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TRIWEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., MARCII 12, 1881. ESTABLISHED 1865
IN THE FOREST.
Oh the stillnes's in the wood:
Only little brooklets ripping
Past the mossy bap all dripping;
-irthe pebbly 1T)CO lut %kipping,
Fi. 'ht pines are sweetly singing,
(aily plumaged birds are winging,
Through the leafy branches flitting;
In a silent mood.
Playful squirrels always chattering,
. Each the other over flatt ring.
All i gleei and oh such clattering,
Jn the stilly wood.
Far away from noise of city,
Far from friends with converse witty,
Far from dull, froiaio trudging
Of the business world, all grudging
Each his brother; all o'er reaching;
Where the honest poor beseeching
Of tno opulent, a fart'hing
Thus to save some one1 fron starving;
Theme the thoughts in solitudo
Of the quiet wood.
When with brott ra oft oon'endlng,
And with brotheis oft Cfiending,
(Angry clouds with 1ii portending,
In a selfish mood.)
Then with nature thus communing,
With our hearts to love attuning,
We will here the virtues wooing,
Here is stilly'wood.
Banish care and banish sorrow,
From the book of Nature borrow t
That to make our lives to-morrow
Like this tranquil wood.
Washing a Lover.
A rainy jay in the country!
Drip, drip, soupded the water In the
barrel under the eaves; patter, patte trin.
kled down the rain drops upon the leaves t
of the syringas and lilac bushes; and Lucy, 1
Darl, sitting at the window, her round r
chin resting in her handg, awl . her eyes
flxed dreamily on the -woods, half hidden
In vapory mists, began to feel the least bit ,
in the world bored. y
An open letter lay in her lap-a letter to 01
which she referred every now and then, Y
with a pretty, half-puzzled contraction of
"Wash and wear I" she repeated to her- it
self. "I wonder what Aunt Judith means? c
She hopes that whichever of my suitors I c
may select may wash and wear. Upon my 1
word that is likening the lords of creation a
to a pattern of calico, or gingham sun bon- h
And Lucy laughed a little-a very be
dimples around her cherry lips, and the
dewy sparkles under her lang auburn U
"I'm sure they are both models of amia- k
bility and good temper," said she to her- y
self-"that is ap far as I know."
And then all of a sudden it occurred to fC
her how little a woman could really know Al
of the actual bonafide habits and character
of a man until she is married to him, past N
Ah, if one could peep behind the G
scenes," said Lucy. "if one could only o
put a lover on trial for a month, as Aunt
Judith takes a servant girl and discharges L
her if she don't give satisfaction I And c
then the wash-and-wear question, which c
gives Aunt Judith so much tribulation, I
could be easily scttled. Hteigh-hol I be- 1
lieve I shall have to draw lots which I
shall marry, Eugene F~olliett or George h
11aven. But there's no use wrinkling up
my forehead about it now ; time wvill do- t:
cide. In the meantime I snall be hope
lessly wvearied if .t sit, here staring at the
, rain. I'll put on my things and run over ei
to Nell Folliet,'s. Eugene must have ~.
l arted for the city long ago."
It, was a pretty, shaded road, (deliciouis
in the freshness of morning, but rather
drippy and dragly just at p~resent', that, led ~
to the 01(1 Folliett mansion-a sturdy erec
tion of grey stone, with half a (dozein honey
locusts keeping guard over it like a band
L icy Darl, a privileged visitor, did not
ring at the front door bell, but slipped
qidietly ini at the b~ack (doer and ran upi to
y? Miss Folliett's room.
- "At home, Nell ?" she cried, tap~pinlg
4softly on the panels of the door.
"Of couree I'm at ihome," said Nell,
brigatly openmng it. "You dear little rose
Sbud, you've come just in time to help me
about the pattern for my new polonie,.
4 ~Isn't it a wretched (lay ?"
S And the two girls wore presently (deep
in the mysteries of bias folds, knife plait
mng and side gores, until, all of a sudden,
asurly masculine voice down the hall
"Where's my breakfast, I Bay ? I want
my breakfast I Confound all you women
folks. why don't you bring me my breitk
fast ? Am I to starve to deathi Nell I
*Mother I Come, wide awake, there I Bring
my slippers l Fetch.,,Lhe newspapers,
8somebodyli AfC tea -'o you
And the dloor w hu./t again with ' ,
Nell ooket Lucy with a crimson
burow. ,Ay opened wide her inquirin
aEugene," saidI Nell, in rather ai
i arrassed manner. "He was out lat4
.iOhi" said Lucy, beginning to be con
seious that a flaw existedi in this patet
imasculine diamond-that this pattern o
goods "washed" but lndhi ierently.
At this moment footsteps hiurrie~ by. I
was the patIent and much enidurmn Mrs,
'lifett, bringing tip the tray of toast 'jfl
"I wouldn't wait on a man so," said
Presently poor Mrs. Folliett returned,
with the tray scarcely touched, and stopped
in Neil's room to relieve her mind.
"He won't touch a mouthful, because it
lan't smoking hot," said she with a sigh.
"He's crosser than one would think possi
But she chocked herself abruptly at the
sight of Miss Darl.
"I beg your pardon, my dear !" said
she, "I did not see you."
