Newspaper Page Text
Till-WEEK~~~~~~~y ETON *. .WINNSBORO, S.C., DE CEMBE R 16, 180VO.I-N.I.
A BOULER'8 BNG.
T hy the rlyer,
And E y *',A nk yoke trees
The dragon-flies flash and t ey quiver
To somnolenthnaming of beeu I,
But here Is a spot of the past-time
I'm many a mile from the Weir
I'll rest and think over the lost time
I ventured to meditate here.
0, chestnu's are shady, and golden are
And sweet Is the exquisite music of leaves I
I pause 1thins qealut little harbor,
Quito 6\ f the'swirl of the pream
With Je 'oi 'erihead like an arbor,
I amoke, and I ponder, and dream,
The baik, with Its rough brolien edges,
Extets as in days now remote;
Theroi'a still the faint savor of sed.es
And lilies freely erushed by the boat -
0. breeges are aft, nd the dreamer recelves
The rarest refrain from the 'muslo of leaves I
A brown-4yed and Itustful young maiden
Then steered this Identical skiff,
Her lap with forget-me-nots laden.
I now am forgotten ; but. If ?
No matter I I see the'swebt gloiy
Of love in thoie fathomless eyes;
I tell h4x ab often-told 'tory
They sparkle with light and surprise I
0. riverd are rapid, And Byrens were thieves
Their muslec was naught to the music of
Ah, Sweet, do you ever remember
The stream and Its musical flow ?
The story I told in Septembcr,,
The song.of the leaves long ago ?
Our love was a beautiful brief song,
As sweet as your voice and your eyes;
But frail as a lyrical leaf-song,
Inspired by the short summer sighs I
0, summer is short, and the souller t.11
His sorrow Is-echoed in music of leaves I
An Old-Fashioned Girl.
"Still a bachelor, Claud i I'm ashamed
of you, and, I declare, half regretful that
1 did not capture you myself."
So spoke pretty little Mrs, Sheldon, as
she sat one afternoon on~ the piazza of the
-Oceau House. looking smilingly up Into
the face of, the lhandsome man who bent
nver wtlh such rare, debonair grace.
He laughed aloud at her mock-petulant
"You should not blame me, then," he
retorted, "for what you must hold your
self accountable. You see, ever since
Dick cut. me out with you, I have been
wandering around disconsolate, trying to
find a second edition to yourself."
"No, not That won't do. All the' ad
miration was on my side. Still, I must
confess'-that dear old 'Dick answere my
purpose very well-so well that only one
thing is wanting to insure my .happiness,
and tha6 la t. Im vo Juu IMaU jueeueeatu,
next winter, of a charming house next
ours In town, and let me claim your wife
as my dearest trlend-"
"As you have been to me all these long
years, Ella, the dearest woman friend I
ever had; but Dick has no cause for
jealousy, for all that. t3hall 1, then, tell
you why I have ,never married, though
my thirty-fiftl) birthday is looming up
startlingly near? I am in a confidential
mood this afternoon, and you shall hear.
It is not because I do not viant. to marry.
aometinies the picture of my own' home
and hearthstone shapes itseli before me
until life seems hardly worthhe living
without.ft; but it is an.ideal pi urp .:my
fancy paints. UIt Is :not a 11oux but a
home. . It as -!ot tie rustle ofl'illken
trains through its halls. It is Mt the
sunshine of a womau's smile. It not
the threshold of society, but .sociov is
left urson its threshold. It bosatno
richer, sweeter music than the happy
voices and laughter of l hitle'-ehildren
which God vmr.y send to fm ii You know
now why 1, have .never married, although
the world calls tne a rieh nn, and I am
free; but, Ella, girls nowg4lays are -not
fitted for 'such homes. 'lley tueseciety
dolls. I want an old fashhlmed gIrl, and,
as thiey are out of fashion'-unless I go
regularly in search of OT? e '5os10 curiosi
ty shop, where she isi lbet~ and laid
away on a shelf-I sha' d't fi htr;'an evedi
if I made the rash attemp\ I shouldn't
like to have had to order' m vie like a
bale of goods:".
"You're all wrong, Olaud answered
his friend. "Girl's hearts ntadays are
just as warm and true as they crc a cen
tury ago; but-" 6
"Oh, Ella-" interruptediesh, g ri,
ish voice, as a young lady step~ through
one of th. song .(ressing~ro~omf 'dows on
to the piazza, a faint rose' fl tinging
her cheek as she saw too late tshe had
.conme upon a tete-a tete.
very height and1ekti fO fasi jrd1
the tip of the little boot to the or~ of the
"My friend, Mr. AIndd, Mal Mi~a
Kingland, Mr. Arnold." i. *
So this was Claude. Ao d) a ihd.
had heard of nll her life. She~ not
sorry for the Interruption after a till,
stealing on)y aglance ~tthe dark nd..
some f~e O~P'~b~hailomfon d,
and delivring the message whtce d
Vrought her, she disappeared as she~
"Who Is she ?" queried theg
"IRalph' Kihgland's daughter,' atid
hehess. I am chaperoning her to~
few weeks, as her mother is an inval
Not at all the sort of girl you' are
search of. So see to it that you' do'
trespass upon my manor in sadatch
Notwithstanding which kindly warni
- it was straight to Miss Kcingsland's
that Cla~ud& endedalsij way,' whlen, ab
nine o'clock the sarpQoYevening, she ent~
the ball ropm<t . ,. ;~ a. .11 - f.'.
ie h sA1wteheil lwoy.ae. she .orossed
hall on Mr. Shmel4Qn's arm, aind: was fal
. acknowledge her; th9 I~ostabeaudtfiil'
whom Newport ever basted.
