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TRI-WEEKLY EDITION. WINNSBORO, S. C., APRIL 30, i881. ESTABLISHED 1865
THE GLADNE8 OF NATURE.
Is this a t me to be clou-ly and sad.
Whton our mother maturo laug s around.
When -oven the deep blue lies /ene look slad.
And giadnes breatuos from the blossoming
There are notes of joy from the haugbird and
And the gossip of swallows through all the
- The g ounid squirrel gally chirps by his den,
And tuo waI oing boo huns merrily by.
The clout. arc at play in tbe asura spaoo
And their shadows at play on the bright
groen va o *
And hera they stretoh to the frolio chase,
And there they rAll on the easy gale.
Liore's a danoo c f loaves in that aspon bower,
Tuero's a uitter of winds in that beechen
There's a smile on the fruit, and a smile on
And a laugh from te brook that mun to the
And look at the broad-faced sun how he smiles,
On the dewy earth that am Ia i hin ray,
On the leapng wates and gay young itles,
Ay, look, and he'd ,-mile thy gloom away.
In the Gloaming.
"Yru are the best judge of your own
henat, but i do not think your future
promises much happiness as the wife of
Godfrey Hill. Remember who and what
These were the words over which Alice
Hill pondered as she walked slowly through
the grove at Bellows Falls. It was her
favorite walk, when she wished for solitude,
though it lay at some distance from her
homie, the stately house that crowned an
incline stretch of ground overlooking the
Remember who and what he is I
Mrs. Hill had said these words very
slowly, and with due emphasis only a few
houms betore, when Alice had read to her a
letter, in which Godfrey Hill had asked her
to be his wile.
Who was le, then? He was the second
cousin of Alice, a iman of about twenty
feven, m ho had been brought up by his
grandfother in the house upon Bellows
Height, and had supposed his inheritance
of house and fortune assured.
Alice and her widowtd mother had never
entered the stately house while old Mr.
Hill livea, but had supported themselves
by keeping a school for young children,
after Gtodlrey's cousin, Alice's father, had
It had never crossed their wildest Im
agination that the old gentleman at Bellows
1' ile would remember them by even a
trifling legacy, and they were inclined to
think they were the victims of a practical
Joke, when they received hAe lawycr's letter
inormiat them that Alice was the heirees
of the tntire estate of John Hill, of Bellows
It was like a dream, to come to the
splendid home, to know there was to be
' 0 no more weary struggles for daily bread, to
wander through magniticent rooms and ex.
tensive grounds with the deliciously novel
sensation of ownership.
And it it.ust, he confessed that Alhce at
first thought b1ut ittle of the dispossessed
But he introduced himself soon as a
cousin, and vitited the house as a welcome
For, in answer to the second clause of
Mis. H1il's question, what was he I Alice
could Lave answered truly that be was the
nost faiciratinag inan she had ever seen.
Aind Alice Illl, though a bread-winner
in the busy world, had moved in good
socit-ty, liavirg aristocratic family con.
nec lus both on.hr .ather's and mother's
She wes no novice to be won by a merely
) courtly nianier, but she had never amet a
mani w bu intellect was so broad, whose
~1couratesy was so winning, whose face was
so landsome as were those of Godfrey
Aand yet there was a letter In her writ
ing utsk, written by the dead man whose
S hecireas she wvas, warning her that "because
he~la as uanwouthay, beiause he has betrayed
the titust 1 put in hma, .1 have disinhehited
There was no specific charge, no direct
accu-ation, but the young heiress wasi
wuarned against her cousin.
Yei, ini the narny long conversatihns the
two had held togthler, Godfrey Ill had
eheavired to conaviunce his fair cousic that
hIas ga nfaither had been influenced by false
friendslh to believe statemients to his das
crediat utterly untrue.
Hie lad aamiost convinced lher that lae was
an ilnecent, victim to unforiunate circeauni
"' stances, a victim to a nmistaken sense 01
Sh3ie was young, natul'ally trustful, and
her heart was tree; so it is not wonderiul
that Alice 11:ll was inclined to restore thme
dilsinhierited man to his estate by acceptmy
the oiler of his heart and hand. Absorbco
ini her reflections, Alice did not notlee thai
cleuds were gathering, till a sudden sum
mer shower btroke with violence above the
The rain came through the branches sud
denly, dreiechng through her thiin black
dress, and she ran quickly to the nearest,
house for shelter..
'1 he nearest refuge proved to be the cot.
tage where Mirs. Mlason, who dad tihe
wiashing her the great house, lived with
her daughter, Lizzie, one of thie village
'1 hero was great bustling about when
Alice presenited haerself at thle door.
- Alerey sakes I You're half drowned,'"
* the 01(d womnan cried, hurrying her unex
pected guest to the kitchen tire. "You're
wet to the skin, decarie. blow ain't it, a
blessing there's a whole washing in the
basket toe go home ? You can go into Liz
zie's room andi change your 'clotheus, ano
ll (10 tip thiem you've got on. Dear, deali!
Your hat Is just ruined-crapo won't bear
wettinag-and you've no shawl. You aust
just put on a dicess of Lizzie's to go home
in. It's neat ly dark any way.''
"Where is Lizzie ?" Alice asked.
