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-TRF-WEEKLY EDITION, WINNSBORO., S. C., MAY 3,981 SAL~E 8~
THE VISION OF ANGELS.
Once at the Angel
(Ere I was. dead)
Angels all glorious
Came to my bed,
Angels in blue and white,
Crowned on the head,
One was the friend I left
Stark in the snow,
One was the wife that died
Long, long ago ;
One was the love I lost;
How should she know?
One bag my mother's eyes,
Wietf ul and wild;
One bad my father's face;
One was a child,
All of them bent to me,
Bent down and smiled I
A Lucky Sovereign
They made a strikingly contrasting pic
ture, standing in the warm June twilight,
and the fragrant odors of the tea roses and
the woodbine, and the budding grape vines
lingered around them as if the tender scents
were fitting tributes to them.
Two fair young girls, the same ago to an
hour, and as unlike as sisters could possi
bly be, and each a perfect, typo of her own
style of loveliness-both of them peeresses
in their royal dower of beauty.
Rose stood leaning against the railing of
the veranda, her haughty eyes, that could
molt from the cool, brilliant gray they now
looked, into such liquid darkness when oc
casion required--spleudid, calm, cold eyes
-were roaming away into the gathering
dust, that was falling in a purple-gray veil
of tissue over wood and lawn.
She turned her face toward her compan
ion. ier eyes suddenly recalled in their
wandering, listless glances, and showed a
half-vexed, half-amused expression.
"Bell, how much longer are we going to
stay here ?-at least, how much longer do
you want to stop I I am sure I shall die of
cintii if I have much more of it."
"Oh, don't thimk of going back to town
yet, Rose. I wish we might never have to
"Never go back ? Why Bell, is it pos
siblo you are so infatuated with the coun
try as to actua!ly wish that? Child, for
three months it is very well to bury one's
sell as we are buried, and I've no doubt
that mamnma will feet much better and
stronger for it; but to stay longer-In a
hired cottage, with only one half-grown
girt to assist in the work, and no amuse
meats of any sort, and our joint stock of
earnings exhausting itself daily-I tell you,
Bell, 1 prefer our own suite of rooms at
home, with a chance of occasional enjo -
"I dare say your right, dear. LButI do
love the country, Rose."
"So would 1 if, for instance, I lived in
the mansion over yonder, Feinlcy Court,
v= .- m now. where the stately he ' eper
showe us through, and descant, nW t"u
-any qi'ttLLe Ativast tealh'of its lwner,
I forgot to tell you, Bell, there will be a
grand reception given a week alter he gets
baca, anid he is expected hourly.".
Bel jilted her eyebrows in a graceful lit
tIe gesture of surprise.
"A reception I Oh, Rose, and of course
there'll be a dance. Oh, dear, h3w I'd like
to go !"
"Of course you'd like to go. But (1o you
think for a nonment the aristociatic famni
lies around here would condescend to asso.
ciate with us'"
Bell's luce grew stern.
"Wue are lauies born and bred, if we do
work far a living.'
"You foolisu child. I can tell you our
faces and our handsome dresses-it we had
them-would take us where our family
name wsulid not. And I con tell you some
thing else, Bel--"
Thie little gate at the roadside opened at
that instant, and tihe sound of laggiing foot
steps coming toward the house imterrupted
lRose's ieark, and then a dusty, travel
stained man pauseOd at the foot of the Steps.
and touiched his dingy hat-rin to the
tie was evidently one of the miaiiy re.
spectable, (discouraged, disheartened mna
A ~one so of ten Eees tramuping through the
country in search of work.
Rose direw herself up).
"Go away. We have nothing for yon.
We don't encourage tramps here."
Hie touched his hat--the run was dlecid
-edly battered and dusty.
"I beg your pardon, Iaeics; but If you
will give mne a-"
Rose swept across ihe floor angrily.
"W. ill you march of f, or will I have the
* (log aet on you? Bell go tell Jane to un
Taie man turned away slowly, as if to
move was an eflort, and Bell sprung up in
an imipulse of lenmonstrative protest.
Rtose how can you be so heartless? ieo
is pale as dleathi, and only see how he drags
h~iimself along? You. might have let him
* ~ sit (Iowa a minute, and at least have given
him a kind word and a piece of breadl and
A contemptuous laugh pealed from Rose's
Tliredl and Ill I Drunk and a thief,you'd
> hoetter say? A piece of bread andl butter!
A bsurd, Bell!i
- Bell raisedl her finger warmnigly.
Oh, Rose, don't I lle'll hear you!i
Rose raised her voice a key higher.
''Let liun hear, theal Perhaps you had
better sit and( watch that lie does not faint
Bhe swept haughtily iinto the house, leav
lng Bell w, ich her checks flushing, and a
-compassion born of the sweet, womanily
.womanldy symipathy glowmig in her blue
eyes ais she watched the man walk slowly,
painfully along, and linally halt at the gate
as if in utter (Iiscouragemencit at the long
* ~ stretch o1 road between hnim and the next
houses, where lie miight find( what' Rosu hadl
* maudely denied-the nmagniicent country
seat of Lmom~ 1 Granvihe, Iromi whose doors
no beggar was ever turnedi away hungry.
