Newspaper Page Text
TRI-WEKY EDITION. WINNSBOR09 S. C., DECE~MBER21180. VO VNE1.
They parted, watn clasps of band,
And kisses, and burning tears.
They me in a foreign land,
After some twenty years;
Met as acquaintanoes mots,
Not even the least little beat
Of the heart upon either Side I
They cbatted of this and that,
The notbings that make up life;
She In a Galusborough hat,
- And he in black for his wife.
Ah. what a comedy this is
Neither was hurt, It appears:
She had forgotten his kisses,
And be had forgotten hr.r teas.
The Golden Dollar.
Sunset burnished the apple trees and
checkered the path winding through them
and crossed the ragged and discolored
coat of the man crouching in the tall blue
grass, munching a great red apple. There
was a raxenous look in his glittei Ing black
eyes as he turned then restlessly from side
to side; a ravenous expression in his pinch
ed and swarthy face, and something ex
ceedingly ravenous in the way he set his
small white teeth into the apple, and bolt
ed the mouthfuls.
There was also an alert look in his eyes
as if he dreaded detection, and he shrunk
back behind the tree, and crouched lower
In the grass, as the laugh of a child and
the patter of little feet came down the
beaten path near by.
There came simultaneously with these
sounds the clatter of a horse's hoofs on
the 'turnpike road beyond, and the hun
gry black eyes, 9eering through the tall
grass heads, sw the blue dress and white
apron of a little girl flying down the path
towards the gate, and a !arge bearded man
entering it, and at the sane time throwing
the reins of his horse over one of the
He stopped and held out his arnis to the
little girl as she ran gleefully towards him,
and folding them around her, tossed her
bghtly upon his broad shoulder.
"What's that?" asked the colld, cling
ing with one arm to his neck, and pointing
with the other to a small bag he carried in
his hand-a linen bag lettered with blie.
"Aloney, ny little lady," he said, shak
ing the bag until it gave out a metallic
ring. "Little, shiny gold dollars,as bright
as your eyes and as yellow as your hair."
"Give them to me, " said the clild, im
periously reaching down her dimpled
."Too many," he said, shaking his head
in her imprisoned arms, as he walked slow
ly up the path. "It's too heavy for yoh."
"iow many?" she Inquired, still reach
hag down her hand.
"Three hundred." he answered ; "three
hundred round, yellow dolilirs, and l1
give you one of them with a hole in it to
wear around your neck when we get into
the house '" And they passed out of sight,
buns egg- e.nc n1 nm m
The mau-he was a very young man
scarely more than a boy-croiching low
in the grass, stared hungrily after them,
until their voices, as well as their Jorns,
were lost to his sight, and then, as, he rais
ed himseif to a half-sitting posture, he
"Three hundred bright, shiny dollars
oh I "and there was given to the respiration,
long drawn out, an exceedingly ravenous
ie burnished light died on the etctOps,
to be replaced by the adve- tissue of
moonlight. The dove ),.shed her silvery
Song on the hill no'. oy; and perfect quiet
s;ettled down ova' the white washed house
in the orclWd, where the bearded man
slept wia the golden head of his mother
less -imid on lis breast, and the bag of
wi4den dollars under- his piilowv.
The ancien, clock shows in the dim
light of the night lamp like a tall sentinel
in the corner, tolling out the seconds, throb
by throb. With a preparatory gurgle in
its throat, it hoarsely proclaims the hour
midnight. Its voice drowns the slight
noise at the wilndow, as the sash slides up.
A dark figure, with eyes that gleam in a
pale scared face, ceeps stealthily through
and stands within the room, breathless and
The head of the sleeping man moves,
restlessly, and he throws up one arm,
raising a corner of the pillow, and an end
of the blue lettered bag becomes visible.
The silent figure, standing like a statuie
near the window, steals noiselessly towards
the bed. and reachung out a shaking hand,
grasps the bag of gold and begins to draw
It carefully from its hiding p'lace.
Just at that inoment the blue eyes of the
child open, and she shrieks out in affrighit.
The sleeping man suddenly awakened,
springs fronm the' bed, and fastened his
hands on the neck of the throat of the in
"Thief I" he exclaims, "you would steal
my money, would you ?" And he shakes
him until the slender man in his grasp
sinks upon his knees on the floor, gasping
"Papa, don't, dion't, i" and the hands of
the child grasp and tug at tier father's arm.
"Lt him go I" she shrieks, "-lot himt
As these words, half pleading, half comi
mnding, and wholly [rightened, ring
through the room, the muscular hands
drop from the throat of the victim, and lie
spurns himi with lia foot. The blue letter
ed bag has fallen upon the floor.
"Go, you scoundrel l"lie says in fierce
anger, "but for the-child I think I should
kill you, sneak thief that you are 1"
The man remains crouched upon the
floor, and look about him in a dazed way.
The little girl goes up to him, and hals
bef ore hun.
"Did you want to steal papa's dollars?
