Newspaper Page Text
__ - anf -ir-Lb -
TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. ., NOVEMBER 2, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO. 132.
S FALLEN FLOWERS.
One of te workers of the world
Living tolled and toiling died;
But others worked and the world went on,
And Was not changed when he was gone
A strong arm stricken, a wide sail furled,
An4 only a few men sighed.
One of the heroes of the world
Fought to conquer, then fought to fail,
And fell down slain in his b'ood-atained mail,
And over his form they atop;
His oau-e was lost and his banner furled,
And only a woman wept.
One of the singers among mankin.1
Sang healing songs from an o'erwrought
But ere men lietenod, the graes and wind
Were wasting the rest unsung like a wave;
And now of his fame that will no'er depait.
He has never heard in his grave.
One of the women who only love,
Loved ani gr:eved aid faded away
Ah, me I are these gone to the lod above ?
What more of each can I Fay P
They are human flowers that flower and fall,
This Is the song and the end of them all.
A Domestic Tyrant.
"If you marry Major flunter, you'll be
trod on-take my word for it, Miss
"Do you think so?" said the person ad
dressed, quietly, looking up from the hand
kerchief she was heuiming.
"Think so? I know it. Don't you re
member how his first wife faredi If there
was ever anybody I pitied, she was that
one. Poor thingl She didn't even (are
to say her soul was her own. If she had a
different husband, she would have lived
till this time."
"And yet, knowing all this, you are
going to take her place?"
"Major Hunter will find me a very dif
ferent person from his first wife," said Miss
Amory, composedly. "However, I don't
wish to anticipate trouble, we will, if you
please, dismiss the subject."
This was not the first remonstrance
which Miss Amory had received on the
subject of her approaching marriage, but
her mind appeared to be made up, ana she
was now occupied in making preparations
for the wedding.
What had been said of Major Hunter and
his first wife was quite true. He was a
domestic tyrant and holding the female un
derstanding in a very slight esteem, con
sidering that the wife ought, in all respects
to be subservient to her husband's will.
His reason for niarryiug agaiu was partly
this, that he found no housekeeper who
would be sufficiently subservient to his
whims and caprices. Having lost one
after another, he came to the conclusion
that he needed a wife, and
soon resolved to tender his hand to Miss
Amory. We will not analyze her motives
for accepting his proposal. Probably, how
ever, regard-for Mr. Hunter's three children,
who resembled their mother rather than
their father, weighed with her quite as
much as any other motive. But, however,
that might be, the mlarriage' took place,
and after q brief jouiney, Miss Amory re
turned as Mrs. Major lunter, to take the
place of mistress of his household.
Hitherto, Major Hunter had forborne
"showing his hand." Now,.hawever, that
their married life had iairly begun, he
thought it high time to do so.
"I have given Mrs. Hodges a week's
warning," lie remarked, at the breakfast
table, the morning after their return.
Mrs. Hodges had been housekeeper and
maid of all work, the entire duties of the
establishment having developed upon her.
"For what reason?" asked his wife com
posedly. "Don't you feel satisfied with
"It is not that," said the Major, deliber
"Any difficulty about wages?" asked has
"No," said her husband, feeling a little
embararased. The fact .is, Mrs. Hunter,
there is'not very much work to (do in our
small household; no more in fact, than one
pair of hands can easily do. My first wife
did all her own wvork."
"Did she, indeed?" said No. 2, sipping
"Yes, that wit~h ease, although she was
not a very strong woman."
"she died young didn't she?" inquired
her successor, tranquilly.
"Why, yes," saidl Major Hunter, slowly,
betraying a little embarrassment. "Yon'
know life is uncertain."
"Yes, so I have heard," reflumned his
Major Hunter was considerably puzzled
by the matter-of-fact manner of his wife.
Her cool, self-possesssion awed him a.
little. If she had only stormed, lie would
be better prepared to meet that emergency.
,In the course of the week," lhe proceeded,
"you will undoubtedly get an idea of the
couirse of your work, by observing Mrs.
"I dare say I might,'' saidl Mrs. Hunter.
"Then I need say no more. This day
week she leaves, and will resign the duties
of the household into your hiandis."
Major Hluiter took his hat, andI was
about to leave the room when lie was ar
rested by the simple address:
"Well," said he, turning back.
"It appears that you have been makine
,arrangements without consulting me."
Major Hunter was astonished at isa
"Why should .[ consult you?"
'Because, I may iiot approve of them."
"Mrs. Hunter," said'her husband, warm
ly, "it is your duly to acquie'sce in what
ever plans .I, as your husband, may see fi
"Indeed, I never took that view of time
"T'hen the sooner you take it the bet
"Do'I understand that you expect me to
do all the work of your establishment?"
"I believe you are a rich man, Major
Hunter; is It not sof "
"I am accountedi so," said hcr husband,
"And are able to hire doimeasos assist
"Yes, if it is needful."