She -was ,egquisitely dreesd .ooi
some soft, flimjy.ftihilo'loff white, gr
fully draped over snowy satin, her i
and arms bare, and void of ornament
cept two glistening jgg in ,theo
"Not ~pJ th wm4r Wit0e
for a d.1 '661Otlh i tn i
'pf allp U6tfelfb*h0
waltz,Miss Kingland?" he said,bowing low
'Thanks," she answered, in low musi
tal tones, "but I have not an empty- space
to-night. I am passionately fond of
dancing, and my friends a.ro kind enough
to see that I have no lack of partners."
"Of course, an entirely unselfish action
on their part," was his reply, with just a
suspicion of pique In his tone.
Heretofore, with Claud Arnold, the de.
sire was simply father to its attainment,
and now he must wait twentt-four hours
ere he could clasp this girl s waist, and
feel her hand in his, as they floated through
lhe room to some of Strauss's dreamy
"Well, ihen," he continued, "shall it be
to-morrow- night, aind will you put me
'iWith pleasure," she said simply, as
her partner anoroached to claima her.
bomehow it - was staie and unprofit
able to Claud that night, and when lie
retired, rather earler than his usual cus.
tom, the thoughts which mingled with
the smoke from his fragrant Havana, as he
sat by his window, listening to the ocean's
roar, were if anything a trifle more cynical
than his usual wont-nor did he sleep as
soundly as usual. ' -'
"I need a walk," he said to himself,
next morning, and started off about nine
o'clock for a solitary stroll.
In this, however, he was doomed to dis
appointment, for, turning a sudden angle
on the beach, le came face to face with
"What unexpected good fortunel" he
exclaimed, doffing his hat. "I did not
dream you were such an early riser," look.
ing as he spoke, at the bright color the
morning breeze had brought into her
cheek. and the dark eyes so frankly uplift
ed to his own.
"Frightfully unconventional, is it not?"
she queried with a little low, rippling
laugh. "But one must be alone some
times, so I am driven tb do it in self-de
"Rather, an unfeeling hint that my
morning's trespass must nof be repeated,"
said he, ruefully.
"Oh, no indeedi We wculd not be likely
to meet again in any case. - Besides the
beach is public property."
Again that dncomfortable sense of pl-joe
pervaded her listener's frame. Really it
appeared a matter of most sincere indiffer
ence whether or hot he appeared upon the
scene of action.
"Rather a pretty costunie you have,
to be donned solely for the admiration of
the sea-gIls," he continued, looking
down at the dainty dress, so perfect In
all its belongings,with the eye of a man
who considered himself a cotinoisseur in
feminine apparel-albeit inclined to use
his taste for its condemnation.
"I dress for myself, Mr. Arnold. I am
passionately fond of pretty: things, and
fortunately am able to gratify myself. I
have often wondered how men who are
--%# . 9%0-AS&jA W, Waa-luvve v,
the beautiful, would like to have th~r
wives appear in IIl-fitting garments,"'o"s
slatterns. By-the-way, did you ever see a
man who did not return straightway to his
tailor a coat which had in it a crooked seam
or an ugly wrinklet"
"I can't say that I ever did," he re
plied, laughingly, while he suddenly re
membered that, in all his imaginings
the old-fashioned girl who was his ideal,
had never presented herself in old-lash
The hop that evening 74r. Arniold voted
a success, thoughjbe usuallyregaided them
as necessary bores.'
Miss Kingland had ,-made dancing an
art. Ite couli hate w)shpd the m'hsic to
last foever, as -she floated through the
ball-room on his arm. She was like some
Of course he deeded inntally. Carry
her into the'walking realitits of life, and
you. would destroy the charm. Still, there
was a freshness,-aspiquancy, In her con
versation, which not only attracted, but
To come into her presence was seek
.ing a more bracing atmosphere, and ere
many days had fled, Claud Arnold found
himself counting the hours not spent
with her as wasted hours. Yet, that there
was any danger to himself or her, he never
lHe had 'malle for himself' an ideal to
which she was in every way the opposite.
Fashion and luxuries were to her neces
sities. The woman he married must have
a mind above-such frivolties.
Meantime the ideal for the present was
set aside, and the glittering, alluring real
ity enjoyed. -.
"Three weelks hadl ppspiede-simce he had
met Miiss Kingland, when standing one
morning on the piazza, waiting for her
to join him' for a promised drive, and
idly scanning'the morning papers, just
delivered at the hotel, his eye fell <n the
startling announcement of the tempo
*rr, but. it was feared permanent. sus
pension of Kimgland & Co., New York's
These .were troublous times when the
weaks and strong tottered togethdr. Their
f r Wopld eaus lose ~tb hbimself
of de rar- thouisftds, but' thiis' Claud
Arnold never gave but a passing memory.