Bell saw him, amid her quick instincts
old her wh lat she imgined his nmnner
Quick as a bird, she (lashed up stairs to
her room andi snatched her po01temonale
from the bureau dirawer, and( was downm
againi with a sovereign in her hand, as she
ran sohily after him, still leaning againist
the gate p~ost, and still loking with that
same11 strange expression on in i'jiu ek9fgep a
the tower.- of F~ernlecy cauirt.
' Iere, please. It isn't much, but it
all I have to spare. Ta'ke It, peas."~
lie looked surprrisingiy at her,..."
at the money. ''a then
taken, I only wanted a
Bell thrust the money in his hand. 1
"Never mind, please. I think I can see 3
you are proud; but please take it. Therel"
He seemed amused at her eagerness, but I
made no more ado about acceptiog the gift t
and pocketing it, and she stood and watch
ed her shm figure fitting away like the I
spirit in the dust.
The next day Rose came fnto Bell's room
radiant as she only permitted herself to be
under rare circumstances, her gray eyes i
flashing and her red lips parted In a smile c
of triumphant delight. c
"Bell, see this! Now wfat da you say?" b
She laid a square, monogrammed enve- I
lope in the girl's lap, addressed to the 1
Misses Melton, and bearing Inside invita- I
tions to the reception at Fernley Court for
a fortnight from that night.
Rose watched the girl's sweet face glow
under the surprise, then saw, to her amaze
ment, that flush of delight fade.
"Well, Bell, of course we'll co, I'll take I
some money I can spare and get 'some i
eui8sc, and wear natural flowers with it; f
and I know you have a sovereign laid aside i
for an emergency. You can get a good a
many things with it--gloves and a sash, a
you know-and who knows but what Lio- v
nel Granville may be captivated I" f
Bell laid the envelope softly down. t
"I can't go, dear, unless I wear my old V
white muslin, and I will look wretched be- j
side your new 8uis8e, 1-ive spent my 1
money !" '' 8
"Spent your money? Why, I saw it r
yesterday morning in your drawer. I no- 0
ticed that the edge of the sovereign was a t
little chipped, and remembering whether it
was a good one or not. Spent your moneyl ]
Bell, what do you mean ?"
Bell met the vexed eyes as calmly as she 'l
could. She was just a little In awe of this a
magnificent sister of hers.
61 gave it to that poor man last night, c
Rose. I was so sorry. I an same he wasn't .1
the sort of a man to talk to as you did I u
know he deserved the money 1' 8
Rose sat down, and folded her hands in u
icy wrath. C
"Give a sovereign to a tramp-a beggarl t
Well if it doesn't. pass my comprohensionlI' n
Rose swept out of the room-she was I
like a duchess in her movements, and poor a
Bell went on with her sewing, wondering I
if her white muslin wouldn't look pretty 5
well if it was nicely got up, thinking that i
there was a sea-green sasn somewhere she j
had never worn, and a pair of white kids t
at home that Rose could go for when she t
went to buy her suisse. So, while her t
busy, deft Lingers sewed through the sui- v
mer days on Rose's airy dress, little Bell e
decided she would go, after all, and wear t
her fresh white aress, and tea roses in her a
golden tresses, and the sea-green sash knot- u,
ted to her skirt-a simple, exquisite toilet, it
that made a very Un ine of lier, that made
people turn their h ads for more than a
second or third look when she and Rose on
tered the magnificent ball-room.
.,4t was perfectly de-lightful everyway.
Mr. Granville possessed none but high-bred L
intelligent Iriends, and the Misses Melton
were treated accordingly.
The music was heavenly, and from lger t
seat, where she sat like a queen in state, u
Rose watched her handsome host, wno had t
bowed low over tier hand when he was in- t
troduced-watched him, as, in his quiet, t
self-poss&ssed manner, he wont among his t
Her heart was beating-would he, oh, 1
would he ask her for the first dance, or
would he go among the groups of stylish
ladies from the city, any of whom would j
be so honored by his attention ?
And then Rose saw Mr. Granville go r
straight across the room', right by her, and L
bow slowly to Bell a' no said a few words, v
and offered his arm.
Bell I Bell to lead the grand quadrille!
Bell on Lionel Granville's arm, the observ- s
edi of all observers-as fair as a sea-nymph, I
and so graceful, so sweetly unconscious of t.
her radiaint beauty.c
Rose sat gloomily throuigh the first quad-c
rille, and watched Lionel's p~ale, handsomec t
face as lie bent It very near Bell's golden c
curls, his ardent, admiring eyes, that look- a
ed so eagerly Into the sweet, girlish face j
that others beside Rose noted his attention. f
Then, the dance over, Lionel gave Bell i
"Thait has been a delightful quadrille, j
Miss Melton. By the way, did you know t
I have something that belongs to you?''"
They had reached Rose's chair by this I:
time, and Bell turned laughingly to him. t
"Something of mincl 1 (10 not see how 1
that can be, Mr. Giranville. .Uo you,Rosef* a
Rose favoied him with her most fasci- t
"indeed I do not, seeing that this is the
first time we ever saw Mr. Giranville,"
Hie smiled in Bell's eyes.
"i'll leave you t~s fathom the mystery.