"Suppose 1 tell you that it is needful?'"
"I should take the liberty to doubt It.
"Very well, Major Hunter, since It has
been forced upon me, I might as well toll
you, first as last, my decision on this point.
You offered me the position of a wife, not
that of a maid-servant. On that under
standing I accepted you. Yet If your cir
cumstances ever become such as to require
It, I shall not hesitate for a moment to con
form myself to them. I only object to ass
suming a burden Which from your own ac
count, appears to be quite needless. I am
quite willing to superintend ti e household
arrangements, considering that a duty
which my position devolves upon me."
"I have listened to your statements,
Mrs. Hunter," said her husband, somewhat
excited, "and they are weak. They can't
weigh with me."
It is to be regretted," said Mrs. Hunter
The first Mrs. Hunter better understood
her duties as a wife. She never ventured
to oppose my will. I met with a great loss
when I lost her."
"What was your loss was her gain," said
number two, with a rather cuJous expres
The rather obtuse Major Hunter did not
comprehend the poln' of this last remark.
Accordogiy, he took no notice of it.
"It Is quite needless," he said, "to dis
cuss this matter further. This day week,
Mrs. Hodges leaves us. I expect you to
qualify yourself to assume her duties."
Mrs Hunter smiled.
"There Is nfthing like beginning right,"
said the Major, as he struck his cane on
the sidewalk. If Mrs. Hunter married me
with the idea of having an easy time, she
is quite mistaken. If she expects to be a
lazy, fine lady, she will find it difficult in
my establishment. I don't intend to en
courage female insubordination. I believe
the man was made to govetn, the wife to
obey. If more husbands had my Airmness,
things would go on a little better in this
workl. But it Isn't everybody that has
my tact of governing."
Meanwhile Mrs. Hunter left at home,
summoned Mrs. Hodges.
"So I hear my husband has given you a
"And you are sorry to leave?"
"Yes ma'am, for I don't know where to
get another place, and I have to pay the
board of my little boy out of my wages.''
"There's considerable work to be done
in this house, isn't thmere?"
"Yes, ma'am, a good deal. Then Mr.
Hunter's so particular that he wants to
have everything just so. That's why I'm
sorry to go just as you come. I know
you're easy to suit."
"How do you know?" asked Mrs. Hunter,
"I can see it by your face, ia'am. It
looks so good-natured."
"Do you know who Major Hunter ex
pects to get to fill your place after you are
"le thinks I can do all the work."
"Whatt and you not used to work? It
would make you sick in course of a week."
"I think very likely it would.'t
"Oh, I pity you ma'aml"
"No occasion forthat, Mrs. Hodges. The
fact.. Ws, I have not the slightest idea of
doing the work."
"You have'nt? And what wll the
'1 really don't know. I know what I
shall advise him to do."
"Aud what Is that?"
"To take you back again."
"Oh, ma'am. you'll never stand out
"Bee if I don't. At any rate, you
mustn't secure a place till you hear from
The week passed rawidly.
"Mrs. Hodges.will leave us to-morrow,"
remarked Major Hunter, at the tea table.
"You have decided upon It?"~
"Yes; so I announced to you a week pre
"I thought It possible my objections
might have weighed with you, and induced
you to change your mind."
"I never change my mind," said her
"I am inclined to think you will repent
the exchange," said Mrs. Hunter, rising
from the table.
"'[hat Is an affair of mine."
"I have very little experience as a
"You will learn. Employment will be
a good thing for you."
"Have you dismissed the gardener?"
"Dismissed the gardener?" What made
y'ou think of such a thing?"
"I thought it might be a good thing for
you to take his place."
"Buch levity is unbecoming, Mrs.
Hunter," said her husband, severely.
The next morning Mrs. Hodges was
paid up and sent off.
At ten o'clock the marketing was sent
At two o'clock Major Hunter made his
appearance. The dinner table was set,
though with scarcely as much neatness as
usual. Stll It was set, and by Mrs. Hunter.
Her husband thought of this as a personal
trimph on lis part.
lie hardly felt so complacent when the
dinner camne up. Trho beet was terribly
over-dione, tihe potatoes were, on the other
hand, not done enough. In short there
was nothing tit to eat on the table.
Tis Major Hunter angrily remarked.
"I dlare say," said his wife, placidly, "I
am not a very good cook."
With lis appetite only half satisfied,
Major Hunter was obliged to rise from the
The next morning, breakfast was delay
ed an hour, anid when it was ready, scarcely
eatable. Major Hunter was quite out of
humor, but in reply to his Indignant re
monstrances, his wife coolly remarked:
"You know, Mr. Hunter, I warned you
that I was a very poor cook."
