Newspaper Page Text
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION 6, 1880. VOL. IV.-1-0. 129.
- FADEB THE DAYLIGHT.
0as the daylight and the shadows
81o1ly gather on the lawn ;
Now the night falls on the meadows,
And the light qf day le gone.
In the dekneod which enfolds ne
Tender memories come one more- alh
How 0eh thought enohains and hold4 me, alu
Of the dear ones gone before. m
- Not in pain and not in sorrow
Think I of tb loved ones pone; lal
Every night has still a morrow,
. arknees but precedos the dawn.
Were it not for heart-ties riven
For the friends that come no more,
Thor9 wQu e. no h9pe of heaven c
In theb gtforovermore. all
So while shadows darken o'er me, fo
Wt I a the close of day ;
Loved, lost features are beforo me, a
Faces which 4ave pased away ru
Voices which made hapopy laughter Z()
Come again in ton6s of love, hi
Sweetly echoes follow after
Twilight angels bond above.
It Is daylight whiah Is fading,
Light of day which now must flee, O
It is butithe happy shading li
Of a brighter day to be. o
So when twilight dreams have found me,
Twilight voices fill 'the air, ba
Loved, lost beings gather round me, th
And their forms are passing fair. it'
Magnolia Vane was a dark-haired, tropi- P(
cal-eyed young beauty, who had come up
from an orange farm In Florida to spend a en
season in New York with her Qunt.
"You see, Aunt Pen, I don't know any- ga
thing ,at all," frankly acknowledged Miss hlo
Vane, "about people, and manners, and
customs, you know. Of course I've had a ii
governess and learned whole.pages of an- ,arl
clent history, and exercise bboks, and all
that sort of thing, but there isn't any soct ac
ety at -Orange Glade, and I'm a perfect
Apparently, however, beautiful young P
barbarians In white silk and pearls suited by
the New Yorkers, for Miss Magnolia Vane ro
became the fashion at once. an
"Don't flirt, my dear,"-said Aunt Pen
field, gravely. "You must remember that ml
you are an eniraged young lady." till
1.. a1iring?" ,#aid. M[agnolit, lif t na hh
the black.Volvet,eyeQbrows-.that were arched .
so perfectly. "Dear Aunt, you must' tell CO
me these thngs, for I know so little about
society and its manners.?
And Magnolia took refuge behind her
ignorance with the most charming confi
dence it the, world. ha
Major. Brabaon, the fiance of this be
witching "belle sauvage," took matters sti
very coolly. 'The match lied been made
up between his mother, a handsome old sal
despot In point lace, diamonds, and a HE
Roman nose, and Magnolia's father, a mi
domineering Southerner, who believed that thi
marriage In: Floridian families, like royal
alliances, should be arranged while the thi
parties were yet In their cradles. a 1
"Youifg people, imy dear madame," said
he, sentodiously, to Mrs. Brabazon, "hive an'
no experience of their own. It is only At
right that we should give them the benefit wC
of ours." hii
go, when Major Brabazon came to
Orange Glade, Magnolia looked out at him BpI
from beneath her dark, drooping lashes,
thinking how handsime lie was, and secre't- pa
ly wondering what lie thought of her. She it
supposcd, of course, she must be In love o0
*with him-people always were in love with
the mnen they married, weren't they? And ha
when she heard that lie had-obtained leave yei
of absence from his regiment, and was to
spend the .glutei also In Now York, she on
was rather gratiflrd than otherwise. Cli
. "Of - course he'll take me to the opera
and all that sort of thing,' said she.
.Biut Major Brabazon did not trouble him
self especially to make the winter agreeable 5e1
to the young lady from Orange Glade. G
"These early -engagements are a con- G
founded nuisance,'? said the Major. "Mhas cit
Vane is a pretty little girl onough-but. how
do F knowr that I may not; see seime one W
whom 1 may like better? And if I once
begin systematically to devote myself to he
her shrine, she'll oxpect too much of me. w
I nl'ay see flith bi'eak off theo 6ngagamient
While in her turn, M~agnolla was solemn
ly consdefing: the-situatio, It
"Aunt Pod, said sheo, "when my uncoloe
was engagedto gou, how did lie behave"
"le was devoted to me,".said Aunt Pen tat
-witly a, littje nattiral,pride.
"p' eever jake you~ Out?" questioned ~m
"And haunt you -lke a shadow at befils, by
Of"U couti ha did." u
Magnolia shook her head. "That Isn't J
like Miles Brabazoni at all." said she, lb
"I think," very slowly, "lhe takes too
much for granted.";
- "MIy dearl" renionstratedl Mrs. Ponfiekt. lt
"Hie has never once alluded to ...ur ein- bot
gagement since I have been ini town," said
Mlagnoliff,' bitingt her lip.,.. .r'ias lty he
rather atvoids me than otherwis.M. Do you
kuow, aunit, I' thmik ho's tiroft fo nie"l ser
"Nonsense, my'loveP'" stO
making up his mind whether he would cut
*ma'rryv Mieb Vane ar'not, thbke'Was another Ar,
- yhig ge~ebthkniengaged in the same so- oitl
cmal problem-Wayne Clifford, a handainc su
young artgit~h o l) la professi togIe
pmend on.' herj
*-"L~tle .girl." sali l#ncle Peileld, tmh
pattig )legnolia's cheek ene dlay, ;as thmey
came haome together fys a. morn ng con co
0ert, 'take at!q.- ** *
- "MTake~oareof.,what, Upolo Pen?' inno- oe
.cedifly deianded Magnolia,. tra
In order to travel with speed and con.