"Oh, don't mind me," said Lucy, color
ing. "I'm going over to Mrs. Haven's a'
few minutes to see about a fern she prom
ised to get me froin the Hartford woods.'
For it had occurred to Miss Lucy. that
this was an excellent opportunity to tet
Lhe "washing and wearing" qualities of
'le second of her lovers. Folliett had
been weighed in the balance and found
wanting. Now let George Haven take his
3hance. The Haven cottage stood about
in eighth of a milp further down the road
-a pretty little honeysuckle garland affair
mud Lucy Darl, feeling rather like a spy,
]rept up tho -tairs, (nobody _chanced to be
n the hall,) and took refuge i' Mrs. Ha
ren's own little boudoir.
Mrs. Haven had three or four unruly,
ll-disciplined children staying with her
hat sumner-the children of an invalid
ister-and Mrs. Haven was not rich in
hisjworld's goods like the Folliett.
As Lucy sat thete wondering whether a
ucky chance was about to befriend her, as
t had befriended her before, a cheery voice
ounded l elow. George had just conic in,
lripping but cheerful. from the post of
"Ihello, mother I what's the matter ?
'rying and discouraged I Why this will
ever do in the world I Come, little ones,
an to the barn, every one of you, to play.
'he fire smokes, does it? Well, nNer
iird ; I'll have things straight in a minute,
rith a few kindlngs. Tfie fact is, mother,
6u sit at home too much. You get nerv
us. I must contrive some way of taking
on out to drive every day."
A sly, dimpled smile came into Lucy
larl's face as she heard the strange, caress
ig voice of ier lover, bring hope and t
>urage with it, and reflecting that he was I
artainly of a different stamp from Eugene
olliot, whose dashing manners and city
irs and graces had so nearly captivated
it was quite evident that he would S
wash and wear," accorditiv to Aunt
"1 suppose I am a little nervous at times,
corge," Mrs. Haven answered, "but I t
3ver feel it when you are here. I don't
now what 1 should do without a son like
>u. But if you ever get married-"
But Lucy Darl could not stand this-she r
ilt like a little, innocent eaves-dropper, as 11
e was, and hurried down stairs. -
"You here, Lucy," cried Ars. Haven, I
ho was busy at her stockings.
"You here, Mise Dar " exclaimed
corgo who had just brought in an armful I
frsli kindlings. 6
"I couldn't find any one np stairs," said
ucy, blushingly, and looking painfully
)nscious. I looKed all over. I've just a
>me to ask you if yon got the root of f
[artford fern you promised me, Mrs. :
"It's set out in a flower p~ot undier the
ack kitchen window, saidi Mrs. Haven.
But you'll stay all (lay, Lucy, dlear, now
iat you are hone."t
hI ss Lucy did( not refuse.
Mr. Eugene Folliett lay in bed until
ieven, and read novels. Al noon he caime
"'Confoundedl dull here, without a soul
:> speak to,'' saIid lie.
Of. course his mother and sister were ouit
idle the pale of civilized humanity.
And at sunset, when the crimson beams
f t.he declining sun broke radliantly out
birough parting cloudls, hl ied( oii his best,
Lecktie, anid pinnett a piink earnation in his
"1 think i'll go over to Mr's. Dail's for a
[ti~le while, saitt lie.
'"You iieedni't," said astute Nell.
"Why not ?"
"Because Lucy was here this morning,
indl heardl you scolding at poor mamma,
mnd because I saw her go by just now with
scorge [Haven, and they are engaged."
"How (10 you knowi"
Mrl. Folliet madeo a grniace, unpinned
lie carnation and stayed at, home.
The engagement became a public alfair
lie next day, and Lucy Darn wrote back to
icr Aunt .Judith that she had accepted at
over whom shec could warrant as an article
lint would ''wash and wear.''
New P'roces or Emnbaiming.
One of the most simple and effective
processes, it would appear, for preser ving
the dead, has recently been brought f or
wardl In Germaniy. T1hie liquid used for
this purpose is prepareil as follows : Th'iree
quarts boilIng water, three and~ onc-hsaif
'snees alum, six drnachms commion 8salt,
"co drachms salipeire, two ounces pol
utwo and one-half' drachmns arsenic
aci o salts are dlissolved in the water.
cen t hr are add~ed two plnts of gly
cein cn"--half pi of wood alcohol.
The embalnula, js accomplished by siimply
saturating ana iegnating the bodies
with this comipoi iu from one and a hal
to five quarte being \ d for a sIngle body
"SnAtr, I take r love .tAo youir
mother 1" said a laU visitor to a lile
child of three year who was goIng
-t~o see the mota eri questIon. "She
has-my love' iequaint reply.
JJAF3ORE Somel4 g weSi can l00l
well wearing ts new styles of hats
, hyms have ni styles of head.
A Colorado Robber.
Below the salt works, if' the lower part
of the South Park, Colorado, in 1802, there
lived a man named Leaper, who was the
Rinaldo of his time. lie robbed not en.
tirely for the gain but for the pleasure of
the thing. Hle took delight in torturing
his victims. For a period he was the ter
ror of the mountains. lie had a cabin In
a lonely gulch on the road leading to Canon
City, about ten miles from the salt works.