For three days Major Hunter stood fire,
but finding thmnas deteriorated rather thtan
improved, sent for Mrs. Hedges on the
Onie point gained, Mrs. Hodges found it
easier to maintain her rights when hi vaded
mu other quarters. She perhaps, owed her
success to the fact that she never trenched
upon her husband's real prerogatives, bul,
respeeted them as she claimed respect for
her own. MajorlHunter standea very good
chance of being cured of his taste for do
nmestic tyranny through the independent
stand taken by Mrs. Hunter Number Two.
--Sir R->bert Jiodgson, Govenor of
Prince Eidward's Island, is serlouwly
A Vhtnese Iturlat-In Brooklyn.
A funeral cortege that passed up Broad
way, in Brooklyn, towards evergreen
Cemetary, was regarded with curiosity
and interest by hundreds of people on the
sidewalk, and many of the gamins were
overheard irreverently addressing the occu
pants of the vehicles. The faces seen at
the carriage windows were those of China
men. A cousumptive Mongolian sat upon
the hearse, throwing slips of rig paper Into
the street. The hundsome walnut coffin
seen through the glass doors of the hearse
bore the name Lee Wan upon asliver plate.
The deceased was a dealerin Chinese groce
ties, a native of the Fl9wery Kingdom, but
of late years a tenant at No. 4 Mott street.
He died o% Tuesday, of heart disease. The
procession, after turning through an avenue
of beer saloons and marble-yards, entered
Evergreens Cemetery at the same rapid pace
that had been preserved all the way from
the Broadway ferry. The grave was in
what might be termed the German quater of
the cemetery. After the Chinanien had
alighted and gathered about the, narrow
pit several stalwart Hibernian drivers re
moved the coffin from the hearse and laid
it upon the trestle over the grave, after
which two German sextons lowered it.
Some of the mourners then advanced and
tossed in a few handfuls of earth, just as
Christians do. Then began the curious
part of the ceremony. Fagots of slow
matches were bound together and planted
in a basin of ashes and loose earth at the
foot of the grave. On being ignited they
sent up a fragrant smoke. Red cand'es
richly decorated with figures in gold, blue
and green were placed in a row near the
fagots, and quickly burned down to the
little stbks, on the end of which they
were fastened. The dead .man's clothes,
including a white shirt, somewhat the
worse for wear, a freshly laundered collar
and handkerchief, a blue silk.blonse and a
straw hat were then rolled into a bundle
and cremated near the grave, and the bright
colored and gilded wrappings of the can
dles and slow matches were added to - the
burning heap. A cocoanut mat was then
unrolled beside the grave, and the China
men, coining up one-after another, took a
formal leave of the departed. This was
done by clasping the hands, lifting them to
the chin, and letting them drop, repeating
the operation three times. After this the
mourners dropped upon their hands
and knees upon the mat, and made a
triple salaam, bowing their foreheads close
to the earth. Tea was poured from a
quaint little pot of blue and white porce
lain into minute cups of egg-shell china,
and each man, as he bade farewell to the
dead, sprinkled a spoonful of the tea upon
the ground. Three pans of rice, a boiled
chicken and a plate of mutton we-e al
lowed to stand before the grave for some
time, that the dead man might refresh
himself and prepare for his long journey.
It is customary to leave tuese dishes beside
the grave, but just before the cortege re
turned a Chinaman, whom opium had
bleached, bleared and sallowed into the
the resemblance of a corpse, gave a sus
picious glance at certain of the small boys
who gathered about the place, and shuffled
them back into a tea box whence he had
taken them. Ciaars were passed arou'nd,
and then the yellow faces were once more
shut up in the the carriages, the drivers
mounted to their seats, cracked their whips
and the procession disappeared rapidly in
In some localities in Italy and Spain and
in Eastern Europe and Western Asia the
chestnut crop is equal in importance to the
wheat crop in Ohio. Chestnut bread con
stitutem the principal food of more than a
hundred millions of people the healthiest,
handsomest and most sinewey people in
the world. It is estinated that the value
of the Chestnut crop of Ohio is $60,000.
It ought to be $20,000,000, and can be
brought up to that figure within twenty
years. The natural home of the chestnnt
is a barren soil--waste land-thomuh it
will gi ow and flourish on any soil in Ohi').
Chestnut trees one hundred feet in height
and from three to seven feet in diameiter
can yet be found on the hill tops nf South
crn Ohio, growing in soil which cannot be
made to produce five bushels of corn to
the acre, and where oak, hickory and
other trees are mere dwarfs. The chest
nut hs a valuable timiber tree, and is of
very rapid growth. Under favorable cir
cumstances a bearing chestnut-tree twerty
five feet in height can be grown from the
seed in five years. The proper way is to
plant the chestnut where it is desired that
the tree shall grow. Like the hickory, the
chestnut dees not take kindlly to transplant
ing. Farmers in Central and Western
Omno have tried the experiment of import
ing chestnut trees in vain, and have ar
rived at the conclusion that there is some
thing in the soil which militates against
the growth of the chestnut. That is a
mistake. Any farmer who desires it can
have a chestnut grove, or as many chest
nut trees as he desires, by planting chest
nuts. They should be planted before they
become dry and shrivelled-within a week
or two afther gathering, the sooner the bet
ter. The chestnut should be about half
buried in thei ground, and then covered
with leaves or litter-barely covered, not
buried or smothered. Twenty chestnuts
should be planted for every tree desired ;
for although every healthy chestnut will
germinate, and is liable to produce a tree,
provision should be made against moles,
mice, chipmunks and other vermin. Of
course, hogs should be excluded from the
ground where chestnuts are planted.
