Newspaper Page Text
'T'RL-WEEKLY EDITION. W INNSBORO, S. C, FEBRUARY 10, 1881. -
THE ROOT OF THE ROSE8.
The loaves aro fading and falling,
.'ho winds are rough and wild. '
The birds have ceased their calling,
But lot me toll you. my child :
Though day by day, as it closoes,
Doth darker and colder grow,*
'ho roots of the bright red rosos
Will AOop alive in the'bnow.
And when the wint'er is over'
The boughs 'will got now loaves,
The quail come baok to the olover,
'The swallow back to the eaves
The robin will wear on his bpsojn
The vest, that io bright and now,
And the liveoest waysido blossom
Will shine with sun and dow.
Ho, whon some'dear joy losos,
Its beautoons summor glow,
Think how the roots of the roses
Aro kept alivo in the snow.
From the Dead.
One day Frank came home, with a look
of triumph. "I have 'a perfect treasure'
for you,' lie said, in the wia) of a nurse,
Gerald Temple is going to take his famly
to Europe, and when he heard what you
wanted, offered to let. us have their nurse,
whom they will not want."
I heard a low sigh. Flora, Frank's only
sister, had been sitting in the corner of-the
drawing-room. She rose -now and slipped
"How could you, Frank ?" I said, fol
lowing her with sad eyes. "I never heard
your sistei speak of the Temples since she
bas lived with us; the very mention of
their name brings baci the memory of
Gerald's brother and all that sad tragedy."
"I an sorry," said Frank, "but I did
not know she was in the room. Poor
Flora I "
"Yes I Poor Flora, I said to myself. But
once the bhthest, loveliest little creature I
ever anew. It is something of a story,but
'uts 'an ower true tale,' and I will tell it in
the shortest way I can."
Floa and Frank were orphans, and old
Mrs. Chichester, their grandmother, had
adopted Flora amost from her infancy.
The old lady had very ambitious hopes of
niaking a splendid match for her beautiful
grandchild. But Flora tl'ought otherwise;
ani when she was just seventeen, at the
time of my wedding, she and Lahgley Tem
ple were insane enough to fall- desperately
in love with each other. After awhile
Langley was ordered to his ship (he was
in the navy) but Frank waged battle with
grandma until he obtained a viperish con
sent that the lovers might correspond.
G(ra1ndma took pahis not to let Frank know
how Flora was tormented and tryinuized
over, until the poor child consented to go
out into society again; and there she met,
and made ready conquests of the very man
whom grandma had intended for her beauty
--lorace Kent. Flora refused him; but
grandma said, scornfully, "That made no
difference. She would come to her senses
Soon," and, to my utter aniazeiient, the
tro'oU.wan went or,anti by-and-by we were
bidden to the wedding-a quiet elegant af
fair, where Flora talked and walked as If
she were frozen.
Kent and Flora were to sail for Europe
within a fortnight of their marriage, and
went to Washington and Baltimore to pass
that time. Left alone, one evening in Balti
more, with a severe headache, Flora re
iemibered having some aromatic vinegar
in her husband's dressing case. Kent was
peculiar in his careful way of locking up
his belongings, and she took her own
bunch of keys to open the box, when,
rather to her surprise, she found the
key left in: the box. Some listless, vague
einipulse, which: she could never afterward
.a account for, pronmpted her to lift the upper
S tray, aithough she had found the vinegar
already. Underneath, to her surprise, she
found papers, and was about, returmang the
j tray to its place, without further examina
ti m, when her eyes were caught by the
words-' i1y own Flora," in a dear, a too
WIhen Kent came back that night,
lie found his beautiful young wife sense
leas upon her bed, with two letters crum
S pied between her cold fingems. One, the
laist letter thatLangley had actually written
. heir; and the oilher, the ba~se forgery, in
which h~e asked to be released from: his on
They caime back to Now York for a sin..
gle diiy, Flora saw no one but h~er grand
mother. The old1 lady, upon her death-bed,
r 'aved of that interview, and vainly hnplor
edi Flora's forgiveness for urging Kent on to
h ls treachecry. The newly-wedded pair
sadled in the ill-fated ship that, took lire
off the coast of Nova Scotia,- and whose
name still carr:ies terror to many a heart.
Flora was one of the handful of survivors;
herac unhappy h~usband fought for her 1)1 'ce
in thme boat,, and remaining behind himaself,
L"~perished with the ship. Then came the
ncws that Langley's ship had gone down
s.with all on board.
Flora caime to live wvith: us about two
years before the commecncement of my
stoiy. Bhe seemed to feel a sorrowful re
morse about her husband that -was not
grid'' yet it cast a shadowv over her life.
"le was treacherous and false," she said
to me one (lay. "and he broke my heart
but what right had I to judge hinm? hiarrie,
I toldi him that 1 coulid never forgive. Andi
lie died, thinking himself unforgiven." Of
Lianglcy, as 1 told you, she never spoke.
Well, the 'per'fect treasure' made her ap
pearance. She was rather a young look.
lng woman, with a pleasant, low, voice
and very good manners, for one of her
One night, Frank had taken a box at
the opera in New York. We lived in
SBrooklyn and as Kellogg was to sing, I
Sbegged Flora to go with us., but she de-.
cldined: She would stay at home and keel)
Shouse, e said.
liI he meantime, Flora, after our deC
lpaituie, rat Icir somte time waiting letters
mn lher' own roni; andi at last fell asletp.
