Newspaper Page Text
* . -P -
FR - EEI- -I O ---- - - --- .... ....
TR'II-W EEKLY EDI TION. WINNSBORO, S. C., FEBRUARY 1, 1881. VOL. IY.-NO. 171.
Give fools their gold and knaves their power,
Let fortune's bubbles rise and falli
Who sows a fields or trains a flower.
Or plants a tree, Is more than all.
For he who blesses most is blest ;
And God'and man shall own his worth,
Who toils to leave an his bquest
An added beauty to the eartb.
And soon or late, to all that sow
The time of harvest shall be given;
The flower shall bloom, the fruit shall grow,
If not on earth, at last in hoaven I
Darkness and Dawn.
Rome years ago, while making a brief so
journ in the city of Baltimore, I set out one
evening with a friend for a stroll through
the city. We had visited several places of
interest, and were on our return to our ho.
tel, when in passing through a dark and
narrow street, a female, closely mutlied in
a coarse shawl-which, thrown over her
head, was drawn around her face, so as to
conceal all but her eyes--hurriedly crossed
over front the opposite side of the way,
and accosted us in the accents of deepair.
"Gentlemen, for the love of 'God, give
me moneyl My mother Is dying of hunger,
and I have not wherewith to purchase a
morsel of food!"
We were both struck with the tone of
hor voice, for though agitated by a feeling
uf desperation, it had a peculiar sweetness,
and her language was that of one both edu
cated and refined.
"Do not think me inquisitive," said my
friend, in a kindly tone, as lie drew forth
his purse, "I ask what misfortune has
brought you to this for it Is clearly evi
dent that you are no common applicant for
"Oh! no, sir-no!" sher aid, shrinking
back into herself, as it were; "nove: asic
ed for- charity before; and though1 I have
not taken food for twolong dtjysg I would
Booner perish than ask it for myself now;
but I could not see her die, my suly friend
-oh, Godi I could not see I er die'
"Herel" said my ccinpanion, y lacing a
sum In her hand which I un iediately
She clutchid the money like umiser, and
for a moment or two was condpletely over
powered by her emotions./ Then, with
choking effort, she gasped forth:
"Thanks,gentlemen I y God in heaven
bless y ou I"
She turned away, ad took two or three
3 hasty steps, and thon stopping suddenly,
V h she looked around, Aufd added
F *cva',is -4'Y'P.nqk me yVhat misfortune brought
it me to thisl I shall seem ungrateful if I re
fuse to tell."
"Never nind." said my friend; "the re
cital will give you pain, and therefore con
eider the (luestion unasked."
Your noble generosity overpowers me,
sirl" she rejoined, in a tremulous voice,
-and my pride shall give way. If you hiie
..a few minutes to spare, come with me and
yAi shall known all."
" y," said I, "do not let us intrude
upon) our sorrows, unless you think we can
be pT further assistence. You are welcome
t. the little we have given which should be
tioubled if we had more to spare, but wo
have no right to claih your secret in return."
She buried her face in her shawl, and
burst into tears.
'"Alas!" she sobbed, "if all mankind
were thus generous, how many a miserable
beiag mnight be niade happy Come with
me and heur my storyl I know I can trust
you, and I shall rest easier to know I have
convinced you I am no Impostor."
We assured her that we did not for a
moment doubt of her being tle victim of
some terrible misfortune; but as we might
be of further service to her, we would see
her safely home, and she might then relate
her story or niot, as shte should think proper.
'"Follow me," she said, and set clf at a
quick walk downr the street, we keepIng a
respectfuli distanice behind, anid I for one
felhng an unusuul curiosity to know some
thing muore of her.
At, the naext corner of the street was an
oil lamp which threw out a dlim light; and
* ~ t atndiing near it, in a listless altitude, we
o)bserved a niman in the garb of a sailor, and
evidhently just from lea. As our unknown
p ~ goide drew near hinm, I noticed that she
seemeduch ai~itgitatted; andi on coming up
to) himl, to our surprise, and apparently his,
she stoppied, and looked eagerly into) his
face for a moment, aiid thon, with a wild
cry, she suddenly threw out her arms,
claspedl hun around te neck, and appearedi
to swooni upoi his bareast.
"'Seel" said any friend, ankmg an abrupt
halt; '"we are duped--this is some trick
that girl is an impostori''
"'implossiblel" returned I, unwilling to
believe that such grief and mist ry as shte
representedI cotauld be a base counterfeit.
As I spoke, the sailor, as if in deep suir
prise, partly unwoundi~ the arms of the tun
knownt fronm his iiecle, raised her head, and
ookedi, first curiously and thea wildly,
inato her face, which we couild see, even
fromt where we stood, was pale and benati
fuil. IlThe next tmomenit lhe uttered a w ikd
arims around her nmow lifelie form lie ex
' Ay Godll my G0(1! Aary! My Ghod!''
,' l~i t seemted to be all that he could titter, as
. rhefairly toi tered with lis foir burden and
for a fewv moments we stood (dumlb with
'"What's thtis? what's the mieaning of
this?'' lie now dematnded,lookintg fiercely at
"WXell. if that is acting, it is the bmest I
ever saw," muitteredl my coitpanion, as we
habtenedi forward, anid gave at httrrted ac
couint of all we knew of the matter.