His whole thought was filled with the
girl. on whom the ergshing blibw must
fall. / -
"How pale you booki" said a sweet
voice beside him. . "Are- you not well?
Shall we not go?'.
He turned toward the speaker. Hlow
levely *lle 'looked-iovely not only with
nature's loveliness, but all the accessories
of public taste added to make a perfect
Her. dress seemed moulded to the ex
l1isite form, hemd glovq to~the tiny hand;
ecr hat rested gracefully oii the small well
Rob this girl of all externals, and she
tuld still be beautiful; but It wou d he,
rd robbing the rose -of its dark gi'een
r e , which seem 'to belohg' to I, by'
th W' would she bear poverty and fal.
heshould not, -if he cotdld -sive'
~m them.- In that moment lie
kow fp ae wpre 1}1s sophlistrics, and
-:t I'h udAi~tsoosly tie had learned
co thon Love only teaches. At first*
ock th -oth silent on their drive; then
ex- she d toward him with a sort of silent
Ilk, gi in.hdr'voice. '.. ''' /
,a e what troubles you t " she said.
he angpwerec , "tha6 -I 'am' ak.
ner in epm, an itals for. you tem
her my waJnshall beo o(
neM ri. Mhde i ve'foul Trhe
you my wife. Darling have I been too
A bright blush mantled her cheeks, as
she raised her dark eyes to his.
"I will be frank with you, Mr. Arnold,"
she answered. "Had you spoken yes
terday, your words would have given
me only pleasure-now they bring a min
gled pain; for I cannot give the answer
my heart prompts, I am no longer rich,
Mr Arnold. My father is threatened
with failure. While he is In trouble, I
cannot think of my happiness. My place
is near his side. I intend returning home
to-night. I meant to have told you in any
case, but I hated to spoil our drive by
dragging in my troubles."
in utter amaze, Claud listened to her
words. She had known of her father's
threatened ruin, and yet had smiled so
cheerily, and had found time to sympa
thize with any misfortune she fancied
might come to him: and now she could
so quietly lay aside all thought of self,
in thinking of her father and his dis
A great wave of tenderness swept over
the nan's nature, and with a respect
almost holy for the girl whom he had
judged with so narrow a judkment.
"My love," he said, "I will wait for
you, will serve for you, as Jacob served
for Rachel, but I will never give you up!"
And, drawing her to him, he sealed
the words with a lover's kiss upon the
young lips, which made no resistance to
The suspension of Kingland & Co.
was but temporary, after all. The pretty
house next to Mrs. Sheldon found tenants
in the early winter, such as she had so ar
But Claud declares, in spite of the fact
that his wife's trousseau came direct from
Paris, and Is the envy of all feminine
Gotham, that he realized his two ideals
he has found a home, and he has married
an old-fashioned girl.
W lien an individual is reported to have
died.of disease of the heart, we are in the
habit of regarding it as an inevitable event,
as something which could not have been
foreseen or prevented, and it is too much
the habit, when persons suddenly fall down
dead, to report the heart as the cause; this
silences all inquiry and investigation, and
saves the trouble and inconvenience of a
repulsive pqat-mortem. A truer , report
would have a tendenoy to save many lives.
It is tirbugl, a report of disease of 'the
heart that m0nat ogiu1i-eater ik let off
into the grave, hich covers at once his
folly and his' crime;, the brandy-drinker,
too, quietly elides arfund the corner thus,
and is hoard bf no more, in short, this re
port of disease'of the heart is the Mantle
of charity which the politic coroner and
the symnathetic physician throw around
the graves of genteel people. At a scientific
congress at Strasbourg it was reported that
aieaiiNfnea eanIiiu- post-inori ,
tem showed that only twod"rsons had any
heart affection whatever - one sudden
death only in thirty-three, from disease of
the heart. Nine out of the sixty-six died
of apoplexy-one out of every seven;
while forty-six-more than two out of
three-died of lung affections, half of them
of congestion of the lungs, that is, the
Lungs were so full of blood they could not
work; there was not room for air enough
to get in to support life. It is then of con
siderable practical interest to know some
of the common, every-day causes of this
congestian of, the lungs, a disease wich,
the figures ibovo'' being true, kills three
times as many persons at short warning as
apablexy and heart disease together. Cold
feet, tight shoes, tight clothing, costive
bowels, sitting still until chilled through
after having been warmed up by labor or
a long, haisty walk ; going too suddenly
from a close, heated room, as a lounger, or
listener, or speaker, while the 'body is
weakeaed by continued apphication,-or ab
stimence, or heated by the effort of a long
address; these are the fruittul causes of
Budden death in the form of congestion of
thxe lungs,- but which, being falsely reported
as die- se ct the heart, and regarded as an
inevitable event, throws people off their
guard, instead of pointing them plainly to
the true dauses, all of which are avoidable,
and very easily so, as a general rule, when
the mind has been once intelligently drawn
to the subject.
