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TRI-WE EKLY EDITION. W INNSBORO, S. 0., JANUARY 11, 1881. VOL. IV.-NO. 162.
GUARD THE FAOT.
Speak though the truth, lot others tone,
And trim their words for pay ;
In pleasant sunshine of pretence
Let others bask their day.
Guard thou the fact, though blouds of night
Down on thy watch-tower stoop,
'%hough thou shouldet see thy heart's delight
Borne from thee by their swoop.
Face thou the wind : Though safer seem
In shelter to abide,
We were not made to sit and dream,
The safe must first be tried.
Show thou the light. If conscience gleam,
Bet not thy bushel down.
The smallest spark may send a beam
O'er hamlet, tower and town.
Woe unto him. on safety bent,
Who creeps from age to youth
Failing to grasp his life's intent
Because he fears the truth.
3 e true to every inmost thought,
And as thy thought, thy speech.
What thou hast not by striving bought
Presume thou not to teach.
Then each wild gust the m!st shall clear
We now see darkly through,.
And justifled at last appear
The true. in Him thaL's true.
Shot as a Robber.
Our tale opens in February of 1848, just
four months before the outbreak of the re
volition in France.'
lia bit of a room on the fifth or sixth
floor of a humble house in one of the com
mon parts of Paris, and about six in the
morning (for your true Frenchman is an
early riser), a young man of about twenty
six might have been seen that summer
morning busy over a giowing fire.
He was casting bullets. His face was
firm, and even noble, with a certain gentle
kindness, however, recommending it to
most who looked at him.
After a time lie discontinued his work,
which was done very quietly, and the bul
lets he had made, together with the shining
gun, were hidden behind a loose portion
uf the wainscoating.
Then taking a little earthenware pipkin,
lie set to work and made a capital imess of
bread and milk, which he turned Into a
white basin. Next he carried it to an inner
room, when he called "Granddadi"
In a moment an old man stai ted from a
light sleep, and turned smilingly toward
the new coier:
"Here is thy breakfast.,'
"He-aven bless thee, George. Thou art
the light of my eyes! And what flne bicad
and milk it seemial Ahi hast thou had thy
"No, not yet. But why dost thou sigh,
"'lo think I cannot earn my own living.
Ha! 'twias a pity I terved my time at a
trade to which my constitution was not
fittedi Here I am with fingems scarcely
strong and limber enough to hold this basin
of bread a - d mili
"Balh, Grauddadl Thou didat work
when thou wast able; and now I, thy only
deseendent work as well as I can for thee.
I only do my duty."
"Thou dost indeed, do tMy duty. When
thy father, who married my daughter, was
killed by a wound received from a gend
urnie, who mistook hui, limest fellow, for
a thief, when thy mother died, and I took
care of thee, never did I think I was pro
viding for my own early old age."
I.IBalil granddad. I was too young to
help you by the work of my hauds. When
I was only eighteen I had escaped the con
Peription, and so I took theplace of another
and richer man, and became his substiture
on coudition of his paying you a little an.
nutty. 'Thi~s kept you while I served as a
soldier, and keeps you now, when 1 amt
lacee of the arny, and am once miore a cai
net liaker, getting mty own living."
"'Az lint thou wouldst mtake more hadet
thou pioperly served thy time to thby
tradle. Bumt I will niot repine, an~d as I see
thy face is clouded, let us say' no mote on
this subject. Tell mte, what means the
new sign-board of thoeii tle linen-draper op
posite? He calls it 'The Swvord of Bren
nus;" it was named 'The Purring Cat.'"
"Granddad, you know the Romnans came
into Gaul, and made our fortfatheis 'their
slaves. Well, after a time-a very long
time-Brornus led us to Ronme;. and com
pelled the Romans to pay tribute; and as
Brennus saw them cheating with the
weIghts, lhe cast in hisa heavy sword and in
nsisted upon Its weight in gold beyond the
weights in time scale. So Mi. Lebienne has
taken this sword as his new sign-that of
an honest matn."
"With a pretty daughter, Georgel"
latughed the grandsire.
But he became grave as hie saw his
grandlson turn sadly away.
"Whlat art thou going to do, to.day,
"I shall take my wvalkc on time IHonle
"Don't dear grandfather,.there may be
fighting to day. Tine people are angry.
Tihou art too old to help, and I beg thee to
keep at homie."
George Duchene was gone before the old1
grandfather could tind words in wich to
ask for on explanation.
Paris was angry. As the hours grew
there were throats in the vecry air.
Melanwhile Georgo Duchene, wvho was
not wvorking that dlay, was passing along a
qtiist, but pleasant-lvokidg street, wlhen he
heard calls for help on the first floor- of a
"Vellada's voice!" lie cried. 'There can
be nxo question.
tie hurried into th8 hotel, where great
confusion was reigning amnong the waiters,
dashed up-stairs, andl ran to the doors
which opened into rooms looking over the
Thr'e--four were unlocked, and yielded
to hin hand. The fifth was fastened.