"Great Clod! is it p)ossible?" sai the man
looking alternately at us antd the fuir crea
.ture in his arnms, and clasping his forehead
as if to collect lisascattered senses, "Mary! "
Ite cotntinuied, at short Intervals; "'my wife!
may dear wife! And mty miother too
Hie continued to repeat these expressionis
like one overpowered by some terrible
shock, anid who knew not what lie was
saying; while we stood looking on, too
much atonislhed to tinmk of offering hinm
At length, with a sort of gurghig gasp,
the poor creature opened her eyes; and
looking wildly and fondly into the manly
face o( him who supported her, site Imur
"Charles! Charles! is this you? In life
in death-or in a dream?"
I pass over the widd! frantie, passionate
exclamations on both sides, as eaeh began'
to realize the truth-the one that he had
found a loving wife in the depths of mis.
cry-the other that she had regained a fnnd
husband at a moment of all others when
she most needed his aid, counsel, love and
"Come," whispered my friend, touching
my arm, "let us withdraw; their meeting
should be sacred from the intrusion of
Though deeply curious to know some
thing of their history, I silently acquiesced
lu his proposal; and quietly departing, re
turned to our hotel, musing upon the un
certainties, vicissitudes and romance of
Two days after, as I was siting on the
piazza of the hotel I saw the a lor passing
along the street, and curiosit prompted
mie to address hini.. The moment lie saw
ic lie cane bounding up,grasped my hand,
and burst into tears.
'God bless youl" he exclaimed in a chok
ing voice; "God bless you and yotar friendi
and so says Mary. I've been hunting you
all over the city, sir, but feared I'd never
see you again. Here, let ine pay you back
your money and will you be so kind, sir,
as to accept these two rings for yourself
I took the money-for I saw if I did not
lie would feel very much hurt; but fearing
his circumstances might not justify him m
making a present of so much value, I at
teumpted to decline the rings. It was of no
use-he would take no denial-and so I re
luctantly accepted them, thanking him in
behalf of my friend, who was absent. I
then drew from him his story, which I will
give in a few words.
lie and his wile were both natives of a
snall village on the Ohesapeake, and h-Ad
often played together as children. Ills own
father was In good circums ances. but sub
sequently lost his property and died soon
after, leaving hiimaelf and mother to strug
gle along as best they might.
Among those believed to be friends in
prosperity, but who forsook them in ad
versity, was the father of his present wife;
but though change of fortune separated the
youth and maiden, it only increased an at
tachment which had bdguu in childhood.
For years, however, they did not meet;
amid during that titie the narrator became
a sailor, and acquired sufficient means to
purchase i cottage for his mother, leaving
a small balanceon mortgage, which his next
voyage was to clear olf. While at home
he and his Mary again met, and discovering
a mutual passion and knowing her parents
would not consent to the union, but were
most anxious to ally her to a wealthy sui
tor, they took advantage of the opportum
ty, and were privately warried.
Charles Delaine, for such was lils naine,
then took leave of lils wife, and shipped for
a whaling voyage, intending it should be
his last cruise. While absent, his wife's
parents, discovering the secret of her -imar
riage, disowned and drove liar forth, and
she took refuge with his mothet.
Together the widowed mother and wife
struggled along, both anxiously looking for
the return of their only friend; but lie came
not at the time expected, the mortgage was
foreclosed, the property sold, and, almost
penniless, they repaired to Baltimore, hop
Ing to be able tp maitain themselves by
I need not Orolong the story-it Is aii old
tale. kickness and misfortune followed
them; they failed to procure sutlicieni
work for their iecessities, and on the night
when tie wife appeealed to us, they were
in a starving condition. Charles had just
returned from his cruise; and at the very
nioient when his Alary so unexpectedly
met him, lie was thinking of home, which
lie expected to reach the next day. lIe had
been prudent; the voyage had been more
than usually profitable, and his share, lie
said, woul(l enable him to start in business.
"Come what will," he concluded, "I'll
never leave my dear mother and Alary again
whiewe live. They're happy now, thank
God, an it shall be the aim of my life to
keep thiemi so."
lie ur'ged me to come and see him and
lia now happy family, and bring mmy friend;
and then invokiing uponi us the blessings of
heaven, lie wrung may hand and turned
quickly away to conceal the emotions lie
cared inot to display.
"Ahl such is life, in this world of sel
fish and uniselfish humanity," mused 1, as
I watchied his retreatinug footsteps, till a
turn in a street concealed himi from may
view. We liever niet again.
QO of the most curious properties of
qiuicksilver Is its capability of dissolving or
of forming anmalgame with other metals.