She niever knewv how long she slept, but
she had a painful nightmare sensation, as
if somiebody was tr3 lng to smother herl,and~
afteir struggling with the feeling for somic
time, she slowly, and( with a great effort
opened her eyes. Whiy,what has happened
to the roomi 'Ilhe eas must have gone out
--i stotally dark, save a flickering gleam
i m te laig fire on the hearth, and
wuhat a sickening smell there w as. With a
llintning rapidity, which is more h~ke In
rAinet than thought, it flashed upon her
*what the strange scent was--chloroform I
'pihen, as she caught her frightened breath,
afid shrank back Into her chair, a low
sound of voices from the dining rooms
reached her cars. The door between the
rooms .%was ajar, and she saw a thread
of light from It; the voice she flyst. heard
was man 's
'Yer didn't give the young 'oman too
much, did yer?" it asked anxiously'.
"WiWh I had," answered Alice's low,
stealthy voice. "1 hate her! She suspects
"Ha, u i" gurgled the man. 'The must
ha' bei purty oncivil to yer; yer -usually
gets on the right side of 'em. Is that 'er
pitcherk silver or plate ?"
"Plate. The silver is up stairs,"'
Flora shook as shq heard the vchoim of
that low volce.
'She was Mr. Langley's lady-love- till
her old grandima stopped it."
"And what were Mr. Langley to yer,my
girl " said the mani.
"Hush I you'll wake the chil'd. and I
don't want to do him any harm. Mr. Lang
ley-" The woman's voice softened, "111e
never said a dozen words to me in his life I
but, look you, Vincent, I worshipped
"1hat's right. Tell me all, as'm your
husband that is to be," lie said, with a
"Mrs. Kent has splendid jewels, too. I
picked the lock to look at them. You can
take as many of those as you like. Come."
As soon as the sound of their footsteps
died aWay, Flora snatched the deadly
handkerchief from her head and staggered
to het feet, though dizzily. She was a
very spirited girl, and determined that the
pair should not escape. But what' could
she do? It was vain to think of getting the
cook to alarmi their neighbors at the corner,
for the next lot was vacant, and she must
cross tli hall, and go past the stairs to find
her. There would be no use in throwing
up the window and screaming; the house
was on Clinton avenue, far out, and the
policemen (lid not cone past very often.
Flora wrung her hands, when a sleepy
murmur of ''auntie P " startled her. In a
second her resolve was taken, and she was
on her knees by Fred, kissing him and say
"Fred I my darling, auntie is going to do
something very fumimuy. You remember
how papa juiped you dlown from the bal
cony on Christnas day to run after the
monkey. I'm going to jump you down
now. Don't speak a word. Act like a
man. There !"
Fred was just four years old, but a great
hoy for his age, und he always obeyed
Flora implicitly; so he rubbed his sleepy
eyes wide open, and was carried to the
window. ' lie balcony, outside, was not far
from the ground. As Fiora looked out,
carefully, she saw, under the corner gas
light, a tall figure with a gleam of brass
"Fred,"' she whispered, rapidly, "run
fast to the policeman, and tell him lie must
come right here to auntie; then go to Mr.
Motley's at the corner, and ring the bell
with all your nihtt-it is low and you can
reach it-and tell George and Harry Mot
ley that Aunt Flora says there is a thief in
the house. Don't be afraid, Fred; be a
man like papal"
Ovet; softly, gently,over the low railing;
and then, with a good shake of his small
person, Fred's fat legs trotted swiftly off
toward the policeman.
Directly under the balcony a voice said,
"What's wanted, ma'ain ? Can you
open the front door for me ?"
"I cannot,'' she panted; "there are bur
glars in the house, and I should be heard.
Couldn't you get up here somehow ? Has
the little boy gone to the neighbors?"
There was no answer to this question,
but the policeman easily followed her sug
gestion, and climbed up over the balcony.
The fire had now died out i the room, the
only light wvas a faint glimmer from the
"W~ait !" whispered Flora, laying her
cold hand on the policeman's arm as he
mad~e a motion to go forwara. "They are
uip-stair, in my room, lookinig for
my jewels. If you will stand just be
hind that (leer, 1 wvill creep up the back
stairs and reconnoitre; if thme woman comes
down to answer the bell, seize her. There
is but one man; if I want help I will call,
and then you must rush up the front
"Are you not afraid ? asked the police
man, with some surprise; but Flora was
gone before lie had finished the remark.
When she reached the stairs, she found
by the sounds, that the man had evidently
gone into the silver closet, which stood on
the other sidle of the back stairs, and that
now she was between the two-for shte
could hear Alice wvalkinig about in her
room. Quick as a flash, f'he little figure
glidedl up the stairs, slipping off her boots
on the lowest step; there was no light mn
the hall, except that affordled by the burg..
lar's lantern, for the gas wvas turned dlown
low, and the lanitern set inside the closet
door. Th'lat door opened ouitward, ano the
key was In it; a spring, a sudden bang,and
then the cllck' of the key in Flora's
nervous fingers, as she turned It in the
A tremendous curse caime from the cap
tured thidf, as site leaned breathlessly
against the door. The same moment the
gaslight was turned on, and Alice con
"Yotu here, madam? Well, you aiid 1
are quits, anyhow. Open that door, or
i'll send a bumllet right through your head!
