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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. - WINNSBORO, . C., JANUARY 22, 1881. VOL P.-NO. 167.
A QUAKER GRAVEYARD.
Four straglht brlok walls severely plain,
A quiet city square surround;
A level space of naneles grave*,
The Quakers' burial ground.
In gown of gray or coat of drab
They trod the common ways of life,
With passions hold In stornest leash,
And hearts that know not strito.
To you i meethig-house they fared,
With thoughts as sobor as thoir spooh,
To vololois prayer, to songless praiso,
To hear the elders proach.
Through julet length of days they came,
With ocarco a change to this roposo;
Of all life's loveliness they took
The thorn without the rose.
But in the porch and o'er the graves
Glad rings the southward robin's glee;
And sparrows fill tho autumn air
With worry mutiny;
\ihilo on the grave of drab and gray
The red and gold of autumn lie,
And wilful Nature deoks the sod
in gentlest mookery.
"Go away instantly, I say I Leave the
place at once I We don't allow tramps
around here o
The speaker was a kindly, good-natured
farmer's wife. Sie stood before the door
of her little white cottage, nestled among
the New Hampshire bis, and with a ges
ture of Impatience ordered the old organ
grinder and the little tambourine girl to
leave her door. They turned to obey,
when little [Harry Thorne spoke up:
"Oh. mother, see the little girll How
thin and hungry she looks! And, mother,
she looks like Lillie."
Mrs. Thorne turned quickly. How
strange that she had not noticed it before.
The little girl did surely look like 1her dead
daughter. With tears in her eyes she drew
U- - ihe ltle girl toward her.
"What Is your name, my child?" she
"Blanca Corroni, madam."
"Is she your child?" Mrs. Thorne next
inquired of the organ-grinder, who was
evidently in the last stages of consumption.
"No," he said feebly. She is jusb a no
body, without kith or kin, that I found in
New York, and took her along for cou
The old man had halrdly finished this
sentence when lie fell to the ground.
Farmer Thorne arrived on the scene, lifted
hinT up, but it was found that life was
Wild was Bianca's grief on being told
that Guido was dead. lie had been her
only friend and protector from earliest re.
The old man was buried by the town
authorities, and then the question arose as
to what was to be (one with the child.
"She must be sent to the poorhouse,1'
"Must she go to the poorhouse, mother?"
"I am afraid so, my boy."
"Oh, mother, don't send her there! Keep
her i Lillie's place I"
Good Mis. Thorne turned to the little
girl, whose large, beautiful eyes pleaded
so eloquently for love and protection. She
tlhought of her own little child in the cold
an'] silent tomb, and the thought flashed
across her ind that Providence had sent
this one in her place. Harry seemed to
read her thoughts.
"Perhans God sent her, mother," he
said. "The poor little girl hasn't any fa
ther nor mother, and you havea't any little
girl. Keep her, and let her be my little
Farmer Thiorne~entercd at this moment
and Harry turnedl to him. 'rho farmer's
large heart had already gone out to the lit
tle stranger, and lhe decided at once to
adopt her; and thus "in LIie'~s place" she
was installed in the Thorne family.
Years passed quietly a vay, and Blianca
grew into a winsomae'miaden. Admirers
she had many, but none were more devoted
than her adopted brotJher.
One winter a fair was given in the vil
lage, and Bianca had in charge the flower
table. A regular customer each night was
a talldark gentleman, about 40 years old,
who watched her every motion with an in
tense gaze. The village folk were puzzled
at this stranger. No one knew his name
nor anything ooncerning him. Every night
found him at the fair. At times ho would
start impulsively toward Blianca's table,
hesitate, then purchase a bouquet and leave
the hail. Th'e village girls jested with BI
anca about her unknown, and the young
mien viewed him with jealous eyes.
'Tho last night of the fair was to be tile
gala night, and a play was to be performed.
Now it happened that the leading character
of thme play was an Italian dancing girl,
and the part was given to Blanca. The
dark stranger was there as usual. lHe
watchied the play with undisguised disgust
until ilanca entered with her tambourdne
-in heur hand. He started forwardI in great
surprise. ihie sang a wild, plaintive mel
ody, and began a fantastic dahoe. At this
the stranger leaped to his feet with -a low
cry. All eyes wore immediately turned in
that direction, and lie fell back in his scat
as white as marble,
Eiarly the ncxt morning the Thornes
were surprised by a visit from the stranger.
ills words were abrupt and to the point.
"Pardon my intrusion, sir and madam.
I am an Italian composer, traveling for my
hecalth1. At the fair last night I saw your
daughter porfornm a wondlerful song and
dance ; will you toll mo whore uiho learned
T1ho farmer st ared at his wife, but neither
spoke for a muoment.
"Well, really,* sir," lie at length replied,
"I can hardliy tell you that. Blanca danced
that way and sang thait song wvhen ahe first
camne to, us, which is nigh onto nine years
"Then shio is nlot your child ?" cried the
sitranger in great oeitemenit.
"Oh, nol I he is an adopted child, al
though we love her as if she had been
borni to us."