A sheet of gold loll dirohpped into quicksil
ver disappears alnost as qmickly as a snow
flake when it drops hito water. It has the
power of separating or of readily dissolving
those refractory metals which are not act
cc upoii by our miost powerful acids. The
gold and~ silver niiners pour it into their
machines holdmng the powdered gQd bear
ing quartz, aiid although no human eye
can dletect a trace of the precious substance,
s3 line are the particles, yet the hiQuill
mietal will hunt them out, and incorporate
it lnte its mass. Bly subsequent dhiethmation
it yieldis it mt > the hands of thme mhliers, in
a state of virgin purity. beveral years ago,
while lecturing before a class of ladies on
chemistry we had occasion to purify somie
(quicksilver by forcing it through shiamols
lether. rTe scrap remiainedi on the table
after the lecture,ymnd an 01ld lady, thinking
it would be very nike to wrap her gold spec
tacles in, acecordlingly appropriateut it to
this purpose. Th'le niext morninig she camne
to us in great alarm, stating that the gold
had maysteriously (ilsappeared, and nothing
was lift ini thme parcel but, the ghmsses. tiure
enough, the metal remaininig ha the pores
of the leather had amalgamnaled with the
gold, andh entirely deastroyed the spectacles.
It was a mystery which we iiever could
explain to her satisfaction.
G round mustairdh, mlb'.ed with a little
water, is an excellent agent for cleaninmg
the hands after hlandliing odiorous subhstan
ces, such as cod-liver oil, musk,vaherianic
acidl and its salts. Beale pans amid, vessels
maiy also be readily freed from odhor by thme
same method. In the case of almionds and
niustard, the developmenmt of ethereal oil,
undler the influenice of water, may perhaps
be ar. aditional help to destroy foreign
odors. The smell of carbolic acId may be
renmoval by rubbing the hands with (lamp
fiaxsced meal, aund cod-liver oIl bottles
may be cleansed with a lhttle of the same,
or olive oil.
A man must becomne wise at his ownl
Juttang a Boy'g Haur.
There is no use in toohngarout it. When
a boy's hair has become long and bleached
and scraggy and full of burrs and feathers
it is time to cut it and the inevitable must
'fThe boy doesn't want it cut of course.
No one ever had a speaking acquaintance
with a boy who thought that the time had
arrived when he could part with enough
hair to stuff a sofa pillow. They must be co
erced, and kind words and broad pronses
are thrown away. Coercion is the only
I let my boys run about so long and then
when I get a spare haff day I play barber.
There Is no appeal f rom my decision.
When I come out flat-footed I carry my
point or dietrying.
"Yonng man, you can get ready to have
your hair cut."
"With a buzz-saw?"
"Yes, if the shears won't do it."
"Won't you draw blood?"
"I may have to."
"If you won't cut my hair, I'll bring in
auff wood and coal to last all winter, and
I won't ask for a light when I go to bedi"
"Come out here and make meAdyl"
I never take any chances on a boy. I
have an old chair bolted to the floor, and
than 1 bolt the boy to the chair. I fix hin
so that he cin move neither hand nor foot,
put a soft-gag In his mouth to prevent a
neighborhood alarm, and begin work.
The first step towards cutting a boy's hair
is to put in ten minutes' hard work with a
curry-comb. If he hasn't been running
loose over two or three years this tool will
be found spullcient to rake out the snarls,
buttons amn articles previously mentioned.
A basket is placed behind the chair for
them to drop into, and they can be deco
rated with faucy pictures and made to
serve as parlor ornaments.
When a boy's hair is reao y for the
satears brace your feet and shear away.
Shear front, back, top and side without re
ference to lines or angles. The object is
to remove hair. There is no use of any
conversation, not even when the shears
find a piece of wire and refuse to cut it.
'rho boy wouldn't know how it got there if
you asked him. le has had his head In
closets, collars, garrets, barns, fence-cor
ners, barrels, boxes and alt sorts of nooks,
and such extra attachments are no surprise
No one should bc less than half an hour
robbing an average boy of ais capillary sul
stance. Any attempt to hurry the job will
result in overloaking a lot of shingle nails,
the missing screwdriver, or something
which may damage his Sunday hat. My
average is thirty-five minutes, and I have
only two minutes left after being able to
see that lie has a scalp. It then takes an
additional ten minutes to look him over
and identify him as the same boy I began
on. Ills neck has grown longer, the size
of ins ears increased, and the whole shape
of the head Is altered. When I feel sure
that it is my boy, and not the son of some
neighbor who has skulked in on me, I
brush him off with an old broom, crack his
head three or four times, draw the bolts
and remove the gag, and then hold the
door open for him to shoot into the back
yard. I am a loving father on all else, but
when I cut a boy a hair I im a stern o'd
Roinan of the first water.
A Foarful Viuitor.
The bane of the beautiful Island of Mar
tinique Is a serpent called tne "iron lance."
This reptile, with venomous taste, chooses
the coolest and most delightful places in
the garden for is retreat, and it is literal
ly at the risk of one's life to lie down on
the grass, or even take a rest in an arbor.
The wounds ilicted by these serpents are
very apt, to be fatal unless immtediately
cared for. The whole island is infested
with this dangeuous reptile, and it is said
that on an average nearly eight hundred
persons are bitten every year, of which
number from sixty to seventy cases prove
fatal, while many others result in nervous
aiseases which are alniost as bad as death.