Don't forget, the first waltz for me, Miss (
He wvent away, so handsome, so courtliy e
andi Bell's foolish little heart was thnrobbing a
with new, vague delight, while Rose was
almost sulfocating with envy at the signal
triumph ol her sister. Mr. Gianvilie famse ~
prcmiptly for his waltz.
iHe drew lier hand through his arm al- t.
most authoritatively.- t
"Miss Bell, it seems I have always I
known you, yet you say yout never saw mie
before. Buppose we take a walk through t1
the conservatory instead of having this
Into the fragrant semi-dusk -they went, i
where fountains tinkied andi rare flowers
bloomed, and the music camne In vedled t
sweetness andi richness.
"I want you to be stire I am right.' Miss
Bell, when I say I have something of yours
Look at me closely, Have yoti never seenC
lie bent his face near hers. It was grave-t
ly smiling--and so tendher and good-and f
Bell looked timnidly in the smniliing 3 et stern e
"am suare I never saw you before, Mr. I
"Then have you ever seeni this ?"
lie drew froiiihis pocket a sovereign-- I
the very one, with a tiny bit chaipped off
it, that Bell had given the tramp. t
"Don't, you understand, dear child?1 -I a.
had taken a freak into my head IIh" AMir
would walk from town here, and dir poe
grand walk, although it took th, and I am go
ruined my cloths. I asew at policemia..
cottage to beg a glo" ' relhied Mr. Gould
the rest." d ntntredlly ; ''let him go
I Ii's f .Ald not discour'age youn'g b e
ga s I land to start out in a- mod,
es -wymyself when I went linto' t u
ihuroad bushie~ss," and reaching dovwr
gaeahis pocket Mr. Gonld took out m
gaem r and gave it to the boy, t o e
year of or hmto aim higher.
lo. I shall keep It until you will buy it
ack. I have set a price on it, and if ever
'ou are ready to give it you can have it."
He put the money reverently away in
is. breast pocket, and took her out among
he crowd again, a strangely happy girl.
And before the summer roses had faded,
Sell paid the price for the chipped sover
ign-her own heart-that Lionel Granville
olead for so eagerly.
She is the mistress of their grand house
iow, and Rose visits her once a year, not
ftener, beca.uio. Bell's husband does not
are much for her. But the invalid mother
tas a lifelong home ainld the luxuries of
'ernley Court, and Bell Is happier than the
irds that sing in the trees of the big old
A Queer Story.
A great many years ago, before the pres
at Government printing ofiloe was estab
ished, there were three printers engaged
ipon the Government work who were fast,
riends and constant associates. They
ieither had or eared to have other acquaint
uces. One day, one of the three fell sick
,nd died. Then the question was who
rould perform tho.usual rites of friendship
or the dead. Nobody outside took any in
erest in the matter, so that the two friends
vere obliged to care for the body themselves
iow all these printers were very fond of
Lquor, and though they never were to bo
cen in public bar-rooms, had many about
y themselves in a quiet nook. The two
omaining friends then sat up with the
orpse, and to while away the time brought
heir pack of cards and a bottle for com
any. Euchre was the game, and they
layed for a stake, the winner to drink on
coring a gaine and the loserto stay dry.
'he luck ran one sided. Seated on either
ide of the corpse, with the coffia between
tmorn as a table, the players played and re
ounted the virtues of their dead friend.
lut the one who had never won was getting
iore and more thirsty. The cards had run
Leadily against him, and not a drop of iq.
or had passed his lips. Finally the luck
hanged, and slapping clown the rigut
ower on the coilla, he exclaimed: "There
ow, it's my tural" With a hasty motion
e reached for the bottle, but at that in
Lant consternation filled the breast of both
riends as the supposed corpse rose up and
iid: "Not a drop till I've had mine."
Vith a scream of horror the two friends
amped up and rushed, one to the door and
tie other to the window. 'rho latter leaped
) the ground in his terror and broke a leg;
tre otner gained the street without misad
enture and dlisappeared. Years have
Iaped. Both the watchers have aied,but
ie friend who was supposed to be dead
All lives,.an eccentric, aged man, who Is
o w a compositor in the Government print.
Marriage in Albania.
Albanian marriage arrangements are
ery peculiar. When a damisel arrives at
aarriagcable ago, her parent. publish the
ict among their friends and acquaimaaumv.
nould no suitor come forward, it rests
nith her brothers to find one. A brot, er
iua circumstanced will sometimes comle
p to a mile friend in the street and make
Li complimentary proposal then and
icre. "You are just the man I wanted
see"-thus goes the abrupt formula on
tiese occasions-"my sister is now four
,cn years old; you must marry her." As
tiquette forbids a plump refusal, the
entleman thus honored gives a sort of
ial -acquiescence, and then hurries <.fr to
istruct some old lady to act as go-between.
4hould, lie be satisfled with the report
lade, after due inquiry, by this advisor,
Lie wedding is arranged; but not until the
cry last moment is the expectant bride
room allowed to see 'his future spouse,
ndi then it would be contrary to the pre
criptions of society for him to draw back,
owever unpljrepossessing she might pirove
3 he. After thu performance of the
eremony, a very curious piece of etiquette
onmcs into play. Among the Asiatics and
ncivihzcd peolple generally, it is the rule
f the bridie-elect to feign coynet-s; but
mong Arnauts the bridegroom has to
iake this pretence. After the murriage
cast is over, and the newly-made wife has
rithidrawna, her husband lingers behiind;
ndl not until he has beenm subjected to a
ariety of rough usage by her relatives are
lie prescriptions of etiquette considered to
e suiliciently complied with to admit of
is following the lady. 11ero, however,
Lie subjection of the husband ceases, and
us reigngcomnences. Trhe wife is now
Lbject to his~ caprices, anmd is expectedl to
e subservient to his commands and
Recently when the lawyers in Judge
lay's Court in Curs->n city, were waiting
3r a verdict in a petty larcency case sev
ral storIes were told by the legal lights
rhhch provoked considerable surprise,.