Would you keep your rosy complexion,
ware thick soled shoes.
Would you never be told a lie, do not
ask personal questions.
Would you retain the love of a friend,
do not be selflshiy exacting.
Would you respect yeurself, keep your
heart and body clean.
Would you enjoy quiet eontent, do away
with airs and preonces,
Would you sleep well and have a good
appetite, attend to your buisness.
Would you have good health, go out in
the sunshine. lBickness is worse titan
Would you have others to respect your
opinions, hold and never disown them
Would you have the respect of men,
never permit yourself to indulge in vulgar
Would you gain the confidence of busi
ness men, do not try to support the style
of your employer.
Variety im the Daily wood.
Though good wheat, or good beef, or
good milk,may each furnish a perfect food,
or contain all the elements needed to sup
port life, it is not beat to depend upon any
one article of food alone, except in the case
of nursing babies, and then the mottier
should have a suitable variety. To obtain
a variety some housekeeperd only go a
round of different kinds of paq and cake,
all equally bad, perhaps; th ing that if
the pantry Is well supplied with hesethings,
little othercooking is necessary' Itis a great
mistake. Cake and pie do not supply much
actual food, and the. good material that 'is
used in them is put into such shape that
the stomach is wearied and worn otit by
the effort to digest them. This accounts
for much of the tiredness complained of by
women and girls. They are half starved,
because their food Is poor. The use of
much poor trash called "dainties" (I don't
abuse these things because I dislike them;
I have "a sweet tooth," and know my own
weakness well enough to understand the
weaknesa of others? spoils the appetite
for substantial food. rie stomach is feeble
for lack of good material in the blood (mawle
constantly of our food and air) to repair
its waste, and it takes food unwillingly be
cause it Is tired with overwork-overwork
upon the concentrated conglomerations of
rich cake and pastry. An error easily fal
len into in such # case is to give 'up one
thing after another because It "hurts" us,
until the stomach becomes so weak it can
hardly bear anything. It is slow starva
tion. We must not only "cease to do evil,"
but must also "learn to do well,"-not
only give up unwholesome food,,but eat
plenty of that which Is wholesome. The
proper variety is one made up of fruit,vege
tables,grain and animal food, the latter con
sisting of healthy meat, eggs, or milk in its
various forms. With palatable graham or
oatmeal preparations, especially where
milk is freely used, meat is seldom craved
or found to be necessary to high health and
strength; but when starch, angar and fat
preponderate, as In the common fare of
white bread and butter, potatoes, cake,
pie, and a little sauce, beef (especially
steak) often seems an absolut' necessity
to one who has to put forth strength. Coffee
cannot possibly supply its place. It does
not give strength, but only stimulates It, or
calls it out making one feel strong while
under its influence. Nourishing foods really
strengthen us. You would hardly believe,
until you try it, how heartily a plain and
nourishing variety of food is enjoyed by
those who live with reasonably simplicity.
it is easier In every way. All feel much
better and more good-natured, with no
unreasonable cravings for confectionery,
pickles or stimulants. It lightens the care
of children wonderfully. It makes the
cooking more simple and easy, and last,
but not least, it saves the docto''s bills.
A latent Alarm Bed.
Mr. Washtub is the name of the gentle
man who won't stop at an up.e6untry hotel
again. It seems that the clerk had to get
up very early in the morning, and finding
difficulty in waking, built a patent alarm
bed In accordance with plans given him
by Mr. Edison, who once stopped at his
house. The bed had a powerful clock
work attachment, and at a set hour it
would arouse any man who wasn't dead.
The day after they had got the thing set
up In the house there was a great rush of
guests. and the clerk In order to accommo
date Mr. Washtub gave up his bed to him.