Sewhing at alrs. Gorhamn's, dearne. She'll
be coiming homne, soon. I allots make thai
a part 01 the bai gauin that she's to be let
haon.c afore dark, anad It gets tlark now b.)
six--iall days are shorter thtan aummner
omie. bo She'll be here soon. it's clear
it wias clearing up, and it was also grow.
lng dark, so proitmting to send honie the
borrowedidressin the morning, Alice started
S3he Smile1 a*t he1ec - a ., stodbeor
the cottage mirror, for she had not worn-a
gay color since her father's death five years
Lizzie's blue dress, scarlet shawl and aay
Sunday hat were oddly out of place upon
the slender figure, and Petting off the palo,
refined face of Alice Hill.
"Dea me," said the old woman. "I hope
you'll soon cairk up a bit, Miss Alice, and
take off your black. The ed gentleman
has been acad a year, now. Them roses
do suit you beautiful."
Alice glanced at the staring red flowers
reflected in the mirror, and smiled as she
"1 will take great care of Lizzie's hat,
Mrs. Mason. Good-bye, and thank you.'
It wae nearly du-k, and there was a
quarter of a mile to walk before home was
reached, so Alice hurried throgh the grove,
where the trees had already shut out the
bhe had tied a small veil of gay tissue
over the gaudy hat, as she left the cottage,
and she hoped, if she met any acquaintan
ces she would escape recognition.
When she was half way through the
grove she heard quick footsteps coming
ron the village, and a moment later a
voice said, "You are punctual," and she
was caught for a moment in G-.dfrey lill's
She knew his voice, and struggled to
free herself, before realizing that he had
mistaken her for the village beruty.
"Pooh I" he said, releasing her. "Don't
put on airs, Liz. Were you going to the
"Yes," she answered, faintly, indignant
and yet curious, Her womau't wits quickly
seeing his error.
"I must go, too, before long, though I
had far rather stay hero in the wood with
"Your sweetheart is at the house, Alice
said, trying to assume the jealous tone of
an uneducated girl.
"What I That chalky-faced girl in
black I Not a bit of it. Didu't I love you
long before she came to take what is
And a curse followed, coupled with her
own name, that thrilled Alice Hill with
"But they say you will marry her," she
persisted, calming her voice as well as she
"They say right I I will marry her, and
have my own I Then, when she is dead,
you shall have your old beau again, Lizzie,
and come to the great house, my wife. It
is only waiting a year or two."
"But rhe my not die V" gasped the hor
ror-sti icken girl.
"She will die I I'll have no fine lady
taking what is mine-mine, I tell you i
But u hat ails you ? You are shaking as
if you had an ague fit. i've talked it all
ov. r oiten enough before, and you never
went off into such shakes I It is nothing
new i'm telling you."
her ?" the pucr girl gasped, drawing her
"Come now, none of that.," was the
rough answer; "ycu're not going back on
me, now, af ter all you've heard of my plans.
You've sworn to keep my secrets, or I'd
never have told you thom. But what is
the matter 1 "
And here Alice found herself shaken
with no gentle hand, to her great indigna
,ion. But her fears over-mastered her
anger. Godfrey was heir-at-law to her
newly acquired fortune, and if he suspect
ed her identity, in those dark woods, she
did not uoubt. after what lie had already
said, that lie would take her life.
"I am not well," she said freeing herself
fiom the rough grasp on hr arm, "and
I Inust hurry on. v% nit for me here, until
I do my criand at the house and come
"Be quick, then," was the gruff reply.
And i1 abe was in haste, the scoundrel
might well be saisfied at the rapidity with
which his com;. anion left himi.
She scat cely knew how she reached her
home, tore off her borrowed fluery and
wrote to Godfrey Hill, declining the honor
he had pr'oposed to her, but giving no other
r< aeon for her refusal than the statement,
that she did Aut love him stuffciently to be
"Mamma," she said, coming into thei
dr an ing-ruonm, "1 have written to Godfrey.
rel iising his offer, and tont the letter to him
by James. I have remembered who and
what, he is."
Mr. Godfrey Hi~ll'e amazemrent was un
bounded, when returning to his home, In
the vz~lage hotel to dress for his promised
call upon Alhce 11111, ho found her note
But he did not renounce his hope of
shaking her resolution until the next day,
w hen ho met the trut Lizzie Mason in the
shaded grove, and in the course of their
lover-like conversation, that damsel told
him who had worn her gay lint and red
slhawl on the previoi's evening.
"An' she sent a five-dollar bill with the
dress, because it got, wet." said the girl.
"An' that I call real handsome of her.
Whby, what ails you ?-you're white as
"Nothing-nothing. You wore not in
the grove at all, then, yesterday ?"
"No; 1 couldn't get off till long after
dark and so I stayed all nipht. I knowved
you'd be niad, waiting for me, but 1
couldn't help it this time. Why ?"
For her lover had started for the vil
lage without even the ceremony of a good
He lost no time on his way, till lie stood
in the office of Jermyn & Jermyn, his
W hite as death, with a voice hoarse and
thick, he said to the old partner :
"You told me my grandfather left me
ien thousand dollars, upon certain condi.