fort, each horseman requires a couple of
ponies, which are saddled and ridden
alternately, while the loose horses and
those carrying the baggage are driven for
ward in a little herd, with shouts and
cracking of whips. Spurs are unknown,
and an Icelandic whip is certainly a most
humane Invention, with a thin leather
strap for a thong, and devoid altogether of
a lash; the ponies despise it utterly, and
although it makes a noise, it evidently does
not hurt. Accustomed from his birth to
find his way over his wild niountain pas
tures, the Iceland pony is so clever and
sure-footed as to give his rider a sense of
security,even In the most awkward places,
and If left to himself lie will never make
a mistake. He Is as cautious as an ele
phant, snuffing at every suspicious place,
and testing it with his fore- foot; if dis
satisfied, nothing will induce him to pro
ceed, and lie turns aside to search for a
safer way, being particularly on his guard
when crossing water upon a bridge of snow,
or when In the neighborhood of boiling
springs. Even where the ground was
roughest I have not hesitated to throw the
bridle on the pony's neck and open a knife
in order to scrape certain cartridges too
large for the rifle which I carried under my
arm. The gallant little beast pics his way
rapidly over all obtacles, like the sturdy
Stulka, who can knit and stare at the pass -
ing stranger, while she strides along over
"Hraun,' as if she were on a shaven lawn.
Boggy ground Is to a horseman always a
very troublesome obstacle; .but so remarka
bly dry was the country in June, 1878,
that bogs could be avoided, and we wore a
good deal annoyed by dust and drifting
sand. The jlonies got nothing to eat, ex
cept the scanty herbage by the wayside,
and were much disposed to linger whores
ever they could find a few blades of grass.
To any such temptation the poor anima
were, however, not often exposed,and they
jogged along with great perseverance,
making lip for little food with niuch drink
at the numerous streatns which they had to
f9rd. Iceland ponies are generally of a
light color, dun, pale chestnut, white or
piebald; under a rough exterior they hide
many good qualities, and are as well
adapted for -the peculiar country which
they Inhabit as is the noblest thorouirh-bred
of Arabia. A vicious animal is almost un
known, and a dealer In ponies, who has
passed more of them through his han ds
than anybody else in the business assured
me that he has not encountered more than
one. The endurance of the little nags is
astonishing; they will keep up a steady jog
for hours together and will travel on through
the long summer days of Northern latitudes
with no other' sustenance than may be
picked up during an hour's midday halt.
* "I Guess I'll go Atoot."
Half an hour before the departure of a lako
steamer from her wharf at Detroit the cap
tain was approached by a stranger who had
been inspecting thejg gm.the dock for
the last ten minutss, rntroducing himself
as a would be passenger, he asked:
"CaptaIn, Is this boat provided with life
"Are thiey all right?"
"Can your crew launch a life boat?"
"Is our life raft all right?"
"Is the fire hose all ready for Instant ser
"Will your engineer stand to his post
in case of disaster?
"Do you call yourself a cool and collec
ted man in the presence ot danger('
"Do you know exactly what you wvould
(d0 in case of a terrible gale or fire?"
"Can the mate be dlepenided on to second
all your efforts?"
"And will your crew stand by and obey
".Are your green and red lights all
"M~achinery in perfect order?"
"Gomig to overload the boat?"
"Expect to do any racing?"
"Is she fixed to blow off at forty-six
"Donkey engine working all right?"
The stranger heaved a deep sigh and
was walking away when the captain asked
if hIs baggage was.aboard.
"No, and I guess I'll go afoot," was the
reply. "Every boat which has burned up
or gone down for the last five years had
everything in the neatest kind of order, and
Il either look for a craft making six feet
of water an hour or run the risk of going
thromugh a railroad bridge. Good-by,
captain.--I shall look lnte the daills all
this week to see who of your passengers
A meriean Gumss Making.
The first glass factory in AmerIca was
erected In 1809 near Jamestown, Va., and
tllim sfibad- folloWed'lb the same colony
t~tlve years later. Int 1039 some acres of
groud wvere grauted to glassmsen In Salem,
Mass., probably. the first year of the indus
try which was prosecuted there for many
years. The first glass factory in Pennsyl
vania was built near Philadelphia In 1088,
uqtler'tthe dirction 'of"e Win.' Penn. but It
did not prove sucessful.. The first glass
factory west of the Alleghenies was set up
by Albert Gallatin and lis associates In
17'85, at New Geneva, on the Monongahola
liiver. 4in1Ail factory was established on
the Ohio ivor, near Pittsburg, in 1790,
and anotJier in -1795, -The earlier attempt
failed, the latter was quite successful. In
1810 theIe wore twenty-two glass factories
In the country, wah an annual product
val'ued at '$1,047,0 J0. Ther., alre now
about five times as many factories, produc-.
lag eight times as much glass. According
to the returns received under the recent
cenus our flInt glass fgctories turn out
210,. 54 tons of table and other aldssware;
anid the window-glass works produce 2,
84j,#0. The total value of the product is
~.-A space is three feet.
