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TfRI-WEEKLY__ EDI____-2, 8O
EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., NOVEMBER 2,
TR -UN9AINGRABLI DuD.
They change not though thie world is ever
In memory still they live, the dear ones gone,
While others fee, they seemed to tondly huger,
To cheer our pathway as we wander lone.
They live to bless us ever,
Dissevered from us never.
The world's great throng is swiftly by us hast
Their eyes intent on luing prises sought,
While our loved'dead look kindly en us ever,
With smiles more sweet than gold has ever
Their eyes look coldly never,
Iheir love endures forever.
Upon our minds, our looks, our senses falling,
Time ehiqels changes as the years lit by,
Still ehwels none upon the features loving,
smiling upon us with an undimmed eye,
They look and love forever,
UnLindly gazing never.
When all our years have fled, the last depart
WJien friends have olbanged. have been and
Unohanged our dead are near, the only living
Adown eternal years prolonging stay.
Our dead desert us never,
Are with us now and ever.
"My choice is made, sister Belle- Give
me your approval."
Belle Lawson looked serious.
"8tella,"she said, "I'm sorry. Not that I
bear Clarence Henshaw any ill-will, but,
child, you are not suited to be a poor
man's wife. Remember you are proud,
and have been reared in comfort. Follow
my advice and inarry Henry Lakeman."
"Ao, Belle; I wouldn't marry Henry
Lakeman if he was a hundred times richer
than he is."
She slipped a picture into Its envelope,
with a long glance at the view it imaged:
"It's a lovely place," she sighed, and I
would like to live there."
"Don't be too hasty, Stella. If you covet
this pretty home of Henry Lakeman's, ac
"But I love Clarence Henshaw I prefer a'
cottage with him to a mansion with Hen
"Stella," she continued, very gravely,
"I have acted the part of a mother for
many years; my wish has ever been that
you form a wealthy marriage. You love
luxury, you enjoy display, and I am not
saying too much when I add that you wor
ship beautiful apparel. Henry Lakman
can give you all of these. Clarence Hen
shaw cannot. Think well of it. I shall
let you have your own choice in regard to
"My mind Is made up," Stella respond
She tooklup the view, slipping a letter
into Its envelope while she spoke.
"If I favored his suit, I was to keep it,
sister Belle," she continued, touching the
edge of the wrapper to her rosy lips, and
sealing it with a heavy slap of the hand.
"I do ngt, you will observe. "I'll never
be sorry, I know." she murmured, turning
the envelope to look at its supercription.
"Your happiness is within your own
grasp, Stella. You'll recall my words
some day." And with a stately gait Belle
Lawson left her. *
Stella ran lightly up the stairs to her
own room and touched the - bell in great
"You will oblige me by mailing this at
once," she said to the servant who answer
ed her call, handing him this very envelope,
"and," she said, smiling and blushing, "be
careful of this, "putting another letter Into
his hand. "Leave it with no one but the
person to whom it is addressed. Mindl''
she called, "to obey".
Three months later they were marred.
They were a happy and hopeful couple.
The lfe upon which they had entered was
like a new and unexplored country, but
Clarence meant to work hard, and felt lit
tle or no doubt in1 regard to thcir future.
- He had been a head beokeeper for many
years, and had the promise of something a
little better yet the coming season. So the
first few months of their married life 'ran
smoothly. They rented a house in a pleas
ant part of the city, kept a servant, and
Btella wore the pretty clothes which had
been provlds 4 at the time of her marriage,
and wondered why sister Belle had such
funny notions about marrying a poor man.
But toward the close of the nist year of
their wedded life, his firm was said to be
under heavy liabilities, and the anniver
sary of their marriage found the house
bankrupt and Clarence out of a-situation.
H~e applIed at this and that place, but
month after month slipped by and he found
no opening. They moved out of the house
and took cheaper rooms in another part of
the city. By this time their funds began
to run low, and t8tolla wanted something
new for her wardrobe. Already she had
begun to show signs of discontent.
"I shall find something by and by," the
husband said bravely.
It was at this trying time that a little
speck of humanity was put into Stella's
arms, and Its feeble cry told that the re
sponsIbIlity of motherhood was hers.
"I am the happiest man alive," Clarence
exclaimed, caresaing wife and child. "Th'le
very happiest," lie repeated again, kissinig
the baby boy.
"?Let pride go to the dogs, Stella," he
added, remembering that now his responsi
bility was greater than before. "They
wrant workmen in the new city hall. i'll
teke my ha~mmer.-mt will give us bread.
"How can you expect, me to live among
such surroundings, Clarence ?" was her ap
peal when the husband begaed of her to be
of good cheer.
"It's truol in you," she sobbed. "I want
to be back In my old home among my own
The warm glow came to his face, and lie
drew her tenderly towards him without a
word, but there was a look piteous to see
in his handsome eye, while his resolve
was to work stall harder.
