Newspaper Page Text
--EDITION. W tiB
TRI-WEEKL EDTO.WINNSBORO, S C., NOVEMBER 6, 1880. VOL. IV.-NO. 134.
WAITING FOR THE 00W8 TO 00E.
The farm-house wears a modest mien,
Th'a dormer windows quaint and brown;
And through a tangled web of green
Thespring-house roof gces sloping down;
A fragrance on the air sweepi by,
Of new'mnown bay, all wet with dew .
And on the barn-roof, th atohed with r e,
The pigeons softly light and coo.
The lambs upon the upland play,
The aunset spreada lie rose-red glare i
The mountain ranges streloh away -
Through dreamy paths of purple air.
* Beside the baro, beyond the wood,
Within the mellow twilight gloam,
How oft, a barefoot boy, I stood,
To wait unt I the cows came home !
The battle of my life I foqght,
Far from the'scenes of boyhoed's timo
Yet 6ven in my sleep I sourht
To clasp a stronger hand than mine I
I heard as:anl the thresher's flail,
And well-remembered soUinds of home..
And w atched the evening sunlight pale
While waiting for the cows to come.
The Weaver of Ravdioe.
It was fifteen years since Silas Marner
had first come to Raveloe, and at the end
of fifteen years the Raveloc trien said just
the same things about him as at the be
ginning. He was subject to catalepsy and
to the villagers there was something mys
terious in these fits, as a fit was a stroke
and it was not in the nature of a stroke
to let a man stand on his legs like a horse
between the shafta and then walk off as
soon as you can say "Geel''
So had his way of life mysterious pecu
liarities; he invited no coner to step across
his door-sill, and lie never strolled into the
village to drink a pint at the Rainbow, and
he sought no man or woman, save tor the
purposes of his calling or to supply himself
with the necessaries of life.
He had knowledge of herbs-and charms
too they thought-and pqrhapshe was pos
sessed of an evil spirit, so It was partly to
this vague fear that Marner was in
debted for protecting him from persecution,
and still more that as linen-weaver, his
handicraft made, him a highly welcome
settler to the rich house-wives of the dis
trict. There was only one imoortant addi
tion which the years brought ; it was, that
Master Marner had laid by a ine sight of
His life had reduced itself to the mere
functions of weaving and hoarding, But
about Christmas of that 15th year a great
change came over Marner's life, and his
history became blent in a singular manner
with the life of his neighbors.
The greatest nian in lHaveloe, was Squire
Cass. Of his two sons, Dinsey the second,
the neighbor said It was no matter what
became of him, a spitetul jeering fellow,
whose taste for drinking, bettinir and swop
ping might turn him out to be a sowing of
something worse than wild oats.
But It would be a pity if Mr.' Godfrey,
the eldest, a f'ne, . open-laced, good-na
tured young man, should take the same
road as his brother which he seemed in
clined to do of late.
Godfrey was in Dunstan's power as he
had secretly married a coarse beauty
whose love of drink had made her an unfit
companion for any one, and he lived in
fear of his father learning the dreadful
secret and turning him adrift, so Dunstan
made constant demands on him for hush
money. Driven to desperation by his profli
gate brother he had given him permission
to sell his favorite horse if lie would make
no further demands on him.
So Dunsty rode the horse to the races
and before he had a chance to sell, killed
the horse, and wont from the grounds in a
druuken pennyless state.
As lie was plodding home through the
dark he saw a light in Marner's house. He
knocked but no one answered,and in step
ping in he found it vacant. Where could
he be, leaving his supper a cooking and (he
door unfastened. It was a dark, rainy
night,and perhaps ho hald gone out for fuel
and .fallen In the stone pits.
'I'hat was an interesting Idea to Dunstan.
If the weaver was dead who had a right to
his money? Who would know where his
money was hidden? Who would know
that anybody had come to take It away?
He saw a place near the loom where the
sand had finger' marks, he darted to it,
lifted the bricks and found two leather
bags. Ho hustened out of the house with
the bags. The rain and darkness had got
thicker, but ho was glad of it.
Silas came soon alter, and after getting
warm he thought he would put his beloveU
guineas on the table before him, as It would
be pleasant to see thenm as ho ate his un
wonted feast. For joy is the best of wine,
and Bilas'sguineas were agolden wine of that
sort. The sight of the empty liole made
his heart leap violently, but the belief that
his gold was gone could not come at once.
He had put his gold somewhere else, and
then forgotten It. Ho turned his bed over,
he looked in the brick oven.
He felt once more all around the hole.
He could see every object In' lis cottage
-and his gold was not there. He put his
trembling hands to hia head and gave a
wild ringing scream, the cry of desolation.
The cry lhad relieved him from the first
He tattered toward his loom, and got
into the seat where he worked, instinct
ively seeking tis as the strongest assur
ance of reality. The Idea of a thief began
to present itself. lie started from the loom
to the door. He rushed out In the rain and
made his way to the Inn. 'I here lilas told
his story under frequent questioning, as the
mysterious charaetor of the robbery became
The slight suspicion with which his
hearers at first listened to hIm, gradually
melted ~jay before the convincing sinm
simphci? of his distress.
