl
the thirty-second State in the Union. The it
first European who set foot in Minnesota the
was 'Louis Hlennepin, who in 1080, In a Ini
company of .French fur-traders, ascended fom
the Mississippi to the Falls of St. Anthony, bhi
to which lie gave their name. In 1703 one
this region was ceded to Great Britain, de
and in 1766 was explored by Captain loc
Jonathan Carver, a native of Connecticut. we
In 1788 it was transferred .to the United thi<
States, as part of the North west Territory, of
In 1819 Fort Snelling was established. A fisI
few years ago, as my mother was going yel
from Minneapolis to Mankato, she met, apo
lady who was over 'seventy years old, who li
saidi her husband was 'one of the first sol
diers sent to the fort. She, with four
other ladies (wives of the soldiers), visited a
their husbands that summer (1819), and int
they were five weeks going from Prairie co
du Cien to the fort, on flat-boats. In fom
1828 the first steamboat visited Minnesota. en:
Between tise and 1830, a small colony of abi
Swiss settled at Mendota, near St. Paul.
In 1888 the Indian title to lands cast of
the Mississippi was extinguished. In 18483
a settlement was commenced at Stillwater;'
on March 8, 1849, Congress passed an act
organizing $he Territory' of Minnesota, its
Western boundary being the Missouri
river. At this time the population was ci
between 4,000 and 5,000, amci it was duly
organized on the 1st of Juno following,
In 1851, unmigrrqtion was. commenced in
earnest ; and so rapid was the increase of
population, that on February 26, 1859, go
Congress passed an enabling act for its
admission as a State. The provisions of
the act were complied with, a constitution
(under which the State is still governed)
was passed anid, submitted to the people, Fa
and members of Congress elected the
following October; and on May 11, 1858,
Minnesota was formally admitted into the
A Curious Faset.
Bands of music are forbidden to liay on tel
most of the large bridges of the world. A an
constant succession of sound waves, especi
ally such as come from the playing .of a
good band,wililexcite the wires to vibration. go4
At first the vibrations are very slight,' but I 5
they will increase as the sound waves con
tinue to conic. The principal reason why
bands ate not allowed to play while cross- s(31
ing certain bridges, the suspension brldte'
at Niagara, for instance, is~that if followed
by processions of any kind they will keep gol
~top withn the inu8.ic, az)d'this aegular step art
would cause the wires to vibrate.. At the'
suspension bridge military companies are
ndt allowed to to march across in regular tin
step, but break ranuks. The regular trotting
gart of a large dog across A suspenusion
b lridge is more dangerous to a bricgge than th<~
a heavily loaded wagon drawn by a -team aw
of large horses, (Gli
Four Men Againt One Fish.
Among the many and versatile attrae
ins of the Maine cdast, swordfish catch
Slie the most conspicuous. The business
a large one, and many schooners and
ops beat up and down the coast in search
the monsters. The vessels differ from
e ordinary ones in that on the bowsprit a
ak is built called the pulpit, and in this
e barpooner leans as he throws his
lapon, a long, ironbarbed lance, attached
which is a rope 200 feet long, the other
d being tied to a barrel or keg, which Is
rown over for the fish to tow until ho is
ed out. Then the fishermen haul him
board. This is the old style of sword
hing. For three weeks, a party of four
)n rusticated at Biddeford Pool, and en
'tained the visitors with marvelous feats
strength and agility. One day, a sword
herman appeared at the pool, and he was
rwith hired by the party, with the special
oviso that they should do all the har
oning. They set sail. Lots were drawn,
decidewho should be the first harpooner
d the luck fell upon Charles Mettam,
3 tallest of the party. A plank was
,ged along the deck, and on the way to
D grounds the new harpooner practiced
a piece of a gaff-topsail boom, and every
se he struck the bull's-eye.- They had
en out about an hour, when the man in
3 foretop yelled out, "Fish on the port
" and sure enough to the windward,
nething like a knife was seen cutting t
mng through the water. Mettain rushed
the bow, where he slipped, but for
sately fell astride the jibstay. This lit
isimtake was rectified, and the harpooner C
position, and In a moment the fish was
ht ahead. "Wait till you are right over
n," whispered the Captain. The
looner* shot ahead, and in a moment more
I iron shot into the back of the monster.
