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RI-WEEKLY EDITION.- WINNSBORO, S. C., MARCI 8, 1881.
HOLD UP YOUR READ LIKE A MAN.
. 1 the atoiny yinds should rustlq
While you tread the world's highway
Still against them bravely tussle,
I ope and labor day by day,
Falter not, no mrtter 1vhthir
'hereis sunshine, storm or calm,
And in every kid of weather,
Hold your head up like a man.
If a brother should deceive you.
And should act a traitor's part,
Never let his treaqon grieve you,
Jg along with'igbisome heart
Foituno seldopi follows fawning,
- oldness'is the only plan,
Hoping for a better dawning.
Hold your head up like a man:
Earth, though o'er so rich atad mellow,
Yields not for the worthiese drone,
But the bold and honest fellow,
He can shift and stand alone;
Spurn the knave of overy nation,
Always do the best you can,
And no matter what your station,
Hold your head up like a mai.
All the girls who wore leaving school
carried with them anticipations of a gay
winter, a round of parties, balls and oper
as. Not so with Madline Dolannoy. The
dying will of her father made her aunt's
house he~r home, -for the 'years between 18
and 21; and if Madeline had been unwill
ing to comply, she-would still have gone,
so great was ker respect for her father's
Mrs. Chathard was an Invalid, and ier
family consisted only of her son-a man
over 30, and said to be eccentric-and the
old family servi nto. Decidedly, not avery
bd1liant prospec'for Madeline. -
It was a sullen a1un day when Made
line rode, for the first time, up the aveue
leading to her aunt's house. She saw a
gray sky, flying clouds, and a white beaoli
on which the sea bbat heavily in, and stand
Ig in the midst of a cluster of pines,-vas
a low, massive building, that might have
been a prF)o'n, and')os3ibly was a house.
No one 'came to the door to welcome her.
OhMrs hth4rd was in the library, and beg
ge'd that Maddlintiwould come to her there.
h',?Ve found her lying on the sofa, busy with
'some sort of Knitting-a sallow, dLheate,
,"she said,slinking back, as Wede
linphowed a dispos tion to kiss her;I -n
oue but orederick has kissed me for years.
Don't commence'. I am a creature of hab
')it;* I don't like to be disturbid in any of
may regula'r.labits. I only conic down to
day on your account, and it has quite un
n ved ime. I shall , not try it again. I
iunst have perfect repose. Frederic comes
- to see me morning and evening; that is as
much as I can bear.".
With tbqtg MadQline was waved off to
"herroom, .wihre -inqanation sui>plantet a
Ssirbng aes cry, sud curiosiq grfdual
ly got the better of both. .. wasloilly,
suhe'decided, on looking albout her, a pleas
ant roozp, with crineon curtiins and furil
ture, and a deep wihdow looking out on
the sea. There was a bureau,. with a great
many little drawers, and she pleased her
self with arranging them mentally. There
*) was a vase of flowers that spoke of a con
servatory; she had seen that the library
was well filled; a pretty piano occupied a
recess in her room.
"I shall pass my time very tolerably,"
thought Madolhe, resignedly. "I wonder
what my cousi7 1s like?"
Perhaps this last thought had some in
fluence in her toilet,.elso why should ibe
have braidLd her hair and put on her most
becoming dress? It was hardly to be sup
posed that.her charms would have much
effect on the quiet parlor-maid who alone
was in attendance.
Madedine ate her suppecr with curling lip
and a stormy brow..
."He is a barbarianl I know I shall hate
himi" was her 'Inward coinment. "lie
must have known that I would be here.
tie might havoebjen'civil. H~owever, I
sh@1 do very wcelowitllout him!''
And, getting a book from the library
g~ lelves, she sat herself down i-esolutely to
-read. But, try as she wonld, hier thoughts
wandered back to the p~leasant room where
she used to sit with her gi'rl friends,. read
ing and talking~ so differeont from this
great, silent, hiandtomeo house. I an afraid
the contrast was not too favorable, for, her
pillow was wet with tearithiat night.
A weok passed away. During that time
Madeline saw Mrs.' Chathard-once--that
was all. The rest of the time sheo passed
msolitude, till ..Saturday evenings, when
the prime 01(d housekeeper entered the par
lor wvhere Madelie was sitting, work-bas
kot In hiaid.
"Mr.' Frcdericalp at lon6~ said shte,
"and hMrs. Cha(gard~think it proper that I
should sit in the roqm," with whichi'expla-.
nation she walked over to the extreme end
of the apaftmnent, a'ntI vanished behind the
curtins of the bayhwindow. .
Madeline curhdi Jyr lip' slightly ht these
prudentialprepar t~na sy ent on with
hier readin tryi on Ino iterdelf that
her heart ah nctb*tig tat She'heard
a quick' Inasguliko'bDe witiiotit in the Ihall,
heard icome in the room and adivane to
ward her, but did not raise her eyes till he
stood diredtly before her$ She' had hard
work to repress her surprise, he- was so lit
tie like what she had iimaginied. Not 0old
- --for if he was really thirty, lhe by no
means looked his age--not tall, thin and
sallow; on the contrary, small, though well
formed, with an abundance of hair; large
blue eyes tliat should have belpnged to a
woman, so evenly arched were tha3 brows.
so long Were the lasheb, so 'sbft, so alnmost
suffering, their expression; clear-cut fca
turos; 'teeth that showed' wnite a'ud even
through his thick mustache; a gentle,
qluiet, assured manner, neither austere nor
frownmsh, as Madeline had imagined, but
that of a gentleman and a man of *tho
lie apologized easily eniough for the ap
parent incivility: "Important business,"
t. utiuch-endirling 'scapegoat,' had ,de
tained hp n-w was extremeI~ sorry. .