A moment, and lhe had burst the lock
It was sho-Valada-the dauighter of
a linen-draper who had reccently changed
his sign from the "Purring Cat" to "Tihe
Sword of Brennus." It waus she to whom
bib grandfather had referred some houars
tShe had fainted, and lay on the divan at
the mercy of a handsome villain, who was
somewhat advanced towardl a state oJf mn
tolication, and who appeared stunned' by
the suidden intrusion of the mere workman
who stood before him.
Bumt only for a moment. The next, 'the
young rogue was flung crashing to the
other side of the room. and then George,
taking up a glas of water, dabbled Valla.
da's forehead with his wetted, honest right
"Mademoisellel Look up It Is I
George Duchene, your neighbor. Do not
The voice recalled her still wandering
"Ceorgel ' she repeated, in a sweet, soft
voice which made his heart beat.
"Quick-let us leave this place!"
"Yes, yes. George-take me homel"
But the waiters below showed signs.of
preventing their egress.
"My sister!" sahk George, making use
of one of those untruths wulch now and
again must be used in extreme cases.
There was enough of human nature in
those servitors to compel them to fall back
and let the couple pass Into the street.
"Long before he had reached her father's
house, he had declared his love and had
And when once they had passed the
threshold and the old linen-draper Lebrenne
had heard what both had to say, the trader
'fhis decides me. I join the insurrec
tionary movement. These aristoc:ats with
out aristocracy, and who have induced
the king to illtwat hissubjccts, must have
a lesson taught them. This Plournel is no
more a count than you or I, M. George.
He fancies because his father made large
sums of money as an army contractor, that
he Is one of the nobility who can command
the masio; "
"He said he was taking me to see an old
sehoolfellow of mine, who was ill," added
That evening In the Rue St. DenIs, his
grandfather, Lebrenne, the linen-draper,
and his daughter had dined together when
tucy were attracted by loud cries to the
Ln the distance approached a crowd, cur
rying various aris, which glittered in the
light of the torches grouped in the centre
of the people.
"'o ariml Vengeancel" were the
ihouts heard a the procession approached.
- The torches lit up a wagon load of dead
men and women. Upon the butt-end of
the shafts stood a powerful nan almost
naked to the waist, and canyinga swinging
"To armsl Vengeance!" The soldiers
have fired upon the pe.iple!"
Surrounding the part were citizens and
citizen soldiera bearting arms.
They were marching to the palace to de
mani justice of the king, who was already
thinking of packing up the crown jewel.
"It is timel" cried George. "The lwvo
lution hai commenced! But a mlomnict,
and I hold myii guni"
"And I join youl" cried the linen-draper.
At this instant female cries dominated
even over that terrible din, and a woman
was seen battling with a young man.
Two or three about the cart of death,
seized both, and brought then before the
man striding froin shaft to shaft.
"What is it?"he asked.
"So pleass you, citizens, this man en
tered my shop and demanded money for
buying arms to fight in the Revolution; and
when I offered him a piece of gold, seized
me, gagged me, and stole my goid. And
as he was escaping, I broke from -my bonds
and seized him, and cried 'Help. "
"It is true, ' cried the man, "I wanted
money to buy myself and companions
arms. This woman first gave me money
then repented, and now accusesme.f theft,
My companions and I have been seeking
all day for arms."
"Is that so?" asked George. "How then
Is it, that in the middle of the day, I res
cued my swer.theart from your clutches?"
"'Tis truel" said Vallada, advancing
fearlessly, "You are no workman, but a
M. do Plournel, pretending to ho a noble
"Death to thieves!" cried a voice.
And a score of other angry voices re
peated the cry.
"T'ruel" replied the men in the wagon;
"we must show we are good citizens by
proving we are no thieves. What say you?
Shaill lie die?"
"Die!" shouted a hundred voices.
Valnly ho screamed for lisa life; useless
that George asked for it; iu vain the linen
draper urged the guilty man's youth in his
le was placcd against the linen-draper's
shutters, a gun plut to hisa temple, a crash
and lie felldeadl.
A paper was placed upon himit bearing
the wvordts: "suot' As i ona.
Whent't Louis P'hillippe had fled, sand
Louis Ntapole'on becamie President of thle
French Hepubhlic, 'Vallada and Georige wer
We all know what politically happened.
Louis Naipoleon betrayed the lIepublic;
preteuding to court the -working men b~y
massacring the middle classes as they
walked on the boulevards; caused himself
to.be proclainied Emperor; and was finally
taken prisoner by the Germans. Then he
fled to England whlere lie died.
George Duchene fell fighting for France,
and Vrallada ied of a wouind while nursing
in one of the hospitals during the first
siege of Paris. But their children haive
reaped the beneflt of their parents' and
forefathers' wyork, and live happily and
peacefully in regenerated France.