was a dead shot. The monster rose at
At five feet from the water, and shot
ay n a cloud of foam. "Look out for
" linel" yelled the Captain. Messrs.
iffy and Lyman were mixed up in the
Xe-.-the fornr losing the leg of his pan
oons and the latter being almost hauled
erboard by the rope that was running c
er the side like lightning. "Get out the
at," and over the dory went, manned by
eifdwell, Duffy, Lyman and Mettani.
Ley scorned the idea of letting the fish
3 out by .owing the keg, and took it
5ard the dory, her bow half under the
ter was rushing along, heded' for the r
tat of Spain, at rbout forty miles an
"Get to the windward," roared Duffy. d
"Where is it?" responded Mettam, who
a half drowned by the water that was
ning in. b
It was necessary to get somewhere right
ick, and finally they all got on the stern
I tried to ball out; and here it was dis- 11
rered that Knox's hats leak. The fish
ft the race up for an hour, going right f
ough everything, leaving the schooner
behind. But at length he showed signs
giving out, and an attempt was made to
il in the line. This started the sea- V
nster again, and after a short heat he
med down. The line was gotten vell
hand, and at last they got within twenty t*
t of the fish and he was seen to be a k
"Hold on," says Lyman, "don't let him
ne any nearer," as the big fish gave i
'Pull him in," yelled Treadwell. who h
8 in the stern; but the fish had all ihe
Ling on his side, and gave an angry Ni
ige, and under went the gunwale and the c
ter came pouring in. Off went the fish h
se more. .
'Cut the rope," shouted Duffy, as he
iok the water out of his watch.
lut they hung ono for an hour, the
ord-fish fooling around the boat, occa
nially making a slash at the bottom. it a
ied about a month before that schooner a
ight up with them, and it was a hard
king crowd that climbed aboard the
tooner andl threw the keg overboard, and
s not yet dIeided wvhether they caught,
fish, or the fish caught them.
summing up the dlamages it was
nd that Mr. Mettam had suffered a
ck eye through the agency of some
,'s elbow mn the scufile. Mr. Duffy was
ned out in a pair of one legged panta
ne, wvhile Messrs. Lyman and Treadl
LI had swallowed water enough to last
mn over forty days.' However, the hands
tihe vessel here took a hand, and the a
was hoisted on boardi and found to be
y large. It weighed eight, hundred r
muds, and the saw was over five feet
"Weii I.au Glad."
l'he man who has returnedl from a trIp r
a the country, for a couple of weeks, i
nies back to the city fully realizing that i
a week or so he will be complelledh to ~
lure a sort of squeezing process worked lF
)ut as follows:
"Ah! ha! been alway, I hear?" (
"I lave a goodi time?"
'Family go along?"'
'Ahi! that's too bad, IlInd a good tiume, o
'Pick iup any lesh?''"
'Did, oh? Then you must have had a c
xl time. Catch any fish?" 1
"No." - ti
'hlave any bites?" f
"Then you must have had a good time.
mily return at the same time?" f
'Ahl So you didn't caitch any fish?" a
'Feel lixe going to work again, I sup- a
'Then you must have had a good time, 1 tI
I you it helps a mian to jump out now a
I then. Go hunting any?" .
"Did eh? Then you must have had a v
i timse. Plenaty of flies and mosquitoes b
Al! Well, how dad you enjoy your- d
'Oh, pretty well." . ui
'Did, oh? Then you must have had 'a hi
>d time take It all around and you o
glad you went?" j
'Well, that's good.' No you had a good 1i
'Well, I'm glad. Good-bye. 1 always g
uight you'd have a good time if you got si
ay. Ill be in to see you some dnay. nm
Ld you had a good time.' 1)
The Fatal Black Bean.
