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Till-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. CI., JANUARY 8, 1881. VOL. IY~-NO. 161.
Thou dwellest in a warm and cheerful bomel
'1hy root In vain the winter tempest lashes,
While louselois wretches round thy mansion
On whose unsheltered Lead'tho torrent
Thy board Is loaded with the richest meato,
O'er nhich thine eyes in sated languor
Many might live on what thy mastiff eats.
Ur f( ast on fragments which thy servants
''by linabs are nuffied foiom the Ilhire nig blast
When flena thy lresid6 thou dost daily
Many have saroe a rag about then cast.
With which the froaty breezes toy and
Thou hast s( ft gwiles to greet tho kils of love
When thy light step resounds witfiin the
&nc have no friend save Hit who dwells
No oweet coninunion with a fellow 'iorlal.
Thou sleepest soundly an thy ecatly bed.
Lulled by the power of luxurica unnnun
be red ;
8omre pilloiv on a stone an sching head,
evei again to wake when they have slum
Then think of those, who formed of kindred
Depend upon the doles thy bounty seat
Anad God will hear them'-for thj welfail
They are His children, though in rages and
"Just three months ago to-day siuce she
caine to Farnlands, and 1 verily believe I
atu in love-liopelessly."
But whether his passion were fraught
with, or doomed to success or despair,
Johu CliCord certainly looked like a "hope
loss" lover thinking about Isabel Do
ills was a bright face, though not hand
buie, and lighted by laughing blue eyes
that the young lady never yet had satislac
torily decided were in fun or earnest when
their owner flashed their light upon her.
John Clifford was twenty-six, and no
faco had ever yet disturbed the even tenor
of his way until this label Do Loirme had
come to his nother's house, and won all
hearts under the roof before a week.
Only three nionths acquainted, and John
Clifford could have sworn it seemed like so
many years, such perfect friends they two
had become, despite that tall, aristocratic
blonde gentlormhu from Paris who sat next
to Isabel at the table, and who frowned so
audibly when' John would bend over her
regal head and whispered something or
And sitting'there, he had to smile with
sulerb indillerence when he thought of this
bonde gentleman, this Mr. Elmer whose
admiration for his peerless Isabel was so
To be sure, Mr. Elmer and Isalgie had
been carrying on a harmless little Ilirtation,
off and on.
But John hadn't said anything, for two
good reasons; one was, he was not a de
clared lover of Miss Dt Lorme, much' as
he wouid have liked to be ; the othier hie had
just as nilce a little time with Adilie 8un
,terland between times when he took a
stroll only a couple of miles.
lHe aind Addle had known each other
ever sinee John could rememaber..
And then, ,with Addle t wo miles off, and
Isabel consuantly before his eyes-with
Addle, when-hd~ did see her, ui'lplabiest'of
Smuslin tollets, demidishaabil/e, and isatbel
flaahing before his eyes 1t9 such wvondfortsly
bewitching dresses, it was. little wonder
that lie grew to forgetting Addle 8unde
.land's peach-bloom~ cheeks, hiah' lIke Apdnir
gold, and eyes as dlark, but not so brilliant
as !saibei Do Lormne's own.
John CliffordI . was fast, forgottling her ;
and that elegant ludy had won him whom
she hard wanted for her' very own.
Poor foolish lIttle Addie! but shie was
only seventeen, and In love, else she would
have risen up and met and vaanshied her
foe; for her own weapons, her fenu nIne
tact, beauty, wIt and grace, were sharp
aind brlght as her enemoay's, only her eanemy
was an expert in their use, and well, only
justL the truest sivqetegt fjrl in the coun
try was Addle. :
Thei light 'werd arin 'and- -lnag
brightly in Mrs. Clifford's parlor, and~ the
little groups gathered together, were ura
usually tilhnlned foi con vereaglou.
It had been a delighatitl season,- and on
the morrow their p~leasant party wouldl be
broken up, hii all parobabflity flover' to meet
-Mrs. Cliffofd's guieat \vita to leave hi theo
And yet John Clifford had not spoken.
But to-aight wvhen he saw her, standing
by the window, silent thioufghtful, .alone,
so queenly lin her attitude of grace, lie
suddeunly walked Into her piresenice, resolv
ing to ask her to stary and be lisa wife, or'
to go lis betrotlied bride.
She turned, wvith a bright .smile, and
hxeld out her hand.
"1 believe I was certainly getting loaiely,
Are you lonely, Mr. Olilford ?"
She thawlied him a glance from her mad.
hnt eyes as she spoke; dtnd with (lie handt
John was stIll holding carelessly, butt with
a matchless grace that dId not escape her
lover's ardent, diring gaze, swept back
a rich stray curl <fl her forehead.
heow liquidly toilder her voice was I
And Jpihn Clifford wondeted If his dear.
tiny had created this oppiortunity for hla
"You ask me if I am over -lonely," he
said, in a low, murmurous tone that was
intoxicating In its sweetness and proud
strength, that grow passionate as he went
on; '"as if I could be, when I have had
you near me; as if I ever would be with
you. Isabel, you will not go and leave me
desolate? Isabel, my own darling I my
own beautiful darling!"