But Mkdelino, who had no patience with
his lame excuses, interrupted him sharplf:
"Pray, sparo-youi' regrets, it is quite evi
dent that your sorrow is of the dleepmest dye.
Your countenance bespeaks it."
Mr. Frederic opeiled his ejes wide andl
sat down. Hitherto he hmad seemed unde
. cidedldn'th'd quiestion.
"8o, then, you are really offended y
shwit afteha pi?'4 fashion. hia
rhl a e akj) J. 1 li
th ath >- ( f.w-n
tng at all?" demanded Madeline, still more
"A few minutes ago I thought not. I
intended to have gone through the neces.
sary formalities, and after thAt, to have sat
occasionally with you, by way of keeping
you; in countenance; but nw I say yeal
There is something original about you; it
inay' be only a spark, a glimmer; but what.
ever it .is, I will develop it."
'" ou leave my individuality out ot a.c
count, I think."
"Not in the least. I count on it for my
"Amusement! We share the same blodd,
Mr. Chathard. 1.think you ,should know
soniething of the will which Is among our
heirlooms. I doubt if I shall choose to
serve even a Chathard as amusement."
" You will have no choice. You will go
to church with me to morrow. You will
see and be seen of all the magnates. They
will forthwith call upon you; you will go
to make a round of'dreary visits; you will
go to solemn tea Ldrinkings; you will talk
tp Capt. Fanway and Sir Peter Farquiutr,
the two cligibles of the parish; and when
you have alked over the weather, you will
begin to idget, and wish yourself home
with me Even a bear like me will prove
more or dui'able than those unmitigated
young men. You will talk with me, and,
in the nature of things,. you will amuse me.
You* cannot help yourself."
"1 have other resources," answered
Malteline, loftily. "I have arranged a dia
matic course of study.'
Mr. Chathard laughed.
"Try it, my dear cousin, by all means.
It is a most enchanting thing In the world
-in prospect. Try it, I say .again; and
remember, I shall be very happy . to aid
you if any (lifliculty occurs-whichm, though
it is to be presumed, is not possibleI."
With winch he took iumseit on, leaving
Made!ine, piqued and cunouis. She had
ain'ple time, however, to recover herself,
and proceed with her studies. It was three
mortal weeks before lie presented himsell
,again. When he did come, it was in a
ghostly fashion. She was bending over a
book, and looking weary and strangely dis
satislied. lie gave her a chair near him.
"Talk!'' lie said imperatively. "I aim
. Madeline's hot blood leaped up in revolt.
Words hovered on her lips, that, cool as
hQ was, cauld not butliave placed an effee.
tual-bai rier between thei. Something or
rested them. A pained look was in his
eye, anguish about his mouth, showing
dimly through the mask of cynicism. A
new ipulse possessed her.
."Cousin," she satd, gentle enough.
-''Why should we be at war? We are of
the same blod; and I think we are alike
b 6ne thing at least -that we are both
ione. Why goad each other with bitter
words? Would it not be better to hel)
each other? I don't ask nor offer any con
fidence; only if there could be a lljing and
a friendship between us, let it develop it.
self. Let us not hinder it. A am so lone
ly; and I think, if you would let ic, thia.
u, U'JUVL 112% yoU.
"I swore once," lie said, "never to trust
mankind, still less womankind, again."
' Unsay the rash oath," she said eagerly.
"It shuts you from all happiness and good
"How dare you ask ime? In whom shall
I trust?" .4\
"In me?" '--.
"A girl-a child, that doesn't know even
the mcaning of things about her, much less
her own heart?"
"I know one thing; the truth that I feel
within me. That never (lies, and never
fails. Only try me, cousin. I long to do
"1 believe you do," lie said much sof
tened. "I believe, with all of my inno
cent fervor, you do wish it. I will trust
till 1 see that you, too, are going to deceive
me. Will you take the rcsponsibilit y?"
Madeline hold out her hand, and so there
was a truce between them. - Every night
they studied and talked under the super
vision of the prim housekeeper; anid at
last ho feil into a way of taking a morning
Waitc with her in time garden, pnd riding
with lier to several parties. and( alwvays to
church; and the neighborhood held up its
hiands in astonishment.
Months paissed away. Very . peaceful,
happy ones they were. But one evening
he failed to make lisa appearance. All the
next day Madeline watched for him, but, in
"Heo has gone away," she thmouirht, with
a keen pang, "'and1 did not, toll me."
One week passed-two-three. 5ue
pens grew unendurable. bhie ventured anm
inquiry of the prim housekeep~er.