There came a day, later a little--"for
some dafs must be dark and weary"
when It did scoem that matters had come to
The city hall was finished long ago, the
Odd Fellows' building completed, and the
last stroke had been given to the new
church. Clarence must look for something
.new. Jennie, who had minded Freddy
for two or three months, had to go, and all
the household cares fel. upon Stella's
The) had-mov'ad from phaa o nipan
since Freeley's birth, hoping to find a house
with which Stella would be content.
. "But thWee poople are all alike, 'she said,
"and I nay as well be in one place as
another," was her reply to Clarence, when
he suggested that they move into a new
It was unwomanly in her to say this,she
know, the moment the words had escaped
her lips, and she thought to have run af.
ter her husband and beg his forgivenas,
but just then Freddy caught in - her dress,
causing her to spill the water she was pour
Ing In theitea-kettle, which only increased
"You troublesome little thing I" she
said imapatiently. "Take that I" laying
her hand heavily on the little bare should
ers. "1 am sick to death with you always
hanging to my skirts."
Freddy, with the' prints of her fingers
still red on his neck, toddled to her side,
and tried to climb into her lap. But she
pushed him off crossfy, with
"Go play with your blocks and horses;
I don't want you near me," and her hand
was raised to lay on the rosy heeks.
"Don't do anything you'll be sorry for
by-and-by, Stellet," Clarence said, coming
into the room just then.
Something in his face stayed her hand
just on 1he moment, and she rose to hei
feet, flushing with shame and anger.
"I thought you'd gone down town," she
replied, sharply. "Oh, dear; If I'd mind
ed sister Belle I shouldn't have been here.
She was right. I had no business to marry
a poor man.
"You are not qnite yourself this morn
ing Stella," and his eyes were full of un.
shed tears as he caught sight of the red
marks on their baby's neck.
"Do 3 ou suppose I can endure. every
thing " she cried spitefully.
"You are nervous and tired, dear.
Come here," and he put his hand to clasp
She glided from him and went into the
Something wet fell on the baby's head,
and he pressed him closely to his bosom,
as he caught the sound of her sobbing.
-I"I have heard something new tis morn
ing, Stella, I'm go'ng to New York by the
"1 ou're always hearing of something
now," was her quick reply; but what does
it amount to ?"
"So I am hoping for something better,
and think I have found it now."
He rocked Freddy to sleep, put him into
his crib, and then went to the door of his
"Are you going to klas me good-by,
Stella I" he asked, opening the door very
softly. "I may be gone a day or two."
"No," she replied coldly, "you'll be
back soon enough."
"I will come fse soon as I can; but I
might never return, you know."
"$ee If you are not back as soon as you
can come, with the same old story."
Clarence turned quickly, but she saw the
look on his faco, and never forgot It.
She heard him cross the room, and
knew he bent over Freddy's crib, and kiss
ed the little sleeper again and again.
"He'll come back to me betore he really
goes," she whispered to herself, starting
up and going toward the door; but a turn
in the street hid him from sight when she
reached the window. He had gore, and
for the first time without kissing her good
She sat quite still until Freddy awoke,
then with a cry of terror she ran across the
hall to the nearest neighbor, with. "Please
come, Mrs. Wilson, my baby's dying."
Mrs. Wilson came, for though rough of
manner, she was kind of heart,
"He's in a fit," she said, the moment
her eyes rested on the little sufferer.
"Bring me some water, quick," she called,
"and help to get off his clothes."
"Hold him so," was her'command, put
ting him into the bath. "I will run home
and got some medicine. Such women as
you amn't fit for mothers," she continued,
returning with her hands f ull of bottles.
"0, Freddy," cried Stella, dropping on
her knees, "if you'll only get well, I will
try so hard to bear everthing."
"And what trials have you to bearf"
asked Mrs. Wilson, You have a pretty
home," looking about the room, 'if it was
put in order."
"It isn't lieo the houses I am used to."
"Young people don't enpect to begin
where the old ones loft olf. They must
make theii- own homes."
"I never understood it so. Sister Belle
is the only mother I ever knew, and her
advice was never to marry a poor man."
"Se you keep finding fauft and com
plaining when your husband la, trying in
every way to make an honest living. It
Is a wonder that you haven't driven him
to drink long ago."
"My baby will get well, won't hot" was
said pleadingly, and the poor thing sobbed
again as if her heart would break,
"And you will stay with me through the
night?" forgetting she was one of .those
."I'd stay with you ht whole blessed
week," replied true-hearted Mrs. Wilson,
"If 1 could make you a wife worthy of
All through the long night hours,
while Freddy lay between life and death,
Mrs. Wilson worked over him bravely,andi
told to the girl-mother chapters in her own
hife-experienees. There were passages
over ,whlch Stella wept bitterly,- and when~
morning dawned, giving back the cid
from danger, in place of the fickle, untea
sonable woman, there was one ready to
meet life's work with a firm purpose and
"I do wish Clarence would come," she
kept saying next morning. "What detains
him ?" she continued, when the clock was
on the stroke of twelve o'clock.