D~unsey Cass had never been heard from,
and on Nc* Year's eve Squire Uass gave
a large party. That night Godfrey's wife
was walking with slow uncertain steps
th'rough the snow-covered lanes of Riavelue,
carrying-her chiild In her arms.
Soop she. ll numb with cold and
fatiguu, and then nothing but a. supreme
immediate longing to lie doewn and and
sleep. The comuplete torpor came at last ;
the fingers lost their tension,- the arms uin.
bent; thdn the little head tell away fromt
the bosonm, and the blue eyes opened Wide
on the cold starlight. Suddenly its eyes
were caught by a bright gleaming light on
the white ground ; in an; Instant the child
had slipped on all fours and held out one
little hand to catch the 'gleam. But the
gleam could not be caught, and now the
head w4s held up to see wher the cunning
gleam cae from. It came.from a very
bright place; and the little one, rising on
its legs ran on to the open door of Silas Mar
nor's cottage, and right up to the whrm
hearth where dilas's coat lay oh the brick.
to dry. The little one squatted down on
the coat, and presently the warmth had a
lulling efect, anu the litte golden head
sank down on the old coat asleep,' But
where was Silas Marner? He was in the
cottage, but he did not see the child. He
had gone to the door to look out, and put
his right hand on the latch of the door to
close it-but he did not close it; he was
arrested by the invisible hand of catalepsy,
and stood with wide Ibit sightless eyes,
holding open his door, powerless to resist
either the: good or evil that Might enter
When Marner's sensibility returned he
closed the door, and turning toward the
hearth, where, to his blurred vision, it
seemcd as if there were gold on the floor
in front of the hearth.,
Goldl-his own gold-brought back as
mysteriously as it had been taken away.
He leaned forward at last, and stretched
forth his hand, but Instead of the hard
coin, his fingers encountered soft, warm
curls. Could this be his little sister, come
back to him in a dream? lie had a soft
dreamy feeling that this child was somehow
a message come to him from that far-off
life. But there was a cry on the hearth,
and Silas ted and soothed it. le found
it had on wet shoes, which suggested
to him that she must have come from out
doors, so he raised the child and went
to the door, and the little one cried nam
my. Bending forward he could just dis
cern narks made by the little feet, and lie
followed their track to the furze bush, and
there he found a human body, with the
head sunk low in the furze. and half cov
ered with the shaken snow. Silas knew
that all the town was at the grand party
at tae Squire's, so he carrIed the little one
right there in search of the doctor. The
doctor, Godfrey, and a few others, go to
the stone pits, and then find that the
woman is past help-dead. They urged
Silas to part with the child, but he presses
it to him and says:
"No, no! I can't part with it. It's
come to me-I've a right to keep it "
It was a bright autumn Sunday, sixteen
years after Silas Marner had found his new
treasure on the hearth.
The bells of old Raveloe church were
ringing the cheerful peal which told that
the morning service was ended. He called
her Epple for his sister, and that morning
as they walked home together, in low mur
murming tones. Eppie talked to him.
"Father, if I was be to married, ought I
to be married with mother's ring?"
"Why, Eppie, have you been a-thinking
"Only this last week' Father," said
Eppie, ingenuously, "since Aaron talked to
me about it,"
"And what did he say?" said Silas.
"lie said he should like to be married
because he is going on four and twenty and
had got a good deal of gardening work,
now Mr. Moot's given up."
"And who is it as he's wanting to mar
ry?" said Silas with rather a sad smile.
"Why, me, to be sure, daddy," said
Eppie, with dimpling laughter, kissing
her father's check; "as if he'd wanted to
marry anybody else.I
"And you mean to have him, do you?"
"Yes, some time," said Eppie, "I don't
"Every body's married some time,"
"But I told him that wasn't true, for I
said' "look at father-he's never been
"My child," said Silas, "your father
was a lone man till you was sent him."
"But you'll never be a ]one man again,
father," said Eppie tenderly. "That was
what Aar6n said."
"Ij could never think o' taking you
away from lIaster Miarner,Eppie." "And,"
I said it'ud be no use if you did Aaron, and
he wants us all to live together, so you
needn't work and he'd be as good as a son
to you. But I don't want any change. Only
Aaron does want a change,and he made me
cry a bit-only a bit-because he said I
didn't care for him, [or if I cared for him,
I should want us to married, as he did."
"Eh, my blessed child," said Silas, "You
are o'er young to be married. But I shall
get older and helpless, and I sh'uld like
to have you have somebody else beside
me-somebody young and strong, as 'ud
take care of yuu to the .end."
"Then you would like me to be married,
"I'll not be the man to say no, Eppie,
but will ask your godmothter. She'll wish
the right thing by you and her son too."
And the godmother wished it.
In drainig the lands the alone pita were
drained dry, and the skeleton of Dunston
Case was found and all of Bilas Marner's
gold, two hundred and sixty-fiye pounds.
8o Aaron and Eppie enlarged thelr gardenl
and made pretty their home as they
did not wish to leave the stone pits, and
Epple's own words tell the story of thehm
united happy life.