A few years ago, when Prince Arthuir of
England, visited this island(, a grand fctc
was given in his honmor in tihe Jardine des
I la ites. In the evening the grounds were
buiantly illummnated, and thousands of
people saunteredl through its cool anid
shady avenues. A large number were bit
ten by the "iron lance," anmd nmany of thenm
never recovered i rom the effects of the poi
son. Thme fondness of this terrible reptile
for cool and shady places is a serious draw
back on the pleasure of ramnbling through
thme charming groves of Martmnique. A
rest onm the grass under the shadow ot some
spreading tree is always haunted by the
dread of unseen dangers, aud one cannot
even cross a field without exercising ex
Thme Origin oit he H orso,
When the white men took possession of
this continent they founad no horses here.
The horse-our horse- -came with the new
settlers, and through him is now commnon
over the whole continent. But the remais
are found in a fossil state of mnany species
of haees, showing that at one thne in the
earth ' history they existed here. Profes
sor Marsh has niade a good point in favor
of gradunal evolution by showing how these
fossil horses varied in their feet bone, and
lie has collected specimens, which. seem
like links running from time most simple to
the most complex, the chief point being
once tie horse hmad not a single large hoof
as lie has nowadays. Professor CJope has
recently dilscoveredl In Texas a breed of
hogs with undivided hoofs, and this, it
seems to us, ought to be taken as much a
sign of "evolution" as Professor Marsh's
horses. Th'iey are regardled as distinict spe
cies, because their bones are distinct, but
no oiie would think of calling these pigs a
dlistinct species. It is thought that as thme
world chiangedl in temperature andi other
condiitions, thme species changed to suit, but
thme climate has not changed to make the
horse-footedl pig, nor Is thmere any sign that
It will be auy better fitted to endure the
struggle for life than the uneleni tlinmg that
"spliideth the hoof andi chieweth not the
cud," that so excited the ire of Moses. It
seems that our men of science have scarce
ly got "the hang of the tihing yet," as the
mower says of the new scythe.
-Tfhe foreign business of the Bos
ton and Albany railroad now occeupies
sheds amnd warehouses at thieEast Boston
terminal covering 200,00J square feet,
besides the grain elevator with a Ca
paeltv of 1.000.000 huahels.
Origin of ThankuglIng Day.
Tle origin of the observance of Thanks.
giving day, like many other interesting
1watters, is little understood by those who
most would like to know of it. It is sup
posed that the day was originally suggested
by the Hebrew "Feast of the Tabernacles,"
which was held at the end of the year.
The Protestant Episcopal prayer-book,
which was ratified in 1789, recommends
the first Thursday in N~vember as the
proper day, except when msqme other one is
appointed by the civil at thoritles. The
last Thursday in the present month has of
late years generally been selected. The
first recorded observance of the f estival oc
curred on October 3, 1575, when the good
people of Leyden, in Holland, gave thanks
for their deliverance from a siege. In
1608, when the pilgrim fathers were ex
iled to Holland, they temporarily revived
the occasion. In America the first known
celebration was in 1021, shortly after the
landing of the pilgrims, when Governor
Bradford, according to history, "sent four
men out fowling that the people might in a
more special manner rejoice together."
Ever since that tune Thaukegiving day has
been generally observed in the Now Eng
land States, the governor . pnnually Issuing
the proclamations for tlhatV purpose, but it
was not until 1088 that it became a recog
nized annual custom. To go back a little
in the recountal, a day in July, 1028, was
appointed a day of fasting and prayer on
account of drought, and it is recorded that
rain came abundantly while the people
were praying ; for this another day was
appointed for thanksgiving, the same to be
observed with religious exercises. In 1755
60 the Enahlsh Governors of New York
also named days for the giving of thanks.
During the Revolution, Thauksgiving day
was a national institution, beiag annually
ordered by Conirress. After 1784 there
was no national observance until 1789,
when, by request of Uongress, President
George Washington recommended a day
of thanksgiving for the adoption of the
Constitution ; also in 1795, on account of
the suppression of an insurrection. In
April, 1815, President Madison followed
the example of his illustrious predecessor.
.aince that time the custom has annually
been observed in an appropriate manner.
In New York State the day of thanksgiv
ing was not the subject of any serious
thought from its chief executives until
1817, and ito adoption by the Southern
States did not occur until several years
later. Of all the festivals of the year, none
is more eagerly enjoyed than Thanksgiv
ing. Christmas, with all its hallowed
memories; New Year, with all its enjoy
ment, arad the Fourth of July, with all its
blaze of glory, are festival days much en.
joyed and long anticipated, yet we venture
to say that in the homes of the devout
tiller of the Eastern soil Thanksgiving day
is ballowed and enjoyed in a quiet, happy.
