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rRIWE Y EDITION. WINNSBORO, E. C., MARCH 19,STABISHE
WALTER VON DER i6GdLWED.
Yogel otd the Minnesinger
Wuen he left this world of ours,
Laid his body in the cloister,
Under Wurtzborg's minster towers.
And he gave the monks his treamures,
Gave them all with this behest :
They should feed the birds at nooptide
Daily on his place of rest ;,
Baying : ' From these wandorng minstrels
I have learned the art of song;
. Let me now repay the lessons
'IhOy have taught so well and long."
Thus the bard of love departed
I And, fulfilling his des re,
On his tomb the birds were feasted
y the children of the choir.
Day by day, o'er tower and turret.
In foul weather and in fair,
Day by day, in vastt:r numbers,
Flocked the poets of the air.
On the tree whose heavy branched
Overshadowed all the place,
On the pavement, on the tombstone,
On the poet's soulptured face.
On the crossbars of ea'h window,
On the lintel of each door,
They renewed the War of Wartburg,
Which the bard had 'fought before.
There they sang their merry carolo,
Hang their laud. on every side ;
And the name their voices uttered
Was the name of Vogelweid.
Till at length the poitly abbot
Murmured, " Way this wasto of food ?
Be it changed to loaves henooforward
For our-fasting brotherhood."
Then in vain o'er tower and turret,
From the walls and woodland nests,
When the minster belle rang noontide,
Gathered the unwelcome guests.
Then in vain, with ories discordant,
Clamorous round the Qothio spire,
Screamed the feathered M'nnesingera
For the children of the choir.
Time has long effaced the inscriptions
On the cloister's funeral ston.s,
And tradition only tells us
Where repose the poet's boned.
But around the vast cathedral,
By sweet echoes multiplied,
Still the birds repeat the legend,
And the name of Yogelweide.
It was on a beautiful May day in the
year 1521 that the Spanish city of Toledo,
which at that time was one of the'largest
in the Old World, and which the'n.con
tained a population of upward of two hun
dred thousand inhabitants, was thrown
into an iptense state of commotion hv tln
appearanice of a royal 'herald, bearing aloft
a large white flag, and demanding an Im.
mediate Interview with Senor Juan De
Padilla, dte insurgent commander of the
population of Toledo. For just then To
ledo, like many other Spanish cities, had
risen in arms against the government,
Charles the Fifth having immediately upon
his election as German Emperor, rovoked
all the prerogatives of the cities of Castile,
and formed an alliance with the nobility,
which, until then, had been decidedly hos
tile to the Crown.
Charles had at first paid litIe attention
to the insurrection, and had left for Ger
many, after ordering General Brock, - a
Belgian, to deal with the insurgents as se
verely as possible. Brock was assasinated
in broad daylight oi the Plaza .Nueva of
Seville, just as lhe was riding to the execn
tion of one hundred and seventeen insur
His successor wats a Spanish grandiee,
Enrique, Duke De Marano, who set the
prisoners free, in the hope that that aEct of
clemency would restore order throughout
Such, however, was not the case. rTe
insurrection, which had assumed a demo
cratic character, assumed every day more
A democratic army, about twenty thou
sand strong, took the field under the leader
ship of Percival lie. nardo, who achieved
several victories over the united hosts of
the royal and noble forces..
Meanwhile Toledo' the principal seat of
the insurrection was pliaced in a state of
great strength. .
.Thirty thousand armed citizens, conm
manded by Juan De Padilla, formned the
Juan Do Padilla was a young nobleman
im->ued with democratic and progressve
sentiments, lie was beloved by the poor,
to whom he made munificent donations,
A splendid orator, an educated soldier,
and a man of intrepidity, lie sented to
have been destined by nature for a popu
lar leader. Hie had a beautiful, spirited
wife, Donna Treresita, who heartily symnpa
thiized with her husband's democratic as
pirations, and who appeared daily among
the citizen soldiery ini order to cheer aitd
oncourage thenm in their ar~duous labors.
When the above mentioned royal herald
made his appearance in front .ef the Tierre
Grando of Toledo, with a dag of truce, the
citizens manning the walls received him
with loud execratio'ns.
"Kill the dog of Don Caries!' - they
Stones were buried at him, but lie senm
ed fearless, and- exelaimeod, iu a ringing
tone of voice:
'ffhe insurgents have, been routed at
i'forrelabon. Percival Barnaido foil in 'that
) ~battle. Ils Majgsttles troops have ken
ten thousand prners.r Te, - tm
This offer. dreateg a pfpound sensation
among tlie people of T6ldil. Some were
inclined to boliove that thelherald's story
was a tissue of frlsehoods, but most of
them thought It was true, but all concurred
in Juan Do Padilla not to obey the sum
mous of tne Duke Do Marano.