"Oh, father, what a pretty home ours is!
I think nobody could be happier than we.
Do not stare around the room.
Do not take a dog or small child.
Do not linger at the dinner hour.
Do not lay aside the bonnet at a formal
Do not fidget with your cane, hat or par.
Do not make a call of ceremony on a wel
iDo not turn your back to one seated
D~o not touch the piano wunless invited t<
Do not handle ornaments or furniture Ir
Do not make a display of consulting youw
Do not go to the room of an invalhd, un
Do not remove the gloves whsen making
a formal call.
Do not continue to stay any longer whes
conversation begine to lag.
Do not remain when you find the ladj
on the point of going out.
Do not mnake t~io firt cpil If you are I
new corner in the neighborhood.
Do not open or shut doors or windows om
alter the arrangements of the room.
Do notenter a room with out first knock
ang and receing an Invitation to oome In.
Do not resume your seat after havia
arisen to go unless forimnnrtan?e ason.
Isaac Steele lives with his wife, son and
daughter near Petrolla, Pa. fie is the
owner of the once famous Steele oil farm,
and Is very wealthy. Having no faith in
banks, he has for years kept in a safe in his
house between $80,000 and $100,000 in
money. Two years ago three masked bur
glars broke into Steele's house and at
tempted to rob him. They had secured
Steele and his wife, the son and daughter
being away, when they were - alarmed by
the sound of some one approaching the
house and fled. Steele still persisted in
keeping the large amount of money in his
house, saying that he would rather take his
chances with burglars than with banks
or any investment, he knew of. The other
night, at about midnight, three men broke
Into Utee.o's house. They seized him and
his wife, who fought cesperately. Mrs.
Steele was knocked senseless by one of the
men, all of whom more masked. The son
appeared on the scene. One of the bur
glars met him at the door of the room and
leveling a revolver at his head compelled
him to stand still. The daughter then en
tered the room from another door. The
room was lighted up during the encounter
by a lamp left burning on the table by the
old folks when they retired. Old Mr.
Steele was still fighting desperately with
the remnining two men when his daughter
entered the room. She at once seized one
of the men, and left her father to cope
*ith the other. The robber whom the
daughter had seized knocked her down,
and kicked her until she was umconscious.
She had torn the mask from his face,
however, and recognized in him a noto
rious character of the neighborhood named
Jim. Jame. Old Mr, Steele had by this
time been overcome, but had, in the strug
gle with the burglar, snatched the cloth
from. his face, and recognized . "Billy"
McDonald, a man who had gained much
notoriety in the neighborhaod as a pedes
trian. The cries of the family and the
noise made by the struggle in the room had
alarmed a neighboring family, and two
men hurried - to the 8teele residence.
Their approach was heard by the burglars,
and they fled from the house by the back
door. The men followed theni, fir;i.- sev
eral shots, but the desperadoes reached the
woods in safety. On the next day Me..
Donald and James were found lurking about
the vllage, and were arrested and lodged. in
jail. it is not positively known who the
third burglar is, but a well known resident
of Petrolia, is suspected It is said that
Steele intends to seek some other place of
deposit for his spare cash'
The Does uiser.
At Dunajewee, in Russian Poland, a
man died lately at the age of fifty-nine in
consequence of the cold, and of thorough
lack of functional vitality; in plain Eng
lish, therefore, of trost and hunger. He
was a character of the district, where he
was spoken of as leading a most original,
not to say selected life. For many years
he had lived in a room whica was never
heated, sleeping on a pallet of stolen stable
straw on the floor. He subsisted almost
exclusively on bread, which he went on foot
several miles out of town to buy because
he got it cheaper. He was, however, not
a vegetarian. On Sunday. he ate meat.
The meat wasliver, because, as he affirm
ed, his circumstances would not admit of
his purchasing anything more costly. Yet
he never asked alms, though he accepted
them when offered. He cooked his liver
in a broken iron mortar, over a tire in a
foundry sext to the house in which he
lived. He never treated himself to a can
die, wore no clothes that were not given
him, and never spoke to anybody save
when absolutely forced to do so. Nothing
was known of him but that he was a Jew,
with some relatives in the district. As lhe
failed to leave his r ,om for some days, the
neighbors called the police in. They found
the old man dead. And the squalor in
which he had peralied proved to be the
scuirf covering a perfect, mint of treasure.
ilidded about, the place were over half a
million of rubles in gold and jewels, and
as much more in paper. He had been an
usurer of the most notorious character, un
der another name, in a town twenty miles
awa4y. It goes without saying that his re
latives have shown up since his death.
Life in Alfons,,s Palace.
BeSn'rics of the line are found at all the
exterior (lore and at the foot of the stair
cases. We went uip a narrow, badly light
ed stone staircase called "Escalers do las Dai
mas," not, certainly, for its bad smells,
highly suggestive of poor drainage, but
because it leads to the apartments of the
ladles of the roy al household. On reaching
thme first landing one of the tall porters bowed
to us and we found ourselves in a large gal
lery, with glass windows looking on to thme
courtyard below. At every turn or entrance
of the gallery stood ahbalberduer of the guard.