Judge Cary evinced the greatest interest
these weird tales and edged up to the
"These are curious yarns, gentlemen.
ut I believe them all. I had a dhog once,
ack in Nebraska, that I kept to herd lum
"Beg pardon, Judge; did you say the
og hteded lumber?"
"Yes, sir; cottonwood boards. We al
rays kept a dog there to bring the lumbor
m at night."
Everybody now paid the closest atten
Len, as they know the boss was at work.
"It was this way. Cottonwood boards
varp like thunder in the sun. A board
would begin to hump its back up at 9
'clock in the morning, and in half an hour
would turn over. By 11at wouldi warp
be other way with the heat, and maae
,niotlher ilop. Each time it turned it miovedl
couple of feet, always following the sun
owaurds theo West. Tihie first sunmimer I
ved~n Brownivimle over ten thousand feet
if lumber skipped out to the lills the day
'eforo I advertised a house raisin.' [ w ent
o the county seat to attend a laevsuit, and
vlhey I get back there wasn't a stick of
mber left. It had strayed away into the
p)asnd. An ordinary board would clinib
iwo. mile lull (during a hot week, anud
lien it struck the timber it would keep
-~rmin' in andi~ out among~ the trees li ke a
'Jter snake. Every farmer in tho State
.1 to keep shepherd dogs to follow lls
obher around the country, keep together
d know where it was in the morning.
-Theo estimatedi valute of school pr,>
~rt y in the mate, outside P.ulladelph:a,
S$19,533,7Q2. In the city namedi the
4 ue is set downi at $5,933.300.
'That's the only bird that ever ersated a
boom,' a park keeper sal 4, referrhig %to a
fluo large blue bird with an immense cIrown
of feathers waving on his head.
'Pecause that's the only sound it mlakes.
If you didn't see it you would thi nk some
one had struck a bass drum a quart of a
mile away. Its a regular boom-b ,and
when it tuakes the noise it bows its ead,
so that the crown sweeps the ground.' It's
the crowned pigeon from New Zealand,
at d between this cage and the stufted birds
in the museum we can show nearly every
pigeon in the world, and you'd bO as
tonished to see how many different 'kinds
there are. We have pouters, faix ails,
nuns, carriers, and all the fancy beds
aivo,besides wood-doves, and this cr o ed
fellow, and occasionally we have big
flock of wild pigeons here, but the par
rows drive them off. V ou wouldn't nink
a big bird like a pigeon would run 'rom
a sparrow, but they do. The little irds
collect in the trees in crowds, and *en a
ilook of pigeons comes sweeping over'they
make a rush for them in a body, au take
right hold, tooth and nail, and at, the
pigeons sweep down to get out of th way
they are literally chased out of the park.
In the pigeon case in the museum- are
some of the bones of that extinct and
muchi-maligned bird, the dodo, the giqat of
pigeons, being the only specimen in the
country. Two huudred and fifty years
ago they were found in the Alauritius
Islands in great quantities. It was a etlous
bird-as largo as a swan. The bill in the
case is not- unpigeonlike, thoagh. one
hundred times the size of its modern rtpro
sentative. They were sluggish birds, un
able to fly, and laid a single egg abo4 the
size of a turkey's. Brontius, an old 4utch
writer of the period, gives the follq* ing
quaint account of them: ''he dron, or
doddors, is, for bigness, of mean siz, be
tween an ostrich and a turkey, from which
it partly differs in shapo and partly agrees
with them, espeoially with the Af'ican
ostriches, if you consider the rump quills,
and feathers, so that it was like a pigumy
among them, if you regard shortness of
legs. It hath a great Ill-favored head, with
a kind of membrane resembling a hood:
great black eyes; a bonding, promiinent,
fat neck; an extraordinary longstrong,
blue-white bill, only the end of each
mandible are different in color-that of the
tipper black, that of the nether yellowish
-both sharp pointed andcrooked; its gape
huge, wide, as being naturally voracious.
Its body is fat-and round, covered with
soft gray feathers, after the manner of an
ostrich s, on each side. Instead of hard
wIng feathers, or quills, it is furnished with
small soft-feathered wings of a yellowish
ash color, and behind the rump, instead of
a tail, is adorned with five small curled
feathers of the same color. Four toes on
each foot-solid, long, as it were, really
armed with strong biacit claws.' They
were at one time so plentiful that they'
were k.lled for the stones that were fonnd
ini thei at.,muokoa, unri .,adwh t h a,iiois
sharpened their knives.
Anut:ier queer pigeon that lived at that
time, and which is now extinct, is the sohi
ta r.. It was found on the Isand of
Rodriguez. It was larger than a turkey.
and in general respects resembled the dodo.
