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TI-WEEKLY TION WINNSBORO, S. C., MARCH 17, 1881. ESTABLISHE
There are gems of pure affection
Fparkling all along life's way ;
There are shrines where fond devotion
Hourly kneels, its vows to pay ;
There at e reoros of outor chambers
Where the frieds we lovo may throng
In the beart's most sacred temple
There is room for only one I
You may count your friends by hundreds,
You may find some kindred souls,
You may cherish precious nemories
Writ lit light on fade1ess sorolls ;
But thro' all life's changeful seaqpns,
Wintry snows. or summer's sun,
In your heart's most sacr9d temple
There is room for only one I
I have hand clasps for the many,
Ad good cheer for all who come;
I have wealth In loyal friendships
And the tenderer Jovs of home ;
Above all others,
In my heart's most sacred temple
Toro is room for only one I
How She Married for Money.
Addle Arlington looked at herself in the
mirror, and then turned away with a little
smile of happy satisfaction, that rippled
over into a joyous laugh as she caught her
cousin Ellie's eyes.
"You are thinkiug that I am vain as a
peacock, aren't you, Ellie T Well, I do look
well, don't 1 And I'm awfully glad of
it, becaise, cousin mine, it will be all the
easier for me to come off victorious in the
campaign I have laid out for myself dur
ing my three monthb' visit with you."
She spoke with a charming frankness,
that made MiEs Nelliston smile back in the
lovely, girlish face.
"And what may your plans be, Addle?
Of course it is a slttled question that you
snall take New York by storm. You know,
of course, also, that your pretty face will
secure that happiness to you. But further
than that, what, little mischief-maker?"
She looked fondly, proudly, at Addie,
whose dusky eyes were glowing like stars.
"Oh, only my arrangement for the chief
end of woman-marriage I I tell you, El
lie, I am*going to make my bay while the
sun shines-in other woids, while I am in
New York. I am going to secure some rich
-oh, some awfully rich fellow, who can
just smother me with diamonds and dresses
and give me all the money I want-enough
to buy everything I can think of 1''
Miss Nelliston laughed at the girl's hon
"You rapacious little cormorant I You
certainly have erected a very ambiious
standard, but I cannot see who or where the
desirable party is. I am quite . sure you
deserve just what you want, dear; but the
question is, can you get it ?"
Addle shrugged her pretty shoulders.
"Ellie, 1 shall got it I I know just ex
actly my own worth. Now don's pu. ,nU
down as a vain, silly creature, because I
frankly admit I regard myself good-look
ing, and quite desirable for a wife gener
ally. I am fairly good-natured-am I not,
Ellie?-and 1 ought-to have a good hus
band, oughtn't I1"
She leaned her soft, fair check caress
ingly on Miss Nelliston's face.
"Indeed you ought, my darling. And
if I could, I woula conjure one to order for
you. Addie, you are beautiful enough to
win the highest and test in the land."
And she was very beautiful-and all the
more so that she was not in the least vain
of her charms.
Standing there, beside the dressing mir
ror, in her evening dres of delicate pink
silk, with her fair, white arms bared just
below the dimpled elbow, the dainty hands
eased in creamy kids, the joyous, happy
face, whose features were so exquisite,
whose complexion was.so richly warmi and
satiny in its pale, brunette beauty, whose
eyes were so deeply dusk, and lustrous,
and cager-Addie Arlington was certainly
sweet lir~oughi, and winsome enough to
warrant Miss Nelliston's loving assertion.
"If oinly there was any body rich enough,
in or about New York, unmarried, to sat
isf'y you, childie !"
"l'il tell you a secret, Ellic. I'm going
to take my fort by storm; and when you
see me the betrothed bride of an English
Miss I~elliston gave a gasp of.. positive
horror at the girl's audacity.
"Addie Arlington, you don't mean you
actually have dlesigns on the illustrious
guest that the Vain Rtensellaere are expect
ing-the English nobleman all New York
is on the qfui vsvc about I"
Thie ghm l's silvery laugh accompanied a
very dellantly positive shake of her silken
skirts, as if that graceful little gesture added
"Exactly, cousin Ellie. You needn't
look so horrified. I'm sure the prospect
of having a Lady Grosvenor ini the family
ought to (dehght, you."
But Miss Nellieton was too taken aback
to apprecIate the prospective honor.
"Addle, how wild you talk I 'rie ideal
Why, you never have seen him ; you don't
*know whether lhe is younig or old, a gentle
or a--a-not a gentleman, Suppose lie is
o1(d, and fat, andl ugly, atnd short breathed
like papa's British friend, Bir Williani
"TIhe charming estate everybody knows
Lord Grosvenor owns, and lia rent-roil of
a hundred thQusand dollars a year, and his
wonderful mimics in W ales,. and his tr eas
ures of costly elegance In his town house In
Park Lane, and his country houses in Sussex
and Cornwall, will cure all these defects,
Ele. Come, We'll be late at Jennie Jer
nyngham's, and you know Jennie always
expects me first of any one."
"And so does Jemi,ie's brother I I am
'I he music, hidden in a covert of fernis
and rose trellises, was playing a lovely tan
tasie, In low, softly-delicious chords, and
dozens of couples. were promenadmng the
suites of rooms, Addle Arlhngton and Fre'd
Jernmymgham amnong them, and the young
geutlenanh eyiently not delIghtfully inter
ested:Ai thne tenor of the young lady's ani
nl~ ed conversation.