There's too many of them, and you
oughtn't to steal-it's wicked. ll give
you one,"anid she draws a blue ribbon upon
which is suspended a gold (dollar over her
curly head, and gives at into' his hand,
which mechanically cloees over it.
"Eva," says her father, sternly, and he
reaches out his hand to take back the
"Lect hin have it," cries the child,
stamnpinag her saal, baro foot, impjerionshy,
and again her fatther hiarkens to tier voice,
ano drops his hand.
"Go," 'le says, contemptuously, pointing
to the open widow. "Go as you came,
Uhrdugh the window."
The man, grasping the blue ribbon it
his Aingers, rises slowly, and goes to thu
window, and ohmrbe out. Bie returns anm
coke back, and sees the child Eva standing
at the open easement.
"I was starving," he mutters, looking at
"Poor man," she says, "buy something
to eat with the gold dollar," and as he goes
away into the night she leans her curly
head out of the window, and calls after
him in her sweet voice:
"Don't over try to steal any more I"
Years afterward, when the child Eva had
grown luto a beautiful woman, and when
the apples dropped upon her father's grave,
and the whitewashed house in the. orchard
had passed into other hands, she was pre
sent at a brilliant assemblage.
She was among them, but not of thei;
she was there not to be amused, but to
amuse; she was not a guest, but only a
"Who is she I''inquired the diet luguished
statesman In whose honor the assemblage
"Only msy governess," answered the vel
vet-robed and diamond-decked hostess.
"But she has a wonderful voice,' she add
ed, aprilogetically, "so I had her come In
"The statesman :ooked after her with
"What Is her name ?" he asked.
"Eva, Errom,"answered the lady depre
catingly, as if she thought somehow the
name might be offensive, and should there
fore be spoken apologetically.
'rhe gentleman was looking at the black
robed figare ot the girl at the piano, whose
wonderful voice was thrilling through the
room, and he made no response for a min
ute, and at the end of that time he was the
centre of admirers and satellites that were
always eager to gather around hi1.
Later on, when the marvellous voice was
hushed, and the black-robed form had van
ished, as was expected, with its sound, the
political star with his circle of satellites was
standing near an open window looking out
upon the flowery lawn, over which the
moonlight lay like a silvery mit. As he
talked to those about him in his cold, proud
way-for it was said of him, that he was
all brain, but heartless, so far as the tender
passions were concerned-he glanced oc
casionally out in the night. And in one of
these glances, perhaps, he saw the figure
moving like a dark shadow among the
Five minutes afterward he was making
his apologies and adieus to the regretful
hostess who bewilled the.pressing business
which called him Away; and then the sta'
faded from its satellites, and the very walls
seemed to mourn the light withdi awn.
Miss Errom, the governess, wandering
alone over the lawn, hearing a step behind
her, turned to find the star shining upon
He stood before her in the moonlight
with his bared head bowed in a kind of
reverential manner that bewildered her.
Alter a sta tled ionent In which she had
involuntarily hqlted, she bent her head C
slightly in acknowledgmueot of hispresence,
ad was about to pass on.
"Pordon me, Miss Errom," he said do. c
taming her with a gesture; "I have follow
nt'ance, wmAi ilu...A n-- ~-- a~
me. of the great debt of gratitude I owe u
"You owe me no acknowledgments."
she said, interrupting him, and speakina f
coldly, while she drew her Slight form up C
haughtily, in the moonlight," It my mu- 8
sic has entertained you, I have given it be- I
cause I was hired to do so. I am a paid 1
governess in the house and of my own free
will would not have entered the parlors to
night," and with a haughty Inclination of
the head, she again made a movement to
pass on, and again he detained her by an
almost imploring gesture. 1
"Miss Erron,' he said, "I beg that you
will not misconstrue my motives in seeking
you to-night. I have sought you for five
years, "and he looked steadily Into her face, I
as she stared in a kind of' dumb bewiler
ment at him.
"Whatever I am-whatever I may be of
good, under God, I owe to you."
ils voice was low and vibrating, and he
stood,as lie had stood throughout the inter
view, in a reverential attitude before her,
with the muoonlighst sllvering his bowed
"I don't understand what you are say
lng," she stammered.
"Probably not," he responded. "The
little drama in which you took a part with
me years ago, and which lifted me out of
darkness into light--out of vice into virtue
-would naturally make a deeper impres
sion upon me than upon you, a little
Still ese stated in dumb bewilderment at
Hie reached up and drew from his bosam
a strip of narrow, faded blue ribbon, on
which gleamed a small gold coin.
"Do you remember this?" ho asked,
holding it towards her.
Shie stitred from it to him, and a faint
recollection seemed struggling into her
"I don't know," she said confusedly.
"I seem to remember someth ing about a
goldi dollar which I gave to-"
"Exactly I" he said, "which you gave to
a midnight robber. It hsas been mny talis
man ever since." .*And lhe touched it rev
erently withs his lips, and replaced it ins
"But how-. Wnere did you get it ?"
she asked, in ambzement.