"M1r. Frederic is not far away-he's
"Jill! Why was I not told? I will mgo
and see him at oncol"
"lie has the typhlus fever, Miss; and
Firs. Chathiard ordered that you should on
no account be0 admitted, for fear of the in
Madeline left the housekeeper withbout
,another v.'ord, and( went straight to 1Fred
,er 's room. She was not, very sure of its
:lxil$y; for it was in the other wing of
'the hduse, a place where she had never
venituredl. She was, however, exceedingly
doubtful of the propriety of gaing in at all;
but if lie should die without her, would
propriety console her? She wenit in treim
bling, lie wvas alone *and awake, lHe
turned towards lher, hollow, reproachful
"Are you better?" was the first ques
"Yes; bmut why have you left me alone
so long? I thought that you eared for
"I do, 1 do! I never know. I waitedh
andl wondere'd, and grew sick at heart. No
one told me, and to-diay 1 asked. Iwa
too proud to (10 it before. I thought 'you
had gone away, after the old fashion,with
out telling me. Thon they saId I musn't
come to you for fear- of the infection."
"There is (hanger! (Go away at once!"
"I will not. WVhy shiouki I not shig-e
(danger with you! All the. orders in the
world sban't dive me from youl''
,lie turned toward her with "'~ an
mationl, seizing her hand, looked.M'. 1 5
ihto her facem, and said, ."My httlealrnest~iy~
11 reallhy believe that ydu' love Adarling,
fah'" - 1e as I 'do
And fri'th t mfomnt.
of docter's h1ysc; qrnd amne
- house is gay enough un'te th17t' su
pervigon oftthe youhg Mr s. FrediosU
erio Cliathard. or ~ Ms rd
seey to' or queos - aere
$f FOREm some ga'~ on the ' killed
11l wearing no them, aind t t; seL
iy must have d ~h
A Female Iron Mask.
On'thd banks of the .Marne, close by tle
village of It., and about three.quarters of
an hour distant from Paris, stands the cha.
teau of the Marquis of R. It is a very
grand old chateau, built at a tine when
every country residefice was a fortress, and
tourists travel thither .from afar to admire
its turrets and its donjon, and its portcul
,lis and, above all, its armory, which is said
to contain the finest private collection of
offensive and defeiisive weapons in France.
There hangs, the authentic suit of armor
%1orn by Francis 1, at Marignan, and a no
less authentic buckler brought back by one
of the noble owner's ancostors from Pales
tine, where once it had been carried by
Saladin. There, too, is Lo be seen the
"glaive of justice" before whieh fell the
head of the count of Montmorency-Boutte'
ville, with illustrious cuissards and cele
brated bra8sard8 and daggers and rapiers
aid cimetarseach with its especial history.
But the gems df the gallery are the hel
iets,of which there are specimens of every
shape and epoch, from the humble inorion
of the reitre to the plumed and gilded
casque of tLe knight. In fact,helmets are
the particular hobby of the marquis; who
is, or rather was, prouder of his collection
than of anything else in the world, until
he took unto himself a wife, when, so long
as the novelty of the situation, lasted, she
ussuned the first place in his affections.
But the Marchioness, who was a restless lit
tle Parisienne, did not like the village of
R., nor the chateau of Rt. She found the
neighbors dlull, and saw no nore charms in
the Sunday evening's game of whist with
the notary, the cure, tand her husba.d.
Time hung heavily on her hands; she had
nothing to do, and so looked about her for
some distraction, as she was as much out
of place in that gloomy old castle as would
be a canary bird inside of a cannon. She
found it naturally; most people do find
what, they want if they seek diligently and
are aided by the devil, as she was, for the
distractor appeared in the form of Mr. T.
P., the son of an eminient Parisian doctor,
who has a vilia in the environs. All
through the sununer their flirtations went
on nicely, if wickedly, but, as usual, the
pitcher went to the well once too often.
One of the servants considerately informed
his niaster of Madame's "'carryings-on,"
and when Monsieur came in unexpectedly
upon the turtle (loves last Wednesday even
ing lie was not-left in any doubt; Air. T.
11. jumped out of the window and was not
shot after; the lady dropped upon her knees
afid asked for mercy. "Madame," said
M. de R., with a calmness minore terrible
than would have been an explosion of
wrath, "Ibe good enough to get up and ac
company me." "But this costume." she
ventured to protest. "Is perfectly approlri
ate," was the reply and, like another statue
of the commander, he led the way to the
armory. "It is all over with me," thought
the Alarchionaes, "he means to cut my
head off," but they passed by the "glaive
ofusetic and never stppg until thu
prologue. On Thursday morning as the
milk-carts came in at the Grenoelle gate of
the fortifications, their drivers were aston
ished to see a female sitting on the pave
ment clad only in a chemise, but withti her
head surmounted byI an iron casque from
which floated an immense plume of ostrich
feathers. Who was she, whence camne she
what was the meaning of tlis strange ac
coutirenent? 'All those questions were ask
ed, first by the milkmen and then by the
police agents who conveyed her to the
nearest guard-house. The answers Camtle
but were inau'dible; from behind that low
ered visor her voice sounded like the bark
of a little dog at the bottom of a copper
kettle with Its cover on. At last somebody
thought that perhaps she.inight be able to
write her story, which, as my readers may
have supposed, is a continuation of the
ro .enade in the R. armory. Trhen a lock
smith was sent for, bur he could do nothing
towaird ridding her of her cumberson head
gear, the secret spring of whose fastenIngs
is only knowvn to the marquis hims~elf. A
dispatch was p~ostedi of! to, R., hut the mnar
quis had left-for two years, said the stew
ardl, and without giving an',; address. ex
cept that of his banker in Paris, who has
not been told yet whither lie is to direct
his correspondence. 80 stands the affair
nowu, aind there is no reason to anticipate
its speedy termInation. -The victim is fed
on liqluiids through a tube passed between
the lbars of the helmet, am.dI gets just
enough air to avoid suffocation; but can
she endure the torture until hern lord relents?
