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IfRI-WEEKLY EDTO-WINNSBORO, f. C., FEBRUARY 5, 1881. WOL. IV.--NO. 173.
Thero in Something beyond--Something be
But where is it hiding. that vague, fair
Always above us. always beyond us,
A beaoon as bright as the sun's glad beam.
Alas I h-w oft we try to grasp it,
And onr eagor hands are outstroto'iod in
B-it our learning eyes gazo alwayd upward,
Str.ving our weakly purpose to gain.
How grand it sooms to our expeotation
That unknown Something, so veiled from
our sight I
How bitter our cry of blind displeasure
Against the just God who ordains all right I
But harder, far harder, the painful wisdom
(Por it comes at last after weary years),
Wiien the long-for 8omothing is in our gi asp,
So faded and poor 'midst our bihter tears.
Tears-when we find our idol shattered,
Or our oherlehed hope as a thiiig of air;
Knowing that years have been spent in long
["or Something unworthy of love or care.
Then Is the hour when the heart is riven
Then is the time when the blinding tears
To know that what we have loved Is worthless;
Oh, that I-i the cruelest pain of all I
A Church Mouse.
"I nir.st trust to your instinct, "muttered
the traveler, letting the bridle fall upon his
horse's neck, "The eyes of an owl would
be at fault on sul a night as this. Be
quiet, you brute I Do you imean to repay
m1y confildence by breaking my neck ?'
The animal had Blled so violently as
nearly to throw his rider, and stood treni
bhing In every muscle. Ills master peered
through the darkness in the endeavor to
make out the cause of his terror. le could
perceive before hm the dhni outlines of a
dismantled church, with its broad avenues
of gravestones clustered about It. Beside
the road, so close that he could have
touched it with his whip, he discovered an
indistinct white object crouching upon one
of the graves.
Resolved upon knowing what it was, he
dismounted and approached it. As lie did
so, it arose and lied rapidly away. With
his cu isity now fully arousedl hu followed
it. As it neared the church it turned sud
denly and confronted him. At this me.
muent a broad glare of lighting flashed ath
wart the sky and 11e saw before him a
young girl dressed in a thin, water-soaked
garment, her hair falling in drenched coils I
%"(n her shoulders. For an instant hrer 4
t, ocnlcd ioo won t.urned toward him I
her large, sorrowful eyes met his
i an appealing look, then she seemed
? elt into the solid body of the church.
- s well as the darkness permitted, lie
pral As. iined the spot whGre she h- -""I'
'ired, but could fie pn opening through
-uen sIe coult have escaped.
He called aloud that he was a friend,aud
at she had noting to fear. The only an
bWer was the weird wait of the tempest
through the broken arches. With a feeling
akin to superstitious terror, lie hastily re
mnountled his hot se, and did not draw rein
until lie reached the village inn.
"Who occupies the old church yonder?" I
lie Inquired of this landlord.
"Ai I yuu too have seen it," exclaimed
tle landlord, mysteriously.
"ity" echoed the traveler. "I saw what
I thought to be a poor, demented girl."
"You saw the spirit of one," anewered I
the host, soleminily. "Every one here knows
the story. When she was alive her name t
was Ada Morton. Her father died a year
back, having her heiress to his property.
As she was yet a minor, lie appointed his 4
Sfriend Stephien Eatburn her guardian,.
who, in crise of her death uumarried, wasi
Sto wiherit the property: it is said that lie
Sbeat, starved, and cruielly ill-treated her.1
One night--just such a night as thisj
-she disappeared. Her liat andl cloak
were found on the river bank next morn
ing. It was plain that the poor creature
had sought deilverance from her persecutor
by suicide. That was three months ago.
11er. body was never found, but her spirit
had been often seen in the churchyard,
Swhiere her father lies. Meanwhile, th.
* .man who dIrove her to her dleathl lives at
lisa ease in her father's house on the hdll."
Tfhe traveler was evidently leeply inter
oueted in the story, b~ut lhe made no comi
mient upon it. hierely informing the land
1o(d thbai. lie should remain for a week or
two, lie returned to his room.
Like many another young man of for
tune,Chiarles Barclay wvas ailliictetu with too
mutchi leisure, is sole objc~t ini this part
of the country was merely a languid search
after amusement. The landiord's story
had strongly arousedl lis curiosity. More
over, the y'ounig girl's sad face andl be
seccinlg glance in the churchyard had
made a strange impression upon-him.80ome
thing in her improbable history had led
yhim to form a vague suspicion of a truth
, nearly as lnprobable.Eagerly accepting the,
possible chance of an exciting experience,
h le dieterine<L' to s:ft the matter to . the
) Without dlroppilng a hint as to his iinton
'lions, lie left the inn on the next night
shortly after eleven o'clock and prioceededl
to the old church. Th'le 1place was silent
and dleserted; no~t even a stray (log was to
be seen wandering about the churchyard.
An ineffably dIreary air hung about the
place, dlepressinig his spirits andi almost re
solving hun to abandon his object. But a
sentiment of pride urged lhim on, andi he
cautiously made his way into the church
and sat diowni in one of the pews.