'It was to me yout gave it,"1 he answered.
"And you were-"' ese commenced, and
halted ini the speechitworking her fingers
"I was the would'-be-robber," ho said,
"and but for you, would now be tilling a
felon's cell or a felon's grave," and lie
dropped before her as before a presence
not of this earth.
For full five minutes ho remained stanid
mug silent and bowed before her, while she
stared at him with the bewliderment slowly
passing out of her face. Whens she spoke
it, was in her own natui'al tones, unbroken
"It has beens a dead secret, as it were,"
she said gently, "all these years. Let it
F'rom that evening for several months
the velvet-robed aud diamond-decked host
can of the stately mansion became t~he en
vied of all the other aspirants to the states.
man's favor, by the attractions her home
seemed to possess for him, 10 frequent were
his visits. And ambitious parents andi
blooming daughters were scandalized when
six months after, tihe great political star,en
tering a carriage one morning,met the gov
erness at the gate of the stately mansion,
and driving with her to alittle church near
by, qnietly married hor.
The first method of presenting thoughts
to the eye was the pictorial system. rhis
mode of writing is quite profusely given in
the Egyptian hieroglyphics. which the
priests employed in a symbolical and alle
eorical manner. "The eye, for instance,
became a symbol of Providence, the bird
an emblem of swiftness, the scaling-ladder
a representative of a siege." Chainpollion
claims that the hieroglyphics are divisible
into three distinct classes, the symbolic,
the phonetic ial figurative signs. It Is
unknown when picture writing was in.
vented. Some writers aflirn that letters
came into use when -the abbreviations of
pictorial signs became necessary as the
system extended. For example, two
hands and a' bow took the place of an
archer; an eye and sceptre slgnified a
nionarch. In time even these curtalled
signs were found to be Inadequate to the
wants of the people in giving signs to
thoughts. Figures were employed to re
present language and its separate organic
elements. It is unknown when alphabetic
or letter writing was first discovored. It
Is supposed that Moses was acquainted with
the art of writing, which proves that its
existence was know n at a very early period.
The Greeks and Romans asserted that the
Phwnicians we-e the inventors of letters.
Some attribute the invention of letters to
Moses, others believe that Abraham. knew
the art of writing, and we are also told by
some learned historians that Abel knew
the use of letters. The Jewish Rabbi
say "God created letters on the evening of
tue first Sabbath."
A very singular invention of a syllable
alphabet is related of a Cherokee Indian,
who was ignorant of the Englisli tongue,
and could not read a word in any language.
This poor savage succeeded In producing
in 1824 an alphabet so complete that lie
was able to write a letter. The Cherokees
were delighted, the youth of the band
travelled a great distance to learn the new
art of writing and reading, which fron the
peculiarity of the alphabet and language
they could acquire in three lays sulliciently
to practice themselves and to teach others.
I'ypes for printing in this character have
bcen- cast. The appearance of the lan
guage thus printed is singularly uncouth
The invention of marks for punctuation
s ascribed to Aristophanes, the famous F
Ireek gramnarlan. Abbreviations of (
words were not made in ancient. writing, t
)xcept upon coins and inscriptions. There t
tre extant some remains of an ancient sys- L
em of writing in which all the characters a
re formed by diferent combinations of I
we simple element. No satisfactory F
nethod of interpretation has ever been iL
liven of these writings. Of all books now 11
n existence the writings of Moses and the a
look of Job are considered the most i
The Mexicans used the pictural method 0
f writing. It is related that "they ap- V
rised their King, Montezuma, of the land- a
ag of the Spaniards by means of a linen c
loth, on which this event was represented D
imns, beginning at the bottom to read.
he Japanese and Chinese also write in
olumns, but they read from the top, going 1
rom the right to the left. The Germans
trat wrote in the Latin characters ; their
lphabet was not in general use until the
hirtecenth century, The "monastic" alpha- I
et was used in Germany as early as the N
leventh century. About the time of the
toman conquest writing was first prae
iced in Britain. Tie several forms of
Prencli writings derive their names from
lie different races of kings who have ruld
The Greeks have ever manifested great 0
inthusiasm in promoting knowledge. Tme 1
irst library that is known was collected by 1
?isistratus, who lived at Athens. _ King
attalus had a library that conitainedl 2009,
)00 books on rolls. Trhe celebrated library
)f Alexandria was founded by Ptolemy
P~hiladelphius; it is said to have numbered
r00, 000 volumes. It was destroyed in U42
IL. D. The first private library is sup-,
,osed to be the one founded by P. Emi
ius, 167 B. C. The first, public library
was founided by Asmnius Palilo, in the haill
>f the Temple of Liberty on Mount Aven
.ue Augustus founded the celebrated
ibrary in the Temple of Apollo on Mount
Palatine. The'lo mans had several large
private lib~raries. 'Tyrannio, a native of
Pontus, who was taken prisoner by Lucul
us and brought to Rome as a slave, and
receiving his freedom. taught gramimar
and rhetoric, investing much of his earn
ings in buying books, and is sa d to have
collected a library of 30,000 volunes.