George Jones, father of the late Coun1
loannes, was an English chemist, who,
ibout the year 1818 emigrated with hhi
Nife and three children, of whom Ueorgo
was the oldest, to this country. His brothei
was but 4 years old, he only 0, and tis sis.
or a baby in her mother's aris. The ves,
el was an old sailing ship, fitted out afte
he ordinary nethod of emigrant vessels I1
hose days, was a bad sea boat, and, meet,
ng with terrible storms In the Atlantic we*
iriven out of her course, and with diticul.
y kept above water. When at last the
veather moderated it was found that the
orovisions, of which there had been an in
uflicientquantity at the start, were running
hort. Everybody was put on short allow,
ace, but when at last, the ship was on her
rect course for Boston, whither she was
iound, a further reduction had to be made.
rhis was soon again reduced, and at last
here was no food left on board, and star.
'ation stared the crew and passengers in
he face. Driven desperate by hunger, the
rew putinied, and the Captain could only
ecall them to their duty by agreeing that
eans should be drawn fron a box, and the
ne upon whom the black bean fell should
le killed for food for the others. Officers,
rew and passengers, women and children,
verybody on board, were included in this
orrible lottery, and with heavy hearts the
antished emigrants came on deck to par
Icipate. The beans were all wrapped in
lieces of paper, and It was agreed that
one of them should be opened until noon
n the (lay of the drawing, so that, if
uring the two hours that intervened, a
hip or land were sighted, the doom of the
rawer of the fatal black bean might be
verted at the eleventh hour. The Captain
ras the first man to put his (and into the
eati box. lie drew It out, and unable to
taster his anxiety to know his fate at once,
e tore off the covering, and discovered a
Fhite bean. lie was saved, and as the of
cers, one by one, drew beans from the
ox, tLiy followed the Captain's example,
ulled off the paper, and showed white
cans. Tile Prst man among the crew who
amue down from the masthead, secured a
rite bean, and resumed his lofty post.
Iter the crew had all drawn, the black
ean still remained in the tiox, and it
3emed clear that the victim was to be
)und among the passengers. They drew
y families, and comparatively few beans
3mained in the box when Mr. Jones with
is wife and children, advanced to take
leir chances. The father and mother
row white beans, and then the little boy,
leorge, was led to the box. lie scarcely
amipreliended the full nature of the terri
le ordeal he was undergoing, but le
lunged his little hand in and drew out a
can. His father hastily snatched it front
iil, and was about*ro tear off the paper
rhen the shout of "Land ashorel" came
*om the masthead. Amid the tears, laugh.
,r and feeble cheers of those on board,
Ir. Jones cast the bean into the sea, and
,ie future Count never knew whether it
ras a white or black one. But the Jones
uilly were not destined to escape un
)athed from the lardships of that disas
ous voyage. Before the land that the
een eyes of the sailor at the masthead had
iscerned far away was much nearer, the
ttle eirl had died in her motlher's arms, of
arvation. Soon afterward, the youngest
)n, Richard, showed signs of failing Intel
!ct, and before the passengers landed, he
as violently insane. He recovered in
>me measure after a few months, but the
ount used to say that up to the time of
Is death, lie was subject more or less to
iental depression and mild lunacy, the re
ilts of his sufferings during those elghty
ve days. As for the eldest son, George,
ho lived to be the Count Joannes, lie was
uite blind when he went ashore at Boston,
id six weeks elapsed before lie regained
A Ilay's Fishing and What we aught.
"What can we do to-day, uncle ?"
I turned at tile question and found my
If facing two good-looking young fel
ws, agedl about, eighteen and nineteen,
'li hlad arrived the night, before at my
rmn, In Vinehmnd, New Jersey, to spend a
"Do!" I exclaimed, as I called their
Ltention to the exquisite tinting of clouds
Ithle eastern horizon, preparatory to the
sing of the King of D~ay, on this most per.