Here he cooked his meals, but spent the
most of his time concealed in the rocks
above the road. lie seldom disturbed the
travelers going into the mountains, for they
were generally broke, but upon those con
ing out he pounced like a hawk upon a
chicken. One (lay an old man ana woman
were driving down the mountain in a buggy,
and from their appearance Leaper thought
they had money In searching then he
found none, and was so mad that he pulled
the bridles off the old man's horses and
started them running down the hill. For
tunately they ran until tired out, and then
stopped themselves without Injuring any
one. Many men passed him without being
robbed because they traveled in companies.
It was the single wayfarer he watched for.
At times lie had confederates, but they
were never caught.
This man Leaper was a very powerfully
built man, weighing upwards of 200
pounds, and stood six feet in his stockings.
His countenance looked more like a beast's
than a human's. He had small, snake-like
eyes set deep iii his head beneath a low
forehead, and a thick black beard covered
his entire face. le had a grum, beastly
voice and a maniac's laugh. le was a
inan of few words-in fact, he seldom
spoke. He was a silent villain, with his
uind upon his hellish business.
The summer of '62 had been a prosper
ms one in California, Georgia and McNulty
,ulcihes, and many a roughly-dressed man
niailing from them.carried thousands of dol
lars' worth of dust in his pockets. They
isually travelled in pairs, for protection.
[f so, Leaper let them alone, bt woe to
,he single pilgrim-he was in the jaws of
& tiger if lie caine by the cabin. It was
cetting late in the fall, when just at even
ng one day there came a pale looking man,
-iding a flue mule, and halted at Leaper's
,abin to inquire If lie was on the right road
.0 Denver. lie was informed that he was
iot, and that there was . no other house
Vithin twenty miles; but if he would dis
nount lie was welcome to stay during the
might, and in the morning Leaper would
ake him across a mountain and put him
ipon the road. The traveler accepted the
nvitation, unsaddled his mule, picketed
ini by the roadside, and entered the cabin.
hie nights were getting cold, and a good
Ire felt comfortable after the sun had gone
lown. Leaper piled high the pine logs in
le fire-place, and as they burned and
hone out upon the hearth the traveler felt
ue ae had a thou -
and dollars in nuggetshe had washed from
he earth that season, little thinking he
ras setting a trap to lose his own life. e
This was about the last chance of the t
eason for Leaper. A long winter would
non set in, and there would be nobody to
ob. Men seldom traveled the mountains
a the winter in those days, and it was nec
ssary the robber should be prepared to
ten up like the grizzly bear for another
pringi Wten morning came, the trav,
ler saddled his mule, and Leaper his horse,
,nd they started across the mountain to
lnd the road to Denver. After traveling t
ome distance, they dismounted in a gulch,
when Leaper seized his victim by the
hrcat and demanded his money and his
istol. He then ordered him back in his
addle, and, taking a long lariat, last-ed his
cet firmly beneath the mule's belly and his
ands behind him. This done, the fiend
ulled the bridle from the animal's head
nid turned him loose, at the same tine
ut spur to his own horse andi rode rapidly
TLhe grass wvas fine ini the mountaIns at
hiis time, and the niule paid more attention
o this thiaii lie did to the prisoner upon lisa
mack. Mild words unaccompained by
cini or cud~gel, had no influence on the long
Laredl hybrid. Hie ate and drank uiiti
lilled, thieii la~y down for the night. lie,
rowever, lay upon his belly and knees, and
nd~icated by his p)osition that lie would (10
he best he could for lis unfortuniate bed
~ellow. When morning came the beast
irose and dleterminied to leave for oilier
ilds. Over rocks andl through tangled
woodls lie wenmt-often nearly tearing to
)ieces lis rider-until lie halted at a rip
)lhng stream to take a drmnk. At this mo
nent the rider heard the sound of an axe.
t-le hallooed loudly for help. In a moe
nent his call was answered and a man
miessed in a red shirt and buckskin. breeches
uame in sight with aii axe upon hisshoulder.
As lie ap~proached the mule became
alarmed at lisa appearance and started off
on a brisk trot, but not until the ax-man
had gotten miear enough to learn from the
riler his sad condition,
The woodmnan laid down his axe and
startced in pursuit. For hours he followed
the mule and its lone rider in vaini. At
tlimes lie would almost lay his hand upon
the creature, when, peculiar to a mule,
with a snort lhe would bound away with
increased speed. Night was now fast ap
p~roaiching, ad darkness would endI the
p~ursit. Tihe case was getting desperate.
The pursuer had a pistol in his belt, lie
availed himself of the best opportunity lie
could get and sent a bullet whizzing through
the animal's head. A moment and the
ridler was released, but too much exhausted.
to travel. A fire was kinidled, and the two
strangers who had miet by chance this un
usual way camipedh for the night among thme
rocks, with wolves all arounri them.
in thes morning they succeded in reach
ing a cabin a few miles away. After rest
ing a few days and partly regaining the
use of lisa limbs, which'-were nearly para
lyzed, the mani of fate departed for D~en
ver. Here he made known the robbery,
and described the robber so minutely that
lie was easIly tracedi as the mysterious oc
cupant of tihe lone cabin at theo foot of
"Warder's H1il," as It was called by the
pilgrims of that day.
Colonel Farnhamn, a United States mar
shah, and a practical miner at Buckskin,
was sent to ferret out and capture the rob)
ber. The Colonel will be remembered by
all old settlers of Colorado as a sharp de..
tectIve in early days, and as a man of nerve.