He also forgot to shut off the alarm, and
the result was that about four o'clock in
the morning Washtub was aroused by a
most terrible'racket. He opened his eyes
and sat hp in bed, and then he heard a
voice, which came from a phonograph at
tachment to the bed, exclaim: " You old
mucker, pile out " If he had understood
the tiing he would have hopped out of bed
and shut off the alarm. But he didn't and
thought it was burglars. So he lay down
again and pulled the covers over hIs head,
and the bed began to shake violently, and
he thought it was an earthquake, and was
terriliy scared. The bed shook so that he
had to cling to the mattress to keep In,
and finally the bed seemed to rise up right
underhim, and he was hurled vIolently to
the floor. He tried to rise, and just then
the mattress came off upon him with great
force andl floored him again. He had a
terrible time getting out from under them,.
and just as he dId so, a shower of ice water
came upon himn, and then the slats of the
bed began to whack at him, and as lie
could see but little in the dim light of the
room, he thought he must have gone to
sleep in a threshing machine, and some one
had started it. His yells finally brought
the landlord, who stopped the machine,
and tried to calm the terrified guest by ex
plaining the thing to him. But the ex
planation only made matters worse, for the
victim lost two trains stopping over to lay
,for the clerk, who had found out what he
had done, and kept out of the way.
The Mango Triok.
With certain Indian jugglers the "man
go" trick is their most effective feat. A
mango seed is produced, and a flower pot
fillied with mould, and after a lot of cere
many (in plain English, fuss), the seed Is
put under the mould, and skveral coverings
or basket. and cloths are placed* over the
pot. Then there is more ceremony and
,fingering about tho covering basket, and
the pot is shown with the mango leaves
just sprouting up. Then It is covered over
again, and more hocussing goes on, and the
cover Is lifted up again, and the plqnt Is
seen to have grown. The covering, hocus-.
sing and opening go on, and the plant
meanwhile having further grown and be
came strong enough to bear fruit, the
blossom to appear, the fruit to form, and
finally the fruit to ripen, which Is then
plucked off and given to be eaten.
No~w we, for our part, cannot under.
stand how any one cannot see through the
performance. Nay, even when to a fel
low-spectator, who once viewed this per
formance, we explained the details of the
trick after It was over, he would not be.
lieve, but reckoned the affair wonderful,
and even partaking of the supernatural. We
can only attribute it to his having been so
mystified as to have been actually
mesmerized, though partaking of conscious
ness. Thie real truth about this feat was
that the green and ripe fruits, and overy
branch and shoot that was exhibited, were
actually there, just as much as the seed
and the flowerpot-all in thme
wrap. and fold. and baskete
which formed the covering. W e
were carefully watching the man's pro
eeedin. and at that ime had maquired
some knowledg of juggling tricks. As we
were not allowed to touch the instruments
of the exhibition after the particular per.
formance began, the baskets, wraps, etc,
could not he disturbed; but w'th our own
eyes we saw the performer draw out the
branches,ete, from the folds of the cloth,
and noticed him sticking them into the pot
beneath the covering, working away with
his hands, and, as we thought, very clum
'I he question may be asKed by a doubter
of our account of the process, how about a
green and a ripe fruit, as well as
blossoms, being produced simultaneously,
say at a period when there are no such
thing; 'hat is,when they are out of season?
This indeed, has been brought forward as a
complete answer by those whose who be
lieve in these jugglers. To answer this is
not so dillicult, however, as it appears.
India Is a vast continent, and from its
southernmost limit on the It.dian ocean,
where there is little difference between
summer and winter, to its northern bound
ary on the snowy kimalayas, there! is ex
isting every variety of climate at any given
time of the year. The mango flourishes
equally in Ceylon and in the sub-Himala
yan countricB. We have ourselves, in
passing through the plains into upper
Himalayas, in the course of successive
weeks, seen the mango season just over on
the plains- a little higher up mangoes were
just in season; the fruits forming higher up
still; the blossoms in full flush a couple of
thousand feet higher; while higher still the
blossoms had not yet made an appearance.
With this fact are to be taken two others;
the first, that Indian jugglers all belong to
Dne masonic brotherhood, and are intia.ate
communication with one another, all ever
Dn the move; and the second, that even
they will decline at times to perform this
particular feat; that is, when they are not
provided with the blossoms, green and ripe
fruits. The seeds, shoots, etc., are always
If there be still any other doubter, let us
Dnly add that after the performance detail
ed above we took the man aside (unwilling
naturally to expose the man, and destroy
the dredit by means of which he made his
living) and asked him if it was not true
hat Lae branches and fruits were all there
in the wraps. The glance of our eye told
bim that we knew every detail in the pro
Dess, and had watched everything that he
did, and so he confessed that what we said
was the truth,andapologsmed by saying that
he must make a living.
Cookerv in Engiand.
How many of our readers. even those
who possess kitchen gardens,would think of
cultivating the basella, the palm-kale, the
burnet, the cardoon, the celerlac, chervil,
Dorn-salad, lentil, ice-plant, parslane, Swiss
chard, or water chestnut? Yet all these,
together with others as unfamiliar, are
given in a list, as under cultivation or used
in France. Some mistresses also are be
ginning to learn that the cookery which
they may have met with even at the cheaper
restaurants in France, or the establ.shments
which imitate them in this country, is not
the luxurious and expensive affair they Im
agined it to be, but that as a matter of fact
kood cookery is cheap cookery. We shall
see this plainly enough if we compare, for
example, the French method of making the
pot-au-.feu, and the careful utilization of
the liquor in which anything has been
boiled which obtains in that country, with
the waste that goes on in this country,
even in many households which can ill af
ford it. Poor people are, indeed, the
greatest sinners in this way: they will boil
a great deal of nutriment out of meat and
then throw away the stock, when the ad
dition of a few of the commonest vegeta
bles growing in their gardens would make
it into a pleasant and nourishing soup.