,ct, miorning In early .July. "What say
ou to a run cover to Blarniegat and a day's
"Excellent!l" Capital!I" camne the
lady responses; and the two students,
esh from college, tossed their caps in tile
ir in delighted anticip~at ion of the sport.
hearty breakfast, well-packed basket of
revisions [or the (lay, and we were off
>r the rallroadl station, some half a mile
Istant, just in time for tihe (down train to
A short, impatient. journey by rail
rought us to our (dstination, where we
rere not slow to (discover an 01(1 skIpper
rithi lis tiiny yacht, wvho accomnmodated
ur p~arty, and with all necessary acces
>rles en board, we were soon1 afloat on tile
osom of the broad Atlantic. We had
retty good luck for a few hlours, but the
Imief fascination wias the great variety of the
itch and the curiousness of some of the
vmg specimens (If tinny tribe drawn from
ieir native element, which gaye occasion
>r all the placatorial knowledge possessed
y my young companions.
lBut the sport begani to grow monotonous
romn hauling In a long succession of porgies,
lueish, flounders and weak fish, and was
nly relieved when one of the boys landed
douible catch. is 10oud exclamation of
stonishiment called the attention of our
Iptain to the line, but that old fisherman's
uzzled sir was equal to our own. One of
io fish thus landed on the deck was oiily
n ordinary blue fish, but the other con
sted, as nearly as we could see, of an
normous cavern of a mouth, set all round
'ith rows of terrible fangs, the rest of the
ody being dlispropor'tioniately small and
perig ab~ruptly to a large wide tail: In
let the whole fish except the mioulth, was
Isgusttingly ugly, simy and mud-coiored,
it all over with hardpointed knobs or
>ines, In various stages of development;
Ia eyes were vertically elongated, looking
it alnmost at the top of lis head or upper
w, and a pair of fan-like fimns, fastened to
rg~e projections from the body, that looked
ke stumpy arms. lie had caught the blue
sh In his terrible mouth, and got into
Iiflculty with tile extra hook, and as we
ized lie rolled his wicked-looking eyes In
ieming agony. Suddenly our .captain re
emberred hearing of this speceds of II!ph
'lag cauth in the o~l country, anrd there
called the wide-gab. Forthwith he enter
taned is with a story he ha4 heard of one
of the kind being taken with over fifty
young herring in its stomach. B3ut here
-one of otr amateur diseples of old Isaac
Walton, after puzzling his not dull brain
for some moments, recognized it fully,
from descriptions he had read, as the great
Angler of Lophius.
W. then made a close and careful exa
mination for comparlson with lchthyola
gical treatises; and found dangling from all
i its sides a sort of fringe of fleshy matter,
the object of which (except to add to the
hideousness of the most deformed creature)
we could not possibly conjecture. Sprout
ing out of the top of the head were. three
long filaments, like minature flag-ptaffs,the
foremost of which bore a thin streamer of
flesh'(looking like pole, rod and line ready
balted) The monster Is said to be a very
slow swimmer, and would not be able to
get a mouthful to eat, even with its enor
mous mouth, if it had to outsWim its prey
before catching it; but its method Is differ
ent. Burying itself in the mud or sand at
the bottom of the - water, it gently moves
the long filament which serves as a fishing
rod,and with the tempting- looking streamer
which answers as a bait, quietly angles for
its dinner. Some unwary fish, attracted
by the delicate-looking morsel moving
about, is enticed withn reach, when by a
noiseless movement of its side arms or fins,
the Lophius engulfs its prey in its huge
mouth, as a mran would use a hand net.
"This," exclaimed my nephew, "is cer
tainly the angler of the naturalists' des.
crilition; it answers exactly. In fact," he
continued, "the whole fish is a mass of
gristle and ituscles, and Is all organized
with reference to,and for the sake solely
of, the terrible nouth. So that this 1Ish
would furnish the best type of greedIness
and rapacity, in the whole book of Nature.
The upper jaw is capable of some degree
of protrusion, and in opening the moutlh
the lower jaw is thrust forward insted of
being lowered,and at the base of the upper
jaw a sidelong motion is put In operation
by which it appears possible that the Ang
ler might be able to swallow a prey almost
equal to its bulk, to which also the wide
gullet can afford a passage, and the stomach
a welcome; while the skin of the body is
so bose as to allow any degree ot disten
sion without inconvenience, and the sides
contain no ribs that could offer any resis
Our specimen was just three feet long,
and its breath across the widest expansion
of the fine twenty-three inches; bat our
captain persisted the specimens of the same
tribe taken in European waters sometumes
measures between five and six feet long.