'otrniore than an hour nothling occurred
jA to attract, his attention, lie became drowsy,
and wasn on the point of falling asleep
whice lihe sat, when a low weird peal fromi
the old organ moaned through the church.
lie sat erect aind listened with suspendled
brenthi. Theli sound rose higherand
cleare.r, and~ presenitly the sweet but
mouaiuful tones of a woman's voice joined
It. lie could ir~ako out, the words of a
prayer for the wretchied.
Alter a moment the mnsic ceased, and
lie could hear the singer sobbing im a low,
heart-broken way, that brought tears to his
eyes. lie strained his eyes through the
darkness, bult could make otut notinig.
Arising, he called 'out:
"Whoever yeou are, you are in sorrow
and afiliction. I1 cannot see you. I will
niot pursue you. All 1 desire is to be your
triend. Wil1l you answer me ?"
There was no reply, and, the wedping
ddenhy ceased. After a moment of hesi
tation he made his way to the organ loft
and struck a match. No one was visible,
nor was there the smallest trace of the re
cent presence of any living being. Con
siderably startled, he loft the church, do
termined to repeat his experience on the
Providing himself with a dark lantern
he went to the church on the next night,
and secreted himself near the organ. As
before it was nearly midnight before lie
became conscious of the presence of another
person in the building. On this occasion
the organ was not played, but there was a
rustle as of a woman's dress, and presently
he heard the same low bitter weeping.
Quickly arising lie shot the rays of the
lantern in the .direction- whence the sounds
proceeded. Not more than three yards
from him in the broad glare of the light he
behold the girl whom he had met in the
churchyard. Sie was looking at him with
an expression of intense terror in her white
face and tear-wet eyes. As she stood cow
ering before hint she reminded hin of some
innocent animal crouching at the hunter's
feet. With an accent of deep pity lie ad
dressed her: .
"I saw you in the churchyard night be
fore last, I spoke to you last night.. I am
not an euenmy, nor an idle curiosity seeker.
I earnestly want to aid you. Will you not
trust me ?"
Keeping her eyes fixed upon him with
the same distrustful look, she answered in
a faint, far-off voice:
"Your friendship or your enmity can be
nothing to me. The world you live in by
its wickedness and cruelty, drove me to
may death. I am doomed to this place tin
til justice Is done upon my destroyer."
"You are trying to mislead me," ex
claimed Barclay. "You are no spirit, but
a poor,starving,honelcss young girl. You
have suffered miserably and I have resolved
to restore you, to your rights, as well as ex
act reparation front the mian who haiis
He advanced toward her as lie spoke and
stretched out nis arnis to seize her. in an
instant she seenlled uncertain how to act,
then even as his hand seenied to pass bold
ly through her shape, she melted into the
shadows of the place. This time lie did
not. pursue her. Her mysterious escape,
which seemed to confirm her own words,
began to impress him with the belief that
lie had indeed cnnfronted a visitant from
he other world.
Next morning, however, cool rfictfion
aught him that he might easily have de
'eive himself ii his excitement. le there
:ore resolvedi all the more obstinately to
mrsue the investiation.
For three nights following time secreted
mniself in the church and awaited her ap
)earance, but his watch was fruitless. This
,aution on her part f ully convinced him
hat he was dealing withi a human being
ind not with an impalpable phantom.
vhicli te la entOroslorY la impafled to
nlio ).1.. a pretence on which to make
ne acquaintance of Stephen Eastburn.The
nan impressed him unfavorably at the
irst sight. Tall and gaunt of figure, with
mall, restless gray eyes and a false smile,
Le seemed to Barclay to be capable of any
villainy. The young man was careful to
void mentioning the supposed ghost, and
ieparted with an invitation to call again.
On the fourth night Barelayagain secret
d himself in the church. I. was cold for
lie season, and he shivered in his hiding
lace dcspite his warm clothing. Hour at
er hour passed away, and lie was begin
ling to fear that his errand would again
>rove fruitless, when a faint light in the
tody of the church caught his 'eye. As it
ose higher, he could see that it proceeded
roni a small heap of sticks collected upon
lie stone floor. Crouching over it, and
xtending her thin fingers to the flame, lie
eheld time figure of the young girl, Evi
lently overcome with time cold, she had
rentured to indulge in this small comfort
a thme hiope that it, mighmt escape notice.
Pulling olt hIs snoes, birclay crept upi
>ehind lie r, and before se was aware of
uts presence, seized her in his * strong
"I knew you were no ghost,'' lie saidl,
nuiling ; ''though if you continue this life
much longer you will become one."
She uttered a faint cry of terror, mind
munk upoii her knees.
"Sp:mre me," she sobbed. 4'1 am only a
poor homeless, friend les girl" who never
svronged -any one. Why do you pursue
"For your own good, amy poor girl," lie
said1 kindly. "Why will you not believe
no In my good intentions?"
"Why should I ?" she criedi p~asionately.
"Did not my father's trusted *friend, thme
nan who had sworn to be miy second father,
eek my life ?"
"Ah I'" said Barclay, with a stiart. "My
sonjecture wvas true, then. ie decoyed
you to time river, andl after believinig you
safely out of the way, lie left your cloak
mad lint upon thie bank to give the impres
sion that you had comimittedi suicide ?"
"Yes," she answered; "but the river was
more merciful than he, for it cast. me
ashore alive. Sick with horror, andi madly
afraid of the whole world, I caime here
where my father hay,to die upon lis grave.