Then, without waiting for an answer,
satitlAd in that lie told her all lite heart,
as it behoved hin to do. John Clifford
caught her in his arms, hold her in a tight
embrace, the while raining kisses he could
not withhold on her splendid face, on her
wavrn, quivering lips. .
Then ie held her at arm's length and
soiled down on her.
"My own ! I kneo w had but to tell
But e was shivering strangely.
lie saw her mouth parted to speak, and
he stopped suddenly.
"'Mr. Clifford-oh, Mr. Cl.fford, I would
give worlds to undo what you have
done to unesay what. you lave said ! Oh,
why hfts this terrible mistake occurred I
Tell.ie what I have done to justify it"
She was fairly walling out her piteous
words, and he saw there was someething
ye! to come.
"'Tell ie," he retirned huskily. "What.
ever it is I want to know. '
Buile sce4ejed to disregard his words.
She walked ip and down the little room
in restless distress.
"How did I know you thought I was
Miss Do Lornie? Eirerybody called me
Isabel. John Clifford, I am Mrs. Do
Lorne l Why didn't you know it ?"
There was smothered tierceness in her
voice ais she abruptly proclaimed it.
lie stood several seconds stricken duib
with tile newe.
Then lie went up to her.
"Forgive ine-i meant no harm. God
is mny judge of that. And you, Mrs. Do
Lormee, If you will mercifully forget it, I
-I will try."
lie bowed and left her to herself.
lie went to the quiet of his roon, where
he paced the floor all that long night,
drinking to the very dregs the cup at hi
And the next morning, when he come
down, Mrs. De Loreno had gone.
The afternoon sun wits shining all over
the green meadow land, and- tlittering in
quivering beauty through thie swaying
branches of tho horse chestnuts.
John Clifford, three yeats older than he
was the rmorning he set sail for America,
lay back in the armchair, and looked about
him as a man looks who feels glad to be at
home again. -. -
lie was smihng at his fond nother, whc
was bustling around in restless delight.
"Glad to get hone? Indeed I am
mother ;- and what's -inore, I am going tc
stay here--settle down, you know, for
"If you'd only brought a wife horne
with you. John," she said.
His face clouded, thpn )ightenod..
"Bless u, r9ther mine, didn't, you
know I've come to marry my little Addte?
How is she mother I I am going up di
rectly arter supper."
Mrs Clifford gave a little start.
"Johin I dear boy-didn't you get the
ietter'? Why, Addle's been married tlh
six months. My pocor John I"
Shre ernme over and silently smcoothed hir
averted head, knowing only half the u~n.
speeakablo agony in ihis nole heart. O;
"Married ?" he said at lenrgth, "'Wiho t
"A Mr. Do Lormie. It is thre queerest
story, (lear'; but our isabel--you reemi
ber' I-was a nmareried womnr, it seemes, and
she (lied shortly after she left here."
" lie camre hero the summer you went
away, and lhe arnd Addle 8utherlarnd~ pladti
a rratch of It."
A common eneough story, t,>ld ire sine.
plest, most parsseionlessq words, that Mers.
Oliffor'd never dreamed were'tehrring aid
cruelly pirobing a wouend tmat never liad
healed, arid never wouild.
And to dary 5ohne Clifford raises his lint
to Mrs. De Lorme as she rides In her pha.
ton, with a hand that never lens touched ai
wo.man's clinging fingers uiude that night,
anl lis face tells no tiales of his lonely life
:Ta teinsI edaty)Aemr Ott.
1br. Ifillt~e 6, Ine /dziPancc Medlicale,
reconmends, en order to rernder cod liver
oil tasteless, to mix a tablespoonful of it
intimately vflth tho'yolk of an egg, :add a
fey drops of esscep of ipepidonban
hafatmleer of sugared water, so as to
obtarn nq it du poe. By thrSineemes
the tpstpe rnd chatrarcteristic odor of the oil
aire dutlhrely coverddl, and the patents take
it without thre slighetest gepugnance. , 2e.
sidee, 'the oil, being thdts rendere~d thiseihle
as tire warter im all its proportions, is inr as
complete state of emulsion as tie fats at thec
mlomrent they penetrarte the eheyle vessels,
conispqently absoiptiont is better aissuredl.
-lostoni pays out $2,300,000 anual~y
TheI favorito, day f'uri mairriargos inr
P'ris is Saturday.
-Josep~h 1lpklinson worte ''ll
Coluembia" in .1798.
-A coon club heis been organized at
l ilinrgton, N. C.
-Th'Ie Germarn Mormonms now leave
an organ in Salt. Lake City''
-The re ar'e &l5,000 femeaies in New
York city anrd 5!)0,000) males.
'Bisjmark lea-i for many years be
lieved that lie wIll dIe i 1881.
-Texas div es 1,000,000 head of eat-.
tie to thre Northr West annueally,
-The Jews lnave a tem ple. ini Chica
go atih will soar 5,000 personls.