After this wonderful catch, the ordinary
dwellers of the briny deep seemed too
ordinary to further intenest us, so, draw
ing our lines, we bade the captain hoist
sail, and for a couple of hours were borne
along by a delightful fresh wind. our
empty basket and the state of the water in
the ice cooler, gave evidence that the inner
man had been amiply satisfied. Tired and
happy, heavily laden with large strings of
fish, the result of our sport, we erossed the
weather beaten hand of our skipper with
the "siller bright,!' and, after a pleasant
little car ride, reached the farm just as the
shades of evening made the early suunner
twilight most enJoyable, bearing with all
the pride of the hero the singular captive,
which had furmshed us with such 'a plea
sant, proof of the "works of the Lord, und
his wonders in the mighty deep."'
lie Was Going to ienver.
There is another fool who talks loud in
the cars, and by the same weknow that the
only time lie ever left home was when he
went on a cheap excursion to Philadelphia
and carried a lunch in his pocket, lie has
the silver-fever, and is going to Denver.
This fact lie announces as soon as the car
starts by biddhtg good-bye to his friends,
aiid telling themu in a voice like a hotel
gong to write him all the news, and re
miember lia p~ost-oflice will, be D~enver,
Colorado. Hie goes at once to the newsboy,
and while buying a five-cent cigar informs
himn that he presumes he can't get as good
cigars in Decnver as he can get here. Theli
newsboy at once makes an estimate of his
foolishness and says: "Going to D~envcr,
are you?". "Oh, yes," is the responiso, as
if it were an evervday occurrence for him
to go them 4. And the nedsboy marks himi
for a victim and plies him with pasmp~hlets
and1( candies, applles and oranges, and reck.
oneth up his profits that night at 10 per
cent, advance over prevIous days. lie who
Is going to Denver returneth to lis scat
and informs the man in his rear that "plies
of fortunes are to be made in Colorado."
"Goig there?" asks the passenger, not for
informatIon, for that has bceen given, but to
test the young man's foolishness. "Oh,
yes,' lie says. lHe leaned forward to thme man
in the fr-'nt seat and says, "hlow far are
you going?" "Pittsburgh. Ilow far are
you?" "I'm going tolDenver." "You are."
"Oh, yes." Th'Ie conductor comes along
and takes his tIcket. "D~o I get a train
throgh o Dnve assoon as I chiange?'"
"Ys Gig oDne! "Ohi,yes." And
the conductor winkethm andi the paisengers
smile at, his conceit. Bunt the time of re
joieing (omeoth when the passenger in the
f'ront seat gets off and his place is taken b~y
a main who Is not at all curious. To himn
sayetii the young man for Denver: "Pleas
ant weather," "Yes.,, "Probably it is
cooler in D~enver?" '-Probably." "il find
out In a few days." Nio answer. The young
man feels ais if lisa importance wasn't re
cognized andl makes another attempt: "I
s'pose there is a pretty good chance to make
a fortune in Colorado? '"I dlon't know."
"Well, I'm goIng there to find out."
Another silence, during which the passen..
gers look out ot the front window and
smile. Tlhme young man draws a long breath
and starts in again: ''Not many fellows
who'd go so far from home andl depend on
thieimseves for a living." Then silence be
comes oppressive, but the young mn Is
p~ersevering. lie leans over, taps thme man
cn the shoulder, and says: "You'd better
go along to Denver with me." Thea the
passenger wakes up and lie says: "Thun-..
(der young muan; P've lived in Denver ten
years!" And the passengers weep not:
neither (10 they wall, but verily they feel
that, theIr (lays are full of fun andl pleasure.