B~ut it is hard for one so young to die.I
have livedi hero these three nmonths, suiffer
ing, freezing, dying. Th'lat 1 wats taken
for may own ghost was fortunate for
mem, for it kept every one away from me,
and aidedM me to get what little would keel)
me alive, after nightfall. And I enicour
aged time superstition. Now you kniow all.
if you are that mian's emissary, may God
forgive you amid help mae."
"I ami the emissary of mercy," returned
Barclay. "I ant here to (10 justlee on a
villain and to restore you to your rights.
Will you trust and help me ?"
She looked at im.
"You have a good, kind face," she said,
offering hun her hemd, "'I will trust you.''
"Then," sauI Barclay, '"keep up the
character you have assumed for one more
(lay. To-morrow night I shall brinig East
burn here with witnesses. Do you lay
on that organ when you hear us enter.
When I turn the (lark lantern uipon youl,
rise; and dlenounce him as a murde.cr. We
can stafely leave film to accuse himisel f."
"I will (10 as you wish," she answered,
brokenly, "Ilow can I thank you ?"
"By following my directions." replied
Barclay, brusquely, to hide his own emno
With a few words mor'e of advice he left
her. Ills next move was to go directly to
the landlord of the ind, relate the- whole
story, anid secure his support.
At ten o'clock on the next night, in com-.
nany with the landlord. he called upon
Stephen Eastburn.Cutting short his smoth
salutation, Barclay said:
"Mr. Ezetburn, the obscure manner f
your ward's death has given rise to strange
rumors in the village. Her spirit Is said to
wander in the old church. We desire you
to accompany us there to-night In order to
set these stories at rest."
Eastburn's jaw dropped, his face grow
Ilivid, and he was barely able to reply in a
"Ghost I absurd I Do you meau to make
a fool of i? I will not go to the church
at this hour of the night."
"Allow me to observe," said Barcl'y,
sternly. "that the rumors, unless you Id
in dissipating them, may culminate in 1a
charge of murder."
Something significant in:his tone'seemed
to render Eastburn suddenly submissive.
"Of Cours6 1 will go, out of noliteness,
if you insist. We shall probably bag a
a church mouse. They are proverbially so
starIl as to be incapable of flight."
No reply was made to his lame attempt
at humor, and in a very uncomfortaLle
frame of mind he went with them to t1e
church, and was shown into a pew in th
dark between them. After a moment'b
silence the low tones of the organ sounded
through the church, accompanied by a
"What is thisI" cried Eastburn, starting
ulp. "Whose voice is that?"
"Be silent,"said Barclay, sternly. "Good
reason have you to hear that voice with
At the same insthnt the glass from his
lantern fell broadly upon the organ. Stand
ing before it, looking down at them, was
the figure of Ada Morton.
"Oh, God," groaned Eastburn, chok
ingly. 4My a ni have found me out. She
has come back fron the other world to ac
cuse me of her death."
"Yes," said the girl solemnly. "Stephen
East burn, you are my murderer."
"I confess it," Bricket .the terror-mad
dened wretch. 'I ask no mercy from
imen, for the grave has condemned me.
Take me away-hide me from this awful
The light. was turned out and the girl's
figure disappeared. The horror-snitten
Eastburn, shrieking mingled prayers and
curses, was taken to the village and im
prisoned on the double charge of fraud anid
attempted murder. In course of time lie
was convicted and punished.
On the same day that he was sentenced,
Barclay called upoi Ada 31orton, how in
stalled in her lather's house. With her
restoration to her rights she had recovered
her health and beauty, and it was with a
strange feeling of mingled hope and fear
that lie young man took her hand and
"1 have called to say good.bye, Miss
"The bright smile fandvd.pop)4er face,
"..Idu re gomig away V .1 had hlnp I
would stay with us."
I'My work here ii done," he answered,
"I have restored you to your home, and'to
(lay your euemy receives the punihment
of his crimes. What more is there to do?"
"Nothing," she returned brokenly, "but
to forget the poor girl whom you have be
friented. That wil be easy." 1
"No," lie replied earnestly, "so difficult
that i shall never accomplish it. To stay
as your friend is hnpossible. I miust go I
away and labor to crush out this longing,
this love for you which has overgrown imy
whole heart, or stay to cherish it for your
sake. Tell nie, dear Ada, which must I
She looked up at him shyly, and came
nearer to his side as she wlitspered:
A Viking's War Mhsp.