"WIy, he la the handsomest man I ever
faw in my-liftoI Of courde, I'll except you,
Fred-l" and ile pearly lileth twinkled in a
(smile for a second. ".But I want ,to hear
.his name. I wan't to iknow all about him,
lIrced, .is he rich ?''
It Is Jmpossible for m'atter~of.fsget young
J9 synghemn to undentalid whethier or not
"Ilia nan- in.--tnn; .. iko
nothing whatever about hiu, except that
he is a member of an engineer corps at
present in the city. 1 don't see what
there is about him so remarkably hand
He glared at the unconscious. target of
his and Addle's eyes with a scowl that do
"You're not.to be supposed to see any
masculine attraction beyond - your own,
Freddie. But if he's only an engineer
hark I that's our waltz."
And off they glided, a faint flush on
Addle's cheeks, as Mr. Melton's handsome
blue eyes caught hers and held her glance
a second, despite herself.
That was the way it began ; and a month
later, when New York society was stirred
to its soul by the deferrdd advent of Lord
Cuthbert Grosvenor, Miss Nelliston won
dered why it was that Addie's enthusiasn
had so completely died out.
"You're a mystery to me, Addie," she
said, as they drove home from the crush at
Mrs. Van Rensellaer's, on the occasion of
Lo-d Grosvenoi 's complimentary reception.
And, for the first time, Addie's reply
was a little sharp :
"I don't see where the mystery is, I'm
sure. Whatever there is about a little, fat,
bald headed old man to admire, I can't sec.
"But he's a loid all the same, Addle."
"No, it's not all the same at all, Ellie I
How insufferably hot the rooms were to
night I I have the most wretched head
The next afternoon, a magnificent coach
and pair, with the armorial bearings of the
house of Silverland-Lord Grosvenor's il
lustrious family-with coachman and foot
man, in his lordship's livery of silver and
maroon, drew up at Miss Nelliston's door,
and the little, fat, pully old gentleman de
scended, to pay his compliments to the
prettiest girl of the night before-the only
girl who had at all interested him-Addie
After that-well, Ellie hardly knew Ad
die, so variable and capricious she grow;
now in the wildest spirits, again dejected
and petulant: until one day there canme, by
one of the liveried servants, a written pro
posal of marriage, on a satiny sheet of
paper, bearing a crest and a monogram in
silver and maroon, and ,igned in a little
crabbed, spidery hand "Grosvenor"-a let
ter that offered her, in a very gehtlemanly,
unenthusiastic way, all the grand, good
things that It had been her sole aim in life
to possess and enjoy.*
While by mail, not ten minutes later,
had come another letter, that made the girl's
heart thrill, and all her pulses stir, as she
read the passionate prayer for herself to be
given to the man who loved her-Philip
Melton, with his handsome face, and his
salary as an engineer.
For several hours, Ellie wondered what
Addie was doing, so long alone in her room;
and then, by-and-by, she came softly down
stairs, a sweet flush on her race, a teoder
pride in her eyes, a thrill of perfect content
in her voice.
"Ellie, dear, I want to tell you. I have
refused Lord Grosvenor's offer of marriage,
And without a question, Ellie put her
arms about the slight forai, and kissed her.
"You have done right," she said, simply,
"if you .will permit me, might I ask
why you decline my offer ?" Lord Grosve
nor said, an hour later, when, her gentle
refusal having reached him by messenger,
he post-hasted to the house.
And Addie's lips trembled with' actual
happiness and pride as she answered, with
a sweetness that was charming:
"Because, sir, I-1 loved Mr. Melton
best. You won't be angry ?"
"Mr. Melton I . fellow on a salary I"
"Pardon me, my lord-a gentleman,
rich in nobility, in. goodness, and in love
"Oh, that's it I But about the money ?
.Miss Arlington, there is not a wish inm lie
world that shall - remain a moment un
gratified, that money can procure, if you
will honor mec."
"1 shali want only what Philip can give
me, sir." .
11i8 kindly eyes twinkled good-naturedly.
"Then, MIss Arlington, anm I to consider
your answer absolutei You positively (de
chine to become Lady Grosvenor, to live at
Bihverland Park, to be a leader- of Loindon
She smiled sweetly, proudly.
"I am sure I have decided. I thank you
ror the great honor you have paid mie--l
shall be proud of it all my life, but I can
not, because I love Philip Melton more than1
all the world and what is in it."
"Addle, my true little darling!i Addle,
And Philip Mclton step~ped out from
behind the curtains of the bay window,
and took her in his arms, lis handsome
face all smiling and proud, as lie tunied te
"I told you so, sir I She loves me, and
is true; thi- 'cet In her loyalty to the mani
she ad t oi e, perhaps you will nol
miligle r4 ci that, after a!!, you
wi. uo~ M - venor some day? PcFo
Lora -:4. nero Is my father, and]
am Philip Molten bilverland, next in suc
cession. Addle, you will not be angry with
us f or our little ruse ? We had heard you
were so desperately determined to muarry
money, and the moment I saw you I knew~
there was a heart that would conqluer am
bitIon-a heart I wanted to conquer eon my
Addie listened, bewildered, and Lor.
"Bless your bright eyes, child!i You
nearly tempted ine to be treacherous ti
Bilverland there. But you'll not, refuse m<
for a father-in-law, I hope ?"
And, In her almost royal home, Addi<
is happy as thes summer (lays are long ant
Irelandt'u (Ireat Landlowners.