The steel is so marvelously temipered that,
It turns the edge of every tool so far tricdl
upon it, and theo unlucky heroine of this
extraordituary but p~ositively veracious lis
tory is not likely to derive much consola
tion from the inscription found uponU the
piece of armor, from which it, appears that
it is one of the chef8 d'wauwc of the cele
brated Florentine armorer Galotti, made
by him expressly for Alphonso d'Este,the
fourth husband of the notorious Liucrezia
Truth and Oandor.
A gentleman who has an office in .New
York wvas recently waiting In front of
8t.. Pail's for a few minutes when lie was
approached by a mendicant', whosse lace
andi fIgure he know well,Theman canme to a
deadl halt before him without speakmng,and
the gentleman finally said:
"Four weeks apgo you askecd me for
money to hellp you to get to Buffalo."
'"1 (1id sir, but the climate there ldi't
agree with me and 1 returned."
"Three weeks ago you aked mec for aid(
to help bury your dead wife," continued
''That's so; andl 1 burled her accordling
to programmne. Poor 01(1 soull 8he is now
at, rest." ..
."Tiwo) wq - "1 asked imc for ahns
to hellp you ago yoa rent."
YO ake out, you g ae h
burder't I paid the rent . u hae th
off01 miy piind.''icelt
ey/eek'agolIgaveo.you. .ick b o
up yed Eget medicine for y~wl
*i youid; and lie is
" htnetw excuise have yo i,o ot'
*dtim'e'to didh~teii ceifts out of me,
"~Nonio- whmatgver," 'was $bo solemn sans
wer. "To toll you the truth, I am stu P
Dd for aj .xcuse, thoughi I do needi a hi' ti
"I igigilt.glve it to you' for your truithi.
!ulness,', suggested tii genitlemthan, 4
*"Tmnt's so, -it's a *wond4r I didn't think
,f that. Thanks, sirr I'm gia21to find one
awhb appreciates trttiandfat~ddr."
--Thie.p~opan crop oi Texas just gath
ered Is unjranadaiitaa A --
A Duel witiu Ittmns.
A remarkable duel has just taken place
which forits novelty and fearful termina
Lion has set the Parisians agog. rwo
brothers, Auguste and Andre Berni, the
former aged lorty. the latter thirty-three,
both employed hf the great glass manufac
tory at St. Denis, became enamored of
Adele Vergerl, sa cook at La Villette.
Adele Vergeri Ia described as a woman of
plain, s1iple habits, one who had, by dint
of hard work and economy, managed to
save a few hundred francs. In appearance
Adele Is but a hupmble representative of
France, but she Is modest and retiring, and
not given to resorting to balls and theatres.
She formed the acquaintance of the broth
era at a baptism. Both, it appears from
the first, began paying her attentions.
Adele Vergeri received the visits of the
brothers with much sang froid. To her
it was anausing to see first one, then the
other, come puflng and blowing in his de
site to be first to greet hvr. Neither would
give in to the other, and Adele had to
escort them both out, as neither would
leave the other alone with her. So terri
ble became the Jealously between the
brothers that they would not spean with
each other. It had, however, to be settled
at last, as Adele Vergeri threatened that
unless their courtship ceased to be mixed
with hatred she would have to ask the
brothers to desist fronm calling upon her.
The brot-hers met. They had parted with
Adele Vergeri, and both confronted each
other in one of the gient wine shops of the
Saint Denis quarters, so appropriately
called by Zola "Assommtoir." They glared
at each other, and their friendssaw atonce
that trouble was brewing. They' finally
motioned to each other to withdraw to a
table. They spoke low, but excitedily ;
they smoked quickly, and the lue smoke
of lheir pipes was hot. "A duel Yes, a
duel l' This was distincily heard, and
then the brothers becioneti to Jules emnri
and Alfred Poulier, friends of theirs, They
had decided upon fighting a duel, but not
with swords or pistols. It was to be a duel
to the death. Two bottles of rum, brought
from the cellars of Jacques Barbier's As
somnmoir de 6aint Denis, were put on the
table. Two tumblers were set beside the
bottles, and thlen this contract was made
by the brothers in the presence of 'witnes
"It gas agreed between the brothers Au
guste and Anldre Berni to drink ruin until
either is unable to drink any more. The
first who succumbs will consider himself
beaten, and surrender all claims to Adele
Vergeri." The contract was signed, the
bottles tapped, and tumnblers filled. At
first "the men drank slowly, but as the
liquor began to excite their brains they
fairly poired t (own their throats. At
the iath glass Auguste, the younger of the
brothers, gave a yell of pain and sank sen
seless to the floor. Andre Berni then
arose, and, with a smile on his face, turned
to leave. Hardly had lie reached the door
of the cabaret wheni he threw up his hands
'riedfo'tbe hospiin . lie )k.. -died siortly
after reaching it of concussion of the brain
and -paralysis of the heart. Aigustie Berni,
crazed by the rum he drank, recovering
from his fainting fit, ran madly through
the streets, and has not been seen since.