Juan Do Padilla, however, declared iie
"I know that tho Duke Is an honorable
man," he exclaimed, "and if our cause 18
lost, I can make better terms with him for
you than anybody else."*
llis beautiful wife, Teresita, threw her
self at his feet, and implored him not
"Oh, Juthi I" she cried, in an agony of
despair, "you know that I am able some
times to forsee future events. Now I im
plore you to stay, for I know that you will
never come back I"
But Don Juan Do Padilla was inflexible.
He mounted his charger, caused the gate
to be opened, and rode to meet the herald,
who thereupon escorted him to San Per.
nando. There the Duke de Marano re
ceived him with studied politent ss. Greatly
to the disgust of the royal oilcers lie put
no restraint upon the movements of the
young insurgent leader.
During the night some masked royal of
fleers forced the door of Juan De Padilla's
bed room, and carried him off to Seville,
where Cardinal Lariedo caused him to be
beheaded a few days after his arrival.
When the Duke De Marano heard that
his pledges had been so wantonly broken,
he was so mortified that he committed
hlis successor in command of the artrmy
was Captain General Do Xivarez, a brutal,
bloodthirsty scoundrel, and an ultra royal
ist. le sent Juan Do Padilla's head on a
pike to Toledo with the message that in
their leader's doom the insurgents might
ee the fate that was in store for them.
This act raised the fury of the insurgents
.o the highest pitch. They resolved to
>Mfer Xivarez the most desperate resist
ince, and as their leader they chose,
trangely enough, that most beautiful lady,
l'eresita Do Padilla.
Her husband's murder had transformed
ter Into a heroine worthy of the palmicst
lays of Sparta and Rome,
Her first act, It is true, was one of great I
ruelty, for she caused fifty-one oi King I
"harle's sympathizers to Ie summarily i
eoheaded, and their heads she gent to XI
Then she strengthened the forliftp
ppeared in. front of the city with the van- I
uard of his army, she headed a nocturnal
ortie, and succeeded in routing the royal
roops. Upon fe-entering Toledo Teresita I
vas the object of a rapturous ovation. f
rho citizens bestowed upon her the title of
Leresita La Valiauto.
Meanwhile Xivarez was by no means
nactive, and a week later he re-appeared
with twelve thousand troops in the environs
He approached the city very cautiously
intil a pretended deserter from the insur
rent forces circulated among his soldiers
,he report that Teresita Do Padilla would
tenceforth cause all royalist prisoners to
3o tortured to death.
A panic broke out in Xivarez's cam ;
the troops refused to obey him any longer;
md when he in impotent rage declared
that he would punish their mutinous spirit
by havir.g thenm decimated, they killed
him,- and dispersed.
Te'esita pursued them, and caused all
pris<.ners that were taken to be hung on the
BIpot. TIhis created such a panic amonig
the rayaltsts that a whole month elapseCd
befora another army of the crown appearer,
in fro't of Toledlo.
'l'his force was .commanded by Ronald
Ybbrra, .ne of the best engineers of that
]t took hulie nearly six months to breach
tlieciwall of the e'ity. The first assault re
sulted in a total 'defeat of the stormmng
party. But Yberra was :' man of iron en
ergy andl tenacity of purpose. Every uin
successful attempJt made him utly more
determined to take the city at any cost.
-At length lie was successful. Toledo
lest ten thousand~ of her citizens. Y berra's
losses were still heavier.
Among the prisoners was Tieresita L~a
Charles the Fifth had just, returned from
Germany. .lHe was curious to see the beau
tiful heroine who had ilict ed such terrible
losses upon his army. Shte was heavily
ironedl and taken to .Madlrud, where the
young sovereign visited her in her dun
Had she madifested a spirit of submuis
siveness, Charies wvould have spared her
life ; but; she p~redllcted hautily to him that,
although the most powerful monarch in
the world, lie also would be thle most
wretched one, and that lie would die the
death of a mangy cur.
This touched Charles in his most tender
spot; for he was decidedly superstitious.
Hence he ordered her to tie killed, and ten
minutes after lie had left her the execu
tioner entered her dungeon, and strangled
her to death.
Revise the Timne of iiay.
Why shouldn't we call an Interratoional
Congioess and revise the time o' dlay? We
are revising the Blible by a Comittee of
~ Mons, and next to the Bible time is the
'clous thIng we all have in comn
Is no more reason why we
'- 'wico a clay than
When tle tyranny of the last K(ing
Jaines drove his subjects to take up arms
against him, one of the most formidable
eneies to his. dangerous usurpation was
Sir John Coehrane, one of the most pro-ni
nent actors in Argyle's rebellion. For
ages a destructive doon seemed to have
hung over the houce of Camp-All, envel
oping In a common ruin all wli) uiited
their fortunes to the cause of its ciaef
The same doom encompassed Sir John
Cochrane. Ile was surrounded by the
king's troops-long, deadly and desperate
was his resistance, but at length, overpow
ered by numbers, lie was taken a prisoner,
tried,and condemned to dlie on the scaffold.
He had but a few days to live, and 1ih
jailer only awaited the arrival of his death.
warrant to lead him. forth to execution.