"Of Wayne Oliffordi" returned the old
"Is he regarded as dangerous in any
iy?" solemnly questioned the girl.
"But you may be dangerous to him?"
M0gnnlls looked up at her uncle with a
y, sudden glance, like a frightened bird
d In one glance, the shrewd old .gentle'
in reaa the whole story.
"Whew-w-wl" he thought, "I am too
,e. Well-it serves that conceited puppy
ubazon right. That's all I have to say."
Just about that time Major Brabazon
nit to Boston In the train of a popular
utralto singer, with whose yellow tresses
0 eluna-bue; teyes-he had' fallen deeper
)ly In loVe. Out the contralto singer had
ad a Bostonian, with a longer pedigree,
leeper purse, and more settled intentions
the matrimonial line than Miles Braba
a possessed, and frowned ominously upon
He returned, heartily disgusted and dis
chanteo, to New YQri. .
"After. all 't lie decided, "there is no
e half so beautiful and winning as Mag
Ila Vane. ITl marry her at once; and
'll dream away our hiney moon on the
uka of the St. Lawrence river' or under
3 roar of Niagara Falls. Lot me see
3 a week to-night since I left New York.
'eally suppose I ought to have told her
vas going away-but, fortunately, uhe
And lie ordered the hacknan to drive to
>. - Lexington avenue, where Mrs.
"Yes, sir, she's at home," said 'the sol
in footman, looking rather curiously at
ijor Braliazdn. "But-I think she's en
ged, sir. Mrs. Penfleld, I don't doubt,
"She'll see me," said Major Brabazon,
periously, and the footinank gave up thi
Cument as hopeless.
"Please to walk in sir," said he. And
.ordingly, Major Brabazon walked in.
Uncle Penfield was reading the evening
per cozily in his own particular corner
the lamp. And in the middle of -the
>m sat'MagnolA Vane, with the young
,1st bending tenderly over her hand.
'What , does this mean?" shortly de
Lnded Major Brabazon, advancing into
apartment with a lowering cloud upon
Hiss Van&oarose anad madle a sweeping
"It means," said she, that I am en
"No; to this gentleman." laying her
nd lightly on Mr. Clifford's arm.
"But," cried pu,Major Iir'abazon, in a
fted voice, "you are promised to mel"
"Oh','yes, that was *ih the old times,"
d the heiress of Orange Glade, with sub
ie indifference. "I have changed my
nd on a good many subjects since
'Ladies are always privileged to change
iir minds," said Wayne Clifford, with
iow that was truly Chesterileldian.
klajor Miles Brabazon, had played fast
I loose too long with the tropical beauty.
d he had never realized how 'deeply he
a In love with her until she was beyond
iss Vane wqnt back to Florida in the
ing, but with the wrong bride-groom.
'Mamma,'' said she to her scandalized
'ent, "so0 lonig as I am happy, what does
niatter, whether my name is Smith or
teo, Brabazon or Clifford?"
'But my dear," groaned Mrs. Vane, "it
I all been planned since you were tea
'One must take these affairs in one's
nu hand's, sometimes," said Mir. Wayne
When is a wall like a fish? When it is
Elow does a stove feel when full of coals?
Whicej i ofthe reptiles is a mathemati
When is a boat like a heap of snow ?
lien it is a-.delft.
When is a.dgetor mnost ann9yed? When
is out of 'patients.
When is a literary work like smoke ?
lien it comes ia volumes.
Why ma the letter G like the sun ? Be
iso at is in the center of light.
What lei that- which shows others what
zot see itself i 4 nirror.
V~iy is' tie let(er 14 like a faithless
'or Because W's'in.constant.
blow (oes a cow become a landed ca
D? By turning her into a field.j
Why Isaphisperi pg a , brach of good
tuners? 2 Bdcaps at Is not 161oud.'
WhatM ls an old lady ih 'the 'mididle of
river likei Like to be (droWned.
ji o$d may be pronounced quleker
addlbg 4 dyllablo to it ? Quick.
NVhy is a miser like a man with a short
mory'- iBecaiflid he .eisaay forgetting.
:low does a sailor know there is ame
theo mooni Because lie has been to ilea
(Vhiy is .q fool in high station like a man
laballoomi ?' Because every body appears
lo to him, and lie appears littlo toetery.