"What if -" and her heart lay like lead
in her bosom as she recalled the look she
last saw on his face. "What if he never
comes back!" she murmured, going into
her own room.
"Mrs. Wilson," she called, "whore is
In an instant the dear good soul was be
side her her resting a hand tenderly on the
"True-hearted woman? She shruuk from
saying it had been a dreadful night on the
Sound, and that the steamer had collied
with the New York boat. "Hecr husband
travels by boat," had boon her conclu
Stella caught at her arm, the sound of
her voice answering Freddy, and, with a
ery she fell.
Poor. tired. inexperienced wit and
mother 1 Was the ordeal so ordered? With
the help of a heighbor Mrs. Wilson laid
her on the bed.
"iRun for a doctor," she said to Miss
"But you don't knov
"I do," she interrupted. "Mrs. Henshaw
will have a run of nervous fever, and
whether her husband is dead or alive, I
Wnen Stella opened her eyes again it
was nearly night. She knew no one about
the bedbut talked to Clarence and Freddy
and sister Belle.
Lats that evening Clarence came in sight
of hom Contrary to Mrs. Wilson's con
jecture, he came by a different route.
He had thought to telegraph, "But Stel
la won't worry," be said, "if I am late."
The light faded from his eyes and hlo
face turned ghastly white when he looked
into the rooms.
, "Both gone ". he groatiod, walklag from
the bed to the crib.
"No, no," Mrs. Wilson said comforting
ly "Baby's better, and jour wife will
come out of this. All she need is good?
nursing, and that she shall have," turning
aside her head and drying her eyes with
the corner of her apron.
It was painful to listen to the wild talk.
"If I might endure it," Clarence said so
many times. When at lengtb Stella awoke
from the terrible dreams, her husband was
bending over her.
"Clarence." she said very softly at first,
"Clarence," she repeated, putting her
arms about his nec, "if you'll forgive me
for striking Freddy, I'll kiss you, 0, so
many t. nes."
Foolish fellow I he cried like a 'baby.
'Listen, Stella," he said, as soon as he
could command his voice, "listen I I did
get the situation, and you can have every
thing youwant,"touching his lips to cheek
and forehead; "and you are going to have
such a pretty house in Brooklyn."
"All I want is your love," clasping him
close. "and that Freddy get well. I'm
ready to be a poor man's wife."
Ladies who do their own work'will find
a garnet ring quite becoming in the marked
contrast made by its connection with the
white dough of morning biscult. Dia
monds are no longer considered in good
taste, though they are occasionally used
with good effect in mixing gingerbread.
Soap should be usea sparingly on child
ren's hands and faces. Much money is
thrown away on soap that might be more
profitably employed in buying bonbons and
caramels. Even the children are aware of
The unesthetic gloss on marble may be
easily removed by setting glasses wet with
lemonade upon the slab. Almost any acid
will serve, but lemonade is the favorite
A great many young housekeepers fall
into-the very natural error of thinking that
bolled potatoes should be served with the
core au natureL. They preserve their
forms much better that way, it is true, but
the men folks have got into the incurable
habit of eating potatoes boiled into a form
In canning peaches, mothers should have
their little boys help them peel the fruit.
A great deal of labor is thus obviated. A
mother informs us that the peaches she
had supposed would fill six -jars only made
live. She had her little son's help in peel
ing, and, therefore, got through her can
ning quicker than she had anticipated.
A great deal of sickness in children may
be avoided by parents eating the green
fruit on their place themselves. A united
effort in a neighborhood is necessary to
make this remody effectual. Hens and
children are prone to ramble.
The only known way to make pickles
keep is to lock them up in the store c'oset
and then throw away the key. Many
other methods have been tried, but this is
the only practical one,
Considering that most civilized beings
haive worn a suit of new clothes at least1
once in a life time, there miust be a vast
quantity of old clothes In the worldi. There
ought to be about four million suits of
themi yearly contributed by London alone,
and it is calculated--for there are no sta.
tistics on the subject-that the cast off gar
ments of London are muich larger in qiian
tity than the cast-off clothes of any city in
the world, not excepting Pekin ; for in
Pekin the thrifty; Celestials wear out their
finery. The old clothes trade is not there- I
fore, a Chinese institution. But every
town in the world, and every parish not
in the town, centributes its share to the1
stock of old clothes. Where do the cast-off<
suits ao to? What becomes of these ghosts
of decency? What que'stionable shape do
they ultimately assume? The matutinal
cry of "Old Clo'l ssiggests eli these queries.
They let nothing go to waste in the region <
of Old Clothes. From morn to nIght, as
you pass through it, your ears are dinned
with the clatter of sewing machines, or the
hammering of the shoemaker, carrying on
the process of renovation. The most use
less thing in clothes is umade of some use to I
somebody here. Every man,. woman and
child of them is busy in the pursuit of
Mlammon; and so it comes to pass that no]
one is peer, whilst many are very rich in I
the "'old clothes" line, and some leave it I
for ever almost millionaires. They worka
hard, and do gcood; gor if all the old clothes
were thriowa away, hundreds of thousande
of people would be clothed less comforta
bly and respectably than they now are.