His family and his friends had visited him
in prison, and exchanged with him the last
the long, the heart-yearning farewell. But
there was one who came not with the rest,
to receive his blessing-one who was the
pride of his eyes and of his hou'e--evon
Grizel, the daughter of his love.
Twilight was casting a deeper gloom ovcr
the grating of his prison-house, lie was
inourning for a last look of his favorite
child, and his hand was pressed against
the cold, damp walls of his cell, to cool the
feverish ptilsatiou that shot through it like
stings of fire, when the door of his apart
ment turned slowly on its unwilling hinges,
and the keeper entered, followed by a
young and beautiful lady. Her person was
tall and commanding; her eyes dark, bright
and tearless; but this very brightness spoke
f sorrow-of sorrow too deep to be wept
away; and her raven tresses were parted
over an open brow, clear and pure as the
polished marble. The unhappy captive
raised his head as they entered.
"My childi my own Grizell " he exclaim
d, and she fell upon his bosom.
"My father! my dear fatheil'' sobbed th|
miserable maiden,and she dashed away the
.car that accompanied the words.
"Your interview must be short-very
dhort," said the jailer, as he turned and left
hem for a few minutes together.
"Heaven help and comfort thee, my
laughterl" added 1r' John, while he held
ier to his breast, and printed a kiss upon
ier brow; "I had feared that I shoula die
without bestowing my blessing on my own
:hild, and that stung me more than death;
mit thou art come. my love-thou art comi
--and the last blessing of thy -wretched fa
"Nay, father. forbearl" she nxclaimed;
'not thy last blesingl not thy lasti My fa
hershall not die?" -
"Be calm, be calm, my childi" returned
ic. "Would to heaven that I could com
ort theel-my ownI my own! But there
i no hope; within three days, and thou
nd all my little ones will be-"
Fatherless, he would have said, but the
rord died on his tongue.
is hand; "three daysa-then there is hope
-my father shall livel Is not my grand
ather the friend of Father Petre, the con
essor and the master of the king? From
iii lie shall beg the life of his son, and my
ather shall not die.'
"Nay, nay, my Grizel," returned he,' b3
iot deceived; there is no hope. Already
ny doom is sealed; already the king has
caled the order for my execution, and tle
nessenger of death is now on the wiay."
"Yet my fathershall not--shall not die!"
he repeated emphatically,and clasping her
iands together- "IHeavon speed a daugh.
er's purposel" she exclaimed; and turning
,o her father, said calanly, 'we part now,
)ut we shall meet againi"
"What would my child?" inquired lie,
:azerly, and gazing anxiously on her face.
"Ask not now," she replied, "my fa
her, ask not now, but pray for me, and
bless me-but not with thy last blessing."
H~e again pressedl her to his heart, and
wept upon her neck. In a few umomecnts
the jailer entered, and they were torn trom
the arms of each other.
On the evening of the second day after
thme interview we have mentioned, a way
taring miau crossed the drawbridge at, 13r
wick from the north, and proccedinig along
Marygate, sa' down to rest upon a bench
by the door of an h->stelry on the south sidle
of' the street, near-ly fronting what was call
ed1 thme "mainguard" then stood, lie did
not, eiiter thme inn, for it was above, his api
parent condition, being that which Oliver
Cromwell made his headquarters a few
years before, and where, at a somewhat
earlier pci-lod, James the Sixthi of S~cotlandmc
had taken upi his reCsidlence, when oii his
wvay to enter on the sovereignty of England.
The traveler wore a coarse jerkim, fasteiied
round hIs body by a leather girdlle,andi over
it a short cloak,composed of equally plain
materials, lie was evidently a young man,
but his beaver was drawnm (downl so as al
most to conceal Is features.
In one hand lie carried a small bundle,
and in the other a pilgrinm's staff. Having
called f->r a glass of wine, lie Look a crust of
bread from his buindle, and .after resting ai
few minutes, rose to depart. The shades
of night were setting in, and it threatened
to be a iiight of storms. Thel heavens were
gathering black, the clouds rushing from
the sea, sudden gusts of wind were moan
ing along the streets, accompanied by heavy
dIrops of i-ain, anid thme face of the Tweed
"Heaven help theel if thou intendlest to
travel far in such a night as this," said the
sentinel at the English gate, as the traveler
passed him, and p~roceedled to cross the
in a few minutes lie was uponi the wide,
desolate and dreary moor of Tweedmouth,
which for miles pm'esented a desert of furze,
lern and stunted heathI, with here and there
a dngflb coveredl thick brushwood. He
alowly toiled over the steep hidm,braving the
storm, which now raged with the wildest
fury. Tfhe rain fell in torrents, and the
wind howled as a legion of famished wolve
curling its dolelul and angry echoes ovei
the heath, Still thme stranger pushed on.