way as fully in extent as is either of the
foregoing. This sentiment of appreciation
for the day Is, to a large .extent, shared in
For an island twelve nules long and two
wide, and inhabited by some seven hun
dred people, Roanoke Island, Virginia, has
been as loud a spot as any of the same nuim
ber of square inches on the globe. it has
been full of sensation fron the jump; and
from the birthday of Virginia Dare, in 1586,
to the bully fight on the 3d of December,
in which birds, beasts ai women bore a
hand, a period near unto three hundred
years, it has seldom been without an (ye
opener in the shape or a sensation. It has
been the scene of bloody lights between
hostile Indian tribes, and between
civilized armies in hostile array. Savage
and civilized relies of remote ages and mod
ern convulsions are hidden beneath, or
wave-washlied upon the surface of its gol.
den sands. Indian forts and cairns and
tumuii attest its hoary history. Abel's pet
dog that sings in church meetings and the
canary that praises itself in parrot English
attest the attainments of its beasts and birds
in polite accomplishments. Lewis Manni's
sixty alligators, hatched and rearedl in a
potato-house, attest the f ecundiity of its
soil-or the fecundity of Lewis' imagina
tion Trwo miles from the shore, at the
p~oint at the gateway to Oregon, lie lus'iouis
bivalves. Wild fowl of every name feed
upon its grasses. Its men are the best spec
iiiens of manhood; its wonmen of feminiine
But to our tale.
On the 3d of December, at Roanoke is
land, a soaring eagle, towering in its pride
of might, turiied his proudt eyes from gaz
ing at the suii upon the quiet yard of Wal
ter Dough. A ilock of fit geese invited
his eye and tempted his taste. The glance
was father to the thought, and down he
pouned, Th'ie feathers flew, the geese
squawked, andl there was a sensation in the
farm yard, and there was a dog there, too.
A goose ilput dlown as a fool, but it is a
vulgar error. A goose is a particularly
snmart fellow. And so was the one the
eagle struck in Walter Dough's yard. As
soon as struck, thme goose ran under the
house (which was some feet above te
ground) withI the eagle fastened to her back,
and the rest of the flock in hot pursuit.
And there the fight grow fast and furious
Forty biting and flopping geese on one side
andi the king of birds on thme othier. Al
though outnumbered, the eagle imaintadned
kte fight and clung to his victhn.
But soon another enemy presented him
self-an enemy more terrible thian an army
of geese-a bull-terrier dog-llttle, but full I
of light, it wasn't fair, aind~ the (log had
no natinal, belligerent rights in a combat
between birds, but lie came with a bound.
and the eagle had no time to settle iues
tions of military ethics; so he threw him
self on Is back (eagle fashion) to (do lis
best1 in this hairdi tight between tooth and
toenail. Theii dog madLa a lunge at the
eagle's breast, and the eagle struck hiis claws
(deek) into the dog's fore-shoulder.
T1hie blow was shnultamneous on either
side. Both blows told. Bu~t a terrier never,
and aii eagle hmidly ever' says die. The
onily witnesses of the dread comblat were
the geese, who now stood off and looked
on, anid Miss Martha Brothers, who was
singing to her spinning jenny in the hioumse
alone when the fight began, andl who m thie
endl was to be the conquering hero, crown
ed with the laurels of victory. The battle
raged. Te'ethi gniashed, claws staved, eyes
flashed. But eagles, like men, donten~d
against 0(dd1 wvhen fighting against fate,
andi so this eagle's groat heart saink witihin
him, and turning tail upon his foe, lie
sought safely in flight. lBut his retreat
was slow and full of difficulty, for be~ had
fifteen pounds of bull-terrler swinging be
hind him. He reached the yard fence.
With one desperate effort he sought to scat,
it. He reached its topmost round. He
bore a weight he could not further carry.
There they stood, victor and' vanquished.
Then it was that Miss Martha Brothers, the
true hero of the fight, came to the front and
won the palm of victory. Beizing a rail,
with one fell swoop she came down with a
crash upon the eagle's bead, and left him
prostrate, struggling in the agonies of death,
the victin of a combination too powerful
to be resisted. Alas poor eagle! He
mneasured nine feet between the tips of his
The Bull Dog.
A wealthy nobleman residing in the
county had a magnificent and much valued
bull mastiff. 'lis dog had been accused
of sheep-killing. Though 'the gentleman
refused to credit the accusation, tile evi
dence of several was so incontrovertible
that the dog, in accordance with the then
si ret laws, was ordered to be shot. This
order was given to one of the servants in
presence of the dog, who was lying on the
stoop, who responded to the affectionate
fareweH of his master without making a
sign. In the meantime, while the servant
went for his gnn, the dog disappeared.
When the servant returned from the sup
posed shooting, the nobleman asked if it
was all over; the servant merely replied,
"The dog is out of the way." A year or
two afterward, while the nobleman was
returning from collecting his quartorly
rents on a distant estate, accompanied by
his steward or bailiff and his valet, the
coach suddenly broke down in the midst
of a desolate moor. They had passed no
house for miles and the night was intensely
dark. After waiting several minutes, the
coachmnian suddenly cried out, "I see a
light." The valet was iminediattly do
spatched to ascertain what the light de
noted, and shortly ieturned with the an
nouncenient that he had found a comfort
able inn. The horses were removed from
the carriage, and the party-the steward
taking the gold, a large sum-proceeded
to the inn where the nobleman was obse
quiously welcomed by the landlord. As
they were entering the door, the steward
saw a huge bull mastiff stretched across the
threshold and at once exclaimed: "Why,
sir, that is Duke!" the name of the mastiff
that had been condemned to be shot. "Oh,
no l" said the nobleman ; "Duke was shot
years ago." And, to satisfy the steward
he called the (log by the fanullar name ;
but the dog gave no sign of recognition.