Hie soon lcariied that there was a proba
bihity of there being a band of robbers in
this cabin instead of. one. To make him
self familiar with the situation he disguised
himsnlf as a tramp. With a blanket andl
.a coffee-pot strapped upon is back lie
halted at the cabin and bogired for some
thing to eat. Here lie found threa men in
the act of dividing Smio plunder, but in
stead of giving him food they robbed him
of i blanket and a silver watch and told
him to move on. The Colonel hail a trusty
revolver which lie carried iII his boot, and
which was not found by the villains. As
lie left the door, to more effectually de
ceive them as to his errand, lie feigned to
cry for the treatment lie had received, when
the burly chief and proprictor gave him a
kick. This was a dear kick for the beast
who gave it, as the sequel will show.
Farnham went a short distance away and
concealed himself in a cleft of rocks to
watch his ganie. lie was but a short time
there when two of the men cane out, sad
died their horses, and started on the road
to Canon City. Waiting until they had
got well away; the detective wandered
back to the cabin and knocked at the door.
Tile man within, who was Leaper, sang
out, "Come in." As the door opened
Farnham was confronted by the robbet,
with pistol in hand, who demanded :
"What do you want here, you d--d
old beggar? 1-11 kill you if you don't go
"Give me but a crifet of bread-I am
starving," said Farnhamn. a
When the robber, probably thinking it F
the easiest way to get rid of his unwelcome I
visitor, stooped to pick up a piece of bread E
that had been thrown upon the ground, ii
Farnham snatched the pistol from his boot, t
and with one blow felled him to the I
ground. lie then disarmed him, drew a a
pair of handcuffs from his boot, where he Ii
always carried such trinkets when on duty, a
clapped them upon his hands and ordered Ii
him to arise. Losing no time, he walked v
him to the salt works, there procure-l a
wagon and conveyed his prisonor to the t
jail at Denver.
He was confined in the prisoni-the only b.
n in the Territory at the tinie-on Lari
nur street near Fourteenth, but before the
neeting of the court that was to try him, tl
the only witness that could convict him- 1
he man of the dismal rkle-died framl the c
affect of his injuries. Nothing could be m
lone now but dismiss him. k
General Sam Browne was then the prose- f,
uting attorney for Colorado, and, know
ng there was no chance to convict, and to I(
Lave the government unnecessary expense,
ic entered a nolle prosequi and directed s8
he prisoner turned loose. But Leaper b
vould not turn loose worth a cent. lie c
aid he was going to "Noard in this hotel
or burn it down." To turn himt out tho
isual way was dangerous. It was easier
vatching the tiger inside than out. O. the
ther hand, it cost a dollar a day to feed I
Lim, notwithstanding lie took his neat raw
ike a beast, and ate more in a day than a d
log would in two. *This was becoming v
tionotonous to the jailer, who had to pay ic
lie bills. Just at dark otn evening he put %
JA1AU meIuvoe araa, t
,f the prison, near a side door th.C a -
ourteenth street, with instructions to fire t
t1s pistol in the air as the prisoner should a
merge, to exhilerate his motions, the jailer 1
ntered the prison and intormied his boarder ti
hat a party of miners had come from the I
nountains, and inside of an hour were go- I
ag to hang him. The story took with the y]
>warder, and lie asked to be let out that he n
night run. The side door was opened and ,
iut he jumped, and as lie started down the d
,ill towards Blake street, the detective fired
mne! two ! I three 1 I I shots, and eie the (
choes had died away the villain was juml)- NN
ag like a running horse. Just at this par- 81
icular time the city was under martial law,
Lnd the streets were patrolied both day and j
light by Colonel John Wanless's provost
iuards. rwo of these guardians were
trossing the bridge on lLolladay street when
,hey spied a man running down the hill
'rom the bastiie at the top of his speed, and
icard tie slits fired, apparently at imii.
l'hiey cried halt, but, he nad no time to halt si
antil a volley of shots were senit after him, ti
hilng his hide too full for comfort,. in less 'i
than twenty minutes lie was brought back il
,e the prison badly wounded, and had to s
ie fed until he recoveredh. lie afterwards a
went to Montana, and was hung there fori
Slit tie uidiscretionl in robbing an lidiaii 1
igeiit, ind not, afterwardis dividiing withr
Sonie of your readers may 'be glad to I
ulnow how ill-fitting artificial teeth may be S
ndo to fit perfectly wvith little trouble or I
:-ost. Even when quite perfect, in the first, (
instance they often cease to lit, owing to I
absorption andl loss of subhstiince in the I
gums, which takes lace aifter extraction.