ward until lie had proceeded two or three
miles from Berwick, when, as if unablk
longer to brave the storm, he sought shiel
tcr amid some crab and bramble bushes by
the wayside. .Nearly an hour had passed
since he sought this imperfect refuge, an1
the darkne& s of thme night, and the storm hac
increased together when thme sound of
horse's feet was heard hmrrhedlly plashingj
along thme road. The rider bent, hu, head ti
time blast. Sudidenly his horse was graspe<
by the bridleO; the rider raised his bead, ant
the stranger -'nod before hin, holding
The horseian, benunbed and stricken
with fearmade an offori to reach his arms;
but in a m91ment the hand of the robber,
quIttming the bridle, graspod the breast of
the rider, and dragged him to the ground.
lie fell heavily on his face, and for several
ininut-es retaied senselss. 'Tile stranger
seizeid the leathern oag wliiph contained the
mail to the north, and flingiug it on his
shoulder, rushed across tl4 heath,
Early on the followVmng' norning the in
habitants of Berwick wei. seen hurrying
in groups to tie spot wh re the robbery
had been comm tted, and jere scattered in
every direction over the Y 01;, but no trace
of the robber could be obt ined.
Three days had passed, end Sir John
Cochrane yet lived. 'ihe mai which con
tained his loath-warrant had been robbed,
and before another order foi his execution
could be given. the interedssion of 'his fa
ther, the Eatrl of liuudonild. with the king '.
confessor might be successful. Grizel now
became almost his constit comnpanion in
prison, and spake to him words of comfort.
Nearly fourteen days had passed since the
robbery of the mail had been comduitted,
and protracted hop in the boso:n of tie
prisoner becaie more bitter than his first
despair. But even that hope, bitter as it
was, perished. To intercussion of his fa
ther had been unsuccessful, and the second
time the bigoted and would be despotic
monarcn had signed the warrant for his
death, and within httle more th i another
day that warrant would reach his prisoa.
" 'he will of heaven be donel " groaned
"Amen!" responded Grizel, with wild
vehemence; "yet my father shall not die."
Again the rider with thp mail had reach
ed the moor of T weedmouth, and the sec
ond time he bore with him the doom of Sir
John Cochrane. lie spurred his horse to
his utmost speed--he looked cautiously be
fore, behind, andjaroun I him, and in his
right naud lie carried a pistol ready to de
fend hhnself. The moon shed a ghostly
light across the heath, which was only suf
ficient to render desolation (iily visible,
and it gave a spiritual emnbodiient to every
shrub. lie was turning the angle of a strag
gling copse, when his horse reared'at the
report 01 a pistol, the lire of which seemed
to 11ash ino its very eyes. At the same
imoinent his own pistol flashed, and his
horse rearing niore violently,lie was driven
from the saudie. In a inonent the foot of
the robber was upon his breast, who, bend
ing over him, and brandishing a short dag
ger in his hand, said:
"Uive me thmne arms or diel"
'I he heart of the king's servant failed
withm hii, and without venturing to rc
ply, he did as he was commauded.
"Now go tny way," said the robber,
sternly, "out leave withL mc thy horse,aud
leave the mail, lest a worse conie upon
i he man arose and proceeded toward
Berwick,treiuoling; and the robber,nount
ing the horse whim lie had left, rode ra'
Preparations were mlakiqh .vr te exe
cution of Sir John Cochlrane, and the
oflicers of the law awaited only for tie ar
rival of the mail witn his second death
warrant to lead hil forth 0 tile scaifold,
when the tidings arrived that the mail had
again been robbed. For yet lourteen days,
ad the life of the prisoner wOuIkt be again
prolonged. lie again fell on tie neck of
nis daugnter and we)t and said:
"it, is good-the hand of heaven is in
'Sai(I t not," replied the maiden, and
for the lirst time she wept aloud, "that
my father should not (lie("
The fourteen days weie not past, when
the prison door llow open, and, the Earl of
Dundonald rushed to tie arms of his son.
ills intercession with the confessor had
beei successful,and alter twice signing the
warrant, for tile execution of Sir John,
which had as often iied in reaching its
destination, the kmng hadl sealed lis par
lie had hurried wvith lisa fa~her from the
prison to lis own house; his family was
clinging around him, shedd'ag tears of joy;
but Urazel, who, during his imprisonment,
hiad sutlered more than they all, was agaimn
absent. Trhey were marveh'ng with grati
tude at the mysterious priovidtence that hiad
twice intercepted the mi', amid saved his
lire, when a strangecr crave.l ani audience.
Sir ,John desired hiimi to ha admitted and(
dihe robber entered. lie was habited, as
wec have before described with the coarse
cloak and coarser jerkin-p.ut. his bearing
was above lis conditioni. (hi entering, lie
slightly toued~ lisa beaver, but reiinuined
"Wiien you have pierused those,'' said
he, takmng two inpper 110al his bosom,
"cast thlem in the lire."
Sir Johni glanced on theni-startedl, and(
became pale. Th'ley were siis death war.