Adele Vergeri, the humble cook of Sa
Villete, when she heard of the death of
Andre and t e dissappearanco of Auguste,
merely shrugged her shoulders
The Emperor Nerva died of a violent
excess of anger against a senator who had
offended him. Valentiman, the first Ronian
emperor of that time, while reproaching
with great passion the deputies from the
Quadi, a people of Germany, burst a blood
vessel, and suddenly fell lifeless to the
"I have seen," said Tourtello, a French
medical writer, ''two wvomen perish, the
one in convulsions, at the cad of six hours,
and the other sulrocatedh in two (lays, fromn
giving themselves up to the transports of
lury." Tihe celebrated John Hunter fell
a sudiden vict im to a paroxysmn of this p~as
sion. Mr. Ilunter, as is fanilliar to mledi
cal readers, was a man of extraordinary
geniuis, but thte sub~ject of violent auger,
which, from the diet of early moral cul
ture, lie had not learned to control. Suf
fering (during his latter years under a comn
plaint, of the heart, has existenice was in
constaiit jeopardy from his ungovernable
temper ; an1 lie had been acard to remark
that "his life was in thte hands of any
rascal who chose to annoy him." .Etngagedl
one day in a unpleasant altercation with
his cobeagues in. the board room at St.
George's hospital, London, he was p)er
emiptorily contradicted ; hte immediately
ceased speaking, hutrriedi into atn adjoining
ap' tment, and instantly fell (lead.
Whenu the lut of anger Is of long continu
anice, or 'eqtient recune'nce, it frequently
hays the fountdat ion of seine most serious
and1 lasting allietins; thus many eases of
palsy, of epilepsy, of convulsions and of
madness imay he tracd to violent anger
and uingovernable temper. Dr. Ghood cites
the case of ChiarhesjVL., of France, "who
being violently mctensedi against the D uike
of Bretagne, and burning with a spilrit of
naalice mand revenge, could neither eat,
drink nor sleep for mtany days together,
and at length became furiously mad as Ite
Was riding . on -horseback, dIrawing his
sword and striking promiscutously every
one whto aippioahmed hm. Trho disease
fixed upon isa intellect, tad accomnpantied
him to1 his death."
lInaroads~ in the Btoay Land.
As a part of tihe scheme for colonizamg
the Hloly Land with Jews, it is proposed
to bring. theo western terminus of the
Etuphrates Valley Rallway (dowit front Alex
andretta to liaifa. 'At Alexandretta the.
greatest engineering dilllculty is encount
crefi at once, itt climbing thme steep lills
which inclose the hatrbor. In Palestine a
similar dhillctu.ty presents itself it the pas
sage of the Jordian Valley. '. ihe most fav
orable estinmate 'of the grade Is as follows:
Fronm laifa the lIne would follow the
[Plain of Esdlraclon and rise to Its water
shied graduallhy,only two hundred and~ fifty
feet in fIfteen miles; bnt then, taking the
wine passage of the Valley of Jezreeh to
wardI the Jordlan,it would fall nine hundred
feet In thte next fifteen miles. Thence, af
ter crossing the river, it would have to
.scend to the highlands of the ,Yarmuk, or
11 toromax, at the rate of one hundred feet
' ile and to the unbroken extenit of
hre 1,housand feet 'in thirty miles. It
would e~n be readIly carried to Damas
sun and AJflPo
Uhristinas in Mexico.
A writer from Blexico said our Christ.
muas festivities or "Posadas" ended with
(hristmas eve. Then all devout Mexicans
went to the midnight mass, and the 25th,
which foreigners regard as the day to be
commemorated, was celebiated by the dif
ferent foreign tribes in lexico according
to tile customs of their respective coun
tries. The Posadas were unusually ani.
mated this year. As those who have
never visited Mexico may not comprehend
the word, allow me to give a short descrip
tion of these semil-relhglous festivals. 'ie
idea is to represent the nine days' journey
of the Virgin Mary and St. Joseph, when,
by order of Cwsar, they went to Jerusalem
to be taxed. and could not find lodgings on
the route, but were forced to seek shelter
im a stable in Bethlehem. These Posadas
are held for nine nights, usually in tihe
house of the eldest representative of a
family: A landscape, representing a
lonely road through a hilly cointry, made
of mimic -rocks, trees, moss and sand, is
arranged on a litter, wax figures of the
Virgin on a mule, St. Joseph, staff ini hand,
walking beside her, an angel guiding them,
being placed on it, and this is borne by
four young children. In rich fanihes
those who carry the litter are dressed as
angels, have wings of gauze, white satin
dresses and slippers, and are attended by
maids of honor carrying large wax candles
in silver candlesticks. Next follow the
musicians, and then come the elders of the
family, the guests, children and servants
from the head-nurse down to the scullion
and stable-boy, each bearig a lighted
taper and all chanting the "Litany to the
Virgin Mlother;". the "Ora pro nobis" is
sting by the musicians and male "pere
grinos" (pilgrims.) This procession makes
the tour of the house (passing through 1
ante-rooms; corridors, etc.) then a certain t
mnnber (accompanied by half of the musi
cantis) represent a family dwelling in Beth- i
leaem, and entering a room lock the door, 1
and one man who personates St. Joseph (
knocks, asking for admission (lie sings his I
part and ie accompanied by musicians), I
stating "The night is dark and cold, the c
wind blows fiercely and my wife is ex- <
hausted by a long day's journey." The <
chorus within harshly refuse the pilgrims (
admission. St. Joseph pleads pathetically. I
but vainly. Finally he exclaihs: "Alas ! i
Mary, the mother of the Messiah, has not a
where to lay her head." At the mention
of her name the ddors fly open, the pil- I
gris airc welcomed with songs and many -
tiemonstrations of respect, rockets are t
fired, and the image of "the illustrious v
one" Is removed from the litter and placed 1