After partaking of a hearty meal, the land
lord conducted the party to their rooms.
As the nobleman passed through the hall,
the mastiff, unperceived by the landlord,
rushed up the stairs in advance, and they
entered the room together. The steward
was assigned the room adjoining, and the
valet and coachman a room in another part
of. the inn. When the nobleman had
closed the door, lie placed his light on the
stand, divested himself of his pistols, and,
sitting down in a chcir, called the dog by
the name with which he had been so
familiar. The faithful animal at once ap
proached, and by expressive signs proved
that he was the long mourned Duke. The
nobleman sat for a long while in* bewilder
Ing conjectures as to how the (log hap
pened to be there, and why his servant
should have told him he was shot. At
length lie understood, and was approach
ing the bed, when the (log jumped upon it
and refused with signs of violence to let
hin lie down. The nobleman returned to
his chair, and the dog resumed his position,
at his feet. A second attempt was made
to approach the bed, but with the stame ro
sitt, the (log becoming more violent. This
set the nobleman to thinking. He remem.
bered the large amount of money lie hadI
vith him ; lie took up his pistols to ox
amine them, and found the priming had
been removed from the pans. lie inine
diately reprimed and cocked them, aind I
laid thlem on the table ; then he took up
the chair on wvhich he was sitting, a heavy
oak one and threw it on the bedl, much to
time apparent satisfaction of the dog; then
took it off, and~ arranged the bolster in its
lhace, and wvaitedl for what should follow.
About fifteen minutes elapsed wihen he
notied~ the bedstead begani to settle and
continiuedl to settle gradiually until it had
dlisappeared through a trap), in tihe floor.
He sat opp)osite to the edge of the trap,
and looking dlowni saw the landlord and his
coachman, 01ne with a knife and the other
withl a bludgeon, and a third person with
them. The fiends disappointed in their
object, and taking the word of the coach
man that the pistoia were harmiless, startedi
for the nobleman's room ; but he hiad
aroused his steward andi was prepared. As
I hey openedl the (door they were met by the
noblemian and the dog. The latter seized
tihe landlordl by tite throat, while the
stewardl appeared on the spot just as the
valet was coming to the aidi of is confeder
ate. All three were severely bruised and
left in charge of the steward andl the dog ;
while the nobleman, as soon as it was day
light, went t'or a magistrate, aind they we're
duly committed, triedl, andl hung, after
mlakinig a full confession of the plot.
Without a Divorce,
"Cap'n, I've got a thing that you might
work uip," said a man to the chief of po.
"All right," replied the chief; "just
conie iup into mly oficee."
"'Now," he continued whenm lie had shut
t he (loor', "go ahead."
'"You, of course, know that when a man
nimrries againi without a divorce lie can b~e
p'ut into the penitentiary."
"Well, Uolonei Billungs never got a di
'"ie can be arrestedi then."
"I1 dlon't want to sprmng questions of law
at you, but if you will give meo a half pint
of whisky ll Prove that lhe cannot be ar-'
restedl accordling to law."
"You say lie married again without get
ting a dlivoree?"
"Pirove thien thait lie hasi not violated the
laiw anmd ill give you fillty cents."
"Well, yon see some fifteen years ago,
Billings nmarried a ladly ini Maine. After
hvinig wit.h'hier awhile lie came to Little
"if thut is thme ease, hie has violated time
'No, lhe hmasni't."
"Hlecause lis first wise died before lie
"A h're, take your fifty cents, bult if you
ever comle up) these stalrs again I'll throw
you out the wlndlow."
'InnI white men didn't have a cdlor of
a chane in t he walkingr match.
Save the Older.
"One thing is certain," said Mr. I-ath.
away, emphatically, "forty gallons of cider
won't keep while we're drinking it. There
must be something to put in it to keep it
from spoiling, and I've heard that mustard
seed Is the article.
"I agree with you," said Mr. Lefling
well. "If you don't take care of it, the elder
will sour, and I encline to the Idea that
horse radish is the best. Put in horse
radish and your cider will keep all win
"Lot me remark, gentlemen," said Mr.
Anderson, laying down a chicken wing and
wiping his moustache, "that raisins are
what you want. Dump in plenty of raisins
and you've got your cider where you want
It. Think so, Mr. Sherwood?"
"I can't say I do," rejoined Mr. Sher
"There Is no doubt that the cider will
spoil unless you put in something, but
what you want le borax. A pound of
borax will keep that barrel of cider until
Each gentleman sustained his view with
potent arguments, but the diniter was flu
ished before any conclusion was arrived at,
and the party separated.
"'They can talk about their borax and
raisins and horse radish until they're gray, "
said Mr. Hathaway, as lie flopped out of I
bed at daylight the next morning, "but
I'll have my mustard seed in before they
roll out;" and cautiously stepping down
stairs, lhe extracted the bung and poured a
liberal lose of the seeds Into the barrel.