The following figures In regard to the
ownership of irish land are interesting,
Onie mani owns 170,000 acres; thr-ee mer
own 100,000 acres each; fourteen men 50,
000 pecres each; ninety mien, 20,000 aece
each; 125 men, 10,000 acres each; and 451
men, 5,000 acres each. 'I he associaution1 01
Sal terstown 19,000 acres; I le Darpers. 27,.
000 acres; the Merchants 21,000 acres;. th<
8kinners, 24,000 6ucres; the Fishamongrg
20,050 acres, the Ironmnongers, 10,000,ant
the Grocers, 10,000 acres. .It is not,thiere
fore, any exoggeration to say that of thu
$115,000,00,0 which Is annual Irish rentel
'at leas't $60,000,000 18 spent out of thei
country, andt where, as in the case of ire
land, the countiy Is not wealthy, and hs
no other industry exeppt agrlculture, thi;
statfilhingd, nitil reinc'dlcd,' will be pro
ductive ni want and misery.
A Watch for at 3tie.
It used to be the saying in the army:
"When a soldier is riding a hoss, and the
hoss plays out, the soldier Is played. "
When my mule played out after an all
day's ride through a Missouri snow storm.I
dropped off into snow a foot deep, and
more caming, and felt a bit discouraged.
It was a back county, if there are any
back counties in that State, and the settlers
had located their cabins just six miles
apart, to a rod. When I aut out to walk,
and pull the mule to boot, lie looked up at
the iky, around at the wqods, and keeled
over iii despair. I was trudging along In
the snow over imy boot tops, thinking how
muc'h easier It was to drown than to freeze
to (loath; when the sound of a fiddle
reached me between the snowflakes, and
I discovered that I had reached a six-mile
"Come in, old hoss," sang out a voice
as I fell against the door.
When I opened it I was in a room about
sixteen feet square- -the only one in the
house. The big fireplace gave light, and the
furniture was home-made. A gaunt, long
haired pioneer sat on a shake down bed,
playing the fiddle; a gaunt, slim woman
was dancing in the'centre of the floor, and
several children were scattered around as
"Keep it up, ole woman-'d evening
stranger; be through in a ininit ; find a
cheer-go in fur all yer wuth, Mary I"
called the fiddler, as I shut the door be
As I walked to the fire. one of the child
ree wheeled up a block of wood, and the
father remarked :
"Powerfi storm outside, stranger-keep
them feet gwine, old lady-you children
wipe off your mouths and sing with me:
"I was forty miles from Pake.
And the road was i ull of enow.
And the wind was gittin' realy
Fur to hump itself and blow.
"Faster now-change off-kick higher
up with them hoofs-round with yn-hoe'er
down-ladies change-that's all-stranger,
I was made at home.
"Wall, now, but this saoems to be the
hand of Providence," as I drew up to the
table. "lere ye are, snowed in, and here
we are chock full of pervishuns ard happi
ness, and to-morrer is Caristmas. Straager,
Ill show ye more high steps, more hoots
and yells, more music and feastin' and dan
cin', and gittin' up sta'rs to-morrer than ye
ever saw in all yer born days I Ole wo
man, if.this ain't the Lord's dom's, then
I'm a petrified reptile, and never got re
"Bon, yer right I" added the wife, as
she poured out another cup of burnt corn
coffee. "We is a lios-pit-able family. When
we can't .whoop 'er up fur a stranger on
Thanksgiving or Christmas or N ew Year's
nobody else need try."
After supper one of the boys took the
fiddle and the rest of the family limbered
up for Christmas. When this process was
ended it was time to go to bed, and the old
"N *"n.* Vn kin sen that we hain'
bilin' rich. Here's two beds, and nine of
us. Mc and the ole woman take one, you
take t'other, and if the children can't keep
warm afore the fire I'll liven their blood
with a gad. Git right into bed, stranger,
and if the children git to fightin' in the
night heave yer boots at 'em."
If the children got into a rew I didn't hear
them. It didn't seem as if I had slept an
hour, when the pioneer shook me by the
shoulder and called out:
"Say, stranger, daylight has arrove, and
Christmas am here. Git up and prepar' to
jine In the festivities."
The snow was four feet deep and still
comifig; but the prospect delighted my
host, who cracked his heels together and
"If this hain't Divine Providence biled
do'wn, then 1 don't like coon and corn.
You children, stop that qumarreling. Thomas
Jefferson, did you forgit to say yer prayers?
If ye dlid, I'll wolilp ye like blazes I'"
We had corn, meat, corn (lodgers, apple
sauce and coffee for breakfast. -Seats were
madle for the pioneer and myself, and the
motheir and children stoodi up. There was
a long andi embharassing pause after wve were
all ready, and finally thc man said:
"Strangper, I was givin' ye a chance to
throw yerself on a blessin', but ye didn't
tumble. Old wvoman, reel oflisuthin purty."
She closed her eyes and uttered the fol
*lowing as if she had repeated it a thousand
timies: "Now I lay me down to sleep, and
less this meat and bread and1( sass. We
are thanklul for what we've got, and not
jealous of our betters. Keep us in good
health, make coons lenity, and cause us to
escape the itch .'nd maeasels. Amen I"
When the table had been cleared away
the pioneer and his wife held a consulta
twio in a corner, and when it endled the
man app~roachied and asked : ''Stranger,
arc ye wvillin' to 1beip us make this a whoop
in' old (lay ?"