These picketed companies are the inner
guard of the palace, and their chiefs are
grandees and nobles, their sergeants oficers
of captain's rann. We passed them and
made for the Jhapel Royal. It is a snmali
chapel, very simple In its architecture, and
has no benches or chairs except those re
served for the canons gnd priests of the
chapter'royal. At the bottomi of the chap
el, facing the alter, are galleries, where the
King and the royal family, with their house
holds, remain auring mass that is said for
them every Sunday generally at 11, and
every week day as early as seven in the
morning. Our visit continued through the
gallerys until we reached the hall of Col
umns. This no~ble hail, with its stucco and
marble columns, is only used on state occa
sIons, such as banquets on birthdays or fete
days of umembers of the royal family.
Th'irough the long suit of apartments, hiung
with pictures of value, we reached the
throne room, . and admiired theat splendid
apartment, with its many windows on the
Plaza do Armas and velvet panels -and
tapestry. Illere we found sentries and were
told that we were at the door of the royal
autechamber. King Aifonso's and Queen
Christina's apartiments are in the corner of
the palace which looks on the two squares
of "Orlente"and "'rmas." TIheo King's own
room is handsoiiisey furnidhedo, aiid the ta
bles, the bureau or work table, are profuse
ly providdd with books, newspapers, reviews
anid other proofs of lls Mlajesty's active
and inquiring spirit. Down a passage
and by a staircase we paused to the Entresal
looking towards the Plaza do Orhente. An
antechamber for guards and servants was
very well fted up, and led to the rooms tit.
ted up for Sonora do Tacon, the second, but
really the effective governess of the royal
infant's household, as the anrunal chief of
this household is Duo Media do L
Torres, a grandee and man. Senora i
Tacon was the govern of King Alftn
twenty.three long y g. She is assist
in her duties by an En head-nurse, wl
was employed in the f Ily of the Dukes
Fernan Nunes. The we nurses are provid
with rooms next to th of the Senora,
Tacon, and are two ne healthy looki
Pasiega peasant wom n, twenty-one ai
twenty three years old. The rooms of t
royal heir are simply fu ilshed, and the sol
chairs and armchairs are covered wi
French cretonne of a teat, simple desig
The curtains are of the same stuff, and t
only contrast is form by the splend
cradles that the two yal grandmottu
have given their gran child. The Que
Isabella and Arohduch Isabella have oape
little fortunes on lace d embroideries I
these cradles, one ma to the shape of
landau carriage and th other like a bo
There Is also In a corer the cradle t
served for King Alto --. The marvel
these quarters of the r al babe Is the Is
ette. This layette w made after Engli
patterns, an important detail, as the babl
of this country are kept swaddled up tight
and allowed no freedoni for their lower lin
at least until they are six months old. T
layette had, however, to be made of Spani
stuff by Castilian hands, as national pri
could not bear the ideathat a Prince of A91
rias would be clad in foreign underclothir
8ome French and Belgian embroideries
the mostexquisite patterns are to be seen
this layette, and it tillswell nigh six lar
wardrobes. As one of our guides was exi
tiating on the splendor of these preparatioi
we had to make a hasty retreat before t
approach of Queen Isabella. Her Majeo
was decending from the apartments a
occupies on the first floor of the palace, a
which was ceded to her by the Princess
Asturias. There is, it seems, a certs
amount of jealousy, or, rather, rivalry, I
tween the two royal grandmothers. Qiie
Isabella resolutely asserts her right as a
calls it, to be godmother of her grandchi
though at court every onie thinks the Ai
trian Archdutchess ought to be preferrt
both as being a foreigner and mother of t
Q ieen. However, Isabella II. does r
brook any departure from the attention a
thinks are due to her as Queen Moth
For instance she holds levees in the palai
as if she was really a sovereign, and i
chiefs and statesmen of the opposition i
especially demonstrative in their attentk
to her. True to her old inclinations, Que
Isabella drove in a royal carriage, witu <
riders and equert iea, to the bull-tight rece;
ly, and when she appeared wearing i
white lace mantilla that is the clasical c(
tumefor such a place, Her Majesty waslow
cheered by the people, and oven more
by the lower classee..
How to Mi8. d a Flaby.
First, a man must needs have one
take care of. It isn't every one that
fortunate enoughto have one, and when
does his wife is always wanting to run 01
to the neighbor's only five minutes, and
has to attend to the baby. Sometimes s
caresses him; and oftener she says, ste:
"John, take good care of the child til
You want to remonstrate, but ,ani
pluck up courage while that awful femal
eye is upon you; so you prudently refra
and merely remark:
"Don't stay long, my dear."