Jiolw Oroussi Razsors.
t is not lotg smtc it was confidently as
ted tutt on if thme requirelli quality of
al bould be produicd here, the aUnited
tes Couldunever ooipeo ,Alth England
theo manmufactiure of razors and othe gle
loy owing to the excessive c~tof
rii add lluihhig, '. Likb a geod ~xay
er "limauperable" obstaciea to Amnericas
cess ini the art, this sems to have been
ty well overcome, since large quantities
iteflpd rauwT u~ke" are now sent
e 6kpressly b nshd It seems thit
-art .of " ~w tIxdIm~~ ' e $o.
d4 tha~t of1ip3o 01 1@rneou - c
dlinglj' Shlld iladitf ' urbte hateo tq
dbumi freI ktkcetase thd MAtlanicl to
le now dIemnan<s .
Life in a GoaUan Schloss.
The routine of life was quiet, even mon
otonous, but to an Aiherican woman, fresh
from the "fitful fever' of American house.
keeping, sweet and restful. The servants
were numerous and well trained, and per
formed their iautle with little noise, and
at the right time and in the right manner.
It must- be sid in passing that it took ten
men and women to do the work which half
that number would be required to perform
in an American household. Then, on the
other hand, It must be stated that ts.oy
have nwt half our conveniences, The uten
sils are primitive and'cumbrous, and they
have much to "fetch and carry ;" but look
ing at result., one can oniy indulge in an
envious and useless sigh. The absence of
those pests o[ American housekeeping, the
weekly washing and ironing day, is one
reason why the German servants are able
to go about their work with so much more
regularity and thoroughness. In Germany
the family wash is done no oftener than
once a month--in many places not oftener
than once in three or six months-and then
is done by extra help hired for the occasion.
On Monday of the week devoted to this
work, according to my observations, the
women came and began preparations. The
clothes, etc., were sorted under the super
vision of the lady's-maid or housekeeper;
the wood laid ready fok lighting tinder the
great boiler in the wash-house and every
tub, hogshead, etc., filled with water. The
water was pumped laboriously and brought
from some distance in Oum''rous buckets.
The carriers wore upon their shoulders for
this purpose heavy wooden yokes, like ox
yokes, with a chain and hook at each end,
to which the full buckets were attached.
The next moriing at thice o'clock they
were at work, busy as bees, and out chat
tering the swallows in the ivy which grew
about the wash-house eaves. Wash-boards,
those instruments of destruction, were un
known, all rubbing being done between
their horny knuckles. The ironing is done
in Germany by means of a mangle, where
possible, and the clothes are beautifully
smooth and clean. The whole atmosphere
of the place was peaceful and drowsy.
Pigeons cooed, swallows twittered, from
morn until night. These, and the musical
baying of the hounds, the lowing of distant
cattle and the muffiled rumble of wagons
upon the chaussee,'were the sounds to
which the ear became attuned. The occa
sional shriek of a locomotive was the only
reminder of a world outside this sleepy
Hollow of a place.
Capture of Washington.
In July, 1814, it was. rumored that a
large force of British soldiers had sailed
from the West Indies with the purpose of
landing on the shores of Chesapeake Bay
and destroying Baltimore and Washington.
No particular fears seem -to have been en
tertained for the safety of the capital by
President Madison and his cabinet. Gen.
Winder was in command of the Fourth
Military District, which embraced the Dis
trict o0 Columbia, and he had 2,000 ment
scattered over quite a large area of country,
under him. As soon as the British, under
command of Gen. Ross, who was after
wards killed at the battle. of Stony Point,
landed at Benedict, on the shore of the
Chesapeake, Gen. Winder became impressed
with the fact that Washington would be
assaulted. He communicated his fears to
Mr. Madison, and 15,000 militia from
Maryland, Virginia and the District of
Columbia were placed at his disposal.
Commodore Barney came up the the Poto
mac to the Patuxent River with a schooner
and thirteen armed barges, and sailed up
that stream to Its head waters, where lie
thought he was safe from pursuit, and
joined lils forces to those of Gen. Winder.
Gen. Ross marched through Marlborough
directly upon Washington. Mr. Lossing
says that Gen. Winder had.8,000 effective
mn. He pirobably had 4,000 ineffective
militiamen besiues. Trhe number of Com
modore Barney's men is not givenm. On the
night of the 23d of August, 1814. It was
known in Washington that the British were
approachmng. Th'le American troops were
stationed on the old Baltimore and Wash
ington turnpike, a short distance west of
lBladensburg, a village about six miles from
Washington. Geon. Rloss was marching his
troop~s down the pike toward -Washingion.
At about eight o'clock on the morning of
the 24th the Cabinet met at the Executive
Mansion preparatory to a visit to the battle
tield. Abotit an hour later the party set
out on horseback, attended by a small es
cort, for the scene of the fight. Upon their
arrival thme camp was found to be in great
confusion and disom der. A panic seemed
to prevail among the militiamen. The
marines mind sailors under Uommiodoro
Barney preservedl better order. Mr. Mad
ison became convinced that the fight would
end disastrously for the American troops.
lie dismounted fronm his horse aund ordered
a messenger to rideO as rapidly as possibIe
to the Executive Mansion and inform Mrs.