under a canopy. There is usually in this t
room a "'nacimienlo," oi ahar, on which a
lb piced a representation of the birth of I
Christ in the stable of Bethlehem ; some - s
times other wax and pasteboard figures -f
"the shepherds who watched their flocks I
by night," the Wise Men of the East, etc., (
are beautifully arranged with green boughs a
and colored tapers. After the guests and t
connected with the advent. allh:sten dowir
to the patio (court-yard), where a large <
olla (an earthenware jar or vase covered U
with tinsel, various colored papers or flow- I
ors and ribbons) is suspended from a rope i
and tilled with candies; a large circle is v
formed around time olla, the children are b
by turns blindfolded, led a short distance (
from the spot, then a stick is Oiven each. <
One after the other attacks tie olla. and
lie or she who breaks it Is the hero or I
hcroine of the evening, but the scattered 2
sweets are left for the servants. Imme- t
diately after this the family and visitors f
retire to the dining-room, where bcnbons, a
toys and little souvenirs of the evening are v
distributed. As a crowning finale there is 1
dancing and music in, tihe parlor, while the (
servants amuse themselves in the court- t
yard performing the Jarobe, tihe jota Am- t
gouna or sne Intldian dances. The poor- t
est family in Mexico manages to have i
Posadas. Recently youur correspondent,t
accomipaniedi by three friends, ascendedi to
the roof of a building aiid, like Asmodsus, t
looked diowni thence into the patio of an 1;
udjoininig house, when the porter and por-.
Lereises were having their Posadla. 'rhe r
inajority of their guests were waiters and
inusicians of the lower classes, but they
mang thme Litany to the Virgin with thrill- t
ing effect. Our party was, of course in
vms blo, anti, lookinig upon these Mevicans
fromi tihe height upon which we stood, the i
starry heavens above us, the earnestness C
af tihe percgrinos, or pilgrms, in their j
ahant, miingling with recollections of home,
5> moved me that only the p~resencee of a
ynileal Spaniard anti a light-hieadetd Ameri- s
eanf girl p~revcet mei from kneeling to
thank the Savior for the atonement lie
minade for us. Strangers here term these
Losatas ''puerile,'" "'ialf-barbarous," etc.
10venm the most rigitt Puritans or "Free
lin kers" ofteni are movedi by the mic fi
int the general effect.
The,' neautifui OAn es
'Speaking of thme gates of Jerusalem, a 1
eoriespondenot says: Tratlition meitions I
several that are now to be found-such as I
the Old Gate, Ephraiin's Gate, the Valley
(sate, the Prison Gate, the Fish Gate, and <
olhers. At prescent there are buit four that,
can be openied, although four others are
dlistincetly seen walledi up. The gates now
open are those of Jiaffa, of Damiascus, of I
St. Stephen, andi of David-one in echcl of
thme four walls. Theli Jaffa gate is north
west of Mountain Zion, and is the usual
eiitrance for p~ilgrimis from Uhristilan lands.
It is comiposedl of tall towers or buttresses,
evidemitly of great strengthn, and easily deC
fended against aniteent mnodes of warfare. 1
The gates proper consist of two large fold
lng dloors in oe of which as a wicket called
'"the Neetdle's Eye," which is just large 4
enough to atdmit a camel without any load
on its 'back, whence comies, I suppose, the
scriptural adage about tihe diflculty of a
camel gomig through the eye of a neetdle.
I asketd whiat sigiicance the natives at -
tachied to t his, and was gravely tokti that,)
inasnauch as a camel canniot possibly pass
through it while carryh g any portion of a
hoadt, similarly a rich mn caiinot pass
through the wicket of the heavenly Jerum
salemi until lie has entirely unloaded him
self of his richtes and other earthly bur
'The three other gates are of similar con
struiction, with strong turrets. But they
arc all wonderfully striking to the eye, ini
their quaint and now useles ponderous
ness, albeit, conveying a profountd impres
sion of the ancient strength of the city, and
of tihe difficulty of its capture by Moslem
or Crusader. Nowadays, one or two of
our big guns would effect a breach In a
A Vessel Munk by a Uhale.
The ship Esex, Capt. George Pollard,
Jr., sailed from Nantuoket for the Pacific
Ocean. In November, 1819, the mate's
boat struck a whale, was damaged and
obliged to return to the ship. The captain's
and second mate's boats had fastened to
anothier whale. The niate had repaired
his boat and was about lowering it again
when he observed a sperm whale about
twenty rods from the ship. The whale at
once made for the ship going about three
miles an hour, the Essex sailing about the
Scarcely had the mate given the order to
the boy at the helm to put it hard up, when
the whale, with greatly accelerated speed,
struck the ship with his head just forward
of the fore chains. "'he ship,'" says the
mate, Mr. Owen Chase, from whose -ac
mount this Is condensed, "brought up as
suddenly and violently as if she had struck
% rock, and tremibled for a few seconds like
a leaf." The whale passed under the ves
sel, scraping her keel as he went, came up
ai the leeward side of hler, and lay oil tile
surface of the water apparently stunned,
l'or al out a moment. lie then started off
o leeward. 31r. Chase imeindiately had
the pumps rigged and set going. "At this
hue tile vessel was beginning to settle by
.le head, and the whale, about 100 yards
>)a was thrashing the waiter violently with
.118 tail, and opening and closing his jaws
with great fury." Signals were niade for
tie ctiptain and second iialte to return, the
boats were being cleared away for launch
ing when the innte was startled by the cry
if t nian on the t'gallant forecastle, 'lere
ie is-le is making for us again." The
nate t urned, saw time whale about 100 rods
lirectly ahead coming down, apparently,
with twice as much speed ats before, and at
hat noinent it appeared with teni-fold fury
Lud vengeance in his aspect.