U'onstantius established a public library ait
Condtantliople. Its contents increased
from timie to time to 120,000 voluimes. It
was destroyed b~y fire in A. D). 477.
Iiindhmag a lirenco.
Tomi Newlanai nas an indian who places
a high estimate on Is equestrian ability.
There wvas a horse to be brought to town a
few days ago and tihe Indiani was given
the job. He was told ho was "bronco,"
but it was "csa bueno me sabe." Hitch
lng the animal to a tree, he carefully placed
the sweat cloth on him; thon the blanket,
the bridle and the saddle; at each p~erform-.
ance giving vent to a satisfiedi "A'a, hash,"
each ejaculation growing intenser, till he
got into the sadidle. All this time the
"bronco," l.ooked as5 unlike Alexanuier the
Great's war horse, Blucephialus, as a car
penter's saw-horse. rThe lIndian started,
lie gained the crest of the hilt wh~ere tho
scrub eak was thickest; heo turned and gave
another "Ah, bali," which was followed so
closely by "whoa" that it sounded like a
compound word. Then something rose to
a few feet in the air, went back and rose
again. There was a cloud of dust, a heap
of Apache talk, a hlash of bright colcres,
and-silence. When Tom went up, lie
found thme horse griazing in the most ortho
dox fashion and a strip of white breech
Clout and a p~air of brown legs surmountedl
red stockings and iron-clad shoes sticking
up from the mididle of a serub oak, like a
newv sort of plant. Tomi got liim out of
the brush and whetn lie said: "Ah,hah,''
the Indian looked as though lie wanted to
goon the war-path.
During a late thunaler-stornm near
London, England, a great ball of fire
wvas seen to descend from the clouds
into a lake, A fter the storm was over
a hundred dlead fish, Izueitiding two
carp, weighing together twenty-three
pounds, wore found floating on tihe
surface near thme 5f ) where the fire
b~all was soon to ottr 0,
At the Table.
It Is imnpossible to estimate properly the
immense influence which is exerted upor
the household by the atmosphere of the
family table. If It is true that one doei
not come out of a room the same person.
who went in, the mind ever after retain.
ing the impress of what affected it there,
what great results must be achieved from
the meeting three times a day In the dining
room, from the conversation indulged in,
and the sentiments habitually expressed
there. A neat well-ordered table, is In
itself a lesson to the children. I have
noticed that a sensitive child almost in
variably has better manners when dressed
in its best, and have seen with surprise
the effect produced upon a certain small
boy of my acquaintance by handsomel
dressed ladies who are polite to him. To
the inviting table, where there should be
always something attractive, however iln
ple the meal may be, most children wil!
come prepared to behave properly. At
this table the mother will not take her seat
with disordered hair and soiled collar,
remarking, with the air of a martyr, that
it i the first time she has sat down to-day.
The head of the house, if the dinner Is not
exactly to his mind, will not resent it as a
peisonal affront. It really Is worth while,
and when philosophically considered Is a
matter of great importance, to lay aside as
far as possible all thoughts of the hard
work done before and to be done after a
meal, and to allow no vexatious questions
to be discussed at this time. The habit of
brooding over our work and exhausting
ourselves by going it all over in our minds
is one to be studiously avoided. There is
nothing whioh takes front one's energy
more than this, and it is a frequent cause
f insanity. Everybody knows that food
ligests better when eaten in agreeable
3onpany. It was something more than a
pleasantry which made a friend remark,
haat lie could not have his wife and child
ass the summer vacation away from him,
is it gave hilnm dyspepsia. The poor child
Ao comes to grief at the table, and-Is
tent away from it with his dinner half
mten, and who suffers the whole afternoon
vith an undigested lump of food in lite
Itomach, is to be pitied, and it is a wise
)Ian to explain to children, that in ,his
vay they will be pubished for bad conduct
t the table. It follows, then, that pleasant
urprises in the way of preparing favorite
lishes, that good taste, too much pains
aking in arranging all the appointments of
he tablo and dining-room, rise above a
aere ministering to the aninial existence,
nd affect the finer issues of life. Good
chavior and cheerfulness ought to accom
any each meal as naturally and unvary
agly as bread and butter. The happy
mughter which distributes nervous force,
nd calls the blood from the brain, allow
ag the stomach to get its share, should be
card more frequently at our tables. No
nie should feel at liberty to say one word
!hlch is not at least kind and thoughtful,
ny more than lie would withhold a il-ffi
lent Quant-ity of food. r~hee facts need
tore careful considce-'
The dbnee fogs which so frequently con
ert London day into night, while the sur.