You didn't think of my having the revolver,
"No," said Flora, looking in the girl's
furious eye with her peculiarly calm smile.
TIhen she shouted, "Ucelp! P~olce I"
"You may splut your pretty throat call
imig,"said Alico,seizing her savagely by the
arm. "N cne wiil come; the cook's drug
ged, and you're at oa mercy. Give mte
the key ?"
"PIl troublc, you fot that pistol," said a
stern voice behind Flrra, as a thick, strong
arm jerked the weapon awaiy fromi Allc'.
Alice, with a shriek, fell on ti iiuor,for
she realized all at once. IBut Flora gazed
as if turned t'o atone, for It was .Langley
Temple that she saw.
"Ah, may Godi" she exclalmed.
"'Flora, doii't be so terrifled," lhe ai,
"It ls my very self, no ghost. Take my
hand, love; see, it's flesh and blood like
Tihe Motleys, had time to think. that
Flora was murdercd before the pair opened
the door. Very much siirprised were they
to see instead of the pollceman they ex
peeled to find, a very tall, handsome man,
a strangcr, in undress unifo~rm. Fred,
now that his part of the fun weas over, be
gan to roar. and Flora took him nn in her
arms, while tho four gentlemen, assisted
by the policeman, opened the closet and
secured the prisoner.
Langley's story is too long to be told
here; suilce it to say that, being on deck
when the Tecuiseh sunk,he had been able
to strike out froim ,the sinking ship, and,
under cover from the smooke and war of
battle, swam ashoro. T'liere he was taken
prisoner ' and kept in conflunement for
months, finally making his escrpe.
Langley and Flora were married very
quietly soon after. Fraok gave away the
lovelylbride, whose fair, girlish bloom had
coi back to her, and who, under the in
Iluence of love, seemed a different woman
from the pale,sad creature who had moved
so quietly about my house.
A Tein of iteindleer.
Each ldpoos hadI underhis or her charge
five deer, and, except on these Live ani
inals, they did not bestow a thought, leay
ing the others to each capture his own in
dividual five as best he could. Even the
old W7apooe, Nilas by name, did not offer
to assist his better half, nor did she seem
to expect such help. The animals havinig
been speedily got in order, the next thing
was to harness them, which is done in this
fashion: The deer has a skin-collar round
its shoulders, to which is fastened a long
strap, also of untanned akin, which, going
between the legs of the animals, is tied to
a ring at the prow of the poolk. The
single rein with which iNe drive is made
fast to the left side of the head, and is held
in the right hand. In steering, you must,
if you wish to turn to the right, cast, the
rein over to the right shoulder ol the ani
mal, and pull or rather tug a little. If you
wish to go faster, you can strike with the
rein on the animal's sles and back, though
if you have a wild brute this is rather dan
gerous, as it on being struck becomes ut
terly unmanageable, and therefore it is
generally quite sullicient to raise the left
hand, as if for a blow, which will cause the
deer.to run off smartly enough. The mo
ment the foremost (leer starts all the others
follow in a long line, winding in and out
uccording as the leader's tracks go. All deer
cannot be induced to lead the way; in
fiact, very many are trained to follow only,
as they then become much more easily
managed as baggage deer. Over all Fin
marken, and, in fact, all. Lapland, one
never sees two deer harnessed together or
witrh proper gear. In this respect the ba
moyedesare-far more practical, and not
only do they bring the aniial to the same
state of subjection as the horse With us,
but they mue entirolbucks for domestic pur
poses, an unheard-of thing in Lapland,
where even dogs are considered as too
spirited to b)e safely used.
A loorMh 15ath,
A Moorish bath would not be a bad
thing after such a mornutt, only we mnat
hurry to take It before twelve o'clock as
from that hour until six in the evening the
establishment is sacred to the gentle sex.
We willgo tothe "Etat-blajor,"where being
accuslomed to the treatment of invalids,
we will be handled niore tenderly. Notice
on the threshold as we enter, that phleg
matic-Bedouin kneading his feet as a fin
ishing touch to his bath. He will remind
you of Gordon's picture in the Museum at
Marseilles, of voluptuous Tiberius manip
ulated by an attendant. A simple curtain
separates us from the chamber which serves
at once as sit ting and dressing room.. Raise
this, and if 'you are at all up in what artists
call clarobscuro, I promise you an agreeable
view. In the half-I ight produced by a
unique lamp are softly defined columns of
white marble, a cuckoo olock, Morocco
trays, Venetian glass, and bathed in shadow
a carved alabaster fountain with a gurgling
jet d'eau, and1( the galleries and iysterious
lofts strewn with sleepers and attendants
wrapped in long robes, reminding one of
the nun scene in the third act of "Robert
is Diable. At a signial fromi the Chief there
apphroachies a half-maked native, with girded
loins aiid most peculiarly-arranged hair,
who leads you by the hand to your disrob
ing pla1co. H~e murmurs a few words,
which you are to understand as meaning
to perform this actioii. Thlie with a towel
girding your loins, a turban on thie head,
and yoiur feet in randlals, you proceed to
the ordeal. The hieat assists your imagina
tioii in thinkmng the young Moors about
you ais s0 many cannibals with their flash
ing eyes, reeking chocolate- colored skins
and~ continual exhibition of white teeth.