"For Heaven's sake, tell mte all you know
Thus entreated, time farmer related the
story. Whien lie had finished, the man
grasped his handl, while the tears streamed
clown his chec.
"Mr. Thorne," lie sakti, "the girl Is my
daughter. I can prove it," he said, notic
ing the look of incredulity on the faces of
i hoaroe. "Fifteen years ago, my hittle
daughter, then a child of three years, was
stolen from me. The song which she sang
last night was a composition of my own,
and I taught her the accompanying dance,
When I arrived in this village, a few days
ago, I was struck with the resemblance of
thi girl to my wife, who has been dead
many years. When I saw her perform
ance I was satisfied that she was my child,
as no one else in this world knows that
song but myself. The name, too, is the
same, Blanca Corren. Thank God, my
daughter is found at last!"
Groat was the excitement in .the village
when it was known that Farmer Thorne's
adopted daughter had found her father,
and that he was a gentleman of wealth and
distinction. It w'as a severe blow to the
Thornes, however, for they had really
learned to love this girl as if she were their
oWn. Harry suffered the most; he know
that in losing IManca lie had lost all he
had to live for.
The day of parting came. Signor Cor
reni and his daughter were to sail for sunny
Italy, and perhaps never to return. Harry
stood with his mother and father on the
piazza, taking leave of the travellers. The
poor boy's eyes were filled with tears as
Bianca took his hand to bid him farewell.
"Don't look so sotomy, Harry dear!"
she sobbed. "I shall surely come back
some time-indeed I will-so don't weep,
The manly follow brushed away his
tears and tried to smile. Then slipping a
slender ring on her finger, lie said:
"Keep it, dear, until you find another
that loves you more than I do; then throw
A few more words lie said which brought
the deep blushes to her cheeks; then the
stage driver sounded his horn; Mrs. Thorne
clasped her in her arms fo r a last farewell.
her father lifted her into tho vehicle, and
it rolled away. The farmer's family
watched It out of sight, and when they re
turned tc the house it seemed as though
the last ray of sunlight had departed.
Four years passed, and brought con
tinued misfortune to -the Thornes. First
their house was burned to the ground, the
farmer lost his health, and finally died. It
was found, on settling up his estate, that
scarcely anything was left for the widow;
and they finally went to New York, where
they took apartments in a tenement house,
and Harry found a clerkship in a dry goods
house on a small salary.
. For a while letters came regularly from
Blanca; they spoke in glowing terms of
her beautiful home, and of her father's
great love for her. "And yet I am not
happy, dear mother," she wrote. "I miss
you all so muchl Papa gave me a magnill
cent diamond necklace yesterday, but I
would willingly give it for one day at the
dear old farm again."
After a time the letters came less fre
quently, till now it was nearly a year since
they had heard from her.
It was Christmas eve, and Harry was
hurrying home to spend the long evening
with his beloved mother, when lie was
overtaken by-1iis friena, Frea Crosby.
"Just the fellow I want to see!" said
the latter. "I have a couple of tickets to
the opera to-night; you must come with
"No, Fred, I cannot. I promised my dear
old mother I'd be home early to-night,"
replied Harry, firmnily.
"My dear boy, you must come with me I
It may be your only chance to hear the
new prima donna. They say she's divine.
Everybody is raving about her. Surely
you would not miss a chance to see Blanca
"Bianca Correni I" cried Harry in
"Yes, the new prina donna, you know.
Aud here we are, now. Come on, you
shall see hern"
Without a word more Harry suffered
himself to be led into the opera house. As
one in a dream he took his seat. Blanca
Correni a prima donna ! What could it
He had not long to wait. The curtain
arose, and revealed to his startled gaze lii
anca.-his lanca-on the stage, and fairly
ablaze with jewels. The house shook with
the thunder of applause which greeted her.
Harry devoured her features. Yes, it was
lis own adopted sister, the little tatmbou
rine-giri, now the idol of the public. "And
thie poor farmer's son forgtefrvr"
he thought, bitterly. gtefrvrI
But lis heart gave a great throb as lie
noticed on one slender finger a plain circlet
of goldl; it was the ring he had given her
when they parted; he knew it at once.
"She wears it, although she has forgotten
me, " he thought.
"Magnificent creature, elh ?" said his
friend, noticing his admiiration. "Not at
all like the rest of themi-all paint and
powder on the stage, and frightful to be
hold wvhen you approach near enough to
see through the disguise."
At that moment Harry fancied lie caught
the simger's eye. For a moment lie saw
her start and gasp convulsively, but only
for a moment; then she went right on with
her dlelighitful music.
He was right ; she bad seen and recog
Just before tihe curtain fell on the last
act Harry felt a lhght touch on his shoul
der. Turning quickly, lie eaw a boy, who
passed him a cardl, on which was written
in a delicate hand, which he recognized at
"Will Mr. Thornie please follow this lit
tle boy for the sake of an interview with
Fred. Crosby must have thought his
friend Insane, for lie sejzed his hat, and
started after the boy without a word of ex
Dlanation andl excuse.