Madison to leave the city with all possible
speed. She packed what articles of value
could be conveniently carried in a carriage
andI started for Mr. Madison's place at
Montpelier, Va. Before her departure she
directed two servants, John Lowri and
'1 homas McGrath, to remain in thme build
ing and, in case it was fired by the troops,
to save time famous portrait of Washington,
by Stuart. These <.omestics, finding that
they could not save thme picture with Its
frame, cut It out and secreted it. It now
hangs lnathe White House. A vast amount
of gush has been writtena~ubout the pre'ser
vatmon of this picture. Evgn Mr. tossing,
in one of his books, describes Mrs. Madison
as saying to a couple of gentlemen vho in
formed her of the victory of the British ;.
"Save that picture ; save or destroy it, but
do not let it fall into the hands of the Brit
Thme battle began at about noon, and
Commmodoro flnrney's men stood the blunt
of it for some time. He w~as finally wound
ed. The militia proved worthless, and
Gen. Armstrong order'&d a retreat. The
men fled in all directions, throwing away
their arms and equipments, and dashing
their coats to the ground the better to faeil
itate flight. Most of thehm came through
Washington, and dispersed toward different
points in Maryland and Virginia. Mr.
Madison followed his wife4 Every able
bodied man it Washington, excepting the
Roman Cathollc priest, bud gone to thle
front. When they returndd mos) of them
found that their families hQd already fled
from the city. Theo Britibh dbtered the
city about eight p. mn. While marchibg
down Maryland avenue toyard the Capitol
a shot was fired from a private house owned
by a gentleman named Sewall at Gen. Ross.
Hie ws not hurLI Hih hore was killed,
however, 'and the troops hMn iThded the
house and burned it to the ground. Who
fired the shot has never been discovered.
The troops encaimped at the foot of Capitol
Hill, where the Botanical Gardens are now
located. That night they fired the Capitol
and Executive Mansion. 'The light of the
conflagration was seen, it is said, as far, as
Baltimore, forty miles distant. Only tlye
walls of the buildings were left standing.
On the following morning the British set
fire to the Treasury, a two-story brick
building of modest dimensions which stood
where the present Treasury -Iluilding is
located on the corner of Fifteenth street
and Pennsylvania avenue, The War and
Navy Department buildings, which were
built where the present Imposing structure,
now nearly comileted, stands, on - the
corner of Seventeenth street, and Pennsy
Ivania avenue, were fired. The affairs
of State and the postal business of the
young republic were conducted from offices
in private residences. They were udt
harmed after firing the War and Navy De
partments. Gen. Ross marched his troops
to the cornor of Fifteenth and F street and
drew them up before a building occupied
by the Bank of the Metropolis, now tile
Nationai Metropolitan Bank. This institu
tion had loaned the Government $300,000,
and the plate from which its notes were
printed bore the words '"a depository of
the Government." Some of these notes
had fallen. into the possession of the Brit
ish, and Gen. Ross believed it to be a Gov
erunment bank. Jae was preparedto fire it,
when a citizen informed him that it was a
private institution, and had no connection
with the Uovernment beyond making the
loan above referred to. "Besides," said
this honest citizen, as the story goes, "it
you burn this property you will destroy the
sole support of a poor Irish widow, a coun
try woman of yours.
"She must be a poor Irish widow to own
such a valuable property in Washington,"
said (en. Ross savagely, but he did not
destroy the building.
The British remained in camp here about
forty-eight hours, and then left the city by
the same route they had entered it. No
demonstrations were made against them,
but they appeared to fear the return of the
American troops in large numbers and ant
niated with more courage than they had
The "Nuts" of the Old Testament.
Twice in the authorized version of the
Old Testament mention is made of "nuts."
As by nuts in our own vernacular, when a
differential adjective or the name of a
country Is not prefixed, we understand al
ways the product of the Corylus Aveliana,
it may be Interesting to what very different
things are intended in the two ocriptural
references. In the anthorized version of
the "Song of Solomon," the great natural
ist to whom the authorship of this curious
poen is very generally ascribed, says: "I
went down into the garlen of nuts." This
garden would seem to have been one of
the many of the same kind mentioned in
the Ifo6k of Ecdlesiastes. also ascribed to
Solomon, though not prov to ave come
from his pen, whiMi he "h '1iA iat'I
made me gardens and orchards and I plant
ed trees in them of all kinds of fruit" (ii, 5).
The word employed in the Song is egoz.
In meaning it seems to have denoted prim
arily, a hut of any description whatever,
provided that the sense was qualified by
som prefilx or adjunct. When used alone,
on the other hand, there can be little doubt
that it denoted the walnut-the nut par
excellence. The walhut bing a native of
Persia, the importation of it into Palestine
took place probably at a very early period.
A tree so remarkable alike for excellent
produce, scent of foliage, and a handsome
appearance could not possibly escape the
notice of the early cultivators of plants, or'
be left to exist exclusively in- its native
country. Solomon's great love of comi
mercial enterprise would be suficient to
account for the introduction of it, at all
events, into the royal gardens at Jerusalem.