"GJood 1 As a family we are 99 per cent
on a rough and tumble. I'm about twice
ycr size and1( heft, andi It wvouldni't be a fair
show, but, the old woman is a pretty even
match, and she's just achin' to lay ye on
yer back 1"
"lBut I never wvresthcd with a woman In
pny life." .
"Well, it's a good tine to begin. She's
wiry and quick, and she'll lay ye if she kin.
Stand right up, stranger, and~do ycr level
best, to olhige me."
I obliged. The situation was ncw andl
novel, and in twventy seconds I was thrown
over one of the slfake-downs with a crash
that, jarredi the house. lhe wvoman cracked
her heels together and crowca lustily, the
chlildlren laughed, and the pioneer helped
me up with the explanation:
"Stranger, she's practiced this for ten
years, and she'll down any mnan in this
county 'cept me.c. I knowed how it would
be, buit I am much obleeged for your great
kmdness. Thme hull family will now swar m
for their paternal (lad."
I retreatedl to a corner, and the old1 we
man and her six child~ren made a rush for
the father. TIhey Were seven to one. They
attacked hhm on all'sides with great vigor,
and were pickted uip and flung tecn feet
without being a bit (discouraged. They
finally got him~ foul and brought him dfown),
.andi as he lay on his back he observed :
I"Children, ye may well feel proud over
this. It shows that ye are healthy and
flil of pluck, andi that the itch has no busi
ness in a family llIke this."
We lhad hickory nuts, popcorn, cider and
apples for lunch, and at dinner we had
b ear meat, pumpkin pie, roast woodchuck,
aapple-lamtter .andI gingerbread. After the
mecal a half-tame bear, about a year old,
was brought in, the fno,. cleare, .a a
grand hugging match took place. rhe old
woman led off. Standing face to face with
the cub, lie hugged and she squeezed. It
was nip and tuck., She sighed and coughed
and he growled and strained ; but at last
lie whined in token that his ribs could
stand no more. Then; the two big boys
tackled him, but Bruin ind laid them both
After the bear we had it jumping match.
in which the old woman beat the crowd,
Then followed a target shoot, in which
every one beat me. Thln the bear and the
dog had a bout, and the OIog was used up.
In the evening we had a dance. played old
sledge and drank hot ci r, and as we got
ready for bed the old w nian read seven or
eight lines from a batter d Bible, and then
the man knelt down in l I seriousness and'
"This 'ere day has dr"'Wed to a close,and
we are one peg nigher to the grave. A t
stranger cum along ad we took him in.
We've fed on the fat o1 the land, and had
a bustin' old time and cpects to sleep like L
i load of brick. Keep us from growin' I
pizen mean, continue our whoopin' goot I
health, and reserve pIp nty of room in t
heaven for us all. Thai a about all, onless
ye want to put it into the mind of the
stranger to offer me his watch even Up for 1
my old amul,.. Anien P
A Trip to the Gient Geyseirs, i
In the late afternoon, the sky being some
what overcast, "Koch,' the guide, thought
it a good time to see the "0reat Geysers."
From the hotel piazza cy did not look so 0
"great" in any sense of khe word. In fact,
all we could see was !a constant steam- c
cloud, drifting ip and away from a rusty I
brown streak on the ihillside. But the t
place turned out to be infernally interest
ing. The approach is very deceptive. A
winding trail from theihotel leads down to a
Sulphur Creek-cool and clear; and over
a rustic bridge and a series of steps on tlp
opposite bank you coiAe to the mouth of ,
Geyser Canyon, where Pluton Creek tun- C
bles along its hot and ' sulphur blue-green I
water, as the lirst intimnation of the toil and a
trouble and cauldrou bubble further up
tie na row and smoking way. Across the f
bank again, in and out, over and around v
rocks and under laurel bushes the narrow
trail leads into the great laundry. First a
we step up to the "Devil's Ollice''-but t
not to settle, as many of us will have to do s
some day; but pass through "Proserpime's *
Grotto" to sit in the "Devil's Armciair."
The "Devil's Kitchen" a little further on,
is more than ordinarily fascinating, al
though the old follow's diet appears to be '
principally hell-broth. This kitchen is a
ross between the "Poodle-Dog" range and c
a steam fire-engine. Here and there in C
the shelving rock are little springs and ba- J
sins, bubbling, blubbering, and only wait- 9
mug for some carrot-haired Eastern tourist i
to fall in, in order to translorm the whole
ravine into a savory soup-house. Just out- f
side the "Devil's Kitchen" is the "Devil's 0
[nkstand," and the "Devil's Punch-bowl"
and "Geyser Smoke -stak," and "Witches'
"Safety ' a -anu - the "Steamboat N
5pring,'' and the "Devils Pulpit," and the
ievil knwvs what else. rhesd things have t
been so often described that it is a crime to t
1o it again. Sullice it to say, that there is t
a canyon filled with fretting steam and boil- J
ing. water, and spongy mineral-streaked L
ground, that smokes like the ruins of a re
cently burned city. Commotion every
where. Water hot enough to boil eggs
harder than Pharaoh's heart. Steam that 1
puifs and blows and shrieks and wheezes
and climbs up your trousers-legs, and takes 8
all the starch out of the Boston school- C
lna'am's underskirts, and brings the bando.