Arrivimg behtiind the scenes, he was ush
ered into a pretty roomi and found himself
face to face with Blianca.
"Harry, my dear brother I" she criedi,
rushing towardl him joyousl~y "Have you
forgotten your little sisteri
"Forg~otten you, Blianca i I think it Is
you have forgotten mie. It is a year since
we have reci ved a line from you," rephied
H arry, reproachfully.
"A year! Why, Harry, I wrote by every
mail until we left Europe, and since arriv
ing in Amernica papa has visited the 01ld All
Isge home, btit lie could learn nothing of
you. Oh, Harry, why did you hide your
self fromi me ? But do tell me of my (dar
ling miother; Is she well? Does she ever
think of me?" she rattled on, not waiting
for a reply. "Will she be glad to see me?
Bay, Harry, wouldl she like me for a
'-Poor Harry's face flushed. How could
h'e tell this beautiful creature that they
lived in three rooms In a tenement house?
"We occupy small and humble quarters
now, Blanca-madenoiselle," he stam
mered. "If you could put up with us,
Bianca's merry voice interrupted th
"I'm well used to a humble life, Harry
I have not forgotten the life your goo
parents rescued me from. I am Blanc
Thorne and a tambourine-girl still. dee I
and she caught up a tambourine-girl whic
.belonged to a ballet girl and beginning on
of her wild dances which Harry admire
when she was a child, danced into th
arms of her father, who was just enterin
the room, "Oh, papal" she cried, "I hav
found Harry, and we are going to his hcus
to spend Christmas, and it will be just sue
a dear old Christmas, as we used to have a
the farm I"
She had her way, and the great prim
donua spent her Christmas in the humbl
tenement house, and assisted her hostess i
her domestic duties.
The two weeks that Bianca remained i1
the city she was a constant visitor at thi
Thornes' house, and the day before she wa
to leave for Europe again, she placed I
Mrs. Thorne's hands a deed of their lo
farm. She would hear no objection ne
receive any thanks.
"It is only a slight recompense for you
great kindness, mother dear," she said. "
shudder now, when I think what migh
have happened me had it not been for you
You will be glad to have the dear old hom
agin, and when Harry marries it will be
pretty place for his wife," she murmured
in a scarcely audible voice.
"My child. Harry will never marry now,
was the reply.
"Never marry, mother I Why not?"
"Because he loves a lady so far abov
him in life that he has not the courage t
ask her hand in marriage."
Bianca made no reply, though she knev
by the dear mother'n tell-tale face who th
the lady was.
That night Harry attended their gues
back to her hotel.
"Why don't you get married, Harry?
she asked him bluntly.
The poor fclow flushed and theh paled
"Your mother told me you loved a lad
above you in the social scale," she contin
ued, not noticing his embarrassment
"Why don't you tell her of your love
'Nothing venture, 'iothihg have,' you
Still no reply.
"Harry," she whispered, slipping he
hand in his, "I wear yotrr ring still. Dc
you remember what you said when yoi
put it on my finger 1 0 you stupid boy
Can't you see that I love you?" And she
turned to hide her face.
But he caught her in his arnis, and th<
sweet blushing face found a hiding-plac
on his broad shoulder.
"Blanca, my darling, precious one, is i
true? Can you love me? Oh, say thosc
sweet words once morel"
She was sobbing now.
"It is true. Oh, Harry, I know it wa
bold and unmaldenly, but I couldn't thinl
of losing you forever."
".Heaven bless you, my darling little
wife I" he murmured, pressing her ye
closer to his heart, and kissing her pas
And here let us leave them in the full
ness of their love.
No matter how pertect are all other hy
gienic conditions, good health cannot b
maintained if the air supply is insufficient
rhe purest air will become vitiated, result
ing in disease, especially in consumption
nl'ess there Is a constant means of supply
When the mortaliy from all causes amonj
the metropolitan police of London wa
anly 00 In 1,000 that of the Foot Guard
was 141 , from consumption alone. Thi
barracks furnished the latter only one
fourth as much air per man as Is allowe
in prison cells.
The armies of Europe generally are
from simdlar causes, characterized by
large mortality. During the Crimean war
the rate In the English army was 23.2 pe:
::ent. of the total strength; that of thn
F~rench 30; while in our civil war, witl
its open-.air life, it was less than six. Camip
rever may be almost banished by cleanil
aess and fresh air. In 1760 Dr. Brockles
by, having built a large shed as a hospital fo
wounded soldieis, and the mortality prov
ing wonderfully slight, though the treat
utent was otherwise the same as elsewhere
maid, "I candidly ascribe their formunati
escape more to the benefit of a pure,keen al
which they breathed therein every moment
thian to nil the medicine they took." Thus,
over a century ago, lhe stumbled on a lawi
of hygiene now universally accepted by ex
ports. No expense was spared in the erectio
of a new house for monkeys in the Lon
:Ion Zoological Garden, to make it as mucd
is possible like an English gentleman'
Irawing-room. These animals had beem
wintered in England several years, ani
were healthy on entering their new house
But in one month fifty of the sixty weri
dead, and the rest were dying, of con
mumption. Tie whole trouble was tha
thie room was not properly ventilated. Be
fore 1886 the loss of horses in iFrance b2
:leath was from 180 to 197 per 1,000. En
arged stables reduced the loss to sixty
nght-nearly two-thirds. In England thi
loss Is reduced to twenty; in Germany t4
afteen Let it not be forgotten that, wher
;he lack is not such as to produce fatal me.
mIts, it may variously impair the health.