At tile present (lay this admirable tree oc
curs in an apparently indigenous state
everywhere, from Persia to the IHimialayas,
abounding especially in Cashmnere. It is
found also in Asia Mfinor and in Greece,
looking in both countries like a native.
Introduced Into itian, most probably by
the Romans, completely has it niow made
itself at home with that, one miighit also be
tempted sometimies to tinik it ab~orlglinal.
In the time of Josephus it grew in prot usicon
reound the Lake of Aiennescrat.
M~aimer Joseph and tuae Spielberg,
Up to a a few decades ago Austria dlivid
ed with ilussia the honor of poseessing
somne of the worst dutngeons in Eunrope,
anti perhaps the most terrible of these
living toinbs was the Spielberg of Brunn.
biajor von Rosaiegg, of 'lhe i~ngineer Staff,
has just puablished an interesting little
volutne on this now unused fortress. One
charming andi authentic tale is worth re
peating. It was in- 1783-theo irst centen
ary, therefore, of the deliveranrce fr6m the
Turks--and Ktaiser Joseph in person madle
an incognita visit to the 8plberg to in
quire himself who was deserving of free
doin. For the centenary was to be marked
by the release of prisoners. Colonel Comuft
Auersperg was his aid-dc-Camp. Jailer
Cyrili received his orders from the Gover
nor to show the two gentlemen the prison,
and led the way down the dark passages, a
mighty bunch of keys in his haitd. After
viewing many sad chambers, where one or
more wretches, ill-clothed and dirty, sat
mb~odily waiting for release or death,
Cyril conducted the visitors to the under
ground cells-dark, clammy and reeking,
with evil smells. The jailer was in the
act of passing the first door and proceeding
further, when the Emnperor stopped and
bade him open the cell. The visitors were
horrifiea to see a human figure almost
naked and chained wrists and ankles to the
wail. TIhe man had gone mnad from con
finement in solitude and darkness and gilb
bered and mothied feiirfutly. Te next
cell a model of the first, 'was empty, and
the Emperor without a moments hesitation,
inslsted uipon being'locked up alone for an
hoar in it. Remoustrancd was useless andl
thme Imperial will had to be obeyed. 'The
heavy door was slammed, so the others re
tired and theo monarch was left to himself.
When they came at the end of the hour
Kaiser Joeph looked sick .and ill. The
first words he said 'vwie, "I ame the' last'
man who shall ever inhabit these under
ground celia; to m~rrow they shall be
walled up." The Imperial command was
obfed,, and next '4inting came the 'stone
msons and bieklayers and cut off the
dread cells ffom tlie rest of the 'Wofhd.
RaIser Franz Joseph the #fresant Emperor,
aliolited the Spielbefg as a State prison
A glowing circle of balm in flower is a
great center of attraction for the bumming
birds,which come here from early morning,
and go westward and return again, at fro
quent intervals. until after nightfall. I
hardly get seated at my Open window be
fore, I hear a buzzing, almost thudding
sound, as If a boy were at- hand with a
ta wheel on a string which he pulls so as
to make the wheel swlftly revolve. But a
close look reveals a much more'aninated
mechanism than that; There is notlhig
daintier or prettier to be seen than the
color, motions and enthusiasm of the hum
ming bird when he is taking life repast. A
little glossy, throbbing piece of vivaciy,
sitting oi the ah' with his 'feet curfed
tightly up, and buoyant as a feather, mov
ing at his sweet, fleet will from one tubu
lar flower to another, and his liduid eye
shining afar. Waves of shifting blue 1
sweep byer the glossy green black, in each
angle of the sunlight, giving the effect of
a suddenly transformed drapery, and when
he turns to you in front, his red gorget, or
throat-piece,glistens with the redness of the
flame-like flower he salutes. Ills motion
is so surpassing swift I can think of no
winged motion like it. The bees *ould be
put out of breath to keep up with him.
Theo female bird of thisspecle (trochilus
colubris)-the ruby throated dispenses
with the red neckerchief, and it is said the
young birds do not have it. In the autumn
the iales in the young brood get a touch of
of red color, but it is not until the follow
lug spring that the throat has its utmost
brilliancy. Recently both heads of the
family dropped down upon the little balm
patch, and I saw that the female was a
much more demure and less aggressive
character than hur gay lord. li size she
is a trifle smaller. The wiugs of both,
when used to buoy them up, scem more
like a fine milet or vapor than like any
fabric; gauze is not, and whven spider
web would not, be half so aerial.
If you watch these birds long you will
Dccasionally see them aligit, when they I
almost always choose a dry twig, or ono I
hot thick with leaves, for their temporary
pedestal. When one site thus for a mo
ment--it is never long-you will ace him
wipe his bill on both sides against the twig
branch two or three tines, as if he wished
to be relieved of the protruding honey, af
ter which ceremony he will strike as di
rect a line as possible for lifa nest. Both I
took a seat recently on a little bush which
pushes nearly into my window a distance
of not over three or four feet, respectively I
from my disengaged hand; but I directed I
no motion toward them more violent than
tile glance of my eye, which they bore for
the usual space without flinching,and then
took flight. The diet of the humming bird
is composed of insects and honey inciden
tally, and they do the flowers a service in
removing them. Audubon says their de
lightfully murmuring sound, asibey are I
poised above the flowers, "is well adapted
for lulling the Insect to repose." The
hunining bird has a long, delicate bill, andt
its protruding, double-tubed tongue is cov
erned with a "glutnous saliva," by Which
It overwhelms each insect it touches and
draws it out "to be instantly swallowed."