'Tle usual kneading proccas ensues, wi
which you are no dioubt familiar from trie
ordiinary Tiurkish bath. Thie after pleasure
of stretechmg off and enjoying your cof'ee
and a pipe, or somne tea and a cigarietto, is
inever to be forgotten except in the delici
Otis sleep which followvs, and from which
you are stililciently ref reshed, surely, for
whatever occupation turns up for the rest
of the (lay.
An enormous decrease of the number of
skylarks in Scotlanid and inorthiern England
has been commplained of recently. Mr. Ed
wardis, a Scotch naturalist, has published
an essay in which lie attcmplts to disp~rove
the popular theory that starlings or meadow
larks cause the niischief by breaking the
eggs in the nest andi by killing the young.
'That the bill of the stamling is capable of
diestroyling the egg lie adnuts, but lie ridi
cules the idea of its dlestroying the young,
and lie does not believe that the starlings
are to blame. ie attributes the evil chiefly
to the increase in eattle and the taking ini
of waste ground for agricultural purposes.
-"As a rule," lie says, "larks do not breed
among hay, corn-or barley. For one nest
I have knmowni In suich places, I have, I may
safely say, found a diozen mi meadows, on
pasture landits and on waste ground. Now,
for oine cow or ox that there were years
ago, there are about a score at present.
Is it not p~ossible that the great Increase of
these anials may have something to (10
withi the decrease of the lark by tramplling
on their nests or nmaltreating them ? I
have mnyself, while searching in clover
fields for iiothis and in grazing grounds for
beetles, coiie across numbers in recent
years so destroyed. I'hcasants, partridges
and oilier grounid breeding birds also sulfer
severely. Biesides, we have cattle and
sheep niow, but, miore particularly the latter,
put Into wvoodhs and plantations to eat down
the herbage there." In conclusion, Mr.
Edwards protest's very earnestly against
the destruction of birds'-nests and the trap
ping of song' birds by men and boy., by
which thousands of birds are destroyed
A sportsman who penetrated into the
jungle lying between Buddoh and Stran
goon came upon a lone hut, in a district
called Campong Batta, upon the roof of
which the skin of an enormous boa or py
thon was spread out. The hut was occu
pied by a Malay and his wife, who told
the sportsman the following extraordinary
story: One night, about a week previous
the Malay was awakened by the cries of
his wife. Supposing in the darkness that
she had been attacked by thieves, he seiz
ed his sharp parang and grdped his way to
her sleeping place where his hand fell upon
a slimy reptile. It was fully a minute be
fore he coult comprehend the entire situa
tion, and -when he did be discovered that
the whole of his wife's arm had been dra'n
down the monster's throat, whither the
upper part of her body was slowly but
surely following. Not daring to attack the
monster at once for fear of causing his wife's
death the husband seized two bags within
reach and commenced stufUng them into
the corners of the snake's jaws, by means of
which he succeeded in forcing then wider
open and releasing his wife's'arm. No sooner
had the boa Icst his prey than he attacked
the husband, whom lie began encircling
in his fatal coils, but, holding out both
arms and watching his opportunity, the
man attacked the nonster so vigorously
with his parang that it suddenly unwound
itself and vanished thi'ough an opening be
neath the attap sides of the hut. The
Malay's clothes were covered with blood,
as was also the floor of the hut, and his
wife's arm was blue with tihe squeezing it
received between the boa's jaws. At day
light the husband discovered his patch ,:'
plantain trees nearly ruined,, the boa hav
ing in his agony broken off the trees at the
roots, and in the midst of the debris lay
ne monster dead. The lalny stated that
he had realized $60 from Chinese, who
came long distances to purchase pieces of
the flesh on account of its supposed medi
cinal properties, and that he had refused $6
for the skin, which he preferred to retain
as a trophy.
The Largost Alan in America,.
Lewis Rockwell, aged 102 years, lives in
a ricketty old house in Pike county, Pa.,
not far fron Tafton. He is the eldest of
a family remarkable for the longevity of
its members. Of the. Rockiweli family
there are eight brothers and sisters yet liv
ing. They are: Lewis Rockwell, aged 102
years; Abram Rockwell, 95 ; Mrs. Anne
Wells, 83; liss Sallie Rockwell, 79; Eliza
Rockwell, 77; Alrs. Phoibe Gainsford, 75;
Mrs. Katharine Brown, 83; and Alre. Lu
cinda Valentine, 80; The aggregate age ol
this family is 643 years, or an average of
over 80 years each. In spite of the fact
that old Lewis Rockwell has many rich re
lations, he has been thrown upon the town,
and he is now nearly the only "town charge"
in the county. Lewis Cornelin , - di .
some vsra ago, - . of tihe
Rockwell family. 11e was at one time the
largest man in America, being considera
bly larger than the celebrated Daniel L'ii
'bert, Barnum's giant. Mr. Cornelius' di
mensions are entered upon the record books
in the Prothonotary's. offlce, at Milford,
Pike county, as follows: Lewis Cornelius,
born 1794; height,- six feet; circumference
below waist, eight feet two inches; circum
ference above waist, six feet two and one
half inches; circumference of arm above
elbow, two feet two inches; circumference
of arm below elbow, one foot nine inches;
circumference of wrist, one foot three in
ches; ciscumference of thigh, four feet
two inches; circumference of calf of ldg,
two feet seven inches; circumference ot
ankle, one foot seven inches; weight, with
out any clothing whatever, 0451 pounds.