1t somuetimes takes two years before the I
gums acquire their pber~manent shape or I
hardness. Get, some thick gutta-percha t
(the hardest kind, some is too) soft), cut,
two strips iboiit twvo inches long, anid say I
half an inch wide. Theii wyidh wi~ill depend
on the amount of material required, to be I
aiscertainedh by exp~erimentalh trial. P~lace I
them in very hot water until (quite plastic ;
have the uipper set clean, p)ut the slips
(one each side) in the hollow into which<
the guams fit,; place them inuniediately in I
the mouth and close the teeth steadhily and <
quickly to the natural position, and then
avoidl further pressure until the gutta-percha
is quiite hard, which wvill be in four or five
hours. If properly (lone the guitta perecha
wvill fall dhown oven the outer edige of the I
vulcanite ; this shiouldi be left along the.
miolars to keep it nteady ; elsewhere nare
it off with a penknife. If too lumpy to
ward the checks, etc., pare it down, also
cut it so- as to avoid toucbhim any stumps
oi natural tceth remialning in the mouth;
sharp edges and~ roughiess causedl by par
ing can Ije removed by holding a lhghted
wax match to the place and drawing a wet
finger over it andi placing it in the mouth.
In ordler to adijust, as above, the gutta
pierchia can b~e separated fromi the set, Th'e
ripper set, Is very easily done ; the lower
takes a~ little more care. Have the lower
set, quite dry, and on taking the gutta. per
chan out of the hot water, touch one side of
it alightly to blotting paper, then press it
lightly ii'to its place, and it will stick syflie
iently to enable it to get into positioni in
the mouth. It may be fourtd more conve
nient to do one side of the upper on one
occasion, and~ the opposite side on aunothier,
and similarly with'the lower set. After
some experimental trials, and (which is
very essential) a little handiness in adapt
ing it to thme circumstances 'of the~ case, the
above wouid be found very useful. Tfhe
gutta-perchia moulds itself on the gumms,
and sits mosti comfortably with an even
pressure. Thd gutta-percha shrinks in
cooling, which should be taken into account
in manipulating it
At a late hour the other nmg' , a poor t
old man, weak with hunger and ..lff with t
cold. entered the central station, Detroit,
to ask for lodgings. While he sat by the
Stove to get warm they heard him groan
like one in distress, and the captain asked:
"Are you sick, or have you been hurt?" t
'it is here." answered the old man as he
touched his breast. "It all caime back to
me an hour ago as 1 passed a window and
saw a bit of a boy in his night-gown. I
would to God that I were dead I"
"What is it ?" asked the captain as lie
sat down beside the man. T
"It is the heart-ache-it Is remorse," the
:Id man answered. "I have had them
gnawing away at my life for years. I have
wanted to di-1 have prayed for death
Jut life still clings to this poor old frame. t
[ am old and friendless and worn out, and a
Nere some wheel to crush me it would be
mn act of mercy. 1p
lie wiped ds eyes on his ragged sleeve, t
liade a great effort to control his feelings, ail
and went on :
"F"orty years ago I had plenty. A wife a
ang in my home and a young boy rode oil re
ny knee and filled the house with his shouts th
and laughter. I sought to be a good man w]
nd a kind father, and people called me tv
uch. One night I came home vexed. I m
ound my boy ailing and that vexed me pi
till more. I don't know what ailed me to thq
ct so that night, but it scomed as if every- rh
hiug went wrong. The child had a bed 1e
eside us, and every night since he hadbeen ra
ble to speak had called to me before closing rf
is eyes in sleep, 'uood-night, my pal' Oh, tIu
ir, and I heard those words sounding in tI4
1y ears every day and every hour, and they thi
rring my old heart until 1 am faint." l
For a moment lie sobbed like a child, ne
lien he found voice to continue:
"God forgive me, but I was cross to the or
oy that night. When lie called to me ic
ood-night, I vould not reply. 'Good- wil
ight my pa,' lie kept calling, and fiend pr<
at I was, I would make no answer. lie ai
kust have thought me asleep, for he 1la'lly be
iddled (own with a So) in his throut,. I
,anted to get up and kiss him, but I of
opt waiting, and waiting, and finally I i
11 asleep." Th
"Well ?" queried the captain, as the si. oil
nee grew long. tog
"When I awoke it was day. It was a if i
triek in my ears which broke my slum- ettq
ars, and as I started up my poor wife wit
died: 'Oh I Richard I Richard I our Ja- tam
ale is (lead in his bed!' It was so. lie tria
as (lead and cold. There were tears on to
is pale face-the tears he had shed when sace
had called: 'Good-night, my pa ' ani sa
had refused to answer I I was dumib. she
hen remorse came and I was frantic. I in I
u not know when they buried hiin, for I in t
as under restraint as a lunatic. For live be
ng years life was a dark midnight to ine. lie
rhen reason returned and 1 went forth bec
A2UhnuN. i"Mu~ailodHagibi ned\,
suffer remorse. I cannot forget. It was ha%
most a lifetie ago, but through the mist pro
years, across the valley of the past, from bod
ic little grave thousands of miles away, Thi
hear the plaintive call as 1 heard it that plie
ght: 'Uood-night, my pa I" Bend me to tim
'ison, to the workhouse, anywhere that I obj
ay halt long enougah to die I I am an old i
reek, and I care not how soon death rat<
rags me down." wh
lie was tendered food, but lie could not bell
Lt. lie rocked his body to and fro and Wi
ept and s.abbed, and by and by, when Ing
eep came to him, they heard hin whisper: St.