She is scarcely out of sight when I
luckless babo opens its eyes, and its molu
also, and enits a yell which causes the 4
to bounce out of the door as if somethi
had stungit. You timidly lift the chet
and sing an operatic air; he does not i
preciate it, and yells the louder. You 1
to bribe him with a bit of sugar; not a
of use, he spits It out. You get wrat
and shake him. fie stops a second, a
you venture another, when good heave
he sets up such a roar that the passers.
look up in astonishment. You feel d
perate; your hair standson end and the p
spiration oozes out of every pore as:
agonizing thought comes ever you, wi
if the luckless child should have a fl! Ti
try baby talk; but "litty, litty, lamnby" I
no effect, for he stretches a if a red--I
poker had ben laId upon-his spine,
still lie yells. You are afraid the neihb
hood will be alarmed, and give hn ya
sold watch as a at resouirce,' just in ti
to save your whiskers; though he thrt
(down a handful of your cherished mn
tache to take toe watch, and you tha
fully find an easy chair to rest-your sch
limbs, when down comes that costly wa
on the floor, and the cause of all the trou
breaks into an ear-splitting roar, and i
set your teeth and prepare to admini
personal chastisement, when in rushes
happy woman known as your w
'snatches the long suffering child from y
willing arms, and sitting down, stills It
magic, while you gaze mournfully at
remains of your watch and cherished m
tache, and, muttering a. malediction
babykind in general, and on the Image
his father in particular, vow never to t;
care of a baby again-until the next thi
It is in beautiful, delicate needlow<
and in the making of lace of differ
kinds, says a writer in the Argosy, that
irish Sister. excel. .There are sov4
houses In the Bouth, each of which is fi
ous for some special kind of manufacti
Persons who are learned in such matl
can tell instantly, on looking at a piece
work, at what convent It was done.
crochet made under the superintendenc
Youghal nuns is exquisite, and so fine I
it has, In many cases been mistaken
other kinds of lace. I have heard of a I
who purchased a quantity of what she
lleved to be~ old Roman point, in italy
a great expensec. On bringing it home,
took it to her dressmaker In Dublin,
gave it to h'er for a trimming for a dr
with many, cautions against waste,
with repeated orders not to cut It umn
cessarily. 'I he womian smiled when
heard the discolored work called anti
point. Siho got a magnifying glass
showed her customer that she had in roe
bought irish crochet lae, which had t
dipped in som6~ yellow' Iuld, in orde
give it an appearance of great age.
clever expert was, moreover, able to
from what part of take country It had orn
ally been procured. Some ladies arei
fond of purchasing sleeves and collarn
this beautiful workc, to wear at the ti
'd'hote when traveling on the continent
it does not require what is teohinally tori
doing up ; when soiled, simple waml
and drying will restore it to its pres
daintiness. Besides this, it is quite u
jured by any ainount of pressing or or
fl* Obatned's situation.
1 A few years ago I took charge of the
- -railroad in Texas, which at the time
was in a bad condition. For several months
10 1 was kept very busy in trying to bring
dorder out of chaos, And all my time had to
be devoted to the affairs of the road. Dur
e ng certain hours I had given orders that I
was to be disurbed under no circumstances,
and my clerk had instructions to admit no
ene. One day during these hours the fol
lowing incident occured. I was busy at my
th desk when the door burst open,and a long,
n lank, uncouth, cadaverous-looking Tuxan
e stooL1 before me. His homespun pants were
Id tucked inside of his dusty cowhide bouts,
lra lite rough face looked as though it had
an never seen a razor, and his long, uncombed
nt hair streamed out from under a large som
or brero down on his broad, wiry shoulders.
a Ile marched straight up to my desk, and
- without taking oil his hat, said in a gruff,
at quick tone:
of "is Smith luil'
Y- I looked up in amazement and replied:
sh "Yes, sir, that's my name."
ID "Well, then, cast your eye on that."
b said he, slapping a letter down before
he I picked it up and read it, and found it
was a letter of imtroluction sayin g that the
,e bearer was a trustwo thy man who wanted
U- nurk and asking that it be given him.
g' . As I finished the letter, no again broke
of out: "Well, Smith, what d'ye say ' Can
in you give ine a i1sish I
g I waited a moment and then sale: You ap
a- pear to be quite a lorward young man, and
you want a position. Now, sir, don't you
think you, ould have stood a chance of get
ty dhug a position if you were more polite in
he your wanner ? If you had knockedeat the
,id door, and on beinir invited to enter had
of coti in quietly, taken off your hut and
in asked it Mr. dith was in, and had offered
'0 this letter, asking with a polite now, 'Will
on yo have t,.o kindness to look over this
eettr' If you had clone so, young nan,
dou't you think your position would have
1-en mnore lavorably received than your
present action 't"
he The young man looked at me a second
lot and then turned and lett. A monut at at.
he ter I heard a knock at the door. I said,
r- "4oome in." Again the same younir man
e, entered. Steppingiug softly he caame to
11e the desk, iado a most elaborate bow and
re said, "have I the honor of addressing Mr.
ns smith, the manager of the-- and
en railroad?" I bowea "yes, air."
ist Lie again bowed anu handed me a letter,
a- asking me if I had leisure to look over it.
he I took it, and again read it and looked
' up, saying, "Tl Is a very complimentary
Iletter, 6ir. - , What can I do for youV 1
so Quick as a lash camne theresponse, "You
may go to - 1"
Le then turn.Id and left with a laugh.
1 saw there was soir-etting in the man. I
to followed him, called him back and gave
is him a position. lie did his work well,and
he has since been promoted, until he now oc
rer cupies one of the most responsible and best
he paying positions in my employ,
Oiver Cromwell'* naseendansa.