-Inir~nentse' Day, December, 28, was
for-merzly conesidored an triluoky day.
A Picture Three Miles Long.
Most of our readers have heard of, and
many may have seen, Banvard's great
"Panorama of the Mississippi." It is said
that the author of this ihunmense work con
ceived its idea and determined (in its exe
cution when lie was at mere boy, during a
trip across the Mississippi in a row-boat at
sunset. The story of his after-life is a
recoid of singular persistency and success
in carrying out a boyish dream.
When his father (lied, Jolm Banvard
was left a poor, friendlcss lad, and ob
tained employment with a drugglot. But
so fond was lie of sketching the likenesses
of those about him on the walls with chalk
or coal, that his master told him lie made
better likenesses than pills; so poor John
lost his situation.
le then tried other plans, and met with
many disappointments. Finally lie ob
tained enough money to begin his great
work. Ile bought a small skiff, and set
off alone on his perilous adventure.
le travoled thousands of miles, crossing
the Mississippi backwards and forwards to
secure the best pohits for matking his
sketches. All day long lie went on sketch
Ing, and when the sun was about to set lie
either shot wild fowi on the river, or haul
ing the little boat ashore, went into the
woods, with his rifle, to shoot game.
After cooking ahd eating Ils supper, he
turned lils boat over on the ground, and
crept under It, rolling himself up In i
blanket to sleep for the night, safe from
the falling dews and prowling animals.
SometeIRs for weeks together lie never
spoke to a human being. In this manner
he went on sketching for more than four
hundred days before the necessary draw
ings were finished, and then he set to work
in good earnest to paint the picture.
lie had only made suetches in his wan
derIngs. After these were completed,
there were colors and canvas to be bought,
and a large wooden building to be erected,
for he determined to paint them on one
piece of canvas, and thus make a pano
When it was finished it covered three
miles of canvass, and represented a range
of scunery three thousand miles in extent;
and that all this magnificent work was
executed by a poor, fatherless, moneylesi
lad, ought to make- us ashamed of giving
up any undertaking worth pursuing, nerely
because it would cost.us some troubl e.
AP tlrette lmai.
Down upon the ice of the Red River o
tle North, below the walls of Fort Garry
there began in the latter part of Decembet
a dog-sledge journey which supplies mail
matter to at least one-sixth of the Westerm
Continent. The isolated position of th<
many posts at the Hudson's Bay Company
and the wide and trackless wastes separa
ting them from all means of communicatiou
with the outside world, and even with enca
other, by any of the ordinary channels o
intercourse, necessitste certain methods o
mail transport peculiar to this country alone
The boat brigades of the summer carry a
mail in addition to their freight; but in the
long winters, when the wuters are locket
up in ice and the plains covered with snow
leaving scarcely a landmark discernible by
which the (lay's course may be steered
other appliances take the place of plani
bottoms and sturdy oaranien.
Every year, atout the 10th of December,
when the landscape is clothed in its winter
raiment of white, and the rivers and laket
are covered with thick ice. there otarts fron
Fort Uarry, bound north, the accunulatiou
of mail matter known as the Great North
ern Packet. Through its agency commi
nication is had with every post in the ter
ritory. Tll; ap)liances for the carriage o
this importaa packet. are snow shoes an<
sledges. The latter, generally four in nuni
ber, are dr-awn by dogs, of which there ar<
four to each sledge, amdi in whose trapping
considerable taste and ornamient are dis
played. Tiheir drivers, one to each sledge
Jilihy clad for runng alongside theii
trains, arec shied with snmow shoes. Eacd
alternate siedge is loaded with whitefish al
p~rovisioni for the dlogs up-in the Journey
every animal receiving a single tian at tin
termintion of the dlay's travel-and pemi
mican and tea for thme drivers.
'There is bound upon each of the remamn.
ing sledlges a pair of Stoutly constructet
boxes, measuring abont three feet in lengtil
b~y eighteen inches an width and fourtee:
inches ini depth. These wooden mail bags
when properly p~ackedl, contain an astonmsh.
ing amount of p~rinted and written matter.
Tl'ese recep~taeles being secured upon th<
sledges, the par~ity sets forth upon its iong
journey, the dlogs runnmng ait ai regular trol
Iroms morning till night, iind the dtriverI
accomplanying thiem on foot, at the rate oi
about forty mniles a day. The route take;
is generally that followed by the boat bri.
gad(es im the stunmifer-, Shortened whienevei
practicable by crossing points of land Jut
tiiig out int'> the lakes, and striking over
land from benud to bend of thle rivers. Jiu
the ice forums the general roadlway, and th
whole length of Lake Winmipeg is travers.
edto JNorway hlouse at Its northern extreim,
Ity.' TIhis post constitutes what may be
called a general distributing ofllce--the en
tire packet being overhauled and repacked,
so as to sep~arate matter going North anc
West, fromn that going eastward towar
iUnasons's Bay. Tha~ latter is consignedl t<
a brneh packet iruin to connect with thn
uirst carriers, and b~rinlging with it the aa
from York 'actory In the .bay. After of.