Another was the Nazarene, that was twice
as large as the dodo. But the most re
markable was the didunculus, a living
relative,and closely allied to the dodo. Tue
bird was rather larger than our common
par ridge,and possessed the curious naked
skin surrounding the eyes which character
ized its ancestor.
One of the finest of the thirty or more
different species of pigeons is the Oceanic
fruit bird of the Pelen Islands. They are
found in thousands, feeding on nutmegs.
T~hey become very fat, and the fat, which
hits a strong flavor of the nutmegs, is con
sidered a great dainty by many. It is said
that they grow so hat that when shot they
fall on the gr ound,.and iare shattered to
pieces by the rail. Not only are they
valuable as a means of subsistence, but
they seeii to have been appointed to help
carve out one of the great laws of nature.
It is a well-known fact that the nutmeg
has to pass through some choniical pro
cess belore it will grow,and in the stomiaci.
of these birds the nutmieg is prepared for
Among this famuily of birds the passenger
pigeon is one of the miost wonderful.
Wilson's description of their camping
grounds is: 'As .oan tes the y .u ag weore
muhiy grown, aiid betore they leit their
nests, numinroun of the inhabitants from
all parts of the country came with wagons,
oxen, beds, cooking utensils, nmany of
themua accompanied by the greater part of
their families, and enoamiped for several
days at this immiense nursery. Several of
them informed me that the noise in then
woods was so great as to terrify their
horsea, and ulhat it was diileult hor one
person to hear another speak without bawl
ing in his car. The ground was strewni
with branches, broken limbs, eggs, anid
young squib pigeons, which hand been ipre
cipulatea fromi above, and on which herds
oh hogs were fatteninir. Hlawke, buazards
and eagles wer e sailhng iabout in great num
boe, and seizing the squabs fromi their
nests at pleasure, while trom twventy feet
up~wardi to the top of the trees the view
tnrough the trees presented a perpetual
tunit of crowding and fluttering muli
tudes of pigeons, tacir wings roaring like
taunider, ningled wlhh the Irequent crash
oi lalung tr(.es.' It is utterly impiossiblo
to estimate the number tmat congregate to
gethier. On soiie trees more than three
hundred nests were found~and the branchies
wore conti sua!Iy talling, owing to the
weight of ilhs o (d ,lrds. 'I he am u t c n
sun~ed by a IIOCA oi ti S: Li dis 5 wontler
fel. W lson calculates that, taking the
br ad h ol a coluimn o1f p geonashe a mw t opin
O..ly onte iiiI:, its ICeigta to be two hu .
d ed and I r y ma.es, and to c~n.ain oily
riaroa pigeons in each square yard (takmng
no oce o.mt, e f die evei-al strata of birds
one auove the other), and each bird con
lu..s a f a plot of food daily,allof which
asumnpions are below thme acmtual amnoumi,
the qnuansti y of hood consumed bii a (lay
woukl be 17,000,000O buehels. buppoti.,g
thims comn to o one uiile in bre. t.i, and
hlying at the rate of one miile a niunuto for
four hi eurs, and supposin; that caich q tare
yard contains three pigeons, thu sqitre
yards lbi the whole spacue, muliiphted by
h re. w -uld give 2,230,272,000 birds. in
tue Kentuucky county, wuere they a.e
i.> tiy loutnd,they appear sudlt e dly,darken
hig the sky socompuetely thait ahm work andmi
labor is givetn uip ui they have passed.
The air is literally filltd wit a ptgeans, and
in some places moars e. us.ed.toebring
down hundreds at ono discharge. Their
rapidity of fight is wonderful.
.The wood doves or .ring pigeons are
better known in France than elesewhere.
Our domestic pigeon is only a modifica.
tion of the blue rock pigeon,- and this Is
proved by the fact that if the domestic and
blue or wild rock are allowed to breed th<
young will in niany cases resemble the
wild rook, with its plain plumage and
barred wings. The domestic pigeons are
divided into two clases, the cotombrio and
the aviary pigeons. The former are almost
wild, and the latter are those with which
we are so familiar.
The question how carrier pigeons find
their way home is probably one never tc
be determined. Some writers assert that
the birds are guided by landmarks, and
give as proof that when the ground Is
covered with snow the birds are confused,
and.others say that they are influenced by
some magnetic or electrie current, and on
his point it is noticed that birds either ily
'east or west, nordi or south, and when
started rise to a great height, and for a
minute hesitate, a-nd then by unknown in
stinct they dart off in the right direction.
The exact date of their utilization is not
known, but us far as we know Noah had
the honor of havingfirst pressed into service
our feathered friends. Pliny says that
these-birds were used by Brutus and Hir
tius during the siege of a town by Marc
Anttiony. In 1761, at the siege of Leyden,
they were used by the prince of Orange,
and by their means he succeeded in free
ing a town that was besieged. To show
his grutitude hv ordered that the sagacious
birds should be fed on strawberries, and
when dead that they should be embalmed
with all honor. In Pliny's time naviga
tors from Cyprus and Egypt carried these
birds on their galleys, and on their safe
arrival liberated them to convoy the good
news to their families.
'Yes, they used to have queer times
around here,' said the ancient citizen, as
he stirred himself around on the upturned
soap box, while the proprietor shook down
the ashes in 'the stove.