line out of the New York girl's hair, and
turns the bismuth pcwder on the San Fran
.isco belle blacker than her bang. It is as L
though the devil had uipset, here fie entire I
apothecary shop and then turnedI on the
bydrant. Leaving lie canyon, we conic
suddenly on the ''Postollce,'' and the I
"Lover's Retrcat," andi thme "Lover's Leap, "
and the ''Lava Beds,'' and the "'Indiant
Sweat- bath," where the natives in their I:
early days used to parboil their old rheu
nmatic bucks. While pitching pebbles into
the nozzle of the Decvil's Ten-kettle,
"Koch'' told us of all sorts of wonderful
springs--the iiron spring, thet hot acid
spring, the eye-wattr spring, the lemmonade
spring, and a dozmi other springs-but
noise of them half at interesting or ninible
as the "RUix sp)rinsg, wnen he saw wha~t he
took for "a bear r-ea~hinsg for a leaf." A
bear skin had been stuhfed and laced on
the hillside, and ly strings cleverly coin
trived and worked komi beihind ai trece the1
fiaud was made to go through bear mo
tions to life. Oine look wvas enough for
everybody, the gukie iscluded, ausd the
boys beat thme lover/' reti cat all to pieces in
their frantic endeavars to shake the du(st
of that hillsi'de fr-on. off their flyin~g feet.
The bear adventuic wound up the first,
day to every body's satisfamction.
InstInct of Iects nnel ilrnis,
Let uis examine the marvelous instinct
of the solitary was> in providhing for the I
worm that will lssm from her egg after her<
own death. She irings grubs-food that,
as a wasp she ncvir tasted-and deposits<
them over the egg, read1(y for the larvie so
will never sce. 'ihe life hilstory of every
insect exhibits instincts of this perplexing
description. L~ook at the instinctive char- I
acter of bees in thdr far-sighted provisions<
for tihe future. Witness the caterpillar,
how at the proper timie it, selects a suitable
situation and spins ior- itself a silken cocoon.
Marvelous instincts are muet with otitaidle of
the insect world every little bird is his I
own skillful accotcher. We once observ
ed the self-dehiyciy of thme chickens. Thelie
prison wall Is not buret, in pieces b~y strug
gles. By a regular series of strokes the
shell Is cut 1if two'-cipIped round in a a
perfect circle soiae dhistance from the lar
ger end. Th'le bird has a special instru
meat for this workd-a hard, sharp horn ona
the top of time umpper inandible, which, be-<
lag reqiuired for no other purpose, disap
pears in a few (lays. Obviously each indi
vidual bird no more acquires the art of
breaking Its wily out than it furnisjies It
self with the littie pick-hiammcr used In thme
operation; and it hs quite clear that a bird<
could have never escaped from the egg
without this instinct. hlow were eggs
hatched before birds had~ acqluired the In
stinct to sit uypIs tlii' A fowl that
never befo willngly shared a crumb with
a companion vilI now starve herself to
feed her chicke, whichisho calls by a lan
guage-she nes-er. before used--may havel
never heard-bu~ which they are born to'
i1.: A 'Imalsi.
In the Bad Lands of Colorado an aul.
nal has Wcen found which Is by f ar the
argest animal supro osed to be capable of
moving on dry land. It fed on the forcats
)f the time, a fact proved by the remains
round with it. It was called the Titanasau
'us, a huge anlimal, seventy feet il length
mnd eighty in height. That ago abounded
n ]lying reptiles and turtles, beside the
nionster saurians already nientioned. Some
>f the land turtles were nine feet. in length
mud proportionately high. One specimen
low extinct would easily hideor cover two
non, being about four feet high. At that
m'oud a great revolution was culminating,
nerceptible change is noticed that
Mations of a new cra. The body
sted instead of being dragged
4 .e limbs were lengthened, and in
uimal life at that period the iguanodon
akes a prominent position. 'The thigh
vhen full-grown was more than four and
half feet in length, and the circumfer
ace around the head was four and a halt
ect. The teeth were obtusely conical and
aterally compressed, so as to present a cut
ing edge, which was serrated like the teeth
f the Mexican iguaLnla, froni Which it was
amed, As restored by Mr. Hawkins, it
as a slight resemblance to an immense ti
er. Mr. Hawkins sa3s, to give an idea of
lie size of that animal, that the iguanodon
a it now stands in the Crystal Palace is
omposed of four iron columns nine feet in
igui by seven inches in diameter, six
iundred i4ricks, fifteen hundred and fifty
iles, thirty-eight casks of cement, ninety
asks of broken stone, with one hundred
met of iron hooping and twenty feet of
ubic inch bar. The specimen was mod.
led atter the great Horstiam specimen, and
o show more clearly the size,, the mold
vas afterward converted into a "salle a
ianger," in which Professor Forbes,Owen
ud twenty other gentlemen sat down to
'I he great cretaceous ocean of the West,
hiat is now only known to us by its arid
eserts and chalky plains was no less re
iarkable for its lishes than its reptiles,and
warmued with large forms relate(, to the
simon and saury. Vertebriu and other
ragients of those species project froni the
iorn limestone in many places, and one of
lem attracts attention by its formidable
ppearance. The denasity apd hardness of
lie bones hal shed the rain off on either
ide, so that the radiating gutters and ra
ines finally isolated the stony monster.
'he head was some inches longer than that
f a full-grown grizzly bear, and the jaws
icre deeper in proportion to their length.