This is the only authentic record of Mr.
Cornelius' size extant. As lie had been
sick somepline, lie loat over fity pounds
of his weight; lie was not weighed uiitil
after his dheath, and in full health wiouild
have tippied the scales at 700 hpounds. Ihis
wife was a very slight woman and weighed
just 100 pounds. Th'ley had three sons,
whose wecighit wvas 8.15 pounds, an average
of 272 pounds each. The only surviving
son1, Jolhn Cornelius, now weighs S8t)
A Test, of H~ullting Stones.
Dr. Cuittmng, the State Geologist of Ver
mont, has concludled the unique series of
tests of the fire-resisting qualities of buildiner
stones. lie declares, in substance, tiiat, no
known natural stone decserves the name of
lire-proof. Conglomerates auid slates have
"nio capability" of standing heat; granite
is injured beyond cheap or easy repair by
even so mild a heat as that which imeits
lead; sandstone, includinug the variet.1 called
brown-stone, are better, and ihnestones are
p~erhiaps the best in this respect. But even
they are injtiud by continuous heat of 900
deg., andl at 1,200 are changed into quick
lime. Tlherefore it would seem that no
storne buildings are lnre-proof, and~ some of
them, D'r. Cutting even says, are as much
damaged by fire, as wooden structures are.
Brick, on the contrary, is usually uninjtired
and is of ten rather imp~rovedl by heat until
it is melted. But as most buildings are
trimmed with iron or stone, the damage is
often considerable, even when the walls
stand. Tro avoid this Dr. (jutling recomn
mends soap-stonle trimmings, which are
open only to the objection of expense. Bt
ailithogh brick stands heat so well, it is ob
jectionable bcause its powver to resist pres
sure, without crumbling fromr dlampiness or
frost, is less dhan that of stone. Neverthe
less, as brick is in fact onily a kind of arti
ficial stone, the search for an idleal building
material Is not hopeless, but it must lie
p~rosectuted rather by the maker than by the
qtarrier of stone.
A young mafi living on thle 11111, In Jer
sey City, who was in the habit of buyIng
a p~articuilar brand of tobacco at a certain
cigar store, eptered and called for a papher
oft the weed, lie was followed as lie en
tered the door, by another man. The
young man in question picked lip the par
cel, then laid it down, remarking that lie
was uiiiucky with that brand aiid would
change oif to another, when lie might prob
ably secure a prize. H~e took a paper of
another manufacturer, and the store-keeper
was about to replace the first paper m its
box, whenm the second man said he guessed
that was good enough for him. The two
men opened their papers, when the young
man found in his paper a new three-cent
piece, and the other man found in the
paper whlich the first had rejected an ordler
for a gold locket. The young man wasn't
very mad, but he declared that hereafter
he would never change his brand,
cirowth of the lair.
There are three reasons why wonen's
hair is longer than men's. First, she has
no hair growth on her face, and so has a
larger supply of hair-forming material for
the scalp ; second, the diameter of her hair
being larger, It is less liable to break ; third,
being usually less engaged in mental labor
or business worry, she has a more constant
und even supply of blood to the scalp. In
nations where the hair of the men is usually
worn short, the fashion, of long hair in the
male is regarded as a protest against church
and state, and against general customs,
taste and thought ; in Austria it is made a
political offense to be so attired. The
growth of the hair is the most rapid in the
young and middle aged, and in those liv
ing an outdoor life. At the age of eighty,
if a man lives so long, and if his hair and
beard have been close trimmed, lie has cut
off six and a half inches of hair annually,
or about thirty feet in all. The hair is the
least destructible part of the body. The
hair of the ancient Thtebaus is, alter a lapse
of 4,000 years, found to have survived the
tombs. The Pyramids and the Sphynx
are crumbling, but some of the wigs of
hunian hair, exposed to the mold and imois
ture of their entombed apartments, are less
decayed than the monuments themselves.
There are three coloring pigmenits to the
hair--yellow, red and black, and all the
shades are produced by the mixture of
these three colors. in pure gold yellow
hair there is only the yellow pightent ; In
red, the red mixed with yellow ; in dark,
the black mixed with red and yellow; in
the hair of the negro there is as much red
)igment, as in the reddest hair, and had not
the black been most developed-perhaps
by the action of the sun-the hair of all
tiegroes would be as fiery a red as the red
(lest hair of an Englishman.
An Appeal to Honor.
Several weeks since a prisoner was re
ceived at the Detroit House of Correction
who seemed determined to have his own
way at every cost. In twenty-four hours
lie was in disgrace for obstreperous con
duct, and he was no sooner out of one
scrape than le got himself into another.
lie was locked up, tied up and punished
in different ways, and the other day when
lie committed somiie new breach of disci
pline the deputy called him into the oflico
in despair, and began :
"John, how long have you been here?"