"'My dlelivereri" lie exclrimed; "'how
how shall I thianik thee-how repay the
savior of my lifeV My fmher-mny chili
diren-hiunk him for mli!"'
Th'le 01(1 eail graspedi tihs hand of the
stranger--the chaidren eimracedl lis kniees,
til presed mis hand to his inee, amid burst,
"By what nanie," natedy inguired Sir
John, "shall I thank my d(uiverer?"
Tn'ie stranger wept aloudi and raising lis
beaver, the raven tresses *f Urizel Cch
ranie fell on the coarse clogil
'-Gracious heavenish" enlhaimed the as
tonished and enraptured fmther, "'my own
ctuid-miy savi'ir-miy o wt drlzell"
it is uinnecessary to 14hd imore. The
imagination of the reader (an supply the
rest; and11 we may only ikid that Urizel
Cochirane, whiose neroisni end iioblo affec-.
tion we have here briefly mind inperleetly
sketched, was the grndmather oi the late
Sir John Stewart, oh Alm abank, in ih~r
wicksliire, and great granijamother of airi.
Coutts, thme culeorated hanm1i'r.
Uasimary mand fl e ver.
A friend of niine had1( a i t canary, while
her brother was the ownier o, a retriever that
was also much pettedh. O e day the cai
iiary escape1d fronm the ho tb amid was seen
tlying about the grouinds f r several days,
aiid when It perched it w as generally on
high clmi trees. At last u4 vamisehed, aind
the (lear little pet was motygned for as lost
or dead. Bt, after the intp'rval of auiothier
day or so the retriever ci mIn with the
canary In his mnouthi, carryng it most deli
I cately, and went up to toe owner of the
I nird, delivering it into hot. hand without,
even the feathers being injtred. Burely
nothing could illustrate mod beautifully
- faithful love and gentieness it, a dog than
Helmet Create. -
The helmet crests are very curious birds,
and are at once known by the singular
pointed plume which crowns the top of
the head, and the long beard-like append
age to the chin. They all live at a very
considerable elevation, inhabiting locali
ties of such extreme inclemency that few
persons would think of looking for a hum
ming bird in such frozen regions. There
are several species of helmet erest, and
their habits are well described by Air. Lin
(len, the discoverer of Linden's helmet
crest, in a letter written to Mr. Gould, and
published in his monograph of the humming
"1 met with this species for the first time
in August, 1842, while ascending the Sierra
Nevada de Alerida, the crests of which are
the most elevated of the eastern part of
the Uordilleras of Coluinbia. It inhabits
the regions immediately beneath the line
of perpetual congelation, at an elevation
of from 12,000 to 18.000 feet above the
level of the sea. Mlessrs. Funck and Sclliau
found it equally abundant in the Paiamos,
near the bierta Nevada, at the compara
tively low level of 9,000 feet. It appears
to be confined to the regions between the
eighth and ninth degrees of north lati
"It occasionally feeds upon the thinly
scattered shrubs of this icy region, such as
the hypericum, myrtus, daphne, abores
cent espeletias, and towards the lower limit
on bejarias, but most frequently upon the
projecting ledges of rocks near to the snow.
Its flight is swift, but very short; when it
leaves the spot upon which it has perched,
it launches itself obliquely downward, ut.
tering at the same tiie a plaintive whistlling
sound, which is also occasionally uttereI
while perched, as well as I can recollect. I
never heard it produce the hununing sound
made by several other members of the same
group, nor does It partake of their joyous
spirit or perpetual activity. Neither myself
nor Messrs. Funca or 6ehlim were able to
discover its nests, although we all made a
most, diligent search.
"Its food appears principally to consist
of minute insects, all the specimens we
procured having their stomachs filled with
The head and neck of the adult male are
black, a line of white running along the
centre. The long plumes of the throat are
white. Round the neck and the back of
the head runs a broad white bano. The
upper surface of the body and the two cen
trail tail feathers are bronze-green, and the
other feathers are a warm, reddish bronze
having the basal half of their shafts white.
The under surface is a (iim, brownish bronz-.
The length of the male bird is about 51
inches. The female is doppery biown up
on the head and upper surface of body,
and there is no heluet-like pluine on the
head nor beard-like tuft on the chin. The
throat is coppery brown, covered with white
mottlings, und the flanks are coppery brown
washed with green. The length of the fe
A remarkable case of smuggling has re
cently conic to light at Rome. For some
time past it had been observed that large
quantities of goods, especially sugar,- ar
rived in Rome and were declared "in
transit," thus being free of the octroi duties.