A Lost Note.
Ia 1740, a director of the Bank of Eng
Land lost a ?30,000 bank note, which h
was persuaded had falleza from the chim
neypiece of his room into the fire. Th
bank directors gave the loser a second bill
upon his agreement to restore the fIrst bil
shouki it ever be found, or pay the mone:
if presented by any stranger. "Abou
thirty years afterward," says Mr. Francis
"the director having beeii long dead, an<
bis heirs in possession of his forttune, an un
known person, presented time lost bill a
the bank, and demanded payment. It wai
in vain that they mentioned to this persor
the transaction by which that bill wa
annulled; he woulid not listen to it; hi
maintained that It had come to himi frot
abroad, and Insisted upon immediate pay
meat. Tme note was payable to bearer
and the ?30,000 were paid hIm. The heir
of the dhicctor would not listen to any de
nmands of restitution; and the bank wa
obliged to sustaIn the loss. It was discov
ered afterward that an architect havin;
purchmasedl the director's house, had take
it down, in order to build another upo
the same spot, had found the note in th,
crevice of the chuney,and made his dia
covery an engine for robbing the bank,"
- A Mtrange apan faeo.
The Alnos, or ab( igines of the Island
0 of Yezo, Japan, are us described by Miss
Bird, After the ye ow skins, the stiff
horse hair, the feebi eyelids, he elongated
eyes, the sloping eye rows, the flat noses,
, the sunken checks, t e Mougohan features,
the puny physique, e shaky walk of the
men, the restricted t ter of the women,
and the general imp ssion of degeneracy
1 conveyed by the app rance of the Japan
e ese, the Alnos make very singular im.
9 pression. All but t> or three that I have
0 seen are the most fe cious-looking of say
0 ages, with a physiqu vigorous enough for
4 carrying out the iio ferocious intentions,
I but as soon as they s eak the countenance
brightens Into a smil as gentle as that of a
a woman, something hich can never be
0 forgotten. * The me are about the middle
3 height, broad-chest(], broad-shouldered,
'thick-set,' very stro aly built, the arms
I and legs short, thick and muscular, the
U hands and feet largi. The bodies, and
8 especially the limbs, f many are covered
I with short bristly ha . I have seen two
t boys whose backs a covered with fur
r as fine and soft as th of a cat. The heads
and faces are very at king. The foreheads
r are very high, broad nd prominent, and
I at firs& sight give one the impression of an
t unusual capacity for intellectual develop
- ment; the ears are small and set low;
3 the noses are straliht, but short, and
broad at the nostrils; the mouths are wide
but well formed, and the lips rarely show a
tendency to fulness. The neck is short,
the cranium rounded, the cheek bones low,
and the lower part of the face is small as
compared with the upper, the peculiarity
3 called a 'jowl' being unknown. The eye
) brows are full, and form a straight line
nearly across the face. The eyes are large,
F tolerably deeply set and very beautiful, the
3 color a rich liquid brown, the expression
sl gularly soft, and the eyelashes long,
t y, and abundant. The skin has the
Italian olive tint, but in most cases is thin,
and light enough to show the changes of
color in the cheek. The teeth are small,
regular, and very white; the incisors and
'eye teeth' are not disproportionately large.
- as is usually the case among the Japanese;
there is no tendenoy toward prognathisni
and the fold of integument which conceals
the upper eyelids of the Japanese is never
to be met with. The features, expression
and aspect are European rather than
"The 'ferocious savagery'of the appear
I anco of the men is produced by a profusion
of thick soft black hair,divided in the mid
dle and falling in heavy masses nearly to the
shoulders, Out of doors it is kept from
falling over the face by a fillet round the
brow. The beards are equally profuse,
quite magnficent, and general wavy, and
in the case of the old men they give a truly
patriarebal and venerable aspect, in pite
of the yellow tinge produced by smoke and
want of cleanliness. The savage look pro
duced by the masses of hair and beard,
and the thick eyebrows, Is mitigated by
- and is altogether oblitptated by the
t exceeding sweetness of the smile,
- which belongs in greater or less degree to
all the rougher sex. I have measured the
- height of thirty of the adult men of this
village, and it ranges from five feet four
inches to five feet six and a half inches.
The circumlerence of the heads averages,
22,1 inches, and they arc, from ear to ear,
thirteen inches. The average weight of
Aino adult masculine brain, ascertained by
measuremsot of Aino skulls, is 45.90 ounces
avoirdupois, a brain weight said to excel
that of all races, Hindoo and Mussulman,
on the Indian plains, and that of the abori
ginal races of India and Ceylon, and is
only paralleled by that of the races of the
Himalayas, the Siamese, and the Chinese
The Battle of the Snow Blails.