"Glood-nilghtf my boy, good-niglit, inmy wit
unie' P cat:
The morning after the day I reached
anta Fe, I left my mid hotel early and Sg
rolledl slowly about, taking in greedIly 'nh
io fresh, cool air and the unns'al sights. tic)
'urning a corner off fromn the plaza-what adi
the States would be called a p~ark, a ena
iuiare, a common, or somethinag else- I wa
aw just ahead a group of burros, or dim-- in
mauve dlonkeys, urged on by a Mexican me
uid his son. Each dlonkey was loaded
.0, overloaded-whh stove-wood bound to
p~ack-saddle. As thme pony walked brisk
y the load swayed and shifted, threat.
in g every moment to slide off, gom
aut only threatening. Th'le Mexican wia
lurrie~d on his buirros by a -small des'
t~ick, antd by rolling out an al. It
habet every few feet that it seemed to mue yo
ughit to s'care each donkey's soul clear of elmj
Is body. Buit they only amb~led a little iim
aster ror ai moment, and then relapsed la
ato their fast walk, picking up eacha foot to
minby, and puilttang it down suirely. Thhey cam
aid no headgear of any kind1( on, and~ seemmeli a
o be guilded entirely by the driver's voice thu
,n stick. As 1 watched the group the Sair
Iriver suddenly stoppledl hIs burros. aind it
~oinig to a front window Ia a low adobe ble
aouse thait seemed to fill completely the the
mall square bounded b~y four strects, lie it,
xchiangedl a few words at the Spanish or cam
alexican language with a lady who had
Irawn across her face,just, below the nose, :(de
he inevitable nimatilla. 'The window soon -an
hosed, the driver gathered together his get
traying dankeys, and, urging them on tal
ith even more energy thana before, turned pa
wo corniers, and then stopped belor'e a tot
ate ini thae high, dead~ wall, it openied fa
>resenitly,andl he startedl a donkey throughm. pa
But although the gate was a double one, ac
mnd the way very wide, the tionkey's load go
vas widler. And then what, twisting, and he
training, andl contriving, and, 1 fear, ML
uwearing I A ta'a lonleedge of the load was yo
got through, and then the other; the don- De
kiey, mieanwhile, aiding in every possible stl
way. I was much suirprised to catch ad
glimpse, through the gateway, of an open sn
ipace, which I haid supposed, from ian out
11ide viewv, was occuipied b~y the house en- E
tirely. Tis apace, or court, Is common, li
I learned, and Is called the placeta; it Is an tia
exceedingly poor man's house that is not, dl
arranged in this way, having Its four sIdes wa
Inclosing the hollow squares within. As I cC
turned f om these donikeys I saw a most di
mstontishling sIght, a load of cornfodder ol
coming briskly up the street apparently of s
Its o wn volition I But on miearinag mae there tu
was to be seen the long nodding cars, the y(
little feet and the slim legs of thle omni- hi
present burro. The patient lIttle beast was a
loaded all buit out of sight; lis burdea ap- di
p~earedl as large as a commnon-slzed load of ha
hay (though, of course, it was not), and aN
still lie hurried on, entIrely oblivious of time kl
fact that his dIriver had stopped in a door- b]
way to exchange a buence dilas with af
friend and roll a cigarette, probably laW ha
sixth or eight since breakfast, an hour and hi
a anif ago. - u
Curiosities of Ice.
In 1850 Air. Farar'ay discovered tha
wo pieces of ice placed in contact froz
>gether alnost instantly. Air. Tyndal
%ys : "One hot summer day I entered v
1op on the Strand ; in the window frag
ients of ice were lying in a basin. Thi
adesinan gave me permission to take the
ieces of ice in my own hand; holding th
rat piece, I attached all the other piecel
the basin to it. The therniotineter wa
ten sixty degrees, and yet all the pieces
ere frozen together." In this way Air.
yndall foried a chain of ice. This ex.
3riincnt may be iide even in hot water.
hrow two pieces of ice in a pail full of al
ost boiling water, keep them ii contact
id they will freeze together indespite of the
gh teniperature. Mr. Faraday made an.
her experiment of the same sort. Ilie
row into a vessel full of water several
iall pieces of ice. They floated oil the
rface of tihe water. The nionent one
uce touched another there was an instaii.
icous refreezing. Attraction soon brought
the pieces in contact, so thait in an ilistant
ice-chain was formed.
Aln ice wheel turning on a surface of ice
freezes at the point of contact; during
D rotation a series of cracks tire heard
ilch show the car that successive refreez
ge are constaulty taking place. The
enonienon ot refreezing is easily ex.
tiled. At the surface of a pieco of ice
I atoms, which are no longer in equilib
Li on the outside, tend to leave their
ghbors, as iappens in boiling or evapo
ion. Mielting ensues. But if two Pieces
ice are brought together the atonis on
i surface are restored to their equilibrium,
attractive action becomes what it was,
atoins resume their relations with their
ghbors and Juxtaposition ensues. lit
isequence of this property ice is endowed
h singular plasticity. A rope and a knot
blckle may be mude of ice. It iay be
Ided. The school boy who fills his hands
,I snow aid compresses it into a ball
iduces the phenoinnoii of refreezing,
I forms an ice ball suillic iently hard to
a dangerous projectile.
lis explains the cittraordinary rigidity
,he bridges of snow which are olten seen
he Alps suspended over deep crevasses.
