Newspaper Page Text
TRI-W EEKLY EDITION. WINNSBoRo, S. C., FEBRUARY 8, 1881. VOL
THE GIVER S REWARD.
Who gives and hidos Tho giving hand
Nor counts on favor, fame or pralso,
Hhall find his smallest gift outweighs
The burden of the sea and land.
Who gives to whom hath nought been givon,
His gift in need, though email indeed
As is the grass-blade's wind-blown nood,
1 largo as earth and rich as heavon.
"But, Katy dear, won't you listen whilst
I explain why I was unable to be with you
"No, Mr. Amory, I will listen to no ex
cuses, nor (1o I wish to continue your ac
quaintance. Did you not promise, for cer
tain, to be at the picnic and row me on the
take? And was I not asked to keep the
first dance for you? A nice laughing-stock
you made of mc before Lizzie Randall and
Clara Ward. Of course they knew why I
refused to (lance the first set-although
Frank Churchill would scarcely take a re
fusal. Then to think you would have slight
ed ine before them alit Don't think, sir, I
allowed themi to see I was annoyed; I just
danced all the evening, and enjoyed myself
S"Dear Katy, I am sorry I disappointed
"Disappointed Mr. Aiory, not at all.
I found Mr. Churchill a most anuusingcom
panion, and a much better wallzer than you
are. Lizzie Randall wascross enough when
4L she saw lie did not leave my side all the
day. But the most delightful part was his
driving eic home in his charming Stanhope;
I never enjoyed anything so n.uchi in my
life. He drives admirally-as he does every
thing else, I fancy. I expect him every
minute, for he Said lie shold certainly call
and inquire how I was after yesterday's ex
"Then, Miss Langley, I have the honor
to wish you a good afternoon. I should be
sorry to intrude my unwelcomae presence
when so entertaining a companion is ex
Each turned from the other; Katy going
toward the homestead, and Harry Amory
walking with quickened pace toward the
, The above dialogue had taken place at
. the gate of an old filshioned farm--house.
The speakers had for some time been look
ed upon as lovers, though no pledge had
been miade on either side. Kity's angry
words wili explain how Harry Amory had
She was an only child of Farmer Lang
ley, who having lost his wife when Katy
was five years old, had since done his best
to spoil his pretty daughter. At the time
we make her acquaintance she was just
eighteen, and though a warm-hearted aifcc
tionate girl, yet from her position as beauty
of the village, had met with such homage
from the village swains that she c. ild ill
brook the apparent neglect of her most
Could Iarty have seen her as site hast
ened to her own little room, aid there,
throwing herself on the bed, gave way to a
hearty cry, he would not have felt so bit
terly angry at the petuilant beauty's words.
"I won't cry any more," said she; "he
t will be stire to come to-morrow, and then
I will be good and make it, up with him.
Ie must know I didn't mean what I said
of that conceited Frank Churchill! I hate
ihim and I only danced with him to tease
Lizzie Randali, who makes love to him so
openly. Harry is worth a thousand such
as liel Coming, fatherl" she cried out, as
she heard his voice calling her.
"Where have you been pussy? I have
good news for you. Harry Amory wats
sent for yesterday by the squire, and lie
has been promised the steward's place. I
always thought the lad would do well. I
met, Humphrey, the headi gatrdener, and( lie
tells me it, is quite settled. Iharry wits with
'. he squire all (lay yesterday, going over the
~'accouints. 1 fanuy sonie one knows who
will be mistress of that p~rett.y cottage near
~i the park gates,'' he addedC~, pinching her
Scheek. "Al here comes Ilarry. I sup
~ \ pose he'd riather Lell the good newvs to you
? alonc; so I'll be off to the kitchen to get
e5~something to cat."
Katy's cheek iltushedi with pleasure as she
~1heard the latch raised, and she rose to wel
come her lover. Whit wvas her disappomnt
'ment, and disgust to see-nmot Ilarry, btt
I'Frank Churchill, who, noticing Kitty's ea
* ger Joy, caime forward with the greatest
alacrity to take her outstretchied hand.
Poor Katy could scarcely comimand her
self to give the intruder a civil greeting.
I her guest, however, evid ently conisdered
his ipresence accepiable, aind took no noti1ce
of her emabarassmeiit; if lie remarked it at,
a'A tl li e rather putt it, downV to thme overpower
img hionor lie was conferring ini visiting a
mecre fatrimer's dlaughter.
Fratnk Churchmill had comte on a visit to
h ~isuncle, the village dloctor, lie 1had( studt
d medhei ne, butt hmavm g a sinall indi~epenid-.
enot iincome, was too indtolenit to miake munch
S7 progress in his professioni. lie was to stay
I with his uncle sax months, itnd thenm see it
he would hbe taken as his partnier.
As yet lie had (lone nothing toward in
4gratlatinug himself with his uncle's pattients;
'a~but, on tihe contrary, had caused great
h leart-butrinigs in the younger portion of
S the inhabitants. TIhme mina despisedl him
for his coniceit andl~ foppishness, whilst lie
vmmln'ge lasses were dlazzhedI by his faishionia
bl he clothes and many hperfumnes. Then,
A. agauin, he had brought I romi London a Blan
hope, whichl had never been seen in those
~ 4 Lizzie Randlall, the lawyer's (laughter,
made furious siege to the Adomis, biut, lie
treated all with the most supereilious air.