unding country is bright with sunshine,
re commonly attributed to the smoky coal
'hich London burns; and it has been pro
(Rsed to import Pennsylvania anthracite as
remedy. Doubtless smoke has something
> do with the density and blackness of
ondon fogs; but we very much doubt the
ossibility of largely dispelling them by any
hange of fuel. It is, we believe, not so
inch the smoke of London fires as the
rest volume of water vapor which they
roduce that serves as the primary cause
f.the fogs. A necessary product of com
ustion is water; and the millions or more
res of London must send Intp the air of
,e cit y enormous volumes of teat vapor in
dditiona to the steam of boili ~g water ic
cnt to cooking, mantufacturi g, and simi
ir operations. While the mnosphere of
,ondoni is titus being kept a~ the point of
aturatlon, the manner in wh h~l the city is
Id out prevents any free pas e of wmdl
I) sweep away the~ super--ab nadant moiAs
ure. London is made up of congeri ss of
owns scattered over a hui dIred square
niles or more of area, each th its pecu
jar net-work of streets and >ads, and all
~rown together into such a si ri of passa
ecs, all short and nearly all ooked, that
hurricane wouldi be confusec and lost in
in attemplt to pass through t city. No
>thier large city in the wor beat-s any
:ompa'rison with London In his respect,.
All other large cities have 1 g thorough
~ares through which the wing can sweep
hIeir entire length or breadt . In most
Aties such avenues are not o' long and
road btut measurably stratih~ The near
est approach to such a thor:>ujhfar'e in Lon.
:on begmns at Shepherd's Blih and rune
lilong the Uxbrldge road, d vna Oxford
street to Hlolbert Viaduct 'flis ailowts
the west winds to penectrate o the very
heart of the mietropolis, ani it a fact well
ustabhshed by observation ha this route
Is singularly free from fop. Ihe native
Londoner is apt to deride lie lhess-board
plan of most American andm y Europe
an cities, with streets crosmg~ ach other
at right angles and runninign I onotonons
straight lines, mile after me. his plan
may not, tend itself so readi' to architect
iural effects as the short andang ed streets
of London, but Its sanitary ad1 mmniercial
adlvantages are beyond queio4 It may
be that after all is said andhom e Lond~oni
may have to choose hbetwee ce luring anu
almost ever-present fog or ti bimking up
of its beloved labyrinths by mtt} og broad
and straight avenues, in varns irections,.
aicross the lenagth and bread of the ci ty.
The hose of Shian.
The so-calied Rosec of Bhona is one of
the most exquisite flowersa shape and
hue, its blossoms are bel-aped, and ofI
many mingled hues aund dyei But Its his. 1
tory is legendary and roman in the high
est degree. In the Ear throughout
1-yria, Judeca and Arabia, Is regarded
with the profoundest reence. The
leaves that encircle the rod blossoms I
dry and close together whiehe season of I
blossoms is over, and the skc, withering
completely away from the s, the flow.1
er Is blown away at last frcthe stemi on
which it grew, havmng dried theshapeou
bali,to which is carried awaiy the breezeo
a great distances. In this y it is borne g
over the wastes and ssnd arts, until/
at last, touching some nplace, i:
clhngs to the soil, where imediately
takes fresh root and sprinto life and I
Oreat utorim in tihe Snu.
Observers of the sun fonnd indications of
intense connnotion on the 11th, 12th and
18th of August. The son spots wore nu.
merous, large and active, and protuber
ances shot up their rose-colored tongues
with Increased force and veloclty fron the
surface. The earth made instantaneous re.
sponse to the solar storm. A magnetic
disturbance suddenly commenced, accom
panled by an unusual - exhibition of earth
currents continuous and strong. It is years
since the ireenwich observatory has re
corded magnetic disturbances of equal mag
ultude, and it sends forth a timely warning
to telegraph engineers, and especially to
those concerned in the laying of submarine
cables, that earth currents may now become
frequent as compared with the quietness of
recent years. A superb exhibition of auro
ra accompanied the magnetic disturbance.
An observer at the Stoneyhurst Observa
tory describes it as recalling the magnifi.
centdisplays of 1869, '70 and '71, while the
play of the magnets was one of the most
violent ever recorded at that observatory.
The auroral display was extensively ob
served in England and Sc3tland. One ob
server describes it as an ontburst of stream
era, appearing like wavy, swaying curtains
from the zenith to the near horizon, with
the loveliest green tints near the zenith;
another writes that the streaks extended
froni horizon to zenith, . the color being
principally pale blue with a reddish tinge;
another paints the display as a brilliant
band of white light followed by streamers,
each streamer fading away before the suc
ceeding one became very brihht, and still
another records a glowing celestial picture
of the northern horizon skirted by a bright
white haze, terminating In an ill-defined
arch, from which sprang a large number of
broad streamers, stretching toward the
zenith. The same phenomenon was seen
by American observers, although it did not
receive the attention bestowed upon it by
European observers. It is evident, how
ever, that the epoch of grand auroras and
magnetic storms has returned, and that our
northern skies for months to come will
probably be hghted with auroral flames.