In the sixteenth century lace was a fa
vorite lover's brib~e to an AbIgail. Bilvio
in the bill cf costs lie sent to the wikw of
Zehnda, at the termination of his unsuo
cessful suit, makes a charge for a "pic
of Flanders lace" to her waiting-woman
Sw ift addressed a "young lady," In his pa.
cullar strain: "And when you are among
yourselves, how naturally after the first
complliments, do you entertain yourselves
with the price and choice of lace, andi ap
ply your hands to each other's lappets and1
ruffles, as if the whole business of life and
the public concern depended, on the cut of
your petticoats." ilot satisfied with lace
when alive, both men and women craved
for it as a decoration for their grave
clothes. In Malta, Greece, and the lonian
Islands, the practice of burying people in
lace acquired an unsavory reputation on
account of the custom of rifling the tombs
and selling the lace-often in a filthy cont
dition-in the market. At Palermo the
mummies in the catacoinbs of the Capuchin
Convent are adorned with lace, and in
Northern and Middle Europe thIs fashion
prevailed for a long period, in the church
of Revel lies the Duc do Croy, a general of
Charles the T welfti, in full costume, with
a rich flowine tie of fine ginu~rea.
DIScipitninug she Ca10.
Grandina Slocum was busy over her
sowing In the warm, quiet air of the sit
ting-room, and grandpa was striving to
convince himself that lie was reading the
weekly paper, despite a vague impression
that he was falling asleep, when both were
brought to their feet by a sudden crash in
the pantry. "It's that cat I" said grandpa.
But grandma, who seldom ventured to ex
press al opinion before looking into the
question, said nothing and hastened to the
scene of the disaster.
As she opened the door of the pantry
the unfortunate cat darted out, and grand
pa, armti with the broom, started in pur
milt around the spacious kitchen. Tihe
cat, however, was too nimble for his rather
clumsy movements, and he was obliged to
desist without havnig accomplished any
thing more than thoroughly frightening the
I'Vi teach the critter I" lie exclaimed.
"Forever on shelves and tables I . Only
yesterday she chawed up the last chicken
you had laid- away, and last week skimimed
half a dozen pans of milk I What's she
done now ?V and pushing open the pantry
door, he beheld lia wife gazing sorrowful
ly down at the fragments of several plates,
among which -lay an ohd china teapot,
which had belonged to grandma's mother,
and was held in great reverence by the
For a moment grandpa stood speechless
with indignation. le was so lavish with
his tongue on ordinary occurrences he
could fhiid nothing to say which could fully
express his mind on this occasion. When
he (lid speak, it was only to say, very
"iJ wouldn't have taken any money for
Then lie turned away, leaving grandma
to gather up the fragments, and went ( it
to the wood-pile to vent lia feelings in
quick, heavy blows, continuing the exer
cise until night.
Meanwhile grandma had examined the
teapot and thought it could be mended. To
be sure, the nose and handle were broken
off, but if they were ingeniously put
tied on again, It would still be service
So, very carefully, she cemented the
broken pieces together, placed the whole
behind the new stove that 'he joints might
harden, and returned to her sewing, where
at length, overcome by the warmith and
quiet, she fell asleep.
At dusk grandpa caine into the kitchen
to see if supper was about ready. Grand
ma was not in the room. His eye caught
.he glimmer of white behind the stove.
"Nice kittyl" lie said, coaxingly. "Pret
ty kitty I Did she want to be petted?
Well, sie should. Just let me get within
three feet on ye, and' we'll see whether
there'll be any more crockery smashed I
Yes; po-or kitty I Warn't satisfied with
natin' off a chiny plate. Had to see what
was on the shelves, hey I Let me get two
steps nearer, and I'll never ask another fa
vor of ye I Ni-i-ce kitty I Take -UrT,
you varmlot I"
The heavy foot struck the object with
terrible force. There was a jingling crash,
grandma screamed, and the Ill-fated tea
pot scurried across the kitchen in fifty
Grandpa was probably never so com
pletely serprised in his life. But in a mo
ment the ridiculousness of his perforiatice
overcame him, and he dropped into a chair,
He made no further effort to discipline
How Diamansli are Made.
PIrofessor Hannay recently conceived the
possibility of finding a solvent for carbon.
A gaseous solution nearly always yields
crystalline solid on withdrawing the sol
vent or lowering its solvent power; it was,
therefore, probable that the carbon might
be deposited in the crystalline condition.
Many experiments were made, but they
showed that ordinary carbon, such as char.
coal, lampblack, or graphite is not affect
ed by the most piobable ooivenis thiat could
be thought of, for cheicx-'cal action takes
the place of solution. Duiriag some ex
p~eriments, Professor ilannty noticed a
curious reaction, namely, waen a gas con
taiing carbon and~ hiydrogen is heated un
decr pressure in presence of certain metals,
the hydrogen is attracted by the metal, and
the carbon is ieft free. When this takes
place in presence of a stable compound
containing nitrogen, the whole being under
a red heat, and undler several thousands of
atmospheres of pressure, the carbon is so
acted upon by the nitrogein compound that
it is obtained in the clear, transparent fornu
of- the diamond. The great diflculty lies
in the construction of an inciosinig vessel,
strong einoughi to withstand the enormous
pressure and high temperatutre, tubes con-.
structed an thme gtun-barrel principle (with
a wrought-iron coil) of only one-hmalf inch
huore; and four inches external diamieter,
being torn open in niine eases out of ten.