"That will keep," he muttered, "for six
years," and diving the bung hoie, he
went back to bed.
"a's clear to my mind that Hathaway
is trying to save that cider by faith, "mut
tered Mr. Leflingwell an hour later as lie
groped around for his cloths. "Mustard
seed I" Why, lie might just as well pit
In squash rind. I'm going to .fill that
barrel with horse radish before lie's up and
show him how to keep cider. Mustard
iced I I'll head the subscription with five
dollars to test his sanity." And Mr. Let
lngwell shivered down to the cellar
and cracked away with the hammer until
the bung flew out like a bullet. "There!"
he ejaculated, as lie pushed the horse rad
ish in with his thumb, "that'll (o the
business," and with chattering teeth he
prowled back to his ioom.
"One would think to hear those people
talk that they'd been brought up in an
archard," said Mr. Anderson to himself, as
dte jabbed the right foot into the wrong I
alipper. "Borax I Horse radish I Mustard
What that cider wants is raisins, and that's
what it's going to get." Upon which Mr.
Anderson crept down into the cellar and
innoculated the barrel with a couple of
pounds of raisins. "It's beginning to spoil
already," lie soliloquized, cycing the float
ing seeds and radish suspiciously, without
identifying them. "If I hadn't been light
ning quidk we'd have been drinking vinegar
by this time." and satisfied that lie had
iaved the beverage he went back to the
"What I'm afraid of," remarked Mr.
Sherwood, as lie opened the door carefully,
iud slipped down stairs. "What I'm
Lf raid of is that those fellows will begin to
Linker with that barrel before I can get
there. If they can nianage to stick their
foolishness in first, I'm gone, but if I can
amnpty this borax before they're around
there's so much cider saved. Mr. Slier
wood belted away at the barrel umil the
bung toppled out, and in went the borax.
"That's the business," he observed with
great satisfaction, as he replaced the bung.
"It will teach those boys not to be so dog
inatic with their remedies hereafter."
"I don't believe that cider was very good
in the first place," said Mr. Anderson, as
lie pushed his glass from him that night
it dinner. ''We got swiiled on that
". think so," s-ild Mr. Sher wood. "'It
lad a bad taste when we tapped It. It
Isn't fit to dirinki now."
"I'd head a subscription with live (101
tars to send that cider man to the peniten
tiary," observed Mr L eflhigwell, severely.
lt is not good cider. We co'uldn't'have p~ut
.nyting In it to keep it. What do you
"I had my suspicions of it from the
hrst" said ~ Mr. Hathaway. "'it's 01(d
itock, and 1 think we'd 'Jetter give It
And then there was silence and each
gentleman wonidered if it, hadn't been bet
ter to have let, the other gentemian try
their various recip~es before zealously ad.
mninistering his Own.
A writer from Munich. Bavaria, says
that between the two d visions of the
graveyard is a large build ng at all times.
A crowvd gathered in fro it of thenm at
tracted my attention, n 1, jomning it, I be
held a most singular anui startling sight. A
few feet beyond the glass doors lay the
dead Munich of the past dlay, with their
feet toward the spectator and their heads
slightly elevated. TIhieir faces were p~lamr
ly visible in all the pallor of death. Be
tween these corpses were extended wvere
quite invisible in the p)rofuslin of flowers.
All were dresseel not in the gloomy grave
clothes of other counteries, but in a grace
fuil garments associated -rather with life
and pleasure than with the gloom of the
grave. Tlhus thcro wvas nothing repulsive
in the sight and yet, there wvas a p)ublicity
about about it, which seemedi wanitin~g in
delicacy. A little babe but, a few weeks
01(d was lying on one of the sarcophlagi
p~rep~aredl for this last-service. It was cov..
cied with laces anid flowers aiid looked
like a tiny maiirble statue, pale and white.
Nothing could be mocre beaiutiful, and yet
nothinmg could( be more lonely. It seemed
almost, cruel that this dead could not have
remained in its home, among those who
lovedi it, best, until the moinm came for
laying it, away forever in thme crowded
graveyard. But at, Mumich the strange
custom has existed for years of exposing
the (lead thus publicly before burial, and
all classes, rich and poor, must submit, to
the rule. While the cuitomi to us seems
repugnaiit, the surroundings are so beauti
ful that, to those who are accustomed to it
there is nothing grating to the feelings. In
deedl, that fearful death watch, so dreary
and sad a necessily when death visits an
Ameclean family, is wholly avoided by this
sy stem, for the dead lIe here awaiting
buiriail in well.appohnted places In cempan
ionship of the dead, and well p~rotcctedl;anmd
watched. Friends have access at all hours
to this apartment, of light and thowers, and
in ease of suspenideth animiation amid return
ing to conscIous Immediate and can be af
FOOD FOR TIOUGIIT.
The heart ought to give charity when
the hand 0an not.
One day is worth tir to him who
(loes everything iI order. '
Worth begets in small minds envy ;
In groat souls, emulation.