"Quite correct. The conditions are that
you leave Bellows Falls and never ret urn
to it, and that yoti shin a (teed relinquist
ing all clains as heir-at-law, in case Miss
Iiilli dies before she is of age. Mr. Hill
did not, draw up this paper until his will
was signed and sealed; and lie was re
minded that he had made 1no ilulation for
the reversion of hits estate."
"Reminded by you I" was the bitter re
"Reminded by mel iHe was shown the
danger that you might become a suitor to
the young heiress."
" n eli, that; danger is over. I have been
a sincro suiitor t'> the heiress, and she has
refused thme honor of an alliance."
"bo, having lost that stake, I am pre
pared to accept the conditions, take the
ten thousand dollara and turn my back on
Bellows Falls for lilo."
It was with a souse ot great relief from
a very urgent fear. that Alice 11111 heard
from her lawyer of the demand upon the
estate, that made her poorer by ten thou
sand dollbrs. and removed Godfrey Hill
from her path for lire.
She told no one of the walk In the gloam
ing that had revealed to her the black
treachery of the man who wood her so
gently and had so nearly won the treasure
of her young heart,
It made her shy of suitors for a long
time, fearing her- money was the magnet
that drew them to her side; but there came
a true lover, at last-onn she trusted and
loved, and who won her for his tender,
And Godfrey IHill left his o)d home never
There was no thought of revengo in
Alice Hill's heart, when she heard of the
death of her cousin, nearly three years
after his departuie from Bellows Falls;
but she could not restrain a fervent thought
of thankagiving, when site realized that
there was no murderous thoughts hanging
upon her possible death.
After har relief she told her husband,
for the first time, of that involuntary muas
qucrade that saved her from the power of
"It was at this hour, Will," she whis
pered, "and this is the first time since that
day that I have been able to sit, without a
shudder, in the gloaming."
The Chie late Man,.
Emile Justin Mouler, who cared not
who made the nation's songs so long as he
inade their clioco'ate, died recently in
'aris. In nothing was he more thor
oughly American than in his appreciation
of the value and methods of advet titiug.
The great belettered slabs of wooden
chocolate spelling out his name have
wearied the eyes of all civilized people,
but his master-pieces in this line were
natut ally reserved for France. For years
it has been at least Impossible to stir
abroad there without reading "Le meilieur
chocolat est le chocolat 3enier" as once it
was impossible here. to get the cabalistic
legend "8. T. 1880 X." off the tired
retina. One day a Frenchman said to hitn
that he liked Lis chocoiate tolerably well,
but it had one lault-it grew white as t
grew old. Meier took the bull by the
horns, and the next day every newspaper
and deat-wall in Paris announced "Le
chocolat M1eiler: the only, chicolate that
grows white us it grows uau." It would be
interesting to know how many million
pounds of chocolate Menier have eince
been bought because of that reniarkable
quality. - Whether Alenter's chocolate does
really grow white with age, and whether
other chocolates do not do so as well. and
whetLer doing so is or is not a recommen
dation, of course nobody ever knew.
Monier was more than a mere manufac
turer: he u as, or thought he wap, a states
m1an, his hobl-y being direct taxation, or
the taxa. ion of acquired property. One day
ie mounted the tribune in the Assembly
he reached thu eminuence of a Deputy
alter laving lrbt been an Alderman of
Puris-to defend his view s aind read a
careiully prepared speech. There were
many smiles and ironic interrupt-one-for
the Frenchnian is ai-ywliero more polite
than in tue clianiber ot Deputies-anu at
last, whien lie spoke of taxing "articles
which deteriorate," Paul do Cassagnac
cried, "Like )our cocoa, for example."
Monier's retort was at least equally witty,
'Ihe gentleman wishes to reproach me
with my trade," said he. "ais uncle used
mny chocolatr, and owes me a great deal of
mono); if the nephew will only pay the
debt-' "You are a 'grossier person
ag.'," shouted do Cassagnac, in a white
rage. M. Grevy at once iuterposed; a
dozen deputies simuhaucously shouted in
stilts and sarcasms in a breath, half the
members rose in their seats, and in short,
the scene was peculiarly French. llow it
naight, have ended the world will never
know, for suddenly there was an interrup
Lion not at all germiatm which diverted
every one's atteiotn. A man rose In the
gallery and shouted: "Vivo Ihapuleoin IV.''
Of course, it was not a now rebolliun; he
was only a lana le Imperialist, as it, was
concluded, alter ho had explalued to the
police triat he hiad long felt an incontrol
abue impulse to say seaaetlng in the
Unambers, of wvhich he had been for weeks
a silent habitue, .ad, the confusion acting
upon his nerves liko music on a cacary
burd, he seized1 the oppodtunity of relieving
mtlinok tue -IanaL
A well-known engineer on the Union
Pacitle who has a bhgiht impedianent- in
his abpeech, had an interview a few days
since with his dilvision superintendent, time
niatute of wnich graduaitlly leaked out andi
becafuto a source of conisieratile fun for the
boys.' The story goes that on a recent run
his engine had ai collision with a cow, re
sultuig disaistrously to the animal in ques
tion.. By a rule ot the railroad company
5 ichi accidents must be reported by tile
engineer and conductor in writing, and for
some reasuon the engineer forgot his duty oii
this occasion, until lie was suaimoned
before the magnate for private investigation.