The carbon obtainedl in thme unsuccessful
e-xperinments is as hard 'is natural diamond,
scratching all other crystals, and~ it does
not affect polarized lighit. Crystals have
been obtamned with curved faces, belong
ing to the octahedral form, and~ dliamiond is
thme only substance crystalisimg in this umani
ner. The crystails b~urni easily On thiin
pilatinum foIl, over a good blow pipe, and
leave no residue, andi after two (lays un
mersion in hydrotluoric acid, they showv
no0 sign of dlissolving, even when boiled,
On heating a splinter, even in thme electric
arc it turned black-a very characteristic
reaction of the diamondc. Lastly, a . little
apparatus was constructed for effecting a
conmbust ion of thme crystals and deternuing
composition. The ordinary org snic analy
sis method was used, butt the dlimond
pieces were laid on a thin piece of platinumii
foil, and this was igni ed by an electric
current, amnd the combustion conducted in
pure oxygen. Tlhe result ~obtained was
that, the sample (141 milogrammnes) contain
ed 97.86 per cent, of carbon, a very close
approx imation, considering the smalliluan
tity employed. The annoncemencmt that
the long-predlcted experimnit-am tiflcial
formatio)n of diatmond-wouldl be described
at a muecting of the Royai society has oin
casionmed much excitenient, but, neither
dealera in diamouds, nor the gem-ral pub-.
lic need dibturb themselves. 'Ihle proces
is expensive, tedious, dlange-rous, and( tlie
(diamionds are os yet too su all to represent
anythIng beyond a scientitlc value. Uheap
diamonds made by machinery arc reeerved
for some future geneirationi.
--BrazIl supliets the United States
with 800t,000U bags of cofteo ananually.
s-Thel grain crop o1 italy is this year
rgrer by cane-third than in 1879.
Skeleton leaves auu crystallized grasses
for household adornment may be made as
follows: There is a slow and quick
method; the former is by procuring the
natural decomposition of the pulpy sub
stance of the leaf Dy exposure to light in a
dish of water, the quick method is by the
use of a weak alkalino destructive solution,
of which soda and lime are the active
agents, By the slow method one may
proceed as follows: The leaves are laid out
smoothly in a pan or dish, and covered
with rain-water two or three inches deep,
and are hold down by means of sheets of
glass restinu on siall stones at the corners
by which they are prevented from pressing
too closely on the leaves. They ar, ex
posed to the sunlight in a warm' window.
In two or three weeks they are examined,
and all those that have become soft and
pulpy are removed to another dish to be
cleaned. The rest are left until they, too,
become sof t. Tie softened leaves are
carefully removed one by one by being
floated on to a sinall sheet of glass; the
pulp is pressed out by means of a small
stiff painter's brush or a tooth brush, used
by tapping up and down and not by a
sweeping motion.- This breaks up the
pulp only, which is washed away by pour
ing water upon It from a small pitcher.
To make this convenient, the gloss may be
placed on two wooden blare resting on the
edges of a deep dish with a towel under it
to catch the splashings,
The quick method is as follows: Four
ounces of sal-soda are dissolved in a quart
of hot water, two ounces of quicklime are
added, and the whole boiled for 20 min
utes. The solution is cooled and strained.
The leaves are then boiled in this for one
hour, or until the pulp is easily removed,
when it is washed off as already m'-ntioned.
The fibres remain, leaving a perfect skole
ton of frame-work of the leaf. This is
bleached by exposure to a solution of one
tablespoonful of chloride of lime in a quart
of water, strained clear front sedinit.
The skeletons are placedi in a dish, covered
with this solution, and kept in a (lark
closet for two days, watching in the mean
time that the fibres are not softened too
much and thus injured. After bleaching,
the leaves are steeped in clear soft water
for a day, and then floated off upon a card
and placed between soft napkins until dry.
They are then ready to be finally pressed,
bent, curled, or arranged in bouquets or
groups. Crystallized grasses and sprays
are made as follows: rhe bunches are first
arranged in a suitable manner, tied and
secured; a solution of four ounces of alum
to a quart of boiling water is made, and
when this has cooled to about 90 degrees,
or blood heat, the bunch of grass and leaves
is suspended in it, in a deep jar, from a
rod placed across the mouth of it; as the
liquid cools crystals of alum ure deposited
upon every spray, the finer and weaker the
solution is made. This deposit of crystals
occurs in the cooling liquid, because Lot
water dissolves more alun than cold water,
and as the water cools the excess of alum
forms crystals which attach themselves to
any fibrous Matter b, contact with it more
readily than to anything else. These crys
tals enlarge by accretion constantly, as
long as there is an excess of alum in the
solution. When the supply is exhausted
the solution is warmed and more a'unm is
dissolved in it; it is returned to the jar and
the bunch of grasses is replaced, When
sillicient ly covered with crystals it is taken
out and dried and is finished.