'he muzzle was snorter and deeper than
liat of a bull-dog. The teeth were all sharp
ylindric fangs, sillooth and glistening, and
f irre.,ular size- hAt certain points in each
aw they projected three inches above the
um, and were .sunk one inch into deep
its, being .thug as long as the fangs of a
iger, but niore slender. Two pairs of such
angs crossed each other on each side of the
ad of the snout. That fish is known as
'ortheus Molossus. Beside the smaller
shes the reptiles no doubt supplied the
iemaunds of their appetite. The ocean in
vMuen LoUnenboUU 16AA --L
ous life was at last completely inclosed on
he west by elevations of sea bottom, so
hat it only cowmunicated with the Atlan
ic and Pacitic at the Gulf of Mexico and
Lrctic Sea. The continued elevation of
oth eastern and western shores contract
d its area, and when ridges ot the sea but
Dm reached the surface, Loiming long, I ~w
ars, parts of the water ai e &vwre inetosed,
id connection with salt, nwer prevelt-u.
'hus were the living beiha., ii;prisoned and
ubjected to many new ru. b. btioner
ould more readily capture the weaker,
Vhile the fishes wou;d gradually perisu
bIrougih the consta i, I nlmeuemng ol the
vater. With the uuth of any considera
ile class the balaune us foud supply would
me lost, and~ miany~ argt r species wol dus
*ppear from the scene. Thle niost, emiuer
ng would longest resist the 'approach of
tarvation, but would linally yield to iex
ratble fate; the iast 01n0 beiig caught by
lie shilfting bottom among the shallow
mools, I romi which his exhausted energies
oult not extricate hinm.
Makiniga Do:sf Man Hefar,
Funny how thIngs will happen sometimes
dfessrs. Gallagher and Rtagbag are strani
;ers, and the other day they went down to
cc old Mr. Crops, who is very (leaf.
(either knew Crops, but, both were aware
if his infirmity. Rtagbag reiiched the place
nd found Crops outi, but sat, (downi to wait
or him, Preecntly Gallagher caime in.
cach thought the othier to be Crops. Ihag
sag wvent utp to Gallagher, put, his mouth
o that gentleman's ear,and in a loud voice
:riedh: "Got, any hogs to sell?'' The yell
nade Gallagher Jtunp like a steer, and at
lrst lie was imad, But lie recollected that
leaf peo0ple talked very loud, and so placing
uis miouth at Ragbag's ear lie roared: "'I
vaunt to buy a miule." Tlhat nearly split,
aig bag's head and lie jumpei)d in goodhshapje.
1i'hen lie saw thtat lie wasn't understuood
Lndl yelled louder "hlogs are tie things to
leal in!" anid then Gallagher saw that lie
.vasn't complrehecnded~ and~ cried, "1 muist
inve a mule that won't, kick." Ragbag put,
ma more steam andt yelled, "I1 tell you I
vant, fat hogs," Gallagher tuned up loud
nough to be heard halt a mile away and~
mowled: "Mulel mulch bdndhe color pro
erredI." "No westerni hogs for mie. I tell
rou I want to buy some good fat hogs" bel
owed Ragbag. "I wIsh I could make the
>Id ass understand that I want, to buy a
nule," thought, Gallagher. "have y, u got,
Sbridle mule to sell'?' lie howled getting
rery red in tne face, "This 01(1 numbhead
a awful deal," thoulght Ragbag, and then
me nearly tore the top of lisa head off in
vhooping out: "If you'vo got any hogs to
telI, 1 want to see 'ema." By this time both
non were mad~ and each Inwardly swore
ie'dl make the old fellow hear,or die in the
httemplt. "MuheI muilcl mule, I tell you
nulel" madly shrieked Gallagher, dancing
bout, "ilogs! I saId; hogal hogs is what 1
vantl hlogs!" sct'caimed Ragbag, with ani
ifrort that splIt his shirt the .whole length
if hIs back. By that time the neighbor
iood was aroused. Crops' son caime in and
usked what In somewhere was ,the matter.
'1 can't muakc this deaf old ams hear any.
hhing," cried Ragbag. "Yen mIght fire a
~annon beside hlin and lie would'nt notice
t," said Gallagher. An explanation on
mued. TIhen the disgust, of both men was
)aiful to behold. Each said the other was
n liiot, and altogether to blame in the
nlatter, and It was hard work to keep thiemi
rom lIghting. They unitee, however, in
irequest that the matter be kept secret,
but It, wasn't, and they are keeping con
~eaied to avoid payIng the drinks to about
lifty peonle who lKnow of the affair.
The Demand for Nuts
During recent years the trade In forelgn
and donestic nuts has developed wonder
fully. New York city has become the most
important centre of the trade, the extent of
which indicates that people have either sc
cured patent stomachs, or that indigestion
has lost Its terrors. Africa used to Eupply
us with peanuts, sending them by ship-loads,
but our Southern states have so success
fully cultivated this popular nut that we
are now Independent. Tho states that fur.
nih the bulk of the supply are Virginia,
North Carolina and Tennessee. During
the past season the crop of Virginia was
1,100,000 bushels, of Tennessee, 55,000
bushels, and of North Carolina, 120,000.
The nut probably the most popular after
the per~nut is the pecan. The Texas pecan
is especially in deiand. While a few years
ago several barrels of pecans abundantly
supplied the demand, car loads and in
voices of one or two hundred barrels are
nOw not uncomm11i11On.