'Mr. -.-*,' saidt the Superimendent,
'how Is it that you failed to repotrt the
khaling of a cow on yottr run, of such a
'Id-d-d-d-d-don't remember any su-s-g-e
s'ich accident,' rep~lied the kmghtt of the
footboard, scratching his head thought,
'Well, you certainly must have kIlled a
cow on that run, ior it was repor ted in
due forum by the conductor,' isisted the
'Nn-n-no, .1 d-d-d-didn't," said the en
'Now just thik a little, and see if you
can't remember it,' said the persistent,
"No, I c-ki-ki-can't remem-m-m-m
member ki-ki-kihuig any c-c-cow. J-d-d-d.
do remeniber si-mstri-sti iking one, b-b-but,
I looked out of the wi-wil-wi-wl-wmndow
and1( 5-5-saw her lying on her b-b back, by
the aide of the uru-a-ck, moving her feet,
(miotioning with his hands) to go ahead,
and .I tu-to-took It to mean that she
w-w-was all right."
1ie was warned not to be too sure of
such signals In the luture.
--Senator Bay,~ d is said to be grow -
lng exceed angly deaf.
--Mr. Chmarles Kean left an estate
valued at only $15,ut00,.
--Edison has got $800,000 from his
telephone in Europe.
IWO PeiaUing a the same -rame.
"My dear I"
"What will you have, Darius darling?"
"iem-1 want to tell you something."
"Well, go Un."
"Amelia, my dear, the long winter even.
k)ga pass off slow.y with us, as you know,
and a friend has been learning ine a new
game, which I desire you to learn, and I
have purchased a ban new pack of cards
for the occasion, and -"
"What on earth is the matter, Amelia?"
.."Why, Darius Botch, I wouldn't have a
pack of cards in the house for the worad."
"Amelia, there Is nothing harmful about
cards, and you know it.-l have-'
"Been out till ten o'clock every night
since October, Darius, you cruel, cruel
",Well, my dear, If you will learn to
play the gaule, I will stay at home three
evenings in the week, sure as you live.''
"Oh, dear, those awf..l cards, but P'H
play just to please you, and keep you at
hei.e, but it's awiul wicked."
The young ian udrew a shiniu'g pack of
the crinal things lrom a side coat Ibocact,
explained the gauii. dealt out the required
number of cards with the eaze of an ola
ndner, turned up a trump, lo,>ked his hand
over, and said:
"What will you do?"
"Dol Why, you waited me to play
with you, and I'ma going to."
"Yes, ny dear, but 3 ou have the right
to beg, if yob choose."
"I am no beggar, Darius Botch, and you
"But, my dear-you don't understand;
if you haven't lots of cards like the trump,
you can say 'beg,' when I snail - deal oil
three mnore cirds apiece, turn u1p a new
trump, and you may hold a much better
hand, 3ou know."
"I tell you I won't beg, Darius-so
"Well, play away,then, and let me beat
you, when there is no need of it."
Mrs. lbotch bit her lips and threw down
"1hat Is a trnmp, Amelia; you must
keep them back to catch gaine wit."
'Not accoruing to 'ial,' my dear Da
"Hloyle, you mean, Amelia."
".Uave it your own way, sir-but I cal
culate I know what 'i'n talking auout."
They played all the cat ds out, Ai-S. Botch
hauling in evety trick till the lust, when
Darius put on his Jack and snailingiy
ecooped in one.
"11ere, sir, that trick is mine; you denied
"But you have the right to hold back a
"I.ot according to "Hal," my dear Da
" here you go again, Amella-the name
"WNat authority, 31r. Botch, have you
to prove that it is iULIG to deny trunps?-"
"Authori.1 auihortl I ibird. iietcii The
yery best in tue world-1rs. Altna Uriuipt
*-0i, you lai5s neaR&eu Lcahr and tnat is
where you nave been spending your even.
ingsl I ain-"
,And pray give me your authority, Mrs.
Ameia, ir saying tuat I have no rignt to
'ng' ny Jack--ou, who neoer hianiled a
card belore iu your liet''
"Tne very beat in the world, Mr. Dallas
-no less than Mir. *ili' Crimp, your caid
teacher s own numbaud."
"ine wretch! ilias ht been spending
his evenings wita Y0o4, and his wile told
me connueLitially tat 1,1 was engaged ever)
evening in his counting.or0U&l gLjl bUn
these curus, Mrs. Butch. I always knew
there was lots of harn in cards, and 1'1
"it aLways take four to have a game of
'old sledge,' Danus, and ,f you are satinedt,
way, I a."
A Trapp- r's Life.