The three heroes of the Bulgarian cam
paign who are enshrined in tie hearts of
tile Russians, are Todleben, Gourko, and
Skobeloff. Todleben is now in luas sixtieth
year, having entered the engineer school in
6t. Petersburg in 1835. During the Crimean
war lie conducted the siege of operations
against Silistria, and the heroic defence of
Sebastopol. At the outbreak of the pres
eit war lie was considered an oldfogy, and1(
was shelved in the Engineer Departument of
the Minister of War. When the staff
foundl ouL that Plevna could not be cap
tured by hurling solid regiments against
the mntrenchiments, the veteran was called
to the front to conduct the investment.
Gourko is in his fIftieth yvear, and had seen
service in the Crimea, and Poland before
lie made his (dashing raid across tile Barl
kans. ile commnandsI thme Imiperial Guard,
the flower of the IUussian Army, and has
borne a conspicuous part in the siege of
Pievna. Skobeloll is the youngest Major
General in the service, Isa age being thirty
twvo. L.1e won the name of dare-devl
(luring the campaign in Khokanti, and has
exiposedi himself recklessly dluring the pres
emit war. Oni the evening before the pass
age of thme Darnube at biimnit a, havinig
becen requiested by the Grand Duke to call
for volunteers from the first division of
Cossacks under his coinmand to swim the
river and reconnoiter the opposite banik, lhe
plunge'd into the water at the head of a
small party of ten mn, and successfully
accomiplished the reqired worst. lie al
ways leads his meni agaiinst the enemy.
lie savedl what was left of the armiy that
attackedl Osiian late in July, and In time
desp~erate assaul to upon the enemy's works,
early in September, fought like a second
lie Thaought hie had 'ein.
*Sniles brought his two weeks' spree to
a close on Trhursdaiy night. lIe lay on the
lounge in the pasrlor, feeling as mean as
sour lager, when soimething in the corner
of the room attracted lisa attention. i~e
"'Mirandy, what is thati"
"What is what, Likey?"
Snifiles name is Lyeurgus,.and his wife
calls him Likey for short anid sweet.
'"Why that-that-thing in the corner,'
saidi the frightened man pointing at it with
a shaking hand.
"Likey dtear, I see tiothing," replied the
"What, don't you see it?" lie shriekedi.
"Then l've got 'em. Oh, hieavensf briing
me time Bible. M arandy, brhing It quiick!
hlere, oni this sacred bonk I swear never to
touch a drop of wiky. if I b~reak my
voiw, may iiy right hand cleave to the roof
of nmy mouth and--"
liere, catching another glimapse of the
terriblhe object lie clutohied his wife andI
beggced in piteous tones:
"Don't . leave me; don't leave your
Likey," andl burying his face in the folds
of her (dress, lie subbed himself hnto a troum
Then his wife stole gently to the corner,
anid picked up the toy snake anid th'rew it
into the stove.
-D.Xer hunters are very suciafu
in Sullivara ce-onn, c. PnsvIvanlin.
A Ahane impostor.
Shoitly before three o'clock the ot her af.
ternoon a farmer from the vicinity of
Liempstead appeared in front of the Stock
Exchange, New York, and entered into
conversation with a citizen, who was wait.
iug in the door, by asking :
"The convention in there breaks up at
three o'clock, don't it ?"
"Yes, that's the hour," was the reply.
"1)o you know Jay Gould when you see
"Is he in there 1"
"I presume so."
"Well, I wish you'd pol'it him out to tue
when he conies out."
The citizen promised to do this, and
within a few ninutes he kept his word.
'he fariner took a square look at the rail
road and telegraph prince, and then turned
"Are ycu dead sure?"
"Can't lie nto mistake ?"
"Well, it is about as I suspected. A
rew days -ago a great big slouch of a fellow
ialted at my gate and began measuring my
ground with a tape line, and squinting
round in the most mysterious nanner. I
wvent out to see what was up, and, after
jeating 'ronud for a while, lie said he was
Jay G(ul. I'd heard and read of Gould
jut I dhWi't kLow what le looked like."
"it nuist iave been a fraud."
"I am suro of that now ; I ptnuped
%round to lind out what he was up to, and
ie finally said lie wanted my place for an
>rplian asylum. le was going to build
me as ...Ig as a palace and take care of all
,he orphans in the country."
"And of course, you treated him well?"
"Didn't I I Why, for three days he
ivect on the fat of the land and sept in the
parlor bed-rooin I lie was going to give
ne $25,OU for my land, and the way we
tilled chickens and turned out sweet cake
or him made the old woman sick, lie
ninally jumped the house and took my Sun
:Iy suit and a fiddle worth $8."
"1 doi't believe Uould would steal a fid
"'That'e what I thought, and so I came
>ver to have a look at him. It wasn't
lould at all, but soeie base unposter."
"And you are so much out# I
"Wall, it looks that way, but the experi
,nee is worth something. It may not be
% week before soie one else will conic
thong with a ten-foot pole in his hand and
% theological seininary In his eye, and
>laim to be Russell Sage, and the way I
will knock down and step on him and
walk over him, an d drive hiu Into the sile,
will pay me a profit of fifty per cent on the
Amorican ant Italian suniae.
The quantity of native sumac, brought
into the market does not exceed about
3,00U tons yearly, and its market price is
nly $50 per ton, just half the price of the
Italian product. This difference In value
is due to the fact that the American s'imac,
as at present prepared, is not suitable for
naking the fluer white leathers used for
gloves and fancy shoes, owing to its giv.
ing a disagreeable yellow or dirty color.