K , aty Langley alone had passed him by ais
b. unworthy of notice; and ti from the vil
Slage beauty, had piqued his vamity. On
Sthe (lay of the picnic, whlat was lis dehlit
' ~to fhul Ihe had umatde a faivoratble imp~lressioni
lie thought, It woulddbc a good way to pass5
his six mionth's probation to make love to
the city belle.
Little (lid-Frank Uhurchill think he was
making a slight, Impression by his lispIng
' talk, whilst he stroked his mstache with
his delicate looking hand. Even lis con
coil, would have received a check had lhe
kown how Indifferent his companion was
tohsmost lattering attenulois.
Katy was greatly relieved whoa her
a'father entered tihe room, and so took her
visitor's attention fromt lior. Fahner Lang
ley was not pleased to see who his gnu at
was, for ho, lIke most others, looked upon
hint as an empty headed, affected fellow,
The man soon after took his leave, after
vainly askimr Katy to allow him to take
he for a efriva on the morrow.
Just as he was leaving the house ho caie
upon Harry Amory, who, between strug.
gling with his anger and love was wander.
lug about the neighborhood of the iRome
stead, undecided whether to call and make
it up with Katy or not. le had ioved her
for a long time, and had only wated to
have soe settled Income before asking her
to be his wife.
h'lie rector had early taken a fancy to
the Intelligent lad and had dev1ted many
hours to the improvement of his inind.
Harry Amory was consequently better ed.
ucated than most of hli class. Ills good
friend had not stopped at this, but had re.
commended him to the squire, who, find
lug lin useful, had employed him in many
ways. He was often called upon to per
form the duties of the steward, who was
old and infirm. No direct promises had
beei made by the squire, but still enough
had been said to lead Iariy to suppose that
upon the deathi of the old man he should
ill his oflce. All in the village looked for
ward to his then asking liaty to be his wife,
and installing her as mistress of the stew
"So, Amory, i nave to congratulate you
on your rise in life," said Churchll. "1 Well,
my go3d fellow, make haste and find a wife
to keep you company in your pretty cot.
tage. Should'nt mind living there myself,
and fancy I know one who would be glad
to go with me," and lie nodded toward the
Homestead farm. "Kate Langley is not
so far amiss-ch, Amory? and deuced fond
of your humble servant. Well, ta-ta; shall
be glad to hear just such another has taken
a fancy to you."
"The heartless coquettel So this is the
fool's game she has been playing with me!"
exclaimed the irate lover. "So that is a
fellow she prefers to me, who has loved her
so long! Let him have her, I say; but I
won't stop here to witness their courtship.
So this Is the end of all Imy hopesl Just as
my desire is accomplisled and I can offer
her a home, I am balked of miy greatest
treasure. I will be off to the squire and let
him know I have changed my mind about
accepting the steward'solhlice. Ned GWover
will be glad enough to have it, so I will be
doing no harm. So good-bye, Kate Lang
leyl" lie cried as he waved his hand toward
his Homestead, "May you be happy with
your new-found lover!"
"Katy, child, what is this 1 hear? Giles,
the plowman, has just brought the news
that Harry Amory has thrown up his new
situation and is gone to London! Wonder
it the lad is mad? But what is the matter
with the lass? Ihere, Martha! hurry! Why,
the child has faintcalt"
Katy nim not fainted; she was keenly
idive to her sorrow. So Harry had taken
her hasty words in earnest, and was gone
-forever, perhaps. Should she never see
Taking the weeping girl in his arms, her
fond father soon learned the particulars of
the lovers' quarrel. le saw his child was
to blame, but could not understand Harry's
not attempting to see her again. le (lid
not know -of his meethig with Frank
Churchill, and the wrong impression that
hiad been made on lihn.
Poor, poor Katyl She was Indeed se
verely punished for her petulance.
* * * * *
Three years passed away, and she only
beard that 11arry was in a merchant's olice
in London, and doing well. All this tine
he had never once visited his native place.
Sie'hated Frank Churchill so thoroughly
for being connected with her quarrel with
Harry that even lie coild not nistake her
sentiment toward hun.
le soon ceased to notice her, and often
remarked to lils femaleadmirers that "Katy
Langley was getting decidedly plain."
KCaty passed her thne chki-ly in attending
to her old father. She seldom joined her
comniaiiions in any of the village gayetics,
anmd was entirely changed from the hasty,
coquettish beauty who had smitten so many
hearts. Many were the offers she had, even
now, but she turned a dealf car to them all,
vowving within to remain true to her love
"Kity, there's to be a grand cricket
match next, week; so get your finery ready,
chiildl, and we wyill both go to see it," said
F'armer Langley. "I was a good hianid at
at bat in my young dlays, but I hear they
have some iiewv-fangled mode of bowling,
which I should like to see.''
Katy rememhiered, with a sigh, that
Iliarry had been the best bowler ini the vil
lage, but she quickly smothered it, anid
paromiisedi to be ready.
Very hovely she looked oni the Saturday
afternoon when she wecnt, with her father
toi tihe cricket -field. I1er compleion was
st ill as purely white anid her checks as rosy
as whmen, three years ago, she hadl parted
from lIarury. liut now, added t >thus, was
more sensibility-imore heart, in the expres
sion of lier- face, aind her soft, blue eyes,
though bright, as ever, wecre mnore often cast,
down. .Not a word had her father said us
to who was expected to join the cricketers.
Harry Amory, after so long ani abasence,
had comai on a visit to an aunt, in the neigh.
bioring towii. is ol comraies of t.he
cricket club had soon lookedl upi their best
bowler, andl upon lisa play they chiefly die
p~end~ed to beat, theIr antagonists.