An interesting discovery has been made
at Sundeherred in Norway, of a Scandina
vian wvar vessel. Buried under a hillock,
a sailing vessel was found, which is thought,
to belong to those terrible highwaymen of~
the ocean, the Vikings, or Norwegian
pirates. It measures about seventy-five
feet. in length, and is an almtost perfect
state of p~reseirvation. It was armed and
eqluippedl as though it, had been abandoned
wvhere found when oii the poiint of sailing
on some adventurous expedlition. All the
aphparatus used by nautical Norsemen are
met with in this ancient crait, the most of
which is still pretty wvell intact. There
mire fragments of sails and cordage remain
ing, as well as maiiy specimens, either p~er
feet or incomplete, of utensils and instru
nments, which have beein eagerly ox
amined biy authorities. Among other tIrings
are a number of pieces of oak
wvood, peculiarly shaped, hollowed out in
time ceiitre to adimit of ropes being paissed
through them. Spades and shiieldhs, or~
bucklers, have also been found, or rather
the iron p~ortion of the bucklere, for the
wooden part is entirely gone. Near the
rudder the skeletons of three horses were
diiscovered. The form of the shields, and
also the mnaniner in which they are sue
pendhed roundi the interior of the ship, is
absolutely the same as one sees represented
on the beautiful tapestry of Bayeux, im
Normandy which (date back to the eleventh
Two einient men of one of the Cam
bridge colleges were one day taking a walk
in their deliciouis grove. They had( an ar..
gunment, in which oiie of the meni could
not (10 justice to any view that, conflicted
with his own. "I tell you what it is, my
friend," at last said his opp~onenit, "the
facet is that you have got a twist in your
mind." Th'le man of twisted mind has
since become very famous, but many of
his iriemais conlskler that the twist is very
lplable. 1i, was a favorite saying of
Lessing, the philosopher, which lia biogra
pliers call upon us to adlmire exceedingly,
that if the truth wvere offered him on the
one hand andl thle search after truth on the
oilier handi, lie would prefer to search.
Now here is a case of "thme twist." I1 hum
bly think that this is a ease of mental can
tankerosuty. If truth were worth the
searching lor, it might be supposed that it
would be worth thme having. All those
who have followed the Socratic dialogues
of, search know the great and peculiar
charm cf this method of investigation.
Still, truth is the first thing necessary, and
thme second thing necessary, and the third
thing necessary ; and the man who could
hai e tabted tis way must have been can
tankerous, at least to time extent of not
earing for tho truth, an opinion which
seems to gain ground the more one under
Life in the Tyrol.
In the secluded valleys of the Austrian
Tyrol, as this region Is somctinies called,
the sports and recreations of thle people
are In strict aceordance with the spirit of
by-gone days which characterizes tile
staunch old race d welling in the recesses of
these almost inaccessible notintains. Liv
Ing In a country lying between two of the
lowest passes of the Alps, which formed
the chief highways between civilized Italy
and rough Germany, and constantly
crossed by victorious or defeated armies,
marching to or returning from Italy, they
have preserved a sturdy, warlike spirit,
fostered by their tracitional and steadfast
attachment to the ruling house of llaps
burg. The gentry and superior class of
peasantry and mountaineeri are very fond
of target shootingr, which alniost invariably
follows their weddings, dances and merry
makings, which usually continue through
out the (lay and night. 'lhe targets are
placed at a distance of abou; two hundied
yards, and consist -f a fixed bull's-eye and
rings, a figure of a deer at rest and a' "run
ning stag." This consists of the wooden
figure of a stag, rigged up by means of a
huge pendulum in such a manner that when
loosened it darts across an open space eigiht
fet In width, between tah and dense
buphes. The pace at, which this imitation
stag traveled was about equal to a living
specimen in full flight, ahd the targel, set
over the region of the heist, must be hit
while it passes this space, a momentous
feat, considering the speed with which the
object passes; but 1 have seen it done sev
eral limes in successIon by these expert. ri
flemen. A love of the chise scems inher
cut to this hardy people., The black cock
(tetrao tetrix) belongs to the grouse spe
cies, and the sport requiret great hardihood
and patience, and an accurate knowledge
of his peculiarities. Like the pinnated
grouse of the prai ies, li is polygamous ,
but, unlike them, is shot iuring the pairing
season, the hens being arefully spared.
The descriptions the hunters give of the
love-sick bird strit ing and gamboling
around the base of a tree for the edifleation
of the liens, who crowd itround their lord
and master, are ludicrous in the extreme.
I-lis lone song, which consiss of three dis
tinct notes repeated constantly iat more or
less regular intervals, is frequently his ruin,
for in the midst of his ecstacies, during the
execution of the third note, ie is insensible
to danger, and becomes an eisy prey to
the rifle of the expert huntsman. of
course, if you adopt the English idea of
sport you canl build a miniature hut or
bind of bushes in the course of the (lay,
,lose to the tree selected by the jealeus old
,ock f r his morning song, patiently await
,he advent of the game, and theni murder
him in cold blood. But t his is far different
rrom the genuine sport, where foot and
and, eye and ear, are on the alert to take
idyantage of any indiscretion of your
lu ck-witted opponent.. It is a conti
......-...a. ..,,,,.,;--- &A m n:a nered
)rototype. The golden eagle, the tiger of
lie race, is occasionally seen circling around
lis eyrie among the lofty crags, and his
,oung are sometimes captured by the in
repid hunter. They aro of immense size,
onetimes measuring eight feet from tip to
ip of the wings,. and are the greatest foes
f the chamois an roe buck, as well as
he farmer's stock of young pigs, kids and
ambs. I had the pleasurable excitement
>f seeing one of these rapacious birds car
ying off a young chamois, - which lie had
iwooped down upon with resistless fury,
md by the mere force of the concus
ion hurled down the abyss, at the brink
)f which it happened to be feeding. Bev
ral times the great weight of the prey
)bliged him to loosen his hold upon it
vhile circling at a terrible height. over
'avine and peak. As it fell the eagle
tarted after it, and catching it in his claws,
Lnd sinking thirty or forty feet by the
lere impletuosity of his diownwardl flight,
1e spread his mighty wings to their widlest
sxtent and resumed his circliing ascent.,
with h)is prey firmly clutched im his strong
alone. Thle weddings of the peasantry
ire solemnized in the chapel, after the
isual formn of the Catholic Church, but,
here are seine obiservances connected withi
hem which have a character of their own.