feeting an exchanige the runners separate
returniing immediately .to their respectiv
A new set of packet becarers now trave
froma Norwvay Ilouse, carryinig the greal
mail for the Nor'th anid WVest to Fort Carl
-ton-the chnef centre of the winter panckel
airangements-nwa r the eastern extremit3
of the great, Saiskatecwani Valley, a dia
tance of about, seven hundred miles. whier4
tlhe procese of unpacking aud redistribuiom
agaiiu takes place, matter (directed Lo ti<
N1orth being now scdparated f rom that go
lug West,. Trho runners who come dlowr
from thie Baskatchewan, i the West, atu
those from Norway [louse, whore jouirneo
I have Just traced, there await the arriva
of the outward-hound express from the ex
treme Wester-n districts, strictly so calleda
being those of Mackenzie itiver and Atha
baska. When the runners coming I rona
theie three directibne have met and ex
changed burdens, the last grand lin1k in the
opeCration is completed. Thie mall for th<
West returns; the Norway House men re
traice their steps eastward; while the We'al
Northern Packet journeys op In charge oi
the mna who have come to moot It fronm th<
remte actic regions to which it is consign
The runners In charge of the mail pack
ets are generally half-breeds, whosecapaci
tv for rapid travelling has been tested.
They are not unimportant men, either in
their own eyes or in the eyed of other peo
ple. But, with the exception of physical
endurance requisite to the maintenance of
a steady tiot for days at a time, their ne
cessary qualifications are not many. In
travelling they skirt the shores of the wa
tercourses, selecting camping places for the
night on some sheltered thicket, or under
the lee of some projecting bank, to escape
the fierce winds which sweep over the
level prairies. The snow is scraped away
from a space sufliciently large to admit of
a huge fire and the spreading down of blan
kets by means of a snow shoe used as a
shovel. Dry wood is collected in large
quantities, the pemndian and tea served,
the sledges turned up to ward off the blasts
and the rnnnera, wrapped in a few blan
kets, retire fot the nightl The warmth of
fire and blankets is augmented by the vital
heat of the dogs, occupying the bed with
masters. Before daybreak they are awake,
and with a furthereonsumption of pemnmi
can and tea the day's travel begins.
They pass through strange scenes upon
their journeys-withered woods, through
which the winds howl and shriek shrilly,
and endless level expanses of suow, the
glare of whose unsullied whiteness blinds
the traveller. The solitude-of the vast re
gion is unbroken, save-when the dog sledge
with its peal of silver bells In wutzr, or
the swiftly-passing boat brigade, resonant
with the songs of the summer voyagw'ir8,
intrudes with its momentary variation on
the shriek of the all-penetrating wind, the
ripple of the stream, the roar of the thun
der-toned waterfall, or the howl of the wild
beasts of the forests-the undisturbed pos
session of the Indian hunter and his prey.
From the morning when the packet left the
olilice at Fort Garry to the evening when
the solitary dog-train-last of nany-lrags
the same packet, now seduced to a timy
bundle, into the enclosure of La Pierre's
Rouse, more than one hundred nights have
ben passed in the great Northern forest;
more than three thousand miles have been
traversed; a score of diff.rent dog trains
have hauled the packet, sending off branch
dog packets to the right and left. It was
mid-winter when it started; it arrives just
as the sunshine of mid-1ay is beginning to
carry a faint whisper of coming spring to
the valleys of the Upper Yucon.
Origin of tne Maerino Sheep,
As the ancient Greeks had no cotton nor
silk and very little linen, and as sheep's
wool was the principal texture from which
their clothes were made, they took pecu
liar care to cultivate with especial care
such breeds of sheep as produced very fine
wool. Such breeds were those of the
Greek city of Tarentum, situated on the
Tarentne Gulf. In order to improve the
fne quality of the wool still more, the
sheep were covered with clothes in cold
weather, as itwas foind by experience
that exposurer to cold made the wool
coarser. Thus clothing these sheep from
generation to generation resulted in a very
delicate breed with exceedingly ilne wool,
according to the law established by Darwin
in regard to selection and adaptation to ex
terior conditions. This product of Greek
industry was transmitted by them to the
Itomans, whose great agricultural author,
Colunella, states that his uncle in Spain
crossed the Tarentine sheep with rams im
ported from Africa, and ob'ained a strong
or breed, combimng the whiteness of fleece
of the father with the fineness of the fleece
of the mother, and having obtained such
results the race was perpetuated. The ab
aence of other fine textures made these
Spanish sheep so valuable that in the be
ginning of our era they were sold in Rome
for *1,000 in gold a head, an enormous
price for those times, when money had
muh oe auethnno.When the
Hararins nvaed tal thsesheep were
all extermninated, while the greater p~ortion
of the iiman possessions were laid waste.
But in the less accessible mountains of
Spain the Moors preserved the breed, and
it is to them that miodern Spain owes the
merino sheep, which are the direct de
IscLndants of this cross breed of the Greek
and~ African ancestors referred to. It is a
valuable inheritance, too, which that coun
try owg to the combied Greek, Rosnanu,
and~ Moorishm civilization, and of which our
California wool..growers also earna the ad
vantages, by the prosperlty of this breed
of sheep, wvhich was there a few years
The Mlnynower Ot:i'rds1 in NLine.