"'Ah, Amorfl glad to see you again!"
The voice was Frank Chlurchiill's. "'Jucst
miarried, youm know, and spaending a few
weeks with the 01ld man before bettling in
Loiidoii. Deuced slow hole, this, to p~ass
one's (lays i. Goct the 01(1 fellow to advance
tme eno~uigh money to puirchtase a practice.
You know my wvife, I thiini? Will go and
bring her to sp~eak to you,"
"Ah, Ilarryl how are you1, my lad? Glad
to ace you again! li (w lonig (10 you hntendc
to stop among us? Bunt I must, not keep
you,'' said F~armier Langley, '"for there's
the umpire calling you to pilay. Shall see
you agaiin presenitly."
Harry's party were very nearly disap
poinited of their victory, lHe playedl so
recklessly at first that the Ainsworth Club
was delighted. All at once ho senmed to
brace himuself for the struggle, and one after
the other throw downi their bats to make
room for others, till the match was gained
at a single inning, with forty runs to spare.
"GUloriously dlonte, Amiory," sait Church
ill. "See your hand hats not, forgot its cun
ning. hBut come, my wife is In yonder teat,
and wishes to congratulate you. ilre she
conmes to speak for herself."
'l'urning quickly round to make his es
cape, harry camne fauce to face with a lady'.
"So glad to 800 you, Mi'. Amnory! Charm
ed to think that, you have beaten the Ains
worth CliubIl Don't you thid the country
dull1 after London? Perhaps we shall . be
"Neighbors, Miss Randall! Your fatheir
is not going to moe to Londn.-is 1w9
"Oh, dear, no! And I an not Miss lian
dail," she simpered. "Why, you have been
talking to my husband; and only think, you
did not know that I was married! Frank,
I thought you had told Mr. Amory."
Ilarry never knew what answer he made
but just then catching steht of Farmer
Langley coming toward him, he hurried to
him and astonished the worthy man by
draiving him aside and eagerly asking if
Katy had not once been engaged to Frank
"Engaged to Frank C(hurchiil l" exclaim.
ed the farmer. "What are you thinking
of? Katy despised the fellow. lie's got
his match now. Lizzie Randall was al ways
ia rare vixen, and her father was only too
glad to give Churchill a round sum of
money to marry her. 1 don't envy hi1m
his life with her,"
"But Katy? I she single, and where is
"Ah, ladl you were over-hastv to take
notice of a spoiled child's anry words. She
is not far off; I left her i one of fhe tents."
Katy watched the gaiiie with the great
est interest; she had at once recognized the
famous bowler, and her heart beat fast as
she did so. Would lie notice her? There
was her fatlcr talking to him; and-yes,
they were coming toward the tent. Seized
with a.sudden fit of shyness, Katy made
hei way out at the back of the tent, but
was soon overtaken by Harry.
'"Katy, dear Katy?" ie exclaimed, "thi. er
years ago I left you, thinking you had
thrown me over for Frank Churchill. I
was a mad sinpleton for believing his
boasting talk. I came to-day expecting to
find you his wife, and only just now found
out how vilely 1 have been deceived. Katy,
will you forgive me whon you know I have
been wretched ever since we parted?"
Katy's answer is not recorded; but what
it was may be guessed from Harry leaving
the cricket-field with Katy leaning on his
Katy being unwilling to leave her father,
and the post of steward being again vacant
and a second time offered to Harry, lie
threw up his appomtnient in London and
once more settled (own In his native place.
A imonth after the bells of the village
church rang oit imerrily in honor of the
handsome couple who were that day united
Ladies in the House of Commons.
What (o we mean by the "deer pen?"
Nothing more nor less than the Ladies'
Gallery in the British House of Commons,
which is a disgrace to the nineteenth cen
tury, yet into which it is more difflcult to
penetrate than into Buckiighaim Palace.
Admission can only be ob'ained from men
bers, who ballot for seats seven days in
advance. As there are 567 members the
struggle for seats is animated. Time
was when women ha(] equal rights with
men in visiting the Commons. As far
back as 1675 my sex occupied the
Stranger's Gallery-A privilege they en
joyed until February, 1778, when a
great debate took place on the state (if
tile nation. The Duchess of Devon
shire, Lady Norton, and other grandes
damcs not only occupied the seats oi dt
narily assigned to them, but took posses
sion of those under the front gallery. Ac
cording to a "Grey's Debates," a Captain
Johnstone, of the navy, angered that the
House should have been cleared of male
strangers, among whom were friends he
had introduced, insisted upon tile with
drawal of all strangers. A rule then ex
isted which enabled any one iember to
exclude visit ors-an ' abused rule, which
has been recenQy moditled. No less than
two hours were ~required to enforce this
order, and that two hours' senfile with the'
weaker sex led to their banishment from
From 1778 to 1834 woimen obtained a
glimpse of the House by looking through a
hole over the largest chandelier -a hole
conistructed to carry off hot air and the
smoke of candoles I Before tile presenlt
ilouses of Parliamlent were designed, when
legislation wvas carried (on in a temporary
bid ing, womnenl were al lo wed to stand
and~ pleep) through eyelet holes bored in a
sort of box erected biehinld the Strangers'
Gallery. Far better is the shieep-pen~ of
to-day, but iL is a pen, Originally it was
divided into three comlpartmients of seven
persoiis each. A dlozen years ago, ho0w
ever, the dlivioding walls were removed.