Floyd F. Lobb, was for thirty six years~
a tiapper and guide at Piseco Lake in the
north woods, near where Itoute, N4ew
York, is row situated. 11e says when
he first reached Puueco In 1820 it was a
vad wiluerness. Dee", wolves, aind fur
beaing amimals abounded. In halt a day
a man could go out in a boat and catch it
half full of fish. Seven years ag, lie
caught next to the largest sulion-trot
that was ever caught in that lake. It
weighied 26 pounaus, mniasured 3 feet 2
Indies long, and was 2 leet around its
body. He caught the lash "'still-ashing''
in a boat, elf an anchor. '1lihe largest.
known ilsh ever caught, at Piseco wais a
salmon-trout weighing 27 pounds. Thlis
Lsh was caught by l'imaot,,y l'liurmnan, oneO
winter, whale in his barn shaanty, a heavy
hall of snow came during the ight, coin
pletely covering lisa shainty, and makmng
Lobb a prisoner. Lie luckily had~ prova
tions ann wood, but. no rno.v-shoes. lie
was one and a quarter imles trom the
nearest house, and it was nuiapossible ior
him to walk on account of the deptli 01
the snow, lie remained a prisoner for
twenty days without seeing a humnani
being, letting hhl fire in theo openf fire-place
go out, nights, learmng a spark might set his
bed of hiemlock bougns on lIre. Th'lus he
remained till a thaw camne andit the snow
froze, lormaing a crust on whIch I-e could
walk, thus lhberating lhim One day,
while out fishing, lhe saw what lhe at first
supposedi to be a deer swuming across the
lake. Lobb went after hhin in is boat, lie
caught up with the supposed deer, but
lookmng around, beheld aust ad a large
bear. Lobb had too much pride and grit
to back out, Hie had nothing but his oars
andi fishpele, yet ho dletermiined to have
that bear, although he knew that bruin,
like all other bears when attacked by a
man in a boat, will do has best to chnge
places and give the 'whole lake to the mn,
while lie will try the boat. Lobi, coii
mienced the attack by boarding about mid
51hip), near Ill, stern; bruon returned the
fire vigorollsly by atteanpaiing to board
Lobab's cratt, as Ic trying to come the
whale and Joinah dodge on his assailant,
Lobab, although tough, thought lie woull
not set easily on bia bearslill's stoimacha, so
lbe concludeu that lie wotad uier trust to
his bo'at as a mneans of gettinig on dry lanmd
Instead of submitting to the ol way. 8o
lie retreated a short dist ance. Bruin like
wise acted as al to say, "'i ama sick of this
kind of woik iI you are,'' and was makiig
off, when Lobb imane or huimi again, this
time running his boat way up on brtdn's
back, and giving hian a whacis with his
padula neat ruins "sk)hlght'' between
wind and water, which knocked the bear's
head under water, not lettmng up an inch
till ho killed hum, and brought hhai to
1 ia,.11j You Take T
'Take a drinki' 'No. sir. Excuse my
seemingly unnecessary firmness, but if you
know what cause I have to despise whisky
you would not have asked me.'
'What cause have you, Mr. Rilmick?'
'I will tell you. Severalyears ago after
I arrivet in Little Rrck, I became ac
quainted with a young man inaied Phil
Winer. Ile was a noble young man, full
of life and with glowing prospects. lie
invited tmo to his room, and.insisted that I
should make his quarters my home. I
gladly excepted the offer, for, having a
widoweu bibter and a crippled father do -
Inuiig on ne for support, I was glad of a
chance to live economically. In accepting
my ftiena's ho,pitality, I, of course, did so
with the intention of making a return at
some future time. I soon discovered that
myI friend wus hopelsly addicted to
di inking. H1e made repeated effort- to re
form, but alter a few days he would fail.
One night while we were sitting together
in the room, my friend drew out a revolv
er, and handing it. to me for examination,
asked ine if I thought it would do debtruc
tive work. I replied that as the revolver
was noted for destruction. the specimen he
exhibited mnight he a representative of its
"lBut w'- do you ask?'' I continued.
" 'ILcat. 'he replied. taking the pistol
a.d shoving it into lis pocket. 'L intend to
shoot mysetf if I ever get, drunk again. I
can never amount, to anything if I cont nue
to drink, and I might as well end an exis
tence so utterly worlhless."
11 argued with him, but saw by the d
terinined expression of his face that his
woids caie Irom a part of hi - nature where
a jest, was never invited to take a seat.
"'1 believe, however,' he went on, *that
I can conquer my thirst, but if I don't
"several weeks passcd, during which
time he carried the pistol. He braved all
teImpttioas, atd his friends had strong
Iapes that he was entirely restored to busi
ness and society. Now comes the part of
my story, the memory of wiuch rises up
before me like a ghost, and makes the hair
of remoree ihe on my head. One night I
went into the ioom and found my rilend
13 iug asleep on the ofa. I don't know
wiiat prompoed me to such a fiendish ac
tion, but I took a snwall vial of whisky
troin my pocket, and atturating a rag, 1
squeez,.ti a few drops into his mouth. 11e
grouned, awoke, rubbed his eyes, and re
i-urkt.d that lie creamed of being orunk.
'By licavem-l' lie exclaimed, a few
ninutes later, 'I taste the oroti .of hell anu
'll havd it.' lie rushed out of the rjon.
I followed but could not catch him. lie
went into a saloon and seizug a bottle
urauk at least a pint before I could pre
vent, bu1. *NOw, lie exclainied, drawing
a revolver, 'now, I stand upon oath
'Go ahead, tiliick. Did lie shoot
uio. He pawned the pistol for a quart.
Let's take a trmk. Wh'li you takeo'
1 'M little iniid bourbon.'