The origin of the "old clo"' man Is one of
our social mysteries. As every one living
in any suburb knows, he is almost always
an old man. He may have been hanging
about your house forty years or so. He
was an old man when goti saw him first,
and he does not appear a day older now.
Was he ever young, and 'what was lie when
Tineture of Insees Fowder.
A concentrated tincture of insect powder
is highly recommended asan insecticide by
Finseiberg, who prepares it by digesting
one part of Pei'sian misect powder in ten
parts absolute alcohol, and claims that in
order to prove edlcaciotus it-should be scat.
tered by means of an ordinary perfumery
atomizer. When thus used in closedrooms
all fles soon drop dead; while scattering
It over linen, etc., acts as a protection
agains Aeaa. e.
A Warm ar's Home in oChina.
Crossing a small stream we prepare to
enter a farmhouse for rest and refreshment.
-As usual, our first salutation came from the
dogs, who were speedily quieted by the
men. These were Chinese settlers who
had intermarried with Mongols,and although
the elders retained their Chinese traits of
countenance, the offspring were clearly of
a mixed race. A number of Tangoats
were stretched upon the ground sleeping,
having arrived in the morning with a num
ber of sheep for the market town of IAang
Chu, to the the west. rhe building, in
lieu of possessing an iner and outer wall,
consisted only of a qupdrangular court
yard. On the upper side was the dwelling
.houses, with large epen windows. On
each side of the doorWay the women sat
sewing and mending clothes. Mules and
ponies were engaged In the open space
threshing out the wheat. This rude oper
ation consists of dragging a heavy stone
roller to within a few inches of the head of
the grain. The grain was winno*ed by
men with wooden shovels, who gather it
up and toss it agaist the wind. In the
house we savy an old crone grinding millet
and wheat for family use in a hollow stone
mortar with a heavy wooden pestle, The
straw was stacked in heaps at the angle of
the yard. Agricultural *niplements, of a
bygone ago, were lyin around; square
harrows, with long Iro prongs ; plows
with iumense shares of peculiar shape:
the rough carts used for transport. Heaps
of manure were lying ardind for future use
when dried. The dung of the camels, or
argol, as it is called, which Is used for fuel,
was to be seen in one of the outhouses.
Having obtained permisilon to enter the
house, we found ourselves in a square
room. The furniture consisted of a round
pine table, with some two-legged stools of
the commonest kind. Toe picture of the
Buddha hung immediately opposite the
Perilous Adventure la a Small Boat.
A short time ago a young telegraph clerk
from Otranto, named Salvator Montarini,
was picked up on the high seas, at about an
equal distance from the Italian a-id Dalma. I
tian coast, by the Russian bark Jenny,Cap
lain Hallstrom. 3tontarini, two days be
rore his rscue, had hired a small boat with 1
the intention of enjoying an afternoon's i
5shing, and had rowed himself out two or i
three miles, when one of the sudden gales J
,hat render Adriatic navigation so perilous i
irose, and, despite his desperate efforts to I
reach the shore, soon drove him out of eight i
)f land. For marly forty-eight hours he I
itruggled against wind and waves, and con- <
rived to keep his tiny craft afloat,although I
ie lost an oar early in his involuntary I
%ruise, and sustained severe hurts upon his i
iead, right foot, chest and both hands. To- I
ward sunset of the second day, when he I
liad given up all hope of human aid, he es- I
pied afar off the smoke arising from a t
iteamer's funfiel. By almost superhuman <
ffort he succeeded in approaching the I
teamer within hailing distance, and I
iteo sly implored the captain to take him i
n board. The latter addressing him in
B'rench, asked him "how much he would
tive to be saved," to which barbarous ques
ion Montarini replied, "A thousand
'rancs. " " That is too little," rejoined 1
us Inhuman intorculator, and the steamer 6
roceeded on her way. Eleven hours later I
2e was rescued by the Jenny, however, I
ilmost exhausted by fatiguo, hunger and t
oss of blood, and was subsequently put I
kshore at Ivica, where he communicated <
he details of his dreadful adventures to 4
he local authorities and obtained their as- I
istance to effect his return to his duties at I
Belies of Frakln's~Men.
In the rooms ot the Amerlean Geco
graphical Society, in T wenty-ninth street,
New York, are collected the last relics of
he men who accompanied Sir John Frank~
lin in his Arctic search. Lieuteniant
3chwatka has carefully preserved the very
imaliest objtct~s in any way connected
wvithi that ill-fated expedition, and they are
uow being carefully labeled, preparatory
o being placed on private exhibition be
oro being sent to England. 8ome of I
hese articles were picked up by Lieuton
mt Schwatka and his companions them
elves; others were obtained by barter
rronm the Esquimaux; and the searchers
were directed to places where they found
>thers by the tales of the Esquimaux whom
hey met. For a generation these me
nuentoos have been lying in the sand or
now, or have been in the possession of
he Esqulmaux, and their battered and un
lightly appearance can hardly fail to add
omething to the pathetic interest that en.