Goods thus declared tire warehoused out
side the city walls, and thence are either
carried to the villages round Rome or
brought into the town in small quantities,
paying duty as they conic in; so that there
would have been nothing remarkable in
the business except the magnitude of the
operations, and this excited suspicion. A
watch was set, amt it was found that the
goods were all stored In a small warehouse
outside the Porta Angelica, the gate under
the Vatican, and that they apparently
never camne out again either in large or
small quanitites. ' he sharpness of a rev
enue otlceer, or more probabuy a traitor in
the campl, suggested that there must, be an
uiiderground passage into the town, and
special watch was kept on the houses in
side the city walls. Oni December 28,
tirty-four casks of sugar arrived as usual
"an transit," and were takein to the sus
pected stose, and next morning before (lay
light two carts were observed to enter the
court-yard of a house just insite the walls
which was under surveillance. After s6a,
ting watchers on the house outsie the
poiice entered the one insidec the walls,
and there found the thirty-four casks of
sugar loaded on the carts which haid en
tered emp~ty, andl a further search revealed
a hole in the ground covered with boards
and loose earth. Entering this by a short
ladder, the poli1ce found themselves in a'
tunnel about six feet hIgh and three feet
wtide, runining undleruceath the town wall
and ditch straight to the warehouse out
.side ; rails were laid down on the ground,
and in the warehouse was found a lit tle
truck to run on them. The tutnnel was
nearly 100 yardis long, and some notion
may be formed of how profitable a busi
ness smuggling is when successful, when
it is coneidered that it could pay those
who carriedI it on to construict a tuinnel of
A Vomnpetent Juror.
Lawyer-Have you any fixed opinion
Lawyer-If a murder were commit ted
before your eyes, and it were proved that
you did not see It., would you clear the
p~risoner on suich proof?
Lawyer-Is your mind so porous that it
can leach out all past fact, memory, i
pression and sense of justice?
Lawyer-Would you acknowledge on
due evidence that you were not yourself,
but somebody else?
Lawyer-Are you sure, without d uie le
gal proof, that it Is I who ama speaking to
Juror-I am not.
Lawyer-You assume that this is the
ycar 1880 A. D., but you are open to the
conviction, on due and suffielent evidence,
that it may be 1880 B. U., are you not?
Lawyer-You are of the masculine gen
Lawyer-But on due and sufficient evl
(dence being produced you would even In
this respect be willing to admit you might
Lawyer-Swear this gentleman, ie is
the juror we long have sought and mourn
.ed because we found him not
Douath of Lord Edward Fifzgeraid.
Among the Irishmen who took part im
the events which led tothe rebellion of 1798,
and stood out boldly to denounce and re
8i8t the corrupt despotism beneath which
their country groaned, there are few who
hold so high a place as Lord Edward Fitz
gerald. It was patriotism wholly disinter
ested, that urged hin to the lengths he
went ; and had the cause he espoused been
gained, iistead of lost, lie would have been
ranked among the heroes of modern his
tory. As it is, his memory will always be
cherished by his countrymen. * * *
It was now the 19th of May. Three
more days had to pass, and the standard of
revolt would be raised throuthout the is
land. lie had by him a mnap on which the
projected atlack on Dublin had been
sketched with his own hand. His uniform
as a rebel general-"dark green edged with
red, together with a handsome military
cap, of a conical form," were concealed in
the loft overhead. One wonders whether
lie felt sure of the triumph of his cause, or
whether any drops of misgiving had min
gled in the cup of hope. le certainly lit
tle suspected that a couple of informers,
greedy for a share of secret service monev,
had already betrayed him, that Town-Ma-.
jors Sirr and Swan, with Captain Ryan and
a number of soldiers, were assembling at
the door of the house in which lie lay.
Murphy presently went up to Lord Ed
waid's bed-room with the intention of of
fering him a cup of tea; bulthe had hardly
begun speaking, when a great coramotion
was heard below. Then caime the sound
of hurried footsteps ascending the stairs.
l'he next moment, Major Swan walked In.
Ile told Lord Edward that lie had come to
arrest. him. ''You know me, my Lord,"
were his words, "and I know you; it will
be in vain to resist."
Upon this, Lord Edward leaped up from
lhe bed with a wave blladed (lagger, which
ie carried about him, raised realy to strike.
'he Major, seeing his intention, discharged
it himi a pocket pistol, the bullet of which
grazed his shoulder. The shock threw
b'itzgerald backward, but he was up again
nm an imatant, and aimed i vigorous Wlow
it Swan, who, though lie parried it inl a
Ileasure, was stalbbed in the side. Cap
amn Ityan now rushed in irned with a
word-cane, aid seizing Lord Edward,
lirew him on the bea, receiving however,
a lie did so, a deep and dlanigeroi.s wound
n the stoiclih. When the struggling men
egained their feet Ryan was bleeding from
. numb. r of gaping cuts, but holding on
vith steady courage to his prisoner. Swan
vas kept, for the momen' aloof by the fe
ocity with which Lord Edwar1 hld about
im with his dagger.