I I The last descendant of Cromwell in a
direct male line, Mr. Oliver Cromwell of
tot Cheshunt, a London attorney, died in
u's 1821, and his daughter died in 1849, leav
n, ing children and grandchildren who are
salI living. - lothing Is more remarkable
than the general mediocrity of Cromwell's
he posterity. There are, of course, some dis
th tingulehed exceptions. A race cannot be
,at !eckoned as altogether destitute of parts
ng which has produced men like Sir. George
ub. koruwell Lewis, the )ate earl of Claren
tp. don, Mr. Charles Villers, Sir John Lub.
;ry bock land the present viceroy of India.
bit But if we take into account the number of
hy Cromwell's known descendants, the pio
ud portion of noble or distinguished men
List among tiem must be pronounced to be
by singularly small. It is noteworthy, also,
es- that for more than a hundred years aftei
em- Cromwell's death not one of his descend.
~he ants had achieved distinction, except his
mat son Henry, and that of those who have
on subsequently achieved it, all, except Mr.
as Vansittart, who was chancellor of the cx
iot chequer, and became Lord Bexley, have
,d received the Cromwell-blood, -through the
or- Franklandls, baronots, of Thiirkleby, York
mur shire. These facts would lead us to infer
noe that the talent which the descendants 0f
wa the Protector have ini these cases exhibited]
us- cannot be legitimately attributed to the
ik- Cromawell blood. The surprising miedi.
*ng Iocrity of the num'erous posterity of so ox.
ch. traordinary a man constitutes for Mr. Gat.
ble ton and other writers on heredity a diflm
'o. culty which cannot be easily reconcilced
ter- with their hypothesis, aiid which, indeed,
hie they have never attempted adequately tc
fe, "deal with. Another circumstance whici
ur may be mentioned in connection with thu
by subject, is that when ominence has been
the attained by any of the Protector's de
us- scendants, it has been f(or the most part ii
on the field or p)olities. One of them hai
of been prime minister, the first Earl of
ike Ripon, andl there are three who hold of11et
no. under the present adininstration, n.amely:
Earl Cowper, ihie Earl of Morley and th<n
Marquis of Ripen. The lord-lieutenanc3
rk, of Ireland lias been four times held b2
ent descendants of the Protector; it has beem
the held by his son Henry, by Lord Claren
ral don, by Lord do Grey, and by Lord Cow
uin- per. 'Tho vicissitudes of fortune whiicl
re. the Cromwell family have suffered hay<
era often been miade the subject of remark
of in the fourth generation some of his de
rhew svendants had become paupers and other
of had intermarried with families of his op
hat ponents. rThe Protector had no mor
for energetic antagonists than the Earl o
idy Rothes and the Earl of Clarendlon in thel
be. several spheres, but the present represen
at. tatives of both these earls are the Protee
she tor's lineal descendants.
Tnu Ooat of a Bioy.
ad A clergnmn who has been discoursin
ec- about boys has devoted considerable at
she tention to the cost of these somewhat necem
qiue sary indtviduals, and ho estimates the ew
ad pense of bringing a good boy, with th
lity ordinary advantages of city life, to the ag
een of fifteen at about $5,000; these figure
r 1o are doubled by the time the boy is of agt
rihe if lie goes through college. A bad b6y
tell arrived at thme age mentioned, costs full,
pn- as muich, even If he has not been tocollege
cry and time computation as the reverend gee
of thcemnan forcibly suggests, does not includ
ible the value of the mother's tears and father
as gray hairs. Most men who have brough
noed up boys will agree that the estimate is n.
lng too high, and some of them will be oli
dine servant enough to wonder if there is an;
sin- other investment of equal magnitude thu
um:- is made with a. much carelessness ani
Fish and rice are the staple articles of
Japanese diet, and without either of these
the nation would find it hard to exist. The
soil is fertile, and apparently vegetables
grow well here. Sweet potatoes, ordinary
potatoes, turmpe, carrots, squashes or
pumpkins, egg-plants and peas are grown,
but do not enter largely into the people's
diet. Beans are an impiortant article, and
from these is manufactured "tofee" or
"fofe"-Iterally bean cheese-au article
largely used by the poorer classes. Had
ishes are also grown to some extent, and
some varieties are very large and not un
like beets. They are rather coarsein grain
and texture, but not so much so as their
size would indicate. The young bamboo
is also eaton to some extent, and a variety
of mushrooms are used in making sauces
and relishes. A species of maize is raised,
but it is very inferior to the American In
dian corn, and Is not used to any great ex
tent. Tomatoes have been introduced
from the United States within the last few
years, and are received with considerable
favor. Cakes and unleavened bmead of
various kinds are made from rice flour, and
in the seaports bread made from Ibur un
ported from California is beginning to be
used by some of the natives. Of fruits,
oranges, poaches, pears, plums, apricots,
persimons, raspberries, mulberries, and
currants are indigenous there, but none of
them grow in great perfection, and most
of them are quite inferior in qualtity. Ap
ples and strawberries have been introduced
to some extent from other countries, but
although they can be grown there, do not
seen to take kindly to the soil. The pears
are round, mostly of a russet color, coarse
ingraia. not sweet, and are a sort of cross
between the apple and the pear. Various
kinds of melois are largely grown, but
these are very inferior to the English pro
ductionof the saiici. The climate is moist,
which keeps the vegetation constantly
green and beautiful. The general impres
sion which one gets in comig here is that
Japan is a beautilul country, and that her
inhabitants are makug great efforts to
adopt what is best and m1ost. progressive
among other nations.