There is, indeed, no more wasteful system
ef cookery than the "plain roast and
boiled," which has been the watchword of
so many an E~nglish kitohen for years, and
it is the fact that mist resses of households
are gradually awaking to that truth which
makes us hopeful for the future of Eng
lish cookery. They are beginning to dis
cover also wvhat M. Soyer said lie was so
proud to show his friends, that things can
be done cheaply and economically, whilst
Lt is possible "to make a nice little dish
almost out of nothing." For in many cases
it is not so much the amount of meat or
ether ingredients of a dish that makes it
successful, but the manner in which It Is
prepared. It wouild be, p~erhaps, going too
far to affirm that good cookery would be
an absolute safeguard against crime, and
that the costermnot ger would never begin
"jumping on hi, mother" had he just p-sr
taken of filets de poulet atx truffes,
rmuce supremoc, with a glass or two of
Pomnard ; but there can be no doubt of the
civilizing effects of well cooked food.
There is no occasIon to gormandizo-to
Imitate the Scotchiman, who, after stuffing
himself with haggis, continued to eye the
collapsed bag with grateful affection, told
the waiter to behave kindly to it when re
moved, and followed it out of the room
with a silent benediction; nor that other
hero mentioned by Byron, who, having
heard that the bhds called kittiwakes were
good whets, ate Bir of them, and complain
ed that he was "no hungrier than when lie
began." But a prudent man will, if it be
possible, take heed as to whlat he eats and
the proper preparation of his food; and
though the dinner-boll be hardly the "toc
sin of the soul" to him, he will hear it
with pleasurable anticipations, and not be
doomed to dissapomntment.
Fiddle and Sin g.
Years ago, before the contribution was
taken up to the rythmnic time of operatic
music, or the churches 'boasted more of
their choirs than of their ministers, there
was an earnest, able expounder of the gos
pel holding lorth in one of the Presbyterian
churches of Pittsburg, Pa. He believed
in simple singing without the use of mnstru
ments, and when after a long contest, the
younger members of the church introduced
a bass viol Into the choir, lie was deeply
disturbed. In the church he said nothing,
but night after night in the director's meet
ings, and during the (lay time on the street,
did he labor for the removal of what he
termed "that fiddle," but without success.
Each Sunday the notes of the instrument
were heard, to the joy of the congregation
and his own annoyance. At last finding
persuasion useless, he arose one Sunday
morning in his pulpit, and after the usual
exercises, said, "Now we will fiddle and
sing to the glory of God, the 100th hymn."
There was no 'fiddling in that churcia for
many a day after.
btory of a Sea captain,
Captain John Niven, of Thorntown,
Indiana, is a grandson of Sir Hugh Niven,
of England, but his older brother got the t
patrimony, and John defiantly shipped be- 4
fore the mast. After many years he rose
to be master of his vessel, the Ramsey, and U
the famous missionary Ationiram Judson c
went to India with him. Under his minis
trations Niven was converted and baptized v
in Rangoon, Hindoostan. Soon afterward
the ship was struck by lightning and do-.
stroycd. Niven made his escape to Eug
land, where in 1846 he was entrusted with
the ship Earl of Eglanton, built on the
Earl's estate, and sent by him on her first
voyage to the United States. He was
beset by a terrible storm off Nantucket
Island, and arter beating about all day and
night in a dense fog, went ashore at Tom
Never's Head. Two boats containing four
men each were lowered. The captain or
dered that they be not launched until they v
saw how bad the breakers were, but they
disobeyed him; and six of the eight men
were lost. The islanders had now arrived.
The breakers drowned their voices, but c
they chalked on the tail board of a cart,
"Stay aboard," and then; "Fling off an
oar." The captain followed directions; the P
oar, with a line tied to it, was cast off and
caught with a fish dradl; and, by that means, d
a cable was rigged from the mast head to the
rocks, with a horse's hames on it, in which
the men slid safely ashore. Captain Niven I
was the last man to leave the wreck, when l
the hames broke and he was flung into the
sea. The islanders at once formed a ilne b
by holding hands and sprang into the S
breakers after him, thus bringing him to
land. when he heard that his six men t4
were lost, he was temporarily deranged t
and jumped again into the boiling waters.