Sinice then other implrovemenits have b~eenl
miadle the ist of wvhiich is the elevation of
tile ceiling and1( an attemlpt at. yentLiltion;
but the gallery still remains smlil, (lark
andi well-nigh initolerabile. 11lung high in
the air, like IL bird-cage, a heavy iron grat,
ing conceals its occupanlts from the view
of tile hlouse, and1(, unless a woman is for
tuna~te enough to obtain one of eighteen
front, seals, she sees nothing and bears wit h
ditliculty. Yet wheii, in 1875, Sergeant
Sheorlock p~rop~osed to rcimove the prison
barR lie was unmercifully snubbed.
Trhromlith maniy wvindings, up innumera
ble stairs, womeni attin the door leading
to their peni. On a visit, one hour biefore
th li ouse assenmbledl, it was locked, and a
dloren women stood before It ready to make
a ra~id on the front seats. At last the im
posing usher appeaCired, ulol0ckedl the door,
andio the scramlble began, but, we were stop
pedl in our nmd1( caree~r by the imperturba
ble person in black, who, after comparing
ouir naumes withl those 011 his list, allowed
uis to p~roceedl. "'This is heantiful, is it,
not ?" saidl an ekicerly ladiy to hecr colipan
ion. "'What have you brought with you?"
'Sherry, sandwiches and some sal vola
tile." ''Very senisible, iiy dear,'' added the
elderly' lady. "Just before leavinrg home
I hiad somei sauisages, because they arc
staying. Womieni speakl little in this pen,.
the effect o~f the grating hieing depressing.
No men~i are allowved, M. l''s excep~ted,
who drop in occasionlly to see their friends.
Tlhe( only diversion is tea, or aL chop) servedl
in a retiring-rooml
A Chicago police oflicer suggests the ad
dlitionl of teleph~ouc boxes to tile Rystem oif
alarml telegraphs in use in our cities. lIn
conniectIOnl with thle alarmi aL reserve lorce
Is to be mnainitainedl at the stations wit~h
wagons andI ambulances, and all the para
phernalia necessalry for riot or accidlent.
Should It be IL mutrder, robibery, or any
other crime, the perpetrators of which have
escapedl, tbe alarml Is to be-given to every
man in the dist -ict by sounding a large
bell, which is to lbe placed uplonl tile ioof of
the station. Upon hearing this~, every of
ficer on duity is to run to the nearest tele
phone box and correspond wIth the stal
Lion; and It is also proposed that they re
port by tile same iimansevery hlour, whlether
anything occurs Oin their beats or not.
What thre key~i ret the watch thie
prayer is to our granes.
In a Goeat Kitehen.
No; it was not hushed, for there was
simineriig and sizzing, and a subdued
sound of frying, like the atuuement of an
orchestra. They were notes of preparation.
Occasionally a lad would dump a scuttle
of coke on the floor, and a white capped
man would run a tongs over ia gridiron and
make a metallic sound, like a boy with a
stick on a paihng. All the time, however,
as a bass there was a rustle of steam, as It
puleated and bubbled through the copper
tanks. There were a hundred odors in the
air. Here was the faint smell of parsley,
of thyme, whiffs of clover, fragrance of
mace, savors of onions, slight rr eks of gar
lic, with acidities of lemons, all tempered,
blended and commingled into one general
savory whole. It was as a Flemish picture
of abundance, when one got a sight of the
provender, for an ice receptacle is opened
for an inquisitive woman. Here lie blond
chickens, with legs of snow-white veal, and
ruddy tenderloins, and marbled roastirg
pieces, and whole sides of mutton, all gar
nished with their lace-work of fat. In this
one there is fish ; and green lue-fish, andi
red snapper, with vernilculated mackerel,
and cardinal colored lobsters-.for they are
boiled--with lordly-striped bass, complete
the Ichthyological tableau. And here Is the
bread hatch-all apart in another room
for piled up to the ceiling stand in layers
tke brown-crusted loaves, the white crisp
rolls. 'I hen there is fragrance again ; for
the inquisitive woman is led by her nose to
where the pastry cooks-there are six of
them-are compounding their cates. Could
a whole generation of pic caters ever get
through those innumerable rounds of pump
kin, apple, mince, and custard pies? IThere
Is great seething and tumultuousness about
that huge iron drum, and the steni bursts
forth now and then, as if from a Hecla.
But it Is not mud which conies up to the
suiface. There tumbles up in the most
jolly and Inviting way, done up in linen
cloth, vast quantities of dumplings I How
they bob up and down in the scalding fluidl
How much indigestion is there? I repress
the thought, amazed at a man who patient
ly turns the handle of something which
looks like a churn. "What might that
be ?" is asked. "Hard sauce," is tWe reply.
"Fifty pounds of the best fresh butter,
about the same of sugar, and a pound of
nutmeg, with four quarts of lemon-juice;
it takes three hours hard working; the boss
do say lie is going to run her by machinery,
and I wish lie would," and the hard-suice
compounder wipes his forehead, Just be
yond, on a separate table, a Frenchman
was making eclairs. The crust had been
already turned out, and from a huge bowl,
with a brush, he was giving his eclairs a
glaze of chocolate. To the main kitchen
the visitor returned, attracted by a new
odor. Here wan the roasting going on.