Of the other nuts the hickory Is among
the mllost popular. While in many locali
ties, especially in the E-stern states, they
are becoming scarce, In the Western states
they are sullielently plentiful to ship to
New York half a dozen car loads a week
That delicious nut, the. chestnut, is be
coming scarcer every year, and there is
much dilliculty in obtaining thei sound
and in large quantities. Tiicir great popu
larity will probably pr,event their total dis
appearance, for they are already being cul
tavated, and it is expected that within a
few years tihe cultivated nut will equal
in quality the high-priced Italian chestnuts.
Black walnuts and butternuts are re
garded as too rich and oily for table use;
but the former is largely used by confect
ioners. The Anierican hazel nuts are not
an important article of commerce, the fil
bert largely taking their place. Only a
few English hazel iiuts find their way to
the American market. It Is stated that
growers in California contemplate intro
ucing a number of varieties of nuts native
to Spain and Italy.
Tie trade In foreign nuts is enormous.
The demand is said to have tripled during
the last live years. As everybody knows
the almond always has been in demand,
and probably always will be. The "Eig
hh" walnuts, formerly called Madeira wal
nuts, mainly come fromi France and Spai,
the English crop being consumed at home.
Tacy have been successfully raised in the
states on the Pacific coast. The Brazil
nuts are a kind of "linked grease long
drawn out"-a few of them go a long way.
For cocoanuts the demiand is steady and so
inmense that our dealers feel safe in buy
ing themi by tle hundred thousand. The
process of dessicating them has widened
their family use, and they are now a favor
ite ingredient of pies, cakes and candies.
A Scono In Russia.
At the trial of fourteen persons in Rus
sia, charged with beloniging to a secret so
ciety, a painful scene occurred. Among
the prisoners were Prof. Sytzianko and its
onn A lovander. a vouth of nineteen. The
defence was conducted very poorly, all the
counsel being appointed by the court from
aniong the military counsel. The trial of
the youth, 83 tzianko, produced aii uiiiusual
excitement in the court. Dr. Sytzianko
had all the sympathy of the public, being
esteemed both as an able professor of the
University of Kharkoff anl as a physician.
Eight months of prison life had made Iruni
almost unrecognizable; his face was deadly
pale. Still when examined he defended
hinself ably. His son, Alexander, agym
naisiuim 1 pupil, was undoubtedly the most
remarkable of all the accused. His beau
tiful face, his clear and charming voice,
and his eloquence produced a very favora
ble inimression on the public. T2hAe most
striking moment of the trial was this: The
attornley for t he Stato asked Alexander
why, on the preliminary examination, lie
had made certain statements, which on the
tihe trial, he recalled, in explanation the
youth dlescribed mhost eloquently all the
horrors of the prIson life lie hiad been sub
mined to. ils physical sufferings andl
mental tortures, lie asid, had reduced him
to a cOnidition in which iio person can be0
responsible eihmer for his actions, lie told
how he felt when (durimng the wvinter hie
was shut, in a small, dlark, (lamp, uiider
ground cell, aiid subsisted for a time on1 one
glass of water that was given to him onice
m twenty-foiir hours. Th'le fathber of the
youth colhd iiot stand such a dreadful tale;
lie fainted iand s0 put1 ani 01nd to the expo
si',ion of the secrets of the p~olitical prison.
A most, exciting scene followed. All the
ladies p)resenit in the court room criedl andl
sobbed, amid tears were seen on the faces
of the stoutest mecn. The court, adjourned.
When It, re-opened the attorney for the
prosecutiomi requested that the prison au
therities and guatrdians should be summoned
as witnesses. On the next day they were
brought. Alexander Sytzianko wats re
questedh to rcepeat what lie had said on the
previous (liy about the abuse15 received by
him at the hands of the prison authorities.
This lhe did, and1( add~edl some1 detahus even
iiore shocking. Again his father felt sick,
and~ requested the court to be allowed to
leave thei court room. TIhme petitioni was
granted. The prison authorities were uin
able to contradict the startling revelutions
of the youthful prisoner.
Tnes sargasso sea.
This Is the niame given to a portion of
thei Atlantic Ocean covered with the sea
weedh, Sargassum. Its boundaries may be
indlicated b~y tracing a triangle, of which
the three corners are represeontedl by the
Azores, the CanarIes andl Cape (10 Verd].
Within those limits thme sea is clothed on Its
surface wIth a garment of vegetable mater
ial, so thick as to ro'ard the progress of
vessels sailing through It, Steamers avoId
It because of the fouling of their screws
and paddlcs by the weed ; but sailing-ves
sels bound to the West Indies, South Amer
ica, the Cape of Oiood hope, etc., must
pass5 through it. When Coiumibus, on lisa
'first, voyage, had got, some1 distance to the
westward of the Canary islands, lhe was
amnazed to I id his ships In what looked
like a meadow. As far as ho could see,
the water was covered with a grceish-y.el
low plant, as water-dImies cover a pond.
Trhis was the first tIme such a thing had
been seen and tno sailors were scared. Co
lumbus could not oxplain the sIght lhe saw,
nnmd might have thought with his men,
that the weed was the covering of some
dangerous rock which lay a short distance
down, ready to tear ana read them. The
lead was hove but no bottom was found.
The ships kept on their course, and In a
few days,. they not clear of thn wnnd.
-To soften bris, heat it up to a
cherry red and plunge it into water.
-T're population ofr London Is 3.707,.