More earnestly than ever arises the ques
tion of the cause of the sun spot cycle and
its intimate connection with electric and
magnetic phenomena. No one doubts that
the commotion in the solar orb is reflected
on the earth in the flashes of auroral light
and the erratic movements of the magnetic
needle. We can see the cause and note the
effect. But no one, if the theory of the
distrihuting influence of the great planets
is rejected, has' found the clow to the se
cret of sun spots. We can only grope in
darkness while we wait for persistent
searchers to solve the problem, and admire
with mingled reverence and awe the migh
ty power with which the sun sways his re
tinue of worlds, and the strength of the i
sympathetic chord by which each planet in
the system reflects in auroral light and dis- I
turbed magnetism the abnormal condition I
of the great central orb. <
sesbot eerm aia ong bceen 01 -thI
. a.s the telescope is a clumsy
method of supplying the deficiency of eye
power, and some months ago he undertook
to ascertain if there was any way by which IJ
we could be able to dispense with artificial (
lenses. It is a well ascertained fact that, I
persons who are near-sighted, or in other u
words, can see only such objects as are 0
near to them, hiave the ball of the eye a
globular and protuberant, while those r
whose vision enables them to see objects at b
a long distance from them br.ve the eye s
flattened and sunken. The obvious ex- r1
planation of the fact is the theory that t
when the eye is flattened, the lenses are a
compressed, ani thus focal distance is in- a
creased, while the opposite effect follows I
the too great rotundity of the eye. Acting h:
in accordance with this theory, lie i
conceived the plan of Inereasing the power i;
of the eye, not by tising artiticial glans dI
lenses, but by improving the natural j
lenses. IHe desaigned an instrument, con- a
slating of two smalil imetalic disks, each a,
piercedi witha an exccedingly small hole, b
and connected by a light steel band. These t)
disks are to be placed one directly over ni
the centre of each eye, while the steel band bi
lassing arount thie head, holds thema in p
pla1ce. This band is sa made that it can ti
be shiortenedl or lengthened by turning a si
thumbscrew, and of course, just in propor- a
tion as it is shot tened the disks press against I
the eyes aid fiamt'm them. The inventor p
tried lia instrumeco uaon himself betore (2
exhibiting it to anyone. Ueo found that Ca
when the disks were put in poesition andi c
the screw was gradually tuirned- his po wer I
of seeing distant objects steadily increased. tI
A very adght. increase of piressuire on the n
eyes gave a very imarked increase of via- a
nal power.. lie made exp~erimients both by si
day and night, and in every cane with ti
miarked sucess. Hie founid that in the kc
daytime lie couild read the Times at a udis- gi
Lanace of twenty rods by giving the screw re
two complete turns, andi at night lie couldi ol
percive the moons oif Jupiter and the ring t00
af 8aturn with six turns of the screw. Up in
to this point, the operation of the instrni
mont was quite painless, but any attempt
to give greater eye-p~ower was attended
with a sharp p~aini in the eyes and a dazzling
light, which rendered all objects invisible.
Professor Alerrill has calculated, however, n<
hat six turns of the thumbscrew l
r~ive lia eyes a power equal to that of am
efracting telescope of forty-two lent focal al
listance, and that, in fact, there is nmo tel-0
~scope in existence which han anything A
ike the power of his eyes when they have
>con properly adjusted by the help of lisa
"squeezer, Sir 1"
A gontleman resIding in thie subturbs o ois
)etroit, finding that lia otherwise well-or hi
leredf household was withlout that india- pc
>ensable article of modern civilization fa
mnowu as a lemon-squeezer, and having fa
ried for several days In vain to think to p1
>riiig one out wIth him from town, finally n<
lireetedi is man to remind him of it on Ti
lhe following morning before his departure hi
or the clay. Standing on thle coor-step sh
fter breakfast the next day, and just as sh
me was about to bid lis wIfe his usual af- Ti
octionate farewell, lie heard, in atentorian br
ones from the region of the stable the 1a4
vords, ''Squeezer, sir I" The lady was hi
tartledl, and it was well for theo faithful am
lomestic that lis employer had only just pa
ime enough to catch the train; but there ch
now a lemota-squeezer of - the latest pat
ern in the house.
A WAG got hold of an editor's whisky I
ottle and labelled it, "TXo be contin- cc
ted In our necks." La
Marriage In Poland.