)ne of these consists oh presentation of
noney to thienewly-miarried coutple by each
*erson, be it man, womian or child, p~resent
it the wedding. The gifts are received by
he godmother of the bride, the mother
iever being permitted to 1)e present at any
2art of her daluglhcr's weddiag. Th'le name
f the donor and the amtouttof the gilt is
arefully noted downi by a hrother or other
~emntioni of the bride, anid t1hen the giver
mairries lie explets the exactimount of his
zift to be returned by the br~degroom. The
ift is niever less thanl t wc Ilorins, about
,ne dlollair, one of which is to paLy for the
mupper. Sometimes artiekds of hiousehol d
furniiture are presented, an:l in some ie
mote valleys tihe custom silliexists of each
of the disRcardled lovets of tid bride presentt.
lng her wvith a crhdhc. Tis, a rustic belle
who has for a series of yean held her court
in her summer palace, the Alp liut, will
sometimes hInd a half-dozenof rough crad
lee at the front, door on tue inornhmig after
the wedding. Bumt the maos comtical fea
ture of all occurs when gust aifter guiest
stand forth and in roug, improvised
rhyme andl song, accuse theoyride or bride
groom of any qutestionale~ intidenits in their
lives, and tell tales of formr sins, accom
pauiedt by miuch laughter mad shouting.
They are usually assembledit, the house of
the "'wirthi," or landlord of tie village, and
canice the day and( night an~y, fortited by
copious potations of beer .nd imunerous
hinge dishes of '"speckd," bacn; '"knodeis,"
balls of dough fried in lard, d( "'schtmairn"
flour, water, butter amid salt Thie dlantce
is the universal valse. varietby tin occas
ional indepeindent, "hmoe-dO'n," by soe
of time strapping fellows, whperform somie
strange gyninasticsm. I havocen one sudt
denly sprinig up from the bor' andi dlrop
with a thud upotn his knees,md then with
folded aims throw hib head tck and strike
the hard boards with tlbree C. four soundit
lng raps, anid then regaini h feet wvith a
sudden spring, without, toudng thme liIor
with his hands--a feat that any an athlete
of repute could not imitate. All this time
their buxom partners tire Ircling round
the rooi alone, coqjuettishhlpreadinig out
their short but saple skirtsentd encourag
ing thecir partnters to still grter exertions.
The music is generally aeombone, sax
horn andi flute, lrcquentiy a~ompanied by
the "'zither," which to tiny cultivated
ears Is the most charming umsicai instru
mant in existence.
-Chicago has 800) chures and 3,300
Camco cutting is one of the most profit
able arts to engage In. There are but a
few cutters and there Is a steady demand
for all they can produce. The cutters are
very secretive and greatly dislike to talk
about their work. Most of the cameos are
produced froin sea shells. A visit to it
cameo cutter's workshop found hi seated
at a table covered with tools, varying from
a strong triangular-pointed steel instru.
nit, to the most delicate pointed bits Of
steel wire fastened in handles. Very flue
iht. and knitting needles, set in wooden.
grips and ground to Inflinitesimal points,
figured in the lot. On a pad of leather,
before the camico cutter, was a block of
wood just big enough to be grasped with
his hand, and cemented to the middle of
it was an oval object that looked like i
piece of alabaster, just big enough to make
a seal for the finger of a man who did not
object to wearing large rings. Upon this
the artist was just finishing a copy, with a
pencil pointed to needle flneness, of a pho
tograph lin profile of a gentleman, which
was leanee against a little photograph
easel before him.
Having finished the outline, he laid his
peniel by, 1111d taking u1p a fine wire tool
lie scratched the pencil mark around with
it. Then he took a darning-needle with a
sharp point and scratched the une deeper.
lie worked with a magnifying glass at. his
eye, and stopped continually to imspect tihe
progress of his work with critical minute
ness. Thein lie went at it again, working
slowly, soratching over the same line again
and againi, and alw"ays examining after
eich icratch. lie caanged his tools as 1e
went on, and from the darning-needle de
scended to atrilling little tragment of steel
wire, not as thick as all ordinary sewing
needle, set in a slender handle. With this
lie scratched and rescratclied, until the
linea he had drawn with his pencil had
quite vanished, and a thin, line streak of
a dark color had marked the outline of the
head ie had been tracing his way around.
Next he took one of hiat burin-like tools,
commenced again. This time he worked
on the outside of the outline, cutting and
scraping at the surface until the white
turned gray, then brown, and finally van
islied, leaving the face in relief, surrounded
by a black ground ; that is, the portrait re
mained intact in the white substance which
formed the outer layer of the cameo, while
it had been cut away around it to the
lower or dark layer.