Where the Boulders Come From.
All have seen the immense boulders
called "lost rock" in some sections, scat.
tered over the northern part of the United
States, which have little or no resemblance
to any mass of rock any where in the vicin
ity, and have ierhaps asked the question:
Where did they coie from? also t.,e heaps
of sand, gravel, and cobble stones of varl
ous sizes, which form many of our ridges,
knolls, and hills. and which are totally un
like any fixed rock near them, All these
phenomena are attributed to a single cause,
and that is the great sheet of ice which na
ture stored up years ago without the neces
sity of protecting it in an ice house. Ac
cording to Agassiz, the sheet of ice extend
ed in this country, as far south as South
Carolina or Alabama, and was thick
enough to cover all the mountains of the
eastern part of North America, with the
exception of Mount Washington. This
peak projected, as a lone sentinel on that
vast waste of ice, two or three ,hundred
feet. In the latitude of northern Massa
chuesetts, he conceives the ice to have been
two and three miles thick. The boulders
were all torn off by the advancing Ice sheet,
from the projecting rocks over which it
moved, and carried or pushed as "bottom
drift," scratching and plowing the sur
face over which they passed, and being
scratched and polished themselves in re
turn, till they were finally brought to rest
by the melting of the ice. 'I hey were not
carriedas fartiouth as the ice shecetextended,
seldom bevond the parallel of forty degrees
nerth. The native copper of Lake Superior
was drifted four or five hundred miles
south; and the pudding stones of lBox
bury, Mass., were carried as far south as
the island of Penikese.
Died as a Kiug should.
Mr. Macready was fond of telling the
following story as lia experience of Amern
can Independence, exemplinied in a Wes
tern actor of the self-satisfied kind, "in time
last act of ilamlet," said he, "I was very
anxious to have the King, who was rather
of a democratic turn of minud, to fall, when
I stabbed him over the steps of the throne,
and oii thme right hand side, with his feet
to the left, in order that when 1 was to fall
I should have the center of the stage to
imyself, as benefitting the principal person
age of the tradedy. No ob~jectioni was
made to this request on the part of the ac
tor; but at night, to my great surprise, lie
wheeled directly round after receiving the
sword thrust, andl deliberately fell in the
middle of the scene, just on the snot where
I was in the habit of dying. Well, as a
dead man cannot move himself, and as
there was no time for others to do it, the
King's body remained in p~ossesslon of my
place, and I was forced to find another
situation, which I did, and finished the
scene in the best way I could.
"When I expostulated with his Majes
ty for the liberty lie had taken lie coolly
. replied: 'Mr. Macready, we Western peo
ple know nothing about Kings exceptingt
that they have an odd trIck of doing as they
please; therefore, I thought, as I wats Klir
,I had a right to do whatever I--pleased;
. and so, sir, I fell back upon my kingly
a rights, from which, you perceive, sir,
. there is no appeal.' "I retired," said Mr.
3 Macready, "to my dressing-room to have
f a hearty laugh over what I felt more lik<
r crying over a moment before."
Willig to Give Way.
On a Detroit street car a woman of ifty,
made up to look about twenty-five, gel
aboard at a crossing to find every seat oc
-cupied. She stood for a moment,and ther
selecting a poorly dressed maii about forty
. five years of age, she observed:
e "Are there no gentlemen on this car.
e "Indeed, I dluntno," he replied, a 1h<
s looked up and down. "If there haln't
, and you are going clear through, fi'l huni
, up one for you at the end of the hane"
y There was an embarrassing silence fot
, a noment, and a light broke in on him all
-of sudden, and he rose and said:
e "You can have this seat, madam. I
s am alias perfectly willing to stand up an<
t give my seat to anybody older than my
-That deelded~ her. She gave him fi loel
y which he will not, forget to his dying day
4 and grabbing the strap, she refused to si
i) down, even when five seodts had become
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-leifty million buahels is Minnesota's
little contribution to the world's.wheat
crop this year,
--Competent authorities say th'.t the
Raislar,1harvest Is the worst since the
famllie of 1873,
-Mr Vanderbilt has purchased-$80 -
000 worth of oil painting since hia
arrival in Eurepa.
-The amount or butter now made In
Iowa creamneries Is estimated'at50,000,
000 pounds per annnm.
-The official records of the 'war,
soon to be printed, will All ninety-six
volumes of b00 pages each.
-it is estimated hat Delware peach
growers will make a profit of $1,500,
000 on their c:, p this year.
-The yield of this year's sugar crop
in Cuba has been about 545,40.) tons
against 080,000 tons last 3ear.