-Uivu mu un appilo toddy.' - Litflo
Borrow a Panama hat, the more expen
sive the betterand hold it up so that your
audience can see that it does uot contain
either a savings bank or a white whale.
I ott thei procure an ordmar'y kerosene
lamp,remove the shade and light the wick.
You are now ready. Pass the hat five or
six times over the light, or until it is in a
couplate blaze; then quiekly placing the
bat in a box, into which you have pro
viously deposited two pounds of common
gunpowder-the hat and box will Instantly
disappear. This trick never fills to
A very amusing,alhough exciting trick,
hs to cause a person in the audience to st art,
from his seat without the aid of miehinery,
beint pini,or the placing of hands. This
feat requiiros a little preparation during
the daiy, as wvill be seen. You open a
book and pretend to road as if from its
contents, stud immediately a young lady in
the iaudience will start toward you with a
shriek, andl if y'ou are wise you will ha've
a sear wvindow opmn, through whuih you
can pass. TIhe iecretof the treck consists
ini your reading a purhoine d litter of your
sister's lroan her lover.
Lay ia wager with some gentleman in
fronmt of you that lie can not, walk to with-I
ini three feet, of 3011 without pausing and
thi owing back his head, assuring im thsat
the floor will not be obstructed in any
unansier. This trIck never fails, and its
success depl)nds upon having a well- waxed
threadl stehed across the room at the
height, of the gentleman's throat. Do net
attihpt, this with your fathber.
A goodl conclubion to an evening's en
tertaiment of this kisnd is called 'Dissolv
ing Feat,' in w hich you,turn out' the gas
for sixty secondls, and on lighiting it thi.
room will be vacated of all but youirself.
Trhe mnonent the gas Is turned out you
prsoducie f rom a hermetically sealed box
atsout a pound of Lumberger cheese. The
etfect is wonderful, especially if the even
ing be very warm.
If' y'ou are not a ventriloquist you ciD,
nevertheless, miake your friends believe
you nse. ilofore the audience assemblesj
place your little brother under a barrel,.
having, of couisse, first inastructed hin s
to thie replies he should make to your ques
tions. At thes proper time you walk tap
to the barrel, and, giving it a sharp rap
with your knockles, say: 'Are you there,
sir?' 'The repliy comes. 'No, 1 ami seine
where elsol' 'I hen yoti hold an animated
conversation with a bupposed ('t) person,
in whlich many of your fatnily &ccrets are
divuliged, and when at the ciose yott in
form your audience that, y ou will utate
a dirowinsg person and potir a pasi of water
through a hole in the head o1 a barrel, all
asru wonderfully amazed except your
brother, who will be maadder than a hatter.
'How was tihe bombs made which was
used for the assiassination of the Usar?'
TIhsis questioni was asked of a gentleman
who is connected nith one of the great
p~owder coinpanies of the city, and who
undi~erstands thoroughsly the subject of ox.
'It, might have been filled with any one
of a nsumabc of comapounds. I read yester
day lsat it was filled with sulphlur and
chilorase of potassa. '1 hat, is a comnion
con.binaition wIth which every schoolboy
who has undertaken the elements of che
mistry is familiar. 'rTe mixture, rubbed
with a hamnmer or a stone, wilt flash readi.
ly. I doubt if it was this. henanan thara
are fulminates which are mucti more cer
tain and forcible.
The explosion is reported to hive torn a
deep hole In the pavoe-neat four feet In dia
meter. Mustn't it have required a very
powerful agent to accomplish such an
Certainly, but not an unfamiliar one.
What are known as the d(etonating powders
trave been familiar for at least fifty years,
and nothing could have been selected that
would have been more certain in its results.
Simple chlorate of potash and sulphur
make a terrific explosive. If It had been
dynamite t hat had been contained in - the
glass "ombs it is probable thiit on being
thiown it would have exploded.
Suppoitng the bombs wore provided with
Then the Lomnbs would have to be thrown
accurately. A shell thrown from a gun
strikes accurately point on, so that the cap
is explAded, uut glass balls thrown by
land would not surely rotain any given
position, and a cap at any point would not
necessarily be touched or exploded. The
whiole mass would have to be highly ex
plosive for the certain succes of sucJi a
p1ocess. If the balls were filled with nitro
gl3cerine, I may say that I wou:d not like
to h:ve one of tleni strike at my feet; still,
the chances are iht it would not explode.
hlow much iore effectivo such a ball
would be if it were filled with the fulun
nate of u.ercury or the fulminate of silver.
Vie fulminate of mercury constitutes the
p)ercussion i ordinary caps. I he assassins
having that had an agent more powerful
Alan nitro-lycerine,and it has been known
since the beginning of the century. Dyna
Lite, itro-glycerine, iglucod no and gua
aotton, are all forms of the same1 thing,
tzd the efort has been to make these
armless under oidinary bh)ck and tire.
Why should the conspira ors hlve used
hese? They had a known agent, effec
,ive and certain, and there was no need
.0 look for an inferni novelty.
What fuliniates are conunon, and what
Nould have been their cffect?