"Mayflowver Guards this way," shouted
a small hoy at TIhird avenue and Eighth
street, New York. He wvore a rced shirt
and glazed hat, and tinsel stripes decorated
his trouser legs. lie stoodi at the head of
an irregular line of boys waving a woodien
sword. is comrades were resplendecnt in
redl and white shirts, and were armed with
old canmpaigii torches that had outlived
"Get into lkne, Jimmy, " called the leader,
giving one of his sqluad an admonitory pokc
in the rear,
"Lemmo alone, camn'it yer, ' growled the
insub~ordinate privamte, who was bent upon
displaying his uniform to sonie small girls
on the curhbonie.
"'Fall In, fall in," shouted their captain.
Thei ''Guards" fell In by foiurs. Those
who hiad no torches restedl their hands on
their comrades' shoulders. In the rear
marched their standaInrdi-bearer, wholm
b.)re a small gaudlily-painted target bearing
the name of the compjany. Thle youthful
miusician at the head wiped his nose with
the bhick of his hand and placed a small tin
pipe In his amoutth. He lew till he was
red mn the face, and at lat evoked a dismal
toot. "F'orward, hurry up, there I"
scamled the captain, and the squad
marched up the avenue. SimIlar comprameos
weie scattered all along Third avenue.
Sonmc bore National flairs, while others dis
played thle harp and and the shamrock of
Irlamnd. iBoys who failed to find red shirts
took off their coats and shivered for the
sake of applearance in white. Occasionally
the dilgnity of the "Rangers" or "Lbight
Guard" was marred by the sudden dlescent
of an enraged woman, who fell upon cap.
lain or private with shrill remInders of
household duties and led the unfortunate
youth oiT by the ear. It was noticeahle
that the various companies invariably
halted an suggestive nearness to cake or
-Prussia arid Nvrt~h German $tatew
have 11,087 brewerles.
I-Nearly a million dollasa are in the
An Indian Pythias.
Ephraim Webster is said to have been
the first white man, who sought a perma.
nent residence in Onondaga county, and
passed most of his thne among the ied men
of his day. Force of circumstances brought
him to Onondaga, and soon after he had
located there a young brave of the Cayuga
nation one morning presented himself be
fore the chiefs of the Onondagas and Mr.
Webster, while sitting at the door of the
council-house. Tih young man sidd: "I
have come to dwell among you and your
people, if you will permit. I have left
forever the hotue of my father and the
hearth of my mother. I seek a home with
you; my nane is Mantinoah, deny me
"Mantinoah, you are welcome here,''
said the aged chief Ka-whick-do-ta; "sit
down aunong us. Be our son, we will be
to you a father; you can hunt and fish
with our young men, and tread the war
path with the braves of our nation ; you
shall be honored as you deserve."
Nearly two years passed and Mantinoah
was apparently contented and happy. He
was the flrst in the chase, nost active in
the dance, and the loudest in the song.
His ever-pleasant and ovon manner won
for him the friendship of Webster, and
therefore it was that where one was, there
was the other also. Webster was surprised
one bright mornig by Mautinoak saying:
"I must leave your peaceful valley soon
forever. I go toward the setting sut ; I
have a vow to perform. My nation and
my friends know Mantinoah will be true.
My friend, I desire you to go with me."
Webster consented, and preparation was
made for the journey. They left Onon
daga valley together, and, after a walk of
three or four days, taking their journey
leisurely, hunting and fishing by the way,
they arrived at an eminence near Manti
"Ilere," said Mantinoah, "let us rest
let us invoke the Great Spirit to grant us
strength to pass triumphantly through the
scenes of this day. Ilere," said he, "we
will eat, amd here foi the last time will
smoke the pipe of peace and friendship to
After a repast of broiled venison and
bread, the pipe was passed from one to the
other in regular succession, and the silence
was broken by Mantinoah saying: "A
little more than two years have elapsed
since, in my native village near to us, in a
burst of passion, I slew my bosom friend
and chosen companion. The chiefs of my
nation declared me guilty of my friend's
blood, and decreed I must suffer death. It
was then I sought your nation; it was then
I won your friendship. Te nearest of kin
to him I siew, acccrding to our custom,
was to become my executioner. My ox
ecution was deferred two full years, dur
ing which time I was condemned to banish
ment from any nation. I vowed to return.
The time of two lull years expires this (lay,
when the setting sun sinks behind the top
mast branch of yonder tree. Beneath the
broad branches of this venerable oak,
where we now stand, at the foot of this
ancient rock, against which we now lean,
I stand prepared to receive my doom. My
friend, we have had iany a cheerful sport
Loge ther; our joys have not been circum
scribed, our griefs have been few; look
not so sad now, but let new joys arouse you
to happiness. When you return to the
Onondagas bear witness that Mantinoah
died like a true brave of the Cayugas; that
he trembled not at the approach of death,
like the coward paleface, nor sited tears
like a woman. My friend, take my belt,
my knife, ny hunting-pouch, my horn, and
rile ; accept them as nementoes of our
friendship ; I shall need them no longer;
a rew moments and the avenger will be
here; the Great Spirit calls; I am ready;
Mantinoah fears not to die; farewell."