-Iowa has 305,000 pupils in her 10,
000 public schools, and a school fund
of over $500,000 to draw upon,
a -The total wheat crop or Illinois
this year is over 50,520,000 bushels, the
largest ever raised in the State.
-The great Corlies engine of the
centenilat exhibition now drives the
mn :chilnery of the San Francisco mint.
- 'l'ie Lucy furnace, of Pittsburg,
tiriiei ont in one month 9,538 tons of
fin ished steel rails, or about 1,000 miles.
-The number of lives lost during
rhe year of 1880 b v steamhoat acciden ts
is estimated at 185 against 177 during
the previous year.
-The Pope has appropriated $60,000
for a compl. te and splendid edition of
ct.e works of Sc. Thomas Aquinas, his
-The furthcomig report of the lii
miols State Board of Agriculture will
,how thet winter wheat crop for 1880 to
be 53,86,505 bushels.
-Thie IlIlinois hog crop for the sea
son of 1880 81 is estimated at 2.193,487
-head, an increase of 207,279 head over
that of the last season.
-Baltimore packs more oysters than
any other clty iI the world, -fiteen
0 rins with a capital 01$2,338,300 being
engaged in the business..
-The census taken last F-ibruary
zhows that Denmark, Including the
iaroe Liles, has 1,980 075 Inhabitants
1'en years ago the total was 1,784,741.
-Outsanding 7:30 notes are coming
into the treasnry department, and are
redeemed In coln, with interest to 1869
when they were convertible into 5-26
-Th' Pope's new journal and organ,
the Aurora, started at Rome, January
1, 1879, hta- reached a clrcul4ion of
6,000, a id Is now considered fipnly es
-California promises a shipment -of
800,000 tons of wheat, equivalent to 27,
000,000 bushels, ift an Inter-oeanilo
canal Is built, weather at janan~a or
-Texas is blessed with an abundant
cotton crop, estimated at' 1,100,000
bales. In the north part of the State
the average Is about three-fourtl~s of 'a
bale to the acre.
-Pennsylvania has expended tius
far nearly $4.500 in supressing ploure
p)enunonia, of which suth 2,o6o was
paid for killing 150 animals infected
with the disease.
-Just outside of the city of Mecca,
where Mahomet was born In the year
571, is pointed out the hill where it is
aind, A oraiam went to offer up lssao,
in the year 1871, before Christ.
-Tobieco was first discovered at St.
Domingo in the year 1490, and was
ised freelv by the Spaniards, in Yuca
tan, In 1520. It was introduced into
Engnmind In 1 t65,by Sir John Hawkins.
-The assesed polls In Virgina last
year were 294,747, of which 182,002
were white anid 112.742 colored. The
quailified voters were 123,000 -about
104,000 white and only 6h,000 colored.
-Pawnbrokers first established,
themselves in Italy, as regular traders,
taking pledges and advancing money
oni the same, in the year 1458, and soon~
after many came and set up- In Eng,
-TIhe value of exports of petroleum
and petroleum products during July
last was $3,001,000; July last year $4,/
238.000; for seven months ended July
31st, $17,303,000; mamne period last year
-Thelm United States nowv has ten times
more acres of wheat than the United
Is.ingdom; It has twice the number of
horses of both England ant France,
one-third more cattle, and four times
more hoege tha-i both.
-Beltish railroads grew from 15,145
in 1b669 to 17,090 last year, the capital
iucreasing from $2,598.895,000 to $3,
585,000,000 in the same time, showing
the sum liable for dividends increased
twice as fast as the mileage.
-The largest cotton n mill In the
country hass just been opened at Willi
imnto, Conn. 1t is only one story
hiyh, but covers a space of 820 feet by
174, all of which is in a single room,
lightied by 51 electrIc burners.
-Tne exports of grain and grain in
flour anid meal from the United Srtates
for the 12 months cndinug August 81,
reachmed theuenormous Ilgures of30(0,
325,000) bushels, of which 189,517,000
bushels were In wheat a, wheat in
-There arc only 40,000 Jaiws In all
Enagland,andi only 60,000 id France ;buc
in(.Germnany there aire 4i0,000 ini Gdr
mani Austria twice as nmauy, iia Russia
ove~r 2,000,0JO aud in. 1t im nia there
are over 4c0,01 In aj bulation of
-The census reports will show that,
withiin the last four years, upwards of
I1,760,000 Anmericanis have arrivod at the
age os 21, anid will take p art In this
approachiug olection.' This constitutes
niearly 17 per cei.i. of the mocaL vose of'
-Fully thirty per cent, more grain
and provIsions amas been moved through
time New York State, casinis since thei r
openinig this year tnan for the corros
pomidinag perIod'of last year. This is
regarded as a signi oft great business
activity amid prosperity.
-The fifteen cropi of cotton made ini
the United States since the war exceeds
the lilteen ante-war crops;i nearly 10,
O900,000 bale's. WVhin thai sixteenth
crop is added this .yopr'it. Will ma~
the excess more than l44,000,0040 hat~
The value of the lifteoeiara~ sinO.e
war s as boen $4,000,000,0