AU rn uscular power, w hether of man
or of other auiiials, may bus traced to
the same source. Animals get theIr
food eithier from plants. or irom other'
animals that have fed upon) plants; and
the plants owe their, exisence to the
sun. Thie anaumsd ia a mamehiue, like
the Steam-engine; the food whleh It
oats is the fuel that keestenahn
in a ertinn. ..cp h jcin
Capture of Andre.
The snallest.schoolboy knows that Bene.
dict Arnold had made terms with Andre to
strrender West Point to the British, and
bad prepared despatches for the British
commander in New York giving detailed
information of the condition of affairs In
the department that the traitor command
ed. it was while returning to New York,
as a private citizen on horseback that Andre
was captured and the despatches found.
The spy was eventually exectuted. A re
porter having made inquiries a short
time since among the old residents of
the county has gleamed some inforia
tion of an interesting character which
had been handed down from their ances
tors. FrorM Caleb Van Tassel of King's
Bridge; Henry Romer of Pleasantville,
and Alexand Van Wart of Tarrytown, the
following history of the capture was ob
tained: On the eventful day, Paulding,
Williams, Van Wart, James Romer, John
Yerks and Stephen Van Tassel were sent
to guard the roads against cattle thieves.
Paulding had been a prisoner for sevend
iontlis in the British caa) and had es
caped four days previously and was attired
principally in British uniform, the rest be
ing dressed in ordinary rural style. Pauld
Ing and his two compainions stationed them
solves on tho Albay foad and the other
three took charge of the W.hite Plains road,
which branched off the Albany road half a
mile northward and led eastward, each
party being stationed about half a mile
from the forks of the two roads, and being
in a straight line over half a mile apart.
About ten o'clock in the 'norning, while
Paulding and his companions were sitting
on a rock, playing a game of cards known
as "seven up," they saw Major Andre
coming down the road. He stopped at the
brook to water his horse, and Paulding's
party approached him. Paulding, who
was the spokesman, said; "Good morning,
stranger. Which way are you going?"
He thought lie h1 ad found'a cattle thIef,
but when the man spoke like a gentleman
and said he was going to White Plains 'on
important business for Oetieral Arnold,"
Paulding's opinion was changed, and he
quickly replied that lie guessed he had
niissed his road. The mian n seemed to be a
little confused, and Paulding sali, "Which
patty (to you belong to?"
"To your party,' said the ian.
"llow do you know which party I be
long to?" said Paulding.
"I can tell by your dress," said the
"I suppose, then, you belong to the lower
party?" said Pauldng.
"'Yes," s11(1 the man.
"Then we must detain you," replied
"I cannot be detained," was the answer.
"My business is urgent."
"What business have you with the lower I
"Oh, I belong to the other party," the 1
man said, and exhibited a pass signed "B. 1
Arnold," requesting the safe passageof I
"John Anderson on important business."
Paulding and his party held a brief con.
sultation on tile propriety of detaining hii
and were in doubt. Andre, seeing this,
started his horse forward and had gone
about three rods when Paulding coiiand
ed him to halt. The mian stopped and 1
beggel to he allowed to proceed, but
Paulding said that as he was going toward I
the lines of the lower party lie should take
himi in custody. The atin then offered
Paulding's party hi8gold watch, which was
a curiosity to the ruralisis, to let him go.