"llow ipany times have you been ptun
"About a dozen times, I guess."
"And still you are lazy and impudent
"It isn't for me to dispute you, sir?"
"I've been thinking over your case,"
colintiued the deputy, "and I have coin
cluded to put you in charge of the small
pox hospital. You are too lazy to catch
Mu maeuse. 11m1i LUo miieana to let anybody
else have what you can't. Uet your traps
''Say deputy," replied the man, as his
eyes began to bulge, '"this is the llrst time
since 1 ve been here that you have ap
pealed directly to mly honor. When I
was ordered and conmnanded and com
pelled, I felt aggravated and obstinate.
Now that you appeal airetly to my Sense
of honor and dity, I shall cheerfully obey.
I think I can paint more chairs than iny
three men in the shop."
S'You do ?"
"I do, sir, and I'll prove it."
1le was given a chance, and lie basu't
given occasion for reprimands since.
From its large proportion of albumen, is
the most nutritive beverage, but at the
same time, from its quantity of fat, the
most dliileult to digest. Its aromatic
qualiti( a however strengthen the dligestion.
A cup of cof'Yee is an excellent restorative
and iinvigorating ref reshmnent even for weak
p~ersons, providled their dligestivye organs are
nmot, too dlelicate. Uardinal Richelieu at
tributed to chocolate his health anid hilarity
duirine his later years. 'Tea and coffee (10
not afford this advantage. Albumen in Lea
leaves, and legumin in coffee gr-unds tire
represcnted in very small proponrtions. The
praise of tea andl coffee as nutritive sub
stances, therefore, is .haurdly wva ranted.
Tlea andl coffee, thoutrh of theniseives not
(dhflicult of digestion, tendl to disturb time
dligest ion of~albumi nous suibst anices preci pi
tating thenm from the dlissolved state. MIlk,
therefore, if taken in tea or coffee, is more
dillIcult of dligestion thani if takeii alone.
Withiout, milk it promotes dligestion by in
creasing the secretion of the'dissolving
juices. The volatile oil of coffee, and the
emplyreumatic and~ aromatic niatters of
the chocolate accelerate the circulation,
which, on the other hatid, is calmed by
tea. 'Tea andi coffee stinmlato the activ
ity of the brain and nerves. Teca, it Is
said, icreases the p)ower of digesting the
impilressions we have received, creates a
thorough medlitatlin, and in spite of the
movement of thoughts, permits time at
tention to be fixed on a certain subject.
On the other hand, if tea is taken to ex
cess, it causes ain increasedi Irritation of
the nerve'i, characterized by sleeplessiiess,
with a general feeling of restlessness and
trembling of the limbs. Coffee, too, if
taken in excess, p~rodumces sleeplessness
andl many baneful effects very similar to
those arising from tea drmnking. Codtee
also produces greater excitemenit, and~ a
sensation of restlessness anid heat ensues.
For throwing off this condition fresh air is
the best antidiote.
An iron Mountalin,
Bince the earliest ages the Iron of Rio
Elba, has been worked, without being in
the slightest degree exhausted. It, is a
mountain about five hunidred feet ini height,
composed of iron ore. In the vicinity are
other almost equally rich velins; and among
thenm the Calaitt, which Is the true Mag
netic MountaIn. The Etruscans were the
first, to carry off the mineral ; they trans
ferred at to Populomunm, to whose territory
the island belonged, and there the iron was
smelted. Theli want of wood prevented
the operation being perf ormied in .Elba, and
even at the present, day, the ore has to be
carriedl to .1%ples, Genoa, Marseilles, or
iBastla. The mines of Rio are richer than
those of Prince Demidoff In Siberia, and
probably their equal cautot be found in the
worild. At present they are worked by a
Tuscan company, and produce about 115,.
000 tens annnally. Up to the present there
has not been a shaft sunk, and thus, in all
probability, the iron supply will be un
In a French Mad-liouse.
Tli mad patients at 13icotre present a
curious study. Those who have read the
thrilling romances which have been written,
and pondered over the stories told, about
the celebrated well which goes down deep
into tha bowels of the earth, may, perhaps,
be tempted to imagnio that truth is stran
ger than fiction. Dr. Legrand du Soulle,
who has charge of the lunatics,might write
memoirs \vhich, as far as sensational details
are concerned, would place the works of
Paul Feval, Emile Gaboriau and Ponson du
Terrail i the shade. The general aspect
of the wards does uotidiffer very materially
fromi that of other asylums. There is the
same strident laughter, the same heart
breaking sobsthe weird singing and shricks.
The sublime touches the ridiculous, anil
Bicetre has its celebrities. There is one
patient-an attenuated Italian-who be
lieves lie is destined to become a great
man, and that. wealth and honor will accrue
to him from the clarionet he sucks at .for
hours without producing a sound. lie was
found wandering about the streets in a state
of nudity. lie only speaks his moiher ton
gue, at the warders say he is almost a ma
chine, and that his brain is completely par
alyzed. 'The old mau, with hardly a hair
on his head, and madness in his eyes, who
sidles up to the doctor, is asked to sing.