The portriait or figure is then modulated
upon its surface until it assumes the round
ness of nature. The edges are left square
to the (lark ground. This is necessary, as,
if they are gradually rounded (own, the
outline becomes undefined toward its junc
ture with the relieving surface, owing to
the white of the raised portion being par
tially r e permitting the dark
and so separate the white from it as to
leave it smooth and unscratched. A final
polish is given it, however, with putty
powder, applied dry with a stiff brush, but
the utmost, care is necessary in this opera
tion, as the slightest slip will ruin the
work. This eads the cameo-cut ter's work,
the mounting being the jeweler's work.
Tle cameos sell unmounted for about $25.
Italy Is the home of cameo cutting, ind
the finest works of art in that Iine are still
turned out there. Genoa and tome ire
the centres of production. There is a
colony of several thousand cameo-cutters
in Paris who produce some very good
work. The camcos made abroad iire, as a
rule, fanciful woiks, copies of statues,
mythological figures and the like. The
shells used in cameo cutting are of several
sorts, but all are ordinary sea shells or
conchs. Some conie from the East and
tliers from the West Indies. Many are
imported, as there Is commonly only
unioughi mterial available in each one for
ai sinigle cameo. These shells all have a
whIte surface, but the ininer~ layer is red,
black and dark claret in color, accordinig
o thme species. The1( pieces to lie usedt by
hle artist iire sawed froni the shells amul
ihaped into the square or ovali form re
uiiredl on a grindstone. Then they aire
eady for thme artist.
A Toiucing~j story.
Oni a narrow island necar the Newv Eng
land coiist, where prunitive customs still
btam, whiere the crier goes about the
itreets by dhay and~ the watchman by night,
whierc they dilspose of sulphur ment, by
uuctioii, and~ the ueiiry maideni iiid the tar
go junketing together In an iticient calashi,
ives anf 0oh1 lady, Atintie iB- . The
anmc roof has sholtered three .generations
>f her famnily, and It wvould require little
ess thiin anm earthquake to dlishcdgo her
rroii her seat by thme old1 fashIoned lIre
)lace. There she sits, a lctuire of pece
.nd contentment. "Hlaven't, you a single
egret in youri whole lite ?" we asked hier
mice. She dropped her knitting, ando a
ireamy look crept,over her placidl eyes.
"Yes, " she saidl at length, "1 have. Ten
y'ears ago, wvhen my dlear dead sister was
dive, a man with a hand-organ caiie to
his irland .>y thme steamer. Oh I he could
)lay beautifully, lie came near otir street,
md1( iiy Sister says to me: "Lot, us go
Iown to the corner andm see himn play."
Well, (10 you know, 1 didn't go, after all,
Jult she saidl it was just sp~lenid, andl, I
Iuppose5 1 shall regret, iiot hearing that
and-organ to uiy dlying daiy." And thme
lia old soul (dropped a tear on thle half
A New lJdet.
"Why, George, hiow are you getting
mlong said one young mian to anotlher in
ront, of the post oile the oilier (lay.
"'Splenihd I never had so much fun in
ill my life," was the other's answer.
"Hlow's t hat, George h"
"Well, you see, .Ned, after I lost my sit
iationi all iiy friends left me. I was d.
trminedl to get even, so I circuilated a rc
ort among thienm that I was *the for tunate
molder of one half of a lottery tIcket that
11d( just dIrawn a big prize.''
"imd It, take ?"
"You just bet It took I Why, In two
lays I rceivedl no less thaii a dozen invi
cations from fellows that I had alnost for
(otten. I was presented1 with two suits of
::lothes, four newv hats, two dozen em
broidered handkerchiefs, a silk umbrella, a
b~eautifui Aumetlhyst ring and a handsome
pair of gold sleeve buttons. I visited Span
li fort live tin'.ev, took .ono trip to the
letties en thbe Cannon and borrowed, all
told, $160 in Umited 8tates currency. Did
Li takne? Well I shonld smiln."
Oine of the most celebrated of song-birds
Is the nightingale, or night singer. It is a
migratory bird. Do you know what this
is? It is a bird that visits its northern
home early in tle spring, and quits It for
the south early In the autumn. It imgrate.
This famous bird Is common In nearly
all parts of Europe. It haunts woods,
thickets, and gardens. It migrates Into
Egypt and Syria. It has been seen among
the willows of Jordan and the olive trees
of Judma. In no pai t of Europe is it more
conunon than in Spain or Italy ; but even
in these southern regions the bird is mi
The nightingale Is shy in its habits. Its
nest is placed low, and hidden from view.
Its egsgs, live in number, are of an olive
brown. It. food Consists of insects. In
color it is brown, with a re.!dish tinge on
the back and tail.
As a songster, tihe bird is unsurpassed.
Though its notes are heard at intervals
during tile day, they are poured forth in
their greatest perfection on quiet evenings,
an hour or two after sunset; and when i lie
moon Is nearly full, and the weather is se
rene, the ielodious song of tihe nightingale
may be heard at midnight.
The(,- late Bishop Stanley, of England,
gives an account of one that lie raised from
the nest. It was kept in a c'age two years;
thon the cage wits hung open att the (toor,
and tIhe bird wis allowed to go out.
At first it returned regularly every even
ing. As the season advanced, it sometunes
staycd out all night i the garden; but if
calle(d by some one whose voice it knew, it
would return aind feed froni his hand. In
the autum, as the evenings got cmi, it re
turned to its cage again before nightfall.