What Think you of These Thing.,
Preachers in the interior settlements,
have had often ludicrous experi.
moats. They must hold the attention ot
a congregation in spite of. crying babies,
and keep their own gravity in circum
stances both awkward and ridiculous. Oc
casionally the strain is too great, aind they
surrender to the situation. An~ eloquent
Episcopal clergyman was ignommniously
driven from the pulpit by a donkey. I~e
was a favorite preacher with the frontier
famiilies,l'r'he depended little on a manu
script, and used many familiar phrases and
illustrations, which interested them in his
sermons. In enforcing the leksou of a scr:
men, he was earnest and practIcal, and
made dlirect alipeals to his hearers. Op
one occasIon.during the summer, he wae
p reaching *ii i crowded school-house. The
indows were open, and cattle were
browsing on the slhady side. Among them
was-a donkey, which having drawn one of
the families to the meeting, had been
turned loose to browse. Theim preacher
was ending his sermon with, "Anid now,
beloved, what think ye of these things?"j
At this junctnre the donkey put his heai
through the open windpw and gave a ,nost
unearthly .bray. 'Tlie preacher's self-po.
session wavered, and the h'ands and hand
kerchiefs went up to the faces of the con
TIhe ailence grew oppressive, but the
preacher managed to add "I say, my
brethren what think you of these thingis?"
to which th'e dohkey resp6ndc'd by a scd
oend serious bray. It was too much for
preacher and hearer. .In a minute the ser
monwas ended, the congregation was die.
missed, aiid the 'people gaithered mn ghoupe
outside, convulsed with laughter.
SThe moral of that sermon was doubtless
lost in this case.. We lot theureader judge
of the alttgation and.'answor for hhu)solf,
"What think you of ;these thin'gefl
-TIh4 ~ a, h the World2 oy 26 -
00U mniles'~ ~aiiroad, nza4y q
of which,' dr 88,000 m r
United States. Europe-a dii -.~ i,
OOand the zemainder of the world
A~ybouit 25,000.' . L J.
Subwatua os his Expe Ition.
In a late lecture on the sci ntitle results
of the Arctic journey, Lieuten ut Sehwatka
emphasizes the fact that n a drop of
ardent spirit of any kind w used in his
sled journey of 8,251 mi . In short
journeys and hunting expe tions where
there was ample room for b gage it was
considered that alcohol migh be carried,
and if used in moderation, w uld raise the
temperature of the body sligh ly, and tend,
as elsewhere, to increased ifort. But
on long journeys ardent spirlIs could not
be carried in bulk without di lacing other
Indispensable articles. Alcohol was not
regarded a necessary and waS not consid
ered as a good heating agent. The injuri
ous effects of intense cold, however, h!
sometimes been wrongly I ibed to t)
use of liquor. On shipboard the gener,
use of alcoholic stimulants w4s consideren
bad, and only allowable when, every posei
ble chance of scurvy was rem'oved by the
character of the food. In regard to
temperature, Lieutenant Bchwatka said
that his men had eneqntered the
most intense heat ever record~d by white
men-sevcnty-eiglit dog. Fahi,' or 103 dog.
below the freezing point. On that day
the camp was moved ten miles, and no an
usual inconvenience was felt. ' It was not
the intensity of the cold that was unpleas
ant. All suffering was caused by the di
rection and violence of the wind. With
the thermometer at-sixty deg. Fahr., no
especial trouble was met with, but at a
temperature fifteen degrees higher, with a
wind blowing straight in the faces of the
men, frost bites and great suffering were
common. The while men Would freeze
their noses or the exposed portion of their
cheeks. The coldest days were perfectly
calm; on warmer days, with the excep
tion of a few days in midEuinnier, the wind
blow constantly. But it was contidered
that to men clad -in warm clothing temper
ature was not material, and ' the longest
journeys couid be undertaken without fear.
When the thermometer sank to-seventy
one deg. Fahr., the sky was df a leaden
blue, varied with brownish red near the
sun. Clouds of vapor rolled from every
thing animal. Whon the expedition stop
ped it was enveloped in steam. Musk
oxen and deer could be detected at a dis
tauce of five or six miles by the vapor
abput them, and the Esquimaux claimed to
be able to distinguish the kind of animals
by peculiarities in this vapor. Water
poured on ice caused a cracking like min
lature fire crackers, and the surface sheets
of Ice was gray and opaque ftom the un
dqual expansion. The sound of the run
ners was like that caused by a rosiud bow
or tuning-fork, and, heard at a distance,
resembled an Aollan harp. In the. most
extreme eQld the acclimatization of the
whi'to men proved as perfect as that of the
natives. At a very low temperature the
beard became a block of ice, and the lips
and nostrils were -nearly glued together.
Exercise though important, was not so es
sential -as has been stated, there never. be
In a necessity for exercisitig to th9 point
0& -- a,-- .*--#I, arrnl drant
circulation and atenic MT Me er
profusely are desirable. The common
theories regarding the danger in using snow
were at a variance with Lieutenant Schwat
ka'a experience. At-thirty deg. -Fahr.,
the snow freezes temporarily the mucus
membrance-of the mouth, causing a burn
ing sensation. If this be often and rapidly
repeated it is highly injurious, but snow
and ice taken in moderation at long inter
vals are of great service in quenclifng thirst.