The superintendent. keeus close to him, for
lie is known to be very dangerous, and has
to remain for days and days in a straight
waistcoat. lie sings with a splendig tenor
voice, reinding one of Garcia in his best
days. The register of the innuites contains
his name, that of a singer who in his time
was a great favorite with the public, lie
had his share of success at the opera house
in the Rue le Peletierbut few of tliouc who
applauded himl there would be able to re
cognize him now. Another patient has had
his reason unseated by spiritualism. lie
sets faces in the air, and points up to them,
while others of his c impanions perpetually
hear the voice of some one caliing them,
and sit ur stand with their heads bent for
ward, as if anxious to catch the sound.
'The prevailing idea has remained. Every
other feeling and sentienthiutis been blunt
ed. Nothing can move niest of them from
their stolid indiflerence to everything which
is going oi around them until the one chord
is struck, and then their whole being ap
pears to become animated.
Soic imiagine that they have become ma
chines, others that they are dead, while one
man is a confirmed monomaniac. Ilia mad
nless onsists in an unconiquerabie desire to
be buried alive and before h was sent to
the asylum lie nearly mainiaged to cheat the
doctors by feigning death. Now and then
he lies motionless in his tied, with his eyes
closed, refusing to take nourishment of any
kind, lie his had to be fed by the stom..
ach-puip, and his joy is intense when the
attendants iiimagie that lie is really dead.
lie springs up from his couch and asks for
food, which lie devours in a most ravenous
manner, but he onl y renounces for the time
being his favorite idea, Thte annals of Bice
tie containeid the record of a man who fre
quently simulated deatli for the purpose of
rotting a little fresh air, as he said. Inl
those days the mad were treated like wild
beasts. 'l'here was only one bed for every
eight patients, and four slept while four
watched. Every now and then some poor
creature, fascinated by the calm, mirror
like appearance of the well, threw hiimself
in and eided a long life of suffering. The
man in question, more cunning than his
colleagues,shiaimied death, and was sewed
i) in a shroud-coillms were not then given
to paupers-anid taken to the cemetery.
When lie reached the grave lie gave uniis
takable signs of life and was released. 1le
managed to cheat the doctors and the su
perintendents so cleverly that when lie
(lied lie w as not buried until some days af
terward, as it was though lie had imuito up
his miindt to have another ccursi n. D-an.
gerous lunatics arc shut by themiselves in
cells approaced~ by a few steps, surround~
edI by stout iron bars, with a space between
them suflict to give passage to the wari
dlers. These cells remind one of the wild
beast, cages in the J ardin (lea Plaiites. Now
and then, when the lucid moments comie
round, they are let out andt permnittedl to
take exercise in the court-yard. Among
the criminai lunatics is an unfortunate air
tist, who some time since made a ni iuie for
hinmselt in the annals of crime, 1ie enteredi
a restaurant, orderedl his dinniler, and in the
idst of lis meal plunmged his knife into
the bosomn of tihe unfortunate wonman, his
victim. She dropp~ed down deadl, and lie
suffered himaselt to be (quietly airrestedl, ad(
nitting that lie had niever seen her before,
but had given wvay to an unconquierable de
sirei to see her blood, lie sits sketching
all day long. llis face is (drawnm, his hair
unkempt, and his eyes arie dull and lustre
less, while a sad sadle hiits about his mouth
as his p~encil travels along over the papiler.
The dloctor touched him on the shoulder
and~ told him to bring oiie or two of his
drawings, lie hunted for a mute or two
undler the blaniket of h'is bed, and( then pro0
dluced thren excellent, designs of the heads
of somne lovely woman. It, was upossible
to pass over the talent dIislayedl without
simic complimentary remark bieing made.
A ilattering trIbute of piraise was paid to
the amiet, wvho said that lie couldJ do even
miore if lie had the good fortune to be free.
'What would you do?" asked the doctor.
"1 would bleed Some amore women," re
plied thme maniac, his head bending forward
and his eyes illuminated with hiden lire.
Tlhe case of this unhappy creature is not an
isolated one, for among the patients who
arc seat, by the government none ever forget
the pienchant which, once givenm way to,
caused their 80ocia1 ruIn.
Artinicial indigo is now prepar'ed, accord
ing to Aberbach's niow and suiccessful mneth
od, by mixing together andl heating mnod
crately 0one part, of dry mononitroalizarin,
live parts ,of concenitratedl sulphuric acid,
andi one andl a half p~arts of glycerine
1,263 specIfic gravity. Rleaction coininenices
att 107 degrecs.C. andi becomes violent, the
temperature rising to 200 degrees; much
frothring takes place, willh ovoluitioni of sul
phluric acid andi acrolein. Thme whole mass,
whieii frothing has subsided, is pouared into
water, boiled up, and filtered, the residuie
being boiled out three or four times with
dilute sulphuric acidh. The mixture filtrates
are allowca to cool, and blue separates In
browni crystals; these are purilled, by mix
ing with water, and addciing borax till the
solution becomes brownish violet-the blue
with the boric acid forming an Insoluble
compound. 'The residue is washed, de
composed with an acidl, and the pure blue
obtained by this means as a violet silky
NEWS 1 BRIEF.
-A now railroad io proposed between
Beaver and Somerset, Pa.