!lopcs theml. Bome of the earliest die
overiles were made at Irving Bay, and the
kat article found there was a rusty pick- ~
Ix, bearing the broad arrow of England t
'till distinctly visible. A wooden block,
>art of the tackle cof a ship or boat, some
lopper pipes a canvas belt, a pewter pail, ~
Ind sonic pieces of suspender buckles were
alo found at Irving Bay. Near Lieuten
Int Irving's grave the exploreri picked up
rusty tin box, a prize medal, the objeot
;lass of a telescope, somo brass buttons, n
>leces of cloth, and small shoe buckleA.
rhe most melancholy interest attaches to c
large handkerchief from Lieutenant
rving's grave, which, judging from its a
osition, was probably placed under his a
mead when he was ld to rest by hIs
voary and discouraged companions. This t
a very large, apparently of silk, with a e
lark background, on which are fanoiful e
iesigns, apparently once of a brilliant red.
When unfolded, the handkerchief is seen r
,o be tattered and incrusted in spots with
m heavy mold.
Many wooden articles wonderfully well
preserved have been brought back. They
ire part of a boat found by the natives
it Wilmot Bay, the prow of a boat from
IErebus Bay, the blade of an oar piokod up
at Washington Bay, and some snow-shose
made by the natives from wood, belonging'
to the wrecked ships apd boats. Thten,,
there are an old boot and shoe gaping open
so widely at the seams, that their appear
ance would be ludicrous, did one forget
From Cape Felix have boen brouaght thue
top of a tin can, marked "Edwards' P're
served Potatoes," and bearing the knglish I
coat-of-arnme; the top of a glass can, mark
ed, "Powell, Bristoi;" a pair of scissors,
some buttons, a piece of porcelain teacup,
some shot, a piece of untkraclts coal, anu A
a forlorn old hair-brush. At the boat'
place in Erebus Bay, a aor was found.
The broken blado. half eden up hy rusti
still swings on its pivots, although the
handle is broken and chipped to the last
point of dilapidation. There are also two
combs, or rather the remains of t" combs
and some fish lines. The top of a boat
mast, with the small Iron block and ring
still in place, and a piece of a measuring
stick, have been brought back from Star
vation Cove. Some wire gause, osee usei
in snow goggles, came from a grave east of
the Pfeffer river. A sled-rope and buckle
were found at Erebus Bay, the latter being
from a grave. At Wall Bay were discov
ered some bullets, the staves of a cask, and
an ax. The latter was found through the
direction of some Esquimaux. From the
same place are a tin can, marked "J.
Cowen, iron monger, Woolwich," some
tin cups, canteens and boxes. The bowl
of a spoon in this collection was given to
Lieutenant Schwatka by an Inuit. A large
roll of lead was probably carried by the
survivors of Franklin to aid in repairing
their boat. The uses of a moldy strip of
leather are not clearly indicated. Some
heavy blue cloth, half decayed, was taken
In parts from graves. Among several
pieces of iron, belonging to various im
plements are some sharply notched spear
heads. The copper that Franklin's men
.ither took from the ships for repairing
purposes when they started southward, or
)lse abandoned with other articles in the
ihips, has been turned to a variety of user
Mblily, if not entirely, by the Esquimaux.
[n addition to the copper plates there are
many rude fish hooks fashioned out of
)opper, with bone and lead sinkers. The
)opper appears again in some curious
Lnives. The heavy handles of whale or
valrus bone, are from six to eight inches I
n length. In some cases the handles have 4
)eon cracked and are wound with small i
itrips of hide. One knife bas a blade only I
wo or three inckes in length, while in I
mother, the blade Is crescent-shaped, like 1
he domestic chopping knife, and the han. a
lie is of drift-wood. The most curious
umong these knives ia a dagger made en
irely of bone. The handle is slahtly
iotched, and the long, narrow blade is
oncave on any side. Among these knives I
tppears an instrument of bone and iron re
iembling somewhat a three-pronged fish
pear. The iron and copper in these in
truments undonbtedly originally came
rom the Erebus and Terror, but they
vere made generally, if not in every case,
)y the Esquimaux The same is true of I
ome heavy hammers and one or two little
ares of copper. Among the other relies of
Pranklin's men are the shafts of a spear, a
ome little iron wheels and bits of tackle.