As soon as the brave Indian had flnished,
Webster 'remonstrated with him, but, in
vain he urged im to escape the conse
quences. A short sidenice ensued, when a
yell was heard in the dastanice, to which the
Uaiyumga respondled. A single Indian ap
proached aiid took Mantinoah by the hanid.
tie, too, had beeni lis friend, but the law
of the savage couldi not be broken.
After nmutual salutations and expressions
of kindness, the avenger adidressedi himn:
"Al~amiinoah,, you have slain imy brother;
our laws declare me avenger and your ex
eutiloner. Your time is comte ; death is
at hand ; prepare to meet himn. lie stead
fast, be jirm ; aund may the Great, 8pirit
Upon this Mantinoalh gracefully elevated
his nianly fomi, carefully baared his broad
bosoma, cahnly laid his armi across his mtan
ly breast; not a muscle moved not a breath
was 4card. TI'nere lie stood, ready for thme
voluntary sacrilice, immiioVabjle as adamant.
Accompanied by a (lieaig yell, the
bright tomahlawk of the atveinger glistened
in tne fading light; its keen edge sank decep
into the braii of his victim. Thec thirsty
earth drank the life-biood of Mantinoah,
and lie sank, without a gronn, a lifeless
corpse before his friend. Instantly, as if
by miagic, a host of savages appieared ; the
mournful song of (death reechoed through
the forest; the gloomy diance of the dead
moved in melancholy soleninity around the
corpse of the departed; the low, guttural
mioan p~ecuhar to the savage murmured
thbrough the trees, and all wmas still. Tlhey
sihenitly surveyed the scene, when slowly
in groups, ia pairs, anid singly, the wit,
nesses of this iarilhng scene retired.
A iranago Visitor,
A deeided sensation was recently created
in Ne~w York, by the adlvenit in that, city
of a lHombay maehant-prince, Mr. Esoo
falvyiHiptala by name, together with his
four wives, Vageerbal, Allah Jiundi,
T hahjah and Omadabal-al I of themi in
charge of a 111th woman named Bhioonbai,
and a enuch, Abdolalla Esmnaijee. in ad
ditioni to these were several other persons,
in the capacity of servants. The names of
tie attenidants are not easy to p~ronounie,
but as given to the reporters are GJoolam..
hooran, Oonmerkhian, Yagax, Railagor,
I mamn,Khogooila, Jlallyay, Moorbarak and
Zuibrung. 'They all wore either a turban
or a med fez, wi black tassel depending,
and were for ilhe niost part dressed in half
E~uiropean- costunie, but their master, the
mcehiant-prince, was attired, with the ex.
epltion of is niether garmients, in true
Oriental style of splendor. Undier a loose
overcoat, which was carelessly thrown
open, could be seen a long garment of paile
pink, p~endlmg to the knees, on which was
worked a mnass of gold embroidery in a
bewilderment of fantastic shapes. 'the
merchant says his sole object in coiming to
this country lasto kmprove hil mind by
t~ravel aud obser..,..m
The two gambling houses, which were
most frequently visited by Cornelius J.
Vanderbilt, were George Beers', corner of
University Place and Thirteenth street,
and Dancer's, at No. 8 Barclay street, N.
Y. Beers and Dancers are both dead,
and their gambling houses belong to the
past. George Beers died about four years
ago, leaving a handsome widow and three
young children, and a fortune of about
$300,000. The property cmsists of tho
building on the corner opposite Tiffany's,
a brown stone house on Eleventh street, a
very valuable property onl Sixth avenue,
near Twenty-eisrhth street, and a splendid
country residence, with large and beauti.
fully cultivated grounds at Ishp, Long
Island. Beers niae the most of his money
during the war, and at the corner of Uni
versity Place and Thirteenth street, where
Cornelius .J. visited. And right lively
company was found there during the flush
times of the war and some years after
George Beers, however, was o f a very
(uiet and gentle disposition. T here was
such an air of well-bred repose in his man
ner, aid an apparent contentment with lile
lot in life, that one would think to look at
his hanlsome face, and note the expres
sion which usually rested there, that the
world had properly appreciated huin, in
having contributed a goodly portion of its
labor and t i'r. for his comfort and happi
ness. A g eat many of his patrons were
Wall and Bioad street men, beside a cer
tam class of young bloods. There were
but few strangers or out-of-town people
who visited there. There was, therefore,
to a certain extent, an exclusive caste of
the people who frequented Heers'.