They refused the bribe. Then he oftered t
to secure for Ieian any amount. of nmney
they might nme if they would conceal L
him and conunicate with such parties as c
he directed and then liberate him upon re- i
(,i)t of the ransom. This they declined I
and ordered hin to dismount. Upoin 3
searching hh1n they found nothing and were C
sonmewhiat, in dioubt, abouat their right to in
terfere, wheni Pauldong cointanded him to
take off his boots. Th'ie man thn turned i
patle. In his stockings were found the a
desp~at ches froini Arnol. "'My God," said( i
P'auldiing, "hIe is a spy!" On making this t
discovery they startedl for North Castle, s
near White Plains. They wet to the
forks of the road and~ turning into the
Wite Plains road with their prlsoner they
miet the Romer party, to whomi they imi
p~arted the informnat,ion alreadly given. It a
was agreedl between the six meon that Andre
should be dlelivered to Colontel Jaimeson, at
North CasLe. It was thten about noon and
they stopped1 for dinner et the Landrinte
place, antd Andre was placed in a room un
der guard, and the room in thaut htouse,
which is sti standing, is called "thme A ndre
room.L" To Colonel Jaineson's camtp the1
prisoner and the evidence against hiim were
delivered. Ills watch, horse and p~ersonal
prioperty were all sold and their value di
vidtd among the six men'i. Boon after An
dre's arrival- he wrote a letter to Arnold,
andl Colonel Jamiesonsemt a miesenger with
at to the traitor, to Whom at was delivered,
the 0o(1 tradlitions say, while he wvas eating
uinner with General Washington, near
Tlarrytown. Upon reading it,, Arnold
hastily left thme table, saying lie had ima- y
portant business "to attendl to over the
river," ando (departed. Taking a small1 boat r
be~ow Tarrytown andl rowing to tihe Baitish ~
iloop of war Vulture, he was never seen
again in the Americani lines. TIheo trial
and execution of Andre are well-knownr
The JOarty Utising Delusion3.
For farmers and those who live In local- y
Lies where people can retire at eight or nine ni
feclock in the evening, the 01(d notion about c
early rising is still appropriate. But lie g
who is kept up untIl ten or eleven or
twelve o'clock anid then rises at, ive or aix, a
becautse of the teachings of somec old dittyg
about "'early to rise,'' us commiiittlig a sini I
against, his own soul. Trhere is not one g
moan in ten thousand who can afford to do I1
without seven or eight hours' sleep. All t
the stuff written about great men who d
slept only three or four hours a nIght, is 5
apocryphal. They hiavo been p~ut upon
such small allowances occasionally and a
prospered; but no man over yet keptheal- ti
thy In body andi mind for a number of c
years with less than seven hours' sleep. If a
you can get to bed early, then rIse early; p
if you cannot got to bed till late, then rise ~
late. It may be as proper for one man tot
rise at -eight,. as it ia for another to e
rise at five. . Let the rousing bell he rung
by at least thirty minutes before your pub- r
lie appearance. Phys )ans say that a e
sudden jumli out of b'd giyecs irregular 11
ototohepulses. It takes hOurs to I
get over a too sudden rising. - .
The household tas keeps a baby cau e
nalford to sell its alarms clock very chean. a
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
How mad it Is to hope for content
ment to our infinite soul, from the
gifts of this extremely influite world.
People who' can not hearnily love and
hate will never command the first or
know the clearing infiuende of the
When a man dies, people inquire
what property lie ht.s left behind tiina.
Angels will ask what good deeds lie has
sent before him.
Without a bel of in personal immor
tality, religion surely ia like an arch
resting on one pillar, I ke a bridge
ending in an abyss.
He who would amass virtues, leaving
out the guardian virtue humility, i8
like a man who leaves a preclons dust
exposed to the wipid
Believe, and if thy falih be right,
that insight which gradually trans.
mutes faith Iuth knowledge will be the
reward of thy belier.
Nothing does so fool a man as extremne
p sloi. This doth niake them tools
a. 'oh otherwige - are rot, and show
thean to be fools that are not.
Tempo.'al afflictions hide those eter
nal ble-sings to which they lead, as
tenporal eijoyments oftet) .over those
sternal evils which they procure.
You meet In this world with false
inirth as often as false gravity; the
grinning hypocrite is not a more un
oninon character than the groaning
If thou art a vessel of go.ld and thy
bkrother one of-wood,be not high minded.
It is God that maketh thee to differ, and
;he more bounty lie shows the more
umility le re'quires.
The Wate fMilts on all creatures; .on
aerb, bush and tree; and each drtiws
ap to its own leaf and blossom aedor.
ling to Its special kiled, , S falls -tle
.Dii (lie aw on the mapy-hearted
A, r! d.