In Poland it seems, it is not the would.
be bride groom who proposes to his lady.
love, but a friend. The two go together
to the young girl's house, carrying with
them a loaf of bread, a bottle of brandy
and a new pocket-handkeehief. When
they are shown into the "best" room the
friend asks for a wine-glass. If this Is
procured at once, it is a good sign; if not,
they take their leave without aupther word,
as they understand their proposal will not
be accepte d. Suppose, however, that the
friend drinks to the fatlitr's and mother's
health, and then asks where their daughter
is, upon which the mother goes to fetch
her. When she comes into the room the
friend (always the friend) offers her the
glass filled with brandy. If she puts It to
her lips she Is willing, and then the pro
posal is nade at once. But it is the fash
ion to refuse it several times before finally
accepting. Then the friend takes out the
new handkerchief and ties the young peo
ple's hands together with it, after which
it Is tied around the young girl's head, and
she wears it as a sign of betrothal until her
wedding-day, which is very soon after
wards, as on the Sunday following the pro -
posal the hanng are published. On the
wedding-day all the bridesmen and brides
maids go round to the friends and acquain
tances of the two families and invite them
to the wedding. At each house they must
dance a.Cracovian. (Let us hope that the
dance is a short one, for the sake of their
feet and breath.) During this the bride is
being dressed by other young friends of
iers, whilst young men sing virtuous
itroplies to h r. When all the guests are
usembled the bil-le kneels for her parents'
)leasing, and thea she is placed in a carri
ige with her betrothed and friend. Upon
eturning home bread and salt are present
-d to the young couple, and wheat is thrown
>ver their heads. This wheat is picked up
mud afterward sown; if it bears good fruit
he younir couple will be prosperous.
Lancing, singing and feasting are kept up
ill morning, when the young couple are
Leconmpailed to their room. But before
hen the bride's hair has to be out off, and
la ia coi~f/c with the matron's cap. This
ustunm is terrible, but it has to be coin.
)lied with. Ttie wedding festivities are
Lept up for seven days and seven nights
vihout interruption, after which the wed
ling visits begins, commencing with the old
at proprietor or lord of the neighborhood.
)nce upon a time this visit was paid on
lie wedding-day, but now it is delayed
intil after the last wedding reel has ceased.
t is better thus.
In 18:18, in the month of April, when
neamped at Sirpur, the villagers gave
)utran informat'on of a tiger that had been
iarked down in the thorny jangal to the
ortn of the village. This part of the
ountry was plain, and there was no hill or
)utranm followed him on foot three
imles, and eventually speared him to
leath. This act, it Is affirmed, has never
eon equaled before or since in Kandesh.
)n another occasion lie stood spear in hand,
ke a gladiator in the arena of a Roman
iphitheatre ready for the throwing openi
f the wild beast's cage. The bushes were
t on fire, and the tiger, by no means
ilishing the smoke, came, puffing and
lowing like a porppise, every live or six
3conids, to get a little fresh air, but, scent
ig the elephant, he was always fain to re
eat again. This sort of work went on for
>me time, and bush after bush blazed
way without producing the desired effect. "
could not have stood the suspense whoen
fe was at stake. At last there was a low,
ugry growl, and a scutlling rastle in the
assage. The tiger sprang out, and udown
escendedc~ the long lance into his neck,
ist behind the (dexter ear. WVith one
roke of his powerful paw he smashed the
lear close to the head. This was a p~retty ~
usiness. Mr. Tiger one step) below, with ~
ie steel sticking ini his neck, which by no.
ieans impiiroved his tempei~r, had 'gathered
is huge hindquarters below him for a des- a
erate sp~rinig, and my f rieid, armed after r
ae fashion of the South iSea Islanders,
anding onf a hlttin mon0od(, breathing deli
nice and brandishing his bamboo on hIgh. ~
ventumally the tiger was shot b~y one of the z
arty. utramn had sonie narrow escapes.
nice, while pursuing a tiger on foot, his
>mpainion being on horseback, the animal i
larged, seizedt Outranm, and rolled down .a
me hilh with him. Being released fromt
1e claws of the fqrocious beast for a mo..
ent, Outranm, with great presence of a
lad, drew a pistol lhe had with lhim, and P
ot the tiger dead. The Bhils, on seh~ '
at lie had been ijijuredi, were one and ah
ud in their grief and express.:.ns of re- "i
'CL; but O)utramn quieted thmem with the J'
mark: "What (10 1 care for the clawing a
a cat!" This speech was rite among
e Bhulls for many years afterward, amid ?A
sy be so until this day. .
Marriage in t he Celustiai Etrei.
Thirty pairs of embroidered slippers arc
cessary for tihe trousseau of a Chinese C
:iy of position, and her boudoir is cram
ed with confectionery, and fruits, burnt a
luends, barley sugar, syrup of aloe.,
sages, ginger, and shiaddocks, in confu
mn with rich silks, jewels of wrought
>(d and preclous stones, rings, bracelets, i
sea of nails, bodkins for tihe hair, and a t
ousand other charming nick-nacks. In
is strange country a young girl when she ol
orrtes never has a dowry. She is literally ~
'rchmased either by the husband himseli '~
by his relations. Although she may s
yve no brothers, ushe cannot inherit any
irtion of her paternal fortune unless her ~
ther makes aun express declaration in her ~
vor. Such arrangements are always com
Lted before the marriage, and are usually a
gotiated by agents, called, "Me jin.''
ac young fance is next presented to her W
ebands's p~arents. The husband himself d
a never sees until the wedding clay, when ~
a 18 carried ut a closed chair to the house. ~
ie key of the chair is handed to the
degr#/om, who opens the door, an d if the 01
ly within pleases his taste he holds out '
hand to her-; if not; he slams the door, o
d the engagement is at an (nd, the girl's
rents having the right to retain the pur
"WR.L,P~at, JIm didn't quite kill you ih
th the briek bat, did lie ?" "No i but '3
5?1sh he had. "Why so?" C i , ' ft
aid have seen him hung, to
n! " dc
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
On the whole, perhaps, we think too
much abous ourselves.