Beers was an epicure, and his elegantly
set table, with its beautiful and exquisitely
cooked viands, was one (of the chief at
tractions of his house. The style of cook
ing combined the daintiness of the French,
with the plenitude and liberality of the
English or American. lie studied the
tastes of his patrons, both as to their favor -
ite dishes and their choice of wines aid
cigars. From the stress which Cornelius
J., in his evidence, lays upon the expen
sive hospitality with which ie entertained
guests at his residence in this city, it is
evident that lie was fond of displaying lila
taste in the culitiary art, while ostensibly
he merely did it in order to miintain the
honor of the Vanderbilt family.
lossessing such a cultivated gastro
nonne taste, and a passion for cards, it
was no wonder Cornelius J. Vanderbilt,
shouh h-ive frequented George Beers'
house. The story of his having at fit there,
after an umiusually heavy loss at faro, may
or may not be true. Many men as good
as he have done worse than fall over in a
swoon or tit, after fully realiz.ig the ruIn
they have brought on themselves through
their own folly, and nave placed pistols at
theii heads and blown their brains out.
Now, about Dancers', at No. 8 Barclay
street, Cornelius J. says he played there
in the (lay time. Ay, it was a down-town
game, and many a iman has walked in
there feelig pretty solid, w.th his pocket
book stuffed with greenbacks, till old
Dancers got hold of him, and pretty soon
he danced without the nusic of a couple
of nickles to keep time for hun.
A stylish old fellow was Dancers, and lie
would rather play backgaunnn than faro
at y day in the week.
fhere was a big capital in that faro
batik, and it had the reputation of being
square. The highest players in the city
"played open" and "coppered" their
"pyramids" on its "lay-out." Cornelius
J. usually called for a stack of reds as lie
took his seat next to the cue keeper. lie
was very fond of playing in the "pot,"
that is, taking in the six, seven and eight.
Ile usually did this till it camtle to a "'case, "
anid then he put down his pile either open
or copp~lered. If lie lost lie would somie
times dIrop back to a pihl of whites, and
as these did no~t cost huut $10 lhe could bet
ter afford to wait till his turn of luck came;
anmd then he would hustle thle game pretty
lively till it got down to the last turn,
when lie systematically called it bo0th ways
fromi the lowest card.
Wuell, old D~ancer "'passed In his checks, "
as the gamblers say, a few years ago, aind
left a big pile of bonds and money to his
wife, and daughter, both of whom have
sin1ce died, also ; the dauighter being of a
religions turn of mind lef t all her father's
illegitimate gains to the churches and
benevolent institutions, trusting. dloubt
less, in the efliceacy of the good it would
thereby accomplish, as in sonie measure to
palliate the wrongs which her father had
inflicted upoii society. But her uncle and
seone djistant relatives put in a claim to the
Suirrogate for a share ofl the propjerty, andl
it was amicably compromised between
themi a few weeks ago, and thus the mat
ter was settled.
Warfare biy NIgtat.
The forward march of all sciences (duir
lug the present century has not been
confined to the useful ini peace, but the dei
structive in war has also receivedf so much
attention that lethal weapons of all kInds
have attained a pitch of perfection most
uinpleasant for those who arc called oii to
confront them, Thel armas of precision
which are noiw in use, combined with the
largely increased~ sIze of the armieos which
mnodern warfare dlemandls, makes the de
struction of life ini the fIeld so great that
the list of killed auid wound~edl after a die.
astrous day frequently foots up a total
which would have represented a very re
spiectable army a huindred years ago. Nor
does there seem to be a pauise in the con
stant evolution of the lethal powers of
nature. As fast as a ship is built or a for
tillcation devised capiable of resisting the
inipact of the missiles of existing artillery,
heavIer guns are producedi, and in the race
destruction keeps full p~ace with p~reserva
tion. Where this constant, advance will
end none can forsee. TJhero muitst be a
point, reach( d me omer or latter on or e sh o o:
the other at which imiprovemenit canm go no
further and at this polntwar must cease,
having kihled itself. Mleanwhile new ap
plances in warfare are constantly enlistmng
the attention of the civilized world, andi
the latest is that which will,lflit lie brought
to the expected p~erfection, turn night luto
(lay for belligerent pumposes. Th'lis is the
application of electric lhght to mIlitary
operations and from on account given by
the Pall Mfali Gazette of a number of ex
periments recently conducted at, Meta by a
committee of engineers and ofilcers ap
pointed by the German Government for
the purpose, it would seem that the prac
ticability of such application ls full denm
The School Teaeer Who "Board. Round,"
The district school is not yet an entirely
bygone institution. Whoa we say district
school we do not intend to speak of that
three-storied institution that now stands on
an eminence, sporting a cupola, and per
haps a flag-staff, as we see It In so many
thriving Now England towns. 0, no I
These are graded schools, with the prima
ries in the basement and successive stages
of brain development above. The teacher
who presides over the destinies of these
severid departments is called head master,
and perhaps boards at a hotel. But the
genuine district school, whose aignificauce
comes Iown frot remote generations, is
another affair. Its master is a pedagog-ie,
and lie does not put up anywhere, but
"boards round." The temple of knowl.