Again they rescued him, and put him into
custody. He was badly bruised, and was
a long time recovering. The ship was a
total loss. He returned to Great Britain,
where his friends again fitted him out, and
he started on a whaling voyage in the Pa
cific. There again his vessel went topieces d
in a simoom and he returned, disconsolate,
to Nantucket. His seafaring reputation t
was badly damaged. Indeed, it Is proba- I
ble that the red letter of "bad luck" was
set opposite his name in the records of the
commercial marine of England, and that he
could not have obtained another ship. At e
any rate he resolved to face the sea no
more, but to get as far from it as possible
in some quiet town in the middle of the
continent. So he started west on foot, with
$2 in his pocket. Walking the tow path of
the Erie Canal, a boatman hailed him pleas -
antly with "Hellol you are too good-look- d
ing a man to be walking the tow-path. 0
Jump aboard." The captain jumped r
aboard, and made himself so useful in
splicing ropes and putting things in shape 0
that he was gladly carried to Buffalo. There 11
he got a job to rig a sloop for the lake, and 1
received for it enough to take him to Cleve
land. There he shovelled sand on a new b
railroad at $1 a day, was promoted to the v
charge of a gang at $1.25 a day, was ad- T
vanced in the winter to be school-master,
became a farmer by slow degrees, and is o
now president of. the First National Bank b
in Thorntown, Ind. He has a handsome V
home known as "Chrome Hill," but he oc
casionally visits Nantucket, and lives over e
again his perils and his escapes. a
--...0 - a
Under the GuIllotine.
On the morninj of the 8th of September,
just at daybreak the murderer Menesclon c
was executed at Paris. Acccrding to the 0
custom here he was kept in ignorance of
the time fixed for his death until within a
few moments of his execution. He had a
passed the evening In company with two
jailers, who had for some days been his t
constant companions, in playing cards,
ane it was feared that an unusually
;)oulntiful supper which was supplied to
him, had aroused his suspicions, but it did 5
not, and at midnight he went to sleep. ,y
Shortly before daybreak the govenor of the
prison, with the priest and the execution
or and his assistants, entered the corridor
leading to the cell of tihe condemned. The ~
jailers, at a signal, opened the door of the e
cell, and first awaking Menesclon,
informed him that his last hour had
come and admitted the priest. T[he latter
remained with Menesclon f or ten mninutes' h
The Governor, the executioner and his as
sistants then entered. Mendescion was now
in agony of fear, and it was with dif
ficulty that the executioner and his assis
tants made what is called the "toilet,,,
eutting the hair of the prisoner short,t
cutting off the collar of his shirt and binding i
his hands behind him. This being done
the convict was hurried through the corri
don to a door 'which opened upon the
square where the guillotine was ready to
receive hinm. The scene at this moment
was terribly sombre. The sun was just r
rising, but its light was obscured by dense
clouds, and at the moment the prison door
opened a violent storm of thunder andr
lightning broke forth. The condemned,
at this instant, was overcome with terror, a
and sank almost to the ground. The as
sistants of the executioner had to drag hinm
to the guillotine which had been erected a
few paces from the portal of the prison, 1
and in a moment afterward the knife had ar
fallen and all was over.,
In earlier days medicinal qualities wore C
capable of removing , erfections of thea
skin, though in later agesmu wo uld scorn to
be more effectual in dovetoping imperfec
tions of the temper; in those ages of easy
faith a ring which had touche&. the skulls
of the magi reposing in solemn splendor in
the cathedral of Cologne, would secure the
owner against the evil-eye, sudden death, t
or accident, while that which 'bore the 1
name of one of those kings of the East, or a
had been blessed by the sovereign on Good- e
Friday, was a talisman, to which the most
fastidious could niot nbject, against cramps. 3
Legend and history nreet about this little e
hoop of gold, and enr' chi it with spell or I
story, as the ancient jewelers beautified a
it with elaborate chiasings and precious ~
stones, with skilful labor lavishedi upon y
cameo and intaglio. ilowadays it has be
come a somewhat matter of fact ornament; t
rustic lovers no longer break it in haives
as an assurance of constancy, ballad-mak- E
ers no longer hang their rhyme upon it; I
all the cunning of our improved civilization r
cannot fashion us a ring like Solomon's, 4
which can seal the evil genius of the times 11
in a jar, and what goldsmith of to-day can' I
warrant his ;ngs to render the purchaser I
iuvisible,ur to appease the injured if thrown a
into the sa?
-Detroit's population Is 110,027.
-The total number of horses In North
a rolina Is 187,133, and of sheep 582,
-To make a good solder for copper
se ten parts of copper and nine parts
-Philadelphia Baptist oh roheshave
rithin a year paid debts aggregating
-In southern Europe olive oil is now
%rgely adulterated with the oil of cot
-The late Do Witt C. West of Low
ille, N. Y., loft an estate worth about
-Constant cutting off just below the
urface of the ground will in time era
lcate poison Ivy.