Tie,sesret pleasure of a genqrus
act Is the great mind's bribe.
He who labors for mankind has al
ready begun his Immortality.
Ten per makes or mars more happl
ne than any other quality.
A great deal of pride obscures or
blerlshes a thousand good qualities,
Blushing is a suffusion--least seen in
those who have the most occasion for
Good nature and evenness of temper
will give you an easy companion for
The misfortune of happiness is sa
tiety, and the happiness of misfortano
Never relate your misfortune, and
never grieve over what you cannot
Everybody is innocent in sonic corn
ar of the mind, and has faith in some
He is not only idle who does uotiiig
ut he is idle who aight be beoter 0m
We are more sociable, and get on
xetter with people, by the heart than
We cannot control the evil tongues
)f others, but a good life enables us to
The youth who thinks the world his
>yster, and opeis It forthwith, flncti
1o pearl therein.
No place, no company, no age, 110
)erson, is tenrptation free. Lot no mali
)oast Ctiat he Is free.
'L'o be sharp-sighlted Is connendable;
Mt to be wittily wicked i to do the
[e vil double service.
Poverty often deprives a man of all
pirit and virtue. It is hard for anl
nrpty bag to stand upright,
Circumstauces formu tile character;
mt, like petrifying matters, they har
len while they formn.
To be able to bear provocation is an
rguinent of great wisdom; and to for
rive it, of a great mind.
If tie disposition is good, the acts
vill be so too, though h n~u may not
)e able to do as he desires.
If you wish for care, perplexity and
nisery, be sellish In all things; tills Is
he short road to trouble.
Wlei one has no design but to speak
haliu truth, he may say a great deat in
i very narrow co.rpass.
If a mran can be happy and contented
ii ils own company, lie will generally
we good coinpany for others.
The filrst ingredient in conversation
s truth, the next good sense, the third
rood hu1mor, and the fourth wit.
Sweet is the breath of praise when
bivenr by those whose own high mlerk1t
lainis the praise they give.
This world is not our rest; we have
iere rio continuing city. Liet us seek
hi, "city that hath foundations."
Nalture makes us poor when we want
iecessaries, but custoim gives the namea
)f p)verty to the Want of s'rperhialties.
The time Ior reasoning is before we
lave approached near enouh to tie
'orbidden fruit to look at it and ad
Thiie way to conquer men Is by their
)usmeSS; catch but tile ruling foible
,f their hearts, and all their boasted
rrrtues shrink before you.
Throse who, without knrowvinug us,
hrink or speak evil of 'is, do us no
marm, It is rnot us they attack, but tire
)laritom of their own imagination.
It is wvell to have faith in every
hing, butL you want to careofully ex,
mine the Inside of' a chestnut before
'ou trust altogether to appearances.
A religious life is not a tiring that
wends itself hike a bright bubble on
he river's surface. It is rather like
he river itself, which widenis continru
0hy, anid is never so broad or deep ars
vibere it rolls int~o the ocean of eter
Man often weeps in his sleep. When
eo awakos hle scarce remembers that
e hras shedl tears. 8o regard life, in
hre second, thou wilt, rno longer know
hrthoa hrast wept lfnahe ilra~~a~
Inlduction bring tire righlt path ~
ne'wledge, every man, whether I1
Cnows it or not, uses iinducrtion, more
r less, by the mere fact of iris having
u iman reason, arid knowing any thing
What a strange desperate notion it is
>f men, when they have erred, that
hlings are at tire worst, that nothing
3an be done to rescue them I whereas
11udas iscarror. might have done some
hrhinrg bretter than hang hrimseif.
Th'Iis evil fortune which attends ex.
,raordhiary men hiath bean imiputedi to
livers causes that need not be set
town when so obvious a one occurs,
hat whienr a great genius appear's tihe
luneces are all in counspiracy agalist
The sihortest and surrest wauy to live
wvitin honor in the worid is to be in ire
lity what we wouldi appear to be ; arid,
it we observe, we shall find that~ all
miuman vi rtuecs increase C id strelnghitoni
hieinselves by tire practice arid experi
.11e0 of them.
The life of every man is as tihe well.
iprirng of a strenamr, whlose smiall begina
lihngs are indeed plain to ail, biut whose
sourse and destiniationi, as it wvind
rrourgh tihe expanses of in finite years,
)nuy the Oennriscient can disc.irn.
Dioubtless good womren have, ore
~his, married bad men from thre very
jest of motlves. Bumt few of us are sir
gelie enough to dare such frighiui
)ddis; low 01 urs are strong enrough to
rave drowning men. We are fair mrore
ilkely do drown with them,
N4ature is very good to all hrer clild-1
ron, for as half the h ardshrips of thne
world are imnaginary, shle fences men
round with anm armor of hopes and do
luiions to keep t rem from being hurt,
or, at least, to soften tire pain,
It, is to tire prosperlty or tire citizenr
tind riot to tire dlemlands of the creditor
jf tihe State, that the fIrst arid origir~at
Lantk of ciyl Irsicety is pledged. Theu
kialin of tire elt uzen is prior ini time,pma
rusmount in title, and superior in equib