130, an increase of 452,870 since 1871.
-The Ohio Central railroad will
build a $2,000,000 rolling mill Ii Tolede.
-President Hayes was tha gruest of
the ltidmore Prem Club on Febuary
-Father Ilennepin discovered coal
in 1669, in what Is now called Ottawa,
-The new consus shows the total
nn mher of Chinese In California to be
--The richest man in the United
States Senate Is said to be Mr. Fair, of
-Airs. Thackara, General Sherman's
daughter, is now considered out of
d angie r.
-Th-e value of the tobacco crop in
Cil n ton count y in 1880 is 6timated at
-The most durable woods In Ory
places are cedar, oak, yellow pine and
-Sound ice, ten inches thick, will
bear a pressure of 1,000 tons to tho
-Wisconsin's railroad facilittes have
increased from ten miles In 1851 to, 3,
133 miles Ili 1881.
-Senator-elect sawyer bestowed
$100,000 each on his two daughters as
vedding presents.. -
-It Is estimated that 40,060 'ods of
wood are annually coiauned by .the
people of Dubuque.
-In one grove, In California are
1380 trees, none ieasuting less than
six feet in diameter.
-The average doposits in the Biat
Lake banks In 1880, were more than
double those of 1876.
-Canada has a public-debt of Z30,
000,000 which Is equal to L7 10j. per
head of her population.
-Ten vineyardists In Napa county,
California, produeed last year- over
1,100,000 gallons of wine.
-A sister of the King of Sweden is
a missionary in Lapiland, and has sold
her jewels to aid her in her work.
-Mr. Thomas, the widow of the
General, is now living quietly at Troy,
N. York. Sh rimsclves no pension.
-The salary of that noted liorsonan,
Joseph Cannon, as "trainer to Lord
Rosebery," is said to be $10,000 a year.
-Pope Leo, who has been very il
for several weeks, is now recovered.
lie will be seventy nmine years old in
--Mrs. Leopold de Rothschleld-has a
new necklace which, although it Is
only a single row of pearls, is valued
-Tie theatres and other places of
amusement iII St. Lois are openon
Sunday evenings, and some of them
-The St. Louis and San Francisco
railroad has sold 150,000 acres of land
in Barry county, Missouri, to a colony
-The late E. A. Sothern, the actor,
it is baid, left only about $40,0u, al
thought lie had carried an annual li
coie of $150,000.
-en Butler sends his yacht to Nor
folk in February, and will embark
from that port for a three months'
cruise Iin the West indles.
-Lord Suffolk has sold his famous
LA Vierge aux Rochers, by Leonardo
ti Viuci, to the National Gallery, of
London, for the sum of $45,000,
--The New Mexico and Rio Grande
Railway, incorporated, capital $1,000,
000, from Arapahoe county, Colorado,
to $oecor~o county, New Mexico.
-Th'le net cost of the war in Afgha
nistano, includIng that of the frontier
rail ways, was about twenty-one crores
of irupecs, or ?17,500,000 sterling.
-According, to the recent census,
Switzerlanid has a po~pulationl of 2,890,
00)0, or 120,000 momam than In 1877 .when
the last previous censuis was taken,
-Up to the close of thme year the
Lake SuperIor copper inos have pro
dlucedI siuce their commencenemint 300,
000 tons of Ingot copper, valued at $140,
-A braham Linicol n, the grand fatherm
of thme groat President of that name,
wvas killed by Indianis on Linkhorn's
Runi, as tihe stream in Kentucky was
-School attendlane in Georgia has
haid a remarkable increase. From 49,.
570 In 1871, It ran lip to 226,627 In 1870,
O1 time latter number 79,435 were color
-The peach orchard of John Par
nell, In Troup county, Gem., is the
largest In the world. 1t covers 250
acres of lanmd, and will probably y'lid
$70,000 this year.
-An ounce of silver is worth $1.04;
a poun'i (sixteen ounces)$10.80; a ton
(2,240 p)ounds) $37,632. A cauble Inch
is worth $11; a cuc foot, $19,00$; a
cubic yard, $613,216.
-Thie number of the'boo hives in
this country is estimateti at 2,000,000,
and the aniual produact at $i4,000,000,
or seven dollars to the hive. 1'he boe
keepers number 70,000.
-The racing fund in the United
States for the current year wIll ap
proximate $1,000,000. Nine Englsish
norses have reached New York, to be
entered in our summer contests.
-T1he Nordenskjold, the largest tor
pedo boat In existence, was recently
launched at Copenhagen. She mneas
ures 216 feet In length and 42 fe'et In
breath, She can mnajie fifteen miles an
-Shipbuilding on the Clyde was un
usually active lyt year. TIwo hundreu
anld lorty-one vessels of all kinds were
launched, of a total of fullf,239.000
tons, an excess of 71,000 tonls over 1810.
Tacir marketable value represents an
outlay of .acDout $30,000,000.
-At Steyer, which Is 1110 largest ?Ifle
manufactoz y in~ Austria, one thousand
addItIonal workmen were recently en
gaged, and all the shops are in full
swing, doing work for thie Govern
mnents of Bulgaria, Servia, Raumania
and even lor Lnat of France.
-Th'ie Introduction of Amerhoan
street ears Into Rio de ,Janeiro has pro
duced a great change in the social and .
business life of the people. There are
two kinds of ears-one for she bare
footed people, 5 cents; and one for
those who wear shoes 10 cents.