Pour large blubber stoves, still in a fair
tate ot preservation, have been brought .
rom Irving lay, together with a fragment
i a shovel. In the basement of the build
og occupied by the Ueographical Society,
Aeutenant 8chwatka has placed the run
iers of a sled used by the unfortunate men a
a their journey southward. They are
teavy pieces of hard tihber, perhaps live
aches wide and three in thickness and fif
een feet in length. This completes the
ollection of relics that Lieutenant Schwat
a has discovered. Lieutenant Irving's
ones, are of course, carefully packed
Feeding on One's "Ir. r
When the human body suffers from a
%ck of food it practically fceds upon it
elf and absorbs its own substance as food.
ivery one knows that certain animals nor
mally exhibit this process of feeding upon j
hemselves under certain conditions. The i
umps ot the camel or those of the Indian
attIc visibly decease, and may disappear f
Itogether, if the animals are starved. A
uperfinous store of fat, In other words, is
nado use of under the exigency of hunger.
lo it is with the bears and other animals j
vhich hibernate or sleep through the win
er's cold. The bear, which in autumn ,
etires to winter quarters in a well-favored a
xmndition, comes forth in spring lean and g
neager. His fats have been absorbed in e
uls nutrition, and the succeeding summer o
vili lay the foundation of new stores of aj
taple food to be utilized during the next j
vinter-. With man, we repeat, the phe..o- e
iomcna of starvation are essontlally simil- t
ar. In the starving man the fats of the
>ody are the Brat substances to disappear.
rhe fats lose weight to the extent of 98 i
>er cent.; next in order the blood suffers;
hen the internal organs, such as liver and a
pleen suffer; the muscles, bones, and nor
'ous system being the last to lose weight., e
n due time, also, the he'at of the body de- a
reases to such an extent that ultimately a
loath in a ease of starvation is really a 'j
aso of death from loss of heat. When the
samperature falls toabout 80 dog. Faren- |
cilt death ensues. This decrease arise t<
rom the want of~bodily fuel or food; but *
he hnmmediate cause of the fatal ending of c
uch a case is decrease of temperature. It ,
a likewise a curious fact that the applica- *j
Ion of external warmth Is even more ef- ,
actual in reviving animals dying of starva- f
on than a supply of food. In exhausting g
iseases in man, in which the phenomena a
re strikingly like, and, indeed, thorough
f analagous to those of starvation, the a
uine facts are observed.
Lest the Cembanation,
"You can talk abont wrestling, gentle
len," said a man on the mackerel barrel,
but unless you know my famous lock
atch, you've no business in the ring." '
"What d'ye call your lock ketch?" '
sked a man, who was cutting his name in '
"I don't believe I can ezpiln. it, bu ?
hero don't any one want to tackle it. It' ~
sure throw every fhip, and no man can ~
"Wot does it cost to learn?" asked a I
ian, looking up from a game of solitaire.
"If a man is wrestling with mo he's lla
lo to get it," returned the man on the '
sackerel barrel, "and if he can remember
4, he's so much ahead."
''What'lt you wrestle fort' Inquired the
nan who was carving his name, as ho shut
ip his knlfe. "Is one round o' comfort for I
lie crowd any temptation to yern"
"I'll go one for the gang,"' rejoined the 1
vrostler. "Collar and elbow grip. Catch
Then his antagonist raised hims an'd I
Iropped him and wiped up the floor and I
mnocked over the stove and broke the fur- I
"Lock ketch didn't .com .to work, did I
ti" dryly asked the man. with the cards.
'Leastwise I didn't notice it when you put
"iWall right, gentlemen," panted the I
yrestler. "1 made no complaints. It's I
he best catch in the business, the look a
atch, only I reckon I've temporarily lost I
he eombinatioa.. What'hl yon ave?"-'
Lodging in Leadon.
Americans who desire to combine com
fort and economy in traveling, are begin.
ning to find that London lodgings are both
pleasant and inexpensive. In them a
family soon feels thoroughly at home.
Your cares are few. Everything is cosy,
good-natured, and neat. Life Is without
ailgles. A short confab in the morning as
to what the day may need, a short stroll
among the most amiable of providers of
bread and fish and milk and meat-for they
do their own marketing; a little maid,
pretty, in white cap. and polite, who three
times daily appears and deftly arranges
the dishes oli your table and removes them,
who says "thank you" to whatever you
tell her, not without incongruous unsulta
bility sometimes; fruit-vendors flock to the
door, and serve the most delicious berries
upon grape leaves. But, after all, you
have romething to learn. Your own pur
chasing will amuse you, and your land
lady's trst weekly bill will both amuse and
amaze you. In solid column it will foot
up every item of your consumption or
alsing. Apartments are so much, and then
everything is extra. The soap you wash
with; the candle which dimly attends your
undressing; the bath-tub that presides at
your morning ablutions; the washing of
lowels, table-cloths, napkine ; the firr that
leats your water and makes your coffee
Ind roast your mutton; the salt and mus.
;ard-item, "condiments" one shilling
Flverywhere you detect a handy percentage
or your hostess, and yet it is not an ox
ensive luxury. Who Is it that says of
Africa that it is a place where one may live
n a state of nature and be happy? Here
mo may live in a reason able economy,
mntortured by daily contact with things
oathed in housekeeping, while he enjoys
,he comforts of a cosy home of his own, in
which he is never interfered with under
in Deop Disgust.