Six, eight, ten separate ribs of beef were
slowly turning, with five haunches of mut
ton, but mutton and beef were not com
mingled ; they were teii feet apart. "Nev
er would do mna'am," said the roaster;
"them two things-beef aih nmutton-has
to be put apart-the hodors of one is agin
the other." And, taking a winch from a
nail, he wound up a jack which was four
feet high. Then the nmachinery, which
had been going round and round in a slew,
majestic way, quickened its pace. "It's
the touch oil' at the end that does tbe busi
ness." Then this really great roaster took
a basting spoon that would hold a quart,
and slowly trickled the gravy over the re
"Billy, show madan the fish-bilers."
Billy took off a cover neatly balanced by a
chain pulley and weight, awi showed in a
huge copper kettle, dividd. into various
compartinents, the salhnou and the striped
bass, which were boiling. Steam pipes
gave the netessary heat. During the short
interval the visitor had spent in examining
the other portionis of the kitchen, the scene
in this pamrtiular locality had chaiiged.
Now there was a row of voices, a din of
feet, and great odors of cooking meat.
Beefsteaks were spultter-ing ; flares of lire
from gushing fat puffed up along a vista
of hb-oilers; wvaiter-s came rushing in with
bowls ; plates chittered, and spoons were
beaten, tattoo like, on the china. The
clock pointecd to 12:3$0 o'clock. People
were so busy roasting, broiling, stewing,
serving, that it was no time to ask quelst
ions. What was this? Where was ii all
happening ? Why, ini thme largest luncheon
andi dinnier restaurant ini the great muetro-O)
ohms of New York.
Indians in Flior.da,
Tlhiere arc to-d1ay witinm thme borders of
Florida abont 250 wari-iors, and, including
wonen andl children, 800 1indians ini all.
divided up into four- towns or lodges, over
all of whoni Young Tliger Tail is thme chief.
lie is about thirty years of age. QO of
thme 1udhiani towns Is in P~olk County, on the
wvest side of tihe K issinine River, near Lake
Pierce. These lndhianis live abnmost entirely
on thme natural resources of thme country, such
as deer, turkey, beair, and fIsh; they miake
fromi the bud of the cabbage plmietto arid
bamiboo brier root, which they ireduce to a
1pulp1 by boiling, what may be considered a
substitute for Ibread, and it is very inutri
tiouis and~ palatable. They also have small
p~atchies of sweet, potatoes, sugar canme, and
corn, but, (10 not rely on the latter produe
tionsa. Thelmy raise no cattle, but, have a
good stock of hogs ami p~onies on thme
range. They (dress In prinmitive style
(lhmps and gowns), and iefuse to civilize,
but, are perfectly harnmless. Notwhhstanmd
inig they live almost entirely without shelter,
sickniess is ainiost unmknownm among themi,
and they live to a ripe 01(d agc. Another
town us on Fisheating Creek, necar Lake
Okeechobee. At this place the council
meet, annually to niake laws and punish
crime, and at, which nmeeting (in .Juiie)thiey
have their '"green-corn (lance." Another
town is found on the opposite side of thme
Kusshmnme, at what is known as "Alpa
tioka." Anothber is near Shackleford,on thme
Everglades, west sidle, fifty ummies below
thme Calo sahatch e iv'er. Another town
on thme east, coast nmear thme Miamna River.
Over each of these four towns at Lthe annual
or "green corn (d mace," a chief Is elected or
appoInted wiho reIgns supreme for thme comi
ing year. Thel chief thus selected yearly
is thme man who has killed the~ most bears
during the year, thIs being the qualifica
tioni necessary for the candidate. There
are iio people who punish more severely
for either adultery or fornication, by cut
tIng the ears and nose of the man or lash
ing publicly the female. To this grand
councit the criminals from all the towns
are brought, tried, ad punIshed. Slavery
still exists in FlorIda, and thme slavehiolders
arc the Seominole indlans, who still hold
several, and woulrn iket purchase more
Earning a Living.
It is very hard to understand how the
mass of men live in any large city, where
everything, from a wink of sleep to a mouth
full of food, nust always be paid for. But
it is much harder to understand how women
eke out a subsistence ; for they have far
less strength, inferior health. and generally
much lower wages. It is estiuated from
reliable sources that somib 00,000 women
i and about the city of Philadelphia
alone, earn their own living, and that the
number steadily increases from year to
year. They ate of -all grades, from serv
ants to fashionable modistes, book-keepers,
artists and managers. A number of them
are members of intellectual professions,
such as medicine, journalism, lecturing,
acting. Not a few of theim earn a good
deal of money, notably actresses, milliners
and dressmakers, and often they acquire a
handsome independence. The profits of
actreeses are probably higher than those of
any other femnne calling ; then comen mil
liners, and next dressmakers. Lecturers
have hitherto made considerable money
Anna Dickimsan cleared, it is sid, $40,000
in one year-but recently the public has
cared very little for then, the business hav
lag been overdone and the quality of the
lectures having grown very poor. A nui
ber of women who had done very well at it
have been obliged to retire front the Held
for hick of patronage. Actresses, oii the
contrary, command higher salaries antd so
cure more lucrative engagements than ever.
But they must have talent, sonic power of
attraction. They cannot, as many women
believe, rush upon the stage without ainy
mental endownient, and get suddenly rich.
Milliners and niodistes, after they have
gainedi a fashionable reputation, thrive fa
mously ; but they are necessarily few. The
bulk of the sex employed as seamstresses,
saleswomen, teachers--the teachers who do
well are exceptional-copyists, and the
like, get very meager compensation. It is
calculiated that, of the 60,000 feininine
workers, the average earmng is not over
$4 to $4.50 a week. How they can pay
their board or purchase food and shelter
with such a pittance elides comprehension.