Drowsiness was not experienced in connec
tion with great cold, and it was considered
@ - resulting usually from a sudden
change from shipboard to out of-door life,
Dr from an insuficient acclimatization.
Near-sightedness, though attended with
some discomforts, gave certain important
advantages. The glasses became readily
covered with congealed moisture from the
hest, but with the squinting common to
near sighted persons were an oedicient pro.
koction against the glare of the sun upon
l'be snow. 'No one who was near-sighted
suffered from .snow blindness, whale the
Esquimaux were troubled with this more
than the white men. They also suffered
from chronic opthmalmia amnd the deposits
caused by cataracts. In very cold weather
the huts were buried two or three feet deep
in snow. It was advisable to change these
huts as oftlea as possible, because the con
stant freezing and thawing niake them a
mass of translucent ice, and exhalations
from the breath, bodies and fires became
congealed on the walls, continually fallhng
off and causing a little snow-storm in the
interior. The eflect produced by the dark
ness of the long Arctic night upon human
beings was considered to be much miore
real . than the 'discomforta occasioned by
loneliness and homesickness. According
to physicians, it has been found that dark
ness decreases the respiratory movements
in proportion to its intensity. It was there
fore held that In the long dark Arctic win
ter the respiratory movements would be
come miuch retarded, and a consequent in
jiurious effect would be exerted, the circu
lation b~einig slow and the blood imperfectly
oxidized. .To prevent thils, crews should
be exposed as much as possible to the
A sainor a a wane.
"Now, see : F'ust you itch on ter yer
pardner, take her in tow, an' drop down to
yer place in the ;hine. Then pooty soon
the kiddie squeaks, and you dowse yer
flag to yer own pardner, and then fall off a
bit h~ndi lower away to thme gal en ycr port
side. Then, boys, stand byl Now comes
the dancing in afraest. F~ust,-you heave
ahead a bit; then drap astern; then heave
ahead again, yard 'arm and yard-arm; pass
the-draft opposite; wear ship $nd stand
back; then go about; cast the grapphn's to
yer pardner; .up helm, and, leyr~ whirl till
you've got'almost dizzy; then yi ulhead on
yer true course again; port your helm and
standl off down the line; ta;k1 ship, and
stand across; grapple your p ner once.
more aed tow her hoime;open yr batteries
and salute; then square away, 11l hands,
and make one grand manesuver ~r review;
starboard your helm and stand back% tor
place;and.'-I guess it's about, i o to heave.
to. and take .,breath. Oh, it' fun, I tell
you; but of you happen to falla ul o'them
full ragged r'yal yachts; hit stand y~aad look
ou~ for squalls. I1 happened miss stays
oai'ce-foll off in goin' about-a run slap
into one o' themi spankita' oraff~, 1' skg's
and star-ucraperrs sot, and I' - n r come
nearer oapsizin':and save - dyse a 11 di
then I Whew i-but shie was0 beaut~y,
e .y'4 second crop oru timotht haag has
bdun est and *tetoked, 'in leafeld
OOUnlty, 4tbis:yea,ta thin unusuali
in that region.
Ileova of Hair from tne Face.
The operation of removing hair from the
face is tedious, and Is thus performed by
Dr. Butler, of New York. The patient
being seated in a chair In a semi-reclining
position, the head well supported, and the
face opposite a strong light, the operator
selects the hair for the first attack, takes
hold of it in a pair of forceps, making it
tense by gentle traction. A moistened
sponge electrode from the positive pole of
the battery having previously been placed
on the back of the neck, or fixed at sonic
other convenient adjacent spot, a three
cornered needle with sharp cutting edges
set in a suitable handle and attached to
the negative pole of the battery, is made
enter the hair follicle, alongside the
enre being taken to make the needle
ate to the entire depth of the follicle.
action of the current soon causes a
'few bubbles of the viscid froth alluded to,
to be observed. As soon as this evidence
of electrolytid decomposition manifests it
self, the needle should be rotated a few
times, so as to cause the sharp corners. of
the needle to scrape away the debris, and
allow electrical contact with a fresh sur
face. The operation is continued until
the hair becomes quite loose, and conies
away with the very slightest traction, the
whole operation lasting a very much
shorter thne than it takes to describe it.
The operator then proceeds with the next
hair in like manner, and so on with the
whole series, as niany as there are to be
removed, or as long as the patient can bear
it. It is by no means a painful procedure
(except in trichlasis), but is usually com
plained of as a disagreeable sensation.