"Now then," said trampNo.1 to No.2 as
hey turned into Montcalm street from
ffoodward avenue Detroit, "here is the
;ame, you walk down the street and ring
he bell of some house; when the lady an
wers, you tell her that you haven't had
mything to eat for three days. If she
lon't care, tell her tlat you are desperate
ad ready to commit any crime. If she
tarts to slam the door on you, hold it open
vith your foot and roll your eyes and look
avage. i'll arrive just about then, and I'll
ake you by the neck, slam you around
iud pitch you out of the yard. I'm the
ady's protector and the hero of the hour,
rou see. I'll be very modest and claw off,
Put I'll tell her I'm a stranger and need i
o quarter to buy food. bhe'll hand it
>ver, and I'll join you around the corner
oud divide. bee I
"Magnificent I" replied No. 2; "you
ought to be in tjie Unnd States tSenate I
Neill here I go."
He passed down the street and selected
house, and the programme was carefully
ollowed out until he reached the point
vbere he said he was desperate. At that
natant the hall door was pulled wide open,
and a six foot husband shot out with his
Ight hand and knocked No.2 clear off the
Diwer step. No.1 was Just rushing in,
ud six-footer thought he might as well
ill two birds with one stone, so he gave
im one on the jaw, and when tired of
v alking around on their prostrate bodies
,e flung-them over the fence. The tramps
mped down ta the corner, looked at each
ther in deep disgust, and then separated
Miss Fitzgibbon in writing in relation to
lanitoba, says: I watched some Indians
[lopping, and was astonished to see how
ivariably they waived aside inferior goods
nd chose such materials as merinos at
1,50 to $2 (7s. 6d. to 108.) a yard. One1
f the merchants told me it, was useless to
ifer them anything but the best. An In
Ian, who could not speak English nor
'reneh, and wanted five things divided his
ioney according to his idea of their reha
yve cost in little piles on the counter, andI
3ing through a pantomime description of
is wants, was handed first some silk hand
erchiels. ' Taking one up he felt it, held
up to the light, atad, throwing it aside, C
hook his head vigorously, uttering an
4Ugh I" of disgust. When shown a better '
no, he was doubtful ; but, upon a much '
uiperior article being produced, he took it,
ud willingly handed over one pile for it. I
'his, however, was too muoh, and when
lyen the change ho put it on one of the
thor pies and proceeded an the same way
> make the rest of his purchase. "flow
asily they could be cheated," I said to the
lerk after the Indian had loft. "No,"
aid he, "net so easily as would appear.
'hey generally come in from their camps
i great numbers once a year, to sell their
urs and make purchases. TIhey go to dif
irent shops, and on their return compare
otes as to the cost and quality of their
oods. Then, if one has paid ' more than
nother, or has been cheated in quality, he
dill never enter the shop again; and the
rm that gives the greatest bargains is most
atronized on their return."
An Artificial Monaaster-y.
Thie owner of a' rich villa, a Sieilian
oblemian at Bargeria, near P~alermo, has
fondness for satire, which lie has ex
mpillied in a novel manner. After occa
ying it for a time, he turned it into an arti
elal monastery, which yon understand
nly after entering it. in the cloisters you
es groups of n.onks standing, sitting, and
neeling, and you are about to retire, be
eying that you have invaded their pri
'acy, when you discover that they are
wrax.. They look exceesiingly pious and
oloe, as if they had entireiy relinquished
ublunary affairs, and fixed their hopes and
boughts on a very melancholy heaven.
Jhe sarcasm hi'is in their exactrosemblance
a face, form, and manner to the noble
uan's different acquaintances, noted for
heir worldly and seJltish dispositlons-wl&
red egotists and sycophants, who frcquent
he tatiles of the rich and hang on the fav
irs of thme titled. Trheir secular expression
s skilfully blended with one of sanctimnon
ousness, and yet the likeness is aocurately
>rescrved. The effect is ludicrous, and
hie figures are stinging sarcasms embodied
a wax. The orhgiinais do not like it, a.
nay be supposed, but they do not want tQ
iuarrel with the nobleman, of whom they
peak as a humorist that will have his way,
nd so try-to hide their chagrin. A an
er of now toad-eate:. have, carefully kept
uway from the hiclian's entertainment$
earing that they shalt be reproduced in hi.s
-The even ing high school of Boston . -0
has about 500 pupili cf both sexes, "
-Tile Second International Geolo v
cal Congress will be hold at Boli0z 1
In September, 18s1. - 4
-Bell, the telephone man, has bdeil W
elected professor in Johns 'Hopkins
University, Baltimore. -r , ,
-John E. Owens, the ator .hs
given up the stage for mining specu -
lation in Ban Francisco.
-The British Parliament has ih'i;
creased the grant for scientific expert-.
ments from $5,000 to 25,000.
-The Testamint has been printed i
eighty-four languages, and the Ol
Testament in 187 languages.
-Ofioial records show that in 1879
the railroads of New York state killed
409 persons and injured 826.