And then, it should be remembered that
the majority of them provide for others its
well as themselves; for it is a general rule
that anybody who can earn money is sure
to have dependents. Ordinary servants,of
whom very few are American, are said to
be more comfortable than educated and re
fined laborers of native stock. They get
from $2.50 to $4 i week, and have good
food and lodging included, which is a most
important consideration. While niany A i
drican women would materially improve
their condition l)y going into the kitchen,
they shrink from doing so because it seems
menial, and our born republicans hate to
be menials. For a woman to earn her own
living is far harder than shows on thic stir
face. To some women it is little less than
Bowyer Miller, a man of admirable char
acter and education, when he had con
cluded his legnl studies decided to estab
halh himself in Tennessee. It was soon al
ter the war of 1812-1$14, and In visiing
the circuit judges to obtain their certificate
of professional qualification, lie fell in with
am ilHouston, fresh from the campaigns of
Alabama and elsewhere in the gulf States,
in which lie had accompanied General
Jackson and who had determined to adopt
the profession of law. The young mien
were at once confidential, and Houston
frankly avowed his own educational defl
ciencies and 1. inited opportunity of uualify
tug himself, occupied as lie had becou for the
few years preceding the excitements of the
"Aliller," 11 said lie, "II shall tell the judges
that they needn't expect much learning
front me. We shall be examined at the
sanme timie. If a question of diffliulty is
asked don't be bashful; answer it. Leave
thtose that are easy to me. I am not at all
Miller, who was well-qualified, was
amused, and p~romised to do anything in
his power to aid hini.
Airiviing at the rezideiice of the first
judge, this uagreement was kept up. Hlons
ton invariably introduced the examilnation
by a narrative of sontething connected
with the war, and with a jocular adlmission
of his own diflculties in pursuing lis legal
theories. A question having been asked
upon01 the abstruse common law doctrine of
executory decrees and contingeint reind~
era, Mr. Miller modestly rep~eatedl the ex
p~ositioni of his authorities, iand the judge
amphihied the rep~ly with remarks upon the
chaninel of judicial decisions.
WVe are not to suppose that the exanmi
natioiis were very technical or strict. At
a succeeding exaitination, however, lious
ton in a rep~ly to a question uplonl the sante
subject took up the reply andi~ repeated the
iformation that lie had acquired, and
when they called ont the last judge, Hiou
ston obiserved that the two p)recedling eX
aminations must have been satisfactory,
and Jumdge White gave lia signiature and~
made the young muan stay all night.
Within two years front that time H~ou
stoni had been elected (ether as State or
District Attoriney, while Miller, dliscour
agedl at the prospect of his professional
success, returned to VIrginia.
A Mnate enn.
Thle history of a single bean, accident.
ally planted in a gardlen at Southbridge,
Mass., is traced by a correspondent, whio
fliured out its produice for three years.
TIlhe bean was planted in a r'ch, loamy
soil, and when gathered In the autumn, its
yieldl, as counted, was 1,515 p~erfectly de
veloped beans front a single stalk. Now,
if each .bean produces 1,515 more, thme
sum total of the secondi years' produict
wouild be 2,295,225, equail t(o 1, 195 p)ounids,
597 quiaits, or 2,390 army rations equal to
181 bushels. Th'lis would be the product
of the second year. Nowv, if we plant, this
p~roduict and the yield is the same, we hiive
a product of 6,168,058,'800,625 beans,
equal to 1,371,890 tons, or 42,871,572
bushels or 548,750,008 soldiers' rations.
Thtis third phainting would give the steam
shipj (Ireat Eiastern 92 full freights.' Few
beiais, however, start so well as this one
MATTr M--was a qeer genius. A
neighbor fouind him one (lay at ani on
ormnous w~ood plie, sawing away for
dear life,with an Intolerably dull saw.
"Why don't, you sharpen your saw,
Mat?" asked the neighbor. Looking
up with an Inimitable dhroll expression,
ho replied, "I should think I hadl to
work hard enough sawmg tihe Wood
pile without stopping to sharpen
A few days ago the well-known hunter
of Piko's Peak, Catamount Charley, ap -
peared in Colorado Springs riding lls
pibald mustang, Captain Kid. Charles was
dressed in his Sunday clothes and appeared <
to be In a particularly gotod humor.The per
sonal appearance of this famous hunter and I
trapper is familiar to every resident of Col.
orado Springs. 11s tall, loosely-knit figure, t
hIs long legs, his dark face, black eyes and
flowing black beard, which sweeps in a
sable cataract over his bosom, are all well
known to our citizens. Catamount Charley
was dressed,as we have said, in his Sunday
clothes, which consisted of a yellow buck
skin shirt and buckskin trowsers, both
trhnmed with a fringe of buckskin cut into
strlps,a cartridge belt filled with the loaded
sliells of a heavy repeating rifle, which he
carried in his hand a wide, white sombrero
on his head, and moccasins on his feet.
Catamount Charley disnounted in front of 0
Aiken & Ilunt's Aluseum and, leaving his
mustang unhitched, removed a heavy bale V
of skins from the crupper of the saddle and
walked into thxc store. Mr. hlunt, who is o
the musical inember of the firm, was the
only one in the store at the time and was I
engaged in playing a dreamy nocturne
upon the pian(o when Charley entered.