It wits taken as usual into tile house, and
was kept there for the winter. This is a
curious instance of the force of habit over
coming the instinet of a bird.
The Queen0 Or It ay.
The Queen of Italy, was recently driv
ing to the royal wood of Licalo, when the
coachman mistook the road, and one of
tliegentleienn sked a count ryman the way.
The man, seeing the line carriage and
horses, thought he was being fooled. "As
if you did not know I" lie sald, with a big
grin. The Queen laughed, and assuret
liun they were lost. Then only did the
countryman condescend to point out the
way, after whiich lie walked off, its if fear
Ing to he laughed at again.
"Give him twenty francs for his trouble,"
said the Queen to one of her escort, who
going after the countryman said to iimi :
"H1ere, my man, is a little pre-seit from
he Queen of Italy, who thanks you.''
"The Queen P cried tihe countryniiii,
returning to the carriage. "Forgive me
that I (lid not know thee. But I had never
seen thee before. Thou art. as beautiful as
a Mai roe. Culor ) , b nmhu' A
seen the Queen, wanted to see her pretty
ince again, and the following dity he pro
sented himself at the palace.
"'I know her, you know," he added m1ys
leriously. "I spoko to her yestertly. and
I want to speak to her again."
Th'linking 1e had to dto withI a mniaman,
the porter was about to have the poor fel
low irrested, when lie very gentleman
who ha([ given hit the twenty fraies ap
peare( and, recognizing the num, told him
to wait. le informed the Queen of his
presence. "Bring him here, by all memns,
was tihe answer.
When the maun 'as, for the Becond tilme,
before the (ueen, lie said: "Yea, 'tis
thou. 1 thought I had seen a fairy. Thou
art just an angel. I did not tell thee yes
terday that I have two little owes- without
a mother. Wilt thou be their nother V'
"That I will," said the Queen.
"Then there's the twenty franes thou
galvest Ime yesterday. I thank thee, but 1
want no money.'' And~ lie went away,
crying and smiling like a child.
Thle Queen has ad~opted the two little
ones, ami( they tire ini an inslti tmion, uinder
her spiecial patronage.
The Rlothachilds have bieen attracting iio
little attention to themselves hero ii Paris
by the iinnioutncenment of thme extenision os
the act of partnership, which euxpi red.Septecm
bcr, 30,1880, to 19t05. The Paris biranch of
the famnous family is qnuitec large. fThe
D.owager Baroness Iliothisci d, who lives
in'~ lie family mansion ini the line Laflitue,
had five children-lnroness Al phonso, who
is at this (late the headl of thme famnilv:
Baron Solomnon, who (lied a long time augo;
Baron Gustave, Baron Edhnond tind the
Baroness Nathaniel llothuschild. 'l'he ven
ertable (dowager is a veritable foiuntann of
charity. She gives away hundreds of
Itloutsanids of franca every year. In sum.
mer she lives in ai splendid country house at,
BL~ulogne where apartments for each of
her sons and daughters are kept constantly
in orde~r. Baron andi~ iaroiiess Alphonso
Ilothschid live in the 01(hiimansioni ini the
Rue Suimi F'lorentine, where Tfalleyrand
once res'idled. They are gay and extremely
load of society, aind are seen everywhere
in thme mnoinde; the Baronces Is one of thme
most aiccompilishied eqluestriennecs who fre
quent thme oIbs (de Ioulogne. I [er husband
is an enthusiastic p~atron of the turf. lie
hiis stables at Meitntrif and Uhiantil.y and
lavishes millionse on tl-em. Solomon
lRothschild was a dlelicate-miindedl mian, fond
of converamtion,books,pictures and~ society.
His widow has a dhaughiter who will, It is
said, he the richest heiress in the Paris
family. Baron uustave is the only one
who has married otsi ac the family. One
of the sonis of the late Nathlanmel Rothschildl
just p~urchatsedh the splenimld mansion of
Count TVolstoi, in the Anenie (de F'riedland;
and~ another, named Art~hnr, spends his
life In collecting books. It is saidl that no
one else in France excep~t the Du'ke dI' Au
niale possesses such inuetimabe treasures
of rar e edItIons an d luxurious bin ding as
"General Washington is a tall, well
made ian," 551(1 a writer In 1798, "rather
large boned, and has a tolerably genteel
adIdress. ils features are manly and bold,
his eyes of a bluelshi cast, and very lively;
his hair of a (deep brown, lia faice rather
long and marked with the smallihpox ; lis
comliexion sunburnt andI without, much
color, and his countenance senisible, comt
posed, and thoughtful; there is a remark
able air of dignity about him, with a strik
ing degree of gracefulness ; candor, sin
cerity, affability, and simplicity sem to be
the strIkIng features of hisi character."
-The Prince of Wales passed her
tLhirty-sixth birthday on Christmas.
-A sausage fifty-two feet long was
made at Altoona, Pa., by Jacob F.
-The pomiilation of Ore&n Ial
Malei, 103,388; females, 71,379 total,
-Dotroit reports the erection of
twelve hundred bulidings during the
-The Presilent of Buenos Ayres of
fers free lands to fifty thousand Irish
-Messrsi Moody and Sankey have
refused to go and labor in Virginia
-The Edgar Thomson steel works
are said to have orders for 80,000 tons
of steel rails.