[t has recently been shown, however, that
the leaves of native sumac gathered in
June and July, are equal to the best for.
-ign leaves. The Importance of this diF
,overy may be seen by the fact that the
2ultivation of the plant may be carried on
inost profitably in this country ts soon as
inanuifactureis and dealers recognize the
iprovement thus obtained in the donestic
Article, and by classifying it according to
its pemcentige of tannic acid and its
relative freedom froim coloring matter, ad
vance the price of that which is early
picked and carefully treated. In Italy the
mumac is plantedi in shoots in thme spring In
rOws, andl Is cultivated im the same way
51nd to about the same extent as cornm. It.
;ives a crop) the second year after setting
>ut, and regularly thecreal ter. TIhe sunmac
gathered in this country is takeii mostly
freim wild plants gro wing on waste land,
mut there is no reason why It should not be
.itmlbzed amid cultivated em land not valuable
or other crops.
Aunit Jsne at llaifmax.
In was in the year 1851. 1 was sailhng
is second i ngineer on a Liverpool steamuer
)ound for New York. When three days
>ut the chief eugineer canme down uiid
old us - stowaway had been found on
I didn't wait to heur any more, bmut wient
ip on deck like a skyroeset, and there I
lid see a sight and no mitake. Kvery
nan Jack of the crew, r~ind what passengers
we had on board, were all In a ring on the
orecam-le, and in the middle stood the first,
naute, lookin, as black as thunder, Rlight
an tront of himt, lookin' a reg'lar mntte
imong all thiem big fellows, was a little
mit o'iad not ten years old-ragged as a
carecrow, but with bright, curly hair aid
Sbonnie little ince of lis own, if it hadn't
meen so woeful thin and( p~ale.
Bunt, bless your soul, to see the way the
ittle clap held hIs head up, and looked
iibout himit you'd ha' thought thme whole ship
melonged to him. The mate was a great
timlkin', black-bearded fellow, with a look
Lhat would have frightened a horse, and a
voice fit to imke onie jump through a key.
tide; bitt the young un warn't a bit ateiar
ad-heo stood straIght up, and looked haiim
full in the face with them bright, clear
yes 0' htis', for all the world as if lie was
Prince Ilaifred himself. Folks did( say
afteirward (lowering his voice 'to a whis
per) as hew lie comned o' better blood nur
what lhe ought; amid, for may part, I'm
isthier of that way o' thinking mtysef; lot
Iiever yet sed a commnni street 11arab,
a they cali thenm now, carry it off like himi.
Yout imiight ha' heard a pin drop as the mnate
"WVell, you yong whelp," says lie, In
his grininiilest voice, ''what brought you
"'It was stepfather as (lone It," says thec
boy, in a weak little voice, butt as steady
as could be. "Father's dead, and imother's
aiarried iagain, and my new fathter says as
how hie won't ha' no brata about eatln' up
lis wages; and he stowed me away when
nobody warn't looking, and guy mite soane
grub to keep me goen' for a diky or two tiltI
got to see, ile says I'm to go to Ant Jane,
at hlalifax; and here's her address."
And wIth this lie shIps hiis hand Into the
breast of his shIrt, and out with at scrap 0
paper, awfully dirty and crumapled upi, bua
with the address on it right enough.
We all belioved every wor-d-on It, evet,
without the Dapner. for his look and hit
voice, and the way he spoke, was enough
to show that there wasn't a ha'porth o' lyin'
in his who:* skin. But the mate didn't
swallow the yarn at all; he only shrugged 1
his shoulders with a kind o' grin, as much
as to say: "I'm too old a bird to be caught
with that kind of chaff;'' and then he says
to him, "Look here, my lad; that's all very
ilne, but it wonit do here-sone o' these
men o' mine are in the secret, and I mean
to have it out o' them. Now, you just
point out the man as stowed you away and
fed you, this very minute; If you don't it'll
be the worse for you."
The boy looked up In his bright fearless
way--it did my heart good to look at him,
the brave little chapl-and says, quite
quietly. "I've told you the truth; I ain't
got no more to say."
The mnate says nothin', but lie looks at
him for a minute, as if he see clear through
him; and then he faced round to the men,
lookin' blacker than ever. "Reeve a rope
to the yardi" he sings out, loud enough to
raise the dead; "stuart now."
Thie men all looked at each other, as
much as to say, "What on earth is coming
uowf" But on board of ship, o' course,
when you are told to do a thing you've got
to do it; so the rope was rove In a july.
"Now, my lad," says the mate in a hard,
square kind of voice, that maue every
word seem like fitting a stone in a wall,
'"you see that rope? Well, I'll give you
ten minutes to confess," and he took out
lils watch and held it in his hand, "and if
you don't tell the truth before the dime is
up, I'll hang 3 ou like a dogi'
The crew all stared at one another as if
they couldn't believe their ear--I didn't
'elieve nine, I can tell ye-and then a
long growl went among them like a wild
beast wakin' out of a nap.