-The demand for new Pennsylvania
rheat tor shipment.as seed for Europe
xceeds its supply.
-Italy imported, during the first
Ix months of the year, 250,000 tons of
Dreals of all kinds.
-0110 grape growers are getting
mewhat discouraged owing to the
revalence of the rot.
-The father of Mrs. Tomb Thumb
led lately at Middleboro, Mass. Ile
,as of medium stature.
-The agricultural school for girls at
1ouen, France, has 300 pupils, varying
i age from 8 to 18 years.
-The gross income derived from to
acco by the farmers of the United
tates is about $22,000,000.
- St. Louis now has sixty kindergar
ins, as instructing 5201 children be
ween the age of five and seven years.
-General Trevino of the Mext
%n Army,and his bride-formely Miss
rd-Intend to live at San Luis Potosi.
-Several of the expelled Frepoh Je
ilts have been Invited by the Duke of
rorfolk -to stay at his castle of Arun
-The King of Siam has presented
e Grand Ribbon of the WhiIto Ele
hant to the President of the French
-Sir Evelyn Wood, who accompa
led the Empress Eugenie to Zululand.
ollected, while there, materials for a
7ork on the Zulu war.
-The latest estimate of the acreage
evoted to wheat In India Is 18,000,000,
gainst the outside estimate of 36,000,
00 In the United States.
-Victorien Sardou has bonght the
nor which Charlotte Uo0 day opened in
rder to enter the cabinet where Ma
at was sitting in his bath.
-The report of the National Bureau
f Satistles shows that during the
ionth of June there were 72,567 Im
ilgrants arrived in this country.
-The value of the timber destroyed
y the recent forest fires in the south
rest district of the province of New
trunswick is estimated at $300,000.
-One half pound of salt to the pound
f butter In the rule of salting adopted
y the makers of the celebrated butter
rhich sells at a fancy price in Boston.
-The American Baptists have two
hurches in Stockholm, 1weden, and
re about to form a third. "Here wts
n increase of 200 membeis the past
-The Edwiin Forrest mansion, at the
outhwest corner of Broa4 gnd Master
treets. Philadelphia, hldi been pur
hased by the managers of, the School
f Debign for womon. ' I .
-Ninety-one cities In this" country
ave a population of over 8,00,000, or
boutone-sixth of the whole population,
nd this does not include cities with less
lian 30,000 population.
-Kansas is the geographical centre
f the Umited States' 208 miles in width
nd 404 miles in length, containing
2,000,000 acres, or is larger' than the
rhole of New England.
-Lewis Swift, of Rocheat'er, has re
elvedh another gold medal, valued at
bout $70) from the Imperial A'adamy of
ciences at Vienna, for the2 'discovery
f the comet 1879, No. 2.
-General Walker has mae sha esti mite
f the population of the Uiitted States
eom the returns already received and
e thinks there will be in the neigh
orhood of 48,000,000 people.
-No member of the Briitsh royal fa
illy, except the children of the 'Queen
nd of the Prince of Wales, are enmitled
> be styled "royal hIghnesses," unless
riey have been specially created so by
-Mr. Shiras, telegraphie engineer
ar the 1nternational Telephone Comn
any of New York, Is in Bucharest en
eavoring to obtain a concession for
ae establishment of a telephone buisi
ess In that city.
-The number of lioge slaughtered at
levoland since March 1, was 178 8.1,
early three timos the number wkich
ave been slaughtered -In Cincinati In
ame time, the 'number in the
he latter city is 80,500.
-A company to establish elevated
aiways in Paris, upon the New York
attern, Is being organized tinder the
uperintendence of American capital..
its, and there are whispers of a simi
ar scheme for London.
-The tobacco and cranberry crops
f Wisconsin are larger than ever thig
ear. That State will receive about
1,000,000 for its tobacco and about half
a much for its cranberries. Its wheat
rep turned out well, and its corn crop*
-There was a carrier-pIgeon race in
aurope on July the 25. Foerty-sight
lrdls strrted from Londlon.at 6 .'clock
or Cologne. T1he winnmng bird reached
lie Rhionish city at one second before
2 o'clock, or In five hours, 59 minutes
nd 59 seconds after leaving the liritish
-Jacob and Mary Dam pman, of St.
('ary's Warwick township, Chester
ounty, were married on the 7th of Ju
y, 1811, sixty-nine yeara ago, and they
re still knocking abolut, en joyingj comn
aratlvely good health, Mr. D~ampman
,ill be 90 on the 10th of November
*ext, and Mrs. Dampinan was 87 0on
hie 13th of September.
-The anorease of crops of the United
tates, in 1879, over those of the preced
ng year, is reported by the Agrioultu
al Deopartment to have amounted to
16,000,000, owing to the unusually
eavy crops and the great increase of
he area cultivated. A greater area than
hat of 1870 is now under cultivation, -
nd the premise for heavy crops Is so