Following mafty vocations has ru
Ined the life of many a man.
Unbidden guests are often welcom
est when they are gone.
He is happy who has conquered tai
ness once and forever.
Ridicule is the weapon of weak minds
invective of shallow ones.
They are never alone that are accom
panied with noble thoughts.
A judicious silence Is better than
truth spoken without charity.
We must be in eternity before we
can be secure against change.
Conceived is a passion, great ideas
themselves fructify in a calm.
8:n has a great many toois, but a lie
is a handle which fits them all.
The Ideal saint of the young mora
list is cut from sappy timber.
No one will dare mailatain that It
is better to do justloe than to bear at.
Actions, looks, words, from the
steps by which we may spell oharac
le who knows his own incapacity
knows something - few men know
Cunsidering one's own weakness Is
a great help togentlemen dealing with
God Is better served in resisting a
temptation to evil than In many formal
When a young man has learned to
wait, lie has mastered the hardest les
son iI his life.
As the pricklient leaves are the irl
et, so the pertest fellows are generally
the most barren.
God bears no more than the. heart
speaks; and if the heart ia dumb, God
will certainly be deal.
Every man throws on his surround
Ings the sunshine or the shadow that
axists in his own seiu.
No place, no company, no ag, no
person is temptation free. Lot no Luau
boast that he is free.
The most matured and happy Uhris
Liano are, for the most part, those who
3arly come to tihe Saviour.
"[Heaven made virtue; man.the ap
pearance"l-an(l, very naturally, muan
prefers his own invention.
A devout thought, a plous deslro, a
ioly purpose, is better than a greates.
ate or an earthly kingdom.
Tc-morrow in this life may take care
)f itself, but to-morrow in the Great
Beyond must be provided for.
To attain long life-lova nothing too
VIolently : hate nothlug too passionate
y; fear nothing too strongly.
Moderation Is the father of health,
sheerfulness, and old age. Excess has
tube rous e.L
A sanI (O o-WI aniil on wor s o
It is strange how soon, when a great
nan dies,his place is filled; and so com
)lotcly that he seems no longer want
God is a sure paymaster. He may not
may at the end of the week, month or
'ear; but remember he pays in the
Tie time for reasoning is, before we
ave approached near enough to the'
Drbitddent fruit to look at it and ad
You may abrink from the far-re
earching solitudes of .our heart, but
o other foot than yours can tread
A wise man ought to hope for the
est, be prepared for the worst, and
ear with equanimity whatever may
A doubter is very like a weather
Dok, he is veered around with every
assing breea~s, be it a zephyr or a
Thore are two stars which rise andi
at with men, and whose benefil
iys encircle hilm, viz., hope and re
Tears are time gift whlch loye be
ows upon the memory of the abseng,
nd they will avail to keep the heart
Things that will wear are not to be
ad cheap. Whether it be a fabric or
principle, if Is is to endure, it must
artaliy cost something.
Of all the actions of man's life hi.
arriage does least concern other peo
le, ye; of all the actions of our life It
ust meddled with .by other people.
Flattery Is the hocus-pocus nonsense
Ilh which our ears are sometimes ca
Lecd, in order that we may be more
lectually bamboozled andtdeceived.
Mere lmnmensity of slme always as
unds, but our wonder at the vast re
ilts accomplished by Comparatively
nali umeans remains the longest with
Wistlom is better than rIches. WIs.
>m guards thee, but thou must guard
iy riches. Rtiches diminish In the
SIng; but wisdom increases in the use
Anman has no right to occupy such
ghm moral grounds that lie is con..
antly so far above his fellows that
can be of no earthly assistanco to
There is some help for all the defects
fortune; for If a man cannot attain
the length of his wishes. he may
~ve his remedy by cutting of them~
A pretty answer was given by a little
otoh girl. When her class was ex
mined, she replied to the question.
Whiat is patience?" "Walt a wee,
Ld dinna weary."
It Is not gavenm to all mortals to be al..
aye wise. "IL there be those whose
lany has never appeared," **says Las
Doihefoucauld." 'It is beociuse It has
iver been closely loolad tor."
While ten meni watch for chances,
me man makes chance.; while ten
en na t for something to turn ,up;
ue rulns something 'up; so,
hile ten fail, one succeeds and Is
lied a man of luck.
Beware of judging character by sin
e deeds, and be even reticent ia
dgingit. et all. Oily a perfect
mpathy, bl, which we can see tings
om anothers a stnd-point alnd forget,
r the Ilike our own, can enable us to