Snow fell in such quantity along the Ried
River of the North recently, that the level
land around was covered to a depth of ten
inches or more. While the flakes were yet
flying, a river steniner, which was -bound
up stream on her last trip for the seasoni,
stopped at a landing on the western shore.
- Shortly after the arrival of the steamer at
-the landing somne of the passengers noticed
a band of young indians playing in the
snow a short distnce from a group of
tents. The boys proved to be Cheyennes.
They numbered twenty-seven, and were of
all ages and sizes. When first seen they
were "drinking" the flakes-running here
and there with hands on their hips and
open mouths upturned. A Cheyenne chief
wile soon boasrded the steamer said that
- the band was bound to a trading post and
added that a Sioux band of seventy tents
was in temporary camp two miles above.
With the latter bit of Information In their
minds, the passengers needed no explana
tion when shortly afterwards they saw the
ICheyenne boys dispersed by a volley of
snowballs. Trho passengers understood
that the volley was a challenge for a frolic
from a number of Bioux boys whom they
saw moving stealthily dlown the river bank.
- In a moment the Cheyennes rallied, and
for ten minutes there was a lively set
to. White balls as big as a man's fist and
-just as hard flew through the air and
juvenile war cries madle the welkin ring.
in this opening skirmish the opposing
bands were twenty or thirty yards apart*
so far, Indeed, that few of the boys were
hit, Because they evidently knew how to
dodge. It was like a game of "corner
ball" at a country district school, the play
ers ducking their heads and bounding aside
whenever a missile would whizz past.
- But as soon as the red lads became
warimed to the sport, the distance quickly
shortened. The snow disappeared fronm
the skIrmish line as though melted by the
hot breath of the sons of the plain, and the
battle-ground was shifted to a point almost
under tbe steamer's side. TIhe Sioux
youths pressed hardei and harder. They
were led by a tall, supple fellow, of fifteen
or thereabouts, wvho hurled the balls with
the (Orce of a grown warrior and the pre
cision~ of an old artilleryman. IHis mocca
sins 'vere in his way, and so, tearing them
from his feet, lhe wrapped them In a hard,
packing of snow, and sent them whistling
Into the ranks of the enemy. This act
kindled fire on the Sioux side, a dozen of
the lads at once stripping to the waist, and
running forward witn wild cries.
- .it was clear enough that the hand-to
hand attack had been expected, for a num
her of Cheyennes who had held themselves
in the rear of their party sprang forward
and grappled with the Sioux. One of the
Spassengers who stood on the steamer's
. cabin says that he never saw a charge so
completely mea. Evoy manux fmumd hs.
Cheyenne as if the whole matter had been
prearranged. No blows were struck but
the wrestling was fierce and savagely
heroic. The wrestlers were in a straight
line, nor did the line waver. The Sioux
grip was on the Cheyenne and the Chey
enne clutch was about the shoulder of the
Sioux. Some of the spectators on the
steamer were so excited that they sprang
ashore and ran toward the wrestlers, but
they as quickly ran back again, those who
were not wrestling peppering them with
balls as a hint that there must be no inter
ference. The wrestlers stood almost still
for more than a quarter of an hour, every
nerve strained to its utnost tension. Mean
while, the b.iys who were not in the line,
ceased t)ieir volleys and waited for the re
suit. The tall leader of the Sioux had for
his opponent a boy of about seventeen-a
strong, wiry fellow, who once had wrestled
with, thrown, and killed a full-grown bear.
Down his ohest was a long, ugly sear, that
had been cut by the bear's claws, and in
the back of his neck was the imprint of the
bear's teeth. The Iiov-Who-Killed-the
B'ear swayed back and forth, straining
with his greatest strength to weaken the
Sioux lad's hold. Finding that this could
not be done, he slackened his hold and the
Sioux instantly backed away. This ap
peared to be a signal to all the wrestlers,
for they also let go and retired.
After a short rest a volley thrown by the
Cheyennes again brought on the battle.
The lines now were not more than ten
yards apart and the thud and bursting of
the balls indicated that the close work was
telling. The wild fusilade was succeeded
by a clinching all around and such a rough
and-tumble play the spectators never be
lore saw. The Sioux leader seized a Chey
enne lad by the shoulders and sent him
headforeiost into the river. Loud cries
went up from the Cheyennes, who ploinly
regarded the act as one of foul play. Four
Cheyennes, including the Boy-Who-Killed
the-Bear, pinioned the Sioux leader's arms
ant rubbed his head in the snow, filling
his mouth, nostrila and ears. They then
dragged him toward the river, but before
they could give the toss that would send
him into the stream, they werc ttacked in
harum-scarui and helter-skelLer by the
whole Sioux band. A trapper who under
stood the CheyCnnes were shouting,
"Drown him!" drown himl" and that the
gesticulating grown warriors on the out
skirts of the battle-field were screaming
"fair pl)ayl" Whatever they may have
been trying to say there certainly was a
tremendous hubbub, in the midst of which
the Sioux .cader broke from the grasp of
his assailants and threw himself panting
and perspiring into the arms of his fellows.