-it cost Philadelphia $50,000 to sup.
port its almshouse patients.
-Gustave Dore is working hard at
illustrations of Shakespeare.
-Gotha In Germany has a crematory
where a cremation cost but $10.
-T'he grain crop of Italy is this year
larger by one-third than in 1879.
-in the United States there aro 532,
550 Freemasons in good standing.
-1ni the international billiard match
Vignaux beat blosson by 39 points.
-Texas is adding about one thou
sand personi to its population daily.
-Fine specimena of pure plumbago
have been found in Cherokee County,
-One hundred and forty-eight mil
lion copies of the Bible have been
-An ordinary elephant eats five
bushels of corn and 400 pounds of hay
-Kansas made 16,905,344 pounds
of butter and 708,447 pounds of cheeso
-Pttsborg glass factories send their
wares to China and Japan in large
-The turritory of China Is nearly
six times greater than that or the
-Louislana has set aside $20,000 to
supply her crippled soldiers with
-It is proposed in Allegheny city to
elect one womai in each ward as a
-Tie American Union Telegraph
Coinpany has contracted for two new
-A vigilance committee is forming
at Nevada City to rid the place of no
-Over one thousand printing presses
have been shipped from Philadelphia
to France since 1870.
-Christian K. Ross, father of the
missing Charley, has spent $60,000 in
trying to find his ,on.
-John MleCullough, it is said, sent
Miss ihelen Tracy a Ciriutnas present
in the shape of $1,100.
-Senator Hamlin Is one of the oldest
and Senator Bruce the youngest of the
members of the Senate.
-The Duke of Aosta. once King of
Spain, now lives in Turin, and is a
widower with three little sons.
-'ihe Caniidiains are startled by an
Increase ot' $9,500,000 in tie public lobt
of the Dominion for the fiscal year.
-Du ring the tlical year ending June,
1380, 75,430, Gnadilans crossed the
bord"% and settled in tle United States.
-Unra' nationai debt, In silver dollars,
could be removed by rail only with the
a Id of 5,660 cars, carrying 10 tons each.
Queei Victoria has erected a memor
ial to her daughter the late Princess
Alice In the mna.leum of Frogmore.
-Jay Gould's latest acquisition gives
him control of 10,000 mi les of railroad,
one-niith of all we have in the coun
--Tie disturbed condition of Ireland
hus induced the empres3 of Austria to
give ip her hunting box in the Green
--Conneaitville, Pa., shipped thirty
'ix thousand pounds of cheese to Pitt -
)II'g the week ending December 31.
-The fund of $100,000 raised by the
Philmadelpiais for General Grant is
completed and awaits the General's
-The new Academy of Muie at
Shenandoah wvas opened by Wood's
d ratmntii combination, from Philadol
-Th'le large number of 11,115 head of
Amernican cattle, enr'oute f'or 10nglish
iports, were lost at sea, in three months
ending Oztober 31.
-Mirs. Jecssle Fremont has organ
irzed classes in history among tihe
grown imp sons8 and daughters of Door
settlor.s in Arizona.
-Notwithstanding the ticket war,
the Illinois Central road has hpaid into
tihe State treasury $202.500098 for the
six months ending Odt. 31,
-Joseph Sellgman, the New York
hanker, gave away $25,000 on Christ
mas day $1,000 each to ten p~ublic chari
ties, anid $500 each to thIrty.
-The Wesalovan Coiiferenoe of Eng
land reports 438,711 members, 37,245
on trial, 2,023 mInisters, besides 3*1
super nutmerarios, andh 328 on trial.
-Young Wilhelm smsiark, the son
of the German chancellor, is about to
mamrry Counitess Irma Andrassy, the
daughter of the Austrian statesman.
-A rough estimate of the extent of
the trade in wild game of St. Louis
for the past year places the total
aniount, of' transactions at $1,000,000.
-Los Angeles County, with 5,073
torus of laind in vines, raised In 1880,
53,000,000 pounds of grapes, making
2,500,000 gallons of wumle and 3J0 of
-For the week ending Dec. 18th
1880, the number of standard silver
doullar's distributed was 418,902. For
the corresponding week in 1879 thme
number wvas 434,900.
-Large cotton factories are to be bull t
at Charleston, Vioksburg and Louis
ville, Southern capitalists are becom
lng convinced that they can nmnuf'ac
tiure as well a's raise cotton.
-Th'le British Postal Tieegraph Ser
vice,which was estimated to produce a
net revenue of ?450,000, is now likely
to turn in at least ?500,000, which will
yhiid 5 per cent on the whole invest
-Tihe annual savings of France are
sstimiated at $000,000,000, and those of
Ctreat .Britain and~ the United States at
$1,200,009,000 ouch, making for the
three countries $3,000,000,000 por
an n um.
--Preparations for the coming cen
sus of 1881 in London are being active
ly pushed. it is antibipated that the
returns will reveal a striking increase
in the nopulation of tihe metropolis,
whieh .as:.ot now be far short of
--The St. Gothard tunnel was to be
ready, according to the origlnndi eon
tract, on Out. 1, 1880; bust untooked-for
difflculties have caused the contractors
to petition for a delay ot' two years
and the lines of access to its mnouth
will not be completed until July, 18$2,