- -aproff red succor from heaven
Poes past us, because we are not stand
ng onl our watch-tower to catch the
.ar oil indications of its appruach, an1d
o fling open the gates of our heart for
As boys should be educated with
mnpgrance, so the first greatest lesson
hat should be taught them is frugality.
[t is by the exercise of this virtue alone
hat they can ever expect to be useful
nembers of society.
Life's lessons are cut and carved on
hibgs nannimate-seen in the leaf, and
lower, painted on the landscape, chan
ed in the inurmuring brook, heard in
he viewless wind, revealed in a passing
loud or ilitti ibdow.
We are led ie belief of a future
tate, not 'only by the wQaknesses, by
he hopes and fears of human nature,
mt by the noblest and best pr'neiples
vhich belong to It, by the love of vir
nu, and by the abhorrence of vice and
Whether perfect liminess would be
>rocured by perfect good ness this world
vill never allord an opportunity of'
lec'ding. But uhis, at least, mkay be
naDitaned, that we do not hlways find
rialble happliness in proportioi to vis
Religion Is the highest m1.oral author
Ly in human roulety. j see in religion
ot the mystery of the icarnation, but
lie mystery of secial order. It con
ects with heaven an idea of equality
vhich prevents the massacre of the
ich by tihe poor.
E'very one is forwiard to complain of
Ie prejuidices that nislead other men
r purt (is, as if lie were tree and had
one of his own. What is the cure?
4, oiher than this, that every mai
holild let alone others' prejnidices and
xamiie ll.; own.
Tihcre is ini man's nature a secret int
lination andl motion toward love of'
'there, which if it be not sp.'nt upon
(1me1 One or few, doth naturally spreadl
tselIf towvard miany, and maketh men
ecome humiane andi charitable, as Is
ccen soaietames in friars.
T1o hear complaints is wearisome
like to the wretched and happy,-for
hio wvould cloud by adventitious grIef'
lie short gleams of gayety whieh life
Ilows us? Or who that is sti'ugglinig
nider lis own evils will add to them
lhe miseries of another?
Trhose who have already all that they
an er J.)y must enlarge thelrte-ires,
le that built for use, till use is supplied
lust begIn to build for vanity, and ex
unid lis plaza to the utmnost power of
lumnan performances, that hie may not
oon be induced to form another wIsh.
'Tle art of spreading rumob s, ay be
omnpared to the art of pin-mak'ing.
'oere is usually some truth whiona I
11 the wire; as this passes from hand
e han I. one gives it a polish, another
poinat, ohiers make and put ona the
ead, and at last the pin is comipleted.
Avaurice is a u ,iform and tractable
lee. Other intellectual distetapers are
ifferent in udainrent constituations 9(
.atd; that whien soothes the pride of
ne wvili effend the prida of another;
ut to the favor of the covetous' there
a ready way---bring money and
othing is denied.
He that lias munch to do will do some
trong, and of that wrong mnst suffer
lie coiasequcecs; and if it were pea
ible that ne should alwaysa act rightly,
et when, such numbers are to judtge of
is conduct, the bad will censuare and
batruct him by malevolence and the
ood sometimes by mist ikes.
A star Is beautiful; it afforda pleai.
ye, not from what it is to do, or to
lve, but simply by beIng what it is,,
t benefits the heaveans; it, has con-,
ruity with the mighty space in which
d wells, 1t has repose; nbt force dia
tarbs its eternal space. It has free.
om; no obstruction lies between it
A man may smoke, or d. ink, or take -
nufi, till he is unable to pass away his
Ime without it, not to mention how
ur delight in any particular study,.
rt, or science, rises and improves in ,
roportion to the aplIcation -which we
estow upon it. ihus, what was . 4t
ret an exercise, becomes at lelgth ani
hociety ts like a lawn, where everya
oughnese l sm9Dtth~edvepyy .bramjbles
radicatted, aind where the eye is de
Ig yAosmilgng verdgre of~aivol
et'ate. He however, who woulbA
~tud aie' t *ildne a(1 yar..
yuspuneinit the foest, uast
xp~lore the glen, m.est sta timei totrent'
nad dare the precipice.