At this turn in the battle the men of both
the Sioux and the Cheyenne bands, who
had been attracted to the scene by the ter
rile yells, interfered and both parties shook
hands and retired. The Cheyenne who
had been thrown into the river did not
seem to mind tue ducking, for he walked
slowly'off with the others, laughing as lie
went. And so ended the Battle of the
The Full Face Value.
They have their stock exchange and
mining board in the magio cities of the
far West, and their own peculiar way of
doing business. Buyers and stockholders,
also, have their own peculiar ways, and
these ways sometimes clash. A New
Yorker was seated in an office in Gunnison
City, Col., one day not long ago, when a
a grizzly-looking old chap entered and
asked if that was the place where they sold
shares of the White Horse silver mine.
Being assured he was in the office of the
company he observed :
"I've heard the White Horse spoken of
as being a likely mine."
"It certainly is. We took $10,000
worth of ore out in one day."
"Phew I She must be Just old richness
How many men have ye got to work ?"
"Oh, about three hundred."
"Have ye, thoughi Are the slicers go
Ing off purty lively ("
"Shares are selling like hot cakes and
we have only a few left. Everyb~ody says
the White Horse is a big investment."
"What arc sheers worth to-day ?"
"I will sell you at 95, though I know
they will be worth their face value to-mor
"No!I You don't really mean 95 ?"
"Well, that's better, there's a hundred
shares which you sold my pard yesterday
for twenty dollars. I went over to the
mine, found nothing but a h:>le and a (lead
mule, and I toltil him I'd conic up and get
his money back or do seome shooting I I'm
tarnal glad to find them sheers has riz from
20 to 95. Trhat will give my pard his
money back and buy mec a winter outfit be
sides. Here's the sheers, and now let me
see the color of your money I"
"But, sir, we-"
"Pass out the cash I" said the old man
as he restedi the end of his shooter on the
edge of the counter.
The company had left lis revolver in his
overcoat outside, and lie didn't believe the
New Yorker would shoot for him. After
a look around he began counting out the
money with a bland snmde, and as he made
the exchange lie said :
"Certainly, sir-greatest of pleasure, sir.
Borry you didn't hold them one day more
and get the full face value 1"
Carlottft'a Wea'rv Watohi
Standing on the balconies of Miramar,
where sight roams over a vast extent of the
Adriatic sea, the vision of poor Carlotta In
her madness arises terribly before the view.
Here she kept her nightly vigils, despite
the protestations of the Queen of Belgium,
who endeavored to entice her from Mira
mar with assurances that her husband
would return no more, to whom
she replied: "No, I will wait for
Maximillian; he has abdicated the throne
agd departed for Mexico. The passage
from Vera Cruz will take a fortnight, and
the voyage from Liverpool here, three more
days, therefore, ho 'will be here in less than
a week." On July 8th, 1867, the birth
day anniversary of the Emiperor Maximil
ian, she ordered the chateau to be draped
with tlags and brilliantly illuminated, and
as the inhabitants of Triesto heard o1 the
sad death, they beheld at the same moment
the arrangements for a miagnificent fete at
the Castle of Miramam. On that day she
went to the 1:ort and looked anxiously and
long at the distant horizon that formed the
vision's bounds, at times exclaiming, "1
will wait for hun sixty years!" And she
Is waiting still, but not at Miramar; all
places are now alike to her outward gaze,
and the wisdom that veiled her reason in
the midst of such overwhelming sorrow,
surelv must not bo jucntioned.~
Chnese Women's Feet.
The binding of the feet is not begun til
the child has learnt to walk. The band
ages are specially manufactured, and are
about two inches wide and two yards long
for the first year, five yards long for subse
quent years. The end of the strip Is laid
on the inside of the foot at the instep, then
carried over the toes, under the foot, and
round the heel, the toes being thus drawn
toward and over the sole, while a bulge is
produced on the instep, and a deep inden
tation in the sole. Successive layers of
bandages are used till the strip is all used,
and the end is then sewn tightly down. The
foot is so squeezed upward that, in walk
ing, only the ball of the great toe touches
the ground. After a month the foot is put
in hot water to soak some time; then the
bandage is carefully unwound, much dead
cuticle coming off with it. Frequently, too
one or two toes may even drop off, in
which case the woman feels afterward re
paid by having smaller and more delicate
feet. Each time the bandage is taken off,
the foot Is kneaded to make the joints
more flexible, and is then bound up again
as quickly as possible with fresh bandage,
which Is drawn up more tightly. During
the first year the pain is so intense that the
sufferer can do nothing, and for about two
years the foot aches continually, and is
the seat of a pain which is like the prick
ing of sharp needles. With continued
rigorous binding the foot in two years be
comes dead and ceases to ache, and the
whole leg, from the knee downward, be
couies shrunk, so as to be little more than
skin and bone. When once formed, thq
"golden lilies,"as the.Chinese lady calls her
delicate little feet, can never recover their
original shape. It is an error to suppose,
as many do, that it is only the Upper Ten
among the daughters of China that indulge
in the luxury of 'golden lihes,' as it is ex
tremely common among every class, even
to the very poorest-notably the poor sew
ing women one sees in every Chinese city
and town, who can barely manage to hob
ble from house to house seeking work.