There is a great difference in patients,
however, in this regard; sonic will toler
ate a seance of half an hour or even more;
indeed, I had one patient who stood it, or
rather sat it out, untlinchingly and uncom
plainingly, for over an hour, and would
willingly have allowed the seance to be
continued much longer, but that the opera
tor's eyes became so tired that it was im
possible to proceed. ' I should not omit to
montion that I use a modification of a
jeweler's magnifying glass, which I had
niade for me by Meyrowitz Brothers, the
well-known opticians. It consists of a
lens with a four inch focus set in a cork
cap, for the sake of lightness, and made of
such a shape as to fit the eye, and is read
ily held there as a single eyeglass is made
.to do. Even with the lens the operation
Is fatiguing to the eyes; but without it it
is almost Impossible to continue the seance
uninterrupted for over ten or twelve niin
utes, and then it must necessarily be done
in an unsatisfactory manner, as it is im
possible to see how the details are being
carried out. With the lens, a skillful
operatir ought to be able to destroy about
three or four hairs to the minute, and con
tinue the seance half an hour. it will be
noticed that I have laid great stress upon
the non-removal of the hair previous to
the destruction of the papilla ; this is one
of the principal points In the operation for
as long na thu nlr IWUIIUM in, We .. ntet a
n~y i it.Lv ri nato t.h pip tlrlnetitn nf the
o icie, and when it becomes loosened,
from the action of the current, it may be
.taken as almost proof that the papilla has
been entirely electrolyzed. I used the
word "almost" advisedly, as about ten or
twenty per cent. of the hairs acted upon
return, and have to be electrolyzed the
Tne origin ofOur OlothIng.
How did we come to possess our pres
ent form of dress I Clothing at first was
almost entirely ornamental. 'I he excep
tions were such articles as belts
from which instruments of various kinds
could be suspended so as to be ready for
use while the hands were left free. A
savage does not enjoy the luxury of a
pocket. Even at the present day a J 'p
aneso has to sling his tobacco pipe and
pouch from his belt, and the only pockets
lie has are in his sleeves. Thle simple
cincture was the germ, so to sp~eak, of the
clothing we wear. After somne time a
bunch of pandanus slips were added in
front, and this was gradually extendied un
til it made a complete fringe around the
body. When the arts becamre so f ar advan
ced that man could make paper cloth or
some woven material these latter were sub
stituted for tho primitive fringe, andi the
kilt was thus developed. Curiously enough,
the dress of the Scottish Ilighlanders em
bodies those two stages of progress in the
kilt angl the sporran. As man advanced
there were inconeviences attending the use
of the kilt,which were abated by fastening
that garment at one point betwcen the legs,
and tihe human mind was then fairly set 'upon
the path to arrive at the attainment of a
pair of trousers. When the back and shoul
ders needed protection the savage used the
skin of some animal, and it is from~ this
sort of covering for the upper part of the
body that we have derived our coats, vests,
shirts, etc. But, the ancient cloak form is
even yet retained, not only by such peo
ple as Zulu chiefs, but In all rot.es of cere
mony by dignitaries of court and college of
the niost highly civilized nations on the
face of the earth. TIhe elaborate and var
led head coverings of the present day all
sprang from a vtay simple originsi type.
How Serews are Made.
Trhe process of making a screw is very
interesting. The rough large wire in big
coils is, by drawing through a hole smaller
thaa itself, made the size needed. Then
it goes into a maclinae that at one moment
cuts it a proper length and makes a head
on it. Then it Is put into sawdtust and
"rattled' and thus brightened. Trhen the
head is shaped down smoothly to tihe pro
per soeand the nick put in at the samne
time. '4fter "rattling" again In sawdust,
the thrngd is cut by another machine, and
after another rattling, and thorough dry
ing, tho screws are assorted by hand (the
fingers of those who do tbis maoyow almost
literally like lightning), grossed by weight
and packed for shipping. That which ren
ders it possible for machines to do all this
is a little thing that looks like and opens
and shuts lko a goose's bill, which picks
up a singio screw at a time, carrica it where
needed, holds it till grasped by something
else, and returns for another. .Thss is
about the moot wonderful p ieee of automa
tic skIll and usefulness I have ever seen,
and it has cdone itj distinctive work at the
rate of thirty-one screws astninutc, although
fthitar~e' Is only experimental qs yet, nine
tylthree gros, letr day, howeover, baa boon
the reguhil work of one mahiiie.
~-Th ' 10igest alteep ranch in the
IUnie States is iri J)mm~it ad Webb*
eouuntui, T1exis, It Mi 8Q0,000 acres,
and? naaifres 200.000-sheep.
HNeat by Whol esale,
The following are the details for supply
ing heat for warming houses and for cook
ing, which is about to be tried in the dis
trict bounded by Fourth and Madison aven
ucs and Fourteenth and Thirty-fourth
streets, New York. From the Central
Station, the "plant," or reservoir, the nialus
will run through every street. One line of
iron pipes from three to six inches in diam
eter, placed about three feet below the pave
ment, packed around with some non-con
ducLing material and inclosed in a wooden
box, will be the conducting mains from
which the water will be carried by means
of sinallcr iron pipes, one-half an inch to
an inch in diameter, into the houses. Aux
ilary or return pipes of about the same
size as the conducting mains, will be laid
alongside, through which the water, after
it has passed through the houses will run
back to the reservoir. The water heated
in the reservoir to from 850 to 400 degrees
Fahrenheit, will be forced out through the
conducting mains, and through the pipes
which connect with the houses, and to each
connecting p1pe will be attached a water
ieter. 'Ilie return pipe will also be pro
vided with a water meter. Each house is
to be provided with a steam converter,
Mhich In general terms is simply a small
inetal chamber inclosed in a large metal
,hamber. The water leaves the reservoir
it about 400 degrees Fahrenheit, and as
ioon as it enters the inner chamber it will
Forni steam, for water will form steam, if
iot contined, at 212 degrees Fahrenheit
he boiling point. The chaniber is so con
itructed that a pressure of ten pounds will
lose a valve and shut oft the supply of wa
,er. The steam will force its way ihrough
i valve Into the chamber, whence it can be
,onducted through steam pipes to any part
)f the house and used for heating, cooking
)r power, and returned througla the auxil
lary pipe back to the reservoir. The steam
lookiug ovens are coils of pipe through
which the steam passes imside of the ovens.