"Silence therel" shouts the ninte, in a
voice like the roar of a northeaster. "Stand
by to run for'ardl" and with his own hand
fie put the noose around the boy's neck.
The little fellow never flunched a bit; but
there were some among the sailors, big
chaps as could fih' felled an ox, as shook
like leaves In the wind. As for me, I be
thought myself of my curly-headed little
lad at home, and how it would be if any
one was to go for to hang him. And at
the very thought on ItI tingled all over,
and my fingers clinched themselves as if
they were a grippin' somebody's throat. 1
1 clutched hold o' a biudpike, and held it
behind imy back, all ready.
'Toni," whispers the chief engineer to
me, "do yod think lie reamly means to do
"1 don't know," Hays 1, through my
teeth; "but if lie does lie shall go that, if
I swing for it."
I've been in many an mly scrape in my
time, but I never felt half as bad as I did
then. Every minute seemned as long as a
dozen, mud the tick of the mate's watch
reg'lar pricked my ears like a pin. The
nen were very quiet, but. there was a pre
cious ugly look on some of their faces; and
I noticed that three or four on 'cmn kept
edging for'ard to where the mate was stand
in' In a way that meant mischief. As for
me, I made tip my mind that if lie did
go for to hang the poor little chap, I'd kill
hin on the spot and take my chaices.
"Eight minutes," says the mate, hils
great, deep voice brenkin' in upon the si
lence like tihe tone of a funeral bell. "If
you've got anything to confecs, my lad,
youl'd best out with it, for yer tiue's near
"I've told you the truth," answered the
boy, very pale, but as firm as ever." "May
I say my prayers, please?"
The mate nodded, and down goes the
poor little chap on his kness, with that in
fernal rope about his neck all the time, and
puts up his little hands to pray. I couldn't
make out what lie said-fact my head was
in such a whirl that I hardly could have
known my own name-but I'll be bound
G.od heard it, every word. T.en he got
up on his feet again, and puls lisa hanids
behind him, and says he to the mute, quite
quietly, "'I ami read1y."
And then sir, the mate's hard, grim face
broke up all to onice, like I've seed the ice
in the Baltic. lie snatched up the boy in
his arnms and kissed him; and burst out a
crying like a child; and I think there
warn't one of us as didn't do the same. 1
kiiow I did, for one.
"Glod bless you, my boy!" says lie,
smoothmin' the child's hair with lis great
hard hand. "You're a true Englhshman,
every Inch of youi; you wouldln't tell a lie
to save your life! Well, if so be as your
fattier cast you off, i'll be your father from
this (lay fdrthi, and if I ever forget you,
then may Glod forget me." And he kept.
Instances of exp~losions caused by the 1g.
nition of carbonaceous (lust floating in the
atmiosphiere have become so numerous that
such dust may be contedt among the ex
plosives. iSuch exlosions are not uncomi
mion in coal minecs. An explosion was
caused in Paris In 1809 by the taking fire
of dust rising froni a sack of starch which
was thrown down stairs and burt. 'Tho
fatal explosion which took pilaco in a candy
factory ini New York city a few ,years ago
was probably due1 to the starch dust float
ing in the room. TIhe explosion of the flour
dust inithe :nilms at liinneapohs, hiinn., in
1878, is aniothier case ia point. An explo
sion of malt dust recently took place in a
brewery at Burton-on-l'rent, England;
finally, It fins been suggested that the ex
plosion which signalized the breaking out
of the fire on the Seawanhaka was one of
coal dust, suclh as often takes place In our
Facts WVortha Itemnembering,
One thousand shingles laid fouir Inchtes
to the weather will cover over onme hundred
sqjuare feet of aurftice, and flye pounds of
shingle nails wIll fasten them on.
Omie fifth more siding and~ flooring Is
nleeed than the niumbier of square feet to
be covereud, because of the lamp in thea siding
and matching of time floor.
One thiousand laths will cover seventy
yards of surface, and eleven pounds of lath
nis wi:t niail them on.
Eight ashels of good lime, sixteen bush
clsi of sand and one bushel of hair will make
enough mortar to plaster 1(90 squatre feet of
Five courses of brick will lay one foot In
height on a chimney; nine bricks in a conrse
will make a flue eight niches wIde and~
twP'ty inches long, andi eight bricks In a
course will make a flue ofight Inches wide
andi sixteen inches long.
-icago Is to liave a asugar reen
hng company, wIth a capital of $710,
The Plucky Boy.
Thu boy marched straight up to the coun
"Well, my little man,' said the merch.
Wt, complacently-he had just risen frogi
iuch a glokious good dinner-"what w1ml
you have to-day ?"
"Ohl please, Ar, mayn'L I do sromo work
for you I"
It might have been the pleasant blue eyes
that did it, for the man was not accustom
ad to parley with such snall gentlemen,
mnd Tonmy wasn't seven yet, and small of
As age at that. There were a few wisps
f hair on the merchant's temples, and
tooking down on the appealing face, the
nan pulled at them, he gave the ends of
jis cravat a brush, and thou his hand trav
lled down to his vest pocket.