In the meantume, Major Sirr was en
;aged in plac-ng pickets round the house;
ut on hearing the report, of Swan's pistol
Lt entered anid hastened up stairs, with t
its own pistol at full cock. Oin reaching
he second landing he found Fitzgrerald
vrithing between hiscaptors, both of whom,
i a letter describing the sanguinary scene,
'I fired at Lord Edward's dagger arm
lodging several slugs In his shoulder) and
lie instruient of death fell to the ground. ''
Fitzgerald staggered back; but, wounded
is lie was, Ie continued his eforts to get
ree. It was not until a guarid of soldiers
tad been called ip, wno forced him to the
ground with the weight of their hlrelocks,
.hat lie became quiescent. lie was then
-arried (own to the hall, where le made a
Inal and desperate attempt to escape, dur
ng which somebody from behind--a drum
tier, it is said-inflicted a wounnd in the
lack of his neck, which added much to
ds sufferings at the last. lie was removed
na a sedan cimir to the Castle under a mili
ary guard of a treble strength, for it, was
hought that the mob, which had assem
)led in force along the route, might at
empt the rescue of their idol. Indeed so
utlly was a risiing with that object expected
hat the Dubilin garrison renmained under
brms throughout the night.
At tihe Castle, his wounds-at f1rst pro
iounuecd to be not danugero's-were dIressed.
rWhile this was beinig done1, a Mr. Watson,
he Lordl Lieutenant's private secretary,
iaked him whether lie would like any mesa
age delivcred to Ladly Edlwardl.
"NO, no," was his reply, "thank you,
iothiing-nothing. Only break it, to her
From the Castle he was removedl to Now
rate on the requisition of the magistrates,
nasmnuch as the frightfull iinjuric-s he had
nilictedn on Captain ityan were declared by
he dloctors to be miortal.
At first It was thought that Lord Ed
vard would recover from his wounds. But
or thuis rest was necessary, and with a
nind dlisturbedl as lia was rest was out of
lie question. hlow terrible a .prospect
vuas that, which lily before hin-a trial,
Nliich coiuldl only mesult In one wmay, foi
owed by an ignominious death on the acaf.
~old. On the last day 'of the month, lhe
.icardl of the dlealth of Captain Itya~n. Re.
norse fon a deed conunitted in a transp~ort,
>f fury, and the thought that, to the other
ahiarges against hhn, there was now add~ed
thiat of murder, affected him deeply.
Awalking from a short and troubled sleep,
on the miorning of the second of Jutne, lie
heard a commotion outside lis prison win
low. Inquiring the cause, ho .was told
that the execution of the rebel Clinch was
takmng place. The same night lie was in a
raging lover, and delirious. hlis frantic.
exclamiations could be heard outside the
Most of his near kindred-mother, step)
father and sisters-weie iiow in England ;
but1 an hlmit and( brother (Lady Loumsa Coni
oily and L .rd llenry Filtzgeralhi) were In
Dublin, andl urgently appealing to the clem
ency of the Viceroy aiid Chianicellor (hords
Camden andl Ciare) for adimission to their
suffering relative. heir appeals were
sternly rejcted, until thmeSurgeon-General,
who was attending the irisoiner, p~ronoun
cced his condition to b~e hiopeless. They
were then adlmitted.
Lord Edward Fitzgerald was now calm.
Iis wandering senses retur-ned as his
strength ebbed, and lhe recognized the faces
of thosd lie loved so well at his bedside.
"it is heaven to ine to see you I" were his
few faint words, as they bent In anguish
'-ie smiledI at nme," writes Lady Louisa,
in her touching accounit of the scene,
"wunich I shall never forget, though I saw
death in hIs dear face at the time."
The Interview did not, last long. The
dying man's thioughls were evidently con
fused, and he spoke but lIttle. iiis aunt,
and brother lett hihn, promising to return
next day ; but they had reall.9 bid adieu
to him forever. Thbree hours after their
departure he breath i klia laak,
The Prayer for Andr9's Oapture.
At the centennial of Andre's capture and
execution, the fact that this important
event was in answer to prayer should be
widely proclaimed. The facts are those:
On the voyage of Major Andre up the
Hudson to ineet the traitor Arnold and ar
range the terms of his treasonable surren
der of the fortresses of West Point, he re
quired the aid of his private secretary in
the preparation of the papers. When the
secret was disclosed to the secretary, a
plous young man and a nembjer of one of
John Wcsley's societies, he was struck with
horror at the stupendous Iniquity of the
scheme, yet lie performed the required
clerical service doinanded by ids superior.
As soon as Andre left the Vulture to mneet
Arnold on the night of September 21, 1780,
the secretary retired to his room over
whelned with sadness at the thought of
the great wrong to the colonies whick was
about to be coinuitted. He saw that the
iniquitous design was to cut oil New Eng
land from the other colonies by the British
possession of the Hudson and Lake Oham
plain, and then to conquer lioth parts of
the country in detail. lie saw that this
would intensify and prolong the war,
bringing ruin upon the colonies, and loss of
life to many thousands of British soldiers.