3oine of the steam will be condensed in the
ottomn of the converter, and can be drawn
>ff and used as ht water. The steam
nade in the converter Is of the same tem
)erature as the water from which it caie,
Lud hence cooking which requires a heat of
roin 350 degrees to 400 degrees can be
lone. There are about 12,000 houses in
he district to be covered first by this sys
em, many of the - owners of which, it is
aid, have consented to have the pipes
nought into their houses. It is r:emarked
hat by using heated water less heat is lost
)y condensation and radiation than in the
Ase of steam, and that the cleanliness and
implicity of the system will commend
heinselves. It is asserted that any heat
>f steam can be secured, from the fact that
cubic foot of water will make 1,700 cubic
eet of steam. It Is estimated that the
vater which returns to the reservoir wjll
>e only three or four degrees cooler than
vhon it started out on its journey. It will
)c used again and thus fuel is saved.
i. in generally supposed that the bones
f Christopher Columbus, the great explo
rer, ire at Havana, in the island of Cuba.
But recent investigations have brought to
Ight the fact that It was Columbus' son
who wias removed there. Let us go back
o the first resting place of Columbus, for
leath did not end his voyages, He died in
L506 in Valladolid, north-central part of
Spaiii, where lie was buried. Then he was
removed farther south to Seville, and a
bandsome monument erected by Ferdinand
md Isabella. Columbus had made a re
luebt in his will that lie should be buried
i his beloved Hispaniola; and now this
dea was brought forward and his remains
leposited in the cathedral of Santo Do
iiingo, Hayti. Here also his son Diego,
kud grandson Luis- were Interred. At the
,lope of the war bet ween France and Spain,
n 1705 it was stlpulated that Spain should
3ede to the French "all the Spanish p~art
>f the island of Santo Domingo,'' or IHayti.
accordingly, Columbus was once more-as
lien thought--exhumed and conveyed to
ELavana wiih great pomp and ceremony.
[a 1877 whit~e men were working in the
:athedral of San Domingo, they found a
netalhic casket which held human remains;
m the cover undcer thme dust of three hun.
Jred years, wecre found thme words, Dis
soverer of America, First Admiral, most
Ilustrious and renowned personage, Don
)ristoval Colon. .Every one who was
iresent accepted this proof that the body
>I the great discoverer had net been taken
Iway to Havana, but was before their
mycs, and Diego's had been removed by a
nistake. 8o, now, the matter rests in this
nay. Learned scholars are tinuking of
recting a monument wvhiichi should belong
o tihe world, and net lhnitedi to the gratifi
artlon of local or national pride. But
ueh things mxove slowvly, and perhaps it'
lii never be accomplished.
A great many tricks of stage costume
pring from personal defects. In whatever
mit of waist Modjeska appears, there is
mlways a bunch of flowers or a bow p laced
it the left of her open corsage. When
thais device is net resorted to, a little strap
Df silk will be trailed across diagonally, or
s little fan of lace will suddenly spring
from the left corner, in order to hide a scar
Dn the breast that looks as if it might be
the result of a wound from a poniard, a
"souvenir, of a romance.
Poor Lucille Western was ailcted by a
birthm-mnark. She was a regular female
LIsau. About her waist there was a growth
af silky brown hair, which rant o a point
na front. When It caine above the. ops of
ier dresses it was carefully shaved'. but
hle skin always remained blue. So Lucillie
wore a huge cross dangling just over that
portion of her anatomy.
Parepa Rosa had adeep vaccination scar
rar dlown her robust arm, and when her
ileeves were very short a knot of uibbon or
u trail of flowers used to cover it. Before
ihe grew so extremely stout site wore a
golden band above the elbow to hIde It, but
when her armlet had to be as big as a
waistcoat she abandoned t he oddity. One
aight, speaking of this scar to an American
girl who eat in her dressing room, the Yanti
keo offered Parepa aq immediate and effeC
tual cancealment of the offeundhii s'pot.
She took one of the candles off the'toilet
table, and - holding it above the atnllt
ane drop of the mnelted war fallijor the
place, and there Was rt frtrheVr ai~~ df
soncealing devie. A dash otftesi- $44
powder evipleted thyp'. tare, andP4p'
slake-up box forevel4 ftiontaing~ pit.
af wax candle.
-The total population of the District'
of Columbia is 174,88 oftwtiom 88,594
arpnaalen, and 94,4fareofemalesl
NEWS IN BRIEF.