-In 1810 there was a heavy frost in
July all through the New England V
States and the corn crop failed.
-An amount of blood equal to the
whole quantity of the body passes
through the heart every minute.
-Of the 35.000,000 acres embraced
within the limits of Iowa, only 13,000,
U00 acres are under cultivation.
-An estate near Hampton, Va., for
which $75,000 was refused before the
war, was recently sold for $95,000.
-A new comet. with a tail fifty mIn
utes long, has Just been discovered by
Professor Harrington, of Ann Arbor.
-Another lake village, assigned by
experts to the age of bronse, Las been
discovered at Auvenler, rear Neucha,
-Thus far this year there have epn
built 3.938 nulles of railroad against 2.
28 9miles reported at the same time-In'
-Bob Toombs, of Georgia, proposes
at last to do something practical by
building a $200,000 cotton factory Ii
-France sent 309,268 soldieri t6 the'
Jrlmean -war, of which 10,240:were
tillcd in battle and 85,375 died' from
-The Synod of the Russian Church
A sending a Greek priest with some
40VO to purebase a site for a ohurqh in
-Providence, R. I., has twenty-five
iational ban ka, with a capital of $15,..
45,000 and $3 251,208 surplus and un-,
-In one German nity, Breslau, there
tre 8000 people who do no - receive their
orrespondence until it has been;' ex-,
unined by the police.
-The Pope, it is stated, will. soon
lismiss his "Swis Uuards" He wilif
till have his "Noble Guard" and th
'Palatine Guard of H1onor -
-A joint stock company, with acapi
al of $1,000,000, has been organised at
L'oronto for the purpose of dovelophing
he tiiiber-resouroes of the Dominion.
-The Postal Savings Banks in Italy
hke in twice as much money ast they
>ay out, the institution being co4sid
red safe and convenient by the people.
-The earnings of the. -Manhattyi
levated railroad company during the
irst six days of October, amounted "'
84,254.10, an average of 18,040,35 per
-The Chicago fruit trade amounts to
6,000,000 yearly. About $500,000 ,re-.
>resents the value of the Californts
nd West India fruit imports to that
Doiring the year 1879 the earaings of
he railroads In the United states were
iver $500.000,000, or nearly double the
intire revenue of the national govern
-There is said to be 10,000 buffaloes
,etween the end of the Northern Pa
ific track and Dead wood, D. T., drive
vithin the limits of civilization by thi
-J udah P. Benjamini recently suffer
di a fall from s carriage which injra
urm seriouslyi. Ho lives in Paris irit
ie family and goes back to Lonidon
-Of sixty-seven queens of Prattee
nly th irteen have dited without leaving
heir histories 'a record of misery and
in. Eleven were divorced, two e
uted, nine died young.
A boy was carrying two pourids of
'owder and a fuse in a cigar-box, at
libraltar. Pa. 'The end of the fuse
iroitruded and a practical joker was at
and to light it. The explosion killeJ
The smallest newspaper In the world
B the Modoc~ Star, a weekly published
n Canada. Th'ie size is royal 04 meo,,
ach page being 82 inches. It bears
he apt motto, "T.1wiakle, twinkle, t.
-The ancient English Church of Sb.
ilchael's, Winchester, is about to be
eostored. The base of the tower was
uilt very early in the rain- of King
oh n, fifteen years before the signIng
if Miagna Chiarta,
-The observatory founded In Call.
ornia by James Li'k is ini good Wrork.,.
ng order. It is 2000 feet above the
og range, and altogether 4200 fee'
uigh, on Mount Hamilton, sixty miles
outh of San Franclsco.. .
--Salmon have boon so abundant Isa
Ian Francisco binee the expirieuep%
'close time," September loth~
hey have sold in large numibrsat
ight to fifteen cents apieoe. The suypa
ihy for o day was twenty-ail thou.
-There are five men to one wotaan
n Leadville, Cororado; at Silver' 0Oli
he ratio is seven to o ne; at Pitkin1
evonteen to one. The older - itiesior'
JoloradIo, such as Denver,. '#lp94q,
ipringe, P'uebio, Georgetown, 1(oulJer1
entral and Golden,'show a fait 'D~rif
>ortion of wvomen.
-The one-hundred-ton guh at Wo
rich was tested by 6ne disohargo; ots
he 18th of September. This gun
velghe 101 tons, is SA reot long, wisih ?
ireech iameter of aix- feet. The
bharge was 425 pounds of power arid4
>rojtetile weIghing 2,021 pounds, 17
acnes in diameter, andi neari, t4ixee
--The exports of refined, petrolea
irade and iiaptha,irom ports,fromAR 4
to OIAIl1, 1880, ar~e as follows ;i;q
Sostouy 8b8l 1,887 galions; ?so.Vh.1 ~ i
Boiphita, 44,691L,686 galLons;-'b
nond, l,00,'J408 g alLgnal
rorkO .16,72,6 gallionas to
U27S0; wotal Loxport4,.Aronjt
states, 258.66,086, i