The reporter perched himself on the end
of a flour barrel and patiently awaited the
outpouring of language that he knew was
cure to follow.
'Yes.' said the ancient citizen. 'My
father came here before the trilobites were
done drying. He saw some rough times,
the old mau.'
'Right where the Court house stands.'
continued the ancient citizen, 'was the old
block-house, and here were gathered a
mixed crowd of refugees just after the
Pigeon-Roost massacre. Old man Booth
had his log tavern just outside, and at it
was always a motley gathering of back
Among these,' and the ancient citizen
twisted his quid across his tongne a turn
or two, 'was a character who made fun of
old Booth and said he was a coward. Booth
.18. him, cordially for the insinuatio.a,yet,
could iever e-,a d mnt.rary. ani t.i
old trapper made up his mind to test his
courare. The plan was successful.
M[y ather and two friends owned a
cabin just the other side of Booth's and
one of these, a small man, lia-i $600 coin,
in a sack, when Bill tried his experiment
They had retired for the night ani laid
their buckskin pants ox the flor at the
bedside. Have you ever seen any genuine
buckskin?' was suddenly asked the re
porter by the anient citizen.
'On the buk.'
'Well, then you know it fits skintight,
and that's just the way these breeches did.
About m-dnight ihl stoe up between
the bicek-hiouse and cabins and raised the
war- whoop. My Gece, what a stirr there
was. An attack from .the indians had
been mnomentar-ily expected, and the whole
garrisoni sprang to arias. Women crept
with their chiid~en into the tafest coriiers
of the fort, while the men prepared for the
exp~ected skirmish. Ini the little cluster of
cabiins outside of the block-house the com
ing savages wore awamtedl withl dread. rime
frightful whoop continued, chilling the
blood of all,
My father's friends hastily struggled on
with their breeches, and the small one got
on my father's and had room enough in
thenmiat the top to got in a bag of coin.
My faiher pulled at the vacant pair of
pants, but, It was hko p~uliling his legs into
coat sleeves.' 'Hold on, there!' he cried,
as his friends were hastily leaving, 'you
hanve got my breechesP'
'Hold on, -' answercd his trioend,
'this is no tinie to chiange breeches,' and
disappeared in the darkness.
'My lather had no mind to be left, so he
ran, naked as lie was, in pursuit of his
friend. 'The nettles were as high as your
head, and before he had gone ten feet lhe
was fuller thban a New Year's pincushion,
but that, horrid yell kept him going, and1(
lie didn't stop until selctor was reached.
Bill showed us how old Booth was a
cowardl, but lie did not loaf aroundi there
the n'ext day. 'Tho settlers wanted to see
him, but lie didn't want to see them, so he
bsut miy father was always called 'Little
Breeches' fromi that, day on, though the
never got too big for his brecchecs, as sonme
p~eole 1 knmow,' and thme anicient, citizen
smiled conitemptuously as a young nia in a
seniskin cap camei into the grocery and
asked for a 'daiik cigahi,'11I you please.'
The minutes were then amnended, and,
as aniended, app~roved,
Victori 'M P'resenmt , ode.
Thec Queen of En'gland hs staying at Os
borne at p~reseni. Th'le castle is a modern
structure, regally furnishied throughout,
anmd commands a superb view of the suir
rounding coumntry. ft is situated on time
Isles of Wright. a short, (distammce from East
Cowes. T1hie grounds tare quito extensive,
eimibracing two hundred mcres, uinder a
high state of cuiivamtioni, and1( give evidence
of the care and1( taste dlisplayed by Prinice
Albert,, whlo considered it a mosiel larm
duiring his lifetime. Tihe Quceen frequently
walks about unettendedi anid invairimily re
turnis salutes in the most p aiug nmnnmer.
Tn'mis islaind, the gairdeni spot of Engl and, is
t wenty-three mules long anmd foum teen miles.
wide. 1I, contains a population of 66,000,
anmd is separated from time minnand by time
roadatead of fipithead and the doiem. Thme
famous 'Carrb brook' Castle, ini wnmicl
Onaries I. took refuge,is on this island,and
is much visited onm thIs accounit by sight
se .ing Amaoricnans.
The Jewilsh Passover.
The Jewish Passoverin accordance with
the Divine Injunction, was to last seven
days; the first and seventh to be kept as a
holy convocation, and no servile work was
to be done. Rabbinical enactments have
extended the time one (lay, and made the
first, second, seventh, and eighth holy
days. This festival is not so generally nor
so religiously observed as formerly, except
by the very orthodox. For a week ante
rior, the Jewish matron is busily engaged
in house cleaning and removing all traces
of leaven, looking up - rooms and pantries
not in use, and on the morning of the eve,
finisbing with the dining room.
All crockery and cooking utensils are
put by, and either new or those kep\ es
pecially for the Passover week, brought
into requisition, Everything being in or
der, the master of the house inspects each
room, searching for leaven, wihout the
remotest expee tation of finding a particle.
Strict constructionists having provisions of
any kind left onhandgive them away to the
poor 6f different creeds, whilst others lock
them in a room, to be brought into use
again when the week is over. Articles of
food, such as rice, that swell in process of
cooking, are discarded.