It is a bird of the Westorn heisphere and. I
301 species have been discovered (some
say 400), which latter number is only 100
less than all other species of birds put to
Prefero a Leg.
Wien at last the work of carving Is
done, the delicate and difficult duty of
helping" begins. There can be no poice
ofmnind for the man who helps his family
and his occasional guests to any food, ex
eept soup or oysters, both of which cau be
accurately anld fairly divided. * In the case
of chicken he can never give satisfaction.
There is no le in this matter, beyond
that of giving the chicken's logs to the boys
wich can be followed. To ask people
what part of the chicken they prefer is
simply madness. Either everybody who
tells the truth, and demand.the b,.st cut, in ~
which case, all but oiie wlll be exasperated
by failing to have their wish gratified, or
everybody will reply, "Any part," "It
makes no diff r~nce,"' or words'-to the same
mendacious and aggravating effect. Of,
course, wuen the man who says "it makes
iio difference," Is helped to anything but
time breast, he becomes an enemy of the
carver for life, and nothing can disabuse him ~
of tihe impression that lie had been wan~
tonly insulted1. It is far better to boldly
help people without making -anmy pretence
of consulting their wishes. They will then
regard thme carver as a rude and careless ~
host; but they will acquit him of any in
tention to impress open Insults upon lis
guests. Perhaps time most dtllcult person
to deal with is the ladly whio says that "she
prefers a leg." In the piresencei of ti try
ing person the carver is almnost certain to
make a mistake. Thbe chansces are that,
she abhors chicken legs, and expresses for ~
the sake of politeness an alleged p~referenee '
which she confidently expects to be dis
regarded. TIo help such a one to a leg js t
to abuse her confidence anud earna her un
dying hatred. Ott the other hand, if she '
is one of those rare women who really have ~
ani abnormal fondness for legs, she feels ~
herself outraged if legs are withheld from "
her, and decides that the carver is a sehlfsh C
brute, who has not sutlcient decency to re-,
sp~ect a lady's wishes. We shall never
know how many happy homes hmavo been
broken up, how many frienids estrangcd,
and how much miscellaneous mnisery has.
been suffered merely because the duty of t
carving bas been placed ini the handcs of r
fathers of Americlan famuilies.
A Beogagement fling.
"8ay, mister," as lie walked tip to the t
proprietor of a jewelry store, who stood
behinid the counter, "have you got any of f
these hero fhuger rings-these here-those
-oh, I forgit, what you call 'em? "
"Gold rings?" asked the proprietor.
"No, not quite gold rings-oh,. yes,
hypocrite gold rings; that's it.'
"Can't understand what you mean by' 4
that," said the proprietor,with a stare.
"I moan," said the young man, "this
kiad of gold that loeks like gold and isn't1
gold; this here kind that most overyliody
is wearin' nowadlays. I want a ring for
my .girl,.and I want you to scratch on the
inside Jim Brown to Ballle Jones. Don't 'a
care ' what it cost; you can go as high as
half a dollar for it ali if you want to. It's
a begagoment ring."
Trhe boss took'- it all in, and soon fixed]
him off with a "hypocrite" gold ring done
up in the softest'kind of eotton.
-The iemini. Foot.
Shere Is po doiit$hat the foot plays a
xost important part 'il social lite; often
mields an influence over destiny. We are
%peaking now stictly of the feminine foot,
ipon which so muclh tine, labor and ex
)ense are lavished. In dancing it becomes
rocal and expresses a whole . language of
ientiment Vsed to euiphauize emotion, it
festiculates jwIth t 9g $orcq, and a
over wii besiltes, apounce his de
rotion can be bro t to an immediate
wowal by thd ti=tory, but maddening
ciimpse of a dainty fdot:en&sed in pink,
lk-embroidered hoe, and Mignon slippers
brust distractingly forward.
A story Is on foot of a cqurtier who drank
As lady-love's health in a shoe he had
itolen from her; and at this day it is a prac
ice with the yonmng bloods who ape the
nanners of the French regime to have the
oot of their favorite oast In marble or
ronze and use it. for a paper-weight.
There are no people In she world so ex
ting in the Matter of feetias actresses, and
t is largely true of them they do not have
>atricion feet, but they have artists for
hodmakers, and, by dint of pinching and
ompnasslug, wearlng patent heci and
oe bands, having the heel under the mid.
lie of the foot and the length of the upper
hortened by the stitched lines and other
Lqviesa small, syumietricalfoot Is secured.