cage of which lie is the priest usually
stands upon the bleakest hill-top In the
community, because it is healthy% The
cracks still admIt the chilly winds, though
the committee-man promises to attend to it
when his wood pile is up; and so master
and children shiver on through school
hours. At their close tho social duties of
the former begin. He is not merely ful
filling the terns of his contract so far as
replenishing the inner man is concerned, ,
but he is also becoming acquainted with
the parents of those he is called upon to
instruct. The luxuries of rural life are
spread before him. Butchering day pre.
cedes him at each new place of entertain
ment. At one hospitable home he gets
sausages in Inks; at another sausages in
sacks, anid still again sausages in jars, so
that he certairdy cannot domplaiu of a lack
of variety. At every minute afte'r 9
o'clock in the evening the host's yawn
subtends a larger angle, until the guess
takes the hint and asks to be shown to is
room. Here again is luxury and distine
ion. Thu frigidity of the imnnaculate
sheets, the oider and hollow echoes of the
apartment tell him that perhaps that spare
cianiber has seen the roses fade, the frosts
gather and the snow fall without being
profaned by a snore. Then lie tumbles
into four feet of feathers and dreams that
he is a prince being smothered by the or
ders of a cruel and covetous uncle. rite
district schoolmaster's season is now about
at Its zeulth. le Is able to tell how ht
likes it, and If he is shrewd lie is gaining
deeper lessons in hunian nature and cur
tain phases of life than the lessons his
scholars are gaining from their books.
The opening of the new hotel in Tratfal
gar Sqjuiire 'narksone stage in what is called
Americanization In London. Our cousins
tell us that we have not succeeded in de
veloping the genuine article; but we have
certainly made it good many steps in that
direction. Whether the change is or is not
an linprovement, may be settled by those
wise persons who have made up their minds
as to the true signinicanee of modern pro
gross. It is curious to remark that the al
teration in the character of English itn"
was almost the sole case In which even
Mucauley eculd not preserve hh entire
coiplacency when comparng our own
time wl.h that of our ancestors. le .tries
to reconcile himself to the admission of oue
relative inferiority by the doubtful con
sideration that rood inns mean bad roads.
"It is evident,' he says, "that, all dther
circumstances being supposed equal, inns
will be best where tue means of locomiotion
are worst." In the seventeenth vontury a
traveler required twelve or thirteen inals
aud flve or six nights' lodgings between
York and London. Now he ilnishes his
journey between breakfast and dinner, and
his imeals (if the word "nical" be not dis
honored by applying it to suck miscollaue
ous feeding) during the wretched ten mit.
utes fur ruieshinunt. Toe argunent wati
hardly bear investigation as it is stated--.
"oether circumistances" will certainly not
be equri twhen locomotion beomes easier.
limplro'.ed meanis of traveling imiplies an
increased numnber of travelers ; It, means ini
this particullar case that whole classed which
used to be sedentary have become movable,
and thiat those who move, move ten times
as often as before. If people make fewer
stoppages between Loundon and York, tnere
catn be no doubt that Lhe number of people
In want of a lodging somiewhere las in
creased at much greater rate thian the total
p)opulation. If the old road-side ina Ia die
serted, the inns In the great centers have
dione much more than simpily to ab Iorb the
custom of their predlecessors-they have
iapped new sources of demand.
*Ureang tlae Sea.
Tlhe expression "to pour oil on the
troubledl waters'is generamy regarded as a
mietaphor or figure of speech, illustrating
tihe action of seime persuasive peacemaker,
softening the angry p~assions of contendingI
disputants. On the other hand, mollify- '
hig influonc of oleagnous liquids ulton
the waves was long ago demonstrated as a
scientific fact, and the equinoctial gales
would probably have been kept in subjec
thon ere no0w, en thme high seas, but for the
uncertainty of the weather and the esti
mated expense of the oiling an area even
as limited as the Bay of iscaay. It would
aippeair, however, that a gentleanan of Perth
hasW solved this problemi of economy as aip.
ipliedf to grensiug the sea, and that in the
future sips) may carry with them at a comn
paratively trifling cost, a suilicient anmount
of oil to nullify the rigor of the fIercest
cyclone. A Northern contemporary states
that a series of experimehts have lately
takeni place Ia the North H arbor, Peter.
head, with the most satisfactory result.
of oil andi saink themi to the bottom of the
harbor while time gale was blowing. P're
sently the oii was released and tioaitinlg to
the top of the raging billows, Nilhled thiem
as5 if by a miracle. As a consequence of
this experiment, it is thought in the Deigh
borhood of Perth that oil cann be laid on
conmtiniuously by pipes to the bars of all ex
posed harbors, so gs to enabld veosb6i to
gain port In safety in the mildst of the ftost
violent hurricanes. 'The invention would
be invaluable if applied to the Chapnel
passage In dirty weather. Day by din we
are taught that there are no bounds t the
conquests of science over nature, aundpow
that we canm oil out the ugly wrjable's of
the storamy ocean we need not 4dspir of
being able, sooner or later, to wMtsi the
North Pole with otherwise waste st~am,
and fertilize the Great Desert by artifndiat
--Thme pubil de of M r iooh la$
-here are 8,000 rola