-The old homeof President Lincoln
iII Sp-ingfiele, 1., Is now a cheap
lodging hou.' i o c
-Speaker Randall hias had an acute
attack of gotisince Congress adojurn
ed, but Is better.
-The motive power of the Penn'syl.
valia railroad is now working to its
- itah haq i poptilitiou of 143,907,
of whom 9,4.36 are females and 13, 933
of foreign birth.
-Eighty million dollars' wor.li of
hogs are sold every year by the U. S.
to foreign lands.
-In Pennsylvatia there are 87 daily
newspapers, 6il weekly and 137 others,
mail ig a total o 833.
-The Cz ir has placed ?300,000 ster
ling in a Berim bank in the name ot
the Princess Dolgorouki.
-The fund of $131,000 for the Hat.
vard Divinity Sehool, at Gambridge,
Mass., has been mado II).
-The amount of butter now made
in Iown creameries is estimated at 50,.
000,000 pounds per an num.
-Only $1 for each $25,00 ) of person
al property IS said to have been given
for foreign missions last year.
-The ConsoliiLation of the New
Orleans, Pacili and Texas Pacific rall
roads has beent consumuated.
-Two of General Garfield's sons are
to enter Williams College next year.
One Is seventeen, the other fifteen.
-Ermlazhl, covering nearly half of
Suit.h America, has a population of
12,000,000, of which over a million are
-The imports of Great Britain up to
date exceed those of lait year by over
$259,000,000, the exports by over $130,
-Therei are more than 3,000,000 wo
men in England and Wailes trying to
earn a iv in the VArou
. L 15u Ill 11, t ( flffrflsn I 1yTj IW-6
Mackey, the bonanza king, live in
'arls at the rate of nearly $1,000,000
per animi .
Kate Liwler, who manages the Roy
alty theiatre, London, will forswear thu
stage antd wed a youth with a fortnnu
-11) 1871. the gain to the revenue of
the U. S., from the i ncreael classil
cation or sugiar was $313,37, and in
-The value of Ameriean exports for'
the year ending OQtober 31 it was $867.,
0)1,227, agalat $712,500,50t for thu
-J ustice 11 nut of the United States
Supreme Court has learned to write
with his left hand since'his rightlhand
-Mr. Thomas Carlylo has j list coim
plted his eighty-11flh year. Ills
friends show much anxiety about the
state or his health.
-The annual pro luotioni of kero
sene 1a now about 15,000,090 gailons.
Tlhe first oil weli was sunk nearly
twenty-one years ago.
-The Ratnk of France Is a govern-.
menmt instItulion. its cIrculation is
$400,755,0J0. Its capitai is $30,520,000
and it has 62 branches.
-It is estimated that the sugar-cane
cro1) Of Louisiana wviil yield this year
;38,000 hogshmead of sugar, and 13,000,
000 gallons of melasses,.
-Mile. Bernhardt proposes0 heoreaf
ter to prosecute whoever circulates
false reports about her life, whether
lie be a clergymnaiior oilier.
Berlin, the Germaen Capital. hias a
p~opulation of 1 ,l18,630, which is ani
increase of 10 per cent since 1875 and
of over 100) per cent shice 1800.
-Mnneapoilis boasts of a growth
from 5.8010 ini 1860 to 493,053 in 1880.
11er bonded indiebtedness is $100,000.
Only one-tenth of her water-power
has been utilized.
-T~1he average pri'ie p~aid for sllver
bullion of standard fineness bor the
past year, by the Treasury Depart.
uimnt, of the U. 8. Was eqalvalent to
52 7 poence per ounce,
-Director Burchard, oi' the United
States mints, estimates the anniuail 0on
sumiption of gold and slive' lin mann
Mettnres and the arts at $12,000,000,
$7,000,0 of which Is gold.
-The pl)iationi of Berlin, includ
ing the military element, now num
hers 1,118,630, or an increase or 154,
390. or 16 per cent. on tihe fingures of
1875, which were only 061,210..
-Tiherie were 23,767 applications to
enter the Unilted States regular army
last year, when onlhy 5,000 men wore
wvaated. Of the 5,000 who were accept
ed :0iiLl were born ini Amerlca.
TIhu Indianapolis, Peru and Chicago
road in the ten months ending Novem
ber 1, 1880, received and for warded at,
Inudianapolis 0 ),241 ears, while in the
year 1879 but 51,402 were handled.
-T'he number of people rescued from
wrecks by the lifo-saving service of
thme U. 8. during the p~ast year was 700,
besides which 128 vossols with theIr
crews were aided out of dangerous
-A handsome obelisk has beon coma
ploted at Berlin and sent, for erection
at Folkestone, inm memory of the vic
tIms of the disaster which overlook the
Grosser Kurfurst. It Is dedicated to
their memory by the German Aiavy.
-Thme little Prince of Cumberland,
Princess Thyra's son and Alexan~ta's ,
nephew, has just beeni baptized, re
coivimig ten Claristaiin names--George
William Christain Albert Ed~Lward
Aiexanidrafrp~doriek Waldemar Ersnest