"I say, boss, " remarked Charley in the
midst of one (of the ainos' )athetie )asages
of Air. Hunt's music; "I've got some skins
yere I'd like to sell ver."
'Certainly,'" said Air. Iiunt, with his
usual politeness, "I shall be glad to look L
"Yere," said Cliarley, "is a mountin
bison's hide, yere is a mountain lion's hide
and vere are two more lion's hides. That
fust lion's skin is the biggest I ever see. P
It's nine feet from tip to tip; the critter
must have weighed about five hundred
"Indeed ?" said Mr. llunt.
"Yes, boss, I recl-on he must,'' said
Charley, taking a sent on the piano stool t
just vacated by Mr. lluti and striking the
key-board of the piano with his bronzed
lIst until the strings roared amain. "That's
about. the way that 'ere feller hollered when t
I shot, 'hi," said Charley, with a satisfied
"indeed ?" said Mr. Ilunt. t
"Yes; you see, it. was this way. I was
looking arouid for game back of the leak, 1
when all at once I heardi a growlin' andl([ a e
howhn'whiclh reminded ie that the moun
tain lions was niot all dead yet. so I 1
crawled around a pint of rock, and I'ml
blamed if I didn't see three mountain lions
havin' a fight with a monstrous bison. I
tell you, it was a big fight, ! Thie lions s
would make a lea1p, and the bison would 0
back up agini a rock and take them on his
horns. I don't know how the fIght would I
have conie out, but it was just too good a f
pemie for ie to let it pass, so I drawed a
bead on the fust lion as come in range and t
pulled my :Id rifle ofT. The surprisin' part t
of the afrair was that just as I pulled one
of the hions jumped in betweci ie and i
the one I shot at and caught the ball just a
back of his ribs. It passed clean through
him,and bein'turned a little from its cotrse, e
it cut the throat of the second lion and tj
broke the neck of the bison. They all ti
dropped inl a healp and I wits so I ickled
that I incautiously juimped out from he- g
hind the rock when tihe third lion saw v
'Indeed,''said Mr. Ihunt.
''Yes," said Charley, "tie third lion lie t<
saw me and niade a ju mp in miy direction. d
As I saw him coiin' I didn't have timo to h1
take aim, but brought my repeatin' rifle
lp under my arm au took a fly u
shot at him. Lucky for me I took f
him in the breast and lie tumbled over
"Indeed,'' said Mr. Ilunt. d
"Yes," said Chariley, "he tumbled over sl
dead, and now what will you give mn for a
the four skins-three miountain lioiis anid
We left Mr. llunt entgagedl in a mer-can
tIle combat with Charlecy over the price of a
This vague "'household word'" indliecae E
onie or more of a long, varied train of un-m
pleaisant affections, nearly always traceable
to one or the other of only3 two cauiseb; sud-l
den change of temperature and( uiieqiual ~
distribution of templleratuire. No ext remes I'
of heat or cold cani alone effect this result; 0
p)ersonis frozenui to (deathi do, not ''take cold"1'
(flring 1the( process. liut, if a part of the a
bodly lie rapidly cooled, as by evapmoraution ~
fronm a wet article of clothing, or by sitting a
ini a dIraughit of air, thme rest of the hudy ire
mnaining at ani ordi naray temipuratuire; or if
the tem1pertaturte of the whole be suddenly ti
changed by goinag out into the cold, or es- I
pecially by coining into a warm room, P
thiere as miuch liabailit y of trouble. T'here ~
is an 01(1 saymng-"whien the air comes
thirouigh a hole, say youir prayers to sauve 0
your 8s11i;" amnd I ashouild think ailimost anty I
oneC could( get ''a cold"' with a spoont ul of 0
wter, or the wrist held to a key hole. 8in
guilar as it may seemt, sudden10 war'amig "
wheni cold is more dangerous Lthan thme re. h
verse. Everyone has anoticed how soon thle ~
haandkerchiief Is requlired On entering a
heated roomi on a co1 lildy. Forost bite as
an extrenme illustratioai of this. As the Ii
Irishmansaid, oni licking himself up, it wvas o
not theo fall, but stop~ping 80 qutickly that 0)
hurt him. It is niot the lowering of the 0
temperatuire to the freezing point, but its
.sublsequenat elevationm that devitalizes the 01
tisslie. TIhis is why rubbini with siiow, a
or banthdig ini col water, is requairedl to re- II
store saufely a~ frozen part; the arrested cir- 0
cuilaltion miust, be very gradutally re-estab- 0
lishied, or i nilaumnation, perhaps mortilli
cation, ensuies. GJeneral precationms agiant it
taking "old are almost self-evident in the ~
lIght. TIhere Is ordlinalrily little, if any,
dlanger to he apprehieiided from wect clothes ~
so long as exercise Is kept up, for the
''glow" about comnpenisates for the extra a
cooling by evaporaltiona. Nor Is a coi- og
plete (drencinimg more likely to be injuriious h
than wetting of onic p~art. lIt, niever sit, w
still wet, and1( in chaning rubl thie body
(ry. TIhierc is a general tendencey, spring- tI
in~g from fatigue, Indolence ando indiffer- o,
ence, to nteglect (lamp feet,; that is to say, L
to dIry them by the fIre; but thIs process is rt
tedIious ando uncertain. I woulfd say espe- ri
clally, off with muddy boots andi( sodIdenm i
socks at ongce-dlry stockinags and slippers, ii
after a hutL, niay maike just the dlifference
of your beIng able to go out, again or a
never. TIakoe care never to check p'ersp)ira- ei
tIon; duing this process the body is In a wi
somnewhlat critical conditionl, andl a sutldden 01
arrest of the ftunction may restult (d15- si
astrously-even fatally. QO part of the 0i
business of perspilrationl Is to equahzo bodl- 04
ly temp'erature, and it muist not bo inter- k
fored with. D
FOOD FOR THOUGHT.