The pain endured while under the opera
tion is s. severe and continuous that the
poor girls never sleep for long perlxds with
out the aid of strong narcotics, and then
only but fitf.illy; and it is from this con.
stant suffering that the peculiar sullen or
stolid look so often seen on the woman's
face is derived. Thle origin of this custom
is involved in mystery to the Westerns.
Some say that the strong-minded among
the ladies wanted to interfere in politics,
and that there is a general lking for visit
ing, chattering, and gossip (and China wo
men can chatter and gossip) both and all
of which inclinations their lords desired
and desire, to stop by crippling them.
Only Fifty Years since ronnsyavania Pun
ished Robbery by Death.
Samuel llulett, whose death at an ad
vanced age was reported, was one of the
passengers in the mail.coach between Phil
adelphia and Reading in 1830, when the
horses were stopped and the passengers
piuuo.u Vy urIisun, ruLti uuu rutte,
whose arrest and trial and execution of
Porter were causes of much public feeling
at the time. The mail-coach was on its
way to Reading, and had reached Turner's
lane, a mile or two above the built-up por
tion of the city, when the lead horses were
suddenly brought to a stand and a pistol
put to the head of the driver and one or
more of the passengers to intimidate them
and prevent resistance. Their money' and
jewels were surrendered upon demland, and
no violence was used. It was supposed
that the bank messenger, William Miller,
who held for many years the situation of
bailiff in the United States District Court,
would be in the coach, but lie had been
unable to reach the White Swanj Hotel in
time to take passage that morning. Por
ter and Wilson were capturedI iI Philade
phia, but Potete was arrested in Baltimore,
and~ npon being brought on here consen ted
to take the witness stand against, thme con
federates. Samuel Hulett was a material
witness, and Porter andl Wilson were con
victed and sentencedl to be hiangedl. The
robbery of the mail was then a capital of
fense, when the lives of passengers or any
one of them was put in jeopardy, as was
dlone. Wilson was saved through the in
tercession of influential friends, but, Porter
expiated his crime upon the gallows, hay
ing on the (lay of the execution rode upon
his coflln from the Arch Street Prison to
the hanging ground, iiot far from the
Eastern Penitentiary. Potete, who hmad
committedl a crime in Baltimore, was taken
b~ack there andl served out a term of im
prisonment. Wilson became an exemnplary
citizen, and wvas living when last heard
from a few years ago.
An Ailderman's Great sorrow.
There is an Alderman in Detroit who
knows a bale of hay when lie sees it as
well as any man livig. H~e was passing
up Michigan avenue reeentiy, when lie
came across a small group of friends. They
had perhaps been waiting for him, know
ing that he would pass that way about that
hour. They were standinig near a bale of
hay marked "210 pounds" and beside the
bale stood a flatchested, shm-waisted, con
sumptive-looking youth of twenty summers,
who kept spitting on hIs hands and saying
he would shoulder the bale or die In the
"i've bet teii dollars that he can't," re
marked one of the group to the.Alderman,
as he come to a halt.
"Why, lie must to a fooll" replied the
officmal, as lie looked from the man to the
"I can't, eli ?" queried the consumptive.
"You dlasni'tpuit $I0 that I can't shoulder
this 'cre hay and carry it across the sitreet
Nothing but chain-lighting could have
beat the movements of the Alderman In
pulling out an "X" and placingit in tho
hands of a stakeholder. When all was
ready the comnsumiptive spit On his hands,
shouldered the bale and took his walk. Trhe
end of the Alderman's tongue was in sight,
and his eyes could have been stepped on,
as the (lying youth returned to the curb,
dropped the bate and took the money
"Lemme see that hay 1'' whispered the
ofmical as consciousness finally returned.
lie waiked up to the bale, gave it a
heave, and it went roiling over. Then he
picked it up and heaved it, got red clear
back to the collar-button and walked off
without a word. The consumptive was
only half a day fixing up the sham bale
with sticks and papers and a little hay,
and $10 is good pay for half a day's work.
--Vice Presldent-.eicot Arthur will,
it is said, spend most of the winter in
-A Hebrew Union College is to be
established in Cincinnati.
-Newark, N. J-, last year manufac.
tured 100,000 kegs of beer.
-Out of 7,450 pupils in Charleston
public schools 6,444 are colored.
-Mrs. Abraham Lincoln gets a
Federal pension of $3,000 a year.
-There are 5,419,055 bushels of grain
held in the ice in the Erie Canal.
-Queen Victoria danced several
reels at a recent ball at Balmoral.