The fulinate of mercury would have
lone. An ounce of it exploded on this
lesk would tear a hole through it. It
-osts only $S.b a pound. A glass ball,
itch as thlto the marksmen ihoot, nt,about
be size of a hen's egg,it filled with lulmt
inte of mercury and explodeu as the bonbs
wero explodedi which killed the Czar, would
'end the ground asunder and produce
nfects identical with thoso which have been
-eporttd. The ofect of these fulininates
a the same as that of dynamite. Dynaimte
a only a weaker, less susco,>ble forai of
hoem. They operate inet.intaneously.
JIunpowder works graitually and moves tue
muilet, lion a gun. Fuhninate of mercury
exl)iodeu In I gun would act inbtintly,a(.1
jelore the inerua of the bullet was over
;ome the gun would be shattered, If you
ut your sboulder to a wagon and applieu
:orcegraduaiiy you wou;d mnove tne wagou,
It you ran your shouluer lull tilt against a
wagon the wagon would not move and you
Nould hurt your shouider. That is the
lil1erenee in the operations of guapowder
Ind a I utlinute.
The is no reason why the assassins
ihouldn t have been contented wilh the
:ulnnmate of mercury. It, is cheap and
-ommnon. When it is wet it can be trans
orted with inpunity, and when it is dlay
, can be explode.d by is slight conctussion,
,un its effects ate disasirous. A supply
or those glams bombs could have boon gOt
rrotm a nuinber o percussion caps or earL.
-idges. The bigger tiO bonib the Inure
iisastrous the explosion, of cours;o but a
all the size of a hen's Ogg, as I have said,
vosld have comained enough of this sub
ILance to produce the effect reported Flul
tipate 01 silver miglt hivo been Used. It
a more highly explosive than tho fulmi
tate o inercury. Fulminate of gold is
noreo.expjlosivye still. Pro')ably thley did
tot use that; it is too daugerous, too fickle.
['he chloride of nitrogen Is another facile
ugh explosive; they could not, have
Theo Czate Nichoinzg
The Czar Nicholas, of Rliassia was a mnan
if hasty temper, bat very lull of generous
mnpulbes. ilavlig on some occasions used
tursh language to one of his Colonels, and
i.arning thlat tihe offieer had taken the re
,uie to heart, the Uzar ordered a review,
mac publicly embraced him at the head o1
us5 regimeint. A kind maa:i, too, wvho conid
nubend at tmutls. On the 1st of April,a lady
vwho toli 111 the story herself, wams stur
n ised by her servant, abruptly annoncing
lie Czar. It was so early in the morning
hait she thought it, was somte joke of her
isters in connection with tile day,. so she
vent on sipping her tea. Presently she
ooked tip algaina, however, an11 saw the
ervant, stamding aighast, near the dloor,
vhichi was still widle open, and( behind It
n casque and plumle wias tiao stately figure
>f the Emnperor. Hie had come to bring
icr good news of her son, wno was abroadt
md had. been ill, lie was not toleram,
lowever, of intentional disrespect, and( had
nit, a modilled appreciation of a joke. A
Acencral, whio was Police.naster at St.
Leterbburg for a short timie, found this out
o his cost,. Th'le G.eneral was considered
Ivuty stuplid manif, and( was thbo Czar's
Eavorite butt, so his Mlajesty was pleased
)lne ntight, at, a caurt, bull to scud him11 off an
search of a thief who hiad stolen a colossal
ntatue of Peter the GIreat. The P~olice
master, finding thIs statue in its usual
place, as any one else would have expected,
ite, mortitied at, thle laugh raIsed against
1amn, and( determined to be revenged In
his own wily. bihortly after ward, there
fore, he anal~noncd to his Imnperial master
wile at the theatre, thalt the Winter
Palace was on time Th'ie Czar rose hastily
to witness the conflagration, and on tindhing
that the Policemtaster had prestiamed to
retaliale on his auguist self, senit him to re
flect, on h1s indiscretion in siberia. Finally
he was not a faunhful husband, but he was
lond of his wile and very jealous. 11er
Majesty was quhle aware of tals, and, n
I ortuimtely, very maischievous. When
ever, therefole, she wished to got rid of
an ohlcer tat, displensed her, shle corn
nmanded ai~m to dance waih her, andl so i'ure
as lie did so he was sent to thne Caucasub.
The Czar's p)ersonal habits wqre solierly
and~ sin.ple. lie eat, and dhmnk with ex
treino mouderaition, anti he slept in ils uni1
form on a tent, bud inl his stuuy, with ->nly
a military cloak to cover him, lie allowed
his son, thle prcsent Eiiiperor, ?40,000 a
mon)Lthl whale traveling abroad; the Etapress
spent money so lavishly that her expenses
f orone flght that sheo United at lianuvere x
cueded ?,60d. Hie gave, too, largely, but
18 paisonal wants mRust have 908t hlttI9
-Half the population of the United
States Is in nine States.
-Th'ie wintar nnrk-paoking at Mil
waukee was 325 585.
-Alexinder I[[ Is 35 years old, and
has four children.
-L-ist year the government sold
293 010,000 postal cards.
-Qe1001 Vitorla made $4,000 on
stock farming last year.
-During the p-wk nacking season,
8';. Loills put up 474.159 hogs.