-Five hundred tons of American
newspapers are annually sent to Eu
-Mr. Mll1ls, the English painter, '
returned his income last year at $86,
-The military-reserve of the United
States reaches 6,500,000 able-bodied
-California vintage this year is es
timated at from 11,000,000 to 14,000,000
--The famous copper mine of Fah
lun, in Sweden, has been worked for
a thousand years.
-The Baptist now have 18,928 mem.
bers in Sweeden, of whom 8,884 were
baptixed the pas6 year.
-Brazil owns, it is said 20,000,090
horned cattle and expo'ts hides of the
annual value of ?1,400,000
-it is believed that the number lof
Ohristains in India, Ceylon and Bur
mnah increased 200,000 last year.
-The best sugar works at Portland
Me., made $110,000 worth of sugar and
molasses last year, at some profit.
-Air. Albert Spencer, on his recent
tt ip to Europe brought twenty-six
paintings which cost him $110,000.
-There are fifty thousand acres cul
tivated in rice in Louisiana, and the
3rop is estimated at 253,000 bushels.
-The colporteurs of the American
Bible Society distributed 10,258 Bibles
In Texas during the past four months.
-James W. Hale, of Springfield,
Niass., has left $32,448 for furnishing
stoves, flour and fuel for the worthy
-The Russtan Society of Architects
ntend establishing a permanent
hIuseum of Arohiteoture at St. Peters
-The trade between Japan and the
Julted States ea San Prancisco this
?ear is the largest of any year in our
-A German physician asserts that
-aliway employes are more liable to
ffections of the spinal cord than other
-It is estimated about 500,000,000 -
)00 tonk of sediment, are yearly carrieA
;o the Gulf of Mexico by the Missis
-The irarriage of the Crown Prince
)f Austria and the Princess StephaUie,
>f Belgium, is fixed for the 15th oft
-A new American Episcopal Church
n Paris, to cost $150,000, is projected,
tnd it is said muon of the money has
mready been subscribed.
-The forty-one cotton seed mills of
;he South turin out 90,000,000 gallons of
)1l annually, 1,800,000 tons of oil cake,
tnd about 1,500,000.tons of .hulls.
lore are compelled to pay a license of
12.50 for a week or a portion of a week.
-Georgia has the largest pegcih
3rchard In ,the world, - s i-an Troup
3ounty, covers 250 aqres of lan'i, and.
Fielded '$75,000 worth of fruit this sea.
-There'is in the State of Texas 522
'ounties. Of these, at this time 108 are
)rganilzed and sixty-two unorganized.
At the last election, in 1878 154 coun
-ies voted for governor.
The United States railroads have
ieein largely benefited by the return
)f commerical Prosperity. Tnelr gross
iarnings for 1879 amounted to $529,
100,000 an Incrase of $30,000,000 over
he preceding year.
-J uvenile crimes Is on the increase
n .Parls. During the past twelve
ionthis no fewer than 2,056 children
nuder 10 years of age were arrested in
hec capital for vagrancy and mendicity.
-T'he number of cattle driven from
['exias to Kansas this season, crossing
Rled river at Doan's Score, Is 231,812.
about 0,000O heand passed up into the
Lan llandle couantry.
--Three i~t.nluma men Iwere re
~ently huntIng on PLute Creek, Lake
~ouinty, Cal., aind killed thirty.two
leer. They took 100 pounds of honey
romi a crevice Ian a clliff.
-Tne man ufacture of bottle corks is
conderable source of wceqLth in
Uiranice. Tihe anr'uai produaction
imountrs to 1,288,000,000, valued at
Ltbout $3,l00,000. Thue yalue of the raw
nnaterial as a bout $600,000.
-in the United States there are
L,747 Republicans newspapers, 1,835
Demnocratic andi 122 Greenback. There
tre only 29itepubican paper. pubish
3d in the southnern states, to 547 Demo
-Tne son of General Ilawlins has
plced a monument over the grave of
rils father, whno is buried in thne Con-.
gressionan Cemetery at Washinnton.
,or over ten rears the grave has been
-A private letter received in Quebec
lenles canat the Duke of Argyli Is com..
ng to Canada for the purpose of ascer
~aaning whetner there is a feeling in
he ?Domin ion In favor of annexation.
-Mir. Ed ward Whymper has return
id to Loindoin from his- expedition in
south America, In course or which he
iscendied many of the loftiest moun
ains in Evuadior, andi Is now engaged
n preparing at s900unc of hIs exper.
-The oldestilloigblin the Uuuited
states is supposed C bW at Pembroke,
biass. In 1022 Mir: t'eieg Barker's an.
lestors built a fort of stone and mortal'
is a defence against the Indlians, and
c has been used as a dining room for
-Ole Bull by his l.ast will b
id to theMuseum of.Mrgs4~~qqt
number of. leis. jeWels, hnetals . '
lecoratnons, given fim in the course 4f
als long profelsional career, by kings,
mperor.,and other .titledo personages.
'e4he Manufactugiudd eiidha of 11i4
al iuvested. -n tle: inidubcujoa 04of a
ilty Is $18,080,720,. fid' amount pko
luced annually, '84,880,770 fmh tta
utmber.of naunds employed, 19,6'0; tite
o~nal aoteit o wagespaidi ainnually"
U~nitod ~tatof a A~
) datsi so
860 0 06