"Do some work fnr me, eh? Well, now,
about what sort of work might your small
nanship calculate to be able to perform 1
WYhy, you can't look over the counter."
"Oh, yes, I can, and I'm growing, please,
growing very fast-there, see if I can't
took over the counter."
"Yes, by standing on your toes; are
they coppered I"
"Why, yourtocs. Your mothercouldn't
cep you in shoes if they weren't."
'ho can't keep me in shoes anyhow,
;ir," and the voice hesitated.
The man took pains to look over the
ounter. It was too much for him; he
,ouldn't see the little toes. Then he went
ill the way around.
"I thought I should need a microscope,"
ie said very gravely, "but I reckon if I
get close enough I can see what you look
"I'm older than I'm big, sir,'' was the
eat rejoinder. "Folks say I'm very small
,or iy age.
"And what might be your age, sir?" re
iponded the man with emiphasis.
" 1t'm1 almiost seven," said Tommny, with 1
look calculated to impres even six feet
iiue. " ou see my mother hasn't any
oody but me, and this morning I saw her
,rying because she couldq't find five cents
n her pocket book, and she thinks the boy
hat took the ashes stole it-and-I
aven't had any-breakfast, sir."
The voice again hesitated, and tears came
o the blue eyes.
"I reckon I ean hell) you to breakfast,
ny little fellow," said the man, feeling in
dis pocket. There, will that quarter do '
The boy shook his head. "Mother
,vouldn't let me beg, sir," was his simple
"luiph I where's y',ur father l"
"We never heard of him, sir, after he
went away. lie was lost, sir, in the steam
.r City of Boston."
"Ahl you don't say. That's bad-But
fou are a plucky little fellow anyhow. Les
ie see;"-and he pondered, puckering up
us umouth and looking straight down into
he boy's eyes, which were looking straight
jp into his. "Saunders," he asked, ad
Iressing a clerk who was rolling up and
writing on parcels, "is Cash No. 4. still
"Dead, sir; (lied last night," was the
''Ah, I'm sorry to hear that. Well,
xire's a youngster that can take his place."
Mr. Baunders looked up slowly-then
ie put his pen behind his left ear-then his
;lunce traveled curiously from Tonuny to
"Oh, I understand," said the latter;
"yes, lie is very small, very small indeed,
ut I like his pluck. What did No. 4,
"Three dollars, sir," said the still aston
'Put this boy down four. There, young
iter, give him your name, and run home
mUd tell your mother you've got a place at
'our dollais a week. Come back on Mon
Jay, and I'll tell you what to do. Here's
i dollar in advance; Ill take it out of your
irst, week's p~ay. Can you remember?"
"Work, sir,--work all the time ?"
Tommy shot out of that shop. [f ever
>roken stairs, that had a twist, through the
,vole flight, cracked and tremibled an ter;
lie weight of a small boy, or perhaps, as
night be butter stated, laughed and elmek
ed on account of a small boy's good luck,
hose In that tenement house enjoyed ,hem
'elves thoroughly that morning.
"I've got it, mother I I'm took IiI'm
iash boy I Don't you know when they
make the parcels, t he clerk calls ~'cash?'
WVell, I'm that I Four dollars a week, and
he mani said I had real pluck-courage,
tou kniow, And hero's a dollar ior bread
mst; anid don't you never cry again, for
'i the man of the house now.
The house was only a ten by fifteen
om, but how those blue eyes did magni
y' it I At first the mother looked con
oundedlc; then she looked faint ; and then
lie looked-well, It passes my power to
oil how she did look, as she caught the
>noy in her arms, and hugged hinm and
L15sed hin, the tears streanilng down her
:hieks. But they were tears of thankfi.
A Cheap Skating Kink.
select a level piece of sod-ground, say
20x40 feet, then build a clay loom around
.he border twelve inchesn blah by twelve
aches wide on the top with sloping sides.
Wh~ere the soil is sandy, or the turf will
uot hold water, then four inches of clay
must be used on the bottom surface, to
mako everything water tight,although wa.
er must never be allowed to stand in It;
mad if buit early in the fall, you mast pro..
ride an outlet to carry off time water that
night accumnulato from the fall rains.
sverthing being in readiness. when the j
thermiometer fell eight degrees below
rcezing, connect the garden hose with a
uydranut, using a fine rose nozzle,and play-.
Ing thme stream up in the air so as to have
t come down in the form of a line mIst,,
mud freeze on striking the ground, as no
waler must be allowed to stand in puddles
mor ian on striking the surfaco at'any tim@T
luring the winter, as it will make shelly
cee. You can begin to skate on one inche~
f ice on the first night afjer you spray It
md continue to spray it every cold night '
until you have sIx inches of Ice. Yott must
acot allow the snow to stand on the ice at.
ter a snow, but shovel it off at once, as itn
ijures ace for skating if left on. Sutch a
rink will accommodate twelve persons and
be wnder your control so no accidents can
happpen. Total ox pease of constructior4
about $O0 and affordting one of tiis meoss
pleasant and hioalth-giv'ing smusements fo*,
bth sexes, yyung and old1 oer ol