L Alpine guides, by cautiously walking
these snowy masses, freeze the particle.
ether and transform the snow into ice.
inow be compressed in molds, ice statu
-s may be obtained. Fill a hollow ball
I snow, pressed in as hard as p)ossible,
you may obtain ice balls atinirably
islucid. Nothing wouid be easier than
dlinc with a service nade of nmolded
w-plates, glasses, decanters, all of
w. A gentieman in Paris recently served
rry wine to his friends before a hot fire
oeakers iade of snow. Snow coinipressed
his vay does not inelt so rapidly as mught
thought. ice requires a great deal of
t before it nielts. A layer of ice often
omes a protection against cold. If you
e but to wrap it in wet rags. The
cess of freezing gives to the environing
ices all the heat necessary to destroy it.
1 water in the rags slowly fornis sinall
,es of ice on the rag, and in the iean
o disengages heat, which warmes tihe
Lct wrapped in the rags.
L tree wral)ped in rags, or in moss satu
,d with water, does not freeze evein
3n the therinonicter is .everal degrees
>w the freezing point. The slowness
h1 which ice melts is well known. Dur
the winter of 1740 the zar built at
Petersburg a magnificent palace of ice,
icl lasted several years. Since then
iious have been inade of ice, and they
re been loaded with balls and fired.
uy were fired ten tines withOut burst
It is coinseiuently indisputable that,
melts slowly, and may be turned to
A account in the polar regioni. in
cria the windows have panes of ice.
ii remarkable property with wich par.
es of iec 're endowed of molding thiem
res into different, shiapes by refreezing
ily explainsa how glaciers maitke their
y through inarrow 'gorges anid expaind
valleys. Theli ice is broken into trag
nita which refreezec whenever they touch.
Mrs., Utijtle's ,iiaonl on WnVhtu,.
'A cleair fire, a cleani hiearth, and thle i
of the gaine."' This was thle celehrat ed
ihi of ok(t Sarail attle, who, next to her
rotions, iovedi a goodl game of whist.
was none oR your lukcwarm giunesters,
ar hanlf-and-half latyers, who have no
ection to take a hiand, if you wanit (one to
ke upi a rubber, who ailliim that t hey
Te nIO plen.oure in winning; that they like
win one game and lose anothier; thatthecy
a hile away an hour very agreeably at
:ard-.table, but anre indifferent whether
y play or not; and will desire an adver
y who lias slIpped a wrong caird to take
ip) anid play another. Tihese linuffera
trillers are thbe curse of a table. One ol
so fli t, willl spoil a whole po;. Of such
may be0 said that they da) not play at
dti, but only play at playing at them.
3arah Battle was none1 of tha~t breeti. She
~ested, as 1(do, from her heart andi soul,
1 would unol, save upon a striking enmer.
ey, willingly seat, herself at the same
ile with themi. She lovcdl a thorough.
:ed p~artner, a determiined enemy. She
ik and gave no concessions. She hated
rors. She never miade a revoke,nor ever
ssed it over in her adversary without en
,ing the utmost, forfeiture. She fought a
i>d tIght; cut and thrtist. She held( niot
r good sword1 (her cards) "like adanicer. E
e sate bolt upright, and neither shoved
ui her cards imor dlesire to see yours. All
op)1e have their blind side---thelr super
tions; and~ I have heard her declare, un
r the rose, that hearts was her favorite
I never in nmy life-and I knew Sarah
uttle mnany of the best years of it--saw
r take out her snuhf-box when it wats her
no to play; or snuff a candle ini the m11d-1
u of a game; or ring for a servant till it
is fairly over. .She niever intreduced or.
nnived at imiscellancotus conversaions
iring its process. As she empphatlcally
served, cards were cards; aind if I ever
w unmingled dlistaste in her fine last ceni
ry countenance, it was at the airs of a
mung gentlemen of a literary turni, who
4d been with ditliculty persuiaded to take
hand; and who, in the excess of candor,
:olared, that, hie thought there was no
irm in unbending the mind1( now and~ then.
ten serious atutdies, in recreatious of that
nd. She could not bear to have her no
e occupation, to which she wound uip her
culties, considered in that light, it was
in business, her duty, the thing she came
to thie world to do--and she did it. She
ibent lh ind afterwards over a book.
Not Bible Language.
Last Sunday afternoon, the superintend
et of a Sunday school out in the Black Hills
happened to be visiting some friends in
Brooklyn, and on invitation, attended the
school services of one of our. popular
Methodist churches. Invited to address
the children, he declined at first, but finally
consented, and to Illustrate the welcome of
the sinner to repentance related the follow.
"1 reckon most o' you young ones have
hearn about that old feller in Egypt which
was fixed for kids. The old man was heel
ed clear to his neck, and thar wasn't a dip
nor spur that he wasn't onto. and you bet
he had his squar dose o' slicers in every
pay mrt claim on the divide. Lie was a
good old man, straight as a rifle bar'l, and
without knot, rot or woodpecker hole from
root to crow'v nest. For a long time he'd
been full owner o' an eighty stamp mill,and
travelers in them parts seen the smoke ris
ing from the chimney pretty steady, and
they knowed quartz was grinding and the
dust was good. Thar warn't 'no funny
busieioss about the old man. lie knowed.
prinie wash from salt by the color, and it
warn't long afore the boys quit stealing his
mules and set right down to the levels and
picked for trade. They knowed he'd strad
die any blind, but he dealt fair, and they
respected him. Well children, the Old
mau bankel a heap o' quartz. Ile had at
big ranch, ant the sheep on it was as thick
as miners' tents. Thar was anteiopo. and
prairie chickens, and jack rabbits, and
black-tail bear till you couldn't rest. Anti
thar was lots of wheat and a big shack
built o' logs, with a parlor in one end. 1ow,
I tell you thut thar old muai was fixed up to
the tiap, and don't you forget nothung.