-In the United States there are 532,
550 Freemasons in good standing.
-The n all mills of the United States
produce yearly about 4,000,000 kegs.
James Gordon Bennett is reported to
have contributed $25,000 to the Grant
-The first American city to light its
streets wholly by electricty is Ogden,
-During November the mintq coined
$4,574,000 in gold and $2,300,000 in
-The total cost of the proponed Pana
ma canal is estimated at 600,000,000
--The champvagnqs of the vintage of
1880 will rival in quantity those of 1870
-An Englishman recently trans
planted a tree which weighed thirty
-Madame Ristori has not retired
from the stage; she is still acting, and
In Scandinavia. .
-Queen Victoria has Invited the
Empress Eugenie to spend the winter
with her at Windsor.
-Chicago boasts of being the health
lest city in the world, Its death-rate
being 17.91 to the 1,000
Great Britain manufactured last year
1.545,500,000 gallons of beer, and the
United States 330,300,000.
-The care of Cetewayo and other
Kafir chiefs will cost the British gov
erment about $10,000 a year.
-A very handsome monument will
shortly be erected to the memory of
Miss Neilson at a cost of $500.
- The 11, 8. government has 700 light.
houses in operation, and 850 small por
table lights to be used on rivers.
-Two cannons have been brought to
Charleston, 8. C., which were ovidett
ly used in the Revolutionary war.
-Tho 0Wner of an eighteen acre
Florida orange grove with three acres
in bearing refuses to take $50,000 for
-Tho pay and i'ieage of the em
bers of the United States Senate and of
the Representatives amounts to.$2,043,
-'he Empress of Austria has taken
Ormond Castle, Kilkenny, for six
weeks' hunting with the Kilkenny
--The population of Berlin Is 1 118 -
000, a I I1U iUbb MLn II LI U e w ' orI
City, though Berlin is several centur
les the older.
India has 8.011 miles of railroad in
operatlon, 1,918 miles onily being nar
row gauge, and opened -305 miles of
new road last year.
-New Zealand has now over 1,100
miles of railways, all built within about
twelve years and all narrow gauge, or
three feet six inches.
-The first bank In the United States
was the Bank of North America, char
tered by congress, at the instance of
Robert Morris, in 17S0.
-The receipts of Booth's Theatre
during the Bern hard t season of twenty
four nights,closed Saturday, the 4th of
Decembei, wera $98,000.
-T1here has been an extraordinary
incrense of suicide in Switzerland. In
1870 there were 540 suicides; in 1877,
590, in 1878, (142 and in 1879, 701.
--The Edgar Trhomson Steel Works of
Pennsylvania, have recently received
orders for over 80,000 tons of steel
rails, p~rinclJpally for new roads.
-The Lancaster,Pa.,watoh factory is
employing 181 hands, and will increase
the number to 200 before ,1881. The
pay roll amounts to $6,000 per month.
-The Ne w Orleans Chiamber of Coin
merce resolves that the Signal Service
saved the crop for the sugar planters
this year by its timely and accurate
-Thie gifts of the late Samuel WiI
listen to the Williston Seminary as
Easthampton, Mass., will amount to
$830,000 when the provisions of his
will are fully carried out.
-Th'ie losses by our three great fires
were estimated as follows: In New
York in 1835, about $20,000,000; in
1871, $100,000,000 , and in Boston in
Novem ber 1872, $80,000,000.
Iord Chief Justiee Campbell and
hi uccessmor, Sir Alexander Cokburn,
each (lied suddenly of a Saturday night *
after retiring to bed and after having
passed the day in judicial duties.
-$21,804,763 wvere collected last year
from 3,966,308 pounds of snuff and 172,
309,527 pounds or smoking and chew
ing tobacco. $14,902,488 were raised
from cigars, eheroots and cigarettes.
New Orleans is now the fifth grain
market east of the Rocky Mountains,
being surpassed by- New York, Phila
delphia, Baltimore and .toston. Boston
has sh ipped 20,000,000 and Ne w Orleans
17,000,000 bushels this year.
-[n 1876 more than one-half of the
marriageable women in England and
Wanles were spinsters. In 1850 five of
our Egstern and Middle States had an
excess of males, andl four an exco~s of
females, ranging from 1 per cent, to 7
-Sir Richard Wallace, who had a
coupon calling f~r $220,000 annually,
used to be the largest creditor of
Fraince, but now M. .Fnrtado drawsa
million francs a quarter, which repre
sents an Investment of $16,000,000 in
-The amount of coal transported by
the several carrying companies having ~
ofillees in Philadelpnia, is. reported up 9
to the lam of December of this year at
26,579,606 tons, against 27,870,758 tons
to the same time last year, a decrease
of 2,228,150 tons.
-The thread for the glassecloth, now
made at Ilttsburg, is drawn out of a
molten bar by means of a rapidly re
voiving wheel at the rate of 2,000yards~
a minute. The weaving is done on
looms, about the same as with silk.
TJ.he coloring is done with i1gInerals '
when the glass is originally ptged