A line of foam about a rod in width,
unde with his tail, which lie continually
hrashed from side to side, niarked his oD
oming. Mr. Chase hoped by putting the
lelni hard up, the vessel might cross the
ine of the whale's approach, and the see
nd shock be avoided, anl1d instantly gave
,rders to that ellect, but, scarcely had the
ourse of the ship, alr-:ady sonew. it wiat
rhogged, probably, been changed a single
>oilt, when tile heaid of the whale crashed
uto her bows, staving them completely In
lirectly under the cat-hicad.
The captai and second iate returned to
iud the ship on her beani ends. Boats
veielowered and piovisioned, and not more
haln tenl minutes had elilsCd simlee the
ihale first attacked the ship, before she
ty full of water, her deckls scarcely above
lie surface of the waves, and her crew
broad on the ocean. The voyage in the
ioats wits i long tediously sai one. The
ecoind mate and seven of the crew died.
)H the night of the 12th Of Jatnua1fy the
tonta became separated. One and then an
Aher of the miate's crew became enfeebled
nd died. The body of the second unfor
iaate was disilleIIbered, the flesh cut from
avinig comrades. When the darkness of
epair had settled upon their clouded, tot
uing minds, the welcome cry of "Sail
o I" was given. and the poor wrecks of
uinanity still surviving in the miate's boat,
rere picked up ou the 17th of February,
y the English brig Indian, Ciapt. William
rozier, and treated with a brotherly ten
erness antd humanity.
The captail's and second mate's boat
upt together until the night of January
9, 182u. During the interval between
tie leparatioln from the )ite and this tiie'
jur men had died out of the two boats,
ud their bodies furnished their comrades.
rith their only food. The captaii's crew
ecaec 4It last reduced to the alternative of
rawing lots to see which should be killed
) furnish sust enance to the survivors. On
he 23d of February, three ionths fiomn
le time when they left their shattered
hlip, Capt. Pollard and Chlarles ltamsldle,
he1 sole survivors of the boat's crew, wer e
icked upl by the shil D)auphin, of Nan
.icket, Captain '4imuri Coflln. Thle third
oat was niever heardl from. Tile three
Ien left on D~ucie's Island were afterward
escued. '11e nuer surviving inl the
late's boat wasq three.
Capt. Pollad never caredl to allude to the
u'rrmble pri vations andl~ sufferings unidergono
ni this occasion, anad would always aivoid
efer-ence to It if possible. iiis next voy.
ge wits as captain of thle 8sh11 Two Brothl
rs, wha ich was lost on a coral reef in the
'aciflc wile tinder his command. For
inany years Capt. Pollard was on the night
ohice in Naintu'kee, having abandoned thle
A issing IRaiiroad.
When Cheyennie was at the zenmth of its
lory, a sign of "General Ofihces of the
Iheyenne, Pacific Slope and Sandwich Is.
taid liailroad"' was hune, otut one morning
viouit creatig the least surprise. If one
ersoin had asked ianother where the depot
>1 the saidi railroadl wias, there might have
ieen some hesitation abotit answering, btt
t was somne time after the~ sign was out
slefore any special enqulliries began to be
ande. Th'ien an Eastern man11 watlked an
one dlay, carpet-b~ag ill hand, and said:
'"1 suppse you connect ait, San Friinc~aco
vith the regular steamer?"
"W ell, yes; I supp~lose we shall," was
lie hiesiating reply.
''Shall1? isn't your roadl through ye t?"
"Well, not quiite."
"'Do you take in Salt Lake?"
"Salt, Lake? Yes. I think we d.
"h~ow muclh for a ticke't?"
"Well, I can't say exatctly, as we have
10one on sale jutst yect."
"Can't I get at the dtepot?"
"W~ell, I think not, we haivena't any
''Can't I pay on the train?"
"Well, you see, we have hio trains yet."
"1 supp~0o I can walk on the track?"
>ersisted the stranger.
''Well, I shi )id haive no ob'jection if we
"id a track."
"mo dlepot, no0 tickets, no trains, no0
racks-what sort of a railroad have you
"WXell, youl see, it's only oni paper thins
ar, b~ut as soon as we can sell $8,000,000
vorth of stock we shall begin grading and
-ushi btusiness right along. If you happen
o be along when we get to golig we will
mtt yotu through as low as low as any other
The stranger stuck his hands into his
>ockets, stared hairdt whistled softly, and
lien walked out on tip-toe without another
.-Mississlppi has 108,000 voters, of
whom 105:,U00 are neroea.