Hie fell upon h a knesand spent the night
in earnest prayer to Almighty God to in
terpose for the defeat of that stupenduous
treason which Andre and Arnold were then
plotting at the foot of a shadowy mouiltain
called Long Clove. lie was probably the
only praying man on earth who was cog
nizant o1 that great crime which was to
strangle our intiant itRepublic. On that
prayer hung the destinies of the Americau
nation. Tile prayer was heard-the plot
was foiled. We have all hung with breath.
less interest over the account of Andre's
arrest on the noutral ground where be in
Lautiously declared that he belonged to the
"lower party," thinking that his captors
were Tortes taecatise they woic the refugee
inilorm. This slight niisaLke cost: him
Ains life and saved the Republi. God was
ianswering the prayer of the pigus secre
.aiy. Let his nunte be praised. My au
hority for this account, which I comiaiu
ic4ated to be incorporated into his history
>[ Arnold's treason, is found in the auto
)iography of the Rev. Ebenezer F. Newel.1,
>A the New England Conierence of the
4lethodist. Episcopal Church. 11e received
lese facts from the Secretary himself in
ew lirunswick about the year 1800.
All ladianit Incidei.
Not long agoa middle-aged farmer strode
nto the jewelry establisinent of G. L
lliot, in Muncie, indiana. The proprietor
vas out. The farmer called the elerK aside
md whispered in his ear he had soUetinUg
o tell hini-that lie cam1e in to to see Mr.
illiot, but as ho was not in lie would tell
lin (the clerk) -.nd he could tell Mr. Elliot
w'hena lie returned Th1m .."'Am'o,
411 owns this jewelry store now, ,...
'unning a watch shop in a little frame
muilding where this buildimg now stands.
)11e day I cimle in here-it has just been
about, fifteen years-and there was sonie
ioys with ne. I asked to look at some
'ings and the boys persuaded me to steal
mlie while Mr. Elioit's back was turned. I
lad it, and that theft has preyed upon amy
nind ever since. No one knows how muca
rouble it las caused ie. I hUve come in
iere frequently ;o pay Mr. Eliiot f.r the
'ing aud acknowledgze tie theft, but could
iever maise t he courage until now to do so."
l'he larmier, alter banking this confession,
ooked at soie ring, ascertained the prices
md alter approxiimatmng the value of tie
)>1e lie puriomed fifteen years ago, paid ior
t, anid with the request that tt#) eterk ux.
)lain the matter to Mr. Elliott, the coun
ryama glided out of the store.
Learntig to Noew,
'To be handy with the needle, is one of the
terling accompilishm~ients of every educated
voman. TIo be abLle to take the " stitch in
ime,'' s worth all the ilhnc and trou'jle
hat, are requnired to learn the art. Like
,valking, retading, and many other things
.vhich we come to do without special
.hought, the learning to sew is a slow p~ro
Jose, antd should be begun while the child
*s still quite young. Tue girl should not
mnly hare the use of the thread, needless
ad patchw~ork, lbut be instructedi how to
aike the stitchs, turn the corners, and do.
various things connected with needle-iw ork.
We are no excluding the boys In our re
inarks, because tiney need to learn to thareau.
.t teedie, and do general sewing. Men are
inany tiines so situated that they must, do
pond upoan tenmselves for their necessary
aewinag. Even if it. is an age of sewing
inchimnes, it Is best that all chiuldren should
learn to use the simle, common old-fash-.
onedc~ kind, which can never be wholly 'su
perseded. Tfhe atmusentent and occupation
hlaa sowing furnishes little folk atford
mullitent reasona why all miothers should
ice that their girls, and~ boya too, -learn to
ew-but the very practical use of the
10e(11e m after life is the princlpal.reson,
An 0O(1 Lady's Peucatiarbty.
Th'le old Duchess of Somerset, the sale
of whose iflects took place the other day.
had a p~assion for dress which lasted to the
very end' of hier life, and as she held to the
opinion thait nothing is too good to wear
atid nothing is too bad to keep, cupboards
and drawers wor' fl'led to overflowapg,and
the whole attic story of her houve In Park
street coampletely stuired with.dresses. Thue
coronation robes worn at the crowning of
Qateen Victoria were there, of crimson vol
vet, lined with miniver. 11cr Grace wvas
wont to have this robe brought to her once
in three months, when she would try it oan
and parade before thme looking-glass with
as miuch delight at her appearance as she
tant haave felt on the occasion on whIch
it was first dentned. The Duke's coronet
was there of silver, inounted in ((old lace
and trimimied with mniniver, andi his garter
robes shiotie forth in splendor, andi theao
caine the relic of the sentlient whiich be
hoafgs to all talike-the Dake's wedding vest
of white satitn, embroidered in sliver, antd
kept by time wife with the same care and
reverenice as Marlborough treasured the
lock of Sarah's hair-after so many years
aus bright and fresh as ever. Tho sale, has
made a great imnpresslou In London, -and
ca~led up stories of the dead and gonal
To cleanse iyory orniaments, ritb
thiem well with fresh butter-4, e.,,.vitn.
out salt-and put themn in the sn