In different parts of Europe, the congre
gations unito in sending inspectors into the
different countries where tea,coffee,raisins,
currants,and various condiments are grown
and cured, who supervise, pack, and put
their seal on them previous to shipping,
the object oeing to exclude leaven, for
which the consumers have to pay an en
hanced price. Here they are purcnased in
the usual manner at wholesale, and on the
plea that they are free from leaven, sold to
consumers at extortionate rates, which ii.
posture is very generaliy submitted to. The
only liquor drank is St. Croix ote Jamaica
rum, it being distilled from sugar or mo
lasses instead of grain.
The home religious services are peculiar;
on the eve of the first and second (lays, a
table is spread, on which is placed a plate
with three passover biscuits between nap
kins, and another plate on top of the bis
cuit containing a burnt loin of lamb and
roasted egg (which is emblematical of the
burnt offering of ancient imaes,) paresly,
horsiadish, bitter herbs, salt aud water,
and a mixture composed of fine cut al
monds, apples and spices.
After the family are seated and raisin
wine placed before each, the master of the
house roads the prayers, or ratber Rabbin
ical essays, of why the passover should be
observed in this ceremonial inanner, after
which they drink the wine, partake of the
bitter. herbs and mixture, then a supper
feast, after which songs of praise for their
ancestors' deliverane from bondage, finish
the evening. The bitter herbs and mix
Lure are commemorative of the bitterness
of their captivity when they made bricks
and met tar for the Egyptians. The young
members of thc family slyly throw the
bitter herbs under the table, while they eat
the mixture with mueh gusto. Judicial re
formation with its rationalistic tendencies
ic -lumina serious inroads into these as
well as oiner tchuii ,... ., . oI,
chosen people, but, the absurdity of mauy
or them might well be overlooked in view
of the benelicial sanitary effects obtained
by their establishment and strict adher
mawing a Load of Wood
In 1877, Mr. Bassick, a 'busted' Austra
lian miner, wendered into Rosita,one of the
prettiest, mining-camps in Colrado. Sonic
miner,with an eye to the picturesqie,iust
have given it the charming nmune, Little
Rose. Mr. Bassick, after having pros
pected for a long time without success,
was sitting one day on the gronud. He
had gone over the spot, and was striking
aimtlessly with his p~ick at a boulder lying
at his feet. Suddenly he chiippled elf a
piece of the rock that looked to him like
good ore. Picking it uip, hie started for the
town. Meeting a gentleman of mienis, he
told him of his discovery,showing the ore,
and offered him one half interest for twventy
live dollars. TIhe gentleman declined the
investmeut. 'Te disheartened prospector
walked away. As lie camne near an assay
dice he saw a load of wood dlumped at the
door. Running in lie made a hurried bar
gain, lie sawedt the wood, and the assayer
made the assay pf the stone-chip. Tlhe re
suilt ~of Bassick's job was that lie
took out of his 'olnim' sonme $450,000, then
sold it, for $800,000 in cash and $1,000,000
'When lhe camne into this place, sir,' said
a resident of Rosita, 'all lie had warn't, too
much to pack on one burro (small horse);
but, when lie lit, out, it took a foum-nmue
team to freight his trunks.'
Against, tis lucky 'flnd,' however,shoulid
be set. the asseruti, made by those ac
qunted with Oolorado mines, that only
one iiiner in flvo hundred Is successful. -
There are four or five bonan~za kings, but I
there are thousands of meni wno have lost
their all by muining.
The hianitoba Lake, which has given
name to the province formed out of the
Red river region, is called after a smatll
island whence, in the stillness of the night,
issue strangely sweet, mysterious sounds.
'rThe Ojibway Indians, whio dwehi in that
neighborhood, believe the Island to be the
home of Manitoba, the speaking god, and I
will not, land on or approach it for any coni
sideration ; thinking they would desecrate t
or profane it, and that they wvoukd meet, t
with sonme terrible 4ate for their impiety. t:
The sound is catused, as it, has been ascer- I.
tained, by the beating of the waves on the a'
large pebbles along the shore. These,
with fragments of line grained, compnet, e
limestone fromi the cliffs abhove, arc rubbed t
together by the action of the water, and e
give out a tone like that of distant church J2
bells. 'rhis natural music is heard when j:
the wind blows from the north, andi as it a
subsides, low, plainitive notes resemnbling
notes of aii invisible choir arc heard. It a
has bten coimpiaredl to thie chant of the nuns
at the TiriniA do Moniti in Rome, with a
wvhichi all travelers are familiar. 'rThe a
effect is impressive. TLotirists have been t
awakened at night in the vicinity under e
the imptiression that chimes of bells were
ringing afar olf, and that their tenes are
ripliing over the lake. 'Te mystic bells a
ol Manitoba have acquired such a reputation d
that travellers are i.ot satisfied until they a
are -heard, and often spend (lays there la
witing for the blowmng of the north winid. ii
VTe tOjlbways nave a numbler of poetic h
legends about, their speaking god, whom L
they profoundly revere. 1j
FOOD FOR THOUGIT.
No man ever satied his griefs as
lightly as he might do.
Love, faith, patience-the three es
sentlals to a happy life.
Love is lowliness; on the wedding
ring sparkles no jewel.
State your opinion without apology,
Thie attitude Is the main point.
Of all thieves, fools are the worst;
they rob you .f time and tonper.