-hore are 3,590 rocers in Phila
delphia who cemploy 6 000 hands.
-The weigh t of the circulating blood
Is about twonty-eight pounds.
-A man annually contributes to
vegetation 121 pounds of carbon.
-The puhbe rohools of the United
States cost $83,529,000 a year.
-The value of the New York hay
crop Is estimated at $60,000,000 a year.
-The exact population nf New York
State by.the consu of 1880 is 5,082,982.
-rhe centenntry or George Steph
enson, J une 9,1831. is to be celebrated.
-l'hero were 100 fires in New York
during February, an average of six a
-Queen Mary 11, daughter of James
yv Aune Hyde, died of small-pox In
-The famous destructive earthquake
whlohi nitourred at Lisbon was in the
-T-ioro are in this country 729 Uni
verhalist churches, with 32,947 me'n
-Twelve torpedo cutters are to be
addod to the Russian fleet In Chinese
-'he revenue or the Sultan of Tonr
key is $70,0.0,000, of which $55,000,000
goes to the army.
-Or 257 women in Burlington, Vt.,
entitwtt to vote at the recent election
only 16 did so.
-A. site has been selected on George.
town hahrihts for a naval observatory,
to cost $63,000.
-Mlo. Beornhardt's receipts in Bos
rou wore $49,157, as agoainst $51,807 in
-The crown prince of Sweden ts to
'narr/ the oldest daughter of the grand
duke of Raden.
-The cost of cremation at the cele
brateol Washlugren, Penn., furnace is
now placed at $45.
-M mnt Ararat, on which the Bible
4ay Noah's ark found a resting place,
is 17,112 feet high.
-i few cities are there more than
half a dozen railway stations. In Lou
don there are at least 153.
-t Is 0 loulated that sixty tons of
dteel are annually consumed in the
manufacture of steel pens.
-The coluage at the mints for Feb
r&rv aiount-ad to $D,558,000 of which
$1,703,000 were silver dollars.
--hx-Judge Strong will devote his
Ilsn ie to literary and scientific studies,
and maity practica law.
-The poor department in R )ohnster
turnishes food and fte[ to 730u families
,it a cOSL or a'3out 13 5 10 a mon th.
-Sir. Francis Lvent. of England,
ias left more than $1 230 0 10 for the
erection of Wesleyan unapeis.
-A now oil well was sunk recently
in Bo-tvor county, Pa., whieh prodices
iity barrels of heavy oil per day.
-The land that has been granted by
tie United States for ril and wagon
roadh amounts to 198 165,764 acres.
-French Canadimn Iarmors have
been selling frozen milk in M'rntreal
during the winter at 2 cent~s a pound.
-le is said that postai ocard. writing
h-is dliminlahe I tue sale of writing
iniper $12,000,000 annually in the
--Gen. Robert Toomba, of Georgia,
has given a thousand aorea of Trexas
land to aid ini founding a unIversity In
-[t is stated that the new cigar
factory just startsd at T1ioga, Pa., will
employ about one hundred cigar mak
-The average yild of Indiada corn
per neo thsroughuout the United States
is 29.2 bustwiis, of an avarage value per
bushel of 28%6 centa.
-The Oxiord Unriversity calendar
qhows a slight increase in the numbher
of undergrada-vtes. Trhere are now 2,
882, ..gainat 2,814 a year ago.
--A stone pitcher used by John
Brown during his imprisonniens in
Charleston, Va., was sold recently at
aiuc.tion in Baltimore for $2.
-Th'e average of the pulse in in fancy
's8120 per minute; in manhood, 8.); at
6J years, 6). 'rho pulse of females Is
tuore frequent than that of males.
-The late earI of Scaflold was the
chiol of the Clan Grant, one of the old
est families in Scotland, having an un.
oroken line of dostont fer 000 years.
-The exports of S wiss products to
the United States for 1888 were greater
than any other year on record, exceed.
ing 1879, by 1J0,000,000 francs.
-here are 3500 children in Massa
chusetts und(er the care of the State,
andi of theeo over 2000 are the off
spring of criminals.
-One of the vaults in Treasury
Building, which is about ten feet
square and fourteen feet high now con
Lit ns $375 000,000 in registered govern
-lhe total number of hogs Out up In
Cincinnati durin.g the wint~er season,
' romt November 1st to M-treh iht, is
52J),425, showing. a decrease, compared
wit last year, et 12,445 head.
--There p.re in Scotland 298 priests,
286 churches and chapels, 21W CatholIc
stitl0018, anid torty reglgous communi
ties, with an estimated Catuol10 popu
latIon 01 311 334 souls.
-Clark MhtIs, the sculptor, took a
plaster cast of the feattures of denator
Uarpiinter after death, from which a
oust is to be made for thte Ongres
sionai dtatuary Hiall.
--Washington swords are quoted or
valuedi at $10,000) apiece, at least that
IS te price set by denator Wnyte, of
Maryland, in a rescinton offareud in
sne Senate, which proposes to purchase
one froin Washington's nep~he w,Lewi,,
for exhibition at thle Yuratowna Cen-.
tennial. Tne Niw YoraS ate Librar ',
at Albany, has swo of Wasmatm d
swords waton coat theS Ssamo $30,,