But one o' his sons was kind o' rostless.
lie wanted for to prospect for himsell.
'he h( mani give him the racket straight
from the hip; told him not to make a dok
gone fool ot himself. 8tay whar he was.
1har was more mnoney in a stamup nu1ill than
mlar was in nines, and lie advised the kid
to locate right tlar. Why chiadren, thet
that- old man knew from Lac fust sour thet
the short didn't have no show, even for
tailings, and what's tailings, even if he
played to win, to a square divide oi the
"But the kid wanted long grass, and so
the old man started hiu and gave himn his
blessing, and told him for to always deal
level wih the table, and never let a man
get his elbow behind his kidney on him,
and so the boy got away. Fixed straight
to his hair. All the dust lie wanted. Best
udvice a boy ever got. What do you think
tie didt lie went broke. I never knew
wiUter lie got into a game whar they
plaiyed straigats, or whetner some fellow
teid over hin on a square deal, but lie
went clear to the bottom o' his sock, and
struca bed rock. Clean up, dead gone.
l'he yield didn% .g
LIe was digging for yellow in black rock
aind could see the glory that was only wIai,
ing for lun to assay and coin. Yes, you
tiet. T'int, the poor boy, without miioniey
enu)igh to buy at boy a box of Matches, was
Irivuig where thar wasn't even ;pyrites,
while all the sky was pouring out the best
uolor ever panned, and IIe couldn't geL on
to it. W eli, thar was oinly one tiling to do.
Prospecting was no use. o he wvent d >wn
un a ranch and told tue ratinchnaen he'd Keel)
ihe Coyotes oil the pigs. You know wIIar
till oruery darned tuing a pig is. You've
got to kill him and smone him and throw iil
away and forget hinm uciore you can eat hilm,
and yet that thar young man hived rig[IL
down with thei pigs anti drawed wnun it
was his turn, and It lie got a fair hand o'
shucks le was goose on his luck. ilinoy
the racket got too sUl for hiii, and lie kick -
e(d. lie made up his imnd Wit lie would
llock back to the n1ll and strike the old
mian for another stake. Did the old mnin
go back on hii Well, not for coin. Di.l
lie say he wasn't liring any naew hands,but,
the kid muighit get, oin . a lnamilton's
llollow( I reckon not. Says he, 'Put it.
here, patrd,' and lie just fell clean over hini.
Tlhat's style. Tihet's traide from the origin.
lhet ain't tall. TIhet ta1ar old mian fetenett
out, a buckskini troa sur ,snti ain anitelopei
shirt, and1( someW blfalo boots and a camip
liat, anmd drawedl the yotung feller right, in.
E~hi liow' that? (hitting you now, anm 1?
Begin to hook on to my racket? Ktnow
who the old mnan wasi Yes, you bet your
ie, and( lie's waitumig for you to paws out, on
a bobtail antd for you to comec to him and
lie lhted out and started in the stamp mill
augan like you niever hopped the tira-,u and
hooked out irom uiider tue famiily umabrehia,
l~et, tup and1 be saved. For I1tell you, chil
dren, the lower level gets awful not, sonic
titmes, and I if you cani (10 placer wvork withi
the sky right around you, keep away tromt
the tunnel business, .tor thur's no drawing
aftr the bet. I'd like to have you sing a
nymn for mne that, we sing in our Sunday
school. "Baby Mline;" d >you kniow It?"
And to the astonishment of the loctal sui
perinitend~enit they did know it, anud hue
couldi't, stop It.
rThe Mayor Watt to Ree Thee
A young man had been to sea, and oii
his return lie nairrated to his uncle an ad
venture which he lhad taet on board a
"I wits one night leaning over the taf
frail, looking dIown Into the mighty ocean."
saiid the nephew, whom we will call Wil
liam, "'when my gold watch fell from
may fob atnd immedIately stink out of slght.
TIhe vessel was going toin knots an hour,
bait nothing daunted, I sprang over the
rail, down, down, and after a long search
founid it, came up close tinder the stlern anti
climbed back to the deck wIthout any one
knowIng 111had becn absent."
"William," said his uncle, slightly ele.
vating hIs br'ed 'rim, andi( opening lis eyes
to their wlidest capacity, a"how fast did
thee say that the vessel was going ?"
"Ten knots, uncle.''"
"And thee dove down Into the -sea and
came up with the watch, and clinbed up
by the rudder chains?'
"And thee expects ime to believe thy
"Of course I You wouldn't call me a
lIar, would you ?"
"William," replied the utnolo, gravely,
"thee knows I nover call anybody names;
but, William, If the Mayor of the cIty were
to come to me ad say: "Josiah, I want
to find the biggest liar in all PaUadelphia,'
I would come straight to thee, and ptit my
hand on thy shoulder, and say to thee,
WillIam, the Mayor wants tLo see thee,"