There is no courage but in innoCence
no constancy but in an hontest cause.
The evidence of true holiness is, ha
tred to, mourning over and forsaking
Men show their chitracter in nothing
more clearly than by whut they think
Happy is the man who reverences
all women because be irst learned to
worship his own muother.
You may speak out more plainly to
your associates, but nbt less courte.
ously than you do to straucers.
In man or woman tihe face an1 the
person lose power when they are on
the strain to express admiration.
Many people use their refinements
as a spider his web, to catch the weak
Spoln, that they may be merellessly do
Friendly letters. should be written,
because the words spring spontane.
:lIsly from the heart, and not from the
sense of duty.
Memory 18 the cabinet of imagina
Lion,treasury of reason,the registry tihe
)f conscience and the council ch im'rer
Fit nness must be united with mild
ness, *orce with tenderness, and vigor
with grace, to form the nast perfect
tnd lovable character.
Woman is content to bild happl
riess on any ucidenital basis tihit In iy
Jo near on Wtnd; marn is for making a
world to suit his happiness.
The secret method of arrivint at a
cnowledge of Gad's eternal purp >ses
tbout us Is to be fovnd in tine right
Aso of the present moment.
it is not safe to have too many Irons
n the fire. When a muan tries to catch
;wo rabbits he must needs leaye one,
Lnd is apt to o.3 both.
. bome one has aptly compared nar
*ow-inlnded people to stnril-neoked
)uttles, because tine less they have in
hen, the more noise they make in
)ouring it out.
Tihe expectation of future happiness
s the best relief for anxious thoughts,
he most perfect cure for melancho
y, the guide of lite anti the comtort of
Wealth in this world is j ist so much
baggage to be taken care of but a oti
AVitted brain is easy to carry, and is
t never-failing source of profit and
To protect one's self against the
;torms of life m.rrlage with a good
^niar 12-a l r iii etie ten)eqt ' but
with a bad woman it; proves a sundpost
in the harbor.
None is poor but the mean in mind,
:he timorous, the weak and iuballev
ng; none is wealthy but. the aillent
n sioul, who is satisfied and 1,>weth
The mian who farms hli4 br.Ains to
heir full extent year, altar year and
toes not believe iII occasional follow
ng, will find at last that brains, like
ard, will run out.
.True benevolence is more than a
ceding; It is a principle. It Is not a
nere impulse for the emotion to dwell
ipon: but an important task for the
nand to perform.
It inns been well remarked thnat seal
rithnoutikinowledge: prudence withnout
ouraige, and peacefulinoss withnout
>rnncipl e, aire very danigerous comnbi
nntins of qualities.
Circumstance ls so odd and so cruel
linhing. 1t iswhnolly a part from tal
int. tenlins will co so little for a
uain if hie do not knowv how to seize
>r seduce op~portunulty.
Action is, after all, thne main bust
uess of our lives-we ane to wvork
'while it 1s cailled (lay," and thought
s w orthn notining unless it lead to and
mnnbody itslf in praictice.
Mainners are what vex or soothne,
ewndr,. Or lurify, exalt, or debausu,bamr.
marizei or rejine us'by a connstant ste3
ly, .unnlioimn, insensible operation,
ike Line air we breatie.
It is difililt toeact a part long, for
vluere trunthi is not at tine bottoin ma
ure will always ben endeavorinug to re
uirn ; and wih l peu out and betray it
eli one time or aniorlier.
It takes fon ouinlhings to be a gentle mana
-you nmnsi.ti e a geintlemnan in your
nnrincipies, a gentienen in your tastes,
genteniman iin your mnnuners, anid a
;ointlemian in your persomn.
Liberty Is to thne collective b->dy
vinat health is to every individual
ody. Wt hout, health no0 pleasure can
no tasted by man; without liberty noI
Lappinness can be enjoyed by society.
A good book and a good woman are
xceli.ent thiags for thnose wilo know
Low to Junstly aprociate their vaune
'here are men, however, whno Judge
I both from tine beauty of thea cover
Trhe love of i..hrnst to man is not a
hecologic dogma, 'but a real and living
ruth. .Lt la t, a teinet to be accepted
y tine intellect, bunt a feing thant amp
onus to tine trustinig hneart, which
lone can apprehend it.
There are no aria, no gymnastics, ho
osmnetlcs -whieh canu contribute a
tithe so mutch to line dilgnity, tine
nnobing of a miun's looks as a groat
urpose, a high determninatuon, a noble
rincip:e am uinqunchable enthnusi..
Persitaince is as needful to the life
f' though t as to that of accicmn. Tihough*
ftemn coinfounded withn obstinacy, it Is
nsentially diffrereint. Ti'ne latteor is a
ogmatic and unnreationing hinactiomn of'
no mindl, tine former ins an earnest, and
onutinuous app~rosci to t ruth.
Recall at milghnt not only your busi-t
ese transactions, but what you have
uid of those of whnomn yogi have spoke~n
urning tine day, aind weigh in theo bal..
nee oh coinsoeecue win nt yoin haye ut
red. If youn have donie mud Jusihc
all your nremarkns, it is well. Ic you
ave Inoc, thnen 8ck the earliest, oppor
inity to mnaku ammiuendm, and carehui,
avoli a renetutin of the wromr.