Favors of all kinds double when they
ire speedily sonferred.
To be angry is to revenge the faults
>f others upon ourselves.
Avoid an angry man for a while-a
nalictous one for ever.
A jutoelous silence is better than
ruth spoken with charity.
Nature is the waster of talent; geii
is Is the master of nature.
Have a care of whom you talk, to
vhom, and what, and where.
Make not thy friend too eheap to
bee, nor thyself to thy friend.
An idle reason lessens the weight of
he good ones you gave before.
What is becoming Is honorable, and
vhat is honorable Is becoming.
Earnestness of purpose can spring
nly from strong convictions.
There can be no true thankfulness
rhere there is no benevolence.
You should forgive many things in
thers, but nothing In yourself.
The good which you do may not be
3st, though it may be forgotten.
He that catches more than belongs to
iml, deserves to lose what he has.
The more we hell) others to bear their
urdens, the lighter will be our own.
The trouble with many communities
i. that their dead men refuse to be
Alan believes that to be a lie which
outradicts the testimony of his own
A friend cannot be known in pros
erity, and an enemy cannot be hid In
It is good in a fever, and much bettor
n anger, to have the tougue kept clean
Never send your guest who Is aecus
[ined to a warm rooN, Into a cold,
amp bed Lo sleep.
Taking a penny that does not belong
o one removes the barrier between in
rgrlty and rascality.
Patience on a monument Is all well
nough for poets, but doctors plant
beir patients beneath.
Never fall to offer the easiest and
"st seat in the root to an invalid, an
lderly person or a lady.
Never negleet to perform the com
iission wlieh the friend intrusted to
ou. You must not forget.
The loud tones In which some per
onsl appeal to reason Imply that reas.
n Is a great distance from them.
The happiness of the tender heart Is
iiereased by what it can take away
rotn the wretcheduess of others.
Intellectual pride is less outraged by
he obscurities of faith than by the au- '
hority with which it is clothed.
Let every one sweep the drift front
is own door and not busy himself
bout the frost on his neighbor's tiles.
Christanity is the element in mod
rn olvlliz tion thvt secures it against
ic vicissitudes of another elvllisa
Rflection Is a flower of the mind.
lvinig out wholesome fragrance; re
erle Is the samte flower when ruuning
It is safer to affront some people than
> oblige them, for the better a matn
eserves the worse they will speak pf
We may dwell so Oxclusively on the
iany forms of right-doing m to shut
rem view the presence of goodness
Right habit, io like the ehannel,which
letates the course in which the river
tall flow, and whieh grows deeper
nd deceper with each year.
A manm needi only correct himself
'itht the sane rigor that lie ap~prehiends
Lthers, and excuse others with the
tine indulgence that heo shows tohim
Of Trebontius, Tullius said(: "I am
laid ihe whom I inust have loved from
uty, whatever he lad been, is such as
eunn love front iclinaion.''
Never put muchl confidence in sucht
1)1 putno coniitdence ini others. A man
re to sus~pctL evil Is mostly looking
ut, for what he sees in himuself.
lnatmuty is where it Is recelvedl. If
iou art a mud wall, it will stick ; if
mar ble, It wlli rebotund. If thou stormi
It, it Is thinte; if thou contenmu it,
hlanudsoime peop1le u'sually are so fin.
soleally pleaseBd wtth thtemstelves, thtat
they (10 not kill at first slg:mt, as the
bara: e is, a seeondi iuterview deprIves
aem of all their power.
Great vices are theo proper objects of
Lir dotestaton-smtaller faults of our
ity ; but afl'eciatoon appears to be the
uly true source of the ridieulous.
No man has come to true greatntess
ho has not folt in some degree that
is life .belongs to his race, and ilac
'lit God gives him lhe gives him for
The very heart and root of sin is an
ideiieindent and selfish spirit. We
rect the Idol self, anid not only wisht
~hters to worship it, but we worshly it
Unaiversal love Ia like a glove with.
at fingers, which lits all hands alike,
ad none closely; butt true offection is
ke a glove with liagers, which fits
to hanad ontly, anid fits close to that
it Is wvhen our buddliag hopes are
iped beyond recovery by some rough
id chat we are most disposod to pie
ire to ourselves what iiRoe they
ightD have bornae had theyv flourisned.
The great sorrows of life are eIther
curse or a blessing to us. Even the~
ein grare may be a doorway into the
haven of a larger faith or the openi
ay luto-a life of solemn despali.
The mntellect of man sits visibly en-~
ironed upon his forehead anid in htis
ye, anad the heart of man is written
pon hi cou ntenanice. Ibimt thte soul
voals itself i the voice only, as God
tvealed himnself to the prophets of old
the stlli, sntiali volce froin the durnt
Ma n Is like an engine-It will run
eli and long if' it Is wveii oiled. Conit-.
itmenit and cheerfulness are thme oil
lbiah keeps the nerves from wearinag
it. Busy men and woman chinksthatc
mo taken froma toil for sleep anid r..
'cntion is time lost. It is really the
mnent put In to till up the joints, to
uep out the weather and preserve the