Itatlway Bundfaog In 1880,
There were seven thousand two lundred
and seven miles of road laid in the United
States during the past year, one-third more
than in 1879, and nearly three times as
great as the lie of now track laid, down in
1878. While in 1879 the buildink of rail
ways absorbed $95,000,000 of capital, the
new rads constructed in 1880 absorbed
$145,000,000. It would appear ataglance
at these figures that the country was to be
congratulated upon the wonderful exten
sion of our railway system, but the impor.
tant question arises as to whether this Im
Mense capital can be withdrawn from our
trade and industries without effecting them
seriously. lt is stated that the money in
vested in these new roads is in many cases
done for the purpose of building rival finds,
Which must of necessity diminish the earn
ings of roads already in operamlon and that
by diverting even a portion of the traflic to
the new road, costing say $20,000 a mile,
the enterprise may be made profitable, but
only by with-drawing the earnings from
the road previously in operation and repre
senting a stock and bond value of $I00,U00
per mile. Thus it the new road succeeds
it can only do so at the cost of crippling
its older rival, and this condition of attairs,
it is said, obtains to a much greater extent
than is generally 6upposed; and it is agreed
that while the $146,000,000 invested in
new railway enterprises during the year
may prove prouitable to the Investorsit can
only do so by interferng,at least for ydars,
with the earnings of the competing ines,
representiig a capital of $2'0,00 j,00O, to
such an extent as to seriously affect the in
terests of their stock and bondholders. In
cases where the new hues penCUate into
flelds that have not already been occupied,
of course this argument does not hold go)d
but it is also certain that in such eases nu
profits are returned for years, and th'e capi
tail is thus virtually withdrawn from all
t.adIte industries, and emigration is also en
couraiged to new sections of country where
more eaipital is 'phpanted" it developing the
resources. 01 the road built in 1880I mrie
tham liat of it enters in direct coutpetition
with iImel already in operation, wihil the
relaider induces eiligration1 into new and
far-of territory. Tie question arising,
tlierefore, is whiathier we are not, building
too many miles of railway -whether we
can afford to luck up in new lines of road
the ilineuse sum of f45,000,)0U a yeurt
The subject is an important one and is just
now exciting imore thian ordinary intetrest
among capitalists all I'9er tie Vountry. It is
truie that Imioney is cheap-cheaper in fact
than ever known in the history of the
United States--but it is hardly to be sup
posed that it can continuiae so if suQ1i im
niense drains are to be made ipoiln capita
in thw Iin.re,
ito Kutw she Di4.
As I lie norning trai over the Detroit,
Lansing and Northern pulled up at Howell
the other day, a nice-looking old grahina
of somei( assistance to her in get tig soated,
im(d hlie presently asked
"Going on a visit ?"
"Yes, I'm going down to Plymouth to
see my darter," she answered. "''Tiey've
writ and writ for ie to come, but I thought
I should never get started."
"Left the old man at home I suppOse."
"Yes, William thought he'd better stay
ind sce to the things at home."
"Did you have plenty of time to get
"Oh, yes. I've beei gettin' ready' for
.'6ure you didn't forget anything?"
"I know I didn't.. I packed thingi up
mei at it ie, and I know they are till
"And you left everything all right aronad
11 ie hoIse?"
''Your old umani knows where to thud the
tea andl sugar and salt, does he?"
"Yes. I took him through the buttery
thie very last thing and~ pinted out to himn
where ever-ything was."
"'Well, now," continued the man, -"['ma
rctatm that you overlooked something."
"M.~ercy oni me I hut what di you mean?"
"Did you bring along your spectacles '
"Yes-here they are."
''Did you hang up a clean towel for
''And lput the dish cloth where he cain
"'Andl rolled uip his night shirt anid put
it, under the pillow 1"
"'Andl was everythhig till righit aibout the
"Marcy I marcy on mec I Stop these
kyars this blessed mmnute I" she exclahned,
as shio trIed to reach her feet. "'I just re
member now that I put the knives and
forks ini the oven t:> (try out and~ shut the
door on 'em I fle'll never thInk to look in
there, and he'll builkd up ai big fire and
roast every handle off before I git to Ply
To the Kirghls lthe yak is as invaluamble
as the reindeer to the laaplanmder, or, In an.
other way, as thme cmunel to the Arab. Its
milk is richer than that of the cow, andl Its
hair is wovenI Into clothes and other fabrics.
Where a man aan walk, a yak can be rid
denl. It Is remarkably sure-footed;- like
thme elephant, It has a wvonderful sagacity.
in kniowiang what will bear its weight and
in aivoidling hidden dlepths andechasms; antd
when a piass or gorge becomes blocked by
snow (provided It be not frozen) a score of
yaks dIriven in frodt will make a highway.
T'his strange creaturo frequents the moun
taiin slopes and their level swuits. it
needs no tendmng, and flids its food at all
seasons. If the snow on the heights lies
too deep for him to find the hiorbage, lie
rolls himself (Iowan the slopes, and oats lis
way up again, displacing the snow as he'
ascendls. When arrIved at the top he per
forms a second somersault down the slope,
and displaces a secomid groove of snow as
lie oats his way to the top again. The yak
cannot boar a temocrature above frepaing, j
anad in summer It loaves the haunts of men
and ascends far tip the mountaIns to the
"old Ice," above the imit of pempomal
snow, Its calf being retained below, as a
pledge for the mother's return, m~ whleh she
-Lanoaster oani coass of 70 goesd sub
stantial tobacco warehouses. *-.
--In 1851 Wisoonsin had ten nflles ofi
rairoada: now It hias3.183 miea..