.t happens, however, .wlth-some of our best
ctresses, that they can Qpnly endure the
,ain without fainting durkpg a single scene,
vhen their stage dresser removes the shoe
aid restores outraged napure. Sq much
an be done by deluetonthat a No. a boot
will not appear larger than a No. 2' behind
he footlights. The doctors who treat
pIlnal and brain diseases can tell the rest
If the story.
Beautiful feet require fine 'idornings.
Phere are boots sold in New York City for
$125 a pair. -They are imported from
'aria, and the Oloth Is :a fixture of gold
r silver thread and hilk. iTheyi are lined
vi'lh the finest kid,. m the butkns are
einS. They are usually hased
>y those Who "toil not, Ier do
hey spin," and silk stockings 'rth $75 a
>isr are worn with them. A p.ir of boots
nade for Annie Idine Cary, to wear In
ipera, are of light blue satin, soft and thick.
vith blue silk lacings, tied'with. lovely
assels, lined with brilliant, pardhnl kid,
ad banded horizontally, with Inch wide
ibbons of gold braid. The feet 'may well.
ie handsome now, for there is everything
o make them so. Innumerable shops,
Illed with the finest gode, fancy'silk and
ancy boots and slippers; operaLtes, walk,
ng ties, patent leather and- kid shoes;
eion-colored, old gold, Iavender and Ori
ntal satins, heels four inopes 4igh, and in
teps that form a royal.areh a&d a 'aithful
edicure, who steps to thh fftolit With his
alves and Instruments- Whed ihatdre be
After all, it Is the willing feet, the help
ag feet,-the feet that are swiffto do er
ands of mercy-We ."1beau.ecps feet"
limbing the hill of Zion, or of diiliculty,
hat are the most value in the wbrld. There
ird feet for whose step loving hiear's watch
nd wait, and when they come it is like the
oinilg of sweet, glad music., There are
eavy feop borne dOwl by sorrow t4Lat drag
stlessly along, and there are . et that rest
roi their labors.
Tb PROtiUng 11mUainess."
In anl alley 'off Hastings street, Detroit,
ust back of a tunmbledown rookery, a
sember of the sanitary pIe squad found
man lying under a 'wakon and inquired
f he was Ill. The man polited t' the old
iouse, cautioned ;he officer to speak low,
"I'm the hIuI and oQteo.woman you see
[anging put clethos ovqr there."
"And why arb you'hiding here?"
"'ve been of1 -- a spree for a whole
"Alh I I see. It Is the return of the pro
"Wuss than that, ilr. 'The prodigal had
0 wire and didn't steal tlie rent-money to
et drunk on. Oh, il catch' It, sit, if you
Lon't lnterceds fpr me."
"But what can; I4o?"
"You slip around to the' front 'of the
ousiid and say that you hhve news for her.
Vautch her face and see hi'w se takes It.
'hen tell he~r it 'Is abbat, me. Watchl and
ce If she gets wle 'iround' the 'mouth.
eli her that you have news that I was
townedI at the ferry dock. Watch lier
ears aut this polnt. 'roll her tli4, calied
ter denr name~ as I, went doWyp or the
ist time. Watch and t~ee if that di its heCr.
f I can get her all 'broken dt. vn arid over.
oiuu .I'll bust in out huer and get her for
'Iveness before she gets over wiping her
yes and pulling her nose. Gho, now, and
'hi owe you a debt of gratitude all my lire.
think Mary will melt under your sort
ThL olcers slipped around and told the
rife that her husband was hishiig in the
lley, and then took a position whlere lie
ould witness what followed, -lHe had
ardhly securen it when the man'damane down
10e alley on a gallop,foilowedl at ashort is
nee by the wife, armed witha hoe-han
to. There were nuo words spoken, but
toe man shnply throw up cloud, of dust
rh lisa heels as lie put on thie steam, and
nd as lie passed the officer Iu$ somiewhat
"AhI but ye ain't wortht shucks at thre
lting business I'
When Cabherlne was arra'l ned before
lie Police Court,' Now York, a smile of
ecognition spread over the lace of Is
"Back again; Ikatle," said Hida ~onor.
"Y is, sor, sine I cudd't go wudout see
a' mne old frinds Wanst in a wholie," saktl
"That's right, Katli' l2,t.you shouldn't
et drunit in orddr to ae the '"said the
"Sure I cudh't get Yor Hon*or to luk at
ne, av I didn't, for ttle officers wudn't have
ne near engh to ye,"' s~A#w.
"That's a hgme excuse, Ka o'" said the
"No, sur, oh no. 'Sare 'atnu't ye the
usht J'udge that genmme me tin days, and
varn't ye the desut i.t gi .pie three
son h, aD ply a qy to See
"You're' prt % Katie,"
aid the Court. ."tuyoae.* 'esay three
monthsthis time." to bmi' .n.m
"Pl*aze: !9~'~ ',g 9r, an' ye'll
le mio, *a .le~gp "dure
was 'al&s Isdi4d4f't'udci
ather' lWe in therdy td bi 'be pMrio
Liar1 aboftt-aithreolab & twbithmbow."